Findings on Happiness and SEX-LIFE

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and SEX-LIFE
Subject Code: S03

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
S03SEX-LIFE0
S03aaSex-life career0
S03aa01Earlier sex-life2
S03aa01aEarlier sexual behavior4
S03aa01bEarlier satisfaction with sex-life2
S03aa02Change in sex-life2
S03aa02aChange in sexual behavior0
S03aa02bChange in satisfaction with sex-life1
S03aa03Later sex-life0
S03abCurrent sex-life2
S03ab01Sexual activity8
S03ab02Sexual preference8
S03ab03Sexual promiscuity2
S03acAttitudes to one's sex-life5
S03ac01Concern about sex3
S03ac02Problems with sex 8
S03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life22
S03adAttitudes to sex in general1
S03ad01Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex4
S03ad03Perceived restrictiveness of others attitudes 0
S03ad04Attitudinal conflicts0
S03ad02Acceptance of homo sexuality2
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and SEX-LIFE
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=S03
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sex-life
Subject code: S03aa01

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelUnwanted sexual experience
Page in Source 174
Our classificationEarlier sex-life, code S03aa01
Operationalization
1- Never
2- Ever
Observed distribution1: 79,9%, 2: 17,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=- p < .001
% happy (all or most of the time)
1: 65,1
2: 53,0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sex-life
Subject code: S03aa01

StudyBray & Howard (1980): study US 1956
TitleCareer Succes and Life-Satisfactions of Middle Aged Managers.
SourceBond, L.A.;Rosen, J.C.;Eds.: "Competence and Coping during Adulthood", University Press of New England, 1980, London, UK, 258 - 287
Public40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsepanel loss a t T5: 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelNeed for heterosexuality_A
Page in Source 278
Our classificationEarlier sex-life, code S03aa01
Operationalization
Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) scale of 
heterosexuality.

This inventory reflects a need for social and sexual 
activities with the opposite sex as well as enjoying 
discussions, stories, and jokes involving sex.

Assessed at T1 (20 years before T5).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=-.27 p < .01
T1 need for heterosexuality by T5 happiness.

Later analysis of the full studygroup (N=266) also 
showed a significantly negative correlation (BRAY 
1983 p 302).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sexual behavior
Subject code: S03aa01a

StudyElse-Quest et al. (2005): study US 1992
TitleContext Counts: Long-Term Sequelae of Premarital Intercourse of Abstinence.
SourceJournal of Sex Research, 2005, Vol. 42, 102 - 112
Public18-59 aged, USA, 1992
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response21.4 %
Respondents N =3425

Correlate
Author's labelFirst sex pre-marital
Page in Source 15,16
Our classificationEarlier sexual behavior, code S03aa01a
Operationalization
Selfreport of marital status at time of first vaginal 
intercourse
1: before marriage (pre-marital first sex)
0: in marriage
Observed distributionN = 1: 2120 (males 1053, females 1067); 0: 416 (males 120, females 296)
Remarks
Ss reporting forced first intercourse excluded (N=618)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=-
All
- before marriage Ma = 3,63 (SD = 0,94)
- in marriage     Ma = 3,81 (SD = 0,94)
difference            -0,18
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=-
Males
- before marriage Ma = 3,67 (SD = 0,90)
- in marriage     Ma = 3,89 (SD = 0,94)
difference            -0,22
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=-
Females
- before marriage Ma = 3,59 (SD = 0,96)
- in marriage     Ma = 3,78 (SD = 0,95)
difference            -0,19

More negative among women who came to age after 
the sexual revolution

Ma's controlled for:
- age
- education
- use of alcohol


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sexual behavior
Subject code: S03aa01a

StudyElse-Quest et al. (2005): study US 1992
TitleContext Counts: Long-Term Sequelae of Premarital Intercourse of Abstinence.
SourceJournal of Sex Research, 2005, Vol. 42, 102 - 112
Public18-59 aged, USA, 1992
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response21.4 %
Respondents N =3425

Correlate
Author's labelAge at first sex
Page in Source 16
Our classificationEarlier sexual behavior, code S03aa01a
Operationalization
Age at first vaginal intercourse
1: Early (males before 15, females before 16)
2: Average (males 16-18, females 17-19)
3: Late (males after age 19, females after age 20)
Remarks
Subset reporting coerced first intercourse excluded 
(N=618).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=+
All
1: Early   Ma = 3,50 (SD = 1,02)
2: Average Ma = 3,65 (SD = 0,96)
3: Late    Ma = 3,65 (SD = 0,91)
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
1<3,2
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=
Males
1: Early   Ma = 3,50 (SD = 0,96)
2: Average Ma = 3,71 (SD = 0,94)
3: Late    Ma = 3,66 (SD = 0,91)
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
1<3
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=+ ns
Females
1: Early   Ma = 3,50 (SD = 1,06)
2: Average Ma = 3,60 (SD = 0,98)
3: Late    Ma = 3,63 (SD = 0,92)
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-a
Ma's controlled for:
- age
- education
- use of alcohol


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sexual behavior
Subject code: S03aa01a

StudyElse-Quest et al. (2005): study US 1992
TitleContext Counts: Long-Term Sequelae of Premarital Intercourse of Abstinence.
SourceJournal of Sex Research, 2005, Vol. 42, 102 - 112
Public18-59 aged, USA, 1992
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response21.4 %
Respondents N =3425

Correlate
Author's labelContext of first sexual experience
Page in Source 5, 17,18
Our classificationEarlier sexual behavior, code S03aa01a
Operationalization
Context of first sexual experience
0: Positive
1: Negative
The context is negative if any of the following 
criteria were met:
a In the first vaginal intercourse 
  - forced by the partner
  - was with a blood relative
  - paid to have sex
  - peer pressure
  - under influence of drugs or alcohol
b Had been touched sexually by an adult prior to 
puberty.

The definition of a negative context for women (but not 
men) also included situations in which the first 
intercourse was with: 
- someone they knew but not well
- someone they had just met
- a stranger
Observed distributionSee spreadsheet ELSEQ2005C7
Remarks
Totals on page 5 and 18 (Table 8) do not match. See 
also spreadsheet.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=- ns
All
0: positive Ma = 3,66 (SD = 0,95) (N=2365)
1: negative Ma = 3,39 (SD = 1,02) (N= 819)
difference      -0,27
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=- ns
Males
0 positive Ma = 3,68 (SD = 0,93) (N=1145)
1 negative Ma = 3,39 (SD = 1,00) (N= 311)
difference     -0,29
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aDMa=- ns
Females
0 positive Ma = 3,64 (SD = 0,97) (N=1220)
1 negative Ma = 3,40 (SD = 1,04) (N= 508)
difference     -0,24
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-a
Ma's controlled for:
- age
- education
- use of alcohol


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier sexual behavior
Subject code: S03aa01a

StudyDavis (1929): study US 1925
TitleFactors in the Sex Life of Twenty-Two Hundred Women.
SourceHarper & Brothers Publishers, 1929, New York, USA
PublicFemale college graduates, USA, 192?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelhomosexual feelings
Page in Source 246, 262
Our classificationEarlier sexual behavior, code S03aa01a
Operationalization
Answer to two questions:
a:Have you at any time experienced intense emotional 
relations with any other girl or woman?
b: Was the experience without physical expressions 
other than kissing or ordinary endearments of close 
friendship?
c:Did the experience include such physical expression 
as mutual masturbation or other intimate contacts? 
3: homosexual feeling with overt practices
2: homosexual feeling without overt practices
1: no homosexual feelings
Observed distribution 3: N= 321,2: N= 293, 1: N= 595

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lDM=±
    M         s.e
3:  3.57      0.05
2:  3.63      0.05
1:  3.60      0.04
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lBMCT=05
3,1< 2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03aa01b

StudyPalmore & Kivett (1977): study US 1968
TitleChange in Life Satisfaction. A Longitudinal Study of Persons Aged 46 - 70.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1977, Vol. 32, 311 - 316
Public46+ aged whites, followed 2 years, USA, 1968-1972/74
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =378

Correlate
Author's labelSexual enjoyment
Page in Source 313
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with sex-life, code S03aa01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single questrion:
How much pleasure or enjoyment do you have during 
sexrelation at the present time?
0: none
1: mild
2: moderate
3: very much
Observed distributionM = 1,4 (at T1)
Remarks
T1: 1968/70, T2: 1970/72, T3: 1972/74
Most nonmarried respondents answered 'none'
Satisfaction with masturbation not asked for.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.14 p < .05
T1 enjoyment by T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.07 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.16 p < .01
T1 enjoyment by T2 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.11 p < .05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.13 p < .01
T1 enjoyment by T3 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.10 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- self rated health
- social activity
- organizational activity
- productive hours
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 satisfaction with sexlife by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 satisfaction with sexlife by T2-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T2 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03aa01b

StudyPalmore (1981): study US 1968
TitleSocial Patterns in Normal Aging: Findings From the Duke Longitudinal Study.
SourceDuke University Press, 1981, Durham, USA
Public46+ aged whites, North Carolina, USA, followed from 1968 to 1976.
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =375

Correlate
Author's labelT1 sex enjoyment
Page in Source 103
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with sex-life, code S03aa01b
Operationalization
Single question: " How much pleasure or enjoyment do 
you have during sex relations at the present time?"
0= none
1= mild
2= moderate
3= very much
Assessed at T1.
Observed distributionMales: M = 1,9; SD = 1,0 Females: M = 0,9; SD = 1,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+ p < .05
T1 sexual enjoyment by T2 happiness
Males  :  r = +.14 (05)
Females:  r = +.15 (05)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=+. p < .05
Males   : r = +.15 (05)
Females : r = +.35 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in sex-life
Subject code: S03aa02

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with sex life
Page in Source 53
Our classificationChange in sex-life, code S03aa02
Operationalization
Single question on satisfaction with sex life, scored 
on a 1-9 D-T rating scale.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with sex life 
were assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.27 p < .001
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with sex life
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.18 p < .05
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with sex life
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- standard of living
- health
- house
- friends
- self-fulfillment
- leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in sex-life
Subject code: S03aa02

StudyDeHaes et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleThe Distinction between Cognition and Affect.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1987, Vol. 19, 367 - 378
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00300368
PublicEarly breast cancer patient, followed 11 and 18 month after treatment, The Netherlands, 1981-1987
Sample
Non-Response17% (6 refusals and one death in the meantime)
Respondents N =34

Correlate
Author's labelLoss of libido
Page in Source 7
Our classificationChange in sex-life, code S03aa02
Operationalization
Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (see de Haes, Pruyn & van 
Knippenberg, 1983)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=+.15
11 months after surgery (T1)
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.15
11 months after surgery (T1)
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04
Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- fatigue
- activity level
- perceived impact of breast-surgery on body image
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.23
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.17
18 months after surgery (T2)

Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- fatigue
- activity level
- perceived impact of breast-surgery on body image
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=-.17
18 months after surgery (T2)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03aa02b

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sex life
Page in Source 221
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with sex-life, code S03aa02b
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.27 p < .01
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

ß can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current sex-life
Subject code: S03ab

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelSexual relations
Page in Source 834
Our classificationCurrent sex-life, code S03ab
Operationalization
Selfreported of typical behaviors in the past 6 month 
to make one feel better:
- Engaging in pleasurable sexual activity
Rated: never(1) to daily (6)
Observed distributionM = 4.27

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.17 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current sex-life
Subject code: S03ab

StudyDavis (1929): study US 1925
TitleFactors in the Sex Life of Twenty-Two Hundred Women.
SourceHarper & Brothers Publishers, 1929, New York, USA
PublicFemale college graduates, USA, 192?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelsex feeling, sex desire
Page in Source 188, 215
Our classificationCurrent sex-life, code S03ab
Operationalization
Answer to two questions:
a. Do you recall having had any sex feelings or 
impulses during childhood or after the appearance of 
menstruation?
B. If you are conscious of definite sex feelings or 
desires do they arise at more or less regular periods/
a. no sex feeling or sex experience
b. Sex feeling, periodicity of sex desire
c. Sex feeling, no periodicity
d. No answer
Observed distributiona. N= 124, b. N= 272, c. N=596, d. N=8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lDM=±
   M      s.e.
a. 3.83   0.05
b. 3.44   0.06
c. 3.70   0.03
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lBMCT=05
c,a>b


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of sex
Page in Source 71,T55
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question:"How often do you have sexual 
intercourse with your partner?" Rated on a 5-point 
scale  ranging from 'seldom' to 'almost dayly'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
ß controlled for:age, professional status, income, 
suffering from jealousy of self and/or partner, 
and satisfaction with partner.
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
ß controlled for: professional status, frequency 
of contact with partner, and satisfaction with 
partner.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsex-life
Page in Source 270
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Are you sexually active?"
1: no
2: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:275, 2:1174

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.10
 2: Mt=7.91
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.79
 2: Mt=7.58
All Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.18
 2: Mt=7.13
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsexual activity
Page in Source 282
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Are you sexually active?"
1:no
2:yes
Observed distributionN: All:4577; 1:391; 2:4186

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.20 p < .00
1: Mt=6.34
2: Mt=7.88
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.23 p < .00
1: Mt=5.78
2: Mt=7.58
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.24 p < .00
1: Mt=5.45
2: Mt=7.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyBergman (2009): study NL 2006
TitleKinsey Revisited: Relatie tussen Seksualiteit en Geluk.(Kinsey Revisited: Relation between Sexuality and Happiness.)
SourceBachelor Thesis, Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Sociology, 2009, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Public19-69 aged heterosexuals, the Netherlands, 2006.
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2591

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of sexual partners
Page in Source 19
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Number of sexual partners in past 6 months.
0: 0
1: 1
2: 2
3: 3-5
4: 6-20
5: 21-50
6: 100+
Observed distributionsingles 0: 15,4%, 1: 6,9%, 2: 4,3%, 3: 3,6%, 4: 1 ,3%, 5: 0,2%, 6: 0,1% marrieds 0: 4,2%, 1: 60,1%, 2: 2,6% 3: 0,9%, 4: 0,3%, 5: 0,1%, 6: 0,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ars=+.10 p < .01
single persons
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ars=+.05 p < .05
married persons


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyBergman (2009): study NL 2006
TitleKinsey Revisited: Relatie tussen Seksualiteit en Geluk.(Kinsey Revisited: Relation between Sexuality and Happiness.)
SourceBachelor Thesis, Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Sociology, 2009, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Public19-69 aged heterosexuals, the Netherlands, 2006.
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2591

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of sexual contact
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Frequency of sexual contact in past 6 months.
0: never
1: less then once per month
2: once per month
3: more then once per month
4: once per week
5: more then once per week
6: once per day 
7: more then once per day
8: varying
Observed distributionsingles 0: 15,4%, 1: 4,1%, 2: 1,6%, 3: 4,3%, 4: 1,2%, 5: 3,2%, 6: 0,2%, 7: 0,2%, 8:1,7% marrieds 0: 4,2%, 1:5,4%, 2: 5,8%, 3: 17,9%, 4: 8,3%, 5: 19,5%, 6: 0,7%, 7: 0,6%, 8: 5,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aF= ns
Single persons F(8,817)   =  1.549
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aF= p < .00
Married persons F(8,1756) = 13.317


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelIntercourse frequency
Page in Source 263
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about current frequency 
of sexual intercourse
1 less than once a month
2
3
4
5
6 4 or more times per week
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1988) and T3 (1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
T3 intercourse frequency by T3 happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.15 p < .05
women initially infertile          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.34 p < .01
men initially infertile            N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.00 ns
women presumed fertile controls    N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.07 ns
men presumed fertile controls      N = 74


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyHetherington et al. (1976): study US 1974
TitleDivorced Fathers.
SourceThe Family Coordinator, 1976, Vol. 25, 417 - 428
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/582856
PublicParents, followed 3 years, USA, 197?-7?
Sample
Non-Response33 %
Respondents N =96

Correlate
Author's labelSexual intercourse
Page in Source 423
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Freqency as reported in daily records kept during three 
days at three points in time (T1 2 months after divorce 
T2 one year after T3 two years after)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-se-fi-?-5-ar=
Correlation with synchronic happiness. Computed 
for divorced only.
High intimate relation
              Male           Female
T1            r=+.40 (05)    r=+.43 (05)
T2            r=+.49 (01)    r=+.47 (01)
T3            r=+.54 (01)    r=+.52 (01)
Low  intimate relation
T1            r=-.09 (ns)    r=-.42 (05)
T2            r=-.41 (05)    r=-.46 (05)
T3            r=-.48 (01)    r=-.57 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual activity
Subject code: S03ab01

StudyGordon (1975): study US 1973
TitleThe Effects of Interpersonal and Economic Resources upon Values and the Quality of Life.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Dept. of Social Psychology, Temple University, 1975, Pennsylvania, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Temple University, Pennsylvania, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =346

Correlate
Author's labelSex life
Page in Source 85, 87
Our classificationSexual activity, code S03ab01
Operationalization
Direct question: "Approximately how often do you have 
sex ?" Rated on a 9-point scale from 1='never or once a 
month' to 9='15 times or more a month' 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-ar=+.25
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-arpc=+.12
rpc controlled for selfperceived receipt of: love, 
services, financial security 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsexual preferences
Page in Source 276
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Sexual preferences:
1: homosexual
2: bisexual
3: heterosexual
Observed distributionN: 1:11, 2:14, 3:1159

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.03 ns
 1: Mt=7.28
 2: Mt=7.75
 3: Mt=7.78
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.04 ns
 1: Mt=6.81
 2: Mt=6.96
 3: Mt=7.41
All Mt=7.41
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.05 ns
 1: Mt=6.14
 2: Mt=6.43
 3: Mt=6.96
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsexual preferences
Page in Source 288
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Sexual preferences:
1: homosexual
2; bisexual
3: heterosexual
Observed distributionN: All:2263; %:1:1,4; 2:1,6; 3:97,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 ns
WOMEN:
1: Mt=7.83
2: Mt=6.60
3: Mt=7.76
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.02 ns
MEN:
1: Mt=8.00
2: Mt=6.70
3: Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.06 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Mt=6.94
2: Mt=5.90
3: Mt=7.49
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.03 ns
MEN:
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=5.80
3: Mt=7.41
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.07 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Mt=6.61
2: Mt=5.76
3: Mt=7.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.02 ns
MEN:
1: Mt=6.90
2: Mt=6.20
3: Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyClarijs (2009): study NL 2006
TitleSeksuele Satisfactie en Geluk bij Hetero-en Homoseksuelen. (Sexual Satisfaction and Happiness by Hetero-and Homosexual People.)
SourceBachelor Thesis, Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Sociology, 2009, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Public19-69 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41%
Respondents N =4147

Correlate
Author's labelheterosexual (vs homosexual)
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Self report on single question
0: homo
1: hetero
Observed distributionn=0: 9,3% (242+159=401) 1: 90,7% (3905)
Remarks
The total sample consisted of 2072 men and 2075 women 
of wich 242 were homosexual. To reach a minimum of 100 
homosexual men and 100 lesbian women an additional 
acquisiton has taken place through specific 
internetsites. This acquisition has resulted in 159 
completed questionaires by persons with homo- or 
bisexual orientation. The distribution of homo- and 
biseksual respondents is: for the women 45% from the 
basic sample and 55% from additional acquisiton; for 
the men 87% from the basic sample and 13% from the 
additonal acquisition.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
All
0: homo    M= 4,19  SD= 1,39
1: hetero  M= 4,34  SD= 1,21
difference   +0,15
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-at.=-1,7
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
With a relationship
0: homo   M= 4,89 SD= 0,73
1: hetero M= 4,92 SD= 0,67
difference  +0,03
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aF=4,26 p < .1
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-
Without a relationship
0: homo   M= 4,95   SD= 0,76
1: hetero M= 4,81   SD= 0,67
difference  -0,14
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aF=0,73 p < .86
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-
Nervous
0: homo   M= 4,75  SD= 0,87
1: hetero M= 4,67  SD= 0,69
difference  -0,08
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-
Not nervous
0: homo    M= 4,92   SD= 0,73
1: hetero  M= 4,91   SD= 0,67
difference   -0,01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyDeGraaf (2006): study NL 1996
TitleSexual Preference and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Analysis of Nemesis Dataset, Trimbos Institute, 2006, Utrecht, Netherlands
PublicHomo- and heterosexual men and women, The Netherlands 1996
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response7
Respondents N =7069

Correlate
Author's labelSexual preference
Page in Source all
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Individuals were categorized as homosexual or 
heterosexual by the interviewers on the basis of their 
sexual contacts in the preceding year
0: heter-sexual
1: homo-sexual
Observed distributionN = Hetero women: 2795; Hetero men: 3075: Total hetero:5870 N = Homo men: 82; Homo women: 43; Total homo 125
Remarks
Missing values women: 17,4% (=655)
Missing values   men: 12,9% (=426)
NB: 1081 missing values; 30 respondents refused to 
answer questions about sexuality and for 1051 
respondents no sexual contacts were reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-,17 p < .045
Women
- hetero-sexual: M = 4,80  SD = 1,01
- homo-sexual  : M = 4,63  SD = 1,11
Difference          -0,17
CI95:[-0,50 - +0,16]
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-,71 p < .0000
Men:
- hetero-sexuals: M = 4,92  SD = 0,99
- homo-sexuals  : M = 4,21  SD = 1,49
Difference           -0,71
CI95: [-1,00 - -0,43]
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=-,51 p < .0000
All 
- hetero-sexuals:  M = 4,86   SD = 1,00
- homo-sexuals:    M = 4,35   SD = 1,34
Difference            -0,51
CI95: [-0,72 - -0,28]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelBeing homosexual
Page in Source 252
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
0 Other 
1 Homosexual 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aG=-.36 ns
Computed for never married males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyLee et al. (2008): study US 2008
TitleSocial Connectedness, Extraversion, and Subjective Well-Being: Testing a Mediation Model.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2008, Vol. 45, 414 - 419
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886908001955
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.paid.2008.05.017
PublicCollege students and LGB, USA, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =443

Correlate
Author's labelSexual preference
Page in Source 417
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about sexual preference:
1 LGB
0 College sample (mostly heterosexual)
Observed distributionN: LGB=137; college sample=281

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aDM=-
LGB sample          M = 1,37 SD = 1,02
Heterosexual sample M = 1,60 SD = 0,86
-difference            -0.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyBray & Howard (1980): study US 1956
TitleCareer Succes and Life-Satisfactions of Middle Aged Managers.
SourceBond, L.A.;Rosen, J.C.;Eds.: "Competence and Coping during Adulthood", University Press of New England, 1980, London, UK, 258 - 287
Public40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsepanel loss a t T5: 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelNeed for heterosexuality_B
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) scale of 
heterosexuality.

This inventory reflects a need for social and sexual 
activities with the opposite sex as well as enjoying 
discussions, stories, and jokes involving sex.

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=+.30 p < .01
T5 need for heterosexuality by T5 happiness.

Later analysis of the full studygroup (N=266)  
showed a significantly negative correlation (BRAY 
1983 p 302).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual preference
Subject code: S03ab02

StudyDavis (1929): study US 1925
TitleFactors in the Sex Life of Twenty-Two Hundred Women.
SourceHarper & Brothers Publishers, 1929, New York, USA
PublicFemale college graduates, USA, 192?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelhomosexual feelings
Page in Source 246, 262
Our classificationSexual preference, code S03ab02
Operationalization
Answer to two questions:
a:Have you at any time experienced intense emotional 
relations with any other girl or woman?
b: Was the experience without physical expressions 
other than kissing or ordinary endearments of close 
friendship?
c:Did the experience include such physical expression 
as mutual masturbation or other intimate contacts? 
3: homosexual feeling with overt practices
2: homosexual feeling without overt practices
1: no homosexual feelings
Observed distribution 3: N= 321,2: N= 293, 1: N= 595

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lDM=±
    M         s.e
3:  3.57      0.05
2:  3.63      0.05
1:  3.60      0.04
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lBMCT=05
3,1< 2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual promiscuity
Subject code: S03ab03

StudyBergman (2009): study NL 2006
TitleKinsey Revisited: Relatie tussen Seksualiteit en Geluk.(Kinsey Revisited: Relation between Sexuality and Happiness.)
SourceBachelor Thesis, Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Sociology, 2009, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Public19-69 aged heterosexuals, the Netherlands, 2006.
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2591

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of sexual partners
Page in Source 19
Our classificationSexual promiscuity, code S03ab03
Operationalization
Number of sexual partners in past 6 months.
0: 0
1: 1
2: 2
3: 3-5
4: 6-20
5: 21-50
6: 100+
Observed distributionsingles 0: 15,4%, 1: 6,9%, 2: 4,3%, 3: 3,6%, 4: 1 ,3%, 5: 0,2%, 6: 0,1% marrieds 0: 4,2%, 1: 60,1%, 2: 2,6% 3: 0,9%, 4: 0,3%, 5: 0,1%, 6: 0,0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ars=+.10 p < .01
single persons
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ars=+.05 p < .05
married persons


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sexual promiscuity
Subject code: S03ab03

StudyMoller & Welch (1985): study ZA 1984
TitlePolygamy Well-Being of Zulu Migrants.
SourceReport University of Natal, Centre for Applied Social Sciences, 1985, Durban, South Africa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moller_v_1985b.pdf
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelPolygamy
Page in Source 33
Our classificationSexual promiscuity, code S03ab03
Operationalization
1 polygamist (N = 32)
0 other      (N = 221)
Remarks
Very and fairly happy:
1 81%
0 37%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dG=+.38 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.76 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dtau=+.13 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-atau=+.30 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's sex-life
Subject code: S03ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 278
Our classificationAttitudes to one's sex-life, code S03ac
Operationalization
Single question:
" Do you feel sexually attractive ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:254, 2:673, 3:440

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.20
 2: Mt=7.76
 3: Mt=8.10
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.13 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.09
 2: Mt=7.35
 3: Mt=7.81
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.58
 2: Mt=6.81
 3: Mt=7.40
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's sex-life
Subject code: S03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationAttitudes to one's sex-life, code S03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,13 SD: 1,85, Non-exercisers: M: 7,20 SD: 2,81
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .07
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's sex-life
Subject code: S03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationAttitudes to one's sex-life, code S03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 8,01 SD: 1,59
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's sex-life
Subject code: S03ac

StudyThomas (1991): study GB 1986
TitleCorrelates of Sexual Interest among Elderly Men.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1991, Vol. 68, 620 - 622.
Public70-94 aged males, London, UK, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =46

Correlate
Author's labelSubjective importance of sex
Page in Source 621
Our classificationAttitudes to one's sex-life, code S03ac
Operationalization
Self-report on question:
How important is sex in your life now?
4 very important
3 somewhat important
2 no longer important
1 never been important
Observed distribution4: 4%; 3: 39% 2: 50% 1: 7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's sex-life
Subject code: S03ac

StudyDavis (1929): study US 1925
TitleFactors in the Sex Life of Twenty-Two Hundred Women.
SourceHarper & Brothers Publishers, 1929, New York, USA
PublicFemale college graduates, USA, 192?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelopinion as to necessity of sex intercourse
Page in Source 329, 339
Our classificationAttitudes to one's sex-life, code S03ac
Operationalization
Answer to single question:
Do you believe sex intercourse necessary fo complete 
physical and mental health?
3: affirmative
2: unanswered or indefinite
1: negative
Observed distribution3: N= 394, 2: N= 184, 1: N= 622

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lDM=-
    M        s.e
3:  3.38     0.05
2:  3.66     0.06
1:  3.72     0.03
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lBMCT=05
1,2>3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about sex
Subject code: S03ac01

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelSexual lust
Page in Source 293
Our classificationConcern about sex, code S03ac01
Operationalization
Self report of sexual lust intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=4.91 SD=1.9
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about sex
Subject code: S03ac01

StudyCameron (1975): study US 1970
TitleMood as an Indicant of Happiness: Age, Sex, Social Class and Situational Differences.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 216 - 224
PublicCollege students, Detroit, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =187

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of thinking about sex
Page in Source 218/220
Our classificationConcern about sex, code S03ac01
Operationalization
Time sampling, the questions asked 21 times during 10 
weeks: "Were you thinking about sex?", and "If you were 
thinking about a person, was he your or the opposite 
sex?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-ar=
Thinking about sex:                            
Happy   mood: r=+.29 (001)                 Neutral 
mood: r=-.21 (01)                    Unhappy mood: 
r=+.15 (01) 

Thinking about person of opposite sex:
Happy   mood: r=+.49  (001)                  
Neutral mood: r=-.31  (001) 
Unhappy mood: r=+.04   ns
 
Happiness assessed by time sampling. Correlations 
concern frequency of report of happy, neutral or 
sad mood.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about sex
Subject code: S03ac01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelBeing interested in sex
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about sex, code S03ac01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= ns
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsexual problems_B
Page in Source 280
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel that you have sexual problems?"
0 : no
1a: yes, but they are not related to any 
    prolonged illness, handicap
1b: yes, and they are related to a   
    prolonged illness/handicap
Observed distributionN: All:1377, 0:1068, 1a:277, 1b:3:32

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.28 p < .00
 0 : Mt=8.08 
 1a: Mt=6.86  
 1b: Mt=5.86 
 All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.29 p < .00
 0 : Mt=7.78   
 1a: Mt=6.38
 1b: Mt=5.84   
 All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.24 p < .00
 0 : Mt=7.23 
 1a: Mt=6.04  
 1b: Mt=6.29 
 All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsexual problems_A
Page in Source 282
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
Single question:
"If you have sexual problems, what is your problem?"
a: none
b: absence of a suitable sexual partner
c: reduced sexual desire
d: pain or discomfort during intercourse
e: unable to achieve orgasm
f: reduced ability to achieve erection(m)
g: premature ejaculation(m)
h: vaginism(f)
i: other
Observed distributionAll:1466, a:1065, b;91, c:106, d:25, e:57, f:39, g:35, h:3, I:45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
 a: Mt=8.09
 b: Mt=6.24
 c: Mt=6.94
 d: Mt=6.80
 e: Mt=7.06
 f: Mt=6.80
 g: Mt=7.08
 h: Mt=6.66
 i: Mt=6.55
All Mt=7.71
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
 a: Mt=7.78 
 b: Mt=5.50
 c: Mt=6.50
 d: Mt=6.50
 e: Mt=6.58
 f: Mt=7.00
 g: Mt=6.71
 h: Mt=5.84
 i: Mt=6.34
All Mt=7.38
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.24 p < .00
 a: Mt=7.24
 b: Mt=5.19
 c: Mt=6.29
 d: Mt=6.40
 e: Mt=6.71
 f: Mt=7.00
 g: Mt=6.29
 h: Mt=5.00
 i: Mt=6.39
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsexual problems:having or not
Page in Source 294,296
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel that you have sexual problems?"
1: no
2: yes, but they are not related to any prolonged 
illness/handicap
3: yes, and they are related to a prolonged 
illness/handicap
Observed distributionN: All:2414; %:1:69,0; 2:29,3; 3:1,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.30 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Mt=8.13
2: Mt=6.83
3: Mt=5.95
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.33 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=8.15
2: Mt=6.75
3: Mt=4.68
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.30 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Mt=7.91
2: Mt=6.43
3: Mt=6.31
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.34 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=7.80
2: Mt=6.21
3: Mt=4.51
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.30 p < .00
WOMEN:
1: Mt=7.50
2: Mt=6.14
3: Mt=6.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.34 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=7.34
2: Mt=5.85
3: Mt=4.76


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsexual problems, kind of
Page in Source 298,300
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
The sexual problems:
WOMEN:
1: none
2: one of the following:
2a: absence of suitable sexual partner
2b: reduced sexual desire
2c: pain or discomfort during intercourse
2d: unable to achieve orgasm
2e: vaginism
2f: other
MEN:
1: none
2: one of the following:
2a: absence of a suitable sexual partner
2b: reduced sexual desire
2c: pain or discomfort during intercourse
2d: unable to achieve orgasm
2e: reduced ability to achieve erection
2f: premature ejaculation
2g: other
Observed distributionN: WOMEN: All:2616; %:1: 63,6; 2a:6,8; 2b:15,3; 2c:3,4; 2d:5,1; 2e:0,4; 2f:5,4 N: MEN: All:2092; %:1: 74; 2a:11,7; 2b:2,8; 2c:0,5; 2d:0,4; 2e:0,9; 2f:5,2; 2g:4,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
WOMEN:
1:  Mt=8.13
2:  Mt=6.93
2a: Mt=6.34
2b: Mt=6.81
2c: Mt=6.45
2d: Mt=6.55
2e: Mt=6.59
2f: Mt=6.39
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
MEN:
1:  Mt=8.15
2:  Mt=6.44
2a: Mt=6.31
2b: Mt=6.46
2c: Mt=5.50
2d: Mt=5.84
2e: Mt=6.31
2f: Mt=6.93
2g: Mt=6.38
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
WOMEN:
1:  Mt=7.91
2:  Mt=7.30
2a: Mt=5.50
2b: Mt=6.55
2c: Mt=6.36
2d: Mt=6.34
2e: Mt=6.14
2f: Mt=6.09
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
MEN:
1:  Mt=7.80
2:  Mt=5.88
2a: Mt=5.59
2b: Mt=5.95
2c: Mt=5.50
2d: Mt=5.00
2e: Mt=5.53
2f: Mt=6.56
2g: Mt=6.03
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
WOMEN:
1:  Mt=7.50
2:  Mt=6.95
2a: Mt=6.18
2b: Mt=6.31
2c: Mt=6.16
2d: Mt=5.94
2e: Mt=6.59
2f: Mt=5.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
MEN:
1:  Mt=7.34
2:  Mt=5.63
2a: Mt=5.23
2b: Mt=6.34
2c: Mt=5.00
2d: Mt=5.55
2e: Mt=5.53
2f: Mt=6.05
2g: Mt=5.89


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyDeHaes et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleThe Distinction between Cognition and Affect.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1987, Vol. 19, 367 - 378
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00300368
PublicEarly breast cancer patient, followed 11 and 18 month after treatment, The Netherlands, 1981-1987
Sample
Non-Response17% (6 refusals and one death in the meantime)
Respondents N =34

Correlate
Author's labelLoss of libido
Page in Source 7
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (see de Haes, Pruyn & van 
Knippenberg, 1983)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=+.15
11 months after surgery (T1)
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.15
11 months after surgery (T1)
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.04
Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- fatigue
- activity level
- perceived impact of breast-surgery on body image
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.23
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.17
18 months after surgery (T2)

Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- fatigue
- activity level
- perceived impact of breast-surgery on body image
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=-.17
18 months after surgery (T2)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyDerogatis & Rutigliano (1996): study US 1991
TitleDerogatis Affects Balance Scale: DABS.
SourceSpilker, B.;Ed.: "Quality of Life and Pharmacoeconomics in Clinical Trials, Second Edition", Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1996, Philadelphia, USA, 169 - 177
PublicStudents and mental patients, USA 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =338

Correlate
Author's labelMental illness
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
1. mental patients
   a. outpatients, mainly sexual dysfunction complaints
   b. inpatients
0. normals (students)
Observed distributionN=338, 1a: 88, 1b: 50, 0: 200
Remarks
Selection method of respondents (normals) not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-Bde-c-mq-n-5-aD%=-
                        Unhappy Moderate Happy
1. a.mental outpatients 18,2%   38,6%   43,2%  
   b.mental inpatients  56,0%   26,0%   18,0%
0. normals               2.5%   19,0%   78,5%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudyWilson (1965): study US 1960
TitleRelations of Sexual Behaviors, Values and Conflicts to Avowed Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1965, Vol. 17, 371 - 378
PublicCollege students, undergraduates, Hawaii, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived liberalityof sexual attitudes of others
Page in Source 375
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
a. Peers:
   6-item questionnaire of various
   sexual behaviors varying in
   intimacy, scored for those behaviors
   which one's peer group would not
   seriously disapprove of on a first
   date, after several dates, with a
   steady and with a fiancé(e).

b. Parents:
   6-item questionnaire (see above),
   scored for sexual behaviors which
   one's parents would not seriously
   disapprove of.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.10 ns
a.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.02 ns
        
                
               
          
              
                      
                      
                     
                   
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.04 ns
b.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Problems with sex
Subject code: S03ac02

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelHaving problems withsex
Page in Source 292
Our classificationProblems with sex , code S03ac02
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= -
High school students only: L-shaped curve: 
significantly negative among happier students only
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=-
High school students only: L-shaped curve: 
significantly negative among happier students only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sex life
Page in Source 221
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.27 p < .01
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

ß can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelSex life
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
1 single question on satisfaction with sex life
scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.8 SD = 1.6
Remarks
Item scored on the same rating scale as the question on 
happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.47 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.14
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal view on 'relation and sexuality'
Page in Source 146,T56
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question:"How do you judge your 
situation, concerning 'relation and sexuality'?" Rated 
on a 5-point scale, ranging from 'not satisfying' to 
'very good'.
Remarks
Ss without partner, with work only (N=134)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.18 p < .05
ß controlled for four domain satisfactions 
(income, work, social involvement, and leisure)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with sex-life_B
Page in Source 272,274
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your sex-life as it is, or 
is not, at present?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN women: All:683 1:14, 2:63, 3:149, 4:276, 5:181 N men: All:700, 1:35, 2:90, 3:171, 4:259, 5:145

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.35 p < .00
 women:       
 1: Mt=5.54   
 2: Mt=6.66   
 3: Mt=7.01   
 4: Mt=7.94   
 5: Mt=8.63   
All Mt=7.75
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .00
 men
 1: Mt=5.58
 2: Mt=6.75
 3: Mt=7.55
 4: Mt=8.08
 5: Mt=8.81
All Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.39 p < .00
 women:         
 1: Mt=4.83     
 2: Mt=6.08     
 3: Mt=6.71     
 4: Mt=7.65     
 5: Mt=8.39     
All Mt=7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.47 p < .00
 men
 1: Mt=4.86
 2: Mt=6.13
 3: Mt=7.06
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.60
All Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.43 p < .00
 women:
 1: Mt=5.18     
 2: Mt=5.79     
 3: Mt=6.19     
 4: Mt=7.09     
 5: Mt=8.16     
All Mt=7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.52 p < .00
 men
 1: Mt=4.73
 2: Mt=5.50
 3: Mt=6.38
 4: Mt=7.24
 5: Mt=8.31
All Mt=6.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's label(un)employed and satisfaction with sex and daily contacts
Page in Source 172
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
(Un)employment with/without satisfaction with sexlife, 
and daily personal contacts
0: no daily contacts
1: daily contacts

dissatisfaction with sex life: sex-
satisfaction with sex life:    sex+
Observed distributionN All:1893
Remarks
DMt+ for all 3 correlates
unemployed < employed
dissatisfied with sex life < satisfied with sex life
no daily contacts < daily contacts

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
                    unemployed      employed
                    sex-  sex+      sex-  sex+
no daily contact:Mt=4.90  7.05      6.05  8.19
daily contacts:  Mt=6.25  8.04      7.00  8.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
                    unemployed      employed
                    sex-  sex+      sex-  sex+
no daily contact:Mt=4.90  7.05      6.05  8.19
daily contacts:  Mt=6.25  8.04      7.00  8.63
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
                    unemployed      employed
                    sex-  sex+      sex-  sex+
no daily contact:Mt=4.40  6.64      5.03  7.44  
daily contacts:  Mt=5.48  7.14      5.96  7.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with one's sexlife
Page in Source 284
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your sex life as it is, or 
is not, at present ? 
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: All:2460; 1:91; 2:249; 3:500; 4:945; 5:675

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .00
WOMEN:       
1: Mt=5.66   
2: Mt=6.61  
3: Mt=6.96   
4: Mt=7.90   
5: Mt=8.75
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=5.54
2: Mt=6.71
3: Mt=7.38
4: Mt=8.06
5: Mt=8.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.42 p < .00
WOMEN:       
1: Mt=4.89   
2: Mt=6.11  
3: Mt=6.75   
4: Mt=7.69   
5: Mt=8.53
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.45 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=4.65
2: Mt=6.14
3: Mt=6.91
4: Mt=7.71
5: Mt=8.65
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.47 p < .00
WOMEN:       
1: Mt=4.88   
2: Mt=5.69   
3: Mt=6.23   
4: Mt=7.24   
5: Mt=8.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.51 p < .00
MEN:
1: Mt=4.91
2: Mt=5.59
3: Mt=6.36
4: Mt=7.25
5: Mt=8.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with sex life_A
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
0: dissatisfied with sexlife
1: satisfied with sexlife
Observed distributionN 0: 91 1:413
Remarks
Ss in labourforce only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
     unemployed   employed    unemployed employed
     no contacts  no contacts contacts   contacts
0:Ms=4.59         6.16        5.84       7.09     
1:Ms=7.00         8.35        8.40       8.54
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
     unemployed   employed    unemployed employed
     no contacts  no contacts contacts   contacts
0:Ms=3.34         5.09        5.00       6.59     
1:Ms=7.25         8.05        7.95       8.28
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
     unemployed   employed    unemployed employed
     no contacts  no contacts contacts   contacts
0:Ms=3.34         5.09        5.00       6.59     
1:Ms=7.25         8.05        7.95       8.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when having sex with your partner
Page in Source 426
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have sex with your 
partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:3%, 7:7%, 8:16%, 9:21%, 10:42%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation only. N = 1143

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.2  M = 8.4             +0.8
top 3:  M = 9.1  M = 8.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 295, Others: 8-0 N= 848
Top 3: 10-8 N= 629, Others: 7-0 N= 515
Top 5: 10-6 N= 935, Others: 5-0 N= 209


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with love life
Page in Source 28
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'very dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.70 p < .05
Lower among age 41-50 and 61-65
Stronger among low S.E.S.
No relation among high educational level.
Unaffected by sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyBränholm et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleOn Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Science, 1991, Vol. 4, 29 - 34
Public25-55 aged, vocationally actives, Umea, Northern Sweden, 1986/87
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sexual life
Page in Source 103
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
How satisfactory is this aspect of your life?.....
Sexual life
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ars=+.40 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyReitz et al. (2004): study CH 1999
TitleImpact of Spinal Cord Injury on Sexual Health and Quality of Life.
SourceInternational Journal of Impotence Research, 2004, Vol. 16, 167 - 174
PublicSpinal cord injured, Switzerland, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =63

Correlate
Author's labelSexual Life
Page in Source 170
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Single question 'How satisfied are you with your sex 
life?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-c-sq-v-5-bAoV= p < .NS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSex
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How satisfied are you with your sex life?
1  Very dissatisfied
2  Dissatisfied
3  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  Satisfied
5  Very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Question on sex taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full  WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.14 ns
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.17 p < .05
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyKolotkin & Crosby (2002): study US 1997
TitlePsychometric Evaluation of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite Questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite) in a Community Sample.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2002, Vol. 11, 157 - 171
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1015081805439
Public18+aged, overweight, USA, 199?.
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =494

Correlate
Author's labelSexual life
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
IQOL-Lite (Kolotkin & Crosby, 2001)
Four items on sexual life, rated with respect to the 
last week on a five point scale from 'always true' to 
'never true'.  Higher scored indicate poorer quality of 
life. A typical item is: 'Because of my weight I do not 
enjoy sexual activity'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.47 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyAbbey et al. (1992): study US 1987
TitleInfertility and Subjective Well-Being: The Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem, Internal Control, and Interpersonal Conflict.
SourceJournal of Marriage and Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 408 - 417
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/353072?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
DOIDoi: 10.2307/353072
PublicInfertile couples, United States, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =370

Correlate
Author's labelIntimacy life quality
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about satisfaction with the 
sexual and romantic aspects of their lives. Texts not 
reported.
Rated:
1:  very dissatisfied
5:  very satisfied
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha= .83

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.48 p < ..01
Wives happiness by wives intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.36 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by husbands intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.32 p < .<.01
Husbands happiness by wives intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.57 p < .<.01
Husbands happiness by husbands intimacy life 
quality
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyBach & Tilton (1994): study US 1984
TitleLife Satisfaction and Well-Being Measures in Ventilator Assisted Individuals with Traumatic Tertaplegia.
SourceArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1994, Vol. 75, 626 - 632
PublicTetraplegia patients and controls,USA,1984-86
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response40%
Respondents N =87

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sexual life
Page in Source 62629
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1 completely dissatisfied
.
.
7 completely satisfie
Observed distributionPatients ventilator assist M = 3.08 SD = 2.21 Patients autonoom breathing M = 3.17 SD = 1.95 Healthy controls M = 5.52 SD = 1.53

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.34 p < .05
Patients ventilator assisted
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.59 p < .001
Patients autonoom breathing
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-ar=+.38 p < .001
Healthy controls


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sex life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your sex life?" 
          
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sex life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about your sex life?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyPalmore & Kivett (1977): study US 1968
TitleChange in Life Satisfaction. A Longitudinal Study of Persons Aged 46 - 70.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1977, Vol. 32, 311 - 316
Public46+ aged whites, followed 2 years, USA, 1968-1972/74
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =378

Correlate
Author's labelSexual enjoyment
Page in Source 313
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single questrion:
How much pleasure or enjoyment do you have during 
sexrelation at the present time?
0: none
1: mild
2: moderate
3: very much
Observed distributionM = 1,4 (at T1)
Remarks
T1: 1968/70, T2: 1970/72, T3: 1972/74
Most nonmarried respondents answered 'none'
Satisfaction with masturbation not asked for.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.14 p < .05
T1 enjoyment by T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.07 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.16 p < .01
T1 enjoyment by T2 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.11 p < .05
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.13 p < .01
T1 enjoyment by T3 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.10 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- self rated health
- social activity
- organizational activity
- productive hours
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 satisfaction with sexlife by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T1 happiness
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta= ns
T1 satisfaction with sexlife by T2-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness, change happiness measured controling T3 
happiness for T2 happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyPalmore & Luikart (1972): study US 1968
TitleHealth and Social Factors Related to Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 68 -80
Public46+ aged, whites, North Carolina, USA, 1968-70
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelSexual enjoyment.
Page in Source 70
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"How much pleasure or enjoyment do your have during sex 
relations at the present time":
0= none
1= mild 
2= moderate
3= very much
Observed distributionM-1.4 SD=1.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyMiller & Wilson (1968): study US 1966
TitleRelation of Sexual Behaviors, Values, and Conflict to avowed Happiness and Personal Adjustment.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1968, Vol. 23, 1075 - 1086
PublicStudents, undergraduates, Kent State University at Ashtabula, Ohio, USA., 1966-67
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =132

Correlate
Author's labelSexual conflict
Page in Source 1082
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Discrepancy between various scores indicative of sexual 
liberality: For questions used see under 'Liberality of 
Sexual Attitudes' (S 3.1)

 a. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and li-
    berality of sexual behaviors enga-    ged in as 
revealed to parents.

 b. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and li-
    berality of sexual behaviors enga-
    ged in as revealed to parents.

 c. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and li-
    berality of sexual behaviors one 
    would like to engage in with a        date. 

 d. Difference between liberality of
    sexual behaviors engaged in and li-
    berality of sexual behaviors deemed
    acceptable if experienced previous-
    ly by a fiancé(e).

 e. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and        revealed to 
peers and liberality of
    sexual behaviors engaged in and re-
    vealed to parents.

 f. Difference between liberality of
    sexual behaviors engaged in and re-
    vealed to peers and liberality of 
    sexual behaviors one would like to     engage in 
with a date.

 g. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and re-
    vealed to peers and liberality of
    sexual behaviors deemed acceptable
    if experienced previously by a 
    fiancé(e).

 h. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and re-
    vealed to parents and liberality of
    sexual behaviors one would like to     engage in 
with a date.

 i. Difference between liberality of 
    sexual behaviors engaged in and re-
    vealed to parents and liberality of
    sexual behaviors deemed acceptable
    if experienced previously by a 
    fiancé(e).

 j. Difference between liberality of
    sexual behaviors one would like to
    engage in with a date and liberali-
    ty of sexual behaviors deemed ac-
    ceptable if experienced previously 
    by a fiancé(e). 
  
Remarks
         
               
               
               
                 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.23 ns
a: males    
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.07 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.03 ns
b: males     
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.07 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.03 ns
c: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.15 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.03 ns
d: males     
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.17 ns
   females
            
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.21 ns
e: males    
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.11 ns
   females 

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.17 ns
f: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.08 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.18 ns
g: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.18 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.00 ns
h: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.04 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.01 ns
i: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.26 p < .05
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.01 ns
j: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.30 p < .05
   females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyBradbury (1967): study US 1966
TitleA Study of Guilt and Anxiety as Related to Certain Psychological Variables.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, North Texas State University, 1967, USA
PublicUniversity students, North Texas State, USA, 1966/67
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =313

Correlate
Author's labelSex guilt
Page in Source 64
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Subscale from the Mosher Incomplete Sentences Test (see 
Mosher, 1961)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-v-3-aE²=-.12 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with sex-life
Subject code: S03ac03

StudyWilson (1965): study US 1960
TitleRelations of Sexual Behaviors, Values and Conflicts to Avowed Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1965, Vol. 17, 371 - 378
PublicCollege students, undergraduates, Hawaii, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelSexual conflict.
Page in Source 375
Our classificationSatisfaction with sex-life, code S03ac03
Operationalization
Discrepancy between various scores indicative of sexual 
liberality:
                                
a. Discrepancy between liberality of 
   one's ideal sexual attitude and 
   liberality of one's pragmatic sexual
   attitude.
                                   
b. Discrepancy between liberality of   
   one's pragmatic sexual attitude and
   perceived liberality of sexual atti-
   tude of one's peer group.
                             
c. Discrepancy between liberality of   
   one's ideal sexual attitude and per-
   ceived liberality of sexual attitude
   of one's peer group.
                
d. Discrepancy between liberality of 
   one's pragmatic sexual attitude and 
   perceived liberality of sexual atti-
   tude of one's parents.
                  
e. Discrepancy between liberality of 
   one's ideal sexual attitude and per-
   ceived liberality of sexual attitude
   of one's parents.
                 
f. Discrepancy between perceived libe- 
   rality of sexual attitudes of one's
   peers and one's parents.
Remarks
For questions used see under 'Liberality of Sexual 
Attitudes' (S 3.1) and 'Perceived Liberality of Sexual 
Attitudes of Others' (S 3.2)                            
                      
                                       

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.02 ns
a.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.18 ns
          
            
            
            
                           
                 
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.22 s
b.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.14 ns
c.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.17 ns
d.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.09 ns
e.                 
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.06 ns
f.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to sex in general
Subject code: S03ad

StudyKonwicka (1976): study ZZ Europe 1967
TitleHomology of Predictions and Wishes.
SourceOrnauer, H.;et al.,Eds.: "Images of the World 2000:A Comparative Ten Nation Study", Humanities Press, 1976, USA, 403 - 419
Public15-40 aged, 6 european countries,
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3962

Correlate
Author's labelHomology
Page in Source 415
Our classificationAttitudes to sex in general, code S03ad
Operationalization
Correspondence between expressed wishes for the future 
and expectations on the issues of:
- believe in religion
- sexual freedom
- attachment to families
- women in leading positions

Correspondence expressed in contingency coefficient C
Observed distributionRange: .16 to .70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=-
Believe in religion: 
The higher the convergence of whishes and 
expectations the lower happiness (monotonic 
sequence in all 6 countries).
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Sexual freedom: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Attachment to families: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Women in leading positions: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex
Subject code: S03ad01

StudyVeenhoven (1996c): study ZZ 1990
TitleLeefbaarheid van Landen. (Livability of Nations).
SourceLecture Piet Thoenes Chair, University Utrecht, Netherlands School for Social and Economic Policy Research, 1996, Vol. 2, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/16320
PublicAdults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptation of prostitution
Page in Source 42
Our classificationRestrictiveness of own attitude to sex, code S03ad01
Operationalization
Average response to survey question:
Please tell me for prostitution whether it can 
 1: never be justified
 .
 .
10: always be justified
Remarks
Data: World Value Survey 2 1990-92, Ann Arbor, 
Michagan, USA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-ar=+.44
Happy Life Years by Acceptation of prostitution in 
42 nations
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-arpc=+.11
rpc controlled for buying power per capita


Correlational finding on Happiness and Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex
Subject code: S03ad01

StudyVeenhoven (2001c): study ZZ 1990 /1
TitleWhat We Know about Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at the Dialogue on 'Gross National Happiness', 2001, Woudschoten, Zeist, The Netherlands.
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8778
PublicAdults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of prostitution
Page in Source 22
Our classificationRestrictiveness of own attitude to sex, code S03ad01
Operationalization
Public opinion surveys
Remarks
Source:World Values Survey 2 items 307 and 308

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.35
Average happiness by acceptance of prostitution in 
42 nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-arpc=-.10
rpc controlled for buying power per capita


Correlational finding on Happiness and Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex
Subject code: S03ad01

StudyMiller & Wilson (1968): study US 1966
TitleRelation of Sexual Behaviors, Values, and Conflict to avowed Happiness and Personal Adjustment.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1968, Vol. 23, 1075 - 1086
PublicStudents, undergraduates, Kent State University at Ashtabula, Ohio, USA., 1966-67
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =132

Correlate
Author's labelLiberality of sexualattitude
Page in Source 1082
Our classificationRestrictiveness of own attitude to sex, code S03ad01
Operationalization
a. Sexual behaviors engaged in:
6-item questionnaire of various sexual behaviors 
varying in intimacy, scored for number of behaviors 
engaged in on a first date, after several dates, with a 
steady, with a fiancé(e).
              
b. Sexual behaviors engaged in and revealed to peers:
6-item questionnaire of various sexual behaviors 
varying in intimacy, scored for number of sexual 
behaviors engaged in and later disclosed to a member of 
one's peer group.

c. Sexual behaviors engaged in and revealed to parents.
6-item questionnaire of various sexual behaviors 
varying in intimacy, scored for number of sexual 
behaviors engaged in and later disclosed to one or both 
parents.
           
d. Sexual behaviors one would like to engage in with a 
date:
6-item questionnaire of various sexual behaviors 
varying in intimacy, scored for number of behaviors one 
would like to engage in at different stages of a dating 
relationship.
                
e. Sexual behaviors deemed acceptable if experienced 
preciously by fiance(e):
6-item questionnaire of various sexual behaviors 
varying in intimacy, scored for number of behaviors one 
would not seriously disapprove of if one's fiancé(e) 
had engaged in them before with someone else.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.07 ns
a: males     
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.01 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.25 p < .05
b: males 
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.03 ns
   females  

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.14 ns
c: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.22 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.11 ns
d: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=+.12 ns
   females

M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.13 ns
a: males
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-ar=-.16 ns
   females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Restrictiveness of own attitude to sex
Subject code: S03ad01

StudyWilson (1965): study US 1960
TitleRelations of Sexual Behaviors, Values and Conflicts to Avowed Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1965, Vol. 17, 371 - 378
PublicCollege students, undergraduates, Hawaii, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelLiberal sexual attitude
Page in Source 375
Our classificationRestrictiveness of own attitude to sex, code S03ad01
Operationalization
a. Pragmatic liberalism: 
   6-item questionnaire of various
   sexual behaviors varying in
   intimacy, scored for how one would
   probably behave when possible on a
   first date, after several dates,
   with a steady, and with a fiancé(e).

b. Ideal liberalism:
   6-item questionnaire of various
   sexual behaviors varying in intimacy
   scored for those behaviors one 
   endorses or approves of on a first
   date, after several dates, with a
   steady, and with a fiancé(e).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.15 ns
a.
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.15 ns
           
                
                 
           
            
              
              
                          
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-ar=-.10 ns
b.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance of homo sexuality
Subject code: S03ad02

StudyVeenhoven (1996c): study ZZ 1990
TitleLeefbaarheid van Landen. (Livability of Nations).
SourceLecture Piet Thoenes Chair, University Utrecht, Netherlands School for Social and Economic Policy Research, 1996, Vol. 2, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/16320
PublicAdults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptation of homosexuality
Page in Source 42
Our classificationAcceptance of homo sexuality, code S03ad02
Operationalization
Average response to survey question:
Please tell me for homosexuality  whether it can 
 1: never be justified
 .
 .
10: always be justified
Remarks
Data: World Value Survey 2 1990-92, Ann Arbor, 
Michagan, USA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-ar=+.72
Happy Life Years by Acceptation of homosexuality 
in 42 nations
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-arpc=+.38
rpc controlled for buying power per capita


Correlational finding on Happiness and Acceptance of homo sexuality
Subject code: S03ad02

StudyVeenhoven (2001c): study ZZ 1990 /1
TitleWhat We Know about Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at the Dialogue on 'Gross National Happiness', 2001, Woudschoten, Zeist, The Netherlands.
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8778
PublicAdults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =75000

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of homosexuality
Page in Source 22
Our classificationAcceptance of homo sexuality, code S03ad02
Operationalization
Public opinion surveys
Remarks
Source:World Values Survey 2 items 307 and 308

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.62
Average happiness by acceptance of homosexuality 
in 42 nations
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-arpc=+.20
rpc controlled for buying power per capita


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

"Taken things together: how did you feel since you got ill....?"
7 very good
6
5
4
3
2
1 very bad
A-ARE-cq-sqr-v-3-aSelfreport on single question, asked 21 times in a period of 10 weeks (experience sampling)

How would you characterize your mood or impulse of the last instant....?
3 happy
2 neutral
1 sad

Summation: average of 21 scores.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A Particularly interested in or excited about something
B Pleased about having accomplished something
C On top of the world
D Pity for some people you know
E Helpless, with no control over situations
F Bored
G Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating options:
0 never
1 once
2 several times
3 often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
A-Bde-c-mq-n-5-aSelfreport on 40 items

Lead sentence and items not reported

Positive affect dimensions
A Joy
B Contentment
C Vigor
D affection

Negative affect dimensions
E Anxiety
F Depression
G Guilt
H Hostility

Rated
0 not at all
1
2
3
4 extremely

Computation:
Positive Affects Total (PTOT): A+B+C+D
Negative Affects Total (NTOT): E+F+G+H
Affects Balance Index (ABI) : PTOT-NTOT/20

Name: Derogatis Affects Balance Scale, short (DBAS)
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.

A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exited
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Rated:
1: not at all
.
.
5 a lot

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Check one of the following groups of adjectives which best describes you."
7 full of deep joy, excitedly happy, enthusiastic, thrilled
6 cheerful, successful, optimistic, lighthearted
5 satisfied, comfortable, life goes smoothly, peaceful
4 contented at times and at other times discontented, life has
both favorable and unfavorable features
3 restless, impatient, uncertain, dull, cross, confined
2 anxious, irritated, discouraged, disappointed, discontented
1 gloomy, miserable, a failure, no pleasure in anything
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 9 ] best possible life for you
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aSelf report on single question:

"Here you have ladder of nine rungs representing different conditions of life in which a person may possibly be. The top of the ladder '9' represents the best possible condition one may think of, and the bottom '1'represents the worst possible condition. On which rung do you think you stand with regard to your personal condition?"
9 best possible
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 worst possible

This question was followed by questions on the past (five years ago) and the future (five years from now).

Name: Cantril ladder rating (adjusted version)
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
M-TH-g-sq-v-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported
11 completely and supremely happy, tremendous joy and elation
all the time
10
9
8 very happy most of the time
7
6 happy most of the time
5
4 . not very happy most of the time
3
2.
1 completely utterly unhappy, terrible depression and gloom
all the time
(originally presented horizontally)
M-TH-g-sq-v-9-aSelf report on single question:

"Please estimate your happiness on the scale below by marking a number from 1 to 9"
1 not very happy most of the time
2
3
4
5 happy most of the time
6
7
8
9 very happy most of the time
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy have you been with your personal life during the past 12 month?
1 unhappy most of the time
2 sometimes fairly unhappy
3 generally satisfied, pleased
4 very happy most of the time
5 extremely happy
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy are you.....?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely

(Originally presented on a horizontal line scale)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-lSelfreport on single question:

Do you consider your life as a whole..
4 happy
3 fairly happy
2 neither happy nor unhappy (neutral)
1 unhappy

Neutral option presented last
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you consider yourself to be.....?
3 generally happy
2 moderately happy
1 generally unhappy
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

'Please rate your quality of life in each of the six areas below.
Overall: This refers to your overall, general quality of life.
7 extremely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 extremely satisfied
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dSelfreport on single question;

Everything considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied would you say you are with your life these days?
1 extremely dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
3 pretty dissatisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied (neutral)
5 pretty satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question :

"How satisfied are you about your life as a whole since that time?" ( onset of disease)
7 very satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Tell me how much you are satisfied or dissatisfied with your life as a whole
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied

Last item in a series of questions about satisfaction with various domains in life
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SQL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you the quality of your life these days?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither nor
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original rating scale
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-se-fi-?-5-aSelfreport in focused interview:

Interviews on life after divorce, in which happiness and life-satisfaction were items. Content analysis of taped records by two raters. Rated instructions not reported

Ratings made on a 5 steps scale. (Rating scale not reported)
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-aHappy Life Years

Life-expectancy in nations multiplied by 0-1 average happiness as assessed with survey questions type O-HL


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
CPearson's CONTINGENCY COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [0; SQRT(1-1/s)], where s = the lesser of c and r, the number of columns and rows respectively.

Meaning:
C = 0 « no association.
C = SQRT( 1-1/s) « strongest possible association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
SNRStatistic Not Reported
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
S03ab03Sexual promiscuityM03ab03Monogamy of relationship
S03acAttitudes to one's sex-lifeC08ab02Specific concerns
S03ac02Problems with sex P12aa02Change in problems
S03ac03Satisfaction with sex-lifeL12ad02Satisfaction with love-life
S03adAttitudes to sex in generalV01VALUES: CAREER
S03adAttitudes to sex in generalV02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings