Findings on happiness in Kivett (2000): study US 1976

Publication
Author(s)Kivett, V.R.
TitleVery-Old Rural Adults: Functional Status and Social Support.
SourceJournal of Applied Gerontology, 2000, Vol. 19, 58 - 77
Investigation
PublicVery old, rural area USA, followed 20 years, 1976-1997
 Survivors in a 20 year follow-up of 65+ aged, initially 418 persons. Average age 90 years: 76% women, 53% white, 67% widowed, 51% living alone.
 T1: 1976, T2: 1986, T3: 1989, T4: 1996/7
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =49
Non Response> 10%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time? [ 9 ] best possible life for you [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life for you Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
ClassificationC-BW-c-sq-l-10-ca
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication4,12
RemarksMean taken from table 1. This value is not consistent with mean life satisfaction mentioned on page 5 of the webversion of this text (M=4,37).
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 9On range 0 - 10
Mean6.907.59
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Change life satisfactionH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
EthnicityE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA