Findings on Happiness and SELF-IMAGE

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and SELF-IMAGE
Subject Code: S02

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
S02SELF-IMAGE1
S02aaSelf-image career0
S02aa01Earlier self-image12
S02aa02Change in self-image5
S02aa03Later self-image3
S02abCurrent self-characterization16
S02ab01Self-perceived ability20
S02ab06Self-perceived maturity4
S02ab07Self-perceived preferences1
S02ab08Self-perceived uniqueness1
S02ab09Self-perceived usefulness4
S02ab05Self-perceived happy nature3
S02acCurrent self-ideal2
S02adCurrent self-evaluation14
S02ad01Concern about character3
S02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole31
S02ad03Evaluation of aspects of self8
S02ad03aReal-ideal congruence7
S02ad03bRelative superiority6
S02ad03cSelf confidence10
S02ad03dSelf-critical5
S02ad03eSelf respect3
S02aeCurrent satisfaction with self19
S02ae01Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person36
S02ae01aSatisfaction with own abilities6
S02ae01bSatisfaction with own coping5
S02ae01cSatisfaction with own creativeness2
S02ae01dSatisfaction with self-realization4
S02ae01eSatisfaction with own morality3
S02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments21
S02ae02aSatisfaction with contributions to others5
S02ae02bSatisfaction with social recognition0
S02afCurrent consistency of self-image2
S02agCurrent reputation (social self)2
S02ag01Self-perceived reputation12
S02ag02Congruency self-image and reputation4
S02ag03Attitudes to own reputation5
S02ab10Self-perceived social identity4
S02ahAttitudes to own self-image12
S02ab02Self perceived autonomy2
S02aiIdeal self5
S02ajIdentity1
S02ab03Self perceived desiciveness1
S02ab04Self perceived gender identity1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and SELF-IMAGE
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=S02
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and SELF-IMAGE
Subject code: S02

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelself-esteem
Page in Source 576, 581, 582
Our classificationSELF-IMAGE, code S02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions, f.e. 
"I take a positive attitude toward myself"

Rated on a 7-point scale
Observed distributionAll M = 5.26, SD = 1.06; USA M = 5.39; Singapore M = 5.09
Remarks
10-item Rosenberg (1965) self-esteem measure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.60 p < .01
All

Beta controlled for
- best/worst possible self
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.23 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.18 p < .01
UAS
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.33 p < .01
Singapore

Beta controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need satisfaction
- Neuroticism
- goal-progress
- Social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 350,254
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
9-item additive index rated on a 2-point scale.
Typical items are:
- I can change my habits easily.
- I can achieve a lot within a short 
  time.
- When people demand much of me, I  
  don't get nervous.
Self-acceptance Scale from Nederlandse Persoonlijkheids 
Vragenlijst (NVP),
Luteyn ca 1975.
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.29 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 selfesteem
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.27 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 selfesteem

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cßL=+.25
T2 happiness by T2 self-esteem.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control, intimacy 
with partner, adequacy of coping and self- and  
externally induced burdens.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cßL=+.15
T3 happiness by T3 self-esteem.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control and 
quality of life.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cßL=+.20
T2 happiness by T2 self-esteem.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, internal control, unhappy 
childhood and traumatic childhood experiences.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =152

Correlate
Author's labelCompetence need satisfaction
Page in Source 488,489
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE COMPETENCE-NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on sigle question: "the extent to which you 
are having this type of experiences in your life, at 
present:
- feeling generally competent and able in what I 
attempt"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

T2-T4 SEMESTER COMPETENCE-NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three activities they had 
spent the most time performing during the preceding 
24hr, excluding eating or sleeping

Rated feelings of competence while doing each activity 
using a 1 (not at all competent) to 7 (very competent) 
scale

Summation: Average of the 9 competence ratings
Observed distributionBASELINE M=5.30, SD=1.28, SEMESTER M=5.89, SD=.72
Error Estimates?=.69
Remarks
T2-T4: Assessed 3 times during 3 month semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.51 p < .01
T1 happiness and T1 feeling of competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.31 p < .01
T5 happiness and T1 feeling of competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.29 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 feeling of competence
Beta controlled for:
- autonomy need satisfaction
- relatedness need satisfaction
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.42 p < .01
T1 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feeling of 
competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.46 p < .01
T5 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feeling of 
competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
T5 happiness by T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
competence
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester autonomy
- semester relatedness

T1 feelings of competence do not predict later 
change in happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T5: 3 months later


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =152

Correlate
Author's labelAutonomy need satisfaction
Page in Source 488,489
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE AUTONOMY-NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on sigle question: "the extent to which you 
are having this type of experiences in your life, at 
present:
- feeling generally autonomous and choiceful in what I 
do"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

T2-T4 SEMESTER AUTONOMY-NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three activities they had 
spent the most time performing during the preceding 
24hr, excluding eating or sleeping

Rated why they did each activity in terms of 4 reasons: 

a "you pursue this striving because somebody else wants 
you to or because the situation demands it." (external 
reason)
b "you pursue this striving because you would feel 
ashamed, guilty, or anxious if you didn't."(introjected 
reason)
c "you pursue this striving because you really believe 
it's an important goal to have." (identified reason)
d "you pursue this striving because of the fun and 
enjoyment that it provides you." (intrinsic reason)

Rated on 1 (not at all for this reason) to 7 (very much 
for this reason)

Summation: Average of the 9 autonomy ratings, 
respectivly

Autonomy = (d+e)-(a+b)
Observed distributionBASELINE M=5.26, SD=1.29; SEMESTER M=4.29, SD=1.63
Error Estimates?=.77
Remarks
T2-T4: Assessed 3 times during 3 month semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.46 p < .01
T1 happiness and T1 feeling of autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.32 p < .01
T5 happiness and T1 feeling of autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.16 p < .05
T1 happiness by T1 feeling of autonomy
Beta controlled for:
- T1 competence
- T1 relatedness
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.37 p < .01
T1 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.47 p < .01
T5 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.21 p < .05
T5 happiness by T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester competence
- semester relatedness

T1 feelings of autonomy do not predict later 
change in happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T5: 3 months later


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =1150

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
A six-item, Likert-type scale ranged 1= non to 5= a 
great deal.(Rogenburg et al. 1995)
It addresses aspects such as whether respondents feel 
that they have good qualities, feel useless at times, 
are satisfied with themselves, or feel that they are 
failures.
Observed distributionM=19.31, SD=2.15, Range 6-24
Error EstimatesAlpha= .77
Remarks
Assessed at T4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.30 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T4 self-esteem
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.14 p < .001
T4 Happiness at by T1 Self-esteem (1980, 12 years 
earlier)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solving
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
Single closed question: 
'How do you feel about yourself accomplishments/problem 
solving', rated on a 7-point Delighted-Terrible scale, 
ranging from (1) Delighted to 
(7) Terrible. (8) Neutral.
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.45    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.52    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.48    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier self-criticism
Page in Source 23
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
The number of self-descriptive adjectives  of  
Adjective Rating List
circled as undesired 11 years ago, at T1(1969).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr=
T1 self-criticism by T5 happiness 911 year 
interval)
Males:   r= -.34 (01)      
Females: r= +.09 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
10-item index at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 of closed 
questions on being worthwile as a person, having good 
qualities, being as able as others, not being proud of 
oneself, having a positive attitude towards oneself, 
feeling no good at all, being a useful guy, feeling one 
can't do anything right, doing a job well, having a not 
very useful life (items from Rosenberg, 1965, and Cobb, 
1966)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ p < .001
                Self-esteem
Happiness       T1     T2     T3     T4     T5
T1            +.57   +.38   +.34   +.33   +.22 T2  
          +.37   +.58   +.44   +.40   +.28
T3            +.31   +.43   +.61   +.46   +.30
T4            +.29   +.38   +.44   +.60   +.33
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyHolahan et al. (1999): study US 1960
TitleSelf Appraisel, Life Satisfaction and Retrospective Life Choices Across One and Three Decades.
SourcePsychology and Aying, 1999, Vol. 14, 238 - 244
PublicGifted (IQ>135) followed unto old age, USA, 1960-1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =383

Correlate
Author's labelLived up to ability
Page in Source 239/243
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
Self-appraisal of having lived up to abilities.
Participants were asked "On the whole, how well do you 
think you have lived up to your intellectual 
abilities?" Responses were coded in two categories
1: did not live-up
2: lived-up
Assessed at T1 (1960)
Observed distributionT2 N: 1=115, 2=223
Remarks
T1:1960, T2:1972, T3:1992

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bDM=+
T1 lived up by T2 happiness
Men   1.M=3.71 SD=0.89
      2.M=4.15 SD=0.85
Women 1.M=3.76 SD=1.08
In univariate analyses of covariance (ANCOVAs) 
there was a significant lived-up effect: 
F(1,332)= 13.85, MSE=.82 p<0.001
      2.M=4.19 SD=0.92
M-AC-h-mq-v-8-aDM=+
T1 lived up by T2 happiness
In univariate analyses of covariance(ANCOVAs) 
there was a significant lived-up effect:
F(1,310)=10,65, MSE=.84, p<.05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-9-aDM=+
T1 lived up by T3 happiness
Univariate analyses of covariance (ANCOVAs) was 
significant for lived-up:
F(1,355)=10.71, MSE=2,25, p<.001
LISREL analysis showed no direct link when T2 
perceid goal relization was controled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier self-esteem
Page in Source 117
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
Index of agree / disagree statements, indicative of a 
successful life, self- confidence, success in achieving 
goals, etc.
Assessed two years earlier.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.50 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudyMoen et al. (1995): study US 1956
TitleCaregiving and Women's Well-Being: A Life Course Approach.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1995, Vol. 36, 259 - 273
PublicMothers USA, followed 30 years 1956-1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response20
Respondents N =313

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 266
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
Self rating on 8 statements
- These days I don't feel I'm an interesting person.
- I don't feel sure of myself as a hostess
- I often act a little bit helpless
- I feel I am letting my appearance go
- I am pleased with myself
- I have difficulties making decisions
- I have faith in myself
- I am attractive

1=selects, 2=unsure,3=rejects)
or
1 = like me,2 = unsure,3 = unlike me


Assessed at T1 (1956) and T2 (1986)
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: T1= .58, T2 =.88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---mq-v-3-aDMa=+
T1 self-esteem        T2 happiness          
- low                 Ma = 2,65
- high                Ma = 2,80

Ma controled for:
- age
- T2 marital status
- T2 education
M-CO---mq-v-3-aDMa=+
T1 happiness          T2 self-esteem
low                   Ma = 3,41
high                  Ma = 4,57


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier self-confidence (around age 30)
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
      
Self rating
a. in 1940
b. in 1950

Parent rating 
c. in 1928
Remarks
Earlier selfconfidence (1928, 1940, 1950) by present 
happiness (1972). Subjects age in 1972 about 62.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1940 self rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 self rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1928 parent rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier self-image
Subject code: S02aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier inferiority (around age 30)
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier self-image, code S02aa01
Operationalization
Ratings of Ss feeling of inferiority.

Parent rating 
a. in 1940

Self ratings
b. in 1940
c. in 1950
Remarks
Earlier ratings (1940, 1950) by present happiness 
(1972). Subjects age in 1972 about 62.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=- p < .00
1940 parent rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=- p < .00
1940 self rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=- p < .00
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 self rating by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=- p < .03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in self-image
Subject code: S02aa02

StudyDeHaes et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleThe Distinction between Cognition and Affect.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1987, Vol. 19, 367 - 378
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00300368
PublicEarly breast cancer patient, followed 11 and 18 month after treatment, The Netherlands, 1981-1987
Sample
Non-Response17% (6 refusals and one death in the meantime)
Respondents N =34

Correlate
Author's labelImpact of breast- surgery on body image
Page in Source 7
Our classificationChange in self-image, code S02aa02
Operationalization
Perceived impact of breast-surgery, rated on a 4-point 
scale (see de Haes & Welvaart, 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.50
11 months after surgery (T1)
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=+.16
11 months after surgery (T1)
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.23
18 months after surgery (T2)

Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- loss of libido
- activity level
- fatigue
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aBeta=+.49
18 months after surgery (T2)

Beta's controlled for:
- psychological complaints
- pain
- gastro-intestinal symptoms
- loss of libido, activity level
- fatigue
- fear of recurrence of cancer and death


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in self-image
Subject code: S02aa02

StudyLichter et al. (1980): study NZ 1978
TitleIncreasing Happiness through Cognitive Retraining.
SourceNew Zealand Psychologist, 1980, Vol. 9, 57 - 64
URLhttp://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/PSYCH-Vol92-1980-2-Lichter.pdf
PublicAdults, trainees and controls, followed 10 weeks, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1978
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =23

Correlate
Author's labelCourse on happiness and positive mental health
Page in Source 60
Our classificationChange in self-image, code S02aa02
Operationalization
0 No course: Control group on waiting
  list (N=13)
1 Treatment: 8 2-hours sessions over 4
  weeks between T1 and T2 (N=10)

The goal of the course was to discuss 
"irrational beliefs" about self.
(Ellis 1977 rational-emotive therapy)
In the course 15 current beliefs were introduced one at 
a time in 5 minute mini-lectures, followed by a class 
discussion on how these work out in every day life. 
Sometimes Ss were asked to do home exercises.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-sq-v-5-aE²=+.17 ns
Happiness assessed at:
T1: start of course
T2: end of course (4 weeks after T1)
T3: 6 weeks follow up (10 weeks after T1)


O-SL?-m-sq-?-7-aE²=+.41 p < .05
Happiness assessed at:
T1: start of course
T2: end of course (4 weeks after T1)
T3: 6 weeks follow up (10 weeks after T1)


A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-bDMt=+
Happiness assessed at:
T1: start of course
T2: end of course (4 weeks after T1)
T3: 6 weeks follow up (10 weeks after T1)

LEVEL of happiness 
at:     Controls Experimentals  Difference
T1      Mt'=7.6     Mt'=7.8     DMt'= + .2
T2      Mt'=7.6     Mt'=8.3     DMt'= + .7
T3      Mt'=7.4     Mt'=8.6     Dms'= +1.2
O-SL?-m-sq-?-7-aDM=+ ns
Difference in T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and experimentals
M-FH-cw-sq-v-5-aDM=+ p < .05
Difference in T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and experimentals
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-bDMt=+ s
CHANGE in happiness:
at      Controls Experimentals  Difference
T1-T2   Mt'=0.0     Mt'=+.5     DMt'= + .5  p<05
T1-T3   Mt'=-.2     Mt'=+.8     DMt'= +1.0  p<01
O-SL?-m-sq-?-7-aDM=+ ns
Difference in T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and experimentals
M-FH-cw-sq-v-5-aDM=+ ns
Difference in T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and experimentals
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-bE²=+.47 p < .05
Difference in T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and exeprimentals

A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-bE²=+.66 p < .01
Difference in T1-T3 CHANGE in happiness between 
controls and experimentals


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in self-image
Subject code: S02aa02

StudyLichter et al. (1980): study NZ 1978
TitleIncreasing Happiness through Cognitive Retraining.
SourceNew Zealand Psychologist, 1980, Vol. 9, 57 - 64
URLhttp://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/PSYCH-Vol92-1980-2-Lichter.pdf
PublicAdults, trainees and controls, followed 10 weeks, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1978
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =23

Correlate
Author's labelBeliefs about self
Page in Source 60
Our classificationChange in self-image, code S02aa02
Operationalization
28-item index with 4 response categories. Typical items 
are:
- I choose my emotions and feelings
- I believe my personality is fixed
- I am ready to try out new
  experiences 
Assessed at the start (T1) and the end (T2) of a course 
on happiness and mental health.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-br=+.80 p < .01
T1 LEVEL of beliefs to T1 LEVEL of happiness

A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-br=+.75 p < .01
T1-T2 CHANGE in beliefs to T1-T2 CHANGE in 
happiness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in self-image
Subject code: S02aa02

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived creativity and maturity
Page in Source 64/207
Our classificationChange in self-image, code S02aa02
Operationalization
2-item index of direct questions on creativity and 
personality maturity compared with others.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aAoV=+ ns
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem 
was experimentally altered. This was done by means 
of a false personality report dealing with the 
subject's creativity, maturity and other things.
Self-perceived creativity: r = +.05 (ns)
Self-perceived maturity  : r = +.17 (ns)

- For happy Ss self-perceived creativity and 
maturity is unaffected by bolstered self-esteem 
and decreased by reduced self-esteem.
- For unhappy Ss it is increased by bolstered 
self-esteem and unaffected by reduced self-esteem.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in self-image
Subject code: S02aa02

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelStability of self- image
Page in Source 94/286
Our classificationChange in self-image, code S02aa02
Operationalization
5-item index (Guttman scale) of agree / disagree 
statements on continuing or changing opinions and ideas 
about one- self.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=+.22
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.25
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .11 p < . 01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .13 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later self-image
Subject code: S02aa03

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solving
Our classificationLater self-image, code S02aa03
Operationalization
Single closed question: 
'How do you feel about yourself accomplishments/problem 
solving', rated on a 7-point Delighted-Terrible scale, 
ranging from (1) Delighted to 
(7) Terrible. (8) Neutral.
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.45    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.52    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.48    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later self-image
Subject code: S02aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Our classificationLater self-image, code S02aa03
Operationalization
10-item index at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 of closed 
questions on being worthwile as a person, having good 
qualities, being as able as others, not being proud of 
oneself, having a positive attitude towards oneself, 
feeling no good at all, being a useful guy, feeling one 
can't do anything right, doing a job well, having a not 
very useful life (items from Rosenberg, 1965, and Cobb, 
1966)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ p < .001
                Self-esteem
          T1     T2     T3     T4     T5
Happiness
T1       +.57   +.38   +.34   +.33   +.22 T2       
+.37   +.58   +.44   +.40   +.28
T3       +.31   +.43   +.61   +.46   +.30
T4       +.29   +.38   +.44   +.60   +.33
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later self-image
Subject code: S02aa03

StudyMoen et al. (1995): study US 1956
TitleCaregiving and Women's Well-Being: A Life Course Approach.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1995, Vol. 36, 259 - 273
PublicMothers USA, followed 30 years 1956-1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response20
Respondents N =313

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 266
Our classificationLater self-image, code S02aa03
Operationalization
Self rating on 8 statements
- These days I don't feel I'm an interesting person.
- I don't feel sure of myself as a hostess
- I often act a little bit helpless
- I feel I am letting my appearance go
- I am pleased with myself
- I have difficulties making decisions
- I have faith in myself
- I am attractive

1=selects, 2=unsure,3=rejects)
or
1 = like me,2 = unsure,3 = unlike me


Assessed at T1 (1956) and T2 (1986)
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: T1= .58, T2 =.88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO---mq-v-3-aDMa=+
T1 self-esteem        T2 happiness          
- low                 Ma = 2,65
- high                Ma = 2,80

Ma controled for:
- age
- T2 marital status
- T2 education
M-CO---mq-v-3-aDMa=+
T1 happiness          T2 self-esteem
low                   Ma = 3,41
high                  Ma = 4,57


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelself-image
Page in Source 248
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
36 item index of self-image
"Do you feel you are:"
healthy
physically strong
in harmony with yourself
honest
sensitive
loving
beautiful
sexually attractive
loved
cheerful
open
sociable
good
free
ethical
with a sense of humor
intelligent
sensible
patient
psychological strong
independent
strong-willed
competent
ambitious
involved
creative
responsible
conscientious
filled with fighting spirit
brave
self-confident
a success
profound
intuitive
spiritual
sincere
Rated: yes, not sure, no
categorised as:
1: 0-15 (worst)
2: 16-18
3: 19-21
4: 22-24
5: 25-27
6: 28-30
7: 31-33
8: 34-36(best)
Observed distributionN: 1:11, 2:27, 3:96, 4:207, 5:295, 6:359, 7:270, 8:126

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.37 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.23
 2: Mt=6.49
 3: Mt=6.33
 4: Mt=6.93
 5: Mt=7.68
 6: Mt=8.05
 7: Mt=8.49
 8: Mt=8.99
All:Ms=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.40 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.78
 2: Mt=5.74
 3: Mt=6.04
 4: Mt=6.59
 5: Mt=7.24
 6: Mt=7.74
 7: Mt=8.23
 8: Mt=8.78
All Mt=7.48
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.37 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.00
 2: Mt=5.93
 3: Mt=5.68
 4: Mt=6.21
 5: Mt=6.68
 6: Mt=7.18
 7: Mt=7.69
 8: Mt=8.25
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with oneself
Page in Source 256
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with yourself ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4416; 1:28; 2:127; 3:474; 4:2007; 5:1780

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.58 p < .00
1: Mt=1.96    
2: Mt=3.78      
3: Mt=5.74   
4: Mt=7.63
5: Mt=8.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.59 p < .00
1: Mt=1.79    
2: Mt=3.54      
3: Mt=5.19   
4: Mt=7.30
5: Mt=8.59
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.53 p < .00
1: Mt=2.95    
2: Mt=4.15      
3: Mt=5.28   
4: Mt=6.76
5: Mt=8.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelself-image
Page in Source 258
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
36 item index of self-image
"Do you feel you are .....:"
healthy
physically strong
in harmony with yourself
honest
sensitive
loving
beautiful
sexually attractive
loved
cheerful
open
sociable
good
free
ethical
with a sense of humor
intelligent
sensible
patient
psychological strong
independent
strong-willed
competent
ambitious
involved
creative
responsible
conscientious
filled with fighting spirit
brave
self-confident
a success
profound
intuitive
spiritual
sincere
Rated: yes, not sure, no
categorised as:
1: 0-15 (worst)
2: 16-18
3: 19-21
4: 22-24
5: 25-27
6: 28-30
7: 31-33
8: 34-36(best)
Observed distributionN: 1:46; 2:107; 3:236; 4:555; 5:970; 6:1219; 7:999; 8:412

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.44 p < .00
1: Mt=4.08
2: Mt=5.28
3: Mt=5.88
4: Mt=6.76
5: Mt=7.46
6: Mt=8.08
7: Mt=8.59
8: Mt=8.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.43 p < .00
1: Mt=3.80
2: Mt=4.76
3: Mt=5.58
4: Mt=6.44
5: Mt=7.11
6: Mt=7.71
7: Mt=8.29
8: Mt=8.70
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.39 p < .00
1: Mt=4.40
2: Mt=5.14
3: Mt=5.46
4: Mt=6.16
5: Mt=6.70
6: Mt=7.20
7: Mt=7.80
8: Mt=8.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelEase to forgive others
Page in Source 442
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How easy is it for you 
to forgive others?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:7%, 3:7%, 4:6%, 5:13%, 6:12%, 7:17%, 8:20%, 9:9%, 10:4%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.3  M = 6.0             +0.3
top 3:  M = 6.2  M = 5.8             +0.4 
top 5:  M = 6.1  M = 5.7             +0.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal Growth
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 11 questions:
a: I am not interested in activities that will expand 
my horizons
b: I have the sense that I have developed a lot as a 
person over time
c: When I think about it, I haven't really improved 
much as a person over the years
d: I think it is important to have new experiences that 
challenge how I think about myself and the world
e: I think it is important to have new experiences that 
challenge how you think about yourself and the world
f: I don't want to try new ways of doing things -- my 
life is fine the way it is
g: I do not enjoy being in new situations that require 
me to change my old familiar ways of doing things
h: There is truth to the saying you can't teach an old 
dog new tricks
i: For me, life has been a continuous process of 
learning, changing and growing
j: For me, life has been a continuous process of 
learning, changing, and growth
k: I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes 
in my life a long time ago.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 9,1; SD=3,0 Controls: M=11,7; SD=1,6
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Personal Growth

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelAutonomy
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 11 questions:
a: My decisions are not usually influenced by what 
everyone else is doing
b: I have confidence in my opnions even if they are 
contrary to the general consensus
c: I have confidence in my own opnions, even if they 
are different from the way most other people think
d: I tend to worry about what other people think of me
e: I often change my mind about decisions if my friend 
or family disagree
f: I am not afraid to voice my opinions, even when they 
are in opposition to the opinions of most people
g: Being happy with myself is more important to me than 
having others approve of me
h: It's difficult for me to voice my opinions on 
controversal matters
i: I tend to be influenced by people with strong 
opinions
j: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by 
what others think is important
k: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by 
the values of what others think is important

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 7,5; SD=4,1 Controls: M=10,8; SD=2,2
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Autonomy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelSelf Concept
Page in Source 262
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Self report on the following questions:
-You feel that you're a person of worth,  at least on 
an equal plane with others.
-You feel that you have a number of good qualities.
-All in all, you are inclined to feel  that you are a 
failure.
-You are able to do things as well as  most others.
-You feel you do not have much to be proud of.
-You take a positive attitude toward yourself.
-On the whole, you are satisfied with yourself.
-You wish you could have more respect for yourself.
-You certainly feel useless at times.
-At times you think you are no good at all
Remarks
Satisfaction Subscale of Lancashire Quality of Life 
Profile (LQOLP) [Oliver 1991].

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.60 p < .000
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventory(BDI)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyToussaint & Friedman (2009): study US 2004
TitleForgiveness, Gratitude and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Affect and Beliefs.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2009, Vol. 10, 635 - 654
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9111-8
PublicPsychotherapy outpatients, Philadelphia, USA, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelFriedman Belief Scale
Page in Source 643-645
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Self evaluation contains 40 statements ( 20 positive 
beliefs and 20 negative beliefs)

0 strongly disagree
-
-
4 strongly agree
Remarks
Friedman Belief Scale (Friedman 1993)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.75 p < .001
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-ar=+.65 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =152

Correlate
Author's labelNeed satisfaction
Page in Source 489
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on 3 questions: "the extent to which you are 
having this type of experiences in your life, at 
present:
- feeling generally competent and able in what I 
attempt
- feeling generally autonomous and choiceful in what I 
do
- feeling generally related and connected to the people 
I spend time with"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

To form a composite score the ratings were summed


T2-T4 SEMESTER NEED SATISFACTION 
Participants free listed the three activities, 
respectively social contacts, they had spent the most 
time performing during the preceding 24hr, excluding 
eating or sleeping

Rated feelings of competence, autonomy and relatedness 
while doing each activity using a 1 (not at all 
competent) to 7 (very competent) scale

competence and relatedness composite scores were formed 
by averaging the ratings, respectively.

autonomy composite score was formed by summing average 
identified and intrinsic ratings and subtrating average 
external and introjected ratings.

to form a composite score the composite scores for 
competence, autonmomy and relatedness were summed.
Remarks
T2-T4: Assessed 3 times during 3 month semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aChi²=2.83 p < .05
Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T5: 3 months later
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /2
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students followed 3 months, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =73

Correlate
Author's labelSemester need satisfaction
Page in Source 490, 491
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
At 8 times during semester Participants free listed the 
three activities (excluding eating or sleeping), 
respectively social contacts, they had spent the most 
time performing during the preceding 24hr

Rated feelings of competence, autonomy and relatedness 
while doing each activity using a 1 (not at all 
competent) to 7 (very competent) scale

competence and relatedness composite scores were formed 
by averaging the ratings, respectively.

autonomy composite score was formed by summing average 
identified and intrinsic ratings and subtrating average 
external and introjected ratings.

to form a composite score the composite scores for 
competence, autonmomy and relatedness were summed.
Remarks
T2-T5 + T7-T10: Assessed 8 times during 3 month 
semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.48 p < .05
T1 happiness by T2-T5 + T7-T10 aggregated need 
satisfaction
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.53 p < .05
T11 happiness by T2-T5 + T7-T10 aggregated need 
satisfaction
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.30 p < .01
T11 happiness by T2-T5 + T7-T10 aggregated need 
satisfaction
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.22 p < .05
T11 happiness by T2-T5 + T7-T10 aggregated need 
satisfaction
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester attainment
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aX=1.98 p < .05
Sobel (1982) z for mediational relationships
mediated association: semester need satisfaction 
mediatiated goal attainment and T11 happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T6: 6 weeks later, T11: another 6 weeks 
later
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyBoski (1989): study US 1984
TitleCorrelative National Self-Identity of Polisch Immigrants in Canada and the United States.
SourcePaper presented at the 2th Regional Conference of IACCP, 1989, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/boski_p_1989.pdf
PublicPolish migrants, New Jersey USA, 198?
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelSelfusa ( Positive)
Page in Source Figure 5
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
correlation of self dicription and prototype of ideal 
American, both assessed using Q-sort

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-?-0-aBeta=+.10 ns
Beta controled for gender


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyGordon & Hall (1974): study US 1971
TitleSelf-Image and Stereotypes of Femininity: Their Relationship to Women's Role Conflicts and Coping.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1974, Vol. 59, 241 - 243
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0036447
PublicMarried female graduates of liberal arts college, Univ. of Connecticut, USA,1971
Sample
Non-Response49%
Respondents N =229

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-image
Page in Source 243
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Factors derived from self-ratings on a semantic 
differential of 28 bipolar adjective 7-point scales.
a. Potency: emotional and phusical    strenght.
b. Supportiveness: nurturant, agreeable    behavior in 
interpersonal settings.
c. Spontaneity: willingness to take    immediate 
action.
d. Emotionality: level of emotion.
Remarks



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .01
a.

O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.20 p < .01
b.

O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ar= ns
c.

O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .01
d.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyLewis (1972): study US 1967
TitleActual and Perceived Age Differences in Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being for Catholic Sisters.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1972, USA
Public24-75 aged Catholic sisters, Eastern USA. 196?
Sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =183

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-concept compo- nents
Page in Source 67-69
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Principal components, extracted from 21 bipolar 
adjective 7-point scales (semantic differential scales; 
see Monge, 1971). The adjective scales were scored for 
'Myself - as I really am most of the time'.
                  
a. Achievement / leadership.
   7 items idex: inferior - superior,
   dull - sharp, follower - leader, 
   dumb - smart, failure - success,    
   weak - strong, worthless - valuable.
              
b. Congeniality / sociability.
   4 items index: cruel - kind, awful -    nice, 
unfriendly - friendly, bad -  
   good.
              
c. Psychological adjustment.
   6 items index: dissatisfied -   
   satisfied, unstable - stable, shaky 
   - steady, sad - happy, unsure -
   confedent, soft - hard.
      
d. Physical adjustment.
   4 items index: delicate - rugged,  
   sick - healthy, nervous - relaxed,  
   tired - refreshed.
Remarks
                
                   
                        
                      
                         
                       
                         

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ ns
a.        
           
               
            
             
              
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=- ns
b.          
              
               
               
             
        
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .01
c.           
               
              
                 
               
                   
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=- ns
d.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyLaxer (1964): study US 1960
TitleRelation of Real Self-Rating to Mood and Blame and Their Interaction in Depression.
SourceJournal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, Vol. 28, 538 - 546
PublicPsychiatric patients, USA, 196?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response3
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelSelf blame
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Self rating of "What I am really like" on a semantic 
differential scale
a  clear-hazy
b  pleasant-unpleasant
c  valuable-worthless
d  strong-weak
e  deep=-shallow
f  hard-soft
g  hot-cold
i  fast-slow
j  active-passive
Observed distributionRange: 16.67 to 7.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-aAoV=+ p < .005
Evaluative factor (a, b, c:
High self-evaluation goes with better mood
Only among self-blaming patients, not among 
other-blaming patients.
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-aAoV=+ p < .025
Potency factor (d,e,f)
High self-evaluation goes with better mood
More so among high self-blaming patients than 
among other-blaming patients.
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-aAoV= ns
Activity factor (g,i,j)
Correlation not reported, apparently ns
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyWessman et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleCharacteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1960, Vol. 60, 117 - 126
PublicFemale college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response44% dropouts
Respondents N =14

Correlate
Author's labelReal self descriptions
Page in Source 123
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 45-item Q sort, filled out both 
in extremely high and in extremely low moods for 
self-concept ('the most accurate picture of yourself as 
you really believe you are now').

Remarks
The group of Ss was divided in two according to their 
mean 'daily average mood'.
The Q sort descriptions provided by the seven re- 
latively happy girls were compared with those of the 
seven relatively unhappy girls.
Only significant discrepancies between the des- 
criptions of both groups were presented.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
a. Friendly, sociable, and open towards others
   In both high and low moods the happy girls
   describe themselves as more friendly, socia-
   ble, more willing to give of themselves to
   others, and more interested in what others
   have to offer.
   The unhappy girls describe themselves as more
   independent, self-sufficient and introspective

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= - p < . 05
b. Sophisticated, critical, interested in acade-
   mic work
   In both high and low moods the unhappy girls    
 describe themselves as more critical, sophis-
   ticated, interested in academic work and        
 introspective.
   The happy girls describe themselves as more
   unorganized, tolerant and nervous. They are     
 able to enjoy work without being preoccupied     
with it, and do not consider themselves        
sophisticated or poised.



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-characterization
Subject code: S02ab

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelReal-self descriptions
Page in Source 110-111
Our classificationCurrent self-characterization, code S02ab
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 60-item Q sort, describing 
characteristics indicative of successful and 
unsuccessful resolu- tions of the first six 
developmental crisis of the Erikson's stages of 
psycho-social development (see Erikson, 1959).

The Q sort was filled out both in very elated and in 
very depressed moods for self-concept ('an accurate 
picture of yourself as you honestly feel and be- lieve 
your are').
Remarks
The group of Ss was divided in two according to their 
mean 'daily average mood' (AFF 3.1).
The Q sort descriptions provided by the nine re- 
latively happy men were compared with those of the 
eight relatively unhappy men.
Only significant discrepancies between the des- 
criptions of both groups were presented.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
a.  Warm, friendly and comfortable in close re-
    lationships.
    In general the happy men describe themselves
    as more social, while the unhappy men are
    more isolated and pre-occupied with them-
    selves.
    In depression also the happy men experience a
    decrease in social interests, but are still
    concerned with others, while the unhappy men,
    in depression, were unable to share with
    others.

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
b.  Able to excel in work, conscientious, produc-
    tive
    Especially in elation the happy men describe
    themselves as productive, while the unhappy
    men, even in elation,are more given to wast-
    ing time and failing to apply themselves.

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < . 05
c.  Unable to fulfill ambitions
    The unhappy men are more ambitious, but are
    less able to fulfill their ambitions.
    Especially in depression they feel ineffecti-
    ve, unable to get what they want, pessimistic
    and unable to absorb frustration.

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
d.  Optimism in bad spirits
    The happy men perceive depressions as tempor-
    ary states which would be resolved when the
    problems which occasioned them had been re-
    solved.
    The unhappy men are more pessimistic, feel
    depression as permanent states of frustrat-
    ion and impotent desire.

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < . 05
e.  Tendency to disregard the world
    Especially in depression the unhappy men felt
    a tendency to disregard the world, but also
    felt they were in the wrong and apologetic.

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < . 05
f.  Primarily concerned with work
    In elation the unhappy girls place a high 
    value on work, while the happy girls tend to
    place a higher value on friendliness and con-
    sideration for others.
    In depression both the happy and unhappy
    girls value work more than in elation, but 
    this is more extreme for the unhappy girls.
    For these girls concern with work in depress-  
   ion took the form of more exclusive concern
    with intellectual creativity and achievement,
    while the happy girls in depression place a
    higher value on the inherent satisfactions in
    learning, and are more concerned with disco-
    vering what they want out of life.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyOgris (1994): study AT 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Austria 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelDifficulties with new technologies
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
3 questions on:
1 Installating and handling modern 
  machines
2 Using a computer
3 Programming a machine or a computer
  
  Each rated on a 5 step scale         .
              .

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.08
question 1..handeling machines...
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.13
question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
question 1
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.08
question 2....using computer
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.14
question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.21
question 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.1
question 3..programming...
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.16
question 3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyOgris (1994): study AT 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Austria 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelDifficulties with modern working methods
Page in Source 6
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
6 questions on:
Difficulties with:
1. Stimulating and motivating others
2. Working in a team
3  Coordinating and leading a team
4  Leaning and selfeducation
5. Using a foreigh language
6. Planning or developing a concept
  
Each rated on a 5-step scale:
very easy...........very difficult

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.13
question 1....difficult motivating others...
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.16
question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
question 1
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.12
question 2......difficult team
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.15
question2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.21
question 2
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.13
qustion3..difficulty leading....
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.14
question 3
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.19
question 3
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.11
question 4...difficulty learning...
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.14
question 4
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.23
question 4..
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.08
question 5....foreigh language.....
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.11
question 5
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.19
question 5
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.1
question 6.....planning concept...
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.12
question 6
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
question 6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976 /4
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16-29 aged and pensioners, West-Germany, 1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =855

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling for colors
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question: no (0) yes (1)
'I think, I have a good feeling of combining colors 
together'.
Choosen from pack of 16 person descriptions as being 
characteristic for oneself.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bD%=+
Young (16 - 29) and pensioners only. In both 
categories the cheerfull claim more feeling for 
colors.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental mastery
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I am good at juggling my time so that I can fit 
everything in that needs to be done
b: I often feel overwhelmed by my responsabilities
c: I am quite good at managing the many 
responsabilities of my daily life
d: I am good at managing the responsabilities of daily 
life
e: I do not fit well with the people and community 
around me
f: I have difficulty arranging my life in a way that is 
satisfying to me
g: I have been able to create a lifestyle for myself 
that is much to my linking
h: I generally do a good job of taking care of my 
personal finances and affairs
i: In general I feel I am in charge of the situation in 
which I live
j: The demands of everyday life often get me down

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 4,7; SD=3,9 Controls: M= 9,8; SD=2,8
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Environmental Mastery

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.51 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelSchool ability
Page in Source 466
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
School ability subscale of self-rating scale (Fleming 
and Courtney, 1984). 6 point-scale
Error Estimatesalpha=.72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.29 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1
TitleMeasuring Happiness by a Single Item Scale.
SourceSocial Behavior and Personality, 2006, Vol. 34, 139 - 150
PublicUniversity undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =503

Correlate
Author's labelHope
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions:
a: I can think of many ways to get out of a jam
b  I energetically pursue my goals
c  There are lots of ways around any problem
d  I can think of many ways to get the things in life 
that are important to me
e  Even when others get discouraged, I know I can find 
a way to solve the problem
f  My past experiences have prepared me well for my 
future
g  I have been pretty succesful in life
h  I meet the goals that I set for myself

Rated:
1  definitely false
2  mostly false
3  mostly true
4  definitely true

Computation: (a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h)/4
a+c+f+g: Pathway subscale
b+d+e+h: Agency subscale
Observed distributionM = 24,13; SD = 3,45
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha = .68
Remarks
The Hope Scale (Snyder, Harris et al., 1991

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-ar=+.41 p < .001
All
males  : r = +.40 (N = 95)
females: r = +.42 (N = 95)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelcompetence need satisfaction
Page in Source 574, 581, 582
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of 
competence in general, f.e.
- most days, I feel a sense of accomplishment from what 
I do
- that I was successfully completing difficult tasks 
and projects
- that I was taking on and mastering hard challenges
- very capable in what I did

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and 
averaging the twom measures
Observed distributionAll M = 3.64, SD = .66; USA M = 3.77; Singapore M = 3.46
Error EstimatesAll ?=. 79; USA ? = .77; Singapore ? = .73
Remarks
subscale of the Basic Psychological Needs scale (BPNS; 
Deci et al., 2001) with 7 items
subscale of the need-satisfaction scale (Sheldon et 
al., 2001) with 3 items

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.26 p < .01
Entire sample

Beta controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.30 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- cultural membership
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- self-esteem
- social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.28 p < .01
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.28 p < .01
Singapore

Beta's controlled for
- gender
- neuroticism
- goal progress
- self-esteem
- social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyStapel (1987): study NL 1987
TitleKundigheid en Geluk. (Abilities end Happiness)
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1987, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =825

Correlate
Author's labelSpecific abilities
Page in Source 4/7
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Single closed question on 45 specific abilities (from 
arithmetics to swimming): "For all things I'll mention, 
can you tell me to what extent you are able to do 
them?", rated on a 3-point scale ranging from (1) This 
I am able to do really good (2) No, I am not able to do 
this (good), but I would like that I was able to do it 
really good (3) I am not able to do this (good) and I 
am also not interested in it. 
Remarks
The following 11 abilities discriminate most between 
happy and unhappy respondents:

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
The following 11 abilities discriminate most 
between happy and unhappy respondents:

Interact with people:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
Interact with people:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.37 p < .01
Organize things:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.37 p < .01
Organize things:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.23 p < .01
Be a leader
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.23 p < .01
Be a leader
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.13 p < .01
Give a speech:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.13 p < .01
Give a speech:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
Algebra:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
Algebra:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.30 p < .01
Drive a car:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.30 p < .01
Drive a car:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
Bookkeeping:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.27 p < .01
Bookkeeping:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.23 p < .01
Play checkers:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.23 p < .01
Play checkers:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.02 ns
Make pictures:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.02 ns
Make pictures:
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.16 p < .01
Skating:


M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.16 p < .01
Skating:


M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG= p < .01
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG= p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling uncertain and undecisive
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question:
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=-.74 p < . 000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyOgris (1994): study SI 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Slovenia, 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelSchwierigkeiten mit neuen Technologien
Page in Source 5
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
3 questions:
1.Installating and handling modern
  machines
2.using a computer
3.Programming a machine or a computer
Each rated on a 5-step scale:
very easy...........very difficult

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.16
 question 1...handeling machines......
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.2
 question 2....using computer......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.17
 question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.19
 question 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.09
 question 3.....programming.......
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.12
 question 3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyOgris (1994): study SI 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Slovenia, 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelSchwierigkeiten mit modernen Arbeitsformen
Page in Source 6
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
 6 questions on difficulties with
 1.stimulating motivating others
 2.working in a team
 3.coordinating and leading a team
 4.leaning and selfeducation
 5.using a foreigh language
 6.planning or developing a concept
 Each rated on a 5-step scale:
 very easy...........very difficult

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.14
 question 1....difficult motivating others...
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.16
 question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
 question1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.17
question 2...difficult team.....
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.18
 question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.18
 question 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.13
 question 3....diffficult leading........
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.15
 question3
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.14
 question 3
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.18
 question 4....difficult learning.......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.16
 question 4
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.22
 question 4
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.19
 question 5....difficult with foreign    
               language......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.13
 question 5
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.18
 question 5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.15
 question 6....difficult planning concept.....
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.16
 question 6
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.23
 question 6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,84 SD: 1,64, Non-exercisers: M: 7,28 SD: 2,08
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,97 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelAble to face up to problems
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... been able to face up to problems?
1: More so than usual
2: Same as usual (reference)
3: Less so than usual
4: Much less than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.13 p < .01
FEMALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.06 ns
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.08 ns
 "Much less than usual" (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.04 ns
MALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.34 p < .05
 "Much less than usual" (vs "Same as usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - able to face up to problems
  - capable of making decisions
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelAble to overcome difficulties
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... felt you couldn't overcome your 
difficulties?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.12 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.25 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.03 ns
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.17 ns
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelBelief in own powers
Page in Source 26
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Trained-peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =152

Correlate
Author's labelCompetence need satisfaction
Page in Source 488,489
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE COMPETENCE-NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on sigle question: "the extent to which you 
are having this type of experiences in your life, at 
present:
- feeling generally competent and able in what I 
attempt"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

T2-T4 SEMESTER COMPETENCE-NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three activities they had 
spent the most time performing during the preceding 
24hr, excluding eating or sleeping

Rated feelings of competence while doing each activity 
using a 1 (not at all competent) to 7 (very competent) 
scale

Summation: Average of the 9 competence ratings
Observed distributionBASELINE M=5.30, SD=1.28, SEMESTER M=5.89, SD=.72
Error Estimates?=.69
Remarks
T2-T4: Assessed 3 times during 3 month semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.51 p < .01
T1 happiness and T1 feeling of competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.31 p < .01
T5 happiness and T1 feeling of competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.29 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 feeling of competence
Beta controlled for:
- autonomy need satisfaction
- relatedness need satisfaction
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.42 p < .01
T1 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feeling of 
competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.46 p < .01
T5 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feeling of 
competence
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
T5 happiness by T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
competence
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester autonomy
- semester relatedness

T1 feelings of competence do not predict later 
change in happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T5: 3 months later


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived acting ability
Page in Source 64
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
1. Question on acting ability as
   compared with other people, rated on
   a 7-point scale. miserable in 
   acting/about average/highly talented
   in acting. This question figured in a
   mailed questionnaire used in
   recruitement procedure.
2. Same question after experiment.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.31 p < .05
No self-esteem manipulation.
             
                 
               
                
                
                    
                    
                    
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.11 ns
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem 
was experimentally altered. This was done by means 
of a false personality report dealing with the 
subject's creativity, maturity and other things.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelProjective helpless-ness
Page in Source 120
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Score from told stories to the standard Thematic 
Appreciation Test cards (see Murray, 1943), indicative 
of feeling or being helpless, feeling weak or inef-
fectual, being dominated, dependent.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.56 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived ability
Subject code: S02ab01

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelFeelings of failure to fulfill ambitions
Page in Source 110
Our classificationSelf-perceived ability, code S02ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 60-item Q sort, filled out both 
in very elated and in very depressed moods for 
self-concept ('an accurate picture of yourself as you 
honestly feel and believe you are!)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of comparison between 9 re- 
latively happy and 8 relatively unhappy males, 
both in elation and in depression.

The unhappy men appeared to be more ambitious, but 
are also less able to fulfill their ambitions. 
Especially in depression they feel ineffective, 
unable to get what they want, pessimistic, and 
unable to absorb frustration.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self perceived autonomy
Subject code: S02ab02

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelControl
Page in Source 123, 134, 136, 139, 269
Our classificationSelf perceived autonomy, code S02ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"Some people feel that they have a completely free 
choice and control over their lives, while others feel 
that what they do has no real effect on what happens to 
them. Using a scale of 1-10 where 1 means 'no choice at 
all' and 10 means 'a great deal of choice', indicate 
how much freedom of choice and control you feel you 
have over the way your life turns out."

converted to a dichotomy
1: quite a bit or full control
0: little or no control
Observed distributionM=0.53; Borshegovka M=0.48 sd=0.50; Pechersk M=0.62 sd=0.48; p-value of difference= 0.11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.17 p < .10
city district Borshegovka r=+.12 (ns)  N=79
city district Pechersk    r=+.19 (ns)  N=48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self perceived autonomy
Subject code: S02ab02

StudySheldon & Elliot (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleGoal Striving, Need Satisfaction, and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, Vol. 76, 482 - 497
Public18+ aged, students USA, followed 3 months,199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =152

Correlate
Author's labelAutonomy need satisfaction
Page in Source 488,489
Our classificationSelf perceived autonomy, code S02ab02
Operationalization
T1 BASELINE AUTONOMY-NEED SATISFACTION
Selfreport on sigle question: "the extent to which you 
are having this type of experiences in your life, at 
present:
- feeling generally autonomous and choiceful in what I 
do"

Rated 1 (very little) to 7 (very much)

T2-T4 SEMESTER AUTONOMY-NEED SATISFACTION
Participants free listed the three activities they had 
spent the most time performing during the preceding 
24hr, excluding eating or sleeping

Rated why they did each activity in terms of 4 reasons: 

a "you pursue this striving because somebody else wants 
you to or because the situation demands it." (external 
reason)
b "you pursue this striving because you would feel 
ashamed, guilty, or anxious if you didn't."(introjected 
reason)
c "you pursue this striving because you really believe 
it's an important goal to have." (identified reason)
d "you pursue this striving because of the fun and 
enjoyment that it provides you." (intrinsic reason)

Rated on 1 (not at all for this reason) to 7 (very much 
for this reason)

Summation: Average of the 9 autonomy ratings, 
respectivly

Autonomy = (d+e)-(a+b)
Observed distributionBASELINE M=5.26, SD=1.29; SEMESTER M=4.29, SD=1.63
Error Estimates?=.77
Remarks
T2-T4: Assessed 3 times during 3 month semester

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.46 p < .01
T1 happiness and T1 feeling of autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.32 p < .01
T5 happiness and T1 feeling of autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.16 p < .05
T1 happiness by T1 feeling of autonomy
Beta controlled for:
- T1 competence
- T1 relatedness
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.37 p < .01
T1 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-ar=+.47 p < .01
T5 happiness and T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aBeta=+.21 p < .05
T5 happiness by T2-T4 averaged feelings of 
autonomy
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (indicating CHANGE in happiness)
- semester competence
- semester relatedness

T1 feelings of autonomy do not predict later 
change in happiness


Happiness assessed at: T1: at beginning of 
semester, T5: 3 months later


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self perceived desiciveness
Subject code: S02ab03

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelMaking decisions capapbilities
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf perceived desiciveness, code S02ab03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... felt capable of making decisions 
about things?
1: More so than usual
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Less so than usual
4: Much less than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.09 p < .05
FEMALES
 "More so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.03 ns
 "Less so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.18 ns
 "Much less than usual"(vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
MALES
 "Less so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.04 ns
 "More so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.15 ns
 "Much less than usual"(vs"No more than usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self perceived gender identity
Subject code: S02ab04

StudyHess et al. (2014): study DE 2011
TitleSatisfaction with male-to-female gender reassignment surgery. Results of a retrospective analysis.
SourceDeutsches Arzteblatt, 111(47): 795-801
DOIdoi: 10.3238/arztebl.2014.0795
PublicTransgenders male-to-female, Germany, 2011
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response53,1
Respondents N =119

Correlate
Author's labelSees one self as a woman
Our classificationSelf perceived gender identity, code S02ab04
Operationalization
Self report on single question: How do you see yourself 
today?
4 As a woman
3 More female than male
2 More male than female
1 As a man

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-br=+.35 p < .01
4 scores higher happiness than 3.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived happy nature
Subject code: S02ab05

StudyMatlin & Gawron (1979): study US 1977
TitleIndividual Differences in Pollyannaism.
SourceJournal of Personality Assesment. 1979, Vol. 43, 411 - 412
PublicUniversity students white, middle-class, State University of New-York, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelPollyannaism: self rating
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSelf-perceived happy nature, code S02ab05
Operationalization
Selfrating on 20 personality characteristics indicative 
of tendency to take a rosy view

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-ar=+.49 s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived happy nature
Subject code: S02ab05

StudyMatlin & Gawron (1979): study US 1977
TitleIndividual Differences in Pollyannaism.
SourceJournal of Personality Assesment. 1979, Vol. 43, 411 - 412
PublicUniversity students white, middle-class, State University of New-York, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelPollyannaism: self rating
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSelf-perceived happy nature, code S02ab05
Operationalization
Selfrating on 20 personality characteristics indicative 
of tendency to take a rosy view

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.40 s


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived happy nature
Subject code: S02ab05

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelHappy nature
Page in Source 219
Our classificationSelf-perceived happy nature, code S02ab05
Operationalization
Closed question: "Would you say that by nature you are 
a happy person?" 
0: No 
1: Yes
Observed distribution1: 90%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.76 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived maturity
Subject code: S02ab06

StudyRyff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 719 - 727
Public25+ aged, USA, 199?
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1108

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal growth
Page in Source 724
Our classificationSelf-perceived maturity, code S02ab06
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging 
from completely disagree to completely agree.
-High scorers: have a feeling of continued development; 
see self as growing and expanding; are open to new 
experiences; has sense of realizing his or her 
potential; see improvement in self and behavior over 
time; are changing in ways that reflect more 
self-knowledge and effectiveness.
-Low scorers: have a sense of personal stagnation, lack 
sense of improvement or expansion over time, feel bored 
and interested with life, feel unable to develop new 
attitudes or behaviors

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-br=+.15 p < .00
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.18 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived maturity
Subject code: S02ab06

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal growth
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationSelf-perceived maturity, code S02ab06
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
High scorers have a feeling of continued development; 
see self as growing and expanding; are open to new 
experiences; has sense of realizing his or her 
potential; see improvement in self and behavior over 
time; are changing in ways that reflect more 
self-knowledge and effectiveness.
-Low scorers: have a sense of personal stagnation, lack 
sense of improvement or expansion over time, feel bored 
and interested with life, feel unable to develop new 
attitudes or behaviors
Observed distributiona: women (m=102.29, sd=9.91), men (m=97.67, sd=9.90) b: women (m=100.97, sd=13.38), men (m=98.85, sd=13.42) c: women (m=95.51, sd=13.94), men (m=95.79, sd=11.20)
Error Estimatesalpha=.87 Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.25 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived maturity
Subject code: S02ab06

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-actualization
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSelf-perceived maturity, code S02ab06
Operationalization
Rating by judges, using a form listing 15 qualities 
drawn from Maslow's (1954) description of the 
characteristics of the self-actualizing person.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+.28 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived maturity
Subject code: S02ab06

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived creativity and maturity
Page in Source 64/207
Our classificationSelf-perceived maturity, code S02ab06
Operationalization
2-item index of direct questions on creativity and 
personality maturity compared with others.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aAoV=+ ns
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem 
was experimentally altered. This was done by means 
of a false personality report dealing with the 
subject's creativity, maturity and other things.
Self-perceived creativity: r = +.05 (ns)
Self-perceived maturity  : r = +.17 (ns)

- For happy Ss self-perceived creativity and 
maturity is unaffected by bolstered self-esteem 
and decreased by reduced self-esteem.
- For unhappy Ss it is increased by bolstered 
self-esteem and unaffected by reduced self-esteem.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived preferences
Subject code: S02ab07

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral intellectual and cultural development
Page in Source 48,T28
Our classificationSelf-perceived preferences, code S02ab07
Operationalization
Direct question on self perceived intelectual and 
cultural development by means of reading books, and 
attending movies and theatres. Rated on a 3-point 
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived uniqueness
Subject code: S02ab08

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived uniquenessof self
Page in Source 196
Our classificationSelf-perceived uniqueness, code S02ab08
Operationalization
Open-ended question on differences from most other 
people: sees no difference with others vs mentions 
differences.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= + ns
Males   : _b = +.07 (ns)
Females : _b = +.02 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived usefulness
Subject code: S02ab09

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived usefulness
Page in Source 46
Our classificationSelf-perceived usefulness, code S02ab09
Operationalization
Self report on multiple questions. Question not 
reported. Verbal answers coded as:
1: does not apply at all
2: normally does not apply
3: I am not sure
4: normally applies
5: strongly applies

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=+
1-2: M = 3,8
2-3: M = 5,25
3-4: M = 6,2
 >4: M = 7,2
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived usefulness
Subject code: S02ab09

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelSelf evaluation
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf-perceived usefulness, code S02ab09
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions
a  Have you recently... been thinking of yourself as a 
worthless person?
   1: Not at all
   2: No more than usual (reference)
   3: Rather more than usual
   4: Much more than usual

b  Have you recently... felt that you were playing a 
useful part in things?
   1: More than usual
   2: Same as usual (reference)
   3: Less so than usual
   4: Much less than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.22 p < .01
FEMALES
a-"Not at al"              (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.20 p < .01
a-"Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.55 p < .01
a-"Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.03 ns
b-"More than usual"        (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.16 p < .01
b-"Less so than usua"      (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.33 p < .01
b-"Much less than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.35 p < .01
MALES
a-"Not at al"              (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.05 ns
a-"Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.32 p < .05
a-"Much more than usual"  (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.11 p < .01
b-"More than usual"       (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.16 p < .01
b-"Less so than usual"    (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.10 ns
b-"Much less than usual"  (vs "Same as usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived usefulness
Subject code: S02ab09

StudyZautra et al. (1977): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 1975
TitleThe Dimension of Life Quality in a Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1977, Vol. 5, 85 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00884787
Public18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelSelf activation
Page in Source 91-93
Our classificationSelf-perceived usefulness, code S02ab09
Operationalization
Factor loading on:
-Self-reliant resources:
 respondent score depended on nether
 or not he mentioned "oneself" on the
 open-ended question "What are some of 
 the things that keep you going, that
 get you through the bad days?"
-Household responsibilities:
 respondent score depended on whether
 or not he mentioned "household" on the
 open-ended question "What are some of
 the responsibilities you have at home,
 at work, and elsewhere?".
-Self-worth:
 "How easily could you be replaced in
 the activities you mentioned?". This
 question was answered along a 5 point
 scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived usefulness
Subject code: S02ab09

StudyZautra et al. (1977): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 1975
TitleThe Dimension of Life Quality in a Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1977, Vol. 5, 85 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00884787
Public18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelResponsibility to oneself
Page in Source 88-93
Our classificationSelf-perceived usefulness, code S02ab09
Operationalization
Factor loading on:
-Personal growth
-Household responsibility
 respondent score depended on whether 
 or not he mentioned these items in
 response to the open-ended question
 "What are some of the responsibilities
 you have at home, at work,and 
 elsewhere?"
-Self-worth
 "How easily could you be replaced in
 the responsibilities you mentioned?"
 This question was answered along a
 1-5 rating scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived social identity
Subject code: S02ab10

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelPrivate collective self-esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationSelf-perceived social identity, code S02ab10
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated how good they feel about 
these categories on a 6-point Likert scale.

Private collective esteem subscale of Korean Collective 
Self-esteem Scale (Kim 1994; Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.36 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived social identity
Subject code: S02ab10

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelPublic collective self-esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationSelf-perceived social identity, code S02ab10
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated how positive other 
people evaluate these categories on a 6-point Likert 
scale.

Public collective esteem subscale of Korean Collective 
Self-esteem Scale (Kim 1994; Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.35 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived social identity
Subject code: S02ab10

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelCollective self-esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationSelf-perceived social identity, code S02ab10
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated:
A How good they feel about these categories (private 
collective esteem)
B How good they think that others evaluate these 
categories (public collective self esteem)
C How worthy they feel as members of these categories 
(membership esteem)
D How important membership is to their selfesteem 
(importance to identity)

Ratings made on a 6-point Likert scale

Korean Collective Self-esteem Scale. (Kim 1994; 
Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.41 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived social identity
Subject code: S02ab10

StudyMolnar (1985): study US 1981
TitleDeterminants of Subjective Well-Being among Farm Operators.
SourceRural Sociology, 1985, Vol. 50, 141 - 162
PublicFarm operators, Alabama, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response29,9%
Respondents N =705

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-definition as a farm operator
Page in Source 150/156
Our classificationSelf-perceived social identity, code S02ab10
Operationalization
Single closed question: How do you see yourself? Rated 
on a 5-point scale: 
a; small farm operator
b average farmer
c progressive farme
d more-progressive-than-most farmer
e innovator.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.20 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-ideal
Subject code: S02ac

StudyWessman et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleCharacteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1960, Vol. 60, 117 - 126
PublicFemale college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response44% dropouts
Respondents N =14

Correlate
Author's labelIdeal-self descriptions
Page in Source 123
Our classificationCurrent self-ideal, code S02ac
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 45-item Q sort, filled out both 
in extremely high and in extremely low moods for 
ideal-con- cept ('the picture of yourself as the kind 
of person you have hoped to become and have fancied 
yourself to be').





- Primarily concerned with work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= - p < . 05
See also under 'Content of real self-image' 
S 2.2).

The group of Ss was divided in two according to 
their mean 'daily average mood'.
The Q sort description provided by the seven re- 
latively more happy girls were compared with those 
of the seven relatively less happy girls.
Only significant discrepancies between the des- 
criptions of both groups were presented.

In elation the unhappy girls place a high value on 
work, while the happy girls tend to place a higher 
value on friendliness and consideration for 
others. In depression both the happy and unhappy 
girls value work more than in elation, but this is 
more extreme for the unhappy girls. For these 
girls concern with work in depression took the 
form of more exclusive concern with intellectual 
creativity and achievement, while the happy girls 
in depression place a higher value on the inherent 
satisfactions in learning, and are more concerned 
with discovering what they want out of life.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-ideal
Subject code: S02ac

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelIdeal-self descript-ions
Page in Source 111-112
Our classificationCurrent self-ideal, code S02ac
Operationalization
Content analysis of a 60-item Q sort, filled out both 
in very elated and in very depressed moods for 
ideal-concept ('the picture of the sort of person you 
have hoped to become or fancied your- self to be').
Remarks
See also under 'Content of real self-image'
S 2.2.1).

The group of Ss was divided in two according to their 
mean 'daily average mood' (AFF 3.1).
The Q sort description provided by the nine re- 
latively happy men were compared with those of the 
eight relatively unhappy men.
Only significant discrepancies between the des- 
criptions of both groups were presented.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= - p < . 05
1.  Primarily concerned with efficient work and
    ambition.
    In general the unhappy men value nothing but
    efficient work and ambition, especially in
    their depressed moods.
    The happier men value warmth and friendliness
    as much as their academic goals, and reject
    pretense, selfishness and pessimism more than
    they reject ineffectiveness, wasting of time
    and failure to fulfill ambitions.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 278
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Single question:
" Do you feel sexually attractive ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:254, 2:673, 3:440

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.20
 2: Mt=7.76
 3: Mt=8.10
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.13 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.09
 2: Mt=7.35
 3: Mt=7.81
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.58
 2: Mt=6.81
 3: Mt=7.40
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 292
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel sexually attractive?"
1: No
2: Not sure
3: Yes
Observed distributionN: All:4514; 1:549; 2:2003; 3:1962

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.99
2: Mt=7.59
3: Mt=8.13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.64
2: Mt=7.25
3: Mt=7.83
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.17 p < .00
1: Mt=6.36
2: Mt=6.85
3: Mt=7.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelSelf- Esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
32 items with 6-point scale of the Korean version of 
the Self-rating scale (Fleming and Courtney, 1984) were 
assessed.
Observed distributionM=4.0, SD=0.61
Error Estimatesalpha=.92

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-regard
Page in Source 466
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self-regard Subscale of self-rating scale (Fleming and 
Courtney, 1984). 6 point-scale
Error Estimatesalpha=.84

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyBaltatescu (2003): study RO Oradea 2003
TitleSport Participation and Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents: Mediation of Self-Esteem and Leisure Satisfaction.
SourcePowerpoint presentation International Congress "Health through Movement for the Next Generation", 2003, Oradea, Romenia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescue_sm_2003.pdf
PublicHigh school students, Oradea, Romenia,
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelself esteem
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Rosenberg self esteem scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.24
Beta controled for:
- sports participation
- satisfaction with leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,77 SD: 1,46, Non-exercisers: M: 7,22 SD: 2,06
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.24 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,82 SD: 1,50, Non-exercisers: M: 7,57 SD: 2,10
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.17 p < .10
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,88 SD: 1,91
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.09 p < .22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,55 SD: 1,97
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.05 p < .49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 94,102
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 queations.
Rated: 1 strongly disagree to 5 strongly agree.
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) Self-Esteem scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=.40 p < .0005
Positive self-esteem
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=-.22 p < .0005
Negative self-esteem.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 1999
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2300

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 94,102
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions.
Rated: 1 strongly disagree to 5 strongly agree.
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) Self-Esteem scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.43 p < .0005
Positive self-esteem
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=-.26 p < .0005
Negative self-esteem


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 6,11
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self report on 10 questions:
Rated
1 strongly disagree
2
3
4 stronly agree
Observed distributionThe variables are dimensions extracted from a scale.
Remarks
Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.42
Positive self-esteem
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=-.24
Negative self-esteem


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyRyff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 719 - 727
Public25+ aged, USA, 199?
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1108

Correlate
Author's labelSelf Acceptance
Page in Source 724
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging 
from completely disagree to completely agree. 
-High scorers: possess a positive attitude toward self; 
acknowledge and accept multiple aspects of self 
including good and bad qualities; feel positive about 
past life
-Low scorers: feel dissatisfied with self; are 
disappointed with what has occurred in past life; are 
troubled about certain personal qualities; wish to be 
different than what he or she is

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-br=+.54 p < .00
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.64 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current self-evaluation
Subject code: S02ad

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationCurrent self-evaluation, code S02ad
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
-High scorers possess a positive attitude toward self; 
acknowledge and accept multiple aspects of self 
including good and bad qualities; feel positive about 
past life
Low scorers feel dissatisfied with self; are 
disappointed with what has occurred in past life; are 
troubled about certain personal qualities; wish to be 
different than what he or she is
Observed distributionYoung adults: women (m=91.13, sd=17.71), men (m=90.48, sd=13.61) Middle aged adults: women (m=93.56, sd=19.03), men (m=99.42, sd=18.25) Older adults: women (m=89.00, sd=19.75), men (m=93.75, sd=13.76)
Error Estimatesalpha=.93, Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.55 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about character
Subject code: S02ad01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of fears concerning values and characte
Page in Source 263
Our classificationConcern about character, code S02ad01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal worries and fears for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning emotional instability and 
immaturity; become anti-social; no self-development or 
improvement; not to be accepted by others; no sense of 
per- sonal worth; be a person without cha-
racter; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.17 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about character
Subject code: S02ad01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelDesire: character changes (worry less)
Page in Source 211
Our classificationConcern about character, code S02ad01
Operationalization
Open-ended question on desired personal 0 Changes other 
changes 
1: worry less mentioned
0: other chances mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who desire to change only (N= 1591)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.12 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about character
Subject code: S02ad01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry: personality
Page in Source 213
Our classificationConcern about character, code S02ad01
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: own character mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who have worries only (N = 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyLai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991
TitleLife Satisfaction of Chinese Elderly Immigrants in Calgary
SourceCanadian Journal of Aging,1995, Vol.14, 536 - 552
DOIDOI:10.1017/SO714980800009107
PublicChinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response14.7%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 542-546
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Self-esteem was measured by the 10 item self-esteem 
scale of Rosenberg (1965):

1. I feel that I am a person of worth, at least on an 
egual plane with others.
2. I feel that I have a number of good qualities..
3. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a 
failure.
4. I am able to do things as well as most other people. 

5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of.
6. I take a positive attitude toward myself.
7. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.
8. I wish I could have more respect for myself.
9. I certainly feel useless at times.
10. At times I think I am no good at all. 
Rated: 
Strongly Agree
Agree
Disagree
Strongly Disagree
Error EstimatesCronbach's alpha reliabilty coefficient is .8
Remarks
 A score of two was given for "agree" in the positive 
statements and "disagree" for the negative statements. 
Summation of all the scores in the 10 items yielded an 
overall self-esteem score from 10 to 20. The higher the 
score obtained, the higher the level of self-esteem of 
the respondents.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.32 p < .01
All
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=-.18 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=-.25 p < .05
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyMichalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00333288
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =700

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 365
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on how the person feels about himself, 
rated on a 7 point scale. 1: terrible...7:delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.31 p < .01
Males   N:140 ß=+.34  (01)                 Females 
N:149 ß=+.29  (01)

ß's controlled for satisfaction with:
health, financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, recreation, 
religion and education. 
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.26 p < .01
Males   N:140 ß=+.29    (01)                 
Females N:149 ß=+.25    (01)

ß's controlled for satisfaction with:
health, family relations,paid employment, 
friendships and education 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.28 p < .01
ß controlled for:
- life compared with wants
- life compared with others
- life compared with that deserved
- life compared with best previous experience
- social support

O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.18 p < .01
ß controlled for:
- life compared with wants
- life compared with others
- life compared with that deserved
- life compared with best previous experience
- social support
- work status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 360
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on how the person feels about himself, 
rated on a 7-point scale. 1: terrible..7: delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.15 p < .01
ß controlled for satisfaction with: health, 
financial security, friendships, housing, spouse.
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.25 p < .01
Males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on how the person feels
about himself, rated on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.19
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, transportation, 
government services, 
and for the demographic factors: sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ß: +.16
Females: N: 154  ß: +.20
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.15
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, transportation, 
government services; and for sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  ß: +.12
Females: N: 154  ß: +.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyMichalos (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1980, Vol. 8, 385 - 422
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00461152
PublicUniversity staff members, Guelph Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response59%
Respondents N =357

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 399
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 7-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aar=+.45 p < .01
Controlled for 1     rpc= +.17 (01)
Controlled for 1+2   rpc= +.14 (01)
Controlled for 1+3   rpc= +.15 (01)
Controlled for 1+2+3 rpc= +.13 (05)
Controlled for 1     ß  = +.13 
Controlled for 1+3+4 ß  = +.11
                     
1= Satisfaction with health, financial security,
   family life, friendships, housing, job, free
   time activity, education,  area you live in,
   ability to get around, security from crime.
2= Global happiness(indicator 2, HAPP 1.1)
3= Demographic factors ( sex, age, marital
   status, education, family income)             
4= Workstatus.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.36 p < .01
Controlled for 1     ß  = +.07
Controlled for 1+3   ß  = +.07 

1= Satisfaction with health , financial security,
   family life, friendships,housing, job,free
   time activity, education, area you live in,
   ability to get around, security from crime.
3= Demographic factors ( sex, age, marital
   status, education, family income)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 24
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Closed question on how the persons feels about 
himself,rated on a 7-point  scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.18
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with family 
life, friendships, financial security,  spouse, 
health,transportation, recreation, housing, 
religion,area you live in, government services;
and for sex, age, formal education.
Males:      N:149  ß:+.30
Females     N:121  ß:+.07
Farmer      N:130  ß:+.14
Non-farmer  N:141  ß:+.22
Aged 60-74  N:170  ß:+.18
Aged 75-up  N:102  ß:+.14
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.09
All ß's are controlled for satisfaction with 
family life, friendships, financial security, 
spouse, health, transportation, recreation, 
housing, religion, area you live in,government 
services; and for sex, age and education.
Males       N:149  ß:+.13
Females     N:121  ß:+.04
Farmers     N:130  ß:+.09
Non-farmers N:141  ß:+.04
Age 60-74   N:170  ß:+.07
Age 75-up   N:102  ß:+.06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyXu & Wu (1988): study CN 1986
TitleA preliminary survey of the psychological and social situation of the elderly in Beijing.
SourceInternational Journal of Mental Health, 1988, Vol. 16, 51 - 66
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/41344468
Public55+ aged, Being China, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =175

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-evaluation
Page in Source 61
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Self-report. Question(s) not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-ar=+.60 ns
Ir is reported as +.06. This is probably a 
mistake. The text refers to the relationship as 
'high'


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with oneself(employed/unemployed)
Page in Source 176
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Single question :
"How are your current relations with yourself?" 
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
unemployed 1; employed 2
Observed distributionN All:3993; employed:1:0,3% 2:1,9%; 3:8,4%; 4:41,0%; 5:35,6% unemployed:1:0,2%; 2:0,8%; 3:2,0%; 4:5,1%; 5:4,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
    employed    unemployed
1: Mt=2.00     1:1.56
2: Mt=3.71     2:3.63
3: Mt=5.94     3:5.31
4: Mt=7.73     4:7.14
5: Mt=8.91     5:8.41
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
    employed   unemployed
1: Mt=2.00     1:1.56
2: Mt=3.71     2:3.23
3: Mt=5.29     3:4.81
4: Mt=7.43     4:6.56
5: Mt=8.68     5:8.16
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
      employed   unemployed
1: Mt=2.75     1:3.44
2: Mt=3.98     2:4.35
3: Mt=5.33     3:4.98
4: Mt=6.86     4:6.25
5: Mt=8.15     5:7.64


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with yourself
Page in Source 170,246
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
How are your current relations with yourself?       
1: very bad  
2: bad  
3: neither/nor   
4: good  
5: very good
Observed distributionN employed: 1:21, 2:82, 3:410 4:329, N unemployed: 1:6, 2:22, 3:50, 4:53 N all: 1:10, 2:31, 3:148, 4:649, 5:519
Remarks
Ss in laborforce only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
 employed:    unemployed: 
 1: Mt=       1:Ms=       
 2: Mt=4.40   2:Ms=3.75    
 3: Mt=6.38   3:Ms=5.45    
 4: Mt=7.74   4:Ms=7.15   
 5: Mt=8.93   5:Ms=8.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.54 p < .00
all 
 1: Mt=3.00
 2: Mt=3.95
 3: Mt=6.14
 4: Mt=7.61 
 5: Mt=8.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
 employed:    unemployed: 
 1: Mt=       1:Ms=       
 2: Mt=3.69   2:Ms=3.75   
 3: Mt=5.79   3:Ms=4.78   
 4: Mt=7.40   4:Ms=6.50   
 5: Mt=8.61   5:Ms=8.16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.55 p < .00
all
 1: Mt=3.00
 2: Mt=3.46
 3: Mt=5.61
 4: Mt=7.30
 5: Mt=8.51
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
 employed:    unemployed: 
 1: Mt=       1:Ms=       
 2: Mt=4.64   2:Ms=3.75   
 3: Mt=5.61   3:Ms=5.23   
 4: Mt=6.84   4:Ms=6.40   
 5: Mt=7.95   5:Ms=7.64
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.47 p < .00
all
 1: Mt=4.00
 2: Mt=4.28
 3: Mt=5.56
 4: Mt=6.76
 5: Mt=7.90


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 12 questions:
a: I feel like many of the people I know have gotten 
more out of life than I have
b: In general, I feel confident and positive about 
myself
c: When I compare myself to friends and acquaintances, 
it makes me feel good about who I am
d: My attitude about myself is probably not as positive 
as most people feel about themselves
e: I made some mistakes in the past, but I feel that in 
all everything has worked out for the best
f: The past had its ups and downs, but in general, I 
wouldn't want to change it
g: In many ways, I feel disappointed about my 
achievements in life
h: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
with how things have turned out
i: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
about how things have turned out
j: When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased 
with how things have turned out so far
k: I like most parts of my personality
l: I like most aspects of my personality.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 4,3; SD=3,7 Controls: M=10,9; SD=2,7
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Self-Acceptance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.29 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.57 p < .01
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyAbe & Moritsuka (1986): study JP 1981
TitleA Case-Control Study of Climacteric Symptoms and Complaints of Japanese Women by Symptomatic Type for Psychological Variables.
SourceMaturitas, 1986, Vol. 8, 255 - 265
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3784921&dopt=Abstract
PublicWomen in menopause patient and controls, Miyagi, North-east Japan, 1981-82.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response20 % (cases 21%,controls 19%)
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 262
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: Check an appropiate one which 
is corresponding to yours, you feel,  in the following 
grades of self-esteem in the present life..
(grades not reported)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-ar= p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudySuhail & Chaudhry (2004): study PK 2000
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being in an Eastern Muslim Culture.
SourceJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol. 23, 359 - 376.
DOIDOI:10.1521/jscp.23.3.359.35451
Public16-80 aged, general public, Lahore, Pakistan, 2000
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =973

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-Esteem
Page in Source 369
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Self report on 10 questions.
Rated from strongly agree (3) to strongly disagree (0).
Error EstimatesCronbach aplha .64
Remarks
Rosenberg self-esteem scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.01 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self esteem
Page in Source 235
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Single question:"How do you feel about your self esteem 
right now?".
Rated on 7-point scale from: 
1.Terrible.......to
.
.
7.Delighted.
Observed distributionM= 4.30; SD 1.48

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.21 p < .05
p two-tailed
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.11 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Rosenberg scale
Observed distributionM= 38.16; SD= 7.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.36 p < .01
p two-tailed.
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.29 p < .01
p two tailed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyGonzalez (2008): study ES 2005
TitleBienestar Personal y Activades en la Edad Adulta Tardía. (Personal Well-Being and Activiteis in Late Adulthood).
SourceThesis, University of Malaga, Department of Psychology, 2008, Malaga, Spain
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/gonzalez_v_2008.pdf
PublicElderly, city Spain, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =250

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I feel that I am a person of worth
b: All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a 
failure
c: I feel that I have a number of good qualities
d: I am able to do things as well as other people
e: I feel I do have much to be proud of
f: I take a positive attitude to myself
g: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself
h: I wish i could have more respect for myself
i: I certainly feel useless at times
j: I think i am totally good

Rating: 1) strongly disagree..4) strongly agree

Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)
Subjects´ self-esteem was assessed by 10 items (5 
writes in a positive way and 5 writes in a negative 
way). Participants provided their ratings by using a 
4-point scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 
(strongly agree). Scores ranged from 10 (low 
self-esteem) to 40 (high self-esteem).
Observed distributionRange: 10-40, M = 33.97; SD = 3.97
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.45 p < .01
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.53 p < .01
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.53 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyCheng & Furnham (2003a): study GB London 2003
TitlePersonality, Self-Esteem, and Demographic Predictions of Happiness and Depression.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 2003, Vol. 34, 921- 942
DOIDOI:10.1016/SO191-8869(02)00078-8
PublicStudents, London, UK, 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelSelf -esteem
Page in Source 928
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I feel that I am a person of worth
b: All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a 
failure
c: I feel that I have a number of good qualities
d: I am able to do things as well as other people
e: I feel I do have much to be proud of
f: I take a positive attitude to myself
g: On the whole, I am satisfied with myself
h: I wish I could have more respect for myself
i: I certainly feel useless at times
j: I think I am totally good

Rated  1) strongly disagree to 4) strongly disagree
Observed distributionRange 10-40
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) Self Esteem Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.44 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.38 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 17
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
11-item index of 9-point Likert scales containing being 
honest, confident, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aG=+
Index of Positive Affects: G = +.09
Index of Negative AFfects: G = -.11



Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelEsteem of self as a whole
Page in Source 26
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Trained-peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBenyamini et al. (2004): study US 1998
TitleSelf-Rated Oral Health as an Independent Predictor of Self-Rated General Health, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 2004, Vol. 59, 1109 - 1116
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2003.12.021
PublicResidents retirement community, USA, 1998
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =850

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 1112-4
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (10 items measure of 
positive and negative aspects)
Rated 1 disagree stongly to 4 agree stongly
Observed distributionM=3,18; SD=0,38

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-v-5-br=+.42 p < .001
O-Sum---mq-v-5-bBeta= ns
Beta controled for
-age
-gender
-education
-functional disability


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyKamp Dush & Amato (2005): study US 1992
TitleConsequences of Relationship Status and Quality for Subjective Well-Being
SourceJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2005, Vol.22, 607 - 627
DOIDOI:10.1177/026540750506438
Public19+ aged, United States, 1992-97
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =691

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 615, 616
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on following items:
a:'I feel that I am a person of worth, at least on an 
equal plane with others'
b:'I feel that I have a number of good qualities'
c:'All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a 
failure'
d:'I am able to do things as well as most other people' 

e:'I feel I do not have much to be proud of'
f:'I take a positive attitude toward myself'
g:'On the whole, I am satisfied with myself'
h:'I wish I could have more respect for myself'
i:'I certainly feel useless at times'
j:'At times I think I am no good at all. 

Rated on a 4-point numerical scale.
For items a,b,d,f and g:3=strongly agree to 0=strongly 
disagree; for items c,e,h,i,j:0=strongly agree to 
3=strongly disagree. 

Scale ranges from 0-30.(Larger values indicate a 
stronger agreement)
The mean of the items was used as the scale score.
Error Estimatesalpha=.77
Remarks
Rosenberg self-esteem scale (1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-afr=+.34 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyAbbey et al. (1992): study US 1987
TitleInfertility and Subjective Well-Being: The Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem, Internal Control, and Interpersonal Conflict.
SourceJournal of Marriage and Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 408 - 417
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/353072?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
DOIDoi: 10.2307/353072
PublicInfertile couples, United States, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =370

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 412
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions. Text not reported.
1:  strongly disagree
5:  strongly agree
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha= .76
Remarks
Rosenberg (1965) self-esteem scale, abbreviated version

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.57 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by wives selfesteem
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.29 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by husbands selfesteem
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.22 p < .<.05
Husbands happiness by wives self esteem
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.50 p < .<.01
Husbands happiness by husbands self esteem
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyAckerman et al. (1989): study US 1986
TitleFarm Work and Family: Major Sources of Satisfaction for Farm Families.
SourceUtah Science, 1989, Vol. 50, 134 - 142
PublicDairy farm couples, Utah, USA,1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself
Page in Source 139, 140, 141
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel  about yourself, what you are 
accomplishing and how you handle problems?
7: delighted
6: happy
5: mostly satisfied
4: mixed
3: mostly dissatisfied
2: unhappy
1: terrible
Observed distributionM.= wives: 4,95; husbands: 5,26; difference is significant at 0,001 level.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.22 p < .01
Wives
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.28 p < .001
Husbands

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
-farm work
-family activities
-satisfaction with own health
-leisure: amount of fun
-leisure: spare time (how spent)
-leisure: time (available)
-off-farm job (only if husband and wife have 
off-farm-jobs)
-family income
-own house
-goods and services
-national government

Beta's somewhat different if satisfaction with 
farm work is removed from regression-equation.
(wives: +0,23; husbands: +0,36)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =1150

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
A six-item, Likert-type scale ranged 1= non to 5= a 
great deal.(Rogenburg et al. 1995)
It addresses aspects such as whether respondents feel 
that they have good qualities, feel useless at times, 
are satisfied with themselves, or feel that they are 
failures.
Observed distributionM=19.31, SD=2.15, Range 6-24
Error EstimatesAlpha= .77
Remarks
Assessed at T4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.30 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T4 self-esteem
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=+.14 p < .001
T4 Happiness at by T1 Self-esteem (1980, 12 years 
earlier)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyDosch (1979): study US 1977
TitleChild Abuse: A Comparison of Physical Abusers, Sexual Abusers, and Non-Abusers on Perceived Locus of Control, Self-Acceptance and Avowed Happiness.
SourceDoctoral Dissertation, University of Oregon, 1994, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/dosch_fm_1979.pdf
PublicParents, abusing and non-abusing, Oregon, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response234 questionn. given to case-workers, 76 actually sent out
Respondents N =34

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 81
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Ten-item Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+
No difference between child-abusers and 
non-abusers


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyLewis (1972): study US 1967
TitleActual and Perceived Age Differences in Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being for Catholic Sisters.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1972, USA
Public24-75 aged Catholic sisters, Eastern USA. 196?
Sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =183

Correlate
Author's labelPositive self- concept
Page in Source 67-69
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
21 bipolar adjective 7-point scales (semantic 
differential scales; see Monge, 1971). 
The scales were scored for 'Myself - as I really am 
most of the time'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aT²=+ p < .01
Four principal self-concept components were 
extracted: Achievement / Leadership, Congeniality 
/ Sociability, Psychological adjustment and 
Physical adjustment.
Only Psychological adjustment appeared to be 
related to the Affect Balance Score (see also 
'Content or real self image'; S 2.2.1).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
10-item index at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 of closed 
questions on being worthwile as a person, having good 
qualities, being as able as others, not being proud of 
oneself, having a positive attitude towards oneself, 
feeling no good at all, being a useful guy, feeling one 
can't do anything right, doing a job well, having a not 
very useful life (items from Rosenberg, 1965, and Cobb, 
1966)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ p < .001
                Self-esteem
          T1     T2     T3     T4     T5
Happiness
T1       +.57   +.38   +.34   +.33   +.22 T2       
+.37   +.58   +.44   +.40   +.28
T3       +.31   +.43   +.61   +.46   +.30
T4       +.29   +.38   +.44   +.60   +.33
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 122
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
10-item index of closed questions on being worthwhile 
as a person, having good qualities, being as able as 
others, not proud of oneself, positive attitude towards 
oneself, feeling not good at all, a useful guy, can't 
do anything right, do a job well, not very useful life 
(item from Self-Esteem Indices from Rosenberg, 1965; 
and Cobb et al., 1966).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=+.54 p < . 001
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyDobson (1985): study US 1964
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Respondents N =1870

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 135
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
10 item index
(Rosenberg 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
T1
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.31 p < .001
T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 94/141/154
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
10-item index (Guttman scale) of agree/ disagree 
statements on feeling to be a person of worth, having a 
number of good qualities, feeling to be a fail- ure, 
being able to do things as well as most other people, 
not having much to be proud of, positive attitude 
towards oneself, satisfaction with oneself, lack of 
self-respect, feeling useless at times, being no good 
at all (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; see Rosenberg, 
1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=+.36
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.42
After control for:
- participation in extracurricular 
  activities                        : Gs = +.41
- social class                      : Gs = +.42

Stronger in lower class             : G  = +.48
 After control for participation in
 extracurricular activities         : Gs = +.42
Lower in middle and upper class     : G  = +.42
 After control for participation in
 extracurricular activities         : Gs = +.40
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .19 p < . 01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .20 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 196
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Degree to which S gives a positive evaluation of the 
self in describing differences from others, as assessed 
by an open-ended question on differences from most 
other people: negative / ambivalent / neutral / 
positive / very positive.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= ns
Males   : _b = -.01 (ns)
Females : _b = +.02 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Subject code: S02ad02

StudyNeugarten et al. (1961): study US 1955
TitleThe Measurement of Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1961, Vol. 16, 134 -143
Public50+ aged, whites followed 2,5 years, Kansas City, USA., 196?
Sample
Non-ResponsePanel group: 16% refusal; 26% dropout after 4 interviews. Quasi panel: 17% dr.
Respondents N =177

Correlate
Author's labelPositive self-concept
Page in Source 139
Our classificationEvaluation of self-as-a-whole, code S02ad02
Operationalization
Content analysis of interview records by 2 independent 
judges (component of Life Satisfaction Rating LSR, 
Neugarten et al 1961)

5-point scale:
5. Feels at his best. Thinks of self as
   wise, mellow; physically able or
   attractive; feels important to
   others.
4. Feels more fortunate than the
   average. Is sure he can meet the 
   exigencies of life. Compensates well
   for any difficulty of health. Feels
   in control of self in relation to
   the situation.
3. Sees self as competent in at least
   one area, e.g., work; but has doubts
   about self in other areas. Acknow-
   ledges loss of youthful vigor, but
   accepts it. Reports health better 
   than average.
2. Feels that other people look down on
   him. Is defensive about what the 
   years are doing to him.
1. Feels old. Feels in the way, or
   worthless. Makes self-disparaging
   remarks.    

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-fi-v-5-ar=+.82
C-RG-h-fi-v-5-ar=+.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelAssertiveness index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on:
a: The ability to assert yourself when necessary
b: The extent to which you are tough and can take it
Both items scored on 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.7 SD = 1.1
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.44 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.05
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.05
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of own body
Page in Source 236,238
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
1:don't accept 
2:unsure 
3:accept
Observed distributionN women: 1:98, 2:148, 3:455 N men: 1:47, 2:100, 3:563

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
WOMEN          underweight normal   overweight
1:don't accept Mt=5.00     5.65     6.44 
2:unsure       Mt=7.20     7.15     7.70 
3:accept       Mt=8.15     8.25     8.46
MEN            underweight normal overweight
1:don't accept Mt=3.13     5.00     5.36 
2:unsure       Mt=7.19     6.80     6.96
3:accept       Mt=8.08     8.10     8.46
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
WOMEN          underweight normal overweight
1:don't accept Mt=5.00     5.34     6.41 
2:unsure       Mt=7.06     6.44     7.23 
3:accept       Mt=7.94     8.04     8.30
MEN            underweight normal overweight
1:don't accept Mt=4.38     5.00     5.84 
2:unsure       Mt=7.19     6.10     6.90
3:accept       Mt=7.11     7.69     8.05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
WOMEN          underweight normal overweight
1:don't accept Mt=5.71     5.34      6.44  
2:unsure       Mt=7.06     6.51      6.76
3:accept       Mt=7.31     7.33      7.74
MEN            underweight normal overweight
1:don't accept Mt=4.38     5.34      5.84 
2:unsure       Mt=5.94     6.00      6.49
3:accept       Mt=6.35     7.09      7.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of one's own body
Page in Source 258
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you accept your own body"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:150, 2:253, 3:1037

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.42 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.56
 2: Mt=7.15
 3: Mt=8.25
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.39 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.55
 2: Mt=6.63
 3: Mt=7.93
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.28 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.63
 2: Mt=6.45
 3: Mt=7.25
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of own body
Page in Source 246,248
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you accept your own body?"
1: don't accept
2: unsure
3: accept
Observed distributionN: WOMEN All:2414; 1:342; 2:489; 3:1583

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
WOMEN:    
   underweight  normal      overweight
1: Mt=5.36      1:6.00      1:6.50       
2: Mt=6.43      2:7.03      2:7.28 
3: Mt=8.11      3:8.11      3:8.45
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
MEN:    
   underweight  normal    overweight
1: Mt=6.11      1:4.64    1:5.73
2: Mt=6.00      2:6.50    2:7.23 
3: Mt=7.85      3:8.14    3:8.43
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
WOMEN:    
   underweight  normal     overweight  
1: Mt=5.44      1:5.68     1:6.29
2: Mt=6.10      2:6.68     2:7.06
3: Mt=7.90      3:8.04     3:8.35
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
MEN:    
   underweight  normal     overweight
1: Mt=5.00      1:4.41     1:5.00    
2: Mt=5.50      2:6.23     2:6.81
3: Mt=7.45      3:7.75     3:8.06
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
WOMEN:    
   underweight  normal     overweight
1: Mt=5.36      1:5.79     1:6.09    
2: Mt=6.01      2:6.35     2:6.48
3: Mt=7.36      3:7.61     3:7.75
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
MEN:    
   underweight  normal      overweight
1: Mt=5.50      1:4.70      1:5.46   
2: Mt=6.00      2:6.11      2:6.53
3: Mt=6.90      3:7.21      3:7.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelacceptance of one's own body
Page in Source 268
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you accept your own body?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: All:4555; 1:488; 2:826; 3:3241

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .00
1: Mt=5.85
2: Mt=6.91
3: Mt=8.25
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.37 p < .00
1: Mt=5.54
2: Mt=6.59
3: Mt=7.93
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.31 p < .00
1: Mt=5.63
2: Mt=6.31
3: Mt=7.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelCollective self-esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated:
A How good they feel about these categories (private 
collective esteem)
B How good they think that others evaluate these 
categories (public collective self esteem)
C How worthy they feel as members of these categories 
(membership esteem)
D How important membership is to their selfesteem 
(importance to identity)

Ratings made on a 6-point Likert scale

Korean Collective Self-esteem Scale. (Kim 1994; 
Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.41 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelMembership esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated how worthy they are as 
members of these categories on a 6-point Likert scale.

Membership esteem subscale of Korean Collective 
Self-esteem Scale (Kim 1994; Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.39 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of aspects of self
Subject code: S02ad03

StudyTerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001
TitlePsychische Gezondheid, Risicogedrag en Welbevinden van Nederlandse Scholieren. ( Psychlogical Health, Risk Behavior and Well-Being of Dutch Adolescents).
SourceResearch Report Trimbos Institute, University of Utrecht, 2003, Utrecht, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/terbogt_t_2003.pdf
Public11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7556

Correlate
Author's labelBody Image
Page in Source 40,46
Our classificationEvaluation of aspects of self, code S02ad03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Do you think your body is: Much too
thin, A bit too thin, About the right size, A bit too 
fat, Much too fat?
Recoded:
a) Find themselves to much too thin/a bit too thin
b) Find themselves about the right size
c) Find themselves to a bit too fat/much too fat

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=
a) Find themselves to thin              M = 8,0
b) Find themselves about the right size M = 8,4
c) Find themselves to fat               M = 7,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelpossible selves
Page in Source 576, 581, 582
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions
- how close are you already to your most desired resp. 
feared possible self
- how likely is it that each self will come to be
- to what extent do you feel that you con control 
whether or not you will become each possible self

Rated 1 (not very) to 5 (extremly)

deleted 3rd question for feared possible self, recoded 
the others and averaged for composite measurement
Observed distributionM = 1.21, SD = 1.09
Remarks
assessment of subjects' best and worse "possible 
selves" (Markus & Ruvolo, 1989)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.22 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- self-esteem


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyPavot et al. (1997): study US 1992
TitleThe Relationship between Self-Aspect Congruences Personality and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22, 183 - 191
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00196-1
PublicUndergraduate students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response4
Respondents N =110

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-aspect congruence
Page in Source 185-186
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Self-aspect congruence: correlation between 'real-self' 
and 'ought-self'descriptions as assessed using Q-sort 
method
Observed distributionM = 0.52; SD = 0.28
Remarks
43-item version of the California Q-set (Block& Robins, 
1993)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.24 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyPavot et al. (1997): study US 1992 /1
TitleThe Relationship between Self-Aspect Congruences Personality and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22, 183 - 191
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00196-1
PublicCollege students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response43
Respondents N =179

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-aspect congruence,
Page in Source 187-189
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Self-aspect congruence: correlation between 'real-self' 
and 'ideal-self' descriptions using Q-sort method.
Observed distributionT1: M= .52; SD= O.28, T2: M= .64; SD= 0.18
Remarks
Average of 2 assesments 2 months apart

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.36 p < .05
T1 first assesment
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-ar=+.33 p < .05
T2 two months later
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-arp=.20 p < .05
Time I; partial correlation between congruence and 
self-report, controlled for neuroticism.
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-arp=.15 p < .05
Time II; partial correlation between congruence 
and self-report, controlled for neuroticism.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyShichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287516
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response5,9 %
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelDivergence real and ideal sex- role
Page in Source 238
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
The Bem Sex Role Inventory (Bem, 1974) was administered 
twice to each repondent. In the first instance the 
respondent was asked to describe him/herself as he/she 
is now. In the second instance the respondent was asked 
to describe him/herself as he/she would like to be.
0 Small divergence.
1 Big divergence.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.15 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelReal - ideal self congruency
Page in Source 107-113
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Correlation between self and ideal des- criptions, as 
assessed by a 60-itme Q sort, describing 
characteristics indi- cative of successful and 
unsuccessful resolutions of the first six develop- 
mental crises of the Erikson's stages of psychosocial 
development (see Erikson, 1959).

The Q sort was filled out in both very elated and in 
very depressed moods for both self-concept ('an 
accurate picture of yourself as you honestly feel and 
believe you are') and ideal-concept ('the picture of 
the sort of person you have hoped to become or fancied 
your- self to be').

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
Congruency in elation   : r = +.79
Congruency in depression: r = +.76

Both the happier and unhappier men experience more 
discrepancies between real-self and ideal- self in 
depression than in elation.
For the happier men the differences between the 
real-selves and ideal-selves concerned social and 
emotional qualities as well as work, while for the 
unhappier men the most extreme and consistent 
differences all dealt with unrealized ambition and 
inability to work (see also 'Content of 
self-image': S 2.2).
For the unhappy men most discrepancies concerned 
the fourth developmental crisis: 'Industry vs 
Inferiority', while for the happy men most dis- 
crepancies concerned the sixth developmental 
crisis: 'Intimacy vs Isolation' (see 'Personali- 
ty development': P 1.4).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyWessman et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleCharacteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1960, Vol. 60, 117 - 126
PublicFemale college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response44% dropouts
Respondents N =14

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem (real-ideal congruency)
Page in Source 122-123
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Correlation between self and ideal des- criptions, as 
assessed by a 45-item Q sort, filled out both in very 
elated and in very depressed moods, for both 
self-concept ('the most accurate pictu- re of yourself 
as you really believe you are now') and ideal-concept 
('the picture of yourself as the kind of per- son you 
have hoped to become or have fancied yourself to be').

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-brs= - p < . s
For congruency in elation   : rs = -.36 (ns)
For congruency in depression: rs = -.50 (05)

Both the happier and unhappier girls experience 
discrepancies between real-self and ideal-self in 
depression.
In elation the unhappier girls feel no consistent 
divergence from their ideals (primarily concern- 
ing intellectual ambitions), while the happier 
girls continue to feel areas of discontent (pri- 
marily concerning social and emotional quali- 
ties).                                           


Correlational finding on Happiness and Real-ideal congruence
Subject code: S02ad03a

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelShortcomings in the self
Page in Source 196
Our classificationReal-ideal congruence, code S02ad03a
Operationalization
Open-ended question on how one would like his children 
to be different from oneself: doesn't want children to 
be different vs wants children to be different.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= -
Males   : _b = -.10 (05)
Females : _b = 00   (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyHeadey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDoes Happiness Induce a Rosy Outlook?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.:"How Harmful is Happiness?", Universitaire Pers Rotterdam, 1989, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 106 - 127
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/89c-full.pdf
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T4: 31%
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelSense of relative superiority
Page in Source 118
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
Two indentical indices consisting of four closed 
questions on Ss' self-rated performance as partners, 
parents, friends and workers, rated on a 7 point scale. 
1: below average, 7: above.
Indices administered at 20 minutes intervals at 
T1(1981), T2(1983), T3(1985) and T4(1987)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aßL=+.23 p < .05
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of 
sense of relative superiority (bottum-up).


O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aßL=+.41 p < .05
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on 
sense of relative superiority (top-down).

Effects assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.    
Effects assumed to be identical at all times. 
ßL is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL 
model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and 
neuroticism are controlled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyMitchell (1972): study HK 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 1967
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =3966

Correlate
Author's labelBe a good family person
Page in Source 233
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Being a good family person 
compared with most other people, would you say that you 
:
exceed others/about the same as others/
fall short of others ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=-.07 ns
Figures based on half of the sample.

N-shaped curve


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study US 2002
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
PublicStudents, University of Illinois, USA, 200?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-ResponseNot reported.
Respondents N =193

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-confidence
Page in Source 352
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
Self-ratings on 7-points scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aDM=+
Mean self-confidence among:
- very happy               5,6  (N=25)
- happy                    5,0  (N=42)
             Difference   +0,6

- moderately happy         4,9  (N=75)
- slightly happy           4,2  (N=43)
- unhappy                  3,9  (N=8)
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aBeta=+.36 p < .001
Positive linear relationship, the very happy are 
more self-confident than the happy.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived creativity and maturity
Page in Source 64/207
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
2-item index of direct questions on creativity and 
personality maturity compared with others.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aAoV=+ ns
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem 
was experimentally altered. This was done by means 
of a false personality report dealing with the 
subject's creativity, maturity and other things.
Self-perceived creativity: r = +.05 (ns)
Self-perceived maturity  : r = +.17 (ns)

- For happy Ss self-perceived creativity and 
maturity is unaffected by bolstered self-esteem 
and decreased by reduced self-esteem.
- For unhappy Ss it is increased by bolstered 
self-esteem and unaffected by reduced self-esteem.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 64
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
Two indicators:
1. Adjective checklist scored for how
   do you feel at the moment? 
   (Modified Leventhal Self Esteem
   scale; see Dabbs & Leventhal, 1966)
2. Each subject was asked to place her-
   self and 5 other persons (such as a
   friend, a selfish person, a grand-
   mother, a sad person, a doctor, a
   strong person, etc.) in a line of
   6 circles. This was done 6 times
   with different combinations of 
   persons. Each placement of the self
   in the circle farthest to the left
   was most indicative of high self-
   esteem(score 6), and placement in the
   circle farthest to the right of low
   self-esteem (score 1).
   (Ziller Self-Esteem Scale; see
   Ziller et al., 1964).
Remarks
Ss answered these questions at the end of an 
experimental situation in which their self-esteem was 
experimentally altered. This was done by means of a 
false personality report dealing with the subject's 
creativity, maturity and other things.
                       

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.35 p < .01
For happy Ss self-esteem is unaffected by    
bolstered self-esteem and decreased by reduced   
self-esteem.
For unhappy Ss self-esteem is higher by    
bolstered self-esteem than by reduced self-esteem.
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.08 ns
- For happy Ss self-esteem is unaffected by 
  bolsered self-esteem and decreased by reduced
  self-esteem.
- For unhappy Ss self-esteem is high after bolse-
  ring of self-esteem than after reduction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Relative superiority
Subject code: S02ad03b

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling as able as others to do things
Page in Source 94/282
Our classificationRelative superiority, code S02ad03b
Operationalization
Closed question: strongly disagree / disagree / agree / 
strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=+.22
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG==.19
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .11 p < . 01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .10 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelAutonomy
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 11 questions:
a: My decisions are not usually influenced by what 
everyone else is doing
b: I have confidence in my opnions even if they are 
contrary to the general consensus
c: I have confidence in my own opnions, even if they 
are different from the way most other people think
d: I tend to worry about what other people think of me
e: I often change my mind about decisions if my friend 
or family disagree
f: I am not afraid to voice my opinions, even when they 
are in opposition to the opinions of most people
g: Being happy with myself is more important to me than 
having others approve of me
h: It's difficult for me to voice my opinions on 
controversal matters
i: I tend to be influenced by people with strong 
opinions
j: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by 
what others think is important
k: I judge myself by what I think is important, not by 
the values of what others think is important

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 7,5; SD=4,1 Controls: M=10,8; SD=2,2
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Autonomy

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental mastery
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I am good at juggling my time so that I can fit 
everything in that needs to be done
b: I often feel overwhelmed by my responsabilities
c: I am quite good at managing the many 
responsabilities of my daily life
d: I am good at managing the responsabilities of daily 
life
e: I do not fit well with the people and community 
around me
f: I have difficulty arranging my life in a way that is 
satisfying to me
g: I have been able to create a lifestyle for myself 
that is much to my linking
h: I generally do a good job of taking care of my 
personal finances and affairs
i: In general I feel I am in charge of the situation in 
which I live
j: The demands of everyday life often get me down

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 4,7; SD=3,9 Controls: M= 9,8; SD=2,8
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Environmental Mastery

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.51 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelSocial uncertainty (lack of self- confidence)
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
2-item index indicating fear for other's opinion 
(criticism), and lack of self-confidence.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.35 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,84 SD: 1,64, Non-exercisers: M: 7,28 SD: 2,08
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,97 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelAble to overcome difficulties
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... felt you couldn't overcome your 
difficulties?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.12 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.25 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.03 ns
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.17 ns
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelConfidence
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently.. .been losing confidence in 
yourself?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.11 p < .01
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.04 ns
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.19 p < .05
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.14 p < .05
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.13 ns
 "Much more than usual"  (vs "No more than usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyFerree (1976): study US 1974
TitleWorking-Class Jobs: Housework and Paid Work as Sources of Satisfaction.
SourceSocial Problems, 1976, Vol. 23, 431 - 441
PublicWorking class mothers, USA, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =135

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 437
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Feeling competent in the role of homemaker and/or as a 
worker:
1 Yes
2 No
Observed distributionNot feeling competent as a homemaker: housewives = 57 %, working mothers= 67 % Not feeling competent as a worker: working mothers = 0 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aD%=+
                         % completely happy
Full time housewives:
- Not feeling competent as homemaker 20 %
- feeling competent as homemaker     27 %
- difference                         +7 %

Working mothers:
- feeling competent as worker but not as homemaker 
                           24 %
- feeling competent both as homemaker and worker   
                            33 % 
- difference                          7 %


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-confidence
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale (Cantril ladder: see CANTR, 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.34
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.26
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self confidence
Subject code: S02ad03c

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelConfidence in one-self
Page in Source 268/415
Our classificationSelf confidence, code S02ad03c
Operationalization
Direct question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale on confidence in oneself in general; how sure one 
feels of oneself.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.31
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.28
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyOgris (1994): study AT 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Austria 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelselfconfidence
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
 2 questions:
 1 I want to change much of myself
 2 Sometimes I wish to be different

 Each rated on a 7-step scale
 totally disagree......totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.26
question 1......change mijself...
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.23
question1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.19
question 1
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.28
question 2...wish to be different
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.26
question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.2
question 2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyOgris (1994): study SI 1994
TitleKorrelate mit Lebenszufriedenheit: Glück und Wohlbefinden in Osterreich und Slowenien. (Correlates of Life-Satisfaction, Happiness and Well-Being in Austria and Slovenia).
SourcePaper presented at the 13th World Congress of Sociology, 1994, Bielefeld, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/ogris_g_1994.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Slovenia, 1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1998

Correlate
Author's labelSelbstvertrauen
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
2 questions :
1 I want to change much of myself
2 Sometimes I wish to be different
Each rated on a 7-step scale:
totally disagree......totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.2
 question 1.....change myself.......
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.2
 question 1
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.13
 question 1
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=-.25
 question 2....wish to be different.....
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=-.22
 question 2
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cr=-.22
 question 2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyChiriboga (1975): study US 1969
TitlePerceptions of Well-Being.
SourceLowenthal, M.F.;et al;Eds.: "Four Stages of Life", Jossey Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA, 84 - 98
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-criticism
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
The number of characteristics the respondent indicated 
were true of himself but wished he did not have.
The 70 adjectives of the Adjective Rating List 
(Block,1961) were used.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.62 p < .01
High school: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.35 p < .10
High school: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.45 p < .05
Newly weds: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Newly weds: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.41 p < .10
Middle aged: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
Middle aged: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.32 p < .10
Preretirement: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.31 p < .10
Preretirement: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.33 p < .01
Younger: high school seniors + mewly weds
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.23 p < .05
Older: middle aged parents + elderly planning to 
retire
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
High school: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.33 p < .10
High school: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
Newly weds: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.36 p < .10
Newly weds: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.36 p < .10
Preretirement: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.33 p < .10
Preretirement: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.26 p < .01
Younger: high school seniors + mewly weds
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=-.20 p < .05
Older: middle aged parents + elderly planning to 
retire


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-criticism
Page in Source 93
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
The number of characteristics the respondent indicated 
were true of himself but wished he did not have.
The 70 adjectives of the Adjective Rating List 
(Block,1961) were used.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r=-.33 (ns)
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=-.36 (ns)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r=      ns
preretired   males: r=-.36 ns  females: r=-.33 ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r=-.62 01 females: r=-.35 ns
newly weds   males: r=-.45 05 females: r=     ns
middle aged  males: r=-.41 05 females: r=     ns
preretired   males: r=-.32 ns females: r=-.31 ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.26 p < .01
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.33 p < .01
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.20 p < .05
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.23 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-critical
Subject code: S02ad03d

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived strong points in the self
Page in Source 196
Our classificationSelf-critical, code S02ad03d
Operationalization
Open-ended direct question: sees no strong points vs 
mentions strong points

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb=+.04 ns
Unaffected by sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self respect
Subject code: S02ad03e

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSelf respect, code S02ad03e
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How satisfied are you with yourself?
1  Very dissatisfied
2  Dissatisfied
3  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  Satisfied
5  Very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on self-
esteem taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full 
WHOQOL questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.42 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.36 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self respect
Subject code: S02ad03e

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-respect
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSelf respect, code S02ad03e
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale (Cantril ladder: see CANTR, 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.36
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.21
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self respect
Subject code: S02ad03e

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelRespect for oneself
Page in Source 268/415
Our classificationSelf respect, code S02ad03e
Operationalization
Direct question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale on respect for oneself as a person; feelings of 
being a worthwhile and worthy person, as contrasted to 
a feeling that one is a failure and doesn't amount to 
much.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.39
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.21
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction wth self-esteem
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.12 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfactionb with your self-esteem
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.20 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.23 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.28 p < .05
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with 
- your house
- your family relations
- your living partner
- your job
- your friendships
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your local policing services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 258, 262
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.17
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Friendships
 - Accomplishing in life now
 - Health
 - Family relations
 - Religion/spiritual fulfillment
 - Neighbourhood
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.19
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Accomplishing in life now
 - Local government officials
 - Family relations
 - Opportunities to socialize


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self-esteem
Page in Source 52, 54
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.4, SD = 1.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.71 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.71 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.64 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self-esteem
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.43

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.64 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.28 p < .05
All               +.28
Females           +.26
Males             +.30
18 -24 aged       +.33
25+ aged          +.28
Aboriginals =     +.25
Other etnecities  +.28
Unemployed        +.48
Other workstatus  +.29
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.60 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.23 p < .05
All               +.23
Females           +.24
Males             +.25
18 -24 aged       +.27
25+ aged          +.23
Aboriginals =     +.31
Other etnecities  +.23
Unemployed        +.37
Other workstatus  +.23
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.54 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.26 p < .05
All               +.26
Females           +.26
Males             +.28
18 -24 aged       +.27
25+ aged          +.26
Aboriginals =     +.22
Other etnecities  +.27
Unemployed        +.34
Other workstatus  +.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Self
Page in Source 143, 145,148
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.57
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - family relations
 - job
 - friendships
 - living partner
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.27
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - family relations
 - friendships
 - government services
 - living partner
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.24
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - family relations
 - living partner
 - financial security
 - job opportunitie
 - weather
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.56
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - job
 - friendships
 - health
 - living partner
 - fed.gov.official
 - geographic location
 - job opportunities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1
TitleMeasuring Happiness by a Single Item Scale.
SourceSocial Behavior and Personality, 2006, Vol. 34, 139 - 150
PublicUniversity undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =503

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 20
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
The Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg,1965) The scale 
consist of ten items requiring the respondent to report 
feelings about self directly The 5-point Likert-style  
response format was used
Observed distributionM = 38,25; SD = 6,51
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha = .78

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-ar=+.44
All
males  : r = +.45 (N = 95)
females: r = +.44 (N = 95)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicAdolescents, Spain 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelBody, security and self related satisfaction
Page in Source 99
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Body, security and self related satisfaction.
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.54 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyCasas et al. (2007): study ES 2003 /1
TitleThe Well-Being of 12-to-16-Year-Old Adolescents and their Parents: Results from 1999 to 2003 Spanish Samples.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 83, 87 - 115
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9059-1
PublicParents and adolescents, Spain, 2003 Middle class families, Catalonia.
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =2341

Correlate
Author's labelSelf and own satisfaction
Page in Source 107
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Self report on self and own life satisfaction.
Full questionaire not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.55 p < .0005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelSelf esteem
Page in Source 175
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Self report on four questions 
A typical item is:
'On the whole, I am satisfied with myself'  Rated 1 
(totally disagree) to 5 (totally agree)

Items taken from Pelin & Schooler (1978) inventory of 
coping skills
Observed distributionQuartiles

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=+ p < .001
% happy (all or most of the time)
Lowest quartile : 33,3
2nd quartile    : 55,5
3rd quartile    : 76,1
Highest quartile: 86,2
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aOR=+
                      OR     CI 95
Lowest quartile       1      -
2nd quartile          1,2    0,8-1,8
3rd quartile          2,1    1,3-3,4
Highest quartile      3,5    2,1-5,8

Odds Ratio controlled for:
-mental health
-physical health
-intimate contact (love and affection)
-sex (women vs. men)
-nationality (Swiss vs. other)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelBody image
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Are you able to accept your bodily appearance?
1  Not at all
2  A little
3  Moderately
4  Mostly
5  Completely
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on body image taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full 
WHOQOL questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.33 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.15 ns
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyKolotkin & Crosby (2002): study US 1997
TitlePsychometric Evaluation of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite Questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite) in a Community Sample.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2002, Vol. 11, 157 - 171
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1015081805439
Public18+aged, overweight, USA, 199?.
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =494

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem
Page in Source 166
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
IQOL-Lite (Kolotkin & Crosby, et.al, 2001)
Seven items on self-esteem sub-scale, rated with 
respect to the past week on a five point scale from 
'always true' to 'never true'. Higher scores indicate 
poorer quality of life. A typical item is: 'Because of 
my weight I am self-conscious'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.52 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyRyff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 719 - 727
Public25+ aged, USA, 199?
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1108

Correlate
Author's labelSelf Acceptance
Page in Source 724
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging 
from completely disagree to completely agree. 
-High scorers: possess a positive attitude toward self; 
acknowledge and accept multiple aspects of self 
including good and bad qualities; feel positive about 
past life
-Low scorers: feel dissatisfied with self; are 
disappointed with what has occurred in past life; are 
troubled about certain personal qualities; wish to be 
different than what he or she is

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-br=+.54 p < .00
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.64 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-acceptance
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
-High scorers possess a positive attitude toward self; 
acknowledge and accept multiple aspects of self 
including good and bad qualities; feel positive about 
past life
Low scorers feel dissatisfied with self; are 
disappointed with what has occurred in past life; are 
troubled about certain personal qualities; wish to be 
different than what he or she is
Observed distributionYoung adults: women (m=91.13, sd=17.71), men (m=90.48, sd=13.61) Middle aged adults: women (m=93.56, sd=19.03), men (m=99.42, sd=18.25) Older adults: women (m=89.00, sd=19.75), men (m=93.75, sd=13.76)
Error Estimatesalpha=.93, Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.55 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 91
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, measured on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale: How do you feel about:
- what you are accomplishing in your life?
- how interesting or exciting your life is?
- the extent to which you are improving yourself?
- the sense of direction or purpose you have in your 
life?
- the control you have over what happens in your life?
- the way you handle problems that come up in your 
life?
- yourself?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.57 p < .01
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.52
ß controlled for: 
- optimism
- perceived control
- atisfaction with USA
- satisfaction with leisure.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself
Page in Source 156
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about yourself?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.30
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.54
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.17
ß controlled for 7 criterion satisfactions:
- amount of fun
- physical needs met
- how fairly treated
- interesting daily life
- adjust to changes
- financial security
- develop oneself
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.18
ß additionally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- eduaction
- race


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself
Page in Source 156
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
1. yourself (asked in April 1973)
2. yourself - what you are accompli-
   shing and how you handle problems
   (asked in November 1972)
3. the extent to which you are achie-
   ving succes and getting ahead (as-
   ked in July 1973)
4. what you are accomplishing in your
   life (asked in July 1973)
5. the extent to which you are deve-
   loping yourself and broadening your
   life (asked in July 1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.59


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal efficacy
Page in Source 112
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  the way you handle problems
b  the way of accomplishment
c  and yourself.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.55
Unaffected by sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.25
ß controlled for: 
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
- Naional government


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with self
Subject code: S02ae

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself
Page in Source 94/278
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with self, code S02ae
Operationalization
Closed question: strongly disagree / disagree / agree / 
strongly agree.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=+.35
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=+.43
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .19 p < . 01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .25 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study AT 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =319

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.52 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.55 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Bahrain, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.21 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.44 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BD 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Bangladesh, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =262

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.27 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.04 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study BR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students,Brazil,1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =268

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.40 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.31 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CM 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Cameroon, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.07 p < .NS
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CA 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Canada, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.60 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.59 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Chile, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.57 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.37 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study EG 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Egypt, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =274

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.45 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.24 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study FI 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Finland, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =270

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.65 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.56 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study DE 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Germany, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =540

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.51 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.49 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study GR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Greece, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =164

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.51 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyMitchell (1972): study HK 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 1967
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =3966

Correlate
Author's labelBe a good family person
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Being a good family person 
compared with most other people, would you say that you 
:
exceed others/about the same as others/
fall short of others ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=-.07 ns
Figures based on half of the sample.

N-shaped curve


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study IN 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, India, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.08 p < .NS
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.40 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study IL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Israel, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =317

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.22 p < .NS
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study JP 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Japan, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.44 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.34 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study JO 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Jordan, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =279

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.30 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.37 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study KE 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Kenya, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =462

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.59 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study KR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Korea, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =241

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.61 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.57 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study MX 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Mexico, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =220

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.43 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NL 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Netherlands, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =352

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.47 p < .NS
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NZ 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, New Zealand,1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =314

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.58 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.61 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study NO 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Norway, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.47 p < .NS
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.59 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study PH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Philippines, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =953

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.42 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study PR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Puerto Rico, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.52 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.50 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study CS 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Yugoslavia, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.47 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.50 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study SG 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Singapore, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =256

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.49 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.62 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study ZA 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, South Africa, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.39 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.25 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,82 SD: 1,50, Non-exercisers: M: 7,57 SD: 2,10
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.17 p < .10
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of way of being
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "way of being"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,55 SD: 1,97
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.05 p < .49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study ES 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Spain, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =275

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.38 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.39 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TZ 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Tanzania, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.62 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.54 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TH 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Thailand, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =571

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.37 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.41 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study TR 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, Turkey, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =287

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.35 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.38 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyDiener & Diener (1995): study US 1991
TitleCross-Cultural Correlates of Life Satisfaction and Self-Esteem.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 68, 653 - 663
PublicUniversity students, U.S.A, 1991
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale. 
Part of a 12 item inventory of domain-satisfactions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.60 p < .01
females 
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cr=+.56 p < .01
males


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyCampbell (1981): study US 1978
TitleThe Sense of Well-Being in America.
SourceMcGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Responseabout 20 %
Respondents N =3692

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self
Page in Source 216
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Single closed question on amount of
satisfaction with oneself: "How satis-
fied are you with yourself as a person? ", rated on a 
7-point scale
ranging from completely dissatisfied
to completely satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-person
Subject code: S02ae01

StudyGaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Sample
Non-Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
Respondents N =1441

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself as a person
Page in Source 65
Our classificationSatisfaction with oneself-as-a-person, code S02ae01
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about yourself as a 
person?" not so good / could be better / just o.k. / 
pretty good

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < . 01
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.03 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: r = -.22 (01)
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-ar=+.24 p < . 01
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.03 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects: r = -.22 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyStapel (1987): study NL 1987
TitleKundigheid en Geluk. (Abilities end Happiness)
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1987, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =825

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with abilities in general
Page in Source 2
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
Single closed question: "Are you satisfied, not so 
satisfied or unsatisfied with everything you are able 
to do?"  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.77 p < .01
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.77 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyBränholm et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleOn Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Science, 1991, Vol. 4, 29 - 34
Public25-55 aged, vocationally actives, Umea, Northern Sweden, 1986/87
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self care activities of life
Page in Source 103
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
How satisfactory is this aspect of your life?....
Ability to manage my self care
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ars=+.21 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's creativity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how creative 
you can be?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with how one gets on with people
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how you get on 
with other people?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.31
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal efficacy
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  the way you handle problems
b  the way of accomplishment
c  and yourself.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.55
Unaffected by sexe
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.25
ß controlled for: 
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
- Naional government


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own abilities
Subject code: S02ae01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with oneself
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with own abilities, code S02ae01a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about yourself - what 
you are accomlishing and how you handle problems?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.46
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own coping
Subject code: S02ae01b

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental mastery
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationSatisfaction with own coping, code S02ae01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
a: I am good at juggling my time so that I can fit 
everything in that needs to be done
b: I often feel overwhelmed by my responsabilities
c: I am quite good at managing the many 
responsabilities of my daily life
d: I am good at managing the responsabilities of daily 
life
e: I do not fit well with the people and community 
around me
f: I have difficulty arranging my life in a way that is 
satisfying to me
g: I have been able to create a lifestyle for myself 
that is much to my linking
h: I generally do a good job of taking care of my 
personal finances and affairs
i: In general I feel I am in charge of the situation in 
which I live
j: The demands of everyday life often get me down

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 4,7; SD=3,9 Controls: M= 9,8; SD=2,8
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Environmental Mastery

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.51 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own coping
Subject code: S02ae01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's toughness
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own coping, code S02ae01b
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the extent to 
which you are tough and can take it?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own coping
Subject code: S02ae01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self-adjustment
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own coping, code S02ae01b
Operationalization
3-item-index of questions "How do you feel
about ....?"
a  the extent of toughness
b  the way you handle problems
c  the extent to adjustment to changes.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.63


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own coping
Subject code: S02ae01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with adjustment to changes in life
Page in Source 141
Our classificationSatisfaction with own coping, code S02ae01b
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the extent to 
which you can adjust to changes in your life?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.44
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.10
ß controlled for 7 criterion satisfactions:
- amount of fun
- physical needs met
- oneself
- how fairly treated
- interesting daily life
- adjust to changes
- financial security
- develop oneself
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.10
ß additionally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- eduaction
- race


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own coping
Subject code: S02ae01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's creativity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own coping, code S02ae01b
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how creative 
you can be?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own creativeness
Subject code: S02ae01c

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with creativity
Our classificationSatisfaction with own creativeness, code S02ae01c
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How do you feel about your 
creativity?', rated on a 7-point Delighted Terrible 
scale, ranging from (1) Delightede to (7) Terrible, (8) 
neither. (order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.16    (05)
T2: 1979     r= +.24    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.15    (05)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own creativeness
Subject code: S02ae01c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's creativity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own creativeness, code S02ae01c
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how creative 
you can be?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with self-realization
Subject code: S02ae01d

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelHandle problems index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with self-realization, code S02ae01d
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on:
a: The way you handle problems that come up in your 
life
b: Extent to which you can adjust to changes in your 
life
Both items scored on 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.5 SD = 1.3
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.55 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.11
all cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.06
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment
- marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with self-realization
Subject code: S02ae01d

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with selfrealization
Page in Source 27,49,T53
Our classificationSatisfaction with self-realization, code S02ae01d
Operationalization
Seven item index of direct questions on satisfaction 
with selfrealization during the last 14 days. The 
summed scores were divided into 3 strata, i.e. low, 
medium and high 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.36 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.36 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
ß controlled for: satisfaction with physical 
health, material satisfaction, satisfaction with 
partner, satisfaction with social involvement, 
satisfaction with work (positive), satisfaction 
with work (negative), and satisfaction with 
leisure time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with self-realization
Subject code: S02ae01d

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfulfilment of the need for self-realization
Page in Source 446
Our classificationSatisfaction with self-realization, code S02ae01d
Operationalization
Single question:
"How well is your need for self-realization fulfilled 
at present ?"
1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: All:4412; %:1:2,3; 2:10,7; 3:28,6; 4:42,3; 5:16,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.51 p < .00
1: Ms=4.15
2: Ms=5.63
3: Ms=7.23
4: Ms=8.30
5: Ms=9.04
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.55 p < .00
1: Ms=3.06
2: Ms=5.04
3: Ms=6.94
4: Ms=7.99
5: Ms=8.91
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.47 p < .00
1: Ms=4.00
2: Ms=5.33
3: Ms=6.51
4: Ms=7.49
5: Ms=8.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with self-realization
Subject code: S02ae01d

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelneed for self-realization
Page in Source 422
Our classificationSatisfaction with self-realization, code S02ae01d
Operationalization
Single question:
"How well is your need for self-realization fulfilled 
at present?"
1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: all:1385, 1:21, 2:118, 3:405, 4:621, 5:220

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.46 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.76
 2: Mt=5.58
 3: Mt=7.29
 4: Mt=8.21
 5: Mt=8.94
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.54 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.98
 2: Mt=5.15
 3: Mt=6.76
 4: Mt=7.96
 5: Mt=8.90
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.47 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.44
 2: Mt=5.10
 3: Mt=6.34
 4: Mt=7.43
 5: Mt=8.11
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own morality
Subject code: S02ae01e

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelOwn moral qualities index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with own morality, code S02ae01e
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: How dependable and responsible you can be 
b: Your own sincerety and honesty
c: How generous and kind you are
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.
Observed distributionM = 7.2 SD = 1.0
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.39 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own morality
Subject code: S02ae01e

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's sincerity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own morality, code S02ae01e
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how sincere and 
honest you are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own morality
Subject code: S02ae01e

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with one's dependability and sincerity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own morality, code S02ae01e
Operationalization
2-item of questions "How do you feel
about....?"
a your dependability and
   responsability
b  your sincerity and honesty
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2004
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =268

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achieve in life
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your achievements?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.41
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.23 p < .22
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
- personal relationships
- safety
- community
- future security
- standard of living
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =189

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievements
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your achievements?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.62
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.31 p < .24
Beta controled for satisfaction with: 
- personal relationships
- safety
- community
- future security
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2002
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =492

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievements
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your achievements?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.19
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.49 p < .159
Beta controled for satisfaction with: 
- personal relationships
- safety
- community
- future security
- standard of living
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievement
Page in Source 117+121
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in 
life?Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 7,50; SD = 1,72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.51 p < .001
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.22
ß controled for satisfaction with:
- Relationship
- Safety
- Community
- Future Security
- Standard
- Health
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caR²=+.04
Additional variance explained above satisfaction 
with the domains of:
- Relationships
- Safety
- Community
- Future Security
- Standard
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelAchievement
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.19 p < .000
ß controled for satisfaction with.. 
- relationships
- safety
- community
- security
- standard of living
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievement
Page in Source 126
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life? 
Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 7.58; SD = 1.97

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyLau et al. (2004): study AU 2002
TitleAn Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-0561-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =180

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with own accomplishments
Page in Source 411, 413, 418
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Rated on a 10-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=75,3; SD= 15.5
Remarks
Item in Personal Wellbeing Scale (PWI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.27 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- health
- relationship
- safety
- community
- security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2002a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 3, Report 3.2. The Impact of Personal Relationships and Household Structure on the Wellbeing of Australians.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response70%
Respondents N =2110

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Achievement
Page in Source 107
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.23 p < .000
ß controled for satisfation with:
- relationships
- safety
- community
- standard of living
- your health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2001): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 2, Report 1.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2001, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievement
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single Question:
How satisfied are you what you achieve in life?
Observed distributionMt = 7,35; SD = 1,97

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins et al. (2005): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Report 12.1. Special report on City and Country Living.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievements
Page in Source 45+46+47
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.53
In highly accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.49
In accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.18
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.55
In moderately accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.30
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.58
In remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.26
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.48
In very remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achievement
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=7,46; SD=1,80

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.42
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- health
- standard of life
- personal relationships
- safety
- community
- future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins (2005): study HK 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Hong Kong, China, 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achieve in life
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you  with your achievements?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.66
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.33 p < .002
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
-  personal relationships
-  safety
-  community
-  future security 
-  standard of living
-  health
-  standard of living
-  health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyLau et al. (2004): study HK 2002
TitleAn Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-0561-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =180

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with own accomplishments
Page in Source 411, 413, 418
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Rated on a 10-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=63,3; SD=17,4
Remarks
Item in Personal Wellbeing Scale (PWI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.23 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- health
- relationship
- safety
- community
- security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Achieviement in Life
Page in Source 59, 64, 66
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionM=67,7; SD=21,4
Remarks
Item in 'Personal Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.28 p < .001
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.29 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living 
- health
- personal relationships
- safety
- feeling part of community
- future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyBaltatescu & Cummins (2004): study RO Bihor county 2003
TitleSubjective Wellbeing in a Post-Communist Country: Romania's International Wellbeing Index.
SourcePowerpoint presentation at 6th Conference ISQOLS, November 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLhttp://slideplayer.com/slide/4801500/
Public18+ aged, general public, Bihor County, North-West Romania, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =368

Correlate
Author's labelAchievement
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with what you achieve in life?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with 
- relationships
- safety
- community
- security
- standard of life
- health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCummins (2005): study SK 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Slovakia 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with achieve in life
Page in Source 13
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your achievements?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.31
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.04 p < .05
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
-  personal relationships
-  safety
-  community
-  future security
-  standard of living
-  health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyAndrews (1991): study US 1980
TitleStability and Change in Levels and Structure of Subjective Well-Being: USA 1972 and 1988.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 25, 1 - 30
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00727649
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1972-1988
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2985

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishments
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on 7 point 
delighted-terrible scale "How do you feel about what 
you have accomplished?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+
1972: +.50      1988: +.25
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+
1972: +.25      1988: +.34
ß controlled for satisfaction with 5 other aspects 
of life: 1: fun, 2: family income, 3: use of spare 
time, 4: national government, 5: health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishments/ problem solving
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Single closed question: 
'How do you feel about yourself accomplishments/problem 
solving', rated on a 7-point Delighted-Terrible scale, 
ranging from (1) Delighted to 
(7) Terrible. (8) Neutral.
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.45    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.52    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.48    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyCrandall (1976): study US Ohio 1973
TitleValidation of Self-Report Measures Using Ratings by Others.
SourceSociological Methods and Measures, 1976, Vol. 4, 380 -400
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/3/380.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, Toledo, USA, 1973
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =771

Correlate
Author's labelAccomplishments
Page in Source 388
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your accomplishments?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Correlation (+.36) with peer rating of the participants 
satisfaction with his/her accomplishment.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.19 ns
Own happiness by own satisfaction with 
accomplishments.

Similar correlation (+.32) between ratings of 
participants happiness and satisfaction with 
accomplishments.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishment
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
3-item index of questions "How do you feel about 
.....?"
a the extent of achieving succes and getting ahead
b what you are accomplishing
c the extent of developing yourself and broadening your 
life.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ 
pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.63
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.39
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.41
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.42
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.68
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.57


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Subject code: S02ae02

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with own school work
Our classificationSatisfaction with own accomplishments, code S02ae02
Operationalization
Simple direct question at T1 and T2: "How satisfied are 
you with the way you're actually doing in school?" 
1 = not at all; 2 = not very; 
3 = somewhat;   4 = quite; 
5 = very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ s
             Satisfaction with own school work
Happiness      T1              T2
T1       tau = +.20  (001)     +.11 (01)
T2       tau = +.17  (001)     +.16 (001)
T3       tau = +.10  (01)      +.12 (01)
T4       tau = +.10  (01)      +.11 (01)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with contributions to others
Subject code: S02ae02a

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfulfiment of need to be useful
Our classificationSatisfaction with contributions to others, code S02ae02a
Operationalization
Single question:
"How well is your need to be useful fulfilled at 
present ?"
1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: All:4484; %:1:1,4; 2:6,6; 3:29,2; 4:43,5; 5:19,3
Remarks
The explanation says:" that is your need to help other 
people and your contribution to make the world a better 
place ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.35 p < .00
1: Ms=4.26
2: Ms=6.03
3: Ms=7.34
4: Ms=7.80
5: Ms=8.61
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.38 p < .00
1: Ms=3.75
2: Ms=5.39
3: Ms=6.95
4: Ms=7.75
5: Ms=8.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.34 p < .00
1: Ms=4.06
2: Ms=5.69
3: Ms=6.55
4: Ms=7.25
5: Ms=7.93


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with contributions to others
Subject code: S02ae02a

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfulfilment of need to be useful
Page in Source 418
Our classificationSatisfaction with contributions to others, code S02ae02a
Operationalization
Single question:
"How well is your need to be useful fulfilled at 
present?"
1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: all:1409, 1:8, 2:86, 3:360, 4:665, 5:290

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.32 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=5.93
 3: Mt=7.46
 4: Mt=7.90
 5: Mt=8.58
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.41 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.56
 2: Mt=5.06
 3: Mt=7.05
 4: Mt=7.61
 5: Mt=8.46
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.36 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=5.20
 3: Mt=6.51
 4: Mt=7.10
 5: Mt=7.85
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with contributions to others
Subject code: S02ae02a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with contribution to others life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with contributions to others, code S02ae02a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are really contributing to other people's lives?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with contributions to others
Subject code: S02ae02a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with contribution to others life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with contributions to others, code S02ae02a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are really contributing to other people's lives?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ moslty 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.43


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with contributions to others
Subject code: S02ae02a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with beneficience
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with contributions to others, code S02ae02a
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you feel about....?"
a the things you do to help people or groups in the 
community
b  the organizations you belong to 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current consistency of self-image
Subject code: S02af

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelself-concordance
Page in Source 575, 581, 582
Our classificationCurrent consistency of self-image, code S02af
Operationalization
Rated agreement with 4 reasons why they strive for a 
goal
- external (because I have to or my situation demands 
it)
- introjected (because I feel guilty, anxious, or 
ashamed if I didn't)
- identified (because I identify with it, even when its 
not fun and anjoyable)
- intrinsic (because it is intrinsically interesting or 
challenging)

Ratings were based on either a single or four important 
self-generated personal goal, in last case the ratings 
were averaged

A single self-concordance measure is computed by 
summing the intrinsic and identified ratings and 
subtracting the externeal and introjected ratings
Observed distributionM = 2.65, SD = 2.81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for
- goal progress (selfrated succes at this goal(s))


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current consistency of self-image
Subject code: S02af

StudyWessman et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleCharacteristics and Concomitants of Mood Fluctuations in College Women.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1960, Vol. 60, 117 - 126
PublicFemale college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response44% dropouts
Respondents N =14

Correlate
Author's labelConsistency of self-concept
Page in Source 122
Our classificationCurrent consistency of self-image, code S02af
Operationalization
Correlation between self descriptions provided in 
elation and in depression, as assessed by a Q sort of 
45 items, filled out both in extremely high and 
extremely low moods for self-concept ('the most 
accurate picture of your- self as you really believe 
you are now').

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-brs=+.09 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current reputation (social self)
Subject code: S02ag

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 292
Our classificationCurrent reputation (social self), code S02ag
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel sexually attractive?"
1: No
2: Not sure
3: Yes
Observed distributionN: All:4514; 1:549; 2:2003; 3:1962

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.99
2: Mt=7.59
3: Mt=8.13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.64
2: Mt=7.25
3: Mt=7.83
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.17 p < .00
1: Mt=6.36
2: Mt=6.85
3: Mt=7.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current reputation (social self)
Subject code: S02ag

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelAesthetic feeling
Page in Source 26
Our classificationCurrent reputation (social self), code S02ag
Operationalization
Trained-peer rating on love for the beautiful for its 
own sake on a 7-point scale on the basis of observation 
du- ring 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=-.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelRespect index
Page in Source 165
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Index of two single questions on satisfaction with:
a: How fairly you get treated
b: Respect and recognition you get
Both items scored on 1-9 rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 6.8 SD = 1.1
Remarks
Both items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.53 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal worries
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Selfreport on agreement with 4 statements
a. I worry about my ability to operate bank machines
b. Most people treat me like a stereotypical older 
person
c. I have little opportunity to influence public policy
d. I have little opportunity to interact with young 
people

Rated: 
1: strongly disagree
.
.
5: strongly agree = 5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=-.16
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - % income spent on housing costs
 - Ideal age preference
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=-.18
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - Retail store access
 - Ideal age preference
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.16
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Living area
 - Government planning
 - Social age identity
 - Worries/getting around


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelbelieving that people speak well of oneself
Page in Source 386
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you believe that other people mostly think and 
speak well of you ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: All:4572; %: 1: 7,2; 2:29,5; 3:63,2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.20 p < .00
1: Mt=6.86
2: Mt=7.28
3: Mt=8.06
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
1: Mt=6.58
2: Mt=6.95
3: Mt=7.74
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.17 p < .00
1: Mt=6.33
2: Mt=6.63
3: Mt=7.29


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelbelieving that other people speak well of oneself
Page in Source 364
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you think that other people mostly think and speak 
well of you ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: all:1442, 1:96, 2:473, 3:873

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.14
 2: Mt=7.33
 3: Mt=8.11
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.21 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.73
 2: Mt=6.96
 3: Mt=7.81
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.49
 2: Mt=6.63
 3: Mt=7.19
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 278
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Single question:
" Do you feel sexually attractive ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:254, 2:673, 3:440

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.20
 2: Mt=7.76
 3: Mt=8.10
All Mt=7.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.13 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.09
 2: Mt=7.35
 3: Mt=7.81
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.16 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.58
 2: Mt=6.81
 3: Mt=7.40
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelattractiveness
Page in Source 292
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel sexually attractive?"
1: No
2: Not sure
3: Yes
Observed distributionN: All:4514; 1:549; 2:2003; 3:1962

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.99
2: Mt=7.59
3: Mt=8.13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.18 p < .00
1: Mt=6.64
2: Mt=7.25
3: Mt=7.83
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.17 p < .00
1: Mt=6.36
2: Mt=6.85
3: Mt=7.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived apprecia- tion by collegues
Page in Source 191
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Question rated on a 3-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Never married males  : r = +.16 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.08 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.10 (025)
Married females      : r = +.16 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived positive image
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Expected agreement of married persons with 3 positive 
statements about singles: singles have an easy carefree 
life, a better financial position, a lot of leisure 
time.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=
Computed for never marrieds only.

Males  : r = -.04
Females: r = +.06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived negative image
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Expected agreement of married persons with 11 negative 
statements about singles: singles like being on their 
own, live a frivolous life, are often jealous, shy, 
unattractive, reserved, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-
Computed for never marrieds only.

Males  : r = -.19
Females: r = -.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyRosenfield (1997): study US 1988
TitleLabelling Mental Illness: The Effects of Received Services and Percieved Stigma on Life Satisfaction.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1997, Vol. 62, 660 - 672
URLhttp://www2.asanet.org/journals/asr/
Public20-70 Chronic mental patients, USA, 1989,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived stigma
Page in Source 664, 665
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions concerning the perception of a 
former patient about 
- the extent to which most people would accept them as 
  a: a friend
  b: a worker 
- whether they are seen as
  c: less trustworthy  
  d: less intelligent than others 

Options:
0=no
1=yes
Observed distribution0: a=65%; b=77%; c=57%; d=53%
Error EstimatesAlpha=.88
Remarks
Link's (1987,89) devaluation-discrimination scale. The 
scale focuses on perceptions of stigma rather than 
stigmatizing experiences.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.23 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics
- clinical characteristics
- Received services:
  - vocational rehabilitation
  - financial support
  - empowerment
  - mental illness/chemical abuse groups
  - time in leisure activities
  - structure for leisure time


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /2
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicPsycology students, USA, University of Idaho, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =61

Correlate
Author's labelAttribution of positive traits
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
13 positive traits and 14 negative traits are selected 
from the original list of 33 statements. 

a. Before voting I thoroughly investigate the 
qualifications of all the candidates.
b. I never hesitate to go out of my way to help someone 
in trouble.
c. It is sometimes hard for me to go on with my work if 
I am not encouraged.
d. I have never intensely disliked anyone.
e. On occasions I have had doubts about my ability to 
succeed in life.
f. I sometimes feel resentful when I don’t get my way.
g. I am always careful about my manner of dress.
h. My table manners at home are as good as when I eat 
out in a restaurant.
i. If I could get into a movie without paying and be 
sure I was not seen I would probably do it.
j. On a few occasions, I have given up something 
because I thought too little of my ability.
k. I like to gossip at times.
1. There have been times when I felt like rebelling 
against people in authority even though I knew they 
were right.
m. No matter who I’m talking to, I’m always a good 
listener.
n. I can remember “playing sick” to get out of 
something.
o. There have been occasions when I have taken 
advantage of someone.
p. I’m always willing to admit it when I make a 
mistake.
q. I always try to practice what I preach.
r. I don’t find it particularly difficult to get along 
with loudmouthed, obnoxious people.
s. I sometimes try to get even rather than forgive and 
forget.
t. When I don’t know something I don’t mind at all 
admitting it.
u. I am always courteous, even to people who are 
disagreeable.
v. At times I have really insisted on having things my 
own way.
w. There have been occasions when I felt like smashing 
things.
x. I would never think of letting someone else be 
punished for my wrong-doings.
y. I never resent being asked to return a favor.
z. I have never been irked when people expressed ideas 
very different from my own.
aa. I never make a long trip without checking the 
safety of my car.
ab. There have been times when I was quite jealous of 
the good fortune of others.
ac. I have almost never felt the urge to tell someone 
off.
ad. I am sometimes irritated by people who ask favors 
of me.
ae. I have never felt that I was punished without 
cause.
af. I sometimes think when people have a misfortune 
they only got what they deserved.
ag. I have never deliberately said something that hurt 
someone’s feelings.

Subject use 5 point scales (from "not at all true of 
me" to "very much true of me") to rate themselves on 13 
positive traits. The sum of the positive trait ratings 
constituted the measure of the general tendency to 
attribute positive characteristics to self.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-?-0-ar=+.22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived reputation
Subject code: S02ag01

StudyGordon (1975): study US 1973
TitleThe Effects of Interpersonal and Economic Resources upon Values and the Quality of Life.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Dept. of Social Psychology, Temple University, 1975, Pennsylvania, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Temple University, Pennsylvania, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =346

Correlate
Author's labelStatus
Page in Source 85, 87
Our classificationSelf-perceived reputation, code S02ag01
Operationalization
Direct question: "I often feel important and respected 
now". Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from 1='lowest, 
not at all, never' to 9='highest, completely, always'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-ar=+.36
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-arpc= .00
rpc controlled for selfperceived receipt of: love, 
services, financial security, sex and information.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Congruency self-image and reputation
Subject code: S02ag02

StudyIrwin et al. (1979): study NZ 1975
TitleIf you Want to Know how Happy I am ,You'll have to Ask me.
SourceNew Zealand Psychologist, 1979, Vol. 8, 10 - 12
URLhttp://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/PSYCH-Vol81-1979-2-Irwin.pdf
PublicSingles, Dunedin New Zealand, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPerceptual accuracy
Page in Source 11
Our classificationCongruency self-image and reputation, code S02ag02
Operationalization
Correspondence of self-rating of Ss' happiness with 
ratings of Ss' happiness by two flatmates.
Flatmates rated how they thought the Ss
WILL rate themself and how they SHOULD 
rate if they were honest to themselves.
These ratings appeared largely identical and were 
added. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-7-ar=+.27 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Congruency self-image and reputation
Subject code: S02ag02

StudyMagnus & Diener (1991): study US 1986
TitleA Longitudinal Analysis of Personality, Life Events, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourcePaper presented at 63rd Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, 1991, Chicago, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/magnus_k_1991.pdf
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 4 years 1986-1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelPeer satisfaction with life
Page in Source 26
Our classificationCongruency self-image and reputation, code S02ag02
Operationalization
Ratings of informant on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with 
each of the items by placing the appropriate number on 
the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest 
in your responding.
A  In most ways life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of life are excellent
C  He/she is satisfied with life
D  So far, he/she has gotten the important things 
he/she wants in life
E  If he/she could live life over, he/she would change 
nothing 

Answers rated:
5  strongly agree
4  slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5
Remarks
At least seven informants for each participant: at 
least three from family members and three others from 
friends.
Assessed at T1(1986) and T2(1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.43 p < .05
T1 peer SWLS by T2 happiness
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=+.52 p < .05
T2 peer SWLS by T2 happiness
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.53 p < .05
T2 peer SWLS by T1 happiness
O-Sum-g-fi-?-7-ar=+.44 p < .05
T2 peer SWLS by T1 happiness
M-FH-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.45 p < .05
T2 peer SWLS by T1 happiness
M-FH-g-rdp-v-10-ar=+.43 p < .05
T1 peer SWLS by T2 happiness

T1-T2 4 years interval


Correlational finding on Happiness and Congruency self-image and reputation
Subject code: S02ag02

StudyChiriboga (1975): study US 1969
TitlePerceptions of Well-Being.
SourceLowenthal, M.F.;et al;Eds.: "Four Stages of Life", Jossey Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA, 84 - 98
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelRespondent- interviewer agreement
Page in Source 93
Our classificationCongruency self-image and reputation, code S02ag02
Operationalization
Correlation between respondents score on the Adjective 
Rating List (Block, 1961) as produced by himself vs 
produced by the interviewer.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.38 p < .10
High school: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns
High school: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.37 p < .10
Newly weds: men
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.40 p < .05
Newly weds: women
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.39 p < .01
Younger: high school seniors + mewly weds
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.24 p < .05
Older: middle aged parents + elderly planning to 
retire
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
Newly weds: men
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=+.50 p < .05
Newly weds: women
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br=+.29 p < .01
Younger: high school seniors + mewly weds
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-br= ns
Older: middle aged parents + elderly planning to 
retire


Correlational finding on Happiness and Congruency self-image and reputation
Subject code: S02ag02

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelRespondent- interviewer agreement
Page in Source 93
Our classificationCongruency self-image and reputation, code S02ag02
Operationalization
Correlation between respondents score on the Adjective 
Rating List (Block, 1961) as produced by himself vs 
produced by the interviewer.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns    females: r= ns 
newly weds   males: r= ns    females: r=+.50 (05)
middle aged  males: r= ns    females: r= ns 
preretired   males: r= ns    females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r=+.38 ns females: r= ns 
newly weds   males: r=+.37 ns females: r=+.40 05
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns 
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=+.24 p < .01
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.39 p < .01
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.29 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own reputation
Subject code: S02ag03

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of power, status and importance of yoursel
Our classificationAttitudes to own reputation, code S02ag03
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "power, status and importance of yourself in society"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,9 SD: 2,35
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .97


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own reputation
Subject code: S02ag03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with acceptance by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationAttitudes to own reputation, code S02ag03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are included and accepted by others?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own reputation
Subject code: S02ag03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect from others
Page in Source 112,156
Our classificationAttitudes to own reputation, code S02ag03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how sincere and 
honest other people are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.25
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.39


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own reputation
Subject code: S02ag03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with admiration and acceptance by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own reputation, code S02ag03
Operationalization
3-item index containing satisfaction with how much:
a one is admired or respected by other people
b one gets on with other people
c one is accepted and included: "How do you feel 
about...?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.53
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.38
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.15
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own reputation
Subject code: S02ag03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with admiration or respect by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own reputation, code S02ag03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are admired or respected by other people?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.27
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction wth self-esteem
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.12 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2003): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleLeisure Activities, Health and the Quality of Life.
SourceMichalos, A.C.;Ed.: "Essays on the Quality of Life", Kluwer, 2003, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 217 - 238
Public18+ aged, general public, British Columbia, USA, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response17,6
Respondents N =440

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-esteem satisfaction
Page in Source 232
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about satisfaction with 
self-esteem.
Full question not reported.

Rated vey dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (7)
Observed distribution1999 M = 5,3 1998 M = 5,2 1987 M = 5,5
Remarks
N = 326

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.27
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- job 
- friendship
- family relations
- living partner
- present age satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006): study CA British Columbia 1998
TitleA Note on Student Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 51 - 59
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-005-2404-y
PublicUniversity students Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1998 - 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3407

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self-esteem
Page in Source 52, 54
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.4, SD = 1.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.71 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.71 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.64 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self-esteem
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your self-esteem?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 5.43

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.64 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.28 p < .05
All               +.28
Females           +.26
Males             +.30
18 -24 aged       +.33
25+ aged          +.28
Aboriginals =     +.25
Other etnecities  +.28
Unemployed        +.48
Other workstatus  +.29
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.60 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.23 p < .05
All               +.23
Females           +.24
Males             +.25
18 -24 aged       +.27
25+ aged          +.23
Aboriginals =     +.31
Other etnecities  +.23
Unemployed        +.37
Other workstatus  +.23
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.54 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.26 p < .05
All               +.26
Females           +.26
Males             +.28
18 -24 aged       +.27
25+ aged          +.26
Aboriginals =     +.22
Other etnecities  +.27
Unemployed        +.34
Other workstatus  +.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of self forgiveness
Page in Source 441
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How important for your 
happiness is the ablilty to forgive yourself?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:9%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:26%, 9:16%, 10:18%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.2  M = 7.4             +0.8
top 3:  M = 8.1  M = 7.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.6             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelEase to forgive yourself
Page in Source 443
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How easy do you think it 
is to forgive yourself?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:3%, 2:5%, 3:6%, 4:6%, 5:15%, 6:13%, 7:15%, 8:18%, 9:8%, 10:5%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.3  M = 5.9             +0.4
top 3:  M = 6.2  M = 5.8             +0.4 
top 5:  M = 6.1  M = 5.7             +0.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,84 SD: 1,64, Non-exercisers: M: 7,28 SD: 2,08
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal strengths, skills and resourcs
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal strengths, skills and resources"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,38 SD: 1,65, Non-exercisers: M: 6,35 SD: 2,26
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.36 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,77 SD: 1,46, Non-exercisers: M: 7,22 SD: 2,06
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.24 p < .05
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,97 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of personal strengths, skills and resourcs
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "personal strengths, skills and resources"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,92 SD: 1,73
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.27 p < .01
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.27 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.24 p < .01
Beta after accounting for perceived contribution 
to general happiness of:
- friends and social relationships
- faith, religion, ethics and moral values


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own self-image
Subject code: S02ah

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-concept and self-esteem
Our classificationAttitudes to own self-image, code S02ah
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-concept and self-esteem"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,88 SD: 1,91
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happines

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.09 p < .22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ideal self
Subject code: S02ai

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with dreaming about life
Page in Source 358
Our classificationIdeal self, code S02ai
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you dream about your 
life.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:3%, 3:4%, 4:5%, 5:11%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:22%, 9:12%, 10:10%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=2060

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.4             +1.5
top 3:  M = 7.6  M = 5.9             +1.7 
top 5:  M = 7.2  M = 5.2             +2.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 487, Others: 8-0 N=1572
Top 3: 10-8 N=1052, Others: 7-0 N=1008
Top 5: 10-6 N=1632, Others: 5-0 N= 428


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ideal self
Subject code: S02ai

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicNon-teaching employees, university, Idaho, USA, 197?
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelSocial interest scale
Page in Source 161
Our classificationIdeal self, code S02ai
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).
Remarks
Social Interest Scale test, Crandall 1975.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .00
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.37 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ideal self
Subject code: S02ai

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /1
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicUndergraduate students, university, Idaho, USA,197?
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 163
Our classificationIdeal self, code S02ai
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ideal self
Subject code: S02ai

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /2
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicPsycology students, USA, University of Idaho, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =61

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 166
Our classificationIdeal self, code S02ai
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-?-0-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ideal self
Subject code: S02ai

StudyCrandall & Reimanis (1976): study US 1971
TitleSocial Interest and Time Orientation, Childhood Memories, Adjustment and Crime.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1976, Vol. 32, 203 - 211
URLhttp://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&uid=1979-20065-001
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Interest Scale
Page in Source 203
Our classificationIdeal self, code S02ai
Operationalization
If you had to make a choice, which would you rather be? 
Draw a line under your choice in each of the pairs.
"I would rather be..."
a imaginative - rational
b helpful* - quick witted
c neat - sympathetic*
d level-headed - efficient
e intelligent - considerate*
f self-reliant - ambitious
g respectful* - original
h creative - sensible
i generous - individualistic
j repsonsible - original
k capable - tolerant*
l trustworthy* - wise
m neat - logical
n forgiving* - gentle
o efficent - respectful*
p practical - self-confident
q capable - independent
r alert - cooperative*
s imaginative - helpful*
t realistic - moral*
u considerate* - wise
v sympathetic* - individualistic
w ambitious - patient*
x reasonable - quick-witted

The social interest score consists of the number of 
characteristics with asteriscs (maximum 15) chosen by 
the individual. (Asterisc is not visible in test).
Remarks
Social Interest Scale test, Crandall 1975.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-ar=+.26 p < .05
O-SL?-c-sq-?-0-ar=+


Correlational finding on Happiness and Identity
Subject code: S02aj

StudyKoralewicz & Zagorski (2009): study PL 2007
TitleLiving Conditions and Optimistic Orientation of Poles.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology, 2009, Vol. 39, 10 - 44
DOIDOI:10.2753/IJS0020-7659390401
PublicAdults, general public, Poland, 2007
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling of bond and self-identification
Page in Source 37
Our classificationIdentity, code S02aj
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: how strong is the bond 
with different social milieus and groups and the 
indexes of Life Satisfaction and Psychological 
Well-being.
A friends and acquaintances
b workplace or farm
c professionel group
d familly
e place of residence
f europe
g region
h nation
I social organization
j political party
k religion

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.30 p < .01
Friends and acquaintances
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.25 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.27 p < .01
Work or farm
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.21 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.25 p < .01
Professional group
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.20 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.24 p < .01
Family
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.21 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.19 p < .01
Place of residence (town or village)
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.19 p < .01
Europe
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.16 p < .01
Region
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.13 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.13 p < .01
Nation
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.13 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.12 p < .01
Social organization, club
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.10 p < .01
Political party, front
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.04 p < .01
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-br=+.09 p < .01
Religion, the church
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .01


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 9 questions

Experience of (full text not reported:
A nervousness
B discouragement, boredom
C lack of control over own life
D helplessness
E unhappiness
F rage
G satisfaction, things went well
H certainty that all is well
I pride in accomplishment
J curiosity

Rated
4 very often
3 often
2 rarely
1 almost never, never

Computation: Average with score on negative items reversed
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How well do you feel these days? Is your current well-being....?
0 very low
1
2
3
4 very high
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

In thinking over the past year, indicate how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you have felt in the last year?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstacy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight
and buoyancy.
8 Elated and in high spirits.
7 Feeling very good and cheerful.
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK".
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue".
3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely "blue".
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful".
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
5 very good spirits
4 fairly good spirits
3 neither good spirits nor low spirits
2 fairly low spirits
1 very low spirits.
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

"......overall mood of the past day ......"
( full question not reported.)
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely "blue"
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale'
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

"Taken things together: how did you feel since you got ill....?"
7 very good
6
5
4
3
2
1 very bad
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

"The following are statements of feelings or mood. Please read them over and then indicate which of these overall feelings best describes your feelings."
A) Right now you feel .........
B) The best you felt today ....
C) The worst you felt today ...
D) The way you usually feel ...

Response options:
10. Complete elations, rapturous joy, and soaring ecstasy.
9. Very elated and in very high spirits; tremendous delight
and buoyancy.
8. Elated and in high spirits.
7. Feeling very good and cheerful.
6. Feeling pretty good, "OK".
5. Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4. Spirits low and somewhat blue.
3. Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely blue.
2. Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable,
"just awful".
1. Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black
and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Summation: average scores on A,B,C,D.

Name: Elation-Depression Scale (variant)
A-AOL-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How high or low is your level of wellbeing?
0 extremely low, utterly depressed, completely down
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 extremely high, feeling extatic joyous, fantastic

Adapted Fordyce Happiness Scale
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past four weeks have you ever felt....?" (yes/no)

A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B Things going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F A deep sense of joy.
G Pleased because my life feels orderly and secure.
H Bored.
I Very lonely and remote from other people.
J Jealous of somebody.
K Angry with someone.
L Disappointed in myself..
M Unhappy about the small number of times I have pleasant
feelings and experiences.

Answer options:
0 no
yes
If yes: How often did you feel so?
5 every day
4 several times a week
3 once a week
2 2 or 3 times a month
1 once a month

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to G
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average H to M
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: +42 tot -30

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B Proud, because someone had complimented you
C Very lonely or remote from people?
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F On top of the world?
G Depressed
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?
J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A Particularly interested in or excited about something
B Pleased about having accomplished something
C On top of the world
D Pity for some people you know
E Helpless, with no control over situations
F Bored
G Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating options:
0 never
1 once
2 several times
3 often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A affectionate
B joyful
C sad
D worried
E irritable
F guilty
G happy
H proud

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
A-BD2-md-mq-v-7-aSelfreport of momentary mood on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much you feel each of the emotions below. Put a number from 1 to 7 to accurately reflect how much you feel that emotion RIGHT NOW.
A worry
B affection
C anger
D joy
E sadness
F guilt
G contentment
H pride

1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 extremely intense

Computation: (B+D+G+H) - (A+C+E+F) / 8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance' DRM format
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-bSelfreport on 48 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describes a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks.
A Nothing goes right with me
B I feel close to people around me
C I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D I feel my life is on the right track
E I feel loved and trusted
F My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G I don't like myself
H I feel very tense
I I feel life isn't worth living
J I am content with myself
K My past life is filled with failure
L Everything I do seems worthwhile
M I an't be bothered doing anything
N I feel I can do whatever I want to
O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
them
P Everything is going right for me
Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
people
R I'm easy going
S I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
T I wish I could change some parts of my life
U I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V The future looks good
W I become very lonely
X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y I feel out of place
Z I think clearly and creatively
AA I feel alone
AB I feel free and easy
AC I smile and laugh a lot
AD I feel things are going my way
AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG I feel like hiding away
AH I feel confident about decisions I make
AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ I feel other people like me
AK I feel like a failure
AL I feel I'm a complete person
AM I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN My future looks good
AO I'm making the most out of my life
AP Everything is going right for me
AQ I feel unimportant
AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A Confident
B Hopeless
C Pleasant
D Insignificant
E Discontented
F Healthy
G Dejected
H Annoyed
I Down
J Glad
K Glowing
L Relaxed
M Comfortable
N Moody
O Understood
P Blue
Q Miserable
R Joyful
S Tense
T Insecure
U Shaky
V Satisfied
W Safe
X Successful
Y Free
Z Sad
AA Good-natured
AB Impatient
AC Rejected
AD Lively
AE Frustrated
AF Fearful
AG Lonely
AH Warm
AI Contented
AJ Good
AK Secure
AL Disappointed
AM Understanding
AN Depressed
AO Low
AP Calm
AQ Unhappy
AR Upset
AS Empty
AT Enthusiastic
AU Happy
AV Vibrant

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all of the time

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4 to +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last month
A-BMr-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

During the past 30 days, how much of the time did you feel ..?
A So sad nothing could cheer you up
B Nervous
C Restless or fidgety
D Hopeless
E That everything was an effort
F Worthless
G Cheerful
H In good spirits
I Extremely happy
J Calm and peaceful
K Satisfied
L Full of life

Computation: (G+H+I+J+K+L) - ( A+B+C+D+E+F)

Name: Mroczek & Kolarz (1998) Affect Balance Scale
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bInterviewer-rating of cheerfulness:

Altogether the respondent looks.....
2 quite cheerfull
1 not too cheerful
- difficult to say

Part of the 8 item Allensbacher Ausdrücktest which also involves ratings of cheerful appearance in: look, mouth, posture, movements, eyes, elbows and lips. This general rating is the last item in the test.
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
- occupational success
- family life
- friendships
- richness of cultural life
- total service to society.
1 less important to me than to most people
2
3
4
5 of prime importance to me

B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
1 little satisfaction in this area
2
3
4
5 had excellent fortune in this respect

Computation: General Satisfaction 5 is the quotient obtained by multiplying the planned goal (early adulthood) by the reported success in attaining that goal, adding the five of these multiplied areas and dividing them by the sum of the planned goals for each of the areas.

Pa.Sa + Pb.Sb + Pc.Sc + Pd.Sd + Pe.Se
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Pa + Pb + Pc + Pd + Pe
Pa = planned goal a (1-5)
Sa = success goal a (1-5)
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

…how things are going in your life.. (full item not reported)
0 the worst possible life you could imagine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 the best possible life you could imagine
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RG-h-fi-v-5-aSelfreport in focused interview:

Content analysis of interview records by independent judges.
Interviews focused on the extent to which S feels he has achieved his goals in life, whatever those goals might be; feels he has succeeded in accomplishing what he regards as important. High ratings go, for instance, to S who says, "I've managed to keep out of jail" just as to R who says, "I managed to send all my kids through college". Low ratings go to R who feels he's missed most of his opportunities, or who says, "I've never been suited to my work", or "I always wanted to be a doctor, but never could get there". Also to R who wants most to be "loved", but instead feels merely "approved". (Expressions of regret for lack of education are not counted because they are stereotyped responses among all but the group of highest social status).

Rating options:
5 Feels he has accomplished what he wanted to do. He has
achieved or is achieving his own personal goals.
4 Regrets somewhat the chances missed during life. "Maybe
I could have made more of certain opportunities".
Nevertheless, feels that he has been fairly successful in
accomplishing what he wanted to do in life.
3 Has a fifty-fifty record of opportunities taken and opportunities
missed. Would have done some things differently, if he had
his life to live over. Might have gotten more education.
2 Has regrets about major opportunities missed but feels good
about accomplishment in one area (may be his avocation).
1 Feels he has missed most opportunities in life.
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate yourself as to how successful or unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ] completely successful
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely unsuccessful
M-AC-h-mq-v-8-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A
"How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
-
-
- joy in living


4 of prime importance to me
3
2
1 less important to me than to most people

B.
"How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 little satisfaction in this area

Computation: Life satisfaction score = Perceived success in achieving joy in living now (B) minus remembered importance of joy in living in early adulthood (A)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-AO-cm-mq-*-10-aSelfreport on 25 questions

A Selfreport on life satisfaction on five questions
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree ...1 strongly disagree
(Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale, SWLS)

B Selfreport on mood on 20 questions
How much of each mood did you experience in the last month?
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answered: 1 not at all …… 7 very frequently
(Watson's Positive And Negative Affect Scale PANAS)

Summation: First computation of z-scores of A (life-satisfaction), Ba-k (negative affect) and Bl-t (positive affect). Next zA + zBl-t -zBa-k

Answer options:
a 1 very slightly or not at all
b 2 a little
c 3 moderately
d 4 quite a bit
e 5 extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-CO---mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A
How often do you find yourself feeling disappointed about the ways things have turned out for you?
1 often
2 sometimes
3 hardly ever

B
All in all, how much happiness would you say you find in your life today?
1 almost none
2 some
3 a good deal

C
On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life today?
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied

Summation: A+B+C/3
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel things have worked out for you generally?
4 very well
3 fairly well
2 not very well
1 not at all well
M-FH-c-fi-v-5-aSelfreport in focused interview:

Content analysis of interview records by two independent judges:
High ratings for R who expresses happy, optimistic attitudes and mood; who uses spontaneous positively-toned affective terms for people and things; who takes pleasure from life and expresses it. Low ratings for depression, 'feel blue and lonely'; for feelings of bitterness; for frequent irritability and anger. (Here not only R's verbalized attitudes in the interview were considered, but interferences were made from all the knowledge of his inter-personal relationships, how others react towards him).

Rating options
5 'This is the best time of my life'. Is nearly always cheerful,
optimistic. Cheerfulness may seem unrealistic to an observer,
but R shows no sign of 'putting up a bold front'.
4 Gets pleasure out of life, knows it and shows it. There is
enough restraint to seem appropriate to a younger person
Usually feels positive affect. Optimistic.
3 Seems to move along on an even temperamental keel. Any
depressions are neutralized by positive mood swings.
Generally neutral-to-positive affect. May show some irritability
2 Wants things quiet and peaceful. General neutral-to-
negative affect. Some depression.
1 Pessimistic, complaining, bitter. Complaints of being lonely.
Feels 'blue' a good deal of the time. May get angry when in
contact with people.
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-cm-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Over the past month I have been feeling.........?"
7 extremely happy
6 very happy
5 somewhat happy
4 mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3 somewhat unhappy
2 very unhappy
1 extremely unhappy
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

Rating:
1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.
M-FH-cw-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"Taking all things together, how happy would you say you have been feeling OVER THE PAST WEEK. Please place an x by the choice which best describes how happy you have felt. Try to be as accurate as you can. Over the past week I have been feeling..."
5 very happy
4 happy
3 somewhat happy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
M-FH-g-rdp-v-10-aPeerrating using single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DOES X USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes his/her average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item, peer rating version
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?"
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5 neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel happy in general?
0 minimum score
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 maximal score
Numbers presented on a horizontal line scale.
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel.....?
3 happy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
M-FH-u-sq-v-7-aSelf report on single question

Do you feel happy?
1 strongly disagree
2 disagree
3 slightly disagree
4 neither agree or disagree
5 slightly agree
6 agree
7 strongly agree
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living'

" How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?"
(joy in living)
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 found little satisfaction in this area
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question

Felt happy during the past month.. (full item not reported)
3 all of the time
2 most of the time
2 some of the time
0 none of the time
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- I never thought about it
- does not apply to me



Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version by Michalos)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Indicate the feeling you have now, generally speaking, how do you feel about your life...?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- 8 neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- 9 never thought about it
- 10 does not apply to me

Scoring: 8, 9 and 10 left out
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aSelfreport on single question asked twice in interview,

"How do you feel about your life as a whole......?"
10 delightful
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 terrible

Summation: mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delightful-Terrible Scale' (modified version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

".......happiness....."
(Full text not reported)
O-HL-?-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question

Text of question not reported
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-afSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are these days?
1 not very happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy are you these days .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy are you.....?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely

(Originally presented on a horizontal line scale)
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are.....?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5 very happy

Labels of other response options not reported
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question :

All things considered, how happy would you say you are right now?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all into account, right now would you say that you are:
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5
O-HP-g-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

… happy… (full text not reported)

Response options not reported

Part of a 27 item self-descriptive checklist
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

'Please rate your quality of life in each of the six areas below.
Overall: This refers to your overall, general quality of life.
7 extremely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 extremely satisfied
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-SL?-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"........satisfaction with life........."
(Full item not reported)
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"...... how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1 not very satisfied
2 somewhat satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SL?-c-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

.. Generally satisfied with present life .. (Full text not reported)

Response options not reported
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with present life....."
(Full lead item not reported)
1
2
3
(Response options not reported)
O-SL?-m-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".........satisfaction with life right now........."
(Full question not reported)

1 -
2
3
4
5
6
7 +
Response options not reported.
O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfying do you find the way you're spending your life these days.....?"

Rated on numerical scale
(steps and labels not reported)
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question :

"Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?"
[ 10 ] entirely satisfied
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely dissatisfied

Name Cantril ladder rating (modified version)
O-SLS-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation, how satisfied are you with your daily life?
0 very unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

'All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life these days?'
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you generally satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question :

"How satisfied are you about your life as a whole since that time?" ( onset of disease)
7 very satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---mq-v-5-bSelf report on four questions:

A I am very satisfied with my life
B These are the best years of my life
C My life could be better than it is now
D The quality of my life is poor

Scoring
1 disagree strongly
2
3
4
5 agree strongly

Computation: A+B+C+D/4 (C and D reversed)
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-g-fi-?-7-aSelfreport in in-depth interview about affective nature of one's life.
Rated on the level of happiness by an expert rater on a 1-7 scale
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
Chi²CHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi² <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi² >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpPOLYCHORIC CORRELATION
Variant of r
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
HOTELLING's T² statistic is the MANOVA equivalent of an F-statistic in an ANOVA situation.
Type: asymmetric test statistic
(one or more correlates; two or more happiness measures at the interval level of measurement)
VCRAMéR's V
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
V = 0 « no association
V = 1 « strongest possible association
XUNCLASSIFIED STATISTIC
Will be coded later
ZZZZZUNCLASSIFIED STATISTIC
Will be coded later


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
S02SELF-IMAGEC10COPING
S02SELF-IMAGEP04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS
S02SELF-IMAGER04ROLES
S02aa01Earlier self-imageP01ab24Earlier self-confidence
S02aa02Change in self-imageA03ab03Variability of affects
S02aa02Change in self-imageP04czStable
S02aa02Change in self-imageT02abTherapeutical effect (on happiness)
S02abCurrent self-characterizationR03ag01Self-definition in terms of earlier job
S02abCurrent self-characterizationA04ae01bAge identification
S02abCurrent self-characterizationA04ae01aSubjective age (how old one feels)
S02ab01Self-perceived abilityC10ab02Current coping-capacity
S02ab01Self-perceived abilityL04ac01bIn control (vs drifting)
S02ab01Self-perceived abilityL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure)
S02ab02Self perceived autonomyP04boInner locus of control
S02ab02Self perceived autonomyP04blIndependent
S02ab03Self perceived desicivenessP04csSelf-confidant
S02ab04Self perceived gender identityM06ad01Sex-reassignment
S02ab04Self perceived gender identityG01agGender attitudes
S02ab04Self perceived gender identityG01aeTransgender
S02ab04Self perceived gender identityG01adGender preference
S02ab04Self perceived gender identityG01abGender roles
S02ab05Self-perceived happy natureP04cgPositive reacting
S02ab06Self-perceived maturityA04ae01aSubjective age (how old one feels)
S02ab06Self-perceived maturityP02abCurrent stage of development
S02ab07Self-perceived preferencesI04abCurrent interests
S02ab07Self-perceived preferencesL07ab02Object of life-goals
S02ab08Self-perceived uniquenessL04ac01qUnique (vs common)
S02ab09Self-perceived usefulnessM05MEANING
S02ab10Self-perceived social identityR04ROLES
S02acCurrent self-idealL07LIFE GOALS
S02ad03Evaluation of aspects of selfM14acAttitudes to ones motivation
S02ad03aReal-ideal congruenceL07ac02Perceived realization of life-goals
S02ad03aReal-ideal congruenceS02aiIdeal self
S02ad03bRelative superiorityP04bwModest (vs supercilious)
S02ad03cSelf confidenceP04csSelf-confidant
S02ad03dSelf-criticalP04aaAggressive, angry
S02ad03dSelf-criticalP04anCritical
S02ad03eSelf respectM13ac13Feeling respectable (vs rejected)
S02aeCurrent satisfaction with selfA04ae01cSatisfaction with age
S02ae01Satisfaction with oneself-as-a-personP04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS
S02ae01aSatisfaction with own abilitiesC10ac02Satisfaction with self care
S02ae01bSatisfaction with own copingC10COPING
S02ae01cSatisfaction with own creativenessC11acAttitudes to own creativeness
S02ae01dSatisfaction with self-realizationL04ac01cDeveloping (vs stagnating)
S02ae01dSatisfaction with self-realizationP04cpSelf-actualization (need for)
S02ae01eSatisfaction with own moralityP04bxMoral
S02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishmentsL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure)
S02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishmentsH07acContentment
S02ae02aSatisfaction with contributions to othersL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
S02afCurrent consistency of self-imageP03abPersonality integration
S02aiIdeal selfS02ad03aReal-ideal congruence
S02ajIdentityS09ab02Subjective social rank

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings