Findings on happiness in Seidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988

Publication
Author(s)Seidlitz, L.; Diener, E.
TitleMemory for Positive versus Negative Life Events: Theories for the Differences between Happy and Unhappy Persons.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 64, 654 - 664
Investigation
PublicPsychology undergraduate, students, University of Illinois, USA, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample: 420 students completed questionaires as part of the requirements for their introductory psychology course.
Respondents N =420
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A: "In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel? Check the one statement below that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic) 9 very happy (feeling really good, elated) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral) 5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy) 4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 3 mildly unhappy (just a little low) 2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low) 0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)" B: "Consider your emotions a moment further. On the average. - What percent of the time do you feel happy? - What percent of the time do you feel unhappy? - What percent of the time do you feel neutral (neither happy nor unhappy)? Make sure the three figures add-up to equal 100%". Scoring: - Question A : 0.- 10 - Question B : % happy Summation : (A * 10 + B)/2
ClassificationA-AOL-g-mq-*-0-a
Author's labelHappiness Measure
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: ." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?" Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic) 9 very happy (feeling really good, elated) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral) 5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy) 4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 3 mildly unhappy (just a little low) 2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low) 0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)
ClassificationA-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Balance of recalled life-events (free recall)L06ab01gBalance of negative- and positive life-events
Current moodM11ab01Mood during the interview