Findings on happiness in Scollon et al. (2009): study US Texas 2009

Publication
Author(s)Scollon, C.N.; Caldwell, A.E.; Howard, A.H.; Ito, S.
TitleThe Role of Ideal Affect in the Experience and Memory of Emotions.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 257 -2 69
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9079-9
Investigation
PublicStudents, Texas, USA, 2009
 Undergraduate students, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =83
 Originally 87 participants, of which 4 failed to complete all measures, leaving 83 respondents (60 females, 23 males). Age 18-44 (M=21.18, SD=3.34)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 1. Web questionnaire completed at the beginnig of the study 2. Experience sampling: during 7 days participants were asked to answer the questionnaire on a hand held palm pilot at 7 random times a day when signaled by an alarm.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 12 questions asked repeatedly (experience sampling) How did you feel just before the beeper went off? A Happy B Joy C Sociable D Excited E Proud F Calm G Sad H Guilty I Worried J Anxious K Irritated L Bored Rated: 1 not at all : 5 with maximun intensity Computation: (A+B+C+D+E+F)/6 - (G+H+I+J+K+L)/6
ClassificationA-AB-mi-mqr-n-5-a
Author's labelOn-line emotion
Page in publication262
Remarks7 day experience sampling with 7 recordings per day. Average scores over the week were dichtomized in % of the time felt positive (78,0%) and % of the time felt negative (48,6) ABS=32.4%, computed by WDH-team from PA-NA, which denotes % of the time more in positive mood
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Mean32.40
Standard deviation


Full textSelfreport on 12 questions: how much one GENERALLY feels ... (full text not reported) A Happy B Joy C Sociable D Excited E Proud F Calm G Sad H Guilty I Worried J Anxious K Irritated L Bored Rated: 1 never to 7 always Computation: (A+B+C+D+E+F)/6 - (G+H+I+J+K+L)/6
ClassificationA-AB-g-mq-n-7-a
Author's labelGlobal emotion
Page in publication262-263
RemarksABS computed by WDH-team from PA=4,76 minus NA=3,21.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Mean1.51
Standard deviation


Full textSelfreport on 12 questions: ..how much of the time you remember to have experienced these moods in the past week (during which respondents participated in experience sampling). A happy B joyful C contented D cheerful E pleasant F elated G frustrated H sad I depressed J dissatisfied K gloomy L dejected Rated: % of the time experienced Summation: (A+B+C+D+ E+ F) - (G+H+I+J+K+L) Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
ClassificationA-AB-cw-mq-th%-101-a
Author's labelRetrospective emotion
Page in publication263
RemarksAssessed after a week experience sampling using the same questions; one week and two weeks later. Average scores were dichotomized in % remembered positive mood (48,4) and % remembered negative mood (26,4) ABS=22.0%, computed by WDH-team from PA-NA
Error estimatesCronbach alpha's range from .74 to .87
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -100 - 100On range 0 - 10
Mean22.00
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Ideal affectH11acValuation of happiness