Findings on Happiness and POPULARITY

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and POPULARITY
Subject Code: P09

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
P09POPULARITY0
P09aaPopularity career0
P09aa01Earlier popularity0
P09aa02Change in popularity0
P09aa03Later popularity0
P09abCurrent popularity0
P09ab01Actual popularity (socio-metrically)5
P09ab02Perceived popularity 12
P09ab02aPopularity with colleagues1
P09ab02bPopularity with same sex1
P09ab02cPopularity with opposite sex2
P09ab03Own liking of others 0
P09acAttitudes to own popularity8
P09ab02dPopularity in community1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and POPULARITY
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=P09
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Subject code: P09ab01

StudyVolk & Quinsey (2002): study CA Ontario 1997
TitleThe influence of infant facial cues on adoption preferences
SourceHuman Nature, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 437-455
PublicInfants, portrait of which rated by parents and non-parents, Kingston, Canada, 1997
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20

Correlate
Author's labelAdoption Preferences
Page in Source 442, 443
Our classificationActual popularity (socio-metrically), code P09ab01
Operationalization
Raters were asked to rate their desire to fictionally 
adopt each of 20 infants on the basis of pictures of 
faces presented in a slide show
Rated on a 1-10 scale

Ratings made by parents (not the parents of the 
portraits infants) and non-parents. Parents were 
selected from community, mean age 43, Non-parent first 
year undergraduate student, mean age 20 years.
Remarks
The 20 infants had later been rated for cuteness, 
health, resemblance and happiness (independent variable 
in this analysis).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-m-rdv-n-7-ar=+ p < .01
Males   r = +.09 (01)
Females r = +.21 (01)
A-CA-m-rdv-n-7-arpc=- p < .01
rpc negative among both males and females when 
controled for:
- resemblance
- cuteness
- health
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Subject code: P09ab01

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelPeer popularity
Page in Source 329
Our classificationActual popularity (socio-metrically), code P09ab01
Operationalization
Score based on the number of times one is selected by 
his peers in answering three open-ended questions:
- who do you like?
- who are your friends?
- who do you play with?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=+
Open ward  : r = +.04 (ns)
Closed ward: r = +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Subject code: P09ab01

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelPopularity
Page in Source 329
Our classificationActual popularity (socio-metrically), code P09ab01
Operationalization
1. Rating by 2 experienced staff
   members who were familiar with all
   the patients, on a 7-point
   'isolated-popular' scale.

2. Score based on the number of times
   one is selected by his peers in 
   answering three open-ended
   questions:
   - who do you like?
   - who are your friends?
   - who do you play with?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=+ p < .001
Open ward  : r = +.52 (001)
Closed ward: r = +.47 (001)
            
               
                        
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=+
Open ward  : r = +.04 (ns)
Closed ward: r = +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Subject code: P09ab01

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelRejection by peers
Page in Source 329
Our classificationActual popularity (socio-metrically), code P09ab01
Operationalization
Score based on the number of times one is selected by 
his peers in answering three open-ended questions
- who don't you like?
- who do you dislike?
- who don't you like to play with?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=- p < .05
Open ward  : r = -.23 (05)
Closed ward: r = -.32 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Subject code: P09ab01

StudyJohnson (1940): study US 1940
TitleThe Social Meaning of Mood.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1940, Vol. 12, 163 - 169
PublicFemale university students, members of a sorority, USA, 1940
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =30

Correlate
Author's labelPopularity
Page in Source 166
Our classificationActual popularity (socio-metrically), code P09ab01
Operationalization
Peerrating by 30 sorority members for 'being liked'. 
Rating by ranking in a randomly assigned group of 15 
Ss. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-aDM=+
Most liked:  mean rank = 5.4
Least liked: mean rank = 11.0
Most cheerfull rank 1, least 15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelAmiable personality
Page in Source 2335, 2340
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on three questions:  
a) Do your consider yourself a pleasant
person at home?
b) Do you get along well with your colleagues?
b) Are you liked by your employer?
Rated:
1strongly disagree
:
5 strongly agree

People were categorized as amiable when answering 4 or 
5 on all three questions:
1: Amiable personality
0: Not amiable personality
Observed distribution1: 25.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.48 p < .01
OPRC controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Marital status
- Dependent relatives
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Health
- Medical insurance
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Hukou location
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling of being liked
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Question on personal popularity. 4-point scale ranging 
from "wholly agree" to "not important" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.17
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling of being liked
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Question on personal popularity. 4-point scale ranging 
from "wholly agree" to "not important" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.04
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyCha (2003): study KR 1998
TitleSubjective Well-Being among College Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol.62/63, 455 - 477
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1022669906470
PublicCollege students, Korea, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =350

Correlate
Author's labelPublic collective self-esteem
Page in Source 466
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Ss were asked to think of the ascribed social 
categories to which they belong, such as sex, gender 
and religion. They  then rated how positive other 
people evaluate these categories on a 6-point Likert 
scale.

Public collective esteem subscale of Korean Collective 
Self-esteem Scale (Kim 1994; Luhtanen & Croker 1992)
Error Estimatesalpha=.64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-br=+.35 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyCurrie et al. (2004): study ZZ Developed nations 2001
TitleYoung People's Health in Context, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study: International Report from the 2001/2002 Survey. Health Policy for Children and Adolescents No.4
SourceWHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2004.
URLhttp://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/110231/e82923.pdf
Public11,13 and 15 aged, school children, 33 countries and regions, 2001
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =162306

Correlate
Author's labelPeer support
Page in Source 185,186
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Self report on three questions
A The students in my class(es) enjoy being together. 
B Most of the students in my class(es) are kind and 
helpful. 
C Other students accept me as I am.
Response categories were: Strongly agree, Agree, 
Neither agree nor disagree, Disagree, Strongly 
disagree.

Recoded as:
3 Positive: agree or strongly agree with all these 
statments
2 Middle: Do not agree with one of these three 
statements
1 Negative: Do not agree with at least two of the three 
statements
Observed distributionnot reported
Remarks
15 year olds only (N =50816)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ers=+
Girls: rs = +.24
Boys : rs = +.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling of being liked
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Question on personal popularity. 4-point scale ranging 
from "wholly agree" to "not important" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.11
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to suceed, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling of being liked
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Question on personal popularity. 4-point scale ranging 
from "wholly agree" to "not important" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.12
Controlled for: Income, housing density, 
education, social status, chronic illness, 
anxiety, freq. of meetings with relatives, no. of 
friends, opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, no. of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to 
succeed, gets sufficient attention, satisfaction 
with income, age, gender, no. of communities in 
which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyKolotkin & Crosby (2002): study US 1997
TitlePsychometric Evaluation of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite Questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite) in a Community Sample.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2002, Vol. 11, 157 - 171
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1015081805439
Public18+aged, overweight, USA, 199?.
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =494

Correlate
Author's labelPublic distress
Page in Source 166
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
IQOL-Lite (Kolotkin & Crosby, 2001)
Five items on a public distress, rated with respect to 
the last week on a five point scale from 'always true' 
to 'never true'.  Higher scored indicate poorer quality 
of life.  A typical question is: 'Because of my weight 
I experience ridicule, teasing, or unwanted attention'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.43 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Integration
Page in Source 132
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements: You think/believe/feel
a) you do not belong to a community (-)
b) you are  an important part of your community (+) 
c) people in your community listen to you (+)
d) close to other people in your community (+)
e) your community as a source of comfort (+)
f) your community does  not  take you seriously (-)
g) other people value you as a person
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 33.0 SD = 6.4
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 1.0 to 1.3 Validity Coefficients ranging from .46 to .66 Alpha Reliability .81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.32 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.31 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyRosenfield (1997): study US 1988
TitleLabelling Mental Illness: The Effects of Received Services and Percieved Stigma on Life Satisfaction.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1997, Vol. 62, 660 - 672
URLhttp://www2.asanet.org/journals/asr/
Public20-70 Chronic mental patients, USA, 1989,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived stigma
Page in Source 664, 665
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions concerning the perception of a 
former patient about 
- the extent to which most people would accept them as 
  a: a friend
  b: a worker 
- whether they are seen as
  c: less trustworthy  
  d: less intelligent than others 

Options:
0=no
1=yes
Observed distribution0: a=65%; b=77%; c=57%; d=53%
Error EstimatesAlpha=.88
Remarks
Link's (1987,89) devaluation-discrimination scale. The 
scale focuses on perceptions of stigma rather than 
stigmatizing experiences.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.23 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics
- clinical characteristics
- Received services:
  - vocational rehabilitation
  - financial support
  - empowerment
  - mental illness/chemical abuse groups
  - time in leisure activities
  - structure for leisure time


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyCameron et al. (1973): study US 1971
TitleThe Life Satisfaction of Non-Normal Persons.
SourceJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1973, Vol. 41, 207 - 214
DOIDOI:10.1037/h0035158
PublicHandicapped and controls Detroit, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =295

Correlate
Author's labelAppraised liking by others
Page in Source 209
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How much do you think that people in 
general like you?" not at all / very little / somewhat 
/ considerably / very much

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-ar= + p < . 01
normals     : r = +.54 (01)
handicapped : r = +.33 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived popularity
Subject code: P09ab02

StudyPandey (1971): study US 1969
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =149

Correlate
Author's labelSociability
Page in Source 329
Our classificationPerceived popularity , code P09ab02
Operationalization
Number of choices made in answering 3 open-ended 
questions:
- who do you like?
- who are your friends?
- who do you play with?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-ar=+
Open ward  : r = +.30 (01)
Closed ward: r = +.04 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Popularity with colleagues
Subject code: P09ab02a

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived apprecia- tion by collegues
Page in Source 191
Our classificationPopularity with colleagues, code P09ab02a
Operationalization
Question rated on a 3-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Never married males  : r = +.16 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.08 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.10 (025)
Married females      : r = +.16 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Popularity with same sex
Subject code: P09ab02b

StudyWatson (1930): study US 1928
TitleHappiness Among Adult Students of Education.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1930, Vol. 21, 79 - 109
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0070539
PublicGraduate students of education (teachers), Columbia University, USA, 192?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelPopularity with samesex
Page in Source 104
Our classificationPopularity with same sex, code P09ab02b
Operationalization
Direct question on self perceived popu- larity with 
same sex (in high school).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-oq-n-11-ar= +
Males   : r = +.22
Females : r = +.10
A-BW-g-mq-v-2-ar= +
Males   : r = +.24
Females : r = +.14
O-HP-u-sq-v-10-ar= +
Males   : r = +.03
Females : r = +.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Popularity with opposite sex
Subject code: P09ab02c

StudyFeingold (1983): study US 1978
TitleHappiness, Unselfishness, and Popularity.
SourceJournal of Psychology, 1983, Vol. 115, 3 - 5
PublicUniversity students, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =175

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-reported popularity with opposite sex
Page in Source 5
Our classificationPopularity with opposite sex, code P09ab02c
Operationalization
Single direct question:"How popular are you (or were 
you) in general with
members of the opposite sex?".
Rated on a 6-points scale, rating
from 1 (=not popular at all) to 6 
(=very popular).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-br=+.36 p < .001
Men   r'=+.37 (001)
Women r'=+.35 (001)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-brpc=+.34 p < .01
Men   rpc=+.32 (01)
Woman rpc=+.35 (01)
rpc controlled for unselfishness


Correlational finding on Happiness and Popularity with opposite sex
Subject code: P09ab02c

StudyWatson (1930): study US 1928
TitleHappiness Among Adult Students of Education.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1930, Vol. 21, 79 - 109
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0070539
PublicGraduate students of education (teachers), Columbia University, USA, 192?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelPopularity with opposite sex
Page in Source 104
Our classificationPopularity with opposite sex, code P09ab02c
Operationalization
Direct question on self perceived popu- larity with 
opposite sex (in high school).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-10-ar= +
Males   : r = +.13
Females : r = +.03
O-HL-g-oq-n-11-ar= +
Males   : r = +.13
Females : r = +.03
A-BW-g-mq-v-2-ar=
Males   : r = +.15
Females : r = -.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Popularity in community
Subject code: P09ab02d

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity approval
Page in Source 164
Our classificationPopularity in community, code P09ab02d
Operationalization
Self report:
'To what extent do you feel approval   for your 
lifestyle and ideals from the local community'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.17 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAbe & Moritsuka (1986): study JP 1981
TitleA Case-Control Study of Climacteric Symptoms and Complaints of Japanese Women by Symptomatic Type for Psychological Variables.
SourceMaturitas, 1986, Vol. 8, 255 - 265
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3784921&dopt=Abstract
PublicWomen in menopause patient and controls, Miyagi, North-east Japan, 1981-82.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response20 % (cases 21%,controls 19%)
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived respect from people
Page in Source 261
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
Single direct question:Do you think you are evaluated 
correctly by people surrounding yourself?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-ar= p < .002


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of power, status and importance of yoursel
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "power, status and importance of yourself in society"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 5,9 SD: 2,35
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .97


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyCrandall (1976): study US Ohio 1973
TitleValidation of Self-Report Measures Using Ratings by Others.
SourceSociological Methods and Measures, 1976, Vol. 4, 380 -400
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/3/380.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, Toledo, USA, 1973
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =771

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance by others
Page in Source 388
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your acceptance by others?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Correlation (+.25) with peer rating of the participants 
satisfaction with his/her acceptance with others.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.21 ns
Own happiness by own satisfaction with acceptance 
with others.

Similar correlation (+.16) between ratings of 
participants happiness and satisfaction with 
acceptance with others.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with admiration and acceptance by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
3-item index containing satisfaction with how much:
a one is admired or respected by other people
b one gets on with other people
c one is accepted and included: "How do you feel 
about...?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.53
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.38
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.15
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect from others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
3-item index containing satisfaction with:
a the way one is treated by other people 
b bthe way one's rights are respected by others
c how dependable and responsible people are: "How do 
you feel about...?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.37
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.33
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with treatment by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you feel about....?"  
                    
a. the extent to which you get what you    are entitled 
to                     
b  how fairly you are treated          
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.56
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.27
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.38
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.29
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect and acceptance by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a how much you are admired or
   respected by other people (asked
   in November 1972 and July 1973)
b how you get on with other people
   (asked in April 1973 and July
   1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to own popularity
Subject code: P09ac

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with admiration or respect by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationAttitudes to own popularity, code P09ac
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are admired or respected by other people?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.27
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.25


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BD2-cm-mq-v-7-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

Using the scale below, indicate how much of the time during the PAST MONTH have you felt each emotion?
A affectionate
B joyful
C sad
D worried
E irritable
F guilty
G happy
H proud

1 never
2 slight amount (rare)
3 some of the time
4 about half the time
5 much of the time
6 almost always
7 always

Computation: (A+B+G+H)-(C+D+E+F)/8

Name: Diener's 'Affect Balance'
A-BW-g-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 50 questions:

Below is a list of words and phrases. Check every term which you believe could fairly be applied to yourself in prevalent attitudes. (yes/no)

A Enthusiastic
B Morbid
C Disappointed
D Distressed
E Cheerful
F Prosperous
G Frivolous
H Troubled
I Annoyed
J Calm
K Miserable
L Thrilled
M Irritable
N Buoyant
O Joyful
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
AX

The total list contained fifty adjectives, half positive and half negative

Scoring:
yes = +1
no = -1

Summation: number of happy traits mentioned minus number of unhappy traits mentioned.

Possible range: - 50 to + 50
A-CA-m-rdv-n-7-aRating of facial expression on photograph

Happiness
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Rater instruction and scale labels not reported
A-CP-g-rdn-?-7-aRating by two independent staff members who were familiar with the patient.
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 depressed
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-0-aPeer rating on single question:

Ranking by 30 sorority members. The 30 members were divided in two groups of 15 and each member was asked to rank the two groups on basis of "cheerfulness and gaiety" (full item not reported).
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. The top of the ladder '10' represents the best possible life for you and the bottom '0' is the worst possible life for you. In general , where on the ladder do you feel you stand at the moment? Tick the box next to the number that best describes where you stand
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-g-oq-n-11-aSelfreport on open question:

Now write in your own words a sentence of two, something which you believe will most truly describe your own general happiness in life.

The answers were rated by three judges on a scale ranging from 0 to 10.
0 low
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 high
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HP-u-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

"Among the following description arranged in miscellaneous order, choose the one which comes nearest to fitting you. None will be likely to fit exactly."
3 Finding life rather disappointing and disillusioning, cmfortable in many ways, moderately successful, but far from realizing the hopes of youth.
9 Cheerful, gay spirits most of the time. Occasionally bothered by something but can usually laugh it off.
8 Calm, quiet sort of satisfaction. Life has been pretty good. Not everything one desires comes, of course, but on the whole there is much for which to be serenely thankful.
5 Ups and downs, now happy about things, now depressed. About balanced in the long run.
1 Life often seems so worthless that there is little to keep one going. Nothing matters very much, there has been so much of hurt that laughter would be empty mockery.
2 Keeping a brave front, others think everything is all right. Inside life seems rather black.
1 Usually sad, weep readily, smile seldom.
11 Radiant, find every day full of interest, amusing things, and worthwhile things.
3 Seriously hurt by certain things, for which the good aspects of life cannot quite make up.
5 Quite objective. Like some experiences, dislike others. Not aware of any prevalent happiness or unhappiness.
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

To what degree do you consider yourself a happy person?
1 unhappy
2 not that happy
3 not happy and not unhappy
4 happy
5 very happy
O-QLS-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

'Please rate your quality of life in each of the six areas below.
Overall: This refers to your overall, general quality of life.
7 extremely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 extremely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with present life....."
(Full lead item not reported)
1
2
3
(Response options not reported)
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question :

"These days my life is .....".
4 just great
3 more than satisfactory
2 less than satisfactory
1 miserable
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to pretend for a moment that their life would end next week end then indicate how happy they felt about the life they been able to live. (Full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

'….satisfied with global life right now….'
(full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
P09POPULARITYF06FRIENDSHIP
P09ab02Perceived popularity S02ag01Self-perceived reputation
P09ab02aPopularity with colleaguesW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
P09ab02bPopularity with same sexF06FRIENDSHIP
P09ab02cPopularity with opposite sexL12ab01Involved in dating
P09ab02dPopularity in communityS08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)
P09ab03Own liking of others P04bvLiking

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings