Findings on happiness in Levy et al. (1988): study US 1979

Author(s)Levy, S.M.; Bagley, C.; Lee, J.; Lippman, M.
TitleSurvival Hazard Analysis in First Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients: Seven-Year Follow-Up.
SourcePsychosomatic Medicine, 1988, Vol. 51, 520 - 528
PublicBreast cancer patients, first recurrence cases, Eastern USA, 1979
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Thirty-six women with histologically proven recurrent disease, admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for treatment were enrolled. Patients were excluded from the study if they had received prior treatment for recurrence, if they had distinct metastases at the time of original diagnosis, if they had recurrent disease within 2 months of primary treatment, if they had brain metastases or if they were pregnant.
Respondents N =36
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Disease free intervalP06aa02bRecovery from disease
HostilityM13ac07Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
JoyM13ac03aFeeling elated (vs not)
LongevityP06aa03aLongevity (assessed in follow up)
Number of metastaticsitesP06ad02Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48)
Physician's prognosis in months to liveP06ab01Expert rating of health
Stage of diseaseP06aa02cStage of disease