Findings on Happiness and SUMMED DETERMINANTS

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and SUMMED DETERMINANTS
Subject Code: S15

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS0
S15aaSummed effects of life-career conditions 1
S15aa01Summed effect of earlier conditions5
S15aa02Summed effects of changes in life4
S15aa03Summed later-life conditions2
S15abSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)11
S15ab01Socio-demographic factors only21
S15ab04Socio-demographic + life-appraisals11
S15ab08Socio-demographic + social ties7
S15ab03Socio-demographic + health8
S15ab05Socio-demographic + life-events5
S15ab07Socio-demographic + personality3
S15ab09Socio-demographic + social support3
S15ab02Socio-demographic + environmental factors11
S15ab34Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties3
S15ab37Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality4
S15ab15Socio-demographic + health + personality2
S15ab39Socio-demographic + life-events + social ties2
S15ab41Socio-demographic + personality + life-events1
S15ab25Socio-demographic + health + life-events0
S15ab24Socio-demographic + health + life-events + personality1
S15ab45Life-appraisals + personality + social ties2
S15adSummed effects of life-time conditions0
S15ad01Summed effects of earlier + current conditions4
S15ab17Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals3
S15ac01Life-appraisals + personality5
S15ab43Socio-demographic+personality+lifegoals0
S15ab06Socio-demographic + life style2
S15ab10Socio-demographic + values1
S15ab16Socio-demographic + health + social ties12
S15ab21Socio-demographic + health + life style3
S15ab38Socio-demographic + life events + life style +social ties0
S15ab19Socio-demographic + health + life events2
S15ab13Socio-demographic + environment + social ties0
S15ab11Socio-demographic + environment + health0
S15ab20Socio-demographic + health + life event +personality + ties0
S15ab27Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + social ties0
S15ab32Socio-demographic + life appriasals + liife-events + personality1
S15ab18Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + personality1
S15ab33Socio-demographic + life apraisals + life style + personality0
S15ab40Socio-demographic + life style + personality1
S15ab22Socio-demographic + health + personality0
S15ab42Socio-demographic + personality + social ties0
S15ab12Socio-demographic + environment + health + life style1
S15ab26Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + life events + ties1
S15ab28Socio-demographic + health + life goals + personality1
S15ab29Socio-demographic + health + personality + social ties2
S15ab30Socio-demographic + health + life events + social ties1
S15ab14Socio-demographic + environment + health + life events + ties1
S15ab23Socio-demographic + health + personality + life style1
S15ab35Socio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + social ties1
S15ab36Socio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + values1
S15ab31Socio-demographic + life appriasals + life events2
S15ab44Various combinations of current conditions5
S15acLife-appraisals3
S15afSummed effects of societal and individual conditions1
S15aeSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)3
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and SUMMED DETERMINANTS
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=S15
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of life-career conditions
Subject code: S15aa

StudyLayard et al. (2013): study GB 2004
TitleWhat Predicts a Successful Life? A Life-Course Model of Well-Being.
SourceCEP Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 1245, London, UK
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2345599
Public34 aged, United Kingdom, followed from childhood, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8868

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects of childhood and adulthood
Page in Source 5,6,14,19,
Our classificationSummed effects of life-career conditions , code S15aa
Operationalization
Total explained variance of:
Adult variables at age 34:
- Income
- Education
- Employed
- Good conduct
- Has partner
- Self-perceived health (at age 26)
- Emotional health (at age 26)

Childhood variables:
- Intellectual performance (at age 5,10 and 16)
- Good conduct (at age 5,10 and 16)
- Emotional health (at age 5,10 and 16)
- Family economic
- Family psychosocial
Remarks
Data set using imputation for missing variables.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bbRČ=+.14
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bbRČ=+.11
Adult variables only
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bbRČ=+.07
Childhood variables only

When limiting summed effects up to:
- age 5: R2=+.02
- age 10:R2=+.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effect of earlier conditions
Subject code: S15aa01

StudyDykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =516

Correlate
Author's labelLife History
Page in Source 1496,1510
Our classificationSummed effect of earlier conditions, code S15aa01
Operationalization
a. Current age
b: Parental history
c: Marital history
d: Age of retirement
e: Occupational mobility

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=-.01
MALES 
a+b
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=+.01
a+b+c
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=.00
a+b+c+d+e
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=+.01
FEMALES
a+b
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=+.01
a+b+c
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=+.02
a+b+c+d+e

Explanation of variation in happiness is low.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effect of earlier conditions
Subject code: S15aa01

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labellife history
Page in Source 123
Our classificationSummed effect of earlier conditions, code S15aa01
Operationalization
a Current age
b Parental history
c Marital history
d Age of retirement
e Occupational mobility

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=.01
a+b
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aRaČ=.01
a+b+c+d+e

Same for males and females

Explanation of variation in current happiness is 
low.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effect of earlier conditions
Subject code: S15aa01

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic situation
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSummed effect of earlier conditions, code S15aa01
Operationalization
a. maternal age
b. education
c. number of children
d. receipt of public assistance
e. infant birth status (premature or full term born)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
          Happiness:
          Tl            T2         T3 
T1:      +.17(ns)      +.34(ns)   +.39(ns)
T2:                    +.25(ns)   +.39(ns)
T3:                               +.06(ns)

T1:child 1 month,
T2:child 8 months,
T3:child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effect of earlier conditions
Subject code: S15aa01

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSummed effect of earlier conditions, code S15aa01
Operationalization
a:Demographic variables
b:Stress
c:Intimate support
d:Community support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aRČ=
            Happiness:
Predictors: Tl          T2            T3
Tl: a       .17 (ns)    .34 (ns)      .39 (ns
    a+b     .26 (01)    .34 (ns)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c   .36 (01)    .43 (01)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c+d .44 (01)    .44 (ns)      .40 (ns

T2: a                   .25 (ns)      .39 (ns;
    a+b                 .35 (01)      .41 (ns!
    a+b+c               .44 (01)      .41 (ns;
    a+b+c+d             .45 (ns)      .41 (ns)
 
T3: a                                 .06 (ns)
    a+b                               .20 (01)
    a+b+c                             .27 (05)
    a+b+c+d                           .27 (ns) 

Tl: child 1 month, 
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effect of earlier conditions
Subject code: S15aa01

StudyKiecolt & Acock (1990): study US 1980
TitleChildhood Family Structure and Adult Psychological Well-Being of Black Americans.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1990, Vol. 10, 169 - 186
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1990.9981920
Public18 + aged; Blacks, USA, 198?
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =1911

Correlate
Author's labelresult all variables
Page in Source 179
Our classificationSummed effect of earlier conditions, code S15aa01
Operationalization
a lived with both parents
b lived with mother only
c lived with mother and other adult(s)
d lived with mother and stepfather
e lived with mother, father and other adult(s)
f lived with grandparents
g mother's education
h education
i family income
j sex
k married
l age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-bRČ=.065
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of changes in life
Subject code: S15aa02

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with life concerns
Page in Source 56
Our classificationSummed effects of changes in life, code S15aa02
Operationalization
Summed responses to questions on satisfaction with:
a. sex life
b. friends
c. leisured
d. health
e. standard of living
f. house
g. self-fulfillment
Each item involving a varying number of questions, all 
being scored on a 1-9
D-T rating scale, summation by average.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and the domain satisfacions 
involved were assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aRČ=.38
Fraction of T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness "explained" 
by T1-T2 CHANGE in satisfaction with life domains


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of changes in life
Subject code: S15aa02

StudyHeadey & Krause (1988): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleA Health and Wealth Model of Change in Life Satisfaction.
SourceArbeitspapier 260, Sonderforschungsbereich 3, University of Mannheim, 1988, Germany
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1985
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition sample A: 8%, sample B: 15%
Respondents N =2718

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSummed effects of changes in life, code S15aa02
Operationalization
Joint effect of:
1 Change in income satisfaction T1-T2
2 Change in health satisfaction T1-T2

'Residual  changes scores' computed by by first 
regressing T2-scores on T1- scores : 
- ^Satisfaction T2^= a + b * Sat. T1. 
-  Residual change = Sat T2-^Sat T2^.
Residual change is in fact the deviation of an 
individuals satisfaction at T2 from the average T2- 
satisfaction of Ss who were equally satisfied at T1.
Remarks
CHANGE HAPPINESS by CHANGE SATISFACTION


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaRČ=.17
Happiness assessed ast T1 and T2.
Change in  happiness measured by:
1 Residual change (like change in satisfaction)
2 Change in happiness expected at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of changes in life
Subject code: S15aa02

StudyGraham et al. (2004): study RU 1995
TitleDoes Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.09.002
Public10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =5269

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects of changes in the determinants
Page in Source 331
Our classificationSummed effects of changes in life, code S15aa02
Operationalization
Static variables:
- age
- gender
- ethnic minority
T1-T2 Changes in status variables:
- income
- educational level
- educational participation
- health problems
- drinking
- smoking
- marital status
- employment
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2 (2000)
Russia went through major changes in this era, among 
which a financial crisis in 1998

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naRČ=.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of changes in life
Subject code: S15aa02

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelbirth of first child + conditions
Page in Source table 3
Our classificationSummed effects of changes in life, code S15aa02
Operationalization
a: T1 happiness
b: Got a child after T1 (vs not)
c: T3 psycho-social status
   - home stress
   - personal control
   - network support
   - spouse conflict
   - escape coping

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
 T3 happiness by a+b
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.25
- initially infertile women        N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.19
- initially infertile men          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.17
- presumed fertile women controls  N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.19
- presumed fertile male controls   N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
 T3 happiness by a+b+c
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.50
- initially infertile women        N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.57
- initially infertile men          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.59
- presumed fertile women controls  N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bRaČ=.46
- presumed fertile male controls   N = 74


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed later-life conditions
Subject code: S15aa03

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSummed later-life conditions, code S15aa03
Operationalization
a:Demographic variables
b:Stress
c:Intimate support
d:Community support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aRČ=
            Happiness:
Predictors: Tl          T2            T3
Tl: a       .17 (ns)    .34 (ns)      .39 (ns
    a+b     .26 (01)    .34 (ns)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c   .36 (01)    .43 (01)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c+d .44 (01)    .44 (ns)      .40 (ns

T2: a                   .25 (ns)      .39 (ns;
    a+b                 .35 (01)      .41 (ns!
    a+b+c               .44 (01)      .41 (ns;
    a+b+c+d             .45 (ns)      .41 (ns)
 
T3: a                                 .06 (ns)
    a+b                               .20 (01)
    a+b+c                             .27 (05)
    a+b+c+d                           .27 (ns) 

Tl: child 1 month, 
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed later-life conditions
Subject code: S15aa03

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic situation
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSummed later-life conditions, code S15aa03
Operationalization
a. maternal age
b. education
c. number of children
d. receipt of public assistance
e. infant birth status (premature or full term born)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
          Happiness:
          Tl            T2         T3 
T1:      +.17(ns)      +.34(ns)   +.39(ns)
T2:                    +.25(ns)   +.39(ns)
T3:                               +.06(ns)

T1:child 1 month,
T2:child 8 months,
T3:child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyBlandford & Chappell (1990): study CA 1985
TitleSubjective Well-being among Native and Non-Native Elderly Persons: Do Differences Exist?
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging, 1990, Vol. 9, 386 - 399
Public50+ aged, Winnipeg,Canada, 1985
Sample
Non-Response15% Natives
Respondents N =390

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 395
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
1. Male Sex
2. Married
3. Widowed
4. Age
5. Monthly income
6. Perceived health
7. Days in bed
8. Family size
9. Functional ability
10.Satisfaction with family
   relationships
11.Social contacts 
12.Number of children
13.Number of siblings
14.Number of caregivers
15.Interaction of ethnicity with
   ability & marital status & days ill

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tRČ=+.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study ZZ OECD member states 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, 32 OECD member states,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =92338

Correlate
Author's labelPredicted life satisfaction
Page in Source 22,23,25,26,27,29
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
Predicted life satisfaction on the basis of regression 
coefficients of:
A : Individual
     - Log income
     - Income inequality (self perceived)
     - State of health(self perceived)
     - Unemployment (ind.)
     - Educational level
    - Trust in people
    - Importance of friends (self perceived)
    - Gender
    - Age 
    - Squared age/100
    - Divorce
    - Number of children
B : Nation
     - Unemployment rates
     - Pollution
     - Freedom of choice and control (self perceived)
     - Corruption (self perceived)


Country coefficients

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.85
R2 computed with country averages.

Computed with OECD coefficients the predicted 
country life satisfaction correlates generally 
less with the actual life satisfaction than with 
predicted life satisfaction based on specific 
country coefficients.
Differences in nation rankings with 5 or more 5 
ranks difference between actual(ref.) and 
predicted life satisfaction are:
- Austria -10
- Belgium + 5
- Germany - 6
- Norway  + 6
- Portugal+ 6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.63
R2 computed with OECD coefficients.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.65
Computed with Japan coefficients as reference.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.62
Computed with Denmark coefficients as reference.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.64
Computed with France coefficients as reference.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
A  Life situation index
Aa Health
Ab Housing
Ac Mobility
Ad Vacation
Ae Ownership of durable consumer goods
Af Socio-cultural leisure activities
Ag Social participation
Ah Sports

B  Socio demographic
Ba Gender
Bb Education
Bc Employment
Bd Age
Be City
Bf Composition of Households
Bg Ethnicity
Bh Income

C  Satisfaction with life domains
Ca Subjective health
Cb Satisfaction home
Cc Satisfaction residential environment
Cd Satisfaction friends and acquaintance
Ce Satisfaction social position
Cf Satisfaction education
Cg Satisfaction financial resources
Ch Satisfaction Dutch society
Ci Satisfaction government

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aRČ=.04
A only
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aRČ=.11
A+B
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aRČ=.22
A+C
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aRČ=.24
A+B+C


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects_A
Page in Source 654
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a  Satisfied with health
b  Grows cash crop
c  Voluntary retirement
d  Need to purchase maize
e  Owns cattle
f  Keeps chicken
g  Satisfied with job while working
h  Feels relatively young
i  Retired suddenly               
j  Agrees:planning is key to success

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aRaČ=.59 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i
65 years olds only
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aRaČ=.67 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
65+ years olds only
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aRaČ=.61 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dRaČ=.43 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dRaČ=.46 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
65- years olds only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 360
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a. Age
b. Community size
c. Work status
d. Homestead food production
e. Technological Self Reliance
f. Mindfulness
g. Time for Self
h. Relationships
i. Discrepancy between selfrated importance of 
homestead food production and actual percentage of 
homestead production
j. Discrepancy between selfrated importance of 
ecological sensitivity and the actual use of technical 
devices
k. Discrepancy between selfrated importance of 
ecological sensitivity and actual percentage of 
homestead production
l. Discrepancy between selfrated importance of 
homestead food production and the actual use of 
technical devices
m. Discrepancy of selfrated importance   of country 
asceticism and the actual percentage of homestead 
production
Remarks
In the case of stepwise regressions included predictors 
which resulted not in an increased RČ listed in brakets

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.19
a(+b+c)
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.25
d(+e)
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.37
f
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.45
f+g
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.48
f+g+h
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.25
i
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.29
i+j(+k+l+m)
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.38
f
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.47
f+h
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.51
f+h+j
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.54
f+h+j+g
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bRČ=.55
f+h+j+g+i(+a+d)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyJanz et al. (2001): study US Michigan 1996
TitleFactors Influencing Quality of Life in Older Women With Heart Disease.
SourceMEDICAL CARE, 2001, V ol. 39, 588 - 598 ,
URLhttp://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/Abstract/2001/06000/Factors_Influencing_Quality_of_Life_in_Older_Women.7.aspx
PublicMedical Patients, Michigan, United States, followed 1 year, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =570

Correlate
Author's labelCharacteristics of person
Page in Source 591-595
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a: age
b: race
c: education
d: marital status.
Questions not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aRČ=.02 ns
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyGreenfield & Marks (2007): study US 1995
TitleReligious Social Identity as an Explanatory Factor for Assosiations Between More Frequent Formal Religious Participation and Psychological Well-Being
SourceThe International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2007, vol. 17, 3, 245-259
Public25-74 aged, general public, USA, 1995
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =3032

Correlate
Author's labelSummed determinants
Page in Source 253
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a: age
b: sexe (female)
c: ethnicity:(black)
d: education (years scool)
e: income
f : employed
g: married
h: has child
I : self-rated health
j : religious participation
k: religious social identity

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-bRČ=.14
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyPinhey et al. (1997): study US Guam 1991
TitleOverweight and Happiness: The Reflected Self-Appraisal Hypothesis Reconstructed.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1997, Vol. 78, 747 - 755.
DOIDOI:9710113640
Public18+ aged, general public, Guam, USA, 1991
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response29,6
Respondents N =398

Correlate
Author's labelR*R
Page in Source 752
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a BMI
b Chamorro
c Filipino
d Asian
e Micronesian
f Age
g Female
h Education
i Income
j Employed
k Married
l Parent

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aRČ=.05
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aRaČ=.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyRichards et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleThe Influence of Serious Personal Losses or Misfortunes on Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1984, Vol. 12, 67 - 73
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1520-6629(198401)12:1<67::AID-JCOP2290120109>3.0.CO;2-B
Public25-59 aged, general public, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =375

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 70
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a Physical activity
b Self-perceived health
c Social integration
d Marital Status
e Serious personal loss or misfortune
  in the past year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-bRČ=.18 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyBaruch & Barnett (1986a): study US 1980
TitleConsequences of Fathers' Participation in Family Work: Parents' Role Strain and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1986, Vol. 51, 983 - 992
PublicMothers with children age 4-10, USA,1980
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelFathers participation in family work
Page in Source 989
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a Fathers Total interaction time with children
b Fathers Solo interaction time
c Child-care tasks
d Feminine scores
e Mothers' work status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=+.05 ns
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
Subject code: S15ab

StudyLee (1978): study US Washington 1975
TitleMarriage and Morale in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 131 - 139
Public60+ aged marrieds, Washington State USA, 1975
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =439

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 136
Our classificationSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level), code S15ab
Operationalization
a age
b length of marriage
c education
d retired or not
e self perceived health
f satisfaction with standard of living
g satisfaction with marriage
Remarks
retired or not: males only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aRČ=.32
males only
a                 R2=.01
a+b               R2=.02
a+b+c             R2=.08
a+b+c+d           R2=.08
a+b+c+d+e         R2=.20
a+b+c+d+e+f       R2=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g     R2=.32
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aRČ=.38
females only
a                 R2=.00
a+b               R2=.00
a+b+c             R2=.03
a+b+c+e           R2=.13
a+b+c+e+f         R2=.18
a+b+c+e+f+g       R2=.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyHomel & Burns (1989): study AU 1987
TitleEnvironmental Quality and the Well-Being of Children.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 133 - 158
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00300500
PublicBasic school children, Sydney, Australia ,1987
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response29,6%
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelChild's age and sexe
Page in Source 146
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
Not specified

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aRČ=.01 ns
R2=0.013
R2 represents the additional variance explained 
after:
- Family variables
- Housing
- Neighborhood
- Street-type
- Neighborhood's social problems
- Neighborhood x street-type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSociodemographic variables
Page in Source 18, 30
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
1 Gender
2 Age
3 Marital status
4 Education
5 Professional status
6 Income
7 Community size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aRČ=.09 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aRČ=.10 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyBlishen & Atkinson (1980): study CA 1977
TitleAnglophone and Francophone Perceptions of the Quality of Life in Canada.
SourceSzalai, A.; Andrews, F.; Eds.:" The Quality of Life, Comparative Studies.", Sage, 1980, London, 25 - 40
PublicAdults, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3288

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 30
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: age
b: income
c: language
   0: Francophone
   1: Anglophone

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-bRČ=.024
a+b
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-bRČ=.012
b+c
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-bRČ=.014
a+c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyLi et al. (2007): study CN Yunnan 2000
TitleHealth and Life Satisfaction of Ethic Minority Older Adults in Mainland China: Effects of Financial Strain.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 2007, Vol. 64, 361 - 379
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response2.2%
Respondents N =995

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 369
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
Socio economic:
a: gender
b: age
c: marital status
d: education 
e: financial strain

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eRČ=.03
Minority elders
a+b+c+d
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eRČ=.12
a+b+c+d+e
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eRČ=.01
Majority elders
a+b+c+d
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eRČ=.08
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell (2005): study DE 1992
TitleIncome and Well-Being: An emperical Analysis of the Comparison Income Effect.
SourceJournal of Public Economics, 2005, Vol. 89, 997 - 1019
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/222683403_Income_and_well-being_an_empirical_analysis_of_the_comparison_income_effect
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2004.06.003
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, 1992-1997
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16000

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source Table 2-4
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a) income
b) age, age squared
c) gender
d) living together
e) employed
f) children
g) years of education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=.080
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=.083
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=.072
East Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyBernheim et al. (2006): study DE 1990
TitleThe Potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to Reduce Bias in the Measurement of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 227 - 250
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-4755-0
PublicPatients university hospital, Berlin, Germany 1990-2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2584

Correlate
Author's labelsocio-demographic variables
Page in Source 238
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: Age
b: Sex
c: Martial status
d: Highest graduation
e: Employed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aRaČ=.011
a+b+c+d+e
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qRaČ=.051


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyVendrik & Woltjer (2007): study DE 1984
TitleHappiness and Loss Aversion: Is utility concave or convex in relative income?
SourceJournal of Public Economics, 2007, Vol. 91, 1423 - 1448
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.02.008
Public18+ aged general public, Germany, followed 17 years, 1984-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =102068

Correlate
Author's labelR-squared
Page in Source 1436
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
Includes:
a) family income
b) reference income
c) number of adults
d) number of children
e) unemployed
f) years of education
g) age
h) couple/single parent
i) age children
j) weekly hours worked

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=.44
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelSocio-demographic factors
Page in Source 313
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
A Religion
  a: Protestant
  b: Catholic
  c: Buddhist
  d: Daoist
B Residence
  a: public-provided rental flat
  b: public-provided owned flat 
  c: residence in a private flat 
  d: residence in a private room 
C Living Arrangement 
  a: living with offspring
  b: living with older adults
  c: number of generations in the household
D Marital Status
  a: number of living children 
  b: unmarried 
  c: married 
  d: cohabiting 
  e: divorced 
  f: widowed
E Income Level(lowest to highest)
F Source of Income
  a: income from earnings
  b: income from the spouse
  c: income from children 
  d: income from other relatives
  e: income from public assistance
  f: income from pension
G  Education (lowest to highest)
H  Age (lowest to highest)
I  Female (vs male)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.04
A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H+I


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyAmit & Litwin (2010): study IL 2006
TitleThe Subjective Well-being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 89 - 104
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9519-5
Public50+aged immigrants, Israel, 2005-2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =930

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: Origin Asia
b: Origin Africa
c: Origin East Europe
d: Origin America
e: Origin FSU after 1989
f: years since migration
g: langage
h: gender
i: age
j: married
k: income
l: education
m: activities
n: health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.01 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.08 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.19 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged, general public, Europe, 13 EU nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =64706

Correlate
Author's labelSummed determinants
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
Demographic characteristics:
- Age and age square
- Gender
- Household income
- Marital Status
- Migration generation
- Region of origin
- Region of settlement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aRČ=.123


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyKolstad (1996): study NO 1990
TitleSatisfaction in Norway.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press,1996, Hungary, 133 - 144
Public17+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =995

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic variables, income and education
Page in Source 137
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
A. Gender
B. Age
C. Education
D. Income

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cRaČ=.05
A+B+C+D
Adjusted corrected R2=.07
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cRaČ=.04
For model with age*gender interaction included
Adjusted corrected R2=.06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyFerrer-i-Carbonell & VanPraag (2002): study RU 1997
TitlePoverty in Russia.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2001, Vol.2, 147 - 172.
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1011560530411
Public18+ aged general public, Russia, 1997-1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2233

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effect
Page in Source 161
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a; household income
b: family size
c: family size squared
d: interaction household income and famili size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gRaČ=.19
1997 a+b+c+d
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gRaČ=.19
1998 a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelSocial background
Page in Source 165
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a gender  
b age    
c education   
d town size

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaRaČ=.05 ns
a+b+c+d
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaRaČ=.08 ns
Corrected for measurement error (disattenuated)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variance
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
A: Social comparisons and expectations:
   a: gap score
B: Personality and psychology variables:
   a: self-efficacy
   b: optimism-pessimism bias
   c: depression/anxiety (GHQ)
   d: self assessed risks of negative life events 
C: Health variables: 
   a:physical functioning (ADL)
   b:health status
   c:long-standing illness
D: Social capital (personal):
   a: social activities
   b:social support
   c:pets
   d: frequency of loneliness
   e: increase in loneliness
E: Social capital: 
   a: quality of area
   b: safety of area
   c: neighbourliness of area
F: Health values:
   a: health value score
G: Socio-demographic:
   a: age
   b: gender
H: socio-economic background:
   a: social class
   b: housing tenure
   c: highest level of educational qualification

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.06
a
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15
a+b+c+d+e
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r+s+t+u+v


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 177
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: gender
b: age
c: immigrant
d: education
e: income
f: bilingual
g: English
h: nerves-child
j: demands-child
k: nerves-spouse
l: demands-spouse

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.10 p < .01
a+b+c
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.14 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.09 p < .05
a+b+c+f+g
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.09 p < .05
a+b+c+i+j
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.13 p < .05
a+b+c+k+l


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyHagerty (2000): study US 1989
TitleSocial Comparison of Incomes in One's Community: Evidence from National Surveys of Income and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, Vol. 78, 764 - 771
Public18+ aged general public, USA, 1989-1996
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8362

Correlate
Author's labelR-squared
Page in Source 767
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: Household income
b: Community mean income
c: Sexe
d: Marital status
e: Years of education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abRČ=.058
a+b+c+d+e

Constant across different specifications


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelCovariate set
Page in Source 136
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a age
b sex
c occupational status 
d income
e marital status
f educational level

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.055
a+b+c+d+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyRice et al. (1979): study US NewYork 1975
TitleUnique Variance in Job and Life Satisfaction associated with Work-Related and Extra-Workplace Variables.
SourceHuman Relations, 1979, Vol. 32, 605 - 623
PublicAdult, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic variables
Page in Source 615
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: Sexe
b: Race: white (vs nonwhite)
c: Education: numbers of years of schooling
d: Household income: in dollars
e: Age                                 
f Marital status: married, widowed, single, divorced, 
separated
g: Reason not looking for work:retired,housewife, 
disabled, student

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aRČ=.15 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g

When entered after "satisfaction other than life 
satisfaction" the increment in RČ= .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyGoudy & Goudeau (1981): study US 1975
TitleSocial Ties and Life Satisfaction of Older Persons: Another Evaluation.
SourceJournal of Gerontological Social Work, 1981, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public50+ aged, general public, North-Central Iowa, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response11.3%
Respondents N =2321

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic characteristics
Page in Source 43
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a Age
b Income
c Education
d Marital status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dRČ=.06 p < .001
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic factors only
Subject code: S15ab01

StudyKivett (1976): study US 1970
TitleThe Aged in North Carolina: Physical, Social and Environmental Characteristics and Sources of Assistance. (The Guilford Study)
SourceTechnical Bullletin No.237, North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, 1976, USA
Public65+ aged, North Carolina, USA, 1970-71
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 37
Our classificationSocio-demographic factors only, code S15ab01
Operationalization
a: Urban living
b: Sex 
c: Race
d: Marital status
e: Social position
f: Age
g: Education
h: Occupation at age 50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baRČ=.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects of housing and demographics
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A: Life satisfaction at T1
B: Personal characteristics:
     a: Age
     b: Sexe 
     c: Marital status 
     d: Education
     e: Income
     f: Occupational status
 C: Housing situation:
     a: Owner of the house 
     b: Housing type 
     c: Satisfaction with neighborhood
Remarks
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faRČ=.33
T2 happiness by T2 A+B+C


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 353
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
a: sex
b: age
c: length of residence
d: marital status
e: country of origin-Hong Kong
f: country of origin- Mainland China
g: financial need
h: psychological well-being
i: physical mobility
j: perceived needs for services
k: medication use
l: social network
m: neighbourhood quality

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.42
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 7
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
a) Socio-demographic:
   - gender
   - individual characteristics
   - age and age squared
   - disabled
   - marital status
   - having a partner
   - employment status spouse
   - employment status partner
   - (number of) children in household
   - education
   - migrant status
   - wage in last job
   - duration of last job
   - unemployment benefits
   - reason of termination of last job
b) Environmental characteristics:
   - national unemployment rate
   - region/state in Germany
c) Interview-specific:
   - interview cohort
   - time between unemployment entry and interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=0.12
a+b+c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
Personal characteristics:
- education
- income
- age
- sex
- household size
- occupational prestige
- occupationally active
- marital status
- degree of urbanization

County characteristics:
- economic prosperity 
- traditionalism

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dRČ=6,8%
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aRČ=5,0%
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aRČ=.05
0,3% increment in variance explained when county 
characteristics are entered after personal 
characteristics.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dRČ=.07
0,2% increment in variance explained when county 
characteristics are entered after personal 
characteristics.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 411
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
Personal characteristics:
- education
- income  
- age 
- sex
- household size
- number of friends
- occupationally active
- marital status
- degree of urbanization

County characteristics:
- economic prosperity 
- traditionalism

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aRČ=+.02 ns
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aRČ=.05
1,1% increment in variance explained when county 
characteristics are entered after personal 
characteristics.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 411
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A Personal characteristics:
  a education
  b income
  c age
  d sex
  e household size
  f occupational prestige
  g number of friends
  h occupationally active
  i marital status
B County characteristics:
  a economic prosperity
  b traditionalism

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dRČ=.165
A










0,7% increment in variance explained when county 
characteristics are entered after personal 
characteristics.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dRČ=.172
A+B


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variance
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A: Social comparisons and expectations:
   a: gap score
B: Personality and psychology variables:
   a: self-efficacy
   b: optimism-pessimism bias
   c: depression/anxiety (GHQ)
   d: self assessed risks of negative life events 
C: Health variables: 
   a:physical functioning (ADL)
   b:health status
   c:long-standing illness
D: Social capital (personal):
   a: social activities
   b:social support
   c:pets
   d: frequency of loneliness
   e: increase in loneliness
E: Social capital: 
   a: quality of area
   b: safety of area
   c: neighbourliness of area
F: Health values:
   a: health value score
G: Socio-demographic:
   a: age
   b: gender
H: socio-economic background:
   a: social class
   b: housing tenure
   c: highest level of educational qualification

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.06
a
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15
a+b+c+d+e
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r+s+t+u+v


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelR-squared
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
a: ln local earnings
b: ln household income
c: ln value of home
d: renter
e: ln usual working hours
f: employment status
g: gender
h: age
i:  race
j: years of education
k: ln household size
l: religion

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bRČ=.037
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyMolnar (1985): study US 1981
TitleDeterminants of Subjective Well-Being among Farm Operators.
SourceRural Sociology, 1985, Vol. 50, 141 - 162
PublicFarm operators, Alabama, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response29,9%
Respondents N =705

Correlate
Author's labelFarm structure and individual characteristics
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A   Farm structure characteristics':
     a  gross farm sales
     b  land operated
     c  percent farm income
     d total family income
     e off-farm workdays
     f  wife's work status
B  Individual characteristics'
    a  growth plans
    b  commitment to farming
    c  economic constraints
    d  self-definition as a farm operator
    e  age
    f  education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aRČ=.21
A + B

When specified for size of farm:
- small :    RČ = .19
- medium:    RČ = .30
- large :    RČ = .18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyFernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973
TitleA Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =5916

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 847
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
A Personal characteristics
 a Sex
 b Age
 c Education
 d Race 
 e Health
 f Material status
 g Family income 
                                                        
                
B Neighborhood characteristics 
  a age 
  b composition,
  c racial composition,
  d income-inequality,
  e relative income,
  f percent whites,
  g rural or urban character

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.08 p < .05
A
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.18 p < .05
Disattenuated.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.09 p < .05
A+B
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cRČ=.21 p < .05
Disattenuated


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environmental factors
Subject code: S15ab02

StudyWillits et al. (1978): study US 1946
TitleMigrant Status and Success: A Panel Study.
SourceRural Sociology, 1978, Vol. 43, 386 - 402
PublicHighschool pupils, rural area, followed 25 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1946-71
Sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =2081

Correlate
Author's labelnot named
Page in Source 394/395
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environmental factors, code S15ab02
Operationalization
a: Migrant status
b: Miles to metropolis
c: Population density
Assessed at T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.01 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.01 ns
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyAmbrey & Fleming (2014a): study AU 2002
TitleThe Causal Effect of Income on Life Satisfaction and the Implications for Valuing Non-market Goods.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2014, VOL, 123, 131 - 134
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2014.01.031
Public20-59 aged general public, Australia, 2002-2011
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =254727

Correlate
Author's labelPseudo R-squared
Page in Source 132
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
a) restricted windfaall income
b) remaining windfall income
c) household income (log) 
d) physical health
e) age squared
f) English speaking ability
g) marital status
h) lone parent
i) number of children
j) highest level of education attainment
k) employment status
l) years at current adress
m) life events
n) state/year dummies

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dRČ=.03
a-b-c-d-e-f-g-h-i-j-k-l-m-n


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyHeadey & Wooden (2004): study AU 2002
TitleThe Effects of Wealth and Income on Subjective Well-Being and Ill-Being.
SourceEconomic Record, 2004, Vol. 80, 24 - 33
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2004.00181.x/abstract
Public20-59 aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7934

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
 a Equivalised Income
 b Net worth
 c Gender
 d Age
 e Partnered
 f Eucational attainment
 g Employment status
 h Disability status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dRČ=.08
a+b+c+e+f+g+h
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study AU 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Australia 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11755

Correlate
Author's labelR squared
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
a Equivalised income
b Networth
c Equivalised consumption
d Sex
e Age
f Partnered
g Education
h In working force
i Unemployed
j Bad Health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eRČ=.084 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyHaugen & Blekesaune (2005): study NO 1995
TitleFarm and Off-farm Work and Life Satisfaction among Norwegian Farm Women.
SourceSociologia Ruralis, 2005, Vol. 45, 71 - 83
PublicFarm women, Norway, 1995
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =928

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effect
Page in Source 82
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
a occupation
b health problems

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bRČ=.141
a + b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyGraham et al. (2004): study RU 1995
TitleDoes Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.09.002
Public10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =5269

Correlate
Author's labelEffects of determinants on happiness
Page in Source 327
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
1. Age
2. Gender
3. Marital status
4. Income
5. Education level
6. Minority
7. Student
8. Retired
9. Housewife
10.Unemployed
11.Self-employed
13.Health Index
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2 (2000)
Russia went through major changes in this era, among 
which a financial crisis in 1998

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naRČ=.033
T1: 1995
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naRČ=.033
T2: 2000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variance
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
A: Social comparisons and expectations:
   a: gap score
B: Personality and psychology variables:
   a: self-efficacy
   b: optimism-pessimism bias
   c: depression/anxiety (GHQ)
   d: self assessed risks of negative life events 
C: Health variables: 
   a:physical functioning (ADL)
   b:health status
   c:long-standing illness
D: Social capital (personal):
   a: social activities
   b:social support
   c:pets
   d: frequency of loneliness
   e: increase in loneliness
E: Social capital: 
   a: quality of area
   b: safety of area
   c: neighbourliness of area
F: Health values:
   a: health value score
G: Socio-demographic:
   a: age
   b: gender
H: socio-economic background:
   a: social class
   b: housing tenure
   c: highest level of educational qualification

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.06
a
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15
a+b+c+d+e
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r+s+t+u+v


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health
Subject code: S15ab03

StudyLowenthal & Boler (1965): study US 1962
TitleVoluntary vs. Involuntary Social Withdrawal.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1965, Vol. 20, 363 - 371
Public60+aged, San Francisco, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response55%, 22% refusals, 9% deaths, 22% unattainable
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelDeprivation
Page in Source 367
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health, code S15ab03
Operationalization
Deprivation measured by an index of:
- compulsary retirement in past 7 yrs
- widowhood in past 7 yrs
- interviewer rating of physical disability

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-bG=-.55 p < . 01
withdrawn    : G' = -.64 (ns)
not withdrawn: G' = -.40 (ns)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-4-cG=-.70 p < . 01
withdrawn    : G' = -.70 (01)
not withdrawn: G' = -.65 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bcG=-.70 p < . 01
withdrawn    : G' = -.90 (01)
not withdrawn: G' = -.51 (05)

Social withdrawal measured by report of reduced 
participation in organisation, and less contacts 
with family and friends.

G' based on proportion unhappy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 363
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
a Sex
b Age
c Income
d Education
e Life compared with others
f Life compared with that deserved
g Life compared with needs
h Life compared with expected 
   progress
i Life compared with best previous  
   experience
j Life compared with wants

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.35 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j
All
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26 p < .01
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.32 p < .01
Males
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.27 p < .01
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.37 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26 p < .01
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
Satisfaction with:
- health  
- financial security 
- family relations 
- paid employment
- friendships
- housing 
- area you live in  
- recreation activity
- religion  
- self esteem 
- transportation
- government services
and the demographic factors:
- sex
- age
- formal education  
- language 
- work status
- marital status  
- time in area

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.37
Males N:173 RČ=.45     Females N:154 RČ=.33
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.53
Males N:173 RČ  =.62   Females N:154 RČ  =.50
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRaČ=.50
Males N:173 RaČ'=.57   Females N:154 RaČ'=.43  
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.35
Males N:173 RaČ'=.38   Females N:154 RaČ'=.24  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 411
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
a Domain satisfaction factors(family  
  life, friendships, financial 
  security, self esteem, job, health, 
  ability to get around free time 
  activity, housing, education) 

b Demographic factors (marital status, 
  family income, age, sex, education,  
  work status)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.55
a
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.45
a
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.05
b
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.07
b
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.46
a+b
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.57
a+b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelDemographics&domain satisfactions
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
a Domain satisfaction factors (family  
  life, friendships, financial   
  security, self esteem, job, health,  
  ability to get around free time  
  activity, housing, education).

b Demographic factors (marital status, 
  family imcome, age, sex, education,  
  work status).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.55
a
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.07
b
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.57
a+b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
A Satisfaction with:
  a: Family life
  b: Friendships
  c: Financialsecurity
  d: Self esteem
  e: Spouse
  f: Health
  g: Transportation
  h: Recreation
  i: Housing
  j: Religion
  k: Area you live in,government services
B Demographic factors: 
  a: Age
  b: Sex 
  c: Formal education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-a
A+B
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.32 p < .01
ALL
- Males:   .27
- Farmers: .36
- Aged 75+:.30
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.49 p < .01
ALL
- Males:   .47
- Farmers  .46
- Aged 75+:.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyAmit & Litwin (2010): study IL 2006
TitleThe Subjective Well-being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 89 - 104
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9519-5
Public50+aged immigrants, Israel, 2005-2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =930

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
a: Origin Asia
b: Origin Africa
c: Origin East Europe
d: Origin America
e: Origin FSU after 1989
f: years since migration
g: langage
h: gender
i: age
j: married
k: income
l: education
m: activities
n: health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.01 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.08 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.19 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelInfluences of characteristics on life-satisfaction
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
a: health
b: policy satisfaction
c: trust in people
d: destitution
e: income
f: gender

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bRČ=.24
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bRČ=.22
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelR*R
Page in Source 370,371
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
Demographic 
  Gender
  Age
  Education
  Income
Lifestyles
  Digital life
  Global life
  Spirituality
Value priorities
  Having
  Relating
  Being
Personal domains
  Satisfaction with Standard of living
  Satisfaction with Household income
  Satisfaction with Health
  Satisfaction with Education
  Satisfaction with Job
Interpersonal domains
  Satisfaction with Housing
  Satisfaction with Friendships
  Satisfaction with Marriage (for married subjects 
only)
  Satisfaction with Neighbours
  Satisfaction with Family life
  Satisfaction with Leisure
  Satisfaction with Spiritual life
Public domains
  Satisfaction with Public safety
  Satisfaction with Environment
  Satisfaction with Welfare system
  Satisfaction with Democratic system

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mRČ=.31
all N=815
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mRČ=.31
married subjects only N=569
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bRČ=.23
all N=812
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bRČ=.20
married subjects only N=567
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cRČ=.18
all N=809
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cRČ=.20
married subjects only N=564
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aRČ=.32
all N=808
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aRČ=.30
married subjects only N=563
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyMookherjee (1998): study US 1991
TitlePerception of Happiness among Elderly Persons in Metropolitan USA.
SourcePerceptual and Motor Skills, 1998, Vol. 87, 787 - 793
Public60+aged, metropolitian areas, USA, 1982-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2739

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variants
Page in Source 791
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
Socio-economic :
 a:gender
 b:race
 c:education
 d:marital status
 e:financial status
 f:religious membership
 g:religious attendance
Attitudinal variables: satisfaction with domains of 
life
 h:neighborhood
 i:non-working activities (hobbies)
 j:family life
 k:friendship
 l:health and physical condition 
 m:financial situation 
Social participation 
 n:contact with relatives
 o:contact with friends 
 p:close contacts with brothers and sisters
 r:spending evenings in bars and taverns
 s:spending evenings with parents

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=.22 p < .00001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=.23
d+h+i+j+k+l+m


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab04

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelResources, assesments and comparisons
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals, code S15ab04
Operationalization
Self reports on:
A: Resources
   a race
   b sexe
   c age
   d income
   e education
   f number of children
   g number of household members
B: Assessments, satisfaction with: 
   a standard of living
   b leisure time
   c housing
   d health
   e education
   f community
   g government
C: Comparisons: 
   a perception of being happier than others 
   b perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=.09
A
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=.24
B
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=21
C
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=.28
A+B
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=.27
A+C
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=32
C+B
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=36
A+B+C


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events
Subject code: S15ab05

StudyCalvo et al. (2007): study US 1992
TitleWhat Makes Retirees Happier: A Gradual or 'Cold Turkey' Retirement?
SourceMPRA Paper No. 5607, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, 2007, USA
URLHTTP://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/5607/
PublicEldery, United States, followed though retirement 1992-2004
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response25%; from 3022 (fully retired in 2004) to 2389.
Respondents N =2389

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events, code S15ab05
Operationalization
A- prompt retirement           
B- retirement wanted           
C- retirement partly wanted    
D- spouse death                
E- improved health             
F- years since retirement      
G- male                        
H- white non-hispanic          
I- log of mean wealth          
J- more than high school       
K- blue-collar                 
L- unemployed
Remarks
Assessed at T1: 1992, when still working;
T2: 2004, when retired.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-2-bRČ=.053
T1-T2 CHANGE in Happiness by 
A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H+I+J+K+L.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events
Subject code: S15ab05

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events, code S15ab05
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events
Subject code: S15ab05

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelDemographic situation
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events, code S15ab05
Operationalization
a. maternal age
b. education
c. number of children
d. receipt of public assistance
e. infant birth status (premature or full term born)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
          Happiness:
          Tl            T2         T3 
T1:      +.17(ns)      +.34(ns)   +.39(ns)
T2:                    +.25(ns)   +.39(ns)
T3:                               +.06(ns)

T1:child 1 month,
T2:child 8 months,
T3:child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events
Subject code: S15ab05

StudyKiecolt & Acock (1990): study US 1980
TitleChildhood Family Structure and Adult Psychological Well-Being of Black Americans.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1990, Vol. 10, 169 - 186
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1990.9981920
Public18 + aged; Blacks, USA, 198?
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =1911

Correlate
Author's labelresult all variables
Page in Source 179
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events, code S15ab05
Operationalization
a lived with both parents
b lived with mother only
c lived with mother and other adult(s)
d lived with mother and stepfather
e lived with mother, father and other adult(s)
f lived with grandparents
g mother's education
h education
i family income
j sex
k married
l age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-bRČ=.065
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events
Subject code: S15ab05

StudyNock (1982): study US 1972
TitleEnduring Effects of Marital Disruption and Subsequent Living Arrangements.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1982, Vol. 3, 25 - 40
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-77
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8224

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 37
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events, code S15ab05
Operationalization
a family disruption
b race
c sex
d number of siblings
e religious denomination
f age
g eduction
h occupational prestige

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.03 p < .05
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life style
Subject code: S15ab06

StudyTownsend & Gurin (1981): study US 1972
TitleRe-examining the frustrated homemaker hypothesis: Role fit, personal dissatisfaction, and collective discontent.
SourceSociology of Work and Occupations, 1981, Vol. 8, 464 - 488
URLhttp://wox.sagepub.com/content/8/4/464.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, white women, USA, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =946

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 477
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life style, code S15ab06
Operationalization
a Role fit: Employed, career-oriented, home-oriented.
b Marital status.
c Education.
d Age.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-RA-h-sq-v-2-aRČ=.05 p < .001
a+b+c+d
O-SLu-c-sq-v-3-bRaČ=.05 p < .001
C-RA-h-sq-v-2-aRČ=.06 p < .001
O-SLu-c-sq-v-3-bRaČ=.06 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life style
Subject code: S15ab06

StudyGlancy et al. (1986): study US 1947
TitleAdolescent Activities and Adult Success and Happiness: Twenty Four Years Later.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1986, Vol. 70, 242 - 250
PublicHigh school pupils, rural area Pensylvania USA, followed 1947-1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelSummed determinants
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life style, code S15ab06
Operationalization
A Extracurricular activities

B Leisure pattern factors
  a Socializing
  b Social performance/achievement
  c Order & independence
  d General knowledge
  e Opposite gender orientation
  f Home based & outdoor 
  g Play

C Background characteristics
  a Father's Occupation
  b Father's education
  c Mothers's education
  d Number of siblings
  e High school GPA
  f Educational attainment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRaČ=+.01 ns
Males A+B+C
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRaČ=+.02 ns
Females A+B+C


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + personality
Subject code: S15ab07

StudyPrizmic-Larsen et al. (2009): study HR 2005
TitleWhat to Do and not to Do to be Happy and Satisfied? Affect Regulations Strategies and Well-Being in a Representative Sample of Croatia.
SourceFreire, T.;Ed.. :"Understanding Positive Life Research and Practice on Positive Psychology", Climepsi, 2009, Lisabon, Portugal, 213 - 226
PublicAdults, general public, Croatia, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response31%
Respondents N =900

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 220
Our classificationSocio-demographic + personality, code S15ab07
Operationalization
A:Age
B:Income
C:Other coping style:
  a:Active distraction
  b:Cognitive engagement
  c:Behavioral engagement
  d:Venting and expressing affect
  d:Rumination and withdraw 
  f:Waiting

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaRČ=
A+B+Ca+Cb+Cc+Cd+Ce+Cf
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaRČ=.18 p < .01
Females
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaRČ=.12 p < .01
Males

Note:Same tendency for time being unhappy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + personality
Subject code: S15ab07

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variance
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSocio-demographic + personality, code S15ab07
Operationalization
A: Social comparisons and expectations:
   a: gap score
B: Personality and psychology variables:
   a: self-efficacy
   b: optimism-pessimism bias
   c: depression/anxiety (GHQ)
   d: self assessed risks of negative life events 
C: Health variables: 
   a:physical functioning (ADL)
   b:health status
   c:long-standing illness
D: Social capital (personal):
   a: social activities
   b:social support
   c:pets
   d: frequency of loneliness
   e: increase in loneliness
E: Social capital: 
   a: quality of area
   b: safety of area
   c: neighbourliness of area
F: Health values:
   a: health value score
G: Socio-demographic:
   a: age
   b: gender
H: socio-economic background:
   a: social class
   b: housing tenure
   c: highest level of educational qualification

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.06
a
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15
a+b+c+d+e
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r+s+t+u+v


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + personality
Subject code: S15ab07

StudyGeorge (1978): study US NorthCarolina 1973
TitleThe Impact of Personality and Social Status Factors upon Levels of Activity and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1978, Vol. 33, 840 - 847
Public50+ aged, whites, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =380

Correlate
Author's labelSociodemographic variables and personality
Page in Source 845
Our classificationSocio-demographic + personality, code S15ab07
Operationalization
a. Socio-economic variables:
- Sex
- Age
- Education
- Occupational prestige
- Health impairment
- Marital status
- Employment status

b. Personality variables (Cattel)
- Outgoing
- Intelligence
- Emotional stability
- Dominance
- Soberness
- Concientiousness
- Social Boldness
- Tough mindedness
- Sense of thrust
- Practicality
- Naïvety
- Security
- Conservation
- Selfsufficientcy
- Control
- Tenseness
- Extraversion
- Anxiety
- Cortial arousal
- Independance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aRČ=.06
a
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aRČ=.18
b
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aRČ=.22
a+b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyHayo (2007): study ZZ Eastern Europe 1991
TitleHappiness in Transition: An Emprical Study on Eastern Europe.
SourceEconomic Sytsems, 2007, Vol. 31, 204 - 222
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecosys.2006.08.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Eastern European Countries, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 211
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
a country 
b age
c age squared 
d gender (female)
e marital status 
f education 
g type of employment
h income 
i community Size
j church attendance
k religion

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bRČ=.086
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bRČ=.082
Reduced model: religion left out, most variables 
dichotomized


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

Study~CBS (1984b): study NL 1979
TitleDe Leefsituatie van de Nederlandse Jeugd van 13-24 jaar in 1979. Deel 4.(Life Situation of the Dutch Youth of 13-24 in 1979, Vol. 4: An Analysis of Youth in One-Parent Families.)
SourceS.D.U./C.B.S. Publications, 1984, The Hague, Netherlands
PublicAdolescents, The Netherlands, 1979
Sample
Non-Response35%, of which: refusals 62%, no contact 27%, unable 8%
Respondents N =3113

Correlate
Author's labelProportional explained variation
Page in Source 49
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
a broken home
b age
c education of head of household
d day time school
e head of household employed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dRČ=.02 ns
a+b+c+d+e
O-HP-u-sq-v-4-aRČ=.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 177
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
a: gender
b: age
c: immigrant
d: education
e: income
f: bilingual
g: English
h: nerves-child
j: demands-child
k: nerves-spouse
l: demands-spouse

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.10 p < .01
a+b+c
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.14 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.09 p < .05
a+b+c+f+g
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.09 p < .05
a+b+c+i+j
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gRČ=.13 p < .05
a+b+c+k+l


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyMookherjee (1998): study US 1991
TitlePerception of Happiness among Elderly Persons in Metropolitan USA.
SourcePerceptual and Motor Skills, 1998, Vol. 87, 787 - 793
Public60+aged, metropolitian areas, USA, 1982-1991
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2739

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variants
Page in Source 791
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
Socio-economic :
 a:gender
 b:race
 c:education
 d:marital status
 e:financial status
 f:religious membership
 g:religious attendance
Attitudinal variables: satisfaction with domains of 
life
 h:neighborhood
 i:non-working activities (hobbies)
 j:family life
 k:friendship
 l:health and physical condition 
 m:financial situation 
Social participation 
 n:contact with relatives
 o:contact with friends 
 p:close contacts with brothers and sisters
 r:spending evenings in bars and taverns
 s:spending evenings with parents

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=.22 p < .00001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=.23
d+h+i+j+k+l+m


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyRhoads & Raymond (1981): study US Arizona 1979
TitleQuality of Life and the Competent Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 293 - 301
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00896065
PublicAdults, Phoenix, Arizona, USA,1979
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =547

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 297-299
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
Combined effects on life satisfaction in a regression 
with:
a Age
b Sexe
c Family income
d Personal factor
e Social factor
f  Community factor
g Interactions:
   - Community factor x income
   - Personal factor x income
   - Social factor

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-aRČ=.20 p < .01
R2 increase:
.000  a
.000  a+b
.036  a+b+c
.140  a+b+c+d
.011  a+b+c+d+e
.000  a+b+c+d+e+f
.009  a+b+c+d+e+f+g
.001  a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
.000  a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+I


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyLee & Ellithorpe (1982): study US Washington 1975
TitleIntergenerational Exchange and Subjective Well-Being among the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1982, Vol. 44, 217 -224
Public60+ aged, living near children, USA, Washington State, 1975
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response25.1%
Respondents N =403

Correlate
Author's labelregression of morale on indepent variables
Page in Source 221, 222
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
a education
b marital status
c self rated health
d age
e number of children
f interaction
g aid given
h aid received

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aRČ=.18
males only
a                 R2=.06
a+b               R2=.06
a+b+c             R2=.17
a+b+c+d           R2=.17
a+b+c+d+e         R2=.17
a+b+c+d+e+f       R2=.18
a+b+c+d+e+f+g     R2=.18
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h   R2=.18
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aRČ=.12
females only
a                 R2=.04
a+b               R2=.05
a+b+c             R2=.08
a+b+c+d           R2=.09
a+b+c+d+e         R2=.10
a+b+c+d+e+f       R2=.10
a+b+c+d+e+f+g     R2=.11
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h   R2=.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social ties
Subject code: S15ab08

StudyGlenn & Weaver (1979): study US 1972
TitleA Note on Family Situation and Global Happiness.
SourceSocial Forces, 1979, Vol. 57, 960 - 967
Public18-59 aged whites, non-institutionalized, USA, 1972-75
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4049

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 963
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social ties, code S15ab08
Operationalization
a marital status
b presence of child or children at  
   different ages
c own age                    
d frequency of attendance of religious services
e family income
f occupational prestige males
g employment outside home females
h years of school completed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ= ns
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h

          1972  1973  1974  1975  All years
males     .04   .05   .05   .04   .04
females   .05   .10   .13   .13   .10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social support
Subject code: S15ab09

StudyChan & Lee (2006): study CN 2000
TitleNetwork Size, Social Support and Happiness in Later Life: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 87 - 112
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-1915-1
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2125

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 100
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social support, code S15ab09
Operationalization
a: gender
b: education
c: income 
d: network size
e: social support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.01
Beijing: 
a+b+c+
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.02
a+b+c+d
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.05
a+b+c+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.05
a+b+c+d+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.04
Hong Kong
a+b+c
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.06
a+b+c+d
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.15
a+b+c+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbRČ=.16
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social support
Subject code: S15ab09

StudyKoo & Yee (2016): study KR 2014
TitleDimensions of Social Well-being and Determinants in Korea: Personal. Relational, and Societal Aspects.
SourceThe Senshu Social Well-being Review, 2016, no 3
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 2014-2018
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 55,56
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social support, code S15ab09
Operationalization
Combined effects of;
a age
b gender
c marital status
d education level
e work status
f income
g ingroup trust
h trust gap
I risk experience
j discrimination experience
k community participation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceRČ=+.34
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + social support
Subject code: S15ab09

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variance
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSocio-demographic + social support, code S15ab09
Operationalization
A: Social comparisons and expectations:
   a: gap score
B: Personality and psychology variables:
   a: self-efficacy
   b: optimism-pessimism bias
   c: depression/anxiety (GHQ)
   d: self assessed risks of negative life events 
C: Health variables: 
   a:physical functioning (ADL)
   b:health status
   c:long-standing illness
D: Social capital (personal):
   a: social activities
   b:social support
   c:pets
   d: frequency of loneliness
   e: increase in loneliness
E: Social capital: 
   a: quality of area
   b: safety of area
   c: neighbourliness of area
F: Health values:
   a: health value score
G: Socio-demographic:
   a: age
   b: gender
H: socio-economic background:
   a: social class
   b: housing tenure
   c: highest level of educational qualification

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.06
a
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15
a+b+c+d+e
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.26
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.25
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k++l+m+n+o+p+q+r+s+t+u+v


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + values
Subject code: S15ab10

StudyBlood (1969): study US 1967
TitleWork Values and Job Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 456 - 459
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0028653
PublicMilitary, airforce, low rank maintenance jobs, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Page in Source 458
Our classificationSocio-demographic + values, code S15ab10
Operationalization
a age
b education
c father occupation
d acceptance of protestant work ethic
e rejection of protestant work ethic

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aRČ=.35 p < .01
students
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aRČ=.26 p < .01
workers


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environment + health + life style
Subject code: S15ab12

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral life satisfaction in German rural regions
Page in Source 127
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environment + health + life style, code S15ab12
Operationalization
a: Socio-demographic: sex; age; satisfaction with 
finances
b: Health-related: activities of daily 
living;visu-motoric coordination; affect balance score; 
satisfaction with health
c: Social network: household type; network variety
d: Housing: basic household features; home ownership; 
satisfaction with housing
e: Living area: available services;  neighbourhood 
features;
satisfaction with living area
f: Mobility: car use as passenger; car use as driver; 
satisfaction with public transport; satisfaction with 
mobility
g: Leisure time activities: outdoor leisure activities; 
satisfaction with leisure activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baRČ=.48
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baRaČ=.44
a+b+c+d+e+f+g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + environment + health + life events + ties
Subject code: S15ab14

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 225
Our classificationSocio-demographic + environment + health + life events + ties, code S15ab14
Operationalization
A: education, occupation, income, level of living
B: live alone, married, children, contact with 
relatives, contact with friends, church attendance,  
organizational membership. 
C: health problems, recent move, separated/ divorced, 
unemployed.
D: retired,widowed.
E: urban living, rural living, female

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.02
A
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.04
B
- under 30:  .10        30-49   :  .13
- 50-64   :  .03        over 64 :  .01
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.09
C
- under 30:  .11        30-49   :  .09
- 50-64   :  .13        over 64 :  .12
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.00
D
- under 30:  .04        30-49   :  .02
- 50-64   :  .01        over 64 :  .03
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.13
E
- under 30:  .22        30-49   :  .19
- 50-64   :  .19        over 64 :  .19
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRaČ=.11
A+B+C+D+E
- under 30:  .17        30-49   :  .15
- 50-64   :  .14        over 64 :  .13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + personality
Subject code: S15ab15

StudyCutler (1976): study US 1974
TitleMembership in Different Types of Voluntary Associations and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceGerontologist, 1976, Vol. 16, 335 - 339
Public65+, aged, USA,1974-1975
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =438

Correlate
Author's labelWell being and assocation memberships
Page in Source 337
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + personality, code S15ab15
Operationalization
a. self rated health
b. education
c. income
d. memberships

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=+.07
a+b+c
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aRČ=+.09
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + personality
Subject code: S15ab15

StudySigelman (1981): study US 1974
TitleIs Ignorance Bliss? A Reconsideration of the Folk Wisdom.
SourceHuman Relations, 1981, Vol. 34, 965 - 974
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-76
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2650

Correlate
Author's labelnot named
Page in Source 971
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + personality, code S15ab15
Operationalization
a: background variables
  - age 
  - gender
  - race 
  - education 
  - family income 
  - marital status 
  - church attendance 
  - political participation 
  - health condition
b:IQ

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRaČ=.15 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.16 p < .01
RČ does not increase significantly when 
intelligence (IQ) is added.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.30 ns
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AT 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1186

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.29 ns
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study BE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1385

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.19 ns
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 353
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
a: sex
b: age
c: length of residence
d: marital status
e: country of origin-Hong Kong
f: country of origin- Mainland China
g: financial need
h: psychological well-being
i: physical mobility
j: perceived needs for services
k: medication use
l: social network
m: neighbourhood quality

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.42
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.24
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.30
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study DK 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =767

Correlate
Author's labelCombined effects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.23
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelCombined efffects
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Combined effects of:
a Log income
b Income inequality
c State of health
e Unemployment
f Educational level
g Environmental index
h Freedom of choice
i Important in life: friends
j Trust in people
k Extent of political corruption
l Gender
m Age
n Age squared
o Divorce
p Number of children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=+.33
Sum of a to p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study DE 2002
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9958

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
a Equivalised income
b Networth
c Equivalised consumption
d Sex
e Age
f Partnered
g Education
h Working
i Unemployed
j Bad Health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRČ=.108
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study HU 1996
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1996
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3055

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
a Equivalised income
b Networth
c Equivalised consumption
d Sex
e Age
f Partnered
g Education
h Working
i Unemployed
j Bad Health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fRČ=.141
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyDuffy (2004): study GB 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Trust in Other People.
SourcePublication MORI, 2004, London, UK
URLhttp://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/publications/1226/Life-satisfaction-and-trust-in-other-people.aspx
Public16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8952

Correlate
Author's labelKey drivers of life satisfaction
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
Positive drivers:
a Finances comfortable 
b Retired 
c Talk to neighbours 
d Agree ordinary people share wealth 
e Do sport 

Negative drivers:
f Limiting long-term illness 
g Want to move home 
h Single non-retired household 
i Number of GP visits 
j Cannot afford visitors 
k Aged 35-44

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eRČ=.20
Positive drivers:a,b,c,d,e;
Negative drivers: f,g,h,i,j,k
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + social ties
Subject code: S15ab16

StudyHeadey et al. (2008): study GB 2000
TitleMoney does not Buy Happiness...Or does it? A Reconsideration Based on the Combined Effects of Wealth, Income and Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 87, 65 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9146-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =14101

Correlate
Author's labelNot named
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + social ties, code S15ab16
Operationalization
a Equivalised income
b Networth
c Equivalised consumption
d Sex
e Age
f Partnered
g Education
h Working
i Unemployed
j Bad Health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aRČ=.102 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab17

StudyAmit & Litwin (2010): study IL 2006
TitleThe Subjective Well-being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 98, 89 - 104
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9519-5
Public50+aged immigrants, Israel, 2005-2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =930

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life-appraisals, code S15ab17
Operationalization
a: Origin Asia
b: Origin Africa
c: Origin East Europe
d: Origin America
e: Origin FSU after 1989
f: years since migration
g: langage
h: gender
i: age
j: married
k: income
l: education
m: activities
n: health

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.01 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.08 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gRČ=.19 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab17

StudyMoon & Mikami (2007): study JP 2004
TitleDifference in subjective Well-being between ethnic Korean and Japanese elderly Residents in an Urban Community in Japan.
SourceGeriatrics and Gerontology International, 2007, Vol. 7, 371 - 379
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00427.x
Public65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21.7%
Respondents N =425

Correlate
Author's labelTotal Variants
Page in Source 377
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life-appraisals, code S15ab17
Operationalization
a: ethnicity
b: age
c: gender
d: literacy
e: living alone
f: absence of "sense of purpose in life"
g: pension
h: public assistance
i: GDS
j: Basic ADL
k: history of lifestyle-related disease

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aRČ=.13
a
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aRČ=.13
a+b+c
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aRČ=.20
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aRČ=.43
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ab17

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1398

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 414
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life-appraisals, code S15ab17
Operationalization
T1 characteristics:
a:sex
b:education
c:age
d:occupation
e:happiness

T2 characteristics:
f:retirement attitudes
g:health
h:income
i:employment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=
T2 happiness by T1 a+b+c+d+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.147 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.146 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.133 ns
Never married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
T2 happiness by a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.224 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.218 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.254 ns
Never married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ab18

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Page in Source 1353
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life appraisals + personality, code S15ab18
Operationalization
a sociodemographics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
b physical well-being
  - self rated physical health
  - number of diseases
c functional well-being
  - selfperceived physical condition
  - ability activities in daily living (ADL)
d social welbeing
  -SSQ 6
  -satisfaction with family life
e satisfaction with life achievements
  - single question 
f emotional well-being
  - depression (BDI)
  - anxiety (STAI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.05 p < .001
MALES:     a
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.15 p < .001
males:     a+b
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.16 p < .001
males:     a+b+c
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.20 p < .001
males:     a+b+c+d
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.27 p < .001
Males:     a+b+c+d+e
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.49 p < .001
males:     a+b+c+d+e+f
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.02 p < .001
FEMALES:   a
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.11 p < .001
females:   a+b
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.13 p < .001
females:   a+b+c
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.18 p < .001
females:   a+b+c+d
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=.22 p < .001
females:   a+b+c+d+e
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aRČ=45 p < .001
females:   a+b+c+d+e+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life events
Subject code: S15ab19

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life events, code S15ab19
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life events
Subject code: S15ab19

StudyLinn et al. (1986): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleFactors Associated with Life Satisfaction among Practising Internists.
SourceMedical Care, 1986, Vol. 24, 830 - 837
Public18+ aged, general public, NW-Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response7-24 %
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 95
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life events, code S15ab19
Operationalization
a sex
b income
c occupation
d health
e divorce/separation
f unemployment
g age and its interaction with health, divorce, and 
unemployment
h friends and the interaction with health, divorce and 
unemployment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.11
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life style
Subject code: S15ab21

StudySumnall & Bellis (2010): study ZZ 2010
TitleA Choise between fun for Health? Relationships between Nightlife Substance Use, Happiness, and Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Substance Use, 2010, Vol. 15, 89 - 104
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/14659890903131190
DOIdoi: 10.3109/14659890903131190
Public16-35 aged night scene public, 9 European cities, 2008
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1363

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life style, code S15ab21
Operationalization
Sociodemographic factors
a: sexe
b: age
c: relative income

Lifestyle
d times druk last 4 weeks
e: canabis use
f:  age of first use of stumulants
g: sexual orientation

h: Country

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-bRČ=.27 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life style
Subject code: S15ab21

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden én Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations ánd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelexplained variance
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life style, code S15ab21
Operationalization
a  never married
b: lives alone
c: widow
e: divorced
f: age
g: sexe
h: received professional help
j: member of an association
k: use of medicaments
l: education
m: housing
n: income
o: durable goods
p: employed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dRČ=.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life style
Subject code: S15ab21

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelBehavioural pattern
Page in Source 835
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life style, code S15ab21
Operationalization
a: martial status
b: age
c: number of children
d: emergency and pulmonary physicians
e: %time supervising house staff
f: number of days vacation
g: frequence of sexual intercourse
h: frequence of arguing and/of emotionally withdrawing 
from others
i: active coping scale
j: number of chronic problems/diseases
k: health habits index
l: depression scale score
m: anxiety scale score
n: job satisfaction scale score
o: stress: difficult patient scale score
p: stress: future in medicine scale score

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.13
a
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.17
a+b
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.18
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.26
a+b+c+d
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.28
a+b+c+d+e
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.28
a+b+c+d+e+f
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.34
a+b+c+d+e+f+g
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.37
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.39
a+b+c+d+e+f+g=h+i
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.41
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.42
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.59
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.62
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.64
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.66
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=+.67
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + personality + life style
Subject code: S15ab23

StudyLaukka (2007): study SE 2006
TitleUses of Music and Psychological Well-Being among the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 215 - 241
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-006-9024-3
Public65-75 aged, Sweden, 2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response43
Respondents N =280

Correlate
Author's labelexplained variance (regression analysis)
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + personality + life style, code S15ab23
Operationalization
a Age
b Gender
c Education level
d Health status
e Activity level
f Extraversion
g Agreeableness
h Conscientiousness
i Emotional Stability
j music listening strategy
  a Identity and agency
  b Mood regulation
  c Relaxation and company
  d Enjoyment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-bRČ=+.37
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-bRČ=+.38
ja+jb+jc+jd added


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life-events + personality
Subject code: S15ab24

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 23
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life-events + personality, code S15ab24
Operationalization
A : Earlier demographic characteristics (11 years ago 
T5:1969)
  a Stage of life
  b Religious participation
  c Income
  d Socioeconomic status
B : Earlier psychosocial characteristics (11 years ago 
T5:1969)
  a: Psychiatric symptoms 
  b: Happiness
  c: Self criticism
  d: Future extension
  e: Number of drs visits
  f: Activity scope
C : Earlier stress (6 years ago T3:1974)
  a: Negative events
  b: Positive events
  c: Transitional status 
D : Earlier stress (4 years ago T4:1976)
  a: Negative events
  b: Positive events
E : Current stress (T5:1980)
  a: Positive events
  b: Negative events

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbRČ=
                Male         Female     
                RČ    RaČ    RČ   RaČ
---------------------------------------- A         
     .09   .03    .06  .00
A+B            .23   .09    .26  .15 
A+B+C          .28   .10    .32  .19   
A+B+C+D        .31   .10    .36  .20  
A+B+C+D+E      .45   .25    .50  .35 
________________________________________
Happiness assessed at  T5(1980)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life appraisals + life events + ties
Subject code: S15ab26

StudyMartinson et al. (1985): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleLife Change, Health Status and Life Satisfaction: A Reconsideration.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 301 - 313
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00415128
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 309
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life appraisals + life events + ties, code S15ab26
Operationalization
a negative life change
b degree of disability
c days lost due to illness
d powerlessness
e community solidarity
f recent migrant
g contact with friends
h contact with relatives
i organizational affiliation 
j church attendance
k separated / divorced
l sex
m unemployed
n family income
o education

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=
under 30 :  .49         30-49   :  .55    
50-64    :  .40         over 64 :  .42
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRaČ=
under 30 :  .20         30-49   :  .29    
50-64    :  .12         over 64 :  .14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life goals + personality
Subject code: S15ab28

StudyHeadey (2008): study DE 1990
TitleLife Goals Matter to Happiness: A Revision of Set-Point Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 86, 213 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9138-y
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1990-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3553

Correlate
Author's labelEffect of current priorities & conditions
Page in Source 222
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life goals + personality, code S15ab28
Operationalization
a: current priorities at T3 for life goals
b: gender
c: age (T3)
d: extraversion (2005)
e: neuroticism (2005)
f: internal locus of control (2005)
g: having a partner (T3)
h: years of education (T3)
i: disposable household income (T3)
j: health disability (T3)
Remarks
T1: 1990, T2: 1995, T3: 2004

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRaČ=15,8
T3 LEVEL of happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dRaČ=27,7
T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness (14 year lag);
Variable a replaced by average priorities at T 
1,2,3 for life goals.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + personality + social ties
Subject code: S15ab29

StudySchulz & Decker (1985): study US 1985
TitleLongterm Adjustment to Physical Disability: The Role of Social Support, Perceived Control and Self-Blame.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 1162 - 1172
Public40+ aged, spinal-cord-injured, non-institutionalised, Portland Oregon, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 1169
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + personality + social ties, code S15ab29
Operationalization
a: percieved health     
b: income      
c: percieved control    
d: perception of disability
e: social support        
f: satisfaction with quality and quantity of social 
contact.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aRČ=.49
18%   a
21%   a+b
33%   a+b+c
37%   a+b+c+d
44%   a+b+c+d+e
49%   a+b+c+d+e+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + personality + social ties
Subject code: S15ab29

StudyMartinson et al. (1984): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitlePredicting overall Life Satisfaction: The Role of Life Cycle and Social Psychological Antecedents.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315724
Public18+aged, general public, N.W. Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 104
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + personality + social ties, code S15ab29
Operationalization
a. powerlessness,
b. community solidarity,
c. health limitations, 
d. days too sick to work,
e. recent move, 
f. separated / divorced, 
g. unemployed, 
h. contact with relatives, 
i. contact with friends,
j. church attendance,
k. organizational membership,
l. education,
m. family income

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.15
age <30: RČ = .23 
30 - 49: RČ = .27
50 - 64: RČ = .19
   > 64: RČ = .19
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aRaČ=.15
age <30: RČ = .19
30 - 49: RČ = .24
50 - 64: RČ = .16
   > 64: RČ = .16
  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + health + life events + social ties
Subject code: S15ab30

StudyBartram (2013a): study RO 2009
TitleMigration, Return, and Happiness in Romania.
SourceEuropean Societies, 2013, Vol. 15, 408 - 422
DOIdoi:10.1080/14616696.2012.726735
Public15+ aged general public, Romania, 2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1595

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 416
Our classificationSocio-demographic + health + life events + social ties, code S15ab30
Operationalization
a) migrant status
   - Migrant
   - Returnees
   - Homestayers
b) Socio-economic status
   - Income
   - Unemployed
c) Health
d) Sociability
e) Religiosity

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aRaČ=.20
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life appriasals + life events
Subject code: S15ab31

StudyKennedy & Mehra (1985): study CA Edmonton CMA 1977
TitleEffects of Social Change on Well-Being: Boom and Bust in a Western Canadian City.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 17, 101 - 113
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00302416
Public18+ aged, general public, City of Edmonton, Canada, 1977-1984
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3440

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 108
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life appriasals + life events, code S15ab31
Operationalization
a. Standard of living satisfaction
b. Friendship satisfaction
c. Family satisfaction
d. Job satisfaction
e. Neighbourhood satisfaction
f. Health satisfaction
g. Things wanted to do satisfaction
h. Non-work activities satisfaction
i. Financial better/worse than year ago
j. Year of significant social change 
k. Eduction
l. Sexe

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-b
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bRČ=.37
17-25 aged
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bRČ=.43
26-45 aged
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bRČ=.41
45+ aged


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life appriasals + life events
Subject code: S15ab31

StudyBookwala & Schulz (1996): study US 1991
TitleSpousal Similarity in Subjective Well-Being: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1996, Vol. 11, 582 - 590
Public65+ aged couples, United States, 1991
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1040

Correlate
Author's labelTotal variance
Page in Source 587-588
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life appriasals + life events, code S15ab31
Operationalization
Socio-economic: 
a: age
b: income
c: education
Health variables:
d: husbands' activities of daily living (ADL)
e: husbands' instrumential activities (IADL) of daily 
living
f: husbands' use of medication    
g: husbands' perceived health
h: husbands' depressive symptoms
i: wifes' activities of daily living (ADL)
j: wifes' instrumential activities of daily living 
(IADL)
k: wifes' use of medication    
l: wifes' perceived health
m: wifes' depressive symptoms
Life events:
n: shared life events
Life appraisals:
o: husbands' feelings about life as a whole
p: husbands'satisfaction with life's meaning and 
purpose
r: wifes' feelings about life as a whole
s: wifes'satisfaction with life's meaning and purpose

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.21 p < .001
Husbands
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.11 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+i+j+k+n+l+m+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.13 p < .001
Wifes 
a+b+c+
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.16 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+i+k+d+e+f+n
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.12 p < .001
a+b+c+i+j+k+d+e+f+n+g+h+o+p
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aRČ=.15 p < .001
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l+m+n+o+p+r+s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life appriasals + liife-events + personality
Subject code: S15ab32

StudyCohen et al. (1982): study US 1979
TitleCommunity Stressors, Mediating Conditions and Well-Being in Urban Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1982, Vol. 10, 377 - 391.
DOIdoi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198210)10:4<377::AID-JCOP2290100408>3.0.CO;2-T
Public18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =602

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 386
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life appriasals + liife-events + personality, code S15ab32
Operationalization
a: demographic status
b: ses variables
c: stressors
d: social support
e: evaluation of status
f: coping beliefs
g: stress x social support
   (interaction)
h: stressors x coping belief
   (interaction)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.31 p < .01
Increment in RČ when entered in the following
order:
a: .02
b: .08
c: .08
d: .02
e: .08
f: .03
g: .00
h: .00
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.02 p < .01
a
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.10 p < .01
a+b
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.18 p < .01
a+b+c
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.20 p < .01
a+b+c+d
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.28 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.31 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties
Subject code: S15ab34

StudyBeals (1985): study US 1978
TitleGenerational Differences in Well-being for two European Groups.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicImmigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =844

Correlate
Author's labelJoints effects
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties, code S15ab34
Operationalization
a: Perception of US life
b: Contacts with relatives
c: Contacts with friends
d: Socio-economic status
e: Immigration generation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aRČ=.18
Immigrants from Western Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bRČ=.28
Immigrants from Western Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bRČ=.26
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aRČ=.15
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties
Subject code: S15ab34

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 874
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties, code S15ab34
Operationalization
 a: communucation with spouse
 b: treatened separation
 c: satisfaction with spare time use
 d: satisfaction with present residence
 e: liking of neighborhood
 f: financial prospects
 g: number relatives close to
 h: number friends close to
 i: number organizational membership
 j: working
 k: voted in last two years
 l: years of school
 m: age
 n: family income

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adRaČ=.21
first married males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adRaČ=.28
first married females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adRaČ=.60
remarried males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adRaČ=.07
remarried females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties
Subject code: S15ab34

StudyBahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Sample
Non-ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 230
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + social ties, code S15ab34
Operationalization
a. Age
b. Education
c. Family income
d. Married before
e. Satisfaction with income
f. Leisure activity
g. Social participation (4 items)
h. Religiousness (3 items)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bRČ=+.43
Widows: husband died six months ago in mine fire
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acRČ=+.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acRČ=+.24
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bRČ=+.41
Survivor wives: husband survived mine fire
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bRČ=+.13
Other miners wives: husband was not involved in  
mine fire
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acRČ=+.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + social ties
Subject code: S15ab35

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden én Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations ánd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelJoint Effects
Page in Source 177
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + social ties, code S15ab35
Operationalization
a: Received professional help
b: Satisfaction with work
c: Income
d: housing type
e: income
f: durable consumer goods

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dRČ=.09 p < .05
Singles only (N = 484)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + values
Subject code: S15ab36

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Page in Source 216,222
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life appraisals + life style + values, code S15ab36
Operationalization
a Demographic characteristics:
 - gender
 - age cohort
 - education
 - marital status
 - household income
 - unemployement
 - urban residency
b Life domain satisfaction:
 - personal life sphere
 - interpersonal life sphere
 - material life sphere
 - public life sphere
c Value priorities:
 - being healthy
 - having a comfortable home
 - having enough to eat
 - having access to good medical care if required
 - raising children
d Lifestyle:
 - household related lifestyles
 - household size
 - home ownership
 - having meals at home
 - access to utilities
 - access to modern communication
 - religiosity
 - participation in local/national elections
 - trusting others
 - self-rated living standard high
 - global connection
 - nationalism
 - identify oneself as Asian.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mRČ=+.24 ns
a+b+c+d
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bRČ=+.16 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cRČ=+.24 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aRČ=+.34 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ab37

StudyMichalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00333288
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =700

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 377
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality, code S15ab37
Operationalization
a: Life compared with wants (CON 1.1)
b: Life compared with others
c: Llife compared with that deserved
d: Lllife compared with best previous experience
e: Self esteem
f: Social support
g: Work status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.53 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.49 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ab37

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 109/134/37
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality, code S15ab37
Operationalization
1. Gender                              2. Age
3. Income (household)
4. Marital status
5. Being in love
6. Desire to change dating pattern or
   marital status
7. Locus of control
8. Social support:
   -instrumental
   -expressive
   -interpersonal demands
9. Satisfaction with:
   -job
   -financial situation
   -friendships
   -love relationships
   -living situation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aRČ=.49
ALL Ss (married (including not formally married 
cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and 
non-married):

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   RČ = 52%
- females: RČ = 46%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ab37

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelexplained variance
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality, code S15ab37
Operationalization
1 values (community, collectivistic, individualistic)
2 domain satisfactions
3 demographic variables
4 satisfaction with one's Kibbuz life
5 psychological commitment to one's Kibbuz life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.18
1
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.31
2
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.01
3
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.33
1+2+3
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.05
the part of variance of the explained variance of 
(1+2+3) which is explained by 1
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.27
the part of variance of the explained variance of 
(1+2+3) which is explained by 2
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.32
4+5
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aRČ=.37
1+2+3+4+5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ab37

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelsummed determinants
Page in Source 582
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality, code S15ab37
Operationalization
a: cultural membership (US or Singaporian)
b: gender
c: competence need satisfaction
   neuroticism
   goal progress
   self-esteem
   social support
d: Inter-level consistency

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aRČ=.07 p < .01
a
M-AO---mq-*-124-aRČ=.072 ns
a+b
M-AO---mq-*-124-aRČ=.692 p < .01
a+b+c
M-AO---mq-*-124-aRČ=.702 p < .01
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events + social ties
Subject code: S15ab39

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 229
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events + social ties, code S15ab39
Operationalization
a:Demographic variables
b:Stress
c:Intimate support
d:Community support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aRČ=
            Happiness:
Predictors: Tl          T2            T3
Tl: a       .17 (ns)    .34 (ns)      .39 (ns
    a+b     .26 (01)    .34 (ns)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c   .36 (01)    .43 (01)      .40 (ns
    a+b+c+d .44 (01)    .44 (ns)      .40 (ns

T2: a                   .25 (ns)      .39 (ns;
    a+b                 .35 (01)      .41 (ns!
    a+b+c               .44 (01)      .41 (ns;
    a+b+c+d             .45 (ns)      .41 (ns)
 
T3: a                                 .06 (ns)
    a+b                               .20 (01)
    a+b+c                             .27 (05)
    a+b+c+d                           .27 (ns) 

Tl: child 1 month, 
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life-events + social ties
Subject code: S15ab39

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =534

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 227
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life-events + social ties, code S15ab39
Operationalization
a. Socio-economic statusses
   - Education
   - Occupation
   - Income
b. Social-participation
   - Live alone
   - Married
   - Contact with relatives
   - Contact with friends
   - Church attendance
   - Organization membership
c. Personal disruptions
   - Separated/divorced
   - Retired
   - Widowedd.
d. Demographic characteristics
   - Place of residence
   - Sex
   - Age

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.01
a
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.08
b
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.02
c
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.02
d
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.11
a+b+c+d
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.08
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + life style + personality
Subject code: S15ab40

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal characteristics
Page in Source 51
Our classificationSocio-demographic + life style + personality, code S15ab40
Operationalization
a Age
b Happy parents
c Professional status
d Marital status
e Income
f Locus of control
g Personal development activities
h Satisfaction with selfrealization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aRČ=.26 p < .05
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Socio-demographic + personality + life-events
Subject code: S15ab41

StudyCohen et al. (1982): study US 1979
TitleCommunity Stressors, Mediating Conditions and Well-Being in Urban Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1982, Vol. 10, 377 - 391.
DOIdoi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198210)10:4<377::AID-JCOP2290100408>3.0.CO;2-T
Public18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =602

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 386
Our classificationSocio-demographic + personality + life-events, code S15ab41
Operationalization
a: demographic status
b: ses variables
c: stressors
d: social support
e: evaluation of status
f: coping beliefs
g: stress x social support
   (interaction)
h: stressors x coping belief
   (interaction)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.31 p < .01
Increment in RČ when entered in the following
order:
a: .02
b: .08
c: .08
d: .02
e: .08
f: .03
g: .00
h: .00
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.02 p < .01
a
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.10 p < .01
a+b
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.18 p < .01
a+b+c
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.20 p < .01
a+b+c+d
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.28 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aRČ=.31 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Various combinations of current conditions
Subject code: S15ab44

StudyHomel & Burns (1989): study AU 1987
TitleEnvironmental Quality and the Well-Being of Children.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 133 - 158
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00300500
PublicBasic school children, Sydney, Australia ,1987
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response29,6%
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelFamily variables
Page in Source 139,146
Our classificationVarious combinations of current conditions, code S15ab44
Operationalization
a  Occupational status of parents
b  Parent's education
c  Family income
d  Maternal employment
e  Cultural background
f   Single parent status
g  Urbanicity of parent's background
h  Religion
I  Number of children in the family

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aRČ=.19 p < .01
R2 represents the additional variance explained 
after :
- Child's age and sexe
- Housing
- Street-type
- Neighborhood social problems
- Neighborhood x Street-type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Various combinations of current conditions
Subject code: S15ab44

StudyMutz (2015): study ZZ Various nation sets 2006
TitleChristmas and Subjective Well-Being: a Research Note.
SourceApplied Research Quality Life, 2015, Published Online, 1 - 26
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11482-015-9441-8
Public15+ aged, general public, 11 EU nations, 2006-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2057

Correlate
Author's labelR2
Page in Source 24,25
Our classificationVarious combinations of current conditions, code S15ab44
Operationalization
a: age
b: gender
c: level of education
d: children at home
e: unemployment
f: subjective health
g: pre-christmas interview
h: post-christmas interview

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdRČ=+.22
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hRČ=+.23
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Various combinations of current conditions
Subject code: S15ab44

StudySenik (2011): study ZZ Europe 2002 /2
TitleThe French Unhappiness Puzzle: The Cultural Dimension of Happiness.
SourceWorking Paper No. 2011 - 34, Paris School of Economics, 2011, Paris, France
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/cpm/docweb/1113.html
Public15+ aged first-generation immigrants, 13 EU-nations, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5094

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 38
Our classificationVarious combinations of current conditions, code S15ab44
Operationalization
a) Socio-economic characteristics
    - age and age squared
    - gender
    - household income
    - marital status
b) Country of origin
c) Country of residence

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aRČ=.086
a+b+c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Various combinations of current conditions
Subject code: S15ab44

StudyGuillen-Royo & Velazco (2012): study PE 2005
TitleHappy Villages and Unhappy Slums? Understanding Happiness Determinants in Peru.
SourceSelin, H.; Davey, G; Eds.: "Happiness Across Cultures. Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures Across Cultures. The History of Non-Westeren Science 6.", Springer, 2012, New York, USA, 253 - 270
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2700-7_18
PublicGeneral public, Peruvian corridor region, Peru, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =251

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source Table 9
Our classificationVarious combinations of current conditions, code S15ab44
Operationalization
A Personal characteristics
  a age
  b sexe
  c marital status
  d chronis illness
B Household
  a average expenditure
  b household expenditure
  c relative in official position
C Location  
  a Non-urban
D View on happiness
  a satisfaction
  b virtue
  c stoicism

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abRČ=+.20
A + B + C + Da
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abRČ=+.17
A + B + C + Db
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abRČ=+.18
A + B + C + Dc


Correlational finding on Happiness and Various combinations of current conditions
Subject code: S15ab44

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects _B
Page in Source 654
Our classificationVarious combinations of current conditions, code S15ab44
Operationalization
a  Satisfied with health
b  Perceived financial adequacy
c  No pension income
d  Community elder
e  Has a confidant
f  Looked forward to retirement
g  Is happy as grandparents were
h  Aged gradually

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dRaČ=.40 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j
65+ years olds only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality + social ties
Subject code: S15ab45

StudyMichalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00333288
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =700

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effect
Page in Source 377
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality + social ties, code S15ab45
Operationalization
a: Life compared with wants (CON 1.1)
b: Life compared with others
c: Llife compared with that deserved
d: Lllife compared with best previous experience
e: Self esteem
f: Social support
g: Work status

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaRČ=.53 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aRČ=.49 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e+f+g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality + social ties
Subject code: S15ab45

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelexplained variance
Page in Source 195
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality + social ties, code S15ab45
Operationalization
a: gender
b: personality (Extraversion, Neuroticism, 
Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness)
c: number of friends
d: friendship variables (friendship quality, friendship 
conflict)
e: friendship quality variables (Companionship, Help, 
Intimacy, Reliable alliance, Self-validation, Emotional 
security)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aRČ=.01 p < .06
a
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aRČ=.56 p < .01
a+b
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aRČ=.56 ns
a+b+c
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aRČ=.58 p < .01
a+b+c+d
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gRČ=.58 p < .01
a+b+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ac

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationLife-appraisals, code S15ac
Operationalization
Satisfaction with:
a) Income
b) Occupation and social status
c) Opportunities and social mobility
d) Welfare provision
e) Government policies and environment
f) Family and social connections

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nRaČ=.37
a+b+c+d+e+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ac

StudyHsieh (2014): study US 2009
TitleThrowing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: Evaluation of Domain Importance Weighting in Quality of Life Measurements
SourceSocial Indicators Research 119: 483-493
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0500-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelComposite score
Page in Source 490
Our classificationLife-appraisals, code S15ac
Operationalization
Self report on single questions (full text not 
reported) on satisfaction with...
a: health
b: work
c: spare time
d: financial situation
e: neighbourhood
f: family life
g: friendships
h: religion
7  completely satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
5  slightly satisfied
4  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3  slightly dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
1  completely dissatisfied

Respondents also rated the importance of this life 
domain relative to 7 other domains

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .001
unweighted sumscore
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ar=+.43 p < .001
sumscore weighted by importance
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=+.39 p < .001
unweighted
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-ab=+.43 p < .001
weighted by importance
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aRČ=.15 ns
unweighted a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aRČ=.19 ns
weighted a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals
Subject code: S15ac

StudyHsieh (2014): study US 2009
TitleThrowing the Baby Out with the Bathwater: Evaluation of Domain Importance Weighting in Quality of Life Measurements
SourceSocial Indicators Research 119: 483-493
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0500-y
Public50+ aged, Chicago area , USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelR2
Page in Source 490
Our classificationLife-appraisals, code S15ac
Operationalization
Selfreported satisfaction with:
a: health
b: work
c: spare time
d: financial situation
e: neighborhood
f: family life
g: friendships
h: religion

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aRČ=.24 ns
unweighted a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aRČ=.21 ns
weighted by importance a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ac01

StudyDeHaes et al. (1992): study NL 1987
TitleThe Distinction between Affect and Cognition in the Quality of Life of Cancer Patients - Sensitivity and Stability.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 1992, Vol. 1, 315 - 322.
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00434945
PublicBreast-cancer patients, The Netherlands, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response75
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelLife domains + coping resources
Page in Source 319
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality, code S15ac01
Operationalization
a Self perceived functioning in
  - physical
  - psychological
  - social
  - activility level
  - material
  - social 
b Coping resources
  - demographic
  - neuroticism (subscal Dutch Personality Inventory)
  - selfesteem (Rosenberg 1965 scale)
  - coping style (adapted Sidle 1969 scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aRČ=
% variance explained among: patients   normals
- Perceived functioning      64,8       68,3
- Coping resources           17,6       26,6
- Total                      68,1       71,9
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aRČ=
% variance explained among: patients   normals
- Perceived functioning      44,2       63,6
- Coping resources           32,5       37,3
- Total                      50,8       67,2

Satisfaction item (O-Slu) picks up less variance 
than affect item ((A-AOL), in particular among 
cancer patients


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ac01

StudyGonzalez (2008): study ES 2005
TitleBienestar Personal y Activades en la Edad Adulta Tardía. (Personal Well-Being and Activiteis in Late Adulthood).
SourceThesis, University of Malaga, Department of Psychology, 2008, Malaga, Spain
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/gonzalez_v_2008.pdf
PublicElderly, city Spain, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality, code S15ac01
Operationalization
1  optimism
2  self esteem
3  satisfaction with activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-aRaČ=.33
1+2+3
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-aRaČ=.45
1+2+3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ac01

StudyKalmuss et al. (1992): study US 1989
TitleShort-Term Consequences of Parenting Versus Adoption among Young Unmarried Woman.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 80 - 90
PublicUnmarried teenage mothers, USA, 1989-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response>10%
Respondents N =527

Correlate
Author's labelsummed effects
Page in Source 84-88
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality, code S15ac01
Operationalization
a: pregnancy resolution choice (parented/placed)
b: age
c: race (blck/white)
d: lived with both parents at age 14
e: received public assistance while growing up
f: high school graduated
g: lived in maternity residence while pregnant

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aRČ=+.03
a+b+c+d+e+f+g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ac01

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 91
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality, code S15ac01
Operationalization
a: satisfaction with self
b: optimism
c: satisfaction with USA
d: satisfaction with leisure
e: perceived control

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.33 p < .01
a
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.39 p < .01
a+b
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.44 p < .01
a+b+c
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.46 p < .01
a+b+c+d
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aRČ=.48 p < .01
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Life-appraisals + personality
Subject code: S15ac01

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1398

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 414
Our classificationLife-appraisals + personality, code S15ac01
Operationalization
T1 characteristics:
a:sex
b:education
c:age
d:occupation
e:happiness

T2 characteristics:
f:retirement attitudes
g:health
h:income
i:employment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=
T2 happiness by T1 a+b+c+d+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.147 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.146 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.133 ns
Never married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
T2 happiness by a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.224 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.218 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.254 ns
Never married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of earlier + current conditions
Subject code: S15ad01

StudyNock (1981): study US 1973
TitleFamily Life-Cycle Transitions: Longitudinal Effects on Family Members.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1981, Vol. 43, 703 -714
Public16+ aged working force, USA, followed 5 years, 1973-1977
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =963

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 710
Our classificationSummed effects of earlier + current conditions, code S15ad01
Operationalization
A Current demographic characteristics:
  a education
  b gender
  c race
  d age

B Family transitions in last 5 years:
  a first marriage
  b remarriage
  c divorce
  d widowhood
  e first child
  f additional child

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-cRČ=.10 p < .05
A+B
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-cRČ=.07 p < .05
A+B


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of earlier + current conditions
Subject code: S15ad01

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 23
Our classificationSummed effects of earlier + current conditions, code S15ad01
Operationalization
A : Earlier demographic characteristics (11 years ago 
T5:1969)
  a Stage of life
  b Religious participation
  c Income
  d Socioeconomic status
B : Earlier psychosocial characteristics (11 years ago 
T5:1969)
  a: Psychiatric symptoms 
  b: Happiness
  c: Self criticism
  d: Future extension
  e: Number of drs visits
  f: Activity scope
C : Earlier stress (6 years ago T3:1974)
  a: Negative events
  b: Positive events
  c: Transitional status 
D : Earlier stress (4 years ago T4:1976)
  a: Negative events
  b: Positive events
E : Current stress (T5:1980)
  a: Positive events
  b: Negative events

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbRČ=
                Male         Female     
                RČ    RaČ    RČ   RaČ
---------------------------------------- A         
     .09   .03    .06  .00
A+B            .23   .09    .26  .15 
A+B+C          .28   .10    .32  .19   
A+B+C+D        .31   .10    .36  .20  
A+B+C+D+E      .45   .25    .50  .35 
________________________________________
Happiness assessed at  T5(1980)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of earlier + current conditions
Subject code: S15ad01

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1398

Correlate
Author's labelJoint effects
Page in Source 414
Our classificationSummed effects of earlier + current conditions, code S15ad01
Operationalization
T1 characteristics:
a:sex
b:education
c:age
d:occupation
e:happiness

T2 characteristics:
f:retirement attitudes
g:health
h:income
i:employment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=
T2 happiness by T1 a+b+c+d+e
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.147 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.146 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.133 ns
Never married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
T2 happiness by a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.224 ns
Widowed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.218 ns
Divorced or separated
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaRČ=.254 ns
Never married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of earlier + current conditions
Subject code: S15ad01

StudyBlood (1969): study US 1967
TitleWork Values and Job Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 456 - 459
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0028653
PublicMilitary, airforce, low rank maintenance jobs, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelExplained variance
Page in Source 458
Our classificationSummed effects of earlier + current conditions, code S15ad01
Operationalization
a age
b education
c father occupation
d acceptance of protestant work ethic
e rejection of protestant work ethic

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aRČ=.35 p < .01
students
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aRČ=.26 p < .01
workers


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)
Subject code: S15ae

StudySachs (2016): study ZZ 2015
TitleHappiness and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.1, 56 - 65 , New York, USA
URLhttp://worldhappiness.report/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2016/03/HR-V1Ch4_web.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 119 nations, 2015-2016
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =199000

Correlate
Author's labelAdjusted R-squared
Page in Source 62
Our classificationSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level), code S15ae
Operationalization
a. SDG Index
b. GCI Index
c. IEF index
d. LGDPc
e. Unemployment rate

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cRaČ=.67
a+b+c
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cRaČ=.74
a+b+c+d+e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)
Subject code: S15ae

StudyRode (2013): study ZZ World samples 1995
TitleDo Good Institutions Make Citizens Happy, or Do Happy Citizens Build Better Institutions?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2013, vol. 14, 1479 - 1505
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-012-9391-x
Public18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =180000

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effect of all correlates
Page in Source 1488
Our classificationSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level), code S15ae
Operationalization
a: social trust
b: average memberships
c: importance of God
d: log GDP per capita (PPP)
e: unemployment rate
f: divorce rate
g: economic freedom
h: democracy
e: unemployment rate
f: divorce rate

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.52
a+b+c+d
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.52
a+b+c+d+e+f

Similar results are obtained when only poor 
countries and only rich countries are included in 
the sample.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.58
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.68
Dummies for regions and period added

Unaffected by further addition of aspects of 
economic freedom
- size of government
- legal security
- sound money
- freedom to trade


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)
Subject code: S15ae

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1975
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 10, 10 nations, 1975
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =10000

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 518, Table 1
Our classificationSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level), code S15ae
Operationalization
a. union density
b. welfare spending
c. unemployment
d. real GDP per capita

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bRČ=.97
AVERAGE happinmess in 10 nations.
a + c + d
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bRČ=.97
a + b + c + d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Summed effects of societal and individual conditions
Subject code: S15af

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelSummed effects
Page in Source 521
Our classificationSummed effects of societal and individual conditions, code S15af
Operationalization
Individual characteristics:
a. individual union membership
b. union density in nation
c. social democracy
d. married
e. gender
f. education
g. age and age-squared
h. number of children
i. home life quality
j. income
k. unemployed
l. church attendance

National characteristics:
m. culture
n. real GDP per capita
o. aggregate unemployment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aRČ=.29
Individual happiness in 17 nations by

Individual characteristics
a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l

+national characteristics
m+n+o;

No change if c,m,n and o are omitted.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cw-mq-v-2-bSelfreport on 5 questions:

Now think about the past week and the feelings you have experienced. Please tell me if each of the following was true for you much of the time past week. Much of the time ..
A You were happy
B You enjoyed life
C Yoy felt lonely
D You felt depressed
E You felt sad

Rated:
1 yes
0 no

Computation of state: latent variable
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-hSelfreport on 8 questions:

How much of the time during the past week did you feel ?
A depressed
B happy
C lonely
D enjoyed life
E sad
F a lot of energy
G anxious
J calm and peaceful

Rated
1 none or almost none of the time
2 some of the time
3 most of the time
4 all or almost all of the time

Computation: (B+D+F+J) - (A+C+E+G)
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How good did you feel, taking things together, during the past week?
1 very bad
2
3
4
5
6
7 very good
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question :

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time, in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
1 low
2 both
3 good
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A Very lonely or remote from other people
B Depressed or very unhappy
C Bored
D So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F On top of the world
G Particularly excited or interested in something
H Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0 never
1 sometimes
2 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -10 to +6 (transformed to ridits (0 - 1))

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (Berkman modified variation)
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past month, did you ever feel.....?"

A. Exited or pleased about something you were doing
B. That important things in life are going your way
C. Happy, satisfied, or pleased with your personal life.
D. Exited or pleased with something you did or a problem you
solved
E. That you have a lot of friends you can count on
F. Nervous or tense
G. So restless and irritated you couldn't sit still
H. Down-hearted or depressed
I. Felt concerned or worried about your health
J. Guilty about something you shouldn't have done
K. Unable to get a good night's sleep
L. That your mind was not working the way it should
M. Miserable or discouraged about your future

Answer options:
1 none of the time
2
3
4 most of the time

Summation:
Positive Affect Scale (PAS):A+B+C+D+E
Negative Affect Scale (NAS):F+G+H+I+J+K+L+M
Affect Balance Scale (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -32 to + 20

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variation by Cohen)
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 6 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A I felt dissatisfied with my life
B I felt happy
C I felt cheerless
D I felt pleased with the way I am
E I felt life was enjoyable
F I felt life was meaningless

Answer options:
0 never
1 rarely
2 sometimes
3 often

Negative affect score (NAS): A + C + F
Positive affect score (PAS): B + D + E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Joseph's 'Short Depression-Happiness Scale' (SDHS)
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

During the past 30 days, how much of the time did you feel ..?
A So sad nothing could cheer you up
B Nervous
C Restless or fidgety
D Hopeless
E That everything was an effort
F Worthless
G Cheerful
H In good spirits
I Extremely happy
J Calm and peaceful
K Satisfied
L Full of life

Computation: (G+H+I+J+K+L) - ( A+B+C+D+E+F)

Name: Mroczek & Kolarz (1998) Affect Balance Scale
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aaSelfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time do you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % happy
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-c-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question

Using a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means 'the worst possible life' and 10 means the 'best possible life', how would you rate your life overall these days?
0 worst possible life
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 best possible life
C-BW-c-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Please rate your life satisfaction these days, compared to the BEST and the WORST periods in your life that you have just identified
Answers rated on an open line scale:
-5 | worst period
-4 |
-3 |
-2 |
-1 |
0
+1 |
+2 |
+3 |
+4 |
+5 | best period

Preceded by recall of best and worst periods in life-experience

Name: ACSA (Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment)
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RA-h-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question.:

Up to now, have you been able to satisfy most of your ambitions in life or have you had to settle for less than you had hoped for .....?
2 able to satisfy ambitions
1 settled for less
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

A On the whole, life gives me a lot of pleasure
B On the whole, I am very satisfied with my life today
C Things are getting just worse for me as I get older
D All in all, I find a great deal of happiness today
E I have a lot to be sad about
F Nothing ever turn out for me the way I want it

Scoring
4 strongly agree
3
2
1 strongly disagree

Computation: simple addition. Possible range 6-24
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life........."
(full question not reported)

Responses scored pictorial faces scale consisting on several
smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
(Pictures not presented here)
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not presented here)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 25 questions

A 20-item PANAS
To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life?
Aa nervous
Ab distressed
Ac afraid
Ad jittery
Ae irritable
Af upset
Ag scared
Ah exiled
Ai ashamed
Aj guilty
Ak hostile
Al active
Am determined
An inspired
Ao enthusiastic
Ap alert
Aq attentive
Ar proud
As strong
At interested

B 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
Ba In most ways my life is close to ideal
Bb The conditions of my life are excellent
Bc I am satisfied with my life
Bd So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
Be If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Answer options:
1 not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 very much

Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ …Be)
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are.....?"
1 not too happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy

B "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life.....?"
1 rarely
2 now and than
3 fairly often
4 all the time

Summation: factor score
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-aSelf report on single question

Do you feel happy?
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree or disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
6 delighted
5
4
3
2
1 terrible

Labels of other response options not reported
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole?
1 as bas as can be
2 very bad
3 bad
4 allright
5 good
6 very good
7 as good as can be
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neutral
2. unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life.
1 not too happy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are....?
1 not too happy
2 relatively happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how much UNhappiness would you say that you find in life today.......?
1 a great deal
2 some
3 almost none
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bcSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how much happiness do you find in life today....?
1 almost none
2 some but not very much
3 a good deal
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy are you these days .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel that your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 somewhat happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
- DK
- NA
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are these days.....?
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 pretty happy
4 not too happy
3 a bit unhappy
2 pretty unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HP-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you consider yourself as a happy person......?
4 very happy
3 happy
2 neither happy nor unhappy
1 not too happy
- don't know
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aSelf report on different single questions

Responses transformed to common 0 to 10 scale
- scores on verbal response scales transformed using Thurstone's technique of expert weighing
- scores on numerical scales shorter than 11 step transformed by linear stretching
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"When you take everything into consideration, your child, your adult life, etc, how would you describe your current life situation.....?'
1 things are very bad right now
2
3
4
5 things are very good
(Response options not fully reported)
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you estimate your quality of life as a whole during the last 4 weeks?
| 0
|
|
|
|
|
| 100
Rated on 15 cm vertical open line
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How have things been going for you during the past 4 weeks?
4 very well
3 pretty good
3 good and bad parts about equal
2 pretty bad
1 bad
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

Write any number between 0 and 100 that describes your quality of life
100 perfect
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0 might as well be dead
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to rate themselves on an 1 - 10 rating ladder in terms of their self-perceived life satisfaction.
(Full question not reported).
[ 10 ] +
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] --

(labels of scale extremes not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"...... how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1 not very satisfied
2 somewhat satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question

.. Satisfaction with life.. (full text not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bbSelfreport on single question:

Here is a scale from 0 to 10. om it, "0" means that you are completely dissatisfied and "10 " means that you are completely satisfied. Please ring ONE number to show just how dissatisfied or satisfied you are about the way your life has turned out so far
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your way of life today? Would you say you are........?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not very satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfrport on single question:

On the whole are you with the life you lead?
4 satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 as yet unsatisfied
1 unbearably dissatisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

"All in all, how satisfied are you with your life these days.....?"
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life.
1 not very satisfying
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfying

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
O-SLu-c-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfying do you find your life these days? Would you call it....?."
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not satisfying
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life these days....?"
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied were you, during the past week, with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a card that I want you to use to tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you with your life in general. If you are completely satisfied with it you would say "eleven' and if you are completely dissatisfied with it you would say "one". If you are neither completely satisfied not completely dissatisfied you would put yourself somewhere from "two' to "ten". The higher the number, the more satisfied you are.

Ingeneral, how satisfied are you with your life? Which number on the card comes closest to how you feel?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6 neutral
7
8
9
10
11 completely satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aSelf report on single question:

Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?"
3 mostly satisfied
2 partly satisfied
1 mostly disappointed
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
5 completely satisfied
4 satisfied
3 unsatisfied nor satisfied
2 unsatisfied
1 completely unsatisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life-as-a-whole......"
(Full question not reported.)
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

… satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

.. Satisfaction with life as a whole (full text not reported)
7 completely satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
5 slightly satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-fSelfreport on single question:

All in all, to what degree are you satisfied with your life now?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole in the present time? On this card you see the scale, where '1' means that you are not at all satisfied, and '10' very satisfied. You also can choose any number between them.
1 not at all satisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceSelfreport on single question:

At present, how satisfied are you, all in all, with your life in general?
0 very unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you recently with your life as a whole.....?
1 completely dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faSelfreport on single question:

Please tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with various aspects of your life at the present time... Are you with your life as a whole...?"
5 very satisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
3 about evenly satisfied and dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied

Question preceded by items on satisfaction with aspects of life.
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-qSelfreport on single question:

Currently I am .. with life as a whole
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied, nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tSelfreport on single question:

How would you describe your satisfaction with life in general at present......?
1 bad
2 poor
3 fair
4 good
5 excellent
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-2-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 yes
0 no
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole ....?'
4 completely satisfied
3 very satisfied
2 moderately satisfied
1 slightly satisfied
0 not satisfied at all
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bSelfreport in 2 questions:

A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all satisfied

B. "Where would you place your life as a whole?"
Rated on a thermometer scale.
100 perfect, as good as you can imagine it being
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0 terrible, as bad as you can imagine it being

Summation: factor loading


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
RaČADJUSTED COEFFICIENT OF MULTIPLE CORRELATION
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0 ; 1]

Meaning:
Ra = 0 « not any association
Ra = 1 « strongest possible association
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
RČ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
RČ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTSL06ab01Burden of current life-events
S15aaSummed effects of life-career conditions N04apSummed nation characteristics
S15aa01Summed effect of earlier conditionsL08aaEarlier life (antecedents of happiness)
S15aa02Summed effects of changes in lifeL05LIFE CHANGE
S15aa03Summed later-life conditionsL08abChange in life
S15ab04Socio-demographic + life-appraisalsS15ab04Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
S15aeSummed effects of current societal conditions (macro level)N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION
S15afSummed effects of societal and individual conditionsN04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings