Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived usefullness of one's life
Subject code: M05ab01

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelPurpose in life
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationPerceived usefullness of one's life, code M05ab01
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
High scorers have goals in life and a sense of 
directedness; feel there is meaning to present and past 
life; hold beliefs that give life purpose; have aims 
and objectives for living.
Low scorers lack a sense of meaning in life; have few 
goals or aims, lack sense of direction; do not see 
purpose of past life; have no outlook or beliefs that 
give life meaning.
Observed distributionYoung adults: women (m=94.92, sd=13.38), men (m=94.80, sd=11.93) Middle aged adults: women (m=95.47, sd=17.18), men (m=97.68, sd=16.20) Older adults: women (m=88.58, sd=16.14), men (m=92.92, sd=14.84)
Error Estimatesalpha=.90 Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.42 p < .001


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl