Subject classification

Main subjects Bibliography


STUDY of HAPPINESS: Why, when and how knowledge on happiness is gathered

CONCEPT of HAPPINESS: Focal notion of this World Database of Happiness

MEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS: How happiness is quantified

MODES OF EMPIRICAL HAPPINESS RESEARCH: How facts about happiness are gathered

PREVALENCE of HAPPINESS: How happy people are

CORRELATES OF HAPPINESS: Things that go together with more of less happiness

DETERMINANTS OF HAPPINESS: Causal mechanisms and conditions

CONSEQUENCES of HAPPINESS: Effects of enjoying life or not

PURSUIT of HAPPINESS: Quest for greater happiness

VIEWS ON HAPPINESS: Outlook on happiness other than the experience as such

TO BE (RE)CODED

STUDY of HAPPINESS: Why, when and how knowledge on happiness is gathered 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 0
Development of happiness research37
Early philosophy of happiness4
Prominence of happiness as a research topic18
Happiness in anthropology7
Happiness in architecture1
Happiness in economics6
Happiness in geography1
Happiness in gerontology1
Happiness in philosophy2
Happiness in psychology1
Happiness in sociology7
Happiness in urban studies1
Pioneers in the study of happiness6
Problems in the study of happiness5
Questions and approaches15
Relevance43
Reviews of the literature on happiness214
Bibliographies15
Research infrastructure for happiness1
Findings archive14
Data sets13
Research organizations involved with happiness1
CONCEPT of HAPPINESS: Focal notion of this World Database of Happiness 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 21
Problems of conceptualizing happiness7
Meanings of the word happiness27
Meanings in common language51
Meanings in scientific language87
Definition of happiness used in this Bibliography and hence in this World Database of Happiness18
Aspects of happiness14
Components of happiness75
Affective component: Hedonic Level1
Cognitive component: Contentment1
Do people see the difference?2
Variable aspects of happiness9
Appropriateness3
Certainty0
Stability1
Practicality of this concept0
Do people evaluate their life?7
Do people have an idea of happiness?6
Certainty of happiness0
Stability of happiness99
How permanent are happiness judgments?110
In what conditions the most stable?26
Is stability better than instability?3
Divergence in components of happiness3
Difference with wider notions of wellbeing74
MEASUREMENT of HAPPINESS: How happiness is quantified 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 14
Reviews of literature on measurement of happiness17
Reviews of measures used in particular populations (place, time, people)4
Measurability of happiness46
Validity of happiness measurements39
Validity doubts2
Do people distinguish between happiness and related matters?2
Do people distinguish between variants of happiness?1
Do people know their true happiness?9
Do people respond to questions about happiness3
Do people report honestly about their happiness?37
How do people interpret questions on happiness?1
Is happiness sufficiently stable?4
Can happiness indicators be validated?10
Reliability of happiness measurements37
Sources of bias1
Anonymity1
Classification bias0
Contextual bias35
Conversational bias3
Day of the week11
Effects of follow-up interviews3
Effect of weather during interview13
Interviewer bias6
Method effects35
Mood state bias4
Response shift2
Response style bias15
Retrospective bias5
Correction of bias9
Comparability of happiness measurements12
Comparability across measures4
Techniques for improving comparability21
Comparison across populations3
Comparison across nations/languages102
Comparison across persons13
X0
Comparison over time5
Comparison accross social categories0
Measurement problems7
Cardinal treatment of ordinal measurement3
Scalability7
Single questions3
Representativeness2
Selectivity in non-response to questions about happiness5
Selectivity in panel drop-out1
Imputation of missing cases1
Response behavior3
Answer time1
Vulnerability for focal value choice0
Comprehensibility for children1
Measures of overall happiness27
Self-report on direct questions19
Closed questions24
Content of questions6
Rating scales31
Repeated questions1
Time-frame of questions4
Order of questions1
Open questions5
Life chart5
Focused interview5
Sentence completion0
Self-report on indirect questioning10
Enjoyed activities3
Memory balance1
Projective measures9
Semantic differential scales2
Summed satisfaction with life aspects72
Content-analysis of ego-documents2
positive/negative ratio in Tweets1
Rating by others31
Measures of hedonic level18
Self-report on direct questions0
Questions on how one generally feels8
Repeated questions on mood of the moment39
Self-report on indirect questions1
Average of specific affects3
Balance of positive and negative affect59
Projective indicators3
Time happy/unhappy2
Rating by others51
Rating of mood from face/voice10
Rating of mood from word use3
Inference on the basis of observed behavior0
Indicators of hedonic level in animals1
Measures of contentment4
Self-report0
Self-report on direct question6
Self-report on indirect questions7
Rating by others6
Mixed measures of happiness19
Self-report0
Single direct questions3
Multiple direct questions27
Focused interview1
Self-report on indirect questions4
Rating by others15
Correspondence of happiness ratings24
Affect-contentment configuration22
Affect- overall correlation0
Factor structure of happiness inventories110
Intercorrelations between happiness indicators167
ESM/DRM correspondence1
ESM/global correspondence1
Aggregate measures of happiness in collectivities6
Average happiness2
Inequality in happiness18
Inequality-adjusted happiness7
Happiness of the least happy1
Combinations with other variables to denote wellbeing4
Happy Life Years34
HLY+ variants2
Stability of happiness0
Thriving/suffering1
Time unhappy2
Indicators of public mood in ' Big Data'7
Hedonic tone in public communications11
Topics of interest in media and internet searches1
Inferred happiness, on basis of known conditions1
Measures of life appraisals other than happiness6
Multiple questions involving invalid ones23
Adjustment scales50
Adjustment to life in nursing home1
Health related quality-of-life63
Authentic Happiness Inventory1
Love of life1
Morale in old age46
Peace of mind1
Phenomenology of happiness29
Uses of happiness measures8
