Findings on Happiness and MEDICAL TREATMENT

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and MEDICAL TREATMENT
Subject Code: M06

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT0
M06aaMedical career1
M06aa01Earlier medical treatment33
M06aa02Change in medical treatment2
M06aa03History of current treatment2
M06aa04Later medical treatment0
M06abCurrently in treatment or not9
M06ab01Visits to doctor9
M06ab02In hospital1
M06acKind of current treatment12
M06adEffect of treatment on happiness18
M06aeAttitudes to medical treatment2
M06ae01Trust in medical professionals6
M06ae02Satisfaction with health-services12
M06ad01Sex-reassignment0
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and MEDICAL TREATMENT
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=M06
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Medical career
Subject code: M06aa

StudyEvans et al. (1985a): study US 1980
TitleThe Quality of Life of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.
SourceThe New England Journal of Medicine, 1985, Vol. 312, 553 - 559
PublicPatients with end-stage renal disease, 11 dialysis and transplantation centers, USA., 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =859

Correlate
Author's labelduration of treatment
Page in Source 555
Our classificationMedical career, code M06aa
Operationalization
Remarks
No details are given about duration of treatment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelOperation under general anaesthesia
Page in Source 230
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Have you ever undergone an operation under general 
anaesthesia ?"
1: no
2: not sure
3: yes
Observed distributionN: 1:612, 2:30, 3:824

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .01
  1:Ms=7.95
  2:Ms=7.59
  3:Ms=7.65
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.04 ns
  1:Ms=7.55
  2:Ms=7.09
  3:Ms=7.39
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.02 ns
  1:Ms=7.00
  2:Ms=6.41
  3:Ms=6.93
All Mt=6.95


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelabortion
Page in Source 240
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Do you ever had an abortion?"
1:no
2:yes,once
3:yes,twice
4:yes,3 or more times
Observed distributionN: 1:588, 2:116, 3:28, 4:7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.06 ns
  1:Ms=7.78
  2:Ms=7.68
  3:Ms=7.50
  4:Ms=6.08
All Mt=7.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.10 p < .01
  1:Ms=7.50
  2:Ms=7.53
  3:Ms=6.25
  4:Ms=6.08
All Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.10 p < .01
  1:Ms=7.05
  2:Ms=6.99
  3:Ms=6.25
  4:Ms=5.36
All Mt=6.99


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmiscarriage
Page in Source 242
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Have you ever had a miscarriage?"
1: No
2: Not sure
3: Yes
Observed distributionN: 1:566, 2:15, 3:133

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 ns
  1:Ms=7.75
  2:Ms=7.66
  3:Ms=7.60
All Mt=7.71
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 ns
  1:Ms=7.45
  2:Ms=6.84
  3:Ms=7.39
All Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.06 ns
  1:Ms=7.03
  2:Ms=6.84
  3:Ms=6.75
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSurgical intervention in the first year of life
Page in Source 306,308
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Surgical intervention in the first year of life as 
reported in medical file
a: fracture of the extremities
b: other fracture
c: acute abdomen, operated upon
d: acute abdomen, not operated upon
e: anus: fissure/stenosis/varices
f: phimosis manipulation
g: hydrocele testes and similar
h: umbilical hernia
i: inguinal hernia
j: other operations (paracentese among others)
k: other
Observed distributionN all:653, a:0,1%, b:6,5%, c:0,4%, d:0,8%, e:0,3%, f:0,6%, g:0,6%, h:1,1%, i:0,9%, j:3,6%, k:0,1%
Remarks
Surgical patients only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
a: Mt=7.31
b: Mt=7.68
c: Mt=7.29
d: Mt=7.96
e: Mt=7.79
f: Mt=6.50
g: Mt=7.65
h: Mt=7.31
i: Mt=7.50
j: Mt=7.86
k: Mt=8.14
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a: Mt=8.00
b: Mt=7.49
c: Mt=7.64
d: Mt=7.28
e: Mt=6.81
f: Mt=7.11
g: Mt=7.68
h: Mt=7.19
i: Mt=7.76
j: Mt=7.49
k: Mt=5.50
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
a: Mt=6.50
b: Mt=7.09
c: Mt=7.64
d: Mt=6.69
e: Mt=6.81
f: Mt=6.64
g: Mt=6.88
h: Mt=6.73
i: Mt=7.05
j: Mt=6.98
k: Mt=5.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHospitalisation in first year in months
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Lenght of hospitalization in the first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1: 1-2 months
2: 3-4 months
3: 5-6 months
4: 7-8 months
5: 9-10 months
6: 11-12 months
Observed distributionN months: 1:10,2%, 2:4,6%, 3:2,7%, 4:2,5%, 5:2,1%, 6:2,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.68
2: Mt=7.69
3: Mt=7.53
4: Mt=7.86
5: Mt=7.85
6: Mt=7.85
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.44
2: Mt=7.43
3: Mt=7.30
4: Mt=7.73
5: Mt=7.39
6: Mt=7.35
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.04
2: Mt=6.88
3: Mt=7.06
4: Mt=7.13
5: Mt=6.79
6: Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPertussis vaccination, manner of administration
Page in Source 550
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Pertussis vaccination, manner of administration as 
reported in medical file
1: interval under 2 months
2: interval over 2 months
3: triple vaccination
4: series less than 14 days
Observed distributionN all:2561, 1:50,5%, 2:2,5%, 3:0,3%, 4:5,4%
Remarks
Pertussis is commonly known as whooping cough

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.79
2: Mt=7.85
3: Mt=6.93
4: Mt=7.75
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.41
2: Mt=7.55
3: Mt=6.73
4: Mt=7.40
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.01
2: Mt=7.25
3: Mt=6.73
4: Mt=7.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelTreatment and profylaxis in first year of life
Page in Source 314-318
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Treatment and profylaxis in first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1: no treatment
2: one of the following treatments:
   2b: strong laxative/enema
   2c: mild laxative:milksugar/constipation   
treatment/oarafin preparation/malt extract
   2d: penicillein 1-2 times
   2e: penicillin more than 2 times
   2f: sulfonamide 1-2 times
   2g: sulfonamide more than 2 times
   2h: wide sprectrum of antibiotics 1-2 times
   2i: wide spectrum of antibiotics more than 2 times
   2j: diet for over a week
   2k: other medical treatment
   2l: small pox vaccination in first half year
   2m: small pox vaccination in second half  year
   2n: gammaglobin or human serum
Observed distributionN all:4347, 1:42,2%, 2:57.6% 2b:0,5%, 2c:1,1%, 2d:27,0%, 2e:3,8%, 2f:6,8%, 2g:0,5%, 2h:3,3%, 2i:0,1%, 2j:2,9%, 2k:8,5%, 2l:0,1%, 2m:2,0%, 2n:1,9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.71
2:  Mt=7.80
2b: Mt=7.39
2c: Mt=7.29
2d: Mt=7.80
2e: Mt=7.70
2f: Mt=7.75
2g: Mt=8.25
2h: Mt=7.90
2i: Mt=8.13
2j: Mt=8.08
2k: Mt=7.79
2l: Mt=7.50
2m: Mt=7.73
2n: Mt=8.25
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.36
2:  Mt=7.44
2b: Mt=7.06
2c: Mt=7.08
2d: Mt=7.50
2e: Mt=7.15
2f: Mt=7.43
2g: Mt=7.88
2h: Mt=7.46
2i: Mt=8.13
2j: Mt=7.36
2k: Mt=7.39
2l: Mt=7.00
2m: Mt=7.34
2n: Mt=7.93
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.01
2:  Mt=7.04
2b: Mt=7.29
2c: Mt=6.96
2d: Mt=7.01
2e: Mt=6.85
2f: Mt=7.00
2g: Mt=7.25
2h: Mt=7.05
2i: Mt=8.75
2j: Mt=7.08
2k: Mt=7.14
2l: Mt=7.00
2m: Mt=7.14
2n: Mt=7.26


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelTetanus vaccination, administration
Page in Source 554
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Tetanus vaccination, administration as reported in 
medical file
1:not done
2:interval under 2 months
3:interval over 2 months
4:triple vaccination, 1 time
5:triple vaccination, 2 or more times
Observed distributionN: 1:321, 2:3173, 3:71, 4:5, 5:14

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.70
2: Mt=7.75
3: Mt=8.03
4: Mt=9.00
5: Mt=7.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.23
2: Mt=7.43
3: Mt=7.54
4: Mt=9.00
5: Mt=7.14
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.93
2: Mt=7.00
3: Mt=7.15
4: Mt=8.00
5: Mt=7.33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPolio vaccination, administration
Page in Source 558
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Polio vaccination, administration as reported in 
medical file
1: not done
2: interval less than 2 months
3: interval over 2 months
Observed distributionN all:3582, 1:8.0%, 2:89,5%, 3:2.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:Mt=7.75
2:Mt=7.75
3:Mt=7.84
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1:Mt=7.33
2:Mt=7.43
3:Mt=7.34
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1:Mt=7.05
2:Mt=7.00
3:Mt=7.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelHospitalization in the first year of life
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Hospitalization in the first year of life as reported 
in medical file
a: more than 4 months in the first half year
b: more than 4 months in the 2nd half year
c: time unknown
Observed distributionN all=3398; a:10, b:9, c:3379,
Remarks
only absolute values are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
a: Mt=8.25
b: Mt=7.78
c: Mt=7.74
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-,01 p < .684
rs(a+b) vs c
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
a: Mt=8.50
b: Mt=8.34
c: Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-,03 p < .052
rs(a+b) vs c
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
a: Mt=8.50
b: Mt=7.50
c: Mt=7.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-,04 p < .026
rs(a+b) vs c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelTreatment right after birth
Page in Source 438
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Treatment right at day 5, as reported in medical file
a:cortisone
b:penicillin
c:alevaire (tent with aerosol atmosphere to reduce 
surface tension in lungs)
d:infusion of fluid (saline, etc)
Observed distributionN all:635, a:1.6%, b:64.1%, c:6.5%, d:27.9%
Remarks
Treated Ss only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
a:Mt=8.00
b:Mt=7.69
c:Mt=7.86
d:Mt=7.63
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
a:Ms=7.75
b:Ms=7.34
c:Ms=7.75
d:Ms=7.33
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eBMCT= ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
a:Ms=6.75
b:Ms=6.90
c:Ms=7.08
d:Ms=6.86
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haBMCT=
ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelExaminig doctor shortly after birth
Page in Source 448,450
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Examinig doctor shortly after birth as reported in 
medical file
a:examination by Q
b:examination by JP
c:examination by ZC
d:examination by other
Assessed at day 1 and day 5
Observed distributionN day 1 all:4213, %:a:4,5, b:7,9, c:82,5, d:5,1 N day 5 all:4101, %:a:2,6, b:5,2, c:83,2, d:9.0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
day 1       day 5
a:Mt=7.65   a:7.99
b:Mt=7.85   b:7.63
c:Mt=7.71   c:7.71
d:Mt=7.98   d:7.90
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
day 1        day 5
a:Mt=7.58   a:7.64
b:Mt=7.51   b:7.46
c:Mt=7.39   c:7.40
d:Mt=7.55   d:7.53
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
day 1        day 5
a:Mt=7.06   a:7.23
b:Mt=7.09   b:7.09
c:Mt=7.00   c:7.01
d:Mt=7.14   d:7.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labeloperation under general anaesthesia
Page in Source 240
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Have you ever undergone an operation under general 
anaesthesia?"
1: No
2: Not sure
3: Yes
Observed distributionN: All:4583; %:1:34,4; 2:2,9; 3:62,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .03
1: Mt=7.85
2: Mt=7.40
3: Mt=7.70
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.02 ns
1: Mt=7.51
2: Mt=6.90
3: Mt=7.39
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 ns
1: Mt=7.05
2: Mt=6.66
3: Mt=7.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelabortion
Page in Source 250
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Have you ever had an abortion?"
1: no
2: yes,once
3: yes, twice
4: yes, 3 or more times
Observed distributionN All:2437; 1:1471; 2:652; 3:237; 4:77
Remarks
women only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.07 p < .00
1: Mt=7.83    
2: Mt=7.58  
3: Mt=7.54   
4: Mt=7.24
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.09 p < .00
1: Mt=7.59    
2: Mt=7.30      
3: Mt=7.21   
4: Mt=6.73
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.07 p < .00
1: Mt=7.19    
2: Mt=6.94      
3: Mt=6.84   
4: Mt=6.79


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPaediatric checks in first year of life
Page in Source 544
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Paediatric checks in first year of life as reported in 
medical file
1: 5 week examination undertaken
2: 5 month examination undertaken
3: 10 month examination undertaken
4: all three examinations undertaken
Observed distributionN: 1:693, 2:975, 3:505, 4:2091,
Remarks
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.74
2: Mt=7.78
3: Mt=7.69
4: Mt=7.74
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.43
2: Mt=7.39
3: Mt=7.30
4: Mt=7.44
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=7.05
2: Mt=7.04
3: Mt=6.93
4: Mt=7.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPertussis vaccinations in first year of life
Page in Source 548,550
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Pertussis vaccinations in first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1: not done
2: 1 injection
3: 2 injections
4: 3 injections
5: 4 injections
6: 5 or more injections
Observed distributionN all:3832, 1:24,9%, 2:6,2%, 3:8,0%, 4:56,1%, 5:3,0%, 6:1,7%
Remarks
Pertussis is commonly known as whooping cough

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1: Mt=7.69
2: Mt=7.64
3: Mt=7.59
4: Mt=7.84
5: Mt=7.54
6: Mt=7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .1260
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1: Mt=7.41
2: Mt=7.60
3: Mt=7.19
4: Mt=7.44
5: Mt=7.48
6: Mt=7.31
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.00 p < .9403
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=7.09
3: Mt=6.81
4: Mt=7.06
5: Mt=7.18
6: Mt=7.09
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 p < .2113


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelTetanus vaccinations in first year of life
Page in Source 552,554
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Tetanus vaccinations in  first year of life as reported 
in medical file
1: not done
2: 1 injection
3: 2 injections
4: 3 injections
5: 4 injections
Observed distributionN all:4078, 1:7,9%, 2:4,0%, 3:49,7%, 4:38,2%, 5:0,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
1: Mt=7.70
2: Mt=7.59
3: Mt=7.73
4: Mt=7.80
5: Mt=7.23
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .0173
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
1: Mt=7.23
2: Mt=7.38
3: Mt=7.41
4: Mt=7.45
5: Mt=7.23
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.02 p < .1296
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
1: Mt=6.93
2: Mt=7.18
3: Mt=6.98
4: Mt=7.09 
5: Mt=6.39
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.02 p < .2423


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelPolio vaccination in first year of life
Page in Source 556
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Polio vaccination in  first year of life as reported in 
medical file
1: not done
2: 1 injection
3: 2 injections
4: 3 injections
5: 4 injections
Observed distributionN all:4073, 1:7,0%, 2:3,8%, 3:10,3%, 4:78,6%, 5:0,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1:Mt=7.75
2:Mt=7.51
3:Mt=7.55
4:Mt=7.78
5:Mt=8.04
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .1800
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1:Mt=7.33
2:Mt=7.16
3:Mt=7.26
4:Mt=7.45
5:Mt=8.04
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.03 p < .0646
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1:Mt=7.05
2:Mt=7.08
3:Mt=6.94
4:Mt=7.03
5:Mt=6.79
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.00 p < .9588


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelBCG vaccination (tuberculosis) in first year of life
Page in Source 560
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
BCG vaccination (tuberculosis) in first year of life as 
reported in medical file
1: no BCG vaccinations
2: BCG in 1 month
3: BCG in 2-3 month
4: BCG in 3-6 month
5: BCG in 6-9 month
6: BCG after more than 9 months
Observed distributionN all:852, 1:45,8%, 2:17,3%, 3:13,9%, 4:5,3%, 5:2,5%, 6:15,2%
Remarks
Vaccination on tuberculosis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=±
1:Mt=7.70
2:Mt=7.80
3:Mt=7.60
4:Mt=6.78
5:Mt=7.63
6:Mt=8.04
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.02 p < .5402
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=±
1:Mt=7.40
2:Mt=7.46
3:Mt=7.08
4:Mt=6.78
5:Mt=7.86
6:Mt=7.69
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.02 p < .4687
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
1:Mt=7.03
2:Mt=6.96
3:Mt=6.88
4:Mt=6.50
5:Mt=6.66
6:Mt=7.06
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 p < .6858


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelSpecial treatment right after birth
Page in Source 330,332
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Special treatment right after birth as reported in 
medical file
1: no special treatment
2: one of the following treatments:
   2a: incubator with oxygen 
   2b: incubator without oxygen
   2c: warm room
   2d: oxygen by funnel
   2e: oxygen into stomach trough tube
   2f: artificial respiration
   2g: respiration with positive pressure
   2h: stimulation
   2i: larynx suction
Observed distributionN all:4517, 1:73,5%, 2:26.3% 2b:11,1%, 2c:0,3%, 2d:9,2%, 2e:2,5%, 2f:0,2%, 2g:0,2%, 2h:1,6%, 2i:0,4%, 2j:0,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.73
2:  Mt=7.71
2a: Mt=7.60
2b: Mt=7.89
2c: Mt=7.80
2d: Mt=7.76
2e: Mt=8.25
2f: Mt=7.50
2g: Mt=7.98
2h: Mt=7.94
2i: Mt=7.30
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.39
2:  Mt=7.44
2a: Mt=7.36
2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=7.46
2d: Mt=7.61
2e: Mt=7.25
2f: Mt=7.25
2g: Mt=7.70
2h: Mt=7.50
2i: Mt=7.24
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.01
2:  Mt=7.00
2a: Mt=6.91
2b: Mt=7.11
2c: Mt=7.05
2d: Mt=7.20
2e: Mt=6.75
2f: Mt=6.25
2g: Mt=7.23
2h: Mt=7.35
2i: Mt=6.83


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's medication during pregnancy
Page in Source 178-200
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mother's medication during pregnancy as reported in 
medical file
1: no medication
2: one of the following conditions:
   2b: antihistimines
   2c: antiepileptic
   2d: barbiturates
   2e: psychopharmacological (not including 
   barbiturates) e.g.largactil or 
   meprobamate
   2f: analgesic
   2g: antibiotics
   2h: chemotherapy
   2i: hormones - antihormones
   2j: diuretics
   2k: other+ vaccination
Observed distributionN first month::1:4020, 2:324 , 2b:9, 2c:34, 2d:58, 2e:73, 2f:23, 2g:6, 2h:11, 2i:83, 2j:-, 2k:27 N second month: 1:3722, 2:491, 2b:38, 2c:34, 2d:67, 2e:100, 2f:26 2g:12, 2h:26, 2i:129, 2j:3, 2k:56 N third month: 1:3506, 2:920, 2b:357, 2c:34, 2d:79, 2e:132, 2f:34, 2g:12, 2h:33, 2i:147, 2j:4, 23k:88 N second trimester: 1:3262, 2:1298, 2b:282, 2c:36, 2d:143, 2e:178, 2f:74, 2g:46 2h:148, 2i:147, 2j:42, 2k:202 N third trimester: 1:3268, 2:1266, 2b:42, 2c:41, 2d:216, 2e:205, 2f:81, 2g:38, 2h:159, 2i:81, 2j:231, 2k:172 N last month: 1:3010, 2:1734 , 2b:102, 2c:43, 2d:372, 2e:225, 2f:72, 2g:23 2h:108, 2i:63, 2j:574, 2k:152
Remarks
DMt = 1 vs 2
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
month(m):              trimester(t):
    m1     m2     m3     t2     t3   last month 
    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt= 
 1: 7.74   7.71   7.73   7.74   7.76   7.74
 2: 7.45   7.70   7.68   7.71   7.59   7.66 
2b: 7.50   7.96   7.80   7.80   7.68   7.45
2c: 7.94   7.94   7.94   7.99   7.99   7.96
2d: 7.63   7.76   7.81   7.90   7.73   7.78
2e: 7.40   7.45   7.36   7.58   7.30   7.33
2f: 6.20   6.54   6.55   7.50   7.38   7.43
2g: 7.09   8.98   7.50   7.45   8.23   7.83
2h: 7.50   8.08   7.65   7.55   7.40   7.31
2i: 7.56   7.65   7.75   7.79   7.53   7.54
2j: -      8.34   8.13   7.68   7.75   7.79
2k: 7.41   7.90   7.73   7.75   7.66   7.81
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
month(m):              trimester(t):
    m1     m2     m3     t2     t3   last month 
    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt= 
 1: 7.41   7.40   7.40   7.39   7.44   7.43
 2: 7.29   7.36   7.40   7.33   7.31   7.36
2b: 7.50   7.56   7.49   7.55   7.74   7.35
2c: 7.94   7.94   7.94   7.91   7.93   7.85
2d: 7.46   7.43   7.60   7.55   7.44   7.59
2e: 7.09   7.18   7.14   7.36   7.03   7.05
2f: 5.88   6.36   6.40   7.30   6.85   7.05
2g: 7.41   8.13   6.88   7.18   8.09   7.39
2h: 6.81   7.40   7.50   7.21   7.05   6.88
2i: 7.50   7.39   7.44   7.54   7.31   7.46
2j: -      6.66   7.50   7.63   7.54   7.41
2k: 7.04   7.33   7.36   7.41   7.24   7.36
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=±
month(m):              trimester(t):
    m1     m2     m3     t2     t3   last month 
    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt=    Mt= 
 1: 7.03   7.00   7.01   7.00   7.03   7.03
 2: 6.74   6.98   7.01   7.10   6.96   6.95
2b: 6.39   7.30   7.11   7.30   7.14   7.01
2c: 7.50   7.55   7.50   7.50   7.50   7.39
2d: 6.85   6.90   6.99   7.16   6.99   7.03
2e: 6.71   6.80   6.78   7.04   6.73   6.68
2f: 6.65   5.86   6.18   6.83   6.61   6.79
2g: 6.25   7.29   6.66   6.63   7.30   7.18
2h: 6.36   6.73   7.13   6.84   6.89   6.39
2i: 6.90   7.23   7.11   7.23   6.91   6.95
2j: -      5.84   6.25   7.38   7.24   7.11
2k: 6.39   6.88   6.96   7.00   6.84   6.88


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMothers medication during pregnancy
Page in Source 202,204
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mothers medication during pregnancy as reported in 
medical file
1:  none 
2:  one of the following medicines:
    2b: antihistmines
    2c: antiepileptic
    2d: barbiturates
    2e: psychopharmacological (not including 
barbiturates) e.g.largactil or meprobamate
    2f: analgesic
    2g: antibiotics
    2h: chemotherapy
    2i: hormones-antihormones
    2j: diuretics
    2k: other+vaccinations
Observed distributionN: :1:2105, 2:3395 , 2b:518, 2c:43, 2d:451, 2e:392, 2f:157, 2g:120, 2h:361, 2i:250, 2j:620, 2k:483
Remarks
correlation(rs) and DMt are 1 vs 2
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.75  
2:  Mt=7.73
2b: Mt=7.80
2c: Mt=7.96
2d: Mt=7.83
2e: Mt=7.51
2f: Mt=7.64
2g: Mt=7.84
2h: Mt=7.49
2i: Mt=7.81
2j: Mt=7.81
2k: Mt=7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-.01 p < .561
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=0
1:  Mt=7.43  
2:  Mt=7.43
2b: Mt=7.53
2c: Mt=7.85
2d: Mt=7.63
2e: Mt=7.26
2f: Mt=7.25
2g: Mt=7.50
2h: Mt=7.13
2i: Mt=7.58
2j: Mt=7.46
2k: Mt=7.35
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=+.00 p < .961
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=6.89  
2:  Mt=7.05
2b: Mt=7.16
2c: Mt=7.39
2d: Mt=7.00
2e: Mt=6.89
2f: Mt=6.94
2g: Mt=7.00
2h: Mt=6.85
2i: Mt=7.26
2j: Mt=7.15
2k: Mt=6.95
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=+.01 p < .489


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's barbiturate use during pregnancy
Page in Source 206
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mother's barbiturate use during pregnancy as reported 
in medical file
1: never used barbiturates
2: used barbiturates:
   2a: in 1st month
   2b: in 2nd month
   2c: in 3rd month
   2d: in 2nd trimester
   2e: in third trimester
   2f: in last month
Observed distributionN: all:3040, 1:69,2%, 2 all:935, 2a:1,9%, 2b:2,2%, 2c:2,6%, 2d:4,7%, 2e:7,1%, 2f:12,2%
Remarks
DMt = 1 vs 2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.75
2:  Mt=7.78
2a: Mt=7.63
2b: Mt=7.76
2c: Mt=7.81
2d: Mt=7.90
2e: Mt=7.73
2f: Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.43
2:  Mt=7.54
2a: Mt=7.46
2b: Mt=7.46
2c: Mt=7.60
2d: Mt=7.55
2e: Mt=7.44
2f: Mt=7.59
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=0
1:  Mt=7.01
2:  Mt=7.01
2a: Mt=6.85
2b: Mt=6.90
2c: Mt=6.99
2d: Mt=7.16
2e: Mt=6.99
2f: Mt=7.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's use of barbiturates during pregnancy: periods
Page in Source 208
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mother's use of barbiturates during pregnancy: periods 
as reported in medical file
1: never used
2: ever used:
   2a: 1 period
   2b: 2 periods
   2c: 3 periods
   2d: 4 periods
   2e: 5 periods
   2f: 6 periods
Observed distributionN: all:2556, 1:82%, 2a:9%, 2b:4%, 2c:2%, 2d:0,4%, 2e:0,3%, 2f:2%
Remarks
correlation(rs) and DMt is 1 vs 2
The book didn't average the different sub 2's and so 
came to different correlations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.75
2:  Mt=7.82
2a: Mt=7.93
2b: Mt=7.64
2c: Mt=7.75
2d: Mt=7.75
2e: Mt=8.58
2f: Mt=7.66
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=+.37 p < .000
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:  Mt=7.43
2:  Mt=7.26
2a: Mt=7.73
2b: Mt=7.63
2c: Mt=7.31
2d: Mt=7.38
2f: Mt=7.86
2g: Mt=7.40
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=+.02 p < .265
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=+
1:  Mt=7.01
2:  Mt=7.21
2a: Mt=7.10
2b: Mt=7.15
2c: Mt=7.00
2d: Mt=7.25
2e: Mt=7.50
2f: Mt=6.78
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-.01 p < .543


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's exposure to radiation before pregnancy
Page in Source 210,212
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mother's exposure to radiation before pregnancy as 
reported in medical file
1: no exposure to radiation
2: one of the following conditions:
   2b: employed using X rays or isotopes
   2c: examined or treated with isotopes
   2d: radiation treatment of genitalia
   2ea: X ray of abdomen or pelvis 1 time
   2fa: X ray of abdomen or pelvis 2 times
   2ga: X ray of abdomen or pelvis 3 times
   2ha: X ray of abdomen or pelvis 3 times or more 
times
   2ib: X ray of urinary tract 1 time
   2jb: X ray of urinary tract 2 times
   2kb: X ray of urinary tract 3 or more times
Observed distributionN: 1:3176, 2:1131, 2b:47, 2c:1, 2d:4, 2ea:587, 2fa:156, 2ga:53, 2ha:103, 2ib:124, 2jb:23, 2kb:33
Remarks
rs and DMt is 1 vs 2
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
1:   Mt=7.76   
2:   Mt=7.69
2b:  Mt=8.04
2c:  Mt=7.50
2d:  Mt=5.63
2ea: Mt=7.66
2fa: Mt=7.78
2ga: Mt=7.60
2ha: Mt=7.55
2ib: Mt=7.66
2jb: Mt=8.15
2kb: Mt=7.73
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ars=-.02 p < .169
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
1:   Mt=7.43   
2:   Mt=7.39
2b:  Mt=7.55
2c:  Mt=7.50
2d:  Mt=6.25
2ea: Mt=7.36
2fa: Mt=7.50
2ga: Mt=7.21
2ha: Mt=7.29
2ib: Mt=7.44
2jb: Mt=7.39
2kb: Mt=7.73
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-ers=-.01 p < .357
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
1:   Mt=7.05   
2:   Mt=6.95
2b:  Mt=7.13
2c:  Mt=5.00
2d:  Mt=7.50
2ea: Mt=6.90
2fa: Mt=6.91
2ga: Mt=6.79
2ha: Mt=6.96
2ib: Mt=7.09
2jb: Mt=6.96
2kb: Mt=7.43
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hars=-.02 p < .137


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyVentegodt (1997): study DK 1993
TitleLivskvalitet og Omstaedigheder Tidligt I Livet. (The Quality of Life and Factors in Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1997, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, born at the university hospital, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =4626

Correlate
Author's labelMother's exposure to radiation during 1st trimester of pregnancy
Page in Source 214,216
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Mother's exposure to radiation during 1st trimester of 
pregnancy as reported in medical file
1:  no exposure
2:  one of the following
    2b: employed using X rays or isotopes
    2c: repeated survey or detailed examination
    2d: urinary system(urograph, pyelograph)
    2e: pelvis, hip joint
    2f: routine TB examination
    2g: thorax/other X ray examination
    2h: radiation treatment
Observed distributionN first trimester: 1:3972, 2:327, 2b:25, 2c:16, 2d:4, 2e:3, 2f:160, 2g:108, 2h:11
Remarks
DMt is 1 vs 2
only absolute frequencies are given

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
during pregnancy   in first trimester
1:  Mt=7.74         1:  Mt=7.73
2:  Mt=7.54         2:  Mt=7.69
2b: Mt=8.00         2b: Mt=7.95
2c: Mt=8.44         2c: Mt=7.95
2d: Mt=8.13         2d: Mt=6.56
2e: Mt=7.50         2e: Mt=6.56
2f: Mt=7.68         2f: Mt=7.76
2g: Mt=7.18         2g: Mt=7.45
2h: Mt=6.36         2h: Mt=6.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
during pregnancy   in the first trimester
1:  Mt=7.43        1:  Mt=7.41
2:  Mt=7.15        2:  Mt=7.34
2b: Mt=7.50        2b: Mt=7.50
2c: Mt=8.00        2c: Mt=7.65
2d: Mt=8.13        2d: Mt=7.19
2e: Mt=8.34        2e: Mt=7.00
2f: Mt=7.20        2f: Mt=7.34
2g: Mt=6.88        2g: Mt=7.14
2h: Mt=6.36        2h: Mt=6.79
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
during pregnancy   in the first trimester
1:  Mt=7.04        1:  Mt=7.04
2:  Mt=6.71        2:  Mt=6.93
2b: Mt=7.10        2b: Mt=6.96
2c: Mt=7.04        2c: Mt=7.08
2d: Mt=6.25        2d: Mt=5.94
2e: Mt=6.66        2e: Mt=6.50
2f: Mt=6.73        2f: Mt=6.90
2g: Mt=6.58        2g: Mt=6.85
2h: Mt=6.59        2h: Mt=6.61


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyWährborg (1999): study ZZ Western Europe 1988
TitleQuality of Life after Coronary Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery.
SourceEuropean Heart Journal, 1999, Vol. 20, 653 - 658
PublicRevascularization patients, Europe, followed 1 year 1988-1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =154

Correlate
Author's labelRevacculation
Page in Source 656
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Heart patients treated by:
a: conary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
b: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty 
(PTCA)

Patients were randomly assigned to to one treatment a 
or b
Remarks
T1: treatment, T2: Follow-up after one year

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-c-sq-v-2-aD%=
% happy at:     T1     T2    T1-T2 change
A-AOL-c-sq-v-2-aD%=+ p < .001
GABG patients  40%     79%    +39%
A-AOL-c-sq-v-2-aD%=+ p < .004
PTCA patients  42%     66%    +24%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudySpijkerboer et al. (2006): study NL 2006
TitleHealth-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents after Invasive Treatment for Congenital Hearth Disease.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2006, Vol. 5, 663 - 673
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-005-3692-z
PublicChildren treated for heart disease 8 years ago, Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response27%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelCongenital heart disease in children
Page in Source 668
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
1 Treated children: 
  Survivors of first invasive treatment for  congential 
heart disease <8 years ago
0 Controls:
  same aged children randomly sampled from general 
population
Observed distributionN = 1: 113 0: 2324

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-rdf-v-3-aDM=-
1 treated children   M= 0,9
0 controls           M= 2,7
Difference             -1,8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyGreaves-Otte et al. (1991): study NL 1990
TitleProblems at Social Re-Integration of Long-Term Cancer Survivors.
SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer, 1991, Vol. 27, 178 - 181
DOIdoi:10.1016/0277-5379(91)90482-S
PublicEx-cancer patients, the Netherlands, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response127
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelGender
Page in Source 181
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
0 women
1 men
Observed distributionN= 0: 467; 1: 182
Remarks
General population data taken from Statitics 
Netherlands (CBS 1987), N = Women:2008, Men: 1942

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aDM=-
              Ex-         General    Difference
              patients    population
Females       M= 1.1      M= 1.8     -0.7
Males         M= 1.4      M= 2.1     -0.7
- difference  - 0.3        -0.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyJames & Hughes (1982): study GB 1977
TitlePsychological Well-Being as an Outcome Variable in the Treatment of Infertility by Clomiphine.
SourceBritish Journal of Medical Psychology, 1982, Vol. 55, 357 -377
PublicFemale fertility patients, Great Britain, 1977-80
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelsuccess of fertility treatment
Page in Source 376
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
Successfull fertility treatment
1: positive: got pregnant
0: negative: did not get pregnant
Observed distributionN= a: 18, b:9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-?-7-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:    M = 5.7
treatment unsuccessfull: M = 4.0
- difference                +1.7
Set Image size:   

A-BK-cy-mq-v-5-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:   M = 2,11 SD = 0,52
treatment unsuccesfull: M = 1,43 SD = 1,73
- difference               +0,68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyBaker et al. (1994): study US 1992
TitleQuality of Life of Bone Marrow Transplant Long-Term Survivors.
SourceBone Marrow Transplantation, 1994, Vol. 13, 589 - 596
URLhttp://www.nature.com/bmt/index.html
PublicBone marrow transplant survivors 5 years after transplant, United States, 1992
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response22
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelBone marrow transplantation
Page in Source 592
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
1 had a bone marrow transplant 5 years ago
0 control group: general public
Remarks
BMT of nov. 1987, survey 5 years later.
Ages at transplant 9-50 years, age at follow-up 18-53 
years.
As all patients were more than 18 years old at 
follow-up, patients who were 9 years old at BMT can not 
be 18 years old at follow-up in 1992 (or in 1994).
Patients are said not to be in life threatening relaps, 
allthough 6 patients are in relaps during the survey, 
wich surely is considered to be life threatening even 
if some treatment for the relapse is performed.
Surviving 6 month after a bone marrow transplantation  
cannnot considered to be real long term survival yet..

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
1 had a bone marrow transplant  M = 21
0 control group: general public M = 36
- difference                       -15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyEvans et al. (1985a): study US 1980
TitleThe Quality of Life of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.
SourceThe New England Journal of Medicine, 1985, Vol. 312, 553 - 559
PublicPatients with end-stage renal disease, 11 dialysis and transplantation centers, USA., 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =859

Correlate
Author's labelpreviously failed transplantaion
Page in Source 556
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
a. Home hemo-dialysis
b. In-center dialysis
c. CAPD
Observed distributiona= 18,1 %, b= 12,7%, c= 13,6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a
12,5% of all patients treated had a previously 
failed transplant


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa01

StudyChiriboga (1982a): study US 1969
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier number of doctor visits
Page in Source 23
Our classificationEarlier medical treatment, code M06aa01
Operationalization
The number of visits to doctors reported for the year 
prior to the interview 11 years ago at T1 (1969)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbr=
T1 doctor visits by T5 happiness (11 year 
interval)
Males:   r= -.12 (ns)        
Females: r= -.12 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa02

StudyEvans & Huxley (2005): study GB 1999
TitleAdaptation, Response-shift and Quality of Life Ratings in Mentally Well and Unwell Groups.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1719 - 1732
DOIDOI:10.1007/s 1136-005-1742-I
Public18-65 aged, differing in mental health, followed 2 years, UK, 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-ResponseNon-response at T1: 83% Drop-out at T2: 50%)
Respondents N =1912

Correlate
Author's labelChange in mental health consultations
Page in Source 1730
Our classificationChange in medical treatment, code M06aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in reponse to question: Seen a doctor for 
your nerves in the last year?
0 no
1 yes
Observed distribution0: 89,1%, 1: 10,9%
Remarks
T1-T2 2 years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.72 p < .001
T1-T2 INCREASE in mental health consultations ny 
T2 happiness
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=+.32 p < .05
T1-T2 DECREASE in  mental health consultations by 
T2 happiness

B's controled for:
- T1 happiness
- T1 mental health status (good, moderate, poor)
- T1 objective conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in medical treatment
Subject code: M06aa02

StudyEvans & Huxley (2005): study GB 1999
TitleAdaptation, Response-shift and Quality of Life Ratings in Mentally Well and Unwell Groups.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1719 - 1732
DOIDOI:10.1007/s 1136-005-1742-I
Public18-65 aged, differing in mental health, followed 2 years, UK, 1999-2001
SampleMixed samples
Non-ResponseNon-response at T1: 83% Drop-out at T2: 50%)
Respondents N =1912

Correlate
Author's labelChange in health consultations
Page in Source 1729
Our classificationChange in medical treatment, code M06aa02
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in response to question: Seen a doctor for 
physical illness in the last year?
0 no
1 yas
Observed distributionO; 37,4% 1: 62,6%
Remarks
Assessed at T1 and T2 (2 years interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.10
T1-T2 INCREASE in health consultations by T2 
happiness
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=+.17 p < .10
T1-T2 DECREASE in health consultations by T2 
happiness

B's controled for:
- T1 happiness
- T1 mental health status (good, moderate, poor)
- T1 objective conditions
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.72 p < .0001
Changes in mental health
T1-T2 INCREASE inmental health by T2 happiness
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ab=-.32 p < .05
Changes in mental health
T1-T2 DECREASE in income by T2 happiness

B's controled for:
- T1 happiness
- T1 mental health status (good, moderate, poor)
- T1 objective conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current treatment
Subject code: M06aa03

StudyKorfage et al. (2006): study NL 2003
TitleProstate Cancer Diagnosis: The Impact on Patients' Mental Health.
SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer, 2006, Vol. 42, 165 - 170
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2005.10.011
PublicProstate cancer patients, followed 8 month , The Netherlands, 2003-2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response36,6%
Respondents N =52

Correlate
Author's labelThe mental impact on men receiving a diagnosis of prostate cancer
Page in Source 1
Our classificationHistory of current treatment, code M06aa03
Operationalization
T1: 1 month before diagnosis
T2: 1 month after diagnosis
T3: 7 month after diagnosis

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDMs=- ns
T1: M = 5.12 CI95(4,91-5.31)
T2: M = 4.73 CI95(4.44-5.02)
T3: M = 4.80 CI95(4.91-5.32)


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current treatment
Subject code: M06aa03

StudyMiddleton & Byrd (1996): study US 1995
TitlePsychosocial Factors and Hospital Readmission Status of Older Persons with Cardiovascular Disease.
SourceJournal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 1996, Vol. 27, 3 - 10
PublicHeart patients, USA, followed 90 days, 1995
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response9,3%
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelUnpanned readmission
Page in Source 7
Our classificationHistory of current treatment, code M06aa03
Operationalization
Unplanned readmission within 90 days after admission in 
hospital for cardio-vascular disease
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=-
                   Mean      SD
Readmitted         1,41      2,55 
Not readmitted     2,52      2,21
- difference     - 1,11      0,34
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=2.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHealth
Page in Source 78+186
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
Do you have a medical or psychological condition that 
makes you visit the dostor on a regular basis?
0: No
1: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
Mean income:
0 Mt = 7,89; SD = 1,58
1 Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,74
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
<$15000
0 Mt = 7,82; SD = 2,05; N = 121
1 Mt = 7,32; SD = 2,05; N = 136
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
$15000-$30000
0 Mt = 7,56; SD = 2,00; N = 223
1 Mt = 7,70; SD = 1,89; N = 137
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
$31000-$60000
0 Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,60; N = 394
1 Mt = 7,50; SD = 1,78; N = 121
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
$61000-$90000
0 Mt = 7,87; SD = 1,48; N = 217
1 Mt = 7,43; SD = 1,79; N =  65
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
$91000-$120000
0 Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,30; N = 104
1 Mt = 8,08; SD = 1,41; N =  25
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
$121000-$150000
0 Mt = 8,03; SD = 1,37; N =  38
1 Mt = 7,20; SD = 2,30; N =  10
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+
>$150000
0 Mt = 8,22; SD = 1,20; N =   7
1 Mt = 8,29; SD = 0,95; N =   7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyCummins et al. (2004a): study AU 2004
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 10, Report 10.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. Health and Body Weight.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response89%
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelHealth
Page in Source 78+187
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
Do you have a medical or psychological condition that 
makes you visit the dokter regular basis?
0: No
1: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=-
Mean age:
0 Mt = 7,93; SD = 1,56
1 Mt = 7,45; SD = 1,82
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .071
 18-25 years
 0 Mt = 7,56; SD = 1,55; N = 171
 1 Mt = 6,75; SD = 1,95; N =  16
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt= p < .000
26-35 years
0 Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,45; N = 238
1 Mt = 7,81; SD = 1,59; N =  16
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .080
 36-45 years
 0 Mt = 7,65; SD = 1,61; N = 301
 1 Mt = 6,85; SD = 2,19; N =  65
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .054
 46-55 years
0 Mt = 7,68; SD = 1,61; N = 244
1 Mt = 7,14; SD - 1,94; N = 125
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .056
 56-65 years
0 Mt = 7,94; SD = 1,85; N = 219
1 Mt = 7,48; SD = 1,77; N = 145
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .001
 66-75 years
0 Mt = 8,24; SD = 1,62; N = 100
1 Mt = 8,23; SD = 1,45; N = 119
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=- p < .082
76+years
0 Mt = 8,60; SD = 1,20; N =  74
1 Mt = 7,88; SD = 1,85; N =  82


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmedical treatment
Page in Source 210
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"Are you receiving medical or alternative treatment at 
present ?"
a: no treatment
b: only medical treatment
c: only alternative treatment
d: both medical and alternative treatment
Observed distributionN: a:1045, b:265, c:32, d:45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
 a: Mt=8.09
 b: Mt=7.05
 c: Mt=6.73
 d: Mt=5.84
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
 a: Mt=7.64
 b: Mt=7.03
 c: Mt=6.33
 d: Mt=6.25
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
 a: Mt=7.08
 b: Mt=6.61
 c: Mt=6.18
 d: Mt=6.00
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelmedical treatment
Page in Source 220
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Single question:
"Are you receiving medical or alternative treatment at 
present ?"
1: no treatment
2: one of the following:
2a: only medical treatment
2b: only alternative treatment
2c: both medical and alternative treatment
Observed distributionN: All:1: 4496; 2a:19,0; 2b:3,8; 2c:3,4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMa=-
1:  Mt=7.95
2:  Mt=7.18
2a: Mt=7.20
2b: Mt=7.49
2c: Mt=6.64
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMa=-
1:  Mt=7.56
2:  Mt=7.01
2a: Mt=7.08
2b: Mt=7.13
2c: Mt=6.56
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
1:  Mt=7.13
2:  Mt=6.99
2a: Mt=6.80
2b: Mt=6.71
2c: Mt=6.31


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyJelicic & Kempen (1999): study NL Goningen 1992
TitleShort Report: Chronic Medical Conditions and Life Satisfaction in the Elderly.
SourcePsychology and Health, 1999, Vol. 14, 65 - 70
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08870449908407314
Public57+ aged, North Netherlands, 1992
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response44,5%
Respondents N =8723

Correlate
Author's labelChronic medical conditions
Page in Source 68
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Participants were asked if they had been under 
treatment in the past 12 month by a family physician or 
a medical specialist for the following chronic 
conditions : 
- asthma, chronic bronchitis
- pulmonary emphysema
- heart condition
- hypertension
- (consequenses of) stroke
- leg ulcer,stomach ulcer
- liveer disorder
- thyroid gland disorder
- back problems for at least three month or sliped disk
- joint conditions or arthritis
- migraine/chronic headache
- serious dermatologic disorders as psoriasisor eczema
- cancer
- multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson's disease or epilepsie

Scoring:
0: none of these
1: one
2: two
3: three or more
Observed distributionN= 0: 1763, 1: 1666, 2: 921, 3: 684

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=- p < .001
0: M = 5.86  SD = 1.28
1: M = 5.71  SD = 1.33
2: M = 5.62  SD = 1.26
3: M = 5.39  SD = 1.28
Kruskal-Wallis Test (corrected for ties): 
Chi-square=108.6019
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=-
No condition compared to 8 most common conditions
- hypertension             ns
- heart condition          001
- arthritis                001
- back problems            001
- asthma/bronchitus        001
- diabetes                 ns
- dermatological disorder  001
- headache                 001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyDeRuiter et al. (1993): study NL 1990
TitleCancer Patients and their Network: the Meaning of the Social Network and Social Interactions for Quality of Life.
SourceSupportive Care in Cancer, 1993, Vol.1 152 - 155
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00366062
PublicCancer patients and ex-patients. The Netherlands,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =509

Correlate
Author's labelrecent treatment for cancer
Page in Source 154
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
1 Recenly treated for cancer
  a surgery
  b chemo
0 Ex cancer-patients

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aDM= ns
                            Mean  SD
1a Surgery patients         5,5   1,1
1b Chemotherapy patients    5,5   1,1
0  Ex patients              5,6   1,1
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aDM=- p < .05
                            Mean  SD
1a Surgery patients         5,3   1,2
1b Chemotherapy patients    5,2   1,2
0  Ex patients              5,6   1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelUnder treatment/therapy
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
Self-report on single question: Are you currently 
taking any kind of medication or under any kind of 
therapy?
0: No
1: Yes
Observed distribution0: 20% 1: 80%
Remarks
Ill people only (N=30)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bDM=- p < .05
0: M= 4,17 SD= 2,40
1: M= 6,33 SD= 2,04
Difference:   -2,16
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bd=.85
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cDM=- ns
0: M= 6,17 SD= 2,04
1: M= 6,88 SD= 1,96
Difference:    -,71
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cd=.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyLehman (1988): study US 1981
TitleA Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62
PublicChronic mental patients, USA,1981
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of Medical Care
Page in Source 57
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
self report of frequcy of medical care in the past year

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.14 p < .05
Los Angeles: mentally ill residents of 30 large 
board-and-care homes
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.00 ns
Rochester: chronically mentally ill inpatients at 
the Rochester(N.Y.) Psychiatric Center
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=-.30 p < .01
Rochester:chronically mentaly ill residents of 
various supervised community residences


Correlational finding on Happiness and Currently in treatment or not
Subject code: M06ab

StudyGoldberg et al. (1980): study US Maryland 1971
TitlePsychosocial Factors and Blood Pressure.
SourcePsychological Medicine, 1980, Vol. 10, 243 - 255
Public18+ aged, general public, county, Maryland, USA 1971-1974
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelTreatment for blood pressure
Page in Source 251
Our classificationCurrently in treatment or not, code M06ab
Operationalization
1: In treatment for high bloodpressure
0: Not in treatment
Observed distributionN = 1: 137, 0: 53
Remarks
Among the 77 persons who participated in both the 
mental health and CLUE programmes, 190 were classed an 
hypertensive: 53 were not taking treatment but had 
diastolic pressures of 96 mm Hg or higher,and 137 said 
they  were taking treatment for high blood pressure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=-
% Unhappy:
- in treatment      5,8%
- not in treatment  3,7%
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%a=-
- in treatment      6,0
- not in treament   3,1
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aD%=-
% low mood
- in treatment      15,3
- not in treatment   9,4
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aD%a=-
- in treatment      16,2
- not in treatment   7,1

D%a adjusted for
- age
- gender
- marital status
- education
- employment status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyHaisken-DeNew & Sinning (2010): study DE West Germany 2000
TitleSocial Deprivation of Immigrants in Germany.
SourceReview of Income and Wealth, 2010, Vol 56, 715 -733
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2010.00417.x
Public16+ aged, general public, West Germany, Germany, followed 5 years, 2000-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =33186

Correlate
Author's labelNo doctor visits last year
Page in Source 723, 725
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
1: visited a doctor in the last year
0: otherwise
Observed distribution1: 67.6%
Remarks
Order reversed by World Database of Happiness team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.16 p < .01
CHANGE in happiness by CHANGE in whether one 
visited a doctor

B controlled for:
- age and age squared
- children in household
- employment status
- education
- having a car and telephone
- relative income
- quality of house
- having a PC/stereo/dishwasher
- relative income
- hospital visits in last year
- temporary work disabilities in last year
- having a handicap
- marital status
- cultural participation
- religious participation
- active in sports


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyCuesta & Budria (2011): study DE 2000
TitleDeprivation and Subjective Well-being: Evidence from Panel Data.
SourceEA Working Papers, 2011, No.8, UA Madrid, Spain
Public18+ aged, heads of households, Germany, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =11000

Correlate
Author's labelDoctor visits (>12 per year)
Page in Source 37-40
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
1: > 12 per year
0: < 12 per year (reference)
Observed distribution1: M = 0,298 SD = 0,457

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05 p < .01
PROBIT ADAPTED OLS

B controlled for:
- social characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - financial situation
  - education
  - household size
  - marital status
  - employment status
  - nationality
  - accomodation
- personality traits
- absolute lack of
  - savings
  - facilities   (bath, toilet, etc)
  - durables     (car, telephone, etc)
  - health       (bad health, disabled.)

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.044 (01)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.04 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- absolute lack of
  - social life

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.041 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 ns
B additionally controlled for:
- relative lack of
  - facilities
  - durables
  - accomodation
  - health

Random effects. Fixed effects: B = -.004 (ns)

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- relative lack of
  - social life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyPerquin (2002): study NL 1976
TitleChronic Pain in Children and Adolescents: Observational Studies.
SourceUniversity Press TU Eindhoven, 2002, Netherlands
URLhttp://repub.eur.nl/res/pub/31977/021002_Perquin,%20Christiana%20Wilhelmina.pdf
Public12-18 aged, in chronic pain. Rotterdam, Netherlands, followed 2 years, 1996-99
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response8%
Respondents N =5336

Correlate
Author's labelconsulting of the docter for pain
Page in Source 77
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
1 Non-consulters   N= 66
2 Consulters       N= 65

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aDM=- ns
                  Mean   SD
Non-consulters    63.5   25.5
Consulters        60.9   23.0
Difference       - 2,6    2,5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of doctor's consults
Page in Source 28
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
Direct question on number of consults during the past 
three months: 0 / 1 / 2 / 3-4 / 5-10 / more than 10

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=-.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of doctor's consults.
Page in Source 31
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
Question on number of doctor's consults
during last year:
1: 0 
2: 1-3 
3: 4 or more.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cG=-.10 ns
When elaborated for age significant among those of 
age 50-65 only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelConsulted other doctor in past year
Page in Source 175
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
1- No
2- Yes
Observed distribution1: 28,6%, 2: 71,4%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=0 p < .52
% happy (all or most of the time)
1: 64,5
2: 62,4


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyChang & Nayga Jr. (2010): study TW 2001
TitleChildhood Obesity and Unhappiness: the Influence of Soft Drinks and Fast Food Consumption.
SourceJournal of Happines Studies, 2010, Vol. 11, 261 - 275
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-009-9139-4
PublicUnder 12 aged, children, Taiwan, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelDentist
Page in Source Table 2 & Table 3
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
Mothers answer to single question if the child has a 
routine visit with the dentist
1: yes
0: no
Observed distributionM = .56; SD = .50
Remarks
Order reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-ar=-.15 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyForti & Huyg (1983): study US Louisiana 1977
TitleA Documented Evaluation of Primary Prevention through Consultation.
SourceCommunity Mental Health Journal, 1983, Vol. 19, 290 - 304
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00755410
PublicCatholic nuns, re-organized cloister, followed 4 years, Louisiana, USA, 1977-1981
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 18%, T2: 14%, T3: 23%
Respondents N =137

Correlate
Author's labelConsultation: physical health
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization
Index of closed questions: 
(order reversed)
1. 'Have you seen a doctor past 2    months for 
physical health care?' 
   (1) yes, (2) no;
2. 'If so, how many times?', rated on a    6-point 
scale: (1) 1-2 times, 
   (6) >10 times.
3. 'Have you seen a doctor past year    for physical 
health care?'
   (1) yes, (2) no;
4. 'If so, how many times?', rated on a     6-point 
scale: (1) 1-2 times, 
   (6) >10 times.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=
        T1: 1977      T2: 1979      T3: 1981

1.      -.07 (ns)     .             .


2.      -.07 (ns)     .             .


3.      +.05 (ns)     +.10 (ns)     +.11 (ns)


4.      +.03 (ns)     -.05 (ns)     +.11 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Visits to doctor
Subject code: M06ab01

StudyBiersner et al. (1976): study US 1971
TitleMood Scales as Predictors of Discharge and Sick Call Visits during Basic Military Training.
SourceMilitary Medecine, 1976, Vol. 141, 859 - 861
PublicNavy recruits, USA, 1971
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1220

Correlate
Author's labelSick call visits
Page in Source 860
Our classificationVisits to doctor, code M06ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.07 ns
Sample A, happiness at first assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.12 p < .01
Sample A, happiness at second assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.13 p < .01
Sample B, happiness at first assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-ar=-.12 p < .01
Sample B, happiness at second assesment
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aBeta= ns
Beta's controled for
- activity
- anger
- depression
- fear
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-a
The total sample was split in subsamples A 
(validation) and B (crossvalidation) equaled for 
discharge rates and sick call.

First assessment at first day of training, second 
assessment 3 days later.


Correlational finding on Happiness and In hospital
Subject code: M06ab02

StudyHinton (1979): study GB 1978
TitleComparison of Places and Policies for Terminal Care.
SourceThe Lancet, 1979, 6 January, 29 - 32
PublicEnd stage cancer patients, UK,1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response2%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelPlace of terminal care
Page in Source 31
Our classificationIn hospital, code M06ab02
Operationalization
Inpatients:
a Acute hospital     
b Foundation home
c Hospice
            
Outpatients:
d Hospice
Observed distributionN = 20 in each category

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-cm-*-n-9-aAoV= p < .05
Depression Inpatients
a: Acute hospital     M = 1,0   ± 1.1
b: Foundation home    M = 1,2   ± 1,0
c: Hospice            M = 2,0   ± 0,9
d: Hospice            M = 1,3   ± 1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyMorris & Jones (1989): study AT 1984
TitleLife Satisfaction across Treatment Methods for Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure.
SourceThe Medical Journal of Australia, 1989, Vol. 150,428 - 432
PublicEndstage renal patients, U.K. 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response13%
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelTreatment for renal failure
Page in Source 430
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
Treatment:
a: Transplant recipients(Tx)
b: Home hemodialysis (HHD) 
c: Hospital center hemodialysis(CHD)
d: Patients at Renal Unit (CAPD)
Observed distributionN = a : 69, b: 24, c: 24, d: 21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aDM=
Renal Tranplant           M=7.9 CI95[6.8-9.0]
Haemodialysis at home     M=7.0 CI95[6.15-7.85]
Haemodialysis in hospital M=6.4 CI95[4.9-7.9]
Continuous ambulatory     M=7.3 CI95[6.3-8.3]
peritonieal dialysis


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmedical treatment
Page in Source 210
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
"Are you receiving medical or alternative treatment at 
present ?"
a: no treatment
b: only medical treatment
c: only alternative treatment
d: both medical and alternative treatment
Observed distributionN: a:1045, b:265, c:32, d:45

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
 a: Mt=8.09
 b: Mt=7.05
 c: Mt=6.73
 d: Mt=5.84
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
 a: Mt=7.64
 b: Mt=7.03
 c: Mt=6.33
 d: Mt=6.25
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
 a: Mt=7.08
 b: Mt=6.61
 c: Mt=6.18
 d: Mt=6.00
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelkind of medical treatment
Page in Source 236,238
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
"What treatment or medicine do you receive?"
a: alimentary tract and metabolism
b: blood and blood-forming organs
c: cardiovascular system
d: dermatologicals
e: genital-urinary system and sex hormones
f: systematic hormonal preparation(not sex hormones)
g: general antiinfectives for sustematic use
h: antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents
i: muscular-skeletal system
j: central nervous system(CNS)
k: antiparasitic products
l: respiratory system
m: sensory organs
n: misc.
Observed distributionN: All: 863; %: a:11,9; b:1,7; c:4,9; d:13,6; e:3,2; f:3,7; g: 9,5; h:0,9; i:6,7; j:21,4; l:20,0; m:1,3; n:1,0
Remarks
only patients

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-a
a: Mt=6.75
b: Mt=8.00
c: Mt=7.33
d: Mt=7.38
e: Mt=7.86
f: Mt=7.11
g: Mt=7.10
h: Mt=5.94
i: Mt=6.94
j: Mt=5.80
k: Mt=
l: Mt=7.44
m: Mt=7.73
n: Mt=6.11
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-e
a: Mt=6.73
b: Mt=7.66
c: Mt=7.63
d: Mt=7.10
e: Mt=7.86
f: Mt=7.04
g: Mt=6.89
h: Mt=7.81
i: Mt=7.38
j: Mt=5.85
k: Mt=
l: Mt=7.10
m: Mt=7.28
n: Mt=6.66
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ha
a: Mt=6.58
b: Mt=7.66
c: Mt=7.26
d: Mt=6.90
e: Mt=7.33
f: Mt=6.41
g: Mt=6.71
h: Mt=7.19
i: Mt=6.68
j: Mt=5.81
k: Mt=
l: Mt=6.79
m: Mt=6.59
n: Mt=5.55


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelmedical treatment
Page in Source 226,228
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
Single question:
" What treatment or medicine do you receive?"
a: alimentary tract and metabolism
b: blood and blood-forming organs
c: cardiovascular system
d: dermatologicals
e: genital-urinary system and sex hormones
f: systematic hormonal preparation(not sex 
   hormones)
g: general antiinfectives for systematic use
h: antineoplastic and immunomodulating 
   agents
i: muscular-skeletal system
j: CNS
k: antiparasitic products
l: respiratory system
m: sensory organs
n: misc.
Observed distributionN: a:52, b:18, c:64, d:29, e:15, f:17, g:15, h: ,i:24, j:57, k:4, l:50, m:2, n:3
Remarks
In some of the groups are too few respondents.
A given respondent may suffer from more than one 
disease.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=
a: alimentary tract and 
   metabolism                                
Mt=6.64
b: blood and blood-forming organs            
Mt=6.53
c: cardiovascular system                     
Mt=7.43
d: dermatologicals                           
Mt=7.68
e: genital-urinary system and sex hormones   
Mt=7.50
f: systematic hormonal preparation(not sex   
Mt=6.33
   hormones)
g: general antiinfectives for systematic use 
Mt=6.63
h: antineoplastic and immunomodulating       Mt=
   agents
i: muscular-skeletal system                  
Mt=6.56
j: CNS                                       
Mt=6.23
k: antiparasitic products                    
Mt=6.25
l: respiratory system                        
Mt=6.95
m: sensory organs                            
Mt=2.50
n: misc.                                     
Mt=6.66
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=
a: alimentary tract and metabolism           
Mt=7.35
b: blood and blood-forming organs            
Mt=7.09
c: cardiovascular system                     
Mt=7.50
d: dermatologicals                           
Mt=7.41
e: genital-urinary system and sex hormones   
Mt=7.66
f: systematic hormonal preparation(not sex   
Mt=6.76
   hormones)
g: general antiinfectives for systematic use 
Mt=6.50
h: antineoplastic and immunomodulating       Mt=
   agents
i: muscular-skeletal system                  
Mt=6.46
j: CNS                                       
Mt=6.04
k: antiparasitic products                    
Mt=5.00
l: respiratory system                        
Mt=6.93
m: sensory organs                            
Mt=3.75
n: misc.                                     
Mt=6.66
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=
a: alimentary tract and metabolism           
Mt=6.51
b: blood and blood-forming organs            
Mt=6.80
c: cardiovascular system                     
Mt=6.98
d: dermatologicals                           
Mt=6.90
e: genital-urinary system and sex hormones   
Mt=6.84
f: systematic hormonal preparation(not sex   
Mt=6.39
   hormones)
g: general antiinfectives for systematic use 
Mt=6.00
h: antineoplastic and immunomodulating       Mt=
   agents
i: muscular-skeletal system                  
Mt=6.04
j: CNS                                       
Mt=5.80
k: antiparasitic products                    
Mt=5.63
l: respiratory system                        
Mt=6.60
m: sensory organs                            
Mt=3.75
n: misc.                                     
Mt=6.66


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyDeRuiter et al. (1993): study NL 1990
TitleCancer Patients and their Network: the Meaning of the Social Network and Social Interactions for Quality of Life.
SourceSupportive Care in Cancer, 1993, Vol.1 152 - 155
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00366062
PublicCancer patients and ex-patients. The Netherlands,199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =509

Correlate
Author's labelrecent treatment for cancer
Page in Source 154
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
1 Recenly treated for cancer
  a surgery
  b chemo
0 Ex cancer-patients

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aDM= ns
                            Mean  SD
1a Surgery patients         5,5   1,1
1b Chemotherapy patients    5,5   1,1
0  Ex patients              5,6   1,1
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aDM=- p < .05
                            Mean  SD
1a Surgery patients         5,3   1,2
1b Chemotherapy patients    5,2   1,2
0  Ex patients              5,6   1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyWändell et al. (1997): study SE 1995
TitleQuality of Life among Patients with Glaucoma in Sweden.
SourceActa Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 1997, Vol. 75, 584 - 588
PublicGlaucoma patients,Sweden, 1995
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =180

Correlate
Author's labelTreatment for glaucoma
Page in Source 586
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
a: no treatment
b: B-blokker +/- miotics
c: All other drugs and combinations
Observed distributionN a=16; b=118; c=46.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-aDM=+/-
a: no treatment          M= -4,2
b: B-blokker +/- miotics M= +2,4
c: All other drugs       M= -10,7

Affect Balance computed by WDH team, subtracting 
negative Afect Score from Positive Affect Score


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyHall et al. (1999): study US 1996
TitleFollow-Up Study of Individuals With High Tetraplegia (C1-C4) 14 to 24 Years Postinjury.
SourceArchives of Physical and Medical Rehabilitation, 1999, Vol. 80, 1507 - 1513
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10569448
PublicTetraplegia patients 14-24 years after injury, United States, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelVentilator assistance
Page in Source 1511
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
People with tetraplegia may have a severely 
compromised, or lost ability to breathe without 
ventilator assistance. Ventilator-assisted ersons must 
have someone available to respond to possible crises 24 
hours a day.

1: Ventilator independent (VI)
2: Ventilator assisted (VA)
Observed distributionVI: N=66 VA: N=16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM=
VI         : M=4,00  SD=0,84    
VA         : M=3,63  SD=0,98
-difference   -1,63
O-V-u-sq-v-2-aD%=6%
VI glad to be alive: 94%  
VA glad to be alive: 88%
- difference         -6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyBach et al. (1991): study US 1989
TitleLife Satisfaction of Individuals with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Using Long-Term Mechanical Ventilatory Support.
SourceAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 1991, Vol. 70, 129 - 135
PublicDuchenne Muscular Dystrophy patients and controls, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =335

Correlate
Author's labelTracheostomic ventilation
Page in Source 132
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
0. Non-invasive method of ventilary support
1. Tracheostomy ventilation
Observed distribution0. N=39 1. N=33
Remarks
Patients only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDMt=-0.4 ns
0.:  Mt= 6,83; SDs = 2,87 
1.:  Mt= 6.43; SDs = 1.80


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyEvans et al. (1985a): study US 1980
TitleThe Quality of Life of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease.
SourceThe New England Journal of Medicine, 1985, Vol. 312, 553 - 559
PublicPatients with end-stage renal disease, 11 dialysis and transplantation centers, USA., 198?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =859

Correlate
Author's labeltreatment
Page in Source 557
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
a. Home hemo-dialysis
b. In-center dialysis
c. CAPD
d. Transplantation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=
a:   M= 5,19 SD= 1,56 Ma= 5,25
b:   M= 5,11 SD= 1,69 Ma= 4,99
c:   M= 5,30 SD= 1,68 Ma= 5,30
d:   M= 5,66 SD= 1,49 Ma= 5,90
All: M= 5,25 SD= 1,62
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aAoV=001
Ma adjusted for "casemix":
- age, sex, race, education
- duration of treatment
- comorbidity

Younger, white and more educated patients were 
more satisfied with life than others.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudySimmons et al. (1988): study US 1980
TitleQuality of Life after Kidney Transplantation.
SourceTransplantation, 1988, Vol. 45, 415 - 421
PublicRenal patients, 1-year post transplant, USA 1980-84
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response19%
Respondents N =113

Correlate
Author's labelTransplant drug regime
Page in Source 417
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
1: cyclosporine
0: conventional
Observed distributionConventinal N= 40 Cyclosporine N= 51

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-u-mq-v-5-aDM=+ p < .10
Conventional therapy M= 3.47
Cyclosporine therapy M= 4.18
Difference             +0.71
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+ p < .05
Conventional therapy M= 2.07
Cyclosporine therapy M= 2.39
Difference             -0.22
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=+ p < .05
Conventional therapy M= 5.32
Cyclosporine therapy M= 5.88
Difference             -0.56


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyYeo et al. (1987): study US 1979
TitleEffects of Geriatric Clinic on Functional Health and Well-Being of Elders.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1987, Vol. 42, 252 - 258
Public65+ aged, patients, ambulatory medical center, followed 18 mth, California, USA, 198?
Sample
Non-ResponseRefusal 15.91%, unable 6.17%, to 1st question. 11.36%, to 2nd question. 21.43%
Respondents N =139

Correlate
Author's labelGeriatric treatment
Page in Source 256
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
Treatment in a
0. general medical clinic
1. geriatric clinic

The treatment in the geriatric  clinic differed in the 
following respects from the treatment in the general 
clinic: 
- staff specialized in geriatric
  problems
- social work assesment part of the    
  routine
- extra services for elderly

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=+ ns
Common medical treatment in general clinic: 
T1: M = 7.48  (Mt= 8.74)
T2: M = 6.84  (Mt= 8.42) 

Special treatment for elderly in geriatric clinic:
T1: M = 7.11  (Ms'= 8.56)
T2: M = 7.32  (Ms'= 8.66)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Kind of current treatment
Subject code: M06ac

StudyGoldberg et al. (1980): study US Maryland 1971
TitlePsychosocial Factors and Blood Pressure.
SourcePsychological Medicine, 1980, Vol. 10, 243 - 255
Public18+ aged, general public, county, Maryland, USA 1971-1974
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelUse of medication with depressive side effects
Page in Source 251
Our classificationKind of current treatment, code M06ac
Operationalization
1: users drug with depression side effect
0: any other drug or no drug
Observed distributionN=1: 35,0:29
Remarks
Only subjects in treatment for high bloodpressure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=-
% happy (<2)
1           85,7
0           93,1
difference  -7,4
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aD%=-
% happy (<5)
1          91,4
0          93,1
difference -1,7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyMellor et al. (2003): study AU 2003
TitleThe Management of Subjective Quality of Life by Short-stay Hospital Patients: An Exploratory Study.
SourceHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2003, Vol. 1, 1 - 17
DOIDOI:10.1186/1477-7525-1-39
PublicShort-stay in-ward surgery patients, shortly before and after treatment, Australia 2003
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =148

Correlate
Author's labelChange in happiness before and after surgery
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Happiness assessed at
T1: 10 days prior to admission
T2: 2 days after surgery
T3: 1 week after discharge
Observed distributionT1 10 days prior to admission M=2.31 T2 2 days after surgery M=0.82 T3 1 week after discharge M=2.40
Remarks
Affect Balance computed by us, substracting NA from PA

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BH-g-mq-v-5-aDM=+
T1 10 days prior to admission M=2.31
T2 2 days after surgery       M=0.82
T3 1 week after discharge     M=2.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyArnold et al. (2006): study NL 2001
TitleChanges in Personal Control as a Predictor of Quality of Life after Pulmonary Rehabilitation.
SourcePatient Educational and Counseling, 2006, Vol. 61, 99 - 108
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.pec.2005.02.015
PublicCOPD patients, before and after 20 week rehabilitation programme, Netherlands, 2001-2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response21
Respondents N =65

Correlate
Author's labelPulmonary rehabilitation program
Page in Source 104
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
1 Experimental group: High intensity duration program
0 Controls: Standard care in general hospital

The experimental pulmonary rehabilitation program 
involved:
a: pharmaco¬logical treatment (optimalisation of 
medication by a pulmonologist, mostly consisting of 
bronchodilator ther¬apy)
b: strength and endurance training, breathing 
retraining
c: dietary interventions.
d: psycho-social interventions aimed at 
psycho-education and self-management of the patients.

The programme differed from common programmes in  a 
longer duration and a higher intensity.
Observed distributionExperimental group N = 65, Control group: N =47

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+ p < .03
           experimental   control
T1         M=5,3 SD=1,4   M=6,1 SD=1,5
T2         M=5,9 SD=1,7
Difference  +0,6
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aES=.43
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-at.=2.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyWamsteker et al. (2003): study NL 2000
TitleBeleving van Obesitas: Gewichtsverlies en de Kwaliteit van Leven na een Dieetbehandeling met Maaltijdvervangers. (Obesitas: Loss of Weight and the Quality of Life after Diet with Food Replacements).
SourceNederlands Tijdschrift voor Diëtisten, 2003, Vol. 58, 59 - 63
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wamsteker_em_2003.pdf
PublicObese persons, treated with meal substitutes, The Netherlands, 2000
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =66

Correlate
Author's labelHappiness following diet
Page in Source 61
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Low Calory Diet (LCD) using meal suplements. 800-1000 
kilocalories a day.
Ss visited a dietist every week 
T1: week before diet
T2: week 9
Remarks
Ss lost on average 10% weight between T1 and T2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aDM=+ p < .007
          M          SD
T1:      75,9        18,2
T2       80,8        12,9
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=+
Been happy person      T1      T2
- all of the time      30.3     24,2
- most of the time     31,8     51,5
- some of the time     10,6     13,6
- a little of the time 25,8      9,1
- none of the time      1,5      1,5
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=
T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness
worse      no change     better
33%          6%           62%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyKorfage et al. (2005): study NL 1996
TitleFive-Year Follow-Up of Health Related Quality of Life after Primary Treatment of Localized Prostate Cancer.
SourceInternational Journal of Cancer, 2005, Vol. 116, 291 - 296
DOIDOI:10.1002/ijc.21043
PublicProstate cancer patient, The Netherlands, followed five years after treatment
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response101
Respondents N =314

Correlate
Author's labelPrimary treatment of localized prostate cancer
Page in Source 5
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Random treatment with:
a: radical prostectomy (surgery)
b: external radiotherapy
Observed distributionN = a: 127, b: 187

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aDM=-
                        surgery     radiology
                       M     SD      M     SD
T1: before treatment   2,25  1,36    2,35  1,32
T2: 6 month later      2,20  1,13    2,27  1,30
T3: 12 month later     2,17  1,20    2,35  1,34
T4: 4 to 5 years later 2,16  1,10    2,30  1,30
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aBMCT= ns
CHANGES in happiness insignificant in both groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyDeHaes et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleThe Distinction between Cognition and Affect.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1987, Vol. 19, 367 - 378
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00300368
PublicEarly breast cancer patient, followed 11 and 18 month after treatment, The Netherlands, 1981-1987
Sample
Non-Response17% (6 refusals and one death in the meantime)
Respondents N =34

Correlate
Author's labelTime since treatment
Page in Source 6/7
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Happiness assessed 11 months (T1) and 18 months (T2) 
after surgical treatment

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aDMt=+0.1 ns
T1:    Mt = 7.7
T2:    Mt = 7.8
-difference 0,1
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aDMt=+0.5 p < .025
T1:     Mt'= 6.7
T2:     Mt'= 7.2
- difference 0,5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySnekkevik et al. (2003): study SE 1993
TitleIs Sense of Coherence Stable after Multiple Trauma.
SourceClinical Rehabilitation, 2003, Vol. 17, 443 - 453
PublicRehabilitation patients, followed 2 years after trauma, Sweden 1993-1999
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =28

Correlate
Author's labelinjury sequale
Page in Source 106
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Happiness assessed at:
T1: Within one week after admission (median 35 days, 
range 6-80 days after injury)
T2:  Shortly before discharge ( median 161 days, range 
73-290 days after injure)
T3: at follow up (median 24 months, range 12-41 months 
after injure)
Observed distribution% satisfied (score 5 or 6) Before T1: 85%, T2: 58%, T3: 31%
Remarks
Report at T1 concerns retrospective happiness before 
injure

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-cD%=- p < .05
T1: 85% satisfied before injury (retrospect)
T2: 58% satisfied shortly before discharge
T3: 31% satisfied at follow-up
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-cBMCT=
T1 < T2 < T3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyHolloway & Carson (1998): study GB 1997
TitleIntensive Case Management for the Severely Mentally Ill. Controlled Trial.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychiatry, 1998, Vol. 172, 19 - 22
PublicSevere mental patients, London UK, followed 18 month, 1997-98
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelIntensive Case Management
Page in Source 21
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
1: Intensive Case Management (ICM)
0: control

ICM involved 5,6 client contact per month and support 
by a multi-disciplinary team with a case load of 8 
patients.

Control group received standard care. This group was 
matched for: gender, residence, ethnicity, martial 
status, diagnosis, age and years since onset of illness
Remarks
Happiness assessed at 
-T1: baseline
-T2: 9 month
-T3: 18 month

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aDM= ns
        intensive case         control
        management
        Mean  (SD)   N         Mean  (SD)   N
T1:     3.89   1.38  33        3.66   1.38  33
T2:     4.33   1.37  26        4.33   1.37  26
T3:     4,54   1.59  25        4.54   1.59  25

No difference between experimental and control
T1-T3. 
Change in experimental group not greater than in 
control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyHardy et al. (1999): study GB London 1997
TitleThe Use of the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist in Palliative Care.
SourceJournal of Pain and Symptom Managemenet, 1999, Vol. 18, 79 - 84
URLhttp://www.jpsmjournal.com/article/S0885-3924(99)00050-0/abstract
PublicCancer patients in a palliative care unit, followed 4 weeks, UK, 1997
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response48 and three weeks respecyively
Respondents N =98

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of weeks in palliative care unit
Page in Source 81
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
The Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL)
Remarks
The questionnaire was completed by patients in 
palliative care at:
T1= After 1 week
T2= After 2 weeks
T3= After 3 weeks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-cw-sq-ol-101-ars=+.03 ns
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyHinton (1979): study GB 1978
TitleComparison of Places and Policies for Terminal Care.
SourceThe Lancet, 1979, 6 January, 29 - 32
PublicEnd stage cancer patients, UK,1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response2%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelPlace of terminal care
Page in Source 31
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Inpatients:
a Acute hospital     
b Foundation home
c Hospice
            
Outpatients:
d Hospice
Observed distributionN = 20 in each category

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-cm-*-n-9-aAoV= p < .05
Depression Inpatients
a: Acute hospital     M = 1,0   ± 1.1
b: Foundation home    M = 1,2   ± 1,0
c: Hospice            M = 2,0   ± 0,9
d: Hospice            M = 1,3   ± 1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyJames & Hughes (1982): study GB 1977
TitlePsychological Well-Being as an Outcome Variable in the Treatment of Infertility by Clomiphine.
SourceBritish Journal of Medical Psychology, 1982, Vol. 55, 357 -377
PublicFemale fertility patients, Great Britain, 1977-80
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27

Correlate
Author's labelsuccess of fertility treatment
Page in Source 376
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Successfull fertility treatment
1: positive: got pregnant
0: negative: did not get pregnant
Observed distributionN= a: 18, b:9

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-cy-sq-?-7-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:    M = 5.7
treatment unsuccessfull: M = 4.0
- difference                +1.7
Set Image size:   

A-BK-cy-mq-v-5-aDM=+
treatment succesfull:   M = 2,11 SD = 0,52
treatment unsuccesfull: M = 1,43 SD = 1,73
- difference               +0,68


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyMiddleton & Byrd (1996): study US 1995
TitlePsychosocial Factors and Hospital Readmission Status of Older Persons with Cardiovascular Disease.
SourceJournal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 1996, Vol. 27, 3 - 10
PublicHeart patients, USA, followed 90 days, 1995
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response9,3%
Respondents N =130

Correlate
Author's labelHospital
Page in Source 7-8
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
-Hospital 1(East Alabama Medical Center)     
-Hospital 2 HCA (Parkway Medical Center)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aDM=
                 Mean       SD
Hospital 1       2,11       2,53
Hospital 2       1,52       2,36
Difference       1,41       0,17
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-at.=1.30 p < .195


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyEvans et al. (1990): study US 1986
TitleThe Quality of Life of Hemodialysis Recipients Treated with Recombinant Human Erythnopoietin.
SourceJournal American Medical Association, 1990, Vol. 263, 825 - 830
PublicPatients with end-stage renal disease , USA, followed 11 month, 1986
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =329

Correlate
Author's labeltherapy with rHuEPO (recombinant human erythropoietin)
Page in Source 829
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
T2= first follow-up after 4,4 months
T3= second follow-up after 10,3 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aDM=+
Happiness following treatment
T1: M= 5,63 SD= 1,77
T2: M= 5,92 SD= 1,61
T3: M= 6,02 SD= 1,59
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aAoV= p < .017
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=+
Happiness following treatment
T1: M= 11,24 SD= 3,13
T2: M= 11,81 SD= 2,66
T3: M= 11,87 SD= 2,70
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaAoV= p < .004


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudyKantor et al. (1978): study US 1976
TitleComparative Psychologic Effects of Estrogen Administration on Institutional and Noninstitutional Elderly Women.
SourceJournal of the American Geriatrics Society, 1978, Vol. 26, 9 - 16
PublicEldery women in oestrogen therapy, followed 1 year, USA,1976
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response18
Respondents N =21

Correlate
Author's labelEstrogen therapy
Page in Source 15
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Ss were given conjugated estregens (Premarin, 0,3 mg 
daily) in an interruped course of administration wich 
omitted estrogen for the five first days of each month
Remarks
Happiness assessed at:
T1:  3 month
T2:  6 month
T3:  9 month
T4:  12 month

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-c-sq-v-3-aDM=+ p < .044
    Institutional   Noninstitutional
T1  M = 0,8         M = 1,4
T2  M = 0,9         M = 1,3
T3  M = 1,1         M = 1,6
T4  M = 1,2         M = 1,4
O-HP-c-sq-v-3-aF=1.73 p < .172
Within subject CHANGE over time
- Only among institutionalized subjects
- No effect among non-instutionalized


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySimmons et al. (1977): study US 1972 /1
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
Public8-20 aged renal (ex-)patients and controls, USA, 1972-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =144

Correlate
Author's labelRenal transplantation_A
Page in Source 99
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
0 chronically ill children
1 transplanted children

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-ar=-.22 p < .05
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aG=+.10 ns
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-atc=+.10 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySimmons et al. (1977): study US 1970
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
PublicAdult renal patients, followed before and after transplant, USA, 1970-73
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelRenal transplantation_C
Page in Source 182
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
0 T1: pretransplant
1 T2: one year posttransplant

Happiness of renal patients assessed at:
T1: 5 days prior to the scheduled      
    transplant or after their names    
    were added to the waiting list 
T2: a year after the transplant

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=_
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.65 p < .01
Happiness at:           T1      T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.44 p < .01
    not too happy       25%      7%
    pretty happy        58%     36%
    very happy          18%     57%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySimmons et al. (1977): study US 1970
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
PublicAdult renal patients, followed before and after transplant, USA, 1970-73
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelRenal transplantation_A
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
0 controls (adult population USA)
1 recipients, 1 year posttransplant(T2)

0 controls (relatives of recipients
  who did not donate a kidney, 
  posttransplant)
1 recipients, 1 year posttransplant(T2)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.30 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.05 p < .01
% very happy:
- controls
  - population USA ± 33
  - relatives        26
- recipients         57
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.46 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.28 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySimmons et al. (1977): study US 1970
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
PublicAdult renal patients, followed before and after transplant, USA, 1970-73
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =178

Correlate
Author's labelRenal transplantation_B
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
0 T1: pretransplant
1 T2: one year posttransplant

Happiness of renal patients assessed 
at:
T1: 5 days prior to the scheduled
    transplant or after their names
    were added to the waiting list
T2: a year after the transplant

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.65 p < .01
Happiness at:           T1      T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=+.44 p < .01
    not too happy       25%      7%
    pretty happy        58%     36%
    very happy          18%     57%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Effect of treatment on happiness
Subject code: M06ad

StudySimmons et al. (1977): study US 1970 /1
TitleGift of Life: The Social and Psychological Impact of Organ Transplantation.
SourceWiley, 1977, London, UK
PublicKidney donors followed before and after donation, USA, 1970-1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelKidney donation
Page in Source 182
Our classificationEffect of treatment on happiness, code M06ad
Operationalization
Change in happiness before and aftertransplantation.
T1: pretransplant during selection 
    check.
T3: 1 yr after transplant

Difference at T3 with controls:
- non-donor recipients
- national population USA 1965
  (reported in BRADB 1969)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aDMt= 1.9
T1-T2 change
      17% had become less happy
      35% had not changed
      48% had become more happy
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cDMt=+0.9
CHANGE in lifesatisfaction
            complete    pretty    not    Mt'
donors T1   26%         64%       10%    5.8
donors T3   37%         59%        4%    6.7
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMt=+1.5
CHANGE in happiness:
                very   pretty    not too    Mt'
- donors T1     34%    58%         8%       6.3
- donors T3     60%    35%         5%       7.8


Difference with:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cG=+.13 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.03 p < .001
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aG=+.35 p < .02
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cG=+.13 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cDMt=+0.9
CHANGE in lifesatisfaction
            complete    pretty    not    Mt'
donors T1   26%         64%       10%    5.8
donors T3   37%         59%        4%    6.7
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMt=+1.5
CHANGE in happiness
                very   pretty   not too   Mt'
- donors T1      34%    58%      8%       6.3
- donors T3      60%    35%      5%       7.8


Difference with:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.48 p < .001
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aG=+.29 p < .02
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMt=+1.8
- recipients T3 26%    68%         5%       6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cDMt=+1.2
difference with recipients T3
            19%         71%       10%    5.5

Donor were already more satisfied than controls at 
T3 and became even more satisfied.
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aDMt= 1.2
T1-T3 change
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aDMt= 1.2
T1-T3 change
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cG=+.42 p < .001
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cG=+.42 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.48 p < .001
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMt=+1.8
- recipients T3  26%    68%      5%      6.0
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cDMt=+1.2
Difference with recipients T3
            19%         71%       10%    5.5

Donor were already more satisfied than controls at 
T3 and became even more satisfied.
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aG=-.05 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMt=+2.1
- population US  30%    53%     17%       5.7
Donors were already somewhat happier than controls 
at T1, but became much happier at T3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to medical treatment
Subject code: M06ae

StudyFilipp & Klauer (1991): study XZ Germany West 1988
TitleSubjective Well-Being in the Face of Critical Life Events: The Case of the Successful Copers.
SourceStrack, F,;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well - Being", Pergamon Press, 1991, Oxford, UK, 213 - 234
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
PublicCancer patients, followed 6 months after onset, Trier, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =332

Correlate
Author's labelSearch for information
Page in Source 224-226
Our classificationAttitudes to medical treatment, code M06ae
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions concerning overt attempts to 
gain knowledge about the disease and its medical 
treatment, as well as joining the company of other 
cancer patients
Rated on a numerical scale

Measured four times within one year:
T1: onset diagnosis 
T2: 3 months after 
T3: 6 months after
Remarks
T4: Follow-up one year after onset not reported in this 
paper

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.02 ns
T1
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=+.03 ns
T2
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-ar=-.03 ns
T3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to medical treatment
Subject code: M06ae

StudyFromm et al. (1996): study US 1991
TitlePositive and Negative Psycholosocial Sequelae of Bone Marrow Transplantation: Implications for Quality of Life Assessment.
SourceJournal of Behavioral Medicine, 1996, Vol. 19, 221 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/ BF01857767
PublicAdult bone marrow transplantation survivors, USA. 1991
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =172

Correlate
Author's labelpositive and negative sequale
Page in Source 233
Our classificationAttitudes to medical treatment, code M06ae
Operationalization
Self-report on open questions about changes following 
treatment:
a: Self-sequelae: 
   Changes specifically related to the BMT survivor
b: Family-sequelae:
   Changes  related to the respondent's family
c: Other sequelae: 
   Changes related to outsiders

Responses within each of this three categories were 
categorized as positive or negative
Examples: 
- positive self:   more spirituality
- negative self:   isolation
- positive family: more support
- negative family: financial constrait
- positive other:  increased contacts
- negative other:  lack of empaphy
Observed distribution% statements: - positive 90%, negative 86% about self - positive 89%, negative 74% about family - positive 49%, negative 43% about others
Remarks
Greater appreciation of life mentioned by 47% (coded as 
positive self)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.04 ns
Number of positive changes
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=-.41 p < .01
Number of negative changes


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelReadiness to consult a doctor
Page in Source 350
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
Ss were confronted with a list of 16 symptoms and asked 
whether they in that case they would consult a docter 
(no/yes).  Additive index.
Assessed at T2(1976).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.00 ns
T2 happiness by T2 readiness to consult a doctor.
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.01 ns
T3 happiness by T2 readiness to consult a doctor.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical care
Page in Source 103
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
11-item satisfaction with medical care index containing 
satisfaction with doctor's concern about health, warmth 
and personal interest, friendliness, training and 
technical competence, willingness to listen, amount of 
time spent with you, amount of privacy in doctor's 
office, amount of health information given, quality of 
medical care, adequacy of office facilities and 
equipment, and friendliness of nurses, receptionists, 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cr=+.12 p < . 001
Investigated among those who received some medical 
services in the past year.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical care for children
Page in Source 105
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
11-item satisfaction with medical care index rephrased 
so as to be appropriate to measure satisfaction with 
care received by children.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cBeta= ns
Computed for Ss with children under 12 years only 
(N = 386)

ß controlled for socio-demographic and various 
attitudinal variables.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelFaith in doctors
Page in Source 103
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
Choice between the following alter-
natives:
- I have a great faith in doctors
- In general I think doctors do a good
  job
- In general I think doctors are over-
  rated
- I distrust doctors

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cr=+.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelScepticism towards medical care
Page in Source 102
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
6-item index (see Bice & Kalimos, 1971)
A typical item is : "Do you often doubt some of the 
things doctors say they can do?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cr=-.07 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Trust in medical professionals
Subject code: M06ae01

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelReadiness to seek care
Page in Source 103
Our classificationTrust in medical professionals, code M06ae01
Operationalization
Likelihood of seeking medical care in eight 
hypothetical situations involving pain and 
symptomatology.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cr=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community's medical facilities
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+ ns
Males  : r = +.09 (ns)
Females: r = +.05 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with availability of dentists in the community
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+.13 p < .05
Males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with availability of docters in the community
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+.13 p < .05
Males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelGetting adequate medical services
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Self report on question whether you get adequate 
medical services?
1: yes
2: no (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+1.1 p < .01
Beta controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- residence 
- living arrangement 
- access to pension


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical services
Page in Source 373
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.15
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelPolicy satisfaction
Page in Source 50
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Self report on single question: 
In general how would you rate the quality of each of 
the following public services in your country 
- Health service
- Education system
- Public transport
- Social services
- State pension system
Rated on a 10-point numerical scale (1=very 
poor;10=very high)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.18 p < .000
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=+.18 p < .000
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
  - living environment (urban or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyWallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
DOIDOI:10.1007/s1205-008-9305-9
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =36017

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with health services
Page in Source 261
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 'Please say what you 
think overall about the state of health services in 
(country) nowadays?'. 

Rated
0:  extremely dissatisfied
.
.
10: extremely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdr=+.79 p < .05
AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE evaluation of the 
state of health services in the country
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ar=+.77 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelSocial worker services in the past
Page in Source 403
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Used social worker services in the past (vs not)
Observed distribution2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   47  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 41  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with no social worker services in 
the past not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyRoberts et al. (1983): study US 1983
TitleRelationship of Service Satisfaction to Life Satisfaction and Percieved Wellbeing.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1983, Vol. 6, 373 - 383
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0149718983900162
PublicPatients health centers, United States, 1983
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response14
Respondents N =148

Correlate
Author's labelPatient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ)
Page in Source 380
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 43 questions about aspects of medical 
care
- convenience
- availability
- continuity
- facilities
- general satisfaction
Observed distributionM = 54.07
Error Estimatesmean inter item correlation: +.17
Remarks
Ware & Snyder 1975

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.21 p < .08
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.22 p < .06


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyRoberts et al. (1983): study US 1983
TitleRelationship of Service Satisfaction to Life Satisfaction and Percieved Wellbeing.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1983, Vol. 6, 373 - 383
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0149718983900162
PublicPatients health centers, United States, 1983
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response14
Respondents N =148

Correlate
Author's labelClient Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-18b)
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 18 questions about satisfaction with 
health care service. Items not reported
Observed distributionM = 82,53
Error EstimatesMean inter item correlation: +.25
Remarks
Version B  (LeVois et al. 1981)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.21 p < .08
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.21 p < .08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical care
Page in Source 103
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
11-item satisfaction with medical care index containing 
satisfaction with doctor's concern about health, warmth 
and personal interest, friendliness, training and 
technical competence, willingness to listen, amount of 
time spent with you, amount of privacy in doctor's 
office, amount of health information given, quality of 
medical care, adequacy of office facilities and 
equipment, and friendliness of nurses, receptionists, 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cr=+.12 p < . 001
Investigated among those who received some medical 
services in the past year.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with health-services
Subject code: M06ae02

StudyTessler & Mechanic (1975): study US 1973
TitleConsumer Satisfaction with Prepaid Group Practice: A Comparative Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1975, Vol. 16, 95 -113
PublicEmployees' families, two firms, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =712

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical care for children
Page in Source 105
Our classificationSatisfaction with health-services, code M06ae02
Operationalization
11-item satisfaction with medical care index rephrased 
so as to be appropriate to measure satisfaction with 
care received by children.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cBeta= ns
Computed for Ss with children under 12 years only 
(N = 386)

ß controlled for socio-demographic and various 
attitudinal variables.


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AB-cm-rdf-v-3-aParent's rating of child on 16 questions:

In the recent weeks, did your child feel
A Joyfull
B Contented
E Enthusiastic
F Relaxed
G Happy
H Confident
J Cheerfull
K Short-tempered
L Jealous
M Anxious
N Sad
O Angry
P Worried
Q Gloomy
R Aggressive

Rated:
0 never
1 sometimes
2 often

Summation: (A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H+J) - (K+L+M+N+O+P+Q+R)
Name: TACQOL Positive and Negative emotional functioning scales
A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-aSelfreport on 12 questions:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements concerning your feelings during the last week?
A My time has been filled with things meaningful to me
B I have felt liked
C I have felt nervouys
D I have felt tense
E I have felt down
F I have felt I have much to look forward to
G I have felt harmony
H I have felt emotionally stable
I I have felt sad
J I have felt impatient and restless
K I have felt anoyed
L I have felt lighthearted

Rated:
4 completely agree
3 partly agree
2 partly disagree
1 completely disagree

Computation: (A+B+F+G+H+L) - (C+D+E+I+J+K)
Possible range -18 to +18. Transformed to range 0-100

Name: Swedish Health-Related Quality of Life Survey (SWED-QUAL) Part 4 'Your feelings'
A-AOL-c-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question;

I feel good nowadays
1 disagree
2 agree

Last question in Wahrborg's 12 item questionnaire of concerns
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How good did you feel, taking things together, during the past week?
1 very bad
2
3
4
5
6
7 very good
A-AOL-cw-sq-ol-101-aSelfreport on single question:

I feel..
0 terrible
;
;
100 great

Rated on horizontal open line scale
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

"Would you say that your spirits most of the time are...?"
3 very good
2 fair
1 low
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-AOL-se-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question

"Taken things together: how did you feel since you got ill....?"
7 very good
6
5
4
3
2
1 very bad
A-ASA-cm-*-n-9-aIndex of ratings by:
A: interviewer, based on open interview
B: spouce
C: nurse

1 depressed
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 elated
A-ASA-m-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 7 questions:

Below is a list of words describing moods and feelings. Indicate how each of these words applies to how you feel now.
A Contented
B Calm
C Happy
D Pleased
E Satisfied
F Cheerful
G Good

Rating options (same for all items):
1 not at all
2 somewhat or slightly
3 mostly or generally

Name: Happiness subscale of Ryman et al (1974) Mood Questionnaire (MQ)
A-ASA-mi-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 22 questions:

Below is a list of opposed attributes. Please indicate which applies best to your situation at this moment. Don't think too long. Place a cross next to the word this fits best. If you cannot decide, use the neither/nor option. Do not skip any lines.

At the moment I am feeling.....

A refreshed ...............................listless
B indifferent toward ...................interested in others
C pleased ..................................depressed
D successful..............................unsuccessful
E irritable...................................peaceful
F indecisive...............................ready to make decisions
G cheerful..................................Tearful
H in a good mood...................... in a bad mood
I lacking in appetite..................with a good appetite
J sociable..................................withdrawn
K unworthy.................................worthy
L relaxed................................... tense
M happy.....................................unhappy
N shy..........................................communicative
O sinful and wicked....................pure
P secure.....................................threatened
Q abandoned.............................cared for
R even-tempered.......................driven
S confident.................................insecure
T miserable.................................comfortable
U flexible.....................................inflexible
V tired.........................................rested
W hesitating................................firm
X calm........................................restless
Y lacking in energy....................energetic
Z useless...................................indispensable
AA sluggish................................ lively
AB superior.................................inferior

Response options:
3 positive option
2 neither nor
1 negative option


Summation: Mean

Name: Zerssen's 'Befindlichkeits Skala' version 1 (B-S)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G Depressed or very unhappy?
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3 often
2 sometimes
1 never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B Proud, because someone had complimented you
C Very lonely or remote from people?
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F On top of the world?
G Depressed
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?
J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BH-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 20 questions

How do you feel on the average?
A Active
B Energetic
C Lively
D Vigorous
E Exhausted
F Fatigued
G Tired
H Weary
I Worn out
J Aggravated
K Agitated
L Hostile
M Irritable
N Upset
O Uptight
P Calm
Q Peaceful
R Relaxed
S Serene
T Tranquil

Rating scale
1 very slightly to not at all
2
3
4
5 extremely

Computation: PA-NA: PA = A-D, P-T, NA = E-O
A-BK-cy-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 48 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describes a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks.
A Nothing goes right with me
B I feel close to people around me
C I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D I feel my life is on the right track
E I feel loved and trusted
F My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G I don't like myself
H I feel very tense
I I feel life isn't worth living
J I am content with myself
K My past life is filled with failure
L Everything I do seems worthwhile
M I an't be bothered doing anything
N I feel I can do whatever I want to
O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
them
P Everything is going right for me
Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
people
R I'm easy going
S I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
T I wish I could change some parts of my life
U I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V The future looks good
W I become very lonely
X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y I feel out of place
Z I think clearly and creatively
AA I feel alone
AB I feel free and easy
AC I smile and laugh a lot
AD I feel things are going my way
AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG I feel like hiding away
AH I feel confident about decisions I make
AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ I feel other people like me
AK I feel like a failure
AL I feel I'm a complete person
AM I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN My future looks good
AO I'm making the most out of my life
AP Everything is going right for me
AQ I feel unimportant
AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A Confident
B Hopeless
C Pleasant
D Insignificant
E Discontented
F Healthy
G Dejected
H Annoyed
I Down
J Glad
K Glowing
L Relaxed
M Comfortable
N Moody
O Understood
P Blue
Q Miserable
R Joyful
S Tense
T Insecure
U Shaky
V Satisfied
W Safe
X Successful
Y Free
Z Sad
AA Good-natured
AB Impatient
AC Rejected
AD Lively
AE Frustrated
AF Fearful
AG Lonely
AH Warm
AI Contented
AJ Good
AK Secure
AL Disappointed
AM Understanding
AN Depressed
AO Low
AP Calm
AQ Unhappy
AR Upset
AS Empty
AT Enthusiastic
AU Happy
AV Vibrant

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all of the time

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4 to +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last 12 months
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-aRating by mother in response to single question:

How often does your child feel unhappy, sad or depressed?
1 often
2 selden
3 never
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
M-AO-g-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

A On the whole, how happy would you say you are?
B On the whole, I think I am a quite happy person.
C In general, how would you say you feel most of the time -in
good or in low spirits?
D I get a lot of fun out of life.
E I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be.
F How often do you feel downcast and rejected?

Response options: not reported

The items of this scale were randomly distributed in the questionnaire.

Name: Rosen 'Depressive Affect Scale'
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"...... satisfaction with life in general........"
(Full question not reported.)

Responses scored on pictorial scale consisting of seven smilies, expressing variations from very unhappy to very happy.
1 unhappy face
2
3
4 neutral face
5
6
7 happy face
(Pictures not reproduced here.)

Name: Kunin's `Faces Scale'.
M-AO-u-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A "Taking all aspects of yourself and your life into account, which of the following best describes your own feelings of satisfaction with life....?"
5 I am extremely satisfied with my life
4 I am satisfied with my life
3 I am somewhat satisfied with my life
2 I am slightly satisfied with my life
1 I am not at all satisfied with my life

B "In general terms, about what proportion of the time do you feel satisfied.....?"

5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 rarely
1 never

Summation: not reported
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cbSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy are you these days .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-cy-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question

.. overall happiness during last 12 months..(full question not reported)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Scale labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HP-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how would you describe yourself these days? Would you say you are...?
3 very happy
2 fairly happy
1 not too happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you rate your life at present?
1 bad or very bad
2 fair
3 good
4 very good
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days? Please tell me on a scale of 1 to 10, where one means very dissatisfied and 10 means very satisfied
10 very satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-cw-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied were you, during the past week, with your life?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays?
0 extremely dissatisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

"In general: how satisfying do you find the way of life these days......?"
3 completely satisfying
2 pretty satisfying
1 not satisfying
O-SLW-cw-sq-ol-11-aSelfreport on single question;

How satisfied or unsatisfied were you last week with your life in general?
Please answer this question below by drawing a cross on the line

_________________________________________
completely completely

Scoring: mm on this 100 mm line
O-SLW-se-sq-?-7-aSelfreport on single question :

"How satisfied are you about your life as a whole since that time?" ( onset of disease)
7 very satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-cSelf report on single question:

My life as a whole is ..
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 rather satisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
1 very dissatisfying
O-V-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you glad to be alive?
2 yes
1 no


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
BMCTBONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST
Type: statistical procedure

Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: metric

Meaning: if the correlate is measured at c levels, the c mean happiness values can be ranked from low to high. A multiple comparison procedure judges for each of the ½c(c-1) pairs whether or not they differ significantly. A convenient way to represent the results is by ranking the c means and by underlining them in such a way that means which have a common underlining do NOT differ significantly.

When added by us, this test is performed at the 95% confidence level for all the differences together.
dCohen's COEFFICIENT FOR GROUP DIFFERENCES. Also called EFFECT SIZE
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlate : dichotomous, Happiness level: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited.

Meaning: effect size indicator for difference of means.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
D%aDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED PERCENTAGES, See also D%
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMsSTANDARDIZED DIFFERENCE of MEANS (CRITICAL RATIO)
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning: DMs is the ratio of the difference of the, either untransformed or transformed, means and its standard error.
DMtDIFFERENCE of MEANS AFTER TRANSFORMATION
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: [-10; +10]

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness (happiness measured at a 0-10 rating scale) between the two correlate levels.
ESEFFECT SIZE
Type; descriptive statistic
Range: [-1;+1]

Meaning:

Computation: T1-T2 mean devided by pooled SD

Interpretation: ES<.20 trivial, .20>ES>.50 small, .50>ES>.80 medium, >.80 large effect

Reference: Cohen
FF-STATISTIC
Type: asymmetric standard test statistic.
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is also called the "Variance Ratio" and is the ratio of two independent estimators of the same variance with n1 and n2 degrees of freedom respectively. The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
t.t-STATISTIC (Student's t-statistic)
Type: symmetric standard test statistic.
One parameter: n (= number of degrees of freedom (df) ; range df: [1; + infinite)
Range for t: unlimited

Meaning : the test statistic is the ratio of a difference between a statistic and its expected value under the null hypothesis and its (estimated) standard error with n degrees of freedom.
The critical values of its probability distribution are tabulated extensively in almost any textbook on Statistics.
tcKENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tc = 0 « no rank correlation
tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with high happiness ratings.
tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond
with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
M06MEDICAL TREATMENTP10ab04Insurances
M06MEDICAL TREATMENTT02THERAPY
M06MEDICAL TREATMENTT02ab06Effect of health training (rehabilitation)
M06aa01Earlier medical treatmentB02ab01bMedical treatment of mother during pregnancy
M06aa01Earlier medical treatmentB02ae02bMedical treatment in 1st year of life
M06abCurrently in treatment or notM07adCurrent positive mental health
M06acKind of current treatmentO02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION
M06acKind of current treatmentH10acCurrent medical consumption
M06adEffect of treatment on happinessP06aa02Change in physical health
M06ad01Sex-reassignmentG01aeTransgender
M06ad01Sex-reassignmentM07ac07aGender identity disorder (f 64)
M06ad01Sex-reassignmentS02ab04Self perceived gender identity
M06ae01Trust in medical professionalsH10abCurrent healthy life-style
M06ae01Trust in medical professionalsP06af03Conceptions of illness and healing
M06ae02Satisfaction with health-servicesL10ad02aSatisfaction with medical services

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings