Findings on happiness in Toussaint & Friedman (2009): study US 2004

Publication
Author(s)Toussaint, L.L.; Friedman, P.H.
TitleForgiveness, Gratitude and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Affect and Beliefs.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 635 - 654
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8
Investigation
PublicPsychotherapy outpatients, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
 Most patients were seeking help for distress and quality of life problems. Age 20-58
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Stratified by gender and age.
Respondents N =72
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Fillled out as standard battery at intake
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How high or low is your level of wellbeing? 0 extremely low, utterly depressed, completely down 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 extremely high, feeling extatic joyous, fantastic Adapted Fordyce Happiness Scale
ClassificationA-AOL-u-sq-n-101-a
Author's labelFordyce happiness scale
Page in publication642
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past week, did you ever feel.....?" A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair B Proud, because someone had complimented you C Very lonely or remote from people? D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F On top of the world? G Depressed H That things were going your way? I Upset because someone criticized you? J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start? Answer options and scoring: - yes = 1 - no = 0 Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range -6 to +4 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
ClassificationA-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelBradburn affect balance scale
Page in publication642
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AffectH07ab02bA-AOL by A-AB
AvoidanceP05aiAvoidant
Forgiveness of othersP05bcForgiving
Forgiveness of selfP05bcForgiving
Forgiveness of situationsP05bcForgiving
Friedman Affect ScaleH07ab02dA-AB by A-AB
Friedman Affect ScaleH07ab02bA-AOL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Friedman Belief ScaleS02abCurrent self-characterization
GratitudeP05deThankfull
GratitudeP05deThankfull
RevengeP05clRevengious
Satisfaction with Life ScaleL04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items