Findings on happiness in Bjornskov (2006a): study ZZ 1995

Author(s)Bjornskov, C.
TitleIdeological Interpretation of Easterlin's Income-Happiness Paradox: A Warning.
SourcePaper Aarhus School of Business, May 2006, Denmark
Public18+ aged, general public, 67 nations, 1995-2002
 Names of nations not reported.
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Surveys
SampleMixed samples
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability sample within nations.
Respondents N =70000
 Sample size in nations varies from 1000 to 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Taking all together, how satisfied are you currently with your life as a whole? Please indicate on this ladder. 1 means 'not satisfied at all' and 10 completely satisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication7
RemarksDependent variable: the DIFFERENCE in AVERAGE life satisfaction between the richest people (33% richest) and poorest people (33% poorest) in 67 nations. Average difference on 1-10-scale: 0,43; SD = 0,34; calculated on the basis of World Values Surveys (Inglehart et al. 2004).
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Economic opennessI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Economic opennessN04ab07Openness of economy in nation, also classified as above ↑
GDP per capitaI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
GDP per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc), also classified as above ↑
Government consumptionI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Government consumptionN12ab08aGovernment consumption in nation, also classified as above ↑
Government consumptionN12ab08Size of government in nation, also classified as above ↑
Income inequalityI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Income inequalityN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation, also classified as above ↑
Regulatory FreedomI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Regulatory FreedomN14ab01Freedom in nations, also classified as above ↑
Regulatory FreedomH05acInequality of happiness between rich and poor, also classified as above ↑