Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS
Subject Code: S07

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS0
S07aaParticipation career0
S07aa01Earlier organizational participation3
S07aa01aEarlier amount of organizational participation2
S07aa01bEarlier satisfaction with organizational participation1
S07aa02Change in organizational participation1
S07aa02aChange in amount of organizational participation1
S07aa02bChange in satisfaction with organizational participation1
S07aa03Later organizational participation1
S07abCurrent organizational participation9
S07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations70
S07ab02Attendance to meetings22
S07ab03Voluntary work26
S07acAttitudes to organizational participation1
S07ac01Concern about organizational participation5
S07ac02Satisfaction with organizational participation8
S07ab01aunion member1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=S07
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity Action in the Past
Page in Source 132
Our classificationEarlier organizational participation, code S07aa01
Operationalization
Respondents were asked whether they had ever worked 
with other people in their community to solve a problem 
in their community
0 = never
1 = yes
Observed distributionM = 0.32 SD = 0.47

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01

StudyPalmore & Kivett (1977): study US 1968
TitleChange in Life Satisfaction. A Longitudinal Study of Persons Aged 46 - 70.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1977, Vol. 32, 311 - 316
Public46+ aged whites, followed 2 years, USA, 1968-1972/74
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =378

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational activity
Page in Source 313
Our classificationEarlier organizational participation, code S07aa01
Operationalization
Number of religious services and    meetings attended 
this month and number of other clubs, unions or 
associations attended.
Observed distributionRange: 0-18, M = 5,2 (at T1)
Remarks
T1: 1968/70, T2: 1970/72, T3: 1972/74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.18 p < .01
T1 organizational activity by T1 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.15 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.07 ns
T1 organizational activity by T2 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.04 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.10 ns
T1 organizational activity by T3 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.06 ns
Beta's controled for:
- self rated health
- social activity
- productive hours
- satisfaction with sexlife
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 organizational activity by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 organizational activity by T2-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T2 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer work
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier organizational participation, code S07aa01
Operationalization
Percent time spend in volunteer work 
(range 1% to 40%):
a. 1960-1965
b. 1966-1972

Assessed retrospectively in 1972.
Remarks
1972 retrospective ratings by 1972 happiness.
        
            

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960-65 volunteer work by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1966-72 volunteer work by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier amount of organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01a

StudyBahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Sample
Non-ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSocially active before the fire
Page in Source 231
Our classificationEarlier amount of organizational participation, code S07aa01a
Operationalization
Direct question:"Did you participate in social 
activities with woman who were wives of miners before 
the mine fire and a similar question with wives of men 
in other occupations (2=low participation 4=high 
participation).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? p < .?
Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire) 
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? p < .?
Survivor wives(husband survived mine fire)        
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Survivor wives (husband survived mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Other miners wives (husband was not involved in  
mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? p < .?
Other miners wives(husband was not involved in 
mine fire)  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier amount of organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01a

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer work
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier amount of organizational participation, code S07aa01a
Operationalization
Percent time spend in volunteer work 
(range 1% to 40%):
a. 1960-1965
b. 1966-1972

Assessed retrospectively in 1972.
Remarks
1972 retrospective ratings by 1972 happiness.
        
            

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960-65 volunteer work by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1966-72 volunteer work by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa01b

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier satisfaction with community service
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with organizational participation, code S07aa01b
Operationalization
Community service mentioned on an open question on 
satisfying aspects of life.
a. In 1950
b. in 1960
Remarks
Earlier satisfaction with community service (1950) by 
present happiness (1972).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1950 community service mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi=+ p < .00
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .03
1960 community service mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa02

StudyBell (1975a): study US 1973
TitleThe Limitations of Crisis Theory as an Explanatory Mechanism in Social Gerontology.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1975, Vol. 6, 153 - 168
PublicMales shortly before and after retirement, USA 1973-74
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =111

Correlate
Author's labelRole set disruption in the area of volutary associations
Page in Source 160
Our classificationChange in organizational participation, code S07aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 difference in hours spend in the area of 
voluntary associations
Remarks
T1: pre-retirement, T2: Post-retirement. Difference 1 
year

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-er=-.06 p < .216
Degree of difference
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-er=+13 p < .054
Direction of difference: Ss who come to spend more 
time with voluntary associations become more happy

Correlations with T1-T2 change in happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in amount of organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa02a

StudyGraney (1975): study US 1967
TitleHappiness and Social Participation in Aging.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 701 - 706
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years, USA, 1967-71
Sample
Non-Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelChanges in social activities over 4 years
Page in Source 703
Our classificationChange in amount of organizational participation, code S07aa02a
Operationalization
Differences between responses at T1 and T2 on identical 
direct questions.


a. More contacts with friends and      
   relatives.

b. More contacts with neighbors.



c. More memberships in voluntary
   associations.

d. More often meetings of voluntary 
   associations attended.

e. More often religious services atten-
   ded.

f. Telephone used more often.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=-.06 ns
a: Age 66-75: tb = -.17 (ns)
   Age 82-92: tb = +.19 (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.24 p < .05
b: Age 66-75: tb = +.42 (05)
   Age 82-92: tb = +.54 (01)
   Lower among age 76-81
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.34 p < .01
c: Age 66-75: tb = +.30 (05)
   Age 82-92: tb = +.56 (01)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.28 p < .01
d: Age 66-75: tb = +.10 (ns)
   Age 82-92: tb = +.58 (01)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=-.15 ns
e: Age 66-75: tb = -.04 (ns)
   Age 82-92: tb = -.17 (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.02 ns
f: Unaffected by age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa02b

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with organizational memberships
Page in Source 211
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with organizational participation, code S07aa02b
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

 can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later organizational participation
Subject code: S07aa03

StudyPalmore (1981): study US 1968
TitleSocial Patterns in Normal Aging: Findings From the Duke Longitudinal Study.
SourceDuke University Press, 1981, Durham, USA
Public46+ aged whites, North Carolina, USA, followed from 1968 to 1976.
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =375

Correlate
Author's labelorganizational activity
Page in Source 106
Our classificationLater organizational participation, code S07aa03
Operationalization
Sum of the number of religious services and meetings of 
other groups such as clubs, unions or associations 
which the respondent reported usually attending each 
month.
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.21 p < .05
Men.Organizational activity T2 by T1 life 
satisfaction.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.17 p < .05
Women.Organizational activity T2 by T1 life 
satisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelSocially participant behavior
Page in Source 235
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on number of formal 
organizations one belonged to during the previous year, 
number of times one attended during a month, and 
whether one held office.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar= +
Index of Positive Affects only: r = +.35 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly local political participation
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
1 participate at least once a month in citizens' action 
groups, political parties, local government
0 otherwise
Observed distributionM=215135 M=0.07 sd=0.26

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyKoo & Yee (2016): study KR 2014
TitleDimensions of Social Well-being and Determinants in Korea: Personal. Relational, and Societal Aspects.
SourceThe Senshu Social Well-being Review, 2016, no 3
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 2014-2018
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity participation
Page in Source 50,55,56
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Direct composite question:
"In the past year, how active were you in the following 
neighborhood activities?"
a Sports, hobbies, leisure activities
b Community development
c Elderly support
d Childcare support
e Crime prevention
f Disaster prevention
g Neighborhood assiociation's activities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceBeta=+.13 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- age
- gender
- marital status
- education level
- work status
- household income
- ingroup trust
- trust gap
- risk experience
- discrimination experience


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelSport social
Page in Source 19, 17, 16
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Sport social: if respondent has gone to a sport, social 
or other kind of club in the last month.
Observed distributionM = 0.20 SD = 0.40 N = 32517

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=+.12 p < .01
b controlled for:
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- region
- log of (imputed) household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014): study TR 2008
TitleSocial Capital, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0464-y
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2381

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer association membership
Page in Source 1036
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Self report on question whether the respondent is a 
member of any of the following 14 groups/organisations:
a.  social welfare groups
b.  religious organizations 
c.  cultural activities
d.  trade unions 
e.  political groups
f.   local community actions 
g.  human rights action 
h.  environmental groups 
i.   professional associations 
j.   youth work
k.  sports groups 
l.   women's group
m. peace movement
n.  health organizations

1 = member of any
0 = member of none
Observed distribution1 = 7 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .05
Probability of being more/less happy when member:
- very satisfied           + 5% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       + 1% (.05)
- medium satisfied         - 2% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    - 2% (ns)
- very dissatisfied        - 2% (.10)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC= ns
- very happy               + 2% (ns)
- quite happy              - 0% (ns)
- not very happy           - 1% (ns)
- not at all happy         - 1% (ns)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer association membership
Page in Source 1036
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Self report on question whether the respondent is a 
member of any of the following 14 groups/organisations:
a. social welfare groups
b. religious organizations
c. cultural activities
d. trade unions
e. political groups
f.  local community actions
g. human rights action
h. environmental groups
i.  professional associations
j.  youth work
k. sports groups
l.  women's group
m. peace movement
n. health organizations.
1 = member of any.
0 = member of none.
Observed distribution1 = 8 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC= ns
Probability of being more/less happy if member 
- very satisfied           0% (ns)
- somewhat satisfied       0% (ns)
- medium satisfied         0% (ns)
- somewhat dissatisfied    0% (ns)
- very dissatisfied       +1% (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC=- p < .01
- very happy              -7% (.01)
- quite happy             -7% (.05)
- not very happy          +5% (.01)
- not at all happy        +9% (.05)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment status
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelRecent Community Action
Page in Source 127
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Respondents who had indicated that they had been 
involded in community action were asked whether this 
occurred during the past 12 months.
0 = no
1 = yes
Observed distributionM = 0.43 SD = 0.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.27 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=.+08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyPalmore & Kivett (1977): study US 1968
TitleChange in Life Satisfaction. A Longitudinal Study of Persons Aged 46 - 70.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1977, Vol. 32, 311 - 316
Public46+ aged whites, followed 2 years, USA, 1968-1972/74
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =378

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational activity
Page in Source 313
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Number of religious services and    meetings attended 
this month and number of other clubs, unions or 
associations attended.
Observed distributionRange: 0-18, M = 5,2 (at T1)
Remarks
T1: 1968/70, T2: 1970/72, T3: 1972/74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.18 p < .01
T1 organizational activity by T1 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.15 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.07 ns
T1 organizational activity by T2 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.04 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.10 ns
T1 organizational activity by T3 life satisfaction
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.06 ns
Beta's controled for:
- self rated health
- social activity
- productive hours
- satisfaction with sexlife
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 organizational activity by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 organizational activity by T2-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T2 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current organizational participation
Subject code: S07ab

StudyMiller et al. (1991): study US 1956
TitleMotherhood, Multiple Roles, and Maternal Well-Being: Women of the 1950 s.
SourceGender and Society, 1991, Vol. 5, 565 - 582
PublicWhite married mothers with children under age 13, USA 1956
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =356

Correlate
Author's labelSocial integration
Page in Source 574
Our classificationCurrent organizational participation, code S07ab
Operationalization
Number of roles beyond that of wife and mother: 
- paid worker
- club member
- religious member
- friend
- neighbor
- relative
Rated: yes/no
Observed distributionM = 4,11, SD = 1,05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta=+.20 p < .001
Betas controlled for:
- age
- education
- husband's occupation (professional or not)
- life-cycle stage (chlid < 6 years or not)
- number of children
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta=+.24 p < .001
Additional control for employment 
(paid work omitted from list of roles)
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
Unaffected by interactions between
- roles/employment
- roles/ husband's occupation
- employment/husbands occupation
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
Squared roles: To test for curvi-linearity life 
satisfaction was regressed on the square of the 
number of roles, controlling for individual and 
structural variables and number of roles
M-CO---mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
To assess whether the number of roles or one role 
in particular mattered most, each role was entered 
separately into a regression equation along with 
with the control variables and a summary measure 
of other roles. No single role proved 
statistically significant, while the contribution 
of the number of roles remained significant


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 6 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.06      Mt=6.7
3       M=7.70      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.17      Mt=6.2  
2       M=1.53      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.67      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.06      Mt=6.8
2       M=3.09      Mt=7.0
3       M=3.15      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=0 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1460

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.53      Mt=6.5  
2       M=1.63      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.23      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.14      Mt=7.1
2       M=3.24      Mt=7.5
3       M=3.25      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.15      Mt=5.7
2       M=6.55      Mt=6.2
3       M=7.05      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2792

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.13      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.53      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.91      Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.41      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.66      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.79      Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.13      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.53      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.91      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.24      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.32      Mt=7.7
3       M=3.40      Mt=8.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.41      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.66      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.79      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.24      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.32      Mt=7.7
3       M=3.40      Mt=8.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .0010
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1782

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
2       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.00      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.49      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.88      Mt=6.3
2       M=2.98      Mt=6.6
3       M=3.05      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.15      Mt=6.8
2       M=7.45      Mt=7.2
3       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1034

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=4.49      Mt=4.4
2       M=5.08      Mt=4.5
3       M=5.34      Mt=4.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.30      Mt=4.3
2       M=2.34      Mt=4.5
3       M=2.43      Mt=4.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1730

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.09      Mt=7.0
2       M=3.04      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.00      Mt=6.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.97      Mt=7.0  
2       M=2.33      Mt=7.3
3       M=2.60      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.79      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.85      Mt=7.6
3       M=7.99      Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.15 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelFormal organization participation
Page in Source 257-258
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on the number of organizations one 
participates in: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 plus.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.11 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atc=+.06 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Chile, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.98      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.42      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.63      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.87      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .73      Mt=5.7  
2       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.43      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+aged, general public, China, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.90      Mt=6.3
2       M=2.89      Mt=6.3
3       M=3.07      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.06      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.26      Mt=6.3
3       M=1.87      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DK 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.86      Mt=7.6
2       M=8.04      Mt=7.8
3       M=8.35      Mt=8.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.46      Mt=6.5  
2       M=1.79      Mt=6.8
3       M=2.19      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.35      Mt=7.8
2       M=3.32      Mt=7.7
3       M=3.39      Mt=8.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.10 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of memberships in clubsand associations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
6-point scale ranging from "five or more" to "no"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.12
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, interesting life, 
easyness of life, loneliness, feelings of being 
liked, feeling of being able to use knowledge and 
skills, feeling of chance to succeed, gets 
sufficient attention, satisfaction with income, 
age, gender, no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study EE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1008

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .55      Mt=5.6  
2       M= .75      Mt=5.8
3       M= .97      Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.91      Mt=5.5
2       M=5.90      Mt=5.4
3       M=6.22      Mt=5.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.56      Mt=5.2
2       M=2.55      Mt=5.2
3       M=2.64      Mt=5.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FI 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =588

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if
any of these organizations do you 
belong to....?" For example: Religious or church 
organizations, Political 
parties or groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The 
summed score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
2       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.80      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.06      Mt=6.9
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.13      Mt=7.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .93      Mt=5.9  
2       M= .92      Mt=5.9
3       M=1.44      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of memberships in clubs and associations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
6-point scale ranging from "five or more" to "no"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.11
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, interesting life, 
easyness of life, loneliness, feelings of being 
liked, feeling of being able to use knowledge and 
skills, feeling of chance to succeed, gets 
sufficient attention, satisfaction with income, 
age, gender, no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSocial participation
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Question :'Are you member of the following 
organisations?' (yes/no):
-trade-union
-political party
-civil organisation
-religious organisation
-music or choir
-sport-club
-other clubs or organisations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978
1980
1984      +.13       +.19       +.12       +.10
1988      +.06       +.08       +.06       +.03

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978    
1980
1984      +.06       +.02       +.04       +.05
1988      +.09       +.06       +.08       +.06

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.63      Mt=6.3
2       M=6.95      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.12      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.04      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.68      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.95      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.13      Mt=7.1
2       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
3       M=3.18      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1336

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of voluntary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.34      Mt=5.9
2       M=6.68      Mt=6.3
3       M=6.87      Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .87      Mt=5.9  
2       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
3       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.86      Mt=6.2
2       M=2.94      Mt=6.5
3       M=3.01      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE West Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2201

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
2       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
2       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study HU 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .63      Mt=5.6  
2       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.29      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.82      Mt=5.4
2       M=6.14      Mt=5.7
3       M=6.48      Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.64      Mt=5.5
2       M=2.76      Mt=5.9
3       M=2.86      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.12 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.10 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IS 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Iceland 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =702

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
2       M=8.00      Mt=7.8
3       M=8.04      Mt=7.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.27      Mt=7.6
2       M=3.35      Mt=7.8
3       M=3.41      Mt=8.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.74      Mt=6.7  
2       M=2.25      Mt=7.3
3       M=2.74      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex and age 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.18 p < .001
 controlled for sex and age 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex and age
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if
any of these organizations do you 
belong to....?" For example: Religious or church 
organizations, Political 
parties or groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The 
summed score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.67      Mt=6.7  
2       M=2.12      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.56      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.36      Mt=7.9
2       M=3.35      Mt=7.8
3       M=3.36      Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.77      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
3       M=8.03      Mt=7.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.36      Mt=7.9
2       M=3.35      Mt=7.8
3       M=3.36      Mt=7.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.67      Mt=6.7  
2       M=2.12      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.56      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.77      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.93      Mt=7.7
3       M=8.03      Mt=7.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2010

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 6 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.19      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.08      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.46      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.96      Mt=6.5
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=2.98      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study JP 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 6 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.05      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.13      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.47      Mt=6.1
2       M=6.55      Mt=6.2
3       M=6.80      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.19      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
3       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.96      Mt=6.5
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=2.98      Mt=6.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .19      Mt=5.2  
2       M= .74      Mt=5.7
3       M=1.03      Mt=6.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.08      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.40      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.46      Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.08 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study KR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1251

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.26      Mt=5.8
2       M=6.74      Mt=6.4
3       M=6.98      Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.82      Mt=6.1
2       M=2.85      Mt=6.2
3       M=2.91      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LV 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =903

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.51      Mt=5.0
2       M=2.50      Mt=5.0
3       M=2.55      Mt=5.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .84      Mt=5.8  
2       M= .89      Mt=5.9
3       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.78      Mt=5.3
2       M=5.49      Mt=5.0
3       M=5.88      Mt=5.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.51      Mt=5.0
2       M=2.52      Mt=5.1
3       M=2.59      Mt=5.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .60      Mt=5.6  
2       M= .46      Mt=5.5
3       M= .89      Mt=5.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.94      Mt=5.5
2       M=6.02      Mt=5.6
3       M=6.16      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study MX 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1531

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.18      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.66      Mt=7.4
3       M=8.04      Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.20      Mt=6.2  
2       M=1.50      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.98      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.91      Mt=6.4
2       M=2.98      Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.05 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelCivic participation (individual level)
Page in Source 260
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
The respondents were asked whether they are members of, 
participated in, donated money to or voluntarily worked 
for different types of organisations. 
- sports club or club for out-door activities
- organisation for cultural or hobby activities
- trade union
- business, professional or farmers' organisation
- consumer or automobile
- organisation for humantarian aid, human rights, 
minorities, or immigrants
- organisation for environmental protection, peace or 
animal rights
- religious or church organisation
- political party
- organisation for science, education or teachers and 
parents
- social club, club for the young, the retired/ 
elderly, women, or friendly societies
- any other voluntary organisation such as the ones 
just mentioned.

Respondents who do not participate in a type of 
association score 0, those who are only a member score 
1 and those who are 'more than a member' score 2. 

For an 'overall' measure of civic participation in 
voluntary associations the number of involvement in 12 
types of associations were counted. 

This yields an overall count index of civic 
participation ranging from 0 (no participation at all) 
to 24 (more than a member in every of the 12 types of 
voluntary organisations).
Observed distributionRange 0-24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.04 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.04 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- gender
- age
- education
- occupational class
- domicile (big city, suburb, village, 
countryside)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelMember of voluntary organization
Page in Source 13
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport of membership of a voluntary organization
0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionRange 0-1, M= 0.55 SD= 24.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,2 p < .05
B (+1,15) controlled for:
- income 
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B means 1,25 point greater happiness on scale 
10-100 of members
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.73 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- active membership

B is points greater happiness on scale 10-100 of 
members


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudySarracino (2008): study ZZ World samples 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being in Low Income Countries: Positional, Relational and Social Capital Compnents.
SourceStudi e Note di Economica, vol. 5, nr 3, pp 449-477
URLhttp://www.mps.it/nr/rdonlyres/4407ffbe-7442-490c-ad49-c03f0cbbb027/34058/sarracino.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 39 nations, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary
Page in Source 461,466, 471
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Self report of membership of voluntary organizations 
on..
a: religious
b: sport
c: arts
d: unions
e: politics
f: charity
g: professional
h: environment
Rated:
1:yes
0:no
Observed distributiona: M=0.18, SD=0.38, b: M=0.15, SD=0.36, c: M=0.10, SD=0.31, d: M=0.16, SD=0.36 e: M=0.07, SD=0.25, f: M=0.07, SD=0.26 g: M=0.07, SD=0.26, h: M=0.05, SD=0.22,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.01 ns
RELIGIOUS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.04 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.10 ns
SPORT
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.06 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.07 ns
ARTS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.04 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.14 ns
UNIONS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.10 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.20 p < .05
POLITICS
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.22 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.24 p < .01
CHARITY
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.11 ns
High income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+.15 ns
PROFESSIONAL
Low income nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=-.19 ns
High income nations

OLRC's controlled for:
- socio-demographic aspects:
  - age
  - gender
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
- wealth
  - income
  - subjective health
- relational goods
  - time spend in social contacts
- social capital
  - perceived freedom and control
  - trust in people
  - honesty
- positional goods
  - social class
  - income quintile


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyHeukamp & Arino (2011): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleDoes Country Matter for Subjective Well-Being?
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, 100: 155 - 170
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9610-y
Public18+ aged general public, 64 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =114281

Correlate
Author's labelMembership
Page in Source 159
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Now I am going to read off a list of voluntary 
organizations; for each one, could you tell me whether 
you are an active member, an inactive member or not a 
member of that type of organization?
Observed distributionFirst, second and fourth wave: M= 0.33, SD= 0.82 Third wave: M= 0.15, SD= 0.59
Remarks
In wave three, the question about membership was asked 
differently than in the other waves. It was asked if 
one "belonged to" any of these organizations. The 
answer to this question from the third wave is 
seperated.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.04 p < .000
Wave 1+2+4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.05 p < .000
Wave 3

B's controlled for:
- self assessed health
- employment status
- marital status 
- education
- age
- gender
- church attendance 
- belief in god
- cheating
- trust in people
- relative income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of organizations
Page in Source 376
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11
France
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Great-Britain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
West Germany
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Italy
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Netherlands
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Denmark
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Belgium
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Spain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12
Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Northern Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
EC

's controlled for: education, marital status, 
work, income, age, type of dwelling and having 
children.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyPalisi (1985b): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleVoluntary Associations and Well-Being in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross Cultural Evidence.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 22, 265 - 288
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary association membership
Page in Source 276
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single open-ended question on how many
voluntary associations the respondent
was a member of, rated on a 4-point
scale ranging from none to more than
two.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
London:       rpc =+.00   (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 p < .05
London:      rpc = +.09   (ns)       = +.07
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 ns
Los Angeles:  rpc =+.05   (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 ns
Los Angeles: rpc = +.14   (05)       = +.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
Sydney:      rpc = +.12   (05)       = +.04
rpc controller for: Education, occupation and age, 
 controlled for: marital status, education,
occupation, age, country of birth and voluntary 
association membership
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .05
Sydney:       rpc =+.13   (05)
rpc controlled for: Education, occupation and age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1017

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.60      Mt=7.3
2       M=7.73      Mt=7.5
3       M=7.92      Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.20      Mt=6.2  
2       M=1.80      Mt=6.8
3       M=1.97      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
2       M=3.40      Mt=8.0
3       M=3.41      Mt=8.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 62
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Organizational membership?
1 No
2 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.09 p < .05
1993
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.09 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyJol (1985a): study NL 1974
TitleLiever Samen dan Alleen? Veranderingen in Levensomstandigheden n Welbevinden van Alleenstaanden, 1974-1983. (Better together than Alone? Changes in Life Situations nd Well-Being of Singles,1974-1983).
SourceC.B.S. Select, Nr. 3, Central Bureau of Statistics, 1985, The Hague, Netherlands, 171 - 184
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1983
Sample
Non-Response1974: 28%, 1983: 43%
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelMembership
Page in Source 177/178
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of memberships

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta= ns
Singles 1983 (N= 484)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.06 p < .05
All 1983 (N = 3931)
 controlled for sex and age.
Results 1974 not significantly different.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelReligious participa-tion
Page in Source 203
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
3-item index containing amount of time spent on 
religious activities, playing an active role and 
holding a function.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+ ns
Never married males  : r = +.05 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.02 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.15 (ns)
Married females      : r = +.14 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NO 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1239

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if
any of these organizations do you 
belong to....?" For example: Religious or church 
organizations, Political 
parties or groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The 
summed score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.86      Mt=6.9
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=2,60      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.35      Mt=7.1
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.80      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.15      Mt=7.2
2       M=3.24      Mt=7.5
3       M=3.24      Mt=7.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.16 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of memberships in clubs and associations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
6-point scale ranging from "five or more" to "no"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.04
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to suceed, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study PT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1185

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.28      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
3       M=1.69      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.81      Mt=6.0
2       M=2.85      Mt=6.2
3       M=2.88      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.03      Mt=6.7
2       M=6.97      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RO 1993
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Romania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1103

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.88      Mt=5.4
2       M=5.87      Mt=5.4
3       M=5.94      Mt=5.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .64      Mt=5.6  
2       M= .75      Mt=5.7
3       M=1.45      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.63      Mt=5.4
2       M=2.59      Mt=5.3
3       M=2.74      Mt=5.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RU 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Russia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1961

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .00      Mt=5.0  
2       M= .29      Mt=5.3
3       M= .68      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.48      Mt=4.9
2       M=2.49      Mt=5.0
3       M=2.67      Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.30      Mt=4.8
2       M=5.31      Mt=4.8
3       M=5.53      Mt=5.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.06 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SI 1992
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1035

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=4.94      Mt=4.4
2       M=5.08      Mt=4.5
3       M=5.34      Mt=4.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.45      Mt=6.5  
2       M=1.47      Mt=6.5
3       M=2.01      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.30      Mt=4.3
2       M=2.34      Mt=4.5
3       M=2.43      Mt=4.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyPosel & Casale (2011): study ZA 2008
TitleRelative Standing and Subjective Well-Being in South Africa: The Role of Perception, Expectations and Income Mobility.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 104, 195 - 223
URLhttp://econrsa.org/home/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=295&Itemid=67
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-010-9740-2
Public17+ aged general public, South-Africa., 2008
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =28000

Correlate
Author's labelMember of a group
Page in Source 203,208,212
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Member of a group:
1 yes
0 no
Observed distributionM = 0.37 SE = 0.007

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.07 p < .01
All
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.08 p < .05
Africans only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-IOPRC=+.02 ns
Whites only
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I
OPRC's controled for:
- individual characteristics
  - ethnicity
  - head
  - age
  - years of schooling
  - sexe
  - marital status
  - health status
- household characteristics
  - number of children
  - number of pensioners
  - quality dwelling place
- social capital variables
  - involved in religious activities
  - neigbours help out
  - neighbours are aggressive
  - crime in neighbourhood
  - owns a cellular phone
- income variables
  - per capita household income (Rands)
  - actual rank in SA (richest, middle, poorest)
  - percieved rank in SA (richest, middle, 
poorest)
  - percieved rank in village/suburb (richest, 
middle, poorest)
  - percieved to be better/same/worse than at age 
15
  - expect to be better/same/worse off 2 years 
hence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study ES 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4147

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .59      Mt=5.6  
2       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.07      Mt=6.7
2       M=7.42      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
2       M=3.07      Mt=6.9
3       M=3.08      Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.07      Mt=6.7
2       M=7.42      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
2       M=3.07      Mt=6.9
3       M=3.08      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .59      Mt=5.6  
2       M=1.04      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Sweden, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1047

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.89      Mt=7.7
2       M=8.05      Mt=7.8
3       M=7.96      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.34      Mt=7.8
2       M=3.39      Mt=8.0
3       M=3.36      Mt=7.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.61      Mt=7.6  
2       M=2.75      Mt=7.8
3       M=3.05      Mt=8.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
2       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of memberships in clubsand associations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
6-point scale ranging from "five or more" to "no"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.08
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, no. of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, interesting life,easyness 
of life, loneliness, feeling of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived, feeling of chance to succeed.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, North Ireland, 1990
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =304

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if any of these 
organizations do you belong to....?" For example: 
Religious or church organizations, Political parties or 
groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The summed 
score is divided
into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.29      Mt=7.6
2       M=3.27      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
2       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
3       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97      Mt=6.6
2       M=3.03      Mt=6.8
3       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .96      Mt=6.0  
2       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.76      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.10      Mt=6.1  
2       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
3       M=2.51      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.75      Mt=7.5
2       M=8.26      Mt=8.1
3       M=7.74      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.27 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.29 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.22 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.07 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data ) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Britain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1484

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if
any of these organizations do you 
belong to....?" For example: Religious or church 
organizations, Political 
parties or groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The 
summed score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.19 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyHarding (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelOrganisational membership
Page in Source 251
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question; belong to an organisation: 
0 no 
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
no                     M = 1.1   Mt' = 6.1
yes                        1.7         6.7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study US 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1839

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of volun-tary organizations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of 'yes' responses: "Which, if
any of these organizations do you 
belong to....?" For example: Religious or church 
organizations, Political 
parties or groups, Sports or recreation (16 items). The 
summed score is divided into 3 categories ....
1   0
2   1
3   2 - 16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7  
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.61      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.18      Mt=7.3
2       M=3.29      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.34      Mt=7.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.64      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.68      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.62      Mt=7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26      Mt=7.5
2       M=3.28      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.31      Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.27      Mt=6.3  
2       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.18      Mt=7.3
2       M=3.29      Mt=7.6
3       M=3.34      Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.70      Mt=6.7  
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.61      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.64      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.18 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.03 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.07 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.25 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.25 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
( r and  computed on uncategorized data )


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of organiza- tional memberships
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question to: the number
of organizations respondent belongs to.
(by means of aided-recall technique)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = +.18  (05)
2:first marriage women  r = +.11  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = +.36  (05)
4:remarriage women      r = -.18  (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyGoudy & Goudeau (1981): study US 1975
TitleSocial Ties and Life Satisfaction of Older Persons: Another Evaluation.
SourceJournal of Gerontological Social Work, 1981, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public50+ aged, general public, North-Central Iowa, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response11.3%
Respondents N =2321

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 41/43
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Number of organizations to which one belongs (0-8=8 or 
more)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for age, income, education, marital 
status, relatives in community, friends in 
community, local people known, community 
attachment, quality of life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyRosenberg & Chelte (1980): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness of Members of Sport and Non-Sport Voluntary Associations.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1980, Vol. 11, 263 - 275
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1975-1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of voluntary association(vs no member)
Page in Source 268
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
0 no member 
1 member

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.26 p < .001
1975: males   G=+.32  (001)  
      females G=+.22  (01)  
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.30 p < .001
1977: males   G=+.36  (001)  
      females G=+.28  (ns)   


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyRosenberg & Chelte (1980): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness of Members of Sport and Non-Sport Voluntary Associations.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1980, Vol. 11, 263 - 275
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1975-1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of sport voluntary association (vs no member)
Page in Source 269
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
0 member 
1 member of sport voluntary association

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.05 ns
1975: males   G=+.10  (ns)  
      females G=+.01  (ns) 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.04 ns
1977: males   G=+.05  (ns) 
      females G=+.05  (ns) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyRosenberg & Chelte (1980): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness of Members of Sport and Non-Sport Voluntary Associations.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1980, Vol. 11, 263 - 275
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1975-1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of sport voluntary association (vs. other voluntary)
Page in Source 270
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
0 member of non-sport voluntary
  association
1 member of sport voluntary association
  only (not of any other)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.25 ns
1975: males   G=+.35  (ns) 
      females G=-.10  (ns) 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.05 ns
1977: males   G=+.04  (ns) 
      females G=-.29  (ns) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 221
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
1: none
2: one
3: two or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: live alone, married, children, contact with
   relatives, contact with friends, church-
   attendance
3: health problems, recent move, separated/   
   divorced, unemployed.                       
4: retired,widowed.
5: urban living, rural living, female.

 in different age groups:
under 30: -.05 (ns)    30-49   : +.03 (ns)
50-64   : -.10 (ns)    over 64 : +.01 (ns)

                    
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for 2 only:
interaction with age: ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =534

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 229
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question:               1: none
2: one
3: two or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=.00 ns
 controlled for education, occupation, income, 
live alone, married status, contact with 
relatives, contact with friends, church 
attendance, separated / divorced, retired, 
widowed, place of residence, sexe, age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 362
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on the organizations the respondent 
belonged to

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-ar=+.14 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyMartinson et al. (1984): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitlePredicting overall Life Satisfaction: The Role of Life Cycle and Social Psychological Antecedents.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315724
Public18+aged, general public, N.W. Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational membership
Page in Source 104
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single diect question:
1: none
2: one
3: two or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.06 p < .05
age <30:  = -.11  ns
30 - 49:  = -.08  ns
50 - 64:  = -.05  ns
   > 64:  = +.00  ns

 controlled for powerlessness, community 
solidarity, health, days too sick to work, recent 
move, separated/ divorced, unemployed, contact 
with relatives, contact with friends, church 
attendance, education, family income.



Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyMartinson et al. (1985): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleLife Change, Health Status and Life Satisfaction: A Reconsideration.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 301 - 313
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00415128
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational affiliation
Page in Source 309
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question:
1: none
2: one
3: two or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-
 of different age groups:
under 30 : -.10  ns     30-49   : -.06  ns
50-64    : -.06  ns     over 64 : -.01  ns

 controlled for: negative life change, degree of 
disability, days lost due to illness, 
powerlessness, community solidarity, recent 
migrant, contact with friends, contact with 
relatives, affiliation, church attendance, 
separated / divorced, sex, unemployed, family 
income, education. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyDavis (1984): study US 1972
TitleNew Money, an Old Man/Lady and Two's Company: Subjective Welfare in the NORC General Social Surveys 1972-1982.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 319 - 350.
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351443
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13581

Correlate
Author's labelMembership of Voluntary organisations
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question: Here is a list of 
organisations. Could you tell me whether or not you are 
member of each type?
0 belongs to none
1 belongs to one 
2 belongs to 2 or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.22
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=+.13
% very happy:
0      29
1      36
2      38
The relationship disappears after control for 
marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyBahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Sample
Non-ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity of organisational affiliations
Page in Source 226
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on number of organisational 
memberships.(-fellowship organisations,-labour unions, 
-proffessional groups,-political or action 
groups,-recreational or social groups,-hobby 
groups,-community or neighbour organisations,-any other 
type of organisation).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.27 p < .?
Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire) 
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr=+.29 p < .?
Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.27
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr=+.29
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? ns
Survivor wives(husband survived mine fire)        
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr=? ns
Survivor wives(husband survived mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr= ns
-Survivor wives (husband survived mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Survivor wives (husband survived mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr=? ns
Other miners wives(husband was not involved in 
mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr= ns
-Other miners wives (husband was not involved in  
mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Other miners wives (husband was not involved in 
 mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? ns
Other miners wives(husband was not involved in 
mine fire)  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWard (1979): study US 1972
TitleThe Never-Married in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1979, Vol. 34, 861 - 869
Public50+ aged, USA, 1972-1977
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3557

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of groups belonged to
Page in Source 866
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Selfrepoted number of membership of voluntary 
associations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agr=+.08 p < .05
Marrieds (N=2379)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agr=+.26 p < .05
Never marrieds (N=161)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyCutler (1981): study US 1971
TitleVoluntary Association Participation and Life Satisfaction: Replication, Revision, and Extension.
SourceJournal of Aging and Human Development, 1981-82, Vol. 14, 127 - 137
DOIDOI: 10.2190/YMXJ-HQA3-R32K-EU3U
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1971
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2390

Correlate
Author's labelTotal voluntary association memberships
Page in Source 132
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Total voluntary association memberships, range: 0-17.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-atb=+.04
Age group 45-54
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-atb=+.12
Age group 55-64
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-atb=+.08
Age group 65-74
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-atb=+.09
Age group 75-99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyTissue & Wells (1971): study US 1971
TitleAntecedent Life Styles and Old Age.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1971, Vol. 29, 1100
PublicApplicants for old age assistance, USA, 1971.
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelMembership in a special group or clique of friends
Page in Source 29
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Self report. Questions not reported.
Remarks
Current contacts correlated with retrospective contacts 
in middle adulthood (age 30-60).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=1.71 p < .05
Only among elderly who reported to have had much 
social contacts in middle adulthood ('actives'). 
Not among earlier 'loners' and 'intermediates'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyGraney (1975): study US 1967
TitleHappiness and Social Participation in Aging.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 701 - 706
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years, USA, 1967-71
Sample
Non-Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelAssociation member- ships
Page in Source 703
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on memberships in voluntary 
associations other than religious services none / one / 
2 or more.
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.50 p < .01
Happiness assessed at T2.

Age 66-75: tb = +.62 (01)
Age 82-92: tb = +.54 (01)
Lower among age 76-81


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyAlexander (1969): study US 1964
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
Sample
Non-Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational memberships
Page in Source 153
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on number of organizat- ional 
memberships
0 / 1 / 2 / or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fG= +
Index of Positive Affects only: G = +.17 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational memberships
Page in Source 47
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on belonging to organizations, clubs, 
or community groups

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= +
Index of Positive Affects   : G' = +.25 (01)
- Stronger among females
- Unaffected by S.E.S.
Index of Negatiive Affects  : G' = -.19 (01)
- Stronger among males
- Unaffected by S.E.S.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.33 p < . 01
females
those of lower S.E.S.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of voluntary organizations
Subject code: S07ab01

StudyWashburne (1941): study US 1939
TitleFactors Related to Social Adjustment of College Girls.
SourceJournal of Social Psychology. 1941, Vol. 13, 281 - 289
PublicFemale college students, New York, USA, 194?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =238

Correlate
Author's labelSorority membership
Page in Source 283
Our classificationMembership of voluntary organizations, code S07ab01
Operationalization
0 Non-member 
1 Member

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-?-?q-?-0-aSNR=
Freshmen: negative relationship
    L-shaped curve: Significant relationship     
among unhappier students only.

Junior: positive relationship
    L-shaped curve: Significant relationship
    among unhappier students only.
M-CO-?-?q-?-0-aD%=
Freshmen:       Negative relationship. L-shaped
                curve: Significant relationship
                among unhappier students only.

Junior:         Positive relationship. L-shaped
                curve: Significant relationship
                among unhappier students only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and union member
Subject code: S07ab01a

StudyRadcliff (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleClass Organization and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-National Analysis
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 513 - 530
Public15+ aged, general public, 17 developed nations, 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =17000

Correlate
Author's labelUnion membership
Page in Source 521, Table 2
Our classificationunion member, code S07ab01a
Operationalization
0: no union member
1: union-member

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.16 p < .05
Individual happiness by individual union 
membership in 17 nations.

b (+0,016365) controlled for:
Individual characteristics:
-married
-gender
-education
-age & age-squared
-number of children
-home life quality
-income
-unemployed
-church attendance

National characteristics
-union density in nation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.12 p < .05
b (+0,12440) additionally controlled for 
National characteristics:
-social democracy
-culture
-GDP per capita
-aggregate unemployment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualitt in sterreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut fr Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultt der Universitt Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelActive membership of a club
Page in Source 101,114
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Two item index of direct questions on active membership 
of a club. Answer categories yes/no.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency meetings attendance
Page in Source 257-258
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Direct question rated on a 3-point scale with the 
choice statements: 'never', 'regular' and 'irregular'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atb=+.07 ns
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelCivic participation (individual level)
Page in Source 260
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
The respondents were asked whether they are members of, 
participated in, donated money to or voluntarily worked 
for different types of organisations. 
- sports club or club for out-door activities
- organisation for cultural or hobby activities
- trade union
- business, professional or farmers' organisation
- consumer or automobile
- organisation for humantarian aid, human rights, 
minorities, or immigrants
- organisation for environmental protection, peace or 
animal rights
- religious or church organisation
- political party
- organisation for science, education or teachers and 
parents
- social club, club for the young, the retired/ 
elderly, women, or friendly societies
- any other voluntary organisation such as the ones 
just mentioned.

Respondents who do not participate in a type of 
association score 0, those who are only a member score 
1 and those who are 'more than a member' score 2. 

For an 'overall' measure of civic participation in 
voluntary associations the number of involvement in 12 
types of associations were counted. 

This yields an overall count index of civic 
participation ranging from 0 (no participation at all) 
to 24 (more than a member in every of the 12 types of 
voluntary organisations).
Observed distributionRange 0-24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.04 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.04 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- gender
- age
- education
- occupational class
- domicile (big city, suburb, village, 
countryside)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyPalisi (1985b): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleVoluntary Associations and Well-Being in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross Cultural Evidence.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 22, 265 - 288
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of attending voluntary associations
Page in Source 276
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Single closed question on frequency of
attending voluntary associations, rated
on a 6-point scale ranging from daily
to never.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
London:       rpc = +.02  (ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 p < .05
London:      rpc = +.09   (ns)       = +.04
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.12 p < .01
Los Angeles:  rpc = +.14  (05)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .01
Los Angeles: rpc = +.15   (01)       = +.06
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 p < .05
Sydney:      rpc = +.13   (05)       = +.08
rpc controlled for: Marital status, education,
occupation, age, country of birth and voluntary
association attendance
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.15 p < .01
Sydney:       rpc = +.16  (01)
rpc controlled for: Education, occupation and age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelFormal social participation.
Page in Source 27
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on number of 
organizational memberships, attending meetings, and 
holding office in them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cr= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational activity
Page in Source 203
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
3-item index of direct questions on number of 
organizational memberships, amount of time spent on 
these organizations per month, and holding a function.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Never married males  : r = +.23 (05)
Married males        : r = -.08 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.03 (01)
Married females      : r = +.05 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyGerard (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and Voluntary Work.
SourceAbrams, M.; et al.;Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 201 - 226
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in voluntary work
Page in Source 211
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
0 Not participating                    1 Participating 
in voluntary work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .001
                 volunteers    others

                 M      Mt'    M      Mt'     p<

all              1.94   6.9    1.29   6.3   (001)

high educated    1.94   6.9    1.75   6.8   (ns)
low educated     1.93   6.9    1.21   6.2   (001)

high SES         2.18   7.2    1.66   6.7   (000)
low SES          1.62   6.6    1.11   6.1   (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyThoits & Hewitt (2001): study US 1986
TitleVolunteer Work and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2001, Vol. 42, 115 - 131
Public25+ aged, general public, USA, 1986-1989
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-ResponseT1: 33% T2: 21%
Respondents N =2867

Correlate
Author's labelChurch participation
Page in Source 123-126
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Self report on single question :How often you usually 
attended religious services.
0= never
1= less than once a month
2= about once a month
3= 2 or 3 times a month
4= once a week
5= more than once a week
Observed distributionT1: M= 2.5 SD= 1.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fr=+.14 p < .001
T1 church participation by T1 Life satisfation
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=+.43 p < .001
T2 church participation by T1 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer work hours 
-T2 frequency organization attend
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=+.29 p < .001
T2 church participation by T1 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer work hours 
-T2 frequency organization attend
-T1 volunteer work hours
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=+.03 p < .01
T2 church participation by T2 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer hours
-T2 organization attandance
-T1 life satisfaction(indicating CHANGE in Life 
satisfaction)
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -income
 -employment
 -marital status
 -children at home
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.04 p < .001
T2 church participation by T2 happiness
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer hours
-T2 organization attandance
-T1 happiness measured by a different item 
 "My life could be happier than it is now"
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -income
 -employment
 -marital status
 -children at home


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyThoits & Hewitt (2001): study US 1986
TitleVolunteer Work and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2001, Vol. 42, 115 - 131
Public25+ aged, general public, USA, 1986-1989
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-ResponseT1: 33% T2: 21%
Respondents N =2867

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational participation
Page in Source 123-126
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Asked how often you usually attended meetings or 
programs of groups, clubs, or organizations to which 
you belonged.
0= never
1= less than once a month
2= about once a month
3= 2 or 3 times a month
4= once a week
5= more than once a week
Observed distributionT1: M= 1.8 SD= 1.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fr=+.09 p < .01
T1 attendance by T1 Life satisfation
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=+.80 p < .001
T2 attendance by T1 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer work hours 
-T2 frequency church attend
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=+.55 p < .001
T2 attendance by T1 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer work hours 
-T2 frequency church attend
-T1 volunteer work hours
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=+.03 p < .01
T2 attendance by T2 Life satisfaction
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer hours
-T2 church attandance
-T1 life satisfaction(indicating CHANGE in Life 
satisfaction)
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -income
 -employment
 -marital status
 -children at home
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.03 p < .01
T2 attendance by T2 happiness
B controlled for: 
-T2 volunteer hours
-T2 church attandance
-T1 happiness measured by a different item 
 "My life could be happier than it is now"
-sociodemographic variables
 -age
 -gender
 -ethnicity
 -education
 -income
 -employment
 -marital status
 -children at home


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1975
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public50+ aged, general public, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =410

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational participation
Page in Source 84/5
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
During 24-hour period prior to the interview, 
respondents reported each activity they engaged in 
(PARTICIPATION) and the time spend on each activity 
(DURATION) on an activity diary. Activities were coded 
into categories, one of which was "participation in 
various organizations" such as clubs, church.

Work status was measured by self-labeling by 
respondents and a question about engagement in work for 
pay at present. Self-labeled housewives were excluded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.12 ns
PARTICIPATION:  working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.19 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.06 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.04 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.14 ns
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.14 ns
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.06 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.10 ns
DURATION:       working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.27 p < .05
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.01 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.01 ns
                retired females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.11 ns
                working males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.24 p < .05
                retired males
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.02 ns
                working females
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.01 ns
                retired females
 controlled for self-reported health, income and 
age. Relations with 'participation' also controled 
for 'duration' and relations with 'duration' also 
for participation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in communal activities
Page in Source 483/484
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
9-item index. The respondents were asked whether or not 
they had: 
a. written or spoken to a local political public 
official about  their community;
b. written to a local newspaper about community 
matters;
c. attended a meeting or gathering in which local 
government or community policy matters were a major 
subject for consideration;
d. contributed time or money in a local campaign; 
e. been a candidate for  and/or held one local 
effective office;
f. been a member of a local political club or 
organization; 
g. contributed money to social service organizations;
h. worked as a volunteer with any  social service 
organization;
i. always voted in local elections.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.06 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.01
Beta controlled for:
- recources
- assessments
- comparisons

Recources:
- rage
- sex
- age
- income 
- education
- home ownership
- marital status
- number of children
- number of householdmembers

Assessments: satisfaction with: 
- standard of living
- leisure time
- housing
- health
- education
- community
- government

Comparisons:
- perception of being happier than others
- percieved financial improvement in the past few 
years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyGeorge (1978): study US NorthCarolina 1973
TitleThe Impact of Personality and Social Status Factors upon Levels of Activity and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1978, Vol. 33, 840 - 847
Public50+ aged, whites, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =380

Correlate
Author's labelActivity levels on aweekly basis
Page in Source 843
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
The sum of time spent last week in church 
attendance/religious organizations/volunteer work/clubs 
and voluntary organizations/informal socializing 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=.18 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudySnyder & Spreitzer (1974): study US Ohio 1973
TitleInvolvement in Sports and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1974, Vol. 5, 28 - 39
PublicAdults, general public, City of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response46%
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in voluntary associations
Page in Source 32
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+.12
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyBahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Sample
Non-ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of organisational activity
Page in Source 226
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Direct question:"In the last month how many meetings 
did you go to,including commitee meetings"  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.31 p < .?
Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire) 
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.31
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? ns
Survivor wives(husband survived mine fire)        
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Survivor wives (husband survived mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Other miners wives (husband was not involved in
 mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=? ns
Other miners wives(husband was not involved in 
mine fire)  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyGarrity (1973): study US NorthDakota 1970
TitleSocial Involvement and Activeness as Predictors of Morale Six Months after First Myocardial Infarction.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 1973, Vol. 7, 199 - 207
PublicWhite males, heart-attack survivors, Durham, North-Carolina, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =56

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in community organizations
Page in Source 201
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Measurement in terms of the average hours per week 
involvement.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyChiriboga (1975): study US 1969
TitlePerceptions of Well-Being.
SourceLowenthal, M.F.;et al;Eds.: "Four Stages of Life", Jossey Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA, 84 - 98
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSocial-service activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled social-service activities (helping others, 
community service)  They were also asked what they did 
"yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.57 p < .01
Preretirement: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Preretirement: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
High School: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=+.62 p < .01
High School: women


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyPalmore & Luikart (1972): study US 1968
TitleHealth and Social Factors Related to Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 68 -80
Public46+ aged, whites, North Carolina, USA, 1968-70
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational activity.
Page in Source 70-72
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Sum of the number of religious services and meetings of 
other groups such as clubs, unions, or associations 
which the respondent reported usually attending each 
month.
Possible range 0- 18.
Observed distributionM = 5.2 SD=3.7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.18 p < .05
All
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.18 p < .05
Men.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.19 p < .05
Women..
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.26 p < .05
Ages 46-59.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.10 p < .05
Ages 60-71.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.07 p < .05
All.Step wise multiple regression:
selfrated health     R= +.43
org. activity        B1=+.46
internal control     B2=+.47
performance status   B3=+.48
productive hours     B4=+.49
All variables p<.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.04 p < .05
Men. Step wise multiple regression:
selfrated health     R= +.44
org. activity        B1=+.46
confident            B2=+.48
performance status   B3=+.49
employment           B4=+.50
social activity      B5=+.51   

All variables p<.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.06 p < .05
Women Step wise multiple regression:
selfrated health     R= +.42
org. activity        B1=+.45
internal control     B2=+.47
All variables p<.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.08 p < .05
Ages 46-59. Step wise multiple regression:
selfrated health     R= +.46
org. activity        B1=+.51
performance status   B2=+.53
income               B3=+.54
education            B4=+.55
All variables p<.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.04 p < .05
Ages 60-71. Step wise multiple regression
selfrated health     R= +.40
internal control     B1=+.44
org. activity        B2=+.45
All variables p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyGraney (1975): study US 1967
TitleHappiness and Social Participation in Aging.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 701 - 706
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years, USA, 1967-71
Sample
Non-Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelAssociation attendance
Page in Source 703
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Direct question on attendance activity in voluntary 
associations other than religious services: never / 
sometimes / regularly.
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=+.43 p < .01
Happiness assessed at T2.

Age 66-75: tb = +.52 (01)
Age 82-92: tb = +.60 (01)
Lower among age 76-81


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response 20%, Attrition 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelOrganisational activity
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Direct question on number of organisa-
tions such as church, school groups, labor unions, or 
social, civic, and fraternal clubs one takes an active 
part in, rated on a 5-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+
Data T1.
Not computed for summed ABS.
Index of Positive Affects: G= +.22
Index of Negative Affects: G= -.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyPhillips (1967a): study US NewHampshire 1962
TitleSocial Participation and Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1967, Vol. 72, 479 - 488
Public21+ aged, general public, New Hampshire, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelOrganizational activity
Page in Source 483-484
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Direct question on number of organizat- ions, such as 
church and school groups, labor unions, or social, 
civic, and fraternal clubs one take an active part in. 
0 / 1 / 2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG= +
Index of Positive Affects: G = +.27
 high S.E.S.             : d = +.13
 medium S.E.S.           : d = +.05
 low S.E.S.              : d = +.25
Index of Negative Affects: G = -.05
 high S.E.S.             : d = -.08
 medium S.E.S.           : d = -.05
 low S.E.S.              : d = +.07
(See PHILL 1969, p. 9)
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.29
Unaffected by mental health status (see PHILL 
1967B, p. 289).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyCosta et al. (1985): study US 1958
TitleLongitudinal Course of Social Support among Men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
SourceSarason, I.G., Sarason, B.R., Eds.: "Social Support", Martinus Nijhof, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 137 - 154
PublicMarried males, followed 12 years Baltimore, USA, 1958-1970
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T3: 82%
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelSocial participation
Page in Source 142
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Obtained by factor analysis.
Factor consisting of 7 items.
Items with high loading:
"Paricipate in community or church
work".
"Write letters".
"Attend clubs, lodges, other meetings".
Questions administered at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-h-sq-v-3-ar=+.07 p < .05
Happiness assessed at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attendance to meetings
Subject code: S07ab02

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelFormal social participation
Page in Source 17
Our classificationAttendance to meetings, code S07ab02
Operationalization
Being active in some voluntary organi-
zation or community activity

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . 05
Stronger among males: 52 % of the dissatisfied
and 81 % of the satisfied men are active in
some organization or activity
Among females 48 % of the dissatisfied compared
with 61 % of the satisfied are active


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study 1981
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
Public18+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 1981-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =118519

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer activities
Page in Source 350-351
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Self reported: respondents indicated (in 
deciles)whether they participated in (any of) 15 types 
of volunteer work.
Observed distributionRange 0,51-1,02; similar for men and women. M: males: 0,80. Females: 0,66.
Remarks
Data: Pooled World Values Surveys 1981, 1990,1995 and 
2000.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aDM=+ p < .001
The most happy (10) engage more in volunteer 
activities than moderately happy (9 or 8)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.04 p < .001
Most happy people participate in volunteer 
activities, as expected on the basis of a linear 
model. Non-linear model is not significant.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFull time Work Status
Page in Source 175+
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
g: Full time Student
Observed distributionN = a: 750, b: 517, c: 39, d: 13, e: 208, f: 94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,60
b Mt = 8,14; SD = 1,57
c Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
d Mt = 8,62; SD = 0,96
e Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,81
f Mt = 6,55; SD = 2,53
g Mt = 7,16; SD = 1,42
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFull time Work Status
Page in Source 177
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full ttime retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
Observed distributionN = a: 1433; b: 1007, c: 86, d: 22, e: 366, f: 233
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 8,08; SD = 1,65
c Mt = 7,78; SD = 1,69
d Mt = 8,32; SD = 1,25
e Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
f Mt = 6,61; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
f<(a,b,c,d,e)
a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source 178+179
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid work
b: Full time paid work & part time     
   volunteer
c: Full time Retired
d: Full time Retired & part time 
   volunteer
e: Semi retired
f: Full time Home & Family Care
g: Full time Student
h: Unemplyed
Observed distributionN = a: 1276, b: 157, c: 812, d: 195, e: 86; f: 366, h: 233
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,58
b Mt = 7,90; SD = 1,52
c Mt = 8,07; SD = 1,66
d Mt = 8,12; SD = 1,58
e Mt = 7,80; SD = 1,69
f Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
g Mt = 7,16; SD = 1,42
h Mt = 6,61; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caAoV= p < .042
a>h
a>h
b>h
b>g
c>a
c>h
c>g
d>a
d>h
d>g
e>h
f>h
f>g;
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,37
b Mt = 8,06; SD = 1,32
c Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,37
d Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,30
e Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,16
f Mt = 7,91; SD = 1,35
g Mt = 7,58; SD = 1,38
h Mt = 7,18; SD = 1,96
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bAoV= p < .046
a>h
b>h
c>a
c>h
d>a
d>h
e>h
f>h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelFulltime Work Status
Page in Source B90
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a:705; b:152; c:5; d:75; e:70; f:654; g:50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,47
b Mt = 7,67; SD = 1,72
c Mt = 8,00; SD = 7,10
d Mt = 7,99; SD = 1,24
e Mt = 6,83; SD = 2,47
f Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,54; SD = 2,11
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
d>e
f>(a,b,e)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's label Work Status
Page in Source B100
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 759, b: 240, c: 4, d: 112, e: 56, f: 501, g: 56

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,73
c Mt = 8,26; SD = 2,36
d Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,74
e Mt = 6,54; SD = 2,13
f Mt = 8,13; SD = 1,70
g Mt = 8,15; SD = 1,66
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a.d,e)
g>e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,72
b Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,93
c Mt = 9,00; SD = 1,16
d Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,71
e Mt = 6,16; SD = 2,16
f Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
g Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,97
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a,d,e)
g>e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source B101
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 2192, b: 606, c: 26, d: 186, e: 234, f: 1507, g: 150
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,75
c Mt = 8,31; SD = 1,41
d Mt = 7,37; SD = 1,63
e Mt = 6,76; SD = 2,18
f Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,14; SD = 2,37
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>(d,g,e)
c>(d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,g,e)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,56
b Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,70
c Mt = 8,77; SD = 1,03
d Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,56
e Mt = 6,91; SD = 2,02
f Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,58
g Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,98
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
c>(f,b,a,d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,d,g,e,)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia 2003-2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFulltime Work Status
Page in Source B91
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full tme Volunteer
d: Full time Student
e: Unemployed
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN= a:2897, b:750, c:31, d:261, e:359, f:2161, g:192
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,55
b Mt = 7,78; SD = 1,75
c Mt = 8,26; SD = 1,32
d Mt = 7,55; SD = 1,55
e Mt = 6,64; SD = 2,34
f Mt = 8,13; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,81
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBMCT=
a>(c,d)
b>(c,d)
f>(c,d)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source 144
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Single quetion:
I am going to ask about your work status.Please tell me 
which of the following categories best applies to you 
at the present time,Are you in---
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time Volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
Observed distributionN = a: 683, b: 490, c: 47,d: 9, e: 158, f: 139

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt=
a Mt = 7,82; SD = 1,53
b Mt = 8,01; SD = 1,73
c Mt = 8,21; SD = 1,45
d Mt = 7,89; SD = 1,54
e Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,72
f Mt = 6,42; SD = 2,36
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cBMCT= p < .00
a>f
a>e
a>d
a>c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelWork Type
Page in Source 81
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Single question: 
Thinking about the work that you do, what do you 
consider to be your main area of work?
1: Paid employment
2: Family & household care
3: Voluntary work 
4: Study
5: No work
Observed distributionN = 1 : 260, 2 : 260, 3 : 129, 4: 129, 5 : 260

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .100
1: Mt =77.88, SD =14.56
2: Mt =78.92, SD =17.54
3: Mt =80.54, SD =19.13
4: Mt =75.89, SD =14.50
5: Mt =76.12, SD =21.81
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
n.s.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyPaul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2012.08.034
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8530

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteering
Page in Source 905
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
0) no volunteer
1) volunteer

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.10 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- Household income
- Past household income
- Reference group income
- Age
- Education level
- Gender
- Employment status
- Health
- Living in/outside city
- Indiginous
- Marital status
- Parents together
- Care performed
- Working hours
- Commuting


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyWinkelmann (2009): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleUnemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 421 - 430
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10902-008-9097-2#page-1
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9097-2
PublicEmployed, who fell unemployed, West-Germany 1984-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5536

Correlate
Author's labelActive social life
Page in Source 20
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Attending at least once a week (yes or no) in:
a Cultural events
b Entertainment events
c Sport
d Visiting friend, relative
e Voluntary work
f Church services

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
                                male   female
Attending cultural events       +,370  +,614
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-
Attending entertainment events  -,101 -,068
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Sport                           +,427  +,502
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Visiting friend, relative       +,224  +,374
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Engaging in voluntary work      +,155  +,186
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+
Attending church services       +,212  +,350

B's controlled for
-sex
-nationality
-age
-marital status
-education
-East/West-germany

B denotes p[oints difference in happiness on scale 
0-10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelParticipates in volunteer work
Page in Source 39-40
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
0: Never participates in volunteer work
1: participates
Observed distribution0: M = 0,675 SD = 0,468
Remarks
In original: Never participates. Reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.01 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.010 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.01 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- relative lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.02 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly volunteering
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
1 perform volunteer work at least once a month in 
clubs, associations or social services
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=215353 M=0.23 sd=0.42

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.01 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly helping friends
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
1 help at least once a month friends, relatives or 
neighbours
0 otherwise
Observed distributionN=159378 M=0.4 sd=0.49

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=+.07 p < .01
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary work
Page in Source 19, 17, 15,16
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Voluntary work: if respondent has done voluntary or 
charity work in the last month?
Observed distribution M = 0.12 SD = 0.33 N = 32517

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=+.10 p < .01
b controlled for
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary work
Page in Source 24
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
0 = no voluntary work (reference)
1 = voluntary work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.46 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.30 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-rooms per person
-accomodation problems
-separated/divorced
-widowed
-single, never married
-contacts with friends/neighbours
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.24 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.18 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary activities
Page in Source 7-16
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Kind of voluntary organizations actively involved in:
a: church, religious
b: sports, recreation
c: arts, music, educational
d: labor union
e: political party
f: environmental
g: professional
h: charity

0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionRange 0-1 a: M= 0,13, SD=0,33 b: M= 0.10, SD=0.30 c: M= 0.07, SD=0.25 d: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 e: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 f: M= 0.03, SD=0.17 g: M= 0.04, SD=0.20 h: M= 0.06, SD=0.23

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Church                  B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.95 p < .05
Sports                  B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Arts                    B: 1,43, t: 5,69
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.16 ns
Labor union             B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.14 ns
Politics                B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.65 ns
Environment             B: 0,65, t: 1,61
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.35 ns
Professional            B: 0,35, t: 1,13
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,8 p < .05
Charity                 B: 1,78, t: 6,13

B's controlled for:
- member of any voluntary organization
- active in any voluntary organization
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B's estimated individually in separate equations 
(model a)
Not different when estimated jointly (models c and 
d)

B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of 
people who participate in that kind of 
organization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelActive in voluntary organization
Page in Source 13
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Active involvement in voluntary organization
0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionRange 0-1, M 0.31 SD 0.46

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,2 p < .05
B (+1,17) controlled for:
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B means 1,17 point greater happiness on scale 
10-100 of active people
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.75 p < .05
B (+0,75) additionally controlled for:
- membership of voluntary organization (yes)

B is points greater happiness on scale 10-100 of 
active people


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary work
Page in Source 376
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Single direct question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
France
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Greta-Britain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
West Germany
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Italy
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Netherlands
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Denmark
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Belgium
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Spain
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.15
Northern Ireland
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=<.10
EC

's controlled for: education, marital status, 
work, age, income, type of dwelling and having 
children.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelLabor force status
Page in Source 42,48
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
1. Employed:
   a: on contract
   b: own business
   c: free profession, self-employed
   d: volunteer
   e: unpaid work
2. Unemployed:
   a: looking for a job after lost job
   b: looking for a job first time
   c: student
   d: retired
   e: disabled
3. Other (not in labor force)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+-
1. Employed:
   a: on contract           M = 4,18
   b: own business          M = 4,04
   c: free profession       M = 4,09
   d: volunteer             M = 4,01
   e: unpaid work           M = 3,81
2. Unemployed:
   a: looking for a job     M = 4,07
   b: looking for first job M = 3,75
   c: student               M = 3,75
   d: retired               M = 4,04
   e: disabled              M = 4,04

3. Other                    M = 3,99
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.33
Employed on contract              (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.19
Own business                      (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.35
Free profession                   (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.82
Looking for a job: after lost job (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-1.0
Looking for a job: first time     (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.16
Student                           (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.45
keeping the house                 (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.43
Disabled                          (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.91
Unpaid work                       (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.36
Volunteer                         (vs Not)

OLRCs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
  - household size
  - income
  - health status
  - age
  - number of children
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelActive contribution to an association or club
Page in Source 62
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Active contribution to an association or club (self 
report)
1 No
2 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.10 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyBoelhouwer & Stoop (1999): study NL 1974
TitleMeasuring Well-Being in the Netherlands.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 51 - 75
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006931028334
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974-1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =3500

Correlate
Author's labelVolunteer work
Page in Source 62
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Doing voluntary work?
1 no voluntary work
2 voluntary work for one organisation
3 voluntary work for two organisations
4 voluntary work for three organisations
5 voluntary work for four or more organisations.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .05
1993
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .05
1997


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 12 years 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22637

Correlate
Author's labelGender and Time Use Groups
Page in Source 16, 18, 19, 21, 22
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Time Use Groups:

a FT work; PT unpaid work
b Long work; PT unpaid work
c FT unpaid work
d FT paid work; FT unpaid work
e PT paid work; PT unpaid work
f PT or no (paid) work; FT unpaid work
g Leisure rich
h FT education/training
Observed distributionMales: N= a:24512 b:12714 c:2877 d:0 e:0 f:0 g:15187 h:3393 Total:58683 Females: N= a:16370 b:6357 c:0 d:2741 e:11580 f:9356 g:20064 h:4222 Total:70690
Remarks
FT=full time   PT=part time

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=
     Males 
All: M=5.29
  a: M=5.25
  b: M=5.25
  c: M=5.18
  d: M=/   
  e: M=/   
  f: M=/   
  g: M=5.40
  h: M=5.38
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eDM=
     Females
All: M=5.28
  a: M=5.25
  b: M=5.18
  c: M=/
  d: M=5.15
  e: M=5.30
  f: M=5.16
  g: M=5.39
  h: M=5.29
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=
MALES   (N=58674/10085)
(reference: a)
a: reference
b: B=-.05 p<.01
c: B=-.61 p<.10
d: /
e: /
f: /
g: B=-.05 p<.05
h: B=+.17 p<.01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=
FEMALES (N=70669/11924)
(reference: e)        
a: B=-.04 p<.10
b: B=-.05 ns
c: /
d: B=-.02 ns
e: reference
f: B=-.04 ns
g: B=-.03 ns
h: B=+.12 p<.01

B's controlled for:
- Age Group
- Live with spouse
- Spouse employed
- Number of children under 16
- Age of youngest child
- Qualifications
- Log(Household Income per capita)
- Normal hours worked
- Extra hours worked
- Care hours (mid point)
- Housework hours
- Health Status
- Socio Economic Class


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyThoits & Hewitt (2001): study US 1986
TitleVolunteer Work and Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2001, Vol. 42, 115 - 131
Public25+ aged, general public, USA, 1986-1989
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-ResponseT1: 33% T2: 21%
Respondents N =2867

Correlate
Author's labelHours of volunteer work
Page in Source 123-126
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
How many hours did you spend on volunteer work during 
the last 12 month?
0=  did not volunteer at all in the past year
10= less than 20 hours
30= 20 to 39 hours
60= 40 to 79 hours
120=80 to 159 hours
200=160 hours or more
Observed distributionT 1: 0: 60.1%, 10: 13.8%, 30: 8.9%, 60: 6.7%, 120:4.4%, 200:6.1% M=25.55 Mt=1.28 T 2: 0: 57,3%, 10: 13.7%, 30: 9.4%, 60: 6,6%, 120:5,8%, 200:7,2% M=29.51 Mt=1.48
Remarks
Log of hours used in statistical analysis
T1:  M= -1.3 St.D=4.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fr=+.08 p < .001
T1 hours by T1 Life satisfaction
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=+.17 p < .05
T2 hours by T1 Life satisfaction
B controlled for sociodemographic variables
-age        
-gender  
-ethnicity  
-education 
-income     
-employment 
-marital status
-children at home
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=+.07 ns
T2 hours by T1 Life satisfaction 
B controlled for T2 social intergration
-church attendance
-organization attendance
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fb=-.01 ns
T2 hours by T1 Life satisfaction 
B controlled for 
-T2 social intergration
  -church attendance
  -organization attendance
-T1 volunteer work hours
 (indicating CHANGE in hours)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-ab=+.02 p < .001
T2 hours by T2 Life satisfaction 
B controlled for: 
-sociodemographic variables
 -age        
 -gender  
 -ethnicity  
 -education 
 -income     
 -employment 
 -marital status
 -children at home
-T2 social intergration
 -church attendance
 -organization attendance
-T1 life satisfaction(indicating CHANGE in Life 
satisfaction)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.01 p < .10
T2 Happiness by T2 hours
B controlled for:
-sociodemographic variables
 -age        
 -gender  
 -ethnicity  
 -education 
 -income     
 -employment 
 -marital status
 -children at home
-T2 social intergration
 -church attendance
 -organization attendance
-T1 happiness 
 measured by a different item 
 "My life could be happier than it is now"


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voluntary work
Subject code: S07ab03

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSocial service activities
Page in Source 93
Our classificationVoluntary work, code S07ab03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to list their regular or 
scheduled social-service activities (helping others, 
community service)  They were also asked what they did 
"yesterday".
The number of mentions was recorded.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=+.62 (01)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns        females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns        females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns        females: r= ns 
preretired   males: r=-.57 (01)  females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with organisations you belong to
Page in Source 53
Our classificationAttitudes to organizational participation, code S07ac
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The things you do to help people or groups in this 
community
b: The organizations, clubs or societies you belong to
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with 
organisations you belong to were assessed at T1 and T2 
(25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with suburb


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyPalmore (1975): study JP 1973
TitleThe Honorable Elders: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Aging in Japan.
SourceDuke University Press, 1975, Durham, USA
Public60+ aged, Japan, 1973
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelLike doing voluntaryactivities.
Page in Source 124
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
0 Don't like voluntary activities
1 Like voluntary activities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-cD%=+
Computed for those of age 60+ only.

- likes voluntary activities 84% happy
- does not like              66% happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelFondness for large social gatherings
Page in Source 26
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
Trained-peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyGraney (1973): study US 1967
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale and Old Age.
SourcePaper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society, 1973, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
Sample
Non-Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
Respondents N =44

Correlate
Author's labelCosmopolitan orientation towards social participation
Page in Source 6
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
5-item index (agree / disagree):
1. belonging to local clubs is more re-
   warding than to large nation-wide    organizateions; 

2. national and international events    are less 
interesting than things    that happen in the local 
community;
3. a person from a well-established    family usually 
is a better choice    for a responsible job than a 
capable
   newcomer to the community;
4. big cities are all right, but the    local community 
is the backbone of 
   America,
5. I have a greater respect for an    established local 
man than for a    famous outsider. (adapted Dye    
Localism - Cosmopolitan Scale; see    Dye, 1963). Ss 
classified as    normatively: local / intermediate /
   cosmopolitan
Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atb=-.08 ns
At T1 all Ss were in good health, able to care for 
themselves and lived alone.

% happy at T2:
-local         41%
-intermediate  13%
-cosmopolitan  36%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelDesire for participation in social activities
Page in Source 33/64
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
Three indicators:
1. Exiting activities:
   2-item index of closed questions
   on whether at this moment one
   feels like being a lead actress,
   and whether one feels like dating
   with an attractive guy. 
   (From Activity Reaction Scale;
   see Jackson & Lyons, 1969)
2. Boring social activities:
   2-item index of closed questions on
   whether at this moment one feels
   like being at a dull party, and 
   wether one feels like being at a 
   slow moving academic discussion.

3. Social activities:
   5-item index of closed questions on
   whether at this moment one feels
   like engaging in activities which
   are characterized as social (+),
   conversational (+), non-social (-),
   withdrawn(-), or isolated (-). 
   (Item from a 36-item Excitement 
   Adjective Checklist).
Remarks
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem was 
experimentally altered. This was done by means of a 
false personality report dealing with the subject's 
creativity, maturity and other things.
          

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.30 p < .05
For happy Ss desire for participation is    
unaffected by both bolstered and reduced    
self-esteem.
For unhappy Ss desire for participation is 
unaffected by reduced self-esteem and increased by 
bolstered self-esteem.
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aSNR= ns
- For both happy and unhappy Ss desire for parti-
  cipation is unaffected by both bolstered and
  reduced self-esteem.
               
           
            
                      
                   
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.11 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac01

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelDesire for social participation
Page in Source 18
Our classificationConcern about organizational participation, code S07ac01
Operationalization
Wants participation in different organizations and 
community actitivi-
ties.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= ns
Unaffected by sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelOrganisational involvement index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The things you do to help people or groups in this 
community
b: The organizations, clubs or societies you belong to
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.2 SD = 1.4
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.20 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with voluntairy activities (i.e societies, social se
Page in Source 341
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: voluntary activities (i.e. societies, 
social services).
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:4%, 4:3%, 5:8%, 6:12%, 7:17%, 8:21%, 9:15%, 10:10%, DKNA:6%
Remarks
N=1092

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.7             +1.2
top 3:  M = 7.6  M = 6.3             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.0             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 290, Others: 8-0 N= 802
Top 3: 10-8 N= 612, Others: 7-0 N= 479
Top 5: 10-6 N= 886, Others: 5-0 N= 205


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft fr Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with participation in civil initiatves, parties, loc
Page in Source 342
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 doing the following 
activities: participation in civil initiatives, parties 
or local politics.
Observed distributionN= 0:7%, 1:5%, 2:5%, 3:10%, 4:5%, 5:11%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:11%, 9:4%, 10:3%, DKNA:12%
Remarks
N=485

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 5.9  M = 5.0             +0.9
top 3:  M = 5.5  M = 4.8             +0.7 
top 5:  M = 5.3  M = 4.4             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 122, Others: 8-0 N= 362
Top 3: 10-8 N= 279, Others: 7-0 N= 206
Top 5: 10-6 N= 402, Others: 5-0 N=  83


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in clubs
Page in Source 92,89
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Self report on participation with clubs:
a. no participation
b. yes participation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+
a. 86%
b. 92%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+
a. 84%
b. 91%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=+.27
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=+.33
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- contact with family
- contact with friends
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- feelings in unsafety
- community feeling
- urbanity
- age
- sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyShichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287516
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response5,9 %
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community activities
Page in Source 234
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Single direct questions on both satisfaction and 
dissatifaction with community activities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.18 p < .01
satisfaction
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.19 p < .01
dissatisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyLondon et al. (1977): study US 1972
TitleThe Contribution of Job and Leisure Satisfaction to Quality of Life.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1977, Vol. 62, 328 - 334
DOIDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.62.3.328
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the affiliation to organizations
Page in Source 330
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Self-report on question about satisfaction with their 
belonging to organizations

Rated on an 7-point numerical scale (7=delighted to 
1=terrible)
Observed distributionN:818; M=2,48; SD=1,24
Remarks
Scale reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.20 p < .05
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.05 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with: 
- co-workers
- the work itself
- benefits and securitiy of the job
- physical surroundings and amount of work
- equipment at work
- activities with friends
- activities with family
- social contacts
- sport and recreational facilities
- entertainment facilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyBharadwaj & Wilkening (1977): study US Wisconsin 1972
TitleThe Prediction of Perceived Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 421 - 439
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353143
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with organisational involvement
Page in Source 430
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
direct closed question rated on a 7-point scale, 
ranging from "completely satisfied" to "completely 
dissatisfied".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with organizational participation
Subject code: S07ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with organizational memberships
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with organizational participation, code S07ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the 
organizations you belong to?" Rated on a 7-point scale: 
terrible/ unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly 
satisfied/ pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+.21


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

"The following are statements of feelings or mood. Please read them over and then indicate which of these overall feelings best describes your feelings."
A) Right now you feel .........
B) The best you felt today ....
C) The worst you felt today ...
D) The way you usually feel ...

Response options:
10. Complete elations, rapturous joy, and soaring ecstasy.
9. Very elated and in very high spirits; tremendous delight
and buoyancy.
8. Elated and in high spirits.
7. Feeling very good and cheerful.
6. Feeling pretty good, "OK".
5. Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4. Spirits low and somewhat blue.
3. Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely blue.
2. Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable,
"just awful".
1. Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black
and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Summation: average scores on A,B,C,D.

Name: Elation-Depression Scale (variant)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G Depressed or very unhappy?
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3 often
2 sometimes
1 never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A Particularly interested in or excited about something
B Pleased about having accomplished something
C On top of the world
D Pity for some people you know
E Helpless, with no control over situations
F Bored
G Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating options:
0 never
1 once
2 several times
3 often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eSelfreport on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A On the top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Depressed or very unhappy
E Pleased about having accomplished something
F Bored
G Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done
H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fSelfreport on 10 questions:

We are interested in how people are feeling these days. The following items describe some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week
A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B That things were going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F Upset because someone criticized you
G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H Bored
I Very lonely or remote from other people
J Depressed or very unhappy

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to E
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average F to J
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -25 to +25

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
C-A-h-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about what you have accomplished in life...?
3 well satisfied
2 reasonable satisfied
1 dissatisfied:
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
- occupational success
- family life
- friendships
- richness of cultural life
- total service to society.
1 less important to me than to most people
2
3
4
5 of prime importance to me

B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
1 little satisfaction in this area
2
3
4
5 had excellent fortune in this respect

Computation: General Satisfaction 5 is the quotient obtained by multiplying the planned goal (early adulthood) by the reported success in attaining that goal, adding the five of these multiplied areas and dividing them by the sum of the planned goals for each of the areas.

Pa.Sa + Pb.Sb + Pc.Sc + Pd.Sd + Pe.Se
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Pa + Pb + Pc + Pd + Pe
Pa = planned goal a (1-5)
Sa = success goal a (1-5)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 9 ] best possible life for you
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
M-CO---mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A
How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?
1 often
2 sometimes
3 hardly ever

B
All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?
1 almost none
2 some
3 a good deal

C
On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied

Summation: A+B+C/3
M-CO-?-?q-?-0-aSelfreport on multiple questions:

Questions indicated both happiness and a sense of contentment and well-being (Full questions not reported)

Summation: not reported

Name: `Happiness subtest' of Washburn's `Social Adjustment Scale'.
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in life?
B How do you feel about your life as a whole?
C In general, how happy would you say you are these days?
Answer options:
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied - dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied

Possible range 3 - 21
M-FH-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
11 the happiest I could be
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 the saddest I could be
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living'

" How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?"
(joy in living)
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 found little satisfaction in this area
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are....?
1 not too happy
2 relatively happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-agSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days. Would you say you were.?
1 not too happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gSelreport on single question:

In general, how do you feel about your life at present? I feel...
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you think of yourself as a happy person?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
- don't know
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not very satisfying
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your way of life today?'
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
(labels of response-options 2, 3 and 4 not reported)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, are you ........ with the life you lead?
4 fully satisfied
3 not fully but to an extend satisfied
2 as yet unsatisfied
1 very unsatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?"
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-fSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
5 completely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life in general?"
1 completely unsatisfied
2 very unsatisfied
3 unsatisfied
4 unsatisfied nor satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 completely satisfied
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to pretend for a moment that their life would end next week end then indicate how happy they felt about the life they been able to live. (Full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ISelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

'Taking all tings together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ceSelfreport on single question:

At present, how satisfied are you, all in all, with your life in general?
0 very unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

'.satisfied with global life right now.'
(full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....?
7 completely satisfied
6 satisfied
5 mostly satisfied
4 satisfied/dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
ChiCHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
DyxSOMERS' ASYMMETRIC TEST STATISTIC
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Dyx = 0 no rank correlation
Dyx = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness ratings.
Dyx = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
ECORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
SNRStatistic Not Reported
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
S07aaParticipation careerS08aaParticipation career
S07aa01aEarlier amount of organizational participationR01aa01Earlier religion
S07abCurrent organizational participationN09ac08bClose relations in region
S07abCurrent organizational participationS08abCurrent total social participation
S07ab01Membership of voluntary organizationsR01ad01Church-member or not
S07ab01aunion memberP08ab02bMembership of political organizations
S07ab01aunion memberN04af09Trade union membership
S07ab02Attendance to meetingsR01ad02Participation in church
S07ab03Voluntary workE02EMPLOYMENT
S07ab03Voluntary workO01OCCUPATION

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings