Findings on Happiness and NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION
Subject Code: N06

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION0
N06aaAttitudinal career0
N06aa01Earlier attitudes to one's nation0
N06aa02Change in attitudes to one's nation2
N06aa03Later attitudes to one's nation0
N06abCurrent attitudes to one's nation9
N06ab01Perceived earlier situation of one's nation1
N06ab02Evaluation of current situation of one's nation19
N06ab04Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation5
N06ab05Hopes for the country3
N06ab06Worries about the country2
N06acCurrent satisfaction with one's nation13
N06ac01Satisfaction with life in the country in general9
N06ac02Satisfaction with compatriots8
N06ac03Satisfaction with fair treatment 4
N06ac04Satisfaction with moral climate 7
N06ac05Satisfaction with respect for rights5
N06adAttitudes to the state8
N06aeAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation10
N06ae01Satisfaction with economic development5
N06ae02Satisfaction with costs of living 3
N06ae03Satisfaction with taxes1
N06afAttitudes to social relations in the nation9
N06af01Attitudes to ethnic relations 8
N06af02Attitudes to labor relations 3
N06af03Attitudes to social inequality 17
N06agAttitudes to position of the nation5
N06ahAttitudes to culture in the nation2
N06ah01Satisfaction with supply of mass-media2
N06aiIdentification with one's country2
N06ai01Willingness to emigrate0
N06ai02Willingness to fight for country1
N06ac06Satisfaction with media5
N06ac07Satisfaction with natural environment9
N06ab03Perceived improvement/deterioration0
N06ab07Satisfaction with government4
N06ac08Satisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly2
N06ac09Satisfaction with transportation opportunities1
N06ac10Satisfaction with price levels1
N06ac11Satisfaction with environmental protection1
N06ae04Satisfaction with living conditions1
N06ae04aSatisfaction with water supply1
N06ab08Perceived corruption1
N06ac12Satisfaction with freedom1
N06af04Attitudes to treatment of children1
N06ab09Perceived treatment of migrants1
N12NATION: LIFESTYLE0
N12aaLife-style career of nation0
N12abCurrent life-style in nation0
N12acAttitudes to life-style in nation0
N12ab01Health behaviour in nation0
N12ab01cSmoking in nation1
N12ab01aAlcohol consumption in nation1
N12ab01bNutrition in nation3
N12ab01dSun protection in nation1
N12ab02Sporting in nation1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=N06
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06aa02

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labelCountry
Page in Source 66
Our classificationChange in attitudes to one's nation, code N06aa02
Operationalization
a: St. Louis
b: Utrecht
Observed distributiona: 53.2%, b: 46.8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+ p < .05
St. Louis: M = 7.78
Utrecht  : M = 8.01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDM=+ p < .001
St. Louis: M= 3.21
Utrecht  : M= 3.40
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ p < .001
St. Louis: M= 1.25
Utrecht  : M= 2.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06aa02

StudyInglehart et al. (2008): study ZZ 1981
TitleDevelopment, Freedom, and Rising Happiness.
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2008, Vol. 3, 264 - 285
Public18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =72000

Correlate
Author's label(Change in) National pride
Page in Source 267, 272
Our classificationChange in attitudes to one's nation, code N06aa02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"How proud are you to be (country's nationality)?"
-very proud
-quite proud
-not very proud
-not at all proud
Observed distributionnot reported.
Remarks
Data: World Values Surveys. 52 nations involved in at 
least two waves between 1981 and 2007, AT LEAST 10 
YEARS APART.
Cases weighted for number of years between first and 
last survey; so countries for which the full 26-year 
time series was available have 2,6 times the weight of 
countries with a 10-year series. 
T1 = first survey
T2 = last survey

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-14-ab=+.03 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 average national 
pride at T1.

Change in happiness measured controling T2 by T1
B  further controlled for:
-T1 GDP per capita
-T1 democracy
-T1 religiosity
-T1 tolerance of outgroups
-T1 sense of free choice
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bb=+.03 ns
T2-T1CHANGE in average happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE 
in average national pride in 42 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.05 ns
O-Sum---mq-*-14-ab=+.14 ns
Change in happiness and national pride measured 
controling t2 by T1
B's further controlled for T1-T2  CHANGE in:
- GDP per capita
- religiosity
- democracy
- tolerance of outgroups
- sense of free choice


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelNational reunification
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
1= if reunification between the Mainland and Taiwan is 
a social problem of major interest to the respondent
0= otherwise
Observed distribution9.9% of respondents considered national reunification a social problem of major interest to them

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=+.17 p < .001
b(0.165) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with society
Page in Source 380
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with society at large 
?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4392; %:1 2,5; 2:7,1; 3:38,1; 4:44,3 5:8,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .00
1: Mt=6.34
2: Mt=6.48
3: Mt=7.33
4: Mt=8.18
5: Mt=9.01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.34 p < .00
1: Mt=5.46
2: Mt=6.10
3: Mt=6.93
4: Mt=7.95
5: Mt=8.76
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.32 p < .00
1: Mt=5.60
2: Mt=5.98
3: Mt=6.55
4: Mt=7.45
5: Mt=8.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with society
Page in Source 382
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
" How satisfied are you at present with society at 
large ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4599; %:1:4,4; 2:17,2; 3:35,9; 4:37,3; 5:5,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .00
1: Mt=6.65
2: Mt=7.15
3: Mt=7.48
4: Mt=8.24
5: Mt=8.86
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.28 p < .00
1: Mt=6.04
2: Mt=6.75
3: Mt=7.13
4: Mt=7.98
5: Mt=8.86
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.26 p < .00
1: Mt=5.94
2: Mt=6.50
3: Mt=6.70
4: Mt=7.50
5: Mt=8.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with society
Page in Source 358
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with society at large?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1363, 1:15, 2:69, 3:392, 4:716, 5:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.31 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.66
 2: Mt=6.34
 3: Mt=7.14
 4: Mt=8.08
 5: Mt=8.81
All Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.34 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.00
 2: Mt=5.90
 3: Mt=6.71
 4: Mt=7.75
 5: Mt=8.59
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.30 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.50
 2: Mt=5.84
 3: Mt=6.39
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=7.95
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelWish to preserve national status quo
Page in Source 263
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on wishes and hopes for the future of one's country. 
Responses indicative of contentment with things as they 
are.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.75 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelHave no fears for the nation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Content analysis of responses on open- ended question 
on fears and worries for the future of one's country. 
Responses indicating no fears or worries for the 
country.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014): study TR 2008
TitleSocial Capital, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0464-y
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2381

Correlate
Author's labelInstitutional trust (confidence)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Self report on question: How much confidence do you 
have in
a.  the education system?
b.  the police?
c.  the civil service?
d.  the health care system?
e.  the justice system?

Rated:
1 = none at all
2 = not very much
3 = quite a lot
4 = a great deal
Observed distributionM = 3.07, SD = 0.68
Remarks
Cronach's alpha = 0.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
Probability of being more/less happy when 
confident:
- very satisfied           + 5% (.01)
- somewhat satisfied       + 2% (.01)
- medium satisfied         - 2% (.01)
- somewhat dissatisfied    - 2% (.01)
- very dissatisfied        - 2% (.01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC=+ p < .01
- very happy               + 4% (.01)
- quite happy              - 0% (ns)
- not very happy           - 2% (.01)
- not at all happy         - 2% (.01)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudyEkici & Koydemir (2014a): study TR 1999
TitleSocial Capitel, Government and Democracy Satisfaction, and Happiness in Turkey: A Comparison of Surveys in 1999 and 2008.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 118, 1031 - 1053
DOIdoi: 10,1007/s11205-013-0464-y
Public15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1999
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1205

Correlate
Author's labelInstitutional trust (confidence)
Page in Source 1038
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Self report on question:
How much confidence do you have in
a.  the education system?
b.  the police?
c.  the civil service?
d.  the health care system?
e.  the justice system?
Rated: 
1 = none at all
2 = not very much
3 = quite a lot
4 = a great deal.
Observed distributionM = 2.61, SD = 0.81
Remarks
Cronbach's alpha = 0.85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
Probability of being more/less happy when 
confident
- very satisfied          +5% (.01)
- somewhat satisfied      +5% (.01)
- medium satisfied        +1% (.01)
- somewhat dissatisfied   -3% (.01)
- very dissatisfied       -8% (.01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gOLRC=+ p < .01
- very happy              +6% (.01)
- quite happy             +4% (.01)
- not very happy          -4% (.01)
- not at all happy        -5% (.01)

OLRCs adjusted for:
- income
- age
- employment status
- gender
- marital status
- religiosity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current attitudes to one's nation
Subject code: N06ab

StudySelim (2008): study TR 1990
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-007-9218-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =6338

Correlate
Author's labelProud of nationality
Page in Source 548, 554
Our classificationCurrent attitudes to one's nation, code N06ab
Operationalization
Self report on single question on single question about 
being proud of the nationality. 
0 no proud of nationality (reference)
1 proud of nationality

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOLRC=+ p < .01
proud of nationality (compared to no proud of 
nationality)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aOLRC=+ p < .01
proud of nationality (compared to no proud of 
nationaliy)

OLRC's are controled for:
- year dummies
- gender
- age
- marital status
- number of childeren
- education level
- type of employment
- income scales
- health status 
- importance of life domains
- political orientations and trust

OLRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes. Values are therefore not reported in this 
abstract.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived earlier situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab01

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of national situa- tion 5 years ago
Page in Source 44
Our classificationPerceived earlier situation of one's nation, code N06ab01
Operationalization
Closed question on 'where did the United States stand 5 
years ago', rated
on an 11 point self-anchoring scale (Cantril ladder: 
see CANTR 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.13
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.09
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study BR 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 1960-1961
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study CU 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =992

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHospitalisation in first year in months
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Lenght of hospitalization in the first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1: 1-2 months
2: 3-4 months
3: 5-6 months
4: 7-8 months
5: 9-10 months
6: 11-12 months
Observed distributionN months: 1:10,2%, 2:4,6%, 3:2,7%, 4:2,5%, 5:2,1%, 6:2,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.68
2: Mt=7.69
3: Mt=7.53
4: Mt=7.86
5: Mt=7.85
6: Mt=7.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.44
2: Mt=7.43
3: Mt=7.30
4: Mt=7.73
5: Mt=7.39
6: Mt=7.35
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.04
2: Mt=6.88
3: Mt=7.06
4: Mt=7.13
5: Mt=6.79
6: Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study DO 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =814

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greates hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study EG 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 1960
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =499

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study XZ Germany West 1957
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1957
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =480

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of general situation ofIsrael
Page in Source 373
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.39
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study IL 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, living in Kibutz, Israel, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study IL 1961
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, Israel, 1961-62
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1170

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale: 
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study JP 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Japan, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 184
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.55 p < . 05
Stronger in countries were political changes took 
place recently (p. 223).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study NG 1963
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1962-63
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study PA 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Panama, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =642

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study PH 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Philipines, 1959
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyKoralewicz & Zagorski (2009): study PL 2007
TitleLiving Conditions and Optimistic Orientation of Poles.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology, 2009, Vol. 39, 10 - 44
DOIDOI:10.2753/IJS0020-7659390401
PublicAdults, general public, Poland, 2007
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelEvalution of the country's situation
Page in Source 39
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.07 p < .01
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-aBeta=+.06 p < .01
Beta's controlled for evalution of:
- the country's situation
- situation in locality of residence
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.02 p < .01
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-aBeta=+.01 ns
Beta's additionally controlled for:
- sense of resourcefulness
- alienation
- family income (equivalent)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study CS 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Yugoslavia, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1523

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 44
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale (Cantril ladder: see CANTR, 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.18
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.12
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.16


Correlational finding on Happiness and Evaluation of current situation of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab02

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelPositive evaluation of present national situation
Page in Source 233
Our classificationEvaluation of current situation of one's nation, code N06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale:
"Suppose your greatest hopes for (name of country) are 
at the top, your worst fears at the bottom. Where would 
you put (name of country) on the ladder at the present 
time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab04

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelExpectations
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationExpected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, code N06ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions:
A. What is your expectation of China’s economic 
prospects in the next three to five years?
1. very poor
2
3
4
5. very good

B. What is your expectation of property prices in the 
coming year?
1. decrease a lot
2
3
4
5. increase a lot

C. What is your expectation of commodity prices in the 
coming year?
1. decrease a lot
2
3
4
5. increase a lot

D. What is your expectation of interest rates in the 
coming year?
1. decrease a lot
2
3
4
5. increase a lot
Observed distributionA. M = 3.78; B. M = 3.79; C. M = 4.14; D. M = 3.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.18 p < .01
Economy expectation
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=-.02 ns
Property price expectation
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.00 ns
Commodity price expectation
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.02 ns
Interest rate expectation

B's controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -rural hukou
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
 -homeownership property status
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
 -source of homeownership
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion


Correlational finding on Happiness and Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab04

StudyKonwicka (1976): study ZZ Europe 1967
TitleHomology of Predictions and Wishes.
SourceOrnauer, H.;et al.,Eds.: "Images of the World 2000:A Comparative Ten Nation Study", Humanities Press, 1976, USA, 403 - 419
Public15-40 aged, 6 european countries,
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3962

Correlate
Author's labelHomology
Page in Source 415
Our classificationExpected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, code N06ab04
Operationalization
Correspondence between expressed wishes for the future 
and expectations on the issues of:
- believe in religion
- sexual freedom
- attachment to families
- women in leading positions

Correspondence expressed in contingency coefficient C
Observed distributionRange: .16 to .70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=-
Believe in religion: 
The higher the convergence of whishes and 
expectations the lower happiness (monotonic 
sequence in all 6 countries).
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Sexual freedom: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Attachment to families: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aC=0
Women in leading positions: 
No clear relation between wish/expectation fit and 
happiness, except Norway where highest 
correspondence is found among the least happy.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab04

StudyDekker & DeHart (2007): study NL 2006
TitleNiet zo Gelukkig in de Dapperstraat. (Not so Happy in the Dapperstraat).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 106 - 113
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159439

Correlate
Author's labelExpected happiness for the next generation
Page in Source 109
Our classificationExpected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, code N06ab04
Operationalization
How happy do you think the next generation will be with 
the Netherlands?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 neither unhgappy nor happy
4 happy
5 very happy
- DK/NA
Observed distribution?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.30 p < .05
Individual happiness by individual expected 
happiness with the Netherlands for the next 
generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .05
Average happiness in zipcode area by average 
expected happiness in zipcode area with the 
Netherlands for the next generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .05
Average happiness in communities by average 
expected happiness in communities with the 
Netherlands for the next generation.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.51 p < .05
Average happiness in provinces by average expected 
happiness in provinces with the Netherlands for 
the next generation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab04

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelPrice change expectations
Page in Source 37
Our classificationExpected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, code N06ab04
Operationalization
Self-report on 2 questions.
A: "Do you expect prices in general to rise, to remain 
the same, or to go down in the next 12 months?"
    1: go down
    2: remain the same
    3: rise
B: "By what percentage do you expect prices in total to 
have risen after 5 years?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-.03
Price change expectations (next year)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=-.54
Amplitude of price change expectations (5 years)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab-iv=-.61
Price change expectations (next year)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab-iv=-9.9
Amplitude of price change expectations (5 years)

Instrument for happiness:
- last ten days cloud cover deviation

Bs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - marital status
  - household size
  - gender
  - health status
  - age
  - number of children
  - schooling
  - income
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Expected improvement\deterioration of one's nation
Subject code: N06ab04

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived improve- ment in nat. situat.during past 5 years
Page in Source 44
Our classificationExpected improvement\deterioration of one's nation, code N06ab04
Operationalization
Difference in ladder ratings: Evaluation of present 
national situation minus evaluation of national 
situation 5 years ago.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.05
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.02
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hopes for the country
Subject code: N06ab05

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelOptimism
Page in Source 91
Our classificationHopes for the country, code N06ab05
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale:
- how does the future look for you in  the United 
States?
- how does the future look for your children in the 
United States?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .01
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.26
ß controlled for: 
- satisfaction with
  - self
  - leisure
  - USA
- perceived control


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hopes for the country
Subject code: N06ab05

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPositive expectat. of national situa- tion 5 yrs. from now
Page in Source 44
Our classificationHopes for the country, code N06ab05
Operationalization
Closed question on 'where do you think the United 
States will be on the ladder 5 years from now?', rated 
on an 11-point self-anchoring scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.15
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.10
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Hopes for the country
Subject code: N06ab05

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelExpected improvementin nat. situation during next 5 years
Page in Source 44
Our classificationHopes for the country, code N06ab05
Operationalization
Difference in ladder ratings: Expectation of national 
situation 5 years from now minus evaluation of present 
national situation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.03
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.00
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Worries about the country
Subject code: N06ab06

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelNational hopes and aspirations
Page in Source 263
Our classificationWorries about the country, code N06ab06
Operationalization
Content analysis of an open-ended ques- tion on wishes 
and hopes for the futu- re of one's country. Responses 
rated for:

a.  Political:
    honest, efficient, balanced, demo-
    cratic or representative, socialis-
    tic government; freedom; law and
    order; national unity; political
    stability, internal peace and or-
    der; etc.

b.  Economic:
    improved or decent standard of 
    living; technological advances, 
    greater productivity; economic sta-
    bility; employment; etc.

c.  Social:
    social justice; eliminate discrimi-
    nation, prejudice or exploitation;
    education; improved labor condi-
    tions; control of labor; social se-
    curity; housing; agrarian reform;
    public health; limited population
    growth; sense of social and politi-
    cal responsibility and awareness; 
    morality, ethical standards, reli-
    gions; etc.

d.  International:
    peace; disarmament, limitation of 
    armaments, control or banning of 
    nuclear weapons; lessening of cold
    war; better relations with Commu-
    nist bloc; friendly relations with
    all countries; better world; main-
    tain neutrality; help other na-
    tions; increased foreign trade or
    exports; etc.

e.  Independent status:
    military strength; maintain or at-
    tain the position of a world power;
    enhancement of status and importan-
    ce of the nation; exert ideological
    or moral leadership; national inde-
    pendence; etc.

f.  Preserve national status quo:
    contentment with things as they
    are.
Remarks
                                                        
                           




Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.05 ns
a. U-shaped curve: moderately happy people being   
 least concerned with politics.






C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.10 p < . 05
b.





C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.17 p < . 05
c.











C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.47 p < . 01
d.










C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.26 p < . 01
e.







C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.75 p < . 01
f.









Correlational finding on Happiness and Worries about the country
Subject code: N06ab06

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelNational worries andfears
Page in Source 263
Our classificationWorries about the country, code N06ab06
Operationalization
Content analysis of an open-ended ques- tion on fears 
and worries for the fu-
ture of one's country. Responses rated as concerning:

1.  Political:
    dishonest government; inefficient
    government; communism; no democracy
    or representative government; fear
    country will become socialistic;
    lack or loss of freedom; lack of 
    law and order; disunity among
    people of the nation; political in-
    stability, chaos, civil war; high
    or increased taxes; etc.

2.  Economic:
    no improvement in or inadequate  
    standard of living; no technologi-
    cal advances, economic backward-
    ness, low productivity; failure to
    preserve present standard of living
    economic instability; unemployment;
    etc.

3.  Social:
    social injustice; continued discri-
    mination, prejudice or exploitat-
    ion; inadequate educational facili-
    ties and schoolings; poor and un-
    fair working conditions; abuses by
    labor; unlimited population growth;
    no sense of social and political
    responsibility or awareness; lack
    of morality, ethical standards, re-
    ligion; too much mechanization and
    standardization, materialism, con-
    formity; etc.

4.  International:
    war; continued armament, no control
    or banning of nuclear weapons; no
    lessening of cold war; isolation
    from other nations; inability to
    maintain neutrality; etc.

5.  Independent status:
    not to maintain or attain the posi-
    tion of a world power; lose or
    have no status or importance; fail-
    ure to exert ideological or moral
    leadership; lack or loss of natio-
    nal independence; threat, agression
    domination by a communist power or
    any foreign power; etc.

6.  Have no fears for nation:
    no fears or worries for the coun-
    try.
    
7.  Fear of war:
    Item mentioned in open-ended ques-
    tion on fears and worries for one's
    personal future and/or for the fu-
    ture of one's country.
Remarks





Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.04 p < . 01










C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.08 p < . 01








C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.11 p < . 01













C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.29 p < . 01






C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.11 p < . 01









C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.02 ns



C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=+ ns


Fear of war Mt = 5.1
No fear     Mt = 4.8

In each of the separate countries the differences 
were non-significant.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with government
Subject code: N06ab07

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government policies and environment
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with government, code N06ab07
Operationalization
Self-report on five questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) general impact of state policies on your 
     family
b) current price of basic foods
c) current price of basic daily needs
d) public infrastructure of the city
e) current level of pollution
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.35, b) M=3.76, c) M=3.50, d) M=3.14, e) M= 2.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH: GENERAL IMPACT OF STATE 
POLICIES ON YOUR FAMILY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC FOODS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC DAILY NEEDS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
CURRENT LEVEL OF POLLUTION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Occupation and social status
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with government
Subject code: N06ab07

StudyGokdemir (2014): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2011
TitleFactors that Influence the Life Satisfaction of Women Living in the Northern Cyprus.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, Vol. 115, 1071 - 1085
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0265-3#page-1
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-013-0265-3
Public18+ aged women, Northern Cyprus, 2011
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelPerception of government performance
Page in Source 1078,1082
Our classificationSatisfaction with government, code N06ab07
Operationalization
Question asked: How is the performance of the 
government in general?
1. very bad
----
4. very good.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-acBeta=+.16
Beta controled for:
- religion
- health
- education
- marital status
- age
- household income
- social reference income
- financial status
- paricipation in household expenditure
- being a victim domestic violence
- witnessing domestic violence
- gender discrimination
- employment
- housewife
- political preference


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with government
Subject code: N06ab07

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government
Page in Source 261
Our classificationSatisfaction with government, code N06ab07
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'Thinking about the 
(country) government, how satisfied are you with the 
way it is doing its job?'. 

Rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.67 p < .05
AVERAGE hapiness by AVERAGE satisfaction with the 
way the national government is doing its job
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.67 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with government
Subject code: N06ab07

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the government
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSatisfaction with government, code N06ab07
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab= ns
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-Health
-Home
-Residential environment
-Friends and acquaintances
-Social position
-Education
-Financial resources
-Dutch society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived corruption
Subject code: N06ab08

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelCorruption
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationPerceived corruption, code N06ab08
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
Is corruption widespread throughout the government, or 
not?
1- Yes
0- No
Observed distributionM=0.76, Range from 0.97 (Lithuania) to 0.05 (Singapore)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.43 p < .01
% Corruption by AVERAGE happiness in 164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived treatment of migrants
Subject code: N06ab09

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants treated well
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationPerceived treatment of migrants, code N06ab09
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
Is this city or area where you live a good place or not 
a good place to live for immigrants from other 
countries?
1- Yes
0- No
Observed distributionM= 0.65, Range from 0.21 (Malaysia) to 0.92 (New Zealand)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.34 p < .01
% Immigrants treated well by AVERAGE happiness in 
164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyCummins et al. (2003b): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey, Report 8.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Feeling Connected to Australia.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, November 2003, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response83%
Respondents N =1980

Correlate
Author's labelConnection to Australia
Page in Source 114
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Single question: 
I am going to ask what makes you feel most connected to 
Australia.
a: Our environment
b: Our democracy
c: Our sporting Culture
d: Our multicultural Society
e: Our life style
Observed distributionN = a: 212, b: 264, c: 219, d: 287, e: 976

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .003
a Mt = 7,73; SD = 1,70
b Mt = 7,88; SD = 1,70
c Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,95
d Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,82
e Mt = 7,92; SD = 1,57
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aDMt= p < .012
a Mt = 7,55; SD = 166
b Mt = 7,74; SD = 1,54
d Mt = 7,49; SD = 1.62
e Mt = 7,79; SD = 1,49
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bDMt= p < .018
a Mt = 7,93; SD = 1,53
b Mt = 7,84; SD = 1,45
c Mt = 7,85; SD = 1,64
d Mt = 7,67; SD = 1,67
e Mt = 7,97; SD = 1,37


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelNational Wellbeing
Page in Source 4+121+125
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
National Wellbeing Index(NWI):6 item index.
Turning now to life in Australia,how satisfied are you 
with..
- the economic situation in Australia
- the state of the natural environment 
  in Australia
- the social conditions in Australia
- government in Australia
- business in Australia
- national security in Australia
Observed distributionM = 60.32 ; SD = 23.12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelPublic life sphere
Page in Source 215
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Self report on four questions: How satisfied are you 
with ...
a the condition of the environment
b public safety
c the democratic system
d social welfare system
Rated:
-2 very dissatisfied
-1 somewhat dissatisfied
 0 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
+1 somewhat satisfied
+2 very satisfied
Observed distributiona: M= 0.12, 31.3% satisfied, 21.6% dissatisfied b: M=-0.06, 25.3% satisfied, 29.5% dissatisfied c: M=-0.18, 18.1% satisfied, 29.5% dissatisfied d: M=-0.49, 13.6% satisfied, 48.8% dissatisfied Average M=-0.15

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=0.96 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.05 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.01 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.05 p < .05
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- value priorities
- lifestyle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelNational Wellbeing
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
National Wellbeing Index (NWI): 6 item index.
Turning now to life in Bogotá, how satisfied are you 
with:...
- the economic situation in Bogotá
- the state of national environmebnt in Bogotá
- the social conditions in Bogotá
- government in Bogotá
- business in Bogotá
- national security in Bogotá
Observed distributionM=5,19; SD=1,50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.30 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caR˛=.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with society
Page in Source 360
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you at present with society at 
large?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: all:1457, 1:39, 2:176, 3:452, 4:676, 5:114

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.35
 2: Mt=7.08
 3: Mt=7.51
 4: Mt=8.04
 5: Mt=8.98
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.28 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.63
 3: Mt=7.13
 4: Mt=7.76
 5: Mt=8.70
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.25 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.15
 2: Mt=6.23
 3: Mt=6.64
 4: Mt=7.21
 5: Mt=8.14
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyBaltatescu (2005): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleSubjective Well-Being of Immigrants in Europe and Their Evaluation of Societal Conditions. An Exploratory Study.
SourcePop, L.; Matiuta, C.; Eds.: "European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe", 2005, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, Romania, 128 - 143
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescu_sm_2005.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 13 nations in Europe, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28320

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economy in nation
Page in Source 11
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Average response to question: 
"How satisfied are you with the present state of 
economy in country ? "

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.86
Average satisfaction with economy by average 
happiness in nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.89


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyDekker & DeHart (2007): study NL 2006
TitleNiet zo Gelukkig in de Dapperstraat. (Not so Happy in the Dapperstraat).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 106 - 113
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159439

Correlate
Author's labelHappy with the Netherlands
Page in Source 109
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How happy are you with The Netherlands?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 neither unhgappy nor happy
4 happy
5 very happy
- DK/NA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.35 p < .05
individual happiness by individual satisfaction 
with the nation
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.42 p < .05
Average happiness in zipcode area by average 
satisfaction with nation in zipcode area
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.37 p < .05
Average happiness in community by average 
satisfaction with nation in community
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.67 p < .05
Average happiness in province by average 
satisfaction with nation in province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Dutch society
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.07 p < .01
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-Health
-Home
-Residential environment
-Friends and acquaintances
-Social position
-Education
-Financial resources
-Government
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.07 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Employment
-Age
-Household composition
-Satisfaction with:
 -Health
 -Home
 -Friends and acquaintances
 -Social position
 -Financial resources


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life domains
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on six questions:
How satisfied are you with the
a: Economic situation in New Zealand
b: State of New Zealands' Environment
c: Social conditions in New Zealand
d: Government
e: Business in New Zealand
f: National security

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent:N=2769; M= 51,9; SD=15,5 Maori descent: N=289; M=49,3; SD=16,5
Remarks
Items in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbR˛=.13
European descent(78%)

a+b+c+d+e+f
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbR˛=.14
Maori descent(8%)

a+b+c+d+e+f


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the social welfare system
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
"the social welfare system" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:2.9%, -1:7.5%, 0:28.1%, +1:13.9%, +2:47.6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.06 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.02 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.03 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.03 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.01 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the democratic system
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
"the democratic system" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:2.6%, -1:5.9%, 0:25.1%, +1:12.9%, +2:53.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.09 p < .05
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.10 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.05 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.11 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.03 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.09 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.08 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyWarr et al. (1979): study GB 1977
TitleScales for the Measurement of Social Work Attitudes and Aspects of Psychological.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology, 1979, Vol. 52, 129 - 148
PublicFactory workers, blue collar, UK, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =590

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with standards and achievement
Page in Source 140
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
7-item index of questions on satisfaction with 
standards and achievement. Typical items:
- The moral standards in Britain today
- What to future seems to hold for you
Answers scored on a seven point scale ranging 
from"extremely dissatisfied"(1) to "extremely 
satisfied"(7).
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abr=+.31 p < .01
controlled for age   rpc=+.31
controlled for skill rpc=+.31
 
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.51 p < .01
controlled for age   rpc=+.51
controlled for skill rpc=+.50
 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current satisfaction with one's nation
Subject code: N06ac

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Actualization
Page in Source 132
Our classificationCurrent satisfaction with one's nation, code N06ac
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements:
a) Society has stopped making progress (-)
b) Society is not improving for people like you (-)
c) Social institutions (e.g. government & law) do not 
make your life better (-)
d) Society is continually evolving (+)
e) Society is a productive place for people to live in 
(+)
f) There is no social progress (-)
g) The world is becoming a better place for everyone 
(+)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.Strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 32.1 SD = 5.7
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from 0.54 to 1.0 Validity coefficient for the scoring ranged from 0.46 to 0.62 Alpha reliabiliy 0 .69

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.26 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life in Australia
Page in Source 123
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you satisfied with life in Australia?Rated on 0-10 
scale.
Observed distributionM = 8.46; SD = 1.74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.36 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of life/society
Page in Source 265-266
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Index of:
A: Satisfaction with life as a whole;
   - happiness
   - life satisfaction
B: Satisfaction with the institutions of the country;
   - economy
   - government 
   - democracy
   - educational system
   - health services 

Each rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied
Remarks
High values indicate high quality of life/ society

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.93 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE satisfaction with 
quality of life and society
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.89 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyBecker & Vink (1984): study NL 1982
TitleWerkelozen, Arbeidsongeschikten en Werkenden Vergeleken. ( A Comparison between the Unemployed, Disabled Workers and the Employed).
SourceSocial and Cultural Planning Office, 1984, Rijswijk, Netherlands
URLhttps://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_1996_en_eerder/Werklozen_arbeidsongeschikten_en_werkenden_vergeleken
Public18-64 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response68-94%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with society
Page in Source V580
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Single question:
"To what extent are you satisfied with the society in 
which you are currently living?"
0=very dissatisfied 
1=dissatisfied
2=neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3=satisfied
4=very satisfied
Observed distributionM=3.3286 SD=0.7686

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.26 p < .000
working
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.18 p < .000
unemployed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nar=+.14 p < .008
disabled


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyHall (1976): study GB 1971
TitleSubjective Measures of Quality of Life in Britain, 1971 to 1975: Some Developments and Trends.
SourceSocial Trends, 1976, Vol. 7, 47 - 60
URLhttp://independent.academia.edu/JohnFHall/Papers/81542/Subjective_measures_of_quality_of_life_in_Britain_Some_developments_and_trends_Hall_1976b_
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971-1975
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life in Britain
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Direct closed question rated on a 11-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.32
1975


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the current state of affairs in nation
Page in Source 2
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Single question on state of affairs in US
0: dissatisfied
1: satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=+
% very happy
0: dissatisfied      42%
1: satisfied         49%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyMeredith (1984): study US 1982
TitleLevel and Correlates of Perceived Quality of Life for Lao Hmong Refugees in Nebraska.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 83 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00315723
Public16+ aged, recent refugees from Laos, USA, 1982
Sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =145

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with USA
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 7-point 
Delighted-Terrible scale: How do you feel about the 
country you live in?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25 p < .01
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.22
ß controlled for:
- satisfaction with self
- optimism
- satisfaction with leisure
- perceived control


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyCampbell (1981): study US 1978
TitleThe Sense of Well-Being in America.
SourceMcGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Responseabout 20 %
Respondents N =3692

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with life in the U.S.A.
Page in Source 168
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Single closed question on amount of 
satisfaction with life in the U.S.A. rated on a 7-point 
scale ranging from
completely dissatisfied to completely
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyBeals (1985): study US 1978
TitleGenerational Differences in Well-being for two European Groups.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicImmigrants from Europe, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =844

Correlate
Author's labelPeceptions of US-life
Page in Source 80,91
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Index consisting of 4 closed questions:
1. "Would you say that in general 
   public officials treat you?:
   1: not fairly at all, 2: not very  
   fairly, 3: fairly enough, 4: very
   fairly"
2  "How free do you feel to live the  
   kind of life you want to?"
   1: not free at all, 2: not very
   free, 3: free enough, 4: very free.
3. "How satisfied are you with life in
   the US today?" 
   1: completely dissatisfied,
   4: neutral, 7: completely satisfied
4. "If you had the chance to move out
   of the US and settle down in some
   other country, do you think you
   would like to do it?"
   1: yes, 2: not sure, 3: no
Loadings of the four items were determined by 
factor-analysis. 
 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aßL=+.40 p < .01
ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a 
LISREL-model, controlled for contacts with 
relatives, contacts with friends, immigration- 
generation and socioeconomic status. Also involved 
in the model are cognitive well-being and negative 
affect.
         
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bßL=+.50 p < .01
ßL standardized direct path coefficient in a 
LISREL-model, controlled for contacts with 
relatives, contacts with friends, immigration 
generation and socioeconomic status. Also involved 
in the model are positive and negative affect.
                              
         
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.41 p < .01
Immigrants from Western Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.58 p < .01
Immigrants from Western Europe
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-ar=+.34 p < .01
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-br=+.39 p < .01
Immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with life in the country in general
Subject code: N06ac01

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way things are going in the USA
Page in Source 44
Our classificationSatisfaction with life in the country in general, code N06ac01
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale (Cantril ladder: see CANTR, 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.11
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.09
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=-.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelOther's moral qualities index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: How dependable and responsible 
b: How sincere and honest
c: How generous and kind
people around you are
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.
Observed distributionM = 6.6 SD = 1.2
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.40 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way young people think and act
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way young 
people in this country are thinking and acting?"
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with treatment by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you feel about....?"  
                    
a. the extent to which you get what you    are entitled 
to                     
b  how fairly you are treated          
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.56
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.27
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.38
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.29
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way people over 40 think and act
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way people 
over 40 in this country are thinking and acting?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way young peoplethink and act
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way young 
people in this country are thinking and acting?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/
mostly satisfied/ pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way young people think and act
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way young 
people in this country are thinking and acting?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/
mostly satisfied/ pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.15
Males:      eta=+.22
Females:    eta=+.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way people over 40 think and act
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way people 
over 40 in this country are acting and thinking?"       
     
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.22
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with compatriots
Subject code: N06ac02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with treatment by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with compatriots, code N06ac02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the way other 
people treat you?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with fair treatment
Subject code: N06ac03

StudyBaltatescu (2005): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleSubjective Well-Being of Immigrants in Europe and Their Evaluation of Societal Conditions. An Exploratory Study.
SourcePop, L.; Matiuta, C.; Eds.: "European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe", 2005, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, Romania, 128 - 143
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescu_sm_2005.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 13 nations in Europe, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28320

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with health services in country
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with fair treatment , code N06ac03
Operationalization
Average response to question: 
"How satisfied are you with the state of health 
services in country?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.66
Average satisfaction with the state of health 
services in country by average happiness in 
nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.69


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with fair treatment
Subject code: N06ac03

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with fair treatment
Our classificationSatisfaction with fair treatment , code N06ac03
Operationalization
Single closed question: 'How do you feel about fair 
treatment?', rated on a 7-point Delighted-Terrible 
scale, ranging from (1) Delighted to (7) Terrible, (8) 
neither.
(order reversed)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+
T1: 1977     r= +.34    (01)
T2: 1979     r= +.34    (01)
T3: 1981     r= +.35    (01)
Both variables assessed at T1, T2, and T3. 
Correlation concerns same time measures.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with fair treatment
Subject code: N06ac03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with fair treatment by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with fair treatment , code N06ac03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how fairly you 
get treated?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.39
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.51
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.16
ß controlled for 7 criterion satisfactions:
- amount of fun
- physical needs met
- yourself
- how fairly treated
- interesting daily life
- adjust to changes
- financial security
- develop oneself
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.17
		ß additionally controlled for sociodemographic 
variables:
- family life-cycle
- age
- family income
- eduaction
- race


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with fair treatment
Subject code: N06ac03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with fair and rightful treatment by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with fair treatment , code N06ac03
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a  the extent to which you get what
   you are entitled to - what is
   rightfully yours (asked in July 1973)
b  how fairly you get treated (asked    in April 
1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelDissatisfaction with society
Page in Source 350
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
5-item additive index concerning dissatisfaction with 
society:
1. There are so many different opinions
   about good and evil that one 
   becomes confused about it.
2. The problem of our world is that
   most people don't believe in
   anything.
3. As things are to day, it is
   irreponsable to bring children into
   this world.
4. If it realily matters few people
   care about one.
5. What we are lacking in this world is
   life-long friendship.
Rated on a 4-point scale.
Assessed at T2(1976) and T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.18 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.22 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.29 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 dissatisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/3
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =1433

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with others sincerity
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how sincere and 
honest other people are?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with reliability of others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the reliability 
of the people you depend on?" 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with standards and values of society
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: How do you feel about the standards 
and values of today's society?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.18
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.27
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.17
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.20
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.28
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with standards and values
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the standards 
and values of today's society?" (asked in November 1972 
and July 1973)
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with standards and values of society
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the standards 
and value of today's society?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.20
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with moral climate
Subject code: N06ac04

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with reliability of others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with moral climate , code N06ac04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the reliability 
of the people you depend on?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with respect for rights
Subject code: N06ac05

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived respect for rights in Russia
Page in Source question 26
Our classificationSatisfaction with respect for rights, code N06ac05
Operationalization
Do you think that rights for education, work, rest, 
etc. are fulfilled in our society? 
1 no
2 rather no
3 rather yes
4 yes
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 15,7% 2: 40,9% 3: 23,6% 4: 3,2% DK/NA: 16,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1: M = 2,22 
2: M = 2,47
3: M = 2,73
4: M = 3,08
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.24 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with respect for rights
Subject code: N06ac05

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect from others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with respect for rights, code N06ac05
Operationalization
3-item index containing satisfaction with:
a the way one is treated by other people 
b bthe way one's rights are respected by others
c how dependable and responsible people are: "How do 
you feel about...?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.50
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.37
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.33
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.30
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.48


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with respect for rights
Subject code: N06ac05

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect and acceptance by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with respect for rights, code N06ac05
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a how much you are admired or
   respected by other people (asked
   in November 1972 and July 1973)
b how you get on with other people
   (asked in April 1973 and July
   1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with respect for rights
Subject code: N06ac05

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with admiration or respect by others
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with respect for rights, code N06ac05
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about how much you 
are admired or respected by other people?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.27
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with respect for rights
Subject code: N06ac05

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with respect for rights by others
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with respect for rights, code N06ac05
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the respect 
other people have for your rights?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.24
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with media
Subject code: N06ac06

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Israeli tv programs
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with media, code N06ac06
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'very un- satisfied' to 
'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with media
Subject code: N06ac06

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with media
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with media, code N06ac06
Operationalization
3-item index of questions "How do you
feel about....?"
a the entertainment you get from TV, radio, movies and 
local events and places
b  the information you get from newspapers, magazines, 
TV and radio
c  the information and entertainment  you get from TV, 
radio, newspapers
   and magazines
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.07
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.22
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.11
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.14
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.14
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with media
Subject code: N06ac06

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with media
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with media, code N06ac06
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a the entertainmentyou get from TV,
   radio, movies, and local events and
   places (asked in July 1973)
b the information you get from news-
   papers, magazines, TV, and radio
   (asked in July 1973)
c the information and entertainment 
   you get from TV, radio, newspapers,
   magazines (asked in November 1972
   and July 1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with media
Subject code: N06ac06

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with media
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with media, code N06ac06
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?"
a  entertainment
b  information from TV, radio, news-
   papers, etc.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.15
Males:      eta=+.22
Females:    eta=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with media
Subject code: N06ac06

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with media
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with media, code N06ac06
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the information 
and entertainment you get from TV, newspapers, radio, 
magazines?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.11
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with natural environment in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the state of the natural 
environment in Australia?
Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 5,99; SD = 1,90

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with natural environment
Page in Source 125
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the state of the state of 
the natural environment in Austalia?Rated on 0-10 
scale.
Observed distributionM = 5,79 ; SD = 1,91

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.20
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.00 p < .959
ß controled for satisfaction with.. In Austalia
- Social conditions
- Government
- Business
- Natinal Security
- Economic


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government policies and environment
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Self-report on five questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) general impact of state policies on your 
     family
b) current price of basic foods
c) current price of basic daily needs
d) public infrastructure of the city
e) current level of pollution
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.35, b) M=3.76, c) M=3.50, d) M=3.14, e) M= 2.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH: GENERAL IMPACT OF STATE 
POLICIES ON YOUR FAMILY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC FOODS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC DAILY NEEDS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
CURRENT LEVEL OF POLLUTION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Occupation and social status
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with state of environment in Bogotá
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the state of natural 
environment in Bogotá?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=4,55; SD=1,92

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=-.17
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=-.05 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- economic situation in Bogotá
- social conditions in Bogotá
- local government in Bogotá
- business in Bogotá
- nationale security in Bogotá


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with environment
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Self report on 0-10 scale.
Question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04
OLS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=+.03
FIXED EFFECTS MODEL

B and OLRC controlled for satisfaction with:
- leisure
- housework
- income
- health
- work
- dwelling


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with good air quality
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
In your country, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with 
the quality of air?
1- Satisfied
0- Dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=0.75, Range from 0.28 (Hong Kong) to 0.94 (Ireland)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.23 p < .01
% Satisfaction with good air quality by AVERAGE 
happiness in 164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with New Zealands' environment
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with the state of natural 
environment in New Zealand?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent: N=2769; M=53,3; SD=19,6 Maori descent: N=289; M=49,7; SD=20,7
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.08 p < .001
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.28 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- economic situation
- social conditions in New Zealand
- government
- business in New Zealand
- national security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with natural environment
Page in Source question 21
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with natural environment? 
1 completely dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 quite satisfied
- DK/NA
Observed distribution1: 26,9% 2: 28,4% 3: 26,3% 4: 10,7% DK/NA: 7,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1: M = 2,32
2: M = 2,48
3: M = 2,65
4: M = 2,87
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+.21 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with natural environment
Subject code: N06ac07

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the environment
Page in Source 363,370,371
Our classificationSatisfaction with natural environment, code N06ac07
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
"the condition of the environment" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distribution-2:1.1%, -1:2.3%, 0:11.5%, +1:24.4%, +2:60.8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=-.01 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=-.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=-.08 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.02 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.05 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.01 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly
Subject code: N06ac08

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with welfare provision
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly, code N06ac08
Operationalization
Self-report on three questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) economic security in old age
b) current housing conditions
c) means of transportation
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.08, b) M=3.11, c) M=3.12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.02 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH ECONOMIC SECURITY IN OLD AGE
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.12 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH CURRENT HOUSING CONDITIONS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
SATISFACTION WITH MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Occupation and social status
- Government policies and environment
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly
Subject code: N06ac08

StudyOishi et al. (2012): study ZZ 2007
TitleProgressive Taxation and the Subjective Well-Being of Nations.
SourcePsychological Science, 2012, Vol. 23, 86 - 92
DOIDOI:10.1177/0956787611420882
Public15+ aged, general public, 54 nations, 2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =59634

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with public goods
Page in Source 87
Our classificationSatisfaction with welfare provision for the elderly, code N06ac08
Operationalization
self-report
Observed distributionM=0.67 SD=0.12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.72 p < .01
AVERAGE happiness by satisfaction with public 
goods in 54 nations
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-pr=
Average negative affect r= +.49 (01)
Average positive affect r= +.66 (01)
No correlation with affect balance reported, but 
evidently positive


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with transportation opportunities
Subject code: N06ac09

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government policies and environment
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with transportation opportunities, code N06ac09
Operationalization
Self-report on five questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) general impact of state policies on your 
     family
b) current price of basic foods
c) current price of basic daily needs
d) public infrastructure of the city
e) current level of pollution
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.35, b) M=3.76, c) M=3.50, d) M=3.14, e) M= 2.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH: GENERAL IMPACT OF STATE 
POLICIES ON YOUR FAMILY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC FOODS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC DAILY NEEDS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
CURRENT LEVEL OF POLLUTION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Occupation and social status
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with price levels
Subject code: N06ac10

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with government policies and environment
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with price levels, code N06ac10
Operationalization
Self-report on five questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) general impact of state policies on your 
     family
b) current price of basic foods
c) current price of basic daily needs
d) public infrastructure of the city
e) current level of pollution
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.35, b) M=3.76, c) M=3.50, d) M=3.14, e) M= 2.75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH: GENERAL IMPACT OF STATE 
POLICIES ON YOUR FAMILY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC FOODS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
CURRENT PRICE OF BASIC DAILY NEEDS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.07 p < .01
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.00 p < .NS
CURRENT LEVEL OF POLLUTION

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Occupation and social status
- Family and social connections


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with environmental protection
Subject code: N06ac11

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with environment preserved
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationSatisfaction with environmental protection, code N06ac11
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
In your country, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with 
efforts to preserve the environment?
1- Satisfied
0- Dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=0.51, Range from 0.14 (Ukraine) to 0.95 (Bhutan)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.26 p < .01
% Satisfaction with environment preserved by 
AVERAGE happiness in 164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with freedom
Subject code: N06ac12

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelFreedom
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationSatisfaction with freedom, code N06ac12
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
In your country, are satisfied or dissatisfied with 
your freedom to choose what your do with your life?
1- Satisfied
0- Dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=0.71, Range from 0.28 (Cuba) to 0.95 (Norway)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.53 p < .01
% Freedom by AVERAGE happiness in 164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of political corruption
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Index of questions on self perceived corruption in 
public institutions. Questions not reported.
Error Estimatess.e.=.063

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation  
    - income  
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of political corruption
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Index of questions on self perceived corruption in 
public institutions. Questions not reported.
Error Estimatess.e.=.074

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.19 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation  
    - income  
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelExtent of political corruption
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Index of questions on self perceived corruption in 
public institutions. Questions not reported.
Error Estimatess.e.=.105

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.36 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation  
    - income  
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - attitudes to income-inequality     
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelHonest election
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
Honestly of election?
1- Yes
0- No
Observed distributionM= 0.51, Range from 0.14 (Chad) to 0.94 (Qatar)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.39 p < .01
% Honest election by AVERAGE happiness in 164 
nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyBaltatescu (2005): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleSubjective Well-Being of Immigrants in Europe and Their Evaluation of Societal Conditions. An Exploratory Study.
SourcePop, L.; Matiuta, C.; Eds.: "European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe", 2005, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, Romania, 128 - 143
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescu_sm_2005.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 13 nations in Europe, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28320

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the national government
Page in Source 11
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Average response to question: 
"How satisfied are you with the national government ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.61
Average satisfaction with national government by 
average happiness in nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyBaltatescu (2005): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleSubjective Well-Being of Immigrants in Europe and Their Evaluation of Societal Conditions. An Exploratory Study.
SourcePop, L.; Matiuta, C.; Eds.: "European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe", 2005, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, Romania, 128 - 143
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescu_sm_2005.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 13 nations in Europe, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28320

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with democracy works in country
Page in Source 11
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Average response to question: 
"How satisfied are you with the way the democracy works 
in country ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.56
Average satisfaction with the way democracy works 
in country by average happiness in nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.77


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with institutions
Page in Source 265-266
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
Index of satisfaction with the:
A: Economy
B: Government
C: Democracy
D: Educational system
E: Health services

Rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied
Remarks
High values indicate high levels of satisfaction with 
state institutions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.91 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE satisfaction with the 
institutions of the country
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.85 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to the state
Subject code: N06ad

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelDissatisfaction with present socio- political order
Page in Source 40
Our classificationAttitudes to the state, code N06ad
Operationalization
5-item index indicating anomy and powerlessness: 
Typical items are
- we need less laws and intitutions and  more 
courageous leaders
- most politicians are incapabale. -people should talk 
less and live a  more natural and active way of life.
Remarks
Itemsd taken from a shortened F-scale (Weima 1963)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=+.13 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economic situation in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are with the economic situation in 
Australia? Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6,54; SD = 1,66

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.22


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with business in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with business in Austalia? Rated 
on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 5,89; SD = 1,94

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economic situation in Australia
Page in Source 125
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the economic situation in 
Australia?Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.51; SD =1.91

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.31 p < .000
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.20 p < .000
ß controled for satisfaction with..in Australia
- State of natural environment
- Social conditions
- Government
- Business
- National Security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with business
Page in Source 125
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with business in Australia?Rated 
on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.11; SD = 1.86

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.25
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.06 p < .045
ß controled for satisfaction with.. in Australia
- National Security
- Economic
- State of natural environment
- Social conditions
- Government


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economic situation in Bogotá
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the economic situation in 
Bogotá?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=5,3; SD=1,95

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.21 p < .01
Beta controlled with satisfaction with
- state of environment in Bogotá
- social conditions in Bogotá
- local government in Bogotá
- business in Bogotá
- nationale security in Bogotá


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with business in Bogotá
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Single satisfaction:
How satisfaction are you with business in Bogotá?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=5,84; SD=2,18

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.03 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- economic situation in Bogotá
- state of environment in Bogotá
- social conditions in Bogotá
- local government in Bogotá
- national security in Bogotá


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyFahey & Smyth (2004a): study ZZ Europe 1999
TitleThe Link between Subjective Well-Being and Objective Conditions in European Societies.
SourceArts, W.;Halman, L.;Eds.: ''European Values at the Turn of the Millennium'', Brill, 2004, Boston, USA, 57 - 80
Public18+ aged, general public, 33 European nations, 1999-2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =39799

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived economic hardship
Page in Source 65
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Perception of difficulty in getting by on own income; % 
reporting "great difficulty".
Observed distributionRange: 1% (Denmark) - 62%(Bulgaria)
Remarks
Source: Eurobarometer surveys on the EU-Member States 
and Candidate Countries; available for 28 nations.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aR˛=.86
Average life-satisfaction by average perception of 
economic hardship (bivariate) in 28 nations.
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Satisfaction from the State of the Economy
Page in Source 36-37
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Remarks
Reported as correlation with happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR˛=.51 p < .05
The more satisfied with economy of the country of 
residence, the happier.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdR˛=.58 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economic situation in New Zealand
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with the econmomic situation in 
New Zealand?

Rated on a 10-point numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent: N=2769; M= 52,9; SD=20,2 Maori descent: N=289: M=49,7; SD=19,2
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.23 p < .001
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.28 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- state of New Zealands environment
- social conditions in New Zealand
- government
- business in New Zealand
- national security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation
Subject code: N06ae

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with business in New Zealand
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationAttitudes to socio-economic condition of the nation, code N06ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with business in New Zealand?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent: N=2769; M=55,4; SD=17,1 Maori descent: N=289; M=51,1; SD=19,4
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.17 p < .001
New-Zealanders with European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.26 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- economic situation
- state of New Zealands environment
- social conditions in New Zealand
- government
- national security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with economic development
Subject code: N06ae01

StudyPohl (2006): study DE 1984
TitleEmployment Status, Income and the Subjective Well-Being of Immigrants.
SourcePrinceton University, Working Paper, 2006, No. 71087
URLhttp://paa2007.princeton.edu/papers/71087
Public25-65 aged immigrants, Germany, followed yearly 1984-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15790

Correlate
Author's labelWorries about economic development
Page in Source 17
Our classificationSatisfaction with economic development, code N06ae01
Operationalization
Worries about gereral economic development:
a) Big worries
b) Some worries
c) No worries (reference category)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=-.07 ns
a) Big worries (vs no worries)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOLRC=-.08 ns
b) Some worries (vs no worries)

OPRC's controlled for:
- Sexe
- Age
- Number of children
- Marital status
- Education level
- Dummy west-germany
- Immigration background
- Employment status
- Income
- Health status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with economic development
Subject code: N06ae01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economic situation
Page in Source 373
Our classificationSatisfaction with economic development, code N06ae01
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.19
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with economic development
Subject code: N06ae01

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with economy
Page in Source 261
Our classificationSatisfaction with economic development, code N06ae01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'On the whole how 
satisfied are you with the present state of the economy 
in (country)?'

Rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.87 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE satisfaction with the 
state of the economy in the country
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.79 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with economic development
Subject code: N06ae01

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the development of the nation
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with economic development, code N06ae01
Operationalization
Direct question: "How do you feel about national 
development, about the chances of getting ahead in 
Sierra Leone?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-ar=+
Males   r= +.22
Females r= <+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with economic development
Subject code: N06ae01

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived economic conditions in nation
Page in Source 2
Our classificationSatisfaction with economic development, code N06ae01
Operationalization
Single question on perceived economic conditions in the 
USA:
1: fair/poor
2: good
3: excellent

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=+
% very happy:
1: fair/poor       43%
2: good            46%
3: excellent       59%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with costs of living
Subject code: N06ae02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2727

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with costs of living, taxes
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with costs of living , code N06ae02
Operationalization
Index of closed questions, asked in different samples: 
"How do you feel about...
a what you have to pay for basic 
   necessities, such as food, housing
   and clothing (asked in November
   1972)
b the taxes you pay - I mean the
   local, state, and national taxes all
   together (asked in July 1973)?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with costs of living
Subject code: N06ae02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with cost of living
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with costs of living , code N06ae02
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about with what one 
has to pay for....?"
a  basic necessities such as food
   housing and clothing
b  taxes one has to pay- local, state
   and national.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE˛=+.26


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with costs of living
Subject code: N06ae02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with cost of living
Page in Source 156
Our classificationSatisfaction with costs of living , code N06ae02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about what you have 
to pay for basic necessities such as food, housing, and 
clothing?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.20
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-ar=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with taxes
Subject code: N06ae03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with taxes
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with taxes, code N06ae03
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the taxes you 
pay - the local, state and national taxes all 
together?" 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.22
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.06
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.10
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.12
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with living conditions
Subject code: N06ae04

StudyKinney & Coyle (1992): study US 1992
TitlePredicting Life Satisfaction Among Adults With Physical Disabilities.
SourceArchives of Physical and Medical Rehabilitation, 1992, VoI. 73, 863 - 869
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1387523
Public18-55 aged, physically disabled, USA,1992
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =790

Correlate
Author's labelStandard of living
Page in Source 867
Our classificationSatisfaction with living conditions, code N06ae04
Operationalization
Selfreport  on single question on satisfaction with 
standard of living:
7-point Likert scale(1 'terrible' to 7 'delighted')

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aR˛=.46 p < .001
R change:.04 when entered after satisfaction with 
leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with water supply
Subject code: N06ae04a

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with good water quality
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationSatisfaction with water supply, code N06ae04a
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
In your country, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with 
the quality of water?
1- Satisfied
0- Dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=0.68, Range from 0.25 (Congo/ Kinshasa) to 0.98 (Iceland)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.66 p < .01
% Satisfaction with good water quality by AVERAGE 
happiness in 164 nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social conditions in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the social conditions in 
Australia? Rated 0n 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6,30; SD = 1,85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social conditions
Page in Source 125
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Single question:
Are you satisfied with the social conditions in 
Australia?Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.26 ; SD =2.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.05 p < .097
ß controled for satisfaction with..in Australia
Government
Business
National Security
Economic
State of natural environment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social conditions in Bogotá
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with the social conditions in 
Bogotá?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=5,35; SD=1,85

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=-.18
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=-.05 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- economic situation in Bogotá
- state of environment in Bogotá
- local government in Bogotá
- business in Bogotá
- national security in Bogotá


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived weight of of social conflicts
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Question: Often it is said that there are conflicts of 
interests between various groups in the FRG, for 
instance
between political groups, between man
and women and so on.These conflicts are
not all of exactly the same weight.
I will mention some of these groups:
- employers/employees
- foreign workers and Germans
- political left-wing and right-wing
  parties
- men and women

Please tell me if the conflicts between
these groups to your opinion are :
1. no conflicts at all
2. rather slight conflicts
3. rather heavy conflicts
4. very heavy conflicts  


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß 

Conflicts employers/employees:
1978      +.02       -.02       +.00           
1980
1984      -.01       +.00       -.01           
1988      -.05       +.00       -.01           

Conflicts between foreign workers and Germans: 
1978      +.05       +.00       -.00       +.06
1980
1984      -.07       -.09       -.06       +.08
1988      +.05       +.05       +.02       +.05

Conflicts between political parties left/right:
wing.
1978      +.04        +.08       +.04      +.02
1980
1984      +.06        +.01       +.01      +.07
1988      -.05        -.00       -.01      +.06

Conflicts between men and women:
1978
1980
1984      -.09       -.14       -.09       +.08
1988      -.10       -.17       -.10       +.08

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

Employer - employee:
1978      +.08       +.08       +.06       
1980
1984      +.03       +.01       +.00
1988      -.07       -.08       -.06

Germans - foreigners:
1978      +.05       +.02       +.03       +.05
1980
1984      +.08       +.07       +.07       +.10
1988      +.02       +.02       +.02       +.03

Left - right:
1978      -.05       -.05       -.05       +.02
1980
1984      +.07       +.03       +.03       +.07
1988      -.04       -.03       -.02       +.05

Man - woman:
1978
1980
1984      +.11       +.13       +.11       +.10
1988      +.09       +.09       +.09       +.06

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelClass tension
Page in Source 50
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Self-report on single question
In all countries there sometimes exists tension between 
social groups. In your opinion, how much tension is 
there between each of the following groups in Turkey?
a. Poor and rich people
b. Management and workers
c. Men and women
d. Old people and young people
e. Different racial and ehtnic groups
Rated on a 3-point scale (1=a lot; 2=some; 3=no 
tension)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.03 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.05 p < .000
EU15: (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyVeenhoven (2004b): study ZZ 1995
TitleVeiligheid en Geluk. (Safety and Happiness).
SourceMuller, E.R.; Ed.: "Veiligheid Studies over Inhoud, Organisatie en Maatregelen", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 153 - 185
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8678
PublicAdults, general public, 65 nations, 1995 and 1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90000

Correlate
Author's labelTolerance of minorities
Page in Source 166
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Answer to survey question about the kind of people one 
does not want to have as neighbors.
Respondents could tick social categories such as
- homosexuals
- foreigners
- single mothers
This list varied across countries.
The average number of categories ticked serves as a 
measure of tolerance in a country.
Remarks
Source: World Value Survey items 69-82 (WVS2) and 51-60 
(WVS3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.57
AVERAGE happiness by Tolerance of minorities in 61 
nations


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social conditions in New Zealand
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Are you satisfied with the social conditions in New 
Zealand?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionN=3556; M=49,0; SD=20,1
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.03 ns
European descent 78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.06 ns
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- economic situation
- state of New Zealands environment
- government
- business in New Zealand
- national security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between working class and intellectuals
Page in Source quetion 70
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Do you think that in Russia there exists antipathy, 
tension in relationships between working class and 
intellectuals? 
1 no, there is no antipathy 
2 not very strong
3 strong
4 very strong
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 32% 2: 35,2% 3: 11,2% 4: 2,9% DK/NA: 18,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,59 
2: M = 2,53
3: M = 2,43
4: M = 2,44
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.07 p < .009


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social relations in the nation
Subject code: N06af

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between habitants of the capital and the province
Page in Source question 72
Our classificationAttitudes to social relations in the nation, code N06af
Operationalization
Do you think that in Russia there exists antipathy, 
tension between Moskovites and habitants of province?
1 no, there is no antipathy 
2 not very strong
3 strong
4 very strong
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 19,6% 2: 24,4% 3: 12,7% 4: 5,7% DK/NA: 37,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,61
2: M = 2,53
3: M = 2,59
4: M = 2,35
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.05 p < .095


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of the condition of new immigrants
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Closed question on evaluation of the
condition of new immigrants in the past 12 months 
ranging from 'not at all good' to 'very good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.07
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelEval. of relations between new immi- grants and veterans
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'not at all good' to 'very 
good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.06
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of ethnicrelations
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.22
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of ethnicintegration in the country
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.06
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=-.07


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyVeenhoven (2004b): study ZZ 1995
TitleVeiligheid en Geluk. (Safety and Happiness).
SourceMuller, E.R.; Ed.: "Veiligheid Studies over Inhoud, Organisatie en Maatregelen", Kluwer, 2004, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 153 - 185
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/8678
PublicAdults, general public, 65 nations, 1995 and 1997
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =90000

Correlate
Author's labelTolerance of minorities
Page in Source 166
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Answer to survey question about the kind of people one 
does not want to have as neighbors.
Respondents could tick social categories such as
- homosexuals
- foreigners
- single mothers
This list varied across countries.
The average number of categories ticked serves as a 
measure of tolerance in a country.
Remarks
Source: World Value Survey items 69-82 (WVS2) and 51-60 
(WVS3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ar=+.57
AVERAGE happiness by Tolerance of minorities in 61 
nations


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyVeenhoven (2005): study ZZ 1990
TitleApparent Quality-of-Life in Nations: How Long and Happy People Live.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 71, 61 - 86
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/7200
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-004-8014-2
PublicAdults, general public, 67 nations, 1990s
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =100000

Correlate
Author's labelTolerance
Page in Source 73
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Response to survey questions about the kind of people 
one would not like to have as neighbour
Remarks
Data: World value surveys 1990-1995, items 51-60
See also VEENH2004 in this database

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-ar=+.72
Happy life years by Tolerance in 55 nations in the 
1990s.
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-arpc=+.43
rpc controlled for purchasing power per head.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between ethnic groups
Page in Source question 74
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
In last three months did you feel tension between 
people of different nationalities? 
1 no, there was no tension
2 there was some tension
3 there were some conflicts betweent people of 
different nationalities
4 there were nationality-related bloody conflicts
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 51% 2: 18,8% 3: 10,2% 4: 1,3% DK/NA: 18,7%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,57
2: M = 2,47
3: M = 2,49
4: M = 2,54
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.04 p < .083


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to ethnic relations
Subject code: N06af01

StudyDavis (1984): study US 1972
TitleNew Money, an Old Man/Lady and Two's Company: Subjective Welfare in the NORC General Social Surveys 1972-1982.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 319 - 350.
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351443
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13581

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived racial discrimination (of Blacks in USA)
Our classificationAttitudes to ethnic relations , code N06af01
Operationalization
Single direct questions:

A. Do you feel a black person who has
   the same education and   
   qualifications can get as good a job
   as a white person?
B. If a black person has the same 
   qualifications as a white person, do
   you feel he/she makes as much money?


C. Do you think opportunities for   
   Blacks have improved in the last
   five years?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=
% very happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=
- almost always or sometimes   20
- never                        20

O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+
% very happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=+
- almost always or sometimes   18
- never                        25
(Blacks who percieve income discrimination are
happier!)
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dG=-
% very happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dtau=-
- better                       22
- same                         32
- worse                        19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to labor relations
Subject code: N06af02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of current labor relations
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to labor relations , code N06af02
Operationalization
Closed question on evaluation of cur- labor relations 
between employers and employees in the country ranging 
from 'not at all good' to 'very good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.06
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to labor relations
Subject code: N06af02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of employed-worker relations
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to labor relations , code N06af02
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.14
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to labor relations
Subject code: N06af02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between workers and administration
Page in Source question 71
Our classificationAttitudes to labor relations , code N06af02
Operationalization
Do you think that in Russia there exists antipathy, 
tension between workers and administration? 
1 no, there is no antipathy 
2 not very strong
3 strong
4 very strong
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 12,8% 2: 35,4% 3: 22,7% 4: 7,9% DK/NA: 21,1 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,70
2: M = 2,59
3: M = 2,41
4: M = 2,43
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.13 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AU 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2925

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.012

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.00 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study AT 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Austria, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1186

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.0012

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study BE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1385

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:    Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.015

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CA 1994
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada,1994-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3358

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
 1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.011

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelIncome inequality
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
1= if income inequality is a social problem of major 
interest to the respondent;
0= otherwise
Observed distribution29.5% of respondents considered income inequality a social problem of major interest to them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.16 p < .001
b(-.157) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - congestion
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study CZ 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1603

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study DK 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =767

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.028

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFleche et al. (2011): study EE 1981
TitleExploring Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in OECD Countries.
SourceOECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 921, 2011
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg0k6zlcm5k-en
Public18+ aged, general public, Estonia, 1981-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =816

Correlate
Author's labelSelf perceived income inequality
Page in Source 14,18,19,36
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
1:  Incomes should be made more equal
.
.
.
10: We need larger income differences as incentives for 
individual effort.
Error Estimatess.e.=.028

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=-.08 p < .05
Beta controlled for:
- life situation    
    - income    
    - employment status
    - health
    - education
    - sexe
    - age
    - age squared
    - divorced
    - number of children
- attitudes
    - perceived freedom and control
    - important in life: friends
    - trust in people
    - perceived corruption in nation
    - attitude to environmental protection


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyBjornskov (2007): study ZZ 2004
TitleThe Relation between Inequality and Happiness. Do Subjective Perceptions Matter?
SourcePaper, Aarhus School of Business, 2007, Denmark
Public18+ aged, general public, 60 nations, 1999-2004
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =71000

Correlate
Author's labelAcceptance of income inequality
Page in Source 3
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Responses to question about the need to eliminate 
income inequality
1: much need
.
.
10: no need
Observed distributionNot reported.
Remarks
Data: World Values Surveus, 3e and 4e wave

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Happiness by acceptance of income-inequality.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.04 p < .01
All individuals in all nations.

Beta controlled for:
-actual income inequality; 
-interaction of actual income inequality and 
 acceptance of income inequality.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.04 p < .01
Men in all nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.03 p < .10
Women in all nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.03 p < .10
Political Right in all nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.04 p < .01
Political Left in all nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.03 p < .01
All individuals in democratic nations.

Beta's additionally controlled for political 
rights.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyFischer (2009b): study ZZ OECD member states 1997 /1
TitleThe Welfare Effects of Social Mobility. An Analysis for OECD Countries
SourceOECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers no. 93, 2009, Paris, France
URLhttp://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17070/
DOIDOI:10.1787/221272634852
PublicAdults, general public, 30 OECD Countries, 1997-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =45000

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived social mobility in nation
Page in Source 22, 30, 37
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Aggegrate of individuals' perception on social mobility 
in a nation. A person is defined as perceiving her 
society as socially mobile if she responds positively 
to at least one on the following three questions:
a: Confidence in the country's education system
b: Belief that it is possible to escape from poverty
c: Poverty is caused by laziness and lack of will as 
opposed to bad luck

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.25 p < .01
B's are controlled for:
- national net income per capita
- individual demographic factors
- individual socio-economics factors
- actual income mobility in the nation
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.32 p < .01
B controled for:
- educational mobility in the nation
  (instead of income mobility)
  (difference with father's and mother's 
attainment gave the same results)

B's mean that higher perceived social mobility go 
with more happiness. Positive effect of perceived 
social mobility is not affected by different 
definitions of perceived social mobility (p.36)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.02 p < .01
Interaction of perceived social mobility and 
actual income inequality before tax: Individuals 
are the most happy in countries with high 
perceived social mobility and high income 
inequality.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.01 ns
The relation between perceived social mobility and 
happiness is not affected by income inequality 
after tax (final consumption inequality)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between rich and poor
Page in Source questions 69
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Do you think that in Russia there exists antipathy, 
tension in relationships between rich and poor people?
1 no, there is no antipathy 
2 not very strong
3 strong
4 very strong
- DK/NA
Observed distributionN = 1: 5,9% 2 31,1% 3 30,4% 4: 18% DK/NA: 14,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,81
2: M = 2,58
3: M = 2,45
4: M = 2,45
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.11 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelTension between generations
Page in Source question 73
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Do you think that there exists in Russia antipathy, 
tension between young people and older people?
1 no antipathy
2 not very strong
3 strong
4 very strong
- NR
Observed distributionN = 1: 20,4% 2: 36,4% 3: 19,3% 4: 7,4% DK/NA: 16,5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=-
1: M = 2,55
2: M = 2,54
3: M = 2,55
4: M = 2,43
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=-.01 p < .615


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with success
Page in Source 372
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Direct question about "chances of success": 
education/wage, employment in a prestigious job, 
membership in an "advanced" ethnic group

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-ar=+
Males   r= +.35
Females r= +.28


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyDuffy (2004): study GB 2000
TitleLife Satisfaction and Trust in Other People.
SourcePublication MORI, 2004, London, UK
URLhttp://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/publications/1226/Life-satisfaction-and-trust-in-other-people.aspx
Public16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2000
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8952

Correlate
Author's labelInner locus of control
Page in Source 12
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Single question on whether class affects opportunities 
a great deal
1 yes
0 no
Observed distribution1: 25%, 0: 75%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eD%=-
Composition of 2% Most Happy (N=180) and
2% Least Happy (N=180) in terms of locus of 
control

         2% Most happy  2% Least happy   Dif.  
Answered     21            42            -21%
yes


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyNapier & Jost (2008): study US 2000
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, before and after presidential election, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1142

Correlate
Author's labelRationalization of inequality
Page in Source 567
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
Mean of responses to the six anti-egalitarianistic 
statements, such as:
- It is not really that big a problem if some people 
have more of a chance in life than others
- This country would be better off if we worried less 
about how equal people are

Assessed at T2
Error EstimatesAlpha=.66
Remarks
Scores adjusted for non response, within-household 
selection, poststratification of age and education, and 
attrition from T1 to T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-a
T2 attitudes to social inequality by T2 happiness
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-ab=+.23 p < .05
B controlled for:
- Political conservatism
- Income
- Education
- Sex
- Age
- Marital status
- Employment status
- Church attendance
- Need for cognition
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-a
Sobel's statistic = 2.22, p<.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyCohen et al. (1982): study US 1979
TitleCommunity Stressors, Mediating Conditions and Well-Being in Urban Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1982, Vol. 10, 377 - 391.
DOIdoi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198210)10:4<377::AID-JCOP2290100408>3.0.CO;2-T
Public18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =602

Correlate
Author's labelFair share
Page in Source 384
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
4-item index of direct questions: To what extent do you 
feel you are getting your fair share of:
1: a good education?
2: a good job?
3: good housing?
4: chances for succes?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-ar=+.36 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to social inequality
Subject code: N06af03

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelStratification system illegitimacy
Page in Source 362/364
Our classificationAttitudes to social inequality , code N06af03
Operationalization
2-item index. The respondents were asked to react to 
the following statements: 
1. Nowadays 'luck and pull' are more
   important in determining who gets
   ahead than ability or hard work.
2. America is a country where any man
   with ambition can get ahead.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-ar=-.18 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to treatment of children
Subject code: N06af04

StudyDiener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005
TitleSubjective Well-Being and Human Welfare Around the World as Reflected in the Gallup World Poll.
SourceInternational Journal of Psychology, 2015, Vol. 50, 135 - 149
DOIDOI: 10.1002/ijop.12136
Public15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1229431

Correlate
Author's labelChild respect
Page in Source 137+140
Our classificationAttitudes to treatment of children, code N06af04
Operationalization
Self reported on a single question.
 Do you believe that children in our country are 
treated with respect and dignity, or not?
1- Yes
0- No
Observed distributionM= 0.68, Range from 0.20 (Haiti) to 0.98 (United Arab Emirates)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.20 p < .01
% Child respect by AVERAGE happiness in 164 
nations.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to position of the nation
Subject code: N06ag

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national security in Australia
Page in Source 121
Our classificationAttitudes to position of the nation, code N06ag
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied you with national security in Australia? 
Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6,05; SD = 2,13

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to position of the nation
Subject code: N06ag

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national security
Page in Source 125
Our classificationAttitudes to position of the nation, code N06ag
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with national security in 
Australia?Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 6.10 ; SD = 1.97

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.08 p < .002
ß controled for satisfaction with..in Australia
- Economic
- State of natural environment
- Social conditions
- Government
- Business


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to position of the nation
Subject code: N06ag

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with national security in Bogotá
Page in Source 4
Our classificationAttitudes to position of the nation, code N06ag
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with nationale security in 
Bogotá?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=4,43; SD=2,21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.17
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.04 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- economic situation in Bogotá
- state of environment in Bogotá
- social conditions in Bogotá
- local government in Bogotá
- business in Bogotá


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to position of the nation
Subject code: N06ag

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelEvaluation of secu- rity situation of Israel
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAttitudes to position of the nation, code N06ag
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.20
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to position of the nation
Subject code: N06ag

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with national security in New Zealand
Page in Source 60, 65, 66
Our classificationAttitudes to position of the nation, code N06ag
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with national security in New 
Zealand?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent: N=2769; M=53,7; SD=22,2 Maori descent: N=289; M=50,4; SD=21,2
Remarks
Item in 'National Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=.00 ns
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=-.02 ns
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- economic situation
- state of New Zealands environment
- social conditions in New Zealand
- government
- business in New Zealand


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to culture in the nation
Subject code: N06ah

StudyBaltatescu (2005): study ZZ Western Europe 2002
TitleSubjective Well-Being of Immigrants in Europe and Their Evaluation of Societal Conditions. An Exploratory Study.
SourcePop, L.; Matiuta, C.; Eds.: "European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe", 2005, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, Romania, 128 - 143
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/baltatescu_sm_2005.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, 13 nations in Europe, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28320

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with education in country
Page in Source 11
Our classificationAttitudes to culture in the nation, code N06ah
Operationalization
Average response to question: 
"How satisfied are you with the state of education in 
country ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.82
Average satisfaction with the state of education 
in country by average happiness in nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.88


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to culture in the nation
Subject code: N06ah

StudyKeyes (1998): study US Wisconsin 1994
TitleSocial Well-Being.
SourceSocial Psychology Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 61, 121 - 140
Public18+ aged, general public, Dane County, Wisconsin USA, 1994
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Coherence
Page in Source 138
Our classificationAttitudes to culture in the nation, code N06ah
Operationalization
Respondents indicated (dis)agreement with the following 
statements:
a) The world is too complex for you (-)
b) Only scientists understand how the world works (-)
c) You cannot make sense of what's going on in the 
world (-)
d) Most cultures are so strange that you cannot 
understand them (-)
e) It is worthwhile to understand the world you live in 
(+)
f) It is hard to predict what will happen next in 
society (-)
Items with (-) are reverse scored on scale ranging from 
1.strongly 2.moderately 3.slightly disagree 4.slightly 
5.moderately 6.strongly agree
Observed distributionM = 28.3 SD = 6.4
Error EstimatesMetric Loading ranging from .92 to 1.3 Validity Coefficients ranging from .43 to .55 Alpha Reliability .77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.20 p < .01
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-ar=+.16 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with supply of mass-media
Subject code: N06ah01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1940

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Israeli tv programs
Page in Source 372
Our classificationSatisfaction with supply of mass-media, code N06ah01
Operationalization
Closed question ranging from 'very un- satisfied' to 
'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with supply of mass-media
Subject code: N06ah01

StudyRahtz et al. (1988): study US 1983
TitleElderly Life Satisfaction and Telvision Viewership: Replication and Extension.
SourceShapiro, S.;Ed.: "AMA Winter Educators' Conference", American Marketing Association, 1988, USA, 409 - 413
Public60+ aged, mid-Atlantic region, USA, 198?
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response84 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelBelief cultivation
Page in Source 410
Our classificationSatisfaction with supply of mass-media, code N06ah01
Operationalization
Of 4 items, each judged on a 6-point
Likert-type agreement/disagreement 
scale, the self-reported scores were
pooled. The items:
(a) "Television shows life as it is"(+)
(b) "Television shows older people the
     way they really are" (+)
(c) "Television gives useful inform-
     ation about health" (+)
(d) "I pay very close attention to
     television advertisements about
     health" (+)
Error EstimatesFrom Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient = .64, a moderate level of reliability was judged to be adequate for this belief cultivation measure.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.06 p < .05
95 % confidence interval for rho [-.02;+.13]
Recalculation  shows non-significance.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Identification with one's country
Subject code: N06ai

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelNationalism
Page in Source 212,216
Our classificationIdentification with one's country, code N06ai
Operationalization
Respondent thinks of him/herself as being Chinese (1= 
yes; 0= otherwise).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.32 p < .00
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.10 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.23 p < .05
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.09 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Identification with one's country
Subject code: N06ai

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1988): study ZZ Developed nations 1981
TitleNational Gefühl und Glück. (National Pride and Happiness).
SourceNoelle-Neumann, E.;Kocher, R.;Eds.: "Die verletzte Nation", Deutsche Verlag, 1988, Stuttgart, Germany, 17 - 48
Public18+ aged, general public, 15 developed nations, 1981-82
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =12000

Correlate
Author's labelNational pride
Page in Source 58
Our classificationIdentification with one's country, code N06ai
Operationalization
 Single question:
 "Are you proud of nationality?"        
 3 very proud 
 2 fairly proud
 1 not very proud/not at all proud

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaG=+.19 p < .01
 
 All 18+ aged
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.14 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaG=+.23 p < .01
 Young only(>30)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aatc=+.17 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Willingness to fight for country
Subject code: N06ai02

StudyHarding (1985): study GB 1981
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelWillingness to fightfor country
Page in Source 233
Our classificationWillingness to fight for country, code N06ai02
Operationalization
Single direct question:
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
yes                  M = 1.6   Mt' = 6.6
no                       1.1         6.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
yes                    M = 7.7   Mt' = 7.4
no                         7.6         7.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDM=+
yes                  M = 7.7   Mt' = 7.4
no                       7.6         7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+
yes                  M = 1.6   Mt' = 6.6
no                       1.1         6.1
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aG=+.03 ns
yes                  40% very happy
no                   36%
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-atc=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Alcohol consumption in nation
Subject code: N12ab01a

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelAlcohol
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationAlcohol consumption in nation, code N12ab01a
Operationalization
% Alcohol consumption

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=
% Moderate drinkers|non drinkers
Dissatisfied            60
Neutral                 70
Moderately satisfied    64
Very satisfied          60
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=- ns
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              0.63 CI95 [0.46-0.85]
Moderately satisfied 0.82 CI95 [0.62-1.07]
Very satisfied       0.93 CI95 [0.64-1.37]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced in Western Europe and USA
- less pronounced in Central and Eastern Europe
- no data for Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation
Subject code: N12ab01b

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFat avoidance
Page in Source yable 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation, code N12ab01b
Operationalization
% fat avoidance

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Fat avoidance
Dissatisfied            30
Neutral                 34
Moderately satisfied    37
Very satisfied          38
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .023
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.16 CI95 [0.93-1.53]
Moderately satisfied 1.30 CI95 [1.03-1.63]
Very satisfied       1.39 CI95 [1.04-1.86]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced and significant in Central and 
Eastern Europe
- non significant in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation
Subject code: N12ab01b

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFiber intake
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation, code N12ab01b
Operationalization
% Fiber intake

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=
% Fat avoidance
Dissatisfied            33
Neutral                 31
Moderately satisfied    34
Very satisfied          32
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR= p < .999
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              0.88 CI95 [0.68-1.33]
Moderately satisfied 0.97 CI95 [0.78-1.22]
Very satisfied       0.94 CI95 [0.71-1.24]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced but non significant in Pacific 
Asia
- non significant in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Central and Eastern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Nutrition in nation
Subject code: N12ab01b

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelFruit intake
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationNutrition in nation, code N12ab01b
Operationalization
% Fruit intake

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Fruit intake
Dissatisfied            36
Neutral                 38
Moderately satisfied    44
Very satisfied          49
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR= p < .003
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.12 CI95 [0.90-1.40]
Moderately satisfied 1.41 CI95 [1.08-1.84]
Very satisfied       1.70 CI95 [1.20-2.44]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced and significant in Pacific Asia
- less pronounced but significant in Central and 
Eastern Europe
- non significant in Western Europe and USA


Correlational finding on Happiness and Smoking in nation
Subject code: N12ab01c

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelSmoking in nation
Page in Source 264
Our classificationSmoking in nation, code N12ab01c
Operationalization
% non-smokers  in region

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+ p < .001
% non-smokers among ..
Dissatisfied         67   
Neutral              73
Moderately satisfied 76
Very satisfied       81
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+
Dissatisfied         1   
Neutral              1,14 CI95 [0.92-1,41]
Moderately satisfied 1,24 CI95 [1,04-1,47]
Very satisfied       1,57 CI95 [1,16-2,13]

Similar pattern in all regions of the world
- most pronounced in Pacific Asia
- least proniunced in Central and Eastern Europe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sun protection in nation
Subject code: N12ab01d

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelSun protection
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationSun protection in nation, code N12ab01d
Operationalization
% sun protection

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Sun protection
Dissatisfied            63
Neutral                 63
Moderately satisfied    74
Very satisfied          74
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .001
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.01 CI95 [0.75-1.36]
Moderately satisfied 1.55 CI95 [1.23-1.96]
Very satisfied       1.79 CI95 [1.34-2.39]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced in Central and Eastern Europe
- less pronounced in Western Europe and USA
- non significant in Pacific Asia


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sporting in nation
Subject code: N12ab02

StudyGrant et al. (2009a): study ZZ 1999
TitleThe relationship between life satisfaction and health behavior: a cross-cultural analysis of young adults
SourceInternational journal of behavioral medicine, 2009,16, 259-268
URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19319695
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9032-x.
Public17-30 aged students, 21 countries, 2000
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response17246
Respondents N =19647

Correlate
Author's labelPhysical exercise
Page in Source table 2
Our classificationSporting in nation, code N12ab02
Operationalization
% Physical exercise

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eD%=+
% Physical exercise
Dissatisfied            61
Neutral                 63
Moderately satisfied    70
Very satisfied          77
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eOR=+ p < .001
Dissatisfied         1
Neutral              1.11 CI95 [0.92-1.33]
Moderately satisfied 1.52 CI95 [1.28-1.80]
Very satisfied       2.17 CI95 [1.80-2.64]

Similar pattern is observed in other regions
- more pronounced but non significant in Central 
and Eastern Europe
- less pronounced and non significant in Western 
Europe and USA
- least pronounced and non significant in Pacific 
Asia


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-?-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 9 questions

Experience of (full text not reported:
A nervousness
B discouragement, boredom
C lack of control over own life
D helplessness
E unhappiness
F rage
G satisfaction, things went well
H certainty that all is well
I pride in accomplishment
J curiosity

Rated
4 very often
3 often
2 rarely
1 almost never, never

Computation: Average with score on negative items reversed
A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-pSelfreport on 16 questions

Did you yesterday..?
A smile and laugh a lot
B were you proud of something?
C learn or do something interesting
D did you feel enjoyment?
E did you feel love?
F would you like to have more days like yesterday?
H did you feel feel well rested?
I were you treated with respect?
J were you able to choose how you spend your time?
K did you have good tasting food?

Did you feel a lot yesterday
L worry
M sadnes
N depression
O boredom
P anger
Q shame

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Computation:
- Average % positive affect = (A-K)/10
- Average % negative affect = (L-Q)/6
- Affect Balance = Average % positive affect - Average % negative affect

These questions do not measure hedonic level of affect of individual persons adequately, since yesterday's mood does not always correspond with typical average mood. Yet these questions can be used for measuring hedonic level in agregates, such as nations, since individual variations balance out in big samples.
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BC-cm-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past month, did you ever feel.....?"

A. Exited or pleased about something you were doing
B. That important things in life are going your way
C. Happy, satisfied, or pleased with your personal life.
D. Exited or pleased with something you did or a problem you
solved
E. That you have a lot of friends you can count on
F. Nervous or tense
G. So restless and irritated you couldn't sit still
H. Down-hearted or depressed
I. Felt concerned or worried about your health
J. Guilty about something you shouldn't have done
K. Unable to get a good night's sleep
L. That your mind was not working the way it should
M. Miserable or discouraged about your future

Answer options:
1 none of the time
2
3
4 most of the time

Summation:
Positive Affect Scale (PAS):A+B+C+D+E
Negative Affect Scale (NAS):F+G+H+I+J+K+L+M
Affect Balance Scale (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -32 to + 20

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variation by Cohen)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-c-sq-l-9-aSelf report on single question:

"Here you have ladder of nine rungs representing different conditions of life in which a person may possibly be. The top of the ladder '9' represents the best possible condition one may think of, and the bottom '1'represents the worst possible condition. On which rung do you think you stand with regard to your personal condition?"
9 best possible
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 worst possible

This question was followed by questions on the past (five years ago) and the future (five years from now).

Name: Cantril ladder rating (adjusted version)
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate yourself as to how successful or unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ] completely successful
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely unsuccessful
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-AC-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How content do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely discontented
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely content
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO-u-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A "Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are.....?"
1 not too happy
2 pretty happy
3 very happy

B "How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life.....?"
1 rarely
2 now and than
3 fairly often
4 all the time

Summation: factor score
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A How do you feel about what you are accomplishing in life?
B How do you feel about your life as a whole?
C In general, how happy would you say you are these days?
Answer options:
7 completely satisfied
6 very satisfied
5 satisfied
4 satisfied - dissatisfied
3 dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied

Possible range 3 - 21
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

Now I am going to ask you how you FEEL, not just at the moment, but GENERALLY in your life. How happy do you generally feel? On a scale from o to 10...
0 completely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 completely happy
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-aSelfreport on single question :
Where would you put your life as a whole on a feeling thermometer?
Rated on 'thermometer scale' (in grades)
0 degrees: very cold, negative
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100 very warm, positive
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-gSelreport on single question:

In general, how do you feel about your life at present? I feel...
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not happy at all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-dSelfreport on single question:

Generally speaking, how happy would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"..........satisfaction with life.........."
(Full item not reported)
1 not satisfied
2
3 very satisfied
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question :

"Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?"
[ 10 ] entirely satisfied
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely dissatisfied

Name Cantril ladder rating (modified version)
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-h-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Ss were asked to pretend for a moment that their life would end next week end then indicate how happy they felt about the life they been able to live. (Full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-iSelfreport on single question:

Overall, are you satisfied with your life?
5. very satisfied
4. satisfied
3. Neutral
2. dissatisfied
1. very dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-aSelf rating on single question:

"All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you overall with your life as a whole these days?"

Rated on ladder scale
[ 10 ] completely satisfied
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ 0 ] completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-acSelfreport on single question:

If you consider all the aspects of your recent life, in what measure are you satisfied with it?
1 completely unsatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-naSelfreport on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
- don't know
- no answers

Numerical scale reversed
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Finally, will you consider some other aspects of your life at the present moment, and indicate how satisfied you feel about each in turn....... Taking everything together, your life -as-a-whole- these days.......?

1 I'm extremely dissatisfied
2 I'm very dissatisfied
3 I'm moderately dissatisfied
4 I'm not sure
5 I'm moderately satisfied
6 I'm very satisfied
7 I'm extremely satisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you generally satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question

'….satisfied with global life right now….'
(full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 a little satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD'
[ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face
(Pictures not reproduced here)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation: how satisfied are you about your daily life?
1 very unsatisfied
2 unsatisfied
3 neither unsatisfied, nor satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original (very unsatisfied '5', very satisfied '1')
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-Sum---mq-*-14-aSelfreport on two questions:

A Taking all together, how happy would you say you are?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
B All things considered, how satisfied are you with your
life as-a-whole now?
10 satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 dissatisfied

Computation: (Ax2,5) +B -10

Name: Inglehart's combined score
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bSelfreport in 2 questions:

A. "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all satisfied

B. "Where would you place your life as a whole?"
Rated on a thermometer scale.
100 perfect, as good as you can imagine it being
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0 terrible, as bad as you can imagine it being

Summation: factor loading
Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-aHappy Life Years

Life-expectancy in nations multiplied by 0-1 average happiness as assessed with survey questions type O-HL


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
b-ivREGRESSION COEFFICIENT in regression ananlysis with instrumental variable as one or more explanatory variables
Type: test statistic.
Correlate level: metric, Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
Variant of usual (non-standardized) regression coefficient (b), which controls for correlation of happiness with a variable that is unrelated to the independent variable, e.g. for b of happiness with body length in an analysis of the relation between happiness and lottery playing, assuming that there is no relation between body length and lottery playing. Aims to eliminate reversed causality and spurious correlation.

References:
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrumental_variable
http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Christine.Zulehner/iv.pdf
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
CPearson's CONTINGENCY COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [0; SQRT(1-1/s)], where s = the lesser of c and r, the number of columns and rows respectively.

Meaning:
C = 0 « no association.
C = SQRT( 1-1/s) « strongest possible association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h˛ or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E˛ x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E˛ = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E˛ = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R˛ = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R˛ = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.
ZZZZZKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATIONA06ANOMY
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATIONN03ax02Trust in institutions
N06ab05Hopes for the countryH12HOPE
N06ab06Worries about the countryW07WORRIES
N06ab07Satisfaction with governmentP08af01Attitudes to government
N06ab08Perceived corruptionN04af05Quality of government
N06ab09Perceived treatment of migrantsM08ab01Migration conditions
N06ab09Perceived treatment of migrantsN04ah05Perceived discrimination
N06ac02Satisfaction with compatriotsN03ax01Trust in fellow-man
N06ac03Satisfaction with fair treatment N04ajJustice in the nation
N06ac04Satisfaction with moral climate N04akValue climate in the nation
N06ac05Satisfaction with respect for rightsN04ajJustice in the nation
N06ac06Satisfaction with mediaN04ag02bMedia attendance
N06ac07Satisfaction with natural environmentL10ai02Attitude to local natural environment
N06ac07Satisfaction with natural environmentN06ac11Satisfaction with environmental protection
N06ac11Satisfaction with environmental protectionN06ac07Satisfaction with natural environment
N06ac12Satisfaction with freedomN04aoFreedom in nations
N06adAttitudes to the stateP08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR
N06ae01Satisfaction with economic developmentN04acEconomic condition of the nation
N06ae02Satisfaction with costs of living N04adStandard of living in the nation
N06ae03Satisfaction with taxesN04aeSocio-economic regime in the nation
N06ae04Satisfaction with living conditionsN04adStandard of living in the nation
N06ae04aSatisfaction with water supplyL10ad01Actual local facilities
N06ae04aSatisfaction with water supplyN04ad02eAccess to clean water
N06af01Attitudes to ethnic relations E03ag02Personal experience of ethnic discrimination
N06af01Attitudes to ethnic relations N04ah04Presence of minority groups
N06af02Attitudes to labor relations N04aeSocio-economic regime in the nation
N06af03Attitudes to social inequality V02aa01fEgalitarianism
N06af04Attitudes to treatment of childrenN04aj03Human-rights protection
N06agAttitudes to position of the nationN05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION
N06ahAttitudes to culture in the nationN04agSocio-cultural conditions the nation
N06aiIdentification with one's countryE03aeAttitudes to one's ethnic status
N06ai01Willingness to emigrateM08ac02Aspirations for migration
N06ai02Willingness to fight for countryW01acAttitudes to war
N12NATION: LIFESTYLEL09LIFE STYLE
N12ab01Health behaviour in nationH10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR
N12ab01Health behaviour in nationP06afAttitudes to own health
N12ab01aAlcohol consumption in nationS13ab01Use of alcohol
N12ab01bNutrition in nationN10NUTRITION
N12ab01dSun protection in nationH10abCurrent healthy life-style
N12ab02Sporting in nationS12SPORTS

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings