Findings on happiness in Mussen et al. (1980): study US 1928

Publication
Author(s)Mussen, P.H.; Bieber, S.L.; Eichorn, D.H.; Honzik, M.P.; Meredith, W.M.
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
Investigation
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley USA, 1928-68
Last assesment1968
 T1: 1928/29 , T2: 1968
Survey nameNot available
 Berkely Guidance study. Same study also reported in SCHAE 1963 and MCGRA 1968.
SampleNot available
 Mothers of children aged 21 months who participated in a longitudinal development study, conducted at the Institute of Human Development at the University of California, Berkeley.
Respondents N =53
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Observation and interviews at age 30 and age 70
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport in focused interview Rating two independent interviewers. A. Psychiatric social worker who interviewed parents at home. Interview focused on child B. Clinical psychologist who interviewed parents separately. Interview focused on family life. Rating options: 7 extremely cheerful, animated, jolly 6 5 4 usually good-humored air 3 2 1 dejected, melancholic appearance, in the dumps Summation: average ratings A and B
ClassificationA-CP-g-fi-v-7-a
Author's labelCheerfulness
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: interrater agreement at T1: r = +.59 . Retest after 40 years r = +.28 (p<05). Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport in focused interview Two independent interviews. Each interviewer rated `satisfaction with lot' on the same scale. 1 tremendously satisfied 2 3 4 average 5 6 7 extremely dissatisfied
ClassificationO-SLC-g-fi-v-7-b
Author's labelSatisfaction with lot
RemarksT1: (Age 30) Ms = 3.0 Ms' = 7.0 SD = 1.2 T2: (Age 70) Ms = 2.6 Ms' = 7.4 SD = 1.3
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: interrater agreement at T1: r = +.60 . Retest after 40 years r = +.15 ns. Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessP06ab09Later tenseness
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessP05deTense, also classified as above ↑
Excitable; energetic; talkative;restlessP05dkVigorous, also classified as above ↑
Good use of languageworrisome;restless; high self-esteemP06ab07Later self-confidence
Intelligent; interested in childP05amClever
Intelligent; interested in childP02ab06Earlier cleverness, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childP05bqInterested, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childF01af01Parents characteristics, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in childF01af01lPersonality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childF01af01dCapacities of parents
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childF01ae02Involvement of parents, also classified as above ↑
Intelligent; interested in child;uncritical of childF01af01lPersonality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Interested in child; uncritical of child; talkativeC01ad01Attitudes to one's own children
Interested in child; uncritical of child; talkativeF01af01lPersonality of parents, also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingP05amClever
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingP06ab01Later cleverness, also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingP06ab05Later openness , also classified as above ↑
Open-minded; accuracy in thinkingP05cdOpen, also classified as above ↑
Talkative; criticalP05deTense
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredW07ab01Amount of worrying
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredP02ab24Earlier self-confidence, also classified as above ↑
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredW07aa01Earlier worries, also classified as above ↑
Unworrisome; satisfied; self-assuredP05cuSelf-confidant, also classified as above ↑