Findings on Happiness and WORRIES

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and WORRIES
Subject Code: W07

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
W07WORRIES0
W07aaWorry career0
W07aa01Earlier worries1
W07aa02Change in worries1
W07aa03Later worries0
W07abCurrent worries5
W07ab01Amount of worrying20
W07ab02Specific worries 27
W07ab02aApocalyptic worries1
W07acAttitudes to own worrying2
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and WORRIES
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=W07
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier worries
Subject code: W07aa01

StudyMussen et al. (1980): study US 1928
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley USA, 1928-68
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =53

Correlate
Author's labelUnworrisome; satisfied; self-assured
Page in Source 342
Our classificationEarlier worries, code W07aa01
Operationalization
Personality factor that appears in an analysis of 
ratings by two interviewers on 71 personality-social 
characteristics.
This factor appeared in young adulthood (T1: age 30) as 
well as in old age (T2: age 70). Correlation over this 
40-year-period is +.34  .

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.37 p < .05
A-CP-g-fi-v-7-ar=+.33 ns
Happiness assessed at T1 and T2 load similarly on 
this factor.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in worries
Subject code: W07aa02

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChange in worries (Increase)
Page in Source 111
Our classificationChange in worries, code W07aa02
Operationalization
Difference in response to 12-item index of question 
worries in the past few weeks.

Assessed at
T1: January 1963
T3: Oktober 1963

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=- p < .05
CHANGE in worries by CHANGE in happiness. Computed 
for negative affect (NA) only (not full ABS).
NA assessed at T1 and T3

Ss who increased in worries tend to increased in 
NA as well (and reversedly).

Change in affect expressed in change () in 
average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares 
distribution in category with distribution in 
total sample. RT above .50 means relative 
increase. RT below relative decrease in 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current worries
Subject code: W07ab

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationCurrent worries, code W07ab
Operationalization
Psychological well-being operationalized as the 
respondents' degree of agreement to the following 
statements: 
1: I am often bored
2: I feel that life is worth living
3: I am happy most of the time
4: I feel lonely most of the time
5: I feel hopeless about the future
Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2:
3:
4:
5: strongly agree
Observed distribution1: M=3.04, SD=1.38 2: M=3.78, SD=1.11 3: M=3.93, SD=1.09 4: M=3.07, SD=1.39 5: M=3.71, SD=1.32
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha .72
Remarks
The coding for the psychological wellbeing
items was reversed so that a higher mean value would 
reflect better psychological
well-being.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.+33 ns
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current worries
Subject code: W07ab

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal worries
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationCurrent worries, code W07ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on agreement with 4 statements
a. I worry about my ability to operate bank machines
b. Most people treat me like a stereotypical older 
person
c. I have little opportunity to influence public policy
d. I have little opportunity to interact with young 
people

Rated: 
1: strongly disagree
.
.
5: strongly agree = 5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.16
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - % income spent on housing costs
 - Ideal age preference
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=-.18
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - Retail store access
 - Ideal age preference
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.16
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - Government planning
 - Social age identity
 - Worries/getting around


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current worries
Subject code: W07ab

StudyFilipp & Klauer (1991): study XZ Germany West 1988
TitleSubjective Well-Being in the Face of Critical Life Events: The Case of the Successful Copers.
SourceStrack, F,;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well - Being", Pergamon Press, 1991, Oxford, UK, 213 - 234
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicCancer patients, followed 6 months after onset, Trier, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelRumination
Page in Source 224-226
Our classificationCurrent worries, code W07ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions concerning intrapsychic 
behaviours focusing on the disease and implying social 
withdrawal, e.g. causal reasoning and ruminating upon 
he disease itself
Rated on a numerical scale

Measured four times within one year:
T1: onset diagnosis 
T2: 3 months after
T3: 6 months after
Remarks
Follow-up one year after onset not reported in this 
paper

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.32 p < .001
T1 happiness by T1 rumination
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=-.28 p < .001
T2 happiness by T2 rumination
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=-.47 p < .001
T3 happiness by T3 rumination
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=-.31 p < .01
T3 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in rumination
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=-.34 p < .01
T3 rumination by T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=-.16 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in rumination
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=-.12 ns
T1 rumination by T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness

T1-T3 CHANGE measured by controling correlation at 
T3 for T1 level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current worries
Subject code: W07ab

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelStress
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationCurrent worries, code W07ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions about feelings in the last 
week
- I was feeling nervous
- I was feeling worried

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx=.62; SD/nx=.47 ((nx=number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha = .85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=-.24 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current worries
Subject code: W07ab

StudyKross et al. (2013): study US 2008
TitleFacebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults.
SourceOpen Access, 2013, Plos One, Vol. 8, 1 - 7
URLhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
DOIDOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069841
PublicFacebook users, Ann Arbor, Michigan, followed 14 days, USA, 2013
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelWorry
Page in Source Page 3
Our classificationCurrent worries, code W07ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question text-beeped 5 times a 
day:
How worried are you right now?
Rated on a sliderscale ranging from
100  very positive
:
0 very negative
Observed distributionM = 55,96 SD = 30,42
Remarks
Experience Sampling Method (ESM)
Original rating scale ranged from 0 positive to 100 
negative and was reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-ar=-.77 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelWorries index (Anxiety index)
Page in Source 166
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: the amount of pressure you are under
b: the amount you worry about things
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 5.9 SD = 1.6
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.
It is assumed that worries index in "…Quality of Life…" 
is the same as anxiety index in "…Priorities, 
Satisfactions and Well-being."

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.36 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyClement (1980): study FR 1975 /3
TitleDe la Variation de Quelques Traits de Personalité en Fonction, notamment, de l'Age, du Sexe et du Niveau Intellectuel. (The Variation of Certain Personality Traits in Relation to Age, Sex, and Intelligent Level).
SourcePsychologie Francaise, 1980, Vol. 25, 95 - 113
Public50-69 aged women, France, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =747

Correlate
Author's labelWorries
Page in Source 103-107
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Self rating of personality;
0 no mentioned on worries and fears
1 one or more mentioned


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+ p < .001
No mentioned on worries and fears  M=6,99 Mt'=7,5
One or more mentioned              M=6,26 Mt'=6,6
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=+ p < .01
No mentioned on worries and fears  M=6,83 Mt'=7,3
One or more mentioned              M=6,22 Mt'=6,5
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-aDM=- p < .01
No mentioned on worries and fears  M=7,41 Mt'=8,0
One or more mentioned              M=6,93 Mt'=7,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyAbe & Moritsuka (1986): study JP 1981
TitleA Case-Control Study of Climacteric Symptoms and Complaints of Japanese Women by Symptomatic Type for Psychological Variables.
SourceMaturitas, 1986, Vol. 8, 255 - 265
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3784921&dopt=Abstract
PublicWomen in menopause patient and controls, Miyagi, North-east Japan, 1981-82.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response20 % (cases 21%,controls 19%)
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety about future life
Page in Source 262
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question: Do you have anything about 
which you are anxious in the present or in the future?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-ar= p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelWorry on individual land nation evel
Page in Source 264
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question.
Did you experience these feeling a lot in the previous 
day?
Worry

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.12 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual worry
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.05
Nation level: AVERAGE happiness by % worried


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelHaving no worries and fears
Page in Source 263
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal worries and fears for the future. Responses 
indica- ting that the respondent cannot think of any 
fears or worries.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.29 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyLangeveld et al. (1999): study NL 1997
TitleDo Experienced Stress and Trait Negative Affecivity Moderate the Relationship between Headache and Quality Adolescents?
SourceJournal of Pediatric Psychology, 1999, Vol. 24, 1 - 11
DOIDOI:10.1093/jpepsy/24.1.1
Public12-18 aged headache patients, The Netherlands, 1997
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =64

Correlate
Author's labelExperienced stress
Page in Source 4,6,7
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Experience Stess(coded by1-4) was coded by two 
psychologist as
a: school-related
b: health-related
c: interpersonal
d: other incidences
e: Not stress-provoking instances
Error Estimatesinterrater agreement .76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-ol-101-ar=-.28 ns
O-SLW-?-sq-ol-101-aBeta=-.17 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelWorry
Page in Source 14
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on a single question:
In general, how much would you say that you worry? Is 
it…
1: Not at all
2: A little
3: A fair amount
4: A lot

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gtb=-.23 p < .00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abtb=-.25 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelWorry in general
Page in Source 116
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Single closed question:"In general, how much would you 
say you worry these days? " rated on an 11-point scale 
from 'not at all' to 'a great deal'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelWorries
Page in Source 92
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: "Most people worry more or less about 
some things. Would you say you never worry, worry a 
little, worry sometimes, worry a lot, or worry all the 
time?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from never worry (5) 
to worry all the time (1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=-.27
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=-.30
O-DT asked second: r=-.30
O-DT asked third : r=-.20
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=-.30
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=-.20
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.40
Index of positive affects: r=-.00
Index of negative affects: r=+.40
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.40
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=-.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /3
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1118

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of worrying
Page in Source 85
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: "Most people worry more or less about 
some things. Would you say you never worry, worry a 
little, worry sometimes, worry a lot, or worry all the 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.21
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=-.13
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of worrying
Page in Source 85
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: "Most people worry more or less about 
some things. Would you say you never worry, worry a 
little, worry sometimes, worry a lot, or worry all the 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-amr=-.26
O-DT asked first: r=-.24
O-DT asked last : r=-.27
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=-.16
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.24
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.27
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.31
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=-.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyGonzalez (1967): study US 1967
TitleStudy of Student Teachers' Life Adjustment.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of North Carolina, 1967, Chapel Hill, USA
PublicStudents teachers,University of California, USA, 1967
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =75

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of worries
Page in Source 73
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: never / not very much / a lot / all 
the time.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-cG=-.50 p < .01
G' based on proportion very happy (vs not very 
happy).
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-ctau=-.41 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of worries
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
12-item index of questions on worries during the past 
few weeks about: 
Each rated yes/no.
1.  not having enough money
2.  financial debts
3.  work
4.  getting along with wife / husband /
    girlfriend / boyfriend
5.  moving ahead in the world
6.  one's children
7.  sexual problems
8.  people one has troubles with
9.  health
10. things that happen in one's neigh-
    bourhood
11. world situation
12. growing old

(Adapted from Srole et al., 1962).

Remarks
Data T1. Results T3 similar. 
Not computed for summed ABS.
                   

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=-
Index of Positive Affects:
- Males   : G= +.00
- Females : G= -.03

Index of Negative Affects:
- Males   : G= +.40
- Females : G= +.41

Unaffected by expecting a nervous breakdown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelWorrying
Page in Source 51
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: not very much vs a lot

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= -
Index of Negative Affects:  G' = -.49 (01)
No relation to the Index of Positive Affects.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.58 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelWorries and fears
Page in Source 44
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question on worry that things may get worse for 
one self and family.
Rated on an 11-point self-anchoring scale (Cantril 
ladder: see CANTR, 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.28
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.30
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=-.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelWorries and fears
Page in Source 268/415
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question on extent of worries and fears that 
things my get worse for oneself or family. Rated on an 
11-point self-anchoring scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.24
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=-.23
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelWorrying
Page in Source 196
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Question: never / sometimes / all the time.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= - p < . 01
Males   : _b = -.19 (01)
Females : _b = -.18 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of worries
Page in Source 29
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Closed question: never / not very much / sometimes / a 
lot / all the time.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.28 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of worrying
Page in Source 213
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
1 Little 
2 Fair amount 
3 Lot

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.32 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of worrying
Subject code: W07ab01

StudyMussen et al. (1980): study US 1928
TitleContinuity and Change in Womens Characteristics over Four Decades.
SourceInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 1980, Vol. 3, 333 - 347
PublicMothers, followed from age 30 to 70, Berkeley USA, 1928-68
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =53

Correlate
Author's labelUnworrisome; satisfied; self-assured
Page in Source 342
Our classificationAmount of worrying, code W07ab01
Operationalization
Personality factor that appears in an analysis of 
ratings by two interviewers on 71 personality-social 
characteristics.
This factor appeared in young adulthood (T1: age 30) as 
well as in old age (T2: age 70). Correlation over this 
40-year-period is +.34  .

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-br=+.37 p < .05
A-CP-g-fi-v-7-ar=+.33 ns
Happiness assessed at T1 and T2 load similarly on 
this factor.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelSecurity
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your future security?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.06 p < .003
ß controled for satisfaction with.. 
- standard of living
- health
- achievement in life
- relationships 
- safety
- community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelCrime-Related Worries index
Page in Source 129, 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Crime-Related Worries Index, average of 6
items; 0 = never worry 10 = worry a great deal. 
1. A thief will break into your home while you are 
away. 2. Someone will use a weapon to take something 
from you by force. 
3. Someone will steal a personal item e.g., coat, 
purse, when you have left it somewhere unattended. 4. A 
thief will break into your home while you are home. 
5. Someone will cheat or con you out of a large amount 
of your money. 6. Someone will assault you.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.06
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelIndex of Troubles
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Index of Troubles; average on 12 items.
1 = strongly disagree 5 = strongly agree.
a. I worry about my ability to operate bank machines. 
b. Most people treat me like a stereotypical older 
person rather than like an individual. 
c. I have little opportunity to influence public 
policy. 
d. I have little opportunity to interact with young 
people. 
e. There are enough stores in my area so that shopping 
is convenient. 
f. There are stores in my area but they are difficult 
to access. 
g. The stores in my area do not carry supplies that fit 
many of my needs. 
h. I am frustrated by automated phone service that 
prevents me from speaking
to a person. 
i. I worry about stray dogs harming me when I go out in 
town or in local parks. j. In winter I try to avoid 
going out because there is too much ice on walkways in 
my area. 
k. If I could afford to leave the neighbourhood I am 
now living in, I would move. 
l. The neighbourhood in which I am now living is a good 
place to retire. Items 6 and 12 reverse coded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=-.20 p < .05
Beta' s controlled for:
-crime-related worries index        (Beta -.14)
-difficulty meeting housing costs   (Beta -.13)
-% of income spent on housing costs (Beta -.15)

(18% of variance explained)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=.00 ns
Beta's additionally controlled for:
-mental health               (+.15)
-satisfaction with:
  -romantic relationships    (+.13)
  -feeling part of community (+.12)
  -health                    (+.24)
  -recreation                (+.11)
  -future security           (+.20)

(48% of variance explained)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelWorries/getting around
Page in Source 264
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Agreement with 4 statements:
a.I worry about losing contact with people who are 
replaced by machines
b. I worry about stray dogs harming me when I go out in 
town or in local parks
c. I would like to see specific courses at post 
secondary institutions for older people
d. In winter I try to avoid going out because there is 
too much ice on walkways in my area

Rated: 
1: strongly disagree
.
.
5: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.09
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Personal worries
 - Retail store access
 - Living area
 - Social age identity
 - Government planning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelCrime related worries
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on worrying about 6 statements:
a. A thief will break into your home while you are away
b. Someone will use a weapon to take something from you 
by force
c. Someone will steal a personal item when you have 
left it somewhere unattended
d. A thrief will break into your house while you are at 
home
e. Someone will cheat or con you out of a large amount 
of your money
f. Someone will assault you

Rated: 
0: never worry 
.
.
10: worry a great deal
Observed distributionAverage score = 3.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.08
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=-.14
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.14
Beta's controlled for:
 - Fair Treatment
 - Social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975a): study IL 1968
TitleStructure and Dynamics of Worries.
SourceSociometry, 1975, Vol. 38, 445 - 473
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2786361
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1968-1970
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3600

Correlate
Author's labelWorries
Page in Source 453-457
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, rated on a 4-point scale, 
ranging from (1) very worried to (4) not at all 
worried:

a.  Worried by the economy of Israel
b.  Worried by the economic situation     of self and 
family
c.  Worried by health of self and       family
d.  Worried these days
e.  Worried by terrorist activities       throughout 
the country
f.  Worried by terrorist activities in    his 
neighbourhood
g.  Worried by the political situation    of Israel
h.  Worried by the military strenght of     Israel 
Defence Forces
i.  Worried by terrorist activities       against 
Israelis abroad
j. Worried by the security situation     of Israel
k. Family income insufficient

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+
       

       1968/2  1968/11  1969/2  1969/6  1970/2

a. mc= +.14    +.15     +.11    +.10    +.07
b. mc= +.35    +.42     +.35    +.42    +.26
c. mc= +.32    +.29     +.31    +.38    +.34
d. mc= +.75    +.71     +.72    +.71    +.75
e. mc= +.25    +.31     +.31    +.27    +.44
f. mc= +.11    +.17     +.13    +.12    +.27
g. mc= +.29    +.27     +.30    +.30
h. mc= +.33    +.32     +.30    +.32
i. mc=                                   +.33
j. mc=                                  +.37
k. mc=                         +.35     +.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelreported feeling unsafe
Page in Source 903
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Question not reported.
self reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=-,31 p < .01
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area

B unaffected by
- additional control for personal assets
- alternative controls for relative wealth


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal worries andfears
Page in Source 263
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Content analysis of an open-ended ques- tion on 
personal worris and fears for the future. Responses 
rated as concern- ing:

a.  Values and character:
    emotional instability and immaturi-
    ty; become anti-social; no self-
    development or improvement; not be
    accepted by others; no sense of
    personal worth; be a person with-
    out character; etc.

b.  Economic conditions:
    deterioration in or inadequate
    standard of living for self or fa-
    mily; etc.

c.  Job or work situation:
    poor job, uncongenial work, unem-
    ployment, failure in one's work,
    etc. for self, spouse, or other fa-
    mily members.

d.  Health of self or family:
    ill health, accident, death for
    self or for members of the family.

e.  Family references:
    no or unhappy family life; worries
    and fears regarding relatives,
    children; etc.

f.  Political references:
    lack of freedom; political insta-
    bility; no improvement in present
    government; etc.

g.  Social references:
    social injustice; future generat-
    ions; no social security; etc.

h.  International references:
    war; militarism and armaments; mis-
    use of nuclear energy; threat, ag-
    gression, domination by a Communist
    power; etc.

i.  Have no fears:
    the respondent cannot think of any
    fear or worries.
Remarks





Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.17 p < . 01
a.


C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.29 p < . 01
b.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.05 ns
c.


C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.22 p < . 01
d.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.08 p < . 01
e.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.22 p < . 01
f.
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.27 p < . 01
g.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.47 p < . 01
h.



C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.29 p < . 01
i.







Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyDeen et al. (2005): study NL 2005
TitleHet Geluk van Werkend Nederland 2005. (The Happiness of Working People in the Netherlands in 2005).
SourceProjectpaper I0164 Motivaction i.o.o.Randstad (Temp Agency), 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/deen_n_2005.pdf
Public16-64 aged workers, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3202

Correlate
Author's labelWorries about work
Page in Source 30,39
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport of frequency of worrying about work at 
night:
Rated 1 very dissatisfied (regularly) to 5 very 
satisfied (never)
Observed distribution(very) dissatisfied: 24%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aDM=-
dissatisfied: M=7,3
satisfied:    M=6,8
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-ar=+.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyBaltatescu & Cummins (2004): study RO Bihor county 2003
TitleSubjective Wellbeing in a Post-Communist Country: Romania's International Wellbeing Index.
SourcePowerpoint presentation at 6th Conference ISQOLS, November 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLhttp://slideplayer.com/slide/4801500/
Public18+ aged, general public, Bihor County, North-West Romania, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =368

Correlate
Author's labelSecurity
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your future security?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.11 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- standard of living
- health 
- achievement in life
- relationships
- safety
- community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014): study TR 2008
TitleSocial Capital, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0464-y
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2381

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (1)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question:To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. Eldery people in Turkey
b. Unemployed people in Turkey
c. Sick and disabled people in Turkey
Rated:
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM =4.33, SD = 0.87
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha = 0.92

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
Probability of being more/less happy when 
concerned:
- very satisfied           - 0% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       - 0% (ns)
- medium satisfied         + 0% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    + 0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied        + 0% (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy               - 0% (ns)
- quite happy              + 0% (ns)
- not very happy           + 0% (ns)
- not at all happy         + 0% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014): study TR 2008
TitleSocial Capital, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0464-y
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2381

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (2)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question: To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. People in your neighborhood
b. People in the region where you live
c. Your fellow countrymen.

Rated:
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM = 4.16, SD = 0.85
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha = 0.86

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
Probability of being more/less happy when 
concerned:
- very satisfied           + 0% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       + 0% (ns)
- medium satisfied         - 0% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    - 0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied        - 0% (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy               + 0% (ns)
- quite happy              - 0% (ns)
- not very happy           - 0% (ns)
- not at all happy         - 0% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014): study TR 2008
TitleSocial Capital, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0464-y
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2381

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (3)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question: To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. Europeans
b. Immigrants in Turkey
c. All humans all over the world

Rated:
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM = 3.35, SD = 1.04
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha = 0.72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= p < .05
Probability of being more/less happy when 
concerned:
- very satisfied           - 2% (.05)
- somewhat satisfied       - 1% (.10)
- medium satisfied         + 1% (.10)
- somewhat dissatisfied    + 1% (.05)
- very dissatisfied        + 1% (.05)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy               - 2% (ns)
- quite happy              + 0% (ns)
- not very happy           + 1% (ns)
- not at all happy         + 1% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (1)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question:To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. Eldery people in Turkey
b. Unemployed people in Turkey
c. Sick and disabled people in Turkey
Rated:
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM = 4.08, SD 0.91
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha = 0.83

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
Probability of being more/less happy when 
concerned
- very satisfied           0% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       0% (ns)
- medium satisfied         0% (ns) 
- somewhat dissatisfied    0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied       -1% (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy              +1% (ns)
- quite happy              0% (ns)
- not very happy          -1% (ns)
- not at all happy        -1% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment status
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (2)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question: To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. People in your neighborhood
b. People in the region where you live
c. Your fellow countrymen.

Rated:
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM =4.29, SD 0.78
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha  0.84

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
probability of being more/less happy if concerned
- very satisfied          -1% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied      -1% (ns)
- medium satisfied         0% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied       +1% (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy              +1% (ns)
- quite happy              0% (ns)
- not very happy           0% (ns)
- not at all happy        -1% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment status
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelConcern (3)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on question:To what extend do you feel 
concerned about the living conditions of
a. Europeans
b. Immigrants in Turkey
c. All humans all over the world

Rated
1 = not at all
2 = not so much
3 = to certain extend
4 = much
5 = very much
Observed distributionM = 3.05, SD = 1.05
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha  = 0.70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
Probability of being more/less happy when 
concerned
- very satisfied           0% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       0% (ns)
- medium satisfied         0% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied       -1% (ns)

OLRC's adjusted for
-income, age, employment status, gender, marital 
status, religiosity
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy              -1% (ns)
- quite happy             -1% (ns)
- not very happy          +1% (ns)
- not at all happy        +1% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment status
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety about world
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Single closed question concerning anxiety about the 
world situation of Ss in the past few weeks rated on an 
11-point scale from 'not at all' to 'a great deal'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelAnxieties
Page in Source 116
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Single closed question concerning respondents anxiety 
in the past few weeks about:
a. Not having enough money for every   
   day living                       
b. Your financial debs, such as HP,
   mortgage, etc              
c. Relations with neighbours    
d. Your health                  
e. Your family                  
f. Your job situation           
g. The world situation          
h. Growing old                    
i. That you might have a nervous
   breakdown                    
j.That you might be redundant
   in the future               

Each rated on an 11-point scale from 'not at all' to  
'a great deal'
Remarks
                    
                             
                           

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.29
a.                         

O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.23
b.         

O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.08
c.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.24
d.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.19
e.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.26
f.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.13
g.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.18
h.
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.24
i.                 

O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.12
j.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelInfertility seen as problem
Page in Source 263
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Infertility named as biggest problem in a series of 
nine questions on the amount of stress and disruption 
that the fertility problem had produced in respondent's 
life.

Rated: not at all (1) to a big deal (5)
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1988) and T3 (1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
T3 problem with infertility by T3 happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.45 p < .01
women initally infertile           N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.45 p < .01
men initally infertile             N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.61 p < .01
women presumed fertile controls    N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.30 p < .01
men presumed fertile controls      N = 74


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyVeroff et al. (1981): study US 1976
TitleThe Inner American: A Self-Portrait from 1957 to 1976.
SourceBasic Books, 1981, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =2264

Correlate
Author's labelSources of worry
Page in Source 54
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What kind of things do you worry 
about?".
Sources mentioned:
a. Economic and material
b. Children
c. Marriage
d. Other interpersonal
e. Job
f. Own health
g. Family's health
h. Independence
i. Personal characteristics
j. Community, national and world
   problems

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar= ns
      1957       1976

a.    +.09       +.20
b.    +.10       +.08
c.    +.06       +.05
d.    +.06       +.01
e.    +.05       +.14
f.    +.08       +.04
g.    +.11       -.01
h.     -          -
i.    +.06       +.05
j.    +.02       +.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudySudman (1967): study US 1964 /1
TitleReducing the Cost of Surveys.
SourceAldine, 1967, Chicago, USA
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1964
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =2084

Correlate
Author's labelLength of response to question about concerns
Page in Source 174
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Number of words used in response to open question:
What have you been concerned about recently?
Observed distributionM = 61

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cDM=+
low happiness         M= 47,6
medium happiness      M not reported  
high happiness        M= 64,2
- low/high difference   +23,4

Unaffected by
- socioeconomic status
- sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question about most important worries: 
1: Worry mentioned
0: other worries mentioned

a: Family and children
b: Health (personal and family)
c: Financial worries, money
d: Security, job, future
e: Politics, world and national conditions
f: Work conditions
g: Personal traits
h: Housing, place to live
i: Vague answers (anything, everything)
Remarks
Computed for those who have worries only 
(N = 2040)


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.10 p < . 05
a: Family
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.15 p < . 01
b: Health
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.23 p < . 01
c: Money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.09 ns
d: Security
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.31 p < . 01
e: Politics
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.05 ns
f: Work
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.05 ns
g: Character
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.25 ns
h: House
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.03 ns
i: Vague


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry politics, world and national conditions
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: world and nation mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who have worries only (N= 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.31 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry: financial worries, money
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: financial worries mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having worries only (N= 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.23 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry: personality
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: own character mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who have worries only (N = 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelWorry: work conditions
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: work conditions mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having worries only (N = 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Specific worries
Subject code: W07ab02

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry: health (personal and family
Page in Source 213
Our classificationSpecific worries , code W07ab02
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What one thing do you worry about 
most?
1: health of self and family mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having worries only (N = 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.10 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Apocalyptic worries
Subject code: W07ab02a

StudyBecker & Ester (1987): study NL 1986
TitleRampbewustzijn in Nederland. (Beliefs about Coming Disasters in the Netherlands).
SourceSociale Wetenschappen, 1987, Vol. 30, 179 - 206
Public18-70 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1986
Sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =2016

Correlate
Author's labelDisaster awareness
Page in Source 182
Our classificationApocalyptic worries, code W07ab02a
Operationalization
5item Guttman-index:
1) end to world 
2) big war 
3) environmental disaster 
4) nuclear disaster 
5) economic disaster 
Ss were asked whether they expected such disasters. 
Probability rated on a 5-point scale, ranging from 
strongly disagree to strongly agree (order reversed). 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.06
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=? ns
ß controlled for sex, age, educational level, 
occupational level, income, social-economic 
category (allowance yes/no), political 
ineffectivity and neuroticism.
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-drpc=-.06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own worrying
Subject code: W07ac

StudyCrandall (1976): study US Ohio 1973
TitleValidation of Self-Report Measures Using Ratings by Others.
SourceSociological Methods and Measures, 1976, Vol. 4, 380 -400
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/3/380.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, Toledo, USA, 1973
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =771

Correlate
Author's labelFree from bother
Page in Source 388
Our classificationAttitudes to own worrying, code W07ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your freedom of bother?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Correlation (+.09) with peer rating of the participants 
satisfaction with his/her freedom from bother.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.23 ns
Own happiness by own satisfaction with freedom 
from bother.

Similar correlation (+.05) between ratings of 
participants happiness and satisfaction with 
freedom from bother.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own worrying
Subject code: W07ac

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelDesire: character changes (worry less)
Page in Source 211
Our classificationAttitudes to own worrying, code W07ac
Operationalization
Open-ended question on desired personal 0 Changes other 
changes 
1: worry less mentioned
0: other chances mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who desire to change only (N= 1591)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.12 p < . 05


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question text messaged 5 times a day

How do you feel right now?
0 very positive
:
:
:
:
100 very negative
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 22 questions:

Below is a list of opposed attributes. Please indicate which applies best to your situation at this moment. Don't think too long. Place a cross next to the word this fits best. If you cannot decide, use the neither/nor option. Do not skip any lines.

At the moment I am feeling.....

A refreshed ...............................listless
B indifferent toward ...................interested in others
C pleased ..................................depressed
D successful..............................unsuccessful
E irritable...................................peaceful
F indecisive...............................ready to make decisions
G cheerful..................................Tearful
H in a good mood...................... in a bad mood
I lacking in appetite..................with a good appetite
J sociable..................................withdrawn
K unworthy.................................worthy
L relaxed................................... tense
M happy.....................................unhappy
N shy..........................................communicative
O sinful and wicked....................pure
P secure.....................................threatened
Q abandoned.............................cared for
R even-tempered.......................driven
S confident.................................insecure
T miserable.................................comfortable
U flexible.....................................inflexible
V tired.........................................rested
W hesitating................................firm
X calm........................................restless
Y lacking in energy....................energetic
Z useless...................................indispensable
AA sluggish................................ lively
AB superior.................................inferior

Response options:
3 positive option
2 neither nor
1 negative option


Summation: Mean

Name: Zerssen's 'Befindlichkeits Skala' version 1 (B-S)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-cSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): AC+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +4

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (adjusted version 'exited/interested' item dropped)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eSelfreport on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A On the top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Depressed or very unhappy
E Pleased about having accomplished something
F Bored
G Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done
H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-CP-g-fi-v-7-aSelfreport in focused interview

Rating two independent interviewers.
A. Psychiatric social worker who interviewed parents at home. Interview focused on child
B. Clinical psychologist who interviewed parents separately. Interview focused on family life.

Rating options:
7 extremely cheerful, animated, jolly
6
5
4 usually good-humored air
3
2
1 dejected, melancholic appearance, in the dumps

Summation: average ratings A and B
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate yourself as to how successful or unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ] completely successful
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely unsuccessful
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-FH-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross on the line on the place you estimate to be what corresponds best with your state.
1 | I don't feel very well in my skin
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I don't feel too well in my skin
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 | I feel very well in my skin

Scoring: rated on open horizontal line scale divided afterwards in 9 sections.
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1 unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gSelreport on single question:

In general, how do you feel about your life at present? I feel...
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are on the whole?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross, on each line, on the place you estimate to be that which corresponds best with your state
1 I am not very happy
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I am not too happy
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 I am quite happy

Scoring: rated on an open horizontal line scale, divided afterwards in 9 sections.
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

Would you say you are:......?
1 unhappy?
2 reasonably happy?
3 happy ?
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

To what degree you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with present life....."
(Full lead item not reported)
1
2
3
(Response options not reported)
O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-bSelfreport in focused interview

Two independent interviews. Each interviewer rated `satisfaction with lot' on the same scale.
1 tremendously satisfied
2
3
4 average
5
6
7 extremely dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not very satisfying
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question :

"Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?"
[ 10 ] entirely satisfied
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely dissatisfied

Name Cantril ladder rating (modified version)
O-SLW-?-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question

… satisfaction with life in general .. (full question not reported)

Rated on visual analogue scale
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

… satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question;

How satisfied or unsatisfied were you last week with your life in general?
Please answer this question below by drawing a cross on the line

_________________________________________
completely completely

Scoring: mm on this 100 mm line
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation: how satisfied are you about your daily life?
1 very unsatisfied
2 unsatisfied
3 neither unsatisfied, nor satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original (very unsatisfied '5', very satisfied '1')
O-SP-u-sq-ol-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Place a cross on the line below, on the spot you estimate that corresponds best with your state.
1 | I am not very satisfied
2 |
3 |
4 |
5 | I am not too satisfied
6 |
7 |
8 |
9 I am very satisfied

Scoring: rated on an open horizontal line scale divided afterwards in 9 sections.
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
W07WORRIESC08CONCERNS
W07WORRIESC10COPING
W07WORRIESH12HOPE
W07WORRIESP12PROBLEMS
W07ab01Amount of worryingP04cgPositive reacting
W07ab01Amount of worryingP04afAnxious
W07ab02Specific worries P12ab02Kind of problems perceived
W07acAttitudes to own worryingC10COPING
W07acAttitudes to own worryingP12abCurrent problems
W07acAttitudes to own worryingS02ab01Self-perceived ability
W07acAttitudes to own worryingS02ad03cSelf confidence

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings