Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
Subject Code: S10

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED0
S10aaSupport career0
S10aa01Earlier support received4
S10aa02Change in support received0
S10aa03Later support received0
S10abCurrent social support received22
S10ab01Amount of current support received16
S10ab02Sources of current support27
S10ab03Kind of social support received11
S10acAttitudes to social support received2
S10ac01Perceived need for social support3
S10ac02Perceived availability of social support19
S10ac03Satisfaction with social support received10
S10aa01aEarlier satisfaction with social support received1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=S10
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier support received
Subject code: S10aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelReceived social support
Page in Source 350
Our classificationEarlier support received, code S10aa01
Operationalization
Obtained support rated bij the interviewer on a 3 point 
scale.
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.20 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 support.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.18 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 support.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier support received
Subject code: S10aa01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelSocial worker services in the past
Page in Source 403
Our classificationEarlier support received, code S10aa01
Operationalization
Used social worker services in the past (vs not)
Observed distribution2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   47  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 41  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with no social worker services in 
the past not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier support received
Subject code: S10aa01

StudyBaker et al. (2005): study US 1986
TitleProductive Activities and Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults: The Influence of Number of Activities and Time Commitment.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 73, 431 - 458
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6
Public60+ aged, USA, followed 3 years 1986-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1279

Correlate
Author's labelSize of support network
Page in Source 443-447
Our classificationEarlier support received, code S10aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:'about how many friends 
or other relatives do you have whom you could call on 
for advice or help if you needed it?'
Observed distributionRange: 0-40, M = 8,7, SD = 8,5
Remarks
Assessed at T1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.18 p < .05
T1 size of social support network by T2 happiness 
(3 year lag)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.03 p < .001
B (+.032) controlled for:
- T1 activity in voluntary associations
- T1 self rated health
- T1 religious participation
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.02 p < .05
B (+.019) controlled for:
- T1 activity in voluntary associations
- T1 self rated health
- T1 religious participation
- Demographic variables
   - age
   - gender
   - education
   - race
   - marital status
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.01 p < .05
B (+.0,012) additionally controlled for:
-T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier support received
Subject code: S10aa01

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity support
Page in Source 229
Our classificationEarlier support received, code S10aa01
Operationalization
2-item index of closed questions on the quantity of 
support from neighbourhood and community and the 
parent's perceived satisfaction with the support 
avaiable. Satisfaction was rated on a 4-point scale, 
ranging from very satisfied to very dissatisfied 
(adapted scale from Henderson e.a., 1981).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
              Happiness:
              Tl          T2            T3
Support: Tl:  +.35 (01)   +.13 (ns)     0 (ns)
Support: T2:              +.13 (ns)     0 (ns)
Support: T3:                            0 (ns)

rpc controlled for:
1. demographic covariates (age, education,
number of children, receipt of public
assistance, infant birth status (premature
full term));
2. stress
3. intimate support

Tl: child 1 month, 
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10aa01a

StudySchilmoeller et al. (1991): study US 1991
TitleLong -Term Support and Personal Adjustment of Adolescent and Older Mothers.
SourceAdolescence, 1991, Vol. 26, 787 - 796
PublicMothers, followed 1 year postpartum, USA, 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived Family Support
Page in Source 791.793
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with social support received, code S10aa01a
Operationalization
Self rating of interaction with family.
a  poor-good
b  unpleasant-pleasant
c  not helpful-helpful
Each rated on 7 step scale
Observed distribution-Adolescent mothers: 1 month: M=17.42; 6 months: M=17.42; 12months: M=17.53 -Older mothers: 1 month: M=19.64; 6 months: M=19.00; 12months: M=19.00
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha=.68
Remarks
Perceived Family Support Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.41 p < .05
Adolescent Mothers
T1 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.69 p < .001
Adolescent Mothers
T2 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.63 p < .01
Adolescent Mothers
T3 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.16 ns
Older Mothers
T1 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.30 ns
Older Mothers
T2 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=-.17 ns
Older Mothers
T3 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyUppal (2006): study CA 1991
TitleImpact of the Timing, Type and Severity of Disability on the Subjective Well-Being of Individuals with Disabilities.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2006, Vol. 63, 525 - 539
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.01.016
PublicDisabled, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response7.1%
Respondents N =24036

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold chores
Page in Source 529-530
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
a: No help needed
b: Need help and get help
c: Need help but do not get help
Observed distributionb: 20,54%; c: 4,46%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=
                   % Not too happy % Very happy
No help needed                11,7     22,0
Need help and get help        20,2     17,4
Need help but do not get help 24,3     10,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyLai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991
TitleLife Satisfaction of Chinese Elderly Immigrants in Calgary
SourceCanadian Journal of Aging,1995, Vol.14, 536 - 552
DOIDOI:10.1017/SO714980800009107
PublicChinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response14.7%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 542, 545-546
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report on questions about: 
a: Avaliability of someone to trust and confide in
b: Avaliability of anyone who would give help in case 
of sickness or disabled
c: Avaliablilty of someone who would take care of in 
case of need help 
Rated: 
1: No
2: Maybe 
3: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.24 p < .05
All
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=-.06 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .001
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of social suport
Page in Source 1352
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report on questions about
A perceived social support
B Satisfaction with family life
Observed distributionMales: M = 3,55 SD = 0,8. Females: M = 3,69 SD =0,8
Remarks
SSQ6 perceived availability of social support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=+.03 ns
females
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=+.03 ns
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=-.09 p < .01
males
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=+.03 ns
Beta's controled for socio-demographics(step 1)
- age
- education
- employment
- marital status
-physical well-being
-funtinal well being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelUse of care facilities
Page in Source 310, 319-320, 324
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report on current use and usage frequency of 
various care facilities:
a: None 
b: Social center
c: Multiservice center
d: Day care center
e: Home help
f: Hostel
g: Nursing home

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aDM=+/-
Non users             M=64.2 SD=21.6
Users of
-Social center        M=65.2 SD=21.7
-Multiservice center  M=66.4 SD=21.7
-Day care center      M=62.1 SD=25.0
-Home help            M=58.7 SD=23.6
-Hostel               M=72.6 SD=20.2
-Nursing home         M=67.7 SD=22.8
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aAoV=14.7 ns
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.1 ns
USAGE of (vs non-usage)
-Social center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
-Multiservice center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-1.4 ns
-Day care center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.6 ns
-Home help
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+3.4 ns
-Hostel
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.8 ns
-Nursing home

B's controlled for:
-age
-sex
-education
-acquiescence
-reception of public welfare
-religious faith
-living arrangement
-marital status
-quality of life in the past years
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 p < .01
CUMULATIVE USE of (per year
-Social center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.5 p < .01
-Multiservice center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.6 ns
-Day care center
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.1 ns
-Home help
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+40 p < .01
-home care
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.3 ns
-hostel
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.9 ns
-nursing home

B is controlled for:
-age
-sex
-education
-acquiescence
-reception of public welfare
-religious faith
-living arrangement
-marital status
-quality of life in the past years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyCheng & Chan (2006): study HK 2000
TitleRelationship with Others and Life Satisfaction in Later Life: Do Gender and Widowhood make a Difference?
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 2006, Vol. 61b, 46 - 53
Public60+ aged, Hong Kong, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1616

Correlate
Author's labelFamily
Page in Source 49-50
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report on two questions: 
a: How often are your relatives concerned about you?
b: Do you have good relationships with your family 
members?

Response options not reported
Observed distributionM=3.87 SD=0.75
Error EstimatesCronbach' s alpha is .68

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-ar=+.40 p < .001
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudySchiff & Bargal (2000): study IL 1995
TitleHelping Characteristics of Self-Help and Support Groups. Their Contribution to Partipants' Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSmall Group Research, 2000, Vol. 31, 275 - 304
PublicParticipants of self-help and support groups, Jerusalem, Israel, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelCaring and concern
Page in Source 292
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on following questions: 
a: When something bothers me, members of the group 
treat me kindly
b: group members care about each other

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale:
1= certainly wrong to 6= certainly right
Observed distributionDifferent districutions
Error EstimatesCronbach's Alpha=.80
Remarks
Question concerns helping characteristics of the 
self-help or support group

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-ar=+.21 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudySchiff & Bargal (2000): study IL 1995
TitleHelping Characteristics of Self-Help and Support Groups. Their Contribution to Partipants' Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSmall Group Research, 2000, Vol. 31, 275 - 304
PublicParticipants of self-help and support groups, Jerusalem, Israel, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =90

Correlate
Author's labelTips for coping methods
Page in Source 292
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on following questions:
a: I give the group members "tips"on how to cope with 
daily situations
b: The group offers me "tips"on how to cope with daily 
situations

Rated on a 5-point numerical scale After reversing the 
scale:1=never; 5=always
Observed distributionDifferent districutions
Error EstimatesCronbach's Alpha=.66
Remarks
Question concern helping characteristics of the 
self-help or support group

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-ar=+.14 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelReceives help
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
1:  No (reference)
0:  Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=0.97 ns
YES (vs no)

OR controlled for: 
-age
-gender
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-neighborhood
-infrastructure
-children
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=0.87 ns
OR additionally controlled for country
 
OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelautonomy support
Page in Source 576, 581, 582
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions, f.e.
- this person listens to how I would like to do things
- this person provides me with choices and options

Rated the extent to which authorities and other 
important personan support the participant's right to 
make their own choices on a 5-point scale

Aggregate score was computed by averaging
Observed distributionM = 4.04, SD = .66
Error Estimates? = .91
Remarks
Perceived autonomy support scale (Black & Deci, 2000)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.24 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 576, 581, 582
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions, f.e.
- having people who can distract you from your worries 
when you feel under stress
- having people who care about you, regardless of what 
is happening to you
Rated satisfaction with their overall 

Rated 1 (very dissatisfied) to 5 (very satisfied)

Ratings were averaged to a composite score
Observed distributionAll M = 4.15, SD = .75; USA M = 4.26; Singapore M = 4.00
Error Estimates?=.90
Remarks
Sarasons et al. (1987) brief social support measure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.40 p < .01
All
Beta controlled for
- autonomy support
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Goal-progress
- Self-esteem
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.14 p < .01
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.18 p < .01
Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need satisfaction
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress
- Self-esteem


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyDeRuiter et al. (1993): study NL 1990
TitleCancer Patients and their Network: the Meaning of the Social Network and Social Interactions for Quality of Life.
SourceSupportive Care in Cancer, 1993, Vol.1 152 - 155
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00366062
PublicCancer patients and ex-patients. The Netherlands,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =509

Correlate
Author's labelTotal network support score
Page in Source 154
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions about experiences in social 
interaction 
-Warmth and friendliness
-Esteem
-Someone spent a pleasant time with you
-Understanding and sympathy
-Usefule information and understanding
-The help of someone
-Someone trusted you
-Someone took time to be with you
Rated: none(1) to a great deal(4)
Observed distributionSurgery patients: N = 109, M = 2,6, SD = 0,7 Chemotherapy patients: N = 108, M = 2,6, SD = 0,6 Ex cancer patients: N = 192, M = 2,2, SD = 0,5
Error EstimatesCrombach's alpha is 0.75, mean inter item correlation +20

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.07 ns
Recently treated for cancer with surgery (N=93)
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.18 ns
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.24 p < .05
Recently treated for cancer with chemotherapy 
(N=94)
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.09 ns
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.19 p < .05
Ex cancer patients (N = 162)
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.16 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelperceptions of situation
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
a: Satisfaction with emotional support provided by 
natives
b: Perception of ethnic prejudice
c: Perceived sufficiency of support

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baR²=47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyIngersoll -Dayton et al. (2004): study TH 1999
TitleMeasuring psychological Well-Being: Insights from Thai Elders.
SourceThe Gerontologist, 2004, Vol. 44, 596 - 604
Public60+aged, Thailand, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =460

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal well-being
Page in Source 601-602
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report on nine questions:
A. Harmony:
   a: In your extended family, people get along well 
together.
   b: Members of your extended family care about each 
other.
   c: In your neighborhood, people are friendly to each 
other.

B. Interdependence:
   a: In your extended family, people can depend on 
each other for help.
   b: People in your extended family take care of you.
   c: Neighbors depend on each other.

C. Respect:
   a: Younger members of your extended family or other 
younger people obey you. 
   b: Younger members of your extended family or other 
young people talk and behave politely toward you. 
   c: Younger members of your extended family or other 
young people treat you with respect.

Rated:
1: strongly disagree
2: disagree
3: agree
4: strongly agree
Observed distributionM=3.31 SD=0.52
Remarks
Interpersonal well-being index was created by 
confirmatory factor analyses and it is a mean of the 
harmony, interdependence and respect subscales.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-?-0-ar=+.31 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 11, 15
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Self report of:
a:  number of social contacts 
b: frequency of social contact by phone face to face 
and/or email with sons and daughters, brothers and 
sisters, other relatives, friends, neighbours, time 
proximity and geographical spread 
c: number of practical/instrumental areas can ask for 
help with: type of helper, time proximity of residences 
proximity (lift, help if ill, borrow money, everyday 
chores (errands, odd jobs) 
-has someone to turn to for: comfort/support in serious 
personal crisis
d: number of areas of life in total can ask for help 
with emotional plus practical areas

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.19 p < .01
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.10
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelConfide-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived emotional 
support from their child:
- I can share my very private feelings and concerns 
with child. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelFinancial-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived financial 
support from their child:
- I feel that child would help me out financially if I 
needed it. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelSick Care-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived instrumental 
support from their child:
- I feel that child would take care of me when I am 
sick
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyJanz et al. (2001): study US Michigan 1996
TitleFactors Influencing Quality of Life in Older Women With Heart Disease.
SourceMEDICAL CARE, 2001, V ol. 39, 588 - 598 ,
URLhttp://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/Abstract/2001/06000/Factors_Influencing_Quality_of_Life_in_Older_Women.7.aspx
PublicMedical Patients, Michigan, United States, followed 1 year, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =570

Correlate
Author's labelSocial and psycholological supports
Page in Source 591-595
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
19 item Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support 
Survey taps 4 dimensions of social support:
a: emotional/informational
b: tangible
c: affectionate 
d: positive social interaction.
Items ask about support availability (1= none of the 
time to 5= all of the time; total score range 19-95).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aR²=.09 p < .01
a+b+c+d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyRosenfield (1992): study US 1988
TitleFactors Contributing to the Subjective Quality of Life of the Chronic Mentally Ill.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1992, Vol. 33, 299 - 315
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2137310?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public20-70 aged, chronic mental patients, USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelSocial skills
Page in Source 305, 312
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions related to e.g.
- help in relationships
- communicating
- developing trust
- increasing friends
- self-confidence in relating
Rated on a 3-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=1,82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.18 ns
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics:
  - age
  - sex
  - education
  - race
- number of negative events in the last year
- functioning in het area of:
  - daily living skills
  - vocational skills
- need for structure
- need for supervision
- social contacts
- positive symptoms
- negative symptoms


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyAbbey & Andrews (1985): study US Detroit 1984
TitleModeling the Psychological Determinants of Life-Quality.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 1 - 34
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317657
PublicTranquilizer users, Detroit, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response40%
Respondents N =675

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 16
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Question on 'how much some one person loved, respected 
and was understanding
the respondent'. 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all 
to a great deal'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-cw-mq-*-20-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbors support
Page in Source 1068
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
Neighbors support for employment outside the home
Remarks
Only rural women (N = 165)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-ar=+.24 p < .05
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.21 p < .05
Controlled for job-family conflict
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.17 p < .05
Controlled for:
- job-family conflict
- expectation of working
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.21 p < .05
Controlled for:
- job-family conflict
- reason for working
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.17 p < .05
Controlled for:
- job-family conflict
- expectation of working
- reason for working


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current social support received
Subject code: S10ab

StudyCrnic et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleMaternal Stress and Social Support: Effects on the Mother-Infant Relationship from Birth to Eighteen Months.
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1984, Vol. 54, 224 - 235
PublicMother-child pairs, followed 18 months after birth, USA, 1981-82
SampleSampling not reported
Non-ResponseAttrition at T2: 10%, at T3: 14%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support from intimates
Page in Source 229
Our classificationCurrent social support received, code S10ab
Operationalization
4-item index of closed questions on the quantity of 
support sources of intimates (spouse, etc) and the
parent's perceived satisfaction with the support 
avaiable. Satisfaction was rated on a 4-point 
scale,ranging from very satisfied to very dissatisfied
(adapted from a scale developed by Henderson e.a.,1981) 
.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-arpc=+
             Happiness
             T1          T2           T3
Support:T1: +.37 (01)   +.37 (01)    0 (ns)
Support:T2:             +.37 (01)    0 (ns)
Support:T3:                          + .30 (05)

rpc controlled for
1. demographic covariates (age, education,
numberof children, receipt of public
assistance,infant birth status (premature or full
term)); 
2. stress

Tl: child 1 month,
T2: child 8 months,
T3: child 18 months


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyEk et al. (2008): study FI Northern Finland 1997
TitlePsychosocial Factors as Mediators between Migration and Subjective Well-Being among Young Finnish Adults.
SourceSocial Science & Medicine, 2008, Vol. 66, 1545 -1556
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.12.018
Public31-aged general public, Finland, 1997-1998
Sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =5696

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 1552
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on 5-item scale asking the extent to which 
the subject received emotional (two items) or practical 
(two items) support from his/her spouse, friends, or 
close relatives
1) Little or none
2) Moderately
3) A lot (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=6.35 p < .05
LITTLE OR NONE (vs a lot)
Men: no controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=11.1 p < .05
Women: no controls

Similar findings are found when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=1.99 p < .05
MODERATELY
Men: No controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=1.51 ns
OR when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=2.28 p < .05
Women: No controls

A similar finding is found when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future

Odds ratio of 1 means equal happiness, a higher 
odds ratio than 1 means less happiness, a lower 
odds ratio than 1 means higher happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyCurrie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleYoung People's Health in Context, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study: International Report from the 2001/2002 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents No.4
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004.
URLhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/110231/e82923.pdf
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162306

Correlate
Author's labelPeer support
Page in Source 185,186
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Self report on three questions
A The students in my class(es) enjoy being together. 
B Most of the students in my class(es) are kind and 
helpful. 
C Other students accept me as I am.
Response categories were: Strongly agree, Agree, 
Neither agree nor disagree, Disagree, Strongly 
disagree.

Recoded as:
3 Positive: agree or strongly agree with all these 
statments
2 Middle: Do not agree with one of these three 
statements
1 Negative: Do not agree with at least two of the three 
statements
Observed distributionnot reported
Remarks
15 year olds only (N =50816)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ers=+
Girls: rs = +.24
Boys : rs = +.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyKleiboer (2006): study NL 2001
TitleCouples Dealing with Multiple Sclerosis. A Diary Study Examining the Effects of Spousal Interactions and Well-Being.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht, 2006, Netherlands
PublicMS patients and their spouse, The Netherlands, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response12,9%
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelNegative reactions of partner
Page in Source 68-69
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on four questions:
Did it happen today that your partner..
a: made disapproving remarks on you
b: avoided you
c: hurt your feelings
d: demended a lot of you?

Rated: 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much)

Coded: 
0  no negative reactions at all
1  one or more negative reactions during the 14 day 
period
Observed distribution0: Patients 30% (N=18), Spouces 21% (N=13) 1: Patients 70% (N=43), Spouces 79% (N=46) Mean number of days on which negative responses were reported: 2,6
Remarks
Both patients and their spouces kept a structured 
electronic dairy during 14 days, which they completed 
at the end of the day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-mi-mqr-v-5-aDM=- ns
                      Patients   Spouces     
No negative reactions M = 0,97   M = 1,11    
Negative reactions    M = 0,92   M = 1,00
difference               -0,05      -0,11

No significant difference in Positive nor Negative 
Affect, and hence neither in Affect Balance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyDeRuiter et al. (1993): study NL 1990
TitleCancer Patients and their Network: the Meaning of the Social Network and Social Interactions for Quality of Life.
SourceSupportive Care in Cancer, 1993, Vol.1 152 - 155
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00366062
PublicCancer patients and ex-patients. The Netherlands,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =509

Correlate
Author's labelPositive experience in social interaction
Page in Source 154
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions about experiences in social 
interaction 
-Warmth and friendliness
-Esteem
-Someone spent a pleasant time with you
-Understanding and sympathy
-Useful information and understanding
-The help of someone
-Someone trusted you
-Someone took time to be with you
Observed distributionSurgery patients: N = 109, M = 25,9, SD = 3,9 Chemotherapy patients: N = 108, M = 24,5, SD = 3,9 Ex cancer patients: N = 192, M = 21,2, SD = 3,9
Error EstimatesCrombach's alpha is 0.64
Remarks
Source: Tempelaar et. Al. 1987: Een  meetinstrument 
voor positive en negative sociale ervaring van (kanker) 
patienten

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.23 ns
Recently treated for cancer with surgery
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.33 p < .01
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.13 ns
Recently treated for cancer with chemotherapy
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.16 ns
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.23 p < .05
Ex cancer patients
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=+.31 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyDeRuiter et al. (1993): study NL 1990
TitleCancer Patients and their Network: the Meaning of the Social Network and Social Interactions for Quality of Life.
SourceSupportive Care in Cancer, 1993, Vol.1 152 - 155
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00366062
PublicCancer patients and ex-patients. The Netherlands,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =509

Correlate
Author's labelNegative experiences in social interact
Page in Source 154
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions about experiences in social 
interaction 
Negative experiences(8 questions).
-Excessive concern
-Incomprehension
-People were not willing to help you
-Someone delittled you
-People did not give yoy enough information
-Someone avoided you
-Someone did not takeyou serously
-People did not leave you in peace
Observed distributionSurgery patients: N = 109, M = 11,1, SD = 2,2 Chemotherapy patients: N = 108, M = 10,9, SD = 2,2 Ex cancer patients: N = 192, M = 11,6, SD = 3,0
Error EstimatesCrombach's alpha is 0.64
Remarks
Een  meetinstrument voor positive en negative sociale 
ervaring van (kanker) patienten. Tempelaar et  al 1987

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.15 ns
Recently treated for cancer with surgery
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.21 ns
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.17 ns
Recently treated for cancer with chemotherapy
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.24 p < .05
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.36 p < .01
Ex cancer patients
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-ar=-.46 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelReceived social support
Page in Source 350
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Obtained support rated bij the interviewer on a 3 point 
scale.
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.20 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 support.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.18 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 support.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudySuhail & Chaudhry (2004): study PK 2000
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being in an Eastern Muslim Culture.
SourceJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol. 23, 359 - 376.
DOIDOI:10.1521/jscp.23.3.359.35451
Public16-80 aged, general public, Lahore, Pakistan, 2000
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =973

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 369-371
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Summed respons on 2 questions:
a amount of help provided by close relatives scored on 
a 4-point Likert scale.
b number of close friends

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.29 p < .001
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.21 p < .001
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.21 p < .001
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bBeta=+.09 p < .001
Beta's controlled for
- income
- religiosity
- marital satisfaction
- work satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelUtilization of social support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Utilization of the social network is measured by 6 
closed items where respondents indicate whether they 
had used contacts with natives in their social network 
to obtaining social support during the last four weeks 
in the following areas:
- expression of feelings
- social participation
- advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance
Observed distribution% immigrants who use social networks to obtain support from respectilely natives and immigrants - expression of feelings: 21, 92 - social participation: 24, 97 - advice: 27, 75 - positive feedback: 16, 88 - material support: 7, 45 - physical assistance:18, 76
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0.70
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.51 p < .000
support by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.08 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=-.07 ns
support by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.01 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived sufficiency of social support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Perceived sufficiency of social support measured by 6 
items with closed answering format (yes/no), about the 
sufficiency of received support in six areas:
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation, advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance
Observed distribution% sufficiency perception of support received from respectilely natives and immigrants: Expression of feelings = 21, 37 Social participation = 19, 55 Advice = 38, 52 Positive feedback = 21, 51 Material support = 55, 77 Physical assistance = 33, 70
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0.84
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.50 p < .000
perceived sufficiency of support by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.04 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.51 p < .000
perceived sufficiency of support from fellow 
immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.31 p < .000
Beta's controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 174
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Self report on single question (Blake & McKay, 1986)
'How many people can you count on in case of need?'
Observed distributionNone or 1 2-5 6 or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=+ p < .001
% happy (all or most of the time)
None or one: 43,1
2-5        : 57,9
6 or more  : 72,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudySchulz & Decker (1985): study US 1985
TitleLongterm Adjustment to Physical Disability: The Role of Social Support, Perceived Control and Self-Blame.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 48, 1162 - 1172
Public40+ aged, spinal-cord-injured, non-institutionalised, Portland Oregon, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response4%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 1168
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
11-item index of closed questions,indicating how much 
support
the subject got from up to 5 assisting
persons.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-ar=+.42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelChildren's support
Page in Source 1068
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Childrens' support for Mothers'employment outside the 
home
Remarks
Only rural women (N = 165)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-ar=+.31 p < .05
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.60 p < .05
Controlled for job-family conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyCrnic et al. (1983): study US 1981
TitleEffects of Stress and Social Support on Mothers and Premature and Fullterm Infants.
SourceChild Development, 1983, Vol. 54, 209 - 217
Public16-42 aged mothers with newborns, Seattle, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 212, 213
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Mother's self report on:
a support by intimate
b support by friends
c support by community

for a: presence or absence of support and satisfaction 
with it
for b and c: satisfaction with the availability of 
support

1 High Social Support
0 Low Social Support
Observed distribution1 75% 0 25%
Remarks
No significant differences have been found between 
mothers of premature infants and mothers of full-term 
infants .

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br=+.43 p < .001
Intimate
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br= ns
Friends
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br=+.42 p < .001
Community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyLee & Ellithorpe (1982): study US Washington 1975
TitleIntergenerational Exchange and Subjective Well-Being among the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1982, Vol. 44, 217 -224
Public60+ aged, living near children, USA, Washington State, 1975
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response25.1%
Respondents N =403

Correlate
Author's labelAid received
Page in Source 220,221
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Below is a list of types of aid parents sometimes 
receive from their children. Please indicate how many 
times during the past year you received each kind of 
aid from all your children who no longer live with you. 
a)	Advice on a decision you had to make b)	Help during 
an illness c)	Financial assistance (gift or loan) 
d)	Gifts other than moneye)	Help with some household 
task f)	Help with transportation
Observed distributionMean 3.6 SD 3.3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=-.17
males
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=-.07
beta controlled for
-education 
-marital status
-self rated health
-age
-number of children
-interaction
-aid given
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=+.02
females
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=+.11
beta controlled for
-education 
-marital status
-self rated health
-age
-number of children
-interaction
-aid given


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyMitchell (1985): study US 1974
TitleFamily Helping Behavior and the Elderly: A Two-Dimensional Approach.
SourceFree Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 13, 21 - 26
Public65+ aged, with children, USA, 1974
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2147

Correlate
Author's labelPerceptions of re- ceiving active help from (grand)children
Page in Source 25
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Perceived active help received from (grand)children 
for:
-Illness
-Running errands
-Money matters
(1 = don't do, 2 = do. Total range = 3-6)




Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Amount of current support received
Subject code: S10ab01

StudyGordon (1975): study US 1973
TitleThe Effects of Interpersonal and Economic Resources upon Values and the Quality of Life.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Dept. of Social Psychology, Temple University, 1975, Pennsylvania, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Temple University, Pennsylvania, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =346

Correlate
Author's labelServices
Page in Source 85, 87
Our classificationAmount of current support received, code S10ab01
Operationalization
Direct question: "I receive a lot of help, care and 
concern now". Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from 
1='not at all, never, lowest' to 9='completely, always, 
highest'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-ar=+.49
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-arpc=+.28
rpc controlled for selfperceived receipt of: love


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyGallagher & Vella-Brodrick (2007): study AU AU Victoria 2003
TitleSocial Support and Emotional Intelligence as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2008, Vol. 44, 1551 - 1561
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019188690800024X
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.01.011
Public267 adults, aged 18-80- years, Australia
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response927 (87.2%)
Respondents N =273

Correlate
Author's labelSources of Social Support
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Multi-Dimensional Scale of Percieved Support consists 
of 12 items relating to percieved SS. Participants are 
instructed to indicate their level of agreement or 
disagreement regarding each statement on a 7-point 
Likert scale . Three separate scores can be calculated 
for the sources of support.
Higher scores indicate greater perceived Social 
Support.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gr=+
Support by significant other.
PA: r = +.24 (p<.01)
NA: r = -.15 (ns)
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gr=+
Support by Family.
PA: r = +.20 (p<.01)
NA: r = -.27 (p<.01)
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gr=+
Support by Friend.
PA: r = +.38 (p<.01)
NA: r = -.31 (p<.01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSocial SupportIndex
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Self report on 4 questions
a. Do you have someone you can confide in or talk to 
about your private feelings or concerns
b. Do you have someone you can really count on to help 
you out in a crisis situation
c. Do you have someone you can really count on to give 
you advice when you are making important peronal 
decisions
d. Do you have someone who makes you feel loved and 
cared for

Rated: 
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Support Index
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Self report on 4 questions
a. Do you have someone you can confide in or talk to 
about your private feelings or concerns
b. Do you have someone you can really count on to help 
you out in a crisis situation
c. Do you have someone you can really count on to give 
you advice when you are making important peronal 
decisions
d. Do you have someone who makes you feel loved and 
cared for

Rated: 
0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionMean 3.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.33
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.34
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.27
Beta's controlled for:
 - Fair Treatment
 - Crime-Related worries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyBlandford & Chappell (1990): study CA 1985
TitleSubjective Well-being among Native and Non-Native Elderly Persons: Do Differences Exist?
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging, 1990, Vol. 9, 386 - 399
Public50+ aged, Winnipeg,Canada, 1985
Sample
Non-Response15% Natives
Respondents N =390

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of caregivers
Page in Source 395
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Number of caregivers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tb=+.58 p < .01
b  controlled by :
1. Male Sex
2. Married
3. Widowed
4. Age
5. Monthly income
6. Perceived health
7. Days in bed
8. Family size
9. Functional ability
10.Satisfaction with family
   relationships
11.Social contacts 
12.Number of children
13.Number of siblings
14.Interaction of ethnicity with
   ability & marital status & days ill


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support: expressive
Page in Source 109/134/37
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Factor analysis based on the following single closed 
questions on problems over the past year:
1.  not having a close companion
2.  not having people you can depend on
3.  not having a satisfactorry sex life
4.  communicating with others
5.  dissatisfied with marital status (single, married)
6.  not having enough close friends
7.  not having someone who shows love and affection8.  
feeling too dependent on others
9.  not having children
10. not having someone who understands problems.
Rated on a 6-point scale: never / a few times a year / 
about once a month / a few times a month / once or 
twice a week / several times a week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=-.50
ALL Ss (married (including not formally married 
cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and 
non-married):

ß   = -.16 after control for: gender, age, 
household income, marital status, being in love, 
desire to change dating pattern or marital status, 
social support (1. instrumental: problems managing 
money, deciding how to spend money, not enough 
money to do things, unsatisfying job, not enough 
money to get by on; 2. interpersonal demands: too 
many responsibilities, no one to depend on, too 
many demands on time, problems communicating, 
problems with children, problems with 
spouse/ex-spouse, conflicts wioth those who are 
close), and satisfaction with: job and financial 
situation, friendships, love relationships and 
living situation.

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   r = -.49  ß = -.03
- females: r = -.58  ß = -.39
Beta's controlled for the same variables as above, 
except gender and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support: interpersonal demands
Page in Source 109/134/37
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Factor analysis based on the following closed questions 
on problems over the past year:
1. having too many responsibilities
2. not having people you can depend on
3. too many demands on your time
4. having problems communicating with others
5. problems with children
6. problems with spouse/ex-spouse
7. conflicts with people who are close.
Rated on a 6-point scale: never / a few times a year / 
about once a month / a few times a month / once or 
twice a week / several times a week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=-.34
ALL Ss (maried (including not formally married 
cohabitating Ss (considered as married)) and 
non-married):

ß   = -.01 after control for gender, age, 
household income, marital status, being in love, 
desire to change dating patterns or marital 
status, social support (1. instrumental: problems 
managing money, problems deciding how to spend 
money, not enough money to do things, unsatisfying 
job, not enough money to get by on; 2. expressive: 
no close companions, unsatisfactory sex life, 
dissatisfied with marital status, not enough close 
friends, having no one to show love/affection, 
feeling too dependent on others, not having 
children, having no one to understand problems) 
and satisfaction with: job and financial 
situation, friendships, love relationships and 
living situation.

NON-MARRIED Ss ONLY:

- males:   r = -.23  ß = -.13
- females: r = -.34  ß = +.05
Beta's controlled for the same variables as above, 
except gender and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelAsk for help from whom
Page in Source 353
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
a: Spouse
b: Household members
c: Friends and neighbours
d: Social workers
e: No one
Observed distributionPercent: a = 6,7, b = 84, c = 2,1, d = 4,2, e = 3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
a. M = 3,6
b. M = 3,7
c. M = 3,22
d. M = 3,82
e. M = 2,96
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 76,78


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelNr of people respondents can count on in trouble
Page in Source 83
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported. 


A: Parents or parents-in-law
B: Family or relatives (except parents)
C: Friends
D: Neighbors
E: Others

Rated as:
0: None
1: One
2: Two
3: Three
4: Four
5: Five
6: Six or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=+
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of sources of support
Page in Source question 27
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
What sources of help do you rely upon?  
a myself only
b relatives, friends
c organization where I work (used to work)
d state
e NGOs, trade unions
f charity  
g church
h other sources
i hard to say
Observed distributionN = a: 77,8% b: 53,4% c: 4,3% d: 4% e: 0,4% f: 0,7% g: 1,3% h: 0,8% I: 1,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.03 p < .229


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived social support
Page in Source 94,102
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 23 questions.
Rated: strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).
Remarks
Vaux et al. (1986) Social Support Appraisals (SSA).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.32 p < .0005
Family social support
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.18 p < .0005
Friends social support
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=-.07 p < .02
Lack of social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial network size
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Social network size is measured using 6 questionss with 
open answering format, where respondents enumerate 
available sources of support in six areas: 
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation
- advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance. 
Network size is defined as the total number of social 
support sources, and it is the result of summing all 
the support providers mentioned in the previous six 
areas.
Observed distributionM = 9,17; SD = 4,25
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0,81
Remarks
Part of the Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule 
(Barrera, 1980). More specifically, the version adapted 
for African immigrants living in Spain by Martinez, 
Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández (2003) was used. 
This instrument examines diverse structural and 
functional characteristics of social support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.23 p < .019
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.07 ns
Beta controled for:
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000
TitleApoyo Social y Bienstar Subjetivo en un Collectivo de Immigrantes. Efectos Directos o Amortiguadores. ( Social Support and Social Well-Being in a Group of Immigrants: Direct or Buffer Effects?)
SourceBoletin de Psicologia, 2004, Vol. 80, 79 - 96
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial network size
Page in Source 83-84
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Social network size is measured using 6 items with open 
answering format, where respondents enumerate available 
sources of support in six areas: 
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation
- advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance. 
Network size is defined as the total number of social 
support sources, and it is the result of summing all 
the support providers mentioned in the previous six 
areas.
For current analysis, this variable was re-cathegorized 
in two levels:
1. Lower than average (> 9.17)
2. Equal or higher than average (< 9.17)
Observed distributionM = 9,17; SD = 4,25 1. Low network size: 49%,,2. High network size: 51%
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0,81
Remarks
The measurement of social network size used is included 
in the Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule 
(Barrera, 1980). More specifically, the version adapted 
for African immigrants living in Spain by Martinez, 
Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández (2003) was used. 
This instrument examines diverse structural and 
functional characteristics of social support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baDM=+
1 low network size:   M = 1,45 SD = 0,60
2 high network size:  M = 1,97 SD = 0,97
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=1.89 ns
Univariate analysis of variance, main effect
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=4.63 p < .034
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, social network size x legal situation
Controlling for:
- gender
- age

Immigrants with residence permit
- Low network size:  M = 1.53 SD = 0.64
- High network size: M = 2.31 SD = 1.02
Immigrants without residence permit:
- Low network size:  M = 1.34 SD = 0.55
- High network size: M = 1.43 SD = 0.59
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=1.05 ns
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, social network size x housing type
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=2.38 ns
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, social network size x labour situation
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=1.53 ns
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, social network size x perception of 
rejection
Controlling for:
- gender
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelComposition of social network
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
People mentioned in response to open questions about 
social support in the following areas:
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation
- advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance

A: number of fellow immigrants
B: number of natives
C: number of family members
D: number of non-family members
E: number of women
F: number of men
Observed distributionA: M = 8,02; SD = 3,96 B: M = 1,15; SD = 2,12 C: M = 3,28; SD = 2,39 D: M = 5,89; SD = 3,43 E: M = 2,34; SD = 2,30 F: M = 6,82; SD = 3,93
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha: A = 0,81, B = 0,92, C = 0.84, D = 0,81, E = 0,90, F = 0,85
Remarks
Part of the Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule 
(Barrera, 1980). More specifically, the version adapted 
for African immigrants living in Spain by Martinez, 
Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández (2003) was used. 
This instrument examines diverse structural and 
functional characteristics of social support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.03 ns
Number of fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.04 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.42 p < .000
number of natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.03 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.11 ns
number of family members
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.08 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+22 p < .032
number of non-family members
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.90 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.37 p < .000
number of women
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.07 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.04 ns
number of men
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.09 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 1999
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2300

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived social support
Page in Source 94,102
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 23 questions.
Rated: strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).
Remarks
Vaux et al. (1986) Social Support Appraisals (SSA).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=.40 p < .0005
Family social support
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.22 p < .0005
Friends social support
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=-06 p < .037
Lack of social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelEmotional support
Page in Source 314
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Kahn and Antonucci (1984) Network Questionnaire. 
Respondents are confronted with a diagram of three 
concentric circles with herself in the centre. She is 
asked to place (by initial) in the inner circle those 
individuals who are "so close that it is hardly to 
imagine to live without them","not quite so close but 
still very important" in the second circle
and "not quite as close but still important" in the 
third.
For the first ten persons listed mothers were asked to 
indicate those 
-in whom she confides 
-who reassure her 
-who make her feel respected 
-who would care for her if she were ill
-with whom she can talk if she is
 upset, nervous or depressed.
Response-categories yes/no.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.06 ns
Perceived emotional support from:
- Husband                    +.35 (05)
- Mother                     +.04 (ns)
- Father                     +.08 (ns)  
- Siblings                   +.12 (ns) 
- Other family members       -.15 (ns) 
- Friends                    -.32 (05)
- Children                   +.15 (ns) 
- Mother-in-law              -.02 (ns) 
- Father-in-law              -.02 (ns) 

Negative relationship with support from friends
due to greater friend-support in bad marriages.
rpc = >+.17  (ns)
rpc controled for satisfaction with spouce.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.13 ns
Perceived emotional support from:
- Husband                    +.34  (05)
- Mother                     +.09  (ns) 
- Father                     +.06  (ns) 
- Siblings                   +.00  (ns) 
- Other family members       +.02  (ns) 
- Friends                    -.34  (05)
- Children                   -.10  (ns) 
- Mother-in-law              +.07  (ns) 
- Father-in-law              +.05  (ns) 

Negative relationship with support from friends
due to greater friend-support in bad marriages.
rpc= >+.17
rpc controled for satisfaction with spouce.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelChild care assistance
Page in Source 314
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Kahn and Antonucci (1984) Network Questionnaire. With 
regard to child-care the mother was asked to indicate 
those
-who helps her to care for the baby on
 regular basis
-who would be willing to babysit on
 short notice
-whom she could turn to for advice
 about her baby
-with whom she would be comfortable
 leaving her infant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.02 ns
Perceived child-care assistance from:
- Husband                     +.38  (05)
- Mother                      -.04  (ns) 
- Father                      -.01  (ns) 
- Siblings                    +.08  (ns) 
- Other family members        +.20  (ns) 
- Friends                     -.18  (ns) 
- Children                    -.07  (ns) 
- Mother-in-law               +.11  (ns) 
- Father-in-law               +.02  (ns) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=.03 ns
Perceived child-care assistance from:
- Husband                     +.28  (05)
- Mother                      -.09  (ns) 
- Father                      -.04  (ns) 
- Siblings                    +.01  (ns) 
- Other family members        +.33  (05)
- Friends                     -.22  (ns) 
- Children                    -.20  (ns) 
- Mother-in-law               +.08  (ns) 
- Father-in-law               +.16  (ns) 



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelSpousal support
Page in Source 314
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Summed ratings on "emotional support"
and "child-care assistance" on Kahn and
Antonucci (1984) Network Questionnaire.

1.Emotional support: yes/no response on
  whether spouse  
  -is in whom she confides
  -reassures her 
  -makes her feel respected 
  -would care for her if she were ill
  -is to whom she can talk when she is
   upset, nervous or depressed.

2.Child-care support: yes/no response
  on whether spouse 
  -helps on regular basis 
  -would be willing to babysit on short
   notice 
  -she could turn to for advice about
   her baby 
  -she would be comfortable leaving
   her infant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.46 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.42 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelSpouse Support
Page in Source 50,67,74,132,138,1
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
'Think back to your experiences as a working parent 
over the last two months.How have you spouse helped you 
to manage? How often in the past two months did your 
spouse do each of the following?
a. Shared ideas or advice. 
b. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem. 
c. Listened to my problems.
d. Was understanding or sympathetic. 
e. took over some of my responsibilities when I was 
especially tired or busy. 
F. Rearranges own schedule to fit my needs. 
g. Helped me with work for my job. Rated: 1= Never, 2 = 
Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 5 = Very often
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=3,1, SD=.69, Married Mothers M = 3,0 SD = .74, Single Mothers = NA
Error Estimatesalpha =.84

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.81 ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.17 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39 p < .01
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.35
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=.05 p < .01
Married mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta=+.07 p < .01
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from co-workers
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.26
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib=+.31 p < .01
B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse, 
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives
Page in Source 50,67,74,133,138
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months. How have your friends, neighbors 
and relatives helped you to manage? How often in the 
past two months did friends, neighbors and relatives do 
each of the following?
Verbal support: 
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Listened to my problems. 
c. Was understanding or sympathetic. 
d. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
Instrumental support:
a. Handled child's sickness or other emergency. 
b. Took care of some of my responsibilities when I was 
especially tired or busy. 
c. Took care of children before or after school.
Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = not applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,9, SD=.69, Married Mothers M = 2,4 SD = .76, Single Mothers M=2,6 SD=.82
Error Estimatesalpha=.83 Verbal support: alpha=.89, Instrumental support alpha = .71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.13 ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.33 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.07 ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from co-workers
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse, 
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from Co-workers
Page in Source 50,67,74,134,138,141
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months. How have your co-workers helped 
you to manage? How often in the past two months did 
your co-workers do each of the following?
Verbal support:
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b. Listened to my problems. 
c. Was understanding or sympathetic. 
d. Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem.
Instrumental support:
a.shared duties or traded off tasks to accomodate my 
family responsibilities. b. 'Pinch hit ' for me if I 
needed time for family responsibilities 
c. Switched schedule (hours, overtime hours, vacation) 
to accomodate my family responsibilities.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = Not applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,9, SD=.66, Married Mothers M = 2,2 SD = .70, Single Mothers M = 2,2 SD = .69
Error Estimatesverbal support: alpha = .89, instrumental support: alpha = .74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.09 ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.07 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.09 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.07 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.06 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from supervisors
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse, 
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from Supervisor
Page in Source 50,67,74,135,138,141
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months.How have your supervisor helped you 
to manage? How often in the past two months did your 
supervisor do each of the following?:
Verbal support:
a. Shared ideas or advice.
b.Helped me to figure out how to solve a problem 
c Listened to my problems. 
d. Was understanding or sympathetic. Instrumental 
support:
a. Juggled tasks or duties to accomodate my family 
responsibilities 
b. Switched schedule (hours, overtime, vacation) to 
accomodate my family responsibilities.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = not applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,9, SD=.78, Married Mothers M = 1,9 SD = .79, Single Mothers M=1,9 SD = .80
Remarks
alpha =.88, verbal support alpha = .88, instrumental 
support alpha =.69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.03 ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.10 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=.01 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.00 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- age
- education
- income
- organization (place of employment)
- stress
- support from spouse
- support from friends/neighbors/relatives
- support from co-workers
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab= ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ib= ns
B's additionally controlled for:
- resentment of spouse, 
- resentment of friends/neighbors/relatives
- resentment of co-workers and supervisor


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelResentment from Friends, Neighbors and Relatives
Page in Source 50,133,138,141,143
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months. How have your friends, neighbors 
and relatives helped you to manage? How often in the 
past two months did friends, neighbors and relatives do 
each of the following?
1. Held my job responsibilities against me. 2. Showed 
resentment of my needs as a working parent. 3. Was 
critical of my efforts to combine work and family.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very Often, 8 = Not Applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,2, SD=.45, Married Mothers M = 1,4 SD = .62, Single Mothers M=1,6 SD = .81
Error Estimatesalpha = .78

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.26 p < .01
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.08 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.10
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.13 ns
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelResentment from Co-workers
Page in Source 50,134,138,141,143
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months.How have your co-workers helped you 
to manage? How often in the past two months did your 
co-workers do each of the following?
1. Held my family responsibilities against me. 2. 
Showed resentment of my needs as a working parent. 3. 
Was critical of my efforts to combine work and family.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = Not Applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,2, SD=.43, Married Mothers M = 1,3 SD = .53, Single Mothers M=1,3 SD = .56
Error Estimatesalpha = .76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.13 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.10 ns
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.13 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.24 p < .01
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.11 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelResentment from Supervisor
Page in Source 50,135,134,141,143
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Think back to your experiences as a working parent over 
the last two months.How have your supervisor helped you 
to manage? How often in the past two months did your 
supervisor do each of the following?:
1. Held my family responsibilities against me. 2. 
Showed resentment of my needs as a working parent. 3. 
Was critical of my efforts to combine work and family.

Rated: 1= Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Often, 
5 = Very often, 8 = Not Applicable
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=1,2, SD=.45, Married Mothers M = 1,4 SD = .62, Single Mothers M=1,6 SD = .81
Error Estimatesalpha = .79

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.07 ns
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.16 p < .01
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.15 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.27 p < .01
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=-.11 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelChildren's support
Page in Source 1068
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Childrens' support for Mothers'employment outside the 
home
Remarks
Only rural women (N = 165)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-ar=+.31 p < .05
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.60 p < .05
Controlled for job-family conflict


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyCrnic et al. (1983): study US 1981
TitleEffects of Stress and Social Support on Mothers and Premature and Fullterm Infants.
SourceChild Development, 1983, Vol. 54, 209 - 217
Public16-42 aged mothers with newborns, Seattle, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =105

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 212, 213
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Mother's self report on:
a support by intimate
b support by friends
c support by community

for a: presence or absence of support and satisfaction 
with it
for b and c: satisfaction with the availability of 
support

1 High Social Support
0 Low Social Support
Observed distribution1 75% 0 25%
Remarks
No significant differences have been found between 
mothers of premature infants and mothers of full-term 
infants .

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br=+.43 p < .001
Intimate
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br= ns
Friends
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-br=+.42 p < .001
Community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sources of current support
Subject code: S10ab02

StudyBankoff (1981): study US 1979
TitleEffects of Friendship Support on the Psychological Well-Being of Widows.
SourceResearch in the Interweave of Social Roles. Friendship, 1981, Vol. 2, 109 - 139
PublicWidowed women in grief, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response50%
Respondents N =447

Correlate
Author's labelSources of friendship support
Page in Source 127/129
Our classificationSources of current support, code S10ab02
Operationalization
Direct questions on seven kinds of percieved support by 
three categories of friends:




1.Married friends











2.Widowed/single friends






                                                        
                                                       
3.Neighborhood friends
Remarks
Crisis loss phase: (Husband died less than 18 months 
ago. Ss reports to be still in intense grief. N=126)
Transition loss phase: (Husband died 2-5 years ago. Ss 
report grieving to a limited extent. N=321)


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er=+.16 ns
Crisis loss phase
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er= ns
Transition phase

When kinds* of support are considered seperately 
only 'intimacy support' by married friends in the 
crisis loss phase is significantly related to 
happiness (r=+.28).

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er= ns
Crisis loss phase
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er= ns
Transition phase

When kinds of support are considered seperately 
the following significant relations exist:
    In the crisis loss phase group, 'guidance' by 
widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß=+.25, controlled for 'intimacy from married 
friends') and
    in the transition phase group 'intimacy' from 
widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß = +.15, controlled for 'guidance from 
neighbors') 

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er= ns
Crisis loss phase
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er= ns
Transition phase

When kinds* of support are considered seperately 
in the transition group 'guidance' from neighbors 
is significantly related to happiness (r= +.24).
    Also in the transition group 'dependability' 
from neighbors is related to happiness (ß= +.20, 
controlled for 'Intimacy from widowed friends' and 
'Guidance from neighbors')

*The following kinds of support were considered:
 -Guidance
 -Approval for new social life style
 -Social companionship
 -Intimacy
 -Attention
 -Dependability


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived needs for services
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Self report on the question of need for assistance with 
various tasks:
1. bathing/washing
2. dress/undressing
3. transfer/lifting
4. eating
5. grocery shopping
6. meal preparation
7. laundry
8. house cleaning
9. writing
10. reading
11. using a telephone
12. using a radio or television
13. locking or unlocking doors
14. handling money
15. banking
16. going to social activities

Rated:
1: never
2: 
3:
4:
5: always
Observed distribution1: M=1.47, SD=1.11 2: M=1.32, SD=0.86 3: M=1.33, SD=0.84 4: M=1.86, SD=1.34 5:M=1.54, SD=1.17 6: M=1.67, SD=1.29 7: M=1.93, SD=1.54 8: M=1.47, SD=1.11 9: M=2.85, SD=1.81 10: M=2.68, SD=1.77 11: M=1.29, SD=0.80 12: M=1.27, SD=0.72 13: M=1.31, SD=0.87 14: M=1.61, SD=1.21 15: M=1.63, SD=1.22 16. M=1.83, SD=1.33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.22 p < .05
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelCar use as passenger
Page in Source 127
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
Question: Do you have someone to drive you if neccesary 
(or if you want)? Who is it?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyCheung et al. (2005): study HK 2001
TitleQuality of Life in Older Adults: Benefits from Caring Services in Hong Kong.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 29 1- 334
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-8021-3
PublicElderly, Hong Kong, 2001
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3000

Correlate
Author's labelService use frequency (each time per day)
Page in Source 322
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Self report on service use frequency (each time per 
day):
a: interest group
b: meal service
c: travel
d: meal to home service
e: home cleaning service
f: personal care service
g: sport facilities
h: volunteer service
i: medical service
j: nursing service
Remarks
1 unit= 1 time per day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
FREQUENCY SERVICE USED OF ..
-interest group
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.6 p < .05
-meal service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.0 ns
-travel
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.4 p < .01
-meal to home service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+2.4 ns
-home cleaning service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.5 ns
-personal care service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-0.2 ns
-sport facilities
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=+0.3 ns
-volunteer service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-3.6 ns
-medical service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-ab=-2.0 ns
-nursing service
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aR²=0.3
a+b+c+d+e+f+g++h+i+j

B is controlled for:
-age
-sex
-education
-acquiescence
-reception of public welfare
-religious faith
-living arrangement
-marital status
-quality of life in the past years

No significant interactions with
-chronic illness
-age
-sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelSick Care-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived instrumental 
support from their child:
- I feel that child would take care of me when I am 
sick
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelConfide-Spouse
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Self report on question whether they perceived 
emotional support from their spouse:
- I can share my very private feelings and concerns 
with spouse. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=-.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelFinancial-Spouse
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived financial 
support from their spouse:
- I feel that spouse would help me out financially if I 
needed it. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelSick Care-Spouse
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived instrumental 
support from their spouse:
- I feel that spouse would take care of me when I am 
sick
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.33 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelConfide-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived emotional 
support from their child:
- I can share my very private feelings and concerns 
with child. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelFinancial-Child
Page in Source 173, 175
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they perceived financial 
support from their child:
- I feel that child would help me out financially if I 
needed it. 
1:  not at all
:
10: absolutely

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyRosenfield (1992): study US 1988
TitleFactors Contributing to the Subjective Quality of Life of the Chronic Mentally Ill.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1992, Vol. 33, 299 - 315
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2137310?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public20-70 aged, chronic mental patients, USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelBasic Needs- services recieved
Page in Source 307,309
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions whether (or not) one received 
this type of services in the last month
a: Help with housing
b: Help with finances
c: Club loan
d: Help with medical care

Options:
0: no
1: yes
Error EstimatesTest-Retest reliability .62

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.17 ns
Housing services
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.23 p < .10
Financial services
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.03 ns
Club loan
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.13 ns
Help with medical care
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.01 ns
Any of the above mentioned services (vs none)

Beta's controlled for: 
- Background characteristics
  - age
  - sex
  - education
  - race
- Clinical characteristics of positive and 
negative symptoms 
- Functioning in terms of:
  - daily living skills
  - vocational skills
  - social skills
- need for structure
- need for supervision
- social contacts


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of social support received
Subject code: S10ab03

StudyBankoff (1981): study US 1979
TitleEffects of Friendship Support on the Psychological Well-Being of Widows.
SourceResearch in the Interweave of Social Roles. Friendship, 1981, Vol. 2, 109 - 139
PublicWidowed women in grief, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response50%
Respondents N =447

Correlate
Author's labelType of friendship support
Page in Source 122/23/129
Our classificationKind of social support received, code S10ab03
Operationalization
Single direct questions about social support by friends 
(married friends, widowed/single friends and 
neighborhood friends):




1.Emotional support: "How much can you
  depend on your..... friends for 
  support and comfort, when you are 
  feeling down". 






2.Guidance: "how much can you depend
  on your ....friends for information
  and advice about what to do or who 
  to see about problems you are
  experiencing as a widowed person."









3.Approval for starting to lead an
  active social life: "How much do your
  ....friends approve of you as a
  widowed person having (or wanting) 
  an active social life."




4.Social companionship:  
- the frequency of recreation, 
  entertainment or social activities.
- number of accompagning network-
  members.

5.Intimacy: the frequency with which
  the widows have discussed their 
  important personal problems.










6.Attention: amount of contact widows 
  have had with their friends.











7.Dependability: the extent to which
  which the widows felt they could
  depend on their friends in case of
  emergency.






8.Overall support
Remarks
Crisis loss phase: (Husband died less than 18 months 
ago. Ss reports to be still in intense grief. N=126)
Transition loss phase: (Husband died 2-5 years ago. Ss 
reports grieving to limited extend. N=321)



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship and approval 
of lifestyle.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship, guidance and
dependability.

When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends not any significant relation either.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship and approval 
of lifestyle.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta=+.21 p < .05
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship.

When split up for specific kinds of friends only
guidance from widowed friends is significantly 
related to happiness in the crisis loss phase
group.
In the transition group only guidance from 
neighbours is related to happiness.
                     
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta=-.21 ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship, guidance and
dependability.

When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends not any significant relation either.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er=+.28 p < .05
Crisis loss phase
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-er=+.22 p < .001
Transition phase 

When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends not any significant relation.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship and approval 
of lifestyle.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship, guidance and
dependability.

When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends only intimacy from married friends is 
significantly related to happiness in the crisis 
loss group.
Intimacy by widowed friends is significantly 
related to happiness in the transition group.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship and approval 
of lifestyle.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship, guidance and
dependability.

When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends not any significant relation either.



A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta= ns
Crisis loss phase
Controlled for social companionship and approval 
of lifestyle.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eBeta=-.16 p < .05
Transition phase
Controlled for social companionship and guidance. 
When split up for support from different kinds of 
friends dependability from neighbors is 
significantly related to happiness in the 
transition loss group.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eR²=.13 p < .05
Combination of all factors of friendship support
that have a significant contribution on happiness 
in the crisis loss phase. 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eR²=.07 p < .005
Combination of all factors of friendship support
that have a significant contribution on happiness 
in the transition phase. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social support received
Subject code: S10ac

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness with kin
Page in Source Extra info
Our classificationAttitudes to social support received, code S10ac
Operationalization
Direct question: "Is it important for   people living 
in town to keep up contacts with their rural kin or is 
it better to concentrate on their family in town? Why?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aDMt=
Happiness level in Mt' (0-10):
rural: information   males: 7.5   females: 7.2
       help me              7.0            8.0
       help them            7.3            7.4
       norm                 6.7            7.3
       other                8.2            6.8
town:  help          males: 7.6   females: 6.8
       demand               6.9            8.0
       unknown              8.5            7.9
       other                7.1            7.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social support received
Subject code: S10ac

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelNerves-Spouse
Page in Source 173, 175, 177
Our classificationAttitudes to social support received, code S10ac
Operationalization
Self report on the question: 
-Spouse gets on my nerves
0: not at all  
1: rest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=-.12 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.27 p < .10
Beta controlled for 
-age 
-gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived need for social support
Subject code: S10ac01

StudyFilipp & Klauer (1991): study XZ Germany West 1988
TitleSubjective Well-Being in the Face of Critical Life Events: The Case of the Successful Copers.
SourceStrack, F,;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well - Being", Pergamon Press, 1991, Oxford, UK, 213 - 234
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicCancer patients, followed 6 months after onset, Trier, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelSearch of affiliation
Page in Source 224-226
Our classificationPerceived need for social support, code S10ac01
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions concerning sociable coping 
behaviours implying diversion and attentional 
distracion from the disease
Rated on a numerical scale

Measured four times within one year:
T1: onset diagnosis 
T2: 3 months after
T3: 6 months after
Remarks
Follow-up one year after onset not reported in this 
paper

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.44 p < .001
T1
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+38 p < .001
T2
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.38 p < .001
T3
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.20 p < .01
T3 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in search for 
affiliation
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.24 p < .01
T3 search for affiliation by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
T1 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in search for 
affiliation
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
T1 Search for affiliation by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness

T1-T3 CHANGE measured by controling correlation at 
T3 for T1 level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived need for social support
Subject code: S10ac01

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived need for social support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationPerceived need for social support, code S10ac01
Operationalization
Perceived need of social support is measured by 6 items 
with a 5-point Likert format (1, not needed; 5, 
strongly needed), where individuals idicate their 
perceived need for support in the following areas:
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation
- advice
- positive feedback
- material support
- physical assistance.
Observed distributionM = 3,16; SD = 0,67
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0,71
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=-.22 p < .027
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.01 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived need for social support
Subject code: S10ac01

StudyCherlin & Reeder (1975): study US Los Angeles County, California 1972
TitleThe Dimensions of Psychological Well-Being: A Critical Review.
SourceSociological Methods and Research, 1975, Vol. 4, 189 -214
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/2/189.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, general public, Los Angeles County, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response20% in 1972 and 23% in 1973.
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNeed for help with emotional problems or family troubles
Page in Source 197
Our classificationPerceived need for social support, code S10ac01
Operationalization
Closed question: 'During the past year did you ever 
feel that you could use some help in dealing with 
emotional problems or family troubles?'
never/ not very often/ sometimes/ often

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.25 p < .001
Computed for 1973 data only:
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.01 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: r = +.40 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived needs for services
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on the question of need for assistance with 
various tasks:
1. bathing/washing
2. dress/undressing
3. transfer/lifting
4. eating
5. grocery shopping
6. meal preparation
7. laundry
8. house cleaning
9. writing
10. reading
11. using a telephone
12. using a radio or television
13. locking or unlocking doors
14. handling money
15. banking
16. going to social activities

Rated:
1: never
2: 
3:
4:
5: always
Observed distribution1: M=1.47, SD=1.11 2: M=1.32, SD=0.86 3: M=1.33, SD=0.84 4: M=1.86, SD=1.34 5:M=1.54, SD=1.17 6: M=1.67, SD=1.29 7: M=1.93, SD=1.54 8: M=1.47, SD=1.11 9: M=2.85, SD=1.81 10: M=2.68, SD=1.77 11: M=1.29, SD=0.80 12: M=1.27, SD=0.72 13: M=1.31, SD=0.87 14: M=1.61, SD=1.21 15: M=1.63, SD=1.22 16. M=1.83, SD=1.33

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.22 p < .05
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
- Social network
- quality of neighbouhood
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyLai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991
TitleLife Satisfaction of Chinese Elderly Immigrants in Calgary
SourceCanadian Journal of Aging,1995, Vol.14, 536 - 552
DOIDOI:10.1017/SO714980800009107
PublicChinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response14.7%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 542, 545-546
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on questions about: 
a: Avaliability of someone to trust and confide in
b: Avaliability of anyone who would give help in case 
of sickness or disabled
c: Avaliablilty of someone who would take care of in 
case of need help 
Rated: 
1: No
2: Maybe 
3: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.24 p < .05
All
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=-.06 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .001
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyChan & Lee (2006): study CN 2000
TitleNetwork Size, Social Support and Happiness in Later Life: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 87 - 112
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-1915-1
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2125

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 98, 100
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on question on perceived avaliability of 
social support in the last 6 months:
a: to share secrets
b: to do things for each other
c: to feel close to
d: to care about him/her
e: listen to him/her 

1: not easy at all
2: not so easy
3: easily avaliable
4: very easily avaliable

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=+.37 p < .001
Hong Kong
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=+.33 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- gender 
- income
- education

Unaffected by additional control for network size 
(Beta =+.33)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbr=+.19 p < .01
Beijing
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbBeta=.19 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- gender 
- income
- education

Unaffected by additional control for network size 
(Beta=+.18)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyVieno et al. (2009): study IT Veneto 2006
TitleHealth Status in Immigrants and Native Early Adolescents in Italy.
SourceJournal of Community Health, 2009, Vol. 34,181 -187
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10900-008-9144-2
Public10-18 aged general public, Vieno: Italy, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6744

Correlate
Author's labelFriends support
Page in Source 183, 185
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
self-report on four questions:
a) My friend really tries to help me
b) I can count on my friend when things go wrong
c) I can tell my friend my problems and troubles
d) I can talk about my problems with my friend.

Rated:
1:strongly disagree 
7:strongly agree

Scores are averaged
Observed distributionM=5.74
Remarks
Subscale of the Multidimensional Scale of Social 
Support:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant (born in Italy or not)
- Gender
- Age
- Family socio-economic status
- Number of friends
- Bullying victimization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 50
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on multiple questions. Full texts not 
reported. Answers coded as:
1: It is definitely not the case
2: it is probably not the case
3: I am not sure
4: It is probably the case
5: It is certainly the case

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-er=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2007): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleDeterminanten des Glücks: Lebenszufriedenheit in Europa. (Determinants of Happiness: Life Satisfaction in Europe).
SourceWSI Mitteillungen, 2007, Vol. 7, 373 - 379
Public18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400000

Correlate
Author's labelLiving situation
Page in Source 376
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
a. living alone
b. living together
c. no support in case of emergencies
d. little contact with friends and neighbours

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.48 p < .05
LIVING TOGETHER (VERSUS LIVING ALONE)

Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.40 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.59 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.38 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.30 p < .05
Post-communist nations.



NO SUPPORT IN CASE OF EMERGENCIES (VERSUS LIVING 
ALONE)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.33 p < .05
Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.30 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.20 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.38 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.57 p < .05
Post-communist nations.



LITTLE CONTACT WITH FRIENDS AND NEIGHBOURS (VERSUS 
LIVING ALONE)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.44 p < .05
Social-democratic nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.43 p < .05
Continental nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.69 p < .05
Liberal nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.40 p < .05
Mediterranean nations.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.33 p < .05
Post-communist nations.

B's controlled for education, employement status 
and health situation.

Social-democratic nations: Danmark, Finland, 
Netherlands, Sweden.
Continental nations: Austria, Belgium, France, 
Germany, Italy, Luxembourg.
Liberal nations: UK and Ireland.
Mediterranean nations: Cyprus, Greece, Malta, 
Spain, Portugal.
Post-communist nations: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, 
Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, 
Romania, Slowak Republic, Slovenia.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelrelatedness need satisfaction
Page in Source 574, 581, 582
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of 
relatedness in general, f.e.
- people in my life care about me
- a sense of contact with people who care for me, and 
whom I care for
- close and connected with other people who are 
important to me
- a strong sense of intimacy with the people I spent 
time with

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and 
averaging the twom measures
Observed distributionM = 3.97, SD = .64
Error Estimatesrelatedness ?=.74
Remarks
subscale of the Basic Psychological Needs scale (BPNS; 
Deci et al., 2001) with 7 items
subscale of the need-satisfaction scale (Sheldon et 
al., 2001) with 3 items

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
Beta's controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of people one can count on
Page in Source 108
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Single question: 'Can you count on 
other people in a crisis?'
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.18 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSources of support
Page in Source question 27
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
What sources of help do you rely upon?  
a myself only
b relatives, friends
c organization where I work (used to work)
d state
e NGOs, trade unions
f charity  
g church
h other sources
i hard to say
Observed distributionN = a: 77,8% b: 53,4% c: 4,3% d: 4% e: 0,4% f: 0,7% g: 1,3% h: 0,8% I: 1,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=
   mentioned    not mentioned    differences
a  M = 2,52     M = 2,53         - 0,01
b  M = 2,58     M = 2,45         + 0,13
s  M = 2,57     M = 2,52         + 0,05
d  M = 2,15     M = 2,54         - 0,39
e  M = 2,67     M = 2,52         + 0,15
f  M = 1,91     M = 2,52         - 0,61
g  M = 2,19     M = 2,53         - 0,34 
h  M = 2,60     M = 2,52         + 0,08
i  M = 2,37     M = 2,52         - 0,15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived availability of emotional support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Perceived availability of emotional support is measured 
by two open items, where respondents enumerate 
available sources of support in two areas: 
- expression of feelings
- social participation

A by natives
B by fellow immigrants
Observed distributionPerceived availability of emotional support by natives: M = 0,66; SD = 1,41, by fellow immigrants: M = 5,44; SD = 2,96
Error EstimatesPerceived availability of emocional support by natives: Cronbach's alpha = 0,83 Perceived availability of emocional support by fellow immigrants: Cronbach's alpha = 0,66
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.45 p < .000
support by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.04 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.01 ns
support by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.18 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived availability of informative support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Perceived availability of informative support is 
measured by two open items, where respondents enumerate 
available sources of support in two areas: 
- advice
- positive feedback. 

A by natives
B by fellow immigrants
Observed distributionPerceived availability of informative support: by natives: M = 0,57; SD = 1,15, by fellow immigrants M = 4,08: SD = 2.42
Error EstimatesPerceived availability of informative support by natives: Cronbach's alpha = 0,75 Perceived availability of informative support by fellow immigrants: Cronbach's alpha = 0,54
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.38 p < .000
support by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.07 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.01 ns
informative support by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.05 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived availability of material support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Perceived availability of material support is measured 
by two open items, where respondents enumerate 
available sources of support in two areas:
- material support
- physical assistance. 

A by natives
B by fellow immigrants
Observed distributionPerceived availability of material support by natives: M = 0,46; SD = 1,10, by fellow immigrants: M = 3,02; SD = 2,08
Error EstimatesPerceived availability of material support by natives: Cronbach's alpha = 0,76 Perceived availability of material support by fellow immigrants: Cronbach's alpha = 0,50
Remarks
This measure is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.28 p < .005
by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.14 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.03 ns
by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.03 ns
Beta's controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional social 
support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived social support
Page in Source 6,11
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Self report on 15 questions.
Rated
1 stronly disagree
2 disagree
3 agree
4 stronly agree
Observed distributionThe variables are dimensions extracted from a scale.
Remarks
Social Support Appraisal Scale of Vaux, Philips et al. 
(1986). Only family and friends scales.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.39
Family
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.22
Friends
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=-.08
Lack of perceived social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelSupport of spouce
Page in Source 607, 610
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
As a source of personal and emotional support, how 
would you rate your spouse (if applicable)?
 
Rated 1=poor 9=excellent
Observed distributionMean 7,76 SD 2,03
Error Estimatesthree-week retest r=+.88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelSupport from friends
Page in Source 607, 610
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
As a source of personal and emotional support, how 
would you rate your friends?

Rated: 1=poor 9=excellent
Observed distributionMean 6,74 SD 1,63
Error Estimatesthree-week retest r=+.80

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelsupport from co-workers
Page in Source 607, 610
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
As a source of personal and emotional support, how 
would you rate your university colleagues?
 
Rated: 1= poor 9= excellent
Observed distributionMean 45,2 SD 10,6
Error Estimatesthree-week test-retest r==,76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.29 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'Compared to other religious 
communities, how do you rate yours on the way sisters 
get along?', rated on a 4-point scale: (1) Better than 
all; (2) Better than most; (3) about the same as most; 
(4) not as good as most. (order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.18 p < .05
Only assessed at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived assistancefrom social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions: 1. Would ask him/her 
for the loan of a    sizeable amount of money.         
2. Would risk personal danger to help    her.           
                     3. Would pick her up at the 
airport    late at night.
The questions were answered for each social network 
member.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+
Married females   : r = -.05 (ns)
Unmarried females : r = +.43 (007)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived availability of social support
Subject code: S10ac02

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of help in case of illness
Page in Source 70
Our classificationPerceived availability of social support, code S10ac02
Operationalization
Question: 'If you were sick in bed at home for a short 
time, is there someone you could count on for help?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.35 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelRespect index
Page in Source 165
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: How fairly you get treated
b: Respect and recognition you get
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.8 SD = 1.1
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.53 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000
TitleApoyo Social y Bienstar Subjetivo en un Collectivo de Immigrantes. Efectos Directos o Amortiguadores. ( Social Support and Social Well-Being in a Group of Immigrants: Direct or Buffer Effects?)
SourceBoletin de Psicologia, 2004, Vol. 80, 79 - 96
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSatistaction with social support
Page in Source 83-84
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Satisfaction with social support is measured by 6 items 
with a 7-point Likert forman (1, totally insatisfied; 
7, totally satisfied), that provide information about 
the level of satisfaction with received support in the 
following areas: expression of personal feelings, 
social participation, advice, positive feedback, 
material support and physical assistance
For current analysis, this variable was re-cathegorized 
in three levels:
1. Low satisfaction; Between 1 and 2.99
2. Moderate satisfaction: Between 3 and 5
3. High satisfaction: Between 5.01 and 7
All the scores were higher than 3, so the final 
variable had only two levels:
1. Moderate satisfaction: Between 3 and 5
2. High satisfaction: Between 5.01 and 7
Observed distributionSatisfaction with social support: M = 5,67; SD = 0,89 1. Moderate satisfaction: 47% 2. High satisfaction: 53%
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha = 0,86
Remarks
The measurement of satisfaction with social support 
used is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baDM=+
1 moderate    M = 1,56; SD = 0,72
2 high        M = 1,72; SD = 0,86
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=19.6 p < .000
Univariate analysis of variance, main effect
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=5.61 p < .020
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, satisfaction with social support x 
housing type
Controlling for:
- gender
- age

Adequate housing
- Moderate satisfaction: M = 1,46; SD = 0,52
- High satisfaction: M = 2,83; SD = 0,90
Sub-standard housing
- Moderate satisfaction: M = 1,39; SD = 0,58
- High satisfaction: M = 1,65; SD = 0,77
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=0.08 ns
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, satisfaction with social support x legal 
situation
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=0.11 ns
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, satisfaction with social support x labour 
situation
Controlling for:
- gender
- age
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=9.62 p < .003
Univariate analysis of variance: interaction 
effects, satisfaction with social support x 
perception of rejection
Controlling for:
- gender
- age

Low perception of rejection
- Moderate satisfaction: M = 1,43; SD = 0,64
- High satisfaction: M = 3,16; SD = 0,69
High perception of rejection
- Moderate satisfaction: M = 1,40; SD = 0,55
- High satisfaction: M = 1,68; SD = 0,78


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with emotional support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Self report of satisfaction with received support in 
two areas:
- expression of personal feelings
- social participation
9rated 1: totally unsatisfied, 7 totally satisfied)

A by natives
B by fellow immigrants
Observed distributionSatisfaction with emotional support provided by natives: M = 4,60; SD = 1,10, by fellow immigrants: M = 6,21; SD = 0.92
Error EstimatesSatisfaction with social support Total: Cronbach's alpha = 0,86
Remarks
The measurement of satisfaction with social support 
used is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.55 p < .000
by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.39 p < .000
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.27 p < .007
by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.11 ns
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with informative support
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Satisfaction with informative social support by natives 
is measured by two items with a 7-point Likert forman 
(1, totally insatisfied; 7, totally satisfied), that 
provide information about the level of satisfaction 
with received support in two areas: 
- advice
- positive feedback

A by natives
B by fellow immigrants
Observed distributionSatisfaction with informative support provided by natives: M = 4,41; SD = 0,90, by fellow immigrants: M = 5,73; SD = 1,17
Error EstimatesSatisfaction with social support Total: Cronbach's alpha = 0,86
Remarks
The measurement of satisfaction with social support 
used is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.47 p < .000
by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.05 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.26 p < .010
by fellow immigrants
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.12 ns
Betas controlled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional social 
support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with material support provided by natives
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Satisfaction with material social support by natives is 
measured by two items with a 7-point Likert forman (1, 
totally insatisfied; 7, totally satisfied), that 
provide information about the level of satisfaction 
with received support in two areas: material support 
and physical assistance
Observed distributionSatisfaction with material support provided by natives: M = 4,29; SD = 0,76, by fellow immigrants: M = 5,42; SD = 1,10
Error EstimatesSatisfaction with social support Total: Cronbach's alpha = 0,86
Remarks
The measurement of satisfaction with social support 
used is included in the Arizona Social Support 
Interview Schedule (Barrera, 1980). More specifically, 
the version adapted for African immigrants living in 
Spain by Martinez, Garcia and Maya (1993) and Hernández 
(2003) was used. This instrument examines diverse 
structural and functional characteristics of social 
support networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.27 p < .007
by natives
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.10 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=-.04 ns
by fellow immigraNTS
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=-.08 ns
Betas controlled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional social 
support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Perception of ethnic prejudice
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSocial support
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How satisfied are you with the support you get from 
your 
friends?
1  Very dissatisfied
2  Dissatisfied
3  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  Satisfied
5  Very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Question on social support taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.30 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.33 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudySchilmoeller et al. (1991): study US 1991
TitleLong -Term Support and Personal Adjustment of Adolescent and Older Mothers.
SourceAdolescence, 1991, Vol. 26, 787 - 796
PublicMothers, followed 1 year postpartum, USA, 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived Family Support
Page in Source 791.793
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Self rating of interaction with family.
a  poor-good
b  unpleasant-pleasant
c  not helpful-helpful
Each rated on 7 step scale
Observed distribution-Adolescent mothers: 1 month: M=17.42; 6 months: M=17.42; 12months: M=17.53 -Older mothers: 1 month: M=19.64; 6 months: M=19.00; 12months: M=19.00
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha=.68
Remarks
Perceived Family Support Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.41 p < .05
Adolescent Mothers
T1 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.69 p < .001
Adolescent Mothers
T2 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.63 p < .01
Adolescent Mothers
T3 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.16 ns
Older Mothers
T1 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=+.30 ns
Older Mothers
T2 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-ar=-.17 ns
Older Mothers
T3 Rating of Interactions by T3 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with social support
Page in Source 263
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions. Respondents rated how 
satisfied they were with how much they could count on 
others to accept, care, console and relax them

Rated: very dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (5)
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha at T3: +.85
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1988) and T3 (1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
T3 satisfaction with social support by T3 
happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.48 p < .01
women initially infertile          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.14 p < .05
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.55 p < .01
men initially infertile            N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.20 p < .01
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.50 p < .01
women presumed fertile controls    N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.16 ns
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.54 p < .01
men presumed fertile controls      N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.14 ns
Beta's controlled for:
- home stress
- personal control
- spouse conflic
- coping style


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelHelp satisfaction
Page in Source 314
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Kahn and Antonucci (1984) Network
Questionnaire.
The mother was asked to indicate on a
7-point scale her degree of satisfaction with the 
amount of help received from her:
-husband
-mother
-father 
Responses ranged from (7)"completely satisfied" to 
(1)"completely dissatisfied".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+
Perceived help satisfaction from:
Husband       +.41 (01)
Mother        +.03 (ns) 
Father        -.23 (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+
Husband      +.38  (01) 
Mother       -.09  (ns) 
Father       +.01  (ns) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with social support received
Subject code: S10ac03

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelWant more dependable network
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSatisfaction with social support received, code S10ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
about changing your network, would you want it to have 
more people you cuold depend on?
0: no
1: yes.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.16 p < .05
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.17 p < .05
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.14 p < .05
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.11 ns
women

Beta's controled for:
- personal characteristics:
  - age
  - education
  - health compared to others
- network sturcture:
  - size of inner cicrle
  - size of middle circle
  - size of outer circle
- negative social support:
  - network doen'st understand
  - network gets on nerve
  - network too demanding.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How good did you feel, taking things together, during the past week?
1 very bad
2
3
4
5
6
7 very good
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 22 questions:

Below is a list of opposed attributes. Please indicate which applies best to your situation at this moment. Don't think too long. Place a cross next to the word this fits best. If you cannot decide, use the neither/nor option. Do not skip any lines.

At the moment I am feeling.....

A refreshed ...............................listless
B indifferent toward ...................interested in others
C pleased ..................................depressed
D successful..............................unsuccessful
E irritable...................................peaceful
F indecisive...............................ready to make decisions
G cheerful..................................Tearful
H in a good mood...................... in a bad mood
I lacking in appetite..................with a good appetite
J sociable..................................withdrawn
K unworthy.................................worthy
L relaxed................................... tense
M happy.....................................unhappy
N shy..........................................communicative
O sinful and wicked....................pure
P secure.....................................threatened
Q abandoned.............................cared for
R even-tempered.......................driven
S confident.................................insecure
T miserable.................................comfortable
U flexible.....................................inflexible
V tired.........................................rested
W hesitating................................firm
X calm........................................restless
Y lacking in energy....................energetic
Z useless...................................indispensable
AA sluggish................................ lively
AB superior.................................inferior

Response options:
3 positive option
2 neither nor
1 negative option


Summation: Mean

Name: Zerssen's 'Befindlichkeits Skala' version 1 (B-S)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eSelfreport on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A On the top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Depressed or very unhappy
E Pleased about having accomplished something
F Bored
G Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done
H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A Very lonely or remote from other people
B Depressed or very unhappy
C Bored
D So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F On top of the world
G Particularly excited or interested in something
H Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0 never
1 sometimes
2 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -10 to +6 (transformed to ridits (0 - 1))

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (Berkman modified variation)
A-BW-g-mq-v-5-gSelfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average?
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
A-BW-mi-mqr-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions, answered at the end of the day during 14 days

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now, that is, at the present moment:
A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exiled
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS ('this moment' version) applied in multiple moment assesment (experience sampling method)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life
M-ACO-cw-mq-*-20-aSelfreport on 5 questions, repeated every week during 24 weeks:

A. "How do you feel about your life as a whole?"
1 terrible
2
3
4
5
6
7 delighted

B. "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are........?";
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. To what extent have the five areas of your life been what you wanted it to be? (refers to self, personal life, work life and health)
5 all
4
3
2
1 not at all

D. "How much have you really enjoyed your life as a whole?"
1 not at all,
2
3
4
5 a great deal

E. "How much has your life as a whole made you feel emotionally upset?"
1 not at all
2
3
4
5 a great deal

Summation: A+B+C+D+E
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

A On the whole, life gives me a lot of pleasure
B On the whole, I am very satisfied with my life today
C Things are getting just worse for me as I get older
D All in all, I find a great deal of happiness today
E I have a lot to be sad about
F Nothing ever turn out for me the way I want it

Scoring
4 strongly agree
3
2
1 strongly disagree

Computation: simple addition. Possible range 6-24
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole?
1 as bas as can be
2 very bad
3 bad
4 allright
5 good
6 very good
7 as good as can be
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:


"overall happiness.."(full question not reported
10 my life is very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 my life is very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days? Please put a circle around the appropriate number to indicate how happy you are these days.....?
9 very happy
8
7
6
5 pretty happy
4
3
2
1 not too happy

(originally rated on a horizontal scale)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 somewhat happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
- DK
- NA
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy are you.....?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely

(Originally presented on a horizontal line scale)
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"When you take everything into consideration, your child, your adult life, etc, how would you describe your current life situation.....?'
1 things are very bad right now
2
3
4
5 things are very good
(Response options not fully reported)
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you estimate your quality of life as a whole during the last 4 weeks?
| 0
|
|
|
|
|
| 100
Rated on 15 cm vertical open line
O-QOL-c-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Global life quality.. (full text not reported)
0 lowest quality
.
.
100 highest quality

Rated on line scale with 10 point demarcations between 0 and 100

Name: Spitzer Uniscale
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-QOL-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How have things been going for you during the past 4 weeks?
4 very well
3 pretty good
3 good and bad parts about equal
2 pretty bad
1 bad
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"........satisfaction with life........."
(Full item not reported)
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......describe your present life......."
(Full question not reported)
7 rewarding
6
5
4
3
2
1 disappointing
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

"........satisfaction with life........"
(Full question not reported)

1 very dissatisfied
2 a little dissatisfied
3 neither dissatisfied nor satisfied
4 well satisfied
5 completely satisfied
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your way of life.......?
4 quite satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 sometimes dissatisfied
1 usually dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-mq-?-0-aSelfreport on 2 questions

.. Overall satisfaction with life ..
A .. yesterday
B . today..

Full text and response options not reported
O-SLu-c-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall how satisfied are you with your life now?

Answer options not reported
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied were you, during the past week, with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dSelf-report on single question

Are you satisfied with life in general?
1: unsatisfied
2: moderate satisfied
3: very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eSelfreport on single question

In general, how satisfied are you with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

… satisfied with overall life.. (full text not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neutral
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tSelfreport on single question:

How would you describe your satisfaction with life in general at present......?
1 bad
2 poor
3 fair
4 good
5 excellent
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD'
[ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face
(Pictures not reproduced here)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not too satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-Sum-?-mq-?-7-aSelfreport on 2 questions

A Happiness
B Life-satisfaction

Texts not reported

Summation: A+B
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
2 slightly disagree
1 strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 « no association
T -> 1 « strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVEDI06INTIMACY
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVEDS11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED
S10ab02Sources of current supportC05ab03Support received from children
S10ab02Sources of current supportM03ab04Mutual support
S10ab02Sources of current supportM04ad01Support by spouse
S10ab03Kind of social support receivedT02ab07Effects of support groups
S10ac01Perceived need for social supportM07ae01Perceived need for treatment
S10ac01Perceived need for social supportP12PROBLEMS

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings