Findings on happiness in Veenhoven & Ehrhardt (1995): study ZZ World samples 1985

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.; Ehrhardt, J.
TitleThe Cross-National Pattern of Happiness.Test of Predictions Implied in Three Theories of Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 33 - 68
PublicUniversity students, 39 nations around 1985
 Austria, Bangaladesdh, Bahrein, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Cameroon, Canada, Chili, Colombia, Croatia, Egypt, Finland, Germany (West), Greece, Hungary, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Mexico, New Zealnd, Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, USA
Survey nameNot available
 Global Report on Student Well-Being (Michalos 1991)
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Non-probability sample of nations, Non probability samples within nations
Respondents N =18032
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 5 4 neutral 3 2 1 completely dissatisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.99

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life.. 1 unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 happy (originally presented horizontally) Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.07

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
educationN04ab11cbPublic education in nation
educationN04ac04gSchools in nation, also classified as above ↑
Explained varianceN14NATION: SOCIETY
freedom of pressN14ab01baFreedom of press in nation
gender equalityN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Income inequalityN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
media attendenceN02ab03bMedia attendance in narion
NutritionN04ac02bMalnutrition in nation
political democracyN12ab04Political democracy in nation
real income per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
social securityN04ab11ceSocial security in nation