Findings on Happiness and OCCUPATION

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and OCCUPATION
Subject Code: O01

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
O01OCCUPATION0
O01aaOccupational career4
O01aa01Earlier occupation13
O01aa02Recent change in occupation0
O01aa02aEntering first job0
O01aa02bLoss of job0
O01aa02cSwitch to other job7
O01aa03History of current occupation4
O01aa03aAdvancement in current job4
O01aa04Later occupation1
O01abCurrent occupation77
O01ab01In working-force or not2
O01ab02Kind of occupation (profession)28
O01acCharacteristics of current occupation5
O01ac01Occupational level8
O01ac01aSocial prestige of occupation18
O01ac01bSkill level of occupation10
O01ac01cManual or non-manual8
O01adAttitudes to one's occupation4
O01ad01Attitudes to occupational career0
O01ad01aOccupational aspirations10
O01ad01bSatisfaction with career4
O01ad02Attitudes to current occupation6
O01ad03Attitudes to current job5
O01ac01dOccupation of training/education1
O01ab02aEntrepreneur2
O01ac01eSupervisory tasks1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and OCCUPATION
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=O01
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational career
Subject code: O01aa

StudyDykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =516

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational history, upward mobility
Page in Source 1498,1510
Our classificationOccupational career, code O01aa
Operationalization
Difference in occupational prestige of first and last 
job.
0: No upward mobility (reference)
1: Upward mobility
   1a: Small upward mobility
   1b: Large upward mobility
Observed distributionMen/Women 0: 25/35; 1a: 44/57; 1b: 31/8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
SMALL UPWARD MOBILITY (vs no upward mobility)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.04 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.26 ns
Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-retirement career (exit age)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
LARGE UPWARD MOBILITY 9vs no upward mobility)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.03 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.07 ns
Females

B's controled for
-age
-parental history
-retirement career (exit age)

Upward mobility has no impact on happiness of men, 
but a negative impact on happiness of women.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational career
Subject code: O01aa

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labelEarly retirement
Page in Source 113, 123
Our classificationOccupational career, code O01aa
Operationalization
1: Retired before age 55
   a: at age 51-55
   b: at age 50 or earlier
0: Retired after age 55 (reference group)
Observed distribution1a: males 7,6%, females 7,1% 1b: males 8,7%, females 67,5% 0: males 83,7%, females 25,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
RETIRED BEFORE AGE 50 (vs after age 55)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.15 p < .05
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.04 ns
Females
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
RETIRED BETWEEN AGE 51-55 (vs after age 55)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.09 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.11 ns
Females

B's controled for:
- current age
- parental history
- marital history
- occupational mobility


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational career
Subject code: O01aa

StudyDykstra & Liefbroer (1998): study NL 1992
TitleKinderloos en toch Gelukkig? (Childless but Still Happy?)
SourceMens en Maatschappij, 1998, Vol. 73, 108 - 129
Public55-89 aged, The Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response38,3
Respondents N =3729

Correlate
Author's labelupward occupational mobility
Page in Source 113, 123
Our classificationOccupational career, code O01aa
Operationalization
Difference in occupational prestige of first and last 
job, current job in case of respondents still working.
1: Upward mobility
   a: some upward mobility
   b: substantial upward mobility
0: No upward mobility (reference group)
Observed distribution1a: males 37,3%, females 25,3% 1b: males 19,4% females 6,1% 0: males 43,4%, females 68,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
SOME UPWARD MOBILITY (vs no upward mobility)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=-.00 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.03 ns
Females
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
MUCH UPWARD MOBILITY (vs no upward mobility)
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.08 ns
Males
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-ab=+.09 ns
Females

B's controled for:
- current age
- parental history
- marital history
- early retirement


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational career
Subject code: O01aa

StudyAbbey et al. (1983): study US Chicago 1990
TitleHandling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
SourceBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278
PublicLaw school students, Chicago, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =85

Correlate
Author's labelEarly vocational choice
Page in Source 273
Our classificationOccupational career, code O01aa
Operationalization
Respondents were asked when they originally choose to 
become a lawyer: 
0: late
1: early

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aDM=+ p < .02
0: late    M=3.63
1: early   M=5.00
difference +.2,63


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelWhite Collar (= 1)
Page in Source 138, 147
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
occupation before retirement;
white collar = 1
blue collar = 0 (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.27 p < .01
Individual happiness by (earlier) occupation

OPRC (+0,273)) controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Living arrangement
 -Age (groups)
 -Urban (residence)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyXu & Wu (1988): study CN 1986
TitleA preliminary survey of the psychological and social situation of the elderly in Beijing.
SourceInternational Journal of Mental Health, 1988, Vol. 16, 51 - 66
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/41344468
Public55+ aged, Being China, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =175

Correlate
Author's label Occupational group
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
4: cadres (civil servants)
3: scientific workers
2: labourers
1: housewives
Remarks
Part of the Ss is still working. The number of retirees 
is greatest among labourers. The report does not report 
on retired and working ss separately.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aG=-.36 p < .01
% very satisfied:
cadres                       7
scientific workers       6
labourers                  26
housewives              12
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-atc=-.25 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of years worked in town (migrant work)
Page in Source 630
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
0: less than 10 years
1: 10 years and more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.10 p < .05
Direction of correlation unclear in original 
report. Sign in table is negative, but text 
indicates positive relationship. Present version 
approved by author.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.12 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelTotal years worked in wage employment (migrant work)
Page in Source 630
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
0: Below median
1: Median (33 years)
2: Above median

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.14 p < .05
Direction of correlation unclear in original 
report. Sign in table is negative, but text 
indicates positive relationship. Present version 
approved by author.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.15 p < .01
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.07 ns
All
ß controlled for: 
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Has a confidant
- Keeps goats
- Higher monthly income
- More active person
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
-65 years
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Higher monthly income
- Religious traditionalist
- Grows cash crop   
- Feels land is secure
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Achieved/confident of becoming wealthy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyKivett (1976): study US 1970
TitleThe Aged in North Carolina: Physical, Social and Environmental Characteristics and Sources of Assistance. (The Guilford Study)
SourceTechnical Bullletin No.237, North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, 1976, USA
Public65+ aged, North Carolina, USA, 1970-71
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelWork at age 50
Page in Source 37
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
8-point scale of occupational prestige, ranging from 
farmer to higher professionals. (Hollingshead 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baBeta=+06 ns
ß controlled for:
- urban living
- sexe
- race
- marital status
- social position
- age
- education
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baAoV= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyKeith (1985a): study US 1969
TitleWork, Retirement and Well-Being among Unmarried Men and Women.
SourceGerontologist, 1985, Vol. 25, 410 - 416
Public58-63 aged unmarried, followed 10 years, USA, 1969-1979
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1398

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier Occupation
Page in Source 414
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
Single closed question, rated on an 11-point scale, 
ranging from laborer (1) to professional (11)

Assessed at T1. (10 years ago)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
Happiness assessed at T2:
Widowed            r= +.18 (ns)   ß= +.09 (05)
Divorced/Separated r= +.16 (ns)   ß= +.11 (ns)
Never married      r= +.12 (ns)   ß= -.04 (ns)

ß's controlled for: 
- sexe
- earlier education
- age
- earlier happiness
- retirement attitudes
- health
- income
- employment.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudySkrabanek (1969): study US 1968
TitleAdjustment of Former University Faculty Members to Retirement.
SourceProceedings of the Southwestern Sociological Association, 1969, Vol. 19, 65 - 69
PublicRetired faculty members, University, USA, 1968
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =547

Correlate
Author's labelPosition at the timeof retirement
Page in Source 68
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
0. Non-administrative 
1. Administrative positions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-bD%= +
Happy in retirement were:
- 100% of the former presidents
-  87% of the former deans or those who held 
   administrative positions higher than that of
   head of department.
-  93% of those who were heads of departments.
-  81% of the full professors
-  83% of the assistant professors.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudySkrabanek (1969): study US 1968
TitleAdjustment of Former University Faculty Members to Retirement.
SourceProceedings of the Southwestern Sociological Association, 1969, Vol. 19, 65 - 69
PublicRetired faculty members, University, USA, 1968
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =547

Correlate
Author's labelField of activity before retirement
Page in Source 68
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
Professional and liberal arts colleges / other / 
college of agriculture and engineering.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-bD%= +
Computed for those who were actively engaged in 
teaching and/or research only. Those who held 
administrative positions were eliminated from 
consideration.
Retirees whose major activities were in the col- 
lege of agriculture and engineering are relative- 
ly most happy in retirement.
Persons who were in the professional and liberal 
arts colleges are relatively least happy in reti- 
rement.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyMaxwell (1985): study US 1966
TitleThe Retirement Experience: Psychological and Financial Linkages to the Labor Market.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1985, Vol. 66, 22 - 33
Public45+ aged males, USA, followed 12 years 1966-1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1173

Correlate
Author's labelPre-retirement SES
Page in Source 31
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
Duncan index for longest job.
Remarks
T1: 1966 when still working; T2: 1978 retired

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fBeta=-.01 ns
T1 occupational status by T2 happiness (post 
retirement)

Beta controlled for:
- Reasons for retirement
  - health  
  - compulsory plan
  - unemployment
- T1 work situation
  - job satisfaction                       
  - work motivation
- T2 life situation
  - health problems
  - marital status                       
  - dependents in household         
  - number of years retired
  - income (logarithm)
- Race (Black vs white)
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fBeta=-.01 ns
Beta when income increase/decrease is included 
instead of absolute income
 
Same for blacks and whites.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudyDobson (1985): study US 1964
TitleAttitudes and Perceptions.
SourcePowers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136
Public50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponseT1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Respondents N =1870

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational group
Page in Source 125
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
1. Farmer
2. Blue collar worker
3. Small business man
4. Salaried professional
5. Self employed professional

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-aD%=+
% very contented:             T1     T2
- farmers                     30     44
- blue collar                 34     36
- small business              57     55
- salaried professsional      65     63
- self employed professional  78     75
- all                         54     55
     


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelType of work (earlier)
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
0 Clerical, sales
1 Professional, manegerial

Assessed in 1940

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aG=-.07 p < .05
1940 work by 1972 happiness
Happiness assessed in 1972.
The gifted women were about 62 yrs of age at that 
time.

Specification by education.
- College graduates         G = -.10 (01)
- Some college              G = +.12 (ns)
- High school graduate      G = -.56 (ns)

Comparison with average 30+ aged women in the USA 
1971 Data CAMPB 1975.  
- All                       G = -.00 (ns)
- College graduate          G = +.60 (ns)
- Some college              G = +.16 (ns)
- High school graduate      G = -.40 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier occupation level
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
1 Managerial, professional, art
0 Sales, clerical, homemaker
Remarks
Assessed in 1940, 1950, 1960 and 1972.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .05
1940 level by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1950 level by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1960 level by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
1972 level by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier occupation
Subject code: O01aa01

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier lifestyle preference
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationEarlier occupation, code O01aa01
Operationalization
0 Prefers duty of housewife 
1 Other occupation.

Assessed in 1922.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= ns
Earlier preference 1922) by present happiness 
(1972).
           
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source 182+183+184
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
fulltime employed
0 Mt = 7,77; SD = 1,45
1 Mt = 7,25; SD = 1,75
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
unemployed
0 Mt = 7,18; SD = 1,98
1 Mt = 6,84; SD = 2,10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source B92+93+95
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .000
employed
0 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,46
1 Mt = 7,01; SD = 2,08
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .060
unemployed
0 Mt = 7,50; SD = 2,12
1 Mt = 6,37; SD = 2,61
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .045
fulltime working
0 Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,46
1 Mt = 7,40; SD = 1,53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source A31+B105
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question: Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work
Remarks
 Unemployed Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+ p < .078
0 Mt = 5,92; SD = 2,57; N = 24
1 Mt = 7,00; SD = 1,63; N = 32
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=+ p < .220
0 Mt = 5,75; SD = 2,19; N = 24
1 Mt = 6,47; SD = 2,11; N = 32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source A31+B105
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question: Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11: Unemployed Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .044
0 Mt = 7,77; SD = 1,89; N = 361
1 Mt = 7,25; SD = 1,71; N = 61
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .220
0 Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,58; N = 361
1 Mt = 6,47; SD = 2,11; N =  61


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia 2003-2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for work
Page in Source B92+93+95
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question: Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work
1: looking for work
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt=+ p < .000
employed
0 Mt = 6,19; SD = 1,38
1 Mt = 7,07; SD = 1,95
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt=- p < .429
unemployed
0 Mt = 6,74; SD = 2,26 
1 Mt = 6,54; SD = 2,42
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aDMt=- p < .000
fulltime working
0 Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,52
1 Mt = 7,22; SD = 1,78


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyCummins et al. (2004c): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Report 9.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Effects of Household Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1897

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source 148+149
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work
1: looking for work
Remarks
Ss in laborforce only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cDMt=-
employed (N = 683)
0: Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,51
1: Mt = 7,22; SD = 1,76

unemployed (N = 139)
0: Mt = 6,83; SD = 2,02
1: Mt = 6,41; SD = 2,48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Switch to other job
Subject code: O01aa02c

StudyHedley (1981): study AU 1977
TitleWork, Life and the Pursuit of Happiness: A Study of Australian Industrial Workers.
SourceThe Journal of Industrial Relations, September, 1981, 397 - 405
DOIdoi:10.1177/002218568102300307
PublicShop-floor workers in four metropolitan areas, south-eastern Australia, 1977
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response42%
Respondents N =1486

Correlate
Author's labeljob satisfaction_C
Page in Source 399-402
Our classificationSwitch to other job, code O01aa02c
Operationalization
Single question:
Have you tried to change from this job to a new job 
with another employer within the last six mounths...
1: yes, and I will move at the first opportunity
2: yes, but not too seriously
3: no, there are not many jobs available now
4: no, I would loose to much in job-change now
5: no, I am satisfied with my job
Observed distribution1: 7%, 2: 7%, 3: 13%, 4: 14%, 5: 59%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+.72
O-LWL-u-sq-v-4-aG=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current occupation
Subject code: O01aa03

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelJob experience
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationHistory of current occupation, code O01aa03
Operationalization
years of experience in the main respondent's activity
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=-.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.01 ns
B and OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - cohabitation
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B and OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present)
- microfinance loan (present or past)
- credit cycle


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current occupation
Subject code: O01aa03

StudyTyssen et al. (2009): study NO 1993
TitleLower Life Satisfaction in Physicians Compared with a General Population Sample: A 10-year Longitudinal, Nationwide Study of Course and Predictors.
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2009, Vol. 44, 47 - 54
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00127-008-0403-4
PublicPhysicians followed 9 years after graduating, Norway, 1993-2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-ResponseResp. 17% , 38% at 1 year, 33% at 4 years, 38 % at 9 years.
Respondents N =631

Correlate
Author's labelStep of career
Page in Source 50
Our classificationHistory of current occupation, code O01aa03
Operationalization
Happiness assessed at
T1: graduating
T2: one year after graduating
T3: four years after
T4: nine years after

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cDM=+ p < .005
T1: M = 5.0, SD = 1.2
T2: M = 5.2, SD = 1.1
T3: M = 5.2, SD = 1.0
T4: M = 5.2, SD = 1.0

T1 < T2, T3, T4


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current occupation
Subject code: O01aa03

StudyAbbey et al. (1983): study US Chicago 1990
TitleHandling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
SourceBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278
PublicLaw school students, Chicago, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =85

Correlate
Author's labelEarly vocational choice
Page in Source 273
Our classificationHistory of current occupation, code O01aa03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked when they originally choose to 
become a lawyer: 
0: late
1: early

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aDM=+ p < .02
0: late    M=3.63
1: early   M=5.00
difference +.2,63


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current occupation
Subject code: O01aa03

StudyBamundo & Kopelman (1980): study US 1977
TitleThe Moderating Effects of Occupation, Age, and Urbanization on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Vocational Behavior, 1980, Vol. 17, 106 - 123
DOIdoi:10.1016/0001-8791(80)90020-2
PublicHeads of households, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response59 %:overrepresentation of high income, high aducated metro-politans
Respondents N =911

Correlate
Author's labelJob longevity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationHistory of current occupation, code O01aa03
Operationalization
Less than 1 year / 1 to 5 years / 6 to 10 years / 11 to 
15 years / 16 or more
years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-cr=+.10 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Advancement in current job
Subject code: O01aa03a

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelAchieving higher job
Our classificationAdvancement in current job, code O01aa03a
Operationalization
Single direct question:
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Advancement in current job
Subject code: O01aa03a

StudyGarber (1971): study US California 1970
TitleRetired Soldiers in Second Careers: Self-Assessed Change, Reference Group Salience, and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1971, USA
PublicMiddle-aged, presently employed army retirees, California, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response63% of which 21% no return of questionnaire, 13% incomplete and 29% refusal
Respondents N =362

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived increase in occupational prestige
Page in Source 181
Our classificationAdvancement in current job, code O01aa03a
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on present job in 
comparison with former military job with respect to: 
it's general importance, level of skill and knowledge 
required, authority over other people.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.22
Positive Affects: G= +.30
Negative Affects: G= -.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Advancement in current job
Subject code: O01aa03a

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelJob advancement
Our classificationAdvancement in current job, code O01aa03a
Operationalization
4-item index of closed questions on:
- whether current job is the best one 
  ever had
- raise in pay during past year
- promotion during past year and   chances for 
advancement

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
Data T1.
Not computed for summed ABS.

Index of Positive Affects: (PA)
- Among white-collar workers:
  Positive relationship (05) among both workers
  of high occupational prestige and workers of 
  medium or low prestige.
- Among blue-collar workers:
  Positive relationship (05) among workers of
  high or medium occupational prestige only.
  Not among workers of low prestige.

Index of Negative Affects: (NA)
- Slightly negative (ns) among blue-collar 
  workers of low occupational prestige only.
- No relationships among the other occupational
  categories.
 
Affect level expressed in average ridits (RT). 
Ridit analysis compares distribution in category 
with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 
means relative high level RT below .50 relative 
low level. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Advancement in current job
Subject code: O01aa03a

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelCareer success
Page in Source 299
Our classificationAdvancement in current job, code O01aa03a
Operationalization
Job level:
AT&T Management levels:
7. President
6. Vice-presidents
5.
4.
3. normative for graduates
2.
1. mostly non-college

Assessed at T5.
Observed distributionN=266 Level % 6 1,12 5 4,88 4 11,65 3 37,96 2 32,70 1 11,65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=+.10 ns
T5 career success by T5 happiness. See also BRAY 
1980 p 276.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later occupation
Subject code: O01aa04

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelLater job status
Our classificationLater occupation, code O01aa04
Operationalization
Job status at T5; 
socioeconomic status rating of occupations developed by 
O.D. Duncan (1961) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=+
T1 happiness:        tau = +.07  (05)
T2 happiness:        tau = +.04  (ns)
T3 happiness:        tau = +.07  (ns)
T4 happiness:        tau = +.11  (01)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's label Work Status
Page in Source B100
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 759, b: 240, c: 4, d: 112, e: 56, f: 501, g: 56

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,69; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,73
c Mt = 8,26; SD = 2,36
d Mt = 7,51; SD = 1,74
e Mt = 6,54; SD = 2,13
f Mt = 8,13; SD = 1,70
g Mt = 8,15; SD = 1,66
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a.d,e)
g>e
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,72
b Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,93
c Mt = 9,00; SD = 1,16
d Mt = 7,38; SD = 1,71
e Mt = 6,16; SD = 2,16
f Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,77
g Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,97
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
f>(a,d,e)
g>e


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelWork Status
Page in Source B101
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a: 2192, b: 606, c: 26, d: 186, e: 234, f: 1507, g: 150
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,72; SD = 1,57
b Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,75
c Mt = 8,31; SD = 1,41
d Mt = 7,37; SD = 1,63
e Mt = 6,76; SD = 2,18
f Mt = 8,10; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,14; SD = 2,37
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
b>(d,g,e)
c>(d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,g,e)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=
a Mt = 7,59; SD = 1,56
b Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,70
c Mt = 8,77; SD = 1,03
d Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,56
e Mt = 6,91; SD = 2,02
f Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,58
g Mt = 7,41; SD = 1,98
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bBMCT=
a>e
b>e
c>(f,b,a,d,g,e)
d>e
f>(b,a,d,g,e,)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004b): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 12, Report 12.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Job Security.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, October 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1997

Correlate
Author's labelFulltime Work Status
Page in Source B90
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time Family Duties
c: Full time Volunteer 
d: Full time Student 
e: Unemployed 
f: Full time Retired
g: Semi Retired
Observed distributionN = a:705; b:152; c:5; d:75; e:70; f:654; g:50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
a Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,47
b Mt = 7,67; SD = 1,72
c Mt = 8,00; SD = 7,10
d Mt = 7,99; SD = 1,24
e Mt = 6,83; SD = 2,47
f Mt = 8,19; SD = 1,67
g Mt = 7,54; SD = 2,11
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
a>e
d>e
f>(a,b,e)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelWork Type
Page in Source 81
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Single question: 
Thinking about the work that you do, what do you 
consider to be your main area of work?
1: Paid employment
2: Family & household care
3: Voluntary work 
4: Study
5: No work
Observed distributionN = 1 : 260, 2 : 260, 3 : 129, 4: 129, 5 : 260

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .100
1: Mt =77.88, SD =14.56
2: Mt =78.92, SD =17.54
3: Mt =80.54, SD =19.13
4: Mt =75.89, SD =14.50
5: Mt =76.12, SD =21.81
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
n.s.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study AU 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1104

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 41/5
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.00 ns
a   45
b   39
c   44
d   27
e   48
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.08 p < .01
a   30
b   38
c   28
d   36
e   44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.21 p < .01
f   53
g   52
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.08 p < .01
f   35
g   40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.07 p < .01
h   31
i   -
j   -
k   -
All 35
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.17 p < .01
h   37
i   -
j   -
k   -
All 46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study AU 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Australia, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =945

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 131
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a Professional worker
b Owner of business  and large medium shop
c Worker on own account, owner of small shop
d Salaried-managerial and top-grade clerical worker
e Other clerical worker, shop-assistant, etc.
f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewive


j Retired, independent
Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.06 p < .05
Professionals           M'=2.16  Mt'=5.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.20 p < .05
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.04 ns
Big business ownners    M'=2.16  Mt'=5.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.20 ns
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.01 ns
Small business owners   M'=1.98  Mt'=4.9
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.05 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.01 ns
Salaried managers       M'=2.05  Mt'=5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.04 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.01 ns
Other clerical          M'=2.00  Mt'=5.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.03 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.02 ns
Manual workers          M'=2.05  Mt'=5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.05 ns
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.02 ns
g                             M'=2.16  Mt'=5.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.19 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 ns
h                             M'=2.10  Mt'=5.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.11 ns
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.08 p < .01
i                             M'=1.95  Mt'=4.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.14 p < .01
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.04 ns
j                             M'=1.88  Mt'=4.4
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.22 ns

                                    
All                           M'=2.02  Mt'=5.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGehmacher (1990): study AT 1988
TitleStressbewältigung und Selbstbestimtheit. (Coping with Stress and Locus of Control).
SourceStart und Aufstieg, 1990, Vol. 3, 13 - 14
PublicRailway employees, Austria, 1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =68

Correlate
Author's labelWorktask
Page in Source (16)
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a. shunter
b. office worker
c. train driver
d. trafic controler, manager

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dDM=±
a. M'=2,27
b. M'=2.39
c. M'=2.50
d. M'=3.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phänomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut für Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 111
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a. big businessmen, professionals
b. managers
c. managing employees, civil servants
d. lower employees, civil servants
e. skilled workers
f. other workers
g. independant farmers

h. all employeds

i. pensioner
j. not employed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dDMt=
a.  Mt' = 7.10
b.  Mt' = 8.25
c.  Mt' = 7.55
d.  Mt' = 7.40
e.  Mt' = 7.10
f.  Mt' = 6.70
g.  Mt' = 7.40

h.  Mt' = 7.25   males 7.15, females 7.40

i.  Mt' = 7.55
j.  Mt' = 7.40   males 7.25, females 7.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study BR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, metropolitan areas Brazil, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 99/103
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.16 p < .01
a   26
b   48
c   39
d   43
e   21
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.08 p < .01
a   28
b   61
c   38
d   47
e   53
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.16 p < .01
f   39
g   40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.08 p < .01
f   45
g   50
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.06 p < .05
h   40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.02 ns
h   36
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.16 p < .01
i   40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.14 p < .01
i   44
j   33
k   32
All 40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.01 ns
j   31
k   32
All 30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study CA 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1012

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 157/161
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.00 ns
a   44
b   35
c   44
d   53
e   42
f   29
g   24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=
a   53
b   39
c   42
d   67
e   51
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.11 p < .01
h   28
i   38
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.02 ns
f   35
g   38
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.21 p < .01
h   35
i   40
j   22
k   36
All 39
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.10 p < .01
j   20
k   34
All 34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyQuinta (2011): study CN 2010
TitleLocals' Happiness 'Above Average'.
SourceMacau Daily Times, 20 january 2011
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/quinta_v_2011.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Macau, China, 2010
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response14
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelJob
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a casino staff
b construction workers
c civil servants
d manufactoring workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=
a: M=6.77
b: M=6.78
c: M=6.80
d: M=7.65


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelmain occupation
Page in Source 112
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
"What is your main occupation "
a: independent businessman/tradesman
b: assistant in spouse's business
c: unskilled/semi-skilled worker
d: skilled worker
e: housewife
f: salaried employee/civil servant
g: student
h: pensioner
i: social security recipient
Observed distributionN: All:4467; %:a:6,2; b:0,6; c:17,2; d:16,5; e:1,7; f:47,5; g:3,9; h:2,3; I:4,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
a: Mt=8.00
b: Mt=8.08
c: Mt=7.83
d: Mt=7.89
e: Mt=7.70
f: Mt=7.86
g: Mt=7.28
h: Mt=6.09
i: Mt=6.35
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
a: Mt=7.70
b: Mt=8.08
c: Mt=7.41
d: Mt=7.61
e: Mt=7.56
f: Mt=7.55
g: Mt=6.81
h: Mt=5.88
i: Mt=5.99
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
a: Mt=7.18
b: Mt=7.79
c: Mt=6.96
d: Mt=7.11
e: Mt=7.46
f: Mt=7.13
g: Mt=6.60
h: Mt=6.06
i: Mt=6.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmain occupation
Page in Source 108
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
"What is your main occupation "
a: independent businessman/tradesman
b: assistant in spouse's business
c: unskilled/semi-skilled worker
d: skilled worker
e: housewife
f: salaried employee/civil servant
g: student
h: pensioner
i: social security recipient
Observed distributionN: a:100, b:28, c:191, d:184, e:44, f:464, g:195, h:201, i:19

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
 a: Mt:7,50
 b: Mt:8.13
 c: Mt:8.04
 d: Mt:8.00
 e: Mt:7.62
 f: Mt:7.84
 g: Mt:7.80
 h: Mt:7.36
 i: Mt:6.98
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
 a: Mt=7.48
 b: Mt=7.41
 c: Mt=7.63
 d: Mt=7.51
 e: Mt=7.68
 f: Mt=7.48
 g: Mt=7.29
 h: Mt=7.41
 i: Mt=6.45
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
 a: Mt:6.95
 b: Mt:7.24
 c: Mt:7.25
 d: Mt:7.05
 e: Mt:6.99
 f: Mt:6.98
 g: Mt:6.94
 h: Mt:6.60
 i: Mt:6.05
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study XZ Germany West 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1020

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 737/41
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.04 p < .05
a   10
b    9
c   21
d   15
e   11
f   29
g   10   
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.02 ns
a   18
b    9
c   22
d   22
e   12
f   29
g   10
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.07 p < .01
h    21  
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .05
h   14  
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.06 p < .01
i   16
j   14
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.01 ns
i    9   
j   11
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.32 p < .01
k    6
All 12
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.21 p < .01
k   16
All 17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study XZ Germany West 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =3341

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 157
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker,
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
a                             M'=1.53  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.09 ns
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.01 ns
b                             M'=1.53  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.07 ns
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.04 p < .01
c                             M'=1.65  Mt'=3.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.15 p < .05
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.04 p < .01
d                             M'=1.64  Mt'=3.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.13 p < .05
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.12 p < .01
e                             M'=1.67  Mt'=3.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.26 p < .01
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.05 ns
f                             M'=1.49  Mt'=2.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.11 ns
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.03 ns
g                             M'=1.53  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.14 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.00 ns
h                             M'=1.58  Mt'=2.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.02 ns
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.01 ns
i                             M'=1.53  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.08 ns
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.09 p < .01
j                             M'=1.41  Mt'=2.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.31 p < .01
                                    

All                           M'=1.57  Mt'=2.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study FR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 215/9
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.10 p < .01
a    9
b    3
c   16
d   16
e   14
f   13
g   16
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.08 p < .01
a   18
b    3
c   16
d   21
e   17
f   21
g    9
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.12 p < .01
h    9
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.17 p < .01
h   13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.12 ns
i   16
j   19
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.00 ns
i   13
j    8
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 ns
k   15
All 16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.27 p < .01
k   24
All 14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study FR 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, France, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 148
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
a                             M'=1.45  Mt'=2.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.11 p < .05
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.07 p < .05
b                             M'=1.65  Mt'=3.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.40 p < .05
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
c                             M'=1.41  Mt'=2.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.09 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.05 ns
d                             M'=1.60  Mt'=3.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.44 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
e                             M'=1.39  Mt'=2.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.05 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.10 p < .01
f                             M'=1.26  Mt'=1.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.27 p < .01
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
g                             M'=1.33  Mt'=1.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.11 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.12 p < .01
h                             M'=1.52  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.33 p < .01
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.04 ns
i                             M'=1.33  Mt'=1.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.08 ns
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.11 p < .01
j                             M'=1.12  Mt'=0.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.59 p < .01
                                    
All                           M'=1.36  Mt'=1.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyHabich & Noll (2002): study DE 2001
TitleSoziale Schichtung und soziale Lagen. (Social Stratification and Social Situation).
SourceStatistisches Bundesamt;Ed.: "Daten Report 2002", Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2002, Bonn, Germany, 570 - 579
URLhttp://www.destatis.de
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2739

Correlate
Author's labelSocial situation
Page in Source 575
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-reported occupation:
a leading employee/civil servant
b qualified high employee/civil
  servant
c unqualified simple employee/civil 
  servant
d foreman, master
e skilled worker
f unskilled worker
g independent professional,entrepreneur
h unemployed
i disabled
j homemaker
k trainee
l early retired
m never employed
Remarks
18-60 aged only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
                                  West    East
a leading employee/civil servant  M=8,2   M= -
b qualified high employee/civil   
  servant                         M=7,9   M=7,4
c unqual.simple employee/civil    
  servant                         M=7,5   M=7,0
d foreman, master                 M=8,2   M= -
e skilled worker                  M=7,4   M=6,9
f unskilled worker                M=7,0   M=6,2
g independent professional,
  entrepreneur                    M=8,1   M=6,9
h unemployed                      M=6,2   M=5,9
i disabled                        M=6,5   M= -
j homemaker                       M=7,7   M= - 
k studying, trainee               M=7,3   M= -
l early retired                   M=7,9   M= -
m never employed                  M=7,5   M= -

- = N too small
West = Western Germany
East = former communist Eastern Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IN 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, India, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 273/7
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.18 p < .01
a 17
b -
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.03 ns
a 11
b 33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.31 ns
c 17
d -
e 9
f 13
g 12
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.06 p < .01
c 16
d 20
e 18
f 15
g  9
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.31 p < .01
h  6
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.33 p < .01
h  8
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.08 p < .01
i 13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.11 p < .01
i 18
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.20 p < .01
j 14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.02 ns
j  6
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.14 p < .01
k  9
All 14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.18 ns
k  9
All 12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 368
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Specific occupation
Remarks
All                          Ms = 3.7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.8
Professionals: students      Mt = 4.5
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.5
Clerks; teachers             Mt = 4.2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= 0.0
Skilled workers              Mt = 3.7
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.5
Unskilled workers            Mt = 3.2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= 0.0
Farm owners                  Mt = 3.7
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.6
Farm workers                 Mt = 3.1
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.4
Others                       Mt = 4.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyKousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995
TitleAre Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1007061431186
PublicResidents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response4,8%
Respondents N =1561

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 274
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a= no job
b= student
c= homemaker
d= working
Observed distribution 1995: a= 68, b= 70, c= 61,d=335 1997: a=134, b=157, c=170, d=566

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= ns
            1995    M      S.D.          
             a=    1,66    0,31 
             b=    1,79    0,34 
             c=    1,84    0,27
             d=    1,81    0,34
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM= p < .01
            1997    M      S.D.          
             a=    1,70   0,45 
             b=    1,89   0,44 
             c=    1,80   0,36
             d=    1,84   0,36
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= ns
            1995
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             a=     4,4    57,4     38,2 
             b=     8,6    61,4     30,0 
             c=     6,6    70,5     23,0
             d=     9,3    62,7     28,1
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abD%= p < .01
            1997
                   very    fairly  not at all
                   happy   happy   happy
                     %       %        %   
             a=    11,9    46,3     41,8 
             b=    17,2    54,8     28,0 
             c=    10,0    60,0     29,4
             d=    11,1    62,0     26,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelHolding Central Office
Page in Source 277, 279, 285
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Holding Central Office (highest level of managerial 
office) during the last five years prior to the data 
collection
1 none
.
.
4 top office
Observed distributionM=2.28, SD=.99

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+.06 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.36 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- gender
- years of study
- age
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- community value
- collectivistic value
- individualistic value
- satisfaction with realization of values
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to own 
aspirations and abilities
- satisfactionwith feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- Satisfaction with material standard of living
- Satisfaction with work domain
- Satisfaction with interpersonal relationships
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta= ns
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelWork status
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about occupation now 
(full text not reported)
a. Blue-collar worker
b. White-collar worker
c. Teacher
d. Manager, official
e. Member of professions
f. Entrepreneur
g. Owner of member of family business
h. Working shareholder, partner
Observed distributiona: M = .15; SD = .36; b: M = .11; SD = .31; c: M = .02; SD = .14; d: M = .02; SD = .15 e: M = .02; SD = .13; f: M = .01; SD = .10; g: M = .01; SD = .09; h: M = .01; SD = .08

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.02 ns
Blue-collar worker                 (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
White-collar worker                (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.06 ns
Teacher                            (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 ns
Manager, official                  (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.09 p < .1
Member of professions              (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.22 p < .01
Entrepreneur                       (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
Owner of member of family business (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.15 ns
Working shareholder, partner       (vs other)

B's controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyNuvolati (2004): study IT 1996
TitleCommuting and Quality of Life. The Italian Case.
SourcePaper 6the Congress ISQOLS, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nuvolati_g_2004.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response1,7%
Respondents N =3561

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: entrepreneur/self employed
b: clerk/teacher
c: worker/ farmer
d: housewife
e: retired
f: student
g: unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=
% Satisfied:
a: 85,5 
b: 83,8 
c: 84,7 
d: 80,8 
e: 86,0 
f: 83,2 
g: 53,6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study IT 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1042

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 331/5
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.09 p < .01
a    9
b    - 
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.17 p < .01
a   15
b    - 
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.02 ns
c    7
d   10
e    -
f    3
g   15
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.13 p < .01
c    11
d     7
e     -
f    11
g    16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.05 p < .01
h    6
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.10 p < .01
h   16
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.09 p < .01
i    9
j    9
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.17 p < .01
i    6
j    9
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.05 p < .01
k   12
All  8
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.10 p < .01
k   17
All 10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study IT 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Italy, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1078

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 176
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.00 ns
a                             M'=1.59  Mt'=3.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.00 ns
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.05 ns
b                             M'=1.71  Mt'=3.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.27 p < .05
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.03 ns
c                             M'=1.65  Mt'=3.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.09 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.01 ns
d                             M'=1.62  Mt'=3.1
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.14 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.03 ns
e                             M'=1.48  Mt'=2.4
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.16 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.16 p < .01
f                             M'=1.37  Mt'=1.9
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.40 p < .01
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.07 p < .01
g                             M'=1.35  Mt'=1.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.31 p < .01
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.15 p < .01
h                             M'=1.76  Mt'=3.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.35 p < .01
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
i                             M'=1.60  Mt'=3.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.06 ns
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
j                             M'=1.61  Mt'=3.1
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.06 ns
                                    

All                           M'=1.57  Mt'=2.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment status
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
A: Unemployed
    a Housewives/husbands
    b Students
    c Those not in the labor force
B: Employed
    a Agriculture and forestry
    b (Fisheries)
    c (Mining)
    d Construction
    e Manufacturing
    f Electricity, gas, heat supply and water
    g Information and communications
    h Transport
    i Wholesale and retail trade
    j Finance and insurance
    k Real estate
    l Accommodations, eating and drinking services
    m Medical, health care and welfare
    n Education, learning support
    o Compound services
    p Services, not elsewhere classified
    q Government, except elsewhere classified
    r Industries unable to be classified
Remarks
except respondents who were unable to be classified

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=+-
A Unemployed                          M = 4,6
  Aa Housewives/husbands              M = 6,8
  Ab Students                         M = 6,0
  Ac Not in the labor force           M = 6,2
 
B Employed                            M = 5,9
  Ba Agriculture/forestry             M = 5,4
  Bb (Fisheries)                      M = 6,6
  Bc (Mining)                         M = 6,8
  Bd Construction                     M = 5,7
  Be Manufacturing                    M = 5,9
  Bf Electric./gas/heat/water supply  M = 5,7
  Bg Information and communications   M = 5,6 
  Bh Transport                        M = 5,7
  Bi Wholesale and retail trade       M = 5,9
  Bj Finance and insurance            M = 6,3
  Bk Real estate                      M = 6,0
  Bl Accommod./eating/drinking serv.  M = 5,7
  Bm Medical/health care/welfare      M = 6,1
  Bn Education/learning support       M = 6,4
  Bo Compound services                M = 6,1
  Bp Other services                   M = 6,0
  Bq Government                       M = 6,2
  Br Other industries                 M = 5,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyTiefenbach & Kohlbacher (2011): study JP 2011
TitleHappiness from the Viewpoint of Economics.
SourceDeutsches Institut für Japanstudien, 2011, Tokyo, Japan
URLhttp:www.dijtokyo.org
Public15 -79 aged, Japan, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28,4%
Respondents N =3578

Correlate
Author's labelJob
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: Company Employee
b: Managing Position
c: Civil Servant
d: Directorial Board (company)
e. Directorial Board (organisation)
f.  Entrepreneur
g. Temporary employee
h. Housewife
i. Student
j. Without work
Observed distributionN=3569; etc.
Remarks
N/A = 9.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fDM=+/-
a: Company Employee   M = 6,37
b: Managing Position  M = 6,89
c: Civil Servant      M = 7,11
d: Directorial Board  M = 6,84
   (company)
e. Directorial Board  M = 6,62
   (organisation)
f. Entrepreneur       M = 6,17
g. Temporary employee M = 6,19
h. Housewife          M = 7,02
i. Student            M = 6,86
j. Without work       M = 6,01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study JP 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Japan, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1574

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 389/93
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=
a    9
b   14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=-.01 ns
a    4
b    6
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.07 p < .01
c   15
d   17
e    8
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.10 p < .01
c    6
d    9
e    5
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .01
f   14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.05 p < .01
f    6
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=-.12 p < .01
g    4
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.20 p < .01
h   9
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.24 p < .01
i   17
j    3
k   15
All 12
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=-.21 p < .01
h    2
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abG=+.14 p < .01
i    6
j    0
k   10
All  5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelWork status
Page in Source 311
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Farmer / Blue collar / White collar / Managerial - 
Professional

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bDM=+
Sizable relationship 
Proffessionals most happy, blue collar workers 
least.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study KR 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, South Korea, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =997

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 563/7
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.02 ns
a    7
b    -
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.05 p < .01
a    2
b    -
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.22 p < .01
c    3
d    7
e    0
f    5
g    5
h    0
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.09 p < .01
c    1
d    0
e    0
f    3
g    0
h    0
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.17 p < .01
i     5
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.20 p < .01
i    2
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.04 p < .05
j    3
k    2
All  2
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.03 ns
j     6
k     2
All   5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study MX 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, urban areas, Mexico, 1948-1949
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1752

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 189
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.05 p < .05
a                             M'=1.74  Mt'=3.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.19 p < .05
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.01 ns
b                             M'=1.53  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.01 ns
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.04 p < .05
c                             M'=1.52  Mt'=2.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.12 p < .05
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
d                             M'=1.47  Mt'=2.4
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.05 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.06 p < .01
e                             M'=1.70  Mt'=3.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.13 p < .01
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.06 p < .01
f                             M'=1.49  Mt'=2.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.12 p < .05
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.01 ns
g                             M'=1.50  Mt'=2.50
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.18 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.03 ns
h                             M'=2.01  Mt'=5.1
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.44 ns
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.04 p < .05
i                             M'=1.64  Mt'=3.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.09 p < .05
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.00 ns
j                             M'=1.59  Mt'=3.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.04 ns
                                    
All                           M'=1.59  Mt'=3.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelEmployed
Page in Source 50
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
What is your current occupation?
- Employed professional
- General management
- Middle management
-Employed position, working mainly at a desk
- Employed position but travelling (salesman, driver 
etc)
- Employed position but in a service job (hospital, 
restaurant, police etc)
- Supervisor
Observed distribution1=Yes; 2=No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.01 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.01 ns
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelManual worker
Page in Source 50
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question
What is your current occupation?
a:skilled manual worker
b:other manual worker
Observed distribution1=Yes; 2=No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.01 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.04 p < .000
EU 15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudySafi (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleImmigrants' Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination.
SourceEuropean Sociological Review, 2010, Vol. 26, 159 - 176
DOIDOI:10.1093/esr/jcp013
Public15+ aged, general public, 12 European nations 2002-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =60169

Correlate
Author's labeloccupation
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 unemployment the last 7 days reference
2 unknown occupation
3 legislators, senior officials and managers
4 professionals
5 technicals and assocoate professionals
6 clerks
7 service workers and shop and market sales workers
8 skilled agricultural and fishery workers
9 craft and related trade workers
10 plant and machine operatrs and assemblers
11 elementary occupations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.84 p < .01
unkonown occupation (compared to unemployed the 
last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.97 p < .01
legislators senior officials and managers 
(compared to unemployed tha last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+1 p < .01
professionals (compared to unemployed the last 7 
days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.98 p < .01
technicals and assocoate professionals (compredto 
unemployed the last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.90 p < .01
clerks (compred to unemployed the last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.90 p < .01
service workers and shop and market sales workers 
(compred to unemployed the last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.96 p < .01
skilled agricultural and fishery workers (compred 
to unemployed th elast 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+84 p < .01
craft and related trade workers (compared to 
unemployed the last 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.79 p < .01
plant and machine operators and assemblers 
(compared to unemployed less than 7 days)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+.79 p < .01
elementary occupations (compared to unemployed the 
last 7 days)

B's controlled for 
- gender
- age
- education
- family status 
- income

B's hardly affected addition control for 
- employment
- subjective health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGraham (2005): study ZZ Latin America 2001
TitleInsights on Development from the Economics of Happiness.
SourceThe World Bank Research Observer, 2005, Vol. 20, 201 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1093/wbro/lki010
Public16+ aged, general public, 17 countries in Latin America, 2001
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =18135

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent occupation
Page in Source 217
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question on actual occupation:
a Freelance/self-employed
b Wage earner in public firm
c Wage earner in private firm
d Temporarily respondent doesn´t work
e Retired
f Doesn´t work/the person in charge of going to 
shopping and keeping the house
g Student

Here converted to:
A Student
B Retired
C Homemaker
D Unemployed
E Self-employed

0 no
1 yes
Observed distributionN=15209

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=+.07
Student
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.01
Retired
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.05
Homemaker
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.49
Unemployed
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cb=-.10
Self-employed

B's controlled for:
- Country
- Age
- Gender
- Married
- Log wealth index
- Years of education
- Membership of minority group
- Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Eurobarometer (1998): study ZZ EU 15 1998
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 49.
SourceEuropean Commssion, 1998, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://europa.eu/comm/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb49/eb49_en.htm
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1998
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16165

Correlate
Author's labelMain Economic Activity
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: Self employed
b: Managers
c: Other white collars
d: Manual workers
e: House Persons
f: Unemployed
g: Retired or unable to work
Observed distributiona: 9%, b: 10%, c: 11%, d: 23%, e: 11%, f: 8%, g: 19%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
a: Self employed      M=2,87 CI95 = 2,83-2,91
b: Managers           M=3,11 CI95 = 3,08-3,14
c: Other white collar M=2,96 CI95 = 2,93-2,99  
d: Manual workers     M=2,92 CI95 = 2,90-2,94
e: House persons      M=2,91 CI95 = 2,87-2,94
f: Unemployed         M=2,59 CI95 = 2,54-2,63
g: Retired            M=2,91 CI95 = 2,88-2,94
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
f< a,g,e,d,c,b  
b> c,d,e,g,a,f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyHayo (2007): study ZZ Eastern Europe 1991
TitleHappiness in Transition: An Emprical Study on Eastern Europe.
SourceEconomic Sytsems, 2007, Vol. 31, 204 - 222
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecosys.2006.08.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Eastern European Countries, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelType of employment
Page in Source 207,210
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
A household, student
B full-time employee
C part-time employee
D family helper
E apprentice
F unemployed
G pensioner
H allowance
I widow pension
Observed distributionA: M=0,04, SD=0,19; B: M=0,59, SD=0,49; C: M=0,01, SD=0,12; D: M=0,004, SD=0,06; E: M=0.001, SD=0.03; F= 0.06, SD= 0,24; G: M=0.26, SD=0,44; H: M=0,02, SD=0,16; I: M=0,02, SD=0,16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-br=
A household, student    r=+0.03
B full-time employee    r=+0.05
C part-time employee    r=-0,02
D family helper         r=+0,01
E apprentice            r=-0,01
F unemployed            r=-0,12
G pensioner             r=-0,01
H allowance             r=+0,03
I widow pension         r=-0,03
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.49 p < .01
Household, student (vs. Full-time employee) SE 
=.15
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.09 ns
Part-time (vs. Full-time employee)  SE =.23
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.30 ns
Family helper (vs.full time employee)SE =.44
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.08 ns
Apprentice (vs. Full-time employee) SE =.84
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.68 p < .01
Unemployed (vs.full-time employee) SE =.12
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=.07 ns
Pensioner (vs. Full-time employee)  SE =.08
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=.05 ns
Allowance (vs. Full-time employee) SE=.18
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.31 ns
Widow pension (vs full-time employee)  SE =.31

lgt's controlled for:
- country
- age
- gender
- marital status
- education
- income
- community size
- church attendance
- religion

No substantial changes in reduced logit model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelProfession
Page in Source 205
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Direct question: "What is or was your function where 
you work or worked?" 

a. Professional                        b. 
Administrative              
c. Skilled labour          
d. Agricultural              
e. Unskilled labour           
f. Military

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 ns
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03 ns
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.12 p < .01
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .05
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns
Denmark
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .01
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.09 p < .01
Spain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.13 p < .01
Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.24 p < .01
Northern Ireland

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=
EC (stratified sample)
a. professional       Mt'=  7.00
b. administrative     Mt'=  7.56
c. skilled labour     Mt'=  7.11
d. agricultural       Mt'=  6.78
e. unskilled labour   Mt'=  6.67
f. militairy          Mt'=  6.89


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyPalisi (1985b): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleVoluntary Associations and Well-Being in Three Metropolitan Areas: Cross Cultural Evidence.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 22, 265 - 288
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 276
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
-professional 
-administrative 
-white
-collar 
-skilled blue collar 
-unskilled

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.04 ns
London:       ß = -.06            
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=-.08
London
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=-.02
Los Angeles
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.00 ns
Los Angeles:  ß = -.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.00 ns
Sydney:       ß = -.05        
ß controlled for: Marital status, education, age, 
country of birth, voluntary association membership 
 and attendance
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=-.04
Sydney


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976e): study ZZ Latin America 1976 /1
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Latin America: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976c.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =2059

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: white collar
b: blue collar
c: housewives
d: all others
Observed distributionN= a:640, b:473, c:533, d:397

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 6,58 [CI95 6,43-6,72]
b: M = 5,31 [CI95 5,10-5,53]
c: M = 6,35 [CI95 6,16-6,53]
d: M = 5,67 [CI95 5,48-5,86]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT=
b,d < c,a
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=
a: M = 2,33 [CI95 2,27-2,39]
b: M = 1,83 [CI95 1,76-1,92]
c: M = 2,13 [CI95 2,07-2,20]
d: M = 1,96 [CI95 1,88-2,03]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dBMCT=
b,d,c < a ; b,d < c
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 7,73 [CI95 7,59-7,88]
b: M = 6,32 [CI95 6,13-6,52]
c: M = 6,84 [CI95 6,62-7,05]
d: M = 6,82 [CI95 6,64-7,00]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT=
b,d,c < a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976c): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 1976
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Africa: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976i.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, sub Sahara African countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =914

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: white collar
b: blue collar
c: housewives
d: all others
Observed distributionN= a:192, b:371, c:176, d:155

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 4,91 [CI95 4,59-5,24]
b: M = 4,46 [CI95 4,25-4,66]
c: M = 5,15 [CI95 4,86-5,43]
d: M = 4,03 [CI95 3,66-4,41]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT= p < .05
d,b < a,c ! d < b,a
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=
a: M = 1,96 [CI95 1,86-2,06]
b: M = 1,95 [CI95 1,88-2,02]
c: M = 1,81 [CI95 1,70-1,92]
d: M = 1,53 [CI95 1,42-1,63]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dBMCT= p < .05
a,b,c > d
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 5,40 [CI95 5,73-5,08]
b: M = 4,83 [CI95 4,64-5,03]
c: M = 5,18 [CI95 4,84-5,53]
d: M = 4,12 [CI95 3,76-4,48]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT= p < .05
d,b < c,a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Gallup & Kettering (1976d): study ZZ East Asia 1976 /2
TitleHuman Needs and Satisfactions: A Global Survey. Table Books: Far East: Vol.1 & Vol. 2.
SourceCharles F. Kettering Foundation and Gallup International Research Institutes, 1976, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~Gallup_Kettering_1976e.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Far East countries, 1976
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =872

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source nn
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: white collar
b: blue collar
c: housewives
d: all others
Observed distributionN= a:229, b:326, c:209, d:107

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 5,08 [CI95 4,83-5,33]
b: M = 3,66 [CI95 3,45-3,87]
c: M = 4,25 [CI95 3,90-4,60]
d: M = 3,62 [CI95 3,12-4,13]
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT=
a > b,c,d
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dDM=
a: M = 1,92 [CI95 1,85-1,99]
b: M = 1,47 [CI95 1,41-1,54]
c: M = 1,59 [CI95 1,50-1,68]
d: M = 1,44 [CI95 1,31-1,57]
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dBMCT=
d,b,c < a
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aDM=
a: M = 5,29 [CI95 5,04-5,54]
b: M = 3,89 [CI95 3,66-4,12]
c: M = 4,53 [CI95 4,19-4,87]
d: M = 3,99 [CI95 3,50-4,49]
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aBMCT=
a > b,d,c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 259
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Specific occupational catagory

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.55 p < . 01
Professionals, businessmen, technicians
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.50 p < . 01
Managers, officials
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.35 p < . 01
White collar workers
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.09 ns
Skilled workers
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.10 p < . 01
Unskilled workers
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.12 p < . 01
Farmers
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.04 ns
Non-labor
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.06 ns
Housewives (if no head of the house-hold)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyDeen & Wilcke (2005): study NL 2005
TitleTruckergeluk. 2005. (The Happiness of Truck Drivers. 2005)
SourceProjectpaper I0869, Motivaction International i.o.o. Randstad (Temp Agency), 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Public18+ aged truck drivers, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =340

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0: working force
1: truck drivers
Observed distributionN = Truck drivers: 330; Working force: 3202
Remarks
Working force reference sample: Dutch employees, 16-64 
aged (excluding immigrants, flexiworkers), participants 
in panelstudy 2003 (reported in DEEN 2005A)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aDM=+
truck drivers: M=7,8             
working force: M=7,5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: higher management
b: further white collar
c: small business
d: skilled blue collar
e: unskilled manual
f: unemployed
g: in education
h: unfit for labor
i: pre-retired, retired
j: homemaker (with children)
k: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
higher management    M = 4,20 CI95 [4,18-4,22]
further white collar M = 4,15 CI95 [4,13-4,17]
small business       M = 4,16 CI95 [4,12-4,20]
skilled manual       M = 4,15 CI95 [4,12-4,18]
unskilled manual     M = 4,01 CI95 [3,98-4,04] 
unemployed           M = 3,86 CI95 [3,97-3,94]
in education         M = 4,11 CI95 [4,08-4,14]
unfit for labor      M = 3,65 CI95 [3,59-3,71]
retired              M = 4,07 CI95 [4,02-4,13]
homemaker            M = 4,07 CI95 [4,02-4,12]
other                M = 3,95 CI95 [3,91-3,99]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT=
a,c,d>f,g,h.i.j>e>k>f>h
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDMt=
higher management    M = 3,51 CI95 [3,49-3,54]
further white collar M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,47]
small business       M = 3,43 CI95 [3,36-3,50]
skilled manual       M = 3,43 CI95 [3,38-3,47]
unskilled manual     M = 3,27 CI95 [3,38-3,47] 
unemployed           M = 2,83 CI95 [2,74-2,93]
in education         M = 3,44 CI95 [3,40-3,49]
unfit for labor      M = 2,66 CI95 [2,59-2,73]
retired              M = 3,50 CI95 [3,42-3,57]
homemaker            M = 3,28 CI95 [3,21-3,34]
other                M = 3,21 CI95 [3,16-3,26]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT= p < .05
a,i,g > b,d,e,h,j,f,k
a,b,c,d,g,i > e,k > f > h


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyDrenth et al. (1983): study NL 1981 /1
TitleThe Meaning of Working. Results of a Survey on a National Sample and Ten Specific Target Groups in tghe Netherlands: A source Book.
SourceFree University Press, 1983, Amsterdam, Netherlands
PublicEmployed, unemployed and retired people, Netherlands, 1981
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =905

Correlate
Author's labelJob categories
Page in Source tabel 78
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
A target groups
  a unemployed
  b retired
  c chemical engineer
  d teacher
  e selfemployed
  f tool and die makers
  g clerical workers
  h production workers
  i temporary workers
  j students
B national survey
Observed distributionN = a: 90, b: 85, c: 90, d: 90, e: 103, f: 97, g: 88, h: 84, i: 88, j: 90, total: 992
Remarks
Results of national survey reported in DRENT 1983/1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aDM=
Aa  M    = 6,49 SD = 2,14
Ab  M    = 7,82 SD = 1,23
Ac  M    = 7,51 SD = 0,97
Ad  M    = 7,66 SD = 1,10
Ae  M    = 7,86 SD = 1,48
Af  M    = 7,48 SD = 1,20
Ag  M    = 7,55 SD = 1,33
Ah  M    = 8,01 SD = 1,04
Ai  M    = 7,35 SD = 1,58
Aj  M    = 7,48 SD = 1,40
all M    = 7,52 SD = 1,44

B   M    = 7,67 SD = 1,27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study NL 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 197
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization

                                                        

                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
Housewives were classed under the occupation of
their husbands.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.11 p < .01
a                             M'=2.05  Mt'=5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.41 p < .01
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.08 p < .01
b                             M'=2.03  Mt'=5.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.35 p < .05
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
c                             M'=1.70  Mt'=3.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.05 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.10 p < .01
d                             M'=2.00  Mt'=5.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.45 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.10 p < .01
e                             M'=1.84  Mt'=4.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.25 p < .01
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.14 p < .01
f                             M'=1.58  Mt'=2.9
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.29 p < .01
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.04 ns
g                             M'=1.66  Mt'=3.3
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.13 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.00 ns
h                             M'=1.72  Mt'=3.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.00 ns
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.04 ns
j                             M'=1.64  Mt'=3.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.14 ns
                                    
All                           M'=1.73  Mt'=3.75.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyHaugen & Blekesaune (2005): study NO 1995
TitleFarm and Off-farm Work and Life Satisfaction among Norwegian Farm Women.
SourceSociologia Ruralis, 2005, Vol. 45, 71 - 83
PublicFarm women, Norway, 1995
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =928

Correlate
Author's labelLabour categories
Page in Source 74, 81, 82
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a Working on farm 
b Working off farm
c Working on and off-farm
d Housewives
Observed distributiona = 28 %, b = 31 %, c = 25 %, d = 16 %.
Remarks
The housewives group is a mixture of those who give 
priority to their present care responsibilities, those 
who might have health problems which prevent them from 
being active, and also those women who unintentionally 
are under-employed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bDM=
          
a On farm       M = 7,9  SD = 1,6  
b Off farm      M = 8,3  SD = 1,4  
c Working on 
  and off-farm  M = 8,1  SD = 1,8 
d Housewives    M = 8,0  SD = 1,6
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bF=4,26 p < .01
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb= ns
B controlled for Health problems
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bF=1,91


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyKolstad (1996): study NO 1990
TitleSatisfaction in Norway.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press,1996, Hungary, 133 - 144
Public17+ aged, general public, Norway, 1990
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =995

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 141
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
-Working
-Housekeeping
-Retired
-Student
-Unemployed/disabled

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cBeta=+.07 ns
Beta controlled for
- life stage

Adjusted deviations from grand means:
-Working                  +.01
-Housekeeping             +.09
-Retired                  -.04
-Student                  +.06
-Unemployed/disabled      -.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study NO 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Norway, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1030

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 206
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.09 p < .01
a                             M'=2.33  Mt'=6.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.40 p < .01
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.08 p < .01
b                             M'=2.36  Mt'=6.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.40 p < .01
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.05 ns
c                             M'=2.22  Mt'=6.1
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.20 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.07 p < .05
d                             M'=2.36  Mt'=6.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.42 p < .05
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.02 ns
e                             M'=2.14  Mt'=5.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.07 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.02 ns
f                             M'=2.09  Mt'=5.4
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.05 ns
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.15 p < .01
g                             M'=1.83  Mt'=4.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.55 p < .01
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.06 p < .05
h                             M'=2.00  Mt'=5.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.26 p < .05
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.04 ns
i                             M'=2.15  Mt'=5.8
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=+.08 ns
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.00 ns
j                             M'=2.10  Mt'=5.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abG=-.02 ns
                                    

All                           M'=2.11  Mt'=5.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study PH 1979 /1
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Phillippines, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =996

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 447/51
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aSNR=
a 30
b 11
c 30
d 25
e - 
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eSNR=
a 26
b 13
c 24
d  8
e  -
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aSNR=
f 23
g 16
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eSNR=
f 33
g 17
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.20 p < .01
h 11
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.20 p < .01
h 16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.02 ns
i 17
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.06 p < .01
i 16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.02 ns
j 17
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.00 ns
j 15
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.01 ns
k 19
All 18
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.02 ns
k 19
All 18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril (1965): study PL 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Poland, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1464

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 374
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Specific occupations
Remarks
All                          Ms = 4.4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.3
Farmers                      Mt = 4.1
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.7
Unskilled workers            Mt = 3.7
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.1
Skilled workers, craftsmen   Mt = 4.5
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.5
White collar workers         Mt = 4.9
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.4
Others, students             Mt = 4.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyZamfir (1984): study RO 1979
TitleIndicatori si Surse de Variatie a Calitatii Vietii. (Indicators and Sources of Variation of Quality of Life).
SourceEditura Academici, 1984, Romania
PublicWorking people, Romania, 1979
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1804

Correlate
Author's labeloccupation
Page in Source ?
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: manual workers
b: clerical and technicians
c: workers in the service sectors
d: intelectuals
Observed distributionN = a: 415, b: 343, c: 144, d: 902
Remarks
Romania was under communist rule at the time of this 
investigation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-7-bDM=
a: Manual workers:       M=4.25  SD=1.22
b: Clerical-technicians: M=4.30  SD=1.24
c: Service sectors:      M=4.51  SD=1.22  
d: Intelectuals:         M=4.28  SD=1.26
O-SLL-c-sq-v-7-bBMCT= ns
M-TH-u-sq-v-7-aDM=
a: Manual workers:       M=3,96  SD=1.38
b: Clerical-technicians: M=3,99  SD=1.37
c: Service sectors:      M=4.32  SD=1.35  
d: Intelectuals:         M=3,81  SD=1.41
M-TH-u-sq-v-7-aBMCT=
d < c < a
M-PL-u-sq-v-7-bDM=
a: Manual workers:       M=4.39  SD=1.44
b: Clerical-technicians: M=4.38  SD=1.41
c: Service sectors:      M=4.49  SD=1.44  
d: Intelectuals:         M=4.14  SD=1.36
M-PL-u-sq-v-7-bBMCT=
d < a, b, c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGraham (2005): study RU 2000
TitleInsights on Development from the Economics of Happiness.
SourceThe World Bank Research Observer, 2005, Vol. 20, 201 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1093/wbro/lki010
Public14+ aged, general public, Russia, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8911

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent occupation
Page in Source 217
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"And one more question. In finishing this part of our 
interview, please look at this list.
Read it carefully and say which answer best describes 
your primary occupation at the present time. Please 
choose only one answer.

1 A high school or vocational school student
2 A university or technical school student
3 Unable to work for health reasons, disabled
4 Retired and not working
5 On maternity leave
6 On official leave for looking after a child under 3 
years old, not interrupting employment
7 A housewife, caring for other family members, raising 
children
8 Temporarily not employed for other reasons and 
looking
for a job
9 Temporarily not employed for other reasons and not 
looking for a job
10 A farmer 
11 An entrepreneur
12 Working at an enterprise, organization, collective 
farm, state farm, or cooperative
13 Working at other than an enterprise, organization, 
collective farm, state farm, or cooperative
14 Other, specify:_________"

converted to:
a Student
b Retired
c Housewife
d Unemployed
e Self-employed

1 yes
0 no
Observed distributionN=9053

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebb=+.20
Student
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebb=-.38
Retired
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebb=+.05
Housewife
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebb=-.66
Unemployed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebb=+.54
Self-employed

B's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Marital status
- Log equivalent income
- Years of education
- Membership of minority group
- Health index


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGraham et al. (2004): study RU 1995
TitleDoes Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.09.002
Public10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =5269

Correlate
Author's labelHousewife
Page in Source 323,327
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1: housewife
0: not housewife
Observed distribution1:T1: M=0,04; SD= 0,20; T2: M=0,03; SD=0,18;
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2 (2000)
Russia went through major changes in this era, among 
which a financial crisis in 1998

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naBeta=+.18
T1:1995 housewife (vs not housewife)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naBeta=+.05
T2:2000 housewife (vs not housewife)

Beta's controlled for: 
- gender
- marital status
- income
- education level
- minority
- student
- retirement
- age
- employment
- self-employed
- health index

T1-T2 difference in Beta: ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril (1965): study CS 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Yugoslavia, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1523

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 377
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Spcific occupations
Remarks
All                          Ms = 5.0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.9
State employees              Mt = 5.9
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.1
Workers                      Mt = 4.9
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.4
Farmers                      Mt = 4.6
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.1
Housewives                   Mt = 4.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source Extra info
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a. farming 
b. unskilled 
c. semi-skilled 
d. skilled 
e. else

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aDMt=+
Happiness level in Mt' (0-10):
a. farming             males: 5.2   females: -
b. unskilled                  7.0            6.9
c. semi-skilled               7.2            8.8
d. skilled                    7.4            7.2
e. else                       7.8            7.6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyIbrahim & Chung (2003): study SG 2000
TitleQuality of Life of Residents Living Near Industrial Estates in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 203 - 225
DOIdoi:10.1023/A:1021305620042
Public16+ aged, residents of flats, Jurong quarter, Singapore, 2000
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 221
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: professional/managerial
b: technical
c: sales worker
d: clerical worker
e: labourer/unskilled worker
f: housewife
g: student
h: self-employed
i: others
Observed distributiona: 54; b: 39; c: 24; d: 27; e: 29; f: 54; g: 37; h: 22; i: 14

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aDM=
a: professional/managerial      M = 3,89
b: technical                    M = 3,54
c: sales worker                 M = 3,56
d: clerical worker              M = 3,50
e: labourer/unskilled worker    M = 3,40
f: housewife                    M = 3,78
g: student                      M = 3,78
h: self-employed                M = 3,86
i: others                       M = 3,61
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aF=3.05 p < .003


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyLewis et al. (2000a): study GB 1998
TitleReligion and Happiness: Still no Association.
SourceJournal of Beliefs and Values, 2000, Vol. 21, 233 - 236
DOIDOI:10.1080/713675504
PublicAnglican priest and church members, North England, 1998
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelposition in church
Page in Source 235
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a  priests
b  members
Observed distributionN = priests 64, members 70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-aDM= p < .001
Priests  M = 49,3  SD = 4,9
Members  M = 45,8  SD = 4,5
difference    4,5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyHarding (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 242
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a. retired
b. unemployed
c. unskilled manual
d. non-manual
e. professional
f. managerial

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
a. retired                M = 1.0   Mt' = 6.0
b. unemployed                 0.5         5.5
c. unskilled manual           1.4         6.4
d. skilled manual             1.9         6.9
e. non-manual                 1.8         6.8
f. professional/managerial    2.2         7.2
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=+.13 p < .001
a. retired                       28%   very happy
b. unemployed                    27%
c. unskilled manual              42%
d. skilled manual                40%
e. non-manual                    34%
f. professional or managerial    43%
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=
a. retired                M = 7.8   Mt' =  7.6
b. unemployed                 6.8          6.4
c. unskilled manual           7.6          7.3
d. skilled manual             7.9          7.7
e. non-manual                 7.6          7.3
f. profession/managerial      7.7          7.4
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.09 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study GB 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =987

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 621/5
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.12 p < .01
a  38
b  -
c  51
d  50
e  42
f  -
g  -
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.01 ns
a  49
b  -
c  53
d  56
e  47
f  -
g  -
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.05 p < .01
h  40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=_.10 p < .01
h  44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.16 p < .01
i  54
j  32
k  48
All 47
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.21 p < .01
i  50
j  29
k  45
All 42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 4
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a. Business executives, company directors 
b. Professional workers (doctors,    teachers)   
c. Office workers
d. Skilled manual workers
e. Unskilled manual workers
f. Small businessmen;shopkeepers
g. Old age pensioners

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bDMt=
a. Mt = 6.84 
b. Mt = 5.91
c. Mt = 6.04
d. Mt = 5.64
e. Mt = 4.75
f. Mt = 4.10
g. Mt = 4.74


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyAbrams (1973): study GB 1971
TitleSubjective Social Indicators.
SourceSocial Trends, 1973, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public16+ aged, general public, urban areas, United Kingdom, 1971
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 38
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a Business executives
b Office workers 
c Unskilled workers 
d Small shopkeepers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bDM=
Business executives M = 6.8
Office workers      M = 6.0
Unskilled workers   M = 4.8
Small shopkeepers   M = 4.1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study GB 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1195

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 138
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
  
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.15 p < .01
a                             M'=2.09  Mt'=5.4
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.46 p < .01
                                 
                                  
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.01 ns
b                             M'=1.81  Mt'=4.0
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.01 ns
                                
                 
                               
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
c                             M'=1.70  Mt'=3.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.11 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.09 p < .01
d                             M'=2.02  Mt'=5.1
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.33 p < .01
                            
                     
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
e                             M'=1.74  Mt'=3.7
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.05 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 p < .05
f                             M'=1.71  Mt'=3.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.11 p < .05
                                 
                
                        
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.02 ns
g                             M'=1.84  Mt'=4.2
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.11 ns
                    
                          
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 ns
h                             M'=2.00  Mt'=3.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.48 ns
                             
                    
                              
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.06 p < .05
i                             M'=1.69  Mt'=3.5
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.13 p < .05
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.03 ns
j                             M'=1.71  Mt'=3.6
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.08 ns

                                    
All                           M'=1.78  Mt'=3.9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyDeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 1987
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
DOIDOI:10.1177/0146167209346304
PublicWorking people, USA, 1987 - 1988
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13007

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 1609
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self report on job, coded by interviewer
a: manegerial, professional (reference)
b: technical, sales, administrative support
c: service
d: farming, forrestery, fishing
e: precision production, crafsts, repair
f: operators, fabricators, laborers
g: other occupation
Observed distributionM = a: 0.30, b: 0.28, c: 0.14, d: 0.01, e: 0.11, f: 0.14, g: 0.01 SD = a: 0.46, b: 0.45, c: 0.34, d: 0.12, e: 0.32, f: 0.35, g: 0.08

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=+.03 p < .10
a: manegerial, professional         (vs not)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=-.01 ns
b: technical, sales, administrative  
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=-.02 ns
c: service                           
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=.00 ns
d: farming, forrestery, fishing      
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=+.03 p < .05
e: precision production, crafsts, repair 
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=-.03 p < .05
f: operators, fabricators, laborers 
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-br=+.02 ns
g: other occupation
(vs manegerial)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

Study~Leisure Development Cen (1980): study US 1979
TitleSurvey of Values in 13 Countries.
SourceWorking Paper for 1980 Conference on Human Values, Tokyo, Japan.
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~LeisureDevelopmentCentre_1980.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1127

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 679/83
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Specific occupational category
  a office worker
  b farmer
  c self-employed
  d other self-employed
  e administrator
  f professional
  g sales worker
  h manual worker
  i housewife
  j student
  k unemployed
0 Other (f.e all non-farmers)
Remarks
% very happy: G' computed only where N>100
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.05 p < .01
a   33
b   48
c   29
d   54
e   46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.11 p < .01
a   34
b   37
c   42
d   49
e   46
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.06 p < .01
f   40
g   28
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.05 p < .01
f   44
g   36
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.04 p < .05
h   41
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.08 p < .01
h   34
i   41
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.15 p < .01
i   41
j   30
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=+.16 p < .01
i   48
j   30
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eG=-.10 p < .01
k   42
All 42
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aG=-.06 p < .01
k   38
All 37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBamundo & Kopelman (1980): study US 1977
TitleThe Moderating Effects of Occupation, Age, and Urbanization on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Vocational Behavior, 1980, Vol. 17, 106 - 123
DOIdoi:10.1016/0001-8791(80)90020-2
PublicHeads of households, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response59 %:overrepresentation of high income, high aducated metro-politans
Respondents N =911

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source 112
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
3: High
   - professional/technical
   - manegerial/administrative 
2: Middle:
   - sales
1: Low:
   - clerical
   - operative
   - service workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-cr=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudySchwartz-Barcott & Schwartz (1990): study US 1972
TitleAre nurses healthier and happier than the general public?
SourceNursing Forum, 1990, Vol. 25, 19 - 24
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-6198.1990.tb00861.x/pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =19787

Correlate
Author's labelBeing a nurse
Page in Source 23
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
1 Nurses
O Not a nurse
 a Other females
 b General public
Observed distributionN= 1:269 0a:11165 Ob:19787

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+ ns
                Mean: 
Nurses:         2,28
Other females:  2,22
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+ ns
                Mean: 
Nurses:         2,28
General public: 2,20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGraham (2005): study US 1972
TitleInsights on Development from the Economics of Happiness.
SourceThe World Bank Research Observer, 2005, Vol. 20, 201 - 231
DOIDOI:10.1093/wbro/lki010
Public18+ aged, general public, United States, 1972-98
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =24128

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent occupation
Page in Source 218
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
Self-report on three questions:
a) "Last week were you working full time, part time, 
going to school, keeping house, or what?
1 Working full time (35 hours or more)
2 Working part ti!l1e (1 to 34 hours)
3 With a job, but not at work because of
temporary illness, vacation, strike
4 Unemployed, laid off, looking for work
5 Retired
6 In school
7 Keeping house
8 Other:__________"
b) "What kind of work do you (did you normally) do? 
That is, what (is/was)
your job called?
OCCUPATION:___________"
c) "(Are/Were) you self-employed or (do/did) you work 
for someone else?
1 Self-employed
2 Someone else"

converted to:
a Student
b Retired
c Housekeeper
d Unemployed
e Self-employed

1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.29
Student
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.22
Retired
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.07
Housekeeper
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=-.68
Unemployed
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.10
Self-employed

B's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Marital status
- Log income
- Years of education
- Race
- Health index


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyLowenthal et al. (1975): study US 1969
TitleFour Stages of Life. A Comparative Study of Women and Men Facing Transition.
SourceJossey-Bass, 1975, San Francisco, USA
PublicPeople in transition, metropolis,USA, 1969
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =216

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational roles
Page in Source 93
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
The number of the following roles the respondent had at 
the time of the interview
- employee/employer
- student

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=
hs seniors   males: r= ns       females: r= ns 
newly weds   males: r= ns       females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns       females: r= ns
preretired   males: r=-.39 (05) females: r= ns
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=
hs seniors   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
newly weds   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
middle aged  males: r= ns     females: r= ns
preretired   males: r= ns     females: r= ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr=-.18 ns
Youngest (hs seniors + newly-weds)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar=-.17 ns
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dr= ns
Oldest   (middle aged + preretired)
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril & Roll (1971): study US 1964
TitleHopes and Fears of the American People.
SourceUniverse Books, 1971, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1964-1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1588

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 66
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All 
1 Specific occupation
Remarks
All                Ms = 6.85 (1964);  6.56 (1971)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+
Professionals      Mt = 7.26 (1964);  7.18 (1971)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+
White collar       Mt = 7.03 (1964);  6.49 (1971)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-
Farmers            Mt = 6.78 (1964);  6.12 (1971)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-
Manual workers     Mt = 6.61 (1964);  6.33 (1971)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=±0
Non-labor          Mt = 6.88 (1964);  6.50 (1971)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 375
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All 
1 Specific occupation  
Remarks
All                          Ms = 6.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+0.5
Professionals, businessmen   Mt = 7.1
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= 0.0
White collar workers         Mt = 6.6
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= 0.0
Skilled workers              Mt = 6.6
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.3
Unskilled workers            Mt = 6.3
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.1
Farmers                      Mt = 6.5
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=-0.3
Non-labor                    Mt = 6.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 223
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
0 All
1 Specific occupation


Professionals, technicians
  

Managers, proprietors


Clerical workers


Sales workers


Skilled workers


Semi-skilled workers

Unskilled workers


Farmers
Remarks
Computed for presently married employed persons only. 
Males were categorized according to their own 
occupation and females according to their husband's 
occupation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= +
Professionals, technicans:
Males   : G' = +.12 (ns)
Females : G' = +.30 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= +
Managers, proprietors:
Males   : G' = +.21 (05)
Females : G' = +.15 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=
Clerical workers:
Males   : G' = -.11 (ns)
Females : G' = +.09 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= +
Sales workers:
Males   : G' = +.25 (05)
Females : G' = +.28 (05)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=
Skilled workers:
Males   : G' = -.03 (ns)
Females : G' = +.03 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= -
Semi-skilled workers:
Females : G' =  -.16 (ns)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= -
Unskilled workers:
Males   : G' = -.24 (05)
Females : G' = -.36 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= -
Farmers:
Males   : G' = -.16 (ns)
Females : G' = -.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyKilpatrick & Cantril (1960): study US 1955
TitleSelf-Anchoring Scaling: A Measure of Individuals' Unique Reality Worlds.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1960, Vol. 16, 158 - 173
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 195?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelCategories of adult Americans
Page in Source 164
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a Negroes
b Immigrants
c Farmers
d Junior executives
e College teachers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cDM=
Negroes              M=4,9
Immigrants           M=7,0
Farmers              M=7,3 
Junior executives    M=7,6
College teachers     M=7,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyBuchanan & Cantril (1953): study US 1948
TitleHow Nations see Each Other. A Study in Public Opinion.
SourceUniversity of Illinois Press, 1953, Urbana, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1948
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1015

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 214
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
                                                        
   
                        
a Professional worker


b Owner of business  and large medium
  shop

c Worker on own account, owner of small
  shop

d Salaried-managerial and top-grade
  clerical worker

e Other clerical worker, 
  shop-assistant, etc.

f Manual worker


g Farm worker, fisherman, gardener


h Farm owner


i Housewife


j Retired, independent

Remarks
r' and G' computed by comparing other occupations
vs specific occupation.
                                  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.03 ns
a                             M'=1.97  Mt'=4.9
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.11 ns
                                 
                                  
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.08 p < .01
b                             M'=2.11  Mt'=5.5
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.29 p < .01
                                
                 
                               
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.01 ns
c                             M'=1.91  Mt'=4.6
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.02 ns
                                 
                
                                     
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.02 ns
d                             M'=1.97  Mt'=4.9
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.12 ns
                            
                     
                          
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
e                             M'=1.86  Mt'=4.3
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.03 ns
                             
                 
                             
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 ns
f                             M'=1.82  Mt'=4.1
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.12 ns
                                 
                
                        
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
g                             M'=1.78  Mt'=3.9
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.15 ns
                    
                          
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.08 p < .01
h                             M'=2.10  Mt'=5.5
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.33 p < .01
                             
                    
                              
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.02 ns
i                             M'=1.87  Mt'=4.4
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.04 ns
                               
                  
                                 
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.01 ns
j                             M'=1.86  Mt'=4.3
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.05 ns
                                    
All                           M'=1.89  Mt'=4.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current occupation
Subject code: O01ab

StudyManning-Gibbs (1972): study US 1946
TitleRelative Deprivation and Self-Reported Happiness of Blacks: 1946-1966.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Texas, 1972, Austin, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/manning-gibbs_ba_1972.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1946-1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25617

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 43
Our classificationCurrent occupation, code O01ab
Operationalization
a: farmers, farm labourers
b: service workers
c: semi- and unskilled workers
d: skilled workers
e: white collar
f: business executives
g: (semi)professionals

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-cG=±
G' based on proportion very happy.
Response formats of happiness question very 
slightly over the years.

1946: blacks: G' = +.09 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.09 (01)
1956: blacks: G' = -.03 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.13 (01)
1966: blacks: G' = -.17 (05)
      whites: G' = +.13 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and In working-force or not
Subject code: O01ab01

StudyRodriguez DelaVega (2004): study AR Buenos Aires 2004
TitleApplication of the Well Being Index in Immigrants in Argentina.
SourcePaper ISQOLS Conference, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/rodriguesdelavega_l_2004.pdf
Public19+ aged, immigrants, Buenos Aires, Argentina,2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =151

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 11
Our classificationIn working-force or not, code O01ab01
Operationalization
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-101-aDM=-
in working force     M=62.6 sd=18.8
not in working force M=70.0 sd=20.4
- difference:           7.4


Correlational finding on Happiness and In working-force or not
Subject code: O01ab01

StudyAndersson et al. (2013a): study SE Västra Götalands län 2012 /1
TitleGreenhouse Gas Emission and Subjective Well-Being: An Analalysis of Swedish Households.
SourceEcological Economics, 2014, Vol. 102, 75 - 82
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.03.018
Public25-65 aged,general public, southwest Sweden, 2012
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response59.9%
Respondents N =2500

Correlate
Author's labelWorking or studying
Page in Source 79
Our classificationIn working-force or not, code O01ab01
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.13 p < .00
Beta controled for:
- education
- gender
- age
- has children


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelFull time Work Status
Page in Source 175+
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: Full time paid employment
b: Full time retired
c: Semi retired
d: Full time volunteer
e: Full time home or family care
f: Unemployed
g: Full time Student
Observed distributionN = a: 750, b: 517, c: 39, d: 13, e: 208, f: 94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=
a Mt = 7,66; SD = 1,60
b Mt = 8,14; SD = 1,57
c Mt = 7,49; SD = 1,92
d Mt = 8,62; SD = 0,96
e Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,81
f Mt = 6,55; SD = 2,53
g Mt = 7,16; SD = 1,42
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBMCT=
f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudySchulz et al. (1997): study AT 1992
TitleThema Kunst: Zur sozialen und ökonomischen Lage der bildenden Künstler und Künstlerinnen in Österreich. (Socio-Economic Situation of Artists in Austria).
SourceFalter Verlag, 1997, Vienna, Austria
PublicArtists, Austria, 199?
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response388
Respondents N =1812

Correlate
Author's labelartists vs. non-artists
Page in Source 198
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
 0 general population
 1 main occupation artist
Remarks
General population sample 1984 (SCHUL 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aD%=-
Quality of life:   %low    %moderate  %high
- general public:  24,1       48,9     27,0
- artists:         42,3       42,4     15,3
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-agH=-.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1977
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =3289

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 13
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: professional/manager
b: white collar
c: skilled labour
d: unskilled labour
e: farm

1= specific occupation
0= all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=+.04 ns
Professional/ manager
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=+.02 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=.00 ns
White collar work
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=.00 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=+.03 ns
Skilled labour
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=+.04 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=-.06 p < .05
Unskilled labour
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=-.05 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=+.03 ns
Farmer
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=+.03 ns


rpc's controled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1974
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1974
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: professional/manager
b: white collar
c: skilled labour
d: unskilled labour
e: farm

1= specific occupation
0= all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=+.03 ns
Professional/ manager
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=+.01 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=+.06 p < .05
White collar work
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=+.08 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=-.01 ns
Skilled labour
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=-.02 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=-.07 p < .05
Unskilled labour
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=-.06 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=-.03 ns
Farmer
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=-.03 ns

rpc's controled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1968
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1968
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 13
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: professional/manager
b: white collar
c: skilled labour
d: unskilled labour
e: farm

1= specific occupation
0= all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.10
Profesional/manager
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=+.04
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=+00
White collar
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=-.03
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.01
Skilled labour
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=+.00
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.05
Unskilled labour
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=-.03
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=-.02
Farm
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=-.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyChen (2013): study CN 2009
TitlePerceived Discrimination and Subjective Well-Being among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 2013, Vol. 40, 131- 156
Public18+ aged general public, China, 2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response1413
Respondents N =2733

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 149
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Occupation:
a) Farmer
b) Non-professional managerial
c) Professional managerial
d) Not working (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=-.24 p < .NS
BEING A FARMER                 (vs not working)
Urbans (N=983)

Similar findings are observed among rurals (N= 
1195) and rural-to-urban migrants (N=555).
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.20 p < .NS
NON-PROF. MANAGERIAL WORK      (vs not working)
Urbans
Similar findings are observed among rurals.
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=-.34 p < .10
Rural-to-urban migrants
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.10 p < .NS
HAVING PROF. MANAGERIAL WORK 
Urbans

Similar findings are observed among rurals and 
rural-to-urban migrants.

B's controlled for:
- ethnic discimination
- gender
- marital status
- ethnic minority
- education 
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Question not reported:
a) Owner/manager of private business
b) Owner of individual business
c) Professionals
d) High rank government official/managerial
e) Middle-rank government officials/managers
f) Office worker
g) Skilled worker
h) Commerce/service worker
i) Other (non-specified) 
j) Non-skilled manual worker (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.29 ns
OWNER/MANAGER OF PRIVATE BUSINESS 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.04 ns
OWNER OF INDIVIDUAL BUSINESS 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.09 p < .10
PROFESSIONALS 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.26 p < .05
HIGH RANK GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL/MANAGERIAL 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.18 p < .10
MIDDLE RANK GOVERNMENT OFFICAL/MANAGER 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.08 p < .10
OFFICE WORKER 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.08 p < .10
SKILLED WORKER 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.06 p < .NS
COMMERCE/SERVICE WORKER 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.02 p < .NS
OTHER 
(vs non-skilled manual worker)

OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Sociability
- Marital status
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Dependent relatives
- Health
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelJob type
Page in Source 118
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: top management
b: intellectual employment(expert-level)
c: intellectual employment (intermediate   
   level)
d: clerical
e: sales or service
f: agriculture, forestry, fishery
g: the trades
h: process or machine operator
i: military
j: other employment
Observed distributionN All:3493; %:a:6,2; b:14,9; c:28,5; d:14,9; e:15,6; f:0,6; g:9,0; h:4,0; i:1,1; j:7,2
Remarks
working Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
a: Mt=8.30
b: Mt=7.85
c: Mt=7.88
d: Mt=7.81
e: Mt=7.93
f: Mt=7.95
g: Mt=7.96
h: Mt=7.94
i: Mt=7.90
j: Mt=7.66
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
a: Mt=7.89
b: Mt=7.51
c: Mt=7.63
d: Mt=7.40
e: Mt=7.64
f: Mt=7.84
g: Mt=7.61
h: Mt=7.68
i: Mt=7.56
j: Mt=7.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
a: Mt=7.59
b: Mt=7.04
c: Mt=7.18
d: Mt=6.98
e: Mt=7.20
f: Mt=7.84
g: Mt=7.15
h: Mt=7.06
i: Mt=6.96
j: Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelkind of employment
Page in Source 122-138
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
A: Intellectual employment(expert level)
   aa: engineering and technical
   ab: science and medicine
   ac: teaching
   ad: social sciences
B: Intellectual employment (intermediate level)
   ba: technical (not biological)
   bb: biological subjects(nursing etc)
   bc: teaching
   bd: sales, finance, business service and 
administration
C: Clerical employment (type)
   ca: internal office work
   cb: with customers service
D: Work in sales or service that presumes some 
knowledge
   da: employment in service
   db: employment in sales
E: Employment in engineering trades
   ea: raw material extraction and building tr.
   eb: metaL and machine work
   ec: precision trades(typography etc)
   ed: other trades
F: Process and machine operator
   fa: process operator
   fb: machines operator
   fc: operator of transport machines
G: Miscellaneous employment
   ga: employment in the service sector
   gb: agricultural labourer
   gc: other
H: Military employment, by subordinates
   h0: without subordinates
   h1: with subordinates
I: The caring professions
   ia: doctor
   ib: dentist
   ic: midwife/senior nurse
   id: nurse
   ie: care assistant
   if: home help
   ig: physic - occupational therapist
   ih: welfare advisor
   ii: social worker (child welfare)
   ij: other
Observed distributionN All A:517; %:aa:27,1; ab:16,0; ac:21,9; ad:35,0 N All B:927; %:ba:20,5; bb:16,3; bc:17,7; bd:45,6 N All C:521; %:ca:87,5; cb:12,5 N All D:546; %:da:91,8; db:8,2 N All E:306; %:ea:42,2; eb:39,9; ec:8,5; ed:9,5 N All F:139; %:fa:10,1, fb:32,4; fc:57,6 N All G:229; %:ga:59,4; gb:4,4; gc:36,2 N All H:37; %h0:54,1; h1:45,9 N All I:4300: %:ia:0,9; ib:0,3; ic:0,3; id:2,2; ie:5,1; if:1,2: ig:0,6; ih:0,1; ij:1,8; ik:87,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
A: Intellectual employment(expert level)
aa: Mt=7.61
ab: Mt=7.74
ac: Mt=8.08
ad: Mt=7.96
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
A: Intellectual employment(expert level)
aa: Mt=7.01
ab: Mt=7.41
ac: Mt=7.81
ad: Mt=7.75
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
A: Intellectual employment(expert level)
aa: Mt=6.61
ab: Mt=7.23
ac: Mt=7.19
ad: Mt=7.16
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
B: Intellectual employment (intermediate level)
ba: Mt=7.81
bb: Mt=7.64
bc: Mt=7.76
bd: Mt=8.04
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
B: Intellectual employment (intermediate level)
ba: Mt=7.58
bb: Mt=7.46
bc: Mt=7.50
bd: Mt=7.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
B: Intellectual employment (intermediate level)
ba: Mt=7.15
bb: Mt=6.85
bc: Mt=7.01
bd: Mt=7.38
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.05 ns
C: Clerical employment (type)
ca: Mt=7.85
cb: Mt=7.54
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 p < .609
C: Clerical employment (type)
ca: Mt=7.41
cb: Mt=7.28
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.03 p < .4491
C: Clerical employment (type)
ca: Mt=7.00
cb: Mt=6.80
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.12 p < .0044
D: Work in sales or service that presumes some 
knowledge
da: Mt=7.85
db: Mt=8.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.07 p < .0962
D: Work in sales or service that presumes some 
knowledge
da: Mt=7.59
db: Mt=8.11
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.05 p < .2005
D: Work in sales or service that presumes some 
knowledge
da: Mt=7.16
db: Mt=7.55
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
E: Employment in engineering trades
ea: Mt=8.10
eb: Mt=7.85
ec: Mt=7.98
ed: Mt=7.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
E: Employment in engineering trades
ea: Mt=7.71
eb: Mt=7.54
ec: Mt=7.31
ed: Mt=7.59
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
E: Employment in engineering trades
ea: Mt=7.21
eb: Mt=7.13
ec: Mt=6.83
ed: Mt=7.33
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
F: Process and machine operator
fa: Mt=8.39
fb: Mt=7.55
fc: Mt=8.06
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
F: Process and machine operator
fa: Mt=8.46
fb: Mt=7.16
fc: Mt=7.85
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
F: Process and machine operator
fa: Mt=8.04
fb: Mt=6.78
fc: Mt=6.94
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
G: Miscellaneous employment
ga: Mt=7.73
gb: Mt=8.00
gc: Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
G: Miscellaneous employment
ga: Mt=7.35
gb: Mt=6.25
gc: Mt=7.41
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
G: Miscellaneous employment
ga: Mt=7.00
gb: Mt=6.75
gc: Mt=7.08
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.09 p < .5799
Military employment, by subordinates
h0: Mt=7.75
h1: Mt=8.09
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.10 p < .5492
Military employment, by subordinates
h0: Mt=7.38
h1: Mt=7.80
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.33 p < .0458
Military employment, by subordinates
h0: Mt=7.63
h1: Mt=6.18
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
the caring professions
ia: Mt=7.69
ib: Mt=7.50
ic: Mt=7.66
id: Mt=7.55
ie: Mt=7.79
if: Mt=7.80
ig: Mt=7.30
ih: Mt=8.00
ii: Mt=7.50
ij: Mt=7.74
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
the caring professions
ia: Mt=7.31
ib: Mt=7.28
ic: Mt=7.66
id: Mt=7.38
ie: Mt=7.51
if: Mt=7.75
ig: Mt=7.30
ih: Mt=8.00
ii: Mt=7.24
ij: Mt=7.40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
the caring professions
ia: Mt=7.13
ib: Mt=6.81
ic: Mt=7.34
id: Mt=6.85
ie: Mt=7.05
if: Mt=7.30
ig: Mt=6.66
ih: Mt=7.50
ii: Mt=6.64
ij: Mt=7.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelJob type
Page in Source 112
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: top management
b: intellectual employment(expert-level)
c: intellectual employment (intermediate   
   level)
d: clerical
e: sales or service
f: agriculture, forestry, fishery
g: the trades
h: process or machine operator
i: military
j: other employment
Observed distributionN: a:88, b:141, c:197, d: 107, e:120, f:16, g:126, h:70, i:13, j:68
Remarks
employed Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
 a: Mt=7.61
 b: Mt=7.73
 c: Mt=7.75
 d: Mt=7.76
 e: Mt=7.90
 f: Mt=8.13
 g: Mt=7.80
 h: Mt=8.29
 i: Mt=8.65
 j: Mt=8.56
All Mt=7.89
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
 a: Mt=7.41`
 b: Mt=7.50
 c: Mt=7.35
 d: Mt=7.18
 e: Mt=7.63
 f: Mt=7.50
 g: Mt=7.53
 h: Mt=7.83
 i: Mt=8.08
 j: Mt=8.01
All Mt=7.51
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
 a: Mt=6.85
 b: Mt=6.95
 c: Mt=6.91
 d: Mt=6.85
 e: Mt=7.23
 f: Mt=7.66
 g: Mt=6.85
 h: Mt=7.50
 i: Mt=7.69
 j: Mt=7.31
All Mt=7.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelkind of employment
Page in Source 116-126
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: engineering and technical(expert level)  
b: science and medicine(expert level)
c: teaching(expert level)
d: social sciences
e: technical(not biological)(intermediate)
f: biological subjects (nursing etc)(interm)
g: teaching(intermediate level)
h: sales,finance, business service and 
   administration(intermediate level)
i: internal office work
j: with customer service
k: employment in service
l: employment in sales
m: raw material and building trades, eng.tr.
n: metal and machine work, engineering trade
o: precision trades (typography),eng.trade
p: other engineering trades
Observed distributionN: a:33, b:15, c:54, d:38, e:38, f:36, g:26, h:97, i:90, j:17, k:88, l:30, m:36, n:60, o:11, p:13
Remarks
Intellectuals (university education)only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
 a: Mt=7.13
 b: Mt=7.66
 c: Mt=7.78
 d: Mt=7.36
 e: Mt=7.44
 f: Mt=7.71
 g: Mt=7.79
 h: Mt=7.89
 i: Mt=7.78
 j: Mt=7.65
 k: Mt=7.79
 l: Mt=8.09
 m: Mt=8.26
 n: Mt=7.59
 o: Mt=7.28
 p: Mt=7.50
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
 a: Mt=7.58
 b: Mt=7.84
 c: Mt=7.83
 d: Mt=7.70
 e: Mt=6.65
 f: Mt=6.66
 g: Mt=7.21
 h: Mt=7.65
 i: Mt=7.23
 j: Mt=6.91
 k: Mt=7.61
 l: Mt=7.59
 m: Mt=7.78
 n: Mt=7.16
 o: Mt=7.05
 p: Mt=8.08
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
 a: Mt=7.05
 b: Mt=6.66
 c: Mt=7.09
 d: Mt=6.78
 e: Mt=6.58
 f: Mt=6.95
 g: Mt=6.54
 h: Mt=7.14
 i: Mt=6.95
 j: Mt=6.32
 k: Mt=7.21
 l: Mt=7.25
 m: Mt=6.80
 n: Mt=6.75
 o: Mt=6.59
 p: Mt=7.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Class
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Seven occupational classes:
- farmer
- entrepreneur
- upper white collar
- lower white collar
- blue collar
- student
- other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM= p < .10
Average happiness(SWL = satisfaction with life)
-----------------------------------------------
                      1991/'92  1996  increase
-----------------------------------------------
- farmer                3.88    4.09    0.21
- entrepreneur          3.91    3.84   -0.07
- upper white collar    3.96    4.01    0.05
- lower white collar    3.83    3.96    0.13
- blue collar           3.75    3.77    0.02
- student               3.91    3.91   -0.00
- other                 3.73    3.91    0.18
ALL TOGETHER            3.82    3.89    0.06
-----------------------------------------------
(t-value = 1.88; p < .10 two-sided).
Standard error in overall mean SWL = 0.02, both in 
1991/'92 and in 1996.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyMorawetz (1977): study IL 1976
TitleIncome Distributions and Self-Rated Happiness: Some Empirical Evidence.
SourceThe Economic Journal, 1977, Vol. 87, 511 - 522
PublicAdults, two villages (one equal in incomes, one unequal), Israel, 1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =109

Correlate
Author's labelagricultural work
Page in Source 518
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
0 main job non-agricultural
1 main job agricultural
Observed distributionN = 0: 61,5 %, 1: 38,5 %)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab= ns
B controlled for:
- years lived in moshav
- religion
- place of birth
- age
- sex
- education
- not married
- children at home
- rooms per house
- rooms per person
- telephone
- agricultural work
- income per standard adult
- Moshav
Unaffected by kind of community
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ab=
B controlled for the above variables with income 
left out


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyPark (1998): study KR 1996
TitleWork and Quality of Life in the Perception of the Korea People: Focussing on the Difference among Occupational Groups.
SourceDevelopment and Society, 1998, Vol. 27, 17 - 33
PublicWorking people, South Korea, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelWork and quality of working life
Page in Source 25
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a  professionals
b  workers in public sector
c  clerical and managerial workers
d  workers in sales and services
e  manufacturing workers
f  agricultural workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aDM=
Mean happiness (original scores on range 1-5 
transformed to range 0-10)
All 5.4
a   5.8
b   6.6
c   5.5
d   5.3
e   4.7
f   4.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyDrobnic et al. (2010): study ZZ EU 9 2003
TitleGood Job, Good Life? Working Conditions and Quality of Life in Europe.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 99, 205 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9586-7
PublicWorking people, 9 European Union countries, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =3354

Correlate
Author's labelBeing supervisor
Page in Source 211
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'In your main job, do/ 
did you have any responsibility for supervising the 
work of other employees'. 
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.26 p < .001
B controlled for:
- gender
- age in linear and in quadratic form 
- marital status
- number of children
- education level 
- objective working conditions
- subjective evaluations of work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.13 p < .05
B additionally controlled for GDP per capita
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.09 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- job satisfaction
- country dummies
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.16 p < .05
B additionally controlled for work-home 
interference and without job satisfaction inserted
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.11 ns
B additionally controlled for both job 
satisfaction and work-home interference 

In analysis of each country separately B's are not 
significant in all countries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

Study~Eurobarometer (2000b): study ZZ EU 15 2000 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 54.
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb54/eb54_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelMain Economic Activity
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a.Self employed
b.Managers
c.Other white collars
d.Manual workers
e.House persons
f.Unemployed
g.Retired
Observed distributiona: 9%, b: 9%, c: 11%, d: 23%, e: 12%, f: 5%, g: 21%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
a.Self employed    M=2,97 CI95:2,93-3,01       
b.Managers         M=3,17 CI95:3,14-3,20
c.OtherwhitecollarsM=3,01 CI95:2,98-3,04
d.Manual workers   M=3,01 CI95:2,99-3,03
e.House persons    M=2,97 CI95:2,94-3,00
f.Unemployed       M=2,61 CI95:2,56-2,67
g.Retired          M=3,03 CI95:3,01-3,05
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
b>a,c,d,e,g>f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

Study~Eurobarometer (2000a): study ZZ EU 15 2000
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 53,
SourceEuropean Commission, 2000, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb53/eb53_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =16078

Correlate
Author's labelMain economic activity
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a.Selfemployed
b.Managers
c.Other white collars
d.Manual workers
e.House persons
f.Unemployed
g.Retired
Observed distributiona: 9%, b: 9%, c: 11%, d: 23%, e: 12%, f: 6%, g: 21%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
a.Selfemployed       M=2,87 CI95:2,83-2,91     
b.Managers           M=3,02 CI95:2,98-3,05
c.Other white collarsM=2,96 CI95:2,93-2,99
d.Manual workers     M=2,91 CI95:2,89-2,93 
e.House persons      M=2,86 CI95:2,83-2,89
f.Unemployed         M=2,57 CI95:2,51-2,62
g.Retired            M=2,87 CI95:2,84-2,90
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
b>a,d,e,g,f
c>a,e,f,g
f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyFahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999
TitleThe Link between Subjective Well-Being and Objective Conditions in European Societies.
SourceArts, W.;Halman, L.;Eds.: ''European Values at the Turn of the Millennium'', Brill, 2004, Boston, USA, 57 - 80
Public18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =39799

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class
Page in Source 72
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a. Employer
b. Professional
c. Intermediate non-manual
d. Lower-non-manual
e. Skilled manual/supervisor
f. Agricultural
g. Semi/unskilled manual 
   (= comparison group)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.41 p < .05
Employers
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.36 p < .05
Professionals
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.26 p < .05
Intermediate non-manual
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.21 p < .05
Lower non-manual
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.20 p < .05
Skilled manual/supervisor
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.02 ns
Agricultural 

B's compared to semi/unskilled manual, controlled 
for at individual level:
 -gender
 -marital status
 -age & age squared
 -employment status
 -individual income.

Unaffected by additional control at country-level 
for:
-GDP per capita
-income inequality
-growth GDP last 10 years


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

Study~Eurobarometer (1999): study ZZ EU 15 1999 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 52.
SourceEuropean Commission,1999, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb52/eb52_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1999
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15010

Correlate
Author's labelMain economic activity
Page in Source B.2
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a.Self employed
b.Managers
c.Other white collars
d.Manual workers
e.House persons
f.Unemployed
g.Retired
Observed distributiona: 9%, b: 9%, c: 11%, d: 23%, e: 13%, f: 6%, g: 21%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=
a.Self employed      M=3,00 CI95:2,96-3,03     
b.Managers           M=3,09 CI95:3,06-3,12
c.Other white collar M=3,01 CI95:2,98-3,04
d.Manual workers     M=2,97 CI95:2,95-2,99 
e.House persons      M=2,96 CI95:2,93-2,99
f.Unemployed         M=2,66 CI95:2,61-2,71 
g.Retired            M=2,99 CI95:2,96-3,01
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT= p < .05
b> a,c,d,e,f,g
f< a,b,c,d,e,g


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyRuprah & Luengas (2011): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleMonetary Policy and Happiness: Preferences over Inflation and Unemployment in Latin America.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2011, Vol. 40 , 59 - 66
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2010.08.001
Public15+ aged, general public in 17 Latin American nations, 1997-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =120000

Correlate
Author's labelEmployment
Page in Source 60
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a)Wage earners
b)Self-employment: professional and owners
c)Self-employment: agriculture and informal
d)Personal unemployment
e)Inactive(reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=+.03 p < .05
Wage earners                           (vs 
inactive)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.01 ns
Self-employmed: profesional and owners (vs 
inactive)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.04 p < .01
Self-employed: agriculture, informal   (vs 
inactive)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.21 p < .01
Personal unemployment                  (vs 
inactive)

OPRC's controlled for:
-Country level:
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate
-Individual level:
  - size of the city
  - wealth
  - demographic
  - education
  - marital status
  - maximum inflation rate experienced(age 18+)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

Study~Eurobarometer (1997): study ZZ EU 15 1997 /1
TitleEurobarometer Report. Nr. 47.
SourceEuropean Commission,1997, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb47/eb47_en.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 15 member states, 1997
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15900

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source B3
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a:Self employed
b:Managers
c:Other white collars
d:Manual workers
e:House person
f:Unemployed
Observed distributiona: 10%, b: 9%, c: 10%, d: 23%, e: 11%, f: 7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bDM=+
a:Self employed        M=2,89  CI95: 2,85-2,93
b:Managers             M=3,09  CI95: 3,06-3,12
c:Other white collars  M=2,98  CI95: 2,95-3,01
d:Manual workers       M=2,90  CI95: 2,88-2,92
e:House person         M=2,93  CI95: 2,89-2,96
f:Unemployed           M=2,46  CI95: 2,41-2,51
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bBMCT=+ p < .05
b>a,c,d,e,f
fa,d,f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source 158
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Occupational level
1.farmer
2.professional/technical
3.semi-professional
4.small business operator
5.skilled worker
6.semi unskilled worker
Observed distribution Professional/technical and semi-professional 40.7% male 40.7%, female 49.6%
Remarks
Unemployed en retired persons excluded

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .005


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyVan Dongen & De Graaf (2012): study NL 2012
TitleDe Gelukkige Dokter.
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 2012, 1 - 15
URLhttps://www.ntvg.nl/artikelen/de-gelukkige-dokter/icmje
PublicPhysicians, Netherlands, 2012
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response60%
Respondents N =401

Correlate
Author's labelSpecialization
Page in Source 8
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a:  General practitioners 
b:  Medical specialists
c:  Medical students

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aDM=+
a:  M = 7,9
b:  M = 7,6
c:  M = 7,1
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelLabor force status
Page in Source 42,48
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
1. Employed:
   a: on contract
   b: own business
   c: free profession, self-employed
   d: volunteer
   e: unpaid work
2. Unemployed:
   a: looking for a job after lost job
   b: looking for a job first time
   c: student
   d: retired
   e: disabled
3. Other (not in labor force)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+-
1. Employed:
   a: on contract           M = 4,18
   b: own business          M = 4,04
   c: free profession       M = 4,09
   d: volunteer             M = 4,01
   e: unpaid work           M = 3,81
2. Unemployed:
   a: looking for a job     M = 4,07
   b: looking for first job M = 3,75
   c: student               M = 3,75
   d: retired               M = 4,04
   e: disabled              M = 4,04

3. Other                    M = 3,99
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.33
Employed on contract              (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.19
Own business                      (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.35
Free profession                   (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.82
Looking for a job: after lost job (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-1.0
Looking for a job: first time     (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.16
Student                           (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.45
keeping the house                 (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.43
Disabled                          (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.91
Unpaid work                       (vs Not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.36
Volunteer                         (vs Not)

OLRCs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
  - household size
  - income
  - health status
  - age
  - number of children
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyTyssen et al. (2009): study NO 1993
TitleLower Life Satisfaction in Physicians Compared with a General Population Sample: A 10-year Longitudinal, Nationwide Study of Course and Predictors.
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2009, Vol. 44, 47 - 54
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00127-008-0403-4
PublicPhysicians followed 9 years after graduating, Norway, 1993-2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-ResponseResp. 17% , 38% at 1 year, 33% at 4 years, 38 % at 9 years.
Respondents N =631

Correlate
Author's labelBeing a physian
Page in Source 50
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Physicians graduated from four medical schools in 
Norway, interviewed at 4 (T3) and 9 (T4) years after  
graduation were compared with a matched control group 
taken from a generall population survey, similar with 
respect to education, average age and gender

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cDM=- p < .001
1997:
1. Physicians (T3)   M = 5.2 SD 1.0
0. Matched controls  M = 5.6 SD 1.0
- difference            -0,4
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cDM=- p < .001
2002: 
1. physiycians(T4)    M = 5.2 SD 1.0
0. Matched controls   M = 5.6 SD 0.9
- difference             -0,4

The difference appears both in the percentage of 
very satisfied and dissatisfied with life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent occupation
Page in Source question 124
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
What is your occupational status?
a work as an employee on regular basis
b work regularly (temporaly) on contract basis
c have my own business
d self-employed, have my own farm
e serve in the army, police, work for the Ministry of 
Internal Affairs
f student
g retired
h housewife (including maternity leave cases)
i unemployed
j other
Observed distributionN = 1: 60,9% 2: 5,7% 3: 3,2% 4: 0,9% 5: 0,5% 6: 5,2% 7: 16,3% 8: 4% 9: 2,9% 10: 0,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=
a: M = 2,52
b: M = 2,60
c: M = 3,02
d: M = 2,84
e: M = 2,80
f: M = 2,67
g: M = 2,34
h: M = 2,59
i: M = 2,30 
j: M = 2,67


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyDeVoe & Pfeffer (2009): study US 2002
TitleWhen Is Happiness About How Much You Earn? The Effect of Hourly Payment on the Money-Happiness Connection.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulliten, 2009, Vol. 12, 1602 - 1618
DOIDOI:10.1177/0146167209346304
PublicWorking people, USA, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15450

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 1607
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
Self report on job, coded by interviewer
a: manegerial, professional (reference)
b: technical, sales, administrative support
c: service
d: farming, forrestery, fishing
e: precision production, crafsts, repair
f: operators, fabricators, laborers
Observed distributionM = a: 0.33, b: 0.28, c: 0.15, d: 0.01, e: 0.10, f: 0.11 SD = a: 0.47, b: 0.45, c: 0.36, d: 0.10, e: 0.29, f: 0.32

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=+.09 p < .05
a: manegerial, professional         (vs not)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=+.01 ns
b: technical, sales, administrative  
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=-.07 ns
c: service                           
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=-.02 ns
d: farming, forrestery, fishing      
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=-.03 ns
e: precision production, crafsts, repair 
(vs manegerial)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fr=-.05 ns
f: operators, fabricators, laborers 
(vs manegerial)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of occupation (profession)
Subject code: O01ab02

StudyChason (1975): study US 1974
TitleA Comparison of Social Interest among Service-Oriented Professionals, Prisoners and Psychiatric Patients.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Florida State University, 1975, USA
PublicPrisoners and comparison groups, 1974, USA
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response33.3%
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelPrisoners vs. Comparison Groups
Page in Source 87
Our classificationKind of occupation (profession), code O01ab02
Operationalization
a: Prisoners 
b: Psychiatric patients 
c: Service oriented professionals
d: General population
Observed distributiona: N=65; b: N=54; c: N=53 ; d: N=73

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adDM=- p < .05
a: M = 1.32 CL95 [1.20-1.45]      
b: M = 1.76 CL95 [1.55-1.97]
c: M = 2.23 CL95 [2.04-2.41]
d: M = 2.25 CL95 [2.10-2.39]
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adBMCT= p < .05
a
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=- p < .05
a: M = 1.23 CL95 [1.11-1.35]
b: M = 1.86 CL95 [1.67-2.04]
c: M = 2.19 CL95 [2.03-2.35]
d: M = 2.22 CL95 [2.09-2.35]
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBMCT= p < .05
a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Entrepreneur
Subject code: O01ab02a

StudyFalco et al. (2012): study GH 2004
TitleHeterogeneity in Subjective Wellbeing. An Application to Occupational Allocation in Africa.
SourcePolicy Research Working Paper 6244, Worldbank, 2012, USA
Public15-60 aged, urban population, Ghana, followed 7 years, 2004-2010
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3216

Correlate
Author's labelDifferent employment status
Page in Source 38
Our classificationEntrepreneur, code O01ab02a
Operationalization
a  Self-employed, with employee    
b  Self-employed, no employee      
c  Wage-employed, informal         
d  Wage-employed, formal           
e  Wage-employed, civil sevice
Observed distributiona; 13%, b: 47%, c: 16%, d: 16%, e: 8%
Remarks
a. Self-employed, with employees: more entrepreneurial 
(able to hire emploees)

b.Self-employed,no employees: a disguised unemployment 
subsistence mode until their next job

c. Wage-employed, informal: employees in firms of up to 
5 workers

d,Wage-employed, formal: employees in firms of up to 5 
workers

e.Wage-employed,civil sevice: civil or public sector 
workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aDM=+/-
     M       SD
a   3.57    0.85
b   3.23    0.89
c   3.13    0.90
d   3.30    0.90
e   3.53    0.92
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aDM=-
all self-employed (a+b)     M = 3.30
all wage-employed (c+d+c)   M = 3.29
-difference                    +0.01
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aDM=+
all self-employed(a+b)      M = 3.30
wage-employed,informal      M = 3.13
-difference                    +0.17
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aDM=0
all self-employed(a+b)      M = 3.30
wage-employed,formal        M = 3.30
-difference                     0
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aDM=-
all self-employed(a+b)      M = 3.30
wage-employed,civil sevice  M = 3.53
-difference                    -0.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Entrepreneur
Subject code: O01ab02a

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelWork status
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationEntrepreneur, code O01ab02a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about occupation now 
(full text not reported)
a. Blue-collar worker
b. White-collar worker
c. Teacher
d. Manager, official
e. Member of professions
f. Entrepreneur
g. Owner of member of family business
h. Working shareholder, partner
Observed distributiona: M = .15; SD = .36; b: M = .11; SD = .31; c: M = .02; SD = .14; d: M = .02; SD = .15 e: M = .02; SD = .13; f: M = .01; SD = .10; g: M = .01; SD = .09; h: M = .01; SD = .08

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.02 ns
Blue-collar worker                 (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
White-collar worker                (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.06 ns
Teacher                            (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 ns
Manager, official                  (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.09 p < .1
Member of professions              (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.22 p < .01
Entrepreneur                       (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.04 ns
Owner of member of family business (vs other)
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=-.15 ns
Working shareholder, partner       (vs other)

B's controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of current occupation
Subject code: O01ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelmanagement in public/private sphere
Page in Source 120
Our classificationCharacteristics of current occupation, code O01ac
Operationalization
management in public/private sphere
1: management in the public sector
2: management in large or medium-sized businesses
3: management in small businesses
Observed distributionN All:216; %:1:10,2; 2:65,3; 3:24,5
Remarks
managers only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
1: Mt=8.19
2: Mt=8.43
3: Mt=8.03
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
1: Mt=7.84
2: Mt=8.04
3: Mt=7.55
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
1: Mt=7.05
2: Mt=7.74
3: Mt=7.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of current occupation
Subject code: O01ac

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelAmount of primary care (vs. specialist care)
Page in Source 833
Our classificationCharacteristics of current occupation, code O01ac
Operationalization
Self estimate of amount of primair care in current 
occupation (vs specialistic care)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of current occupation
Subject code: O01ac

StudyLinn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =211

Correlate
Author's labelTask of physicians
Page in Source 833
Our classificationCharacteristics of current occupation, code O01ac
Operationalization
Self report of % time spend on
a: administration
b: teaching 
c: house staff supervising
d: research
e: patients care
f: inpatients seen last 2 weeks
g: outpatients seen last 2 weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.07 ns
% administration
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.07 ns
% teaching
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.18 p < .05
% time supervising house staff
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.08 ns
% time doing research
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.08 ns
% time providing direct patient care
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.06 ns
% time inpatients seen last 2 weeks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.06 ns
% number of outpatients seen in past 2 weeks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of current occupation
Subject code: O01ac

StudyRice et al. (1979): study US NewYork 1975
TitleUnique Variance in Job and Life Satisfaction associated with Work-Related and Extra-Workplace Variables.
SourceHuman Relations, 1979, Vol. 32, 605 - 623
PublicAdult, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1041

Correlate
Author's labelObjective job variables
Page in Source 316
Our classificationCharacteristics of current occupation, code O01ac
Operationalization
a: Job tenure, the number of years the respondent had 
spent on his current job
b: Occupational prestige, occupations were coded 
according to Duncan's scale of socio-economic status.
Remarks
Unemployed respondents, including housewives, received 
no scores on job tenure and occupational prestige

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aR²=.10 p < .01
a+b

When entered after "satisfaction other than life 
satisfaction", "demographic variables", 
"geographic variables" and "job satisfaction" the 
increment in R²= .10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of current occupation
Subject code: O01ac

StudyBlood (1969): study US 1967
TitleWork Values and Job Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 456 - 459
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0028653
PublicMilitary, airforce, low rank maintenance jobs, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 458
Our classificationCharacteristics of current occupation, code O01ac
Operationalization
1 tenure
0 no tenure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=-.01 ns
students
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.11 ns
workers

Beta's controlled for: 
- age
- education
- fathers occupation
- work ethic


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of subordinates
Page in Source 114,116
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Single question: If you have subordinates, indicate how 
many 
1: 0
2: 1
3: 2-4
4: 5-9
5: 10-19
6: 20-50
7: > 50
Observed distributionN WOMEN All:2179; %:1:87,3; 2:2,8; 3:4,0; 4:2,6; 5:1,6; 6:1,4; 7:0,2 N MEN: All:1901; %:1:76,3; 2:3,7; 3:8,4; 4:4,9; 5:2,9; 6:2,7; 7:1,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
WOMEN:           MEN:  
1: Mt=7.65       1:Ms=7.68
2: Mt=7.83       2:Ms=8.18
3: Mt=8.44       3:Ms=7.86
4: Mt=7.64       4:Ms=8.49
5: Mt=8.26       5:Ms=8.13
6: Mt=8.23       6:Ms=8.39
7: Mt=7.50       7:Ms=8.75
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.06 p < .01
women
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.10 p < .00
men
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
WOMEN:           MEN:  
1: Mt=7.40       1:Ms=7.28
2: Mt=7.66       2:Ms=7.68
3: Mt=8.01       3:Ms=7.53
4: Mt=7.33       4:Ms=8.06
5: Mt=7.58       5:Ms=8.18
6: Mt=7.66       6:Ms=7.80
7: Mt=7.00       7:Ms=8.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.03 p < .184
women
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.11 p < .00
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
WOMEN:           MEN:  
1: Mt=7.05       1:Ms=6.83
2: Mt=7.34       2:Ms=7.58
3: Mt=7.39       3:Ms=7.26
4: Mt=6.80       4:Ms=7.55
5: Mt=7.36       5:Ms=7.50
6: Mt=7.34       6:Ms=7.30
7: Mt=7.50       7:Ms=7.63
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.03 p < .235
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.11 p < .00
men


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of subordinates
Page in Source 110
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Single question:
"If you have subordinates, indicate how many"
1: 0
2: 1
3: 2-4
4: 5-9
5: 10-19
6: 20-50
7: >50
Observed distributionN: 1:1261, 2:36, 3:62, 4:53, 5:30, 6:25, 7:16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.07 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.70
 2: Mt=7.43
 3: Mt=8.03
 4: Mt=8.40
 5: Mt=7.91
 6: Mt=8.50
 7: Mt=8.13
All Mt=7.75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.08 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.40
 2: Mt=7.15
 3: Mt=7.87
 4: Mt=8.25
 5: Mt=7.75
 6: Mt=7.16
 7: Mt=7.98
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.05 p < .04
 1: Mt=6.89
 2: Mt=6.46
 3: Mt=7.34
 4: Mt=7.60
 5: Mt=7.00
 6: Mt=7.40
 7: Mt=6.73
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyMellander et al. (2011): study ZZ 2009
TitleThe Creative Class, Post-Industrialism and The Happiness of Nations.
SourceCambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 2012, Vol. 5, 31 - 43
URLhttp://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/1/31.short
DOIdoi:10.1093/cjres/rsr006
Public15+ aged, 66 nations, 2009
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelCreative class
Page in Source 37
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Professional occupations: in computer science, 
mathematics, architecture, science, education, arts, 
legal positions, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.62 p < .01
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.09 ns
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.76 p < .01
High-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=+.10 ns
rpc's controled for GDP per capita
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=-.31 p < .05
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=+.72 p < .01
High-income countries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyMellander et al. (2011): study ZZ 2009
TitleThe Creative Class, Post-Industrialism and The Happiness of Nations.
SourceCambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 2012, Vol. 5, 31 - 43
URLhttp://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/1/31.short
DOIdoi:10.1093/cjres/rsr006
Public15+ aged, 66 nations, 2009
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelService class
Page in Source 37
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Service class: preparation and food service-related, 
building and grounds cleaning, personal care, etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.45 p < .01
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.48 p < .01
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=-.23 ns
High-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=+.05 ns
rpc's controled for GDP per capita
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=+.33 p < .05
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=-.57 p < .01
High-income countries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyMellander et al. (2011): study ZZ 2009
TitleThe Creative Class, Post-Industrialism and The Happiness of Nations.
SourceCambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 2012, Vol. 5, 31 - 43
URLhttp://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/5/1/31.short
DOIdoi:10.1093/cjres/rsr006
Public15+ aged, 66 nations, 2009
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelManufacturing class
Page in Source 37
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Manufacturing class: construction, extraction, 
installation, maintenance, repair, production, 
transportation and material moving.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=-.32 p < .05
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=+.18 ns
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ar=-.53 p < .01
High-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=-.05 ns
rpc's comtroled for GDP per capita
All countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=+.15 ns
Low-income countries
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-arpc=-.37 p < .10
High-income countries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyHanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977
TitleFamily Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40
PublicRecently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational status
Page in Source 29
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
T1: seven category classification
1. Unskilled workers
2. Semi-skilled workers
3. Skilled workers
4. Owners of little businesses, cleri-
   cal and sales workers, and techni-    cians
5. Administrative personnel of large
   concerns, owners of small indepen-
   dent businesses, and semi-profes-
   sionals
6. Managers and proprietors of medium-
   sized businesses and lesser profes-
   sionals
7. Executives and proprietors of large
   concerns and major professionals 

T2:eleven category classification
 1. Private household workers
 2. Service workers except private        household
 3. Farm laborers and farm foreman
 4. Farmers and farm managers
 5. Laborers, except farm
 6. Operatives, except transport
 7. Craftsmen and kindred workers
 8. Clerical and kindred workers
 9. Sales workers
10. Managers and administrators, except
    farm
11. Professional, technical and kindred
    workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= +
Assiociation with level of happiness:
- T1 status by T1 happiness: b = +   (ns)
- T2 status by T2 happiness: b = +   (01)   

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= - ns
Assiociation with change in happiness T1 - T2:
- T1 status by change happiness b = -   (ns)
- T2 status by change happiness b = -   (ns)

b's controlled for: age, sexe, education, work-
status, income, and family history  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyAlexander (1969): study US 1964
TitleSome Sociological Aspects of Psychological Well-Being in a Schizofrenic Population: Social Class, Participation and Work.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1969, USA
PublicSchizophrenic males non-hospitalized, Monroe County, New York, USA, 1964-65
Sample
Non-Response28%, most of them patients'or family member refusal
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 97/108/121
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Unskilled / semi-skilled / skilled / clerical and sales 
/ professional

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.15 p < . 01
Computed for employed Ss only.
Clerical and sales workers are less happy than 
skilled workers.

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fSNR= ns
Presented for Index of Negative Affects only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational level
Subject code: O01ac01

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source 44
Our classificationOccupational level, code O01ac01
Operationalization
Retired / unskilled / semi-skilled / skilled / service 
/ sales / clerical / business / farm / professional

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.02
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.09
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelProfessional status
Page in Source 18,30,T21
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
1 Farmer
2 Blue collar worker
3 White collar worker
4 Self employed

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aG=+.15 p < .01
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aG=+.14 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-atc=+.10 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-atc=+.11 p < .01
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.11
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: gender, age, marital status, 
education, income, and community size
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: gender, age, marital status, 
education, income, and community size


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelSocio-economic index
Page in Source 257-258
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Duncan (1961) index

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=+.22 p < .01
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atc=+.18 p < .01
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=+.13 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyHaavio-Mannila (1971): study FI 1966
TitleSatisfaction with Family, Work, Leisure and Life among Men and Women.
SourceHuman Relations, 1971, Vol. 24, 585 - 601
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =948

Correlate
Author's labelSocial stratum
Page in Source 594
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Working in prestigeous occupations, rated on a 9-point 
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-br=±
Computed for employed Ss only.
Positive among males.
Negative among females.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1976
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7965

Correlate
Author's labelJobprestige
Page in Source 257
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
1 Leading and higher employees
2 free professions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=+.16 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-aG=+.12 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btb=+.06 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-atb=+.05 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level.
Page in Source 20
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
1: Low
2: medium
3: high.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=+.10 ns
Married females were coded for the occupational 
level of their husbands.

U-shaped curve: those of medium occupational level 
being most happy.
Unaffected by sex and age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 190
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
10-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+ ns
Never married males  : r = +.08 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.05 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.03 (ns)
Married females      : r = +.07 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
A substantively similar measure as the Carlsson's 
(1958) index of social stratum but somewhat less 
detailed was used: category 1 (agricultural laborers) - 
category 11 (owners or leaders of large enterprises).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.03
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=-.06
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=-.06 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupationally active, marital 
status, degree of urbanization.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupationally active, marital 
status, degree of urbanization.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 411
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Measured by the Carlsson's(1958)index of social 
stratum.This index ranges from 1 (agricultural 
laborers) to 24 (owners or leaders of large 
enterprises).
  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.03 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, number of friends, occupational 
active, marital status.                     
Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived occupational prestige
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Single question: 'Is your job generally respected and 
looked up to by people?'
not at all / little / average / yes,rather / yes, very 
much.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.13 p < .001
Non-farmers and housewives.
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.11 p < .001
Farm owners and family.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyNettle (2005): study GB 2000
TitleHappiness. The Science behind Your Smile.
SourceOxford University Press, 2005, Oxford, UK
Public42 aged, Great Britain, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =11269

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Class
Page in Source 71
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Social class as defined by self reported occupation. 
Occupations ranked into a five-category scheme from;
1 unskilled and routine (I)
2                       (II)
3                       (III) 
4                       (IV)
5 professional          (V)
Remarks
Unemployed not included.Coding reversed (original in 
Latin numbers)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aDM=+
                           M      
1:unskillled and routine  7,0       
2:                        7,4       
3:                        7,3       
4:                        7,5       
5:professional            7,6
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational presti-ge
Page in Source 253
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Duncan's socioeconomic status scale (Duncan, 1961)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.01 ns
Explained variance in ANOVA.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyPalisi & Canning (1986): study US 1974
TitleUrbanism and Psychological Well-Being: A Test of Three Theories.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1986, Vol. 6, 361 - 378
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1986.9981797
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7542

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 370
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Ranging from "unskilled" worker to "professional"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.10 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudySnyder & Spreitzer (1974): study US Ohio 1973
TitleInvolvement in Sports and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Sport Psychology, 1974, Vol. 5, 28 - 39
PublicAdults, general public, City of Toledo, Ohio, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response46%
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 32
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.01
Housewives and retirees were excluded.
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyGeorge (1978): study US NorthCarolina 1973
TitleThe Impact of Personality and Social Status Factors upon Levels of Activity and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1978, Vol. 33, 840 - 847
Public50+ aged, whites, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =380

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 845
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
1. Farm laborers, semi-skilled workers 
   and unskilled workers.
2. Skilled workers, craftsmen, clerical
   and sales workers.
3. Professional, managerial and        
   technical workers.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=
ß = -.04 ns after control for the sociodemographic 
variables:
sex/age/education/health impairment/marital 
status/employment status.                        ß 
= -.06 ns after further control for the Cattell 
personality variables.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controled for the sociodemographic variables: 
sex/age/education/health impairment/ marital 
status/employment status.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=-.06 ns
ß controled for the Cattel personality variables.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyDavis (1984): study US 1972
TitleNew Money, an Old Man/Lady and Two's Company: Subjective Welfare in the NORC General Social Surveys 1972-1982.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 319 - 350.
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351443
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13581

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 324
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Hodge-Siegel-Rossi Scale
0  0-28
1 29-35
2 36-47
3 48-82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.05 p < .01
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=+.03 p < .01
% very happy
0      30
1      32
2      36
3      39
The relationship disappears largely after control 
for education family income and SES.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyGlenn & Weaver (1979): study US 1972
TitleA Note on Family Situation and Global Happiness.
SourceSocial Forces, 1979, Vol. 57, 960 - 967
Public18-59 aged whites, non-institutionalized, USA, 1972-75
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4049

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige of males
Page in Source 962
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+ p < .01
ß controlled for: marital status, presence of 
children in home, age of children, own age, family 
income, frequency of attendance of religious 
services, employment outside home (females only) 
and years of school completed:

          1972   1973   1974   1975   All years
males     +.13   +.01   +.08   +.09   +.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudySpreitzer & Snyder (1974): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Life Satisfaction among the Aged.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 454 - 458
Public18+ aged, married or widowed, USA,1972-73
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1547

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 455 - 457
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
10-point scale (Duncan prestige scale; see Duncan, 
1961).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-ar=+.11 p < . 01
Under the age of 65: r = +.09
Above the age of 65: r = +.26

This difference is significant (05)

When controlled for S.E.S.:
Under the age of 65: r = +.01
Above the age of 65: r = +.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Social prestige of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01a

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational prestige
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSocial prestige of occupation, code O01ac01a
Operationalization
Duncan (1951) scale of prestige of occupations.
Recoded:
- White collar
  - high (professional, managerial)
  - middle + low (clerk, sales)
- Blue collar
  - high + middle (crafts, operator)
  - low (household, labor)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
Data T1. Results T3 similar. Computed for chief 
wage earners only. 

High status Ss experience more positive affect but 
no less negative affect. Not computed for summed 
ABS.

Ridit analysis compares distribution in category 
with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 
means relative high level, RT below .50 relative 
low level.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=+ ns
Data T1. Results T3 similar.
Computed for chief wage earners only.

% very happy:                 males      females
- white collar, high          35         18
- white collar, low + medium  28         15
- blue collar, high + medium  38         10
- blue collar, low            29         16
            
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaGs=+.19
Gs controlled for type of job (white or blue 
collar).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyBlandford & Chappell (1990): study CA 1985
TitleSubjective Well-being among Native and Non-Native Elderly Persons: Do Differences Exist?
SourceCanadian Journal on Aging, 1990, Vol. 9, 386 - 399
Public50+ aged, Winnipeg,Canada, 1985
Sample
Non-Response15% Natives
Respondents N =390

Correlate
Author's labelSemi-skilled occupation
Page in Source 395
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
0: Other
1: Semi-skilled occupation
    

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tb=-.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudySchoon et al. (2005): study EE 2000 /2
TitleCombining Work and Family. Life Satisfaction Among Married and Divorced Men and Women in Estonia, Finland, and the UK.
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 309 - 319
DOIdoi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.309
PublicMarrieds and divorced, Estonia, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1556

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational Status
Page in Source 312-316
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
Level of education received current or most recent 
occupation held:

1 semi-skilled
2 skilled
3 professional
Observed distributionN Men = 507, Women = 657, Men 1 =25%, 2 = 50 %, 3 = 25 %, Women 1 = 21 %, 2 = 52%, 3 = 27 %,
Remarks
In all three countries professional or managerial jobs 
require a university degree or equivalent professional 
qualifications; skilled jobs reflect occupations 
requiring further training in vocational schools and 
education
after minimum age for leaving school. Semi-or unskilled 
jobs requires little or no training. This was assessed 
by asking the level of education they had
received and the occupation they were in at the moment.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Men
semi-skilled  M = 5,57  
skilled       M = 6,39   
professional  M = 6,69   

Women
semi-skilled  M = 5,50  
skilled       M = 6,46 
professional  M = 7,48
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Married
Men
Semi-skilled M = 5,57 
Skilled      M = 6,38  
professional M = 6,67  

Women
semi-skilled  M = 5,74  
skilled       M = 6,66 
professional  M = 7,50
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Divorced
Men
Semi-skilled M = 5,56 
Skilled      M = 6,49 
professional M = 7,33  
Women
semi-skilled M = 4,14  
skilled      M = 5,68  
professional M = 7,20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudySchoon et al. (2005): study FI 2000 /1
TitleCombining Work and Family. Life Satisfaction Among Married and Divorced Men and Women in Estonia, Finland, and the UK.
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 309 - 319
DOIdoi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.309
PublicEmployed people, Finland, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1750

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational Status
Page in Source 312-316
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
Level of education received current or most recent 
occupation held:

1 semi-skilled
2 skilled
3 professional
Observed distributionN: Finland: females = 943, males = 447 Men 1 = 28%, 2 = 44 %, 3 = 28 % Women 1 = 27%, 2 = 56 %, 3 = 17 %
Remarks
In all three countries professional or managerial jobs 
require a university degree or equivalent professional 
qualifications; skilled jobs reflect occupations 
requiring further training in vocational schools and 
education
after minimum age for leaving school. Semi-or unskilled 
jobs requires little or no training. This was assessed 
by asking the level of education they had
received and the occupation they were in at the moment.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Men
semi-skilled M = 6,42
skilled      M = 7,21
professional M = 6,24

Women
semi-skilled M = 6,84
skilled      M = 6,85
professional M = 6,99
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Married
Men
Semi-skilled M = 7,04
Skilled      M = 7,41
professional M = 7,07

Women
semi-skilled M = 6,84
skilled      M = 7,51
professional M = 7,54
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=
Divorced
Men
Semi-skilled M = 5,82
Skilled      M = 7,00
professional M = 5,40

Women
semi-skilled M = 6,84
skilled      M = 6,19
professional M = 6,44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyNeuberger & Allerbeck (1978): study XZ Germany West 1970
TitleMessung und Analyse von Arbeitszufriedenkeit. (Measurement and Analysis of Satisfaction with Work).
SourceHans Huber Verlag, 1978, Bern, Switzerland
PublicEmployees, industry or service sector, Austria and West germany, ±1970
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelWorking in learned job
Page in Source 99
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
0 No 
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-sq-f-7-aE²=+.08 p < .01
Yes     M=5.00  Mt=6.77
No      M=4.83  Mt=6.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
0 = Upper white collar (reference)
b = Lower white collar
c = Self employed
d = Skilled worker
e = Non skilled worker
f = Farmer
g = Other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
LOWER WHITE COLLAR (vs Upperwhite collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.29 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.12 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.07 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.05 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
SELF EMPLOYED (vs Upper white collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.22 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.11 ns
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.10 ns
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.08 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.06 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
SKILLED WORKERS (vs Upper White Collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.72 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.32 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.28 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.24 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.17 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
FARMERS (vs Upper white collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.61 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.18 ns
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.18 ns
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.19 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.05 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
NON-SKILLED WORKERS
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.94 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.43 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.37 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.32 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.20 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyEden et al. (1998): study SE 1992
TitleIs Disability Pension related to Quality of Life?
SourceScandinavian Journal of Social Welfare, 1998, Vol. 7, 300 - 309
Public25-59 aged disability pensioners, Kristianstad, Sweden, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response16.4%
Respondents N =450

Correlate
Author's labelWork
Page in Source 305
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
1: blue collar
0: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-lOR=1.3 ns
Early retired due to disability
-Male CI95[0.8-4.3]
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-lOR=0.6 ns
-Female CI95[0.3-1.04]
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-lOR=0.6 ns
Control group
-Male CI95[0.5-4.7]
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-lOR=0.6 ns
-Female CI95[0.3-1.2]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudySchoon et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCombining Work and Family. Life Satisfaction Among Married and Divorced Men and Women in Estonia, Finland, and the UK.
SourceEuropean Psychologist, 2005, Vol. 10, 309 - 319
DOIdoi: 10.1027/1016-9040.10.4.309
Public42 aged, UK, 2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =10280

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational Status
Page in Source 312-316
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
Level of education received current or most recent 
occupation held:
1 Semi-skilled
2 Skilled
3 Professional
Observed distributionN: Semi-skilled = 1779, Skilled = 4360, Professional = 4241
Remarks
In all three countries professional or managerial jobs 
require a university degree or equivalent professional 
qualifications; skilled jobs reflect occupations 
requiring further training in vocational schools and 
education  after minimum age for leaving school. 
Semi-or unskilled jobs require little or no training. 
This was assessed by asking the level of education they 
had
received and the occupation they were in at the moment.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Men
semi-skilled M = 6,92  N =  605
skilled      M = 7,14  N = 2118
professional M = 7,45  N = 2320
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Women
semi-skilled M = 7,26  N = 1174
skilled      M = 7,31  N = 2241
professional M = 7,59  N = 1921
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Married Men
Semi-skilled M = 7,16  N =  504
Skilled      M = 7,33  N = 1879
professional M = 7,56  N = 2199
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Married Women
semi-skilled M = 7,46  N = 1039
skilled      M = 7,52  N = 1984
professional M = 7,70  N = 1700
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Divorced Men
Semi-skilled M = 6,22  N =  79
Skilled      M = 6,25  N = 240
professional M = 6,62  N = 143
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Divorced Women
semi-skilled M = 5,97  N = 147
skilled      M = 6,22  N = 257
professional M = 6,73  N = 221


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyWarr et al. (1979): study GB 1977
TitleScales for the Measurement of Social Work Attitudes and Aspects of Psychological.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology, 1979, Vol. 52, 129 - 148
PublicFactory workers, blue collar, UK, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =590

Correlate
Author's labelSkill level
Page in Source 140
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
1 Unskilled (introductionary training
  required: a few days) 
2 Semi-skilled (introductionary
  training required: several weeks)
3 Skilled( introductionary training
  required: months or years)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=-.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.11 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyGaitz & Scott (1972): study US Texas 1969
TitleAge and the Measurement of Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 55 -67
PublicAdults, general public, Houston, Texas, USA, 1969
Sample
Non-Response2%, aged Mexican-Americans of high socio-economic status only
Respondents N =1441

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational skill level
Page in Source 63/64
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
0 Low        
1 High

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM= +
Mexican males   : DM = +1.1
Mexican females : DM = +0.5
Black males     : DM = +1.0
Black females   : DM = +0.8
Anglo males     : DM = +0.5
Anglo females   : DM = +0.4
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-aDM= + ns
Mexican males   : DM = +1.1
Mexican females : DM = +0.5
Black males     : DM = +1.0
Black females   : DM = +0.8
Anglo males     : DM = +0.5
Anglo females   : DM = +0.4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Skill level of occupation
Subject code: O01ac01b

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelSkilled workers
Page in Source 223
Our classificationSkill level of occupation, code O01ac01b
Operationalization
1: unskilled
2: semi-skilled
3: skilled

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.09 ns
Computed for presently married males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelBlue collar worker
Page in Source 13
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.08
ß controled for sex, age, education, and home 
ownership.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class
Page in Source 24
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
0 = Upper white collar (reference)
b = Lower white collar
c = Self employed
d = Skilled worker
e = Non skilled worker
f = Farmer
g = Other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
LOWER WHITE COLLAR (vs Upperwhite collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.29 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.12 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.09 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.07 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.05 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
SELF EMPLOYED (vs Upper white collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.22 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.11 ns
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.10 ns
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.08 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.06 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
SKILLED WORKERS (vs Upper White Collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.72 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.32 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.28 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.24 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.17 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
FARMERS (vs Upper white collar)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.61 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.18 ns
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.18 ns
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.19 ns
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.05 ns
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-b
NON-SKILLED WORKERS
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.94 p < .05
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.43 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-type of community
-income
-employment
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.37 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.32 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.20 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelManual worker
Page in Source 50
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
Self-report on single question
What is your current occupation?
a:skilled manual worker
b:other manual worker
Observed distribution1=Yes; 2=No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.01 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.04 p < .000
EU 15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyFogarty (1985): study GB 1981
TitleBritish Attitudes to Work.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.;Eds.: " Values and Social Change in Britain", MacMillan, 1985, London, UK, 173 - 206
PublicAdults, general public, Britain, 1981
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelManual work
Page in Source 187
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
0 All 1 Semi-/unskilled manual work 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
semi-/unskilled manual       M = 7.6   Mt' = 7.3
whole population             M = 7.7   Mt' = 7.4
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
semi-/unskilled manual       M = 1.0   Mt' = 6.0
whole population             M = 1.1   Mt' = 6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=+
semi-/unskilled manual         42%   very happy
whole population               38%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelOccupation
Page in Source 253
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
White collar: professionals, managers, sales and 
clerical
Blue  collar: craftworkers, operatives, laborers, 
service workers

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.02 ns
Explained variance in ANOVA.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyAlston et al. (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocioeconomic Correlates for Four Dimensions of Self-Perceived Satisfaction, 1972.
SourceHuman Organization, 1974, Vol. 33, 99 - 102
PublicAdult, general public, USA 1972
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1602

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source 100
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
Blue vs white collar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.22 p < .01
Gamma based on proportions 'very happy'.
Farmers were excluded.

Whites : G' =+.22 (01)
Blacks : G' =-.34 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelWhite collar job
Page in Source 193
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
0 Blue collar
1 White collar

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=+ ns
Data T1. Results T3 similar.
Computed for chief wage earners only.

% very happy:                 males       females
- blue collar
  - prestige high + middle    35          10
  - prestige low              29          16
- white collar
  - prestige high             35          18
  - prestige middle + low     28          15
             
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaGs=-.04 ns
Gs controlled for job prestige as assessed by 
Duncan (1951) scale.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Manual or non-manual
Subject code: O01ac01c

StudyManning-Gibbs (1972): study US 1946
TitleRelative Deprivation and Self-Reported Happiness of Blacks: 1946-1966.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Texas, 1972, Austin, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/manning-gibbs_ba_1972.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1946-1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25617

Correlate
Author's labelOccupational level
Page in Source 47
Our classificationManual or non-manual, code O01ac01c
Operationalization
0: manual occupation
1: non-manual occupation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-cG=±
G' based on proportion very happy.
Response formats of happiness question very 
slightly over the years.

1946: blacks: G' = -.04 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.17 (01)
1956: blacks: G' = -.07 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.14 (01)
1966: blacks: G' = -.36 (01)
      whites: G' = +.16 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupation of training/education
Subject code: O01ac01d

StudyKozcan (2013): study DE 1984
TitleDoes integration increase life satisfaction?
SourceUnpublished Manuscript (No. 1314). Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
URLhttp://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe1314.pdf
Public16+ aged general public, Germany, followed 1-26 years, 1984-2010
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71779

Correlate
Author's labelWorks in occupation trained for
Page in Source 11-12
Our classificationOccupation of training/education, code O01ac01d
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Is this position the same as the profession for which 
you were educated or trained?
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution1: 68%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09 p < .01
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in occupation

B controlled for:
- Age
- Marital status
- Employed
- Schooling
- Home ownership
- Household size
- Job insecurity
- Parental education 
- Urban/rural childhood
- Health
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.09 p < .01
CURRENT happiness by CURRENT occupation
B additionally controlled for:
- Gender
- Immigrant status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Supervisory tasks
Subject code: O01ac01e

StudyVanderMeer & Wielers (2013): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleWhat Makes Workers Happy?
SourceApplied Economics, 2013, Vol. 45, 357 - 368
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
DOIDOI:10.1080/00036846.2011.602011
PublicWorking people, 20 European countries, 2004.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-ResponseNot reported
Respondents N =11986

Correlate
Author's labelSupervisor
Page in Source 364-66
Our classificationSupervisory tasks, code O01ac01e
Operationalization
Being a supervisor
1. Yes
0. No

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.01
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- Other work characteristics
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=0
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital status
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=0
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- other work characteristics
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdOPRC=+.02
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital status
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=-.0
OPRC controled for
- log income
- log work hours
- Missing income
- subjective income
- other work characteristics
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bOPRC=.01
OPRC additionally controlled for Personal 
characteristics
- Health
- Marital status
- Having children
- Education
- Age
- Trust
- Equality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's occupation
Subject code: O01ad

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source B103
Our classificationAttitudes to one's occupation, code O01ad
Operationalization
Single question: Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .000
0 Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,53; N = 681
1 Mt = 7,14; SD = 1,85; N = 229
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .000
0 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,66; N = 681
1 Mt = 6,76; SD = 2,11; N = 229


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's occupation
Subject code: O01ad

StudyCummins et al. (2004e): study AU 2004 /1
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Survey 11, Report 11.0. Part A: The Report. The Wellbeing of Australians. Personal Financial Debt.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response72
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelLooking for Work
Page in Source B103
Our classificationAttitudes to one's occupation, code O01ad
Operationalization
Single question:Are you looking for work?
0: not looking for work 
1: looking for work
Remarks
Combined Surveys 9-11

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .000
0 Mt = 7,77; SD = 1,53; N = 1994
1 Mt = 7,08; SD = 1,91; N = 652
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt=- p < .000
0 Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,52; N = 1994
1 Mt = 7,09; SD = 1,88; N =  652


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's occupation
Subject code: O01ad

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with job
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationAttitudes to one's occupation, code O01ad
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
their "Job" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:2.4%, -1:7.5%, 0:19.2%, +1:21.7%,+2:49.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.04 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.10 p < .05
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.00 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.01 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.03 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.03 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.03 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to one's occupation
Subject code: O01ad

StudyBray & Howard (1980): study US 1956
TitleCareer Succes and Life-Satisfactions of Middle Aged Managers.
SourceBond, L.A.;Rosen, J.C.;Eds.: "Competence and Coping during Adulthood", University Press of New England, 1980, London, UK, 258 - 287
Public40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Responsepanel loss a t T5: 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelDrop in primacy of work
Page in Source 285
Our classificationAttitudes to one's occupation, code O01ad
Operationalization
From General Management Questionnaire:

A General Management Attitude scale, indicating general 
satisfaction with the company and one's life in it. 

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=-.27 p < .05
T5 "drop in general management attitude" by T5 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyAbbey et al. (1983): study US Chicago 1990
TitleHandling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
SourceBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278
PublicLaw school students, Chicago, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =85

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal reasons for pursuing career in law
Page in Source 273
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Respondents were asked if their current reasons for 
being a lawyer were strictly personal
0: not personal
1: personal.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aDM=+ p < .02
1: personal     M= 4.35
0: not personal M= 3.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyAbbey et al. (1983): study US Chicago 1990
TitleHandling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
SourceBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278
PublicLaw school students, Chicago, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =85

Correlate
Author's labelIntrinsic reasons for pursuing a law career
Page in Source 273
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
"What are your current reasons now for being a lawyer?"
1: extrinsic motives, 
2: both intrinsic and extrinsic motives
3: intrinsic motives.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyGreenhaus (1974): study US 1970
TitleCareer Salience as a Moderator of the Relationship between Satisfaction with Occupational Preference and with Life in General.
SourceJournal of Psychology, 1974, Vol. 86, 53 - 55
PublicCollege students, East USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =203

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with occupational preference
Page in Source 54
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
5-item index reflecting satisfaction with the 
appropriateness of stated occupational preference.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-mq-v-5-cr=+.26 p < .05
Males:
- priority of work and career
  - low                            r = +.13 (ns)
  - high                           r = +.39 (01)
- general attitude to work
  - low                            r = +.22 (ns)
  - high                           r = +.30 (05)
- career advancement and planning
  - low                            r = +.04 (ns)
  - high                           r = +.40 (01)
                                              
M-AO-u-mq-v-5-cr=+.30 p < .01
Females:
- priority of work and career.
  - low                            r = +.18 (ns)
  - high                           r = +.31 (05)
- general attitude to work.
  - low                            r = +.36 (01)
  - high                           r = +.13 (ns)
- career advancement and planning
  - low                            r = +.17 (ns)
  - high                           r = +.53 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyPalmore & Luikart (1972): study US 1968
TitleHealth and Social Factors Related to Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 68 -80
Public46+ aged, whites, North Carolina, USA, 1968-70
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelCareer anchorage
Page in Source 70
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
6-item index of forced choice statements measuring 
whether a person tends to evaluate success in terms of 
how far a person has come (downward anchorage) or in 
terms of how far a person has to go before he reaches 
the top of his career (upward anchorage). 
(Career-Anchorage Scale; see Tausky & Dubin, 1965). 
0 = downward answer
1=  upward answer
Scale 0 - 6
Observed distributionM= 2 SD= 1.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelStatus of occupatio-nal aspirations
Page in Source 247
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Open question: "What sort of work do you think you 
might do for a living?", coded and converted to the 
Duncan socio-economic status index (see Reiss, 1961).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=+.06 ns
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelAmbitious job attitude
Page in Source 243
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
13-item index of closed questions indi- cating 
preferences for "a job that doesn't bug me" (no one to 
boss me, don't have to work too hard, not much 
responsibility, high prestige, etc.) and preference for 
"a job that pays off" (learning new things, good 
chances for getting ahead, good pay, using one's 
skills, etc.).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=+.16 p < . 001
Both variables assessed at T1.
Preference for "a job that pays off" was related 
to happiness          : r = +.21 (001)
Preference for "a job that doesn't bug me" was 
unrelated to happiness: r = -.05 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelUnfulfilled aspirations: new job, own business
Page in Source 210
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Open-ended question on unfulfilled aspirations: 
1: new job, own business mentioned
0: other aspirations mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having unfulfilled aspirations only 
(N = 1646)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelUnfulfilled aspirations: move to country, become farmer
Page in Source 210
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Open ended question on unfulfilled aspirations: 
1: move to other country, become farmer mentioned
0: other aspirations mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having unfulfilled aspirations only 
(N = 1646)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelDesire: better work and attitudes towards it
Page in Source 211
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Open-ended question on desired personal changes: 
1: better work and work attitude mentioned
0: other changes mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who desire to change only (N = 1591)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.39 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Occupational aspirations
Subject code: O01ad01a

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelUnfulfilled aspirations mentioned
Page in Source 210
Our classificationOccupational aspirations, code O01ad01a
Operationalization
Open-ended direct question on unfulfilled aspirations: 
0: Not mentioned
1: Mentioned

a: Travel, vacation
b: New home, build home, own home
c: Material possessions (cars, coats)
d: Education, follow a talent 
e: Money
f: New job, business of own
g: Move to country, become farmer
h: Marriage, children, husband
Remarks
Computed for those who have unfulfilled aspirations 
only (N = 1646)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.07 ns
a: Travel
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns
b: Home
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.11 ns
c: Possessions
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.06 ns
d: Education
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.07 ns
e: Money
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.01 ns
f: Job
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.00 ns
g: Country
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.27 p < . 05
h: Marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with career
Subject code: O01ad01b

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with occupation and social status
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with career, code O01ad01b
Operationalization
Self-report on two questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) current occupation
b) career achievement/personal development
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.50, b) M=3.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=-.01 ns
SATISFACTION WITH CURRENT OCCUPATION
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.11 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH CAREER ACHIEVEMENT/PERSONAL 
DEVELOPMENT

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Government policies and environment
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with career
Subject code: O01ad01b

StudyLeviatan (2004): study IL 2004
TitleBelief in Values and Their Perceived Realization as Determinants of Quality of Life. The Case of Kibbutz Members.
SourceGlatzer, W.; Von Below, S.; Stoffregen, M.; Eds.: "Challenges for Quality of Life in the Contemplorary World", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 271 - 294
Public18+ aged, general public, living in Kibbutzim, Israel, 2004
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =4700

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with work domain
Page in Source 277, 279, 284, 290
Our classificationSatisfaction with career, code O01ad01b
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 items on satisfaction with
- work
- social relations at work
- opportunity to use one's skills, knowledge and 
experiences
- influence at the work place

Rated 1 (highest or most positive) to 5 (lowest or 
least positive)
Observed distributionM=3.86, SD=.76
Error Estimates?=.74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .001
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-arpc=+.19 p < .05
rpc controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psychological commitment to one's Kibbutz life
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- satisfaction with fit of Kibbutz life to won 
aspirations an abilities
- satisfaction with feeling of "belonging" and "at 
home" in Kibbutz
- satisfaction with material standard
- satisfaction with interpersonal relationships in 
Kibbutz
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.14 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- community values
- collectivistic values
- individualistic values
- gender
- years of formal education
- age
- holding central office during the last five yers
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
Beta additionally controlled for:
- satisfaction with one's Kibbutz life
- psycholoical commitment to one's Kibbutz life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with career
Subject code: O01ad01b

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelCareer satisfaction
Page in Source 302
Our classificationSatisfaction with career, code O01ad01b
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center.

Rater instruction "To what extent does this person have 
positive feelings about his or her entire Bell System 
experience, including advancement?".

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=
T5 career satisfaction by T5 happiness.

Analysis showed a significantly positive 
correlation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with career
Subject code: O01ad01b

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with career pattern (lifestyle work pattern)
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationSatisfaction with career, code O01ad01b
Operationalization
Ss were first asked to characterize their worklife into 
one of four possible patterns;
- I have been primarily homeworker.
- I have pushed a career most of my   adult life.
- I have pushed a career except during   the period 
when I was raising a   family.
- I have done considerable work needed for income but I 
would not all it a career.

Ss were next invited to indicate which pattern they 
would choose now.

Satisfaction is the correspondence between 'As it was' 
and 'As I now would choose'.
Remarks
Assessed in 1972

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1972 satisfaction by 1972 happiness.
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²=+ p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyAustrom (1984): study CA Ontario 1982
TitleThe Consequences of Being Single.
SourcePeter Lang Publisher, 1984, New York, USA
Public23-59 aged English speaking, Toronto and Ontario, Canada, 198?
Sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelWould chose same occupation
Page in Source 227
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
Single closed question. The respondents were asked 
whether they agreed with the following statement: 'If I 
had the choice to make again, I would choose the same 
occupation or type of work that I do now'. Rated on a 
11-point scale ranging from completely disagree to 
completely agree.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.31 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with occupation and social status
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
Self-report on two questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) current occupation
b) career achievement/personal development
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.50, b) M=3.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=-.01 ns
SATISFACTION WITH CURRENT OCCUPATION
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.11 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH CAREER ACHIEVEMENT/PERSONAL 
DEVELOPMENT

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Government policies and environment
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelPrefer to change jobwhen possible
Page in Source 22
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
Question: no / perhaps / yes.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=-
Never married males  : r = -.08   
Married males        : r = -.09   
Never married females: r = -.33   
Married females      : r = -.03   


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelDesire for change of job
Page in Source 110
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
Single question: 'If you had the 
choice, would you change your present 
job in agriculture for an other 
occupation ?'
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.10 p < .001
Computed for farmowners and family only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelJob satisfaction
Page in Source 608, 610
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 20-item short form of the Minnesota 
Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ). Total score.
Observed distributionMean 84,14 SD 12,48
Error EstimatesCoefficient alfa=,88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.58 p < .01
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ab=+.26
Bottom up effect
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ab=+.35
Top down effect

B's estimated in a Lisrel model together with
-age
-satisfaction with social activities
-marital satisfaction
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-a
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current occupation
Subject code: O01ad02

StudyMolnar (1985): study US 1981
TitleDeterminants of Subjective Well-Being among Farm Operators.
SourceRural Sociology, 1985, Vol. 50, 141 - 162
PublicFarm operators, Alabama, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response29,9%
Respondents N =705

Correlate
Author's labelCommitment to farming
Page in Source 150/156
Our classificationAttitudes to current occupation, code O01ad02
Operationalization
3-item index. The respondents were asked how they felt 
about the following statements: 
A: . If I had a son growing up at    present, I would 
like to see him    become a farmer.
B: . Even if his income has dropped to a  low point, a 
farmer should try to  stick it out so his children can 
grow up on a farm.
C: . Being my own boss is one of the major reasons I 
enjoy farming. 

Rated on 5-point scales ranging from 'strongly 
disagree' to 'strongly agree'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.26 p < .05
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aBeta=+.24 p < .05
ß controlled for:
- gross farm sales
- percent farm income
- total family income
- off-farm work days
- wife's work status
- growth plans
- land operated
- economic constraints
- self-definition
- age
- education

When specified for size of farm:
-small   ß=+.23
-medium  ß=+.26
-large   ß=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current job
Subject code: O01ad03

StudyHedley (1981): study AU 1977
TitleWork, Life and the Pursuit of Happiness: A Study of Australian Industrial Workers.
SourceThe Journal of Industrial Relations, September, 1981, 397 - 405
DOIdoi:10.1177/002218568102300307
PublicShop-floor workers in four metropolitan areas, south-eastern Australia, 1977
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response42%
Respondents N =1486

Correlate
Author's labeljob satisfaction_B
Page in Source 399-402
Our classificationAttitudes to current job, code O01ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
''Knowing what you know now, if you had to decide all 
over again wether to take the job you have now, what 
would you decide''....
1: I would decide definitely not to take the same job
2: I would have some second thoughts about taking the 
same job again
3: I would decide without any hasitation to take the 
same job
Observed distribution1: 10%, 2: 35%, 3: 55 %,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+.71
O-LWL-u-sq-v-4-aG=+.45


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current job
Subject code: O01ad03

StudyMitchell (1972): study HK 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 1967
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =3966

Correlate
Author's labelRespectable job
Page in Source 233
Our classificationAttitudes to current job, code O01ad03
Operationalization
Single direct question : "Having a respectable job 
compared with others, would you say that you :
exceed others/about the same as others/
fall short of others ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=-.05 ns
Figures based on half of the sample.

L-shaped curve


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current job
Subject code: O01ad03

StudyBränholm et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleOn Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Science, 1991, Vol. 4, 29 - 34
Public25-55 aged, vocationally actives, Umea, Northern Sweden, 1986/87
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with vocational situation
Page in Source 103
Our classificationAttitudes to current job, code O01ad03
Operationalization
How satisfactory is this aspect of your life?....
Vocational situation
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ars=+.40 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current job
Subject code: O01ad03

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with job domain
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationAttitudes to current job, code O01ad03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your job?
1: not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7: completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.34 p < .00
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.53 p < .00
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current job
Subject code: O01ad03

StudyTiedje et al. (1990): study US 1985
TitleWomen with Multiple Roles: Role-Compatibility Perceptions, Satisfaction, and Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1990, Vol. 52, 63 - 72
PublicMarried women with a preschool child, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =158

Correlate
Author's labelJob functioning
Page in Source 66,67
Our classificationAttitudes to current job, code O01ad03
Operationalization
Self report on 5 questions:
a How many days had you missed from work during the 
past month?
b How well were you able to do your work, how 
productive have you been in your work?
c How well did you get along with other people at work?
d How often did you feel upset while doing your work?
e How interesting did you find your work.
Rated 1 - 5
Observed distributionM = 4.05, SD = .43 ,range = 2,83 - 5
Remarks
Items from the Work Role Subscale of the Weissman and 
Bothwell(1976) Social Adjusment Scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .01


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

I now mention some experiences, moods. Please tell me how often you feel so ......." happy." (one of several moods)
1 seldom or never
2 sometimes
3 often
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-dSelfreport on 8 questions.

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A very lonely
B restless
C bored
D depressed
E on top of the world
F exited or interested
G pleased about accomplishment
H proud

Answer options:
1 never
2 once
3 several times
4 often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-fSelfreport on 10 questions:

We are interested in how people are feeling these days. The following items describe some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week
A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B That things were going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F Upset because someone criticized you
G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H Bored
I Very lonely or remote from other people
J Depressed or very unhappy

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to E
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average F to J
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -25 to +25

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A I felt sad
B I felt I had failed as a person
C I felt dissatisfied with my life
D I felt mentally alert
E I felt disappointed with myself
F I felt cheerful
G I felt life wasn't worth living
H I felt satisfied with my life
I I felt healthy
J I felt life crying
K I felt I had been successful
L I felt happy
M I felt I couldn't make decisions
N I felt unattractive
O I felt optimistic about the future
P I felt life was rewording
Q I felt cheerless
R I felt life has a purpose
S I felt too tired to do anything
T I felt pleased with the way I am
U I felt lethargic
V I found it easy to make decisions
W I felt life was enjoyable
X I felt life was meaningless
Y I felt run down

Answer options:
0 never
1 rarely
2 sometimes
3 often

Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y.
Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W.
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39

Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-aInterviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects

A The look is
2) open
1) evasive
- impossible to say
B The corners of the mouth turn
2) up
1) down
- impossible to say
C The posture is
2) relaxed, at ease
1) rather tense
- impossible to say
D The movements are
2) relaxed, at ease
1) limited, withdrawn
- impossible to say
E The eyes are
2) big, open
1) small, screw up
- impossible to say
F The elbows are kept
2) not close to the body
1) close to the body
- impossible to say
G The lips are more
2) broad, full
1) thin, pent up
- impossible to say
H All in all the subject looks
2) quite cheerful
1) not very cheerful
- difficult to say

Scoring: sum of aspect ratings

Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bInterviewer-rating of cheerfulness:

Altogether the respondent looks.....
2 quite cheerfull
1 not too cheerful
- difficult to say

Part of the 8 item Allensbacher Ausdrücktest which also involves ratings of cheerful appearance in: look, mouth, posture, movements, eyes, elbows and lips. This general rating is the last item in the test.
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
- occupational success
- family life
- friendships
- richness of cultural life
- total service to society.
1 less important to me than to most people
2
3
4
5 of prime importance to me

B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
1 little satisfaction in this area
2
3
4
5 had excellent fortune in this respect

Computation: General Satisfaction 5 is the quotient obtained by multiplying the planned goal (early adulthood) by the reported success in attaining that goal, adding the five of these multiplied areas and dividing them by the sum of the planned goals for each of the areas.

Pa.Sa + Pb.Sb + Pc.Sc + Pd.Sd + Pe.Se
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Pa + Pb + Pc + Pd + Pe
Pa = planned goal a (1-5)
Sa = success goal a (1-5)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 9 ] best possible life for you
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-c-sq-m-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"To indicate how you feel about your life at this time, would you use this card? Suppose the top of the mountain represents the best life you can imagine, and the bottom step of the mountain represents the worst possible life you can imagine. On which step of the mountain would you say you personally feel you stand at this time? - assuming that the higher the step the better you feel about your life, and the lower the step the worse you feel about it. Just point to the step that comes closest to how you feel"
10 best possible life
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

(Mountain scale not reproduced here)
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate yourself as to how successful or unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ] completely successful
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely unsuccessful
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO-?-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

".......satisfaction with life........."
(full question not reported)

Responses scored pictorial faces scale consisting on several
smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
(Pictures not presented here)
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not presented here)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-AO-c-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

When you're not only thinking of your job, but of your total present situation (house, prices, health, love, politics, neighbors, etc.), how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole? Please mark the appropriate face below.

Rated on pictorial scale, consisting of seven smilies, expressing variations from very dissatisfied (a) to very satisfied (g) ( Kunin's 'Faces scale') Pictures not reproduced here).
1 unhappy face
.
.
4 neutral face
.
.
7 happy face

Item in the "Arbeitsbeschreibungsbogen" (job-description questionaire).
M-AO-u-mq-v-5-cSelfreport on 2 questions:

A "Taking all aspects of yourself and your life into account, which of the following best describes your own feelings of satisfaction with your life......?"
5 I am extremely satisfied with my life.
4 I am satisfied with my life.
3 I am somewhat satisfied with my life.
2 I am only slightly satisfied with my life.
1 I am not at all satisfied with my life.

B " In very general terms, about what proportion of the time do you feel satisfied with your life.....?"
4 all of the time
3 most of the time
2 some of the time
1 never

Summation: not reported
M-AO-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

We want to know how you feel. Please indicate on the scale below.
10 means that you are doing well, 0 means that you are doing badly
10 you are doing well
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 doing badly
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel things have worked out for you generally?
4 very well
3 fairly well
2 not very well
1 not at all well
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living'

" How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?"
(joy in living)
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 found little satisfaction in this area
M-PL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Moments of dissatisfaction or unhappiness with your life are:
7 very rare
6 rare
5 relatively rare
4 neither rare nor frequent
3 relatively frequent
2 frequent
1 very frequent
M-TH-u-sq-v-7-aSelf report on single question:

The moments of joy and deep satisfaction with your life are:
1 very rare
2 rare
3 relatively rare
4 neither rare nor frequent
5 relatively frequent
6 frequent
7 very frequent
O-DT-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on two questions:

A At this present moment, how do you feel about your life as a whole?
1 terrible (very dissatisfied)
2 unhappy (dissatisfied)
3 neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 pleased (satisfied)
5 delighted (very satisfied)

B Taking all the above into consideration, on an ascending scale from 1-5, how satisfied are you with your life at present?

Question A asked at the beginning of the interview and question B at the end.

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-H?-?-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neutral
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-?-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:


"overall happiness.."(full question not reported
10 my life is very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 my life is very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-fSelfreport on single question

How happy are you currently?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Labeling of scale ends not reported
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Next are some questions about how you see yourself and your life. Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how much UNhappiness would you say that you find in life today.......?
1 a great deal
2 some
3 almost none
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel that your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fSelfreport on single question:

If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole...?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole now, are you.....?
5 very happy
4 quite happy
3 more happy than unhappy
2 more unhappy than happy
1 quite unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

How happy do you feel as you live now? Please choose one item on this card that comes closest to your feeling.
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy are you.....?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely

(Originally presented on a horizontal line scale)
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-m-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question :

All things considered, how happy would you say you are right now?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together on a scale of one to 10, how happy would you say you are? Here one means you are very unhappy and 10 means you are very happy
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: do you consider yourself happy or unhappy?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Verbal labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are with your life......?
3 very happy
2 somewhat happy
1 unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5
O-HP-u-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

To what degree you consider yourself as a happy person?
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-LWL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"How often have you seriously thought that life wasn't really worth living......?"
4 never
3 once or twice
2 occasionally
1 a great deal
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you rate your life at present?
1 bad or very bad
2 fair
3 good
4 very good
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to rate themselves on an 1 - 10 rating ladder in terms of their self-perceived life satisfaction.
(Full question not reported).
[ 10 ] +
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] --

(labels of scale extremes not reported)
O-SL?-?-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"...... how satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole......?"
(Full question not reported)
1 not very satisfied
2 somewhat satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the way you are getting on now..."
3 very satisfied
2 all right
1 dissatisfied
- don't know
O-SLC-c-sq-v-3-abSelf report on single question

How satisfied are you with the way you are getting on now?
3 very satisfied
2 satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....?
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not very satisfying
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfying do you find the way you're spending your life these days? Would you call it ......?"
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not very satisfying
O-SLL-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Think of the way you lived your life in the last time: how would you appreciate your degree of satisfaction, of happiness?
7 very high
6 high
5 relatively high
4 neither high or low
3 relatively low
2 low
1 very low
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not very satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- Don't know
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question :

"Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?"
[ 10 ] entirely satisfied
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely dissatisfied

Name Cantril ladder rating (modified version)
O-SLS-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the way you are getting on now?
3 very satisfied
2 all right
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLS-c-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question

Taking everything together, how happy are you with the way things are going in your life now?
6 completely satisfied
5 pretty much satisfied
4 slightly satisfied
3 slightly dissatisfied
2 pretty much dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-aAre you satisfied with your current life?
1: very unsatisfied
7: very satisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 fairly dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-abOverall, how satisfied are you with your present life.......?
Please choose from this card that is closest to your feeling.
5 very satisfied
4 quite happy
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 frustrated
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-lSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 very good
4 rather good
3 neither good nor bad
2 rather bad
1 very bad
O-SLu-c-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life at the moment, would you say that you are by and large satisfied with life or are you mostly dissatisfied
7 very much satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 quite satisfied
4 so-so
3 quite dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 very much dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-cSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how happy would you say you are....."?

Response options not reported
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-aSelf report on single question:

Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?"
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question

In general, would you say that you are satisfied with your life?
Would you say that you are
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
5 completely satisfied
4 satisfied
3 unsatisfied nor satisfied
2 unsatisfied
1 completely unsatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?

I want you to pick a number between 0 and 10 that indicates your level of satisfaction. The more satisfied you are, the higher the number you should pick. The less satisfied you are, the lower the number.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

This item is at the end of a list of identical questions about satisfaction in specific domains of life: home, employment opportunities, financial situation, safety, neighborhood, health and free time
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with overall life....."
(Full questions not reported)
3 very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not satisfied
- NA
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"How dissatisfied would you say you are with things in general today?'
Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"Now taking everything about your life into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life today?"
10 satisfied
9
8
7
6

5
4

3
2
1
0 dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

'Taking all tings together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bSelfreport on single question:

When you consider your life-as-a-whole, are you..........?
0 quite dissatisfied
1
2
3
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dSelfreport on single question:

Let's think about your life as a whole: would you say that you are with your life right now
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 a little dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: how satisfied are you with your life in general at the present time.....?
1 not satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
4 very satisfied
5 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ebSelfreport on single question:

To what extent are you satisfied with your life in general at present?
1 not at all satisfied
2 less than satisfied
3 both yes and no
4 rather satisfied
5 fully satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-tSelfreport on single question:

How would you describe your satisfaction with life in general at present......?
1 bad
2 poor
3 fair
4 good
5 excellent
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Finally, will you consider some other aspects of your life at the present moment, and indicate how satisfied you feel about each in turn....... Taking everything together, your life -as-a-whole- these days.......?

1 I'm extremely dissatisfied
2 I'm very dissatisfied
3 I'm moderately dissatisfied
4 I'm not sure
5 I'm moderately satisfied
6 I'm very satisfied
7 I'm extremely satisfied
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

Would you say that in general you are .. with your life so far
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 a little dissatisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD'
[ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face
(Pictures not reproduced here)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Please look at this satisfaction scale and tell me how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your life as a whole
10 satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 Dissatisfied

Numbers were presented in different order (1 satisfied… 10 dissatisfied).
O-SLW-u-sq-n-101-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to indicate their satisfaction in 17 areas of life and with ....."life as a whole"
(Full question not reported)
0 completely dissatisfied
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life?
Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are.
0 totally dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 totally satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how do you judge your quality of life?
4 very satisfactory
3 sufficiently satisfactory
2 not too satisfactory
1 unsatisfactory
- don't know
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A. " Dissatisfied" and "Unhappy" responses on the Block (1961) Adjective Rating List.

B. Overall happiness. Single direct question: "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .......?"
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy

C. Present-year score on Life-Evaluation Chart, ranging from:
1 low
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 high
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bSelfreport in 2 questions:

A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all satisfied

B. "Where would you place your life as a whole?"
Rated on a thermometer scale.
100 perfect, as good as you can imagine it being
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0 terrible, as bad as you can imagine it being

Summation: factor loading
O-V-h-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how do you feel your life has turned out so far?
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
Chi²CHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi² <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi² >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
DyxSOMERS' ASYMMETRIC TEST STATISTIC
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Dyx = 0 «no rank correlation
Dyx = +1 «strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness ratings.
Dyx = -1 «strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
gHHedges's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range (theoretical): unlimited

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
GsPARTIAL GAMMA. See: GAMMA
Range: [-1, +1].
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 « no association
T -> 1 « strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
O01OCCUPATIONE02EMPLOYMENT
O01OCCUPATIONW03WORK: CAREER
O01OCCUPATIONW04WORK: CONDITIONS
O01OCCUPATIONW05WORK: ATTITUDES
O01OCCUPATIONW06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)
O01aa02Recent change in occupationL05abCurrent life-change (assessed by follow up)
O01aa02bLoss of jobR03aa02Change in retirement status
O01aa02bLoss of jobE02aa02Change in employment
O01aa03History of current occupationO01abCurrent occupation
O01aa03History of current occupationW01ac02Attitudes to war in general
O01ab01In working-force or notE02ab04Not in labour force
O01ab02aEntrepreneurP10ab02aOwn business
O01ab02aEntrepreneurE02af01Self employed
O01acCharacteristics of current occupationE02aeCurrent employment arrangement
O01acCharacteristics of current occupationW04abCurrent work-conditions
O01ac01aSocial prestige of occupationS09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS
O01ac01bSkill level of occupationE01abCurrent education
O01ac01dOccupation of training/educationW03WORK: CAREER
O01ac01eSupervisory tasksL02LEADERSHIP
O01adAttitudes to one's occupationW05WORK: ATTITUDES
O01ad01aOccupational aspirationsL07ab02Object of life-goals
O01ad01bSatisfaction with careerL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure)
O01ad01bSatisfaction with careerL07ac02Perceived realization of life-goals
O01ad01bSatisfaction with careerS05ac03Satisfaction with one's social mobility
O01ad03Attitudes to current jobW05adCurrent satisfaction with work

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings