Findings on Happiness and MOOD

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and MOOD
Subject Code: M13

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
M13MOOD2
M13aaMood career0
M13aa01Earlier mood-pattern4
M13aa02Recent change in mood-pattern1
M13aa02aChange in anxiety1
M13aa03Later mood-pattern5
M13abCurrent mood of the moment9
M13ab01Mood during the interview9
M13ab02Mood during the day of interview 4
M13ab03Yesterday's mood4
M13acCurrent typical moods13
M13ac02Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)8
M13ac03Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)10
M13ac03aFeeling elated (vs not)5
M13ac03bFeeling down (vs not)26
M13ac03cFeeling hopeless (vs not)5
M13ac03dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)6
M13ac04Feeling close (vs remote)7
M13ac04aFeeling lonely (vs not)17
M13ac04bFeeling love (vs not)5
M13ac04cFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn)7
M13ac04dFeeling understood (vs not)2
M13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)22
M13ac06Feeling free (vs restrained)4
M13ac06aFeeling free from inner restraints5
M13ac06bFeeling free from external restraints3
M13ac07Feeling friendly (vs hostile)11
M13ac08Feeling full (vs empty)6
M13ac09Feeling open (vs closed)0
M13ac09aFeeling involved (vs detached)5
M13ac09bFeeling receptive4
M13ac09cFeeling interested3
M13ac10Feeling secure (vs threatened)16
M13ac11Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)19
M13ac12Feeling morally good (vs guilty)7
M13ac13Feeling respectable (vs rejected)3
M13ac14Feeling tranquil (vs restless)23
M13ac15Feeling zestful (vs un-inspirited)0
M13adMood in situations7
M13ad02Mood at home3
M13ad03Mood during leisure4
M13ad04Mood during work3
M13ac09dFeeling enthusiastic1
M13ac05aFeeling excited2
M13ac03eFeeling disgusted1
M13ac11aFeeling proud3
M13ad01Mood during festivities7
M13ad05Mood when respected13
M13ad06Mood in intimacy9
M13ad07Mood when helping1
M13ad08Mood when laughing2
M13ac01Feeling bored (vs interested)1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and MOOD
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=M13
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and MOOD
Subject code: M13

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfamily, work and leisure time
Page in Source 406
Our classificationMOOD, code M13
Operationalization
Family, work and leisure time
(made up by the following questions:

1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: all:1398, 1:1, 2:13, 3:103, 4:712, 5:569
Remarks
a)"How do you feel when you are at home?"
b)"How do you feel when you are at work?"
c)"How do you feel in your leisure time?")

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.60 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.50
 3: Mt=5.26
 4: Mt=7.45
 5: Mt=8.90
All Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.60 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.11
 3: Mt=4.76
 4: Mt=7.06
 5: Mt=8.64
All Mt=7.49
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.56 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.89
 3: Mt=4.79
 4: Mt=6.54
 5: Mt=8.08
All Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and MOOD
Subject code: M13

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings at home,at work, at leisure time
Page in Source 430
Our classificationMOOD, code M13
Operationalization
Family, work and leisure time
1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: All:4541; %:1:0,1; 2:1,0; 3:8,7; 4:53,0; 5:37,1
Remarks
Made up of the questions:
"How do you feel when you are at home ?"
"How do you feel when you are at work?"
"How do you feel in your leisure time?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.59 p < .00
1: Ms=1.25
2: Ms=2.66
3: Ms=5.00
4: Ms=7.45
5: Ms=9.01
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.61 p < .00
1: Ms=1.25
2: Ms=1.91
3: Ms=4.43
4: Ms=7.10
5: Ms=8.79
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.60 p < .00
1: Ms=2.09
2: Ms=3.04
3: Ms=4.70
4: Ms=6.63
5: Ms=8.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa01

StudyVerkleij & Stolk (1989): study MZ 1983
TitleDoes Happiness Lead into Idleness?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.: "How Harmful is Happiness", University Press Rotterdam, 1989, Netherlands, 79 - 93
Public30-50 aged, in working force, followed 1 year, urban areas, Netherlands, 1983-84
Sample
Non-ResponseT1-T2 attrition: 27%
Respondents N =1100

Correlate
Author's labelBelonging/loneliness
Page in Source 89/90
Our classificationEarlier mood-pattern, code M13aa01
Operationalization
a Feeling of social belonging

b Feeling of loneliness
  (11 item index DeJong, Gierveld &      Kamphuis 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 feeling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 p < .001
T1 feeling by T2 happiness
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.40 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 feeling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.45 p < .001
T1 feeling by T2 happiness

Computed for continously umemployed Ss only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affects
Page in Source 350
Our classificationEarlier mood-pattern, code M13aa01
Operationalization
4-item additive index of negative affects in the past 
few weeks (NA index from Bradburns Affect Balance 
Scale: part of happiness indicator AFF 2.3). Assessed 
at T2(1976) and T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.78 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.45 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.45 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.75 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 negative affects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa01

StudyWright & Staw (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleAffect and Favorable Work Outcomes: Two Longitudinal Tests of the Happy - Productive Worker Thesis.
SourceJournal of Organizational Behavior, 1999, Vol. 20, 1 - 23
PublicSocial services staff personel; USA, 199?, followed 1 year
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response26
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative mood
Our classificationEarlier mood-pattern, code M13aa01
Operationalization
PANAS scale. 
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each mood state over the past week on a five point 
scale ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Positive and negative mood are measured 
separately.

Rated at T1
Observed distributionPositive mood: M= 3,1 SD=0,6 Negative mood: M= 2,0 SD=0,8
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: 0,86, negative mood: 0,89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.35 p < .05
T1 Happiness by T1 positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.27 p < .05
T1 happiness by T1 negative mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.38 p < .01
T2 Happiness by T1 positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.26 p < .05
T2 happiness by T1 negative mood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa01

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affective states
Our classificationEarlier mood-pattern, code M13aa01
Operationalization
40-item index of closed questions on irritability (7 
items), general anxiety (7 items), anxiety and tension 
(5 items), depression (6 items), anomie (8 items) and 
resentment (7 items). Scale: 1.00 = low to 5.00 = high 
negativity. Assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- p < .001
                  Negative affective states
Happiness       T1       T2       T3       T4
T1       tau = -.54     -.35     -.33     -.31
T2       tau = -.37     -.56     -.43     -.39
T3       tau = -.31     -.45     -.61     -.45
T4       tau = -.35     -.42     -.46     -.52
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Recent change in mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa02

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelIncrease in loneliness
Page in Source 11,15
Our classificationRecent change in mood-pattern, code M13aa02
Operationalization
Mentioned in open interview on what makes life good or 
bad
1: mentioned
0: not mentioned

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.16 p < .01
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.08
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in anxiety
Subject code: M13aa02a

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChange in anxiety (Increase)
Our classificationChange in anxiety, code M13aa02a
Operationalization
Difference in response to a 3-item index of health 
complaints in the last few weeks.
- nervousness or tenseness
- trouble getting to sleep
- have(not) enough energy to do things
  you liked to do.

Assessed at
T1: January 1963
T3: Oktober 1963

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=- p < .05
CHANGE in anxiety by CHANGE in happiness.
Computed for negative affect (NA) only (not full 
ABS).
NA assessed at T1 and T3

Ss who increased in anxiety tend to increase NA as 
well (and reversedly).

Change in affect expressed in change () in 
average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares 
distribution in category with distribution in 
total sample. RT above .50 means relative 
increase. RT below relative decrease in 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa03

StudyVerkleij & Stolk (1989): study MZ 1983
TitleDoes Happiness Lead into Idleness?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.: "How Harmful is Happiness", University Press Rotterdam, 1989, Netherlands, 79 - 93
Public30-50 aged, in working force, followed 1 year, urban areas, Netherlands, 1983-84
Sample
Non-ResponseT1-T2 attrition: 27%
Respondents N =1100

Correlate
Author's labelBelonging/loneliness
Page in Source 89/90
Our classificationLater mood-pattern, code M13aa03
Operationalization
a Feeling of social belonging

b Feeling of loneliness
  (11 item index DeJong, Gierveld &      Kamphuis 1985)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 feeling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 p < .001
T1 feeling by T2 happiness
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.40 p < .001
T1 happiness by T2 feeling
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.45 p < .001
T1 feeling by T2 happiness

Computed for continously umemployed Ss only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa03

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affects
Page in Source 350
Our classificationLater mood-pattern, code M13aa03
Operationalization
4-item additive index of negative affects in the past 
few weeks (NA index from Bradburns Affect Balance 
Scale: part of happiness indicator AFF 2.3). Assessed 
at T2(1976) and T3(1977).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.78 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.45 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.45 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 negative affects
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.75 p < .01
T3 happiness by T3 negative affects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa03

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelNegative Feelings
Page in Source 172, 175
Our classificationLater mood-pattern, code M13aa03
Operationalization
In the last two weeks, how often have you had negative 
feelings such as feeling down, despair, anxiety, 
depression?
1: never
2: sometimes
3: often
4: quite often
5: always

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=-.34 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa03

StudyWright & Staw (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleAffect and Favorable Work Outcomes: Two Longitudinal Tests of the Happy - Productive Worker Thesis.
SourceJournal of Organizational Behavior, 1999, Vol. 20, 1 - 23
PublicSocial services staff personel; USA, 199?, followed 1 year
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response26
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative affectivity (PANAS)
Page in Source 13
Our classificationLater mood-pattern, code M13aa03
Operationalization
PANAS scale. 
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state in general on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.

Rated at T2
Observed distributionpositive affectivity : M= 3,3; SD =0,7 negative affecivity: M=1,8; SD=0,7
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: positive affectivity : 0,91; negative affectivity : 0,89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.47 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.44 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 negative affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.51 p < .0001
T2 happiness by T2 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.64 p < .0001
T2 happiness by T2 positive affectivity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later mood-pattern
Subject code: M13aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affective states
Our classificationLater mood-pattern, code M13aa03
Operationalization
40-item index of closed questions on irritability (7 
items), general anxiety (7 items), anxiety and tension 
(5 items), depression (6 items), anomie (8 items) and 
resentment (7 items). Scale: 1.00 = low to 5.00 = high 
negativity. Assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- p < .001
                Negative affective states
Happiness     T1       T2       T3       T4
T1       tau = -.54     -.35     -.33     -.31
T2       tau = -.37     -.56     -.43     -.39
T3       tau = -.31     -.45     -.61     -.45
T4       tau = -.35     -.42     -.46     -.52
All tau's significant (001)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1992): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleUnderstanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceLongman Cheshire, 1992, Melbourne, Australia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/headey_b_1992.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, 1981-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 42
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?"  
(yes/no)
A So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
B Very lonely or remote from other people?
C Bored?
D Depressed or very unhappy?
E Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options: yes = 1   no  = 0
Possible range: 0 to +5
Name: Bradburn's Negative Affect Scale
(sub-scale of affect balance Scale, item code A-AB)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=-.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelPositive Affect Scale (PAS)
Page in Source 69
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?"
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B Proud because someone complimented you on something 
you had done?
C Pleased about having accomplished something?
D On top of the world?
E That things were going your way?

Answer options: yes = 1   no  = 0
Possible range:0 to +5
Name: Bradburn's' Positive Affect Scale
(subscale of Affect Balance Scale item code A-AB)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=.35 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelNegative Affect Scale (NAS)
Page in Source 69
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?"  
(yes/no)
A So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
B Very lonely or remote from other people?
C Bored?
D Depressed or very unhappy?
E Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options: yes = 1   no  = 0
Possible range: 0 to +5
Name: Bradburn's Negative Affect Scale
(sub-scale of affect balance Scale, item code A-AB)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=-.40 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling good
Page in Source 422
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/not
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4613; %:1:0,7; 2:4,6; 3:14,3; 4:45,3; 5:35,1
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL/m/sq/v/5/..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.76 p < .00
1: Ms=1.21
2: Ms=3.24
3: Ms=5.04
4: Ms=7.36
5: Ms=9.13
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.66 p < .00
1: Ms=1.44
2: Ms=4.11
3: Ms=5.24
4: Ms=6.83
5: Ms=8.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelself-experienced well-being
Page in Source 398
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Single question:
How are you feeling at present ?
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: all:1483, 1:11, 2:57, 3:204, 4:708, 5:503
Remarks
Happiness measure type A-AOL

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.72 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.00
 2: Mt=3.11
 3: Mt=5.50
 4: Mt=7.34
 5: Mt=8.96
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.61 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=3.95
 3: Mt=5.46
 4: Mt=6.74
 5: Mt=8.25
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyNawijn (2009): study NL 2008
TitleThe Holiday Happiness Curve: A Preliminary Investigation into Mood during a Holiday Abroad.
SourceInternational Journal of Tourism Research, 2010, Vol. 12, 281 - 290
DOIDOI:10,1002/jtr.756
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =481

Correlate
Author's labelMood
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Self report on single question:

How are you feeling today?
1  terrible
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 excellent
Observed distributionN = 1: 0, 2: 2, 3: 2, 4: 8, 5: 8, 6: 19, 7: 66, 8: 179, 9: 115, 10: 82 M = 8,2, SD = 1,36

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-dr=+.28 p < .001
Average mood during the holiday trip is about as 
high as general life-satisfaction (both 8.2 on 
range 1-10)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyCharness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998
TitleRelative Pay offs and Happiness: An Experimental Study.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2001, Vol. 45, 301 - 328
DOIDOI:10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00148-2
PublicUniversity students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response0 %
Respondents N =121

Correlate
Author's labelMomentary happiness (MH)
Page in Source 308
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
"How do you feel right now? Check the one statement 
that best describes your average happiness.'
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, 
fantastic)
9 very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat 
cheerful)
6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral)
5    neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4    slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3    mildly unhappy  (just a litle low)
2    pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1    very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0    extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely 
down)
Observed distributionMH = 6.26
Remarks
Assessed after assigning roles in a partition 
experiment. 
Mood is slightly higher among Ss in passive role (6,45) 
than in active role (6,07)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-ars=+.67 p < .000
Both questions rated on the same scale. The 
question on general happiness (GH) preceded the 
question about momentary happiness (MH)
Ss rate their general happiness higher than their 
current mood 
GH = 6.945
MH = 6.26


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyWright et al. (2004): study US 1998
TitleState and Trait Correlates of Job Performance: A Tale of Two Perspectives.
SourceJournal of Business and Psychology, 2004, Vol. 18, 365 - 3883
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:JOBU.0000016708.22925.72
PublicSocial welfare counselors, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response33
Respondents N =48

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative mood
Page in Source 376
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
PANAS scale. Version 'today'
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state that day on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.
Observed distributionpositve mood: M= 3,2 SD= 0,7 negative mood M = -1,6 SD = 0,6
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: .87, negative mood: .91

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.53 p < .01
positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.41 p < .01
negative mood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current mood of the moment
Subject code: M13ab

StudyZautra (1975): study US Utah 1970
TitleQuality of Life: The Communication of Satisfaction.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1975, USA
Public18+ aged, men and women, Salt Lake County, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelShort-Term Satisfaction
Page in Source 58,72
Our classificationCurrent mood of the moment, code M13ab
Operationalization
Factors derived from responses to questions:
a How will you feel tomorrow?
B How do you feel today?
C How did you feel yesterday?
D Social environment difficulties: topics mentioned in 
response to an open question "What are the things you 
are unhappy about these days?"

Rated
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
Remarks
Factor 18

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 p < . ns
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.19 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18 + aged, general public, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response61%
Respondents N =118

Correlate
Author's labelMood right now
Page in Source 38
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question on 'mood right now' rated on 10 
point Elation- Depression scale (see Wessm 1960).
Mood was assessed both at the beginnig and at the end 
of the interview. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-amr=+.21
Correlations with happiness as assessed in between 
are respectively: pre r=+.11, 
post r=+.31.
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.33
Correlations with happiness as assessed in between 
are respectively: pre r=+.24, 
post r=+.42.
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-amr=+.35
Correlations with happiness as assessed in between 
are respectively: pre r = +.26, 
post r = +.43.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelOn top of the world
Page in Source 8
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel on 
top of the world?" no vs yes (Item in Affect Balance 
Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyLambert et al. (2009): study US Florida 2007
TitleMore Gratitude, Less Materialism: The Mediating Role of Life Satisfaction.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2009, Vol. 4, 32 - 42
URLhttp://fincham.info/papers/2009jpp.pdf
PublicUndegraduate students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =171

Correlate
Author's label induced gratitude
Page in Source 36
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Writing tasks to induce momentary feeling of either
1 gratitude
0 envy
Remarks
Participants were randomly assigned to a condition of 
high or low gratitude

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aDM=+ ns
gratitude          M = -0.11
envy               M = -0.14
- difference           +0,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudySeidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988 /2
TitleMemory for Positive versus Negative Life Events: Theories for the Differences between Happy and Unhappy Persons.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 64, 654 - 664
PublicPsychology students, selected for earlier happiness, followed 11 month, USA, 198?-8?
Sample
Non-ResponseDrop-out: T0-T1: 28%, T1-T2: 41%
Respondents N =54

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent mood
Page in Source 661
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question, rated on a 11 point scale: "How 
happy or unhappy do you feel at the present moment?"
10. extremely happy 
    (ecstatic, joyous,fantastic)
9.  very happy
    (really good, elated)
8.  pretty happy
    (spirits high, feeling good)
7.  mildly happy
    (fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6.  slightly happy 
    (just a bit above neutral)
5.  neutral
    (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4.  slightly unhappy
    (just a bit below neutral)
3.  mildly unhappy
    (just a litle low)
2.  pretty unhappy
    (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1.  very unhappy 
    (depressed, spirits very low)
0.  extremely unhappy
    (utterly depressed, completely        down) 
 
Part of Fordyce's (1988) 'Happiness-Measure'

Assessed at T1 and T2
(11 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.22
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-ar=+.54 p < .001
T1 happiness with T1 mood 
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-ar=+.42 p < .01
T1 happiness with T2 mood 
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-ar=+.45 p < .01
T2 happiness with T1 mood 
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-ar=+.58 p < .001
T2 happiness with T2 mood 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudySeidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988 /1
TitleMemory for Positive versus Negative Life Events: Theories for the Differences between Happy and Unhappy Persons.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 64, 654 - 664
PublicPsychology students, selected for earlier happiness, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =94

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent mood
Page in Source 657
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question, rated on a 11 point scale: "How 
happy or unhappy do you feel at the present moment?"
10. extremely happy 
    (ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9.  very happy
    (feeling really good, elated)
8.  pretty happy
    (spirits high, feeling good)
7.  mildly happy
    (feeling fairly good and somewhat
    cheerful)
6.  slightly happy 
    (just a bit above neutral)
5.  neutral
    (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4.  slightly unhappy
    (just a bit below neutral)
3.  mildly unhappy
    (just a litle low)
2.  pretty unhappy
    (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1.  very unhappy 
    (depressed, spirits very low)
0.  extremely unhappy
    (utterly depressed, completely     down) 
 
(See Fordyce 1988)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-ar=+.35 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudySeidlitz & Diener (1993): study US 1988
TitleMemory for Positive versus Negative Life Events: Theories for the Differences between Happy and Unhappy Persons.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 64, 654 - 664
PublicPsychology undergraduate, students, University of Illinois, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent mood
Page in Source 655
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Single direct question, rated on a 11-point scale: "How 
happy or unhappy do you feel at the present moment?"

10. extremely happy
    (ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
 9. very happy
    (really good, elated)
 8. pretty happy
    (spirits high, feeling good)
 7. mildly happy
    (faily good, somewhat cheerfull)
 6. slightly happy
    (just a bit above neutral)
 5. neutral
    (not particularly happy or unhappy)
 4. slightly unhappy
    (just a bit below neutral)
 3. mildly unhappy
    (just a little low)
 2. pretty unhappy
    (somewhat 'blue', spirits down)
 1. very unhappy
    (depressed, spirits very low)
 0. extremely unhappy
    (utterly depressed, completely     down)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-ar=+.40
Both happiness and mood rated on the same 
response-scale. Only difference is in the 
time-frame in the lead-question: respectively 
'average happiness' and 'at the present moment'.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyZautra et al. (1977): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 1975
TitleThe Dimension of Life Quality in a Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1977, Vol. 5, 85 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00884787
Public18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelOverall mood
Page in Source 87/93
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Interviewer rating on a 5 point scale. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyCameron et al. (1973): study US 1971
TitleThe Life Satisfaction of Non-Normal Persons.
SourceJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1973, Vol. 41, 207 - 214
DOIDOI:10.1037/h0035158
PublicHandicapped and controls Detroit, USA,197?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =295

Correlate
Author's labelHappy mood
Page in Source 209
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Closed question on mood during past half-hour sad / 
neutral / happy.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-ar= + p < . 01
normals     : r = +.50 (01)
handicapped : r = +.41 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the interview
Subject code: M13ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelEnjoyment of previous day
Page in Source 268/415
Our classificationMood during the interview, code M13ab01
Operationalization
Direct question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.25


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the day of interview
Subject code: M13ab02

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelElation-Depression
Page in Source 34
Our classificationMood during the day of interview , code M13ab02
Operationalization
Single direct question on mood over the past day. 
Rated on a 10-point scale ranging from
'complete elation' (10) to 'utter depression' (1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-ar=+.52 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the day of interview
Subject code: M13ab02

StudyWright et al. (2004): study US 1999
TitleState and Trait Correlates of Job Performance: A Tale of Two Perspectives.
SourceJournal of Business and Psychology, 2004, Vol. 18, 365 - 3883
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:JOBU.0000016708.22925.72
PublicPublic sector supervisory personel; USA; 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =45

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative mood
Page in Source 372
Our classificationMood during the day of interview , code M13ab02
Operationalization
PANAS scale. Version 'today'
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state that day on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.
Observed distributionpositive mood: M=3,0 SD=0,8; negative mood=1,9 SD=0,9
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: .90, negative mood: .92

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.50 p < .01
positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.45 p < .01
negative mood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the day of interview
Subject code: M13ab02

StudyWright & Staw (1999): study US 1994
TitleAffect and Favorable Work Outcomes: Two Longitudinal Tests of the Happy - Productive Worker Thesis.
SourceJournal of Organizational Behavior, 1999, Vol. 20, 1 - 23
PublicSocial welfare department employees, USA, 199?, followed 4 years
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =81

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and Negative mood
Page in Source 6
Our classificationMood during the day of interview , code M13ab02
Operationalization
PANAS scale; 'this day'version.
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each mood state that day on a five point scale ranging 
from 'very slightly or not at all' to extremely'. 
Postive and negative mood are measured separately.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: Positive mood T2: 0.91 T3 0.86 Negative mood T2: 0.93 T3 0.90

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.49 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 positive mood (3 year lag)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.49 p < .01
T1 happiness by T3 positive mood (4 years lag)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.31 p < .05
T1 happiness by T2 negative mood (3 year lag)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.39 p < .05
T1 happiness by T3 negative mood (4 years lag)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.41 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.42 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 positive mood (1 year lag)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.46 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 negative mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.44 p < .01
T2 happiness by T3 negative mood (1 years lag)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during the day of interview
Subject code: M13ab02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelToday's mood
Page in Source 92
Our classificationMood during the day of interview , code M13ab02
Operationalization
Closed question: "Most people's moods change from day 
to day; How do you feel today? A lot worse than usual, 
somewhat worse than usual, about as usual, somewhat 
better than usual, a lot better than usual?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-amr=+.13
O-DT asked thrice during the interview:
at the beginning, in the middle and at the end.
O-DT asked first : r=+.10
O-DT asked second: r=+.20
O-DT asked third : r=+.10
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-ar=+.10
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.20
Index of positive affects: r=+.20
Index of negative affects: r=-.10
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.10
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Yesterday's mood
Subject code: M13ab03

StudyKnabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCES/IFO Working Paper no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_2604.html
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral goodness of previous day compared to an average day
Page in Source 21
Our classificationYesterday's mood, code M13ab03
Operationalization
Answer on the question "How was your day yesterday 
compared to how this day of the week usually is?":
1 Much worse and worse
2 Pretty typical (reference group)
3 Better and much better

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=-30 ns
Worse (vs. Pretty typical)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=+.30 ns
Better (vs. Pretty typical)
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=-1.1 p < .01
Worse (vs. Pretty typical)
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=+.04 ns
Better (vs. Pretty typical)

B's are controlled for: 
- employment status in week and weekend
- income
- cohabiting
- education
- health satisfaction
- children
- age
- goodness of health and work on previous day

B -1.1 means that if the previous day was worse 
than this day in general is, the current day goes 
with 1.1 points less  happiness on the happiness 
scale -10-10.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Yesterday's mood
Subject code: M13ab03

StudyDiener et al. (2010a): study ZZ 2005
TitleWealth and Happiness across the World: Material Prosperity predicts Life Evaluation, Whereas Psychosocial Prosperity predicts Positive Feeling.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2010, Vol. 99, 52 - 61
DOIDOI:10.1037/a0018066
Public15+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =136839

Correlate
Author's labelNegative feelings
Page in Source 54-57
Our classificationYesterday's mood, code M13ab03
Operationalization
Whether yesterday they experienced certain feelings:
Positive= enjoyment and smiling or laughing.
Negative= worry, sadness,depression, and anger.
1=yes
0=no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.20 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Yesterday's mood
Subject code: M13ab03

StudyDiener et al. (2010a): study ZZ 2005
TitleWealth and Happiness across the World: Material Prosperity predicts Life Evaluation, Whereas Psychosocial Prosperity predicts Positive Feeling.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2010, Vol. 99, 52 - 61
DOIDOI:10.1037/a0018066
Public15+ aged, general public, 132 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =136839

Correlate
Author's labelPositive feelings
Page in Source 54-57
Our classificationYesterday's mood, code M13ab03
Operationalization
Whether yesterday they experienced certain feelings:
Positive= enjoyment and smiling or laughing.
Negative= worry, sadness,depression, and anger.
1=yes
0=no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.23 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Yesterday's mood
Subject code: M13ab03

StudyBortner & Hultsch (1970): study US 1959
TitleA Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Life Satisfaction in Adulthood.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1970, Vol. 25, 41 - 47
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelEnjoyment of previous day
Page in Source 44
Our classificationYesterday's mood, code M13ab03
Operationalization
Direct question rated on an 11-point self-anchoring 
scale (Cantril ladder: see CANTR, 1965).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.33
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-ar=+.31
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyHeadey (1999): study AU AU Victoria 1987
TitleOld Age is not Downhill: The Satisfactions and Well-Being of Older Australians.
SourceAustralian Journal on Aging, 1999, Vol. 18, 32 - 37
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1741-6612.1999.tb00887.x
Public24-76 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, 1987
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response0 %
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 33
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Bradburn(1969)Positive Affect Scale (part of the Affect 
Balance Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.52
Correlations were disattenuated for measurement 
error


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelPositive PANAS
Page in Source 233
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Joint effects of positive affects:
(PANAS scale)
active
determined
inspired
enthousiastic
alert
attentive
proud
strong
interested.
Observed distributionM= 29.49; SD= 5.3

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.25 p < .05
p two-tailed
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.36 p < .01
p two tailed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelNegative PANAS
Page in Source 233
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Joint effects of negative affects:
(PANAS  scale)
nervous
distressed
afraid
jittery
irritable
upset
scared
excited
ashamed
guilty
hostile.
Observed distributionM= 24.71; SD= 7.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.22 p < .05
p two-tailed.
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=-.31 p < .01
p two tailed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyLewis et al. (2001): study GB 1999
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Memorial University of NewFoundland Scale of Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 2001, Vol. 88, 471 - 472
PublicUniversity Students, Northern Ireland, 1999
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =52

Correlate
Author's labelMUNSH Positive Affect
Page in Source 471-472
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
In the past months have you been feeling: 
a:On top of the world?
b:In high spirits?
c:Particulary content with your        life?
d: Lucky?
e: Generally satisfied with the way your life has 
turned out?

Rater:
2: yes
1: don't knoe
0: no
Observed distributionRange: 0-10, Mean: 6.63; SD: 2.95
Error EstimatesCronbach Alpha: .77
Remarks
Positive Affect Subscale of Memorial University of New 
Foundland Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=+.80 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyLewis et al. (2001): study GB 1999
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Memorial University of NewFoundland Scale of Happiness.
SourcePsychological Reports, 2001, Vol. 88, 471 - 472
PublicUniversity Students, Northern Ireland, 1999
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =52

Correlate
Author's labelMUNSH Negative Affect
Page in Source 471-472
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
In the past months have you been feeling: 
a: Bored?
b: Very lonely or remote from other   
   people?
c: Depressed or very unhappy? 
d: Frustrated because you didn't know what was expected 
 of you?
e: Bitter about the way your life     turned out?

Rated:
2: yes
1: don't know
0; no
Observed distributionRange: 0-10, Mean: 5.79; SD:2.44.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha .50
Remarks
Negatieve Affect Subscale of the Memorial University of 
Newfoundland Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.70 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 194
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about the extent to which 
they feel several moods in general
- active
- determined
- inspired
- enthusiastic
- alert
- attentiv
- proud
- strong
- interested
- excited

rated on a 1 (very slightly or not all) to 5 
(extremely) scale
Remarks
10- item subscale of Positive Affect from the PANAS 
(Watson et al., 1988)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-ar=+.77 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyDemir & Weitekamp (2007): study US 2007
TitleI am So Happy Cause Today I Found My Friend: Friendship and Personality as Predictors of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 181 - 211
DOIDOI:10,1007/s10902-006-9012-7
PublicUniversity students, USA, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =423

Correlate
Author's labelNegative Affect
Page in Source 194
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about the extent to which 
they feel several moods in general
- nervous
- distressed
- afaid
- jittery
- irritable
- upset
- scared
- ashamed
- guilty

rated on a 1 (very slightly or not all) to 5 
(extremely) scale
Remarks
10- item subscale of Negative Affect from the PANAS 
(Watson et al., 1988)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-ar=-.73 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling strong
Page in Source 194
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Average felt strong when beeped
Observed distributionrange 1-7
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.53
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+.10 p < .012
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling good about self
   - feeling sociable
   - feeling excited
   - feeling proud
   - feeling active 
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyWright et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleWhen a Happy Worker is a Productive Worker: A Preliminary Examination of Three Models.
SourceCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 2002, Vol. 34, 146 - 150
PublicPublic-sector managers, USA, 2002, followed 2 years
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response17
Respondents N =59

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative affectivity (PANAS)
Page in Source 148
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
PANAS scale: version 'in general'
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state in general on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.
Observed distributionpositive affectivity: M=3,1 SD= 0,6 negative affectivity: M= 1,8 SD=0,6
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: positive affectivity: .93 negative affectivity: .89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.59 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.62 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 negative affectivity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyWright & Staw (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleAffect and Favorable Work Outcomes: Two Longitudinal Tests of the Happy - Productive Worker Thesis.
SourceJournal of Organizational Behavior, 1999, Vol. 20, 1 - 23
PublicSocial services staff personel; USA, 199?, followed 1 year
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response26
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative affectivity (PANAS)
Page in Source 13
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
PANAS scale. 
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each affecivity state in general on a five point scale 
ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Postive and negative affectivity are 
measured separately.

Rated at T2
Observed distributionpositive affectivity : M= 3,3; SD =0,7 negative affecivity: M=1,8; SD=0,7
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha: positive affectivity : 0,91; negative affectivity : 0,89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.47 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.44 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 negative affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.51 p < .0001
T2 happiness by T2 positive affectivity
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.64 p < .0001
T2 happiness by T2 positive affectivity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyWright & Staw (1999): study US 1994 /1
TitleAffect and Favorable Work Outcomes: Two Longitudinal Tests of the Happy - Productive Worker Thesis.
SourceJournal of Organizational Behavior, 1999, Vol. 20, 1 - 23
PublicSocial services staff personel; USA, 199?, followed 1 year
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response26
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelPositive and negative mood
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
PANAS scale. 
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced 
each mood state over the past week on a five point 
scale ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to 
extremely'. Positive and negative mood are measured 
separately.

Rated at T1
Observed distributionPositive mood: M= 3,1 SD=0,6 Negative mood: M= 2,0 SD=0,8
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha positive mood: 0,86, negative mood: 0,89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.35 p < .05
T1 Happiness by T1 positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.27 p < .05
T1 happiness by T1 negative mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=+.38 p < .01
T2 Happiness by T1 positive mood
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-er=-.26 p < .05
T2 happiness by T1 negative mood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyBlock & Zautra (1981): study US Arizona 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Distress in a Community: A Test of the Effects of Life Events.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 165 - 180
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00896365
PublicGeneral public, 3 cities, Arizona, USA, 1979
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response11 %
Respondents N =537

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 174
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Self report on 5 questions:
'During the past few weeks did you ever
 feel..'
-particularly excited or interested in
 something
-proud because someone complimented you
 on something you had done
-pleased about having accomplished some-
 thing
-on top of the world
-that things were going your way

Part of Bradburn (1965) 'Affect Balance Scale.
Observed distributionM=8.79 SD 1.22

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.41 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current typical moods
Subject code: M13ac

StudyBlock & Zautra (1981): study US Arizona 1979
TitleSatisfaction and Distress in a Community: A Test of the Effects of Life Events.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1981, Vol. 9, 165 - 180
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00896365
PublicGeneral public, 3 cities, Arizona, USA, 1979
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response11 %
Respondents N =537

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 174
Our classificationCurrent typical moods, code M13ac
Operationalization
Self report on 5 questions:
'During the past few weeks did you ever
 feel..'
-so restless that you couldn't sit long
 in a chair
-very lonely or remote from other people
-bored
-depressed or unhappy
-upset because someone criticized you

Part of Bradburn (1965) 'Affect Balance
Scale
Observed distributionM=6.86 SD=1.50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.23 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling bored (vs interested)
Subject code: M13ac01

StudyBraithwaite et al. (1986): study AU 1981
TitleAn Exploratory Study of Poor Adjustment Styles Among Retiress.
SourceSocial. Science and Medicine 1986, Vol. 23, 493 - 499
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277953686900092
DOIdoi:10.1016/0277-9536(86)90009-2
Public60+aged, retired people, Sydney Australia, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1050

Correlate
Author's labelBoredom
Page in Source 495-496
Our classificationFeeling bored (vs interested), code M13ac01
Operationalization
Self-reported on single question, text not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-fr=-.17 p < .001
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-frpc=-.21 p < .001
rpc controled for economic well-being.
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-frpc=-.21 p < .001
rpc controled for income adequacy.
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-frpc=-.16 p < .01
rpc controled for reluctance.
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-frpc=-.11 p < .05
rpc controled for nothing good.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt clear and creative
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I think clearly and creatively"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.33 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.20 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt thinking in circles
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"My thoughts go around in useless circles"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.64 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt clear-headed
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt clear-headed?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.59 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt confused
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt confused?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.70 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.56 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelThought processes
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Thought Processes Scale, scored each 
night for lowest, average and highest mood experienced 
that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.65 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.79 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.71 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + ns
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.27 (05)
Daily average:  r = +.19 (ns)
Daily lowest :  r = +.10 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelThought processes
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Thought Processes Scale, scored once 
for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.22 (05)
Females: r= +.19 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelThought processes
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Thought Processes Scale, scored each 
night for lowest, average and highest mood experienced 
that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.72 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.74 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.36 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)
Subject code: M13ac02

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelThought processes
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling clear (vs dull, confused), code M13ac02
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how readi- ly your ideas 
came and how valuable they seemed', rated on a 10-point 
scale:

10. I am a surging torrent of spectacu-
    lar insights.
 9. Brilliant penetrating ideas emerg-
    ing spontaneously and with great
    rapidity.
 8. Ideas coming quickly and effort-
    lessly.
 7. Clever and keen
 6. Quite alert. Thoughts fairly quick
    and clear.
 5. Not particularly alert. My ideas
    trivial and commonplace.
 4. My mind feels ponderous and dull.
    My thoughts are slow and monoto-
    nous.
 3. My thoughts all seem weary, stale,
    flat and unprofitable.
 2. My mind is stagnant. Almost nothing
    freshens it.
 1. My mind is cold, dead. Nothing
    moves.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Thought Processes Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.57 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.82 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.74 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelMental health
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
During the last four weeks
a. have you been a very nervous person?
b. have you felt so down in teh dumps nothing could 
cheer you up?
c. have you felt calm and peaceful?
d. have you felt downhearted and blue?
e. have you been a happy person?

Rated:
6: all of the time (100%) 
.
.
1: none of the time (0%)
Remarks
Mental health subscale of SF-36 health questionnaire 
(Ware 1992).

Item e inflates correlation with happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.24 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- social support
- crime-related worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.25
Beta' s controlled for:
-vitality           (Beta +.17)
-social functioning (Beta +.22)

(30% of variance explained)
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bBeta=+.15
Beta' s additionally controlled for satisfaction 
with:
-romantic relationships    (+.13)
-feeling part of community (+.12)
-health                    (+.24)
-recreation                (+.11)
-future security           (+.20)

(48% of variance explained)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1
TitleMeasuring Happiness by a Single Item Scale.
SourceSocial Behavior and Personality, 2006, Vol. 34, 139 - 150
PublicUniversity undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =503

Correlate
Author's labelpositive affect
Page in Source 20
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Positive Affect Scale. This consists   of five items of 
the Affect Balance Scale by Bradburn (1969)
Each item was answered on a 3-point Likert scale
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha = .55

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-ar=.+34 p < .001
All
males  : r = +.37
females: r = +.32


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyPichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleDeterminants of Work-Life Balance: Shortcomings in the Contemporary Measurement of WLB in Large-Scale Surveys.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 449 - 469
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9297-5
PublicEmployed in paid work, 26 European nations, 2004-05
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =16860

Correlate
Author's labelEmotional well-being
Page in Source 463,464
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions:
How often have you felt like like this over the last 
two weeks:
- I have felt cheerful and in good spirits
- I have felt calm and relaxed
- I have felt active and vigorous
- I have woken up feeling fresh and rested
- My daily life has been filled with things that 
interest me

Rated 6: all of the time to 1: no time
Observed distributionM=3,04; SD=1,09
Remarks
Coding reversed by WDH team (all of the time originally 
coded 1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.39 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdrs=+.36 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.41 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ars=+.37 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelCheerful mood/ Good humour
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions about feelings in the last 
week  
- I was feeling cheerful
- When I woke up, I thought about the nice things to 
come

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx=1.41; SD/nx=.48 (nx= number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.73

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.42 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyErdman (1981): study NL 1978
TitleWelbevinden bij Hartpatienten. (Well-Being of Heartpatients).
SourceThesis, Swets & Zeitlinger, 1981, Lisse, Netherlands
PublicHeart patients, The Netherlands 1978-1979
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6,0%
Respondents N =1752

Correlate
Author's labelDisphoria
Page in Source 103
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Factor derived from respouses of the following 
statements:
-I can sit still
-I dislike busily streets
-I am afraid for(a new)hartatacke
-I still been irritable
-I take care of the future
-I am very often whining
-I am afraid of my finance position
-I am often out of mood
-I am often depressed
-I am very moody

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-bDM=- p < .001
             disphoria score
-Happy(3)     M= 16.08 SD = 4.53
-Unhappy(1-2) M= 19.19 SD = 5.55
diference     M= -3.01 SD = 1,02
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-bDM=- p < .001
-Happy(4)      M = 16,17  SD=  4.55
-Unhappy(1-3)  M = 22.21  SD=  4.89
difference     M = -6.04  SD = 0.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudySondermeyer (1975): study NL 1970
TitleGezondheid en Geluk. (Health Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Report, 1975, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public40-60 aged male employees, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 197?
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =13000

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling cheerful
Page in Source -
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question:
0 No 
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.72 p < . 000
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aG=+.72 p < . 000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelPleasure
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Self report of pleasure intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=3.80 SD=1.6
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.50 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=+.52 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelUneasy
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
vaguely uneasy about something?" no vs yes (Item in 
Affect Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelFelt happy
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently.... been feeling reasonably happy, 
all things considered?
1: Much less than usual
2: Less so than usual
3: Same as usual (reference)
4: More so than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.16 p < .01
FEMALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.38 p < .01
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.75 p < .01
 "Much less than usual" (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.21 p < .01
MALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.40 p < .01
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.97 p < .01
 "Much less than usual"  (vs "Same as usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)
Subject code: M13ac03

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect states
Page in Source 122
Our classificationFeeling cheerful (vs gloomy), code M13ac03
Operationalization
40-item index of closed questions on irritability (7 
items), general anxiety (7 items), anxiety and tension 
(5 items), depression (6 items), anomie (8 items) and 
resentment (7 items).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=-.51 p < . 001
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling elated (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03a

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelPleasure involvement
Page in Source 325
Our classificationFeeling elated (vs not), code M13ac03a
Operationalization
4-item index of closed questions on specific positive 
affects (adapted Bradburn Index of Positive Affects) 
(AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.38 p < . 001
When controlled for "negative affect" and "long- 
term satisfaction": r = +.31 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling elated (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03a

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelEnhancement
Page in Source 233
Our classificationFeeling elated (vs not), code M13ac03a
Operationalization
During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A  Particularly interested in or excited about 
something
B  Pleased about having accomplished something
C  On top of the world
Rating  options:
0  never to 3  often
Remarks
Positive affect subscale of Bradburn Aggect Balance 
Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr=+.24
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.24


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling elated (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03a

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 116
Our classificationFeeling elated (vs not), code M13ac03a
Operationalization
Frequency of yes answers to the following questions:
During the last few weeks did you ever
feel ...
1. Pleased about having acclomplished
   something?
2. That things are going your way?
3. Proud because someone had compli-
   mented you on something you had done
4. Particularly excited or interested
   in something?
5. On top of the world.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling elated (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03a

StudyLevy et al. (1988): study US 1979
TitleSurvival Hazard Analysis in First Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients: Seven-Year Follow-Up.
SourcePsychosomatic Medicine, 1988, Vol. 51, 520 - 528
PublicBreast cancer patients, first recurrence cases, Eastern USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36

Correlate
Author's labelJoy
Page in Source 4
Our classificationFeeling elated (vs not), code M13ac03a
Operationalization
Subscore on the Affect Balance Scale, containing: glad, 
cheerful and joyous)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+ s
1 Positive Affect: +.92  (01) 
2 Negative Affect: -.40  (01)

Correlation with full Affect Balance Scale not 
reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling elated (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03a

StudyMcCrae & Costa (1991): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 1979
TitleAdding 'Liebe und Arbeit': The Full Five Factor Model and Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1991, Vol. 17, 227 - 232
PublicSingle males and couples Baltimore USA, followed 7 years, 1979-86
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =429

Correlate
Author's labelPositive affect
Page in Source 22
Our classificationFeeling elated (vs not), code M13ac03a
Operationalization
5-item index of closed questions on specific affects, 
part of Bradburn Affect Balance Score (AFF 2.3).     
Assessed at T1(1979) and T2(1981).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.73 p < .01
T1 happiness (full ABS) by T1 positive affect 
(part ABS).
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.38 p < .01
T1 happiness (LS: HAPP 2.1) by T1 positive affect
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.74 p < .01
T2 happiness (full ABS) by T2 positive affect    
(part ABS)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.40 p < .01
T2 happiness (LS: HAPP 2.1) by T2 positive affect


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1992
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1992
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1553

Correlate
Author's labelDepression
Page in Source 13
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.19
ß controled for sex, age, education, work status 
and home ownership.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 325
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
5-item index of closed questions on specific negative 
affects (adapted Bradburn Index of Negative Affects) 
(AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.44 p < . 001
When controlled for "pleasure involvement" and 
"long-term satisfaction": r = -.30 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1
TitleMeasuring Happiness by a Single Item Scale.
SourceSocial Behavior and Personality, 2006, Vol. 34, 139 - 150
PublicUniversity undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =503

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 21
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
The Negative Affect,subscale of the Affect Balance 
Scale by Bradburn(1969)
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha = .70

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-ar=-.49 p < .001
males  : r = -.52 (001)
females: r = -.47 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect on individual and nation level
Page in Source 264
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreported on 4 questions:
Did you experienced these feelings a lot in the 
previous day?
A worry
B sadness 
C depression
D anger


Rated:
1:yes
0:no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.19 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual negative affect
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.29 p < .05
Nation level: Average happines by % yes responses


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelSadness on individual and nation level
Page in Source 264
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question.
Did you experience these feeling a lot in the previous 
day?
Sadness.

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.16 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual sadness
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.29 p < .001
Nation level: Average happiness by % sad in nation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelDepression on individual land nation evel
Page in Source 264
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. 
Did you experience these feeling a lot in the previous 
day?
Depression

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.17 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual depression
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.40
Nation level: AVERAGE happiness by % depressed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelDepression
Page in Source 28
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Two questions on amount and severity of sad whims, 
rated on graphic scales.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=-.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt down
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"Nothing seems very much fun any more"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.67 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.43 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.57 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt depressed
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt depressed?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.69 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.76 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelSadness
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Self report of sadness intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.67 SD=1.7
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.43 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.48 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelDiscomfort
Page in Source 233
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
- Pity for some people you know
- Helpless, with no control over situations
- Bored
- Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
- Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother 
you

Rating  options:
0  never
1  once
2  several times
3  often
Remarks
Negative Affect subscale of Bradburn Affect Balance 
Scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr=-.20
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar= ±0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 233
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
2-item index of closed questions on feeling very lonely 
or remote from other people, and depressed or very 
unhappy during the past week.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr= ns
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelDepresssed or unhappy
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
depressed or unhappy?" no vs yes (Item in Affect 
Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelNegative feeling
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How often do you have negative feelings such as blue 
mood, 
despair, anxiey, depression?
1 Always
2 Very often
3 Quite often 
4 Seldom
5 Never
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on negative feeling taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full  WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.44 p < .0.1
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.24 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelDepression
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... been feeling unhappy or depressed?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.29 p < .01
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.13 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.19 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.25 p < .01
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.16 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.44 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"  (vs "No more than usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Crown-Crisp Experiental Index.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1996, Vol. 78, 497 - 498
PublicUniversity Students, UK, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelDepression
Page in Source 498
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Depression subscale of Crown-Crisp (1979) Experiential 
Index.
Items not reported.
Observed distributionMean:3,9; SD:2,9
Error EstimatesCronbach Alpha .67

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.78 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyWarr (1978): study GB 1976
TitleA Study of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceThe British Journal of Psychology, 1978, Vol. 6, 111 - 121
PublicSteel workers, 6 months after closure of plant, Manchester, UK, 1976
Sample
Non-Response9 % (4 % ill, 5 % refused), 13 % not contacted
Respondents N =1655

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 116
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Frequency of yes answers on the following questions: 
During the last few weeks did you ever feel...
1.So restless that you couldn't sit       long in a 
chair?
2.Bored?
3.Depressed or very unhappy?
4.Very lonely or remote from other 
  people?
5.Upset because someone criticised you?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-ar=-.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyDolan & Metcalfe (2012): study US 2011
TitleValuing Health: A Brief Report on Subjective Well-Being versus Preferences.
SourceMedical Decision Making, 2012, Vol. 32, 578 - 582
URLhttp://mdm.sagepub.com/content/32/4/578
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0272989X11435173
PublicElderly, United States, 2011
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1173

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety level
Page in Source 580
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
1 Anxiety:
   a  Anxiety level 2: moderate anxious or depressed
   b  Anxiety level 3: extremely anxious or depressed
0 No anxiety level 1 (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-cBeta=-.16 p < .05
MODERATE anxiety (level 2)vs NOT (level 1)
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-cBeta=-.36 p < .05
EXTREME anxiety (level 3)vs NOT (level 1)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-7-cBeta=-.24 p < .01
SOME anxiety (level 2)vs NOT (level 1)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-7-cBeta=-.49 p < .01
EXTREME anxiety (level 3)vs NOT (level 1)

All beta's controlled for:
- Mobility restrictions
- Self-care restrictions 
- Usual activities restrictions  
- Pain
Beta's remain significant when additionally 
controlled for:
- household income
- gender
- age, age squared
- unemployment
- sick from work, disabled
- retired
- homemaker
- 2nd job
- marital status
- ethnicity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyAjrouch (2007): study US Detroit 2001
TitleResources and Well-being among Arab-American elders
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, (2007), 22: 167-182
DOIdoi: 10/1007/10823-006-9033-z
Public56+aged, Arab-Americans, USA, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelNegative Feelings
Page in Source 172, 175
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
In the last two weeks, how often have you had negative 
feelings such as feeling down, despair, anxiety, 
depression?
1: never
2: sometimes
3: often
4: quite often
5: always

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-grs=-.34 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelSad
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much sad mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .69 95CI( .48, .73) SD=.57
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=-.13
Average shappy mood of the moment by average sad 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyMcCrae & Costa (1991): study US Baltimore County, Maryland 1979
TitleAdding 'Liebe und Arbeit': The Full Five Factor Model and Well-Being.
SourcePersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1991, Vol. 17, 227 - 232
PublicSingle males and couples Baltimore USA, followed 7 years, 1979-86
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =429

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect
Page in Source 22
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
5-item index of closed questions on specific affects, 
part of Bradburn Affect Balance Score (AFF 2.3).    
Assessed at T1(1979) and T2(1981)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.74 p < .01
T1 happiness (full ABS) by T1 negative affect    
(part ABS)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.42 p < .01
T1 happiness (LS: HAPP 2.1) by T1 negative affect
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.51 p < .01
T2 happiness (LS: HAPP 2.1) by T2 negative affect
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.79 p < .01
T2 happiness (full ABS) by T2 negative affect    
(part ABS)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBrenner (1975a): study US Washington County, Maryland 1973
TitleQuality of Affect and Self-Evaluated Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 315 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293251
Public18+ aged, general public, Washington County, Maryland, USA, 1973-1974
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response25%
Respondents N =916

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling downcast or dejected
Page in Source 324
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How often do you feel downcast or dejected?  Would you 
say:
1 very often
2 fairly often
3 occasionally
4 rarely
5 never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.46 p < . 001
Unaffected by sex, age and educational level.

When enjoying life and usual affect (question on 
spirits) are held constant: Gs = -.31 (001).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBrenner (1975): study US Various places 1972
TitleEnjoyment as a Preventive of Depressive Affect.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1975, Vol. 3, 346 - 357
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1520-6629
Public18+ aged, general public, country and big city, USA, 1972
Sample
Non-Response19% in Washington, and 25% in Kansas City.
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelDepressive affect
Page in Source 351
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Closed question on frequency of depression during past 
week: rarely/ occasionally/ most days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bG=-.57 p < .001
Gs= -.48 (001) when controlled for satisfaction 
with major life areas.
Gs= -.48 (001) when controlled for usual quality 
of affect (closed question on spirits).
Gs= -.44 (001) when controlled for both 
satisfaction with major life areas and usual 
quality of affect.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyFordyce (1972): study US 1971
TitleHappiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA
PublicUniversity students, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =86

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of unhappy moods per day
Page in Source 146
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Repeated direct question on number of unhappy moods 
experienced during the past day, scored every evening 
during three weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=-.49 p < . 01
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abr= - p < . 01
% happy mood    : r = -.33 (01)
% unhappy mood  : r = +.49 (01)
% neutral mood  : r = +.07 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBachman et al. (1970): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. 1,2,3,4,5.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1970, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 3 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-69
Sample
Non-Response2.8% incomplete information in 1966
Respondents N =1799

Correlate
Author's labelNegative affect states
Page in Source 122
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
40-item index of closed questions on irritability (7 
items), general anxiety (7 items), anxiety and tension 
(5 items), depression (6 items), anomy (8 items) and 
resentment (7 items).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-ar=-.51 p < . 001
Both variables assessed at T1.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling down (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03b

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of low mood
Page in Source 262/263
Our classificationFeeling down (vs not), code M13ac03b
Operationalization
Closed question on feeling downcast and dejected never 
/ rarely / occasionally / fairly often / very often.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=-.49
Unaffected by sex
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.56
After control for:
- having fun in life and usual mood : Gs = -.40
- having fun in life                : Gs = -.44
- usual moods                       : Gs = -.44
- tending to be a discouraged person: Gs = -.47
- tending to be a lonely person     : Gs = -.44
- anxiety symptom                   : Gs = -.54
- social class                      : Gs = -.56

Stronger among females              : G  = -.61
Lower among males                   : G  = -.54

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .31 p < . 01
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .27 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling hopeless (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03c

StudyAbdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1
TitleMeasuring Happiness by a Single Item Scale.
SourceSocial Behavior and Personality, 2006, Vol. 34, 139 - 150
PublicUniversity undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =503

Correlate
Author's labelPessimism
Page in Source 21
Our classificationFeeling hopeless (vs not), code M13ac03c
Operationalization
The Pessimism subscale of ths Arabic Scale of Optimism 
and Pessimism (Abdel-Khalek 1996, 198a). It contains 15 
statements that are answered on a 5-point Likert- type 
scale.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha = .93

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-ar=-.45 p < .001
All
males  : r = -.34 (001)
females: r = -.51 (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling hopeless (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt best years are over
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling hopeless (vs not), code M13ac03c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel as though the best years of my life are over"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.43 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.35 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling hopeless (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt future looks good
Our classificationFeeling hopeless (vs not), code M13ac03c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or
otherwise in the past few weeks):
"My future looks good"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.64 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.61 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling hopeless (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt hopeless
Our classificationFeeling hopeless (vs not), code M13ac03c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt hopeless?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.54 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.68 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling hopeless (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac03c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt optimistic
Our classificationFeeling hopeless (vs not), code M13ac03c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt optimistic?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.47 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.57 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions about feelings in the last 
week
- I was feeling at ease
- I was feeling satisfied

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx= .88; SD/nx=.55 (nx=number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.40 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt satisfied
Page in Source 76
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or
otherwise in the past few weeks):
"How often have you felt satisfied?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.67 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.67 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt discontented
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt discontented?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.61 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.71 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /2
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
PublicStudents,University of Otago, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =55

Correlate
Author's labelMood
Page in Source 35/36
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
2-item index 
- pleased...........annoyed
- dissatisfied.......satisfied
Each rated on a 9-point scale.
Daily score averige of the two scores.

Filled out each night over two weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.61
Happiness (AFF 2.3) assessed at the end of the two 
week period. Timeframe of the question was 'past 
two weeks'.

first weeks mood: r=+.62
second weeks mood:r=+.51


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelFrustrated
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much frustrated mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distribution M= 1.13 95CI(.98, 1.27) SD=.67
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=-.08
Average happy mood of the moment by average 
frustrated mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
Subject code: M13ac03d

StudyBrook et al. (1979): study US Dakota County, Minnesota 1972
TitleOverview of Adult Health Status Measures Fielded in Rand's Health Insurance Study.
SourceMedical Care, 1979, Vol. 17
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3764335?seq=10
PublicHeads of households, Dayton , USA, 1972-1979
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3441

Correlate
Author's labelPositive well-being
Page in Source 24 + 29 + 31 + 42
Our classificationFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied), code M13ac03d
Operationalization
Self-report on 4 questions:
During the past month...
a. How have you been feeling in general? 
b. How happy, satisfied, or pleased have you been with 
your personal life? 
c. Has your daily life been full of things that were 
interesting to you? 
d. Have you felt cheerful, lighthearted?
Observed distributionRange 4-24, M=17.15, SD=4.67
Error EstimatesInternal-Consistency=.83, Test-Retest=.75 with N=437

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.50 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling disgusted
Subject code: M13ac03e

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelDisgusted
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling disgusted, code M13ac03e
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much disgusted mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .35 95CI(.25, .44) SD=.44
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.05
Average happy mood of the moment by average 
disgusted mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling an outsider
Page in Source 4, 70-72,75
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel like an outsider (or left out of things)
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 5,8 Belgium = 7,9 Canada = 8,9 Czech Republic = 9,7 Denmark = 5,3 Finland = 5,5 France = 7,7 Germany = 6,1 Greece = 6,3 Hungary = 9,3 Ireland = 5,6 Italy = 4,9 Netherlands = 3,9 Norway = 5,6 Poland = 8,2 Portugal = 6,4 Spain = 3,3 Sweden = 5,2 Switzerland = 7,1 United Kingdom 6,8 United States = NA . Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,3 Latvia = 5,2 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 6,1 Slovenia = NA
Remarks
source: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.44 p < .05
% happy in nation by % feeling an outsider


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling awkward and out of place
Page in Source 70, 72, 73
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel awkward and out of place
- disagree
- agree
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 8,2, Belgium = 15,6, Canada = 10,5 Czech Republic = 6,4 Denmark = 11,8 Finland = 8,4 France = 12,3 Germany = 11,4 Greece = 8,3 Hungary = 7,6 Ireland = 7,8 Italy = 6,2 Netherlands = 6,9 Norway = 9,1 Poland = 9,9 Portugal = 11,7 Spain = 8,9 Sweden = 4,9 Switzerland = 11,7 United Kingdom 8,7 United States = NA Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 3,6 Latvia = 9,6 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation 14,3 Slovenia NA
Remarks
Data: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.10 ns
% happy in nation by %feeling awkward


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt close to people
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel close to people around me"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.50 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.27 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelCompanionship vs being isolated
Page in Source 215/221
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Companionship vs Being Isolated Scale, 
scored each night for lowest, average and highest mood 
expe- rienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale. 
Daily highest:  r = +.74 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.80 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.70 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 01
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.38 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.36 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.31 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelCompanionship (vs being isolated)
Page in Source 118
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Companionship vs Being Isolated Scale, 
scored at the end of each day for lowest, average and 
highest mood experienced that day during three weeks 
(see above under WESSM 1966/2).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest: r = +.42 (01)
Daily average: r = +.66 (01)
Daily lowest : r = +.60 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelCompanionship vs being isolated
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Companionship vs Being Isolated Scale, 
scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.31 (05)
Females: r= +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling close (vs remote)
Subject code: M13ac04

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelCompanionship vs being isolated
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling close (vs remote), code M13ac04
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'the extent to which you 
felt emotionally accepted by, or isolated from other 
people', ra- ted on a 10-point scale:

10. Complete participation in warm, in-
    timate friendship.
 9. Enjoy the warmth of close compan-
    ionship.
 8. Thoroughly and genuineley liked.
 7. Feel accepted and like.
 6. More or less accepted.
 5. Feel a little bit left out.
 4. Feel somewhat neglected and lonely.
 3. Very lonely. No one seems to care
    about me.
 2. Tremendously lonely. Friendless and
    forlorn.
 1. Completely isolated and forsaken.
    Abandoned. Ache with loneliness.

Scale scored each night for highest, lowest and average 
experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Companionship vs Being Isolated 
Scale).

   

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar=+.43 ns
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.38 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.43 (ns)
Daily lowest    : r = +.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudySnider (1980): study CA 1976
TitleExplaining Life Satisfaction: It's the Elderly's Attitudes that Count.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1980, Vol. 61, 253 - 263
Public65+ aged, retired whites, Edmonton, Canada, 1976
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =428

Correlate
Author's labelLonely
Page in Source 257-260
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 3-point scale with 
the choice statements: 'always', 'sometimes' and 
'never'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-ar=-.33 p < .001
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-atb=-.29 p < .001
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aDyx=-.31 p < .001
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.17
Beta controled for: 
- self-rated health
- marital status
- adjustment to retirement
- number of friends in city.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelloneliness
Page in Source 252
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you often feel lonely?"
1: no 
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:1103, 2:163, 3:171

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.43 p < .00
 1: Mt=8.24
 2: Mt=7.00
 3: Mt=5.64
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.45 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.94
 2: Mt=6.55
 3: Mt=5.21
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.42 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.38
 2: Mt=6.01
 3: Mt=5.11
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelloneliness
Page in Source 262
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Single question:
'Do you feel lonely?'
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: All:4573; 1:3483; 2:518; 3:572
Remarks
in the original text the answer was reversed and the 
correlation was wrongly positive

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.43 p < .00
1: Mt=8.24
2: Mt=6.78
3: Mt=5.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.42 p < .00
1: Mt=7.98
2: Mt=6.33
3: Mt=5.06
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.45 p < .00
1: Mt=7.51
2: Mt=5.89
3: Mt=5.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels his life is 
lonesome.3-point scale ranging from "very lonely" to 
"not lonely at all" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.38
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives,number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, feelings of being liked, feeling of being 
able to use knowledge and skills, feeling of 
chance to succeed, gets sufficient attention, 
satisfaction with income, age, gender, no. of 
communities in which lived.
 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelBeing neglected or forgotten
Page in Source 261
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Have you experienced being neglected or forgotten
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers: No(=0)  oe  Yes(=1)
Observed distributionNever: N = 2258 Ever in your life: N = 178

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.16
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.17
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.90
ever in your life:       M = 3.35
95% CI for difference:   [0.39 ; 0.71]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyKoivumaa-Honkanen (1998): study FI 1975
TitleLife Satisfaction as a Health Predictor.
SourceDoctoral Dissertation, University of Turku, 1998, Finland (Kuopio University Publications D. Medical Sciences 143)
Public18-64 aged adult twin pairs, Finland, 1975
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response271
Respondents N =29444

Correlate
Author's labelLonliness
Page in Source 70
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Do you feel that your life at present moment you are
5= very lonely
4= fairly lonely
3= cannot say
2= ?
1= not at all lonely
Observed distributionM=4.11, CI95 [4.10-4.14]

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.44 ns
Total
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.45
Men
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.43
Women
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.39
Healthy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.47
Sick
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.42
Age 18-24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.46
Age 25-34
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.45
Age 35-44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.46
Age 45-54
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jr=-.42
Age 55-64


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels his life is 
lonesome.3-point scale ranging from "very lonely" to 
"not lonely at all" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.38
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives,number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, feelings of being liked, feeling of being 
able to use knowledge and skills, feeling of 
chance to succeed, gets sufficient attention, 
satisfaction with income, age, gender, no. of 
communities in which lived.
 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling lonely
Page in Source 4, 70, 75
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
"I feel lonely"
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 7,2 Belgium = 6,4 Canada = 7,6 Czech Republic = 7,0 Denmark = 6,2 Finland = 6,2 France = 6,4 Germany = 6,2 Greece = 6,5 Hungary = 7,3 Ireland = 4,6 Italy = 6,0 Netherlands = 2,9 Norway = 7,0 Poland = 8,4 Portugal = 5,0 Spain = 4,4 Sweden = 6,7 Switzerland = 6,6 United Kingdom = 5,4 United States = NA Average of OECD countries: 7,4 %, SD = 5,3 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,7 Latvia = 9,0 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 8,5 Slovenia = NA
Remarks
Data: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.42 ns
% happy in nation by % feeling lonely


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyAhmadyar (2016): study NL 2016
TitleDo the determinants of happiness differ between immigrants and home-stayers? A comparison between Afghansin the Netherlands and Afghanistan
SourceMaster thesis Msc Program in Urban Management and Development, Erasmus university Rotterdam
Public+18 aged Afghan immigrants, The Netherlands, 2016
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =141

Correlate
Author's labelImmigrants Loneliness
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Please tell me how much of the time during the past 
week you felt lonely? If yes, is that very much or to 
some extent?
1-None or almost none of the time
2-Some of the time
3-Most of the time
4-All or almost all of the time
Remarks
Reported as correlation with happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aR²=.68 p < .05
The more to feel lonely, the less happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdR²=.69 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt lonely
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I seem to be left alone when I don't
want to be"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.49 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.41 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels his life is 
lonesome.3-point scale ranging from "very lonely" to 
"not lonely at all" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.29
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to suceed, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelLonely or remote
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel very 
lonely or remote from other people?" no vs yes (Item in 
Affect Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.70


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelBeing lonely
Page in Source 123, 135, 136, 139, 265
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"Do you ever feel lonely or isolated?
a) Yes often
b) Sometimes
c) Never"

converted to a dichotomy
1: sometimes or often
0: never
Observed distributionM=0.43; Borshegovka M=0.41 sd=0.49; Pechersk M=0.46 sd=0.50; p-value of difference= 0.64

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-ar=-.20 p < .05
city district Borshegovka r=-.27 (05)  N=86
city district Pechersk    r=-.07 (ns)  N=50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of loneliness
Page in Source 11, 15
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Mentioned in open interview on what makes life good or 
bad
1: mentioned
0: not mentioned

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.18 p < .01
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyBowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001
TitleAn Integrational Model of Quality of Life in Older Age. Results from the ESRC/MRC HSRC Quality of Life Survey in Britain.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2004, Vol. 69, 1 - 36
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000032656.01524.07
Public65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response23%
Respondents N =999

Correlate
Author's labelIncrease in loneliness
Page in Source 11,15
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Mentioned in open interview on what makes life good or 
bad
1: mentioned
0: not mentioned

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-ar=-.16 p < .01
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.08
Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelLonely
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much lonely mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .64 95CI(.51, .77) SD=.60
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=-.12
Average happy mood of the moment by average lonely 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling lonely (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04a

StudyBennett (1970): study US 1969
TitleAvowed Happiness in Communities of Religious Women.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1970, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bennett_fa_1970.pdf
PublicNuns, Catholic congregations, USA, 1969
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response11,5%
Respondents N =963

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 38
Our classificationFeeling lonely (vs not), code M13ac04a
Operationalization
Self report on singlke question: How frequently do you 
feel lonely?
4: often
3: occasionally
2: very seldom
1: never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr=-.50 p < .001
Those who claimed to have a friend in the convent 
with whom they can discuss their deepest feelings 
tend also to avow greater happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling love (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04b

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt loved
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling love (vs not), code M13ac04b
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel loved and trusted"        Rated on a 5-point 
scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.35 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.57 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling love (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04b

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt loving
Our classificationFeeling love (vs not), code M13ac04b
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or
otherwise in the past few weeks):
"How often have you felt loving?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.38 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.64 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling love (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04b

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelLove and sex
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling love (vs not), code M13ac04b
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Love and Sex Scale, scored each night 
for lowest, average and highest mood experienced that 
day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.46 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.58 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.61 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.22 (ns)
Daily average:  r = +.30 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.31 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling love (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04b

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelLove and sex
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling love (vs not), code M13ac04b
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
See Wessm 1966/1

Daily highest   : r = +.40 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.56 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.44 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling love (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04b

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelLove and sex
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling love (vs not), code M13ac04b
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'the extent to which you 
felt loving and tender, or sexually frustrated and 
unloving', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Feel the rapture of full, joyous
    and complete love.
 9. Tremendous gratification, delight,
    love, and trust.
 8. Warm sharing of intimacy and affec-
    tion.
 7. Pleasant companionship and some af-
    fection. Sharing interests and good
    times.
 6. Fairly satisfying experience or ex-
    pectations. Some mutual interest
    and understanding.
 5. Not much feeling of mutual under-
    standing. Some lack of interest.
    Slightly frustrated.
 4. Little feeling of relationships.
    Considerable indifference. Modera-
    tely frustrated.
 3. Feel unable to maintain good rela-
    tionships. Unloved. Much frustra-
    tion.
 2. Hurt, bewildered, incapable of
    loving or being loved. Vast amount
    of frustration.
 1. Hopeless, cold, unloved and un-
    loving.

Scale scored each night for the high- est, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Love and Sex Scale)


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + ns
The means of the lowest, average and highest
daily scores were correlated with the mean daily
average score on the Elation-Depression Scale
( AFF 3.1) during 6 weeks

daily highest: r = +.23 (05)
daily average: r = +.22 (05)
daily lowest : r = +.15 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt no interest in other people
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or
otherwise in the past few weeks): "I have lost interest 
in other people
and don't care about them"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.44 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt withdrawn
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt withdrawn?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.53 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.63 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling sociable
Page in Source 194
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Average felt sociable when beeped
Observed distributionRange 1-7
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.47 p < .05
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+.16 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling strong 
   - feeling good about self
   - feeling excited
   - feeling proud
   - feeling active 
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelOwn sociability vs withdrawal
Page in Source 215/219
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Own Sociability vs Withdrawal Scale, 
scored each night for lwoest, average and highest mood 
experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.72 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.80 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.67 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 01
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.35 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.29 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.15 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSociability vs withdrawal
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Own Sociability vs Withdrawal Scale, 
scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.15 (05)
Females: r= +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelOwn sociability (vs withdrawal)
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest 
scores were correlated with the mean daily aver- 
age score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 
3.1) during 6 weeks.


Daily highest   : r = +.66 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.61 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.06 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling sociable (vs withdrawn)
Subject code: M13ac04c

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelOwn sociability (vs withdrawal)
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn), code M13ac04c
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how so- cially outgoing or 
withdrawn you felt today', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Immensely sociable and outgoing.
 9. Highly outgoing, congenial and
    friendly.
 8. Very sociable and involved in
    things.
 7. Companionable. Ready to mix with
    others.
 6. Fairly sociable. More or less ac-
    cessible.
 5. Not particularly outgoing. Feel a
    little bit unsociable.
 4. Retiring, would like to avoid
    people.
 3. Feel detached and withdrawn. A
    great distance between myself and
    others.
 2. Self-contained and solitary.
 1. Completely withdrawn. Want no human
    contact.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Own Sociability vs Withdrawal Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The menas of the lowest, average and highest 
scores were correlated with the mean daily 
average score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 
3.1) during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.56 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.78 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.51 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling understood (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04d

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelFatigue
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationFeeling understood (vs not), code M13ac04d
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions about feelings in the last 
week
- I was feeling exhausted
- I was feeling tired

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx= .82; SD/nx=.65 (nx= number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.80

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=-.21 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling understood (vs not)
Subject code: M13ac04d

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt understood
Our classificationFeeling understood (vs not), code M13ac04d
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt understood?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.40 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelVitality
Page in Source 258
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions:
During the last four weeks
a. did you feel full of pep?
b. did you have a lot of energy?
c. did you feel worn out?
d. did feel tired?

Rated:
6: all of the time (100%) 
.
.
1: none of the time (0%)
Remarks
Vitality subscale of SF-36 health questionnaire (Ware 
1992).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.18
Beta controlled for:
 - Mental Healthm(SF-3C subscale)
 - General Health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfamily, work and leisure time
Page in Source 406
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Family, work and leisure time
(made up by the following questions:

1: very badly
2: badly
3: neither well nor badly
4: well
5: very well
Observed distributionN: all:1398, 1:1, 2:13, 3:103, 4:712, 5:569
Remarks
a)"How do you feel when you are at home?"
b)"How do you feel when you are at work?"
c)"How do you feel in your leisure time?")

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.60 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.50
 3: Mt=5.26
 4: Mt=7.45
 5: Mt=8.90
All Mt=7.83
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.60 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.11
 3: Mt=4.76
 4: Mt=7.06
 5: Mt=8.64
All Mt=7.49
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.56 p < .00
 1: Mt=-
 2: Mt=2.89
 3: Mt=4.79
 4: Mt=6.54
 5: Mt=8.08
All Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyLam et al. (1998): study HK 1995
TitleTests of Scaling Assumptions and Construct Validity of the Chinese (HK) Version of the SF - 36 Health Survey.
SourceJournal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1998, Vol. 51, 1139 - 1147
DOIdoi:10.1016/S0895-4356(98)00105-X
Public14+aged patients and students, Hong Kong 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response0%
Respondents N =236

Correlate
Author's labelVitality
Page in Source 1142-1145
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions about feeling during the last 
month.
a. Feel full of pep
b. Have a lot of energy
c. Feel worn out
d. Feel tired
VT Subscale of SF-36 Health Survey (Ware et al. 1993)
Observed distributionM=55,76 SD=20,94 (transformed score on range 0-100)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ar=+.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelVitality
Page in Source 15,21
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Survey question: How often do you feel full of energies 
these days?
Observed distributionM = 3,15 SD = 0,86 N = 32172

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-er=0,42
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=+.17 p < .01
b controlled for
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- marital status
- age
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyVanSantvoort (2009): study ZZ Europe 2005
TitleDisability in Europe: Policy, Social Participation and Subjective Well-being.
SourceIpskamp, 2009, Enschede, Netherlands
Public15+ aged, general public, 9 European countries, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response30 %
Respondents N =14889

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling optimistic and energetic
Page in Source 125
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Self report on 5 questions:
How often have you felt like this over the last two 
weeks:
-  Felt cheerful and in good spirits
- Felt calm and relaxed
- Felt active and vigorous
- Woken up feeling fresh and rested
- Daily life has been filled with things that interest 
me.

Rated: (1) all of the time to (6) "at no time".
Remarks
Because the scale has been reversed, higher values 
correspond to larger feeling of optimism and energy.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bBeta=+.34 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- hampered in daily activities by disability
- socio-demographic variables 
- socio-economic variables
- self assessed health
- feeling about household income
- social participation

Beta's similar in:
- Belgium
- Germany
- Denmark
- Netherlands
- Slovenia
- Slovakia

Beta's highest in: 
- Finland  (+.416)
- United Kingdom (+.404)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyDemerouti et al. (2005): study NL 2002
TitleSpillover and Crossover of Exhaustion and Life Satisfaction among Dual-Earning Parents.
SourceJournal of Vocational Behavior, 2005, Vol. 67, 266 - 289
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jvb.2004.07.001
PublicDual-earning parents of young children, the Netherlands, 2000
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response59 %
Respondents N =382

Correlate
Author's labelExhaustion
Page in Source 274,275
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Self report o 5 questions  :
- I feel used up at the end of the workday
- I feel burned out from work
Rated  0(never) to 6 (always)
Observed distributionMen M=1,48 SD =.78 Women M= 1,76 SD =1.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-ar=-.32 p < .01
Men
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-ar=-.27 p < .01
Women


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelStrenght/Vitality
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about feelings in the last 
week 
- I was feeling full of energy
- I was feeling strong

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx=1.69; SD/nx=.67 (nx= number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.76

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.18 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt energetic
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I have energy to spare"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.45 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.25 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelInertia
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel that 
you could not do anything simply because you could not 
start it?" no vs yes (Item in Affect Balance Scale: AFF 
2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.53


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
Do you have enough energy for everyday life? 
1 Not at all
2 A little
3 Moderately 
4 Mostly
5 Completely
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on energy taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.22 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.18 p < .05
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelEnergetic arousal
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of the 
following 8 adjectives:
-Active
-Energetic
-Alert
-Vigorous
-Unenterprising
-Sluggish
-Tired
-Passive
Rated: definitely not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 
8-32.
Observed distributionMean = 21,4 SD = 6,0
Error Estimatesalpha = 0,88
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=+.43 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelTense arousal
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of the 
following 8 adjectives:
-Anxious
-Jittery
-Tense
-Nervous
-Calm
-Restful
-Relaxed
-Composed
Rated: definitely not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 
8-32.
Observed distributionM=15,8, SD = 5,1
Error Estimatesalpha = .86
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=-.37 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral arousal (tense & energetic)
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of 
adjectives. Adjectives not reported. Rated: definitely 
not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 8-32.
Observed distributionMean = 27,8 SD = 6,0
Error Estimatesalpha = 0,75
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=+.65 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyPayne (1974): study GB 1972
TitleN.M. Bradburn's Measures of Psychological Well-Being: An Attempt at Replication.
SourceM.C.R. Social and Applied Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology University of Sheffield, 1974, UK
PublicEmployed males, supervising jobs, England, 197?
Sample
Non-Response4% incomplete.
Respondents N =192

Correlate
Author's labelHaving sufficient energy to do things one wants
Page in Source 17
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Closed question:
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aG=
Index of Positive Affects: G = -.45 (!)
Index of Negative Affects: G = -.27

Unexpected negative relationship with Index of 
Positive Affect acknowledged by author.

In Bradburn's sample of adults, urban areas, USA, 
(see BRADB 1969) the relationship was as follows:
Index of Positive Affects: G = -.39
Index of Negative Affects: G = +.13
Bradburn did not report these findings.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling active
Page in Source 194
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Average felt active when beeped
Observed distributionrange 1-7
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.53 p < .05
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=-.05 p < .003
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling strong 
   - feeling good about self
   - feeling sociable
   - feeling excited
   - feeling proud
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyBrook et al. (1979): study US Dakota County, Minnesota 1972
TitleOverview of Adult Health Status Measures Fielded in Rand's Health Insurance Study.
SourceMedical Care, 1979, Vol. 17
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3764335?seq=10
PublicHeads of households, Dayton , USA, 1972-1979
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3441

Correlate
Author's labelVitality
Page in Source 25 + 42
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Self-report on 4 questions
During the past month...
a. How much energy, pep or vitality did you have or 
feel? 
b. Did you feel active, vigorous or dull, sluggish? 
c. Have you felt tired, worn out, used up, or 
exhausted? 
d. Have you been waking up feeling fresh and rested?
Observed distributionRange 4-24, M=17.57, SD=3.51
Error EstimatesInternal-Consistency=.81

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.39 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy vs fatigue
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Energy vs Fatigue Scale, scored each 
night for lowest, average and highest mood experienced 
that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.65 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.85 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.61 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.34 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.28 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.06 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with role
Page in Source 50
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Closed question on i.e. career combined with homemaking 
or full-time housewives: very dissatisfied / midly 
dissatisfied / satisfied / very satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+.24 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy (vs fatigue)
Page in Source 118
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Energy vs Fatigue Scale, scored at the 
end of each day for lowest, average and highest mood 
experienced that day during three weeks (see last page 
under WESSM 1966/1).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest: r = +.71 (01)
Daily average: r = +.81 (01)
Daily lowest : r = +.73 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy vs fatigue
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Energy vs Fatique Scale, scored once 
for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.41 (05)
Females: r= +.44 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy vs fatigue
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
See WESSM 1966/1

Daily highest   : r = +.76 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.75 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.02 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Subject code: M13ac05

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelEnergy vs fatigue
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired), code M13ac05
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how ener- getic, or tired 
and weary, you felt' rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Limitless zeal. Surging with ener-
    gy. Vitality spilling over.
 9. Exuberant vitality, tremendous
    energy, great zest for activity.
 8. Great energy and drive.
 7. Very fresh, considerable energy.
 6. Fairly fresh. Adequate energy.
 5. Slightly tired, indolent. Somewhat
    lacking in energy.
 4. Rather tired. Lethargic. Not much
    energy.
 3. Great fatigue. Sluggish. Can hard-
    ly keep going. Meager resources.
 2. Tremendously weary. Nearly worn out
    and practically at a standstill.
    Almost no resources.
 1. Utterly exhausted. Entirely worn 
    out. Completely incapable of even
    the slightest effort.

Scale scored each night for highest, lowest and average 
experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Energie vs Fatigue
 Scale)


 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.37 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.76 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.48 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling excited
Subject code: M13ac05a

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling excited
Page in Source 194
Our classificationFeeling excited, code M13ac05a
Operationalization
Average felt sociable when beeped
Observed distributionrange 1-7
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.47 p < .05
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+.23 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling strong 
   - feeling good about self
   - feeling sociable
   - feeling proud
   - feeling active 
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling excited
Subject code: M13ac05a

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelExcited
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling excited, code M13ac05a
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much excited mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM=1.73 95CI(1.52, 1.94) SD=.96
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.50
Average happy mood of the moment by average exited 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free (vs restrained)
Subject code: M13ac06

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt free
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling free (vs restrained), code M13ac06
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel I can do whatever I want to"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.41 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.31 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free (vs restrained)
Subject code: M13ac06

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt free and easy
Our classificationFeeling free (vs restrained), code M13ac06
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt free and easy?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.36 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free (vs restrained)
Subject code: M13ac06

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelDaily strain
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling free (vs restrained), code M13ac06
Operationalization
Self report of current daily strain intensity
1 no pressure
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much pressure
Observed distributionM=3.79 SD=1.5
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.12 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free (vs restrained)
Subject code: M13ac06

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelFreedom
Page in Source 262
Our classificationFeeling free (vs restrained), code M13ac06
Operationalization
Selfreport on the following questions:
-I can spend time by myself (in privicy) whem I want to
-I choose how my home is decorated
-I myself choose in the present house
-I have a bank or post office account from which I can 
withdraw money
-Mealtimes are changed to fit in my plans
-I choose for myself what I do in spare time
-I have voted in elections
-I have my own personal possessions
-I earn some money (other than benefit or pension)
-I choose my own clothes
Remarks
Subscale of Life Experience Checklist(LEC) [Ager 1990]

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.35 p < .006
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.39 p < .005
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventory


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from inner restraints
Subject code: M13ac06a

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelDemands of effort
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling free from inner restraints, code M13ac06a
Operationalization
Self report of effort intensity
1 no effort
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much effort
Observed distributionM=4.57 SD=1.5
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.12 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=+.14 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from inner restraints
Subject code: M13ac06a

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelMaking decisions capapbilities
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling free from inner restraints, code M13ac06a
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... felt capable of making decisions 
about things?
1: More so than usual
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Less so than usual
4: Much less than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.09 p < .05
FEMALES
 "More so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.03 ns
 "Less so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.18 ns
 "Much less than usual"(vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
MALES
 "Less so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.04 ns
 "More so than usual"  (vs"No more than usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.15 ns
 "Much less than usual"(vs"No more than usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from inner restraints
Subject code: M13ac06a

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelImpulse expression vs self-restraint
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling free from inner restraints, code M13ac06a
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Impulse Expression vs Self-Restraint 
Scale, scored each night for lowest, average and 
highest mood experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.53 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.69 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.65 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 01
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.39 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.38 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.35 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from inner restraints
Subject code: M13ac06a

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelImpulse expression vs self-restraint
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling free from inner restraints, code M13ac06a
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Impulse Expression vs Self-Restraint 
Scale, scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+
Males  : r= +.07 (ns)
Females: r= +.18 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from inner restraints
Subject code: M13ac06a

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelImpulse expression vs self-restraint
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling free from inner restraints, code M13ac06a
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how expes- sive and 
impulsive or internally res- traind and controlled you 
felt', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Wild and complete abandon. No im-
    pulse denied.
 9. Exhilarating sense of release. Say     whatever I 
feel, and do just as I
    want.
 8. Quick to act on every immediiate
    desire.
 7. Allowing my impulses and desires a
    pretty free rein.
 6. Moderate acceptance and expression
    of my own needs and desires.
 5. Keep a check on most whims and im-
    pulses.
 4. On the straight and narrow path.
    Keeping myself within strong bounds
 3. Obeying rigorous standards. Strict
    with myself.
 2. Refuse to permit the slightest     self-indulgence 
or impulsive action
 1. Complete renunciation of all desi-
    res. Needs and impulses totally
    conquered.

Scale scored each night for highest, lowest and average 
experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Impulse Expression vs Self-Restraint 
Scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF  3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.69 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.62 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.05 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from external restraints
Subject code: M13ac06b

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal freedom vs external constraint
Page in Source 215/219
Our classificationFeeling free from external restraints, code M13ac06b
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Personal Freedom vs External Constraint 
Scale, scored each night for lowest, average and 
highest mood experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scored were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.56 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.62 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.55 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.28 (05)
Daily average:  r = +.28 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.30 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from external restraints
Subject code: M13ac06b

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal freedom vs external constraint
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling free from external restraints, code M13ac06b
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Personal Freedom vs External Constraint 
Scale, scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+
Males  : r= +.24 (05)
Females: r= +.11 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling free from external restraints
Subject code: M13ac06b

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal freedom vs external constraint
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling free from external restraints, code M13ac06b
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how much you felt you were 
free or not free to do as you wanted', rated on a 
10-point scale:

10. Absolutely free to consider and try
    any new and adventuresome prospect.
 9. Independent and free to do as I 
    like.
 8. Ample scope to go my own way.
 7. Free, within broad limits, to act
    much as I want to.
 6. Can do a good deal on my own ini-
    tiative and in my own fashion. No
    particularly restrictive limita-
    tions.
 5. Somewhat constrained and hampered.
    Not free to do things my own way.
 4. Checked and hindered by too many
    demands and constraints.
 3. Hemmed in. Cooped up. Forced to do
    things I don't want to do.
 2. Trapped, oppressed.
 1. Overwhelmed, smothered. Can't draw
    a free breath.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Personal Freedom vs External 
Constraint Scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + ns
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.36 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.15 (ns)
Daily lowest    : r = -.18 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelAnger: on individual land nation level
Page in Source 264
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question.
Did you experience these feeling a lot in the previous 
day?
Anger.

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.09 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual anger
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.25
Nation level: Average happiness by % angry


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt good natured
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt good natured"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.44 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.66 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelAnger
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Self report of anger intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=3.40 SD=1.6
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.31 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelGrumpy
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Self report of grumpy intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.66 SD=1.5
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.42 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.42 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling offended
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Self report of feeling offended intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.25 SD=1.5
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.20 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.21 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelAngry
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much angry mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .47 95CI(.35, .59) SD=.45
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.02
Average happy mood of the moment by average angry 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyLevy et al. (1988): study US 1979
TitleSurvival Hazard Analysis in First Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients: Seven-Year Follow-Up.
SourcePsychosomatic Medicine, 1988, Vol. 51, 520 - 528
PublicBreast cancer patients, first recurrence cases, Eastern USA, 1979
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36

Correlate
Author's labelHostility
Page in Source 4
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-
- Positive Affect:                  +.33(ns)  
- Negative Affect:                  -.83(ns)
- Joy subscore (glad, cheerful, joyous): (ns)
Correlation with full Affect Balance Scale not 
reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony vs anger
Page in Source 215/219
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Harmony vs Anger Scale, scored each 
night for lowest, average and highest mood experienced 
that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.68 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.74 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.56 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.30 (05)
Daily average:  r = +.27 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.16 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony vs anger
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Harmony vs Anger Scale, scored once for 
the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.17 (05)
Females: r= +.24 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony vs anger
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + ns
See Wessm 1966/1

Daily highest   : r = +.68 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.41 (ns)
Daily lowest    : r = +.07 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
Subject code: M13ac07

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony vs anger
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling friendly (vs hostile), code M13ac07
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how well you got along 
with, or how angry you felt toward, other people' rated 
on a 10-point scale:

10. Boundless good will and complete 
    harmony.
 9. Enormous good will and great harmo-
    ny.
 8. Considerable good will.
 7. Get along well and rather smoothly.
 6. Get along pretty well, more or less
    good feeling.
 5. A little bit annoyed, somewhat 'put
    out'. Minor irritations.
 4. Annoyed, irritated, provoked.
 3. Very angry. Ill will.
 2. Enraged. Seething with anger and
    hostility.
 1. Violent hate and  fury. Desire to
    attack, destroy.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day. 
(Wessman & Ricks Harmony vs Anger Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.58 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.81 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.58 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelFullness vs emptiness of life
Page in Source 50
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Fullness vs Emptiness of Life Scale, 
scored once for the past year (see WESSM 1966/1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+.67 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelFullness of life
Page in Source 52/65
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
Factor which has strong positive correlations with 
fullness of life in past year (+.87), elation in past 
year (+.80), and self-actualization (+.64).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+.80 p < . 01
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br=+.80 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelFullness (vs emptiness of life)
Page in Source 118
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Fullness vs Emptiness of Life Scale, 
scored at the end of each day for lowest, average and 
highest mood experienced that day during three weeks 
(see above under WESSM 1966/1).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest: r = +.65 (01)
Daily average: r = +.86 (01)
Daily lowest : r = +.76 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelFullness vs emptiness of life
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Fullness vs Emptiness of Life Scale, 
scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.67 (05)
Females: r= +.69 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelFullness vs emptiness of life
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
See WESSM 1966/1

Daily highest   : r = +.76 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.90 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.58 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling full (vs empty)
Subject code: M13ac08

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelFulness vs emptinessof life
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling full (vs empty), code M13ac08
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how emo- tionally 
satisfying, abundant or empty, your life felt today', 
rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Consumate fulfillment and abundance
 9. Replete with life's abundant good-
    ness.
 8. Filled with warm feelings of con-
    tentment and satisfaction.
 7. My life is ample and satisfying.
 6. Life seems fairly adequate and re-
    latively satisfying.
 5. Some slight sense of lack, vague
    and mildly troubling.
 4. My life seems deficient, dissatis-
    fying.
 3. Life is pretty empty and barren.
 2. Desolate, drained dry, impoverish-
    ed.
 1. Gnawing sense of emptiness, hollow-
    ness, void.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Fullness vs Emptiness of life Scale) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.60 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.88 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.69 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling involved (vs detached)
Subject code: M13ac09a

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling an outsider
Page in Source 4, 70-72,75
Our classificationFeeling involved (vs detached), code M13ac09a
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel like an outsider (or left out of things)
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 5,8 Belgium = 7,9 Canada = 8,9 Czech Republic = 9,7 Denmark = 5,3 Finland = 5,5 France = 7,7 Germany = 6,1 Greece = 6,3 Hungary = 9,3 Ireland = 5,6 Italy = 4,9 Netherlands = 3,9 Norway = 5,6 Poland = 8,2 Portugal = 6,4 Spain = 3,3 Sweden = 5,2 Switzerland = 7,1 United Kingdom 6,8 United States = NA . Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 2,3 Latvia = 5,2 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation = 6,1 Slovenia = NA
Remarks
source: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.44 p < .05
% happy in nation by % feeling an outsider


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling involved (vs detached)
Subject code: M13ac09a

StudyBradshaw et al. (2006): study ZZ OECD member states 2001
TitleComparing Child Well-Being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods.
SourceInnoocenti Working Paper no. 2006-3, Unicef Research Centre, 2006, Florence, Italy
URLhttps://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/464/
PublicAdolescents, 29 nations, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =137682

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling awkward and out of place
Page in Source 70, 72, 73
Our classificationFeeling involved (vs detached), code M13ac09a
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
I feel awkward and out of place
- disagree
- agree
Observed distributionOECD countries: Austria = 8,2, Belgium = 15,6, Canada = 10,5 Czech Republic = 6,4 Denmark = 11,8 Finland = 8,4 France = 12,3 Germany = 11,4 Greece = 8,3 Hungary = 7,6 Ireland = 7,8 Italy = 6,2 Netherlands = 6,9 Norway = 9,1 Poland = 9,9 Portugal = 11,7 Spain = 8,9 Sweden = 4,9 Switzerland = 11,7 United Kingdom 8,7 United States = NA Average of OECD countries: 6,4 %, SD = 1,7 % Non-OECD Countries: Croatia = NA Estonia = NA Israel = 3,6 Latvia = 9,6 Lithuania = NA Malta = NA Russian Federation 14,3 Slovenia NA
Remarks
Data: PISA 2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.10 ns
% happy in nation by %feeling awkward


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling involved (vs detached)
Subject code: M13ac09a

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt not-involved
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling involved (vs detached), code M13ac09a
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I can't be bothered doing anything"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.43 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.26 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling involved (vs detached)
Subject code: M13ac09a

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt enthusiastic
Our classificationFeeling involved (vs detached), code M13ac09a
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt withdrawn"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.44 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.55 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling involved (vs detached)
Subject code: M13ac09a

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelIndifference
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling involved (vs detached), code M13ac09a
Operationalization
Self report of indifference intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.83 SD=1.8
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.29 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.42 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling receptive
Subject code: M13ac09b

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelReceptivity towards the world
Page in Source 215/219
Our classificationFeeling receptive, code M13ac09b
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Receptivity towards and Stimulation by 
the World Scale, scored each night for lowest, average 
and highest mood experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.60 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.79 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.64 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 01
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.35 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.33 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.22 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling receptive
Subject code: M13ac09b

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelReceptivity to the world
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling receptive, code M13ac09b
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Receptivity towards and Stimulation by 
the World Scale, scored once for the current academic 
year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.41 (05)
Females: r= +.44 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling receptive
Subject code: M13ac09b

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelReceptivity towards the world
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling receptive, code M13ac09b
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest dai- 
ly scores were correlated with the mean daily 
averge score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 
3.1) of six weeks.


Daily highest   : r = +.77 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.89 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.37 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling receptive
Subject code: M13ac09b

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelReceptivity towards the world
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling receptive, code M13ac09b
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how inte- rested and 
responsive you felt to what was going on around you', 
rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Passionately absorbed in the
    world's excitement. My sensations
    and feelings incredibly intensi-
    fied.
 9. Tremendously stimulated. Enormously
    receptive.
 8. Senses lively. Great interest and
    delight in everything around me.
 7. Open and responsive to my world and
    its happenings.
 6. Moderately interested and fairly
    responsive.
 5. Slightly disinterested and unres-
    ponsive.
 4. Bored. Life pretty monotonous and
    uninteresting.
 3. Dull and apathetic. Almost no inte-
    rest or desire for anything.
 2. Mired down in apathy. My only desi-
    re is to shut out the world.
 1. Life is too much trouble. Sick of
    everything, want only oblivion.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Receptivity towards and Stimulatiton 
by the World Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) of 
6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.66 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.78 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.63 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling interested
Subject code: M13ac09c

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelBored
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling interested, code M13ac09c
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
bored?" no vs yes (Item in Affect Balance Scale: AFF 
2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.73


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling interested
Subject code: M13ac09c

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelInterested
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling interested, code M13ac09c
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much interested mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distribution M= 1.80 95CI(1.55, 2.04) SD=1.11
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.36
Average happy mood of the moment by average 
interested mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling interested
Subject code: M13ac09c

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelBored
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling interested, code M13ac09c
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much bored mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .98 95CI(.82, 1.14) SD=.71
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.01
Average happy mood of the moment by average bored 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling enthusiastic
Subject code: M13ac09d

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelEnthusiastic
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling enthusiastic, code M13ac09d
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much enthusiastic mood did you experience during 
the last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= 1.84 95CI(1.62, 2.07) SD=1.03
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.55
Average happiness of the moment by average 
interested mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1992): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleUnderstanding Happiness: A Theory of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceLongman Cheshire, 1992, Melbourne, Australia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/headey_b_1992.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, 1981-1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety
Page in Source 42
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 item 'State Anxiety Scale' intended to 
measure how one feels 'right now'. The scale used 
consist of eight items (e.g. 'I feel calm'; 'I am 
tense') answered on a 4-point scale running from 'not 
at all' to 'very much'.
Spielberger 1979, Understanding Stress and Anxiety 
(Nelson, New York)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-ar=-.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety
Page in Source 69
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 item 'State Anxiety Scale' intended to 
measure how one feels 'right now'. The scale used 
consist of eight items (e.g. 'I feel calm'; 'I am 
tense') answered on a 4-point scale running from 'not 
at all' to 'very much'.
Spielberger 1979, Understanding Stress and Anxiety 
(Nelson, New York)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=-.33 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyKaliterna Lipovcan & Prizmic-Larsen (2006): study HR 2003
TitleWhat makes Croats Happy? Predictors of Happiness in Representative Sample.
SourceDelle Fave, A.;Ed.: "Dimensions of Well- Being. Research and Intervention, Franco Angeli, 2006, Milan, Italy, 53 - 59
Public18+aged, general public, Croatia, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =1242

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Feelings of physical safety
Page in Source 12
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with Feelings of physical 
safety
1: not at all satisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied
Observed distributionM=8,1 SD=1,89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living, 
-health, 
-achievement in life, 
-relationship with family and friends, 
-acceptance by community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyHeinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997
TitleIs the Evaluation of the Global Quality of Life Determined by Emotional Status?
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol.13, 1347 - 1356
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000040788.12947.b9
Public25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =3838

Correlate
Author's labelState Anxiety
Page in Source 1352-1354
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Self report on 6 item short form of the state scale of 
the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).
Typical items are:
-worry
-irritability
-tension
-listlessness
-poor sleeping
-problems
-demoralisation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=-.61 p < .01
males
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=-.33 p < .001
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-ar=-.59 p < .01
females
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aBeta=-.35 p < .001
Beta's controled for
- socio-demographics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marital status
- physical health
  - self rated health
  - number of diseases
- functional well-being
  - self rated physical condition
  - ability to perform daily activities (ADL)
- social well-being
  - social support
  - satisfaction with family
- satisfaction with life-achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyFilipp & Klauer (1991): study XZ Germany West 1988
TitleSubjective Well-Being in the Face of Critical Life Events: The Case of the Successful Copers.
SourceStrack, F,;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well - Being", Pergamon Press, 1991, Oxford, UK, 213 - 234
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicCancer patients, followed 6 months after onset, Trier, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelThreat minimization
Page in Source 224-226
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport on question concerning intrapsychic 
emotion-focused coping reactions like self-instructions 
towards positive thinking, rationaization and 
self-persuading into trust in the medical regimen
Rated on a numerical scale

Measured four times within one year:
T1: onset diagnosis 
T2: 3 months after 
T3: 6 months after 
T4: 1 year after pretest
Remarks
Follow-up one year after onset not reported in this 
paper

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.41 p < .001
T1
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.37 p < .001
T2
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.35 p < .001
T3
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.11 ns
T3 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in threat 
minimization
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.24 p < .01
T3 threat minimization by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=-.01 ns
T1 happiness by T1-T3 CHANGE in threat 
minimization
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aBeta=+.22 p < .01
T1 threat minimization by T1-T3 CHANGE in 
happiness

T1-T3 CHANGE measured by controling correlation at 
T3 for T1 level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyVeenhoven (2007f): study ZZ 1990
TitleQuality of Life in Nations. As Measured by How Long and Happy People Live.
SourceStam, J; Veenhoven, R.;Ed.:"Quality of Life & Happiness of People in Japan and The Netherlands", KIT Publishers, 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 16 - 31
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1765/12758
PublicAdults, general public, 96 nations, 1990s
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety at work
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
How often do you feel nervous or tense at work (1: 
never ....... 5: always)
Remarks
Data: Hofstede 91980) and Lynn (1995)
Based on international surveys among IBM empluyees and 
university students

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLV---sq-nt-11-ar=-.45
Average happiness by average anxiety at work in 79 
nations


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelFeelings of unsafety
Page in Source 92,89
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Self report on feelings of unsafety:
1. never
2. seldom
3. sometimes
4. often

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=-
1. 91%
2. 91%
3. 83%
4. 69%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=-
1. 90%
2. 89%
3. 82%
4. 64%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=-.24
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=-.26
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- participation in societies
- contact with family
- contact with friends
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- community feeling
- urbanity
- age
- sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Self report of anxiety intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.27 SD=1.6
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.41 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.42 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling uneasy
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
vaguely uneasy about something?" no vs yes.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSafety
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How safe do you feel in your daily life?
1  Not at all
2  A little
3  Moderately
4  Mostly
5  Completely
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Question on safety taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full WHOQOL 
questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.46 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.40 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Crown-Crisp Experiental Index.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1996, Vol. 78, 497 - 498
PublicUniversity Students, UK, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelFree floating anxiety
Page in Source 498
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Free floating anxiety subscale of Crown-Crisp (1979) 
Experiential Index
Items not reported
Observed distributionMean: 6,1; SD:3,4
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha .66

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.63 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Crown-Crisp Experiental Index.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1996, Vol. 78, 497 - 498
PublicUniversity Students, UK, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelSomatic anxiety
Page in Source 498
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Somatic anxiety subscale of Crown-Crisp (1979) 
Experiential Index
Items not reported.
Observed distributionMean:4.0; SD:2,4
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha .38

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.56 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyDolan & Metcalfe (2012): study US 2011
TitleValuing Health: A Brief Report on Subjective Well-Being versus Preferences.
SourceMedical Decision Making, 2012, Vol. 32, 578 - 582
URLhttp://mdm.sagepub.com/content/32/4/578
DOIDOI: 10.1177/0272989X11435173
PublicElderly, United States, 2011
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1173

Correlate
Author's labelAnxiety level
Page in Source 580
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
1 Anxiety:
   a  Anxiety level 2: moderate anxious or depressed
   b  Anxiety level 3: extremely anxious or depressed
0 No anxiety level 1 (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-cBeta=-.16 p < .05
MODERATE anxiety (level 2)vs NOT (level 1)
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-cBeta=-.36 p < .05
EXTREME anxiety (level 3)vs NOT (level 1)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-7-cBeta=-.24 p < .01
SOME anxiety (level 2)vs NOT (level 1)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-7-cBeta=-.49 p < .01
EXTREME anxiety (level 3)vs NOT (level 1)

All beta's controlled for:
- Mobility restrictions
- Self-care restrictions 
- Usual activities restrictions  
- Pain
Beta's remain significant when additionally 
controlled for:
- household income
- gender
- age, age squared
- unemployment
- sick from work, disabled
- retired
- homemaker
- 2nd job
- marital status
- ethnicity


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelAnxious
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much anxious mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= 1.21 95CI(1.01, 1.42) SD=.93
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.05
Average happy mood of the moment by average 
anxiousmood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelAfraid
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much afraid mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .30 95CI(.21, .40) SD=.43
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=.00
Average happy mood of the moment average afraid 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling secure (vs threatened)
Subject code: M13ac10

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelFeelings of crisis
Page in Source 302
Our classificationFeeling secure (vs threatened), code M13ac10
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center.

Rater instruction: "To what extent does this person 
feel that he or she is at a turning point or crucial 
stage of life (i.e. a time of great danger or 
trouble)?".

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=
T5 feelings of crisis by T5 happiness.

Analysis showed a significantly negative 
correlation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelself-confidence
Page in Source 262
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel very self-confident?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:256, 2:550, 3:585

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.29 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.80
 2: Mt=7.63
 3: Mt=8.38
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.34 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.21
 2: Mt=7.31
 3: Mt=8.15
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.29 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.18
 2: Mt=6.68
 3: Mt=7.61
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelself-confidant
Page in Source 272
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you feel self-confidant?"
1:no 
2:not sure
3:yes
Observed distributionN: All:4542; 1:845; 2:1658; 3:2039

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.39 p < .00
1: Mt=6.26
2: Mt=7.53
3: Mt=8.53
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.38 p < .00
1: Mt=5.94
2: Mt=7.18
3: Mt=8.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.34 p < .00
1: Mt=5.89
2: Mt=6.76
3: Mt=7.58


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt failure
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel like a failure"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.57 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt positive about self
Page in Source 74
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I like myself"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.41 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.27 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt capable
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I can handle any ploblems that come up"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.14 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt selfdoubt
Page in Source 75
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"I feel there must be something wrong
with me"                           Rated on a 5-point 
scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.44 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.56 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt helpless
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt helpless?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.46 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.64 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt confident
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt confident?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.42 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=+.62 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt insignificant
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt insignificant?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.56 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.46 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelPleased at accomplishment
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
pleased about having accomplished something?" no vs yes 
(Item in Affect Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=+.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelProud of compliment
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel 
proud because someone complimented you on something you 
had done?" no vs yes (Item in Affect Balance Scale: AFF 
2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=+.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 7,84 SD: 1,64, Non-exercisers: M: 7,28 SD: 2,08
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cBeta=+.23 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Family and family relationships
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of self-confidence
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "self-confidence and self-assurance"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 6,97 SD: 1,74
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelAble to overcome difficulties
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... felt you couldn't overcome your 
difficulties?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.12 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.25 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.06 p < .05
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.03 ns
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.17 ns
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelAble to face up to problems
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently... been able to face up to problems?
1: More so than usual
2: Same as usual (reference)
3: Less so than usual
4: Much less than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.13 p < .01
FEMALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.06 ns
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.08 ns
 "Much less than usual" (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.04 ns
MALES
 "More so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.02 ns
 "Less so than usual"   (vs "Same as usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.34 p < .05
 "Much less than usual" (vs "Same as usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - able to face up to problems
  - capable of making decisions
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling good about self
Page in Source 194
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Average felt good about self when beeped
Observed distributionRange 1-7
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.58 p < .05
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+.09 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling strong 
   - feeling sociable
   - feeling excited
   - feeling proud
   - feeling active 
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelConfidence vs feel- ing of inadequacy
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Self-confidence vs feeliing of 
Inadequacy Scale, scored each night for lowest, average 
and highest mood experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.72 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.82 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.71 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.34 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.31 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.29 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-confidence
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Self-confidence vs Feeling of 
Inadequacy Scale, scored once for the current academic 
year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.49 (05)
Females: r= +.43 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)
Subject code: M13ac11

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-confidence (vs inadequacy)
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling self-confident (vs inadequate), code M13ac11
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how self-
assured and adequate, or helpless and 
inadequate, you felt', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Nothing is impossible to me. Can do
    anything I want.
 9. Feel remarkable self-assurance.
    Sure of my superior powers.
 8. Highly confident of my capabilities
 7. Feel my abilities sufficient and my
    prospects good.
 6. Feel fairly adequate.
 5. Feel my performance and capabili-
    ties somewhat limited.
 4. Feel rather inadequate.
 3. Distressed by my weakness and lack 
    of ability.
 2. Wretched and miserable. Sick of my
    own incompetence.
 1. Crushing sense of weakness and
    futility. I can do nothing.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
Wessman & Ricks Self-confidence vs feeling of 
Inadequacy Scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) of 6 
weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.73 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.77 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.37 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling proud
Subject code: M13ac11a

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelHumiliation
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling proud, code M13ac11a
Operationalization
Self report of humiliation intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM= 2.34 SD=1.6
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.34 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.31 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling proud
Subject code: M13ac11a

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelShame
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling proud, code M13ac11a
Operationalization
Self report of shame intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=1.60 SD=1.1
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.12 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.13 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling proud
Subject code: M13ac11a

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling proud
Page in Source 194
Our classificationFeeling proud, code M13ac11a
Operationalization
Average felt proud when beeped
Remarks
Participants were beeped at random moments eight times 
a day from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm for one week. At each 
beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, one 
of which happiness)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-ar=+.59 p < .05
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aBeta=+.23 p < .001
Beta controlled for:
- other moods 
   - feeling strong 
   - feeling good about self
   - feeling sociable
   - feeling excited
   - feeling active 
- socio-demographic 
   - age
   - gender
   - social class
- grade level


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelSense of guilt
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Self report of sense of guilt intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=1.86 SD=1.3
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.10 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.09 p < .NS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelGuilty
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much guilty mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= .42 95CI( .29, .54) SD=.58
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=-.12
Average happy mood of the moment by average guilty 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal moral judgement
Page in Source 216/222
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Personal Moral Judge- ment Scale, 
scored each night for lowest, average and highest mood 
ex- perienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.57 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.61 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.52 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 01
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.46 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.39 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.32 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyLudwig (1971): study US 1966
TitleElation-Depression and Skill as Determinants of Desire for Excitement.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1971, USA
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1975.tb00569.x/pdf
PublicFemale students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Respondents N =72

Correlate
Author's labelTranquillity
Page in Source 173
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on to what extent one feels 
like doing calm and tranquil things during the day, 
rated each night on a 4-point scale for at least 20 
days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-ar=+.16 ns
Analysis on the basis of the mean rating.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal moral judgment
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Personal Moral Judgment Scale, scored 
once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+
Males  : r= +.46 (05)
Females: r= +.10 (ns)
The difference is significant (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal moral judgement
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + ns
The means of the lowest, average and highest dai- 
ly scores were correlated with the mean daily 
average score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 
3.1) during 6 weeks.


Daily highest   : r = +.62 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.44 (ns)
Daily lowest    : r = -.07 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
Subject code: M13ac12

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal moral judgement
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling morally good (vs guilty), code M13ac12
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how self- approving, or 
how guilty, you felt', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Have a transcendent feeling of mo-
    ral perfection and virtue.
 9. I have a sense of extraordinary
    worth and goodness.
 8. In high favor with myself. Well up
    to my own best standards.
 7. Consider myself pretty close to my
    own best self.
 6. By and large, measuring up to most
    of my moral standards.
 5. Somewhat short of what I ought to
    be.
 4. I have a sense of having done wrong
 3. Feel that I have failed morally.
 2. Heavy laden with my own moral
    worthlessness.
 1. In anguish. Tormented by guilt and
    self-loathing.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Personal Moral Judge- ment Scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.37 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.50 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.57 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling respectable (vs rejected)
Subject code: M13ac13

StudyAbe & Moritsuka (1986): study JP 1981
TitleA Case-Control Study of Climacteric Symptoms and Complaints of Japanese Women by Symptomatic Type for Psychological Variables.
SourceMaturitas, 1986, Vol. 8, 255 - 265
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3784921&dopt=Abstract
PublicWomen in menopause patient and controls, Miyagi, North-east Japan, 1981-82.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response20 % (cases 21%,controls 19%)
Respondents N =432

Correlate
Author's labelRespect from people surrounding subject
Page in Source 262
Our classificationFeeling respectable (vs rejected), code M13ac13
Operationalization
Single direct question: Do you think you are evaluated 
correctly by people surrounding yourself?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling respectable (vs rejected)
Subject code: M13ac13

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSocial respect vs social contempt
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling respectable (vs rejected), code M13ac13
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Social Respect vs Social Contempt 
Scale, scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.42 (05)
Females: r= +.25 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling respectable (vs rejected)
Subject code: M13ac13

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelSocial respect (vs social contempt)
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling respectable (vs rejected), code M13ac13
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how you felt other people 
regarded you, or felt about you, today', rated on a 
10-point scale:

10. Excite the admiration and awe of
    everyone who matters.
 9. Stand extremely high in the estima-
    tion of people whose opinions count
    with me.
 8. People I admire recognize and res-
    pect my good points.
 7. Confident that some people think
    well of me.
 6. Feel I am appreciated and respect-
    ed to some degree.
 5. Some people don't seem to see much
    value in me.
 4. I am looked upon as being of small
    or of no account.
 3. People have no respect for me at
    all.
 2. I am scorned, slighted, pushed a-
    side.
 1. Everyone despises me and holds me
    in contempt.

Scale scored each night  for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Social Respect vs Social Contempt 
Scale).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + ns
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.42 (ns)
Daily average   : r = +.45 (ns)
Daily lowest    : r = +.03 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyNg et al. (2009): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleAffluence, Feelings of Stress, and Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 94, 257 - 271
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9422-5
Public15+ aged, general public, 121 nations, 2005-2006
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =125077

Correlate
Author's labelStress on individual and nation level
Page in Source 264
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about experienced stress 
in the previous day.

Rated:
1: yes
0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=-.07 p < .001
Individual level: Individual happiness by 
individual stress
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cr=+.20 p < .05
Nation level: Average happiness by % yes responses 
in nation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelRhed feelings
Page in Source 164
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Questions on 'rushed feelings'.Full items not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.18 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyOosterhof (2008): study NL 2005
TitleMaakt Vrije Tijd Gelukkig? De Invloed van Vrije Tijd op Geluksbeleving van Nederlanders. (Does Leisure Time make You Happy? The Influence of Leisure Time on the Happiness Experience of the Dutch).
SourceMaster Thesis, Faculty Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/oosterhof_sf_2008.pdf
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response11%
Respondents N =2204

Correlate
Author's labelStress
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
(full question not reported)
1 Rarely/ never
2 Often/ sometimes (reference category)
Observed distributionN = 1: 812 2: 1147

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-
            Often/ sometimes   Rarely/ never 
Very happy       19.5%              28%
Happy            68,5%              66%
Not happy        12%                6%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=-
      UNHAPPY (vs happy)  VERY HAPPY (vs happy)
      observed controlled observed  controlled
Often  1        1          1          1
Rarely 1,99*    2,17*      0,89       0,92

Control variables are:
- gender
- education 
- family stage 
- situation 
- urban living environment
- self reported health
* = p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyLangeveld (1998): study NL 1992
TitleQuality of Life in Adolescents with Migraine and Other Headaches.
SourceThesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1998, Netherlands. ISNB 90 90 12 007 6
PublicSecundary school pupils, Netherlands, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response3%
Respondents N =223

Correlate
Author's labelHarmony
Page in Source 39, 43,44
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions about feelings in the last 
week
- I was feeling at ease
- I was feeling satisfied

Rated on an 4-point numerical scale
0= rarely or never/not at all
1= sometimes/a little
2= often/quite a bit
3= very often or always/very much
Observed distributionM/nx= .88; SD/nx=.55 (nx=number of items in the subscale)
Error EstimatesAlpha=.82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-ar=+.40 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt impatient
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt impatient?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from
'not at all' to 'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.34 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.48 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt tense
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt tense?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=-.48 p < .01
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-ar=-.57 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyWatten et al. (1995): study NO 1990
TitleQuality of Life, Intelligence and Mood.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 36, 287 - 299
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01078818
PublicArmy recruits, Norway,199?
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =269

Correlate
Author's labelTension
Page in Source 293
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Self report of tension intensity
1 no intensity
2
3
4
5
6
7 very much intensity
Observed distributionM=2.73 SD=1.6
Remarks
Item in modified version of Tension Stress 
Inventory(TESI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.26 p < .01
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dr=-.26 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelRestless
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week, did you ever feel so 
restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?" no vs 
yes (Item in Affect Balance Scale: AFF 2.3)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyMatlin (1966): study PR 1963
TitleThe Demography of Happiness.
SourceUniversity of Puerto Rico, Health & Welfare Series 2, nr. 3, 1966, Puerto Rico
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/matlin_n_1966.pdf
Public20+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 1963-1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1417

Correlate
Author's labelFeeling restless
Page in Source 8
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Question: "During the past week did you ever feel so 
restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?" no vs 
yes. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abQ=-.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelStrain
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Have you recently.... felt constantly under strain?
1: Not at all
2: No more than usual (reference)
3: Rather more than usual
4: Much more than usual

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.16 p < .01
FEMALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.10 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.32 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.14 p < .01
MALES
 "Not at all"             (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.12 p < .01
 "Rather more than usual" (vs "No more than 
usual")
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=-.28 p < .01
 "Much more than usual"   (vs "No more than 
usual")

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome problems
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyLewis & Joseph (1996): study GB 1994
TitleConvergent Validity of the Depression-Happiness Scale with the Crown-Crisp Experiental Index.
SourcePsychological Reports, 1996, Vol. 78, 497 - 498
PublicUniversity Students, UK, 1994
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelObsessionality
Page in Source 498
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Obsessionalty subscale of Croqn-Crisp (1979) 
Experiental Index
Items not reported
Observed distributionMean:5,8; SD:3,5
Error EstimatesCronbach Alpha .62

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-ar=-.25 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelTense arousal
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of the 
following 8 adjectives:
-Anxious
-Jittery
-Tense
-Nervous
-Calm
-Restful
-Relaxed
-Composed
Rated: definitely not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 
8-32.
Observed distributionM=15,8, SD = 5,1
Error Estimatesalpha = .86
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=-.37 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelEnergetic arousal
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of the 
following 8 adjectives:
-Active
-Energetic
-Alert
-Vigorous
-Unenterprising
-Sluggish
-Tired
-Passive
Rated: definitely not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 
8-32.
Observed distributionMean = 21,4 SD = 6,0
Error Estimatesalpha = 0,88
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=+.43 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyMatthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =388

Correlate
Author's labelGeneral arousal (tense & energetic)
Page in Source 23
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfrating of applicability to present mood of 
adjectives. Adjectives not reported. Rated: definitely 
not (1) to definitely (4) Range: 8-32.
Observed distributionMean = 27,8 SD = 6,0
Error Estimatesalpha = 0,75
Remarks
Mood adjective items were selected from the adjective 
checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and 
Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized 
dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and 
hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. Adjectives were 
presented at random.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aar=+.65 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelRelaxed
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much relaxed mood did you experience during the 
last hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distribution M= 2.63 95CI(2.43, 2.83) SD=.89
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=+.39
Average happiness of the moment by average relaxed 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyZelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelQuite
Page in Source 191
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Selfreport in mood diary:
How much quite mood did you experience during the last 
hours?
6 extremely much
5
4
3
2
1
0 not at all
Observed distributionM= 1.84 95CI(1.63, 2.04) SD=.94
Remarks
Assessed 3 times a day during 28 days

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-amr=-.04
Average happy mood of the moment by average quit 
mood of the moment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyGorman (1971): study US 1970
TitleA Multivariate Study of the Relationship of Cognitive Control and Cognitive Style Principles to Reported Daily Mood Experiences.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, The City University of New York, 1971, USA
PublicUndergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Non-Response4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Respondents N =67

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility vs anxiety
Page in Source 216/221
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Wessman & RIcks Tranquility vs Anxiety Scale, scored 
each night for lowest, average and highest mood 
experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.75 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.86 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.69 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-br= + p < . 05
Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average 
and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.30 (05)
Daily average:  r = +.30 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.25 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyHarder (1969): study US 1969
TitleSelf-Actualization, Mood, and Personality Adjustment in Married Women.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Teachers' College, Columbia University, 1969, USA
URLhttp://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/12851
PublicMarried females, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =62

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility (vs anxiety)
Page in Source 118
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Tranquility vs Anxiety Scale scored at 
the end of each day for lowest, average and highest 
mood experienced that day during 3 weeks (see above 
under WESSM 1966/1).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 01
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean average score 
on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest: r = +.77 (01)
Daily average: r = +.92 (01)
Daily lowest : r = +.79 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyLudwig (1970): study US 1965
TitleIntra- and Inter-Individual Relationships between Elation-Depression and Desire for Excitement.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1970, Vol. 38, 167 - 176
PublicUniversity students, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =45

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility
Page in Source 173
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on to what extent Ss felt like 
doing calm and tranquil things during the day, rated 
each night on q 4-point scale for at least 20 days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br=+.16 ns
Both variables measured daily during 20 days. The 
correlation concerns their mean scores over that 
period.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyLudwig (1970): study US 1965
TitleIntra- and Inter-Individual Relationships between Elation-Depression and Desire for Excitement.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1970, Vol. 38, 167 - 176
PublicUniversity students, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =45

Correlate
Author's labelExcitement
Page in Source 173
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on to what extent one felt 
like doing exciting things during the day, rated each 
night on a 4-point scale for at least 20 days.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br=-.16 ns
Both variables measured daily during 20 days. The 
correlation concerns their mean scores over that 
period.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyConstantinople (1965): study US 1965
TitleSome Correlates of Happiness and Unhappiness in College Students.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 1965, University of Rochester, USA
PublicCollege students, University of Rochester, USA, 196?
Sample
Non-Response30% (take home questionnaire).
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility vs anxiety
Page in Source 59
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Tranquility vs Anxiety
Scale, scored once for the current academic year.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r= +.44 (05)
Females: r= +.56 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicMale college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Respondents N =17

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility vs anxiety
Page in Source 66/282
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
See WESSM 1966/1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-ar= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest dai- 
ly scores were correlated with the mean daily 
scores on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.


Daily highest   : r = +.80 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.67 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.12 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
Subject code: M13ac14

StudyWessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957
TitleMood and Personality.
SourceHolt, Rinehart and Wilson, 1966, New York, USA
PublicFemale college students, Radcliff USA, followed 6 weeks, 1957
Sample
Non-Response16%
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelTranquility vs anxiety
Page in Source 64/276
Our classificationFeeling tranquil (vs restless), code M13ac14
Operationalization
Repeated closed question on 'how calm or troubled you 
felt', rated on a 10-point scale:

10. Perfect and complete tranquility.
    Unshakably secure.
 9. Exceptional calm, wonderfully secu-
    re and carefree.
 8. Great sense of well-being. Essenti-
    ally secure, and very much at ease.
 7. Pretty generally secure and free
    from care.
 6. Nothing particularly troubling me
    More or less at ease.
 5. Somewhat concerned with minor wor-
    ries or problems. Slightly ill at
    ease, a bit troubled.
 4. Experiencing some worry, fear,
    trouble or uncertainty. Nervous,
    jittery, on edge.
 3. Considerable insecurity. Very
    troubled by significant worries,
    fears, uncertainties.
 2. Tremendous anxiety and concern.
    Harassed by major worries and
    fears.
 1. Completely beside myself with dread
    worry, fear. Overwhelmingly dis-
    traught and apprehensive. Obsessed
    or terrified by insoluble problems
    and fears.

Scale scored each night for the highest, lowest and 
average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Tranquility vs Anxiety Scale)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-br= + p < . 05
The means of the lowest, average and highest daily 
scores were correlated with the mean daily average 
score on the Elation-Depression Scale (AFF 3.1) 
during 6 weeks.

Daily highest   : r = +.66 (05)
Daily average   : r = +.89 (05)
Daily lowest    : r = +.76 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfeeling good at work
Page in Source 136
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at work ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:6, 2:26, 3:107, 4:464, 5:288
Remarks
Employed Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.78 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.41
 2: Mt=5.68
 3: Mt=6.88 
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.83
All Mt=7.95
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.39 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.41
 2: Mt=5.68
 3: Mt=6.88
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.83
All Mt=7.95
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.37 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.84
 2: Mt=5.10
 3: Mt=6.05
 4: Mt=6.91
 5: Mt=7.94
All Mt=7.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with enough time for everything
Page in Source 356
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have enough time 
for everything you have to do.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:4%, 6:7%, 7:13%, 8:24%, 9:21%, 10:23%, DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=1926

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.9  M = 7.8             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.4             +1.2 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.8             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 466, Others: 8-0 N=1460
Top 3: 10-8 N=1004, Others: 7-0 N= 922
Top 5: 10-6 N=1540, Others: 5-0 N= 385


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction when one enjoys the moment
Page in Source 357
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you simply enjoy the 
moment.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:5%, 6:7%, 7:11%, 8:21%, 9:23%, 10:28%, DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2081

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 7.9             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.2 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.0             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 494, Others: 8-0 N=1588
Top 3: 10-8 N=1070, Others: 7-0 N=1012
Top 5: 10-6 N=1663, Others: 5-0 N= 418


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with dreaming about life
Page in Source 358
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you dream about your 
life.
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:3%, 3:4%, 4:5%, 5:11%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:22%, 9:12%, 10:10%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=2060

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.4             +1.5
top 3:  M = 7.6  M = 5.9             +1.7 
top 5:  M = 7.2  M = 5.2             +2.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 487, Others: 8-0 N=1572
Top 3: 10-8 N=1052, Others: 7-0 N=1008
Top 5: 10-6 N=1632, Others: 5-0 N= 428


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction when you feel free.
Page in Source 359
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have the feeling to 
be free.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:5%, 7:10%, 8:21%, 9:21%, 10:31%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=1873

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.1             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.6  M = 7.3             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 468, Others: 8-0 N=1405
Top 3: 10-8 N=1001, Others: 7-0 N= 872
Top 5: 10-6 N=1535, Others: 5-0 N= 338


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with self realisation.
Page in Source 360
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you can realize 
lifegoals.
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:4%, 6:6%, 7:12%, 8:24%, 9:21%, 10:23%,DKNA:5%
Remarks
N=1943

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.4             +1.2 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 7.0             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 473, Others: 8-0 N=1471
Top 3: 10-8 N=1021, Others: 7-0 N= 922
Top 5: 10-6 N=1571, Others: 5-0 N= 373


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in situations
Subject code: M13ad

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you are thankful for what you have achieved
Page in Source 397
Our classificationMood in situations, code M13ad
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are thankful for what you 
have and have achieved in life?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:5%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:24%, 9:23%, 10:20%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2051

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 7.6             +1.4
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.2             +1.4 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.6             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 495, Others: 8-0 N=1556
Top 3: 10-8 N=1060, Others: 7-0 N= 990
Top 5: 10-6 N=1637, Others: 5-0 N= 414


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood at own birthday
Page in Source 368
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have your birthday?
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:2%, 2:4%, 3:4%, 4:4%, 5:13%, 6:11%, 7:13%, 8:16%, 9:13%, 10:14%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N-2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.6  M = 6.2             +1.4
top 3:  M = 7.4  M = 5.7             +1.7 
top 5:  M = 7.0  M = 4.8             +2.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood at family parties
Page in Source 369
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have a family 
party?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:3%, 3:4%, 4:4%, 5:11%, 6:12%, 7:15%, 8:22%, 9:14%, 10:11%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.8  M = 6.5             +1.3
top 3:  M = 7.5  M = 6.0             +1.5 
top 5:  M = 7.2  M = 5.2             +2.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood at chirstmas
Page in Source 370
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you celebrate 
Christmas?
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:2%, 2:3%, 3:4%, 4:4%, 5:7%, 6:8%, 7:12%, 8:19%, 9:17%, 10:17%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.9  M = 6.6             +1.3
top 3:  M = 7.7  M = 6.1             +1.6 
top 5:  M = 7.4  M = 5.2             +2.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Olympic Games
Page in Source 371
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when the Olympic Games take 
place?
Observed distributionN= 0:20%, 1:7%, 2:9%, 3:9%, 4:8%, 5:13%, 6:9%, 7:8%, 8:8%, 9:4%, 10:2%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 4.8  M = 3.6             +1.2
top 3:  M = 4.5  M = 3.2             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 4.2  M = 2.6             +1.6
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with soccer world- or european championships
Page in Source 372
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when soccer-world or 
european championships take place?
Observed distributionN= 0:17%, 1:7%, 2:5%, 3:6%, 4:6%, 5:11%, 6:9%, 7:10%, 8:11%, 9:9%, 10:8%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 5.8  M = 4.7             +1.1
top 3:  M = 5.5  M = 4.4             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 5.2  M = 4.0             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfation with other big sport events
Page in Source 373
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when other big sport events 
take place?
Observed distributionN= 0:19%, 1:7%, 2:7%, 3:8%, 4:8%, 5:13%, 6:9%, 7:9%, 8:8%, 9:4%, 10:2%,DKNA:6%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 4.7  M = 3.7             +1.0
top 3:  M = 4.5  M = 3.4             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 4.3  M = 2.7             +1.6
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during festivities
Subject code: M13ad01

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with city- or streetparties
Page in Source 374
Our classificationMood during festivities, code M13ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when other big sport events 
take place?
Observed distributionN= 0:5%, 1:4%, 2:6%, 3:6%, 4:8%, 5:15%, 6:14%, 7:15%, 8:14%, 9:7%, 10:4%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=2153

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.4  M = 5.3             +1.1
top 3:  M = 6.2  M = 4.9             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 6.0  M = 4.0             +2.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood at home
Subject code: M13ad02

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings at home
Page in Source 264
Our classificationMood at home, code M13ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at home ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:4, 2:17, 3:100, 4:601, 5:746

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.50 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.25
 2: Mt=3.83
 3: Mt=5.50
 4: Mt=7.30
 5: Mt=8.59
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.54 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.63
 2: Mt=3.53
 3: Mt=4.95
 4: Mt=6.93
 5: Mt=8.34
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.52 p < .00
 1: Mt=0.63
 2: Mt=3.68
 3: Mt=5.10
 4: Mt=6.33
 5: Mt=7.81
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood at home
Subject code: M13ad02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings at home
Page in Source 274
Our classificationMood at home, code M13ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at home ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4604; 1:13; 2:78; 3:323; 4:1930; 5:2260

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.56 p < .00
1: Mt=2.31
2: Mt=3.71
3: Mt=5.03
4: Mt=7.24
5: Mt=8.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.57 p < .00
1: Mt=2.11
2: Mt=3.10
3: Mt=4.41
4: Mt=6.91
5: Mt=8.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.56 p < .00
1: Mt=2.50
2: Mt=3.48
3: Mt=4.69
4: Mt=6.41
5: Mt=8.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood at home
Subject code: M13ad02

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood during evening meal or breakfast together
Page in Source 425
Our classificationMood at home, code M13ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have a evening meal 
or breakfast together?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:5%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:22%, 10:18%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation. N=1349

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 6.7             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 333, Others: 8-0 N=1016
Top 3: 10-8 N= 733, Others: 7-0 N= 616
Top 5: 10-6 N=1094, Others: 5-0 N= 255


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during leisure
Subject code: M13ad03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings during leisure hours
Page in Source 266
Our classificationMood during leisure, code M13ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
" How do you feel during your leisure hours?"
1: very bad
2: bad 
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:3, 2:18, 3:99, 4:677, 5:654

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.52 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.66
 2: Mt=3.89
 3: Mt=5.18
 4: Mt=7.45
 5: Mt=8.70
All Mt=7.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.53 p < .00
 1: Mt=1.25
 2: Mt=3.20
 3: Mt=4.90
 4: Mt=7.10
 5: Mt=8.38
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.49 p < .00
 1: Mt=2.50
 2: Mt=3.89
 3: Mt=4.88
 4: Mt=6.55
 5: Mt=7.83
All Mt=6.96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during leisure
Subject code: M13ad03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfeelings during leisure
Page in Source 276
Our classificationMood during leisure, code M13ad03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel during your leisure hours?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:4596; 1:6; 2:62; 3:413; 4:2112; 5:2003

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.54 p < .00
1: Mt=1.66
2: Mt=3.19
3: Mt=5.28
4: Mt=7.39
5: Mt=8.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.57 p < .00
1: Mt=1.66
2: Mt=2.50
3: Mt=4.68
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=8.54
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.52 p < .00
1: Mt=1.66
2: Mt=3.55
3: Mt=4.91
4: Mt=6.59
5: Mt=8.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during leisure
Subject code: M13ad03

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when going out together
Page in Source 428
Our classificationMood during leisure, code M13ad03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you go out together?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:3%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:23%, 10:20%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation only. N = 1317

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.8             +0.9
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.4             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.8             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 331, Others: 8-0 N= 986
Top 3: 10-8 N= 723, Others: 7-0 N= 594
Top 5: 10-6 N=1070, Others: 5-0 N= 247


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during leisure
Subject code: M13ad03

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when persuing hobby together
Page in Source 429
Our classificationMood during leisure, code M13ad03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you persue a hobby 
together?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:6%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:17%, 10:17%,DKNA:5%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1163

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.4  M = 7.4             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.1  M = 7.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.8             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 294, Others: 8-0 N= 869
Top 3: 10-8 N= 648, Others: 7-0 N= 515
Top 5: 10-6 N= 961, Others: 5-0 N= 202


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during work
Subject code: M13ad04

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelfeeling good at work
Page in Source 136
Our classificationMood during work, code M13ad04
Operationalization
Single question:
"How do you feel when you are at work ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:6, 2:26, 3:107, 4:464, 5:288
Remarks
Employed Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.78 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.41
 2: Mt=5.68
 3: Mt=6.88 
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.83
All Mt=7.95
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.39 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.41
 2: Mt=5.68
 3: Mt=6.88
 4: Mt=7.81
 5: Mt=8.83
All Mt=7.95
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.37 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.84
 2: Mt=5.10
 3: Mt=6.05
 4: Mt=6.91
 5: Mt=7.94
All Mt=7.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during work
Subject code: M13ad04

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelfeeling good at work
Page in Source 144
Our classificationMood during work, code M13ad04
Operationalization
Single question:
" How do you feel when you are at work ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:3609; %:1:0,9; 2:3,7; 3:13,4; 4:52,3; 5:29,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .00
1: Mt=4.69
2: Mt=6.05
3: Mt=6.91
4: Mt=7.88
5: Mt=8.80
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.40 p < .00
1: Mt=4.06
2: Mt=5.59
3: Mt=6.45
4: Mt=7.56
5: Mt=8.56
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.34 p < .00
1: Mt=5.54
2: Mt=5.73
3: Mt=6.26
4: Mt=7.05
5: Mt=8.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood during work
Subject code: M13ad04

StudyKnabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCES/IFO Working Paper no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_2604.html
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelGoodness of work activity yesterday compared to an average day
Page in Source 21
Our classificationMood during work, code M13ad04
Operationalization
Answer on the question "If you went to work yesterday: 
How was your working day yesterday compared to how your 
working day usually is?":
1 Much worse and worse
2 Pretty typical (reference group)
3 Better and much better

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=-.02 ns
Worse (vs. Pretty typical)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbb=+.08 ns
Better (vs. Pretty typical)
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=-35 ns
Worse (vs. Pretty typical)
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-ab=+.86 p < .01
Better (vs. Pretty typical)

B's are controlled for: 
- employment status in week and weekend
- income
- cohabiting
- education
- health satisfaction
- children
- age
- general goodness of previous day 
- goodness of health on previous day

B +.86 means that if the work activity was better 
yesterday than it usually is, the current day goes 
with +.86 points more  happiness on the happiness 
scale -10-10.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by parents
Page in Source 403
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your parents?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:5%, 7:9%, 8:17%, 9:19%, 10:29%,DKNA:10%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.9             +0.6
top 3:  M = 8.4  M = 7.6             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 7.2             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by children
Page in Source 404
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your children?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:3%, 7:6%, 8:16%, 9:16%, 10:33%,DKNA:17%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 8.0             +0.7
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.9             +0.6 
top 5:  M = 8.4  M = 7.6             +0.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respect is met with by others.
Page in Source 392
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when your respect is met 
with by others?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:6%, 7:13%, 8:27%, 9:23%, 10:24%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2064

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.0             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 488, Others: 8-0 N=1576
Top 3: 10-8 N=1054, Others: 7-0 N=1010
Top 5: 10-6 N=1636, Others: 5-0 N= 428


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when having contact with people you respect
Page in Source 393
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have contact with 
people you respect?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:*%, 4:1%, 5:5%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:31%, 9:22%, 10:19%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2102

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.9  M = 7.8             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.6  M = 7.5             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 7.1             +1.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 493, Others: 8-0 N=1609
Top 3: 10-8 N=1069, Others: 7-0 N=1033
Top 5: 10-6 N=1660, Others: 5-0 N= 442


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when contented with oneself.
Page in Source 394
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are contented with oneself?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2056

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.0             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.1             +1.4
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 494, Others: 8-0 N=1562
Top 3: 10-8 N=1070, Others: 7-0 N= 986
Top 5: 10-6 N=1657, Others: 5-0 N= 398


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by good friends
Page in Source 400
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
good friends?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:5%, 7:10%, 8:25%, 9:30%, 10:27%,DKNA:*%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.1  M = 8.3             +0.8
top 3:  M = 8.9  M = 8.1             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.7  M = 7.8             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by acquaintances
Page in Source 401
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
acquiantances?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:3%, 5:10%, 6:15%, 7:21%, 8:29%, 9:11%, 10:5%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.4  M = 6.8             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.3  M = 6.5             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.1  M = 6.1             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by life partner
Page in Source 402
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
your life partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:*%, 5:1%, 6:1%, 7:3%, 8:10%, 9:19%, 10:55%,DKNA:9%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.5  M = 9.0             +0.5
top 3:  M = 9.3  M = 8.8             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 9.2  M = 8.7             +0.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by family members
Page in Source 405
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
family members other then parents or children?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:2%, 2:2%, 3:4%, 4:6%, 5:11%, 6:14%, 7:20%, 8:22%, 9:10%, 10:4%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.0  M = 6.3             +0.7
top 3:  M = 6.8  M = 6.0             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 6.6  M = 5.6             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by work collegues
Page in Source 406
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
work collegues?
Observed distributionN= 0:3%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:7%, 6:11%, 7:17%, 8:27%, 9:13%, 10:8%,DKNA:8%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.6  M = 6.9             +0.7
top 3:  M = 7.4  M = 6.7             +0.7 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.2             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by superior
Page in Source 407
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by a 
superior?
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:1%, 2:2%, 3:2%, 4:4%, 5:7%, 6:9%, 7:16%, 8:24%, 9:13%, 10:10%,DKNA:8%
Remarks
N=1767

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.4  M = 6.8             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.3  M = 6.5             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.1  M = 6.0             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by person with common hobby
Page in Source 408
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by a 
person with common hobby (sport, music, etc.)?
Observed distributionN= 0:2%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:8%, 6:11%, 7:20%, 8:26%, 9:14%, 10:8%,DKNA:6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 7.6  M = 7.0             +0.6
top 3:  M = 7.5  M = 6.7             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 7.3  M = 6.2             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when respected
Subject code: M13ad05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when respected by others
Page in Source 409
Our classificationMood when respected, code M13ad05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you feel respected by 
others?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:-%, 3:*%, 4:*%, 5:1%, 6:1%, 7:2%, 8:3%, 9:3%, 10:7%,DKNA:82%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.7             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.2  M = 7.7             +0.5 
top 5:  M = 8.1  M = 7.6             +0.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 460, Others: 8-0 N=1307
Top 3: 10-8 N= 976, Others: 7-0 N= 790
Top 5: 10-6 N=1474, Others: 5-0 N= 292


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood during romantic evening with partner
Page in Source 424
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you spent a romantic 
evening with your partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:5%, 7:10%, 8:23%, 9:25%, 10:28%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation only. N = 1250

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.2             +0.8
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.6  M = 7.5             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 319, Others: 8-0 N= 932
Top 3: 10-8 N= 701, Others: 7-0 N= 549
Top 5: 10-6 N=1030, Others: 5-0 N= 221


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood during evening meal or breakfast together
Page in Source 425
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have a evening meal 
or breakfast together?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:5%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:22%, 10:18%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation. N=1349

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 6.7             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 333, Others: 8-0 N=1016
Top 3: 10-8 N= 733, Others: 7-0 N= 616
Top 5: 10-6 N=1094, Others: 5-0 N= 255


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when having sex with your partner
Page in Source 426
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have sex with your 
partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:3%, 7:7%, 8:16%, 9:21%, 10:42%,DKNA:3%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation only. N = 1143

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.2  M = 8.4             +0.8
top 3:  M = 9.1  M = 8.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 295, Others: 8-0 N= 848
Top 3: 10-8 N= 629, Others: 7-0 N= 515
Top 5: 10-6 N= 935, Others: 5-0 N= 209


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when persuing hobby together
Page in Source 429
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you persue a hobby 
together?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:6%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:17%, 10:17%,DKNA:5%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1163

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.4  M = 7.4             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.1  M = 7.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.8             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 294, Others: 8-0 N= 869
Top 3: 10-8 N= 648, Others: 7-0 N= 515
Top 5: 10-6 N= 961, Others: 5-0 N= 202


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you sense love and affection to others
Page in Source 395
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you feel love and affection for 
others?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2048

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.0             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 482, Others: 8-0 N=1565
Top 3: 10-8 N=1039, Others: 7-0 N=1009
Top 5: 10-6 N=1613, Others: 5-0 N= 435


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction when you are in love?
Page in Source 398
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you are in love?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:1%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:3%, 7:6%, 8:17%, 9:21%, 10:43%,DKNA:4%
Remarks
N=1748

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.3  M = 8.5             +0.8
top 3:  M = 9.1  M = 8.3             +0.8 
top 5:  M = 8.9  M = 8.0             +0.9
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 422, Others: 8-0 N=1326
Top 3: 10-8 N= 913, Others: 7-0 N= 835
Top 5: 10-6 N=1400, Others: 5-0 N= 348


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when hugging your partner
Page in Source 427
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you hug your partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:-%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:4%, 7:9%, 8:20%, 9:25%, 10:36%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1278

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.2  M = 8.4             +0.8
top 3:  M = 9.0  M = 8.1             +0.9 
top 5:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 320, Others: 8-0 N= 958
Top 3: 10-8 N= 706, Others: 7-0 N= 572
Top 5: 10-6 N=1049, Others: 5-0 N= 229


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when going out together
Page in Source 428
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you go out together?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:2%, 4:2%, 5:3%, 6:7%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:23%, 10:20%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation only. N = 1317

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.8             +0.9
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.4             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 6.8             +1.7
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 331, Others: 8-0 N= 986
Top 3: 10-8 N= 723, Others: 7-0 N= 594
Top 5: 10-6 N=1070, Others: 5-0 N= 247


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood in intimacy
Subject code: M13ad06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when quarreling with your partner
Page in Source 430
Our classificationMood in intimacy, code M13ad06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you quarrel with your 
partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:30%, 1:12, 2:15%, 3:13%, 4:9%, 5:9%, 6:5%, 7:3%, 8:1%, 9:*%, 10:*%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1263

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 2.6  M = 2.2             +0.4
top 3:  M = 2.5  M = 2.1             +0.4 
top 5:  M = 2.3  M = 2.1             +0.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 305, Others: 8-0 N= 958
Top 3: 10-8 N= 689, Others: 7-0 N= 575
Top 5: 10-6 N=1024, Others: 5-0 N= 239


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when helping
Subject code: M13ad07

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when you are doing good or helping people
Page in Source 396
Our classificationMood when helping, code M13ad07
Operationalization
Single question: How happy do you usually feel on a 
scale of 0 to 10 when you do good or help people?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:3%, 6:6%, 7:11%, 8:25%, 9:23%, 10:27%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2088

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.8  M = 7.8             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.5             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 8.3  M = 7.0             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 490, Others: 8-0 N=1599
Top 3: 10-8 N=1059, Others: 7-0 N=1029
Top 5: 10-6 N=1645, Others: 5-0 N= 444


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when laughing
Subject code: M13ad08

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when laughing
Page in Source 449
Our classificationMood when laughing, code M13ad08
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you feel 
when you laugh?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:2%, 6:4%, 7:9%, 8:24%, 9:24%, 10:33%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2140

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.4  M = 8.3             +1.1
top 3:  M = 9.2  M = 7.9             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.9  M = 7.4             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 498, Others: 8-0 N=1641
Top 3: 10-8 N=1083, Others: 7-0 N=1057
Top 5: 10-6 N=1682, Others: 5-0 N= 458


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mood when laughing
Subject code: M13ad08

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when making others laugh
Page in Source 450
Our classificationMood when laughing, code M13ad08
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you feel 
when you make others laugh?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:*%, 3:*%, 4:1%, 5:4%, 6:5%, 7:13%, 8:25%, 9:24%, 10:25%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
N=2120

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 9.0  M = 8.0             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.8  M = 7.7             +1.1 
top 5:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 497, Others: 8-0 N=1623
Top 3: 10-8 N=1080, Others: 7-0 N=1040
Top 5: 10-6 N=1671, Others: 5-0 N= 449


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-4-aaSelfreport on 8 questions:

..how frequent one experienced in the past few weeks..
A happy
B satisfied
C contented
D cheerful
E sorry
F sad
G depressed
H dissatisfied

Rated for applicability:
4 definitively
3 slightly
2 slightly not
1 definitively not

Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H)

Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
A-AB-yd-mq-n-7-cSelfreport on feelings during activities in the previous day (Day Reconstruction Method)

A worried
B rushed
C irritated or angry
D depressed
E tense or stressed
F calm or relaxed
G enjoying

Rated:
0 not al all
1
2
3
4
5
6 very much

Computation: (A+B+C+D+E)/5 - (F+G)/2
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-aSelfrating of feeling during activities in previous day

Respondents listed activities of the previous day in a standard diary and next rated how the had felt during each of these activities on the following aspects:
A Letgargic, dull
B Enjoying myself
C Insecure, anxious
D Happy
E Frustrated, anoyed
F Relaxed
G Stressed
H Comfortable, at ease

Each rated:
0 not at all
.
.
10 very much

Computation: (B+D+F+H)/4 - (A+C+E+G)/4

Name: Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), Net Affect
A-AOL-cy-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

In thinking over the past year, indicate how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you have felt in the last year?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstacy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight
and buoyancy.
8 Elated and in high spirits.
7 Feeling very good and cheerful.
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK".
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue".
3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely "blue".
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful".
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
A-AOL-g-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A: "In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel? Check the one statement below that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9 very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral)
5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3 mildly unhappy (just a little low)
2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)"

B: "Consider your emotions a moment further. On the average.
- What percent of the time do you feel happy?
- What percent of the time do you feel unhappy?
- What percent of the time do you feel neutral (neither happy
nor unhappy)?
Make sure the three figures add-up to equal 100%".

Scoring:
- Question A : 0.- 10
- Question B : % happy
Summation : (A * 10 + B)/2
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-aSelfreport on single question:

." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?"
Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9 very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral)
5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3 mildly unhappy (just a little low)
2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
5 very good spirits
4 fairly good spirits
3 neither good spirits nor low spirits
2 fairly low spirits
1 very low spirits.
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

"The following are statements of feelings or mood. Please read them over and then indicate which of these overall feelings best describes your feelings."
A) Right now you feel .........
B) The best you felt today ....
C) The worst you felt today ...
D) The way you usually feel ...

Response options:
10. Complete elations, rapturous joy, and soaring ecstasy.
9. Very elated and in very high spirits; tremendous delight
and buoyancy.
8. Elated and in high spirits.
7. Feeling very good and cheerful.
6. Feeling pretty good, "OK".
5. Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so.
4. Spirits low and somewhat blue.
3. Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely blue.
2. Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable,
"just awful".
1. Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black
and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Summation: average scores on A,B,C,D.

Name: Elation-Depression Scale (variant)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-aSelfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1 Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2 Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3 Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4 Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5 Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6 Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7 Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8 Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9 Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10 Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-bSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)

"On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
Definitely 'blue'
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice with an interval of 16 days.

"Consider your experience during the past 24 hours, being as objective and matter-of-fact as possible. Estimate honestly the prevailing or dominant level of your mood, and put a cross through the term which most accurately describes your prevailing feeling".
7 highly elated
6 moderately cheerful
5 mildly cheerful
4 indifferent
3 wildly depressed
2 moderately depressed
1 extremely gloomy


Summation: Average of 32 scores.
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aSelfreport on single question repeated several times a day.

" .. mood .."
Full lead question not reported
7 happy
6
5
4
3
2
1 sad
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 22 questions:

Below is a list of opposed attributes. Please indicate which applies best to your situation at this moment. Don't think too long. Place a cross next to the word this fits best. If you cannot decide, use the neither/nor option. Do not skip any lines.

At the moment I am feeling.....

A refreshed ...............................listless
B indifferent toward ...................interested in others
C pleased ..................................depressed
D successful..............................unsuccessful
E irritable...................................peaceful
F indecisive...............................ready to make decisions
G cheerful..................................Tearful
H in a good mood...................... in a bad mood
I lacking in appetite..................with a good appetite
J sociable..................................withdrawn
K unworthy.................................worthy
L relaxed................................... tense
M happy.....................................unhappy
N shy..........................................communicative
O sinful and wicked....................pure
P secure.....................................threatened
Q abandoned.............................cared for
R even-tempered.......................driven
S confident.................................insecure
T miserable.................................comfortable
U flexible.....................................inflexible
V tired.........................................rested
W hesitating................................firm
X calm........................................restless
Y lacking in energy....................energetic
Z useless...................................indispensable
AA sluggish................................ lively
AB superior.................................inferior

Response options:
3 positive option
2 neither nor
1 negative option


Summation: Mean

Name: Zerssen's 'Befindlichkeits Skala' version 1 (B-S)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 13 questions:

"During the past four weeks have you ever felt....?" (yes/no)

A Pleased about having accomplished something.
B Things going my way.
C Proud because someone complimented me on something I
had done.
D Particularly excited or interested in something I had done.
E On top of the world.
F A deep sense of joy.
G Pleased because my life feels orderly and secure.
H Bored.
I Very lonely and remote from other people.
J Jealous of somebody.
K Angry with someone.
L Disappointed in myself..
M Unhappy about the small number of times I have pleasant
feelings and experiences.

Answer options:
0 no
yes
If yes: How often did you feel so?
5 every day
4 several times a week
3 once a week
2 2 or 3 times a month
1 once a month

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): Average A to G
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): Average H to M
- Affect Balance Score (AB): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: +42 tot -30

Name : Bradburn's "Affected Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-eSelfreport on 8 questions:

Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?
A On top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F Depressed or very unhappy
G So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Reponse options:
0 never
1 sometimes
3 often

Scoring:
PA = A+C+D (range 0-9)
NA = B+E+F+G+H (range 0-15)
ABS = PA-NA (range 1-7)

Name: Index of Psychological Wellbeing
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 40 questions:

Over this time period (the last few weeks) I have had the feeling described by:
A My life is on the right track
B I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
C I feel I can do whatever I want to
D I think clearly and creatively
E I feel like a failure
F Nothing seems very much fun any more
G I like myself
H I can't be bothered doing anything
I I feel close to people around me
J I feel as though the best years of my life are over
K My future looks good
L I have lost interest in other people and don't care about them
M I have energy to spare
N I smile and laugh a lot
O I wish I could change some parts of my life
P My thoughts go around in useless circles
Q I can handle any problems that come up
R My life seems stuck in a rut
S I feel loved and trusted
T I feel there must be something wrong with me

"Over this period (the last few weeks), "how often you felt..."
U Satisfied
V Lonely
W Free-and-easy
X Clear-headed
Y Helpless
Z Impatient
AA Useful
AB Depressed
AC Loving
AD Hopeless
AE Optimistic
AF Withdrawn
AG Enthusiastic
AH Good-natured
AI Discontented
AJ Confused
AK Confident
AL Tense
AM Understood
AN Insignificant

Answer options;
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all the time

Summation:
- Positive Affect score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect balance score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -4 to +4
A-BK-cw-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 96 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week;
A Nothing goes right with me
B I feel close to people around me
C I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D I feel my life is on the right track
E I feel loved and trusted
F My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G I don't like myself
H I feel very tense
I I feel life isn't worth living
J I am content with myself
K My past life is filled with failure
L Everything I do seems worthwhile
M I can't be bothered doing anything
N I feel I can do whatever I want to
O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
them
P Everything is going right for me
Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
people
R I'm easy going
S I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be
T I wish I could change some parts of my life
U I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V The future looks good
W I become very lonely
X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y I feel out of place
Z I think clearly and creatively
AA I feel alone
AB I feel free and easy
AC I smile and laugh a lot
AD I feel things are going my way
AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG I feel like hiding away
AH I feel confident about decisions I make
AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ I feel other people like me
AK I feel like a failure
AL I feel I'm a complete person
AM I'm not sure I'm done the wright thing
AN My future looks good
AO I'm making the most out of my life
AP Everything is going right for me
AQ I feel unimportant
AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past week;
A Confident
B Hopeless
C Pleasant
D Insignificant
E Discontented
F Healthy
G Dejected
H Annoyed
I Down
J Glad
K Glowing
L Relaxed
M Comfortable
N Moody
O Understood
P Blue
Q Miserable
R Joyful
S Tense
T Insecure
U Shaky
V Satisfied
W Safe
X Successful
Y Free
Z Sad
AA Good-natured
AB Impatient
AC Rejected
AD Lively
AE Frustrated
AF Fearful
AG Lonely
AH Warm
AI Contented
AJ Good
AK Secure
AL Disappointed
AM Understanding
AN Depressed
AO Low
AP Calm
AQ Unhappy
AR Upset
AS Empty
AT Enthusiastic
AU Happy
AV Vibrant

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all of the time

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4 to +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last week
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A I felt sad
B I felt I had failed as a person
C I felt dissatisfied with my life
D I felt mentally alert
E I felt disappointed with myself
F I felt cheerful
G I felt life wasn't worth living
H I felt satisfied with my life
I I felt healthy
J I felt life crying
K I felt I had been successful
L I felt happy
M I felt I couldn't make decisions
N I felt unattractive
O I felt optimistic about the future
P I felt life was rewording
Q I felt cheerless
R I felt life has a purpose
S I felt too tired to do anything
T I felt pleased with the way I am
U I felt lethargic
V I found it easy to make decisions
W I felt life was enjoyable
X I felt life was meaningless
Y I felt run down

Answer options:
0 never
1 rarely
2 sometimes
3 often

Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y.
Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W.
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39

Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.

A nervous
B distressed
C afraid
D jittery
E irritable
F upset
G scared
H exited
I ashamed
J guilty
K hostile
L active
M determined
N inspired
O enthusiastic
P alert
Q attentive
R proud
S strong
T interested

Rated:
1: not at all
.
.
5 a lot

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-abSelfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1 happy
2 unhappy
3 neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-bSelfreport on single question:

"Above you see a numbered ladder. Consider the top of the ladder as the best possible life and the bottom of the ladder as the worst possible life.
A Please place an X where you feel you are now.
B Place an Y at the point where you were five years ago.
C Please place a Z at the point that you feel you will be at five years from now.
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life

Question A is the case question.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (modified version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cSelfreport on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-RG-h-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate yourself as to how successful or unsuccessful you have been in terms of achieving your own goals and aims in life? Think of the top of the ladder as being completely successful, the bottom being entirely unsuccessful
[ 10 ] completely successful
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely unsuccessful
M-AO-m-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 25 questions

A 20-item PANAS
To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life?
Aa nervous
Ab distressed
Ac afraid
Ad jittery
Ae irritable
Af upset
Ag scared
Ah exiled
Ai ashamed
Aj guilty
Ak hostile
Al active
Am determined
An inspired
Ao enthusiastic
Ap alert
Aq attentive
Ar proud
As strong
At interested

B 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener)
Ba In most ways my life is close to ideal
Bb The conditions of my life are excellent
Bc I am satisfied with my life
Bd So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
Be If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Answer options:
1 not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 very much

Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ …Be)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Taking all things together, how would you say you have been this period? Check the phrase that best describes how you have felt."
7 very happy
6 happy
5 somewhat happy
4 mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3 somewhat unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, how (much) do you feel happy? What score do you give if we put ten for 'extremely happy, zero for extremely unhappy' and five for neither happy nor unhappy'?"
10 extremely happy
9
8
7
6
5 neither happy nor unhappy
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel happy in general?
0 minimum score
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 maximal score
Numbers presented on a horizontal line scale.
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-aSelfreport on single question:

Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
M-FH-g-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

"Are you generally satisfied? "
2 yes
1 no
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Moments that I feel happy I have......
4 often
3 not too often
2 seldom
1 never
M-TH-g-sq-v-5-bSelf report on single question:

"How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life? Would you say.....?"
5 very often
4 fairly often
3 occasionally
2 rarely
1 never
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- I never thought about it
- does not apply to me



Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version by Michalos)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-GBB-u-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here are some circles that we can imagine represent the lives of different people. Circle eight has all pluses in it, to represent a person who has all the good things in his life. Circle zero has all minuses in it, to represent a person who has all the bad things in his life. Other circles are in between. Which circle do you think comes closest to matching your life?"
(circles not reproduced here )
8 + + + + + + + +
7 + + + + + + + -
6 + + + + + + - -
5 + + + + + - - -
4 + + + + - - - -
3 + + + - - - - -
2 + + - - - - - -
2 + - - - - - - -
0 - - - - - - - -

Name: Andrews & Withey's 'Circles Scale'
O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about the good and bad things in your life, which of the answers best describes your life-as-a-whole?
1 as bas as can be
2 very bad
3 bad
4 allright
5 good
6 very good
7 as good as can be
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life..
1 unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy

(originally presented horizontally)

Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything that has happened to you recently, how would you say things are with you - would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-jSelfreport on single question

Do you feel your life at present is…?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 cannot say
2 fairly sad
1 very sad
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all into account, right now would you say that you are:
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

" Describe the kind of person you are. Please read each sentence, then mark how often it is true for you"
1 I feel like smiling
2 I generally feel in good spirits
3 I feel happy
4 I am very satisfied with life
5 I find a good deal of happiness in life
6 I feel sad

Response options:
5 almost always true
4 often true
3 sometimes true
2 seldom true
1 never true

Summation: average
Possible range: 1 to 5
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

To what extent do you think of yourself as a happy person?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
- don't know
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QLS-cm-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you estimate your quality of life as a whole during the last 4 weeks?
| 0
|
|
|
|
|
| 100
Rated on 15 cm vertical open line
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-SL?-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with present life....."
(Full lead item not reported)
1
2
3
(Response options not reported)
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with the life you currently lead?
5 extraordinary satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not very satisfied
O-SLP-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question :

"Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at this ladder (again). Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life would be at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?"
[ 10 ] entirely satisfied
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] entirely dissatisfied

Name Cantril ladder rating (modified version)
O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question :

"These days my life is .....".
4 just great
3 more than satisfactory
2 less than satisfactory
1 miserable
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

"On the whole, how satisfied would you say you are with your life.....?"
1 not very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
3 very satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Overall how satisfied are you with your life?
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Labels of reponse options not reported
O-SLV---sq-nt-11-aSelf report on single question:

Equivalent questions on life-satisfaction rated on various scales. The items differ slightly in wording and number of the response options.

Scores are transformed to a common range 0 - 10 by means of expert weighting of response options (Thurstone's method).
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-fSelf report on single question:

.. Satisfaction with life as a whole (full question not reported)
4 very satisfied
3
2
1 not very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0 not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....?
5 extremely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 slightly satisfied
1 not satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-dSelfreport on single question;

Everything considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied would you say you are with your life these days?
1 extremely dissatisfied
2 very dissatisfied
3 pretty dissatisfied
4 both satisfied and dissatisfied (neutral)
5 pretty satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question;

How satisfied or unsatisfied were you last week with your life in general?
Please answer this question below by drawing a cross on the line

_________________________________________
completely completely

Scoring: mm on this 100 mm line
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-dSelf report on single question

On a scale from 1 (terriblre) to 10 (excellent) how do you rate your life as a whole?
1 terrible
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 excellent
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Now here are some questions concerning how satisfied - or dissatisfied - you are with various things about your life, such as your standard of living, your education etc. To indicate this, would you use this card. If you are extremely SATISFIED with something you would call of the highest number, ten. If you are extremely DISSATISFIED you would mention the lowest number, zero. If you are neither extremely satisfied nor extremely dissatisfied you would mention some number in between zero and ten - the higher the number, the more satisfied, the lower the number the less satisfied.
How satisfied - or dissatisfied - are you with the following? Just read off the number that comes closest to how you feel.
We have talked about various parts of your life. Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-Sum---mq-n-11-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
10 extermely happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extremely unhappy

B. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays.?
10 extremely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 extermely dissatisfied

Summation: (A+B)/2
O-Sum-u-mq-n-7-bSelfreport on five questions:

A I am very content with my life
B Nothing is currently lacking in my life
C When I examine my life as a whole, I feel I am not meeting my aspirations*
D I feel dissatisfied because I'm not doing everything that I want to be doing in my life*

Rating:
1 strongly disagree
.
.
7 strongly agree
* reversed keyed item

Name: Contentment with life assesment Scale (CLASS)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
DyxSOMERS' ASYMMETRIC TEST STATISTIC
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Dyx = 0 «no rank correlation
Dyx = +1 «strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness ratings.
Dyx = -1 «strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
QYule's Q-STATISTIC
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: dichotomous
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
Q = 0 « no association
Q = -1 or + 1 « at least one level of the correlate allows a perfect prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
VCRAMéR's V
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
V = 0 « no association
V = 1 « strongest possible association


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
M13MOODA03AFFECTIVE LIFE
M13MOODP04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS
M13aaMood careerH05HAPPINESS: CAREER
M13aaMood careerP01PERSONALITY: HISTORY
M13aa02aChange in anxietyM13ac10Feeling secure (vs threatened)
M13aa02aChange in anxietyP01ab03Earlier anxiety
M13aa02aChange in anxietyP04afAnxious
M13ab01Mood during the interviewI05aaInterview conditions
M13ac02Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)I03abCurrent general intelligence
M13ac02Feeling clear (vs dull, confused)C11ab03Self-perceived creativeness
M13ac03Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)A03ab04Hedonic tone in affect
M13ac03Feeling cheerful (vs gloomy)H07abHedonic level of affect
M13ac03aFeeling elated (vs not)A03ab02Intensity of affects
M13ac03bFeeling down (vs not)M07ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
M13ac03cFeeling hopeless (vs not)H12HOPE
M13ac03cFeeling hopeless (vs not)P04cgPositive reacting
M13ac03cFeeling hopeless (vs not)P04ciResigned
M13ac03dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS
M13ac03dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES
M13ac04Feeling close (vs remote)I06abCurrent intimate relationships
M13ac04bFeeling love (vs not)L12ac02Feels loved
M13ac04bFeeling love (vs not)M13ad06Mood in intimacy
M13ac04cFeeling sociable (vs withdrawn)M13ac09aFeeling involved (vs detached)
M13ac04dFeeling understood (vs not)I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate ties
M13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)P04dkZestful
M13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)P04diVigorous
M13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)P04cySpeedy, hurried
M13ac05Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)
M13ac06Feeling free (vs restrained)F05ab03aAmount of restrictions perceived
M13ac06aFeeling free from inner restraintsP04bnInhibited
M13ac06bFeeling free from external restraintsP04boInner locus of control
M13ac07Feeling friendly (vs hostile)P04aaAggressive, angry
M13ac07Feeling friendly (vs hostile)P04buKind
M13ac08Feeling full (vs empty)L04ac01jInteresting (vs boring)
M13ac09Feeling open (vs closed)P04cbOpen
M13ac09Feeling open (vs closed)P04ayExtraverted
M13ac09aFeeling involved (vs detached)P04cwSociable
M13ac09aFeeling involved (vs detached)P04cxSolidary, cooperative
M13ac09bFeeling receptiveP04cqSelf-centered
M13ac09cFeeling interestedP04bqIntrinsically motivated
M13ac09cFeeling interestedP04bpInterested
M13ac09cFeeling interestedI04abCurrent interests
M13ac10Feeling secure (vs threatened)M13aa02aChange in anxiety
M13ac10Feeling secure (vs threatened)P04afAnxious
M13ac11Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)S02ad03cSelf confidence
M13ac11Feeling self-confident (vs inadequate)P04csSelf-confidant
M13ac12Feeling morally good (vs guilty)P04afAnxious
M13ac12Feeling morally good (vs guilty)P04beGuilty
M13ac12Feeling morally good (vs guilty)S02ae01eSatisfaction with own morality
M13ac13Feeling respectable (vs rejected)M13ad05Mood when respected
M13ac13Feeling respectable (vs rejected)S02ad03eSelf respect
M13ac13Feeling respectable (vs rejected)S02ag01Self-perceived reputation
M13ac14Feeling tranquil (vs restless)P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS
M13ac14Feeling tranquil (vs restless)P04ajBlaming
M13ac15Feeling zestful (vs un-inspirited)P04dkZestful
M13adMood in situationsA02acSpecific activities
M13ad01Mood during festivitiesA02ac02Festivities
M13ad01Mood during festivitiesA02ac03Leisure
M13ad01Mood during festivitiesS12ac03Enjoyment of sports events
M13ad02Mood at homeT01ad06Time spend at home
M13ad02Mood at homeF02ag02Satisfaction with family
M13ad02Mood at homeF01alAttitudes to family of origin
M13ad03Mood during leisureL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
M13ad04Mood during workW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
M13ad05Mood when respectedS02ae02bSatisfaction with social recognition
M13ad06Mood in intimacyA02ac07Socializing
M13ad06Mood in intimacyI06af02Satisfaction with intimacy
M13ad07Mood when helpingA02ac11cVoluntary work, helping people
M13ad07Mood when helpingH11ac01Satisfaction with helping

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings