Findings on Happiness and PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION
Subject Code: P03

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION1
P03aaPersonality differentiation1
P03abPersonality integration8
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=P03
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION
Subject code: P03

StudyLowenthal & Chiriboga (1973): study US 1969
TitleSocial Stress and Adaptation. Toward a Life-Course Perspective.
SourceEisdorfer, C.; Lawton, M.P; Eds.: "Psychology of Adult Development and Aging", American Psychological Association, Washington DC, USA, 281 - 310
DOIDOI: 10.1037/10044-011
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis, USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelMental health: complexity
Page in Source 291/292
Our classificationPERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION, code P03
Operationalization
Resource-deficit configuration: the high/high 
combination is the most "complex", the low/low 
combination the most "simple". 
A. Resources (aspects of positive mental health)
   13 characteristics, such as:
   - familial mutuality
   - insight
   - competence
   - self-satisfaction, etc.
   rated on the basis of an interview protocol.
B. Deficits (aspects of negative mental health): 
   5 ratings of mental impairment based on scores on a 
symptom inventory and analysis of the interview 
protocol.

Both resource level and deficit levels were devided in 
three categories: high, middle, low. This allowed nine 
combinations:
9:  high/high
*: high/middle
:
:
1: low/low

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-aSNR=+
Resource/deficit combinations in order of 
happiness: most happy:           medium/low
           second happy:         high/low
           third happy:          low/low
           least happy(ninth):   medium/medium

Resource/deficit combinations characteristic of 
the happiest among:
     high school seniors         high/high
     newly weds                  medium/low
     middle-aged parents         medium/low
     preretirees                 low/low 

The correspondence of happiness and "complexity" 
in mental health declines with age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality differentiation
Subject code: P03aa

StudyTobacyk (1981): study US 1979
TitlePersonality Differentiation, Effectiveness of Personality Integration, and Mood in Female College Students.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1981, Vol. 41, 348 - 356
PublicFemale undergraduate students, U.S.A., 198?
Sample
Non-Response57 %
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelPersonality differentiation
Page in Source 348
Our classificationPersonality differentiation, code P03aa
Operationalization
Index computed from individual scores
on the Rod-and-Frame Test and the Embedded Figures 
Test. (see Witkin et
al., 1954)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mp-mqr-v-10-ar=+.05 ns
Unaffected by personality integration
No hidden curvilinear relation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewältigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =68

Correlate
Author's labelSense of coherence
Page in Source (14)
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
8 item index (Antonovky 1979,1987)
Typical items are:
- life has meaning
- no unusualevents happen to me
- life is fair 
- control over emotions and thoughts

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dr=+.53 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelInter-level consistency
Page in Source 578, 581, 582
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Participants rated whether each area of their life is 
consistent or inconsistent with each of the other areas 
on a 1 (very different or inconsistent) to 5 (very 
similar or consistent)
- traits
- goals
- selves
- immediate social environment
The areas were juxtaposed two at a time, resulting in 
six differences
Observed distributionAll M = 3.80, SD = .62; USA M = 3.90; Singapore M = 3.67
Error Estimates? = .82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
All

Beta controlled for
- Cultural membership
- Gender
- Competence need (self rated satisfaction)
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress (Selfreport on sucess at most 
important personal goals)
- Self-esteem
- Social support (Selfreport on satisfaction with 
overall social support)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.07 p < .10
USA
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.13 p < .01
Singapore

Beta controlled for
- Gender
- Competence need 
- Neuroticism
- Goal-progress 
- Self-esteem
- Social support


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyVanHoof & Raaijmakers (2002): study NL 1997
TitleThe Spatial Integration of Adolescent Identity: Its Relation to Age, Education, and subjective Well-Being.
SourceScandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2002, Vol. 43, 201 - 212
Public12-21 aged, secondary schools, The Netherlands, 1997?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =294

Correlate
Author's labelVertical spatial integration (Vertical integration)
Page in Source 203, 204, 205, 208
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Vertical integration refers to the extent to which a 
person's overall identity is associated with each of 
that person's context-specific identities. Calculated 
by determining the mean of all correlations between the 
'general identity' of the adolescents and their 
'context-specific identities'.

Assessed using self-report on questions concerning the 
extent to which individuals incorporate their 
particular context-specific identities.
Observed distribution1: N=79; 2: N=95; 3:N=95

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.22 p < .05
Early adolescents, age 12-16 low school level
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.13 ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.53 p < .001
Early adolescents, age 12-15 high level school
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.55 p < .001
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.34 p < .001
Late adolescents, age 17-21, high school level
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.31 p < .01
Beta's controled for:
- exploration concerning school
- commitment concerning school


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyVanHoof & Raaijmakers (2002): study NL 1997
TitleThe Spatial Integration of Adolescent Identity: Its Relation to Age, Education, and subjective Well-Being.
SourceScandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2002, Vol. 43, 201 - 212
Public12-21 aged, secondary schools, The Netherlands, 1997?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =294

Correlate
Author's labelHorizontal spatial integration (Horizontal integration)
Page in Source 203, 204, 205, 208
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Horizontal integration summerizes the extent to which 
each of the context-specific identities is related to 
each of the other context-specific identities. Measured 
bu calculation the mean of the absolute values of all 
possible correlations between context-specific 
identities.

Assessed using self-report on interrelatedness of 
context-specific identities.
Observed distribution1: N=79; 2: N=95; 3:N=95

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.34 p < .01
Early adolescents, age 12-16 low shool level
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.25 p < .05
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.42 p < .001
Early adolescents, age 12-15 high school level
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.45 p < .001
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.29 p < .01
Late adolescents, age 17-21 high school level
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.20 p < .01
Beta's controlled for:
- exploration concerning school
- commitment concerning school


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyTobacyk (1981): study US 1979
TitlePersonality Differentiation, Effectiveness of Personality Integration, and Mood in Female College Students.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1981, Vol. 41, 348 - 356
PublicFemale undergraduate students, U.S.A., 198?
Sample
Non-Response57 %
Respondents N =31

Correlate
Author's labelEffectiness of Personality ubtegration
Page in Source 348
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
The modified 28-item form of the Ego
Identity Incomplete Sentences Blank
(ISB) (see Deldin, 1977)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mp-mqr-v-10-ar=-.04 ns
Unaffected by personal differentiation
No hidden curvilinear relation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelIdentity integrity
Page in Source 124
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Composite clinical rank order on iden- tity diffusion 
vs identity integrity, measuring continuity vs 
discontinuity of past, present and future; integra- 
tion vs lack of integration in inter- personal and work 
relationships; inte- gration vs lack of integration of 
the total personality; and effectiveness vs 
ineffectiviness in self-definition and achievement of 
ends. The criteria were largely based on Erikson's 
discussion of identity.
(See also under 'Erikson's Stages of Psychol-social 
Development'; P 1.4.1).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.66 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal maturity and integration
Page in Source 124
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Composite clinical rank order ranging from 'most 
neurotic, regressed, disin- tegrated' to 'most secure, 
mature, in- tegrated'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.59 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Personality integration
Subject code: P03ab

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelAdjustment
Page in Source 302
Our classificationPersonality integration, code P03ab
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center..

Rater instruction: "To what extent has this person 
changed or adapted to his or her life situation in an 
emotionally healthy way?"

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=+.83
T5 adjustment by T5 happiness.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
A-ASA-mp-mqr-v-10-aSelfreport on 16 questions, repeated three times a day during at least 33 successive days (experience sampling)

How I feel now:
A Fullness vs. Emptiness of life ( how emotionally satisfying,
abundant or empty, your life felt today )
B Receptivity towards and Stimulation by the World ( how
interested and responsive you feel to what was going on
around you)
C Social Respect vs. Social Contempt ( how you feel about
other people regard you, or feel about you, today)
D Personal Freedom vs. External Constraint ( how much you
feel you are free or not free to do as you want)
E Harmony vs. Anger ( how well got along with, or how angry
you feel toward, other people )
F Sociability vs. Withdrawal (how socially outgoing or
withdrawn you feel now )
G Companionship vs. Being Isolated ( the extent to which
you feel emotionally accepted by, or isolated from other
people )
H Love and Sex ( the extent to which you feel loving and
tender or sexually frustrated and unloving )
I Present Work ( how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with
your work )
J Thought Processes ( how readily your ideas come and how
valuable they seem )
K Tranquility vs. Anxiety ( how calm or troubled you feel )
Impulse Expression vs. Self-restraint ( how expressive and
impulsive or internally restrained and controlled, you feel )
M Personal Moral Judgment (how self-approving or how
guilty, you feel )
N Self-confidence vs. feeling of Inadequacy ( how self-
assured and adequate or helpless and inadequate you
feel )
O Energy vs. Fatigue ( how energetic or tired and weary you
feel )
P Elation vs. Depression ( how elated or depressed, happy
or unhappy, you feel now )

Scoring: all items scored on 0 - 9 . (Rating scales not reported).
Summation: average

Name: Wessman & Rick's `Personal Feelings Scale'
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 11 questions:

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel.....?"
A angry
B bored
C could not get going
D depressed
E lonely
F too busy
G uneasy
H exited
I on top of the world
J pleased
K proud

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on H, I, J, K
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores A, B, C, D, E, F, G
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -7 to +5

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
SNRStatistic Not Reported


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATIONM07MENTAL HEALTH
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATIONM07ac07Personality disorders (f60-69)
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATIONM14abCurrent motivation
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATIONP01PERSONALITY: HISTORY
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATIONP05PERSONALITY: LATER
P03aaPersonality differentiationV02ad01Diversity of values
P03aaPersonality differentiationL07abCurrent life-goals
P03aaPersonality differentiationI03ac03aField independence
P03aaPersonality differentiationA02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)
P03abPersonality integrationL04ac02eConsistent
P03abPersonality integrationM07MENTAL HEALTH
P03abPersonality integrationP02abCurrent stage of development
P03abPersonality integrationV02ad02Consonance of values
P03abPersonality integrationW02WISDOM

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings