Findings on happiness in Watson (1930): study US 1928

Publication
Author(s)Watson, G.
TitleHappiness Among Adult Students of Education.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1930, Vol. 21, 79 - 109
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0070539
Investigation
PublicGraduate students of education (teachers), Columbia University, USA, 192?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample using attendants of a psychology course. Average age 30.
Respondents N =388
 Most of the analysis is based on the answers of 50 males and 124 females (N = 174).
Non Response-
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Lowly structured
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Among the following description arranged in miscellaneous order, choose the one which comes nearest to fitting you. None will be likely to fit exactly." 3 Finding life rather disappointing and disillusioning, cmfortable in many ways, moderately successful, but far from realizing the hopes of youth. 9 Cheerful, gay spirits most of the time. Occasionally bothered by something but can usually laugh it off. 8 Calm, quiet sort of satisfaction. Life has been pretty good. Not everything one desires comes, of course, but on the whole there is much for which to be serenely thankful. 5 Ups and downs, now happy about things, now depressed. About balanced in the long run. 1 Life often seems so worthless that there is little to keep one going. Nothing matters very much, there has been so much of hurt that laughter would be empty mockery. 2 Keeping a brave front, others think everything is all right. Inside life seems rather black. 1 Usually sad, weep readily, smile seldom. 11 Radiant, find every day full of interest, amusing things, and worthwhile things. 3 Seriously hurt by certain things, for which the good aspects of life cannot quite make up. 5 Quite objective. Like some experiences, dislike others. Not aware of any prevalent happiness or unhappiness.
ClassificationO-HP-u-sq-v-10-a
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on open question: Now write in your own words a sentence of two, something which you believe will most truly describe your own general happiness in life. The answers were rated by three judges on a scale ranging from 0 to 10. 0 low 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 high
ClassificationO-HL-g-oq-n-11-a
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 50 questions: Below is a list of words and phrases. Check every term which you believe could fairly be applied to yourself in prevalent attitudes. (yes/no) A Enthusiastic B Morbid C Disappointed D Distressed E Cheerful F Prosperous G Frivolous H Troubled I Annoyed J Calm K Miserable L Thrilled M Irritable N Buoyant O Joyful . . . . . . . AX The total list contained fifty adjectives, half positive and half negative Scoring: yes = +1 no = -1 Summation: number of happy traits mentioned minus number of unhappy traits mentioned. Possible range: - 50 to + 50
ClassificationA-BW-g-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
IntelligenceI03ab01Test-intelligence
Perceived happy imageH11adPerceived reputation of happiness
Popularity with opposite sexP10ab02cPopularity with opposite sex
Popularity with samesexP10ab02bPopularity with same sex