Findings on happiness in Cantril (1965): study NG 1963

Author(s)Cantril, H.
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1962-63
Collect period9
 1962 (September) - 1963 (Spring)
Survey nameCantril World Survey
SampleProbability stratified sample
 Post stratified by dwelling and region.
Respondents N =1200
Non Response-
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication80, 371
Remarks28% low, 46% medium, 21% high
DKNA %5.0
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.262.26

Scores in012345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Community sizeL13ab02Community size
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Positive evaluation of present national situationN01ab02Evaluation of current situation of nation
Region in NigeriaR01ab19Region in Nigeria
ReligionR12acCurrent religious denomination
Socio-economic levelS09abCurrent socio-economic status
Urban dwellingL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling