Findings on Happiness and PLANNING

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and PLANNING
Subject Code: P07

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
P07PLANNING0
P07abCurrent planning0
P07ab01Planning mindedness4
P07ab02Planning ability3
P07ab03Planning of life0
P07acAttitudes to planning0
P07aaPlanning career4
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and PLANNING
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=P07
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning career
Subject code: P07aa

StudyAntonides (2004): study NL 2004
TitleMinder Geld, Minder Gelukkig? (Less Money, Less Happier?)
SourceResearch Report in order of NIBUD, 2004, Wageningen University, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/antonides_g_2004.pdf
PublicPeople with income setback in past 2 years, The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =808

Correlate
Author's labelLooking back done enough to deal new financial situation
Page in Source 26
Our classificationPlanning career, code P07aa
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Earlier in this interview you indicated that you have 
experienced an involuntary setback in your income 
during the last two years. The following questions are 
about that phase in your life:

Looking back, have you done enough to deal with the new 
financial situation?
1 No
2 Yes
Observed distributionN = 1: 376, 2: 442

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbDM=+
1: M = 6,71  SD = 1,80
2: M = 7,11  SD = 1,72


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning career
Subject code: P07aa

StudyAntonides (2004): study NL 2004
TitleMinder Geld, Minder Gelukkig? (Less Money, Less Happier?)
SourceResearch Report in order of NIBUD, 2004, Wageningen University, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/antonides_g_2004.pdf
PublicPeople with income setback in past 2 years, The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =808

Correlate
Author's labelPrepared for drop in income
Page in Source 26
Our classificationPlanning career, code P07aa
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Earlier in this interview you indicated that you have 
experienced an involuntary setback in your income 
during the last two years. The following questions are 
about that phase in your life:

Did you prepare for the drop in income?
1 Not at all. I just see what my income would be and 
whether I could make and meet
2 I had some idea about my future income and 
expenditures. I have given it a thought
3 I have carefully planned my financial future and 
calculated whether I could make and meet
- Don't know
Observed distributionN = 1: 214, 2: 299, 3: 219, DK: 94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbDM=+
1: M = 6,81  SD = 1,83
2: M = 6,97  SD = 1,64
3: M = 7,16  SD = 1,62
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbBMCT= ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kb


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning career
Subject code: P07aa

StudyAntonides (2004): study NL 2004
TitleMinder Geld, Minder Gelukkig? (Less Money, Less Happier?)
SourceResearch Report in order of NIBUD, 2004, Wageningen University, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/antonides_g_2004.pdf
PublicPeople with income setback in past 2 years, The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =808

Correlate
Author's labelInformation gathered consequences drop income
Page in Source 26
Our classificationPlanning career, code P07aa
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Earlier in this interview you indicated that you have 
experienced an involuntary setback in your income 
during the last two years. The following questions are 
about that phase in your life:
 
Have you gathered information about the consequences 
about drop in income?
a: No, I felt sufficiently informed
b: No, I didn't know where to find information 
c: No, I waited what would happen
d: Yes, I gathered information with.
Observed distributionN:= 1: 314, 2: 121, 3: 105, 4: 286

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbDM=
1: M = 7,19  SD = 1,67
2: M = 6,29  SD = 1,84
3: M = 7,03  SD = 1,69
4: M = 6.87  SD = 1,78
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbBMCT=
b< a,c,d


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning career
Subject code: P07aa

StudyDeJong et al. (1984): study US 1947
TitleChildless and One Child, but Not by Choice: A Note on Some Long-Term Consequences for Life Satisfaction of Rural-Reared Married Women.
SourceRural Sociology, 1984, Vol. 49, 441 - 451
PublicRural-reared married women, Pennsylvania, USA, followed 1947-1971
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response19,7%
Respondents N =812

Correlate
Author's labelFertility status
Page in Source 443, 446
Our classificationPlanning career, code P07aa
Operationalization
0: Childless at T3, but had intended to have children 
at T2
1: Only one child at T3 but had intended to have two or 
more children at T2
2: Two or more children at T3 but had intended to have 
fewer children at T2
3: Two or more children at T3 but had intended to have 
more children at T2
4: Planners: two or more children at T3 as intended at 
T2
Observed distributionN:0=33; 1=50; 2=181; 3=151; 4=237
Remarks
T1: 1947 school age, T2: 1957 mid twenty, T3: 1973, 
around age 40

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aMa=+2.5
DEVIATION FROM average happiness: M = 2,45
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDMa=+.14 ns
Childless at T3 but intended to have children at 
T3
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDMa=+.20 p < .05
One child at T3 but had intended to have two or 
more children at T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDMa=-.07 ns
Two or more children at T3 but had intended to 
have fewer children at T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDMa=-.02 ns
Two or more children  at T3 but had intended to 
have more children at T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDMa=.00 ns
Planners: two or more children at T3 as intended 
at T2

Ma adjusted for:
- T1 background and family formation factors
- T3 family structure and socioeconomic factors 
including adult perceptions of home-work roles


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning mindedness
Subject code: P07ab01

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelLong-term satisfact-ion
Page in Source 323/325
Our classificationPlanning mindedness, code P07ab01
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on like to continue 
one's life in much the same sort of way or like to 
change parts of it, success at planning one's life, and 
accomplished most of the things one would have liked 
to.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar=+ s
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.21 (05)
Index of Negative Affects: r = -.33 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.45 p < .001
When controlled for positive and negative affect: 
r = +.30 (001).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning mindedness
Subject code: P07ab01

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelPlanning is key to succes in life
Page in Source 653
Our classificationPlanning mindedness, code P07ab01
Operationalization
'Some people say that those who are successfulin life 
have generally made plans and arranged things in 
advance so that they would turn out well'.
0: Disagrees
1: Agrees
Remarks
Direction of correlation unclear in original report. 
Sign in table is negative, but text indicates positive 
relationship. Present version approved by author.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.34 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.23 p < .05
All
 controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Has a confidant
- Higher standard income
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.16 p < .05
65+ years old
 controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Grows cash crop
- Voluntary retirement
- Need to purchase maize
- Owns cattle
- Keeps chicken
- Satisfied with job while working
- Feels relatively young
- Retired suddenly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning mindedness
Subject code: P07ab01

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelInformation searching strategies on the Internet
Page in Source 6,12,15
Our classificationPlanning mindedness, code P07ab01
Operationalization
Analysis of the following open-ended question: 
"To get information on the internet, do you think you 
have to plan your search carefully, or is it better to 
search by chance?"

Obtained answers:
(categories obtained from open answers)
a. to plan
b. by chance
c. both
Observed distributionN=605; N = a: 72,7%, b: 20,5%, c: 6,8%.
Remarks
Any difference was observed regarding either gender or 
age.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aF=4,56 p < .01
df = 2,599
Those who tend to plan when searching on the 
internet obtain higher levels of OLS.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning mindedness
Subject code: P07ab01

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's labelDegree in which he works with distant objects in view
Page in Source 26
Our classificationPlanning mindedness, code P07ab01
Operationalization
Trained peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=-.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning ability
Subject code: P07ab02

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelRole related planning abilities
Page in Source 235
Our classificationPlanning ability, code P07ab02
Operationalization
Rating by psychiatrists on the basis of observations 
during 6 years (ability to conceptualize goals and the 
instrumen- tal tasks necessary to their accom- 
plishment and ability to maintain a judicious balance 
among the various roles.)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar= +
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.29 (01)
Non-significant relationship with the Index of 
Negative Affects.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning ability
Subject code: P07ab02

StudyRosenfield (1992): study US 1988
TitleFactors Contributing to the Subjective Quality of Life of the Chronic Mentally Ill.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1992, Vol. 33, 299 - 315
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2137310?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public20-70 aged, chronic mental patients, USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelNeed for structure
Page in Source 305, 312
Our classificationPlanning ability, code P07ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions related to:
- Planning weeknights and weekends
- planning weekdays
- planning holidays
Rated on a 3-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=1,77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.07 ns
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics:
  - age
  - sex
  - education
  - race
- number of negative events in the last year
- functioning in het area of:
  - daily living skills
  - social skills
  - vocational skills
- need for supervision
- social contacts
- positive symptoms
- negative symptoms


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planning ability
Subject code: P07ab02

StudyBray & Howard (1980): study US 1956
TitleCareer Succes and Life-Satisfactions of Middle Aged Managers.
SourceBond, L.A.;Rosen, J.C.;Eds.: "Competence and Coping during Adulthood", University Press of New England, 1980, London, UK, 258 - 287
Public40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsepanel loss a t T5: 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelPlanning and organization
Page in Source 285
Our classificationPlanning ability, code P07ab02
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center. 
 
Rater instruction:"How effectively can this person 
organize work, and how well does she or he plan ahead?"

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=+.13 ns
T5 planning and organization by T5 happiness

Later analysis of the full study-group 
(N=266)showed a positive significant correlation 
(BRAY 1983 p 302).


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G Depressed or very unhappy?
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3 often
2 sometimes
1 never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"........life-satisfaction........."
(Full text not reported)
1 -
2
3
4
5 +
(Response options: not reported)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-kbSelfreport on single question:

Please indicate in a school mark (0-10) how happy you are with your life as a whole at this moment
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Preceded by nine questions on happiness with life domains, such as job, financial situation and health
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
MaMEAN , ADJUSTED
Type: descriptive statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
If one correlate is of the nominal level of measurement (subgroups) and (at least0 one other correlate is of the metric level, the happiness means of all the subgroups can be 'adjusted' by shifting the group mean values along the regression line of that subgroup towards the grand average value of the metric correlate, resulting in 'adjusted' means for that subgroup. In that way, effects of differences between mean values of the metric correlate for the different subgroups are eliminated.
Reference: Neter, J. & Wasserman, W. Applied Linear statistical models, R.D. Erwin Inc., Homewood Ill. USA, 1974, p. 712
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
P07PLANNINGT01ab04cOrientation on the future
P07ab01Planning mindednessP04bkImpulsive (vs self controlled)
P07ab01Planning mindednessP04boInner locus of control
P07ab02Planning abilityT01ab04cOrientation on the future
P07ab02Planning abilityT01acCurrent time-organization
P07ab03Planning of lifeL07ab01Having goals or not (life-planning)
P07acAttitudes to planningM12ab01Modern attitudes

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings