Findings on happiness in Magnus & Diener (1991): study US 1986

Publication
Author(s)Magnus, K.; Diener, E.
TitleA Longitudinal Analysis of Personality, Life Events, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at 63rd Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, 1991, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/magnus_k_1991.pdf
Investigation
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 4 years 1986-1990
 T1: 1986 T2: 1990
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 University of Illinois students enrolled in a semester long course on mood and well-being during the fall semester of 1986 (T1). Followed up in 1990 (T2) by mailed questionnaires.
Respondents N =130
 T1: N=130 Female=81, Male=46 T2: N= 97 Female=62, Male=35
Non ResponseNot available
 Dropout at T2 : 26%
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Self-report questionnaires, peer reports, and experinece sampling.
General remarksAt T2, participants were paid $15 (informants were paid 5$) for their help. At T2, 29% were still students. 7% became married or engaged since T1, 66% became employed since T1 This study involved several measures of happiness that do not meet the requirements for inclusion in the World Database of happiness
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?" 10 extremely happy 9 8 7 6 5 neither happy nor unhappy 4 3 2 1 0 extremely unhappy
ClassificationM-FH-g-sq-n-11-a
Author's labelFordyce
Page in publication25
Error estimatesDisattenuated retest correlation= +.85
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
ClassificationO-DT-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelDelighted-terrible scale
Page in publication26
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport in in-depth interview about affective nature of one's life. Rated on the level of happiness by an expert rater on a 1-7 scale
ClassificationO-Sum-g-fi-?-7-a
Author's labelClinical interview
Page in publication26
Error estimatesInterrater agreement: r=+.68 (N=35)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textPeerrating using single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DOES X USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes his/her average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item, peer rating version
ClassificationM-FH-g-rdp-v-10-a
Author's labelPeer Fordyce
Page in publication26
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Domain satisfactionL04aa01Earlier life-appraisals
Domain satisfactionL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life, also classified as above ↑
MemoryL06ab01gBalance of negative- and positive life-events
MemoryL04ac02dBalance of positive and negative memories, also classified as above ↑
MemoryL04aa01Earlier life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Peer satisfaction with lifeS02ag02Congruency self-image and reputation
Peer satisfaction with lifeL04aa01Earlier life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Peer satisfaction with lifeL04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items, also classified as above ↑
Peer satisfaction with lifeL04aa03Later life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Peer satisfaction with lifeH09ab02Rating of happiness by peers, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)L04aa01Earlier life-appraisals
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)L04ahHappiness inventories involving unacceptable items, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with life (SWLS)L04aa03Later life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Subjective well being (SWB)H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES
Subjective well being (SWB)H07ad04aM-AO by M-AO, also classified as above ↑
Subjective well being (SWB)H07ad04bM-AO by M-FH, also classified as above ↑
Subjective well being (SWB)H07aa04jO-DT by M-AO, also classified as above ↑
TimeH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)