Findings on happiness in Kross et al. (2013): study US Michigan 2012

Author(s)Kross, E.; Demiralp, E.; Verduyn, P.
TitleFacebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults.
SourceOpen Access, 2013, Plos One, Vol. 8, 1 - 7
DOIDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
PublicFacebook users, Michigan, United States, 2012
Survey nameNot available
 Unnamed survey
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Respondents reccruited by posting flyers around Ann Arbor, Michigan. Participants needed a Facebook-account and a smartphone. They received $20.
Respondents N =82
 29 males, 53 females. Ethnicity: 60,5% European American, 28,4% Asian-American, 6,2% African-American and 4,9% other. Age:mean=19,5, s.d.=2,2.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question text messaged 5 times a day How do you feel right now? 0 very positive : : : : 100 very negative
Author's labelAffective well-being
Page in publication2
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation25.882.59

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Facebook useI04aa01Earlier internet behaviour
Facebook useL03ac02fInternet, social media, also classified as above ↑
Facebook useA02ac04bSocial media, also classified as above ↑
Facebook useI04ab04bfSocial media, also classified as above ↑
Facebook useI04ab03aTime on internet, also classified as above ↑