Correlational finding on Happiness and Current positive mental health
Subject code: H13ad

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =40

Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationCurrent positive mental health, code H13ad
Selfreport on 12 questions:
a: I feel like many of the people I know have gotten 
more out of life than I have
b: In general, I feel confident and positive about 
c: When I compare myself to friends and acquaintances, 
it makes me feel good about who I am
d: My attitude about myself is probably not as positive 
as most people feel about themselves
e: I made some mistakes in the past, but I feel that in 
all everything has worked out for the best
f: The past had its ups and downs, but in general, I 
wouldn't want to change it
g: In many ways, I feel disappointed about my 
achievements in life
h: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
with how things have turned out
i: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
about how things have turned out
j: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
with how things have turned out so far
k: I like most parts of my personality
l: I like most aspects of my personality.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 4,3; SD=3,7 Controls: M=10,9; SD=2,7
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Self-Acceptance

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.29 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.57 p < .01
healthy control group

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.