Findings on happiness in Parry & Warr (1980): study GB 1975

Author(s)Parry, G.; Warr, P.
TitleThe Measurement of Mothers' Work Attitudes.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology. 1980, Vol. 53, 245 - 252
PublicWorking class mothers with children under 14, UK, 1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability area sample
 The sample was drawn from 10 widely dispersed sampling areas in the mainland United Kingdom.Each interviewer sought volunteers to complete her quota sampling frame.
Respondents N =185
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 After an oral introduction to the investigation and the questionnaire the interviewer left the respondent to complete the questionnaire herself. The interviewers subsequently called back to receive the completed questionnaire.
General remarksThis study involves a measure of life satisfaction that does not meet the demands of this World Database of Happiness. This excerpt reports only the findings obtained with Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication246
RemarksPA-NA = 3,00 -1,97=1,03
Error estimatesalpha: =.72 (positive affect), .63 (negative affect)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Employment statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time
Employment statusF02af01Oneself-mother: works (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02af01Part-time working of house-wives, also classified as above ↑