Findings on happiness in Washburn et al. (1925): study US 1923

Publication
Author(s)Washburn, M.F.; Harding, L.; Simmons, H.; Tomlinson, D.
TitleFurther experiments on directed recall as a test of cheerful and depressed temperaments.
SourceAmerican Journal of Psychology, 1925, Vol. 36, 454 - 456
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/1414172.pdf
Investigation
PublicFemale students, cheerful and depressed, USA, 192?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive sample: female college students selected for typical mood. Cheerful group: N = 33; depressed group: N = 34. The analysis was performed by comparing the cheerful group (those who had rated themselves as 'steadily cheerful') with the depressed group (those who had rated themselves as 'variable tending to depression' or 'steadily de- pressed'). Those who had rated themselves as 'variable, tending to cheerful- ness' were excluded.
Respondents N =67
Non Response-
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire administered in class. Additionally peerratings of cheerfullness and projective tests during 3 days
General remarksSame study also reported in WASHB 1926.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Each S was asked to judge herself using one of the four terms: (precise lead item not reported) 4 steadily cheerful 3 variable tendency to cheerfulness 2 variable tendency to depression 1 steadily depressed
ClassificationA-CP-g-sq-v-4-a
Author's labelHedonic level of affect
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport + 3 peer ratings, on same single question: A. Selfreport: Each subject was asked to judge herself using one of four terms. (Precise lead item not reported) B. Peer ratings: The judgments of three friends were obtained using the terms. Response options: 4 steadily cheerful 3 variable tending to cheerfulness 2 variable tending to depression 1 steadily depressed Summation: a + b/2
ClassificationA-AOL-g-*-v-4-a
Author's labelHedonic level
RemarksNegatively skewed Possible range: 4 - 16; median score: 12.5
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Galvanic skin responseB03ae04Tension
Recall of pleasant associationsP04cgPositive reacting