Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelService use frequency (each time per day)
Page in Source 322
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Self report on service use frequency (each time per 
day):
a: interest group
b: meal service
c: travel
d: meal to home service
e: home cleaning service
f: personal care service
g: sport facilities
h: volunteer service
i: medical service
j: nursing service
Remarks
1 unit= 1 time per day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
FREQUENCY SERVICE USED OF ..
-interest group
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.6 p < .05
-meal service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.0 ns
-travel
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.4 p < .01
-meal to home service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.4 ns
-home cleaning service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.5 ns
-personal care service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.2 ns
-sport facilities
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
-volunteer service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.6 ns
-medical service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.0 ns
-nursing service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aRČ=0.3
a+b+c+d+e+f+g++h+i+j

B is controlled for:
-age
-sex
-education
-acquiescence
-reception of public welfare
-religious faith
-living arrangement
-marital status
-quality of life in the past years

No significant interactions with
-chronic illness
-age
-sex


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl