Findings on Happiness and VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)
Subject Code: V02

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)1
V02aaGeneral value-principles4
V02aa01Terminal values3
V02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)6
V02aa01bSelf-development (self-actualizing values)3
V02aa02Instrumental values3
V02abDomain-specific value-preferences10
V02ab01Political values3
V02ab01aAcceptance of abortion0
V02ab01bPreference for peaceful solution of political problems1
V02ab01c(post)-materialism5
V02ab01dPreference for equal rights4
V02ab02Social values14
V02ab03Work values10
V02acValue-pattern3
V02ac01Modern value pattern3
V02aeAttitudes to own values2
V02ae01Concern about own values5
V02ae02Satisfaction with own values0
V02ab04Ecological values26
V02ab05Economical values6
V02aa01cMaterialism14
V02aa01dNurturance (caring)1
V02adValue set6
V02ad01Diversity of values2
V02ad02Consonance of values1
V02ac02Feminine value pattern4
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)3
V02aa01fEgalitarianism10
V02ab06Educational values5
V02ab01eAcceptance cheating on taxes2
V02aa01gMeaning2
V02aa01hSuccess1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=V02
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)
Subject code: V02

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelindividual total values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationVALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own), code V02
Operationalization
all values together:
individual educational values+ Individual political 
values + individual work values + individual personal 
values
Observed distributionM= 2.65, SD= .331 M St. Louis= 2.71, SD St.Louis= .348 M Utrecht= 2.59, SD Utrecht= .300

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.00 ns
St.Louis r=+.01 ns
Utrecht  r=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
St. Louis r=+.06 ns
Utrecht   r=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
St.Louis r=.14, p<.05
Utrecht  r=.00  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and General value-principles
Subject code: V02aa

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelindividual personal values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationGeneral value-principles, code V02aa
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 
statements:

Concerning a personal situation for me it's important: 
A To admire friends that perform extremely well in 
sports
B To support friends who are feeling down
C To own a big car
D To help busy family members with their 
responsibilities
E To be able to spend a lot of money 
F To yield a free bus seat to an elderly lady
G To own luxurious products
H To save the last cookie for someone else
I That in a family men and women share
the same tasks
J That men be ambitious
K That a father be more 
rational than emotional
L That a man hit back when attacked
M That men are discouraged from crying
N That women are allowed to cry
O That a woman does not hit back when 
she is attacked
P That women especially concern themselves with human 
relations
Q That conflicts are being solved by compromises
R That people approach each other in a friendly way
S That good friends have a high social status
T That people are able to enjoy events that are often 
taken 
for granted, like seeing the sunrise

Rating: 1= strongly disagree ….5= strongly agree
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM= 2.34, SD= .418 M St. Louis= 2.38, ST St. Louis= .477 M Utrecht= 2.3, ST Utrecht= .336

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
St. Louis r= +.01 ns
Utrecht   r= -.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.00 ns
St.Louis r= +.04 ns
Utrecht  r= -.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
St.Louis r= +.15, p<.05
Utrecht  r= -.10, p<.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and General value-principles
Subject code: V02aa

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelValue dimensions
Page in Source 154/155
Our classificationGeneral value-principles, code V02aa
Operationalization
Study of Values Inventory (see Allport et al., 1951). 
Six standardized scores were developed from Ss' 
responses to a number of value-related questions and 
choice procedures contained in the inventory.

a. Theoretical; (dominant interest in the discovery of 
truth, emperical, critical, rational, 'intellectual' 
approach)
b. Economic; (emphazising useful and practical values; 
'average American businessman'
c. Aesthetic; (placing the highest values on form and 
harmony; judging and enjoying each unique experience by 
its grace, symmetry or fitness)
d. Social; (altruism, philantropy)
e. Political; (primarily interested in personal power, 
influence and renown)
f. Religious; (mystical, concerned with unity of all 
experience, and seeking to comprehend the cosmos as a 
whole)
Remarks
Correlations with second indicator (AFF 3.1B) not 
reported because these are quite similar.






Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
Theoretical
-Males   : r = -.17 (ns)
-Females : r = -.21 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.06 ns
Economic
-Males   : r = -.01 (ns)
-Females : r = -.06 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.07 ns
Aesthetic
-Males   : r = +.16 (ns)
-Females : r = -.02 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
Social
-Males   : r = +.08 (ns)
-Females : r = -.06 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.14 ns
Political
-Males   : r = -.10 (ns)
-Females : r = -.12 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.26 p < . 01
Religious
-Males   : r = -.01 (ns)
-Females : r = +.36 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and General value-principles
Subject code: V02aa

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelWays to live
Page in Source 184-187
Our classificationGeneral value-principles, code V02aa
Operationalization
13-item inventory (Morris Ways to Live Survey; see 
Morris, 1956)
Ways ranked for importance in two ways: 
- absolute importance (7 point scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)

 a. Preserve the best that man has attained
 b. Cultivate independence of persons and things
 c. Show sympathetic concern for others
 d. Experience festivity and solitude in alternation
 e. Act and enjoy life through group participation
 f. Constantly master changing conditions
 g. Integrate action, enjoyment, and contemplation
 h. Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment
 i. Wait in quiet receptivity
 j. Control in self stoically
 k. Meditate on the inner life
 l. Change adventuresome deeds
 m. Obey the cosmic purposes
Remarks
Correlations with second indicator (AFF 3.1B) not 
reported because these are quite similar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.03 ns
a.Preserve the best that man has attained,
  -absolute: male:    +.06 (ns) 
             females: -.08 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.09 ns
  -relative: males:   +.06 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.25 p < . 05
b.Cultivate indepence of persons and things   
  -absolute: males:   -.11 (ns)  
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
  -relative: males:   +.03 (ns)  
             females: -.21 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.02 ns
c.Show sympathetic concern for others
  -absolute: males:   -.15 (ns)  
             females: +.16 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
  -relative: males:   -.07 (ns)  
             females: +.31 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.17 ns
d.Experience festivity and solitude in alteration:
  -absolute: males:   -.00 (ns)    
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.10 ns
e.Act and enjoy life through group participation 
  -absolute: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: +.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.11 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: +.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.14 p < . 05
f.Constantly master changing conditions
  -absolute: males:   -.16 (ns)  
             females: -.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
  -relative: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
g.Intergrate action, enjoyment and contemplation 
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: -.24 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.12 ns
  -relative: males:   +.21 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
h.Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment  
  -absolute: males:   +.01 (ns)  
             females: -.14 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.03 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
i.Wait in quiet receptivity
  -absolute: males:   -.19 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
  -relative: males:   -.01 (ns)  
             females: +.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.29 p < . 01
j.Control in self stoically
  -absolute: males:   -.37 (05)  
             females: -.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
  -relative: males:   -.35 (05)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
k. Mediate on the inner life 
   -absolute: males:   -.01 (ns)  
              females: -.26 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.18 p < . 10
  -relative: males:   -.08 (ns)  
             females: -.25 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
l.Change adventuresome deeds 
  -absolute: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
  -relative: males:   +.24 (ns)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.26 p < . 05
m.Obey the cosmic purposes 
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.26 p < . 05
  -relative: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and General value-principles
Subject code: V02aa

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_B
Page in Source 193-198
Our classificationGeneral value-principles, code V02aa
Operationalization
Content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life 
by 5 judges, using a list of 68 frequently mentioned 
values (selected out of the entire set of philosophies 
by the author)
1:Mentioned.
2:Not-mentioned 

 a. Happiness(pleasure, joy, satisfaction, contentment, 
etc.)
 b. Enjoyment of life
 c. Inner peace (calmness)
 d. Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
 e. Fun, excitement, good times
 f. An education
 g. Learning
 h. Meaning and purpose for life
 i. Love of life
 j. Live day-by-day;living in the present(in the here 
and now)
 k. An active life
 l. A slower pace to life (a relaxed pace)
 m. Simplicity in living
 n. Flowing with the tide of life
 o. Openness to experience
 p. Variety of experience
 q. Interpersonal relationships; friendships
 r. Marriage and family life
 s. Love (in general)
 t. Love for others
 u. Being tolerant, accepting, and non- judgmental 
towards others (letting them be)
 v. Sympathy, empathy, understanding
 w. Being kind and caring towards others
 x. Being needed by others
 y. Placing others above self
 z. Placing self above others
aa. Respect for others (valueing every human being)
ab. Helping others
ac. Making a contribution to man or society. 
ad. Realizing potentials (growth, utitilizing talents, 
self-actualization, self-improvement)
ae. Being capable (mastery)
af. Striving for goals; accomplishment (challenge)
ag. Perfection
ah. Creativity
ai. World peace
aj. Material comfort; prosperity
ak. Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
al. Security
am. Anti various aspects of American society
an. Anti-technology
ao. Anti-prejudice
ap. Anti worries and problems
aq. Sports and physical activity
ar. Appreciate nature
as. Beauty, art, music
at. Self-control
au. Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side of 
living)
av. Pessimism
aw. Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
ax. Truthfulness, honesty
ay. Being individualistic
az. Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions think for own self; self-determined) 
ba. Other directed (considers others's pinions and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
bb. Conformity in society
bc. Self-confidence, belief in self
bd. Self-love, pride, self-respect
be. Being conservative
bf. Being liberal
bg. Respecting authority; obedience (to God, law, 
authority)
bh. Realistic
bi. Trust (in self and others)
bj. Freedom (of choice and action)
bk. Fairness, justice
bl. Flexibility (openness to change)
bm. Thankfulness; being grateful
bn. Solitude, withdrawal from others
bo. Open-mindedness
bp. Equality
Remarks
2 x 2 tables:
- mentioned vs not-mentioned
- most happy vs. leasthappy (top and bottom 27%).

Not affected by sex except when indicated otherwise.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
a.Happines(pleasure,joy,satisfaction, contentment, 
ect.)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
b.Enjoyment of life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
c.Inner peace(calmness)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
d.Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
e.Fun, exitement, good times.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
f.An education
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
g.Learning.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
h.Meaning and purpose for life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
i.Love of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
j.Live day-by-day; living in the present (in the 
here and now)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
k.An active life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
l.A slower pace to life (a relaxed  pace)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
m.Simplicity in living.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
n.Flowing with the tide of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
o.Openness to experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
p.Variety of experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
q.Interpersonal relationships; friendships.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
r.Marriage and family life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
s.Love (in general)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
t.Love for others Significant (01) among females 
only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
u.Being tolerant, accepting, and non-judgemental 
towards others(letting them be) Significant (05) 
among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
v.Sympathy, empathy, understanding
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
w.Being kind and caring towards others Significant 
(05) among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
x.Being needed by others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
y.Placing others above self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
z.Placing self above others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aa.Respect for others (valueing every human being)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ab.Helping others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ac.Making a contribution to man or society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ad.Realizing potentials (growth, utilizing 
talents, self-actualization, self-improvement)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ae.Being capable (mastery)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
af.Striving for goals;accomplishment(challenge)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ag.Perfection
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ah.Creativity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ai.World peace
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aj.Material comfort; prosperity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ak.Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
al.Security
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
am.Anti various aspects of Amercan society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
an.Anti-technology
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ao.Anti-prejudice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ap.Anti worries and problems
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aq.Sports and physical activity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ar.Appreciate nature
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
as.Beauty, art, music
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
at.Self-control
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
au.Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side 
of living)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
av.Pessimism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aw.Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ax.Truthfulness, honesty
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
ay.Being individualistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
az.Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions; think for own self; self determined)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ba.Other directed (considers others's opinion and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bb.Conformity in society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bc.Self-confidence, belief in self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bd.Self-love, pride, self respect
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
be.Being conservative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bf.Being liberal
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bg.Respecting authority; obedience (to God,law, 
authaurity)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bh.Realistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bi.Trust (in self and others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bj.Freedom (of choice and action)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
bk.Fairness, justice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bl.Flexibility (openness to change)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bm.Thankfulness; being grateful
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bn.Solitude, withdrawal from others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bo.Open-mindedness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bp.Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Terminal values
Subject code: V02aa01

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelValue freedom
Page in Source 164
Our classificationTerminal values, code V02aa01
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of
-having a feeling of independence
-having time for self
-being self-reliant
-sense of privacy
-sense of personal freedom

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Terminal values
Subject code: V02aa01

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelInner peace
Page in Source 164
Our classificationTerminal values, code V02aa01
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of:
-feeling of inner growth
-personal relationship
-feeling inner peace

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Terminal values
Subject code: V02aa01

StudyBrown & Kasser (2005): study US 2005
TitleAre Psychological and Ecological Well-Being Compatible? The Role of Values, Mindfulness, and Lifestyle.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 349 - 368
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-004-8207-8
Public10+ aged, middle and high school students, USA
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =206

Correlate
Author's labelGenerosity
Page in Source 353, 354
Our classificationTerminal values, code V02aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions
questions not reported
Error Estimates? = 0.74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-cr=+.22 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=-.17 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- ecologically responsible behavior
- materialism


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities Being
Page in Source 370,371
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
Needs for being:
a: enjoying a past time
b: appreciating art and culture
c: expressing your personality or using your talents
d: safe and clean environment

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:68,3%, 1:27,3%, 2:4,0%, 3+:0,4% married subjexts only: 0:73,5%, 1:24,4%, 2:2,1%, 3+:0,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=-.01 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.01 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.03 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.12 p < .01
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.03 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness vs work
Page in Source 69
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
Reponse to statement "Schools should put more emphasis 
on teaching students how to achieve a happy personal 
life and less on educating them for the world of work"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributiondisagree 43 %, agree 52 %, don't know 8 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM= ns
0: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
1: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ ns
0: M=7,27  CI95=7,11-7,43
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,19-7,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelView on happines as governement's prime objective
Page in Source 99
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
Response to statement:"A goverment's prime objective 
should be achieving the greatest  happiness of the 
people, not the greatest wealth"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributionDisagree: 13 %, Agree = 85 %, don't know 6 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=+ p < .05
0: M=3,19  CI95 [3,08-3,30]
1: M=3,25  CI95 [3,20-3,29]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ p < .05
0: M=7,17  CI95=6,84-7,50
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,22-7,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_B
Page in Source 193-198
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
Content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life 
by 5 judges, using a list of 68 frequently mentioned 
values (selected out of the entire set of philosophies 
by the author)
1:Mentioned.
2:Not-mentioned 

 a. Happiness(pleasure, joy, satisfaction, contentment, 
etc.)
 b. Enjoyment of life
 c. Inner peace (calmness)
 d. Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
 e. Fun, excitement, good times
 f. An education
 g. Learning
 h. Meaning and purpose for life
 i. Love of life
 j. Live day-by-day;living in the present(in the here 
and now)
 k. An active life
 l. A slower pace to life (a relaxed pace)
 m. Simplicity in living
 n. Flowing with the tide of life
 o. Openness to experience
 p. Variety of experience
 q. Interpersonal relationships; friendships
 r. Marriage and family life
 s. Love (in general)
 t. Love for others
 u. Being tolerant, accepting, and non- judgmental 
towards others (letting them be)
 v. Sympathy, empathy, understanding
 w. Being kind and caring towards others
 x. Being needed by others
 y. Placing others above self
 z. Placing self above others
aa. Respect for others (valueing every human being)
ab. Helping others
ac. Making a contribution to man or society. 
ad. Realizing potentials (growth, utitilizing talents, 
self-actualization, self-improvement)
ae. Being capable (mastery)
af. Striving for goals; accomplishment (challenge)
ag. Perfection
ah. Creativity
ai. World peace
aj. Material comfort; prosperity
ak. Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
al. Security
am. Anti various aspects of American society
an. Anti-technology
ao. Anti-prejudice
ap. Anti worries and problems
aq. Sports and physical activity
ar. Appreciate nature
as. Beauty, art, music
at. Self-control
au. Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side of 
living)
av. Pessimism
aw. Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
ax. Truthfulness, honesty
ay. Being individualistic
az. Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions think for own self; self-determined) 
ba. Other directed (considers others's pinions and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
bb. Conformity in society
bc. Self-confidence, belief in self
bd. Self-love, pride, self-respect
be. Being conservative
bf. Being liberal
bg. Respecting authority; obedience (to God, law, 
authority)
bh. Realistic
bi. Trust (in self and others)
bj. Freedom (of choice and action)
bk. Fairness, justice
bl. Flexibility (openness to change)
bm. Thankfulness; being grateful
bn. Solitude, withdrawal from others
bo. Open-mindedness
bp. Equality
Remarks
2 x 2 tables:
- mentioned vs not-mentioned
- most happy vs. leasthappy (top and bottom 27%).

Not affected by sex except when indicated otherwise.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
a.Happines(pleasure,joy,satisfaction, contentment, 
ect.)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
b.Enjoyment of life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
c.Inner peace(calmness)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
d.Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
e.Fun, exitement, good times.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
f.An education
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
g.Learning.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
h.Meaning and purpose for life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
i.Love of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
j.Live day-by-day; living in the present (in the 
here and now)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
k.An active life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
l.A slower pace to life (a relaxed  pace)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
m.Simplicity in living.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
n.Flowing with the tide of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
o.Openness to experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
p.Variety of experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
q.Interpersonal relationships; friendships.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
r.Marriage and family life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
s.Love (in general)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
t.Love for others Significant (01) among females 
only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
u.Being tolerant, accepting, and non-judgemental 
towards others(letting them be) Significant (05) 
among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
v.Sympathy, empathy, understanding
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
w.Being kind and caring towards others Significant 
(05) among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
x.Being needed by others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
y.Placing others above self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
z.Placing self above others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aa.Respect for others (valueing every human being)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ab.Helping others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ac.Making a contribution to man or society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ad.Realizing potentials (growth, utilizing 
talents, self-actualization, self-improvement)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ae.Being capable (mastery)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
af.Striving for goals;accomplishment(challenge)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ag.Perfection
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ah.Creativity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ai.World peace
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aj.Material comfort; prosperity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ak.Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
al.Security
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
am.Anti various aspects of Amercan society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
an.Anti-technology
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ao.Anti-prejudice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ap.Anti worries and problems
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aq.Sports and physical activity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ar.Appreciate nature
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
as.Beauty, art, music
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
at.Self-control
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
au.Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side 
of living)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
av.Pessimism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aw.Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ax.Truthfulness, honesty
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
ay.Being individualistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
az.Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions; think for own self; self determined)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ba.Other directed (considers others's opinion and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bb.Conformity in society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bc.Self-confidence, belief in self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bd.Self-love, pride, self respect
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
be.Being conservative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bf.Being liberal
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bg.Respecting authority; obedience (to God,law, 
authaurity)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bh.Realistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bi.Trust (in self and others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bj.Freedom (of choice and action)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
bk.Fairness, justice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bl.Flexibility (openness to change)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bm.Thankfulness; being grateful
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bn.Solitude, withdrawal from others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bo.Open-mindedness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bp.Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelWays to live
Page in Source 184-187
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
13-item inventory (Morris Ways to Live Survey; see 
Morris, 1956)
Ways ranked for importance in two ways: 
- absolute importance (7 point scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)

 a. Preserve the best that man has attained
 b. Cultivate independence of persons and things
 c. Show sympathetic concern for others
 d. Experience festivity and solitude in alternation
 e. Act and enjoy life through group participation
 f. Constantly master changing conditions
 g. Integrate action, enjoyment, and contemplation
 h. Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment
 i. Wait in quiet receptivity
 j. Control in self stoically
 k. Meditate on the inner life
 l. Change adventuresome deeds
 m. Obey the cosmic purposes
Remarks
Correlations with second indicator (AFF 3.1B) not 
reported because these are quite similar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.03 ns
a.Preserve the best that man has attained,
  -absolute: male:    +.06 (ns) 
             females: -.08 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.09 ns
  -relative: males:   +.06 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.25 p < . 05
b.Cultivate indepence of persons and things   
  -absolute: males:   -.11 (ns)  
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
  -relative: males:   +.03 (ns)  
             females: -.21 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.02 ns
c.Show sympathetic concern for others
  -absolute: males:   -.15 (ns)  
             females: +.16 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
  -relative: males:   -.07 (ns)  
             females: +.31 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.17 ns
d.Experience festivity and solitude in alteration:
  -absolute: males:   -.00 (ns)    
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.10 ns
e.Act and enjoy life through group participation 
  -absolute: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: +.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.11 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: +.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.14 p < . 05
f.Constantly master changing conditions
  -absolute: males:   -.16 (ns)  
             females: -.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
  -relative: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
g.Intergrate action, enjoyment and contemplation 
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: -.24 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.12 ns
  -relative: males:   +.21 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
h.Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment  
  -absolute: males:   +.01 (ns)  
             females: -.14 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.03 ns
  -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
i.Wait in quiet receptivity
  -absolute: males:   -.19 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
  -relative: males:   -.01 (ns)  
             females: +.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.29 p < . 01
j.Control in self stoically
  -absolute: males:   -.37 (05)  
             females: -.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
  -relative: males:   -.35 (05)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
k. Mediate on the inner life 
   -absolute: males:   -.01 (ns)  
              females: -.26 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.18 p < . 10
  -relative: males:   -.08 (ns)  
             females: -.25 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
l.Change adventuresome deeds 
  -absolute: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
  -relative: males:   +.24 (ns)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.26 p < . 05
m.Obey the cosmic purposes 
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.26 p < . 05
  -relative: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Subject code: V02aa01a

StudyThurnher (1974): study US 1969
TitleGoals, Values, and Life Evaluations at The PreRetirement Stage.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 85 - 96
URLhttps://www.geron.org/
Public55+ aged, people in transition, United States, 196?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =114

Correlate
Author's labelHedonism
Page in Source 89
Our classificationHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values), code V02aa01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on 'Value Sort' questionnaire on which Ss 
ordered their life goals on seven value dimensions, 
among which 'hedonism-enjoyment'
Observed distributionN: Males, pre-retired=30; empty nest= 27; Females, preretired=30 empty nest= 27
Remarks
Results or correlations with other value dimensions not 
reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.38 p < .05
pre-retired males   (N=30)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr= ns
empty nest males    (N=27)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr= ns
pre-retired females (N=30)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr= ns
empty nest females  (N=27)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-development (self-actualizing values)
Subject code: V02aa01b

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities Being
Page in Source 370,371
Our classificationSelf-development (self-actualizing values), code V02aa01b
Operationalization
Needs for being:
a: enjoying a past time
b: appreciating art and culture
c: expressing your personality or using your talents
d: safe and clean environment

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:68,3%, 1:27,3%, 2:4,0%, 3+:0,4% married subjexts only: 0:73,5%, 1:24,4%, 2:2,1%, 3+:0,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=-.01 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.01 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.03 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.12 p < .01
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.03 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-development (self-actualizing values)
Subject code: V02aa01b

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_B
Page in Source 193-198
Our classificationSelf-development (self-actualizing values), code V02aa01b
Operationalization
Content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life 
by 5 judges, using a list of 68 frequently mentioned 
values (selected out of the entire set of philosophies 
by the author)
1:Mentioned.
2:Not-mentioned 

 a. Happiness(pleasure, joy, satisfaction, contentment, 
etc.)
 b. Enjoyment of life
 c. Inner peace (calmness)
 d. Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
 e. Fun, excitement, good times
 f. An education
 g. Learning
 h. Meaning and purpose for life
 i. Love of life
 j. Live day-by-day;living in the present(in the here 
and now)
 k. An active life
 l. A slower pace to life (a relaxed pace)
 m. Simplicity in living
 n. Flowing with the tide of life
 o. Openness to experience
 p. Variety of experience
 q. Interpersonal relationships; friendships
 r. Marriage and family life
 s. Love (in general)
 t. Love for others
 u. Being tolerant, accepting, and non- judgmental 
towards others (letting them be)
 v. Sympathy, empathy, understanding
 w. Being kind and caring towards others
 x. Being needed by others
 y. Placing others above self
 z. Placing self above others
aa. Respect for others (valueing every human being)
ab. Helping others
ac. Making a contribution to man or society. 
ad. Realizing potentials (growth, utitilizing talents, 
self-actualization, self-improvement)
ae. Being capable (mastery)
af. Striving for goals; accomplishment (challenge)
ag. Perfection
ah. Creativity
ai. World peace
aj. Material comfort; prosperity
ak. Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
al. Security
am. Anti various aspects of American society
an. Anti-technology
ao. Anti-prejudice
ap. Anti worries and problems
aq. Sports and physical activity
ar. Appreciate nature
as. Beauty, art, music
at. Self-control
au. Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side of 
living)
av. Pessimism
aw. Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
ax. Truthfulness, honesty
ay. Being individualistic
az. Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions think for own self; self-determined) 
ba. Other directed (considers others's pinions and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
bb. Conformity in society
bc. Self-confidence, belief in self
bd. Self-love, pride, self-respect
be. Being conservative
bf. Being liberal
bg. Respecting authority; obedience (to God, law, 
authority)
bh. Realistic
bi. Trust (in self and others)
bj. Freedom (of choice and action)
bk. Fairness, justice
bl. Flexibility (openness to change)
bm. Thankfulness; being grateful
bn. Solitude, withdrawal from others
bo. Open-mindedness
bp. Equality
Remarks
2 x 2 tables:
- mentioned vs not-mentioned
- most happy vs. leasthappy (top and bottom 27%).

Not affected by sex except when indicated otherwise.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
a.Happines(pleasure,joy,satisfaction, contentment, 
ect.)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
b.Enjoyment of life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
c.Inner peace(calmness)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
d.Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
e.Fun, exitement, good times.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
f.An education
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
g.Learning.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
h.Meaning and purpose for life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
i.Love of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
j.Live day-by-day; living in the present (in the 
here and now)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
k.An active life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
l.A slower pace to life (a relaxed  pace)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
m.Simplicity in living.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
n.Flowing with the tide of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
o.Openness to experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
p.Variety of experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
q.Interpersonal relationships; friendships.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
r.Marriage and family life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
s.Love (in general)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
t.Love for others Significant (01) among females 
only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
u.Being tolerant, accepting, and non-judgemental 
towards others(letting them be) Significant (05) 
among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
v.Sympathy, empathy, understanding
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
w.Being kind and caring towards others Significant 
(05) among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
x.Being needed by others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
y.Placing others above self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
z.Placing self above others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aa.Respect for others (valueing every human being)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ab.Helping others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ac.Making a contribution to man or society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ad.Realizing potentials (growth, utilizing 
talents, self-actualization, self-improvement)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ae.Being capable (mastery)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
af.Striving for goals;accomplishment(challenge)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ag.Perfection
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ah.Creativity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ai.World peace
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aj.Material comfort; prosperity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ak.Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
al.Security
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
am.Anti various aspects of Amercan society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
an.Anti-technology
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ao.Anti-prejudice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ap.Anti worries and problems
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aq.Sports and physical activity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ar.Appreciate nature
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
as.Beauty, art, music
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
at.Self-control
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
au.Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side 
of living)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
av.Pessimism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aw.Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ax.Truthfulness, honesty
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
ay.Being individualistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
az.Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions; think for own self; self determined)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ba.Other directed (considers others's opinion and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bb.Conformity in society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bc.Self-confidence, belief in self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bd.Self-love, pride, self respect
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
be.Being conservative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bf.Being liberal
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bg.Respecting authority; obedience (to God,law, 
authaurity)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bh.Realistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bi.Trust (in self and others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bj.Freedom (of choice and action)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
bk.Fairness, justice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bl.Flexibility (openness to change)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bm.Thankfulness; being grateful
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bn.Solitude, withdrawal from others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bo.Open-mindedness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bp.Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-development (self-actualizing values)
Subject code: V02aa01b

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelAcademic achievementvalue
Our classificationSelf-development (self-actualizing values), code V02aa01b
Operationalization
Index at T1, T2 and T3 of four items that indicate the 
extent to which the respondent considers it to be "a 
good thing" to demonstrate behavior indicative of 
academic achievement. Items: "studying constantly in 
order to become a well-educated person; working hard to 
achieve academic honors; striving to get the top 
grade-point average in the group; studying hard to get 
good grades in school." 
Scale: 1 = low to 6 = high in academic achievement 
value

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ s
              Academic achievement value
Happiness     T1          T2          T3
T1     tau = +.26 (001)  +.15 (001)  +.15 (001)
T2     tau = +.16 (001)  +.22 (001)  +.14 (001)
T3     tau = +.12 (01)   +.18 (001)  +.25 (001)
T4     tau = +.10 (01)   +.13 (001)  +.18 (001)
All tau's significant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyRyan & Dziurawiec (2001): study AU 1998
TitleMaterialism and Its Relationship to Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 55, 185 - 197
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011002123169
PublicAdults, Perth, Australia, 1998
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism
Page in Source 192
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport  on 18 questions:
a.	I admire people who own expensive homes, cars, and 
clothes. 
b.	 Some of the most important achievements in life 
include acquiring material possessions. 
c.	 I don't place much emphasis on the amount of 
material objects people own as a sign of success.
d.	 The things I own say a lot about how well I'm doing 
in life.
e.	 I like to own things that impress people. 
f.	 I don't pay much attention to the material objects 
other people own.
g.	 I usually buy only the things I need.
h.	 I try to keep my life simple, as far as possessions 
are concerned.
i.	 The things I own aren't all that important to me.
j.	 I enjoy spending money on things that aren't 
practical.
k.	 Buying things gives me a lot of pleasure.
l.	 I like a lot of luxury in my life. 
m.	 I put less emphasis on material things than most 
people I know.
n.	  I have all the things I really need to enjoy life.
o.	 My life would be better if I owned certain things I 
don't have. 
p.	 I wouldn't be any happier if I owned nicer things.
q.	 I'd be happier if I could afford to buy more 
things.
r.	 It sometimes bothers me quite a bit that I can't 
afford to buy all the things I'd like.

Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted
Observed distributionM=51.9 SD=13.8
Remarks
Richins and Dawson( 1992), Materialism scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ar=-.28 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelmaterialistic/spiritual values
Page in Source 402
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Self report on question "My life is mainly a question 
of.."
a: Materialistic values:
   - making money
   - get your needs fulfilled.
Spiritual values:
   - make the world a better place
   - serving God

Spiritual/material ratio of values
1: 2 more material than spiritual values
2: 1 more material. than spiritual values
3: equal number of material and spiritual values
4: 1 more spiritual than material values
5: 2 more spiritual than material values
Observed distributionN: All:4613; %:1:0,6; 2:4,9; 3:23,3; 4:44,3; 5:26,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.08 p < .00
1: Ms=6.95
2: Ms=7.40
3: Ms=7.54
4: Ms=7.79
5: Ms=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.07 p < .00
1: Ms=7.04
2: Ms=7.10
3: Ms=7.20
4: Ms=7.48
5: Ms=7.59
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.05 p < .00
1: Ms=7.13
2: Ms=6.79
3: Ms=6.85
4: Ms=7.08
5: Ms=7.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmaterialistic versus spiritual values
Page in Source 380
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Self report on question "My life is mainly a question 
of.."
a: Materialistic values:
   - making money
   - get your needs fulfilled.
Spiritual values:
   - make the world a better place
   - serving God

Spiritual/material ratio of values
1: 2 more material than spiritual values
2: 1 more material. than spiritual values
3: equal number of material and spiritual values
4: 1 more spiritual than material values
5: 2 more spiritual than material values
Observed distributionN: all:1483, 1:20, 2:125, 3:465, 4:558, 5:315

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .01
 1: Mt=8.50
 2: Mt=7.34
 3: Mt=7.56
 4: Mt=7.91
 5: Mt=7.90
All Mt=7.75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
 1: Mt=8.00
 2: Mt=7.06
 3: Mt=7.39
 4: Mt=7.63
 5: Mt=7.28
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.00 ns
 1: Mt=7.75
 2: Mt=6.79
 3: Mt=6.89
 4: Mt=7.01
 5: Mt=6.89
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelexpression of individualistic values
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on importance of
- reaching a high material standard of living
- be oneself in any role one holds
- encounter challenges and develop initiatives
- have a job that demands a lot of responsibility

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.89, SD=.81
Error Estimates?=.71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=-.04 p < .05
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta controlled for:
- community values
- collectivistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.03 p < .05
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1987): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuasi-Religious Meaning Systems, Official Religion and Quality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: A Survey from the Back-to-the-Land Movement.
SourceJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1987, Vol. 26, 63 - 80
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1385841
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, West USA and Canada,1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response33.8%
Respondents N =554

Correlate
Author's labelValue voluntary simplicuty
Page in Source table 4
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Self-rated UNimportance of:
-making a lot of money
-having a lot of possessions
-wearing the latest fashion
-having a stylish car
-living in a modern house

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Having
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Needs for having:
a: having enough to eat
b: having a comfortable home
c: being healthy
d: having access to good medical care if required
e: having a job
f: earning a high income
g: being successfull at work

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:0,2%,1:6,0%,2:20,2%,3+:73,6% married subjects only: 0:0.0%,1:5,7%,2:20,7%,3+:73,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
a: all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
a: married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=.00 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.06 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyKasser & Ahuvia (2002): study SG 2000
TitleMaterialistic Values and Well-being in Business Students.
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 32, 137 - 146
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.85/abstract
DOIDoi: 10.1002/ejsp.85
PublicBusiness students, Singapore, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelTotal materialism
Page in Source 142
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
A: 57-item Aspiration Index( Kasser& Ryan, 2001)
B: 21-item Materialism Scale (Ger &Belk,1996)
C: 18-item Materialism Scale (Richins& Dawson,1992)
Computation:A+B+C
Remarks
The three measures( Aspiration Index, Ger and Belk's, 
and Richins and Dawson's measures)  each tap some 
element of an extrinsic, materialistic value 
orientation, as a higher-order factor analysis of the 
three scores yielded one factor (Eigenvalue 1.82) 
accounting for 60.7% of the variance. All three 
materialism variables loaded above 0.70 on this factor. 
Using scores from each of the three scales, it is 
computed a summary Materialism score by standardizing 
and then averaging scores from the Aspiration Index, 
Ger and Belk's, and Richins and Dawson's measures.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.24 p < .05
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-ar=-.15 ns
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+.22 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyKasser & Ahuvia (2002): study SG 2000
TitleMaterialistic Values and Well-being in Business Students.
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 32, 137 - 146
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.85/abstract
DOIDoi: 10.1002/ejsp.85
PublicBusiness students, Singapore, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism
Page in Source 142
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 18 questions about material values:
a.	I admire people who own expensive homes, cars, and 
clothes. 
b.	Some of the most important achievements in life 
include acquiring material possessions. 
c.	I don’t place much emphasis on the amount of 
material objects people own as a sign of success. 
d.	The things I own say a lot about how well I’m doing 
in life. 
e.	I like to own things that impress people. 
f.	I don’t pay much attention to the material objects 
other people own. 
g.	I usually buy only the things I need. 
h.	I try to keep my life simple, as far as possessions 
are concerned. 
i.	The things I own aren’t all that important to me. 
j.	I enjoy spending money on things that aren’t 
practical. 
k.	Buying things gives me a lot of pleasure. 
l.	I like a lot of luxury in my life. 
m.	I put less emphasis on material things than most 
people I know. 
n.	I have all the things I really need to enjoy life. 
o.	My life would be better if I owned certain things I 
don’t have. 
p.	I wouldn’t be any happier if I owned nicer things. 
q.	I’d be happier if I could afford to buy more things. 

r.	It sometimes bothers me quite a bit that I can’t 
afford to buy all the things I’d like.

Rated by 5 Likert scale:
1-extremely important
..
5-no importance at all
Remarks
Materialism Scale (Richins&Dawson,1992)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.16 ns
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-ar=-.05 ns
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+.17 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyKasser & Ahuvia (2002): study SG 2000
TitleMaterialistic Values and Well-being in Business Students.
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 32, 137 - 146
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.85/abstract
DOIDoi: 10.1002/ejsp.85
PublicBusiness students, Singapore, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism
Page in Source 142
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 21 questions about materialistic 
attitudes and beliefs:
a.	I enjoy donating things for charity. 
b.	I enjoy sharing what I have. 
c.	I do not enjoy donating things to the needy. 
d.	I don't like to lend things, even to good friends. 
e.	When friends do better than me in competition it 
usually makes me feel happy for them. 
f.	I enjoy having people I like stay in my home. 
g.	When friends have things I cannot afford it bothers 
me. 
h.	I worry about people taking my possessions. 
i.	I don't mind giving rides to those who don't have a 
car. 
j.	I get very upset if something is stolen from me, 
even if it has little monetary value. 
k.	I don't like to have anyone in my home when l'm not 
there. 
l.	I don't get particularly upset when I lose things. 
m.	I am less likely than most people to lock things up. 

n.	I don't seem to get what is coming to me. 
o.	People who are very wealthy often feel they are too 
good to talk to average people. 
p.	If I have to choose between buying something for 
myself versus for someone I love, I would prefer buying 
for myself 
q.	I am bothered when I see people who buy anything 
they want. 
r.	There are certain people I would like to trade 
places with. 
s.	I like to collect things
t.	I have a lot of souvenirs, 
u.	I tend to hang on to things I should probably throw 
out

Rated by 5 Likert scale:
1-extremely important
..
5-no importance at all
Remarks
Materialism Scale (Ger &Belk,1996)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.26 p < .05
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-ar=-.22 p < .05
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+18 p < .10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyKasser & Ahuvia (2002): study SG 2000
TitleMaterialistic Values and Well-being in Business Students.
SourceEuropean Journal of Social Psychology, 2002, Vol. 32, 137 - 146
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejsp.85/abstract
DOIDoi: 10.1002/ejsp.85
PublicBusiness students, Singapore, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelAspiration
Page in Source 142
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 57 questions on extrinsic values:
a.  There will always be someone around to take care of 
me.  
b.  I will be efficient.  
c.  My image will be one other's find appealing.
d.  I will find personal answers to universal spiritual 
questions (such as:  Is there a supreme spiritual 
being?  Is there life after death?  What is the meaning 
of life?)
e.  I will be in control of my emotions.  
f.  I will assist people who need it, asking nothing in 
return.
g.  I will choose what I do, instead of being pushed 
along by life.
h.  People will show affection to me, and I will to 
them.  
i.  I will feel energetic and full of life.
j. I will have few threats to my personal safety.   
k. My life will be full of wine, lovers and song.
l. I will have many expensive possessions.
m. I will achieve the "look" I've been after.
n. I will be admired by many people.
o. I will be polite and obedient
p. I will have a great sex life.
q. I will have developed a code of ethics and/or morals 
to guide my life.  
r. My basic needs for food, shelter and clothing will 
be met.  
s. I will feel that there are people who really love 
me.
t. I will feel free.
u. The things I do will make other people's lives 
better.
v. My name will be known by many different people.
w. I will be in good physical shape.
x. Someone in my life will accept me as I am, no matter 
what.  
y. I will follow my interests and curiosity where they 
take me. 
z. I will find satisfying religious and/or spiritual 
activities.  
aa. I will live up to the expectations of my society.
ab. I will deal effectively with problems in my life.
ac. I will feel safe and secure.
ad. People will often comment about how attractive I 
look.
ae. I will feel good about my level of physical 
fitness.
af. I will be financially successful.
ag. I will have a lot of excitement in my life.
ah. I will not have to worry about bad things happening 
to me.  
ai. I will produce something of lasting worth.  
aj. I will find religious or spiritual beliefs that 
help me make sense of the world. 
ak. Most everyone who knows me will like me.  
al. I will feel good about my abilities.
am. I will successfully hide the signs of aging.
an. I will be relatively free from sickness.
ao. My desires and tastes will be similar to those of 
other people.  
ap. I will have enough money to buy everything I want.
aq. I will express my love for special people.  
ar. I will find religious and/or spiritual beliefs that 
are growth-producing.  
as. I will overcome the challenges that life presents 
me.
at. I will have insight into why I do the things I do.  

au. I will help the world become a better place.
av. I will experience a great deal of sensual pleasure.
aw.  My life and actions will be in agreement with my 
religious/spiritual beliefs.  
ax. I will have a committed, intimate relationship.
ay. I will have a job that pays well.
52. I will "fit in" with others.  
53. I will be physically healthy.
54. I will have plenty of time to be lazy.  
55. I will keep up with fashions in clothing and hair.  

56. My surroundings will be stable and relatively 
unchanging.  
57. People will really respect me.  

Rated by 5 Likert scale:
1-extremely important
..
5-no importance at all
Remarks
Aspiration Index( Kasser& Ryan, 2001)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=-.13 ns
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-ar=-.08 ns
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr=+16 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyBrown & Kasser (2005): study US 2005
TitleAre Psychological and Ecological Well-Being Compatible? The Role of Values, Mindfulness, and Lifestyle.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 349 - 368
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-004-8207-8
Public10+ aged, middle and high school students, USA
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =206

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism
Page in Source 353,354
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions
questions not reported
Error Estimates? = 0.68

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.22 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.15 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- ecologically responsible behavior
- generosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyAhuvia & Wong (1995): study US 1994
TitleMaterialism: Origins and Implications for Personal Well-Being.
SourceProceedings 1995, European Conference for the Association of Consumer Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ahuvia_a_1995.pdf
PublicUniversity students, Michigan, USA, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =200

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism as a value
Page in Source 14
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Materialsim scale of Richins and Dawson (1992), 
consists of 3 Subscales:

A Success: 
Success as the belief that one's own and others'success 
can be judged by what they own.
Consists of 5 items, e.g. "some of the most important 
achievements in life include acquiring material 
possessions."

B Acquisition centrality: 
Acquisition centrality as the importance materialists 
attach to possessions which allows acquisitiveness to 
function as a life goal
Consists of 7 items, e.g. I usually buy only the things 
I need" (reversed score)

C Happiness: 
Happiness as the extent to which materialists view 
possessions as essential to their satisfaction and 
well-being in life.
Consists of 6 items, e.g. Ï have all the things I 
really need to enjoy life"(reversed score)
Error EstimatesConfirmatory factor analysis NFI = .99

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.09 ns
Success subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.05 ns
Centrality subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.14 p < .05
Happiness subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.12 ns
Total scale score


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyAhuvia & Wong (1995): study US 1994
TitleMaterialism: Origins and Implications for Personal Well-Being.
SourceProceedings 1995, European Conference for the Association of Consumer Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ahuvia_a_1995.pdf
PublicUniversity students, Michigan, USA, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =200

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism as a personal trait
Page in Source 14
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Materialism scale of Ger and Belk (1993), consists of 4 
subscales:

A Possessiveness:
possessiveness as the inclination and tendency to 
retain control or ownership of one's possessions.
Consists of 4 items, e.g. "I get very upset if 
something is stolen from me, even if it has little 
monetary value."

B Nongenerosity:
Nongenerosity as an unwillingness to give possessions 
to or share possessions with others.
Consists of 9 items, e.g. I don't like to lend things, 
evone to good friends."

C Envy:
Envy as a displeasure or ill will at the superiority of 
another perosn in happiness, success, reputation, or 
the possession of anything desirable.
Consists of 5 items, e.g. "there are certain people I 
would like to trade places with."

D Preservation:
Preservation as the conservation of events, 
experiences, and memories in material form.
Consists of 3 items, e.g. "when I travel I like to take 
a lot of photographs."
Remarks
Confirmatory factor analysis NFI = .95

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.02 ns
Possessiveness subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.16 p < .05
Nongenerosity subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.29 p < .001
Envy subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.05 ns
Preservation subscale
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.18 p < .01
Total scale


Correlational finding on Happiness and Materialism
Subject code: V02aa01c

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelUnfulfilled aspirations: money
Page in Source 210
Our classificationMaterialism, code V02aa01c
Operationalization
Open-ended question on unfulfilled aspirations: 
1: financial aspirations mentioned
0: other aspirations mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having unfulfilled aspirations only 
(N = 1646)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nurturance (caring)
Subject code: V02aa01d

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_B
Page in Source 193-198
Our classificationNurturance (caring), code V02aa01d
Operationalization
Content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life 
by 5 judges, using a list of 68 frequently mentioned 
values (selected out of the entire set of philosophies 
by the author)
1:Mentioned.
2:Not-mentioned 

 a. Happiness(pleasure, joy, satisfaction, contentment, 
etc.)
 b. Enjoyment of life
 c. Inner peace (calmness)
 d. Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
 e. Fun, excitement, good times
 f. An education
 g. Learning
 h. Meaning and purpose for life
 i. Love of life
 j. Live day-by-day;living in the present(in the here 
and now)
 k. An active life
 l. A slower pace to life (a relaxed pace)
 m. Simplicity in living
 n. Flowing with the tide of life
 o. Openness to experience
 p. Variety of experience
 q. Interpersonal relationships; friendships
 r. Marriage and family life
 s. Love (in general)
 t. Love for others
 u. Being tolerant, accepting, and non- judgmental 
towards others (letting them be)
 v. Sympathy, empathy, understanding
 w. Being kind and caring towards others
 x. Being needed by others
 y. Placing others above self
 z. Placing self above others
aa. Respect for others (valueing every human being)
ab. Helping others
ac. Making a contribution to man or society. 
ad. Realizing potentials (growth, utitilizing talents, 
self-actualization, self-improvement)
ae. Being capable (mastery)
af. Striving for goals; accomplishment (challenge)
ag. Perfection
ah. Creativity
ai. World peace
aj. Material comfort; prosperity
ak. Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
al. Security
am. Anti various aspects of American society
an. Anti-technology
ao. Anti-prejudice
ap. Anti worries and problems
aq. Sports and physical activity
ar. Appreciate nature
as. Beauty, art, music
at. Self-control
au. Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side of 
living)
av. Pessimism
aw. Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
ax. Truthfulness, honesty
ay. Being individualistic
az. Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions think for own self; self-determined) 
ba. Other directed (considers others's pinions and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
bb. Conformity in society
bc. Self-confidence, belief in self
bd. Self-love, pride, self-respect
be. Being conservative
bf. Being liberal
bg. Respecting authority; obedience (to God, law, 
authority)
bh. Realistic
bi. Trust (in self and others)
bj. Freedom (of choice and action)
bk. Fairness, justice
bl. Flexibility (openness to change)
bm. Thankfulness; being grateful
bn. Solitude, withdrawal from others
bo. Open-mindedness
bp. Equality
Remarks
2 x 2 tables:
- mentioned vs not-mentioned
- most happy vs. leasthappy (top and bottom 27%).

Not affected by sex except when indicated otherwise.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
a.Happines(pleasure,joy,satisfaction, contentment, 
ect.)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
b.Enjoyment of life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
c.Inner peace(calmness)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
d.Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
e.Fun, exitement, good times.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
f.An education
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
g.Learning.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
h.Meaning and purpose for life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
i.Love of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
j.Live day-by-day; living in the present (in the 
here and now)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
k.An active life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
l.A slower pace to life (a relaxed  pace)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
m.Simplicity in living.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
n.Flowing with the tide of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
o.Openness to experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
p.Variety of experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
q.Interpersonal relationships; friendships.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
r.Marriage and family life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
s.Love (in general)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
t.Love for others Significant (01) among females 
only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
u.Being tolerant, accepting, and non-judgemental 
towards others(letting them be) Significant (05) 
among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
v.Sympathy, empathy, understanding
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
w.Being kind and caring towards others Significant 
(05) among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
x.Being needed by others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
y.Placing others above self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
z.Placing self above others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aa.Respect for others (valueing every human being)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ab.Helping others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ac.Making a contribution to man or society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ad.Realizing potentials (growth, utilizing 
talents, self-actualization, self-improvement)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ae.Being capable (mastery)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
af.Striving for goals;accomplishment(challenge)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ag.Perfection
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ah.Creativity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ai.World peace
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aj.Material comfort; prosperity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ak.Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
al.Security
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
am.Anti various aspects of Amercan society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
an.Anti-technology
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ao.Anti-prejudice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ap.Anti worries and problems
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aq.Sports and physical activity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ar.Appreciate nature
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
as.Beauty, art, music
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
at.Self-control
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
au.Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side 
of living)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
av.Pessimism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aw.Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ax.Truthfulness, honesty
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
ay.Being individualistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
az.Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions; think for own self; self determined)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ba.Other directed (considers others's opinion and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bb.Conformity in society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bc.Self-confidence, belief in self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bd.Self-love, pride, self respect
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
be.Being conservative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bf.Being liberal
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bg.Respecting authority; obedience (to God,law, 
authaurity)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bh.Realistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bi.Trust (in self and others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bj.Freedom (of choice and action)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
bk.Fairness, justice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bl.Flexibility (openness to change)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bm.Thankfulness; being grateful
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bn.Solitude, withdrawal from others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bo.Open-mindedness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bp.Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Individualism (vs collectivism)
Subject code: V02aa01e

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelExpressions of collectivistic values
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationIndividualism (vs collectivism), code V02aa01e
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on importance of
- acting for realization of social ideals
- feeling that one contributes to shaping a better 
society
- ideological considerations guide one's life
- be active and have influence

Rated 1 (higest or most positve) to 5 (lowest or least 
postive)
Observed distributionM=3.62, SD=.85
Error Estimates?=.81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+.05 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc= ns
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- community values
- individualistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Individualism (vs collectivism)
Subject code: V02aa01e

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelexpression of individualistic values
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationIndividualism (vs collectivism), code V02aa01e
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on importance of
- reaching a high material standard of living
- be oneself in any role one holds
- encounter challenges and develop initiatives
- have a job that demands a lot of responsibility

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.89, SD=.81
Error Estimates?=.71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=-.04 p < .05
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta controlled for:
- community values
- collectivistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.03 p < .05
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Individualism (vs collectivism)
Subject code: V02aa01e

StudyGoodwin & Hernandez Plaza (2000): study ZZ Various nation sets 1999
TitlePerceived and Received Social Support in Two Cultures: Collectivism and Support among British and Spanish Students.
SourceJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2000, Vol. 17, 282 - 291
DOIDOI:10.1177/0265407500172007
PublicUniversity students, England and Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelCollectivism
Page in Source 285
Our classificationIndividualism (vs collectivism), code V02aa01e
Operationalization
Colectivism orientation scale (Bierbrauer, Meyer & 
Wolfradt, 1994)

The scale examines both individuals' perceptions of 
values and behaviours in their culture (13 items) and 
their evaluation of these same values/behaviours (13 
additional items). Respondents record their answers on 
7-point Likert type scales.
Observed distributionBritish sample: M=8.73; s.d.=0.67 Spanish sample: M=9.45; s.d.=0.83
Error EstimatesBritish sample: Cronbach's alpha=0.59 Spanish sample: Cronbach's alpha=0.68
Remarks
For the Spanish sample, the scale was blindly 
back-translated from English to Spanish by two 
bilingual translators (Brislin, 1980), with items 
appropriately decentred to enhance the naturalism and 
reliability of the translations (Van de Vijver & Leung, 
1997)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.07 ns
Spanish
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.01 ns
English


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.012

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.00 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AT 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1186

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.0012

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study BE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1385

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.015

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
 1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.011

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study DK 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =767

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.028

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.028

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelExpression of community value
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions on desired life in a society 
that practices:
- communal ownership of means of prduction
- communal production
- qualitative equality
- no connection between contribution and remuneration
- full mutal solidarity

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.59, SD=1.05
Error Estimates?=.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=-.07
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.10 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- social, collective values
- individualistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyVanderMeer & Wielers (2013): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleWhat Makes Workers Happy?
SourceApplied Economics, 2013, Vol. 45, 357 - 368
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
DOIDOI:10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
PublicWorking people, 20 European countries, 2004.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-ResponseNot reported
Respondents N =11986

Correlate
Author's labelEquality
Page in Source 364-66
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
question(s) not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=-.03
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=-.02
OPRC's controled for
- Income
- log workhours
- log income
- Missing income
- Subjective income
- 20 job characterisitcs
- Personal characteristics


Correlational finding on Happiness and Egalitarianism
Subject code: V02aa01f

StudyLalive & Stutzer (2010): study CH 2000
TitleApproval of Equal Rights and Gender Differences in Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Popululation Economics, 2010, Vol. 23, 933 - 962
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-009-0257-4
PublicSalaried workers, Switzerland, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6203

Correlate
Author's labelApproval of equal rights
Page in Source 7,8,9,21,22,27
Our classificationEgalitarianism, code V02aa01f
Operationalization
% votes in community for equal rights amendment in 1975 
referendum:
0 Low: < 60% 
1 High:> 60%
Observed distributionAll 0: N = 3175, 1 = 3906; Women 0: N = 1494, 1: N= 1965; Men 0: N= 1681, 1: N= 1941
Remarks
Equal rights amendment(december 1975):
"Men and women have equal rights. Legislation shall 
ensure legal equality, particularly in the areas of 
family, education and work. Men and women shall have 
the right to equal pay for work of equal value."

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
All
0 Low    M =  8,18
1 High   M =  7,96
difference = -0.22
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
Women only
0 Low    M =  8,24
1 High   M =  7,96
difference = -0.28
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
Men only
0 Low    M =  8,13
1 High   M =  7,95
difference = -0.16
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.00 ns
All
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.10 p < .001
Interaction effect of gender and approval of equal 
rights 
Beta = -.10 means that women in communities with a 
high percentage approval of equal rights are .10 
points less happy on a happiness scale 0-10.

Beta's controlled for:
- Gender
- Age 
- Education
- Marital status
- Nationality
- Employment status
- Household income 
- Household size

Ordered Probit analysis (OPRC) yields similar 
results.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Meaning
Subject code: V02aa01g

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelmaterialistic/spiritual values
Page in Source 402
Our classificationMeaning, code V02aa01g
Operationalization
Self report on question "My life is mainly a question 
of.."
a: Materialistic values:
   - making money
   - get your needs fulfilled.
Spiritual values:
   - make the world a better place
   - serving God

Spiritual/material ratio of values
1: 2 more material than spiritual values
2: 1 more material. than spiritual values
3: equal number of material and spiritual values
4: 1 more spiritual than material values
5: 2 more spiritual than material values
Observed distributionN: All:4613; %:1:0,6; 2:4,9; 3:23,3; 4:44,3; 5:26,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.08 p < .00
1: Ms=6.95
2: Ms=7.40
3: Ms=7.54
4: Ms=7.79
5: Ms=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.07 p < .00
1: Ms=7.04
2: Ms=7.10
3: Ms=7.20
4: Ms=7.48
5: Ms=7.59
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.05 p < .00
1: Ms=7.13
2: Ms=6.79
3: Ms=6.85
4: Ms=7.08
5: Ms=7.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Meaning
Subject code: V02aa01g

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmaterialistic versus spiritual values
Page in Source 380
Our classificationMeaning, code V02aa01g
Operationalization
Self report on question "My life is mainly a question 
of.."
a: Materialistic values:
   - making money
   - get your needs fulfilled.
Spiritual values:
   - make the world a better place
   - serving God

Spiritual/material ratio of values
1: 2 more material than spiritual values
2: 1 more material. than spiritual values
3: equal number of material and spiritual values
4: 1 more spiritual than material values
5: 2 more spiritual than material values
Observed distributionN: all:1483, 1:20, 2:125, 3:465, 4:558, 5:315

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .01
 1: Mt=8.50
 2: Mt=7.34
 3: Mt=7.56
 4: Mt=7.91
 5: Mt=7.90
All Mt=7.75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.01 ns
 1: Mt=8.00
 2: Mt=7.06
 3: Mt=7.39
 4: Mt=7.63
 5: Mt=7.28
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.00 ns
 1: Mt=7.75
 2: Mt=6.79
 3: Mt=6.89
 4: Mt=7.01
 5: Mt=6.89
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Success
Subject code: V02aa01h

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_B
Page in Source 193-198
Our classificationSuccess, code V02aa01h
Operationalization
Content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life 
by 5 judges, using a list of 68 frequently mentioned 
values (selected out of the entire set of philosophies 
by the author)
1:Mentioned.
2:Not-mentioned 

 a. Happiness(pleasure, joy, satisfaction, contentment, 
etc.)
 b. Enjoyment of life
 c. Inner peace (calmness)
 d. Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
 e. Fun, excitement, good times
 f. An education
 g. Learning
 h. Meaning and purpose for life
 i. Love of life
 j. Live day-by-day;living in the present(in the here 
and now)
 k. An active life
 l. A slower pace to life (a relaxed pace)
 m. Simplicity in living
 n. Flowing with the tide of life
 o. Openness to experience
 p. Variety of experience
 q. Interpersonal relationships; friendships
 r. Marriage and family life
 s. Love (in general)
 t. Love for others
 u. Being tolerant, accepting, and non- judgmental 
towards others (letting them be)
 v. Sympathy, empathy, understanding
 w. Being kind and caring towards others
 x. Being needed by others
 y. Placing others above self
 z. Placing self above others
aa. Respect for others (valueing every human being)
ab. Helping others
ac. Making a contribution to man or society. 
ad. Realizing potentials (growth, utitilizing talents, 
self-actualization, self-improvement)
ae. Being capable (mastery)
af. Striving for goals; accomplishment (challenge)
ag. Perfection
ah. Creativity
ai. World peace
aj. Material comfort; prosperity
ak. Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
al. Security
am. Anti various aspects of American society
an. Anti-technology
ao. Anti-prejudice
ap. Anti worries and problems
aq. Sports and physical activity
ar. Appreciate nature
as. Beauty, art, music
at. Self-control
au. Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side of 
living)
av. Pessimism
aw. Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
ax. Truthfulness, honesty
ay. Being individualistic
az. Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions think for own self; self-determined) 
ba. Other directed (considers others's pinions and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
bb. Conformity in society
bc. Self-confidence, belief in self
bd. Self-love, pride, self-respect
be. Being conservative
bf. Being liberal
bg. Respecting authority; obedience (to God, law, 
authority)
bh. Realistic
bi. Trust (in self and others)
bj. Freedom (of choice and action)
bk. Fairness, justice
bl. Flexibility (openness to change)
bm. Thankfulness; being grateful
bn. Solitude, withdrawal from others
bo. Open-mindedness
bp. Equality
Remarks
2 x 2 tables:
- mentioned vs not-mentioned
- most happy vs. leasthappy (top and bottom 27%).

Not affected by sex except when indicated otherwise.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
a.Happines(pleasure,joy,satisfaction, contentment, 
ect.)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
b.Enjoyment of life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
c.Inner peace(calmness)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
d.Living life to its fullest (living each moment 
fully)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
e.Fun, exitement, good times.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
f.An education
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
g.Learning.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
h.Meaning and purpose for life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
i.Love of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
j.Live day-by-day; living in the present (in the 
here and now)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
k.An active life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
l.A slower pace to life (a relaxed  pace)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
m.Simplicity in living.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
n.Flowing with the tide of life.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
o.Openness to experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
p.Variety of experience.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
q.Interpersonal relationships; friendships.
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
r.Marriage and family life
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
s.Love (in general)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
t.Love for others Significant (01) among females 
only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
u.Being tolerant, accepting, and non-judgemental 
towards others(letting them be) Significant (05) 
among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
v.Sympathy, empathy, understanding
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + ns
w.Being kind and caring towards others Significant 
(05) among females only
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
x.Being needed by others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
y.Placing others above self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
z.Placing self above others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aa.Respect for others (valueing every human being)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ab.Helping others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ac.Making a contribution to man or society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ad.Realizing potentials (growth, utilizing 
talents, self-actualization, self-improvement)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ae.Being capable (mastery)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
af.Striving for goals;accomplishment(challenge)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ag.Perfection
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ah.Creativity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ai.World peace
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aj.Material comfort; prosperity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ak.Anti-materialsm; anti-capitalism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
al.Security
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
am.Anti various aspects of Amercan society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
an.Anti-technology
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ao.Anti-prejudice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ap.Anti worries and problems
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aq.Sports and physical activity
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ar.Appreciate nature
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
as.Beauty, art, music
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
at.Self-control
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= + p < . 05
au.Optimism (looking on the bright, positive side 
of living)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
av.Pessimism
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
aw.Being genuine (being natural; not fake)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ax.Truthfulness, honesty
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
ay.Being individualistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
az.Inner directed (doesn't let others influence 
decisions; think for own self; self determined)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
ba.Other directed (considers others's opinion and 
reactions in making decisions; pleases others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bb.Conformity in society
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bc.Self-confidence, belief in self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bd.Self-love, pride, self respect
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
be.Being conservative
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bf.Being liberal
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bg.Respecting authority; obedience (to God,law, 
authaurity)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bh.Realistic
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bi.Trust (in self and others)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bj.Freedom (of choice and action)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - p < . 05
bk.Fairness, justice
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bl.Flexibility (openness to change)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bm.Thankfulness; being grateful
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= - ns
bn.Solitude, withdrawal from others
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bo.Open-mindedness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aChiČ= ns
bp.Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Instrumental values
Subject code: V02aa02

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelInstrumental variabls diagnostics
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationInstrumental values, code V02aa02
Operationalization
Marginal efffect of e-shopping on happiness by using 
instrumental variables
-prepaid debit card
-risk propensity

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bOPRC=+.28 p < .05
Probit estimates
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.21 p < .05
OLS method
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.21 p < .05
GMM method


Correlational finding on Happiness and Instrumental values
Subject code: V02aa02

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelInstrumental values
Page in Source 160/167
Our classificationInstrumental values, code V02aa02
Operationalization
Values rated for importance in two ways:
- absolute importance (7 points scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)
a. Ambitious
b. Broadminded
c. Capable
d. Cheerful
e. Clean
f. Courageous
g. Forgiving
h. Helpful
i. Honest
j. Imaginative
k. Independent
l. Intellectual
m. Logical
n. Loving
o. Obedient
p. Polite
q. Responsible
r. Self-controlled
Remarks
18-item inventory (Rokeach Instrumental Values Scale; 
see Rokeach, 1968)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
a Ambitious, absolute:
- males:   -.14 (ns)
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
a Ambitious, relative:
- males:   -.19 (ns)
- females: -.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
b Broadminded, absolute:
- males:   -.31 (10)
- females: +.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
b Broadminded, relative: 
- males:   -.00 (ns) 
- females: +.11 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
c Capable, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns)  
- females: -.13 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
c Capable, relative: 
- males:   +.23 (ns)  
- females: -.29 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.23 p < . 05
d Cheerful, absolute:
- males:   +.22 (ns)  
- females: +.28 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.39 p < . 01
d Cheerful, relative: 
- males:   +.50 (01)  
- females: +.38 (01)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.11 ns
e Clean, absolute: 
- males:   +.12 (ns)  
- females: +.12 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
e Clean, relative: 
- males:   +.29 (10)  
- females: +.12 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
f Courageous, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns)  
- females: +.07 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
f Courageous, relative: 
- males:   +.00 (ns)  
- females: +.11 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.12 ns
g Forgiving, absolute:
- males:   -.19 (ns)  
- females: +.30 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
g Forgiving, relative:
- males:   -.22 (ns)  
- females: +.36 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
h Helpful, absolute:
- males:   -.26 (ns)  
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
h Helpful, relative:
- males:   -.10 (ns)  
- females: -.13 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.07 ns
i Honest, absolute: 
- males:   -.00 (ns)  
- females: +.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.19 p < . 10
i Honest, relative:
- males:   +.23 (ns)  
- females: +.17 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.17 ns
j Imaginative, absolute:
- males:   -.18 (ns) 
- females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
j Imaginative, relative:
- males:   +.00 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
k Independent, absolute:
- males:   -.17 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
k Independent, relative:
- males:   -.11 (ns) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
l Intellectual, absolute:
- males:   -.48 (01) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.19 p < . 10
l Intellectual, relative:
- males:   -.38 (05) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
m Logical, absolute:
- males:   -.00 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.19 p < . 10
m Logical, relative:
- males:   -.13 (ns) 
- females: -.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
n Loving, absolute:
- males:   -.23 (ns) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
n Loving, relative:
- males:   -.21 (ns) 
- females: +.17 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.08 ns
o Obedient, absolute:
- males:   +.13 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
o Obedient, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
o Polite, absolute:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: +.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
p Polite, relative:
- males:   -.00 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
q Responsible, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
q Responsible, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: -.26 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
r Self-controlled, absolute:
- males:   -.45 (01) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
r Self-controlled, relative:
- males:   -.35 (05) 
- females: -.16 (ns)

Correlations with second indicator of happiness 
(type A-TH) are quite similar and for that reason 
not presented in this excerpt


Correlational finding on Happiness and Instrumental values
Subject code: V02aa02

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelTerminal values
Page in Source 159/160
Our classificationInstrumental values, code V02aa02
Operationalization
18-item inventory (Terminal Values Scale; see Rokeach, 
1968)
Values rated for importance in two ways:
- absolute importance (7 point scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)

 a. A comfortable life
 b. An exciting life
 c. A sense of accomplishment
 d. A world at peace
 e. A world of beauty
 f. Equality
 g. Family security
 h. Freedom
 i. Happiness
 j. Inner harmony
 k. Mature love
 l. National security
 m. Pleasure
 n. Salvation
 o. Self-respect
 p. Social recognition
 q. True friendship
 r. Wisdom
Remarks
Correlations with second indicator(AFF 3.1B) not 
presented because these are quite similar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
a.A comfortale life, absolute:
- males:   +.23 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.03 ns
a.A comfortable life, relative:
- males:   +.32 (ns)  
- females: -.11 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
b.An exciting life, absolute: 
- males:   +.23 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.14 ns
b.An exciting life, relative:
- males:   +.40 (05) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.10 ns
c.A sense of accomplishment, absolute:
- males:   -.01 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.22 p < . 05
c.A sense of accomplishment, relative:
- males:   -.19 (ns) 
- females: -.28 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
d.A world at peace, absolute: 
- males:   +.00 (ns)  
- females: +.21 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
d.A world at peace, relative:
- males:   +.00 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
e.A world of beauty, absolute:
- males:   +.14 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
e.A world of beauty, relative:
- males:   -.01 (ns) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
f.Equality, absolute:
- males:   -.23 (ns)  
- females: +.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
f.Equality, relative:
- males:   -.00 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.10 ns
g.Family security, absolute:
- males:   +.17 (ns) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
g.Family security, relative:
- males:   +.35 (05) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
h.Freedom, absolute:
- males:   -.18 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
h.Freedom, relative:
- males:   -.35 (05) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.13 ns
i.Happiness, absolute:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: +.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
i.Happiness, relative:
- males:   +.17 (ns) 
- females: +.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
j.Inner harmony, absolute:
- males:   -.20 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
j. Inner harmony, relative:
- males:   -.27 (ns) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.12 ns
k.Mature love, absolute:
- males:   -.23 (ns) 
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.13 ns
k.Mature love, relative:
- males:   -.18 (ns) 
- females: -.09 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.12 ns
l.National security, absolute:
- males:   +.17 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.13 ns
l. National security, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.15 ns
m.Pleasure, absolute:
- males:   +.30 (05) 
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
m.Pleasure, relative:
- males:   +.26 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.02 ns
n.Salvation, absolute:
- males:   -.24 (ns) 
- females: +.14 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.01 ns
n.Salvation, relative:
- males:   -.37 (05) 
- females: +.26 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.07 ns
o.Self-respect,
- Positive among males
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.11 ns
o.Self-respect,
- Negative among females
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
p.Social recognition, absolute:
- males:   +.21 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.00 ns
p.Social recognition, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
q.True friendship, absolute:
- males:   +.01 (ns) 
- females: +.32 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.19 p < . 05
q.True friendship, relative:
- males:   +.22 (ns) 
- females: +.13 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.01 ns
r.Wisdom, absolute:
- males:   -.30 (ns) 
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.00 ns
r.Wisdom, relative:
- males:   -.41 (05) 
- females: +.17 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelBeing healthy
Page in Source 215
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.06 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.99 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=0.76 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.02 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- lifestyles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHaving a comfortable home
Page in Source 215
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.98 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.99 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=0.91 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.07 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- lifestyles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHaving enough to eat
Page in Source 215
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.13 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.79 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=0.96 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.02 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- lifestyles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHaving acces to good medical care if required
Page in Source 215
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.92 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.89 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.17 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=-.07 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- lifestyles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelRaising children
Page in Source 215
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.03 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=0.99 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.25 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.06 ns
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- life domain satisfaction
- lifestyles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyZijlmans (2009): study DE 1998 /1
TitleWork Involvement in the Valuation of Unemployment.
SourceMasterthesis, Utrecht School of Economics, 2009, The Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/zijlmans_tj_2009.pdf
PublicUnemployed, 21-64 aged, Germany, 1998-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1975

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of leisure for well-being
Page in Source 43-45
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Self report on the question how important leisure is 
for their well-being and contentment:
3: Very important
2: Important 
1: Less important or not important at all
Observed distributionBoth periods N= 1:491 2:1270 3:204 %= 1:24,99, 2:64,60 3:10,41
Error EstimatesT1-T2 correlation .37 for individuals who became unemployed and .29 for individuals who become reemployed between periods

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Very important:     M=5,87 SD=2,15
Important:          M=5,92 SD=1,94
Less/not important: M=5,08 SD=2,07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyJanz et al. (2001): study US Michigan 1996
TitleFactors Influencing Quality of Life in Older Women With Heart Disease.
SourceMEDICAL CARE, 2001, V ol. 39, 588 - 598 ,
URLhttp://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/Abstract/2001/06000/Factors_Influencing_Quality_of_Life_in_Older_Women.7.aspx
PublicMedical Patients, Michigan, United States, followed 1 year, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =570

Correlate
Author's labelValue preferences
Page in Source 591-595
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to provide up to 3 responses to 
an open-ended question  about what "the life makes 
good" . The first response was considered the most 
important factor. 
Responses were later coded into 6 categories: 
a: family
b: health
c: religion 
d: independence 
e: friends 
f: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aRČ=.03 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelFamily Value Orientation
Page in Source 441,443,445
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a The rewards and satisfactions of raising a family are 
more important to me than anything else.
b I would not take a job that would interfere with the 
things I like to do with my family
c I can't imagine having a fully satisfying life 
without having children
Rated: 1 = disagree, 2 = mostly disagree, 4 = mostly 
agree, 5 = agree

From these scales a dichotomous variable was created 
measuring:
0 = Low family values
1 = High family values
Observed distributionN= 0:463, 1:595

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
All
- High family values  M = 4,11 SD = 0,15
- Low family values   M = 4,10 SD = 0,05
  Difference            =+0,01
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Singles only
- High family values M = 3,79 N = 100
- Low family values  M = 4,04 N = 166
  Difference         M= -0,25
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married        
- High family values M = 4,18 N = 495
- Low family values  M = 4,14 N = 297
  Difference            +0,04
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34,high family values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,46 N = 13
b) Married childless women M = 4,73 N = 15
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,92 N = 91 
d) Married mothers of elementary
   school children         M = 3,97 N = 29
e) Single mothers          M = 4,23 N = 13
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=2,84 p < .03
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34,low family values 
a) Single childless women  M = 4,00 N = 69
b) Married childless women M = 4,27 N = 49
c) Married mothers of preschool 
  children                 M = 3,72 N = 36 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,54 N = 24
e) Single mothers          M = 3,95 N = 20
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=2,89 p < .02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelCareer Value Orientation
Page in Source 441,443,445,447
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a  For me, it is (would be) more important to help my 
husband in his career than to have a career of my 
own.(reverse scored)
b Seriously pursuing a career involves costs in other 
areas of my life that I am not willing to 
accept.(reverse scored)
c I can't picture having a fully satisfying a fully 
satisfying life without a career on my own.
Rated on a 5 point scale: 1 = disagree, 2 = mostly 
disagree, 4 = mostly agree, 5 = agree

From these scales a dichotomous variable was created 
measuring:
0 = Low career values
1 = High career values
Observed distributionN= 0:702, 1:406

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
All
- High career values  M = 4,15 SD = 0,07
- Low  career values  M = 4,05 SD = 0,24
  Difference             +0,10
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Singles only
- High career values M = 4,05 N = 219
- Low  career values M = 3,43 N =  53
  Difference            +0,62
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married only
- High career values M = 4,20 N=483
- Low career values  M = 4,14 N=353
  Difference            +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34, high career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,94 N = 83
b) Married childless women M = 4,39 N = 59
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,83 N = 77 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,29 N = 42
e) Single mothers          M = 4,11 N = 27
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=3,03 p < .02
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34 low career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,40 N = 5
b) Married childless women M = 4,33 N = 6 
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,98 N = 53 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,11 N = 9 
e) Single mothers          M = 3 83 N = 6
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=,69 p < .03
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Not employed only
- High career values M = 3,67 SD =  ,05 N = 125
- Low  career values M = 3,95 SD = 0,12 N = 138
  Difference           =-0,28
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,11 SD = 0,06 N = 178
- Low Career values  M = 4,06 SD = 0,42 N = 117
  Difference         M =+0,05
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,34 SD = 0,21 N = 380
- Low Career values  M = 4,13 SD = 0,27 N = 104
  Difference         M =+0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,77 N =  30
- Low career values  M = 3,55 N =  11
  Difference            +0,22
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,65 N =  95
- Low career values  M = 3,98 N = 127
  Difference            -0,33
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,24 N =  34
- Low career values  M = 2,93 N =  14
  Difference            +1,31
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  144
- Low career values  M = 4,21 N =  103
  Difference            -0,13
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  148
- Low career values  M = 3,67 N =   27
  Difference            +0,41
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,50 N =  232
- Low career values  M = 4,29 N =   77
  Difference            +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single childless women only
- High career values  M = 3,94 N = 83
- Low  career values  M = 3,40 N =  5   
  Difference             +0,54
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, among married childless women
- High career values  M = 4,39 N = 59
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, married mothers of preschool 
children only
- High career values  M = 3,83 N = 77
- Low  career values  M = 3,98 N = 53   
  Difference             -0,15
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married mothers with 
elementary school children only
- High career values  M = 4,29 N = 42
- Low  career values  M = 4,11 N =  9   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single mothers only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, singles only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married only
- High career values  M = 4,34 N = 184
- Low  career values  M = 4,09 N =  88
  Difference             +0,25
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, not employed only
- High career values  M = 3,41 N = 22
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 48
  Difference             -0,65
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, parttime only
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 28
- Low  career values  M = 4,32 N = 47
  Difference             -0,07
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, fulltime only
- High career values  M = 4,54 N = 85
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N = 39
  Difference             +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 45-64
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 180
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 173
  Difference             +0,19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Domain-specific value-preferences
Subject code: V02ab

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelAbortion disapproval
Our classificationDomain-specific value-preferences, code V02ab
Operationalization
Simple direct question at T4 and T5:
'A woman should be permitted to have an abortion at any 
time during the first three months of pregnancy.' 
Scale:
1 = agree; 2 = mostly agree; 3= mostly disagree; 4 = 
disagree; 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=
                Abortion disapproval
Happiness       T4          T5
T1        tau = +.05 (ns)   +.03 (ns)
T2        tau = +.05 (ns)   +.01 (ns)
T3        tau = +.08 (05)   -.01 (ns)
T4        tau = +.06 (ns)   -.02 (ns)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political values
Subject code: V02ab01

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelindividual political values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationPolitical values, code V02ab01
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 
statements:

Concerning politics for me it's important;

A That poor people pay less taxes than 
rich people
B That a destitute person has access to social services 
to meet their need
C That the government spend generously 
on aid for foreign development
D To live in a welfare state
E That the government spend generously 
on pluralism
F That environmental issues and conservation 
has the highest priority 
G That economic renewal has a high priority
H That in society, people appreciate diversity
I International conflicts are solved 
by an international authority 
J That women are voted into office in the next election
K To live in a society where success and opportunities 
are based on achievement
L That international conflicts are being resolved by 
compromises and negotiations

Rating: 1= strongly disagree….5= strongly agree
Summation: average
Observed distributionM = 2.72 SD = .377 M St. Louis= 2.77, SD St. Louis= .386 M Utrecht= 2.66, SD Utrecht= .359

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
St.Louis r= .08 ns
Utrecht  r= .03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
St.Louis r=+.09 ns
Utrecht  r=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 ns
St.Louis r=.13, p< .05
Utrecht  r=.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political values
Subject code: V02ab01

StudyBjornskov et al. (2007): study ZZ 1997
TitleThe Bigger the Better? Evidence of the Effect of Government Size on Life Satisfaction around the World.
SourcePublic Choice, 2007, Vol. 130, 267 - 292
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11127-006-9081-5
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 nations, 1997-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =120000

Correlate
Author's labelrightwing (vs left)
Page in Source 10
Our classificationPolitical values, code V02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"In political matters, people talk of "the left" and 
"the right". How would you place your views on this 
scale, generally speaking?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10.
Left              Right

Scale reduced to: 
0 Leftwing; 1 Rightwing
Observed distribution0: 50%- 1: 50%
Remarks
World Values Survey 1997-2001.V248.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aD%=+ p < .05
% very happy
0: Leftwing-voters  41,2%
1: Rightwing-voters 47,1%
   Difference      + 5,9%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political values
Subject code: V02ab01

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelView on happines as governement's prime objective
Page in Source 99
Our classificationPolitical values, code V02ab01
Operationalization
Response to statement:"A goverment's prime objective 
should be achieving the greatest  happiness of the 
people, not the greatest wealth"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributionDisagree: 13 %, Agree = 85 %, don't know 6 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=+ p < .05
0: M=3,19  CI95 [3,08-3,30]
1: M=3,25  CI95 [3,20-3,29]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ p < .05
0: M=7,17  CI95=6,84-7,50
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,22-7,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for peaceful solution of political problems
Subject code: V02ab01b

StudyHarding (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of violence
Page in Source 233
Our classificationPreference for peaceful solution of political problems, code V02ab01b
Operationalization
Single direct question; terrorism justified:
0 Never
1 Sometimes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=-.07 ns
sometimes            33%   very happy    
never                39%   
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
sometimes              M = 1.2   Mt' = 6.2
never                      1.4         6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
sometimes              M = 7.4   Mt' = 7.1
never                      7.7         7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and (post)-materialism
Subject code: V02ab01c

StudyGehmacher (1987a): study AT 1987
TitleGebaude Gemeinschaft. (Builded Community).
SourceSWS Rundschau, 1987, Vol. 27, 147 - 156
URLhttp://www.sws-rundschau.at/
PublicResidents housing estates, Vienna, Austria, 1987
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =218

Correlate
Author's labelPostmaterialism
Page in Source 151
Our classification(post)-materialism, code V02ab01c
Operationalization
0. materialist
1. mixed
3. post-materialist
Remarks
ß controled for age, sex, physical health, mental 
health, education, occupational status and 
satisfactions (with housing, leisure, social contacts 
and actitities).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.08
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ar=+.06
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.04 ns
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and (post)-materialism
Subject code: V02ab01c

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phänomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut für Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelMaterialism
Page in Source 112
Our classification(post)-materialism, code V02ab01c
Operationalization
1. pure post-materialist
2. post-materialist mixed
3. mixed
4. materialist mixed
5. pure materialist

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.03 ns
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=+.01 ns
% often happy
1.  53
2.  33
3.  49
4.  49
5.  47


Correlational finding on Happiness and (post)-materialism
Subject code: V02ab01c

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelPostmaterial attitude
Page in Source 48,T32
Our classification(post)-materialism, code V02ab01c
Operationalization
Six item index of direct questions on postmaterial 
attitude (Inglehart, 1977)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and (post)-materialism
Subject code: V02ab01c

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPost-materialistic values
Our classification(post)-materialism, code V02ab01c
Operationalization
Index of political priorities (Inglehart 1977) 'what do 
you see as the most important political goal ?'
a. law and order
b. more influence on government
c. battle against rising prices
d. free speech

Rated as the most important or second most important.
a and c indicate materialistic values, b and d post - 
materialistic.

1   materialistic (ac,ca)
2   mat./p.m. (ab,ad,cb,cd)
3   p.m./mat. (ba,bc,da,dc)
4   post - materialistic (bd,db)


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.04       +.02       +.00       +.06 
1980      +.06       +.03       +.02       +.04
1984      +.07       +.03       +.01       +.06
1988      +.04       +.02       +.02       +.04

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      -.08       -.06       -.05       +.08
1980      -.07       -.03       -.04       +.07
1984      -.08       -.02       -.01       +.07
1988      -.06       -.04       -.01       +.06

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and (post)-materialism
Subject code: V02ab01c

StudyMarsh (1975): study GB 1971
TitleThe Silent Revolution: Value Priorities and the Quality of Life in Britain.
SourceAmerican Political Science Review, 1975, Vol. 69, 21 - 30
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1957882?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public16+ aged, general public, urban areas, England, 1971
SampleProbability area sample
Non-ResponseNot reported.
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelValue Priorities
Page in Source 23
Our classification(post)-materialism, code V02ab01c
Operationalization
Choice of two out of four statements about political 
priorities
a: maintain order in the nation
b: fight rising prices
c: protect freedom of speech
d: give people more say in political decisions

Types distinguished in the basis of responses:
A: Acquisitives (a+b)
B: Intermediates (mixed)
C: Postbourgeois (c+d)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aDM= ns
A: M = 2,16
B: M = 2,12
C: M = 1,95

The 7 point happiness scale was recoded as "low" 
satisfaction (1,2,3,4), "medium" satisfaction 
(5,6) and "high" satisfaction (7). Above means 
based on this 3-step scale.
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aBMCT= p < .14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for equal rights
Subject code: V02ab01d

StudyCharness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998
TitleRelative Pay offs and Happiness: An Experimental Study.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2001, Vol. 45, 301 - 328
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00148-2
PublicUniversity students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0 %
Respondents N =121

Correlate
Author's labelDecision 1: egalitarian over other-rewarding
Page in Source 307
Our classificationPreference for equal rights, code V02ab01d
Operationalization
Ss met in one large room and were explained that they 
would randomly be assigned one of two roles in an 
experiment:
A: Passive role (dead), no say in the decision, only 
asked what they would do if they had been in the other 
role and/or to predict the choice of B
B: Active role (live), makes two decisions about 
partition of money between A and B.
After this introduction Ss were randomly assigned 
either role A or role B. 
Next Ss answered written questions about respectively 
general happiness (GH), comparative happiness (CH) and 
momentary happiness (MH)
Then B's were asked to choose between two options for 
partition between all A and B subjects, which were 
equally rewarding for themselves:
1 other-rewarding: 900 for A, 600 for B
2 egalitarian:     600 for A, 600 for B
Observed distributionEgalitarian 34 %, Other-rewarding 66 %
Remarks
Values were in Spanish Peseta's: 150 = US$ 1
Only active subjects (B) considered here.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-aDM=+ ns
Other-rewarding choice:  GH=6.60 (MH=5.98)
Egalitarian choice:      GH=6.71 (MH=6.24)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-ars=+.04 ns
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-arpc=+.04 ns
rpc controled for mood of the moment (MH)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for equal rights
Subject code: V02ab01d

StudyCharness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998
TitleRelative Pay offs and Happiness: An Experimental Study.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2001, Vol. 45, 301 - 328
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00148-2
PublicUniversity students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0 %
Respondents N =121

Correlate
Author's labelDecision 2 (egalitarian vs downgrading choice)
Page in Source 307
Our classificationPreference for equal rights, code V02ab01d
Operationalization
Ss met in one large room and were explained that they 
would randomly be assigned one of two roles in an 
experiment:
A: Passive role (dead), no say in the decision, only 
asked what they would do if they had been in the other 
role and/or to predict the choice of B
B: Active role (live), makes two decisions about 
partition of money between A and B

After this introduction Ss were randomly assigned 
either role A or role B. Next Ss answered written 
questions about respectively general happiness (GH), 
comparative happiness (CH) and momentary happiness (MH)

Then B's were asked to choose between two options for 
partition between all A and B subjects, which were 
equally rewarding for themselves:
1 downgrading: 400 for A, 600 for B
2 egalitarian: 600 for A, 600 for B
Observed distributionEgalitarian 88%, downgrading 12%
Remarks
Values were in Spanish Peseta's: 150 = US$ 1
Only active subjects (B) considered here.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-aDM= ns
Downgrading: GH = 5.86 (MH=5.43)
Egalitarian: GH = 6.74 (MH=6.15)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-ars=-.13 ns
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-arpc=-.13 ns
rpc controled for mood of the moment (MH)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for equal rights
Subject code: V02ab01d

StudyLalive & Stutzer (2010): study CH 2000
TitleApproval of Equal Rights and Gender Differences in Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Popululation Economics, 2010, Vol. 23, 933 - 962
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-009-0257-4
PublicSalaried workers, Switzerland, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6203

Correlate
Author's labelApproval of equal rights
Page in Source 7,8,9,21,22,27
Our classificationPreference for equal rights, code V02ab01d
Operationalization
% votes in community for equal rights amendment in 1975 
referendum:
0 Low: < 60% 
1 High:> 60%
Observed distributionAll 0: N = 3175, 1 = 3906; Women 0: N = 1494, 1: N= 1965; Men 0: N= 1681, 1: N= 1941
Remarks
Equal rights amendment(december 1975):
"Men and women have equal rights. Legislation shall 
ensure legal equality, particularly in the areas of 
family, education and work. Men and women shall have 
the right to equal pay for work of equal value."

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
All
0 Low    M =  8,18
1 High   M =  7,96
difference = -0.22
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
Women only
0 Low    M =  8,24
1 High   M =  7,96
difference = -0.28
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aDM=-
Men only
0 Low    M =  8,13
1 High   M =  7,95
difference = -0.16
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.00 ns
All
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aBeta=-.10 p < .001
Interaction effect of gender and approval of equal 
rights 
Beta = -.10 means that women in communities with a 
high percentage approval of equal rights are .10 
points less happy on a happiness scale 0-10.

Beta's controlled for:
- Gender
- Age 
- Education
- Marital status
- Nationality
- Employment status
- Household income 
- Household size

Ordered Probit analysis (OPRC) yields similar 
results.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for equal rights
Subject code: V02ab01d

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment should end discrimination
Our classificationPreference for equal rights, code V02ab01d
Operationalization
A mean composed of three items asking the respondent 
how strongly he agrees or disagrees that the government 
should take a role in racial issues. 
Scale: 1.00 = disagree to 4.00 =agree. Assessed at T3, 
T4, T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau= ns
           Government should end discrimination
Happiness        T3        T4        T5
T1         tau = +.03      +.02      +.03
T2         tau = +.04      +.02      +.05
T3         tau = +.04      +.04      +.04
T4         tau = +.03      +.06      -.03
All tau's not significant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance cheating on taxes
Subject code: V02ab01e

StudySarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
URLhttp://www.mps.it/nr/rdonlyres/4407ffbe-7442-490c-ad49-c03f0cbbb027/34058/sarracino.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelHonesty
Page in Source 461, 466, 471
Our classificationAcceptance cheating on taxes, code V02ab01e
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Please tell me ... Cheating on tax if you have the 
chance
1 never justifiable
:
10 always  justifiable
Observed distributionM=8.60, SD=2.34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.04 p < .01
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.02 ns
High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
  - memberships of voluntary organizations
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance cheating on taxes
Subject code: V02ab01e

StudyVerme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleThe Role of Freedom and Control in Explaining Happiness.
SourceLegatum Institute, " The 2008 Legatum Prosperity Index report. Methodology, Data and Findings" , 2008, Dubai, United Arabic Emirats, 78 - 98
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelAttitudes towards cheating on taxes
Page in Source 94
Our classificationAcceptance cheating on taxes, code V02ab01e
Operationalization
Self-report on a single question of whether it is 
justifiable to cheat on taxes. Responses are on a scale 
of 1 (never justifiable) to 10 (always justifiable).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=-.03 p < .001
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL attitudes 
towards cheating on taxes

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -employment
   -gender
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
   -maried
   -attitudes
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
 -GDP (and GDP squared)
 -employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-
Separately in 74 nations.
Significantly negative in 27 nations.
Significantly positive in 1 nation.
Not significant in other nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyVeenhoven (2004b): study ZZ 1995
TitleVeiligheid en Geluk. (Safety and Happiness).
SourceMuller, E.R.; Ed.: "Veiligheid Studies over Inhoud, Organisatie en Maatregelen", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 153 - 185
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8678
PublicAdults, general public, 65 nations, 1995 and 1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90000

Correlate
Author's labelPreference for participative leadership
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Opinions of middle managers
Remarks
Source: Den Hartog et al.(1999) 'Cultural specific and 
cross culturally generalizable implicit leadership 
theories' in Diener et al. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 
125, Nr. 2, 276-301

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.39
AVERAGE happiness by Preferenc for participative 
leadership in 57 countries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyGehring (2013): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleWho Benefits from Economic Freedom? Unraveling the Effect of Economic Freedom on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceWorld Development, 2013, Vol. 50, 74 - 90
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X13001150
DOIDOI:10/1016/j.worlddev.2013.05.003
Public18+ aged, 79 countries, 1981-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =200000

Correlate
Author's labelSocial trust
Page in Source 79
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Not specified in paper.
Observed distributionM=0,287 SD=0,154

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.24
AVERAGE happiness by social trust in 79 nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.37
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.8 p < .01
b controls for:
- belief in God
- investment price level
- log GDP per capita
- government share (% of GDP)
- regional dummies
- period dummies
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1.6 p < .01
b additionally controls for:
- economic freedom

b is for pooled OLS with robust SE. Similar 
coefficients are obtained for a fixed effects 
model, random effects model, and an autoregressive 
(1) random effects model.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.10
b is for fixed effects model.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.42
% VERY HAPPY (top 3 life satisfaction) by social 
trust in 79 nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyStraume & Vitterso (2005): study NO 2000
TitleA Personality Approach to Happiness and Development: Emotional Responses to Success and Failure.
SourcePaper 2nd Workshop on Capabilities and Happiness, University of Milano-Bilocca, June 2005, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/straume_lv_2005.pdf
PublicTravelers, Norway, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response49%
Respondents N =151

Correlate
Author's labelGoal orientation
Page in Source 14
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Single question(forced choice):
In your opinion, what is the most important:
a To appear to have a good character in the eyes of 
others
b To learn something new
Observed distributionN: a=31, b=118
Remarks
a: Performance-oriented 
b: Learning oriented

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-cw-mq-n-7-aDM=0 ns
a Performance-oriented  M = 2.1
b Learning oriented     M = 2.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Relating
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Needs for relating:
a: spending time with family
b: being in good terms with others
c: raising children

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:32,9%, 1: 45,9%, 2:20,4%, 3: 0,8% married subjects only: 0:27,2%, 1:46,3%, 2:25,4%, 3:1,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.04 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.06 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.07 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.14 p < .01
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.07 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelValues
Page in Source 5,11
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Self resport on question: To what extend would you like 
to be appreciated for ..... when you become 21 years 
old:
a intelligence
b technological skills
c social skills
d computer knowledge
e profession value
f family value
g sensitivity
h sympathy
i money
j power
k knowledge of the world
l own image

Rated
1 not at all
2 little
3 medium
4 much
5 very much
Observed distributionThe variables are dimensions extracted from a scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar= ns
Materialistic
(money, power, own image)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.15
Capacities and knowledge
(intelligence, technical skills, computer 
knowledge, profession value, knowledge of the 
world)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.10
Interpersonal relations
(social skills, family value, sensitivity, 
sympathy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelTendency to do kindnesses on principle
Page in Source 26
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Trained-peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyPerkins (1991): study US 1987
TitleReligious Commitment, Yuppie Values, and Well-Being in Post-Collegiate Life.
SourceReview of Religious Research, 1991, vol. 32, 3.
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3511209
PublicCollege-educated (liberal arts) adults, USA, 1988
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =860

Correlate
Author's labelYuppie Orientation
Page in Source 249, 250
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
The importance of financial and occupational success 
relative to family and social relationships. Index 
scores ranged from 1-9.  Anyone above 5 or higher on 
this index was classified as having a high yuppie 
orientation.
Observed distribution42,5 % high yuppie orientation, 57,5 % low yuppie orientation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .001
                           % unhappy    
All                       
-high yuppie orientation    10.7%
-low yuppie orientation      4.3%
Difference                  +6.4%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
Females
-high yuppie orientation   8.6%
-low yuppie orientation    4.4%
Difference                +4.2%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .01
Males
-high yuppie orientation    12.1%
-low yuppie orientation      4.2%
Difference                   7.9%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment
-high yuppie orientation 5.5%
-low yuppie orientation  4.1%
Difference              +1.1%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment
-high yuppie orientation 13.6%
-low yuppie orientation   4.5%
Difference               +9.1%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment, males
-high yuppie orientation   6.8%
-low yuppie orientation    3.5%
Difference                +3.3%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment, females
-high yuppie orientation   3.7%
-low yuppie orientation    4.4%
Difference                +0.7%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment,males
-high yuppie orientation    14.6%
-low yuppie orientation      4.7%
Difference                  +9.9%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment, females
-high yuppie orientation   12.0%   
-low yuppie orientation     4.4%
Difference                 +7.6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicNon-teaching employees, university, Idaho, USA, 197?
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelSocial interest scale
Page in Source 161
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).
Remarks
Social Interest Scale test, Crandall 1975.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .00
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.37 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /1
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicUndergraduate students, university, Idaho, USA,197?
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 163
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /2
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicPsycology students, USA, University of Idaho, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =61

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-?-0-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_A
Page in Source 196-198
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Combination scores of frequently mentioned values on 
the basis of content analysis of each Ss written 
philosophy of life:

a.  Happiness: combination score of:
    - happiness
    - enjoyment of life
    - inner peace
    - living life to its fullest
    - love of life
    - fun, excitement, good times
b.  Social values: combination score of all values 
relating to social interests.
c.  Striving values: combination score of all values 
relating to striving, accomplishment, goal seeking.
d.  Self values: combination score of all values of 
self-confidence, self- esteem, etc.
e.  Learning values: combination score of all 
educational and learning values.
Remarks
Comparison of most and least happy Ss. (top and bottom 
27%).
All differences similar for males and females except 
social values (no. 2) report of which is significantly 
related to happiness among females only.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= + p < . 01
a.Happiness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= + p < . 01
b.Social
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
c.Striving
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
d.Self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
e.Learning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyCrandall & Reimanis (1976): study US 1971
TitleSocial Interest and Time Orientation, Childhood Memories, Adjustment and Crime.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1976, Vol. 32, 203 - 211
URLhttp://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&uid=1979-20065-001
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 203
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).
Remarks
Social Interest Scale test, Crandall 1975.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-ar=+.26 p < .05
O-SL?-c-sq-?-0-ar=+


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social values
Page in Source 243
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
33-item index of closed questions on honesty (7 items), 
kindness (4 items), reciprocity (7 items), self-control 
(5 items), social responsibility (4 items), and social 
skills (6 items).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=-.26 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social values
Subject code: V02ab02

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social values
Our classificationSocial values, code V02ab02
Operationalization
Composite measure at T1, T2, T3 and T4 designed to tap 
values that are highly approved in the United States, 
consisting of six indexes: honesty (7 items), kindness 
(4 items), reciprocity (7 items), self-control (5 
items), social responsibility (4 items), social skills 
(6 items). Scale: 1.00 = low approval to 6.00 = high 
approval of social values

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ p < .001
                  Acceptance of social values
Happiness        T1       T2       T3       T4
T1        tau = +.28     +.22     +.19     +.15
T2        tau = +.20     +.34     +.21     +.25
T3        tau = +.18     +.26     +.33     +.25
T4        tau = +.14     +.21     +.24     +.34
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyZijlmans (2009): study DE 1998 /1
TitleWork Involvement in the Valuation of Unemployment.
SourceMasterthesis, Utrecht School of Economics, 2009, The Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/zijlmans_tj_2009.pdf
PublicUnemployed, 21-64 aged, Germany, 1998-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1975

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of work for well-being
Page in Source 43-45
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Self report on the question how important work is for 
their well-being and contentment:
3: Very important
2: Important 
1: Less important or not important at
Observed distributionBoth periods N= 1: 822 2:845 3:255 %= 1:42,81, 2:43,95, 3:13,25
Error EstimatesT1-T2 correlation .39 for individuals who became unemployed and .44 for individuals who become reemployed between periods

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
Very important:     M=5,49 SD=2,17
Important:          M=5,94 SD=1,87
Less/not important: M=6,32 SD=2,00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelexpression of individualistic values
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on importance of
- reaching a high material standard of living
- be oneself in any role one holds
- encounter challenges and develop initiatives
- have a job that demands a lot of responsibility

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.89, SD=.81
Error Estimates?=.71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=-.04 p < .05
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta controlled for:
- community values
- collectivistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.03 p < .05
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelindividual work values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 
statements:

Concerning work for me it's important 
A To work with my colleagues  harmoniously
B To be able to speak one’s mind even if it might harm 
the relationship with 
ones colleagues
C To have guaranteed job security
in present organisation
D To live to work
E To have a career with prestige
F To be thought ambitious by my colleagues 
G To have a manager who uses his/her intuition
H To have an assertive manager
I To have a decisive manager
J That there is an affirmative action policy at my 
place of work
K That there is an achievement oriented atmosphere
L That the income is related to my performance within 
my work
M To work to live
N That the best performers get the highest positions in 
the organization
O That there is a competitive atmosphere 
P That everyone is equal and is treated in such a 
manner by his/her co-workers

Rating: 1 strongly disagree ...5= strongly agree
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM = 2.99, SD = .405 M St. Louis= 3.10, SD St.Louis= .418 M Utrecht= 2.87, SD St.Louis= .352

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
St.Louis r= .06 ns
Utrecht  r= .08 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .05
St.Louis r= +.15, p<.05
Utrecht  r= -.10, p<.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
St.Louis r= +.18, p<.01
Utrecht  r= +.02  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelDiscounting and self-control
Page in Source 36
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Self-report on multiple questions.
A: "I often work on things that will only pay off in a 
couple of years"
B: "With everything I do, I am only concerned about the 
immediate consequences (a period of a couple of days or 
weeks)"
C: "Do you find it difficult to control your 
expenditures?"
D: "I have good control of my investments and their 
returns"
E: "Do you have little self-control or are you very 
disciplined?"

Rated as:
1: totally disagree
.
.
7: totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-.11
Working on things that will only pay in a couple 
of years
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-.05
Interest only in short-run consequences
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-.29
Difficulties in controlling expenditures
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.17
Good control of investments and their return
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.03
Level of self-control (discipline)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab-iv=-1.9
Working on things that will only pay in a couple 
of years
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab-iv=-1.9
Interest only in short-run consequences
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-1.7
Difficulties in controlling expenditures
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab-iv=+2.6
Good control of investments and their return
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+9.8
Level of self-control (discipline)

Instrument for happiness:
- last ten days cloud cover deviation

Bs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - marital status
  - household size
  - gender
  - health status
  - age
  - number of children
  - schooling
  - income
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Having
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Needs for having:
a: having enough to eat
b: having a comfortable home
c: being healthy
d: having access to good medical care if required
e: having a job
f: earning a high income
g: being successfull at work

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:0,2%,1:6,0%,2:20,2%,3+:73,6% married subjects only: 0:0.0%,1:5,7%,2:20,7%,3+:73,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
a: all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
a: married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=.00 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.06 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness vs work
Page in Source 69
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Reponse to statement "Schools should put more emphasis 
on teaching students how to achieve a happy personal 
life and less on educating them for the world of work"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributiondisagree 43 %, agree 52 %, don't know 8 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM= ns
0: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
1: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ ns
0: M=7,27  CI95=7,11-7,43
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,19-7,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyPerkins (1991): study US 1987
TitleReligious Commitment, Yuppie Values, and Well-Being in Post-Collegiate Life.
SourceReview of Religious Research, 1991, vol. 32, 3.
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3511209
PublicCollege-educated (liberal arts) adults, USA, 1988
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =860

Correlate
Author's labelYuppie Orientation
Page in Source 249, 250
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
The importance of financial and occupational success 
relative to family and social relationships. Index 
scores ranged from 1-9.  Anyone above 5 or higher on 
this index was classified as having a high yuppie 
orientation.
Observed distribution42,5 % high yuppie orientation, 57,5 % low yuppie orientation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .001
                           % unhappy    
All                       
-high yuppie orientation    10.7%
-low yuppie orientation      4.3%
Difference                  +6.4%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
Females
-high yuppie orientation   8.6%
-low yuppie orientation    4.4%
Difference                +4.2%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .01
Males
-high yuppie orientation    12.1%
-low yuppie orientation      4.2%
Difference                   7.9%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment
-high yuppie orientation 5.5%
-low yuppie orientation  4.1%
Difference              +1.1%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment
-high yuppie orientation 13.6%
-low yuppie orientation   4.5%
Difference               +9.1%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment, males
-high yuppie orientation   6.8%
-low yuppie orientation    3.5%
Difference                +3.3%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- ns
High religious commitment, females
-high yuppie orientation   3.7%
-low yuppie orientation    4.4%
Difference                +0.7%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment,males
-high yuppie orientation    14.6%
-low yuppie orientation      4.7%
Difference                  +9.9%
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aD%=- p < .05
Low religious commitment, females
-high yuppie orientation   12.0%   
-low yuppie orientation     4.4%
Difference                 +7.6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyFaver (1982): study US 1977
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Life-Cycle: The Effects of Values and Roles on Women's Well-Being.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1982, Vol. 66, 435 - 452
Public22-64 aged women, USA, 1977
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1120

Correlate
Author's labelCareer Value Orientation
Page in Source 441,443,445,447
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a  For me, it is (would be) more important to help my 
husband in his career than to have a career of my 
own.(reverse scored)
b Seriously pursuing a career involves costs in other 
areas of my life that I am not willing to 
accept.(reverse scored)
c I can't picture having a fully satisfying a fully 
satisfying life without a career on my own.
Rated on a 5 point scale: 1 = disagree, 2 = mostly 
disagree, 4 = mostly agree, 5 = agree

From these scales a dichotomous variable was created 
measuring:
0 = Low career values
1 = High career values
Observed distributionN= 0:702, 1:406

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
All
- High career values  M = 4,15 SD = 0,07
- Low  career values  M = 4,05 SD = 0,24
  Difference             +0,10
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Singles only
- High career values M = 4,05 N = 219
- Low  career values M = 3,43 N =  53
  Difference            +0,62
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married only
- High career values M = 4,20 N=483
- Low career values  M = 4,14 N=353
  Difference            +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34, high career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,94 N = 83
b) Married childless women M = 4,39 N = 59
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,83 N = 77 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,29 N = 42
e) Single mothers          M = 4,11 N = 27
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=3,03 p < .02
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
age cohort 22-34 low career values 
a) Single childless women  M = 3,40 N = 5
b) Married childless women M = 4,33 N = 6 
c) Married mothers of preschool 
   children                M = 3,98 N = 53 
d) Married mothers of elementary 
   school children         M = 4,11 N = 9 
e) Single mothers          M = 3 83 N = 6
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aF=,69 p < .03
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Not employed only
- High career values M = 3,67 SD =  ,05 N = 125
- Low  career values M = 3,95 SD = 0,12 N = 138
  Difference           =-0,28
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,11 SD = 0,06 N = 178
- Low Career values  M = 4,06 SD = 0,42 N = 117
  Difference         M =+0,05
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,34 SD = 0,21 N = 380
- Low Career values  M = 4,13 SD = 0,27 N = 104
  Difference         M =+0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,77 N =  30
- Low career values  M = 3,55 N =  11
  Difference            +0,22
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, not employed workers only
- High career values M = 3,65 N =  95
- Low career values  M = 3,98 N = 127
  Difference            -0,33
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,24 N =  34
- Low career values  M = 2,93 N =  14
  Difference            +1,31
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
married, parttime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  144
- Low career values  M = 4,21 N =  103
  Difference            -0,13
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
single, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,08 N =  148
- Low career values  M = 3,67 N =   27
  Difference            +0,41
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Married, fulltime workers only
- High career values M = 4,50 N =  232
- Low career values  M = 4,29 N =   77
  Difference            +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single childless women only
- High career values  M = 3,94 N = 83
- Low  career values  M = 3,40 N =  5   
  Difference             +0,54
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, among married childless women
- High career values  M = 4,39 N = 59
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,06
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, married mothers of preschool 
children only
- High career values  M = 3,83 N = 77
- Low  career values  M = 3,98 N = 53   
  Difference             -0,15
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married mothers with 
elementary school children only
- High career values  M = 4,29 N = 42
- Low  career values  M = 4,11 N =  9   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, single mothers only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6   
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, singles only
- High career values  M = 4,11 N = 27
- Low  career values  M = 3,83 N =  6
  Difference             +0,19
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, married only
- High career values  M = 4,34 N = 184
- Low  career values  M = 4,09 N =  88
  Difference             +0,25
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, not employed only
- High career values  M = 3,41 N = 22
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 48
  Difference             -0,65
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=-
Age group 22-34, parttime only
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 28
- Low  career values  M = 4,32 N = 47
  Difference             -0,07
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 22-34, fulltime only
- High career values  M = 4,54 N = 85
- Low  career values  M = 4,33 N = 39
  Difference             +0,21
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Age group 45-64
- High career values  M = 4,25 N = 180
- Low  career values  M = 4,06 N = 173
  Difference             +0,19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyBlood (1969): study US 1967
TitleWork Values and Job Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 456 - 459
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0028653
PublicMilitary, airforce, low rank maintenance jobs, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelRro Protestant ethic
Page in Source 457
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Pro Protestant Ethic
Agreement on 4 statements, indicatove of protestant 
Ethic
a: hard work makes a man a better person
b: wasting time is as bad as wasting money
c: a good indication of a man's worth is how well he 
does his job
d: it is better to have a job with a lot of 
responsibility than one with little responsibility.

Rated on a 6 step scal:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.08 ns
Students
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.09 ns
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.17 p < .01
Workers
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.18
Beta's controlled for: 
- age
- education
- tenure
- fathers occupation
- anti-Protestant Ethic score


Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyBlood (1969): study US 1967
TitleWork Values and Job Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 456 - 459
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0028653
PublicMilitary, airforce, low rank maintenance jobs, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelAnti Protestant ethic
Page in Source 457
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Operationalization
Agreement on 4 statements, indicative of disagreement 
with Protestant Ethic: 
a: when the workday is finished a person should forget 
his job and enjoy himself
b: the principal purpose of a man's job is to provide 
him with the means for enjoying his free time
c: whenever possible a person should relax and accept 
life as it is, rather than always striving for 
unreachable goals
d: people who 'do things the easy way' are the smart 
ones

Rated on a 6-step scale:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.09 ns
Students
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=-.09 ns
Beta controlled for:
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.06 ns
workers
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=-.06 ns
Beta's controled for:
- age
- education
- tenure
- fathers occupation
- pro-Protestant Ethic score


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyHolder et al. (2010): study CA 2005
TitleSpiritualilty, Religiousness, and Happiness in Children aged 8-12 Years.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol.11, 131 - 150
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9126-1
Public8-12 aged children, 2 schools, Canada, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response11
Respondents N =320

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental Spirituality
Page in Source 136,139
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Self report on single question on sense of awe for 
nature.
Remarks
Item from the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-ar=+21 p < .05
Child's rating of own happiness
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aBeta=-.10 ns
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-ar=+.11 p < .05
Parents ratings of child's happiness
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aBeta=-.03 ns

Beta's controlled for child's:
- gender
- school
- temperament
  - shyness
  - emotionality
  - sociability
  - activity
- spirituality
  - personal
  - communal  
  - transcendental 
  - spiritual practice/belief

Additional variance explained by environmental 
spirituality after gender, school and 
temperatement:
- 0,9% of child's rating of own happiness (ns)
- 0,3% of parents rating of childs happiness (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelValue earth care
Page in Source 164
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of:
-responsibility to care for the earth
-feeling a part of nature
-living a simple life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelGlobal commitment to lifestyle
Page in Source 164
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
self-rated importance of:
-growing own food
-feeling part of nature
-living a simple life
-having a feeling of independence
-being self-reliant
-producing what you consume
-being able to make repairs on your
 property

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1987): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuasi-Religious Meaning Systems, Official Religion and Quality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: A Survey from the Back-to-the-Land Movement.
SourceJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1987, Vol. 26, 63 - 80
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1385841
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, West USA and Canada,1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response33.8%
Respondents N =554

Correlate
Author's labelBack to the land world view
Page in Source table 4
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of
-growing own food
-feeling part of nature
-living a simple life
-having a feeling of independence
-being self-reliant
-producing what you consume
-being able to make repairs on your 
 property

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell & Gowdy (2007): study GB 1996
TitleEnvironmental Degradation and Happiness.
SourceEcological Economics, 2007, Vol. 60, 509 - 516
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =9000

Correlate
Author's labelCare about the ozone layer
Page in Source 511, 512, 515
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Concern about the destruction of the ozone layer:
0 not very much or not at all
1 great deal or a fair amount

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=- p < .01
OPRC (-.08) controled for:
- socio-economic variables
- demographic variables
- perceived environmental problems at accomodation
- enjoyment of nature

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size.OPRC means only that care about the ozone 
layer corresponds to lower happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell & Gowdy (2007): study GB 1996
TitleEnvironmental Degradation and Happiness.
SourceEcological Economics, 2007, Vol. 60, 509 - 516
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =9000

Correlate
Author's labelCare about animal and plant extinction
Page in Source 511, 512, 515
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Concern about the extinction of many animal and plant 
species:
0 not very much or not at all
1 great deal or a fair amount

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eOPRC=+ p < .05
OPRC (+.08) controled for:
- socio-economic variables
- demographic variables
- perceived environmental problems at accomodation
- enjoyment of nature
- psychological traits
- enjoyment of nature

OPRC cannot be interpreted as an absolute effect 
size.OPRC means only that care about animal and 
plant extinction corresponds to lower happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelEcological Sensitivity
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on importance of:
- the expanion of wilderness areas
- preserving old growth forests
- providing habitat for endangered species
- recycling newspapers
- reducing personal energy consumption

Rated importance:
4 (very)
3 (quite)
2( not too)
1 (not at all)
Observed distributionMean 16,03, SD 2,95, N=535

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelCountry asceticism
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on importance of:
- not having a gas or electric clothes dryer
- not having an indoor tilet or bathroom
- not living in a modern house
- not having electricity in your home
- not having a microwave oven

Rated importance: 
4 (very)
3 (quite)
2 (not too)
1 (not at all)
Observed distributionMean 13,42, SD 3,14, N=542

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelHomestead production
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on importance of:
- growing your own food
- cutting energy consumption
- growing/eating organic food

Rated importance: 
4 (very)
3 (quite)
2 (not too)
1 (not at all)
Observed distributionMean 9,77, SD 1,73, N=550

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=+.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelFarm life commitment
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: TSR-CA gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual use of technology and 
the selfrated importance of country ascetism

TSR: Selfreport on which degree the technologies 
provided their family with self-reliance or 
independence
Respondents were presented with 25 soft-technologies 
and asked whether they possessed or used the 
technologies, for example:
   - garden
   - goats
   - greenhouse
   - composting toilets
   - photo voltaic
Rated 1 (not at all effective) to 4 (very effective)
TSR is calculated by multiplying each technology 
possessed by the efficiency rating claimed for the 
particular technology
theoretical range from 0 - 100

CA: Selfreport on degree of country asceticism
Items include importance of:
- having a gas or electric clothes dryer
- having an indoor tilet or bathroom
- living in a modern house
- having electricity in your home
- having a microwave oven
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)

GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: TSR-HP gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual use of technology and 
the selfrated importance of homestead production

TSR: Selfreport on which degree the technologies 
provided their family with self-reliance or 
independence
Respondents were presented with 25 soft-technologies 
and asked whether they possessed or used the 
technologies, for example:
   - garden
   - goats
   - greenhouse
   - composting toilets
   - photo voltaic
Rated 1 (not at all effective) to 4 (very effective)
TSR is calculated by multiplying each technology 
possessed by the efficiency rating claimed for the 
particular technology
theoretical range from 0 - 100

HP: Selfreport on the importance of homestead 
production:
- growing your own food
- cutting energy consumption
- growing/eating organic food
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)

GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.21 p < .005
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.04 ns
Beta controlled for
- gap: importance of homestead food production / 
actual homestead food production
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual use of technology
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual homestead food production
- gap: importance of cultural ascetism / actual 
homestead food production


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: TSR-ES gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual use of technology and 
the selfrated importance of ecological sensitivity

TSR: Selfreport on which degree the technologies 
provided their family with self-reliance or 
independence
Respondents were presented with 25 soft-technologies 
and asked whether they possessed or used the 
technologies, for example:
   - garden
   - goats
   - greenhouse
   - composting toilets
   - photo voltaic
Rated 1 (not at all effective) to 4 (very effective)
TSR is calculated by multiplying each technology 
possessed by the efficiency rating claimed for the 
particular technology
theoretical range from 0 - 100

ES:  Selfreport on importance of:
- the expanion of wilderness areas
- preserving old growth forests
- providing habitat for endangered species
- recycling newspapers
- reducing personal energy consumption
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)

GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=+.24 p < .005
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.16 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
homestead food production
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual homestead food production
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
technology use
- gap: importance of cultural asceticism / actual 
homestead food production
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.16 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- mindfulness
- relationships
- time for self
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
homestead food production
- age
- homestead food production


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: HFP-CA gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual homestead food 
production and the selfrated importance of country 
ascetism

HFP:percentage of a family's food that the respondents 
reported was produced on ther mini-homesteads

CA: Selfreport on degree of country asceticism
Items include importance of:
- having a gas or electric clothes dryer
- having an indoor tilet or bathroom
- living in a modern house
- having electricity in your home
- having a microwave oven
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)

GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.13 p < .05
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.01 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
homestead food production
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual use of technology
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual homestead food production
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
use of technology


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: HFP-HP gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual homestead food 
production and the selfrated importance of homestead 
production

HFP: percentage of a family's food that the respondents 
reported was produced on ther mini-homesteads

HP: Selfreport on the importance of homestead 
production:
- growing your own food
- cutting energy consumption
- growing/eating organic food
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)

GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.25 p < .005
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.20 p < .005
Beta controlled for
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual use of technology
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual homestead food production
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
use of technology
- gap: importance of cultural asceticism / actual 
use of homestead food production
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.14 p < .05
Beta controlled for
- mindfulness
- relationships
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual use of technology
- time for self
- age
- homestead food production


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy: HFP-ES gap
Page in Source 358
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between the actual homestead food 
production and the selfrated importance ecological 
sensitivity

HFP: percentage of a family's food that the respondents 
reported was produced on ther mini-homesteads

ES: Selfreport on Ecological Sensitivity, rated 
importance of:
- the expanion of wilderness areas
- preserving old growth forests
- providing habitat for endangered species
- recycling newspapers
- reducing personal energy consumption
Rated 1 (very important) to 4 (not at all important)


GAP: The value scales and performance indexes were 
dichotomized at their empirical midpoints (medians) and 
then cross-tabulated with each other. The survey 
respondents then fell into one of four categories: (1) 
low values/low performance (“no gap”), (2) high 
values/low performance (“gap”), (3) low values/high 
performance (“gap”), and (4) high values/high 
performance (“no gap”). These gaps (or absence of gaps) 
are calculated for both performance indicators (TSR 
Index and HFP) and for each of the three value scales 
(Country Asceticism, Homestead Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity). 
The first step to the comparability of the variables is 
to normalize each indicator and then place the 
respondents’ scores along a normalized distribution as 
t-scores with means of 50 and standard deviations of 
10. With respondents possessing comparable scores for 
each of the key indicators which constitute the 
values-performance discrepancies, a “gap score” for 
each value-performance pair was calculated by 
subtracting normalized performance scores from 
normalized value scores.
To faciliate interpretation they just used a subsample 
with values higher than the median for Technological 
Self-Reliance Index (TSR), Country Ascetisism (CA), 
Homestead Production (HP) and Ecological Sensitivity 
(ES) for further analysis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.28 p < .005
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.05 ns
Beta controlled for
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
homestead food production
- gap: importance of ecological sensitivity / 
actual use of technology
- gap: importance of homestead production / actual 
use of technology
- gap: importance of cultual ascetiscism / actual 
homestead food production


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelTSR-homestead production gap
Page in Source 193
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between valued and realized self-reliance

VALUE
Reported importance of: 1. Growing your own food; 2. 
Wearing clothes made in your own home; 3.growing/eating 
organic food.

TECNOLOGICAL SELF RELIANCE (TSR)
Performance index is calculated by multiplying tools or 
technology, possessed by a respondent by the efficiency 
rating claimed for the particular technology, resulting 
in the sum of the efficiency rating for each of the 25 
tools.The tools are: 1.garden, 2. greenhouse, 3.root 
cellar, 4.fish pond, 5. solar heat, 6.pigs, 7.wood lot, 
8.wood stove heat, 9.wood stove cooking, 10.composting 
privy, 11.hydro-electric system, 12.graywater(waste 
water) 13.solar water heater, 14.chickens, 15.goats, 
16.beef cattle, 17.milk cow(s) 18.sheep, 19.wind power, 
20.weeder geese, 21.bees, 22.fruit trees, 23.butcher 
larger anaimals, 24.photo voltaic power, 45.work 
horses.
Efficiency is evaluated by asking the respondents about 
the effectiveness of the tool items of 'providing your 
family with independence or self-reliance from a one 
(not at all effective) to four(very effective point 
sequence. The TSR index-scores have a theoretical range 
between 0-100

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low values-low TSR
b. gap,    high values-low TSR 
c. gap,    low values-high TSR
d. no gap, high values-high TSR.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-a
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.25 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.23 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.21 p<.005

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.30 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.27 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.21 p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelTSR -country asceticism gap
Page in Source 192
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between Technical Self Reliance(TSR) and 
Country Asceticism(CA)

TECHNOLOGICAL SELF RELIANCE (TSR) Calculated by 
multiplying tools or technology, possessed by a
respondent by the efficiency rating claimed for the 
particular technology, resulting in the sum of the 
efficiency rating for each of the 25 tools.
The tools are: 1.garden, 2. greenhouse, 3.root cellar, 
4.fish pond, 5. solar heat, 6.pigs, 7.wood lot, 8.wood 
stove heat, 9.wood stove cooking, 10.composting privy, 
11.hydro-electric system, 12.graywater(waste water) 
13.solar water heater, 14.chickens, 15.goats, 16.beef 
cattle, 17.milk cow(s) 18.sheep, 19.wind power, 
20.weeder geese, 21.bees, 22.fruit trees, 23.butcher 
larger anaimals, 24.photo voltaic power, 45.work 
horses.
Efficiency is evaluated by asking the respondents about 
the effectiveness of the tool items of 'providing your 
family with independence or self-reliance from a one 
(not at all effective) to four(very effective point 
sequence. The TSR index-scores have a theoretical range 
betwee 0-100

COUNTRY ASCETISM(CA)
Reported importance of not having: 1.a gas or electric 
clothes dryer; 2.an indoor toilet or bathroom; 3 not 
living in a modern house; 4. electricity in your home; 
a microwave oven.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low CA-low TSR
b. gap,    high CA-low TSR 
c. gap,    low CA-high TSR
d. no gap, high CA-high TSR.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-a
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.22 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.18 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.08 ns

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.24 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.20 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelTSR-Ecological Sensitivity Gap
Page in Source 192
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between Technological Self Reliance and 
Ecological Sensitivity

PERFORMANCE
Technological Self Reliance. The index is calculated by 
multiplying tools or technology, possessed by a
respondent by the efficiency rating claimed for the 
particular technology, resulting in the sum of the 
efficiency rating for each of the 25 tools.The tools 
are: 1.garden, 2. greenhouse, 3.root cellar, 4.fish 
pond, 5. solar heat, 6.pigs, 7.wood lot, 8.wood stove 
heat, 9.wood stove cooking, 10.composting privy, 
11.hydro-electric system, 12.graywater(waste water) 
13.solar water heater, 14.chickens, 15.goats, 16.beef 
cattle, 17.milk cow(s) 18.sheep, 19.wind power, 
20.weeder geese, 21.bees, 22.fruit trees, 23.butcher 
larger anaimals, 24.photo voltaic power, 45.work 
horses.
Efficiency is evaluated by asking the respondents about 
the effectiveness of the tool items of 'providing your 
family with independence or self-reliance from a one 
(not at all effective) to four(very effective point 
sequence. The TSR index-scores have a theoretical range 
betwee 0-100

VALUE
Ecological Sensitivity is importance of: 1. The 
expansion of wilderness areas; 2.preserving old growth 
forests; 3. Providing habitat for endangered species; 
4. Recycling newspapers; 5. Reducing personal energy 
consumption.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low values-low TSR
b. gap,    high values-low TSR 
c. gap,    low values-high TSR
d. no gap, high values-high TSR.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-a
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.22 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.25 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.18 p<.005

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.29 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.28 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.24 p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelHFP-homestead production gap
Page in Source 192
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between Homestead Food Production and 
Homestead Production Value

VALUE of homestead production
Reported importance of: 1.growing own food, 2.wearing 
clothes, made in your own home, 3.growing/eating 
organic food.

PERFORMANCE 
% family's food, that the respondents claimed was 
produced for their smallholding. The Homestaed Food 
Production index has a range between 0 and 100 per 
cent.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and the performance 
indexes at their repective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a.No gap low values-low HFP
b.gap    high values-low HFP
c.gap    low values-high HFP
d.no gap high values-high HFP

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-ar=-
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.32 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.22 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.25 p<.005

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.33 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.23 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.25 p<.005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelHFP- country asceticism gap
Page in Source 192
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between Homestead food production and 
country asceticism

VALUE
Country Asceticism is importance of not having: 1.a gas 
or electric clothes dryer; 2.an indoor toilet or 
bathroom; 3. Not living in a modern house; 4. 
Electricity in your home; 5. A microwave oven.

PERFORMANCE is the percentage
of a family's food, that the respondents claimed was 
produced for their smallholding. The Homestaed Food 
Production index has a range between 0 and 100 per 
cent.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and the performance 
indexes at their repective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a.No gap low values-low HFP
b.gap    high values-low HFP
c.gap    low values-high HFP
d.no gap high values-high HFP

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-ar=-
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.26 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.17 p<.01
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.12 ns

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.28 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.18 p<.01
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.13 p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelRealized homestead production
Page in Source 187
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between valued and achieved homestead 
production

VALUE of Homestead Production(HPF)
Reported importance of 1.growing own food, 2.wearing 
clothes, made in your own home, 3.growing, eating 
organic food.
 
PERFORMANCE: Technological Self
Reliance(TSR)
Index calculated by multiplying tools or technology, 
possessed by a respondent by the efficiency rating 
claimed for the particular technology, resulting in the 
sum of the efficiency rating for each of the 25 tools.
The tools are: 1.garden, 2. greenhouse, 3.root cellar, 
4.fish pond, 5. solar heat, 6.pigs, 7.wood lot, 8.wood 
stove heat, 9.wood stove cooking, 10.composting privy, 
11.hydro-electric system, 12.graywater(waste water) 
13.solar water heater, 14.chickens, 15.goats, 16.beef 
cattle, 17.milk cow(s) 18.sheep, 19.wind power, 
20.weeder geese, 21.bees, 22.fruit trees, 23.butcher 
larger anaimals, 24.photo voltaic power, 45.work 
horses.
Efficiency is evaluated by asking the respondents about 
the effectiveness of the tool items of 'providing your 
family with independence or self-reliance from a one 
(not at all effective) to four(very effective point 
sequence. The TSR index-scores have a theoretical range 
between 0-100

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low values-low TSR
b. gap,    high values-low TSR 
c. gap,    low values-high TSR
d. no gap, high values-high TSR.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-aDM=+
a. M=3.21
b. M=3.17
c. M=3.28
d. M=3.37

b-c difference not significant


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelRealized Ecological Sensitivity
Page in Source 187
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancies between valued and achieved ecological 
sensitivity

VALUE of Ecological Sensitivity (VES)
Reported importance of: the expansion of wlderness 
area, 2. Preserving old growth forests, 3.providing 
habitat for endangered species, 4.recycling newspapers, 
5.reducing personal energy consumption.

PERFORMANCE : Technological Self
Reliance(TSR)
Index calculated by multiplying tools or technology, 
possessed by a respondent by the efficiency rating 
claimed for the particular technology, resulting in the 
sum of the efficiency rating for each of the 25 tools.
The tools are: 1.garden, 2. greenhouse, 3.root cellar, 
4.fish pond, 5. solar heat, 6.pigs, 7.wood lot, 8.wood 
stove heat, 9.wood stove cooking, 10.composting privy, 
11.hydro-electric system, 12.graywater(waste water) 
13.solar water heater, 14.chickens, 15.goats, 16.beef 
cattle, 17.milk cow(s) 18.sheep, 19.wind power, 
20.weeder geese, 21.bees, 22.fruit trees, 23.butcher 
larger anaimals, 24.photo voltaic power, 45.work 
horses.
Efficiency is evaluated by asking the respondents about 
the effectiveness of the tool items of 'providing your 
family with independence or self-reliance from a one 
(not at all effective) to four(very effective point 
sequence. The TSR index-scores have a theoretical range 
between 0-100

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low values-low TSR
b. gap,    high values-low TSR 
c. gap,    low values-high TSR
d. no gap, high values-high TSR.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-aDM=+
a. M=3.20
b. M=3.16
c. M=3.34
d. M=3.36

b-c difference not significant


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelRealized Country Asceticism
Page in Source 188
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between valued and achieved country 
asceticism.

VALUE of country asceticism:
Reported importance of not having: 1.gas or electric 
clothesdryer, 2.indoor toilet or bathroom, 
3.electricity in your own home, 4.micro-wave oven, 
5.not living in an modern house 

PERFORMANCE: Home Food Production(HFP)
Index calculated by measuring the percentage of 
family's food that the respondents claimed was produced 
from their smallholding.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and performance indexes 
at their respective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a. No gap, low values-low TSR
b. gap, high values-low TSR 
c. gap, low values-high TSR
d. no gap, high values-high TSR.
Observed distributionHFP: M=35.96 Med=30.0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-aDM=+
a. M=3.22
b. M=3.05
c. M=3.30
d. M=3.50

b-c difference significant p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelRealized Homestead Production
Page in Source 188
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between valued and achieved Homestead 
Production.

VALUE of homestead production
Reported importance of: 1.growing own food, 2.wearing 
clothes, made in your own home, 3.growing/eating 
organic food.

PERFORMANCE
Percentage of a family's food, that the respondents 
claimed was produced for their smallholding. The 
Homestaed Food Production(HFP) index has a range 
between 0 and 100 per cent.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and the performance 
indexes at their repective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a.No gap low values-low HFP
b.gap    high values-low HFP
c.gap    low values-high HFP
d.no gap high values-high HFP
Observed distributionHFP M=35.96 Med=30.0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-a
a.M=3.15
b.M=3.13
c.M=3.31
d.M=3.43

b-c difference not significant


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ecological values
Subject code: V02ab04

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelHFP-Ecological sensitivity gap
Page in Source 192
Our classificationEcological values, code V02ab04
Operationalization
Discrepancy between Homestead Food Production and 
Ecological Sensitivity

VALUE
Ecological sensitivity is importance of: 1. The 
expansion of wilderness areas; 2.preserving old growth 
forests; 3. Providing habitat for endangered species; 
4. Recycling newspapers; 5. Reducing personal energy 
consumption.

PERFORMANCE is the percentage
of a family's food, that the respondents claimed was 
produced for their smallholding. The Homestaed Food 
Production index has a range between 0 and 100 per 
cent.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by 
dichotomizing the value scale and the performance 
indexes at their repective medians and to cross these 
indicators with each other. The respondents will fall 
in one of the four categories: 
a.No gap low values-low HFP
b.gap    high values-low HFP
c.gap    low values-high HFP
d.no gap high values-high HFP

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-ar=-
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.29 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.24 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.27 p<.005

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.30 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.25 p<.005
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.28 p<.00-


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelexpression of individualistic values
Page in Source 277, 278, 284, 290
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions on importance of
- reaching a high material standard of living
- be oneself in any role one holds
- encounter challenges and develop initiatives
- have a job that demands a lot of responsibility

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.89, SD=.81
Error Estimates?=.71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=-.04 p < .05
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz Life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta controlled for:
- community values
- collectivistic values
- satisfaction with Kibbutz realization of 
social/ideology values
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.03 p < .05
Beta additonally controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard of living
- satisfaction with work domain
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
- gender
- years of formal education
- holding central office during the last five 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelValue materialism
Page in Source 164
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of:
-making a lot of money
-having a lot of possessions
-wearing the latest fashions
-having a stylish car
-living in a modern house

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1987): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuasi-Religious Meaning Systems, Official Religion and Quality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: A Survey from the Back-to-the-Land Movement.
SourceJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1987, Vol. 26, 63 - 80
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1385841
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, West USA and Canada,1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response33.8%
Respondents N =554

Correlate
Author's labelValue self-reliance
Page in Source table 4
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Self-rated importance of
-growing own food
-being able to make repairs on own
 property
-producing what you consume
-having a feeling of independence
-being self-reliant

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.12 p < .005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelValue self-reliance value
Page in Source 164
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Self rated importance of:
-growing own food
-being able to make repairs on own
 property
-producing what you consume

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelValues
Page in Source 5,11
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Self resport on question: To what extend would you like 
to be appreciated for ..... when you become 21 years 
old:
a intelligence
b technological skills
c social skills
d computer knowledge
e profession value
f family value
g sensitivity
h sympathy
i money
j power
k knowledge of the world
l own image

Rated
1 not at all
2 little
3 medium
4 much
5 very much
Observed distributionThe variables are dimensions extracted from a scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar= ns
Materialistic
(money, power, own image)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.15
Capacities and knowledge
(intelligence, technical skills, computer 
knowledge, profession value, knowledge of the 
world)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.10
Interpersonal relations
(social skills, family value, sensitivity, 
sympathy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economical values
Subject code: V02ab05

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelView on happines as governement's prime objective
Page in Source 99
Our classificationEconomical values, code V02ab05
Operationalization
Response to statement:"A goverment's prime objective 
should be achieving the greatest  happiness of the 
people, not the greatest wealth"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributionDisagree: 13 %, Agree = 85 %, don't know 6 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM=+ p < .05
0: M=3,19  CI95 [3,08-3,30]
1: M=3,25  CI95 [3,20-3,29]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ p < .05
0: M=7,17  CI95=6,84-7,50
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,22-7,46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Educational values
Subject code: V02ab06

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelindividual educational values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationEducational values, code V02ab06
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 
statements:

Concerning an education for me it's important: 
A To have brilliant professors
B That teachers be especially friendly
C To do good academic work at the university
D That a student who scores high grades not be more 
appreciated than the average student
E To be the best student in class
F That the choice of major does not depend on gender
G To get better marks than my best friend in school
H That bad results are not a disaster
I That male students are allowed to cry
J To see the highest performing students as a model
K To solve conflicts by means of discussion

Rating: 1= strongly disagree...5= strongly agree
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM = 2.69, SD = .494 M St. Louis=2.73, SD = .536 M Utrecht= 2.65, SD = .440

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.07 ns
St. Louis r=+.09 ns
Utrecht   r=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.06 ns
St.Louis r=-.08 ns
Utrecht  r=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
St. Louis r= -.03 ns 
Utrecht   r= +.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Educational values
Subject code: V02ab06

StudyStraume & Vitterso (2005): study NO 2000
TitleA Personality Approach to Happiness and Development: Emotional Responses to Success and Failure.
SourcePaper 2nd Workshop on Capabilities and Happiness, University of Milano-Bilocca, June 2005, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/straume_lv_2005.pdf
PublicTravelers, Norway, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response49%
Respondents N =151

Correlate
Author's labelGoal orientation
Page in Source 14
Our classificationEducational values, code V02ab06
Operationalization
Single question(forced choice):
In your opinion, what is the most important:
a To appear to have a good character in the eyes of 
others
b To learn something new
Observed distributionN: a=31, b=118
Remarks
a: Performance-oriented 
b: Learning oriented

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-cw-mq-n-7-aDM=0 ns
a Performance-oriented  M = 2.1
b Learning oriented     M = 2.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Educational values
Subject code: V02ab06

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelValues
Page in Source 5,11
Our classificationEducational values, code V02ab06
Operationalization
Self resport on question: To what extend would you like 
to be appreciated for ..... when you become 21 years 
old:
a intelligence
b technological skills
c social skills
d computer knowledge
e profession value
f family value
g sensitivity
h sympathy
i money
j power
k knowledge of the world
l own image

Rated
1 not at all
2 little
3 medium
4 much
5 very much
Observed distributionThe variables are dimensions extracted from a scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar= ns
Materialistic
(money, power, own image)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.15
Capacities and knowledge
(intelligence, technical skills, computer 
knowledge, profession value, knowledge of the 
world)
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.10
Interpersonal relations
(social skills, family value, sensitivity, 
sympathy)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Educational values
Subject code: V02ab06

Study~BBC (2006): study GB 2005
TitleThe Happiness Formula: Opinion Poll.
SourceGfK-NOP poll 421059, commisioned by BBC, 2006, London, UK
URLhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4771908.stm
Public15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2005
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness vs work
Page in Source 69
Our classificationEducational values, code V02ab06
Operationalization
Reponse to statement "Schools should put more emphasis 
on teaching students how to achieve a happy personal 
life and less on educating them for the world of work"
0: Disagree
1: Agree
Observed distributiondisagree 43 %, agree 52 %, don't know 8 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gDM= ns
0: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
1: M=3,23  CI95=3,17-3,29
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abDM=+ ns
0: M=7,27  CI95=7,11-7,43
1: M=7,34  CI95=7,19-7,49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Educational values
Subject code: V02ab06

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal values_A
Page in Source 196-198
Our classificationEducational values, code V02ab06
Operationalization
Combination scores of frequently mentioned values on 
the basis of content analysis of each Ss written 
philosophy of life:

a.  Happiness: combination score of:
    - happiness
    - enjoyment of life
    - inner peace
    - living life to its fullest
    - love of life
    - fun, excitement, good times
b.  Social values: combination score of all values 
relating to social interests.
c.  Striving values: combination score of all values 
relating to striving, accomplishment, goal seeking.
d.  Self values: combination score of all values of 
self-confidence, self- esteem, etc.
e.  Learning values: combination score of all 
educational and learning values.
Remarks
Comparison of most and least happy Ss. (top and bottom 
27%).
All differences similar for males and females except 
social values (no. 2) report of which is significantly 
related to happiness among females only.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= + p < . 01
a.Happiness
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= + p < . 01
b.Social
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
c.Striving
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
d.Self
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSNR= ns
e.Learning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value-pattern
Subject code: V02ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of values
Page in Source 404
Our classificationValue-pattern, code V02ac
Operationalization
Number of values
1: 1 value
2: 2-3 values
3: 4-5 values
4: 6-7 values
5: 8-9 values
6: 10-11 values
7: 12-13 values
8: 14-16 values
Observed distributionN: 4603; %:1:0,2; 2:1,8; 3:7,6; 4:19,4; 5:28,2; 6:22,8; 7:15,5; 8:4,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.21 p < .00
1: Ms=6.11
2: Ms=6.13
3: Ms=6.91
4: Ms=7.38
5: Ms=7.71
6: Ms=7.99
7: Ms=8.25
8: Ms=8.55
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.22 p < .00
1: Ms=5.28
2: Ms=5.75
3: Ms=6.36
4: Ms=7.09
5: Ms=7.43
6: Ms=7.68
7: Ms=7.96
8: Ms=8.20
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.30 p < .00
1: Ms=5.00
2: Ms=5.24
3: Ms=6.13
4: Ms=6.75
5: Ms=6.98
6: Ms=7.25
7: Ms=7.53
8: Ms=7.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value-pattern
Subject code: V02ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of types of values
Page in Source 406
Our classificationValue-pattern, code V02ac
Operationalization
Wide-ranging values (by type:sexual, family-oriented 
and spiritual values)
1: 0 types of value
2: 1 type of value
3: 2 types of value
4: 3 types of value
Observed distributionN: 2548; %:1:11,3; 2:44,4; 3:40,1; 4:4,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.17 p < .00
1: Ms=7.01
2: Ms=7.84
3: Ms=8.14
4: Ms=8.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
1: Ms=6.45
2: Ms=7.58
3: Ms=7.88
4: Ms=8.21
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.24 p < .00
1: Ms=5.81
2: Ms=7.20
3: Ms=7.51
4: Ms=7.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value-pattern
Subject code: V02ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelwide-ranging values
Page in Source 384
Our classificationValue-pattern, code V02ac
Operationalization
Number of TYPES of values ( sexual, family-oriented and 
spiritual values)
1: 0
2: 1
3: 2
4: 3
Observed distributionN: all:818, 1:138, 2:333, 3:281, 4:66
Remarks
Made up of Q 194-209 of the questionaire:
My life is mainly a question of:(different values, 
e.g.: sexual values: partner, sex; family values: my 
children,friends, job;
spiritual values: serving God, making a better world)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.94
 2: Mt=7.98
 3: Mt=8.09
 4: Mt=8.10
All Mt=7.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.40
 2: Mt=7.59
 3: Mt=7.76
 4: Mt=7.80
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.26 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.85
 2: Mt=7.04
 3: Mt=7.39
 4: Mt=7.61
All Mt=7.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modern value pattern
Subject code: V02ac01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of types of values
Page in Source 406
Our classificationModern value pattern, code V02ac01
Operationalization
Wide-ranging values (by type:sexual, family-oriented 
and spiritual values)
1: 0 types of value
2: 1 type of value
3: 2 types of value
4: 3 types of value
Observed distributionN: 2548; %:1:11,3; 2:44,4; 3:40,1; 4:4,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.17 p < .00
1: Ms=7.01
2: Ms=7.84
3: Ms=8.14
4: Ms=8.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
1: Ms=6.45
2: Ms=7.58
3: Ms=7.88
4: Ms=8.21
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.24 p < .00
1: Ms=5.81
2: Ms=7.20
3: Ms=7.51
4: Ms=7.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modern value pattern
Subject code: V02ac01

StudyBond et al. (0): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleReligion and the Life Satisfaction of Young Persons around the World: Personal Values and Societal Context
SourceTrommsdorff, G., Xinyin, C.: "Values. Religion, and Culture in Adolescent Development", Cambridge, 2011, Cambridge, UK, Chap. 5
Public15-24 aged, 43 nations, 2005-2008
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =9618

Correlate
Author's labelSecularism
Our classificationModern value pattern, code V02ac01
Operationalization
Index of: 
a: 'It is important for a child to learn independence 
and determination than obedience and religious faith'
b: 'God is not important in respondent's life'
c: 'Respondent favors less respect for authority'
d: 'Respondent has weak sense of national pride' 
e: 'Respondent gives no priority to self-expression and 
quality-of-life over economic and psychical security'.
Remarks
A person high in secularism endorsed the importance of 
God, national pride and respect of authority less, but 
endorsed the post-materialistic values of 
self-expression and independence, as well as autonomy, 
more. The opposite would be true for a person high in 
traditionalism.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.26 ns
Macrolevel: AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE 
secularism in 43 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=-
Microlevel:INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL 
secularism
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Modern value pattern
Subject code: V02ac01

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelLaw and order atti- tude.
Page in Source 39
Our classificationModern value pattern, code V02ac01
Operationalization
4-item index. Typical items are:
- children need law and order
- one should feel love and respect for  one's parents
- there are just strong and weak people
Remarks
Items taken from a shortened F-scale (Weima 1963)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=+.21 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feminine value pattern
Subject code: V02ac02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's label"masculine" and "feminine" values"
Page in Source 398
Our classificationFeminine value pattern, code V02ac02
Operationalization
"feminine" values pattern
1: three more masculine than feminine values
2: two more masculine than feminine values
3: one more masculine than feminine value
4: equal number of masc. and fem. values
5: one more feminine than masculine value
6: two more feminine than masculine values
7: three more feminine than masculine values
Observed distributionN: WOMEN All:2483; %:1:-; 2:0,4; 3:3,7; 4:17,0; 5:28,3; 6:33,7; 7:17,0 N: MEN: All:2122; %:1:-; 2:1,0; 3:8,5; 4:27,7; 5:31,6; 6:21,7; 7:9,5
Remarks
As masculine values are considered a positive answer to 
the questions:
My life is mainly a question of:
sex, making a career, making money,
while as feminine values are considered a positive 
answer to:
children, one-to-one-relationship, and having good 
friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 ns
WOMEN:       
1: Ms=-       
2: Ms=6.11   
3: Ms=7.78   
4: Ms=7.84   
5: Ms=7.54   
6: Ms=7.74   
7: Ms=7.85
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.05 p < .03
MEN:
1: Ms=-
2: Ms=7.16
3: Ms=7.34
4: Ms=7.80
5: Ms=7.84
6: Ms=7.78
7: Ms=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.03 ns
WOMEN:
1: Ms=-
2: Ms=6.24
3: Ms=7.45
4: Ms=7.50
5: Ms=7.30
6: Ms=7.50
7: Ms=7.59
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .00
MEN:
1: Ms=-
2: Ms=6.81
3: Ms=6.80
4: Ms=7.36
5: Ms=7.38
6: Ms=7.51
7: Ms=7.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.06 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Ms=-
2: Ms=5.28
3: Ms=6.85
4: Ms=7.03
5: Ms=6.94
6: Ms=7.18
7: Ms=7.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.13 p < .00
MEN:
1: Ms=-
2: Ms=5.91
3: Ms=6.35
4: Ms=6.90
5: Ms=6.93
6: Ms=7.14
7: Ms=7.49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feminine value pattern
Subject code: V02ac02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's label"masculine" and "feminine" values
Page in Source 376,378
Our classificationFeminine value pattern, code V02ac02
Operationalization
"feminine" values pattern
1: three more masculine than feminine values
2: two more masculine than feminine values
3: one more masculine than feminine value
4: equal number of masc. and fem. values
5: one more feminine than masculine value
6: two more feminine than masculine values
7: three more feminine than masculine values
Observed distributionN women: 1:-, 2:3, 3:22, 4:109, 5:236, 6:226, 7:145 N men: 1:-, 2:17, 3:56, 4:205, 5:226, 6:139, 7:93
Remarks
As masculine values are considered a positive answer to 
the questions:
My life is mainly a question of:
sex, making a career, making money,
while as feminine values are considered a positive 
answer to:
children, one-to-one-relationship, and having good 
friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .03
 women:       
 1: Mt=-     
 2: Mt=7.50  
 3: Mt=7.05  
 4: Mt=7.85  
 5: Mt=7.46  
 6: Mt=7.70  
 7: Mt=8.10  
All Mt=7.70
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 ns
 men
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=7.50
 3: Mt=7.73
 4: Mt=7.89
 5: Mt=7.78
 6: Mt=7.71
 7: Mt=7.99
All Mt=7.81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.12 p < .00
 women:      
 1: Mt=-     
 2: Mt=6.66  
 3: Mt=6.81  
 4: Mt=7.15  
 5: Mt=7.30  
 6: Mt=7.50  
 7: Mt=7.83  
All Mt=7.43
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .02
 men
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=6.76
 3: Mt=7.01
 4: Mt=7.50
 5: Mt=7.35
 6: Mt=7.46
 7: Mt=7.88
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.04 ns
 women:       
 1: Mt=-      
 2: Mt=6.66   
 3: Mt=6.81   
 4: Mt=6.88   
 5: Mt=6.88   
 6: Mt=7.10   
 7: Mt=7.04   
All Mt=6.98
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.11 p < .00
 men
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=6.48
 3: Mt=6.65
 4: Mt=6.73
 5: Mt=6.91
 6: Mt=6.90
 7: Mt=7.45
All Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feminine value pattern
Subject code: V02ac02

StudyFerree (1980): study US 1974
TitleWorking Class Feminism: A Consideration of the Consequences of Employment.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 21, 173 - 184
PublicMothers, USA, 1974-75
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =135

Correlate
Author's labelFeminist attitudes
Page in Source 176,181
Our classificationFeminine value pattern, code V02ac02
Operationalization
Index of 
A) beliefs about appropriate sex roles: were 
represented by a 7 item Likert scale. Items dealt with 
work and family issues, but not with the approriateness 
of employment per se.

B) Support for political and economic change:
2-item measure of endorsement of collective action as a 
strategy for change:
- 2 single items asking for endorsement of "efforts to 
change women's status" and of "women's 
liberation"specifically. 
- an 11 item subscale calling for judgements of whether 
specific changes endorsed by movement organizations 
would indeed improve womens's status. This subscale was 
weighted as a single item in computing the political 
feminism score.

C) Personal relevance: was addressed in a 4 item 
Guttman scale in which the respondent was asked how her 
life was affected by the movement and how personally 
important she felt it was to her.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-ar=- p < .05
For employed women (N=74)
Negatively related to all 3 measures of feminism

No relation among fulltime housewives (N =61).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feminine value pattern
Subject code: V02ac02

StudyFerree (1980): study US 1974
TitleWorking Class Feminism: A Consideration of the Consequences of Employment.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 21, 173 - 184
PublicMothers, USA, 1974-75
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =135

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal relevance of feminism
Page in Source 181
Our classificationFeminine value pattern, code V02ac02
Operationalization
Personal relevance was addressed in a 4 item Guttman 
scale in which the respondent was asked how her life 
was affected by the movement and how personally 
important she felt it was to her.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aD%=+
17% of most satisfied women see the movement as 
relevant, while only one of the 9 who were 
seriously dissatisfied did not see the movement as 
relevant.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelvalues
Page in Source 394
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
Single question:
"My life is mainly a question of:
a: surviving
b: making money
c: my job
d: being creative
e: sex
f: feeling good
g: fulfilling my needs
h: relationships
i: my children/having children
j: having good friends
k: living in harmony with myself
l: self-realization
m: making a career
n: making the world a better place
Observed distributionN: a:2745; b:2360; c:2412; d:2682; e:2215; f:4469; g:3590; h:3533; i:3659; j:4070; k:4180; l:2728; m:1175; n:1429; o:271

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
a: Mt=7.68
b: Mt=7.85
c: Mt=8.01
d: Mt=7.95
e: Mt=8.04
f: Mt=7.80
g: Mt=7.86
h: Mt=7.98
i: Mt=7.84
j: Mt=7.86
k: Mt=7.84
l: Mt=7.86
m: Mt=8.11
n: Mt=7.78
o: Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
a: Mt=7.35
b: Mt=7.53
c: Mt=7.69
d: Mt=7.66
e: Mt=7.71
f: Mt=7.49
g: Mt=7.55
h: Mt=7.71
i: Mt=7.55
j: Mt=7.54
k: Mt=7.53
l: Mt=7.51
m: Mt=7.80
n: Mt=7.49
o: Mt=7.58
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
a: Mt=7.03
b: Mt=7.10
c: Mt=7.24
d: Mt=7.24
e: Mt=7.31
f: Mt=7.06
g: Mt=7.13
h: Mt=7.36
i: Mt=7.16
j: Mt=7.14
k: Mt=7.11
l: Mt=7.13
m: Mt=7.33
n: Mt=7.10
o: Mt=7.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of values
Page in Source 382
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
number of values:
1: 1 value
2: 2-3 values
3: 4-5 values
4: 6-7 values
5: 8-9 values
6: 10-11 values
7: 12-13 values
8: 14-16 values
Observed distributionN: all:1469, 1:13, 2: 39, 3:139, 4:309, 5:363, 6:326, 7:198, 8:82
Remarks
Based on question 194-209 of the questionaire: May life 
is mainly a question of: (different values, e.g.: 
surviving, sex, having children, making a career, 
serving God, and so on)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.20 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.58
 2: Mt=7.18
 3: Mt=6.96
 4: Mt=7.60
 5: Mt=7.81
 6: Mt=7.89
 7: Mt=8.23
 8: Mt=8.60
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.21 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.54
 2: Mt=6.45
 3: Mt=6.71
 4: Mt=7.25
 5: Mt=7.44
 6: Mt=7.64
 7: Mt=7.89
 8: Mt=8.39
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.24 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.81
 2: Mt=5.85
 3: Mt=6.30
 4: Mt=6.69
 5: Mt=6.95
 6: Mt=7.15
 7: Mt=7.36
 8: Mt=8.05
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelvalues
Page in Source 372,374
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
Single direct question:
'My life is mainly a question of:
a: surviving
b: making money
c: my job
d: being creative
e: sex
f: feeling good
g: fulfilling my needs
h: relationships
i: my children/having children
j: having good friends
k: living in harmony with myself
l: self-realization
m: making a career
n: making the world a better place
o: serving God'
Observed distributionN: a:896, b:666, c:738, d:776, e:579, f:1384, g:1092, h:1045, i:1092, j:1284, k:1332, l:895, m:381, n:507, o:228
Remarks
a given respondent may appear in several groups

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
 a: Mt=7.75
 b: Mt=7.96
 c: Mt=8.00
 d: Mt=7.96
 e: Mt=7.89
 f: Mt=7.83
 g: Mt=7.91
 h: Mt=8.00
 i: Mt=7.89
 j: Mt=7.86
 k: Mt=7.84
 l: Mt=7.94
 m: Mt=8.06
 n: Mt=7.90
 o: Mt=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
 a: Mt=7.39
 b: Mt=7.55
 c: Mt=7.70
 d: Mt=7.69
 e: Mt=7.60
 f: Mt=7.50
 g: Mt=7.58
 h: Mt=7.70
 i: Mt=7.63
 j: Mt=7.55
 k: Mt=7.54
 l: Mt=7.64
 m: Mt=7.75
 n: Mt=7.66
 o: Mt=7.80
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
 a: Mt=6.96
 b: Mt=7.09
 c: Mt=7.15
 d: Mt=7.13
 e: Mt=7.23
 f: Mt=6.99
 g: Mt=7.08
 h: Mt=7.25
 i: Mt=7.13
 j: Mt=7.04
 k: Mt=7.01
 l: Mt=7.11
 m: Mt=7.25
 n: Mt=7.24
 o: Mt=7.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Having
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
Needs for having:
a: having enough to eat
b: having a comfortable home
c: being healthy
d: having access to good medical care if required
e: having a job
f: earning a high income
g: being successfull at work

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:0,2%,1:6,0%,2:20,2%,3+:73,6% married subjects only: 0:0.0%,1:5,7%,2:20,7%,3+:73,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
a: all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
a: married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=.00 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.06 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Relating
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
Needs for relating:
a: spending time with family
b: being in good terms with others
c: raising children

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:32,9%, 1: 45,9%, 2:20,4%, 3: 0,8% married subjects only: 0:27,2%, 1:46,3%, 2:25,4%, 3:1,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.04 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.06 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.07 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.14 p < .01
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.07 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Value set
Subject code: V02ad

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities Being
Page in Source 370,371
Our classificationValue set, code V02ad
Operationalization
Needs for being:
a: enjoying a past time
b: appreciating art and culture
c: expressing your personality or using your talents
d: safe and clean environment

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:68,3%, 1:27,3%, 2:4,0%, 3+:0,4% married subjexts only: 0:73,5%, 1:24,4%, 2:2,1%, 3+:0,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=-.01 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.01 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.03 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.12 p < .01
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.03 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating


Correlational finding on Happiness and Diversity of values
Subject code: V02ad01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of types of values
Page in Source 406
Our classificationDiversity of values, code V02ad01
Operationalization
Wide-ranging values (by type:sexual, family-oriented 
and spiritual values)
1: 0 types of value
2: 1 type of value
3: 2 types of value
4: 3 types of value
Observed distributionN: 2548; %:1:11,3; 2:44,4; 3:40,1; 4:4,3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.17 p < .00
1: Ms=7.01
2: Ms=7.84
3: Ms=8.14
4: Ms=8.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
1: Ms=6.45
2: Ms=7.58
3: Ms=7.88
4: Ms=8.21
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.24 p < .00
1: Ms=5.81
2: Ms=7.20
3: Ms=7.51
4: Ms=7.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Diversity of values
Subject code: V02ad01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelwide-ranging values
Page in Source 384
Our classificationDiversity of values, code V02ad01
Operationalization
Number of TYPES of values ( sexual, family-oriented and 
spiritual values)
1: 0
2: 1
3: 2
4: 3
Observed distributionN: all:818, 1:138, 2:333, 3:281, 4:66
Remarks
Made up of Q 194-209 of the questionaire:
My life is mainly a question of:(different values, 
e.g.: sexual values: partner, sex; family values: my 
children,friends, job;
spiritual values: serving God, making a better world)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.94
 2: Mt=7.98
 3: Mt=8.09
 4: Mt=8.10
All Mt=7.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.40
 2: Mt=7.59
 3: Mt=7.76
 4: Mt=7.80
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.26 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.85
 2: Mt=7.04
 3: Mt=7.39
 4: Mt=7.61
All Mt=7.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Consonance of values
Subject code: V02ad02

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelInter-level consistency
Page in Source 578, 581, 582
Our classificationConsonance of values, code V02ad02
Operationalization
Participants rated whether each area of their life is 
consistent or inconsistent with each of the other areas 
on a 1 (very different or inconsistent) to 5 (very 
similar or consistent)
- traits
- goals
- selves
- immediate social environment
The areas were juxtaposed two at a time, resulting in 
six differences
Observed distributionAll M = 3.80, SD = .62; USA M = 3.90; Singapore M = 3.67
Error Estimates? = .82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
All

Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Self-esteem
- Social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.07 p < .10
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.13 p < .01
Singapore

Beta controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need 
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress 
- Self-esteem
- Social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own values
Subject code: V02ae

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of faith, religion, ethics or moral valu
Our classificationAttitudes to own values, code V02ae
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "faith, religion, ethics or moral values"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 6,24 SD: 2,72, Non-exercisers: M: 5,05 SD: 3,01
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .35
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own values
Subject code: V02ae

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of faith, religion, ethics or moral values
Our classificationAttitudes to own values, code V02ae
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "faith, religion, ethics or moral values"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 4,92 SD: 2,99
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .17
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- personal strenghts, skills and resources
- friends and social relationships


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about own values
Subject code: V02ae01

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelPhilosophical activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationConcern about own values, code V02ae01
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled philosophical activities (religious or 
spiritual, concern with the meaning of existence, 
adherence to an ethical or behavioral code).
They were also asked what they did "yesterday"
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.34 (ns)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r=-.37 ns females: r=+.39 05
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about own values
Subject code: V02ae01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelBeing interested in philosophy of life
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about own values, code V02ae01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= +
College students only: L-shaped curve: stronger 
positive relationship among unhappier students
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=+
College students only: L-shaped curve: stronger 
positive relationship among unhappier students


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about own values
Subject code: V02ae01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelHaving problems withphylosophy of life
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about own values, code V02ae01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= ns
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about own values
Subject code: V02ae01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelBeing interested in personal and moral qualities
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about own values, code V02ae01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= ns
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about own values
Subject code: V02ae01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelHaving problems withpersonal and moral qualities
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about own values, code V02ae01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= +
College students only: L-shaped curve: significant 
positive relationship among happier students only
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=+
College students only: L-shaped curve: significant 
positive relationship among happier students only


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aRating by parents in response to single question:

Overall how does your child usually feel?
1 sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall how do you usually feel?
1 sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-aSelfreport on single question:

." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?"
Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9 very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral)
5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3 mildly unhappy (just a little low)
2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

I now mention some experiences, moods. Please tell me how often you feel so ......." happy." (one of several moods)
1 seldom or never
2 sometimes
3 often
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How high or low is your level of wellbeing?
0 extremely low, utterly depressed, completely down
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 extremely high, feeling extatic joyous, fantastic

Adapted Fordyce Happiness Scale
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-BW-cw-mq-n-7-aSelfreport on 10 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past week?:
A distressed
B afraid
C jittery
E upset
F scared
G determined
H inspired
I enthusiastic
J interested
K exited

Answer options:
0
.
6

Negative affect score (NAS): A to F
Positive affect score (PAS): G to K
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past week' shortened version)
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Check one of the following groups of adjectives which best describes you."
7 full of deep joy, excitedly happy, enthusiastic, thrilled
6 cheerful, successful, optimistic, lighthearted
5 satisfied, comfortable, life goes smoothly, peaceful
4 contented at times and at other times discontented, life has
both favorable and unfavorable features
3 restless, impatient, uncertain, dull, cross, confined
2 anxious, irritated, discouraged, disappointed, discontented
1 gloomy, miserable, a failure, no pleasure in anything
A-TH-cw-mq-th%-101-aSelfreport on three questions:

In the last week, what percentage of the time do you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % happy in last week
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abSelfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life........."
(full question not reported)

Responses scored pictorial faces scale consisting on several
smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
(Pictures not presented here)
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not presented here)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'
M-AO-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

In terms of general happiness and sen se of wellbeing, how would you usually describe yourself today
1 very unhappy
2 fairly unhappy
3 fairly happy
4 very happy
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How would you say you are feeling these days?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 neither unhappy nor happy
4 happy
5 very happy
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate the last month of your life. Was it a happy or an unhappy time for you......?
5 very happy time
4 fairly happy time
3 happy nor unhappy
2 rather unhappy time
1 very unhappy time
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neutral
2. unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general, how happy or unhappy would you say you are on the whole?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together on a scale of one to 10, how happy would you say you are? Here one means you are very unhappy and 10 means you are very happy
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5
O-HP-g-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

… happy… (full text not reported)

Response options not reported

Part of a 27 item self-descriptive checklist
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How have things been going for you during the past 4 weeks?
4 very well
3 pretty good
3 good and bad parts about equal
2 pretty bad
1 bad
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SL?-c-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Generally satisfied with present life .. (Full text not reported)

Response options not reported
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfying do you find the way you're spending your life these days.....?"

Rated on numerical scale
(steps and labels not reported)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you lead these days.......?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole these days.....?"
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-abSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
2 slightly disagree
1 strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
O-V-c-sq-v-5-aSelfrepiort on single question:

I think of my life as interesting and satisfying
1 disagree
2 mostly agree
3 neither agree or disagree
4 mostly agree
5 agree


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-ivREGRESSION COEFFICIENT in regression ananlysis with instrumental variable as one or more explanatory variables
Type: test statistic.
Correlate level: metric, Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for correlation of happiness with a variable that is unrelated to the independent variable, e.g. for b of happiness with body length in an analysis of the relation between happiness and lottery playing, assuming that there is no relation between body length and lottery playing. Aims to eliminate reversed causality and spurious correlation.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrumental_variable
http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Christine.Zulehner/iv.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the œc(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
ChiČCHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
ChiČ <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
ChiČ >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)A08ATTITUDES
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)L07LIFE GOALS
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)V01aaEarlier values
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)V01abChange in values
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)V01ac01Later value-preferences
V02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)H03ac01Moral desirability of happiness
V02aa01bSelf-development (self-actualizing values)S01adAttitudes to school
V02aa01bSelf-development (self-actualizing values)P04cpSelf-actualization (need for)
V02aa01bSelf-development (self-actualizing values)E01adAttitudes to one's education
V02aa01cMaterialismI01aa01eEarlier concern about income
V02aa01cMaterialismI01af02Income aspirations
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)P04boInner locus of control
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)P04bmIndividualistic
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)P04blIndependent
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)N04ak03Prevalence of individualistic values
V02aa01eIndividualism (vs collectivism)N03akModal individualism/collectivism
V02aa01fEgalitarianismV02ab01dPreference for equal rights
V02aa01fEgalitarianismP08ad01Social inequality: more vs less differences
V02aa01fEgalitarianismP04deTolerant
V02aa01fEgalitarianismP04cxSolidary, cooperative
V02aa01fEgalitarianismP04cwSociable
V02aa01fEgalitarianismP04atDominant
V02aa01fEgalitarianismN06af03Attitudes to social inequality
V02aa01fEgalitarianismN04ahSocial equality in the nation
V02aa01fEgalitarianismA09abCurrent authoritarianism
V02aa01gMeaningM05MEANING
V02aa01hSuccessP04abAmbitious
V02aa01hSuccessS05SOCIAL MOBILITY
V02ab01Political valuesP08adAttitudes to basic political issues
V02ab01bPreference for peaceful solution of political problemsP04aaAggressive, angry
V02ab01dPreference for equal rightsG01ab01Gender-role attitudes
V02ab01dPreference for equal rightsP08ad01Social inequality: more vs less differences
V02ab01dPreference for equal rightsP08ae01Attitudes to ethnic discrimination
V02ab01dPreference for equal rightsV02aa01fEgalitarianism
V02ab01eAcceptance cheating on taxesA06ANOMY
V02ab01eAcceptance cheating on taxesP04biHonest
V02ab02Social valuesP04cwSociable
V02ab02Social valuesC08ab02bConcern about social relations
V02ab03Work valuesW05acCurrent motivation to work
V02ab04Ecological valuesC09ab03cGreen products
V02ab04Ecological valuesC09ad05Preference for 'green' consumption
V02ab05Economical valuesI01af01Concerns about income
V02ab06Educational valuesS01ad01Perceived usefulness of schooling
V02ab06Educational valuesE01adAttitudes to one's education
V02acValue-patternA08acOwn attitudinal organization
V02acValue-patternL07ab05Organization of life-goals (life-goal set)
V02ac01Modern value patternM12ab01Modern attitudes
V02ac01Modern value patternN03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)
V02ac02Feminine value patternN03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)
V02ac02Feminine value patternG01GENDER
V02adValue setL07ab05Organization of life-goals (life-goal set)
V02ad01Diversity of valuesL07ab06Diversity of lifegoals
V02ae01Concern about own valuesP04beGuilty
V02ae01Concern about own valuesP04bxMoral
V02ae01Concern about own valuesS02ae01eSatisfaction with own morality
V02ae02Satisfaction with own valuesS02aeCurrent satisfaction with self

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings