Correlational finding on Happiness and Current positive mental health
Subject code: H13ad

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =40

Author's labelPurpose in Life
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationCurrent positive mental health, code H13ad
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I enjoy making plans for the future and working to 
make them a reality
b: My daily activities often seem trivial and 
unimportant to me
c: I am an active person in carrying out the plans I 
set for myself
d: I tend to focus on the present, because the future 
nearly always brings me problems
e: I don't have a good sense of what it is I'm trying 
to accomplish in life
f: I sometimes feel as if I have done all there is to 
do in life
g: I sometimes feel as if I've done all there is to do 
in life
h: I used to set goals for myself, but that now seems 
like a waste of time
i: Some people wander aimlessly through life but I am 
not one of them
j: I live life one days at a time and don't really 
think about the future.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 6,6; SD=3,9 Controls: M=10,2; SD=2,7
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Purpose in Life

Observed Relation with Happiness
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.54 ns
healthy control group

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.