Inequality of happiness in nations

Dispersion of:  happiness   lifesatisfaction   affect balance mixed items Inequality-Adjusted Happiness (IAH)

Variable Measurement Era

SPSS code

N

Source
Dispersion of overall happiness SD 3-step happiness1 1948
SD_HL3_48
8 WDH table 111a
1948
SD_HL3a_482
8 WDH table 111a
1980
SD_hap3_80
31 WDH table 111a+b+c
SD 3-step happiness corrected 1980
SD_HL3a_802
21 WDH table 111a
1980
SD_HL3b_803
21 Veenhoven 1990
SD 4-step happiness 1990
SD_HL4_90
42 WDH table 111b
1995-98
SD_HL4_96
51 WDH table 111b
1999
SD_HL4_99
31 WDH table 111b
1990-99
SD_HL4_90s
69 mean eqhap4_90-96-99
Dispersion of lifesatisfaction SD 4-step lifesatisfaction 1973-79
SD_LS4_70s
10 WDH table 121b
1980-89
SD_LS4_80s
13 WDH table 121b
1990-99
SD_LS4_90s
37 WDH table 121b
2000
SD_LS4_00
34 WDH table 121b
SD 10-step lifesatisfaction 1980
SD_LS10_80
25 WDH table 122c
1990-91
SD_LS10_90
42 WDH table 122c
1990-95
SD_LS10_95
62 WDH  table 122c
1995-98
SD_LS10_98
47 WDH table 122c
1999-2000
SD_LS10_99
83 WHH table 122c
1990-2000
SD_ls10_90s
83 mean 1990-95-99
Gini coefficient of
10-step lifesatisfaction
1999
Gini_LS10_99
46 Computed from World Values Survey 4, item 65

 

% in modus
10-step life satisfaction
1999
Modus1_LS10_99
46
% in modus and adjacent categories
10-step Life Satisfaction
1999
Modus2_LS10_99
46
Inter quartile range
10-step Life Satisfaction
1999
IQR_LS10_99
46
Dispersion of affect balance SD 10 item Affect Balance Scale 1980
SD_AffectBalance_80
16 WDH table 222
1990-91
SD_AffectBalance_90
38 WDH table 222
Dispersion in combined non-equivalent items
using regression to estimate the score on one item on the bases of responses to another
SD 10-step lifesatisfaction and 11-step Best-Worst 4
1990-2000
SD_LSmix_90s
90 WDH table 122c+123
1995_2005 SD_LSBW_00s 91

 

Inequality-adjusted happiness

Index which gives equal
weight to level and dispersion
of happiness. Computed
from mean and standard deviation of happiness according to Kalmijn
and Veenhoven 2005

1990-2000
IAH_90s
90 LSBW_90s, SD_LSBW_90s
1995-2005
IAH_00s
91 LSBW_00s, SD_LSBW_00s

 

1. If available based on 3 step question (table 1.1.a), replenished with data on 4-step and 5-step happiness, recoded to 3 step (tables 1.1.1b+c).
- Based on original 3-step frequency distributions in: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, South-Korea, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA, West-Germany.
- Based on reduced 4-step frequency distributions (step 3 = 3+4) in: Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Belarus.
- Based on reduced 5-step frequency distributions (step 3 = 3+4+5) in: Austria, Philippines, Singapore.
SD on 4-step happiness was on average .04 lower than on 3-step happiness (Average based on 12 double cases). SD on 5-step happiness was on average .06 higher than on 3 step happiness (Average based on 11 double cases). These deviations were not corrected.

2. Corrected by  Koster

3. Corrected by Joop Ehrhardt

4. Most scores are based on responses to the following question: "All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole now? 1 dissatisfied to10 satisfied" (item code O-SLW/c/sq/n/10/a). This classification is explained in section 4/3 of the introductory text. Scores on this 1-10 scale were transformed linearly to range 0-10. This transformation in explained in the introductory text, chapter 7.3.
Scores of ten nations are based on responses to a somewhat different question: "Suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder the worst possible life. Where on this ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?" The response was rated on a ladder scale ranging from 0 to 10 (item code O-BW/c/sq/l/11/c). We transformed the standard deviation on this item using the information of nations in which both this item and the above question on life-satisfaction had been used in about the same years. There are 33 such cases and the standard deviations on the two items appears to be strongly correlated;   r = +.71 (after omitting three outliers; Egypt, Pakistan and Tanzania). We computed the regression equation and used these to estimate the score on 0-10 life-satisfaction. The formula is: estimated standard deviation of 0-10 life satisfaction = 0,902 + 0,807 x observed standard deviation on the Best-Worst item.. These estimates are reported in this table. The 95% confidence interval around these estimated values is about 1 point, which means that these estimates are quite rough. The original means on the Best Worst item were: Angola, 1,98; Bolivia, 2,11; Guatemala, 1,91; Honduras, 2,12; Ivory Coast, 1,94; Kenya, 1,90; Libanon,2,01; Mali, 1,50; Senegal, 1,85 and Uzbekistan 2,10.This estimation technique is described in more detail in the Introductory Text, chapter 7 'Comparability of the data' in section 7/3.1 'Converting scores on measures of different happiness variants'.


Related variables:
Related topics:
Appreciation of life
Happiness level
Inequality

States of Nations is an inventory of country characteristics. It is part of the World Database of Happiness


Keywords added: Happiness, Life Satisfaction, Social inequality