Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (2010a): study ZZ 2005

Author(s)Diener, E.; Harter, J.K.; Ng, W.
TitleWealth and Happiness across the World: Material Prosperity predicts Life Evaluation, Whereas Psychosocial Prosperity predicts Positive Feeling.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2010, Vol. 99, 52 - 61
Public15+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2005-2006
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =136839
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 And telephone interview.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelSelf-anchoring striving scale
Page in publication54
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Basic needs unmetI01acSufficiency of current income
Luxury conveniencesP12ab02Specific possessions
NationalwealthN04ac01Purchasing power of average citizen in nation
Negative feelingsM14ab03Yesterday's mood
Personal incomeI01ab03Household income
Positive feelingsM14ab03Yesterday's mood
Relative incomeI01ae03Relative to nation
Satisfaction with standard of livingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Work hoursE02adSize of current job