Correlational finding on Happiness and VALUES: CAREER
Subject code: V01

StudyHoogendoorn (2017): study NL 2013
TitleSomewhat happily unemployed? A Comparison of the Feelings and Time-Use Reported by the Employed and Unemployed Respondents Participating in a Dutch DRM Survey
SourceMSc thesis, 2017, School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University, Netherlands
Public15-64 aged, users selfhelp website, Netherlands, 2013
SampleNon-probability self-selected
Non-Response
Respondents N =1869

Correlate
Author's labelEducation
Page in Source 10,11,18
Our classificationVALUES: CAREER, code V01
Operationalization
Highest level achieved:
a Primary school
b VMBO
c MBO
d HAVO
e VWO
f  University

1= yes
0= no
Remarks
Dummy variables

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.31 ns
PRIMARY

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age + age squared
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.29 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- living situation
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.18 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- family income
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.52 p < .05
VMBO

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.03 ns
MBO

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.52 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- marital status
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.41 p < .10
Beta additionally controlled for:
- family income
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.01 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- marital status
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.12 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- family income
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.24 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- marital status
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.15 ns
HAVO

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.31 p < .10
Beta additionally controlled for:
- family income
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.09 ns
VWO

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.00 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- marital status
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=+.04 ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- family income
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.10 ns
UNIVERSITY

Beta controlled for:
- unemployment
- gender
- age
- other education levels
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.05 ns
beta additionally controlled for:
- marital status
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aBeta=-.07 ns
beta additionally controlled for:
- family income


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-APA-yd-mqr-fn-11-aSelfreport on a) activities of the previous day and b) how one had felt during these activities (DRM)

How did you feel during that activity?
10 happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 unhappy
All numbers presented with faces

Computation: Average happiness over all activitie/time


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl