Findings on happiness in Brenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973

Publication
Author(s)Brenner, B.
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
 Summer, 1973 to summer, 1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability cluster sample
 Probability cluster sample of households. Out of each household 1 S was chosen at random.
Respondents N =916
Non Response25%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksAll measures of association are based on frequencies which have been weighted according to the number of adults living in the household of the person selected for interview.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Author's labelSelf evaluated happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean2.297.45
Standard deviation0.571.48

Scores in123
%6.059.035.0

Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A. "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life? Would you say.......?" 5 ver often 4 fairly often 3 occasionally 2 rarely 1 never B. "How often do you feel downcast or dejected? Would you say....." 1 very often 2 fairly often 3 occasionally 4 rarely 5 never Summation: Average A + B Name: Brenner's `Two Component Quality of Affect Scale'
ClassificationA-BBr-g-mq-v-5-b
Author's labelQuality of affect
Remarks80% often, 16% occasionally, 4% rarely enjoys life.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 3 questions: A. "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life? Would you say: 5 very often, 4 fairly often, 3 occasionally, 2 rarely, 1 never." B. "How often do you feel downcast or dejected? Would you say: 1 very often, 2 fairly often, 3 occasionally, 4 rarely 5 never. C. "In general how would you say you feel most of the time? Would you say: 5 very good spirits, 4 fairly good spirits, 3 neither good spirits nor low spirits, 2 fairly low spirits, 1 very low spirits. Summation: average A , B and C Name: Brenner's `Three component Quality of Affect Scale'
ClassificationA-BBr-g-mq-v-5-a
Author's labelQuality of affect
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: item 1 & 2: G = -.52 (001); item 2 & 3: G = -.56 (001); item 1 & 3: G = +.78 (001) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: "Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week ...?" A I felt happy B I felt sad Answer options: 1 rarely or none of the time 2 some or a little of the time 3 occasionally or a moderate amount of time 4 most of the time Summation: average score on A and B Name: Brenner's `Happy/Sad Scale'
ClassificationA-BBr-cw-mq-v-4-c
Author's labelQuality of affect
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: G = -.52 (.001) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week ....?" A I enjoyed life B I felt depressed Answer options: 1 really none of the time 2 some or a little of the time 3 occasionally or a moderate amount of the time 4 most of the time Summation: average scores on A and B Name: Brenner's `Enjoyed/Depressed Scale'
ClassificationA-BBr-cw-mq-v-4-a
Author's labelQuality of affect
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: G = -.72 (.001) Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Enjoying lifeH07aa04aO-HL by M-AO
Feeling downcast or dejectedM12ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Quality of affect _BH07ab02dA-AB by A-AB
Quality of affect_AH07aa02bO-HL by A-AB
Quality of affect_CH07ab04aA-AB by M-AO
Usual affectH07aa02aO-HL by A-AOL