Findings on happiness in Lowenthal & Chiriboga (1973): study US 1969

Publication
Author(s)Lowenthal, M.F.; Chiriboga, D.A.
TitleSocial Stress and Adaptation. Toward a Life-Course Perspective.
SourceEisdorfer, C.; Lawton, M.P; Eds.: "Psychology of Adult Development and Aging", American Psychological Association, Washington DC, USA, 281 - 310
DOIDOI: 10.1037/10044-011
Investigation
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 A. high school seniors (facing college, job, marriage,) chunk sample: class of senior high school men N:25, women N:27 B. newly weds (facing parenthood) snowball sample: recruted by respondents and marriage lists men N:25, women N:25 C. midle aged parents (facing empty nest) chunk sample: parents of high school students men N:27, women N:27 D. elderly planning to retire snowball sample: recruted by respondents and organisations men N:30, women N:30
Respondents N =216
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Half-structured focused interview
General remarksSame study reported in Lowenthal 1975 and Chiroboga 1975
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how happy are you these days .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb
Author's labelMorale
Page in publication87
Remarks% very happy: 25 to 52
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 11 questions: "During the past few weeks, did you ever feel.....?" A angry B bored C could not get going D depressed E lonely F too busy G uneasy H exited I on top of the world J pleased K proud Answer options and scoring: - yes = 1 - no = 0 Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on H, I, J, K Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores A, B, C, D, E, F, G Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -7 to +5 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
ClassificationA-BB-cw-mq-v-4-a
Author's labelAffect Balance
Page in publication87
Remarks13.7 to 16.0
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Cumulative stressL06aa01aBurden of earlier life-events
Mental health: complexityH13abCurrent general mental health
Mental health: complexityP04PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION, also classified as above ↑
Perceived stress (preoccupation with stress)L06aa01aBurden of earlier life-events
Recent stressL06ab01cSummed life-events: standard weights