Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in life-event burden
Subject code: L06aa02

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelChange in burdens in the last year (lowering)
Page in Source 350,235
Our classificationChange in life-event burden, code L06aa02
Operationalization
Objectieve rating by a panel of experts on the basis 
of:
a Report of life events in the last
  year(T2-T3).
b life situation and life history of
  the Ss.
Reliability between experts: _=.93.
Assessed at T3(1977).

Typical events considered by the judges:
1. Change of role like marriage,
   promotion in job or retirement.
2. Change in health. 
3. Change in contacts with important 
   others or change in place of living.
4. Crisis events like loss of property 
   or contact with police.
5. Important news about events that   
   have happened or are about to  
   happen.
6. Important decisions about job,  
   marriage, health or place of living.
7. Events that are predominantly 
   financial, like concluding a 
   mortgage or gaining a large sum in a
   lottery.
8. Other positive events.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.10 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2-T3 improvement
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.29 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2-T3 improvement self-esteem      
     low  r=+.27
                      high r=+.16
intimacy with partner fair r=+.31
                      high r=+.34
coping ability        fair r=+.29
                      high r=+.27
neuroticism           low  r=+.21
                      high r=+.40
control           external r=+.35
                  internal r=+.21
stress T2(1976)       low  r=+.19
                      high r=+.42
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cL=+.31
T3 happiness by T2-T3 improvement L path 
coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving T2 
happiness.


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (shortened variant)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
ZZZZZPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl