Correlational finding on Happiness and Current positive mental health
Subject code: H13ad

StudyBlock & Kremen (1996): study US 1990
TitleIQ and Ego-Resiliency: Conceptual and Empirical Connections and Separateness.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1996, Vol. 70, 349 - 361
Public18-aged, followed 5 years; Berkeley, USA, 19??-19??.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response11%
Respondents N =95

Correlate
Author's labelego- resilience
Page in Source 352
Our classificationCurrent positive mental health, code H13ad
Operationalization
Ego-Resiliency Scale (ER89)
1. I am generous with my friends.
2. I quickly get over and recover from being startled.
3. I enjoy dealing with new and unusual situations.
4. I usually succeed in making a favorable impressoion 
on people.
5. I enjoy trying new foods I have never tasted before.
6. I am regarded as a very energetic person.
7. I like to take different paths to familiar places.
8. I am more curious than most people.
9. Most of the people I meet are likeable.
10. I usually think carefully about something before 
ascting.
11. I like tot do new and different things.
12. My daily life is full of things that keep me 
interested.
13. I would be willing to describe myself as a pretty 
"strong"personality.
14. I get over my anger at someone reasonably quickly.
Items are responded to using a 4-step continuum: 1: 
does not apply at all; 
2: applies sligthly 3: applies somewat; 4: applies very 
strongly.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: +.76 5 years over time correlation +.51 (females), +.39 (males); adjusted for attenuation: +. 67 and +.51.
Remarks
Assessed at T1 and T2. Average used here.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rc-?-9-arpc=+.43 p < .01
Women (N=49)
A-CP-g-rc-?-9-arpc=+.47 p < .01
Men (N=46)

rpc's controlled for intelligence as measured with 
WAIS


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-CP-g-rc-?-9-aClinical rating of cheerfulness.

Rating on the basis of interview-protocols by 2 or 3 independent judges of cheerfulness as personality descriptive variable from most uncharacteristic to most characteristic of the subject.

Rating options: scale rating from 1 to 9 (scale options not reported)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl