Findings on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject Code: X01

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
X01UNCLASSIFIED34
X01aaFictious example variable0
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=X01
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyEdwards & O'Connell (2003): study AU 1999
TitleInternal Consistency and Validity of the Stroke Impact Scale 2.0 (SIS 2.0) AND sis-16 IN AN Australian Sample.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2003, Vol. 12, 1127 - 1135
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1026109920478
PublicStroke survivors, Australia, 199?.
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =74

Correlate
Author's labelno correlates in this study
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-cw-sq-v-5-br=


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelFamily Social Group
Page in Source 62
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
1: Family Social Group I
2: Family Social Group II
3: Family Social Group III
4: Family Social Group IV
5: Family Social Group V
6: Not included in any family social group
Observed distributionN: 1:61, 2:17, 3:141, 4:560, 5:267, 6:218,
Remarks
Family Social Group as defined by 
the Danish Institute of Social Research
Family Social Group I is the highest on the social 
ladder
The unemployed are in Group 6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.05 ns
1: Family Social Group I   Mt=7.83
2: Family Social Group II  Mt=8.24
3: Family Social Group III Mt=7.73
4: Family Social Group IV  Mt=7.79
5: Family Social Group V   Mt=8.04
6: Not included in         Mt=7.26
All                        Mt=7,75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.03 ns
1: Family Social Group I   Mt=7.38
2: Family Social Group II  Mt=7.94
3: Family Social Group III Mt=7.58
4: Family Social Group IV  Mt=7.43
5: Family Social Group V   Mt=7.60 
6: Not included            Mt=7.18
All                        Mt=7,44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.05 ns
1: Family Social Group I   Mt=6.85
2: Family Social Group II  Mt=7.20
3: Family Social Group III Mt=7.11
4: Family Social Group IV  Mt=6.95
5: Family Social Group V   Mt=7.24 
6: Not included in         Mt=6.50
All                        Mt=6,95


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelobjective factors
Page in Source 436
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
objective factors
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4506; %:1:0,2; 2:3,3; 3:15,4; 4:41,6; 5:39,6
Remarks
Objective factors are calculated by weighting and 
transforming about 80 questions about 5 domains: 
Self(health,financial status),Marital status and having 
a partner, Parents and children, Friends, 
Siblings,Contacts,Education and Occupation
See Chapter 8 of "Measuring the quality of 
Life",Ventegodt, 1996

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.29 p < .00
1: Ms=3.75
2: Ms=5.73
3: Ms=6.94
4: Ms=7.75
5: Ms=8.31
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.33 p < .00
1: Ms=3.50
2: Ms=5.05
3: Ms=6.44
4: Ms=7.41
5: Ms=8.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.34 p < .00
1: Ms=3.75
2: Ms=5.06
3: Ms=5.90
4: Ms=7.06
5: Ms=7.65


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelobjective factors
Page in Source 412
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
objective factors 
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1345, 1:5, 2:81, 3:271, 4:558, 5:430
Remarks
Objective factors are calculated by weighting and 
transforming about 80 questions about 5 domains: 
Self(health,financial status),Marital status and having 
a partner, Parents and children, Friends, 
Siblings,Contacts,Education and Occupation
See Chapter 8 of "Measuring the quality of 
Life",Ventegodt, 1996

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.22 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.00
 2: Mt=6.79
 3: Mt=7.43
 4: Mt=7.75
 5: Mt=8.39
All Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.24 p < .00
 1: Mt=8.00
 2: Mt=6.51
 3: Mt=6.86
 4: Mt=7.44
 5: Mt=8.09
All Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.27 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.50
 2: Mt=5.76
 3: Mt=6.33
 4: Mt=7.06
 5: Mt=7.53
All Mt=6.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with nature
Page in Source 366
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with nature ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good, nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1374, 1:13, 2:28, 3:265, 4:690, 5:378

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.13 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.73
 2: Mt=7.24
 3: Mt=7.40
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.09
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.96
 2: Mt=6.96
 3: Mt=6.93
 4: Mt=7.41
 5: Mt=7.96
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.39
 2: Mt=6.70
 3: Mt=6.55
 4: Mt=6.95
 5: Mt=7.38
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelpersonal resources
Page in Source 390
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Personal resources
1: -3
2: -2
3: -1
4: 0
5: +1
6: +2
7: +3
Observed distributionN: all:1438, 1:5, 2:8, 3:38, 4:76, 5:207, 6:357, 7:747
Remarks
Based on the questions:
Q 309, 310, en 312:
Did you find it easy filling out the questionaire?
Did you find it strenuous filling out the questionaire 
?
How much time did it take you to fill out the 
questionaire ?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.24 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.50
 2: Mt=6.25
 3: Mt=6.84
 4: Mt=7.01
 5: Mt=7.25
 6: Mt=7.58
 7: Mt=8.18
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.26 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.13
 2: Mt=6.56
 3: Mt=6.76
 4: Mt=6.50
 5: Mt=6.65
 6: Mt=7.23
 7: Mt=7.93
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.50
 2: Mt=7.19
 3: Mt=6.11
 4: Mt=5.85
 5: Mt=6.23
 6: Mt=6.88
 7: Mt=7.36
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfamily social group
Page in Source 66
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
family social group
1: not included in any family social group
2: family social group V
3: family social group IV
4: family social group III
5: family social group II
6: family social group I
Observed distributionN all: 4437, 1 :434, 2:479; 3:2117; 4:704; 5:90; 6:613
Remarks
The family social groupis connected with the social 
group as defined in Seq.nr.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.12 p < .00
1: Mt=6.71
2: Mt=7.68
3: Mt=7.81
4: Mt=8.00
5: Mt=8.03
6: Mt=8.00
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.13 p < .00
1: Mt=6.39
2: Mt=7.21
3: Mt=7.51
4: Mt=7.73
5: Mt=7.84
6: Mt=7.70
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.12 p < .00
1: Mt=6.34
2: Mt=6.71
3: Mt=7.08
4: Mt=7.30
5: Mt=7.33
6: Mt=7.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study HU 1996
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1996
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3055

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold income
Page in Source 13
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Estimates based on responses to detailed questions 
about income components.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fRČ=.042
Income by itself
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fRČ=.049 p < .001
Income + wealth
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fRČ=.070 p < .001
Income + wealth + consumption


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /1
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Bhopalpani, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response108
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelFood
Page in Source 263
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.-
Observed distribution0: 1,44; 1: 13,8; 2: 40,4; 3: 33,9; M: 11,9
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelPowerfull
Page in Source 269
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.16 p < .005
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelVillage tenure
Page in Source 269
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.06 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.13 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelEnough food
Page in Source 269
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.09 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelFatalism
Page in Source 269
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.07 ns
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyLee (1998): study KR 1996
TitleMarital Status, Gender, and Subjective Quality of Life in Korea.
SourceDevelopment and Society, 1998, Vol. 27, 35 - 49
Public20-60 aged, general public, South Korea, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4,5%
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelInteraction term
Page in Source 45
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Marital status x gender

married +1 single -1
male +1 female -1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVanderMeer & Wielers (2013): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleWhat Makes Workers Happy?
SourceApplied Economics, 2013, Vol. 45, 357 - 368
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
DOIDOI:10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
PublicWorking people, 20 European countries, 2004.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-ResponseNot reported
Respondents N =11986

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of colleagues
Page in Source 364-66
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Full question(s) not reported.Number of people immedate 
boss responsible for.
Remarks
Indicators for contact possibilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=+.01
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- Other job characteristics
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=+.01
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital status
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=+.01
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- Other job characteristics
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=+.01
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital statut
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=+.01
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- autonomy
- Work pressure
- Development
- Supervisor
- Irregular hours
- Firmsize 
- Turn down Job
- Similar job elsewhere
- Easily replaced to Job 
- Time to work
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=+.01
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital statut
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelpolitical values of the people I know
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 
statements:

Concerning politics for me it's important;

A That poor people pay less taxes than 
rich people
B That a destitute person has access to social services 
to meet their need
C That the government spend generously 
on aid for foreign development
D To live in a welfare state
E That the government spend generously 
on pluralism
F That environmental issues and conservation 
has the highest priority 
G That economic renewal has a high priority
H That in society, people appreciate diversity
I International conflicts are solved 
by an international authority 
J That women are voted into office in the next election
K To live in a society where success and opportunities 
are based on achievement
L That international conflicts are being resolved by 
compromises and negotiations

Rating: 1= strongly disagree….5= strongly agree
Summation: average
Observed distributionM = 2.72, SD = .377 St. Louis M = 2.77, SD= .386 Utrecht M = 2.66, SD= .359

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
St.Louis r=-.05 ns
Utrecht  r= .01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
St.Louis r=-.05 ns
Utrecht  r= .03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
St.Louis r=.05 ns
Utrecht  r=.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBenesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/benesch_c_2007.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3.3%
Respondents N =72012

Correlate
Author's labelEuropean Social Survey
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
1 European Social survey as reference group.
0 World Value Survey

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.35 p < .01
B (-0.353) controlled for:
B's controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the 
country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - gender
  - residence
  - employment
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - average TV viewing time in country (in 
minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBenesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/benesch_c_2007.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response3.3%
Respondents N =72012

Correlate
Author's labelAverage TV viewing time in country (minutes)
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Remarks
Data are from IP Germany (several years)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 p < .01
B (-0.008) controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the 
country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - gender
  - residence
  - employment
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyDeen et al. (2003): study NL 2003
TitleWerkt Nederland nog Gelukkig? Een Onderzoek naar de Tevredenheid en Werkbeleving van de Nederlandse Werknemer. (Do the Dutch Work Happily?)
SourceMotivaction International B.V. i.o.o. Randstad (Temp Agency), 2003, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18 - 64 aged employees, The Netherlands, 2003
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =1671

Correlate
Author's labelno findings
Page in Source 23
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
No correlational findings in this study

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aDM=


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1994
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public14+ aged, general public, Russia, 1994-2005.
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelBody Mass Index
Page in Source q im1-2
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Body Mass Index (BMI), was calculated as the 
individual's body weight divided by the square of their 
height.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-hr=-.09 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHuffman & Rizov (2016): study RU 1994
TitleLife Satisfaction and Diet: Evidence from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.
SourceSelected Paper prepared for presentation at the 2016 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, 2016, 1 - 25, Boston, Massachusetts.
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/aaea16/235148.html
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1994-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelProtein consumption
Page in Source 20,24
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Protein (% of daily calories from protein) in 
logarithm.
Observed distributionM = 2.59 SD = 0.25

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=+.22 p < .01
OLRC controled for:
- age
- education
- household size
- children in household
- calories consumed per day in logarithm
- fat share in % of daily calories in logarithm
- food diversity (Transformed Berry Index)
- work (is employed)
- gender (male = 1)
- married (married =1)
- is smoker
- is drinker
- health (having problems last month = 1)
- region
- year of observation


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHuffman & Rizov (2016): study RU 1994
TitleLife Satisfaction and Diet: Evidence from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.
SourceSelected Paper prepared for presentation at the 2016 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, 2016, 1 - 25, Boston, Massachusetts.
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/aaea16/235148.html
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1994-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelFat consumption
Page in Source 20,24
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Fat (share in % of daily calories from fat) in 
logarithm.
Observed distributionM = 3.44 Sd = 0.34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=+.22 p < .01
OLRC controled for:
- age
- education
- household size
- children in household
- calories consumed per day in logarithm
- protein % of daily calories in logarithm
- food diversity (Transformed Berry Index)
- work (is employed)
- gender (male = 1)
- married (married =1)
- is smoker
- is drinker
- health (having problems last month = 1)
- region
- year of observation


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHuffman & Rizov (2016): study RU 1994
TitleLife Satisfaction and Diet: Evidence from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.
SourceSelected Paper prepared for presentation at the 2016 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, 2016, 1 - 25, Boston, Massachusetts.
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/aaea16/235148.html
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1994-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelDiet diversity
Page in Source 21,24
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Food diversity (Transformed Berry Index = 
ln[BI/(1-BI)])
Observed distributionM = 0.79 Sd = 1.45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=+.02 p < .10
OLRC controled for:
- age
- education
- household size
- children in household
- calories consumed per day in logarithm
- fat share in % of daily calories in logarithm
- protein % of daily calories in logarithm
- work (is employed)
- gender (male = 1)
- married (married =1)
- is smoker
- is drinker
- health (having problems last month = 1)
- region
- year of observation


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelHaving savings
Page in Source question 89
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Does your family have savings? 

1 yes 
2 no
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 19,2% 2: 76,4% DK/NA: 4,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=
1: M = 2,81
2: M = 2,44


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelIntention to save
Page in Source question 91
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Do you (members of your family) intent to make savings 
in the near future? 

1 yes
2 no 
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 15,4% 2: 64,3% DK/NA: 20,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,78
2: M = 2,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelSocial welfare services
Page in Source 403
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
1: Dissatisfied with with social welfare services 
received
2: Satisfied with social welfare services received
Observed distributiona:1%, b:6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                      %happy %Neutral %unhappy 
diss. with social serv.  38       9         53
sat.  with social serv.  53       9         38
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=-0,3 p < .0,00


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyChiu et al. (2006): study TW 2005
TitleUse of the WHOQOL-BREF for Evaluating Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury.
SourceJournal of Neurotrauma, 2006, Vol. 23, 1609 - 1620
DOIdoi:10.1089/neu.2006.23.1609
PublicBrain injury patients, Taiwan, 2005
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response43%
Respondents N =199

Correlate
Author's labelOverall quality of life
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
NO CORRELATIONAL FINDINGS WITH THIS ITEM

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-cw-sq-v-5-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHopkinson et al. (2002): study GB 2002
TitleTeleworking at BT. The Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of its Workabout Scheme.
SourceReport SUSTEL (Sustainable Telework), 2002, UK
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hopkinson_p_2002.pdf
Public16+ aged teleworkers, UK, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response63,5%
Respondents N =1874

Correlate
Author's labelno findings
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
No correlational findings in this study

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cy-sq-v-5-aD%=


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study GB 2000
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =14101

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold income
Page in Source 13
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Estimate based on responses to detailed questions about 
income components

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aRČ=.013 p < .001
Income by itself
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aRČ=.024 p < .001
Income + wealth
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aRČ=.024 p < .001
Income + wealth + consumption


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyMcKnight-Hexdall & Huebner (2007): study US 2004 /1
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Pedriatic Oncology Patients.
SourceApplied Research in Quality of Life, 2007, Vol.2, 189 - 208.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11482-008-9037-7
PublicParents of oncology patients, USA, 2004-07
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =29

Correlate
Author's labelno correlates
Page in Source 201
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyRiley et al. (2003): study US 1996
TitleReliability and Validity of the SF-36 in HIV-infected Homeless and Marginal Housed Individuals.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2003, Vol 12, 1051 - 1058
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1026166021386
PublicHIV-infected homeless and marginally housed San Fransisco, USA, 2000.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response9,4%
Respondents N =330

Correlate
Author's labelno correlate
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aa=


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 192
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyZautra (1975): study US Utah 1970
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelLife Crisis
Page in Source 58,70
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
Factors derived from responses on the following 
questions:
a Negative affect
b Survey of recent events
c 22-Item Psychiatric Sreening Inventory
d Requests for assistance
e How do you feel about yourself, what you are 
accomplishing, and how you handle problems?

Rated
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
Remarks
Factor 17.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.49 ns
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.26 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyBray & Howard (1980): study US 1956
TitleCareer Succes and Life-Satisfactions of Middle Aged Managers.
SourceBond, L.A.;Rosen, J.C.;Eds.: "Competence and Coping during Adulthood", University Press of New England, 1980, London, UK, 258 - 287
Public40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsepanel loss a t T5: 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral information
Page in Source 285
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Operationalization
General Information Test (or  Contemporary Affairs 
Test).
A multiple-choice test measuring knowledge of recent 
events in national and international affairs, science 
and medicine, the arts, and sports.

Assessed at T5
Remarks
Dit wordt nieuw item I 3.2.4 (met verwijzing naar C11).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=-.31 p < .01
T5 general information by T5 happiness.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-fSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past two week?:
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past 2 weeks' version)
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported
Rated on a 7-step pictorial faces scale, presented on a card
(pictures not shown here)
7 smiling face, very happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 frowning face, very unhappy
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

To what degree you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
O-QLS-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question;

Overall, how would you rate the quality of your life over the past 12 month?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 poor
1 very poor
O-QOL-cw-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

The following questions ask about how satisfied you have felt about various aspects of your life over the last 2 weeks..

How would you rate your overall quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good

Item 81 in WHOQOL-100
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"..... satisfaction with life ......"
(full lead item not reported)

Rated on a wooden miniature ladder, handed to the respondent
[ 5 ] very satisfied
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, are you…?
5 fully satisfied
4 not fully satisfied but generally
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 still dissatisfied
1 extremely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fSelfreport on single question:

All in all, to what degree are you satisfied with your life now?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-hSelf report on single question:

To what extend are you satisfied with your life in general at the present time?
1 not at all satisfied
2 less than satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 fully satisfied
O-SQL-cw-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

We ask you to think about your life in the last two weeks…..

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good

Item 1 in WHOQOL-Bref
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
aFACTOR LOADING
Type: descriptive statistic
A factor loading is the correlation coefficient between an observed variable and a factor in the underlying Factor Analysis Model.
Range: [-1, +1]

Meaning:
A high factor loading means that the factor is very similar to that observed variable.
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
gHHedges's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range (theoretical): unlimited

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings