Correlational finding on Happiness and Trend in general public
Subject code: E03ab01a

StudyGraham et al. (2004): study RU 1995
TitleDoes Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.09.002
Public10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =5269

Correlate
Author's labelChange in happiness 1995-2000
Page in Source 331
Our classificationTrend in general public, code E03ab01a
Operationalization
Happiness assessed at:
T1: 1995
T2: 2000
Observed distributionT1 (1995) M = 2,21 SD = 1,06 T2 (2000) M = 2,36 SD = 1,08
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2 (2000)
Russia went through major changes in this era, among 
which a financial crisis in 1998

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naDM=+
T1 (1995) M = 2,21  SD = 1,06
T2 (2000) M = 2,36  SD = 1,08
difference   +0,15
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naBeta=
Positive among:
- people who's income increased   (B =+.19)

Negative among:
- school leavers                  (B = -.84)
- people who got divorced         (B = -.57)

No significant change in happiness across
- age
- gender
- minority status
- change in marital status other than divorce
- change in employment
- change in smoking


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl