Findings on Happiness and POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR
Subject Code: P08

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR0
P08aaBehavioral career0
P08aa01Earlier political behavior5
P08aa02Change in political behavior0
P08aa03Later political behavior4
P08abCurrent political behavior1
P08ab01Political concern69
P08ab02Political participation 20
P08ab02aParticipation in demonstrations1
P08ab02bMembership of political organizations4
P08ab02cVoting6
P08acCurrent political (party) preference18
P08ac01Preference for: left vs right wing12
P08ac02Preference for: center vs extremes2
P08adAttitudes to basic political issues6
P08ad01Social inequality: more vs less differences14
P08ad02Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation14
P08ad03Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform12
P08aeAttitudes to specific political issues11
P08ae01Attitudes to ethnic discrimination3
P08afAttitudes to political system5
P08af01Attitudes to government12
P08af01aAttitudes to national government12
P08af01bAttitudes to local government9
P08af01cAttitudes to government accomplishments5
P08af02Attitudes to state-services4
P08af02aAttitudes to environmental protection6
P08af02bAttitudes to public security0
P08af02cAttitudes to social security4
P08af02dAttitudes to public health care2
P08af03Attitudes to democracy8
P08af04Attitudes to political groups (parties, unions)1
P08af05Perceived political control7
P08af06Overall satisfaction with politics2
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=P08
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier political behavior
Subject code: P08aa01

StudyFrijters et al. (2004): study DE 1985
TitleInvestigating Patterns and Determinants of Life Satisfaction in Germany following Reunifacation.
SourceThe Journal of Human Resources, 2004, Vol. 39, 649 - 674
Public21-64 aged, general public, Germany, followed 14 years, 1985-1999
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18350

Correlate
Author's labelMember of the Communist Party before reunification
Page in Source 661, 662
Our classificationEarlier political behavior, code P08aa01
Operationalization
1 yes
0 no
Remarks
East Germans only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aBeta=
Males      Females
Beta=-.07  Beta=+.02

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Foreigner-born
- Marital status
- Death of other family member in last year
- Disabled
- Ln(1+number of days in hospital in last year)
- Number of children
- Had a baby in last year
- Invalid in household
- Years of schooling
- Employed status
- Log household income (post tax)
- Moved home within country in last year
- Moved to West/East Germany following 
reunification
- Live on the border of East and West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier political behavior
Subject code: P08aa01

StudyFranz & McClelland (1994a): study US 1977
TitleLives of Women and Men Active in the Social Protests of the 1960s: A Longitudinal Study.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1994, Vol. 66, 196 - 205
Public46 of 116 children from child- rearing studies born in 1946 at age 31 years classified as participants in protest movement of the 1960th, United states, white, American
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response38
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelParental style and well-being inlater life
Page in Source 198, 201
Our classificationEarlier political behavior, code P08aa01
Operationalization
Had beem involved in in the 1960s in civil righs 
protests, anti-Vietman war protests and hippy or 
alternative life style movements.

Assessed in content analysis of life review interviews 
at age 31 (in 1977), by 2 judges (in 1987).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.26
Earlier activists (in the 1960s) are less happy in 
the 1980s than peers of equal education who were 
not involved in activism in the 1960s.

Males only 
Effect among females not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier political behavior
Subject code: P08aa01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelPrefer more military influence
Our classificationEarlier political behavior, code P08aa01
Operationalization
A mean of two items concerning military influence and 
expenditure on the military. Scale: 1.00 = military has 
far too much influence, or U.S. spends far too much, to 
5.00 = military has far too little influence, or U.S. 
spend far too little. Assessed at T3 and T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
            Prefer more military influence
Happiness         T3           T5
T1          tau = +.05 (ns)    +.03 (ns)
T2          tau = +.08 (05)    +.05 (ns)
T3          tau = +.08 (05)    +.02 (ns)
T4          tau = +.08 (05)    +.04 (ns)
T1:1966, T2: 1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier political behavior
Subject code: P08aa01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelVietnam dissident
Our classificationEarlier political behavior, code P08aa01
Operationalization
A mean of six items, three anti-Vietnam war and three 
pro-Vietnam war. Scale:
1.00 = support for U.S. policy in Vietnam to 4.00 = 
disagreement with U.S. policy in vietnam. Assessed at 
T3, T4 and T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- s
             Vietnam dissent
Happiness    T3          T4          T5
T1     tau = -.13 (001)  -.10 (01)   -.10 (01)
T2     tau = -.14 (001)  -.13 (001)  -.07 (05)
T3     tau = -.15 (001)  -.14 (001)  -.09 (05)
T4     tau = -.13 (001)  -.17 (001)  -.11 (01)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier political behavior
Subject code: P08aa01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment should end discrimination
Our classificationEarlier political behavior, code P08aa01
Operationalization
A mean composed of three items asking
the respondent how strongly he agrees
or disagrees that the government should
take a role in racial issues.
Scale: 1.00 = disagree to 4.00 = agree.
Assessed at T3, T4, T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau= ns
          Government should end discrimination
Happiness        T3        T4        T5
T1         tau = +.03      +.02      +.03
T2         tau = +.04      +.02      +.05
T3         tau = +.04      +.04      +.04
T4         tau = +.03      +.06      -.03
All tau's not siginificant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later political behavior
Subject code: P08aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment should end discrimination
Our classificationLater political behavior, code P08aa03
Operationalization
A mean composed of three items asking
the respondent how strongly he agrees
or disagrees that the government should
take a role in racial issues.
Scale: 1.00 = disagree to 4.00 = agree.
Assessed at T3, T4, T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau= ns
          Government should end discrimination
Happiness        T3        T4        T5
T1         tau = +.03      +.02      +.03
T2         tau = +.04      +.02      +.05
T3         tau = +.04      +.04      +.04
T4         tau = +.03      +.06      -.03
All tau's not siginificant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later political behavior
Subject code: P08aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelInterest in government
Our classificationLater political behavior, code P08aa03
Operationalization
Simple direct question at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5: 'Some 
people think about what's going on in government very 
often, and others are not that
interested. How much of an interest do you take in 
government and current
events?' 1 = no interest at all;
2 = very little interest; 3 = some
interest; 4 = a lot of interest; 
5 = a very great interest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
       Interest in government
    T1       T2       T3       T4       T5
Happiness
T1 .15(001) .11(01)  .10(01)  .10(01)  .06(ns) T2 
.08(05)  .14(001) .14(001) .13(001) .10(01)
T3 .09(05)  .11(01)  .12(001) .13(001) .11(01)
T4 .08(05)  .10(01)  .09(05)  .13(001) .09(01)
All tau's positive
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3: 1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later political behavior
Subject code: P08aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelVietnam dissident
Our classificationLater political behavior, code P08aa03
Operationalization
A mean of six items, three anti-Vietnam war and three 
pro-Vietnam war. Scale:
1.00 = support for U.S. policy in Vietnam to 4.00 = 
disagreement with U.S. policy in vietnam. Assessed at 
T3, T4 and T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- s
             Vietnam dissent
Happiness    T3          T4          T5
T1     tau = -.13 (001)  -.10 (01)   -.10 (01)
T2     tau = -.14 (001)  -.13 (001)  -.07 (05)
T3     tau = -.15 (001)  -.14 (001)  -.09 (05)
T4     tau = -.13 (001)  -.17 (001)  -.11 (01)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later political behavior
Subject code: P08aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelPrefer more military influence
Our classificationLater political behavior, code P08aa03
Operationalization
A mean of two items concerning military influence and 
expenditure on the military. Scale: 1.00 = military has 
far too much influence, or U.S. spends far too much, to 
5.00 = military has far too little influence, or U.S. 
spend far too little. Assessed at T3 and T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
            Prefer more military influence
Happiness         T3           T5
T1          tau = +.05 (ns)    +.03 (ns)
T2          tau = +.08 (05)    +.05 (ns)
T3          tau = +.08 (05)    +.02 (ns)
T4          tau = +.08 (05)    +.04 (ns)
T1:1966, T2: 1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political behavior
Subject code: P08ab

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical ideology
Page in Source 4
Our classificationCurrent political behavior, code P08ab
Operationalization
Political ideology
a: conservative
b: liberal
c: moderate

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=
% very happy
a: conservative           48%
b: liberal                47%
c: moderate               46%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Argentina, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
2       M=3.13     Mt=7.1
3       M=3.05     Mt=6.8
4       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.00      Mt=6.0
2       M=1.54      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.39      Mt=6.4
4       M=1.48      Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.27      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
3       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
4       M=7.08      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study AT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1460

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.39      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
3       M=1.81      Mt=6.8
4       M=2.37      Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.87      Mt=5.4
2       M=6.64      Mt=6.3
3       M=6.59      Mt=6.2
4       M=7.07      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
2       M=3.16     Mt=7.2
3       M=3.20     Mt=7.3
4       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.12 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2792

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.68      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
2       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
3       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.64      Mt=7.4
2       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
2       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.68      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.64      Mt=7.4
2       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.61      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.49      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.32     Mt=7.7
2       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
3       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
4       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1782

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .17      Mt=5.2
2       M=1.02      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.96      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.52      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.43      Mt=7.1
3       M=7.12      Mt=6.8
4       M=7.36      Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.09      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.22      Mt=6.2
3       M=1.19      Mt=6.2
4       M=1.39      Mt=6.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.92     Mt=6.4
2       M=2.86     Mt=6.2
3       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
4       M=3.03     Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.17 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study BG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1034

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=4.80      Mt=4.2
2       M=4.76      Mt=4.2
3       M=5.14      Mt=4.6
4       M=5.17      Mt=4.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.07     Mt=3.6
2       M=2.20     Mt=4.0
3       M=2.43     Mt=4.8
4       M=2.33     Mt=4.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1730

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
2       M=2.31      Mt=7.3
3       M=2.38      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.44      Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.77      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
3       M=7.94      Mt=7.7
4       M=7.88      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
2       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
3       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
4       M=2.94     Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Chile, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
2       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
3       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
4       M=3.08     Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .92      Mt=5.9
2       M= .91      Mt=5.9
3       M=1.27      Mt=6.3
4       M=1.11      Mt=6.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.66      Mt=7.4
2       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
3       M=7.56      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.51      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
1= if income inequality is a social problem of major 
interest to the respondent;
0= otherwise
Observed distribution29.5% of respondents considered income inequality a social problem of major interest to them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.16 p < .001
b(-.157) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelSARS
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
l= if SARS is a social problem of major interest to the 
respondent
0= otherwise
Observed distribution26.2% of respondents considered SARS a social problem of major interest to them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=+.08 p < .001
b(0.0822) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+aged, general public, China, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .50      Mt=5.5
2       M= .91      Mt=5.9
3       M=1.45      Mt=6.5
4       M=1.68      Mt=6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.57     Mt=5.2
2       M=2.64     Mt=5.5
3       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
4       M=3.20     Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.27 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.24 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.16 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.28 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CZ 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Czechoslovakia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1396

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       Empty category
2       Empty category
3       M=6.43      Mt=6.0
4       M=6.22      Mt=5.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       Empty category
2       Empty category
3       M= .87      Mt=5.9
4       M= .70      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       Empty category
2       Empty category
3       M=2.65     Mt=5.5
4       M=2.69     Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.05 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DK 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
2       M=3.44     Mt=8.1
3       M=3.34     Mt=7.8
4       M=3.37     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.59      Mt=7.3
2       M=8.33      Mt=8.1
3       M=8.13      Mt=7.9
4       M=8.44      Mt=8.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.56      Mt=6.6
2       M=2.05      Mt=7.0
3       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
4       M=1.86      Mt=6.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.08 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study EE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1008

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.60      Mt=5.1
2       M=5.99      Mt=5.5
3       M=6.04      Mt=5.6
4       M=6.08      Mt=5.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .34      Mt=5.3
2       M= .62      Mt=5.6
3       M= .90      Mt=5.9
4       M= .90      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
2       M=2.57     Mt=5.2
3       M=2.62     Mt=5.4
4       M=2.51     Mt=5.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FI 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =588

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
2       M=3.17     Mt=7.2
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.48      Mt=7.2
2       M=7.94      Mt=7.7
3       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
4       M=7.66      Mt=7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.14      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
3       M= .94      Mt=5.9
4       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical interest
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Question : 'How strong is your concern with politics ?'
1  not at all 
2  little 
3  so-so 
4  strong 
5  very strong

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.06       +.09       +.05       +.05
1980
1984      +.07       +.09       +.06       +.04
1988      +.07       +.05       +.05       +.04

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      -.06       -.04       -.05       +.03
1980
1984      -.07       -.01       -.02       +.06
1988      -.08       -.05       -.08       +.05

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study FR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1002

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.08      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.37      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.41      Mt=6.4
4       M=2.00      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.15     Mt=7.2
2       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
3       M=3.15     Mt=7.2
4       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.73      Mt=6.4
2       M=6.83      Mt=6.5
3       M=6.79      Mt=6.4
4       M=6.89      Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE East Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1336

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
2       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
3       M=2.98     Mt=6.6
4       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.98      Mt=6.6
2       M=6.47      Mt=6.1
3       M=6.74      Mt=6.4
4       M=6.75      Mt=6.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.13      Mt=6.1
2       M= .58      Mt=5.6
3       M=1.28      Mt=6.3
4       M=1.43      Mt=6.4
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-atb=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study DE West Germany 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2201

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.96      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.52      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.96      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.52      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .17      Mt=5.2
2       M=1.02      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .17      Mt=5.2
2       M=1.02      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.17 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.17 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study HU 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Hungary, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .25      Mt=5.2
2       M= .83      Mt=5.8
3       M=1.09      Mt=6.1
4       M=1.27      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.57      Mt=5.1
2       M=6.23      Mt=5.8
3       M=6.10      Mt=5.7
4       M=6.15      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.54     Mt=5.1
2       M=2.75     Mt=5.8
3       M=2.77     Mt=5.9
4       M=2.78     Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.13 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IS 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Iceland 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =702

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=8.10      Mt=7.9
2       M=8.02      Mt=7.8
3       M=8.05      Mt=7.8
4       M=7.83      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
2       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.43     Mt=8.1
4       M=3.40     Mt=8.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.13      Mt=7.1
2       M=2.53      Mt=7.5
3       M=2.62      Mt=7.6
4       M=2.70      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
 controlled for sex and age 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 ns
 controlled for sex and age 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex and age 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IN 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.59      Mt=6.6
2       M=2.09      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.41      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.45      Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=-.07      Mt=4.9
2       M= .15      Mt=5.2
3       M=1.09      Mt=6.1
4       M= .73      Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.03      Mt=5.6
2       M=6.19      Mt=5.8
3       M=6.47      Mt=6.1
4       M=6.90      Mt=6.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.68     Mt=5.6
2       M=2.89     Mt=6.3
3       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
4       M=2.83     Mt=6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
2       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.08 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.20 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.90      Mt=6.9
3       M=2.42      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.19      Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
2       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
4       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.75      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.75      Mt=7.5
3       M=8.13      Mt=7.9
4       M=7.89      Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
2       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
4       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.65      Mt=6.7
2       M=1.90      Mt=6.9
3       M=2.42      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.19      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.75      Mt=7.5
2       M=7.75      Mt=7.5
3       M=8.13      Mt=7.9
4       M=7.89      Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study IT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2010

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern )
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
2       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
4       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.05      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
3       M=1.37      Mt=6.4
4       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.32      Mt=7.0
3       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.15      Mt=6.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study JP 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
4       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.86      Mt=5.4
2       M=6.41      Mt=6.0
3       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
4       M=6.87      Mt=6.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.23      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.32      Mt=7.0
3       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.15      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
2       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.02     Mt=6.7
4       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=-.08      Mt=4.9
2       M= .20      Mt=5.2
3       M= .53      Mt=5.5
4       M= .69      Mt=5.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.05      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
3       M=1.37      Mt=6.4
4       M=1.66      Mt=6.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.00 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study KR 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1251

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.60     Mt=5.3
2       M=2.85     Mt=6.2
3       M=2.91     Mt=6.4
4       M=2.78     Mt=6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.70      Mt=5.2
2       M=6.76      Mt=6.4
3       M=6.84      Mt=6.5
4       M=6.34      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=0 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LV 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Latvia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =903

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .55      Mt=5.6
2       M= .51      Mt=5.5
3       M= .87      Mt=5.9
4       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.84      Mt=5.4
2       M=5.41      Mt=4.9
3       M=5.72      Mt=5.2
4       M=5.80      Mt=5.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.31     Mt=4.4
2       M=2.49     Mt=5.0
3       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
4       M=2.52     Mt=5.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study LT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.63      Mt=5.1
2       M=5.80      Mt=5.3
3       M=6.08      Mt=5.6
4       M=6.19      Mt=5.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .18      Mt=5.2
2       M= .33      Mt=5.3
3       M= .65      Mt=5.7
4       M= .87      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.47     Mt=4.9
2       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
3       M=2.52     Mt=5.1
4       M=2.55     Mt=5.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.00 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study MX 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Mexico, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1531

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.82     Mt=6.1
2       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
3       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
4       M=3.20     Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .90      Mt=5.9
2       M=1.49      Mt=6.5
3       M=1.49      Mt=6.5
4       M=2.11      Mt=7.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.17      Mt=6.9
2       M=7.50      Mt=7.2
3       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.71      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.15 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyVerme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981
TitleThe Role of Freedom and Control in Explaining Happiness.
SourceLegatum Institute, " The 2008 Legatum Prosperity Index report. Methodology, Data and Findings" , 2008, Dubai, United Arabic Emirats, 78 - 98
Public18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =267870

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of politics
Page in Source 94
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on a single question that asks whether 
politics is important in life. Responses are on a scale 
of 1 (not at all important) to 4 (very important).
Remarks
Scale of responses are assumed to be recoded such that 
higher values means that politics is more important to 
the respondent.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=-.05 p < .01
INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL importance of 
politics

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -employment
   -gender
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
   -maried
   -attitudes
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
 -GDP (and GDP squared)
 -employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-
Separately in 74 nations.
Significantly negative in 6 nations.
Significantly positive in 4 nations.
Not significant in other nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal hopes concerning political situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open-
ended question on personal wishes and hopes for the 
future. Responses rated as concerning freedom and other 
aspira- tions having to do with the political 
situation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal fears concerning political situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal worries and fears for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning lack of freedom; politi- cal 
instability; no improvement in pre- sent government; 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.22 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national hopes concerning political situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses open- ended question on 
wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning honest, efficient, 
balanced, democratic or representative, socialistic 
government; freedom; law and order; national unity; 
political stability, internal peace and order; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.05 ns
U-shaped curve: moderately happy people being 
least concerned with politics.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national fears concerning political situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning dishonest govern- ment; 
inefficient governement; commu- nism; no democracy or 
representative government; fear country will become 
socialistic; lack or loss of freedom; lack of law and 
order; disunity among people of the nation; political 
insta- bility, chaos, civil war; high or in- creased 
taxes; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.04 p < . 01
U-shaped curve: moderately happy people being 
least concerned with politics.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal hopes concerning social situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal wishes and hopes for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning social justice; future generation; 
social security; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.06 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal fears concerning social situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal worries and fears for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning social injustice; future 
generations; no social security; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.27 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national hopes concerning social situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning social justice; eliminate 
discrimination, prejudice or exploitation; education; 
improved labor conditions; control of labor; social 
security; housing; agrarian reform; public health; 
limited population growth; sense of social and 
political responsibility and awareness; morality, 
ethical standards, religion; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.17 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national fears concerning social situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning social injustice; 
continued discrimination, predjudice or exploitation; 
inadequate educational facilities and schooling; poor 
and un- fair working conditions; abuses by la- bor; 
unlimited population growth; no sense of social and 
political responsi- bility or awareness; lack of 
morality, ethical standards, religion; too much 
mechanization and standardization, ma- terialism, 
conformity, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.11 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal hopes concerning in-ternational situat
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal wishes and hopes for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning peace; a better world; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.44 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of personal fears concerning in-ternational situat.
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on personal worries and fears for the future. Responses 
rated as concerning war; militarism and arma- ments; 
misuse of nuclear energy; threat, agression, domination 
by a com- munist power, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.47 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national hopes concerning international situat.
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning peace; disarmament, 
limitation of armaments, control or banning of nuclear 
weapons; lessening of cold war; better relations with 
com- munistic bloc; friendly relations with all 
countries; better world; maintain neutrality; help 
other nations; increa- sed foreign trade or exports; 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.47 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national fears concerning international situat
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning war; continued ar- 
mament, no control oor banning of nu- clear weapons; no 
lessening of cold war; isolation from other nations; 
in- ability to maintain neutrality, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.29 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national hopes concerning economic situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning improved or decent 
standard of living; technological ad- vances, greater 
productivity; economic stability; employment; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.10 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national fears concerning economic situation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning no improvement in or 
inadequate standard of living; no technological 
advance, economic back- wardness, low productivity, 
failure to preserve present standard of living, 
economic instability; unemployment; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.08 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national hopes concerning independent status
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning military strength; 
maintain or attain the position of a world power; 
enhancement of status and importance of the nation; 
exert ideolo- gical or moral leadership; national in- 
dependence; etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.26 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, 1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelReport of national fears concerning independent status
Page in Source 263
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses rated as concerning not to maintain or attain 
the position of a world power; lose or have no status 
or importance; failure to exert ideological or moral 
leadership; lack or loss of national independence; 
threat, aggression, domi- nation by a communistic power 
of any foreign power, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.11 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyLerner (1958): study ZZ Middle East 1950
TitleThe Passing of Traditional Society Modernizing the Middle East.
SourceThe Free Press, 1958, New York, USA
PublicAdults, general public, 6 nations Middle East, 1950
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1600

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical extremism
Page in Source 368
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
a Apolitical
b Moderate right
c Middle right
d Extreme right
(left wing extremism not considered)
Remarks
Data Iran only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=
% happy
- Apolitical      61%
- Moderate right  56%
- Middle right    57%
- Extreme right   29%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NL 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1017

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
2       M=8.03      Mt=7.8
3       M=7.85      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.78      Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.30      Mt=6.3
2       M=2.07      Mt=7.1
3       M=1.90      Mt=6.9
4       M=2.00      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.41     Mt=8.0
2       M=3.48     Mt=8.3
3       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
4       M=3.38     Mt=7.9
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.05 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NG 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1001

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.20      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
3       M=1.77      Mt=6.8
4       M=1.64      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.10      Mt=5.7
2       M=6.28      Mt=5.9
3       M=7.13      Mt=6.8
4       M=6.56      Mt=6.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.84     Mt=6.1
2       M=2.80     Mt=6.0
3       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
4       M=3.13     Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study NO 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1239

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.62      Mt=6.6
2       M=2.25      Mt=7.2
3       M=2.36      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.60      Mt=7.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
2       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
3       M=3.23     Mt=7.4
4       M=3.18     Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.55      Mt=7.3
2       M=7.95      Mt=7.7
3       M=7.65      Mt=7.4
4       M=7.47      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.08 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.06 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.05 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study PL 1989
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Poland, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =938

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.69      Mt=6.3
2       M=6.56      Mt=6.2
3       M=6.71      Mt=6.3
4       M=6.56      Mt=6.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
2       M=1.43      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.68      Mt=6.7
4       M=1.47      Mt=6.5
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.90     Mt=6.3
2       M=2.96     Mt=6.5
3       M=3.00     Mt=6.7
4       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.06 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.07 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study PT 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1185

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.09      Mt=6.1
2       M=1.37      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.61      Mt=6.4
4       M=1.59      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.11      Mt=6.8
2       M=6.99      Mt=6.7
3       M=7.05      Mt=6.7
4       M=7.33      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.81     Mt=6.0
2       M=2.79     Mt=6.0
3       M=2.89     Mt=6.3
4       M=2.97     Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.07 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.05 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.06 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RO 1993
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Romania, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1103

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .44      Mt=5.4
2       M= .84      Mt=5.8
3       M= .74      Mt=5.7
4       M=1.15      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=5.61      Mt=5.1
2       M=6.04      Mt=5.6
3       M=6.01      Mt=5.6
4       M=5.65      Mt=5.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.48     Mt=4.9
2       M=2.69     Mt=5.6
3       M=2.74     Mt=5.8
4       M=2.69     Mt=5.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.13 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.06 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study RU 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Russia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1961

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=4.96      Mt=4.4
2       M=5.22      Mt=4.7
3       M=5.43      Mt=4.9
4       M=5.93      Mt=5.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
1       M=-.14      Mt=4.9
2       M= .18      Mt=5.2
3       M= .39      Mt=5.4
4       M= .65      Mt=5.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.32     Mt=4.4
2       M=2.51     Mt=5.0
3       M=2.53     Mt=5.1
4       M=2.73     Mt=5.8
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.12 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.07 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.09 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.10 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SI 1992
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1035

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.07     Mt=3.6
2       M=2.20     Mt=4.0
3       M=2.43     Mt=4.8
4       M=2.33     Mt=4.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=4.80      Mt=4.2
2       M=4.76      Mt=4.2
3       M=5.14      Mt=4.6
4       M=5.17      Mt=4.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .83      Mt=5.8
2       M=1.45      Mt=6.4
3       M=1.78      Mt=6.8
4       M=1.87      Mt=6.9
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.06 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study ZA 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2736

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .45      Mt=5.5
2       M= .87      Mt=5.9
3       M=1.63      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.65      Mt=6.6
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.04      Mt=5.6
2       M=6.03      Mt=5.6
3       M=6.42      Mt=6.0
4       M=6.29      Mt=5.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.77     Mt=5.9
2       M=2.77     Mt=5.9
3       M=2.90     Mt=6.3
4       M=2.82     Mt=6.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.15 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study ES 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4147

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.12      Mt=6.8
2       M=7.11      Mt=6.8
3       M=7.16      Mt=6.8
4       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
2       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
3       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
4       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .50      Mt=5.5
2       M= .79      Mt=5.8
3       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
4       M=1.17      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.12      Mt=6.8
2       M=7.11      Mt=6.8
3       M=7.16      Mt=6.8
4       M=7.21      Mt=6.9
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.01     Mt=6.7
2       M=3.07     Mt=6.9
3       M=3.06     Mt=6.9
4       M=3.14     Mt=7.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .50      Mt=5.5
2       M= .79      Mt=5.8
3       M=1.01      Mt=6.0
4       M=1.17      Mt=6.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.08 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study SE 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Sweden, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1047

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .17      Mt=5.2
2       M=1.02      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.36     Mt=7.9
2       M=3.37     Mt=7.9
3       M=3.37     Mt=7.9
4       M=3.34     Mt=7.8
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=8.11      Mt=7.9
2       M=8.09      Mt=7.9
3       M=7.85      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.79      Mt=7.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=2.75      Mt=7.8
2       M=2.85      Mt=7.9
3       M=2.98      Mt=8.0
4       M=2.97      Mt=8.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.96      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.52      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.07 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.04 p < .05
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.17 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.08 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study CH 1989
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 1999
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1400

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
2       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.26     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
3       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.33     Mt=7.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=8.39      Mt=8.2
2       M=8.22      Mt=8.0
3       M=8.35      Mt=8.2
4       M=8.54      Mt=8.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study TR 1991
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .59      Mt=5.6
2       M= .45      Mt=5.5
3       M= .68      Mt=5.7
4       M= .75      Mt=5.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.52      Mt=6.1
2       M=6.26      Mt=5.8
3       M=6.46      Mt=6.1
4       M=6.25      Mt=5.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.17     Mt=7.2
2       M=3.09     Mt=7.0
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=2.95     Mt=6.5
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.03 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySelim (2008): study TR 1990
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9218-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6338

Correlate
Author's labelImportance of politics
Page in Source 547, 553
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Self report on single question about overall 
satisfaction with politics: 
0 unimportance of politics (reference)\
1 importance of politics

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=- ns
importance of politics (compared to unimportance 
of politics)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=- p < .05
importance of politics (compared to unimportance 
of politics)

OLRC's are controled for:
- year dummies
- gender
- age
- marital status
- number of childeren
- education level
- type of employment
- income scales
- health status 
- importance of life domains
- political orientations and trust

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes. Values are therefore not reported in this 
abstract.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySelim (2008): study TR 1990
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9218-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6338

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical orientation
Page in Source 547, 553
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Self report on single question about political 
orientation: 
0 having no political orientation(reference)
1 poltical orientation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
political orientation (compared to no political 
orientation)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+ p < .01
political orientation (compared to no political 
orientation)

OLRC's are controled for:
- year dummies
- gender
- age
- marital status
- number of childeren
- education level
- type of employment
- income scales
- health status 
- importance of life domains
- political orientations and trust

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes. Values are therefore not reported in this 
abstract.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB Northern Ireland 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, North Ireland, 1990
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =304

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.30     Mt=7.7
2       M=3.35     Mt=7.8
3       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
4       M=3.15     Mt=7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=2.87     Mt=6.2
2       M=2.99     Mt=6.6
3       M=3.04     Mt=6.8
4       M=3.11     Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M= .17      Mt=5.2
2       M=1.02      Mt=6.0
3       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
4       M=1.96      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=6.57      Mt=6.2
2       M=6.96      Mt=6.6
3       M=7.30      Mt=7.0
4       M=7.52      Mt=7.2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.28      Mt=6.3
2       M=1.55      Mt=6.6
3       M=2.11      Mt=7.1
4       M=2.48      Mt=7.5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.86      Mt=7.6
2       M=7.91      Mt=7.7
3       M=8.03      Mt=7.8
4       M=7.44      Mt=7.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.14 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.17 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.04 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.14 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.00 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.19 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=-.00 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.02 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study GB 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, Britain, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1484

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyTimmermans (1997): study US 1990
TitleCorrelates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
SourceNo report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1990
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1839

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical concern
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Single question: "How interested would you say you are 
in politics?"
1   Not at all interested
2   Not very interested
3   Somewhat interested
4   Very interested

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.59      Mt=6.6
2       M=2.09      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.41      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.45      Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
2       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.34      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.54      Mt=7.3
3       M=7.46      Mt=7.2
4       M=7.53      Mt=7.3
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.25     Mt=7.5
2       M=3.27     Mt=7.6
3       M=3.29     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.31     Mt=7.7
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.16      Mt=6.2
2       M=1.57      Mt=6.6
3       M=1.89      Mt=6.9
4       M=1.99      Mt=7.0
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+
1       M=3.19     Mt=7.3
2       M=3.24     Mt=7.5
3       M=3.28     Mt=7.6
4       M=3.42     Mt=8.1
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
1       M=1.59      Mt=6.6
2       M=2.09      Mt=7.1
3       M=2.41      Mt=7.4
4       M=2.45      Mt=7.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
1       M=7.26      Mt=7.0
2       M=7.69      Mt=7.4
3       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
4       M=7.82      Mt=7.6
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.09 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.04 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.01 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.10 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.06 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-atc=+.11 p < .001
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=+.09 p < .001
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.12 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.01 ns
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 p < .05
 controlled for sex, age, and household income
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.11 p < .001
 controlled for sex, age, and household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical knowledge
Page in Source 243
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
4-item index of open-ended questions on names of 
politicians.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=+.06 ns
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelInterest in government
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Simple direct question at T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5: 'Some 
people think about what's going on in government very 
often, and others are not that interested. How much of 
an interest do you take in government and current 
events?' 1 = no interest at all; 
2 = very little interest; 3 = some interest; 4 = a lot 
of interest; 
5 = a very great interest

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
       Interest in government
              Political concern
     T1      T2       T3       T4       T5
Happiness
T1 .15(001) .11(01)  .10(01)  .10(01)  .06(ns) 
T2 .08(05)  .14(001) .14(001) .13(001) .10(01)
T3 .09(05)  .11(01)  .12(001) .13(001) .11(01)
T4 .08(05)  .10(01)  .09(05)  .13(001) .09(01)
All tau's positive
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3: 1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry politics, world and national conditions
Page in Source 213
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Open-ended question on most important worry: 
1: world and nation mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who have worries only (N= 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.31 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelBeing interested in civic interests
Page in Source 292
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= + p < . s
College students only: L-shaped curve: stronger 
among unhappier students
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=+ s
College students only: L-shaped curve: stronger 
among unhappier students


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political concern
Subject code: P08ab01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelHaving problems withcivic interests
Page in Source 292
Our classificationPolitical concern, code P08ab01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= +
Graduate students only: L-shaped curve: 
significant positive relationship among happier 
students only
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=+
Graduate students only: L-shaped curve: 
significant positive relationship among happier 
students only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyOishi et al. (2007a): study 1981
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00048.x
Public18+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 1981-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =118519

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical activity
Page in Source 350-351
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Selfreported, respondents indicated (in deciles)whether 
they had taken political actions, e.g. signing a 
petition, joining in boycotts.
Observed distributionRange 0,38-0,87; similar for men and women. M: Males: 0,73; Females:0,57.
Remarks
Data: Pooled World Values Surveys 1981, 1990,1995 and 
2000.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aDM=- p < .001
The most happy (10) are less active than 
moderately happy (9 or 8)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.09 p < .001
The most happy (10) had taken significantly less 
political action than expected on basis of a 
linear model.


Control variables not reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study AT 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1584

Correlate
Author's labelProtest Potential
Page in Source 390
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Approval and activity in 7 political protest 
behaviors.(each range 0-7)
* signing petitions
* joining in boycots
* attending lawful demonstrations
* refusing to pay rent or taxes
* joining in wildcat strikes
* occupying buildings
* blocking traffic
The Protest Potential Scale was made from a combination 
of 2 questions:
A: In each case the response categories 
   were: (1)strongly approve (2) approve
   (3) disapprove and (4) strongly 
   disapprove
B: For each of the 7 activities mentioned 
   above, respondents were asked wether 
   they (1) had done (2) would do, 
   (3) might do or(4) would never do 
   such a thing
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979 p.: 540-555

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kar=.02
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study AT 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1584

Correlate
Author's labelType of Political Actors
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Type of political actors:                  
a: Inactives       
b: Conformists
c: Reformists
d: Activists
e: Protesters
This typology is based on two Guttman scales of the:
1) the Conventional Political Participation 
   Scale(none activities,read newspaper, 
   discuss politics, work in community, 
   work in political party, convince 
   friends, attain political rally) and
2) the Protest Potential Scale (none 
   activities, signing petition, attending 
   lawful demonstrations,joining boycotts, 
   refusing to pay rent or tax, occupying 
   buildings, blocking traffic, joining 
   wildcat strikes)
Observed distributionN% a; 34,9 b: 19,2 c: 20,9 d: 5,9 e: 19,1 Total N: 1265
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979 p.: 153-157

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaDM=-
a: Mt= 7,1
b: Mt= 7,3
c: Mt= 7,2
d: Mt= 7,3
e: Mt= 7,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical factors
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on political participation:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.16 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.05 ns
OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Sociability
- Marital status
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Dependent relatives
- Health
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Hukou location
- Province
- Party membership


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical participation
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
4 item index:
Are you member of (yes/no):
-political party
-civil organisation
 or did you ever speak on :
-civil meetings
-political meetings

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978
1980      +.05       +.04       +.03       +.04
1984
1988

 controlled for age, gender, perceived class and 
marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      
1980      +.06       -.01       +.01       +.06
1984      
1988      

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study XZ Germany West 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28
Respondents N =2307

Correlate
Author's labelProtest Potential
Page in Source 390
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Approval and activity in 7 political protest 
behaviors.(each range 0-7)
* signing petitions
* joining in boycots
* attending lawful demonstrations
* refusing to pay rent or taxes
* joining in wildcat strikes
* occupying buildings
* blocking traffic
The Protest Potential Scale was made from a combination 
of 2 questions:
A: In each case the response categories 
   were: (1)strongly approve (2) approve
   (3) disapprove and (4) strongly 
   disapprove
B: For each of the 7 activities mentioned 
   above, respondents were asked wether 
   they (1) had done (2) would do, 
   (3) might do or(4) would never do 
   such a thing
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979:
Chapter 3 and p. 540-555

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kar=.02
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study XZ Germany West 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Germany, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28
Respondents N =2307

Correlate
Author's labelType of political actors
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Type of political actors:                  
a: Inactives       
b: Conformists
c: Reformists
d: Activists
e: Protesters
This typology is based on two Guttman scales of the:
1) the Conventional Political Participation
   Scale(none activities,read newspaper, 
   discuss politics, work in community, 
   work in political party, convince 
   friends, attain political rally) and
2) the Protest Potential Scale (none 
   activities, signing petition, attending 
   lawful demonstrations,joining boycotts, 
   refusing to pay rent or tax, occupying 
   buildings, blocking traffic, joining 
   wildcat strikes)
Observed distributionN% a; 26.6 b: 13.5 c: 24.6 d: 8.0 e: 27.3 Total N: 2207
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979: p.153-157

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaDM=-
a: Mt=6,9
b: Mt=7,2
c: Mt=7,3
d: Mt=6,9
e: Mt=7,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelParticipates in politics
Page in Source 39-40
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
0: Never participates in politics
1: participates
Observed distribution0: M = 0,892 SD = 0,310
Remarks
In original: Never participates. Reversed by WDH team.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled etc)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.008 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- relative lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = +.06 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBartolini et al. (2010): study DE 1988
TitlePredicting the Trend of Well-Being in Germany: How much Do Comparisons, Adaptation and Sociability Matter.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, 114 (3) 169-191
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-012-0142-5#page-1
Public14+ aged, Germany, 1988 - 2007
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =59527

Correlate
Author's labelMonthly local political participation
Page in Source 20, 26, 34, 35
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
1 participate at least once a month in citizens' action 
groups, political parties, local government
0 otherwise
Observed distributionM=215135 M=0.07 sd=0.26

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
West Germany 1988-2007, N=80337
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-ab=-.02 ns
Germany 1994-2007, N=59527

Betas controlled for:
- Marital status
- Age
- Household size
- Number of children
- Years of education
- Living with parents when 16
- Log of monthly household income
- Log of reference income
- Log of monthly household income 3years before
- Attending events
- Other social participation
- Unemployed
- Student
- Non-worker
- Retired
- Doing military or civil service

in last case additionally controlled for: Living 
in West Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyLomranz et al. (1988): study IL Tel Aviv 1983
TitleIndoor and Outdoor Activities of Aged Women and Man as Related to Depression and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal Aging and Human Development, 1988, Vol. 26, 303 - 314
DOIDOI: 10.2190/QPEW-N6QX-FWDE-LA7E
Public60-80 aged, Israel, 1983
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelOutdoor activity
Page in Source 307-309
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Self report on doing the activities outside home during 
the last week:
a: attending synagogue
b: participating in study groups (such as Bible, 
literature)
c: participating in artistic group activities (such as 
music, handicraft etc)
d: social games
e: acting as a member in an organization
f: performing volunteer activities
g: going out for entertainment (such as theatre, 
cinema, etc)
h: social meetings with friends and neighbors
i: family meetings
j: attending special events or ceremonies
k: attending pensioners' clubs
l: any other outdoor activity that participant wished 
to add

Rated:
1: never
2: seldom
3: often
4: constantly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.29 p < .05
Females
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.15 ns
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.45 p < .01
Males
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-arpc=+.35 p < .05
rpc's controled for satisfaction with outdoor 
activities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBruni & Stanca (2006): study ZZ 1990
TitleWatching Alone: Relational Goods, Television and Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2006, Vol. 30, 1 - 23
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2005.12.005
PublicAdults, general public, 80 nations, 1990-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =259947

Correlate
Author's labelVoluntary activities
Page in Source 7-16
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Kind of voluntary organizations actively involved in:
a: church, religious
b: sports, recreation
c: arts, music, educational
d: labor union
e: political party
f: environmental
g: professional
h: charity

0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionRange 0-1 a: M= 0,13, SD=0,33 b: M= 0.10, SD=0.30 c: M= 0.07, SD=0.25 d: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 e: M= 0.04, SD=0.19 f: M= 0.03, SD=0.17 g: M= 0.04, SD=0.20 h: M= 0.06, SD=0.23

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Church                  B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.95 p < .05
Sports                  B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,4 p < .05
Arts                    B: 1,43, t: 5,69
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.16 ns
Labor union             B: 1,41, t: 6,03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.14 ns
Politics                B: 0,95, t: 4,21
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.65 ns
Environment             B: 0,65, t: 1,61
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.35 ns
Professional            B: 0,35, t: 1,13
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+1,8 p < .05
Charity                 B: 1,78, t: 6,13

B's controlled for:
- member of any voluntary organization
- active in any voluntary organization
- income
- self rated health
- perceived freedom
- unemployed
- married
- education
- age
- gender
- religion perceived as important
- trust in people
- honesty (cheating on tax justifiable or not)
- individual country dummies
- time dummies for survey waves

B's estimated individually in separate equations 
(model a)
Not different when estimated jointly (models c and 
d)

B is points greater happiness on range 10-100 of 
people who participate in that kind of 
organization


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelLocal politics
Page in Source 164
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Questions on involvement in 'local politics
Full items nor reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+'07 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBecker & Ester (1987): study NL 1986
TitleRampbewustzijn in Nederland. (Beliefs about Coming Disasters in the Netherlands).
SourceSociale Wetenschappen, 1987, Vol. 30, 179 - 206
Public18-70 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1986
Sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =2016

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical participation
Page in Source 201
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
3 item index of:
1. membership of a political party or     trade union
2. being active in political parties or    trade unions
3. participation in worldwide, national    or regional 
demonstrations.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta= ns
 controlled for sex, age, educational level, 
occupational level, income, social-economic 
category (allowance yes/no), political 
ineffectivity and neuroticism.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study NL 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =1201

Correlate
Author's labelType of political actors
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Type of political actors:                  
a: Inactives       
b: Conformists
c: Reformists
d: Activists
e: Protesters
This typology is based on two Guttman scales of the:
1) Conventional Political Participation 
   Scale(none activities,read newspaper, 
   discuss politics, work in community, 
   work in political party, convince 
   friends, attain political rally) and
2) the Protest Potential Scale (none 
   activities, signing petition, attending 
   lawful demonstrations,joining boycotts, 
   refusing to pay rent or tax, occupying 
   buildings, blocking traffic, joining 
   wildcat strikes)
Observed distributionN% a: 17,9 b: 11,1 c: 19,8 d: 19,3 e: 31,9 Total N: 1144
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase: p.153-157

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaDM=-
a: Mt=7,8
b: Mt=8,0
c: Mt=7,8
d: Mt=7,4
e: Mt=7,6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study NL 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =1201

Correlate
Author's labelProtest Potential
Page in Source 390
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Approval and activity in 7 political protest 
behaviors.(each range 0-7)
* signing petitions
* joining in boycotts
* attending lawful demonstrations
* refusing to pay rent or taxes
* joining in wildcat strikes
* occupying buildings
* blocking traffic
The Protest Potential Scale was made from a combination 
of 2 questions:
A:In each case the response categories
  were:1)strongly approve,(2) approve
  3)disapprove and (4)strongly disapprove
B:For each of the 7 activities mentioned
  above, respondents were asked wether they
  (1) had done (2) would do, (3) might do 
  or(4) would never do such a thing
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979:
Chapter 3 and p. 540-555

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kar=-.12
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study GB 1973
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1973
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response23 %
Respondents N =1483

Correlate
Author's labelProtest Potential
Page in Source 390
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Approval and activity in 7 political protest 
behaviors.(each range 0-7)
* signing petitions
* joining in boycots
* attending lawful demonstrations
* refusing to pay rent or taxes
* joining in wildcat strikes
* occupying buildings
* blocking traffic
The Protest Potential Scale was made from a combination 
of 2 questions:
A: In each case the response-categories  
   were: (1)strongly approve (2) approve  
   (3) disapprove and (4) strongly  
   disapprove
B: For each of the 7 activities mentioned 
   above, respondents were asked wether 
   they (1) had done (2) would do, 
   (3) might do or(4) would never do 
   such a thing
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979
Chapter 3 and p. 540-555

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kar=-.08
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study GB 1973
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1973
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response23 %
Respondents N =1483

Correlate
Author's labelType of political actors
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Type of political actors:                  
a: Inactives       
b: Conformists
c: Reformists
d: Activists
e: Protesters
This typology is based on two Guttman scales of the:
1) Conventional Political Participation
   Scale(none activities,read newspaper, 
   discuss politics, work in community, 
   work in political party, convince 
   friends, attain political rally) and
2) the Protest Potential Scale (none 
   activities, signing petition, attending 
   lawful demonstrations,joining boycotts, 
   refusing to pay rent or tax, occupying 
   buildings, blocking traffic, joining 
   wildcat strikes)
Observed distributionN% a: 30.1 b: 15.4 c: 21.9 d: 10.2 e: 22.4 Total N: 1389
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979: p. 153-157

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaDM=-
a: Mt=7.4
b: Mt=7.7
c: Mt=7.4
d: Mt=6.8
e: Mt=7.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyFlavin & Keane (2012): study US 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Political Participation: Evidence from the United States.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2012, Vol. 13, 63 - 78
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
Public18+ aged, general piblic USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1548

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical participation
Page in Source 72
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
6 item index:
a. voted,
b. worked for a political campaig,
c. contributed to a political candidate,
d. attended a meeting or rally for a political 
candidate,
e. displayed a button, yard sign, or bumper sticker for 
a political canditate,
f. contated an elected official within the past year.
Rated: 
1: yes
0: no
Summation: a+b+c+d+e
Range: 0-6
Observed distributionM = 1.22, SD = 1.00

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.25 p < .01
B uncontrolled
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.19 p < .01
B controlled for demographics:
- education
- income
- age, age squared
- gender
- african american
- latino
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.19 p < .01
B additionally controled for electoral context:
- presidential competitiveness
- senate election
- governor election
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.12 p < .01
B additionally controled for political behavior:
- internal efficacy
- external efficacy
- partisanship, partisanship squared
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.09 p < .05
B additionally controled for social conectiveness:
- interpersonal trust
- organizational memberships
- married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study US 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, USA, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =1719

Correlate
Author's labelProtest Potential
Page in Source 390
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Approval and activity in 7 political protest 
behaviors.(each range 0-7)
* signing petitions
* joining in boycots
* attending lawful demonstrations
* refusing to pay rent or taxes
* joining in wildcat strikes
* occupying buildings
* blocking traffic
The Protest Potential Scale was made from a combination 
of 2 questions:
A:  In each case the response categories 
    were:  (1)strongly approve (2) approve
    (3) disapprove and (4) strongly  
    disapprove
B:  For each of the 7 activities mentioned 
    above, respondents were asked wether 
    they (1) had done (2) would do, (3) 
    might do or(4) would never do such a 
    thing
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979:
Chapter 3 and p. 540-555

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kar=-.09
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Political participation
Subject code: P08ab02

StudyBarnes et al. (1979): study US 1974
TitlePersonal Dissatisfaction.
SourceBarnes, S.H.;Kaase, M.;Eds.: "Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies", Sage, 1979, Beverly Hills, USA, 381 - 407
Public16+ aged, general public, USA, 1974
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =1719

Correlate
Author's labelType of political actors
Page in Source 393
Our classificationPolitical participation , code P08ab02
Operationalization
Type of political actors:                  
a: Inactives       
b: Conformists
c: Reformists
d: Activists
e: Protesters
This typology is based on two Guttman scales of the:
1) the Conventional Political Participation 
   Scale(none activities,read newspaper, 
   discuss politics, work in community, 
   work in political party, convince 
   friends, attain political rally) and
2) the Protest Potential Scale (none 
   activities, signing petition, attending 
   lawful demonstrations,joining boycotts, 
   refusing to pay rent or tax, occupying 
   buildings, blocking traffic, joining 
   wildcat strikes)
Observed distributionN% a; 12,3 b: 17,5 c: 36,0 d: 14,4 e: 19,8 N total =1613
Remarks
See Barnes, Kaase, 1979 p.153-157

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaDM=-
a: Mt=7.6
b: Mt=7.5
c: Mt=7.5
d: Mt=7.1
e: Mt=7.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Participation in demonstrations
Subject code: P08ab02a

StudyFlavin & Keane (2012): study US 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Political Participation: Evidence from the United States.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2012, Vol. 13, 63 - 78
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
Public18+ aged, general piblic USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1548

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical protest
Page in Source 74
Our classificationParticipation in demonstrations, code P08ab02a
Operationalization
Self-reported protest activity 
1: protested
0: did not protest
Range:0-1
Observed distributionM = 0.03, SD = 0.18

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=-.05 ns
B uncontrolled
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=-.06 ns
B controlled for demographics:
- education
- income
- age, age squared
- gender
- african american
- latino
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=-.06 ns
B additionally controled for electoral context:
- presidential competitiveness
- senate election
- governor election
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=-.04 ns
B additionally controled for political behavior:
- internal efficacy
- external efficacy
- partisanship, partisanship squared
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=-.06 ns
B additionally controled for social conectiveness:
- interpersonal trust
- organizational memberships
- married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of political organizations
Subject code: P08ab02b

StudyBirk & Palme (1991): study AT Wien 1991
TitleDie politische Situation in Wien Anfang 1991. (The Political Situation in Vienna Early 1991).
SourceIFES Study 90371, 1991, Research Report Institut fr Empirische Sozialforschung, Vienna, Austria
Public19+ aged, general public, Vienna, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelParty membership
Page in Source E-27/1
Our classificationMembership of political organizations, code P08ab02b
Operationalization
Comparison with non-members who prefer the same party

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-5-aDM=+
Social democrats
- members          M = 3.2
- all supporters   M = 3.1
Conservatives
- members          M = 3.3
- all supporters   M = 3.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of political organizations
Subject code: P08ab02b

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelParty member
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationMembership of political organizations, code P08ab02b
Operationalization
Selfreport on whether being a Chinese Communist Party 
(CCP) member or not:
1. yes
0. no (reference)
Observed distribution1. 19.04%; 0. 80.96%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.09 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.09 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
 -homeownership property status
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.07 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of political organizations
Subject code: P08ab02b

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelCommunist Party Member
Page in Source 1194, 1195
Our classificationMembership of political organizations, code P08ab02b
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Member of Chinese Communist Party? 
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution1: 23.5%; SD= 0.42

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.07 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Marital status
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  l) GDP per capita  
  m) Population growth
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Membership of political organizations
Subject code: P08ab02b

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelParty membership
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationMembership of political organizations, code P08ab02b
Operationalization
Self-report on party membership:
a) Communist party/league membership (reference)
b) Other political party member
c) No political party affiliation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.05 ns
OTHER POLITICAL PARTY (vs Communist party)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.12 p < .01
NO POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION (vs Communist 
party)

OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Sociability
- Marital status
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Dependent relatives
- Health
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Hukou location
- Province
- Party membership


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudyBirk & Palme (1991): study AT Wien 1991
TitleDie politische Situation in Wien Anfang 1991. (The Political Situation in Vienna Early 1991).
SourceIFES Study 90371, 1991, Research Report Institut fr Empirische Sozialforschung, Vienna, Austria
Public19+ aged, general public, Vienna, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelVoting intention
Page in Source E-27/1
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
a. Social Democrats   (SPO)
b. Conservatives      (OVP)
c. Liberals           (FPO)
d. Ecologists         (Grune)

e. Non-voters
f. Undecided

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-5-aDM=+
a. M = 3.1
b. M = 3.2
c. M = 3.1
d. M = 3.0

e. M = 2.9
f. M = 3.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelParticipation in local/national elections
Page in Source 216,222
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
Summary scale that measures respondent's degree of 
participation in:
A local elections: respondent votes (1= yes; 0= no)
B national elections: respondent votes (1= yes; 0= no).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.97 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.19 p < .05
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.16 p < .05
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelVote
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Did you vote in this (past) year's general election?
1: No 
0: Yes
Remarks
The original description is: 1: those who couldnt 
vote; 0: others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.05 ns
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudyFlavin & Keane (2012): study US 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Political Participation: Evidence from the United States.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2012, Vol. 13, 63 - 78
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s10902-011-9250-1
Public18+ aged, general piblic USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1548

Correlate
Author's labelVoting
Page in Source 70,71
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
Self -reported  turnout for the 2000 election
1: voted
0: did not vote
Range: 0-1
Observed distributionM = 0.76, SD = 0.42

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.34 p < .01
B uncontrolled
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.28 p < .01
B controlled for demographics:
- education
- income
- age, age squared
- gender
- african american
- latino
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.28 p < .01
B additionally controled for electoral context:
- presidential competitiveness
- senate election
- governor election
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.19 p < .01
B additionally controled for political behavior:
- internal efficacy
- external efficacy
- partisanship, partisanship squared
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-db=+.13 p < .10
B additionally controled for social connectedness:
- interpersonal trust
- organizational memberships
- married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelVoted in last two years
Page in Source 874
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
Whether or not voted in the last two years.
0 Not voted
1 Voted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = -.01  (ns)
2:first marriage women  r = +.10  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = -.14  (ns)
4:remarriage women      r = +.34  (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Voting
Subject code: P08ab02c

StudySigelman (1981): study US 1974
TitleIs Ignorance Bliss? A Reconsideration of the Folk Wisdom.
SourceHuman Relations, 1981, Vol. 34, 965 - 974
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-76
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2650

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical participation
Page in Source 971
Our classificationVoting, code P08ab02c
Operationalization
0 Did not vote in the most recent 
  presidential election 
1 Did vote

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.04 ns
 controlled for: age, gender, race, education, 
family income, marital status, church attendance 
and health condition. 
 hardly decreases when intelligence (IQ) is also 
controled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyCummins et al. (2003d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 7, Report 7.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. The Effect of Work.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response85%
Respondents N =1993

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical party
Page in Source 130
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Single question:
If a federal election were held next Saturday, how 
would you vote?
a: Liberal
b: National
c: Labor
d: Green
e: Democrat
f: Other
Observed distributionN= a: 715, b: 41, c: 457, d: 203, e: 36, f: 71

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a: Mt = 8,03, SD = 1,56
b: Mt = 8.34, SD = 1,41
c: Mt = 7,74, SD = 1,65 
d: Mt = 7,76, SD = 1,62
e: Mt = 7,72, SD = 1,41
f: Mt = 7,72, SD = 1,85
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyCummins et al. (2003d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 7, Report 7.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. The Effect of Work.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response85%
Respondents N =1993

Correlate
Author's label Political Support
Page in Source 132+133
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Single question:
On a scale from 0 to 10, how strong is your support for 
that party?
Remarks
Question preceded by a question on party preference.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.02 p < .002
All
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.06 p < .120
males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.11 p < .003
females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelParty affiliation
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Voting intention at the next parliamentary election 
(no/yes)
a. SPO    (Social democrats)
b. VP     (Conservatives)
c. FP     (Liberals)
d. Grune  (Ecologicals)
Remarks
's controled for sex, age, education, work status and 
home ownership.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.06
Social Democrats
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.04
Conservatives
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.04
Liberals
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.08
Ecologicals


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyBirk & Palme (1991): study AT Wien 1991
TitleDie politische Situation in Wien Anfang 1991. (The Political Situation in Vienna Early 1991).
SourceIFES Study 90371, 1991, Research Report Institut fr Empirische Sozialforschung, Vienna, Austria
Public19+ aged, general public, Vienna, Austria, 1991
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelParty preference
Page in Source E-27/1
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
a. Social democrats   (SPO)
b. Conservatives      (OVP)
c. Liberals           (FPO)
d. Ecologists         (Grune)

e. no preference

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-5-aDM=
a. M = 3.1
b. M = 3.2
c. M = 3.2
d. M = 3.1

e. M = 3.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1995
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
Public18+ aged, general public, 10 western nations, 1995-1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =9051

Correlate
Author's labelRight-wing orientation
Page in Source 569
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Self-report on one question ideological self-placement
1: left-wing
.
.
10 right-wing

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- Nation level variables 
- Socio-demographic variables
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.06 p < .01
B additionally controlled for: (model 2)
- Meritocratic beliefs
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
B additionally controlled for:
- Interaction Right-wing orientation X development 
of the nation (measured with HDI)
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.06 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- Interaction Meritocratic beliefs X HDI
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a
B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-10) Right-wing orientation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical preference
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Voted last election for:
a: PvdA (Social Democrats)
b: CDA  (Cristian Democrats)
c: D'66 (Liberals)
d: VVD  (Conservatives)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.24 p < . 01
% happy
-Social Democrats   85%
-Cristian Democrats 90%
-Liberals           87%
 Conservatives      93%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

Study~NIPO (1949): study NL 1948
TitleWat de Mensen Gelukkig Maakt. (The Things that Contribute to Happiness).
SourceDe Publieke Opinie, 1949, Vol. 3, 3 - 4
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~NIPO_1949.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical affiliation
Page in Source 4
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
1. Communists 
2. Social-Democratics  
3. Religious centre parties (Catholics
   and Protestants) 
4. Conservatives.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aD%=+
Communists         : 13% happy, 52% pretty happy,
                     22% unhappy.
Social Democratics : 37% happy, 51% pretty happy,
                      4% unhappy.
Center (Catholics) : 43% happy, 43% pretty happy,
                      6% unhappy.
Center (Protestants): 50% happy, 40% pretty
                      happy, 3% unhappy.
Conservatives      : 52% happy, 41% pretty happy,
                      5% unhappy.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 2008 /1
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA,2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2413

Correlate
Author's labelParty identification
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Selfreport of party preference.
Question not reported.
1: republicans
0: democrats

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
All
republicans M=7,0   N=555
democrats   M=6,2   N=896
difference   +0,8
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
Upper or upper-middle class
republicans M=7,6   N=172
democrats   M=7,0   N=176
difference   +0,6
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
Middle class
republicans M=6,9   N=306
democrats   M=6,5   N=449
difference   +0,4
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=+
Lower or lower-middle class
republicans M=5,8   N= 72
democrats   M=5,1   N=266
difference   +0,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 2008
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2260

Correlate
Author's labelPartisan Happiness Gap
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Selfreport of party preference.Question not reported.
1: Republicans
0: Democrats

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=+
Republicans M=2,29   CI95[2,33-2,25]
Democrats   M=2,05   CI95[2,09-2,01]
difference   -0,24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 2005
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5264

Correlate
Author's labelParty ID
Page in Source 3,4
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Selfreport of party preference.
Question not reported.
1. Republicans
0. Democrats

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- income
- married
- age over 64
- education
- age under 30
- race
- ethnicity
- gender
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
Additionally controlled for
- health
- church attendance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyTaylor et al. (2006): study US 2005
TitleAre We Happy Yet?
SourcePEW Research Center, A Social Trends Report, 2006, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://pewresearch.org/pubs/301/are-we-happy-yet
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3014

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical Party Affiliation
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
a. Republicans
b. Democrats
c. Liberals

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caD%= p < .05
% Very Happy
a. Republicans   45%
b. Democrats     30%
c. Independent   29%

The Republican/Democratic difference appears in 
all income categories: e.g. poor Republicans are 
happier than poor Democrats.
The Republican/Democrat difference exists also 
among conservatives: conservative Republicans 
being happier than conservative Democrats.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudySaad (2004a): study US 2003 /1
TitleA Primer in Reading the Public's Mood.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 3 February 2004, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/
Public18+ aged, USA, 2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1004

Correlate
Author's labelParty preference
Page in Source 3
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
a: Republicans
b: Independents
c: Democrats

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fD%=
             % satisfied  % dissatisfied
Republicans  97           3
Independents 96           4
Democrats    91           7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudySaad (2004): study US 2003 /1
TitleA Nation of Happy People. Most Happy and Satisfied with Their Lives.
SourceGallup Poll News Services, 5 January 2004, Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2003
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1011

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical Party ID
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
a.  Republican
b.  Independent
c.  Democrat

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dD%=
            Republican   Independent   Democrat
Very Happy      62%           49%         50%
Fairly Happy    35%           47%         41%
Not Happy        3%            4%         76%
            
% very happy    
December 2003   62           49           50
December 2002   59           42           46
December 2001   42           33           37
October  2000   53           44           45
March    1996   52           46           50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelParty preference
Page in Source 4
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Registered as voter of 
a: Republicans
b: Democrats
c: Independants

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=+
% very happy
a: Republicans            53%
b: Democrats              45%
c: Independants           44%

All                       49%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 2000
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, before and after presidential election, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1142

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical orientation
Page in Source 566, 567
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Mean of responses on 2 questions: 
a: ideology: (liberal vs conservative)
b: party affiliation (Democrats vs Republican).
Each rated on a 7-point numerical scale: 1 strong 
liberal/Democrat to 7 strong conservative/Republican.

Assessed at T1
Error EstimatesInter item correlation: r=.46; p>.001
Remarks
Scores adjusted for non response, within-household 
selection, poststratification of age and education, and 
attrition from T1 to T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-a
T1 political orientation, by T2 happiness
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.25 p < .001
no control
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.15 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Income
- Education
- Sex
- Age
- Marital status
- Employment status
- Church attendance
- Need of recognition
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.09 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Rationalization of inequality

B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-7) political preference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 1974
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, USA, 1974 - 2004
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =2536

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 570
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Self-report on single question.
Rated on a 7-point numerical scale: 1 (strong liberal) 
to 7 (strong conservative)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.06 p < .05
B controlled for :
- Year-level country variables
  - unemployment
  - inflation
  - Republican president
  - income inequality (Gini)
- Individual variables
  - marital status
  - education
  - sexe
  - income
  - employment
  - age, age squared
  - subjective health
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=-.01 ns
Interaction with Republican President
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+1.5 p < .001
Interaction with income inequality
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyTaylor (2008): study US 1972
TitleRepublicans: Still Happy Campers.
SourcePEW Research Center, 2008, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/taylor_p_2008.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =20000

Correlate
Author's labelRepublicans Happier over the years.
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Selfreport of party preference.
Question not reported.
1. Republicans
0. Democrats
Remarks
Assessed in 10 surveys between 1972 and 2008.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aD%=+
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Current political (party) preference
Subject code: P08ac

StudyCantril & Roll (1971): study US 1964
TitleHopes and Fears of the American People.
SourceUniverse Books, 1971, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1964-1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1588

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical affi- liation
Page in Source 66
Our classificationCurrent political (party) preference, code P08ac
Operationalization
Independent / Democrat / Republican

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+
Independent     :Ms = 6.9 (1964)  6.4 (1971)
Democrat        :Ms = 6.7 (1964)  6.5 (1971)
Republican      :Ms = 7.2 (1964)  6.8 (1971)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phnomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut fr Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelLeft-right
Page in Source 112
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
2.  left
4.
6.
8.
10. right

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dG=-.03 ns
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=-.02 ns
% often happy
2.  48
4.  36
6.  52
8.  48
10. 44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualitt in sterreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut fr Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultt der Universitt Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived political orientation
Page in Source 48,T32
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Direct question on self perceived right or left wing 
political orientation, rated on a 5-point scale ranging 
from 1="explicitly right wing" to 5="explicitly left 
wing".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=-.01
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=-.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyGokdemir (2014): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2011
TitleFactors that Influence the Life Satisfaction of Women Living in the Northern Cyprus.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 115, 1071 - 1085
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0265-3#page-1
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-013-0265-3
Public18+ aged women, Northern Cyprus, 2011
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical preference
Page in Source 1078,1082
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Question was: In political matters people talk of the 
left and the right. How would you place your views on 
the scale?
1. Extreme left
---
10. Extreme right.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-acBeta=+.11
Beta controled for:
- religion
- health
- education
- marital status
- age
- household income
- social reference income
- financial status
- paricipation in household expenditure
- being a victim domestic violence
- witnessing domestic violence
- gender discrimination
- employment
- housewife
- perception of government performance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyKirmanoglu & Baslevent (2014): study ZZ Europe 2010
TitleLife Satisfaction of Ethnic Minority Members: An Examination of Interactions with Immigration, Discrimination, and Citizenship.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 116, 173 - 184
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0276-0
Public15+ aged Europeans, Europe. 2010/2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =32275

Correlate
Author's labelRight (vs left)
Page in Source 8
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
In politics people sometimes talk of left and 
right. Using this card, where would you place 
yourself on this scale?
0  left 
:
10 right

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=+.04 p < .000
OPRC controlled for:
- age
- age^2/100
- gender
- education
- household income
- unemployed
- religiosity
- health
- living alone
- ethnic minority member
- migration generation
- ethnic minority *migration generation
- citizen
- ethnic minority member*citizen
- perceived discrimination
- ethnic minority*perceived discrimination


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyBjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1
TitleCross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society.
SourceSocial Choice and Welfare, 2008, Vol. 30, 119 - 173
DOIDOI:10,1007/s00355-007-0225-4
Public18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =87748

Correlate
Author's labelconservative ideology
Page in Source 131,137, 153
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
0: no conservative ideology
1:    conservative ideology

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.14 p < .01
Individual happiness (not average) by having 
conservative ideology.

Beta controlled for other individual level 
variables:
- religion
- confidence in parliament
- trust most people
- income
- age
- gender
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.15 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for aggregated 
variables at country level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyHessami (2009): study ZZ Western Europe 1990
TitleThe Size and Composition of Government Spending in Europe and its Impact of Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 2009, University of Konstanz, Germany
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/hessami_z_2009.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153268

Correlate
Author's labelIdeological preferences
Page in Source 18+15, 2x model 5
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
0: Right wing
1: Left wing

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- individual level
  - age
  - sexe
  - relative income
  - marital status
  - education
  - employment status
  - number of children
- national level
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
  - total government expenditures
  - public education expenditures
  - public social protection expenditures
  - public health expenditures

Comparable result with ordered probit estimation: 
OPRC= -0,073


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-rated politicalpreference
Page in Source 9
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Self rating of political preference: 
1 left
2 middle
3 right.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.08 p < . 05
% happy
-extremely left      74%
-left                88%
-left of the middle  83%
-middle              88%
-right of the middle 89%
-right               78%
-extremely right     89%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyStapel (1987): study NL 1987
TitleKundigheid en Geluk. (Abilities end Happiness)
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1987, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1987
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =825

Correlate
Author's labelRight-wing politicalpreference
Page in Source 9
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
PvdA, CDA and VVD

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.38 p < .01
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.38 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1981
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =833

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-characterized political preference
Page in Source 11
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Direct question on political preference, rated as left, 
middle or right.


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.07 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1979
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1748

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-characterized political preference
Page in Source 11
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Direct question on political preference, rated as left, 
middle and
right.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.09 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 2000
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, before and after presidential election, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1142

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical orientation
Page in Source 566, 567
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Mean of responses on 2 questions: 
a: ideology: (liberal vs conservative)
b: party affiliation (Democrats vs Republican).
Each rated on a 7-point numerical scale: 1 strong 
liberal/Democrat to 7 strong conservative/Republican.

Assessed at T1
Error EstimatesInter item correlation: r=.46; p>.001
Remarks
Scores adjusted for non response, within-household 
selection, poststratification of age and education, and 
attrition from T1 to T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-a
T1 political orientation, by T2 happiness
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.25 p < .001
no control
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.15 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Income
- Education
- Sex
- Age
- Marital status
- Employment status
- Church attendance
- Need of recognition
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.09 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- Rationalization of inequality

B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-7) political preference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: left vs right wing
Subject code: P08ac01

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 1995
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, USA, 1995
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1176

Correlate
Author's labelRight-wing orientation
Our classificationPreference for: left vs right wing, code P08ac01
Operationalization
Self-report on one item about ideological placement 
Rated on a 10-point numerical scale from 1(left-wing) 
to 10 (right-wing)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
No controls
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.04 p < .10
B's controlled for: 
- Socio-demographic variables 
- Meritocratic beliefs
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a
B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-10) Right-wing orientation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: center vs extremes
Subject code: P08ac02

StudyLerner (1958): study ZZ Middle East 1950
TitleThe Passing of Traditional Society Modernizing the Middle East.
SourceThe Free Press, 1958, New York, USA
PublicAdults, general public, 6 nations Middle East, 1950
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1600

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical extremism
Page in Source 368
Our classificationPreference for: center vs extremes, code P08ac02
Operationalization
a Apolitical
b Moderate right
c Middle right
d Extreme right
(left wing extremism not considered)
Remarks
Data Iran only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=
% happy
- Apolitical      61%
- Moderate right  56%
- Middle right    57%
- Extreme right   29%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Preference for: center vs extremes
Subject code: P08ac02

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-rated politicalpreference
Page in Source 9
Our classificationPreference for: center vs extremes, code P08ac02
Operationalization
Self rating of political preference: 
1 left
2 middle
3 right.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.08 p < . 05
% happy
-extremely left      74%
-left                88%
-left of the middle  83%
-middle              88%
-right of the middle 89%
-right               78%
-extremely right     89%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelPro-market
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
1: in favours of further market reforms
0: others
Observed distribution96.8% of respondents were pro-market.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.06 p < .001
b(-.0569) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelNational reunification
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
1= if reunification between the Mainland and Taiwan is 
a social problem of major interest to the respondent
0= otherwise
Observed distribution9.9% of respondents considered national reunification a social problem of major interest to them

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=+.17 p < .001
b(0.165) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudyBjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1
TitleCross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society.
SourceSocial Choice and Welfare, 2008, Vol. 30, 119 - 173
DOIDOI:10,1007/s00355-007-0225-4
Public18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =87748

Correlate
Author's labelconfidence in parliament
Page in Source 132,137, 153
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
0: no confidence in parliament
1:    confidence in parliament

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
Individual happiness (not average) by having 
confidence in parliament.

Beta controlled for other individual level 
variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- trust most people
- income
- age
- gender
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.10 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for aggregated 
variables at country level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudyDickow & Moller (2002): study ZA 1999
TitleSouth Africa's Rainbow People: National Pride and Optimism: A Trend Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 175 - 202
DOIdoi:10.1023/A:1016234504243
Public16+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2219

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of the rainbow
Page in Source 193-194
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
Acceptance of the rainbow as political symbol of unity 
among the diversive people of South-Africa

a. "Supporters" (I believe that God has offered to all 
South-Africans, black and white, a new covenant por a 
peaceful life in a common nation)
b. "Opponents" (For me, the covenant is a religious 
matter only and should not be used in politics)
c. "Non-believers" (For me, it has no meaning at all)
Observed distribution1. 48%, 2. 24%, 3. 28%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%=
% happy:
- Supporters:     64
- Opponennts:     60
- Non-believers:  54
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%= p < .05
Whites only (N=533)
- Supporters: 81  (All Whites 75% happy)
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%= p < .01
White "Afrikaners" only (N=384)
- Supporters   81 (All White Afrikaanders 74)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%=
% satisfied:
- Supporters:     57
- Opponennts:     50
- Non-believers:  49
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%= p < .01
Whites only (N=533)
- Supporters: 86  (All Whites 81)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%= p < .0001
White "Afrikaners" only (N=384)
- Supporters   88 (All White Afrikaanders 81)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudyDickow & Moller (2002): study ZA 1999
TitleSouth Africa's Rainbow People: National Pride and Optimism: A Trend Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 175 - 202
DOIdoi:10.1023/A:1016234504243
Public16+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2219

Correlate
Author's labelSignificance of the rainbow
Page in Source 189
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
Agreement with statements:
a. The rainbow as symbol of reconciliation and unity is 
an ideal for South Africans.
b. The rainbow is a political symbol for nation 
building.
c. The rainbow is a religious symbol and should not be 
used in politics.
d. The rainbow has divided rather than united South 
Africans.
e. The rainbow message is no longer relevant. 
f. Don't know.
Observed distribution1. 35%, 2. 25%, 3. 17%, 4. 7%, 5. 4%, 6. 13%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%=+
% happy:
- Reconciliation & unity: 58
- Political symbol:       68
- Religious symbol:       66 
- Irrelevant:             51
- Divisive:               46
- Don't know:             54
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+
% satisfied:
- Reconciliation & unity: 52
- Political symbol:       56
- Religious symbol:       51 
- Irrelevant:             51
- Divisive:               40
- Don't know:             58


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to basic political issues
Subject code: P08ad

StudyDickow & Moller (2002): study ZA 1999
TitleSouth Africa's Rainbow People: National Pride and Optimism: A Trend Study.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2002, Vol. 59, 175 - 202
DOIdoi:10.1023/A:1016234504243
Public16+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2219

Correlate
Author's labelSources of national pride
Page in Source 190
Our classificationAttitudes to basic political issues, code P08ad
Operationalization
Which one of the following has made you particularly 
proud of South Africa since 1994?:
a. The RDP (Reconstruction and Development Programme); 
b. macro-economic policy: Gear (Growth, Employment and 
Redistribution); c. sporting achievements like the 
World Cup etc.; d. the South African flag/anthem; e. 
the Rainbow Nation - reconciliation and unity; f. TRC - 
the Truth and Reconciliation Commission; g. 
Constitution and Bill of Rights; h. world 
acceptance/world recognition ; i. The African 
Renaissance; j. none of the above, don't know.
Observed distributiona. 30%, b. 3%, c. 19%, d. 6%, e. 11%, f. 10%, g. 7%, h. 6%, i. 2%, j. 7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%=
% happy:
- Rainbow:                      62
- RDP:                          59
- Sport:                        70
- Cannot name source of pride:  48
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dD%=
% satisfied:
- Rainbow:                      54%
- RDP:                          45%
- Sport:                        67%
- Cannot name source of pride:  57%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.09 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.12 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 44
2. wants more inequality 47
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.01 ns
1. wants less inequality  36
2. wants more inequality  33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.11 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.21 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.10 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 39
2. wants more inequality 48
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.06 p < .01
1. wants less inequality 36
2. wants more inequality 42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.14 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.16 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.08 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 35
2. wants more inequality 42
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.09 p < .01
1. wants less inequality 29
2. wants more inequality 37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 373/41
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.06 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.05 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
1. wants less inequality 18
2. wants more inequality 17
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.03 ns
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 13
2. wants more inequality 10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.18 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.14 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.08 p < .01
1. wants less inequality 15
2. wants more inequality 13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.10 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 15
2. wants more inequality 16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.02 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
1. wants less inequality 13
2. wants more inequality 10
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.01 ns
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 14
2. wants more inequality 13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.03 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.06 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality  8
2. wants more inequality 13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
1. wants less inequality  8
2. wants more inequality 10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.14 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 12
2. wants more inequality 13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtc=+.07
1. wants less inequality  4
2. wants more inequality  6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.16 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.09 p < .01
1. wants less inequality 2
2. wants more inequality 2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality  5
2. wants more inequality  5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1995
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
Public18+ aged, general public, 10 western nations, 1995-1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =9051

Correlate
Author's labelMeritocratic beliefs
Page in Source 569
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
Self-report on one question on endorsement of 
meritocracy
1: hard work doesn't generally bring success - it's 
more a matter of luck
.
.
10: in the long run, hard work usually brings a better 
life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- Nation level variables 
- Socio-demographic variables
- Right wing-orientation
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
B additionally controlled for:
- Meritocratic beliefs X development of the nation 
(measured with HDI)
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a
B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-10) meritocratic beliefs


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.00 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 16
2. wants more inequality 19
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.00 ns
1. wants less inequality 19
2. wants more inequality 18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.08 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.10 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.04 ns
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 47
2. wants more inequality 51
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.05 p < .01
1. wants less inequality 41
2. wants more inequality 45


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 1995
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, USA, 1995
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1176

Correlate
Author's labelMeritocratic beliefs
Page in Source 569
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question, rated on a 10-point 
numerical scale from: 
1: Hard work doesn't generally bring success - it's 
more a matter of luck
.
.
10 In the long run, hard work usually brings a better 
life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-10-ab=+.07 p < .001
B's controlled for:
- Right-wing orientation
- Socio-demographic variables
O-Sum---mq-*-10-a
B mean point happiness (1-10) more or less per 
point (1-10) meritocratic beliefs


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social inequality: more vs less differences
Subject code: P08ad01

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social inequality
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationSocial inequality: more vs less differences, code P08ad01
Operationalization
"Here are two options in the existing conditions of our 
country. Which one do you agree with?"
1. Too much liberalism here has been
   producing increasingly wide
   differences in people's economic and
   social life. People should live more
   equally.
2. There is too much of equality
   principle. People should be given
   more credit to choose their own
   economical and social life according
   to their abilities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.15 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.08 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. wants less inequality 37
2. wants more inequality 43
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.03 ns
1. wants less inequality 37
2. wants more inequality 37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.18 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.08 p < .01
1. radical       27
2. moderate      35
3. conservative  40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical       36
2. moderate      47
3. conservative  48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.23 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.27 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.13 p < .01
1. radical      26
2. moderate     36
3. conservative 50
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.15 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical      29
2. moderate     39
3. conservative 57


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.15 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.13 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical      28
2. moderate     39
3. conservative 44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.04 p < .05
1. radical      27
2. moderate     34
3. conservative 38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.02 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.07 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.03 p < .01
1. radical      19
2. moderate     16
3. conservative 17
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.01 ns
% Very happy:
1. radical       8
2. moderate     12
3. conservative 12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 215/93
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.20 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.11 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical      17
2. moderate     15
3. conservative 16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=-.10 p < .01
1. radical      13
2. moderate     13
3. conservative 20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.18 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.20 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.11 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical       12
2. moderate      16
3. conservative  13
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.10 p < .01
1. radical      11
2. moderate     12
3. conservative 17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.19 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.17 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.08 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical       7
2. moderate     11
3. conservative 11
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.07 p < .01
1. radical       6
2. moderate      9
3. conservative 11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.22 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.19 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical      14
2. moderate     12
3. conservative 15
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtb=+.05 p < .01
1. radical       4
2. moderate      4
3. conservative 10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.14 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.20 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.09 p < .01
1. radical      1
2. moderate     2
3. conservative 3
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical       4
2. moderate      5
3. conservative  9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.04 ns
1. radical      28
2. moderate     19
3. conservative 17
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. radical       23
2. moderate      20
3. conservative  10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

StudyHarding (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelReform orientation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question; society needs: 1 Defence
2 Reform
3 Change

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
change                 M = 0.5   Mt' = 5.5
reform                     1.5         6.5
defence                    1.7         6.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=-.14 p < .001
change               31%   very happy 
reform               38%                        
defence              42%       
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
change                 M = 7.2   Mt' = 6.9
reform                     7.7         7.4
defence                    7.9         7.7
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atb=-.09 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.03 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.09 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. radical      47
2. moderate     47
3. conservative 50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.04 p < .05
1. radical      40
2. moderate     41
3. conservative 48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of social order
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Which of the following three 
statements best summarises your own view of our 
society?"
1. Completely reject the existing law,
   our present system of government and
   our society, the only solution is 
   complete social change (radical).
2. See many shortcomings in our present
   system, believe in a gradual
   improvement within the existing
   system of goverment (moderate).
3. Accept overall the existing law, our
   present system of government and our
   society (conservative).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.14 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.13 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atb=+.05 p < .01
1. radical      33
2. moderate     37
3. conservative 43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. radical      35
2. moderate     42
3. conservative 46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
Subject code: P08ad02

StudyDobson (1985): study US 1964
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Respondents N =1870

Correlate
Author's labelApproval for political interventions
Page in Source 135
Our classificationSocial reform: radical reform vs consolidation, code P08ad02
Operationalization
3 item index of questions about proper role of 
government in eareas of income, housing and health care 
(Cutler 1973).
Assessed at T2 (1974).

a. for everybody

b. for the aged

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .001
T1
Correlated with happiness at T1 (1964) and 
T2 (1974)
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.14 p < .001
T2
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.10 p < .001
T1
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.16 p < .001
T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.10 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.10 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.05 p < .01
1.  24
2.  32
3.  36
4.  33
5.  49
6.  34
All 35
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.  46
2.  47
3.  48
4.  46
5.  42
6.  31
All 46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.19 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.25 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.15 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.  23
2.  54
3.  38
4.  46
5.  62
6.  50
All 40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.12 p < .01
1.  22
2.  48
3.  37
4.  37
5.  52
6.  54
All 30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.13 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.08 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.07 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.  47
2.  38
3.  41
4.  35
5.  27
6.  30
All 39
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.04 p < .05
1.  45
2.  28
3.  37
4.  28
5.  18
6.  33
All 34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 373/41
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.03 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.01 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.01 ns
% Very happy:
1.  13
2.   0
3.  13
4.  11
5.  13
6.  13
All 12
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.01 ns
1.  27
2.   0
3.  17
4.  16
5.  18
6.  18
All 17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.11 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.16 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.  16
2.  18
3.  17
4.  16
5.   6
6.  22
All 10
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.08 p < .01
1.  13
2.  12
3.  16
4.  12
5.  13
6.  24
All 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.12 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.15 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.10 p < .01
% Very happy:
1. 11
2. 13
3. 17
4. 14
5. 18
6.  8
All 14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.08 p < .01
1. 12
2.  9
3. 13
4. 11
5. 22
6. 11
All 12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.16 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.19 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.09 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.   6
2.  10
3.  10
4.  12
5.   3
6.  18
All 10
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.11 p < .01
1.   4
2.  12
3.   9
4.  10
5.  10
6.   9
All  9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.13 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.11 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abtc=+.05 p < .01
1.   4
2.   6
3.   4
4.   5
5.   7
6.  14
All  5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.05 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.  14
2.  18
3.  11
4.  13
5.  13
6.  17
All 12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.18 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.10 p < .01
1.    1
2.    0
3.    2
4.    3
5.    4
6.    0
All   2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.06 p < .01
% Very happy:
1.    4
2.    6
3.    5
4.    5
5.   13
6.    6
All   5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.07 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.03 ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=-.04 p < .05
1. 24
2. 32
3. 17
4. 20
5. 20
6. 15
All 18
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=-.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. 18
2. 27
3. 19
4. 21
5. 14
6. 18
All 18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.04 p < .05
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.11 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.02 ns
% Very happy:
1. 42
2. 60
3. 48
4. 48
5. 49
6. 48
All 47
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.06 p < .01
1. 35
2. 50
3. 41
4. 44
5. 51
6. 44
All 42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Configuration of orientations to inequality and social reform
Subject code: P08ad03

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical conservatism
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationConfiguration of orientations to inequality and social reform, code P08ad03
Operationalization
Configuration of responses on two direct questions:
- Acceptance of present social order
  (vs radical rejection). See N 1.1.3
- Acceptance of social inequality
  (wants more inequality rather than 
  less). See N 1.1.4.

1. rejects order/wants less inequality
2. rejects order/wants more inequality
3. moderate / wants less inequality
4. moderate / wants more inequality
5. accepts order /wants less inequality
6. accepts order /wants more inequality 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.07 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-atc=+.04 ns
1.  32
2.  37
3.  37
4.  35
5.  34
6.  45
All 37
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-etc=+.03 ns
% Very happy:
1.  25
2.  45
3.  38
4.  42
5.  42
6.  48
All 42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with public security
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
Question: 'How satisfied are you with public security?'
Rated on an 11 point scale ranging from o to 10.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.11       +.11       +.09       +.09
1980
1984      -.09       -.02       -.00       +.10
1988      -.10       -.02       -.03       +.11

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

Study~Eurobarometer (2000b): study ZZ EU 15 2000 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 54.
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb54/eb54_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of EU membership
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1:A bad thing
2:Neither good nor bad
3:A good thing
Observed distribution1: 50%, 2: 27%, 3: 14%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
1:A bad thing           M=2,93 CI95:2,90-2,96
2:Neither good nor bad  M=2,95 CI95:2,93-2,97
3:A good thing          M=3,09 CI95:3,08-3,10
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=+ p < .05
1,2<3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

Study~Eurobarometer (2000a): study ZZ EU 15 2000
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 53,
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb53/eb53_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16078

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of EU membership
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1:A bad thing          
2:Neither good nor bad 
3:A good thing
Observed distribution1: 49%, 2: 28%, 3: 14%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
1:A bad thing          M= 2,77  CI95:2,73-2,80
2:Neither good nor bad M= 2,81  CI95:2,79-2,83 
3:A good thing         M= 2,99  CI95:2,98-3,00
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=+ p < .05
3>1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

Study~Eurobarometer (1999): study ZZ EU 15 1999 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 52.
SourceEuropean Commission,1999, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb52/eb52_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15010

Correlate
Author's label Acceptance of EU membership
Page in Source B2
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1: a bad thing
2: neither good nor bad
3: a good thing
Observed distribution1: 51%, 2: 27%, 3: 12%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM= ns
1: a bad thing     M = 2,61  CI95: 2,47-2,75
2: good nor bad    M = 2,70  CI95: 2,58-2,82
3: a good thing    M = 2,81  CI95: 2,70-2,91


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

Study~Eurobarometer (1998): study ZZ EU 15 1998
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 49.
SourceEuropean Commssion, 1998, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://europa.eu/comm/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb49/eb49_en.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16165

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of EU membership
Page in Source B.59
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1: A bad thing
2: Neither good nor bad
3: A good thing
Observed distribution1: 51%, 2: 28%, 3: 12%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
1: A bad thing      M=2,82 CI95 = 2,78-2,86
2: Good nor bad     M=2,85 CI95 = 2,83-2,87 
3: A good thing     M=3,02 CI95 = 3,01-3,04
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=+ p < .05
3>1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

Study~Eurobarometer (1997): study ZZ EU 15 1997 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 47.
SourceEuropean Commission,1997, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb47/eb47_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1997
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of EU membership
Page in Source B3
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1: a bad thing
2: neither good nor bad
3: a good thing

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
1: A bad thing   M= 2,85 CI95= 2,82-2,88
2: Neither       M= 2,86 CI95= 2,84-2,88
3: A good thing  M= 3,02 CI95= 3,00-3,04
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=+ p < .05
1,2<3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelAttitude towards President Clinton
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
1: disapprove 
2: approve
Remarks
Clinton was president of the USA from January 1993 
until January 2001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=+
% very happy
1: disapprove of Clinton      50%
2: approve of Clinton         45%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyLounsbury et al. (1979): study US Tennessee 1975
TitleThe Relationship of Avowed Life Satisfaction to Public Acceptance of and Expectations about a Nuclear Power Plant.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1979, Vol. 7, 298 - 304
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(197910)7:4%3C298::AID-JCOP2290070404%3E3.0.CO;2-M/pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Hartsville/Trousdale County, Tennessee, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =288

Correlate
Author's labelConsistency of attitude to nuclear plant in town
Page in Source 302
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
Correlation between acceptance of the building of a 
nuclear plant and perceptions of hazards and benefits.
1. acceptance - disruption 
2. acceptance - health hazards 
3. acceptance - increased business 
4. acceptance - attention for town 
5. acceptance - economic benefit
Remarks




Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=
r=+.47   r=+.49   difference ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=
r=+.62   r=+.60   difference ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=
r=.+34   r=+.10   difference significant (p<05)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=
r=+.34   r=+.12   difference significant (p<05)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=
r=+.45   r=+.40   difference ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-amr=
mr=+.44 mr=+.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyLounsbury et al. (1979): study US Tennessee 1975
TitleThe Relationship of Avowed Life Satisfaction to Public Acceptance of and Expectations about a Nuclear Power Plant.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1979, Vol. 7, 298 - 304
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(197910)7:4%3C298::AID-JCOP2290070404%3E3.0.CO;2-M/pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Hartsville/Trousdale County, Tennessee, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =288

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of a nuclear plant near town
Page in Source 302
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
Direct question;"If it were up to you, would you permit 
construction of the TV1 powerplant near Hartsville". 
Rated on a 4-point scale ranging from 'definitively 
yes'(1) to 'definitively no'(4).

69% would 'definitively' or 'probably' permit, 31% is 
opposed


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.03 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=- ns
mean acceptance score:
- happy    2.23
- unhappy  2.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelVietnam dissent
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
A mean of six items, three anti-Vietnam war and three 
pro-Vietnam war. Scale: 1.00 = support for U.S. policy 
in Vietnam to 4.00 = disagreement with U.S. policy in 
Vietnam. Assessed at T3, T4 and T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- s
             Vietnam dissent
Happiness    T3          T4          T5
T1     tau = -.13 (001)  -.10 (01)   -.10 (01)
T2     tau = -.14 (001)  -.13 (001)  -.07 (05)
T3     tau = -.15 (001)  -.14 (001)  -.09 (05)
T4     tau = -.13 (001)  -.17 (001)  -.11 (01)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to specific political issues
Subject code: P08ae

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelPrefer more militaryinfluence
Our classificationAttitudes to specific political issues, code P08ae
Operationalization
A mean of two items concerning military influence and 
expenditure on the military. Scale: 1.00 = military has 
far too much influence, or U.S. spends far too much, to 
5.00 = military has far too little influence, or U.S. 
spends far too little. Assessed at T3 and T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
                Prefer more military influence
Happiness       T3           T5
T1        tau = +.05 (ns)    +.03 (ns)
T2        tau = +.08 (05)    +.05 (ns)
T3        tau = +.08 (05)    +.02 (ns)
T4        tau = +.08 (05)    +.04 (ns)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic discrimination
Subject code: P08ae01

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000
TitleApoyo Social y Bienstar Subjetivo en un Collectivo de Immigrantes. Efectos Directos o Amortiguadores. ( Social Support and Social Well-Being in a Group of Immigrants: Direct or Buffer Effects?)
SourceBoletin de Psicologia, 2004, Vol. 80, 79 - 96
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerception of rejection
Page in Source 84
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic discrimination, code P08ae01
Operationalization
One single item: "As Moroccan, do you feel rejected by 
the native population?", with a 7-point answering 
format, from 1-not rejected to 7-totally rejected
For current analysis, this variable was re-cathegorized 
in two levels:
1. Low perception of rejection: Between 1 and 3
2. High perception of rejection: Between 5 and 7
Observed distributionPerception of rejection: M = 5,97; SD = 1,45 1. Low perception of rejection: 18% 2. High perception of rejection: 82%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baDM=-
1 low   : M = 2,49; SD = 1,09
2 high  : M = 1,54; SD = 0,69
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baF=7.12 p < .009
Univariate analysis of variance, main effect
Controlling for:
- gender
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic discrimination
Subject code: P08ae01

StudyHernandez Plaza et al. (2005): study ES 2000
TitleEstructura y Funciones del Apoyo Social en un Colectivo de Immigrantes Marroquies. (Structure and Functions of Social Support of Moroccan Immigrants).
SourceAnales de Psicologia, 2005, Vol. 21, 304 - 315
PublicMoroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelPerception of ethnic prejudice
Page in Source 307-310
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic discrimination, code P08ae01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
As Moroccan, do you feel rejected by the native 
population?
(1 not rejected; 7 totally rejected)
Observed distributionM = 5,97; SD = 1,45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-bar=+.43 p < .000
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baBeta=+.32 p < .000
Beta controled for:
- Social network size
- Number of natives in the social network
- Number of immigrants in the social network
- Number of men in the social network
- Number of women in the social network
- Number of family members in the social network
- Number of non-family members in the social 
network
- Perceived availabilty of emotional support
- Perceived availability of informative support
- Perceived availability of material support
- Perceived need for social support
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by natives
- Perceived sufficiency of social support provided 
by immigrants
- Utilization of social support provided by 
natives
- Utilization of social support provided by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with emotional support by natives
- Satisfaction with emotional support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with informative support by natives
- Satisfaction with informative support by 
immigrants
- Satisfaction with material support by natives
- Satisfaction with material support by immigrants
- Gender
- Age
- Time living in the country


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic discrimination
Subject code: P08ae01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment should end discrimination
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic discrimination, code P08ae01
Operationalization
A mean composed of three items asking the respondent 
how strongly he agrees or disagrees that the government 
should take a role in racial issues. 
Scale: 1.00 = disagree to 4.00 =agree. Assessed at T3, 
T4, T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau= ns
           Government should end discrimination
Happiness        T3        T4        T5
T1         tau = +.03      +.02      +.03
T2         tau = +.04      +.02      +.05
T3         tau = +.04      +.04      +.04
T4         tau = +.03      +.06      -.03
All tau's not significant
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political system
Subject code: P08af

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with society
Page in Source 358
Our classificationAttitudes to political system, code P08af
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with society at large?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1363, 1:15, 2:69, 3:392, 4:716, 5:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.66
 2: Mt=6.34
 3: Mt=7.14
 4: Mt=8.08
 5: Mt=8.81
All Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.34 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.00
 2: Mt=5.90
 3: Mt=6.71
 4: Mt=7.75
 5: Mt=8.59
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.30 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.50
 2: Mt=5.84
 3: Mt=6.39
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=7.95
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political system
Subject code: P08af

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with society
Page in Source 360
Our classificationAttitudes to political system, code P08af
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you at present with society at 
large?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1457, 1:39, 2:176, 3:452, 4:676, 5:114

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.35
 2: Mt=7.08
 3: Mt=7.51
 4: Mt=8.04
 5: Mt=8.98
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.28 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.63
 3: Mt=7.13
 4: Mt=7.76
 5: Mt=8.70
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.23
 3: Mt=6.64
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=8.14
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political system
Subject code: P08af

StudyBjornskov et al. (2008): study ZZ 1997 /1
TitleCross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society.
SourceSocial Choice and Welfare, 2008, Vol. 30, 119 - 173
DOIDOI:10,1007/s00355-007-0225-4
Public18+ aged, general public, 70 nations, 1997-2000
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =87748

Correlate
Author's labelconfidence in parliament
Page in Source 132,137, 153
Our classificationAttitudes to political system, code P08af
Operationalization
0: no confidence in parliament
1:    confidence in parliament

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.05 ns
Individual happiness (not average) by having 
confidence in parliament.

Beta controlled for other individual level 
variables:
- religion
- conservative ideology
- trust most people
- income
- age
- gender
- education
- marital status
- children
- selfemployed
- housewife
- retired
- student
- unemployed
- service attendance (church etc.)
- belief in superior being
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=+.10 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for aggregated 
variables at country level:
- infant mortality
- years of independence
- share of catholics
- share of protestants
- bicameral system
- openness to trade
- investment price level
- postcommunist
- Asia
- Latin America
- Africa
- Middle East and North Africa


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political system
Subject code: P08af

StudyBonnafe (1989): study ZZ EU 12 1988
TitleRacism and Intolerance
SourceEuropean Commission,1989
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 12 member states, 1988
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11795

Correlate
Author's labelvaluation of democracy
Page in Source 11
Our classificationAttitudes to political system, code P08af
Operationalization
Response to single question : Here you find 3 opinions 
about political systems. Which of them fits the best 
with yours ?  
a) democracy is, whatsoever, the best political system 
for me
b) dictatorship can be a good alternative under 
circumstances
c) I have no preference for democracy or dictatorship
d) DK
Observed distributiona : 78%, b 9% c : 12%, DK: 1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM= +
a :  M= 6.81
b :  M= 6.34
c :  M= 6.16
all :M= 6.68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political system
Subject code: P08af

StudyRule (2007): study ZA 2004
TitleReligiosity and Quality of Life in South Africa.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007. Vol. 81, 417 - 434
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9005-2
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2799

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment satisfaction
Page in Source 425
Our classificationAttitudes to political system, code P08af
Operationalization
Reported satisfaction with 4 government institutions
a democracy
b national government
c independent electoral commission
d parliament

Rated on scale 0 (very dissatisfied) to 4 (very 
satisfied)
Observed distributionN: 0: 12,7%; 1: 12,9%; 2: 14,6%; 3: 20,4% 4: 39,4%; Mean 2,6
Error EstimatesCronbach Alpha reliability 0,773

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.08 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with Government in Australia? 
Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 5,35; SD = 2,63

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government
Page in Source 125
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you satisfied with Government in Australia?Rated on 
0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 5.78 ; SD = 2.43

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.25
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.03 p < .426
 controled for satisfaction with. in Australia   

- Business
- National security
- Economic
- State of natural environment
- Social conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of political corruption
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Index of questions on self perceived corruption in 
public institutions. Questions not reported.
Error Estimatess.e.=.063

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation  
    - income  
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelGovernment index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Five questions were asked three on  satisfaction with 
federal government and two on satisfaction with local 
government. It is not clear which were used for the 
government index
Observed distributionMeasured values were given for each of the five questions asked, no value given for the government index.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.09 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogot 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogot- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogot, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogot, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government in Bogot
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with government in Bogot?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=5,49; SD=2,50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.03
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- economic situation in Bogot
- state of environment in Bogot
- social conditions in Bogot
- business in Bogot
- national security in Bogot


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Closed question on theway government handles strikes 
ranging from 'not at all satisfied' to 'very 
satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.01
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the government
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Closed question on the way the govern- ment handles 
problems related terrorist activities against Israelis 
abroad ranging from 'not at all satisfied' to 'very 
satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.09
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way the govern- ment handles strikes
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.08
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Statisfaction with Quality of the Government
Page in Source 36-37
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Now thinking about the government in the country of 
your living, how satisfied are you with the way it is 
doing its job?
1- Extremely dissatisfied
2-
3-
4-
5-
6-
7-
8-
9-
10- Extremely satisfied
Remarks
Reported as correlation with happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR=.51 p < .05
The more satisfied with the quality of government 
in nation of residence, the happier.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdR=.58 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government in New-Zealand
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:Are you satisfied with 
the Government in New Zealand?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionN=3556; M=48,0; SD=24,6
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=-.12 p < .001
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=-.23 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- economic situation
- state of New Zealands environment
- social conditions in New Zealand
- business in New Zealand
- national security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyZautra (1975): study US Utah 1970
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of government
Page in Source 58,65
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
Factors derived from responses on the following 
questions:
How do you feel about:
a what our national government is doing?
b how our political leaders think and act?
c what our government is doing about the economy -- 
jobs, prices, and profits?

Rated
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
Remarks
Factor 4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 ns
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government
Subject code: P08af01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelTrust in government
Our classificationAttitudes to government, code P08af01
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions measuring the extent 
to which the respondent trusted the government not to 
waste money, to do what is right, and to be run by 
capable people. Scale:
1.00 = low to 5.00 = high trust. Assessed at T1, T2, 
T3, T4 and T5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+ s
            Trust in government
Happiness   T1     T2     T3     T4     T5
T1        +.23   +.19   +.15   +.19   +.10 (01)
T2        +.21   +.24   +.20   +.23   +.14
T3        +.18   +.22   +.26   +.22   +.14
T4        +.17   +.19   +.21   +.23   +.17
All tau's significant with p < .001, unless 
indicated otherwise
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with federal government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with federal government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 2.89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.14 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns
Females           ns
Males             +.03
18 -24 aged       ns 
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns
Unemployed        ns  
Other workstatus  ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.20 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=ns
All               ns  
Females           ns  
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns  
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns  
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.03 p < .05
All               +.03
Females           ns
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       nsd
25+ aged          +.03
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with federal government officials
Page in Source 148
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.05
Berta controlled for satisfaction with
 - job
 - friendships
 - health
 - self-esteem
 - living partner
 - geographic location
 - job opportunities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of government
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
1.  The way government handles immigra-
    tion problems:
    Closed question ranging from 'not 
    at all successfully' to 'very suc-
    cessfully'.

2.  What government is doing for the
    economically deprived:
    Closed question ranging from 'much
    less than necessary' to 'much more
    than is necessary'.

3.  What government is doing to explain
    its decisions:
    Closed question ranging from 'go-
    vernment is doing almost nothing' 
    to 'very good'.

4.  The way government handles econo-
    mic problems:
    Closed question ranging from 'not
    at all good' to 'very good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.07





A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.04





A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.05





O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.09





O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=-.00





A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.07





O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.11





A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.11







Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of government
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Direct closed questions on:

1.  The way government handles economic
    problems.                        
2. The way government handles current
    problems. 

3.  The way government handles security
    problems.

4.  The way the ministery of health
    handles health problems.
Remarks


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.12


A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.07

A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.12


O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.20


O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.09


A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.10


A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.04
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.13




Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAckerman et al. (1989): study US 1986
TitleFarm Work and Family: Major Sources of Satisfaction for Farm Families.
SourceUtah Science, 1989, Vol. 50, 134 - 142
PublicDairy farm couples, Utah, USA,1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 139, 140, 141
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about the way your national government 
is operating?
7: delighted
6: happy
5: mostly satisfied
4: mixed
3: mostly dissatisfied
2: unhappy
1: terrible
Observed distributionM = wives: 2,98; husbands 2,94; difference not significant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.12 ns
Wives
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.06 ns
Husbands

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
-farm work
-family activities
-oneself
-leisure: amount of fun
-leisure: time (available)
-off-farm job (only if husband and wife have 
off-farm-jobs)
-family income
-goods and services
-housing

Beta's very similar if satisfaction with farm work 
is removed from regression-equation.
(wives: -0,11, husbands: +0,04)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAndrews (1991): study US 1980
TitleStability and Change in Levels and Structure of Subjective Well-Being: USA 1972 and 1988.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 25, 1 - 30
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00727649
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1972-1988
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2985

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 20
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on 7 point 
delighted-terrible scale "How do you feel about the 
national government?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+
1972: +.24      1988: +.10
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+
1972: +.10      1988: +.12
 controlled for satisfaction with 5 other aspects 
of life: 1: fun, 2: accomplishments, 3: family 
income, 4: use of spare time, 5: health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
3-item index of questions "How do you feel about...?"
a what government is doing
b what government is doing about the economy
c the way the political leaders think and act
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.25
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.28
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.16
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.22
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 156
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a what out national government is
   doing (asked in November 1972 and
   July 1973)
b what our government is doing about
   the economy - jobs, prices, profits
   (asked in November 1972 and July
   1973)
c the way our political leaders think
   and act (asked in November 1972 and
   July 1973)
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyBharadwaj & Wilkening (1977): study US Wisconsin 1972
TitleThe Prediction of Perceived Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 421 - 439
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353143
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national governmen
Page in Source 430
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
direct closed question rated on a 7-point scale, 
ranging from "completely satisfied" to "completely 
dissatisfied".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.13
If  controlled for satisfaction with family-life, 
standard of living, work, health, spare time 
activities, income,  community, housing, food, 
spiritual matters, education, organizational   
involvement, natural environment, 
: +.12 for age under 30 and 
: +.11 for income over $ 16000



Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Index of questions 'How do you feel about .......
a With what government is doing   
b With what government is doing about     the economy   
                  
c With the way the political  leaders think and act     
     
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.25
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national government
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  the way government is operating
b  what the government is doing about
   the economy and national military
   activities
c  the way political leaders think and
   act.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+.26
Unaffected by sex
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.09
 controlled for: 
- Efficacy
- Family
- Money
- Amount of fun
- House/apartment
- Spare-time activities
- Things to do with family
- Consumer index
- Time to do things
- Your health
- Job index
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.09
 additonally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- family income
- education
- race
- sexe
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to national government
Subject code: P08af01a

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelTrust in government
Page in Source 243
Our classificationAttitudes to national government, code P08af01a
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on waste of tax money 
by government, trust in government, and smartness of 
govern- ment (Robinson et al., 1969).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=+.23 p < . 001
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with provincial government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with provincial  government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 2.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns 
Females           ns    
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          ns
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        +.11
Other workstatus  ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.14 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.03 p < .05
All               ns  
Females           ns  
Males             .04
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.03
Aboriginals =     +.12
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        +.10
Other workstatus  +.02
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns  
Females           +.04
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns  
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns  
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your local government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.02 p < .05
All               +.02
Females           +.02
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       +.07
25+ aged          +.02
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.14 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.05 p < .05
All               +.05
Females           +.06
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       +.12
25+ aged          +.05
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  +.05
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.06
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.02 p < .05
All               +.02
Females           ns
Males             ns
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.02  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  +.03
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Etvs University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Catalans government
Page in Source 159+168
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you recently with the Catalan 
government?"
1. completely dissatisfied
2. dissatisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  satisfied
5  completely satisfied
Observed distributionM= 3.2; SD= 1.14 Scale % 1. 8.2 2. 18.8 3. 31.1 4. 28.2 5. 13.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ear=+.14
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-earp=+.19
rp corrects for random and systematic measurement 
error.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with provincial government
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How do you feel about 
provincial government?', rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale, ranging from (1) Delighted to 
(7) Terrible, (8) neither.
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.08    (ns)
T2: 1979     r= +.30    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.27    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyShin & Johnson (1978): study US 1975
TitleAvowed Happiness as the Overall Assesment of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 475 - 492
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352944
PublicHeads of households, Illinois, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response17%
Respondents N =665

Correlate
Author's labelAssessment of quality of local government
Page in Source 483/487
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Self report on single closed question rated on a scale 
ranging from excellent to very poor

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.09 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.02
Beta controlled for:
-assessments only
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.01
Beta controlled for:
- assessments 
- resources
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=?
Beta controlled for:
- assessmnets
- comparisons
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.01
Beta controlled for:
- assessments
- resources
- comparisons

Assessments: satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- leisure time
- housing
- healt
- education
- community
Resources:
- race
- sex
- age
- income
- education
- home ownership
- marital status
- number of children
- number of household members
Comparisons:
- perception of being happier than others
- perceived financial improvement in the past few 
years.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you feel about....?'
a  the police and courts are operating
b  what the local government is doing
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.16
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.27
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.18
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.16
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 156
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a the way the police and courts in
   this area are operating (asked in
b what your local government is
   doing (asked in November 1972 and
   July 1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  police and courts
b  local government.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ 
pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+.23
Males:      eta=+.31
Females:    eta=+.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to local government
Subject code: P08af01b

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 156
Our classificationAttitudes to local government, code P08af01b
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about what your local 
government is doing?" Rated on a 7-point scale: 
terrible/ unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly 
satisfied/ pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.13
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government accomplishments
Subject code: P08af01c

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government officials
Page in Source 133, 143, 144, 146
Our classificationAttitudes to government accomplishments, code P08af01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your government officials?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.08 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government accomplishments
Subject code: P08af01c

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with federal government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to government accomplishments, code P08af01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with federal government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 2.89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.14 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns
Females           ns
Males             +.03
18 -24 aged       ns 
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns
Unemployed        ns  
Other workstatus  ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.20 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=ns
All               ns  
Females           ns  
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns  
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns  
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.03 p < .05
All               +.03
Females           ns
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       nsd
25+ aged          +.03
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government accomplishments
Subject code: P08af01c

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with provincial government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to government accomplishments, code P08af01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with provincial  government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 2.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns 
Females           ns    
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          ns
Aboriginals =     ns
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        +.11
Other workstatus  ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.14 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.03 p < .05
All               ns  
Females           ns  
Males             .04
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.03
Aboriginals =     +.12
Other etnecities  +.02
Unemployed        +.10
Other workstatus  +.02
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=ns
All               ns  
Females           +.04
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       ns  
25+ aged          ns  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns  
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government accomplishments
Subject code: P08af01c

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local government
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationAttitudes to government accomplishments, code P08af01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your local government?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.09 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.02 p < .05
All               +.02
Females           +.02
Males             ns  
18 -24 aged       +.07
25+ aged          +.02
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  ns
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.14 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.05 p < .05
All               +.05
Females           +.06
Males             +.06
18 -24 aged       +.12
25+ aged          +.05
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  +.05
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.06
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.15 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.02 p < .05
All               +.02
Females           ns
Males             ns
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.02  
Aboriginals =     ns  
Other etnecities  +.03
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to government accomplishments
Subject code: P08af01c

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Government Services
Page in Source 145
Our classificationAttitudes to government accomplishments, code P08af01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.09
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - family relations
 - friendships
 - self esteem
 - living partner


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to state-services
Subject code: P08af02

StudyMichalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00318099
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =598

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government services
Page in Source 233
Our classificationAttitudes to state-services, code P08af02
Operationalization
Closed question on government provisions (pensions 
etc.), rated on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.04
All 's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation,                  
and for the demographic factors; sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  : +.04
Females: N: 154  : +.03
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.03
All 's controlled for satisfaction with health, 
financial security, family relations, paid 
employment, friendships, housing, area you live 
in, recreation activity, religion, self esteem, 
transportation; and for sex, age, formal 
education, language, work status, marital status, 
time in area.

Males  : N: 173  : +.01
Females: N: 154  : +.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to state-services
Subject code: P08af02

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government services
Page in Source 24
Our classificationAttitudes to state-services, code P08af02
Operationalization
Closed question on government provisions(pensions etc.) 
rated on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.08
All 's are controlled for satisfaction with 
family life, friendships, financial 
security,self-esteem, spouse, health, 
transportation,recreation,housing, religion, area 
you live in; and for sex, age and education.
Males       N:149  :ns
Females     N:121  :+.13
Farmers     N:130  :ns
Non-farmers N:141  :+.13
Age 60-74   N:170  :+.16
Age 75-up   N:102  :-.11
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.13
All 's controlled for satisfaction with family 
life, friendships, financial security, self 
esteem, spouse, health,transportation, recreation, 
housing, religion,area you live in;  and for sex, 
age, formal education.
Males:      N:149  :+.11
Females     N:121  :+.17
Farmer      N:130  :+.11
Non-farmer  N:141  :+.16
Aged 60-74  N:170  :+.20
Aged 75-up  N:102  :-.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to state-services
Subject code: P08af02

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelPolicy satisfaction
Page in Source 50
Our classificationAttitudes to state-services, code P08af02
Operationalization
Self report on single question: 
In general how would you rate the quality of each of 
the following public services in your country 
- Health service
- Education system
- Public transport
- Social services
- State pension system
Rated on a 10-point numerical scale (1=very 
poor;10=very high)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.18 p < .000
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.18 p < .000
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to state-services
Subject code: P08af02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with municipal services
Page in Source 113
Our classificationAttitudes to state-services, code P08af02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the services 
you get in this neighborhood- like garbage collection, 
street maintenance, fire and police protection?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE=+.20
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental index
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Self report on 3 statements:
a: I would give part of my income if I were certain 
that the money would be used to prevent environmental 
pollution.
b: I would agree an increase in taxes if the extra 
money would be used to prevent environmental pollution.
c: The government should reduce environmental 
pollution, but it should not cost me any money.
Ratings from 4 Strongly agree to 1 Strongly disagree.
Error Estimatess.e.=.015
Remarks
Values recoded by team WDH.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.09 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironment awareness
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Response to the question: Is environmental protection a 
problem of major interest to you? 
1 = yes
0=  otherwise.
Observed distribution0: 71.5% 1: 28.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=+.04 ns
b(0.0402) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood environment
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Response to the question: Over the last two years, what 
changes in environmental consciousness have you 
observed in the neighbourhood in which you live? 
Responses depicted on an ordinal scale from 1= 
'considerable fall' to 5='significant improvement'.
Observed distribution1=1.3%; 2=7.7%; 3=24.2%; 4=56.5%; 5=10.3%. Mean perceived change rating=3.66 (SD=0.81).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=+.20 p < .001
b(0.202) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental index
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Self report on 3 statements:
a: I would give part of my income if I were certain 
that the money would be used to prevent environmental 
pollution.
b: I would agree an increase in taxes if the extra 
money would be used to prevent environmental pollution.
c: The government should reduce environmental 
pollution, but it should not cost me any money.
Ratings from 4 Strongly agree to 1 Strongly disagree.
Error Estimatess.e.=.002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.01 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with environmental protection
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Question: ' How satisfied are with the protection of 
natural environment?'
Rated on an 11 point scale ranging from 0 to 10.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.16       +.25       +.16       +.13
1980
1984      +.18       +.29       +.18       +.19
1988      +.16       +.24       +.16       +.15

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to environmental protection
Subject code: P08af02a

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with public security
Our classificationAttitudes to environmental protection, code P08af02a
Operationalization
Question: 'How satisfied are you with public security?'
Rated on an 11 point scale ranging from o to 10.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.11       +.11       +.09       +.09
1980
1984      -.09       -.02       -.00       +.10
1988      -.10       -.02       -.03       +.11

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social security
Subject code: P08af02c

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelSocial protection
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to social security, code P08af02c
Operationalization
1= if social protection is a social problem of major 
interest to the respondent
0= otherwise.
Observed distribution50.5% of respondents considered social protection a social problem of major interest to them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.04 p < .05
b(-.0430) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social security
Subject code: P08af02c

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social security
Our classificationAttitudes to social security, code P08af02c
Operationalization
Question: ' How satisfied are you with
social security? We mean the so-called social assurance 
system for healthcare, disemployment and old age.'
Rated on an 11 point scale ranging from 0 to 10.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.18       +.22       +.16       +.17
1980      
1984      +.13       +.14       +.11       +.13
1988      +.12       +.11       +.06       +.12

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social security
Subject code: P08af02c

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived importanceof leisure-time
Our classificationAttitudes to social security, code P08af02c
Operationalization
Question: 'How important is leisure-time for you?'
Rated on a 7 point scale ranging from 1 to 7.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978
1980
1984      +.07       +.04       +.02       +.09
1988      +.05       +.03       +.02       +.08

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social security
Subject code: P08af02c

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with welfare services
Page in Source 21
Our classificationAttitudes to social security, code P08af02c
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point
self-anchoring scale, based on Cantril
(1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to public health care
Subject code: P08af02d

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluat. of the way the health min. han-dles health problems
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to public health care, code P08af02d
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.04
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to public health care
Subject code: P08af02d

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Etvs University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with public health care
Page in Source 159+168
Our classificationAttitudes to public health care, code P08af02d
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you recently with public health 
care?"
1. completely dissatisfied
2. dissatisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  satisfied
5  completely satisfied
Observed distributionM= 3.93; SD= 1.53 Scale % 1. 13.9 2. 20.0 3. 28.0 4. 23.6 5. 14.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ear=+.07
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-earp=+.11
rp corrects for random and systematic measurement 
error


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with democracy
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Question : 'How satisfied are you with
democracy ?'
0    completely dissatisfied
10   completely satisfied 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.31       +.29       +.30       +.30
1980    
1984
1988      +.24       +.21       +.21       +.23

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r           

1978      +.18       +.22       +.16       +.18
1980         
1984
1988      +.10       +.06       +.03       +.10

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyErlinghagen (2011): study DE 2002
TitleNowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants.
SourceComparative Population Studies-Zeitschrift fr Bevlkerungswissenschaft, 2011, Vol. 36, 899 -926
URLhttp://www.comparativepopulationstudies.de/index.php/CPoS/article/view/80
Public15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2002-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11096

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with democracy
Page in Source 911, 916, 918
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
On the whole, how satisfied are you with the way 
democracy works in [country]?
0   completely dissatisfied
:
10 completely satisfied
Observed distributionM=5.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.10 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.15 p < .01
B's controlled for:
- immigration status
- age
- age^2
- education
- employment
- gender
- friends
- partner
- children
- health
- general trustfullness
- frequency of praying
- income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with democracy
Page in Source 261
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'On the whole, how 
satisfied are you with the way the democracy works in 
(country)?'. 

Rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.85 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE satisfaction with the 
way democracy works in the country
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.80 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyBonnafe (1989): study ZZ EU 12 1988
TitleRacism and Intolerance
SourceEuropean Commission,1989
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 12 member states, 1988
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11795

Correlate
Author's labelvaluation of democracy
Page in Source 11
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Response to single question : Here you find 3 opinions 
about political systems. Which of them fits the best 
with yours ?  
a) democracy is, whatsoever, the best political system 
for me
b) dictatorship can be a good alternative under 
circumstances
c) I have no preference for democracy or dictatorship
d) DK
Observed distributiona : 78%, b 9% c : 12%, DK: 1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aDM= +
a :  M= 6.81
b :  M= 6.34
c :  M= 6.16
all :M= 6.68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the democratic system
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
"the democratic system" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:2.6%, -1:5.9%, 0:25.1%, +1:12.9%, +2:53.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.09 p < .05
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.10 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.05 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.11 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.03 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.09 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.08 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Etvs University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way democracy is working
Page in Source 159+168
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you recently with the way democracy 
is working?"
1. completely dissatisfied;
2. dissatisfied;
3. neither satisfied nor dissatisfied;
4. satisfied;
5. completely satisfied;
Observed distributionM= 2,89; SD= 1.09 Scale % 1. 16.0 2. 20.0 3. 32.5 4. 21.2 5. 10.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ear=+.15
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-earp=+.15
rp corrects for random and systematic measurement 
error.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyHall (1973): study GB 1971
TitleMeasuring the Quality of Life Using Sample Surveys.
SourceStber, J.;et al;Eds..: "Technology Assessment and the Quality of Life", Elsevier, 1973, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 93 - 102
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with level of democracy
Page in Source 100
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Question rated on a 7-point self- anchoring scale, 
based on Cantril (1965) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to democracy
Subject code: P08af03

StudyHall (1976): study GB 1971
TitleSubjective Measures of Quality of Life in Britain, 1971 to 1975: Some Developments and Trends.
SourceSocial Trends, 1976, Vol. 7, 47 - 60
URLhttp://independent.academia.edu/JohnFHall/Papers/81542/Subjective_measures_of_quality_of_life_in_Britain_Some_developments_and_trends_Hall_1976b_
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971-1975
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with democracy
Page in Source 50
Our classificationAttitudes to democracy, code P08af03
Operationalization
Direct closed question rated on a 11-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.26
1971
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.22
1973
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.23
1975


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to political groups (parties, unions)
Subject code: P08af04

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way the hista- drut handles strikes
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to political groups (parties, unions), code P08af04
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'not at all satisfied' to 
'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=-.03
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualitt in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with possibilities of political participation
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
Question :"How satisfied are you with the possibilities 
of political
participation ?"
Rated on an 11-point scale:
 0  completely dissatisfied
10  completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          

1978      +.19       +.13       +.13       +.17
1980
1984
1988      +.19       +.15       +.15       +.18

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r           

1978      +.10       +.11       +.07       +.10
1980
1984
1988      +.10       +.06       +.05       +.09

's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyMeleis (1982): study KW 1982
TitleEffect of Modernization on Kuwaiti Women.
SourceSocial Science and Medicine, 1982, Vol. 16, 965 - 970
DOIdoi:10.1016/0277-9536(82)90364-1
Public17-40 aged females, Kuwait, 1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =248

Correlate
Author's labelPowerlessness
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
Adapted Seeman alienation scale (Seeman 1966).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
H07aa01gr=+.29 p < .001
H07aa01gr=+.29 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelDissatisfaction with present socio- political order
Page in Source 40
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
5-item index indicating anomy and powerlessness: 
Typical items are
- we need less laws and intitutions and  more 
courageous leaders
- most politicians are incapabale. -people should talk 
less and live a  more natural and active way of life.
Remarks
Itemsd taken from a shortened F-scale (Weima 1963)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=+.13 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical cynism
Page in Source 362
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
4-item index. The respondents were asked whether they 
agreed to the following statements: 
1. The world is run by the few people
   in power, and there is not much the
   little guy can do about it. 
2. Big business has too much power. 
3. A poor man doesn't stand a fair
   change in the law courts. 
4. The democracy is limited in the USA
   because of the special privileges
   enjoyed by business and industry.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-ar=-.16 p < .05
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-arpc=-.12
Rpc controlled for age, aducation, family income, 
place of residence, organizational membership,  
contact with friends and relatives and marital
status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyMartinson et al. (1984): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitlePredicting overall Life Satisfaction: The Role of Life Cycle and Social Psychological Antecedents.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315724
Public18+aged, general public, N.W. Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelPowerlessness
Page in Source 104
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
3 item index of closed questions, rated on a 5 point 
Likert format: 
a.This world is run by few people in
  power and there is not much the
  little guy can do about it.
b.I have little chance of protecting
  my personel interests when they
  conflict with those of strong
  pressure groups.
c.The average citizen can have an
  influence on government decisions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.16 p < .05
age <30: r = -.18  05
30 - 49: r = -.24  05
50 - 64: r = -.11  05
   > 64: r = -.10  05
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.13 p < .05
age <30:  = -.19  05
30 - 49:  = -.13  05
50 - 64:  = -.10  05
   > 64:  = -.05  ns

 controlled for:community solidarity, health,
days too sick to work, recent move, separated/ 
divorced, unemployed, contact with relatives, 
contact with friends, church attendance, 
organizational membership, education, family 
income.



Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyMartinson et al. (1985): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleLife Change, Health Status and Life Satisfaction: A Reconsideration.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 301 - 313
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00415128
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response14%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelPowerlessness
Page in Source 309
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
3 item idex of closed questions, rated on a 5-point 
Likert Format:
a. This world is run by a few people in
   power and there is not much the
   little guy can do about it.
b. I have little chance of protecting
   my personel interests when they
   conflict with those of strong
   pressure groups.
c. The average citizen can have an
   influence on government decisions.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-
 of different age groups:
under 30 : -.16  05     30-49   : -.11  05
50-64    : -.09  ns     over 64 : -.05  ns

 controlled for: negative life change, degree of 
disability, days lost due to illness, community 
solidarity, recent migrant, contact with friends, 
contact with relatives, organizational 
affiliation, church attendance, separated / 
divorced, sex, unemployed, family income, 
education. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived political control
Subject code: P08af05

StudyDobson (1985): study US 1964
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Respondents N =1870

Correlate
Author's labelPolitical cynism
Page in Source 135
Our classificationPerceived political control, code P08af05
Operationalization
6 item index
(Agger et al 1961)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
T1
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .001
T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall satisfaction with politics
Subject code: P08af06

StudyGehmacher (1986): study AT 1986
TitleGlck als Mathematische Gleichung. (Happiness as a Mathematical Equation).
SourceStart und Aufstieg: die Zeitschrift des Berufsfrderungsinstituts, Austria, 1986, 8 - 9
PublicAdults, age range not reported, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1814

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with politics
Page in Source 9
Our classificationOverall satisfaction with politics, code P08af06
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-ar=+.20
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-aBeta=+.03
 controled for satisfaction with work, health, 
housing and leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Overall satisfaction with politics
Subject code: P08af06

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with political situation
Page in Source 164
Our classificationOverall satisfaction with politics, code P08af06
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your political situation?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.02 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements concerning your feelings during the last week?
A My time has been filled with things meaningful to me
B I have felt liked
C I have felt nervouys
D I have felt tense
E I have felt down
F I have felt I have much to look forward to
G I have felt harmony
H I have felt emotionally stable
I I have felt sad
J I have felt impatient and restless
K I have felt anoyed
L I have felt lighthearted

Rated:
4 completely agree
3 partly agree
2 partly disagree
1 completely disagree

Computation: (A+B+F+G+H+L) - (C+D+E+I+J+K)
Possible range -18 to +18. Transformed to range 0-100

Name: Swedish Health-Related Quality of Life Survey (SWED-QUAL) Part 4 'Your feelings'
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

I now mention some experiences, moods. Please tell me how often you feel so ......." happy." (one of several moods)
1 seldom or never
2 sometimes
3 often
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Check one of the following groups of adjectives which best describes you."
7 full of deep joy, excitedly happy, enthusiastic, thrilled
6 cheerful, successful, optimistic, lighthearted
5 satisfied, comfortable, life goes smoothly, peaceful
4 contented at times and at other times discontented, life has
both favorable and unfavorable features
3 restless, impatient, uncertain, dull, cross, confined
2 anxious, irritated, discouraged, disappointed, discontented
1 gloomy, miserable, a failure, no pleasure in anything
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
H07aa01gSelfreport on single question:

Open question on happiness.
Text not reported.
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel things have worked out for you generally?
4 very well
3 fairly well
2 not very well
1 not at all well
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in life?
B How do you feel about your life as a whole?
C In general, how happy would you say you are these days?
Answer options:
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied - dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied

Possible range 3 - 21
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-daSelf-report on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy do you feel?
4 very happy
3 happy
2 so-so
1 not happy
0 not happy at all
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel.....?
3 happy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking; how would you say, you are these days.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

How happy do you feel as you live now? Please choose one item on this card that comes closest to your feeling.
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you think of yourself as.......?
3 happy
2 fairly happy
1 unhappy?
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of peoples lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"..........satisfaction with life.........."
(Full item not reported)
1 not satisfied
2
3 very satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question

'Taken all together, how satisfied are you with the life you currently lead? Please indicate on this scale. 10 means that you are completely satisfied and 1 means that you are completely dissatisfied.'
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you lead currently......?
5 very satisfied
4
3
2
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question :

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your way of life today.......?"
3 very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 fairly dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abOverall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 quite happy
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 frustrated
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general? Indicate your satisfaction by giving a number between 0 and 10, where 0 means 'completely dissatisfied' and 10 'completely satisfied'. So, the more satisfied you are the higher the number.
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-iSelfreport on single question:

Overall, are you satisfied with your life?
5. very satisfied
4. satisfied
3. Neutral
2. dissatisfied
1. very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-aSelf rating on single question:

"All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you overall with your life as a whole these days?"

Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole these days.....?"
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-acSelfreport on single question:

If you consider all the aspects of your recent life, in what measure are you satisfied with it?
1 completely unsatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with life as a whole these days.....?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
(Scale labels not reported)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you currently satisfied with your life all in all......?
0 not satisfied
1
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not very satisfied
3 satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you recently with your life as a whole.....?
1 completely dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-gSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of peoples lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---mq-*-10-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
.
.
10 satisfied

B Taking all tohether, how happy would you say you are?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy

Computation: Mean score, rescaled to range 1-10
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-baSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3 neither agree nor disagree
2 slightly disagree
1 strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
ECORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 no rank correlation
G = +1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpPOLYCHORIC CORRELATION
Variant of r
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
RCOEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R = 0 no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R = 1 the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 no rank correlation
tb = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 no rank correlation
tc = 1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOURN04afPolitical conditions in the nation
P08ab01Political concernC08ab02Specific concerns
P08ab01Political concernI04abCurrent interests
P08ab02Political participation S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS
P08ab02aParticipation in demonstrationsV02ab01c(post)-materialism
P08ab02bMembership of political organizationsS07ab01aunion member
P08ab02bMembership of political organizationsS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
P08acCurrent political (party) preferenceA08ATTITUDES
P08acCurrent political (party) preferenceV02ab01Political values
P08adAttitudes to basic political issuesV02ab01Political values
P08ad02Social reform: radical reform vs consolidationP04aqConservating
P08aeAttitudes to specific political issuesL10ag01Attitudes to local political issues
P08ae01Attitudes to ethnic discriminationE03ahAttitudes to ethnic climate
P08ae01Attitudes to ethnic discriminationN06af01Attitudes to ethnic relations
P08afAttitudes to political systemA09AUTHORITARIANISM
P08af01aAttitudes to national governmentN06adAttitudes to the state
P08af01bAttitudes to local governmentL10ag02Attitudes to local government
P08af02bAttitudes to public securityN04aj02Crime
P08af02bAttitudes to public securityL10aeLocal safety
P08af02cAttitudes to social securityN04ah04Presence of minority groups
P08af02dAttitudes to public health careN04ad02cHealth care
P08af03Attitudes to democracyN04af01Political democracy
P08af05Perceived political controlP04boInner locus of control

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings