Findings on happiness in Ludwig et al. (2012): study US 2005

Author(s)Ludwig, J.; Duncan, G.J.; Gennetian, L.A.
TitleNeighborhood Effects on the Long-Term Well-Being of Low-Income Adults.
SourceScience, 2012, Vol. 337, 1505 - 1510
DOIDOI: 10.1126/science.1224648
PublicRecipients of housing subsidy, followed 10-15 years, 5 cities USA, 2005-2009
 Participants interviewed 10 to 15 years after receiving a housing subsidy, and a control group not receiving subsidies.
Collect period2005
Last collect period2009
Survey nameUnnamed study
 From 1994-98 4604 families living in high-poverty neighborhoods received a subsidy that enabled them to move to a better neighborhood. 10-15 years later, after random assignment, they were interviewed, as well as a control group that did not receive a subsidy.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =3273
 Subsidized respondents: N=2134; control group: N=1139
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication1506
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
% Ethnic minorities in neighborhoodE04ab02Ethnic diversity in environment
Opportunity to move to a better neighborhoodL16aa02bChange of residence (moving)
Subjective povertyI01ac02Subjective poverty