Correlational finding on Happiness and Leisure
Subject code: A02ac05

StudyShamir (1985a): study IL 1983
TitleUnemployment and 'Free Time'. The Role of Protestant Work Ethic and Work Involvement.
SourceLeisure Studies, 1985, Vol. 4, 333 - 345
Public27-47 aged unemployed male academics, Israel, 1983
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelReading books as a leisure activity
Page in Source 340
Our classificationLeisure, code A02ac05
Operationalization
Self report of in involvement in non-work book reading
Remarks
Item in a wider questionnaire on involvement in 
non-work activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+
a High protestant work ethic
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A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-
b Low protestant work ethic

Protestant Work Ethic measured using Mirels and 
Garret (1971) scale. PWE unrelated to study 
activity (r = +.02 ns)
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Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how is your general mood these days....?"
1 bad almost all the time
2
3
4
5 good almost all the time"


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl