Findings on happiness in Diener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005

Author(s)Diener, E.; Tay, L.
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
Last assesment2013
 Pooled samples obtained over this period driving these years a world wide economic recession occurred.
Survey nameGallup World Polls
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =1229431
Non ResponseNot available
 Not reported.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 In addtion Interview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelSubjective well-being (SWB)
Page in publication136
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Annual incomeN04ab01dAverage income in nation
Annual income GININ14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
Child respectN14ab07adAttitudes to treatment of children in nation
CorruptionN07ab01Corruption in nation
CorruptionN07ab01aPerceived corruption in nation, also classified as above ↑
Count on othersN14ab03caHelping in nation
FreedomN14ab01eSatisfaction with freedom in nation
GDPN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Have computerN14ab04bInformatization in nation
Have electricityN04ac04Quality\quantity of facilities in nation
Have internetN02ab03aInternet connections in nation
Have televisionN02ab03cNumber of TV channels in nation
Health problemN09ab01baPhysical health in nation
Honest electionN12ac01Attitudes to the state in nation
HungryN04ac02bMalnutrition in nation
Immigrants treated wellN14ab07bPerceived treatment of migrants in nation
Life expectencyN09ab01bcLife-expectancy in the nation
LS GININ14ab02haInequality in happiness in nation
LS GINIE03ab01aTrend in general public, also classified as above ↑
LS GINIE03ac01Trend inequality of happiness in era, also classified as above ↑
No foodN04ac02bMalnutrition in nation
No shelterN04ac02aHomelessness in nation
Satisfaction with environment preservedN05ac01Satisfaction with environmental protection
Satisfaction with good air qualityN05ac02Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with good water qualityN04ad05aSatisfaction with water supply in nation