Measures of happiness RECODE0
MODES OF EMPIRICAL HAPPINESS RESEARCH: How facts about happiness are gathered 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 0
Methods used in happiness research (other than cross-sections)15
Cross national studies on happiness1809
Experimental studies on happiness404
Longitudinal studies on happiness486
Follow-up of individuals1225
Trend happiness in collectivities360
Meta-analysis85
Methods in meta-analysis of happiness research148
Delphi study3
Multi-moment assessment of happiness83
Experience sampling (ESM)127
Day reconstruction moment (DRM)62
Qualitative studies on happiness149
Statistical analysis3
Instrumental variable analysis10
Mendelian randomization1
Multi-level studies on happiness92
People investigated: some much studied populations4
Happiness in age-groups12
In children62
Infants32
Pre-school children10
Basic school children116
High school pupils, adolescents560
Children with disabilities4
In young adults70
In middle aged people37
In elderly people1386
Happiness in care givers3
Happiness in deviants0
Criminals1
Happiness in disadvantaged0
Homeless0
Happiness in high performers0
High IQ2
Inventors1
Top sporter6
Happiness in minorities5
Happiness in ethnic minorities129
Happiness in migrants195
Happiness in sexual minorities42
Bi-sexuals7
Homo-sexuals33
Happiness in sex workers1
Trans-genders25
Happiness in non-modern people52
Happiness in patients41
Handicapped12
Nursing home residents9
Medical patients212
Mental patients96
Addicts3
Autists1
Demented1
Depressives8
Retarded3
Schizophrenics2
Happiness in very rich or poor people4
Happiness in students752
Happiness in twins51
Happiness in unemployed people221
Happiness in working people7
Entrepreneurs2
Farmers1
Teachers3
Happiness in retirees116
Happiness in war veterans0
Happiness in widows1
Topics of research2
Allocation efficiency; difference in happiness of people with random preference pattern2
Environmental efficiency of wellbeing2
Financial equivalence79
Unexplained component in prices1
Happiness in history16
Inequality of happiness79
Mediators43
Moderators87
CIT analysis0
Similarity in happiness1
Shape of relationship0
Shape happiness itself, difference on happy/unhappy people4
Shape relationship with correlate of happiness18
PREVALENCE of HAPPINESS: How happy people are 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 4
Are people typically positive about their life?32
Level of happiness: how happy are people?5
Happiness level in places1
Happiness level in the world as a whole13
Happiness levels in parts of the world60
Happiness levels in nations663
Stability of nation ranking2
Happiness levels in regions157
Happiness level in cities70
Happiness level in quarters in cities5
Happiness level in rural villages1
In publics in nations17
Happiness in age groups in nations4
Happiness of children in nations15
Happiness of adolescents in nations17
Happiness in young adults in nations0
Happiness of working aged people in nations10
Happiness of elderly in nations18
Happiness of ethnic groups in nations11
Happiness of males/females in nations7
Happiness of students in nations3
Most/least happy types in nations1
Happiness in social contexts in nations0
Happiness in households0
Happiness in institutions0
Happiness in schools0
Happiness in workplaces0
Happy Life Years: How long and happy do people live?17
Happy life years in places1
Happy life years in publics0
Happy life years over time1
Change in happiness over time7
Trend of average happiness in places26
Trend in parts of the world2
Trend in national happiness495
Trend in regional happiness55
Trend happiness in cities15
Trend average happiness in publics26
Trend happiness in males and females14
Trend happiness in age groups28
Trend happiness among unemployed3
Trend happiness in ethnic groups11
Trend in marital categories5
Trend in socio-economic strata11
Trend among working people1
Trend in conditions for happiness28
Trend inequality in happiness9
Trend inequality in happiness across nations2
Trend inequality of happiness within nations15
Trend difference in inequality within nations across nations3
Trend inequality of happiness in publics5
Trend inequality (happiness gap) across income groups1
Happiness in historical times5
Inequality of happiness: how different?0
Inequality of happiness in parts of the world2
Inequality of happiness in places0
Inequality of happiness in nations5
Inequality of happiness in regions6
Inequality of happiness in publics2
CORRELATES OF HAPPINESS: Things that go together with more of less happiness 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 0
Situational correlates of happiness0
Physical environment: Material realm of happy/unhappy people3
Natural environment11
Climate/Season40
Humidity1
Summer/winter time3
Temperature2
Weather2
Variability of weather conditions1
Nature18
Indoor green0
Scenic beauty6
Urban green10
Pollution36
Sustainability4
Built environment14
Housing12
Architecture2
Home amenities1
Urbanity11
Compactness2
Size of the town22
urban growth/shrink1
Sub-urban4
Urban/rural79
Remoteness3
Societal context: Socio-geographical realm of happy/unhappy people0
National setting80
Conditions for happiness in nations: how universal?17
Differences in conditions for happiness93
Outer conditions13
Inner conditions17
Differences in ways of evaluating life23
Nation characteristics0
Cohesion in nation33
Civic organization4
Charity4
Common events2
Conflict4
Homogeneity5
Minority problems1
Nationalism3
Trust38
Culture in the nation59
Attitudes in nation1
Alienation in nation4
Attitude to happiness in nation1
Fear of happiness in nation0
Preference for happiness in nation1
Attitude to immigrants in nation1
Attitude to sexuality in nation1
Pessimism in nation4
Concerns in nation0
Cultural diversity in nation4
Individualism/collectivism in nation46
Meaning in nation1
Morality in nation4
Religiousness in nation31
Values in nation22
Valuation of autonomy in nation6
Valuation of competitiveness in nation1
Valuation of family in nation1
Valuation of pleasure in nation. Moral hedonism9
Valuation of materialism in nation4
Work values in nation2
Demography in the nation3
Age composition in nation0
Birth pattern in nation7
Birth control in nation2
E/immigration in/out nation5
Genetic composition/distance4
Life expectancy in nation0
Population density in nation0
Ethnic diversity in nation1
Sex balance in nation1
Economy in the nation59
Affluence in nation168
Consumption in nation1
Economic competitiveness of nation1
Advertising in nation3
Innovation in nation1
Economic growth/decline in nation173
Change average household income in nation1
Change consumer confidence in nation3
Change exports of nation0
Change stock market prices in nation2
Economic Stability in nation1
Economic Regime (Capitalism) in nation15
Entrepreneurial climate in nation2
Equivalent income in nation0
Export by nation1
Inflation in nation17
Openness of economy in nation2
Price level in nation1
Sustainability of the economic system in nation4
Pollution in nation4
Sustainable energy in nation0
Tax regime in nation7
Tax compliance in nation1
Trade unions in nation4
Unemployment rate in nation41
Working conditions in nation0
Job protection in nation8
Labour market regulation0
Retirement age in nation3
Self-employment in nation3
Work hours in nation8
Environment in nation2
Inequality in the nation6
Inequality of happiness in nation23
Differences across nations8
Trends over time8
inequality of opportunities in nation4
Inequality of incomes in nation84
visibility of income differences in nation1
Inequality between sexes (women emancipation) in nation20
Inequality in social prestige in nation12
Social mobility in nation0
Power distance in nation1
Freedom in the nation12
Economic freedom in nation22
Political freedom in nation15
Private freedom in nation9
Compulsory service in nation1
Genes in nation in nation1
Government in nation7
Centralization in nation5
Corruption in nation12
Quality of government in nation22
Size of government in nation26
Knowledge in nation2
Education in nation12
IQ in nation11
Life-style in the nation1
Art of living in nations1
Consumption in nation3
Alcohol use in nation1
Smoking in nation3
Pace of life in nation3
Sporting in nation2
Livability of nation: fit environment with human needs12
Apparent livability: indicators of human thriving other than happiness0
Anthropometric indicators of human thriving in nation0
Mental health in nation9
Depression in nation1
Use of anti-depressives in nation2
Physical health in nation5
Obesity in nation0
Pain in nation0
Public mood in nation1
Time spend in unpleasant activities in nation1
Suicide rate in nation9
Assumed livability of nation: Conditions deemed beneficial (most nation characteristic considered in happiness research)0
Law in the nation1
Legal system in nation1
Property rights in nation2
Rule of law in nation5
Modernity of the nation100
Automobile use in nation1
Internet penetration in nation4
Urbanization in nation2
Nature in nation2
Personality in nation15
Competitiveness in nation4
Conformism in nation1
Empathy in nation1
Openness in nation2
Tightness in nation2
Politics in the nation21
Democracy in nation28
Political change in nation0
Ruling ideology/party in nation1
Unrest in nation2
Position of the nation8
External threats to nation13
Involvement in war of nation5
Success in war of nation0
Comparative quality-of-life in nation4
QOL in neighboring countries2
Foreign aid by nation3
Involvement in global society of nation8
EU membership of nation2
Reputation of country of origin2
Relative wealth of nation3
Tourist visits to nation1
Public goods in the nation4
Child-care in nation5
Maternity leave in nation2
Mental health care in nation1
Pension system in nation3
Social security in nation69
Relational patterns in nation26
Divorce rate in nation2
Family values in nation3
Households in nation0
Public life in nation1
Sex life in nation2
Acceptance of homo-sex in nation3
Safety in the nation7
Crime rate in nation2
Disasters in nation1
Hunger in nation1
Size of the nation4
Time regime in nation1
Social change in nation47
Social progress in nation8
Summed macro societal conditions21
Kinds of effect1
Latin-American pattern4
Macro level models1
Size of societal differences in happiness2
Regional setting42
Cohesion in region0
Ethnic diversity in region1
Immigrants in region0
Social capital in region2
Culture in region0
Attitudes in region0
Attitudes to parenthood1
Attitudes to sexuality1
Education in region0
Religiousness in region1
Demography in region0
Marriage in region1
Immigrants in region2
Population density in region1
Economy in the region4
Economic freedom in region1
Economic growth/decline in region6
Economic innovation in region3
Economic prosperity in region6
Extraction industry in region2
Income difference in region11
Economic investment in region2
Poverty in region1
Price level in region1
Mass-production in region0
Tourism in region3
Unemployment rate in region10
Environment in the region5
Eco-energy in region1
Government in region1
Decentralization in region1
Institutional quality in region2
History of region0
Livability of region0
Happiness in region (average as determinant of individual)1
Health in region0
Obesity in region1
Suicide rate in region0
Personality in region2
Politics in region0
Democracy in region6
Public goods in region2
Amenities in region2
Expense on education in region1
Social security in region2
Relational pattern in region0
Safety in region0
Crime rate in region8
Regional difference in correlates of happiness0
Local setting41
Demography in vicinity1
Age-composition in vicinity1
Migration in viciniity0
Emigration out of vicinity0
Immigration in vicinity3
Economy in vicinity2
Economic growth/decline in vicinity2
Industry in viciniity0
Renewable energy plants in vicinity2
Social enterprises in vinicity0
Tourism in vicinity6
Openness of economy in vinicity1
Economic prosperity in vicinity24
Unemployment in vicinity5
Amenities in vicinity22
Health care in vicinity1
Water supply in vicinity2
Transport in vicinity6
Traffic jams in vicinity2
Distance to locall facilities2
Political situation in vicinity0
Local democracy0
Health in vicinity1
Societal situation in vicniity0
Income difference in vicinity22
Segregation in vicinity4
Social problems in vicinity14
Noise in vicinity1
Crime in vicinity5
Social ties in vicinity7
Neighborhood correlates of happiness77
Ethnic homogeneity in neighborhood2
Happiness of other people in neighborhood2
Income in neighborhood1
Individual circumstances: Personal situation of more and less happy people0
Social status of more and less happy people65
Gender 171
Inter sex0
Transgender5
Age 235
Ageing145
Chronological age61
Young-old difference in happiness3
Stage of life4
Minority status47
Ethnicity140
Homeless2
Migrants162
Expats4
Sexual orientation5
Homosexuals29
Transsexuals20
Integration of minorities3
Income/poverty/wealth544
Level of income4
Perceived relative income3
Liquidity1
Source of income3
Pensions, savings2
Private transfers2
Migrant remittances1
Social security7
Work0
Wealth3
Assets17
Debts19
Net wealth12
Very rich0
Education 138
Elite education0
Over-education1
Occupational prestige9
Social rank27
Own rank adults10
Actual rank30
Rank mobility29
Rank consistence3
Rank of family of origin2
Of adults0
Of children2
Happiness and social roles25
Gender roles62
Androgynous0
Gender identity1
Main breadwinner0
Leadership5
Role discrepancies12
Summed multiple socio-demographic characteristics62
Institutional environment of happy/unhappy people0
School environment0
School characteristics15
School-home difference0
School type8
Work conditions140
Bridge job1
Flex-work16
Formal/informal employment1
Job security11
Part time work27
Pay1
Organization4
Self employed40
Shift work0
Subsidized work0
Support at work1
Telework5
Work schedule flexibility2
Intimate environment of more and less happy people28
Joint effects25
Theories about happiness and intimate ties34
Network characteristics11
Happiness and Children10
Having children103
Adoption of child0
Birth of children32
Pregnancy4
Childlessness50
Number of children17
Kind of children1
Adopted children0
Adult children2
Foster-children6
Grand-children4
Step-children2
Leaving home of children16
Planning of children0
unplanned child0
use of contraception0
Contacts with children30
Contact of adult children with parents2
Custody of divorced parents1
Frequency of contact2
Quality of contact12
Characteristics of children17
Age of children2
Distance to adult children1
Family situation of children33
Wellbeing of children22
Happiness and Family6
Characteristics of kin1
Loss of an intimate1
Single parent8
Relations with kids7
Happiness and Household7
Living alone or not8
Family household13
Nuclear household0
One parent family9
Extended family household8
Non-family household1
Communal households3
Institutional living89
Cloister1
Hospice1
Jail4
Nursing home6
Orphanage2
Shelter1
Child care1
Household size3
Homeless6
Happiness and Love Life14
Attachment3
Love styles5
Sex life62
Violence1
Happiness and Marriage31
Marital status126
Currently married (vs. all unmarried people)35
Cohabit12
Living apart together (LAT)2
Formerly married0
Separation/divorce60
Widowhood39
Remarriage10
Single0
Lifelong singles15
Young singles1
Happiness and kind of marriage6
Attitudes to spouse1
Characteristics of the bond51
Family life cycle12
Shared household work2
Characteristics of the spouse77
Income of spouse0
Unemployment of spouse3
Well-being of spouse6
Similarity in ethnicity with spouse0
Similarity in personality with spouse2
Similarity in wellbeing of spouses2
Polygamy5
Working wife/mother34
Happiness and Social Support91
Effects of social support47
On happiness101
Balance of support2
Loss of social support2
Migration of intimates11
Intimates left in home country2
On further indicators of well-being12
Care givers78
Home care2
Sources of social support0
Community support0
Happiness and Social Participation86
Theories about effect of social involvement9
Participation with ..24
Friends69
Relatives25
Organizations19
Overall participation21
Participation of ..5
In age groups2
children4
Young adults2
Elderly158
Widowers4
Singles0
Handicapped6
Adolescents14
Unemployed1
Students6
Loneliness54
Weak ties1
Happiness and Pets7
Happiness and non-family intimate ties0
Relation with colleagues1
Relation with friends4
Relation with teachers1
Happiness and happiness of other people0
Occurrences: What happened to more and less happy people0
Recent life-events: What happened to more and less happy people159
Collective events3
Disaster36
Economic events10
Festivities9
Political events17
Sport events2
Time change1
War16
Terrorist attack9
Individual life events8
Minor daily event31
Disturbing interruptions2
Time pressure5
Uplifts4
Mayor life events107
Accident14
Bereavement4
Church drop-out0
Divorce3
Expropriation1
Financial good/bad luck2
Lottery winning13
Medical treatment19
Hospitalization8
Treatments131
Medication2
Rehabilitation3
Sex-reassignment13
Transplantation9
Job change6
First job0
Job loss5
Psychological treatment124
Anti-depressive drugs11
Reminiscence therapy1
Migration0
Migration to other country34
Move (change house within country)18
Military service2
Retirement13
School drop-out4
School leave0
Sexe reassignment15
Victimization0
Victim of bullying18
Victim of domestic violence1
Victim of crime19
Victim of discrimination1
Victim of war1
Experiences3
Desired experience1
Extra-ordinary states of consciousness5
Moving experiences5
Stress of events1
Reminiscence of events2
Ritual marking of life change1
Predictability of life events2
Life-history: Earlier situation of more and less people7
Birth history2
Happiness and Earlier Living Conditions14
Pre-natal conditions0
Medication of mother during pregnancy1
Conditions in childhood48
Intimate environment in childhood81
Alhohol consumption of parents1
Birth order1
Family crisis2
Foster child2
Happiness of parents7
Hardship in family0
Lived in an institution2
Mental health state of parents1
Number of sibblings2
Only child1
Parenting style3
Single parent family4
Violence in family1
School environment in childhood0
Social status in childhood16
Unemployment of parent2
Wealth/poverty of parents3
Society in childhood3
Country of origin1
Stress in childhood3
Conditions in adulthood3
Intimate network20
Social status2
Society0
Work5
Reasons for earlier retirement( or not)1
Earlier intimate environment5
Happiness and Life Course47
Military service1
School history1
Happiness and Earlier Personal Characteristics8
Earlier appreciations1
Earlier health8
Earlier intelligence4
Earlier life style4
Earlier mental effectiveness2
Earlier personality10
Earlier physical activity1
Earlier preferences0
Earlier values2
Happiness and Life change/event61
earlier goal change1
Happiness and Life Review14
Life regrets5
Life suffering2
Personal correlates of happiness: Characteristics of more and less happy people0
Physical characteristics: Bodily condition of more and less happy people0
Physical characteristics22
Allostatic load1
Androgens1
Appearance15
Blood pressure8
Bone density2
Brain1
Brain volumes1
left/right hemisphere asymmetry2
Genes9
Glucose regulation0
Heart rate3
Immune function1
Height10
Hormone levels0
Cortisol level5
Menstruation2
Menopause6
Skin color1
Strength4
Vagal tone2
Voice0
Weight43
Physical health of more and less happy people74
General health25
Frailty0
Self-perceived health103
Physician-rated health8
Non-western notions of health1
Ayurveda Prakrti health rating1
Health complaints2
Fatigue2
Itch0
Nausea0
Pain15
Sleepless1
Particular disease38
Infectious and parasitic diseases1
Aids21
Neoplasms (Cancer)28
Breast cancer11
Oral cancer1
Prostate cancer1
Diseases of blood, blood organs and certain immune mechnisms2
Endocrine, nutrional and metabolic diseases24
Mental, behavioral and neurodevelopmental disorders9
Diseases of the nervous system49
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)3
Tetraplegia14
Diseases of the eye and adnexa10
Diseases of the ear and mastoid process4
Diseases of the circulatory system38
Stroke17
Diseases of the respiratory system15
Diseases of the digestive system7
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue1
Psoriasis1
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue19
Locked-in syndrome (LIS) ICD10 code: G83.52
Fybromyalgia1
Rheumatism10
Diseases of the genitourinary system1
Renal failure8
Infertility5
Complication in pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium0
Conditions originating from the perinatal period0
Congenital malformations and chromosomal abnormalities0
Down syndrome0
Trauma8
Symptoms and test results not classified elsewhere10
Sequela of illness and treatment12
Sexual disfunction1
Longevity87
Healthy life Years1
Physical handicaps152
Suicide/self-harm17
Dying29
Psychological characteristics: Mental traits of more and less happy people of happiness0
Abilities5
Ability to function in daily life14
Acculturation2
Art of living38
Hedonic capacity10
Cognitive abilities43
Command of language3
IQ21
Gifted6
Retarded, demented7
Emotional intelligence49
Employability1
Internet proficiency1
Social abilities16
Goals37
Having goals25
Having aspirations4
Having life goals14
Having a mission0
Development of goals2
Kind of goals16
Approach/avoidance3
Authenticity of goals15
Behavioral relevance4
Clarity of goals6
Commitment to goals1
Conventionality of aims0
Decisiveness about goals0
Difficulty of goals2
Diversity of goals2
Flexibility of goals5
Importance of goals2
Internal consistency of set4
Meaning of goals4
Realism of goals1
Time span of goals2
Object of goals59
Object of aspirations14
Educational aspirations1
Income aspirations1
Migration aspiration1
Object of life goals32
Want children2
Realization of goals38
Perceived realization37
Actual goal realization6
Goal adjustment4
Mental health33
Theories3
Mental defects: negative mental health62
General impairment score28
Specific mental defects36
Addiction (ICD code F10-F19)2
ADHD (ICD code F90-F98)2
Alexithymia1
Anhedonia (ICD code R45)1
Anxiety (ICD code F41)9
Autism (ICD ode F84)3
Burnout (ICD code Z73)9
Compulsive disorder (ICD code F42)2
Defensiveness3
Dementia (ICD code F01-02)4
Dependency2
Depression (ICD code F32-34)36
Eating disorder (ICD code F50)5
Forgetful2
Gender dysphoria (ICD code F64)3
Neuroticism (ICD code F60)13
Psychopathy (ICD code F60.2)1
Psycho-somatic defects (ICD code F45)4
Rumination (ICD code F42)3
Schizophrenia (ICD code F20)17
Stressed (ICD code Z-73)7
Post-Traumatic Stress disorder (PTS) ICD code 10, DSM code 51
Frail, vulnerable1
Mental strength: positive mental health47
Energy/Activity18
General effectiveness scores28
Psycho-social development18
Self-actualization12
Self-efficacy33
Self-direction6
Self-knowledge0
Specific strong points19
Appreciation of beauty and excellence0
Creativity13
Identity19
Perceived meaningfulness77
Pro-active2
Resilience10
Self-control4
Mood control16
Self-esteem82
Sense of coherence18
Spiritual wellbeing0
Stability0
Use of strengths2
Vitality6
Wisdom12
Zest0
Motivation11
Achievement motivation9
Envious1
Hedonic desires2
Intrinsic motivation4
Search for meaning1
Personality195
Personality development5
Inborn dispositions1
Personality change1
Personality organization2
Complexity8
Consistency3
Configurantion1
Personality traits202
Activity2
Flow Experience8
Aggression3
Alienation4
Altruism1
Anxiety2
Fear of failure1
Authentic2
Attribution style0
Authoritarian2
Awareness1
Mindfulness17
Mood awareness20
Self-reflection1
Cognitive style3
Conscientious2
Perfectionism2
Decisive1
Dominant1
Emotionality26
Mood variability5
Emotional expressiveness1
Emotional differentiation3
Mood control1
Acceptance of negative emotion0
Extraversion37
Humorous13
Genuine0
Impulsive (vs inhibited)1
Individualism20
Involvement4
Maximizing3
Morality2
Morning/evening type2
Openness6
Self-disclosure10
Openness to experience1
Optimism/Positivity72
Negative emotion1
Nostalgia2
Risk orientation12
Perceived fate control144
Sense of power1
Perfectionism0
Persistence1
Pleasure seeking10
Regulatory focus0
Rigidity2
Sociability5
Attachment style7
Belonging, sense of2
Compassion0
Empathy2
Envious2
Forgiveness14
Gratitude36
Kindness8
Reciprocity1
Vengeance1
Sensation seeking3
Novelty seeking1
Superficial1
Time orientation42
Tolerant1
Coping style133
Coping with unhappiness4
Coping with conflict1
Rumination2
Self-concept99
Body image1
Discrepancy real-ideal self0
Group identification2
Narcissism3
Realism of self-image0
Self-compassion3
Self-congruency across situations2
Self-other-congruency in view on self1
Self-presentation2
Satisfactions: What more and less happy people like33
Appraisals of life other than happiness7
Enjoyment1
Satisfaction with everything1
Satisfaction with aspects of life5
Satisfaction with opportunity for activities1
Satisfaction with domains of life164
Satisfaction with care5
Satisfaction with consumption7
Satisfaction with food2
Satisfaction with shopping2
Satisfaction with health4
Satisfaction with income19
Satisfaction with intimate relations60
Satisfaction with sex life1
Satisfaction with leisure20
Satisfaction with sports1
Satisfaction with living environment29
Satisfaction with oneself2
Satisfaction with one's appearance1
Satisfaction with safety3
Satisfaction with one's social position5
Satisfaction with school12
satisfaction with college/university life1
Satisfaction with society12
Satisfaction with spiritual life7
Satisfaction with travel4
Satisfaction with work159
Structure of satisfactions0
Balance across domains2
Hierarchy of the correspondence with happiness: Which domain satisfactions correspond most with happiness?83
Summed domain satisfactions5
Weighted vs unweighted sum-scores13
Different weights1
Views2
Attitudes46
Attitudes to emotion0
Attitudes to freedom1
Perceived freedom3
Attitudes to the future1
Expected income4
Perceived improvement of one's life4
Hope57
Attitude to one's own happiness19
Attitudes to life issues3
Attitudes to life in general0
Quality of life1
Attitudes to one's own life, other than happiness0
Meaning in life18
Death7
Success in life1
Wish to live7
Attitudes to society6
Attitude to competition2
Attitudes to the economy3
Attitude to marketing1
Attitude to entitlements1
Attitude to environmental protection4
Attitudes to inequality11
Attitude to modernity5
Attitude to nation4
Attitude to cultural preservation1
Attitude to nation/culture of origin2
Attitude to country of settltement0
Attitude to own (return)migration1
Attitude to relative livability of nation0
Attitudes to political issues7
Attitude to democracy3
Trust in institutions8
Attitude to life-style issues1
Attitude to money1
Attitudes to nutrition0
Attitude to local environment5
Attitudes to community5
Attirude to local tourism1
Attitude to nature4
Attitude to nuclear power0
Attitudes to people0
Attitudes to women2
Trust in people35
Hero attachment1
Ethnocentrism2
Attitudes to safety2
Attitudes to school1
Attitudes to sexuality1
Attitudes to work6
Attitude to occupations1
Attitude to one's own occupation1
Conventionality of outlook13
Beliefs18
Belief in afterlife3
Belief in Free Will2
Beliefs about Happiness31
Perceived sources of happiness39
belief that possessions make happy2
Accuracy of perception of effect on happiness1
Perceived happiness of others3
Perceived relative happiness3
Perceived variability of happiness2
Belief in Just World11
Belief in hard work1
Beliefs about one-self0
Belief to be genetically determined1
Belief in social progress2
Perceived corruption in country2
Interests1
Preferences0
Preference for time over money4
Preference to stop working0
Religion118
Religiousness183
Religious denomination17
Religious practices12
Values29
Ethical values67
Hedonic values32
Materialist values94
Individualism values4
Social values4
Family values2
Spending priorities2
Political values34
Political extremism8
Political conservatism13
Party preference11
Attitude to political issues4
Work values8
Value environment fit18
Living up to one's values7
Worries15
Problems2
Perceived discrimination7
Fear of crime5
Fear of modernity0
Summed mental capital6
Joint effects23
Apparent efficiency in using resources1
Effects of personal resources15
Effects of all personal characteristics3
Mixed multiple personal correlates of happiness0
Behavioral correlates of happiness: What more and less happy people do12
Happiness and Activity level55
Creative behavior2
Leisure activity2
Mental activity1
Physical activity11
Happiness and Activity Pattern8
Change in activities0
Variation in activities1
Multitasking1
Happiness and Particular Activities4
Eating1
Happiness and Choice behavior6
Betting on an undesirable outcome0
Happiness and Consumption92
Degree5
Basic needs1
Experience/material consumption6
Food40
Gambling2
Ideological consumption0
Green consumption8
Contested consumption0
Luxury4
Conspicuous consumption2
Possessions14
Car8
Communication devices0
Internet access5
PC3
Telephone5
Household conveniences1
Housing27
Energy1
Savings/insurances21
Services4
Stimulants78
Alcohol10
Chocolate0
Coffee0
Drugs6
Tobacco7
Tax paying1
Happiness and Health Behavior58
Healthy eating20
Sleep28
Self-harm1
Sufficient water intake1
Use of alternative medicine1
Use of health services0
Happiness and Leisure92
Leisure activities5
Artistic activities5
Gardening4
Media use5
Advertisement exposure4
Internet57
Social media54
Internet addiction17
Music listening4
Reading5
TV watching43
Outdoor activities2
Attendance of cultural events6
Cinema1
Socializing3
Sporting145
Biking, walking0
Dancing0
Vacationing45
Holiday travel15
Wellness stay0
Engagement in new leisure activities2
Happiness and Life-Style-Type26
Nudism1
Sustainable life-style1
Ways to pursue happiness19
Happiness and use of mental training/therapy2
Use of happiness training2
Meditation7
Tai Chi, Yoga0
Happiness and Organizational behavior0
Leadership1
Happiness and Political Behavior3
Political participation11
Voting4
Happiness and Pro-social Behavior10
Civic behavior3
Deviant behavior16
Ecological behavior6
Giving30
Helping behavior3
Reciprocity2
Tax evasion2
Happiness and Risk behavior7
Happiness and Social Interaction0
sharing experiences1
Happiness and Study11
Being a student0
School grade6
School involvement8
School success31
Teacher student relation0
Happiness and Time use64
Actual-ideal discrepancy0
Time spend on particular activities0
Time spend on childcare1
Happiness and Sexual behaviour0
Use of paid sex0
Use of pornography0
Happiness and Travel behavior9
Commuting30
Cross border commuting1
Happiness and Work34
In workforce (vs not)1
Ability to work9
Having work60
Unemployed215
Retired108
Post retirement work1
Working (married) women93
Multiple jobs1
X0
Underemployed0
Want for work11
Job searching5
Want more/less work1
Work involvement11
Absence from work1
Turnover7
Kind of work24
Occupation66
Creative class1
Entrepreneur5
Lawyer0
scientist0
Sex worker0
Sector2
Education0
Fair trade agriculture1
Public/private sector3
Skill level of work0
Over/under qualified for job1
Unpaid work0
Childcare0
Housework29
Voluntary work44
Work attitudes20
Work/family conflict48
Work performance15
Company performance1
Working time2
Weekend work1
Working hours40
Mixed multiple correlates of happiness4
Personal + situational0
Personal + behavioral0
Situational + behavioral0
DETERMINANTS OF HAPPINESS: Causal mechanisms and conditions 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 6
Overview of explanations75
Determinants of hedonic level7
Overview of theories33
Need gratification theory29
Evidence for need theory2
Perceived fit theory (Cognitive theory of pleasant affect)4
Culturebehavior fit2
Self-environment fit12
Value-behavior fit1
Do positive and negative affects vary independently?66
Physiological basis of hedonic experience40
Neural mechanisms19
Are there temperamental differences in pleasure proneness?5
Human/animal similarities11
Genetic correlates11
Similarity with genetic basis of correlates of happiness2
Determinants of contentment18
Review of theories51
Which standards of comparison?28
Which comparison levels?3
What are the most current standards?3
How do comparison standards develop?9
How do comparison levels develop?1
Determinants of success in meeting standards1
Perceptions of success in meeting standards2
Evidence for comparison theory100
Striking the balance of life29
The mental calculus: How do we assess how happy we are?23
Problems in reconstructing the evaluation of life3
Mental processes20
Estimating average experience1
Comparison9
Which is most decisive?4
When hedonic level most decisive, when contentment?11
Integrate appraisals0
Cognitive and affective appraisals14
Life aspect/domain satisfactions14
Past, present and future2
Pleasures and pains5
Reflect an attitude14
Is happiness a trait?55
Further calculative strategies of the mind3
Factors affecting the overall evaluation34
Contextual effects5
Heuristics4
Rose colored outlook12
Defensive bias2
Peak/end effects2
Homeostatic mechanisms12
Loss aversion5
Social models and pressures3
Development of happiness4
Adaptation56
Development of attitude towards life4
Promotive conditions15
Causal models53
Difference in conditions for happiness13
Across nations9
Within nations32
Difference across happiness levels0
Differences across personality types6
Difference in determinants of affective and cognitive components of happiness29
Optimal degree of conditions0
(non)-linearity of statistical association1
Optimal mix of conditions2
Relative impact12
Size of environmental effect7
Further issues0
Evolutionary basis1
Heritability of happiness64
How universal is happiness?18
Similarity in concomitants of happiness1
Why low correlations?26
CONSEQUENCES of HAPPINESS: Effects of enjoying life or not 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 68
Problems in assessing happiness effects5
Effects on conditions for happiness0
Differences in effects of happiness0
Cultural difference in effects of happiness3
Difference in effects of happiness within nations4
Difference in effects of affective and cognitive component0
Relative impact of happiness and unhappiness1
Effect on environment5
Effects on society18
Effects on demography0
Effects on attractiveness for migrants0
Effects on economy2
Effect on acceptance of tourism0
Effects on attractiveness for tourists1
Effects on income inequality1
Effects on conflict/peace4
Effects on sustainability1
Effects on social bonds22
Effects on relations with intimates16
Effects on social capital in community0
Effects on other people personally0
Effects on colleagues2
Effects on intimates3
Effects on other people0
Effects on oneself21
Effects on behavior2
Effects on choice3
Effects on consumer behavior2
Effects on frugality1
Effects on coping with loss1
Effects on ecological behavior0
Effects on happiness seeking1
Effects on health behavior4
Effects on physical activity3
Effects on use of stimulants1
Effects on migration4
Effects on political behavior14
Effects on procreation0
Effects on pro-social behavior27
Effects on giving2
Effects on helping1
Effects on response behavior1
Effects on risk behavior4
Effects on social participation8
Effects on volunteer work2
Effects on cognition26
Effects on perception/Retrospection8
Effects on reference1
Effects on satisfactions16
Effect on self-focus1
Effects on trust in people1
Effects on health10
Effects on physical health136
Effects on fertility5
Effects on functional health2
Effects of immune function3
Effects on recovery1
Effects on survival34
Effects on mental health34
Effects on life change3
Effects on motivation1
Effects on performance26
Effects on activity4
Effects on earnings8
Effects on learning12
Effects on work46
Effect on self-employment1
Effects on job change1
Effect on (un)employment2
Effects on personality development4
Effect on self-esteem1
Effects on preferences14
Effects on materialism1
Effects on resilience0
Effects on satisfaction1
Effects on social behavior0
Various effects14
Functions of (un)happiness0
Functions of experiencing (un)happiness in oneself27
Functions of overall happiness22
Functions of hedonic level17
Functions of affective experience10
Functions of pleasantness in affect11
Functions of awareness of overall hedonic level0
Optimal ratio of positive and negative affect1
Functions of contentment2
Dysfunction of happiness6
Dysfunction of making up one's mind0
Dysfunction of judging life positively1
Can one be too happy?12
Functions of acknowledging happiness of others0
PURSUIT of HAPPINESS: Quest for greater happiness 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 16
Do people seek happiness?17
Pleasure as general force in motivation3
Happiness as an individual goal5
What people seek happiness?1
What people do to get happier19
Happiness as a public goal5
Is happiness feasible?13
Is lasting happiness possible?3
Can we be happy most of our life?0
Can we get happier than we are?1
How much happiness is maximally possible?1
Can happiness be promoted?70
Are people not too different?1
Can happiness be learned?31
Is happiness not too relative?73
Is happiness a trait?17
Are improvements of any consequences?1
Which improvements promise most effect?1
Will brain manipulation yield happiness?2
Is pursuit of happiness self-defeating?25
Can efficiency in use of resources for happiness be measured?1
Should happiness be promoted?41
Is happiness something good in itself (a virtue)?12
How much happiness is optimal?6
Isn't experiential happiness 'false' happiness?19
Does promotion of happiness come at the cost of other valued matters?5
What happiness most important?1
Ways to greater happiness in society (macro level)91
Analysis of effects on happiness61
Cost-benefit analysis and policy evaluation9
Micro-simulation1
Recommended policies47
Choice1
Informing about effects on happiness0
Nudging0
Community1
Economy11
Income, wealth5
Taxation3
Sustainability0
Welfare4
Work3
Education5
Environment7
Family3
Childcare1
Foreign aid0
Health care3
Medical technology1
Mental health care8
Law0
Migration0
Urban planning1
Value climate4
Observed effects on happiness of policy on .15
Economy1
Austerity1
Education0
Expropriation1
Job protection1
Home-ownership3
Migration0
Minimum wage2
Redistribution of incomes1
Sustainability1
Taxation6
Welfare14
Work6
Workfare0
Family4
Child care policy6
Parental leave0
Foreign aid3
Health care1
Mental health care1
Reduction of smoking, drinking4
Justice2
Social service0
Community service1
Military service1
Role of government22
Side effects of happiness policy3
Ways to greater happiness in organizations (meso level)0
Recommended ways to improve happiness in organizations0
Ways to greater happiness of individuals (micro level)14
Informing about effects of choice on one's happiness, signaling function3
Recommended ways of life (individual level)9
Observed effects on happiness of interventions at individual level7
Activation programs6
Dance therapy1
Gardening therapy2
Internet training3
Leisure education3
Music therapy1
Physical activation20
Social activation2
Crisis intervention1
Happiness education0
Biblio-therapy0
Happiness trainings10
Enjoyment training2
Nature involvement0
Novelty trying3
Savoring training5
Goal setting training10
Humor therapy4
Laughter yoga2
Mental disciplining0
Meditation. Mindfulness11
Tai Chi, Yoga1
Positive thinking training15
Forgiving1
Gratitude14
Hope enhancement0
Kindness training6
Self-awareness training1
Life review therapy9
Mood awareness training3
Thought process awareness1
Self-development training1
Character strengths interventions11
Self-affirmation training5
Self-expressiveness training1
Self-help16
Self-monitoring of own happiness11
Comparison with the happiness of similar people2
Self-management training6
Sociability training4
Trainings using multiple methods15
Happiness lessons in school13
Reviews of happiness trainings and effect research25
Health care5
Health education3
Mental health care1
Spa therapy1
Lifestyle advise, life coaching15
Moral education1
Psycho-education3
Training for coping with care tasks3
Training for coping with illness2
Psycho-therapy9
Socio-therapy0
Relation therapy8
Spiritual encounter0
Support groups6
Vocational training3
Work motivation training1
Work wellbeing training1
Wellbeing support programs3
Workfare3
Fit with pursuit of other goals0
Fit pursuit of happiness with sustainability0
Technical tools1
VIEWS ON HAPPINESS: Outlook on happiness other than the experience as such 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 0
Views on one's own happiness: beliefs about happiness, not actual happiness15
Perceived change in one's happiness over time45
Remembered happiness in the past85
Five years ago9
Happiness in youth27
Happiest period in life25
Expected happiness in the future97
Perceived changes in happiness66
Difference between earlier expected and currently experienced happiness2
Perceived comparative happiness13
Perceived control over one's happiness3
Perceived entitled happiness (How happy one ought to be)0
Perceived ideal happiness for oneself: most desirable degree6
Difference between ideal and real happiness1
Perceived importance of own happiness9
Perceived reputation of happiness5
Perceived sources of one's own happiness316
Accuracy of perception37
Difference expected and remembered happiness0
Difference expected and experienced happiness14
Difference between expected happiness and choice2
Perceived sources of recent happy moments0
Perceived Stability of one's own happiness1
Prediction of one's own happiness9
Expected rise/decline of one's own happiness0
Reported ways to pursue happiness23
Views on happiness in public opinion: Sociology of happiness ideas4
Advice on happiness11
Attitudes to happiness8
Acceptance of happiness as a policy goal2
Acceptance of ways to happiness1
Acceptance of artificial happiness0
Ideological connotations of the term "happiness"1
Moral appreciation of happiness23
Expert opinion32
Public opinion42
Preference for happiness14
Pressure to be/act happy2
Self-presentation as (un)happy1
Beliefs about happiness14
Myths about happiness20
Perceived Level of happiness8
In the past6
In the present8
Of people in general14
Of compatriots10
Of people in other countries/regions8
Perceived livability of nations5
Of social categories42
Of intimates6
In the future11
Attribution of happiness level8
Perceived relative happiness1
Perceived sources of happiness: Concepts of the good life63
Expert opinion45
Among policy makers1
Public opinion67
Children's concepts of happiness8
Attribution of causal effects5
Perceived consequences of happiness2
Cultural variations in views on happiness62
Western vs. Non-Western countries32
Rise of the western happiness ideas45
Trend hedonic tone in public communications1
Interest in happiness12
Use of the word happiness3
Web search on happiness0
Prominence in public discourse5
Perceptiveness for happiness1
Reasons for (des)interest in happiness1
Models of happiness0
Models in advertisement2
Models in counseling21
Models in politics3
Models in fiction34
Models in proverbs2
Models in religion3
Models in social media2
Models in teaching1
Uses of happiness concepts10
Symbolic use1
Use in marketing1
Normative use8
Analytic use1
Use for inferring preferences1
Political use11
Policy aims8
Progress indicator2
Communication of happiness1
Views on happiness in philosophy21
Concepts of happiness44
Objective vs. Subjective concepts19
Mixed concepts: enjoying life while 10
Being well-informed11
Being morally sound11
Living up to common standards1
Thriving, actualizing9
Seeing meaning2
Specific concepts of happiness6
Happiness as affective experience30
Happiness as a cognitive appraisal26
Happiness as an attitude14
Short-term vs long-term happiness0
Difference with folk concept3
Difference with other notions of well-being1
History of philosophical thought18
Classics24
Contemporary14
Views on happiness in religions3
Buddhism1
Christianity0
Islam0
Judaism0
Methodology3
Analysis of meanings of the word22
Analysis of (history) of ideas3
Empirical support for ideas11
Schools of philosophical thought52
Epicureanism1
Eudaimonism19
Hedonism4
Utilitarianism59
Topics in philosophy of happiness1
Conditions for happiness10
Control over one's happiness3
Critics of empirical happiness research31
Existence of a single hedonic dimension in affect2
Making people happy vs making more people happy0
Paradoxes of happiness12
Possibility of happiness3
Self-judgment of happiness7
Do people judge their life at all?1
How do people make judgment?3
How rational?10
Role of narrative2
Utility of happiness12
As a guide in private choice11
As a guide in public choice62
Goal of education1
Value of happiness58
Is happiness mere contentment?0
Is happiness the final end?6
Are there 'higher' and 'lower' kinds of happiness?3
Priority for the least happy?1
Relative to other values1
Happiness and well-being8
TO BE (RE)CODED 
DescriptionNumber of Publications
 0
Relative strength of correlations1