Findings on happiness in Gross et al. (1997): study US 1992

Author(s)Gross, J.J.; Carstensen, L.L.; Tsai, J.L.
TitleEmotion and Aging: Experience, Expression, and Control.
SourcePsychology and Ageing, 1997, Vol. 12, 590 - 599
PublicNuns, USA, 199?
 24 to 101 aged Catholic nuns, living in cloisters in mid-western USA.The entire community participated
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =1080
Non Response31%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question Do you feel the following emotions…. Happy 4 often feel happy 3 sometimes feel happy 2 seldom feel happy 1 never feel happy
Author's labelexperience
Page in publication595
RemarksCarstensen Emotion Questionaire is used.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Perceived control of affective experienceP05blImpulsive (vs self controlled)
Perceived control of affective experienceP05bpInner locus of control, also classified as above ↑