Findings on Happiness and MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP
Subject Code: M03

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP0
M03aaRelationship career1
M03aa01Earlier marriage relationship(s)3
M03aa01aCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)6
M03aa01bSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)2
M03aa02Change in marriage relationship0
M03aa02aChange in characteristics of marriage0
M03aa02bChange in satisfaction with marriage6
M03aa03History of current marriage1
M03aa03aEarlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship2
M03aa03bEarlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationship2
M03aa04Later marriage0
M03aa04aCharacteristics of later marriage-relationship(s)1
M03aa04bSatisfaction with later marriage-relationship(s)1
M03abCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship3
M03ab01Heterogeneity of marriage-partners4
M03ab02Intimacy with spouse2
M03ab03Monogamy of relationship0
M03ab03aPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous)3
M03ab03bConjugal fidelity2
M03ab04Mutual support1
M03ab05Shared activities12
M03ab06Tensions in relationship11
M03acAttitudes to current marriage-relationship6
M03ac01Concern about marriage relationship3
M03ac02Self-perceived adequacy in marriage1
M03ac03Satisfaction with marriage68
M03aa03cLength of current marriage4
M03aa03dAge of marriage with current partner2
M03aa04cLater satisfaction with current marriage2
M03ab07Position in polygamous marriage1
M03ab08Community of property1
M03ab09Living with spouse4
M03ac03aSatisfaction with joint activities0
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=M03
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Relationship career
Subject code: M03aa

StudyKohler et al. (2005): study DK 2002
TitlePartner + Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being.
SourcePopulation and Development Review, 2005, Vol. 31, 407 - 445
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00078.x
Public20-70 aged identical twins, Denmark, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =3226

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of additional partnerships (exept the first)
Page in Source 419, 422
Our classificationRelationship career, code M03aa
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
WITHIN MONOZYGOTIC TWIN-PAIR DIFFERENCE IN 
HAPPINESS
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gBeta=-/+
Beta's controlled for: 
- at least one partnership

- females
  - aged 25-45 years: Beta = +.01 (ns)
  - aged 50-70 years: Beta = -.04 (05)
- males
  - aged 25-45 years: Beta = -.02 (ns)
  - aged 50-70 years: Beta = -.02 (ns)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
BETWEEN ALL SUBJECTS DIFFERENCE IN HAPPINESS
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
Regression across all subjects yields similar 
results, except:
- females aged 25-45 Beta = -.04 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier marriage relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01

StudyKohler et al. (2005): study DK 2002
TitlePartner + Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being.
SourcePopulation and Development Review, 2005, Vol. 31, 407 - 445
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2005.00078.x
Public20-70 aged identical twins, Denmark, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =3226

Correlate
Author's labelAt least one partnership
Page in Source 419, 422
Our classificationEarlier marriage relationship(s), code M03aa01
Operationalization
Ever had a marital relation in life
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
WITHIN MONO-ZIGOTIC TWIN-PAIR DIFFERENCES IN 
HAPPINESS
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gBeta=+ ns
Beta controlled for: 
- current partnership

- females 
  - aged 25-45:  Beta = +.08 (ns)
  - aged 50-70:  Beta = +.01 (ns)
- males
  - aged 25-45:  Beta = +.01 (ns)
  - aged 50-70:  Beta = +.01 (ns)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gBeta=+ s
Beta controlled for:
- number of additional partnerships

- females 
  - aged 25-45:  Beta = +.19 (01)
  - aged 50-70:  Beta = +.12 (ns)
- males
  - aged 25-45:  Beta = +.20 (01)
  - aged 50-70:  Beta = +.18 (05)
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
BETWEEN ALL SUBJECTS DIFFERENCE IN HAPPINESS
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-g
Regressions across all subjects yield similar 
results, except:
- males aged 50-70, controlled for number of 
additional partnerships: Beta = +.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier marriage relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with one's previous partner
Page in Source 308
Our classificationEarlier marriage relationship(s), code M03aa01
Operationalization
Single question:
" How are your current relations with your previous 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:3022; %:1:13,8; 2:17,8; 3:35,3; 4:25,3; 5:7,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .00
1: Mt=7.45
2: Mt=7.38
3: Mt=7.85
4: Mt=7.71
5: Mt=8.16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.05 p < .01
1: Mt=7.21
2: Mt=7.06
3: Mt=7.51
4: Mt=7.34
5: Mt=7.60
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 ns
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=6.83
3: Mt=7.11
4: Mt=6.88
5: Mt=7.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier marriage relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01

StudyHanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977
TitleFamily Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40
PublicRecently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelAge at first marriage
Page in Source 29
Our classificationEarlier marriage relationship(s), code M03aa01
Operationalization
Years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= - ns
Unrelated to level of happiness at T1 and T2.   

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= - ns
Unrelated to change in happiness between T1 and 
T2.
     
b's controlled for: age, sexe, education, 
workstatus, income, occupational status, and
family history. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelprevious partner relation
Page in Source 290
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with your previous 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:53, 2:128, 3:200, 4:212, 5:72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.07 ns
 1: Mt=7.74
 2: Mt=7.25
 3: Mt=7.73
 4: Mt=7.74
 5: Mt=7.95
All Mt=7.66
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .02
 1: Mt=6.98
 2: Mt=7.01
 3: Mt=7.25
 4: Mt=7.34
 5: Mt=7.71
All Mt=7.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 ns
 1: Mt=7.26
 2: Mt=6.81
 3: Mt=7.11
 4: Mt=6.93
 5: Mt=7.05
All Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with one's previous partner
Page in Source 308
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
Single question:
" How are your current relations with your previous 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:3022; %:1:13,8; 2:17,8; 3:35,3; 4:25,3; 5:7,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .00
1: Mt=7.45
2: Mt=7.38
3: Mt=7.85
4: Mt=7.71
5: Mt=8.16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.05 p < .01
1: Mt=7.21
2: Mt=7.06
3: Mt=7.51
4: Mt=7.34
5: Mt=7.60
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 ns
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=6.83
3: Mt=7.11
4: Mt=6.88
5: Mt=7.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudySchaefer & Burnett (1987): study US NorthCarolina 1980
TitleStability and Predictability of Quality of Women's Marital Relationship and Demoralization.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, Vol. 53, 1129 - 1136
PublicMothers of young children, followed 3 years, N.Carolina, USA, 1980-83
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =51

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of marital relationship
Page in Source 1132
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
Description of spouse on 24 appects
a: talks over his/her problems with me
b: Is always trying to change me
c: respcts my opinion
d: Acts as thoug I am in the way
e: Won't take no for an answer when he/she wants 
something
f: Gives me as much freedom as I want
g: Is always thinking of ways to please me
h: Argues back, no matter of what I say
i: Encourages me to follow my own interests
j: Makes fun of me
k: Wants to have the last word on how we spend our time
l: Lets me make up my own mind
m: Has a good time with me
n: Wants to control everything I do
o: Is happy to go along with my decisions
p: Says I'm a big problem
q: Expects me to do everything in his/her way
r: Thinks it's okay if I disagree with him/her
s: Asks me to share things he/she enjoys
t: Finds fault with me
u: Considers my point of view
v: Doesn't tink about me very much
w: Acts as if he/she doesn't know me when he/she is 
angry
x: Lets me do anything I want to do

Rated:
1 not at all like
2 very little like
3 somewhat like
4 much like
5 very much like
Remarks
Marital Autonomy and Relatedness Inventory (Schaefer 
and Edgerton 1979)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.54 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.26 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.59 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.37 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 spouce behavior (3 year later)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.27 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T1 spouce behavior (3 year 
earlier)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudyHanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977
TitleFamily Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
SourceSociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40
PublicRecently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelLength of (broken) marriage
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
Years

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= - ns
Unrelated to level of happiness at T1 and T2

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ab= - ns
Unrelated to change in happiness between T1 and T2

b`s controlled for: age, sexe, education, work-
status, income, occupational status, and family
history.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudySpanier & Furstenberg (1982): study US 1977
TitleRemarriage after Divorce: A Longitudinal Analysis of Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1982, Vol. 44, 709 -720
PublicSeparated, followed 2 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 %, T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelInitiation of divorce
Page in Source 717
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
0 Not-iniatiators 
1 Initiators 
Those who decided on divorce mutually
excluded (13 % of the sample )

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-aDM= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1
Significant difference of happiness at T2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aChi²= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1
Significant difference of happiness at T2
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1 and T2
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-aSNR= ns
No difference in level of happiness at T1
Significant difference of happiness at T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01a

StudyChiriboga & Thurnher (1980): study US 1976
TitleMarital Lifestyles and Adjustment to Separation.
SourceJournal of Divorce, 1980, Vol. 3, 379 - 390
DOIDOI:10.1300/J279v03n04_04
PublicRecently seperated, San Francisco and Almeda, USA, 1976
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelPréseparation marital lifestyle
Page in Source 381-385
Our classificationCharacteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01a
Operationalization
Aspects of former marriage:


1:authority (self/both/spouse)
  a:who is boss in family
  b:who decides on job man               c:who decides 
whether wife works
  d:who decides where to life

2:division of labour (self/both/spouse)
  a:who keeps family budget
  b:who does grocery shopping
  c:who does cooking
  d:who does evening dishes
  e:who gets husbands breakfast
  f:who cleans the house
  g:who service the car

3:independant leisure time
  a:separate social activity(frequence)
  b:separate friends (no/yes)
  c:separate interests (no/yes)

4:reliance on spouse (5 point scales)
  a:in area of compagnionship
  b:in area of finance
  d:in practical matters

5:life of their own when married
  (direct question)
Remarks
          Males                   Females
      r            ß          r            ß
age<40   _40   <40   _40   <40    _40   <40   _40

1: authority
a -.18  -.28
b -.15  -.21  -.22  -.32   +.14  +.12
c             -.16  -.44   +.15  +.12
d -.18  -.16  +.14  +.48

2: division of labour
a             -.12  -.20
b -.03  -.22               +.13  +.14   +.30 +.18
c             +.09  -.19
d +.10  +.38  +.38  +.19
e -.01  -.14                            +.01 +.58
f             +.37  +.43   -.09  -.13
g                                        .00 +.37

3: independent leisure time
a +.20  +.33                            +.28 +.59
b -.05  -.29                            -.11 -.69
c +.17  +.02               +.26  +.28   +.32 +.73

4: reliance on spouse
a -.12  -.16                            -.21 -.46
b             +.34  +.19                +.02 +.32
c                          -.18  -.14

5: life of their own when married 
a             -.10  -.29                +.31 +.26

ß's control all other correlates.



Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-hR²=
  .26(05).53(05)           .16(01).72(01)

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-hRa²=
  .13    .33               .12    .54


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01b

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with one's previous partner
Page in Source 308
Our classificationSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01b
Operationalization
Single question:
" How are your current relations with your previous 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: All:3022; %:1:13,8; 2:17,8; 3:35,3; 4:25,3; 5:7,7

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.08 p < .00
1: Mt=7.45
2: Mt=7.38
3: Mt=7.85
4: Mt=7.71
5: Mt=8.16
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.05 p < .01
1: Mt=7.21
2: Mt=7.06
3: Mt=7.51
4: Mt=7.34
5: Mt=7.60
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.01 ns
1: Mt=6.96
2: Mt=6.83
3: Mt=7.11
4: Mt=6.88
5: Mt=7.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa01b

StudyCosta et al. (1985): study US 1958
TitleLongitudinal Course of Social Support among Men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
SourceSarason, I.G., Sarason, B.R., Eds.: "Social Support", Martinus Nijhof, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 137 - 154
PublicMarried males, followed ±12 years Baltimore, USA, 1958-1970
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T3: 82%
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of family & marriage
Page in Source 142
Our classificationSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa01b
Operationalization
Obtained by factor analysis.
Factor consisting of 10 items. 
Items with high loading:
"I am perfectly satisfied with the way my family treats 
me".
"If you had your life to live over, would you marry the 
same person?"
"How do you rate the happiness of your (last) 
marriage?"
Questions administered at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-h-sq-v-3-ar=+.26 p < .01
Happiness assessed at T1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyHeadey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDoes Happiness Induce a Rosy Outlook?
SourceVeenhoven, R.;Ed.:"How Harmful is Happiness?", Universitaire Pers Rotterdam, 1989, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 106 - 127
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/89c-full.pdf
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
Sample
Non-ResponseAttrition T1-T4: 31%
Respondents N =649

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 114
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Index of two identical questions asked at the beginning 
and the end of the interview (20 minute interval)    
Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from terrible (1) to 
delightfull (9). Assessed at T1 (1981), T2 (1983), T3 
(1985) and T4 (1987).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aßL=+.18 p < .05
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of 
marital satisfaction (bottum-up).

O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aßL=+.12 p < .05
Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on 
marital satisfaction (top-down).

Effects assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.    
Effects assumed to be identical at all times. 
ßL is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL 
model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and 
neuroticism are controlled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 53
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: Your wife/husband
b: Your marriage
c: Your sex life
All scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with marriage 
were assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.25 p < .04
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 211
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.25 p < .05
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

ß can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyRitter et al. (1999): study US 1998
TitleCurrent Concepts Review: Retirement from Orthopaedic Surgery.
SourceThe Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1999, Vol. 81, 414 - 418
PublicRetired orthopaedic surgeons, United States, 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =1293

Correlate
Author's labelBetter relationship with spouse since retirement
Page in Source 415
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Selfreport of better relationship with spouce after 
retirement. Full text not reported
1: better
0: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aOR=1.56 p < .0007
CI95[1.2. - 2.03]
OR Controlled for:
- Excellent health at present time
- better health since retirement
- increase in travel or vacation activity
- personal or family reasons for retirement as 
opposed to health reasons


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChange in marriage happiness
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Single direct question: 'Taking all things together, 
how would you describe your marriage?'
- very happy    (3)
- pretty happy  (2)
- not too happy (1)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMr=+
CHANGE in marital status is paralelled by CHANGE 
in positive and negative affect between T1-T3. 
Relation with change in summed ABS not computed.
More strongly related to negative affect.
Stronger among females than males.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+ s
                          males     females
- high SES                G=+.22    G=+.45
- middle SES              G=+.25    G=+.35
- low SES                 G=+.31    G=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03aa02b

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelChange in marital happiness
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with marriage, code M03aa02b
Operationalization
Single direct question: 'Taking all things together, 
how would you describe your marriage?'
- very happy    (3)
- pretty happy  (2)
- not too happy (1)

Assessed at:
T1: January 1963
T2: Oktober 1963

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
CHANGE in marriage satisfaction goes with CHANGE 
in positive and negative affect between T1-T3 
(Relations with change in summed ABS not computed.

More strongly related to negative affect than to 
positive affect.

Stronger among males than females.

Change in happiness expressed in change () in 
average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares 
distribution in category eith distributioon total 
sample. RT above .50 means relative increase in 
happiness. RT below .50 relative decrease.


Correlational finding on Happiness and History of current marriage
Subject code: M03aa03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labellength of relationship
Page in Source 312
Our classificationHistory of current marriage, code M03aa03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How long have you been with your present partner?"(in 
years)
1: 0-1 
2: 1-2
3: 2-3
4: 3-5
5: 5-10
6: 10-25
Observed distributionN: All:3858; %:1:8,9; 2:5,6; 3:6,2; 4:11,9; 5:30,5; 6:36,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.04 p < .02
1: Mt=7.80
2: Mt=7.66
3: Mt=8.04
4: Mt=7.79
5: Mt=7.84
6: Mt=8.03
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.05 p < .00
1: Mt=7.46
2: Mt=7.41
3: Mt=7.80
4: Mt=7.39
5: Mt=7.55
6: Mt=7.81
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 ns
1: Mt=7.38
2: Mt=7.21
3: Mt=7.50
4: Mt=7.24
5: Mt=7.15
6: Mt=7.35


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03aa03a

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelTreatened separation
Page in Source 874
Our classificationEarlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship, code M03aa03a
Operationalization
Single closed question:"A lot of people
have quarrels with their (husband/wife)
and get so angry that they ask them
to leave home or they threaten to leave
home themselves. Has this ever happened
in your marriage?"
0 No
1 Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = -.08  (05)
2:first marriage women  r = -.21  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = -.10  (ns)
4:remarriage women      r = -.33  (05)



Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03aa03a

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelProblems in marriage(in the past)
Page in Source 196
Our classificationEarlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship, code M03aa03a
Operationalization
Open-ended question on problem getting along with each 
other: never had problems vs mentions problems.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= - p < . 01
Females : _b = -.24 (01)
Males   : _b = -.14 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03aa03b

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage/family
Page in Source 132
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationship, code M03aa03b
Operationalization
Self report on:
- satisfaction with your marriage
- satisfaction with your own family life - your 
wife/husband and children if any

Assessed on a 1-7 scale:1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=95 M=2,17 SD=1,20
Error Estimatesalpha = .91
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction by T1 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.48 p < .05
T3 Life satisfaction by T3 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction by T3 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.33 p < .05
T1 satisfaction with marriage/family by T3 Life 
satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03aa03b

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =1150

Correlate
Author's labelUnhappily married
Page in Source 458
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationship, code M03aa03b
Operationalization
An 11-item, Likert-type scale was used to assess level 
of marital happiness. Seven items ask about happiness 
with specific aspects of marriage such as 
understanding, agreement and faithfulness. Four items 
are concerned with the global satisfaction of the 
marriage, such as overall happiness and whether the 
marriage is getting better or worse.

Ss were classified as "Unhappily married" when Ss were 
married continuously and score below the mean marital 
happiness in all four times.

1 unhappily married
0 other
Observed distributionM=.14, SD=.35, Range 0-1
Error EstimatesAlpha=.87
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1980), T2(1983), T3(1988) and T4(1992)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.25 p < .001
T1 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.21 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Length of current marriage
Subject code: M03aa03c

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labellength of relationship
Page in Source 294
Our classificationLength of current marriage, code M03aa03c
Operationalization
Single question:
"How long have you been with your partner?"
1: 0-1 years
2: 1-2
3: 2-3
4: 3-5
5: 5-10
6: 10-25
7: > 25
Observed distributionN: All: 3858; %:1:9,1, 2:5,9, 3:5,3, 4:9,1, 5:13,6, 6:28,0, 7:29,0

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.04 ns
 1: Mt=8.38
 2: Mt=7.76
 3: Mt=7.74
 4: Mt=7.66
 5: Mt=7.94
 6: Mt=8.08
 7: Mt=7.74
All Mt=7.91
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.01 ns
 1: Mt=7.81
 2: Mt=7.58
 3: Mt=7.54
 4: Mt=7.26
 5: Mt=7.60
 6: Mt=7.71
 7: Mt=7.70
All Mt=7.64
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.10 p < .00
 1: Mt=7.64
 2: Mt=7.73
 3: Mt=7.38
 4: Mt=7.00
 5: Mt=7.08
 6: Mt=7.23
 7: Mt=6.98
All Mt=7.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Length of current marriage
Subject code: M03aa03c

StudyVanSluijs (2004): study NL 1987
TitleEffecten van Levenslooptransities op de Tevredenheid van Jong Volwassenen. (Effects of Lifecourse Transition on Satisfaction of Adolescents).
SourceMaster thesis, University Tilburg, 2004, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/vansluijs_J_2004.pdf
PublicYoung adults, followed from age 18 to 30, The Netherlands, 1987-1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response36,6% (baseline)
Respondents N =836

Correlate
Author's labelYears since Living together/marriage first partner
Page in Source 40,62
Our classificationLength of current marriage, code M03aa03c
Operationalization
Years since first marriage
Remarks
Marital status assessed at:
T1: 1987 when aged 18 to 26
T2: 1989 when aged 20 to 28
T3: 1991 when aged 22 to 30
T4: 1995 when aged 26 to 34
T5: 1999 when aged 30 to 34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-ab=-.01 ns
B controlled for personal characteristics:
- age
- age²
- gender 
- education
- cohort 1965 vs cohort 1961
- cohort 1969 vs cohort 1961
- mental health
- neuroticism
lifecourse transitions:
- first job
- no job
- left parental home
- living together/marriage first partner
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child
and years since transition
- no job
- leaving parental home
- divorce from first partner
- living together/marriage second partner
- having first child

Unaffected by squaring transition variables


Correlational finding on Happiness and Length of current marriage
Subject code: M03aa03c

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage/family during vacation
Page in Source 132,134
Our classificationLength of current marriage, code M03aa03c
Operationalization
Self report on:
- how one's children behaved


Assessed on a 1-7 scale: 1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=10 M=2,00 SD= 1,05
Error Estimatesalpha = .67
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.29 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction (Before vacation) by T2 
satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .05
T2 Satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation) by T3 Life satisfaction (after vacation)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Length of current marriage
Subject code: M03aa03c

StudyLee (1978): study US Washington 1975
TitleMarriage and Morale in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 131 - 139
Public60+ aged marrieds, Washington State USA, 1975
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =439

Correlate
Author's labelLength of marriage
Page in Source 134
Our classificationLength of current marriage, code M03aa03c
Operationalization
length in years
Observed distributionmean: males 37.3 females 37.6 sd: males 10.6 females 12.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=.06 ns
males
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=+.11
males
beta controlled for
-age
-satisfaction with marriage
-education
-retired or not
-self perceived health
-satisfaction with standard of living
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=+.00 ns
females
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=-.06
females
beta controlled for
-age
-education
-self perceived health
-satisfaction with standard of living
-marital satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Age of marriage with current partner
Subject code: M03aa03d

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelAge of marriage(<20 vs later)
Page in Source 16
Our classificationAge of marriage with current partner, code M03aa03d
Operationalization
0: Under the age of 20
1: Later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= - p < . 05
12 % of the dissatisfied and 7 % of the satisfied
women married at 30 years of age or later (ns)
No relationship among men


Correlational finding on Happiness and Age of marriage with current partner
Subject code: M03aa03d

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelAge of marriage(<30 vs later)
Page in Source 16
Our classificationAge of marriage with current partner, code M03aa03d
Operationalization
0: Under the age of 30
1: Later

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= - p < . 05
12 % of the dissatisfied and 7 % of the satisfied
women married at 30 years of age or later (ns)
No relationship among men


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of later marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa04a

StudySchaefer & Burnett (1987): study US NorthCarolina 1980
TitleStability and Predictability of Quality of Women's Marital Relationship and Demoralization.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, Vol. 53, 1129 - 1136
PublicMothers of young children, followed 3 years, N.Carolina, USA, 1980-83
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =51

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of marital relationship
Page in Source 1132
Our classificationCharacteristics of later marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa04a
Operationalization
Description of spouse on 24 appects
a: talks over his/her problems with me
b: Is always trying to change me
c: respcts my opinion
d: Acts as thoug I am in the way
e: Won't take no for an answer when he/she wants 
something
f: Gives me as much freedom as I want
g: Is always thinking of ways to please me
h: Argues back, no matter of what I say
i: Encourages me to follow my own interests
j: Makes fun of me
k: Wants to have the last word on how we spend our time
l: Lets me make up my own mind
m: Has a good time with me
n: Wants to control everything I do
o: Is happy to go along with my decisions
p: Says I'm a big problem
q: Expects me to do everything in his/her way
r: Thinks it's okay if I disagree with him/her
s: Asks me to share things he/she enjoys
t: Finds fault with me
u: Considers my point of view
v: Doesn't tink about me very much
w: Acts as if he/she doesn't know me when he/she is 
angry
x: Lets me do anything I want to do

Rated:
1 not at all like
2 very little like
3 somewhat like
4 much like
5 very much like
Remarks
Marital Autonomy and Relatedness Inventory (Schaefer 
and Edgerton 1979)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.54 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.26 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.59 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.37 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 spouce behavior (3 year later)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.27 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T1 spouce behavior (3 year 
earlier)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with later marriage-relationship(s)
Subject code: M03aa04b

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =1150

Correlate
Author's labelUnhappily married
Page in Source 458
Our classificationSatisfaction with later marriage-relationship(s), code M03aa04b
Operationalization
An 11-item, Likert-type scale was used to assess level 
of marital happiness. Seven items ask about happiness 
with specific aspects of marriage such as 
understanding, agreement and faithfulness. Four items 
are concerned with the global satisfaction of the 
marriage, such as overall happiness and whether the 
marriage is getting better or worse.

Ss were classified as "Unhappily married" when Ss were 
married continuously and score below the mean marital 
happiness in all four times.

1 unhappily married
0 other
Observed distributionM=.14, SD=.35, Range 0-1
Error EstimatesAlpha=.87
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1980), T2(1983), T3(1988) and T4(1992)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.25 p < .001
T1 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.21 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later satisfaction with current marriage
Subject code: M03aa04c

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage/family
Page in Source 132
Our classificationLater satisfaction with current marriage, code M03aa04c
Operationalization
Self report on:
- satisfaction with your marriage
- satisfaction with your own family life - your 
wife/husband and children if any

Assessed on a 1-7 scale:1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=95 M=2,17 SD=1,20
Error Estimatesalpha = .91
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction by T1 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.48 p < .05
T3 Life satisfaction by T3 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.39 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction by T3 satisfaction with 
marriage/family
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.33 p < .05
T1 satisfaction with marriage/family by T3 Life 
satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later satisfaction with current marriage
Subject code: M03aa04c

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage/family during vacation
Page in Source 132,134
Our classificationLater satisfaction with current marriage, code M03aa04c
Operationalization
Self report on:
- how one's children behaved


Assessed on a 1-7 scale: 1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=10 M=2,00 SD= 1,05
Error Estimatesalpha = .67
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.29 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction (Before vacation) by T2 
satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .05
T2 Satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation) by T3 Life satisfaction (after vacation)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current characteristics of marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ab

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, followed 12 years 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22637

Correlate
Author's labelLive with spouse
Page in Source 17-22
Our classificationCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship, code M03ab
Operationalization
1 yes
0 no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+23 p < .01
MALES (N=58674/10085)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.24 p < .01
FEMALES (N=70669/11924)

B's controlled for:
- Age Group
- Spouse employed
- Number of children under 16
- Age of youngest child
- Qualifications
- Log(Household Income per capita)
- Normal hours worked
- Extra hours worked
- Care hours (mid point)
- Housework hours
- Health Status
- Socio Economic Class
- Male/Female Time Use Groups


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current characteristics of marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ab

StudyDella Giusta et al. (2010a): study GB 1996 /1
TitleTime Packages and Their Effect on Life Satisfaction.
SourcePaper 084, Henley Business School, University of Reading, 2010, UK
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/rdg/emxxdp/em-dp2010-03.html
PublicAdults, general public, UK, 1996-2007
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =50657

Correlate
Author's labelCare
Page in Source 11, 15
Our classificationCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship, code M03ab
Operationalization
a care for spouse/partner
b cared for by spouse partner
Observed distributionMales & Females: a: M=0.03 sd=0.17 b: M=0.03 sd=0.17

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=
   MALES                 FEMALES
a: b=+.02 SE=.07 ns      b=+.01 SE=.08 ns
b: b=-.49 SE=.10 p<.01   b=-.18 SE=.10 p<.10

B's controlled for:
- Life satisfaction partner
- Age
- Age squared/10
- Log (annual household income per capita)
- Number of children of different age groups
- Employment status
- Total hours worked
- Total hours worked spouse/partner
- Percentage share of housework
- Index of time use specialisation
- Health status
- Attitudes to family life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current characteristics of marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ab

StudySchaefer & Burnett (1987): study US NorthCarolina 1980
TitleStability and Predictability of Quality of Women's Marital Relationship and Demoralization.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987, Vol. 53, 1129 - 1136
PublicMothers of young children, followed 3 years, N.Carolina, USA, 1980-83
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =51

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of marital relationship
Page in Source 1132
Our classificationCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship, code M03ab
Operationalization
Description of spouse on 24 appects
a: talks over his/her problems with me
b: Is always trying to change me
c: respcts my opinion
d: Acts as thoug I am in the way
e: Won't take no for an answer when he/she wants 
something
f: Gives me as much freedom as I want
g: Is always thinking of ways to please me
h: Argues back, no matter of what I say
i: Encourages me to follow my own interests
j: Makes fun of me
k: Wants to have the last word on how we spend our time
l: Lets me make up my own mind
m: Has a good time with me
n: Wants to control everything I do
o: Is happy to go along with my decisions
p: Says I'm a big problem
q: Expects me to do everything in his/her way
r: Thinks it's okay if I disagree with him/her
s: Asks me to share things he/she enjoys
t: Finds fault with me
u: Considers my point of view
v: Doesn't tink about me very much
w: Acts as if he/she doesn't know me when he/she is 
angry
x: Lets me do anything I want to do

Rated:
1 not at all like
2 very little like
3 somewhat like
4 much like
5 very much like
Remarks
Marital Autonomy and Relatedness Inventory (Schaefer 
and Edgerton 1979)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.54 p < .01
T1 happiness by T1 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.26 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 spouce behavior
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.59 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.37 p < .01
T1 happiness by T2 spouce behavior (3 year later)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.27 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dr=+.38 p < .01
T2 happiness by T1 spouce behavior (3 year 
earlier)
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.49 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heterogeneity of marriage-partners
Subject code: M03ab01

StudyAlston et al. (1976): study 1973
TitleExtent of Interfaith Marriages among White Americans.
SourceSociological Analysis, 1976, Vol. 37, 261 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3710568
PublicWhite couples USA 1973-1975
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2840

Correlate
Author's labelInterfaith marriage
Page in Source 264
Our classificationHeterogeneity of marriage-partners, code M03ab01
Operationalization
Homogenous couples are respondents whose spouses are 
within the same faith, while heterogenous couples are 
respondents whose spouses are of a different faith.
0 homogenous
1 heterogenous
Observed distributionN = 0: 2344, 1: 493

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=-
Homogenous marriage   M = 2.37
Heterogenous marriage M = 2.27
- difference             -0,10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aG=-.16 p < .0016


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heterogeneity of marriage-partners
Subject code: M03ab01

StudyStutzer & Frey (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984
TitleDoes Marriage Make People Happy, or do Happy People Get Married.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 326 - 347
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.043
Public15+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-2000
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15268

Correlate
Author's labeldifference with spouce
Page in Source 33
Our classificationHeterogeneity of marriage-partners, code M03ab01
Operationalization
Difference in education with spouce
1: small
2: large
Remarks
Steadily married Ss only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=-
Ss who's wage differs largely from spouce's are 
somewhat less happy in the years before marriage, 
but not in the years after.

Ma controled for:
- education
- parenthood
- household income
- household size
- position in household
- employment
- place of residence
- citizenship status (migrant or not)
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDMa=0
Ss with small difference are slightly less happy 
before marriage and slightly more happy after

Ma controled for:
- education
- parenthood
- household income
- household size
- position in household
- employment
- place of residence
- citizenship status (migrant or not)
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Heterogeneity of marriage-partners
Subject code: M03ab01

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelValue similarity with husband
Page in Source 437
Our classificationHeterogeneity of marriage-partners, code M03ab01
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions: 1. Generally share 
the same philosophy    of life with him.                
2. His ideals most nearly approach my    ideals of 'the 
right way'.      3. Have a great many interests in    
common with him.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+.42 p < .002
Computed for marrieds only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Heterogeneity of marriage-partners
Subject code: M03ab01

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelBeing younger than spouse
Page in Source 16
Our classificationHeterogeneity of marriage-partners, code M03ab01
Operationalization
0: Same age or older
1: Younger

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . s
35 % of the relatively dissatisfied, 27 % of the
satisfied and 17 % of the very satisfied were
the same age as their husband or older (sign.)
No relationship among men


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimacy with spouse
Subject code: M03ab02

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelIntimacy between partners
Page in Source 350,257
Our classificationIntimacy with spouse, code M03ab02
Operationalization
3-item additive index each rated on a 3 point scale. 
Positive relation =3.
1. Is there intimacy in the relation? 2. Are there any 
important, concrete
   problems in the relationship?
3. Is there in the Ss's judgment a
   satisfactory sexual relation?
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.39 p < .01
T2 happiness by T2 intimacy
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.22 p < .01
T3 happiness by T2 intimacy

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cßL=+.41
T2 happiness by T2 intimacy.
ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also 
involving neuroticism, selfesteem, internal 
control, adequacy of coping and self- and 
externally induced burdens.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Intimacy with spouse
Subject code: M03ab02

StudyWhite (1979): study US 1977
TitleSex Differentials in the Effect of Remarriage on Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1979, Vol. 41, 869 -876
PublicAdult, general public,, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1085

Correlate
Author's labelCommunication with spouse
Page in Source 874
Our classificationIntimacy with spouse, code M03ab02
Operationalization
Single closed question: "How do you feel about the way 
you can confide in your (husband/wife) and discuss 
anything that comes up? Do you feel that  communucation 
is very good, okay, or not so good?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=
1:first marriage men    r = +.22  (05)
2:first marriage women  r = +.37  (05)
3:remarriage men        r = +.47  (05)
4:remarriage women      r = +.36  (05)



Correlational finding on Happiness and Polygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
Subject code: M03ab03a

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelpolygamy
Page in Source 903
Our classificationPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous), code M03ab03a
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+,11 ns
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area

B unaffected by
- additional control for personal assets
- alternative controls for relative wealth

positive and significant among Muslims

negative but not significant among women


Correlational finding on Happiness and Polygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
Subject code: M03ab03a

StudyMoller & Welch (1985): study ZA 1984
TitlePolygamy Well-Being of Zulu Migrants.
SourceReport University of Natal, Centre for Applied Social Sciences, 1985, Durban, South Africa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moller_v_1985b.pdf
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural Kwazulu, South Africa, 1984
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelPolygamy
Page in Source 33
Our classificationPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous), code M03ab03a
Operationalization
1 polygamist (N = 32)
0 other      (N = 221)
Remarks
Very and fairly happy:
1 81%
0 37%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dG=+.38 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aG=+.76 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dtau=+.13 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-atau=+.30 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Polygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
Subject code: M03ab03a

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelPolygamist
Page in Source 631
Our classificationPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous), code M03ab03a
Operationalization
0: married to one wife        (70%)
1: married to 2 or more wives (13%)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.30 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.13 p < .05
Direction of correlation unclear in original 
report. Sign in table is negative, but text 
indicates positive relationship. Present version 
approved by author.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Conjugal fidelity
Subject code: M03ab03b

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelMarital loyalty
Page in Source 71,T53-54
Our classificationConjugal fidelity, code M03ab03b
Operationalization
Four item index of direct questions on marital loyalty. 
Answer categories yes/no.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=-.06 p < .05
ß controlled for: education, professional status, 
income, communication with family, and 
satisfaction with partner.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Conjugal fidelity
Subject code: M03ab03b

StudyOlivier (2009): study NL 2006
TitleHet Effect van Vreemdgaan op Geluk . (The Effect of Adultery on Happiness.)
SourceBachelor thesis, Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Sociolgy, 2009, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Public19-69 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =4170

Correlate
Author's labelNon-adulterous
Page in Source 15
Our classificationConjugal fidelity, code M03ab03b
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
In the past 6 months have you had sexual contact with 
an another person then your present partner?
0. Yes (adulterous)
1. No  (non-adulterous)
Observed distributionn = 0:246 1:3924

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
ALL
0:     adulterous M = 4,16 (Sd = 1,292)
1: non-adulterous M = 4,46 (Sd = 1,152)
                     +0,30
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Males:
0:     adulterous M = 4,25
1: non-adulterous M = 4,56
                     +0,31
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Females:
0:     adulterous M = 4,01
1: non-adulterous M = 4,36
                     +0,35
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Attitude: sexual conservatives
0     adulterous M = 4,15 
1 non-adulterous M = 4,41
                    +0,26
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Attitude: gender conservatives
0     adulterous M = 4,15 
1 non-adulterous M = 4,41
                    +0,26
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Attitude: homo-negativisist
0     adulterous M = 4,15 
1 non-adulterous M = 4,41
                    +0,26
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Religion: Roman Catholic
0:     adulterous M = 4,12
1: non-adulterous M = 4,46
                     +0,34
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Religion: Protestant
0:     adulterous M = 4,21
1: non-adulterous M = 4,61
                     +0,40
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Religion: Islam
0:     adulterous M = 3,78
1: non-adulterous M = 4,33
                     +0,55
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Religion: none
0:     adulterous M = 4,22
1: non-adulterous M = 4,42
                     +0,20
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Sexual preference: Homo-sexual
0:     adulterous M = 4,00
1: non-adulterous M = 4,47
                     +0,47
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aDM=+
Sexual preference: Hetero-sexual
0:     adulterous M = 4,19
1: non-adulterous M = 4,46
                     +0,27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Mutual support
Subject code: M03ab04

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelSupport of spouce
Page in Source 607, 610
Our classificationMutual support, code M03ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
As a source of personal and emotional support, how 
would you rate your spouse (if applicable)?
 
Rated 1=poor 9=excellent
Observed distributionMean 7,76 SD 2,03
Error Estimatesthree-week retest r=+.88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.44 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of contactwith partner
Page in Source 70,T29
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Single direct question on frequency of contact with 
partner. Rated on a 4-point scale ranging from 'seldom' 
to 'living together with partner'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.14 p < .05
ß controlled for: professional status, intensity 
of sex life, and satisfaction with partner.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when persuing hobby together
Page in Source 429
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you persue a hobby 
together?
Observed distributionN= 0:1%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:2%, 5:6%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:17%, 10:17%,DKNA:5%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1163

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.4  M = 7.4             +1.0
top 3:  M = 8.1  M = 7.1             +1.0 
top 5:  M = 7.8  M = 6.8             +1.0
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 294, Others: 8-0 N= 869
Top 3: 10-8 N= 648, Others: 7-0 N= 515
Top 5: 10-6 N= 961, Others: 5-0 N= 202


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyPalisi (1984a): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleMarriage Companionship and Marriage Well-Being: A Comparison of Three Metropolitan Areas in Three Countries.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1984, Vol. 9, 43 - 57
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/41601360?uid=376155681&uid=3738736&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3&uid=67&uid=5911848&uid=23828&uid=62&sid=21104497386113
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage companionship
Page in Source 54
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
8 Item index of closed questions on amount of time 
spent on activities.
Joint activities: 
-Share a good laugh or joke with your
 wife 
-Share affection with your wife
-Spend an evening just chatting with
 your wife 
-Do something your wife particulary
 appreciate.
Parallel activities: 
-Visit friends with your wife or
 entertain friends in your home
-Go out with your wife to the cinema
 the pub, meetings, sporting events,
 other entertainment 
-Eat in a restaurant with your wife
-Take a drive or walk with your wife
 for pleasure. 
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from (1) daily to (5) 
a few times a year or less.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
London
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.10 ns
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.28 p < .001
Los Angeles
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.16 p < .01
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .001
Sydney
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-arpc=+.14 p < .05
rpc controled for satisfaction with marriage


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyPalisi (1984a): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleMarriage Companionship and Marriage Well-Being: A Comparison of Three Metropolitan Areas in Three Countries.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1984, Vol. 9, 43 - 57
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/41601360?uid=376155681&uid=3738736&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3&uid=67&uid=5911848&uid=23828&uid=62&sid=21104497386113
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelJoint activities with spouce
Page in Source 49
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
4 item index of closed questions on amount of time 
spent on joint activities. 
-Share a good laugh or joke with your
 wife 
-Share affection with your wife
-Spend an evening just chatting with
 your wife 
-Do something your wife particulary
 appreciate. 
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from (1) daily to (5) 
a few times a year or less.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
London
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.28 p < .001
Los Angeles
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .001
Sydney


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyPalisi (1984a): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleMarriage Companionship and Marriage Well-Being: A Comparison of Three Metropolitan Areas in Three Countries.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1984, Vol. 9, 43 - 57
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/41601360?uid=376155681&uid=3738736&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3&uid=67&uid=5911848&uid=23828&uid=62&sid=21104497386113
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelParallel activities with spouce
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
4 Item index on amount of time spent in parallel 
activities
-Visit friends with your wife or
 entertain friends at home
-Go out with your wife to the cinema,
 the pub, meetings or other
 entertainment
-Eat in a restaurant with your wife
-Take a drive or a walk with your wife
 for plesure.
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from (1) daily to (5) 
a few times a year or less.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
London
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
Los Angeles
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .04
Sydney


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyPalisi (1985a): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleInteraction with Kin, Social-Status and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 24, 14 - 34
DOIDOI: 10.1163/156854285X00141
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelJoint companionship with spouse
Page in Source 25
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Summed scores of four closed questions 
on how frequently respondent and spouse have engaged in 
intimate joined activities, rated from 'daily' to 
'never'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
London:      rpc = +.30   (001)
     
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.34 p < .001
London:      rpc = +.37   (001)
        
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 p < .001
Los Angeles: rpc = +.32   (001)
           
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.28 p < .001
Los Angeles: rpc = +.24   (001)
          
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.39   (001)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.31 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.30   (001)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyPalisi (1985a): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleInteraction with Kin, Social-Status and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 24, 14 - 34
DOIDOI: 10.1163/156854285X00141
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelParallel companionship with spouse
Page in Source 25
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Summed scores of two closed questions on how frequently 
respondent and spouse have engaged in parallel 
activities
(visiting friends and attending an event together) 
rated from 'daily' to
'never'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns
London:      rpc = +.10   (ns)
      
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 p < .01
London:      rpc = +.21   (01)
     
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.24 p < .001
Los Angeles: rpc = +.26   (001)
           
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 p < .001
Los Angeles: rpc = +.21   (01)
          
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.21   (01)
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.14 p < .05
Sydney:      rpc = +.12   (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage companionship
Page in Source 166
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
5-item index of questions on shared activities in the 
past few weeks. Each rated yes/no.
1. spend one evening just chatting with
   each other.
2. had a good laugh together.
3. been affectionate to each other.
4. taken a drive or walk just for
   pleisure.
5. did something that the other parti-
   cularly appreciated.

Assessed at:
T1: Januari 1963
T2: June    1963
T3: Oktober 1963
Remarks
Data T3.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.17
Males.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.20
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.28
Females
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.29
Females.

- Strongly related to positive affect. Hardly to   
negative affect.

- Unaffected by SES as such. 
  Stronger relation among women than men in high
  SES.
                
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
CHANGE in companionship is modestly related to 
CHANGE in positive affect between T2 and T3 
(Relation to change in summed ABS not computed).

Change in affect expressed in change () in 
average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares 
distribution in category with distribution in 
total sample. RT above .50 means relative 
increase, RT below .50 relative decrease in 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage sociability
Page in Source 166
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
4-item index of questions on shared activities in the 
past few weeks: Each rated yes/no.
1. visited friends together
2. gone out together
3. entertained friends in your home
4. eat out in a restaurant together
Remarks
Data T3.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.12
Males.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.14
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.18
Females
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+.16
Females.

- Slightly related to positive affect. Not to
  negative affect.

- Largely unaffected by SES.
- Most pronounced among high SES women.
                 
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr= ns
CHANGE in sociability is not paralelled by CHANGE 
in positive affect between T2 and T3. (Relation to 
change in summed ABS not computed).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyMarini (1976): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness: A research note
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 443 - 447
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicMarried persons, metropolitan areas, USA, 1963
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3934

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfactions
Page in Source 446
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Number of pleasurable activities in which married 
couples participate jointly, assessed by means of a 
list of 12 activities. Respondents were asked which 
ones they had done together in the past few weeks 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.26


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyMarini (1976): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness: A research note
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 443 - 447
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicMarried persons, metropolitan areas, USA, 1963
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3934

Correlate
Author's labelMarital companionship
Page in Source 446
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
Amount of time spent with spouce, measured by a single 
direct question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.30


Correlational finding on Happiness and Shared activities
Subject code: M03ab05

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of going out evenings with spouse
Page in Source 17
Our classificationShared activities, code M03ab05
Operationalization
0: 2 or less evenings a month 
1: more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%=+ p < .05
33 % of the very satisfied and satisfied, and 40% 
of the relatively dissatisfied women go out 2 or
fewer evenings a month with their husband 
Among the men 29 % of the very satisfied, 37 % of
the satisfied and 39 % of the relatively dis-
satisfied report going out 2 or fewer evenings
a month with their wives


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood during evening meal or breakfast together
Page in Source 425
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you have a evening meal 
or breakfast together?
Observed distributionN= 0:*%, 1:*%, 2:1%, 3:1%, 4:1%, 5:5%, 6:9%, 7:14%, 8:27%, 9:22%, 10:18%,DKNA:1%
Remarks
Respondent in a relation. N=1349

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 8.7  M = 7.6             +1.1
top 3:  M = 8.5  M = 7.2             +1.3 
top 5:  M = 8.2  M = 6.7             +1.5
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 333, Others: 8-0 N=1016
Top 3: 10-8 N= 733, Others: 7-0 N= 616
Top 5: 10-6 N=1094, Others: 5-0 N= 255


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelMood when quarreling with your partner
Page in Source 430
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How happy do you usually 
feel on a scale of 0 to 10 when you quarrel with your 
partner?
Observed distributionN= 0:30%, 1:12, 2:15%, 3:13%, 4:9%, 5:9%, 6:5%, 7:3%, 8:1%, 9:*%, 10:*%,DKNA:2%
Remarks
Respondent in relation only. N = 1263

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 2.6  M = 2.2             +0.4
top 3:  M = 2.5  M = 2.1             +0.4 
top 5:  M = 2.3  M = 2.1             +0.2
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 305, Others: 8-0 N= 958
Top 3: 10-8 N= 689, Others: 7-0 N= 575
Top 5: 10-6 N=1024, Others: 5-0 N= 239


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelHome stress
Page in Source 263
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Self report on three questions about role ambiguity 
experienced in home life. Questions  focussed on 
certainity on how well one was handling household 
responsibilities and what their spouce expected of them 
at home.

Full questions not reported

Rated: very unsure (1) to very sure (5)
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha at T3: .70
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1988) and T3 (1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
T3 homestress by T3 happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.36 p < .01
women initially infertile          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.15 p < .05
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.40 p < .01
men initially infertile            N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.00 ns
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.28 p < .05
women presumed fertile controls    N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.02 ns
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.34 p < .01
women presumed fertile controls   N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=+.05 ns
Beta's controlled for: 
- personal control
- network support
- spouse conflict
- coping style


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyAbbey et al. (1994): study US 1988
TitlePsychosocial Predictors of Life Quality: How are They Effected by Infertility, Gender and Parenthood?
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1994, Vol. 15, 253 - 271
PublicInfertile couples and matched controls, followed 3 years, USA 1988-1990
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =496

Correlate
Author's labelSpouse conflict
Page in Source 263
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Selfreport on 7 questions assessing the extend to which 
respondents felt that their spouce acted cold, 
judgmental, unpleasant or showed dislike

Rated: not at all (1) to a great deal (5)
Error EstimatesCcronbach alpha at T3: .88
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1988) and T3 (1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-b
T3 spouse conflict by T3 happiness
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.31 p < .01
women initially infertile          N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.02 ns
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.38 p < .01
men presumed fertile controls      N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.50 p < .01
men initially infertile            N = 174
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.29 p < .01
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.51 p < .01
women presumed fertile controls    N = 74
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.14 ns
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bBeta=-.05 ns
Beta controled for:
- home stress
- personal contro
- network support
- coping style


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyAbbey et al. (1992): study US 1987
TitleInfertility and Subjective Well-Being: The Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem, Internal Control, and Interpersonal Conflict.
SourceJournal of Marriage and Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 408 - 417
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/353072?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
DOIDoi: 10.2307/353072
PublicInfertile couples, United States, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =370

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal conflict
Page in Source 412
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions, assessing the extent to 
which respondents felt that their spouce acted cold or 
showed dislike.
Texts not reported

Rated:
1:  not at all
5:  very much
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha= .75

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.36 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by wives interpersonal conflict
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.32 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by husbands interpersonal conflict
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.25 p < .<.05
Husbands happiness by wives interpersonal conflict
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=-.41 p < ..01
Husbands happiness by husbands interpersonal 
conflict
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyWilliams (2003): study US 1986
TitleHas the Future of Marriage Arrived? A Contemporary Examination of Gender, Marriage, and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2003, Vol. 44, 470 - 487
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15038144
Public24+ aged, USA, followed 1986-1994
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen=723 in 1989 and 1994.
Respondents N =2348

Correlate
Author's labelMarital stress
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
IDEM MARITAL HARMONY

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudySpanier & Furstenberg (1982): study US 1977
TitleRemarriage after Divorce: A Longitudinal Analysis of Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1982, Vol. 44, 709 -720
PublicSeparated, followed 2 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1977-79
Sample
Non-ResponseT1: 39 %, T2: 48 %
Respondents N =210

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of new Marriage
Page in Source 718
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Dyadic Adjustment Scale ( Spanier 1976) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.55 p < . 001
Remarried persons only (N = 62)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.42 p < . 01
Remarried persons only (N = 62)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40 p < . 01
Remarried persons only (n = 62)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.40 p < . 01
Remarried persons only (n = 62)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-ar=+.42 p < . 01
Remarried persons only (N = 62)
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.55 p < . 001
Remarried persons only (N = 62)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelMarital tension
Page in Source 164
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
11-item index of questions on differences in opinion or 
problems concerning: Each rated yes/no
1. time spend with friends
2. household expenses
3. being tired
4. being away from home too much
5. disciplining children
6. in-laws
7. not showing love
8. spouces job
9. how to spend leisuretime
10 religion
11 irritating personal habits

Assessed at:
T1: Januari 1963
T3: Oktober 1963
Remarks
Data T1. Results T3 similar.
         

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=-.16
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.25
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.37
Females
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=-.32
Females 

- Strong relation with negative affect. Hardly
  any with positive affect.
- Unaffected by SES.
               
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aDMr=+
CHANGE in marital tension is paralelled by CHANGE 
in negative affect (Relation with change in full 
ABS not computed).

This relation is stronger among females than 
males.

Change in negative affect expressed in change () 
in average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares 
distribution in category with distribution in 
total sample. RT above .50 means relative 
increase, RT below .50 relative decrease in 
happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyOrden & Bradburn (1968): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1968, Vol. 73, 715 - 731
URLhttp://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/home.html
PublicMarried people,USA, metropolitan areas, 1963-1965
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1738

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage tensions
Page in Source 719, 721, 723, 730
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
A. Self-report on following single questions about 
which husbands and wives sometimes agree or disagree. 
Would you tell me which ones caused differences of 
opinions or were problems in your marriage during the 
past few weeks?
- being tired
- irritating personal habits
- household expenses
- being away from home
- how to spend leisure
- time spent with friends
- your(husband's) job
- in-laws
- not showing love

B.The constructed Marriage Balance scale ratings (MABS) 
i.e.an index of questions on differences in opinion or 
problems concerning: 
- time with friends
- household expenses
- being tired
- being away from home too much
- in-laws
- not showing love
- your (husband's) job
- how to spend leisure
- irritating personal habits
Each question rated yes/no

Classified on a 0-9 scale
Observed distributionN=0:38%; 1:24%; 2:15%; 3:10%; 4:6%; 5:3%; 6:2%; 7:1%; 8,9: less than 1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aG=-
females       -.38
males         -.29
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=-
females       -.26
males         -.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyMarini (1976): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness: A research note
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 443 - 447
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicMarried persons, metropolitan areas, USA, 1963
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3934

Correlate
Author's labelMarital tensions
Page in Source 446
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
Number of tensions, assessed by means of a 11 item 
index

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.10


Correlational finding on Happiness and Tensions in relationship
Subject code: M03ab06

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelMarital tension
Page in Source 37
Our classificationTensions in relationship, code M03ab06
Operationalization
14-item index of closed questions on marital problems 
concerning time spent with friends, how the house 
looks, household expenses, being tired, being away from 
home too much, disciplining children, in-laws, not 
showing love, work, how to spend leisure time, work 
around the house, religion, irritating personal habits, 
other.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= -
Index of Positive Affects:  G' = +.04 (ns)
Index of Negative Affects:  G' = +.43 (01)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.22 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Position in polygamous marriage
Subject code: M03ab07

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelWife order
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationPosition in polygamous marriage, code M03ab07
Operationalization
Wife order
1 first wife
2 second wife
3 third wife
4 fourth wife
5 fifth or higher
Observed distribution1: 12,3%, 2: 20,3%, 3: 9,0%, 4: 3,0%, 5: 2,0%
Remarks
In polygamous households only one wife was interviewed.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=+.11 p < .05
junior wives happier
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Beta controled for:
- marital satisfaction
- husband's supportiveness
- socio economic status

Using mean substitution for missing variables, 
along with backwards eliminaton of variables.
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta=+.14 ns
Using listwise deletion of missing data along with 
backwards elimination of varables. 
N =152.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community of property
Subject code: M03ab08

StudyGuven (2009b): study NL 1993
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =4500

Correlate
Author's labelMarital status
Page in Source 42,48
Our classificationCommunity of property, code M03ab08
Operationalization
1: Married
   a: Married (community of property)
   b: Married (marriage settlement)
0: Unmarried
   a: Divorced
   b: Living with partner (not married)
   c: Widowed
   d: Never married

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+-
1a M = 4,1
1b M = 4,16
0a M = 3,65
0b M = 4,09
0c M = 3,71
0d M = 3,84
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=+.15
Marriage settlement               (vs not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-1.0
Divorced                          (vs not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.15
Living with partner (not married) (vs not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.95
Widowed                           (vs not)
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-1.0
Never married                     (vs not)

OLRCs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - health status
  - household size
  - income 
  - gender
  - age
  - parental status
- province
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with spouse
Subject code: M03ab09

StudyBecchetti & Conzo (2010): study AR Buenos Aires 2009
TitleMicrofinance and Happiness.
SourceUniverstiy of Rome ''tor Vergata'', Working Paper, 2010, No. 69
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/aiccon/2010_069.html
Public18+ aged, low income households, Buenos Aires (Argentina), 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =360

Correlate
Author's labelCohabitant
Page in Source 23,24
Our classificationLiving with spouse, code M03ab09
Operationalization
1: cohabitant
0: no
Remarks
The sample was composed of:
150 clients of a microfinance organization
150 eligible, but non clients
60 dropouts (past clients of microfinance organization)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.58 p < .01
B controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when B additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present or past)

Not significant when B controlled for:
- microfinance loan (only present)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-db=+.53 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- credit cycle (instead of microfinance loan

Not significant when dropouts not included for 
credit cycle variable calculation.
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.43 p < .01
OPRC controlled for:
- socio-economic characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - wealth proxies
  - village
  - education
  - savings
  - job experience
  - household income
  - household size

No significant change when OPRC additionally 
controlled for:
- microfinance loan (present or past)

Not significant when OPRC controlled for:
- microfinance loan (only present)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.42 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- credit cycle (instead of microfinance loan

Not significant when dropouts not included for 
credit cycle variable calculation.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with spouse
Subject code: M03ab09

StudyKopmann & Rehdanz (2014): study DE 2004
TitleUnderestimated Benefits from Periphery: Internal Migration and Subjective Well-being.
SourceEconstor Working Paper, 2014, No. B14-V1, Kiel, Germany
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/100382
PublicWorking age people, Germany, followed 5 years 2004-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10123

Correlate
Author's labelSpouse in foreign
Page in Source 16-18,30
Our classificationLiving with spouse, code M03ab09
Operationalization
1 Spouse in foreign country
2 Spouse at home
Remarks
Recoded by WDH

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.48 p < .05
b controlled for:
- Gender 
- People (household size))
- Number of children
- Disabled or not
- Health
- Income
- Years of education
- Marital status
- Working status
- German citizen or not
- Moving within or across municipalities
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.51 p < .05
When additionally controlled for labor market in 
region of origin.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with spouse
Subject code: M03ab09

StudyGuven (2009b): study DE 1984
TitleWeather and Financial Risk-Taking: Is Happiness the Channel?
SourceSOEP Paper No. 218, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/p/diw/diwsop/diw_sp218.html
Public18+ aged, households' heads, Germany, 1984-2006
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =21000

Correlate
Author's labelSpouse in native country
Page in Source 48,49
Our classificationLiving with spouse, code M03ab09
Operationalization
0: Not living with partner
1: Living with partner

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
Spouse in native country: M = 3,85

The original happiness scale from 0 to 10 is 
recorded here as follow:
(0,1,2): 1
(3,4):   2
(5,6):   3
(7,8):   4
(9,10):  5
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+1.2
With partner (vs spouse in native country)

B controlled for:
- Personal characteristics 
  - labor force satus
  - household size
  - health status
  - number of children
  - education
  - income
  - gender
  - age
- state
- year fixed effects


Correlational finding on Happiness and Living with spouse
Subject code: M03ab09

StudyGuillen-Royo (2008): study PE 2004
TitleConsumption and Subjective Wellbeing: Exploring Basic Needs, Social Comparison, Social Integration and Hedonism in Peru.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 89, 535 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9248-1
PublicGeneral public, 7 poor communities, Peru, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =399

Correlate
Author's labelCohabiting
Page in Source 544-545
Our classificationLiving with spouse, code M03ab09
Operationalization
Selfreport on question living with spouse (full text 
not reported)
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distributionM = 0.875; SD = 0.331

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.55 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socio-demographic characteristic
 -age squared
 -male dummy
 -religion dummy
 -age
 -chronic illness dummy
 -self-employed dummy
 -homemaker dummy
-Basic needs
 -intermediate needs
-Consumption
 -log total expenditure
-Location
 -Peri-urban dummy
 -rural dummy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.60 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socio-demographic characteristic
 -age squared
 -male dummy
 -religion dummy
 -chronic illness dummy
 -age
 -homemaker dummy
 -self-employed
-Basic needs
 -intermediate needs
-Consumption
 -average expenditure
 -relative expenditure
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.71 p < .01
B controlled for:
-Socio-demographic characteristic
 -age squared
 -male dummy
 -religion dummy
 -chronic illness dummy
 -age
 -homemaker dummy
 -self-employed
-Basic needs
 -intermediate needs
-Consumption
 -average expenditure
 -relative expenditure
-Motives for consumption
 -providing household basics dummy
 -hedonism dummy
 -social interaction dummy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,13 SD: 1,85, Non-exercisers: M: 7,20 SD: 2,81
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.19 p < .07
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,38 SD: 1,78, Non-exercisers: M: 7,98 SD: 1,45
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.33 p < .01
Exercisers only (N=94)
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.24 p < .00
Beta after accounting for: Perceived contribution 
of:
Personal strengths, skills and resources
Self-confidence and self-assurance
Friendship and social relationships
Faith, religion, ethic or moral values
Health, well-being, and quality of life
Power, status, and importance of yourself in 
society
Money, wealth, and luxuries
Satisfaction of basic needs (e.g. food, housing, 
etc.)
Love, loving and being loved
Partnership and sexuality
Sense of humour, attitudes and positive emotions
Work and work relationships
Goals, challenges and vital commitments
The way you are or personality
Sense of belonging
Habits and lifestyles
Self-image and self-esteem
Personal autonomy and independence
Genes and heredity

when ONLY exercisers are considered


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of partnership and sexuality
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "partnership and sexuality"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 8,01 SD: 1,59
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.00 p < .96


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution of family and family relationships
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "family and family relationships"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 7,96 SD: 1,53
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.10 p < .17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyBränholm et al. (1991): study SE 1986
TitleOn Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Rehabilitation Science, 1991, Vol. 4, 29 - 34
Public25-55 aged, vocationally actives, Umea, Northern Sweden, 1986/87
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =163

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with partnership relation
Page in Source 103
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
How satisfactory is this aspect of your life?.....
Partnership relation.
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-ars=+.43 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to current marriage-relationship
Subject code: M03ac

StudyReitz et al. (2004): study CH 1999
TitleImpact of Spinal Cord Injury on Sexual Health and Quality of Life.
SourceInternational Journal of Impotence Research, 2004, Vol. 16, 167 - 174
PublicSpinal cord injured, Switzerland, 199?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =63

Correlate
Author's labelPartnership (Relationship to partner)
Page in Source 170
Our classificationAttitudes to current marriage-relationship, code M03ac
Operationalization
Single question 'How satisfied are you currently with 
your relationship with your spouse?'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-c-sq-v-5-bAoV= p < .009
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about marriage relationship
Subject code: M03ac01

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelDesired interaction with husband
Page in Source 437
Our classificationConcern about marriage relationship, code M03ac01
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions:
1. Would enjoy seeing him every day. 2. Would spend 
most of my free time    with him if possible.          
3. Would like to see him more often.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+.29 p < .004
Computed for marrieds only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about marriage relationship
Subject code: M03ac01

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelConcern for husband
Page in Source 437
Our classificationConcern about marriage relationship, code M03ac01
Operationalization
Closed question: Try to always remember his birhday.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+.07 ns
Computed for marrieds only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about marriage relationship
Subject code: M03ac01

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelThinking often about marriage
Page in Source 54
Our classificationConcern about marriage relationship, code M03ac01
Operationalization
Response to single question:
"Last week how often did you think about .…Marriage"

Rated: not at all / sometimes / often

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG= -
high S.E.S.: G' = -.07 (ns)
low S.E.S. : G' = -.03 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Self-perceived adequacy in marriage
Subject code: M03ac02

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelFeelings of marital inadequacy
Page in Source 196
Our classificationSelf-perceived adequacy in marriage, code M03ac02
Operationalization
Closed question of frequency of feeling not as good a 
husband/wife as one would like to be never / once in a 
while / a lot of times.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= -
Males   : _b = -.15 (01)
Females : _b = +.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHeadey (1985): study AU AU Victoria 1985
TitleVictorian Panel Data, 1985
SourceUnpublished Report, University of Melbourne, 1985, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Melbourne, Australia, 1985
Sample
Non-Response55%
Respondents N =550

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage and sex
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question rated on a 9-point 
delighted-terrible scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.36 p < .05
ß controlled for satisfaction with: friendships 
and leisure, job, standard of living, and health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyEvans & Kelley (2002): study AU 1984
TitleFamily and Community Influences on Life Satisfaction.
SourceReport Melbourne Institute, 2002, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 1984-2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35-40%
Respondents N =26009

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of marriage
Page in Source 36,52
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report:on 4 questions about the spouse:
a: Do you enjoy their company?
b: Do they understand you?
c: Are they close to you?
d:Are they warm and loving?
Rated:
1- ' Definitely no'
.
.
.
5-  ' Definitely yes'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bb=+.48
Female: B=+.49 
Male:   B=+.47
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bBeta=+.47
Female: Beta= +.50
Male:   Beta= +.43

Beta and above B controlled for:
- Gender
- Migrant
- Family background:
  - Parent's education
  - Father's status
  - Parents divorced
  - Number of siblings
- Number of offspring
- Age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHeadey et al. (1991): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleTop-down versus Bottom-up Theories of Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1991, Vol. 24, 81 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00292652
Public18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =942

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage
Page in Source 94
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: Your wife/husband
b: Your marriage
c: Your sex life
All scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Remarks
Panel analysis over four waves (1981, 1983, 1985, 1987) 
which estimates following effects
 - bottom up: effect of marital satisfaction on life 
satisfaction
 - topdown: effect of life satisfaction on marital 
satisfaction
 - contemporaneous: within wave correlation
 - lagged: over time (waves) correlation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.18 p < .05
Contemporaneous bottom-up: "being happily married 
increases one's life satisfaction"
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.12 p < .05
Contemporaneous top down: "happy people  maintain 
happy marriages"
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.08 p < .05
Lagged bottom-up: "being happily married increases 
one's life satisfaction"
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.07 p < .05
Lagged top down: "happy people maintain happy 
marriages"

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
 - job
 - standard of living
 - leisure
 - friendship
 - health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: Your wife/husband
b: Your marriage
c: Your sex life
All scored on a 1-9 D-T rating scale, summation by 
average.
Observed distributionM = 7.5 SD = 1.3
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.42 p < .001
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aBeta=+.17
married cases
Beta's controlled for satisfaction with
- self-fulfillment
- sex life
- problem handling
- family activities
- work around the house
- mother
- health
- house
- standard of living
- assertiveness
- friends
- fun and enjoyment


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with partner
Page in Source 27,49,T53
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Nine item index of direct questions on satisfaction 
with partner during the last 14 days. The summed scores 
were divided into 3 strata, i.e. low, medium, and high 
Remarks
Ss with partner only.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.30 p < .05
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.13 p < .05
- All
              
                   
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
ß controlled for: satisfaction with physical 
health, material satisfaction, satisfaction with 
selfrealisation, satisfaction with social 
involvement, satisfaction with work (positive), 
satisfaction with work (negative), and 
satisfaction with leisure time.
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.14
- with partner, with work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.23
- with partner, without work
                    
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.30
- Age < 25
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- Age 26-40
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- Age 41-59
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
- Age > 60
        
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.26
- <6.000 income Austrian shill./month
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.29
- 6.000-10.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
- 10.000-16.000
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=*
> 16.000
            
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.17
- monotonous work
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.16
- some selfcontrol
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.24
- much selfcontrol

ß's controlled for satisfaction in six other 
domains of life (physical health, social 
involvement, income, selfrealization, work, 
leisure). *=N too small.
                    
                            
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.23
Retired 60+ aged only.
For the subgroup of retired ß was controlled for 
psychosomatic symptoms, satisfaction with health, 
and material satisfaction.
                               
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=+.22
Housewives, without work, aged <60 only.
For the subgroup of housewives ß was controlled 
for contacts with relatives, professional status 
of husband, and two domain satisfactions (health 
and income).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyGwanfogbe et al. (1970): study CM 1965
TitlePolygyny and Marital Life Satisfaction: An Exploratory Study from Rural Cameroon.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1970, Vol. 28, 55 - 71
PublicMothers of young child, rural areas, Cameroon, 196?
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 62,64
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How does your husband treat you?
4 very good
3 good
2 not sure
1 not good

Married only.
Observed distribution4: 4,7%, 3: 65,3%, 2: 13,0%, 1: 4,0%
Remarks
Question not asked if husband was in earshot.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-ar=+.19 p < .00
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta=+.17 p < .01
Beta controled for:
- wife order
- husband's supportiveness
- socio economic status

Using mean substitution for missing data along 
with backwards elimination of varables.
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aBeta= ns
Using listwise deletion of missing data along with 
backwards elimination of varables.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with living partner
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your living partner?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.10 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- social support
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with your living partner
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your living partner?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 6.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.19 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.10 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.21 p < .05
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with
- your house
- your family relations
- your job
- your friendships
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your self-esteem
- your local policing services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2003): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleLeisure Activities, Health and the Quality of Life.
SourceMichalos, A.C.;Ed.: "Essays on the Quality of Life", Kluwer, 2003, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 217 - 238
Public18+ aged, general public, British Columbia, USA, 1999
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response17,6
Respondents N =440

Correlate
Author's labelLiving partner satisfaction
Page in Source 232
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question about satisfaction with 
your living partner.
Full question not reported.

Rated vey dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (7)
Observed distribution1999 M = 5,9 1998 M = 5,9 1987 M = 6,3
Remarks
N = 326

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- self esteem
- job 
- friendship 
- family relations 
- present age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos & Orlando (2006a): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleQuality of Life of Some Under-Represented Survey Respondents: Youth, Aboriginals and Unemployed.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2006, Vol. 79, 191 - 213
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-4717-2
Public18+ aged, general public, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997-2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8664

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with living partner
Page in Source 5, 8,13,14,15
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your living partner?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.48 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.01 p < .05
All               +.10
Females           +.11
Males             +.09
18 -24 aged       +.12
25+ aged          +.10
Aboriginals =     +.19
Other etnecities  +.10
Unemployed        ns
Other workstatus  +.12
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.42 p < .05
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.07 p < .05
All               +.07
Females           +.07
Males             +.07
18 -24 aged       ns
25+ aged          +.07
Aboriginals =     +.11
Other etnecities  +.06
Unemployed        +.09
Other workstatus  +.07
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fr=+.43 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.13 p < .05
All               +.13
Females           +.15
Males             +.11
18 -24 aged       +.22
25+ aged          +.12
Aboriginals =     +.26
Other etnecities  +.12
Unemployed        +.11
Other workstatus  +.14


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (1999): study CA Prince George 1997
TitlePublic Services and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 125 - 156
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006893225196
PublicAdult general population, Prince George, Northern British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response64%
Respondents N =715

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Living partner
Page in Source 143, 145,148
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question. Text not reported.
Rated:
1. very dissatisfied
.
.
7. very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.13
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - family relations
 - job
 - friendships
 - self esteem
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.22
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - financial security
 - family relations
 - friendships
 - self esteem
 - government services
 - living partner
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.20
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - family relations
 - financial security
 - self esteem
 - job opportunitie
 - weather
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.15
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
 - job
 - friendships
 - health
 - self-esteem
 - fed.gov.official
 - geographic location
 - job opportunities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos (1986): study CA 1984
TitleAn Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 349 - 378
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300488
Public60+ aged, rural districts, Canada, 1984
Sample
Non-Response47%
Respondents N =457

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with spouse
Page in Source 360
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question on satisfaction with relationship with 
spouse, rated on a 7-point scale. 1: terrible..7: 
delightful.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.22 p < .01
ß controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, friendships, 
housing.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.33 p < .01
ß controlled for self-esteem and satisfaction 
with: health, financial security, friendships, 
housing.
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.30 p < .01
Males
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.23 p < .01
Males
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.27 p < .01
Females
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.37 p < .01
Feamales


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMichalos (1982): study CA Huron County Ontario 1977
TitleThe Satisfaction and Happiness of Some Senior Citizens in Ontario.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 1 - 30
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353590
Public60+ aged, rural townships,Southern Huron County, Ontario, Canada, 197?
Sample
Non-Response37%
Respondents N =392

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with spouse
Page in Source 24
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question on relationship with husband or wife, 
rated on a 7-point scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaBeta=+.06
All ß's controlled for satisfaction with family 
life, friendships, financial security, self 
esteem,  health,transportation, recreation, 
housing, religion,area you live in, government 
services;and for sex, age, formal education.
Males:      N:149  ß:+.12
Females     N:121  ß:-.01
Farmer      N:130  ß:-.01
Non-farmer  N:141  ß:+.10
Aged 60-74  N:170  ß:+.11
Aged 75-up  N:102  ß:-.02
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.30
All ß's are controlled for satisfaction with 
family life, friendships, financial 
security,self-esteem,  health, transportation, 
recreation, housing, religion, area you live 
in,government services; and for sex, age and 
education.
Males       N:149  ß:+.23
Females     N:121  ß:+.35
Farmers     N:130  ß:+.23
Non-farmers N:141  ß:+.39
Age 60-74   N:170  ß:+.36
Age 75-up   N:102  ß:+.18


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social connections
Page in Source 2332-2333
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self-report on two questions:
How satisfied are you with:
a) social relationships with others
b) family life, marriage, and relationships
Rated:
1 very dissatisfied
:
5 very satisfied
Observed distributiona) M=3.51, b) M=3.88

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.02 p < .01
SATISFACTION WITH SOCIAL RELATIONS WITH OTHERS
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nb=+.03 p < .01
SATISFACITON WITH FAMILY LIFE, MARRIAGE, AND 
RELATIONSHIPS

B's controlled for satisfaction with:
- income
- Opportunities and social mobility
- Welfare provision
- Government policies and environment
- Occupation and social status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelpartner-relation
Page in Source 288
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with your present 
partner?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:9, 2:26, 3:112, 4:335, 5:643

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.37 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.16
 2: Mt=5.75
 3: Mt=6.83
 4: Mt=7.61
 5: Mt=8.43
All Mt=7.93
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.45 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.89
 2: Mt=4.53
 3: Mt=6.31
 4: Mt=7.26
 5: Mt=8.24
All Mt=7.64
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.50 p < .00
 1: Mt=3.61
 2: Mt=4.90
 3: Mt=5.56
 4: Mt=6.66
 5: Mt=7.93
All Mt=7.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with relationship
Page in Source 292
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
" How satisfied are you with your present relationship 
situation?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: 1:61, 2:127, 3:216, 4:476, 5:528

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .00
 1: Mt=5.25
 2: Mt=6.71
 3: Mt=7.26
 4: Mt=7.83
 5: Mt=8.53
All Mt=7.79
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.48 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.39
 2: Mt=6.09
 3: Mt=6.69
 4: Mt=7.54
 5: Mt=8.39
All Mt=7.46
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.56 p < .00
 1: Mt=4.35
 2: Mt=5.49
 3: Mt=5.98
 4: Mt=6.80
 5: Mt=8.19
All Mt=6.98


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with one's partner
Page in Source 306
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
How are your current relations with your present 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN All:3848; %:1:1,2; 2:4,5; 3:8,9; 4:32,3; 5:53,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+,44 p < .00
1: Mt=4.94
2: Mt=5.66
3: Mt=6.58
4: Mt=7.54
5: Mt=8.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.50 p < .00
1: Mt=4.04
2: Mt=5.04
3: Mt=6.00
4: Mt=7.25
5: Mt=8.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.54 p < .00
1: Mt=4.09
2: Mt=4.93
3: Mt=5.54
4: Mt=6.73
5: Mt=8.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with one's relationship situation
Page in Source 310
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your present relationship 
situation?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: All:4559; %:1:5,6; 2:9,8; 3:13,4; 4:32,4; 5:38,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.46 p < .00
1: Mt=5.50
2: Mt=6.31
3: Mt=6.83
4: Mt=7.74
5: Mt=8.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.53 p < .00
1: Mt=4.71
2: Mt=5.70
3: Mt=6.45
4: Mt=7.41
5: Mt=8.61
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.61 p < .00
1: Mt=4.36
2: Mt=5.26
3: Mt=5.81
4: Mt=6.89
5: Mt=8.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHaavio-Mannila (1971): study FI 1966
TitleSatisfaction with Family, Work, Leisure and Life among Men and Women.
SourceHuman Relations, 1971, Vol. 24, 585 - 601
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =948

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relationship to spouse
Page in Source 590
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 4-point scale ranging from 
'very unsatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-br=+ p < .05
Computed for married Ss only.

married employed males      : r = +.27 (05)
married employed females    : r = +.29 (05)
married non-employed females: r = +.50 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage-partnership
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question :' How satisfied are you with
your marriage-partnership ?'
0  completely unsatisfied 
10 completely satisfied. 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.41       +.50       +.40       +.41
1980     
1984      +.45       +.48       +.44       +.46
1988      +.42       +.48       +.41       +.41

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978      +.33       +.59       +.30       +.37
1980 
1984      +.45       +.64       +.43       +.44
1988      +.42       +.68       +.37       +.42
     
ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class 
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyFine-Davis et al. (2002): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleFathers and Mothers: Dillemmas of the Work-Life Balance. A Comparitive Study in Four European Countries.
SourceKluwer, 2004, Social Indicators Research Series, Volume 21, Dordrecht, Netherlands
PublicDual career parents in four European cities, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =400

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relationship with spouse/partner
Page in Source 216-218, 320
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Overall, how satisfied are you with your relationship 
with your spouse/partner?
1=very dissatisfied 6=very satisfied
Observed distributionMean = 5.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.63 p < .001
Females
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.63 p < .001
Males
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-ar=+.62 p < .001
All


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyPalisi & Canning (1983): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleUrbanism and Social Psychological Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Test of Three Theories.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 24, 527 - 543
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, England, USA, Australia, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage well-being
Page in Source 535
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
For-item index of closed questions on feelings about 
marriage and spouse. Items include: Being happy with 
the marriage, feeling that marriage is a series of 
disappointments, feeling that one would marry the same 
person again, and thinking one would be happier if 
married to another person.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.27
London 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.26
Los Angeles 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.63
Sydney 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 27
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an open graphic scale ranging 
from 'very dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.73 p < .05
Computed for married Ss only.
Stronger among age 25-35
Lower among high S.E.S.
Stronger among medium educational level.
Unaffected by sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMoser-Peters (1969): study NL Utrecht 1967
TitleAchtergronden van Geluksgevoelens. (Backgrounds of Happiness Feelings).
SourceNederlands Instituut voor Preventieve Geneeskunde (TNO), 1969, Leiden, Netherlands
URLhttp//worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moser-peters_cm_1969.pdf
Public21-65 aged general public, City of Utrecht,The Netherlands, 1967
Sample
Non-Response14% unattainable etc.
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 
'dissatisfied' to 'very satisfied'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cr=+.47 s
Computed for married Ss only.
Unaffected by sex.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 193
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question on degree to which marriage meets 
expectations:
not up to /  in accordance with / surpassed.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Computed for married persons only.

Males  : r = +.21 (ns)
Females: r = +.49 (005)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

Study~Philips Nederland (1966): study NL 1964
TitleDe Nederlandse Huisvrouw. (The Dutch Houswife.)
SourceNIPO assigned by Philips Nederland, 1966, Eindhoven, Netherlands
PublicHousewives, The Netherlands, 1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =450

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 66
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-ar=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

Study~NIPO (1949): study NL 1948
TitleWat de Mensen Gelukkig Maakt. (The Things that Contribute to Happiness).
SourceDe Publieke Opinie, 1949, Vol. 3, 3 - 4
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~NIPO_1949.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, The Netherlands, 1948
Sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 3
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aG=+.39 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyKammann (1979): study NZ 1976
TitleSourcebook for Affectometer 1.
Source'Why not?' Foundation, 1979?, Dunedin, New Zealand
PublicMarried persons, Dunedin, New Zealand, 1976
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =92

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage satisfaction
Page in Source 9
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
1  Overall satisfaction

2  Overall dissatisfaction
   a role ambiguity
   b role conflict
   c compliance pressure 
   d partners injustice
   e partners dominance
   f partners non-communication

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=+.32
1  males r=+.28 (01) females r=+.38 (01)

A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.38
2  males r=-.29 (05) females r=-.53 (01)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.18
2a males r=-.18 (ns) females r=-.19 (ns)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.31
2b males r=-.36 (01) females r=-.22 (ns)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.45
2c males r=-.58 (01) females r=-.22 (ns)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.44
2d males r=-.39 (01) females r=-.52 (01)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.35
2e males r=-.44 (01) females r=-.18 (ns)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cmr=-.38
2f males r=-.33 (01) females r=-.46 (01)

   Males  N=58       Females  N=33


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudySuhail & Chaudhry (2004): study PK 2000
TitlePredictors of Subjective Well-Being in an Eastern Muslim Culture.
SourceJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2004, Vol. 23, 359 - 376.
DOIDOI:10.1521/jscp.23.3.359.35451
Public16-80 aged, general public, Lahore, Pakistan, 2000
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =973

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 369-371
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Summed respons on two questions:
a My life partner is my best friend
b If reborn, I will marry the same person. 

Both questions were scored on a 4-point continuum from 
1: not at all to 4: a large extent.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.18 p < .001
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.09 p < .01
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br=+.24 p < .001
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bBeta=+.15 p < .001
Beta's controlled for
- income
- social support
- religiosity
- work satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBulatao (1973): study PH Manila 1972
TitleMeasures of Happiness among Manila Residents.
SourcePhilippine Sociological Review, 1973, Vol. 21, 229 - 238
Public21+ aged, general public, Metro Manila, Philippines, 1972
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response-
Respondents N =941

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 232
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bG= +
Index of Positive Affects:
Males   : G = +.33
Females : G = +.32

Index of Negative Affects:
Males   : G = -.27
Females : G = -.09
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG= +
Married respondents only:

Males   : G = +.21
Females : G = +.27
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fG= +
Married respondents only:

Males   : G = +.41
Females : G = +.47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyKoralewicz & Zagorski (2009): study PL 2007
TitleLiving Conditions and Optimistic Orientation of Poles.
SourceInternational Journal of Sociology, 2009, Vol. 39, 10 - 44
DOIDOI:10.2753/IJS0020-7659390401
PublicAdults, general public, Poland, 2007
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with wife/husband
Page in Source 15,19
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question; question not reported:
5 very satisfied
4 rather satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
Observed distribution1: 2,3%, 2: 2,0%, 3: 7,5%, 4: 33,9%, 5: 54,3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.15 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- friends and acquaintances
- chances for the future
- health
- housing
- locality of residence
- education
- employment
- income
- children
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.15 p < .001
Beta additionally controlled for satisfaction 
with:
- material living conditions


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 108
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question: do you regard your marriage as happy 
or unhappy ?
very unhappy / unhappy/ average / happy / very happy.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.22 p < .001
Computed for marrieds only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBalatsky & Diener (1993): study RU 1990
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Russian Students.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 225 - 243
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01079019
PublicStudents, Moscow and Glazov (Ural), Russia, 1990
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with living partner
Page in Source 235
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single question:"How do you feel about your living 
partner right now?".
Rated on 7-pointscale from: 
1.Terrible.......to
.
.
7. Delighted.
Observed distributionM= 5.23; SD= 2.27

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.06 ns
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-br=+.09 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 363,371
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to rate their satisfaction with 
their "Marriage" as follows:
-2: very dissatisfied
-1: somewhat dissatisfied
 0: neither satisfied or dissatisfied
+1: somewhat satisfied
+2: very satisfied
Observed distributionOnly among marrieds: -2:0.1%, -1:1.2%, 0:3.9%, +1:61.7%, +2:33.0%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.05 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.11 p < .05
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.12 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=+.07 ns
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- relating
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with partner domain
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with your 
partner?
1: not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7: completely satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.86 p < .00
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.45 p < .00
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
  - taking friends out for drink or diner
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHall (1973): study GB 1971
TitleMeasuring the Quality of Life Using Sample Surveys.
SourceStöber, J.;et al;Eds..: "Technology Assessment and the Quality of Life", Elsevier, 1973, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 93 - 102
PublicAdults, general public, Great Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =593

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 100
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question rated on a 7-point self- anchoring scale, 
based on Cantril (1965) 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-ar=+.23


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyAbbey et al. (1992): study US 1987
TitleInfertility and Subjective Well-Being: The Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem, Internal Control, and Interpersonal Conflict.
SourceJournal of Marriage and Family, 1992, Vol. 54, 408 - 417
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/353072?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
DOIDoi: 10.2307/353072
PublicInfertile couples, United States, 1987
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =370

Correlate
Author's labelIntimacy life quality
Page in Source 412
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about satisfaction with the 
sexual and romantic aspects of their lives. Texts not 
reported.
Rated:
1:  very dissatisfied
5:  very satisfied
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha= .83

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.48 p < ..01
Wives happiness by wives intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.36 p < .<.01
Wives happiness by husbands intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.32 p < .<.01
Husbands happiness by wives intimacy life quality
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-br=+.57 p < .<.01
Husbands happiness by husbands intimacy life 
quality
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyWilliams (2003): study US 1986
TitleHas the Future of Marriage Arrived? A Contemporary Examination of Gender, Marriage, and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 2003, Vol. 44, 470 - 487
URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15038144
Public24+ aged, USA, followed 1986-1994
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsen=723 in 1989 and 1994.
Respondents N =2348

Correlate
Author's labelMarital harmony
Page in Source 474- 478
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on two questions:
a: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you 
with your marriage?
b: How much does your spouse make you feel loved and 
cared for?
c: How much is he/she willing to listen when you want 
to talk about your worries or problems?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=+.41 p < .001
T1 marital quality by T1 happiness
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=
T1 marital quality by T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-Ib=+.29 p < .001
T1-T2 CHANGE in marital quality by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
happiness

B's controled for:
- race
- education
- children
- household income
- employment
- age and age squared
- length of marriage

Similar for males and females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyTiedje et al. (1990): study US 1985
TitleWomen with Multiple Roles: Role-Compatibility Perceptions, Satisfaction, and Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1990, Vol. 52, 63 - 72
PublicMarried women with a preschool child, USA, 1985
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =158

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 66,67
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
How often during the last month have you felt:
a happy
b satisfied
c frustrated or angry
d insecure
e unhappy 
in your marriage ? 
Rated 1(never or almost never) to 5(always or almost 
always).
Observed distributionM = 24,02, SD = 3,57, range = 14-30
Error Estimatesalpha = .89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.34


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage/family during vacation
Page in Source 132,134
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self report on:
- how one's children behaved


Assessed on a 1-7 scale: 1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=10 M=2,00 SD= 1,05
Error Estimatesalpha = .67
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.29 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction (Before vacation) by T2 
satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .05
T2 Satisfaction with marriage/family (during 
vacation) by T3 Life satisfaction (after vacation)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with spouse
Page in Source 314
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question on quality of relationship with 
her husband ranging on a 5-point scale from (5)"very 
close and warm" to (1)"very cool and distant"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.52 p < .01
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyWong (1985a): study US 1984
TitleEffects of Individual Sources of Support on Well-Being in Employed Parents.
SourcePhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1985, USA
PublicWorking parents with children <16, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response59-79%
Respondents N =651

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisfaction
Page in Source 51,128,137,140,143
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with 
each of the following:
a your children,
b Your family life
c Your marriage

Rated: 1= not at all satisfied, 2 = not too satisfied, 
3 = somewhat satisfied, 4 = very satisfied, 5 = 
extremely satisfied
Observed distributionMarried Fathers: M=4,1, SD=.68, Married Mothers M = 3,8 SD = .78, Single Mothers M=3,6 SD = .57
Error Estimatesalpha = =.77
Remarks
For single parents the item on marriage was substituted 
for missing values on the marital satisfaction 
question.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.39 p < .01
Married Fathers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.48 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.55 p < .01
Married Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.63 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.60 p < .01
Single Mothers
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-ir=+.63 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyLance et al. (1989): study US Georgia 1984
TitleA Comparison Between Bottom-Up, Top-Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Personality, 1989, Vol. 57, 601 - 624
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/229529155_A_Comparison_Between_BottomUp_TopDown_and_Bidirectional_Models_of_Relationships_Between_Global_and_Life_Facet_Satisfaction
DOIDOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1989.tb00565.x
PublicMarried academics, university of Georgia, USA, 1984
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =134

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 608, 610
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your marriage (if 
applicable)?

Rated 1 = very dissatisfied to
5 = very satisfied
Observed distributionMean 4,31 SD 1,08
Error Estimatesthree-week retest r = .89

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ar=+.51 p < .01
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ab=+.40
Bottom up effect
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-ab=+.09
Top down effect

B's estimated in a Lisrel model with
-age
-job satisfaction
-satisfaction wih other activities
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-a
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980
TitleUnhappily Ever After: Effects of Long-Term, Low-Quality Marriages on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Forces, 2005, Vol. 84, 451 - 471
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3598312
PublicCouples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response35%
Respondents N =1150

Correlate
Author's labelUnhappily married
Page in Source 458
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
An 11-item, Likert-type scale was used to assess level 
of marital happiness. Seven items ask about happiness 
with specific aspects of marriage such as 
understanding, agreement and faithfulness. Four items 
are concerned with the global satisfaction of the 
marriage, such as overall happiness and whether the 
marriage is getting better or worse.

Ss were classified as "Unhappily married" when Ss were 
married continuously and score below the mean marital 
happiness in all four times.

1 unhappily married
0 other
Observed distributionM=.14, SD=.35, Range 0-1
Error EstimatesAlpha=.87
Remarks
Assessed at T1(1980), T2(1983), T3(1988) and T4(1992)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.25 p < .001
T1 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adr=-.21 p < .001
T4 Happiness by T1-T4 unhappily married


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyShichman & Cooper (1984): study US 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Sex-Role Concept.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 227 - 240
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00287516
PublicAdults, students and churchmembers, USA, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response5,9 %
Respondents N =217

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 234
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct questions on both satisfaction and 
dissatisfaction with marriage.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.27 p < .00
satisfaction
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.29 p < .00
dissatisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHolland-Benin & Cable-Nienstedt (1985): study US 1978
TitleHappiness in Single- and Dual-Earner Families: The Effects of Marital Happiness, Job Satisfaction, and Life Cycle.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 975 -984
PublicMarried persons, non-institutionalized, USA, 1978-83
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =3050

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 978-981
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Taking all things together, 
how would you describe your marriage?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-hOR=+ s
More strongly linked to 'happy' responses than to
'unhappy' ones.

Largely unaffected by job satisfaction. Yet 
interaction with job satisfaction in relation to 
'happy' responses among working wives and their 
husbands, and in relation to 'unhappy' responses 
among housewives.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyCampbell (1981): study US 1978
TitleThe Sense of Well-Being in America.
SourceMcGraw-Hill, 1981, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Responseabout 20 %
Respondents N =3692

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfied with marriage
Page in Source 83
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single closed question on amount of
satisfaction with marriage, rated on a
7-point scale rangingfrom completely
dissatisfied to completely satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyHerzog et al. (1982): study US 1978 /1
TitleSubjective Well-Being among Different Age Groups.
SourceResearch Report I.S.R., University of Michigan, 1982, Ann Arbor, USA
Public25-97 aged, general public, USA, 1971-1978
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6918

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 68- 72
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
DATASET 1
"Your marriage?"; rated on a 7-point scale with high 
scores indicating high satisfaction.
DATASET 6 and 7
"All things considered, how satisfied are you with your 
marriage?"; rated on a 7-point scale with high 
scoresindicating high satisfaction.
Remarks
DATASETS:
1: 1972,    N=1955, SI  Study,  See ANDRE 1976
6: 1971,    N=1822, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1975
7: 1978,    N=3141, QOL Survey, See CAMPB 1981
                                           

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.10 p < .05
DATASET 1: ß higher among 25-44 than among 45-64 
and 65-97 aged (p<.05). ß controlled for Economic, 
Residence, Job, Health and Interpersonal/Leisure 
satisfaction.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.06 ns
DATASET 6: ß higher among 25-44 than among 45-64 
and 65-97 aged (p<.05). ß controlled for Economic, 
Residence, Job, Health and Interpersonal/Leisure 
satisfaction.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.04 ns
DATASET 7: ß higher among 25-44 and among 45-64 
aged than among 65-97 aged (p<.05). ß controlled 
for Economic, Residence, Job, Health and 
Interpersonal/Leisure satisfaction.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyYoder & Nichols (1980): study US 1976
TitleA Life Perspective Comparison of Married and Divorced Persons.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1980, Vol. 42, 413 - 419
Public18+ aged, general public, USA., 1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1321

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 417
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-ar=+.48 p < .001
First married: Woman r=+.53
               Man   r=+.40
               Difference significant (05)
Remarried    : Woman r=+.54
               Man   r=+.45
               Difference ns

Unmarrieds Ss excluded.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyLee (1978): study US Washington 1975
TitleMarriage and Morale in Later Life.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1978, Vol. 40, 131 - 139
Public60+ aged marrieds, Washington State USA, 1975
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response62%
Respondents N =439

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
A scale consisting of five items:
a. If you had it to do over again, would you marry the 
same person?
b. How satisfied are you with the love and affection 
you receive from your spouse?
c. How satisfied are you with the amount of 
understanding of your problems and feelings that you 
get from your spouse?
d. How satisfied are you with the amount of 
companionship you have-doing things with your spouse?
e. All things considered, how satisfied are you with 
your marriage overall?
Each item was scored according to a five-point response 
set; responses were summed to create the scale. A high 
score indicates high marital satisfaction.
Observed distributionmean: males 21,7 females 21,0 sd: males 3,3 females 4,2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=+.38 p < .01
males
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=+.25
males
beta controlled for
-age
-length of marriage
-education
-retired or not
-self perceived health
-satisfaction with standard of living
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-ar=+.52 p < .01
females
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aBeta=+.46
females
beta controlled for
-age
-length of marriage
-education
-employment status
-self perceived health
-satisfaction with standard of living


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyZehner (1977): study US 1973
TitleIndicators of the Quality of Life in New Communities.
SourceBallinger, 1977, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PublicResidents communities,planned and unplanned, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3894

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage satisfaction
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single closed direct question rated on a 7-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+.36
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aBeta=+.15
ß controlled for:
- Socio-demographic variables: age, sex,
  education, marital status, family income,
  dwelling unit value, tenure, lenght of
  residence, number of children in the household.
- Satisfaction with: standard of living,family
  life, use of leisure time, job, health,
  dwelling unit, housework, neighborhood,
  community.                                       
  
Unplanned communities are left out.              


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage and family life
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
3-item index of questions "How do you
feel about....?"
a  your wife/ husband
b  your marriage
3. your family life (i.e. your wife/husband, your 
marriage and your children, if any)
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-br=+.60
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.43
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-ar=+.49
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.49
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-ar=+.35
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.60


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyGlenn & Weaver (1981a): study US 1973
TitleThe Contribution of Marital Happiness to Global Happiness.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1981, Vol. 43, 161-168
PublicMarrieds, USA, 1973-78
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =9000

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 164
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Direct question: "Taken all things together, how would 
you describe your marriage? Would you say that your 
marriage is very happy, pretty happy or not too happy?"
Remarks
  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
Married persons working full-time 
- white men:   r=+.37   ß=+.29
- black men:   r=+.22   ß=+.13
- white women: r=+.53   ß=+.41
- black women: r=+.18   ß=+.18
                              
All married women
- white: r=+.43  ß=+.30
- black: r=+.44  ß=+.39
                
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+
Married persons working full-time:
- white men:   r=+.37   ß=+.29
- black men:   r=+.22   ß=+.13
- white women: r=+.53   ß=+.41
- black women: r=+.18   ß=+.18

All married women:
- white: r=+.43  ß=+.30 
- black: r=+.44  ß=+.39
          
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+
ß controled for satisfaction with: work, financial 
situation, community, nonworking activities, 
family life, friendships and health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyGlenn (1975a): study US 1972 /1
TitleThe Contribution of Marriage to the Psychological Well-Being of Males and Females.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1975, Vol. 37, 594 -601
Public18+ aged whites, USA, 1972-1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3853

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 597
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question: not too happy / pretty happy / very 
happy.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-cG=+.81 p < .01
G' computed on the basis of proportion 
'very happy'.

Computed for married Ss only (1973 and 1974 data)

Males      : G' =+.78 (01)                       
-age 18-39 : G' =+.86                            
-age 60+   : G' =+.70                            
                                                 
Females:   : G' =+.85 (01)                       
-Unaffected by age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyAldous & Ganey (1999): study US 1972
TitleFamily Life and the Pursuit of Happiness.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 1999, Vol. 20, 155 - 180
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1972-1993
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =101630

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 5, 7, 16, 18
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Taking things all together, how would you describe your 
marriage? Would you say that your marriage is
3 = very happy
2 = pretty happy 
1 = not too happy
Observed distributionMales white: 3041; black: 1396 Females white: 3638; black: 2088

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.28 p < .001
All white males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.27 p < .001
All black males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.37 p < .001
All white females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.39 p < .001
All black females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.33 ns
Married white males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.31 ns
Married black males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.40 ns
Married white females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.38 ns
Married black females

Beta's controlled for
-satisfaction with familiy life
-number of children
-marital status
-satisfaction with job
-satisfaction with financial situation
-family income
-satisfaction with health
-satisfaction with friendships
-religious service attendance
-age of subject


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBerkman (1971): study US Alameda County, California 1965
TitleLife Stress and Psychological Well-Being: A Replication of Langner's Analysis in the Midtown Manhatten Study.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1971, Vol. 12, 35 - 45
PublicAdults, general public, Alameda County, USA, 1965
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6928

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 41
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
6-item index involving:
- happiness in mariage
- regrets about marriage
- frequency of problems
- divorce considered
- understanding
- affection
Remarks
                
                 
                    

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aDMr=+
Married subjects only (N=2534)      
The average ridits (AR) were calculated with 
the distribution of the total sample as reference
(N=6928).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyRenne (1970): study US 1965
TitleCorrelates of Dissatisfaction in Marriage.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1970, Vol. 32, 54 - 67
PublicMarrieds, Alameda County, California, USA, 1965
Sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =5163

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 63
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
6-item index of closed questions on happiness in 
marriage, regrets about marriage, frequency of 
problems, seriously considered a divorce, under-
standing and affection.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-eD%= +
Stronger among whites than among blacks.
Among whites stronger in females than in males.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBradburn (1969): study US 1963
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA
Public21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
Sample
Non-Response± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Respondents N =2787

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage hap[piness
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Single direct question: 'Taking all things together, 
how would you describe your marriage?'
- very happy    (3)
- pretty happy  (2)
- not too happy (1)
Remarks
Data T1. Results T3 similar.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+ s
                          males     females
- high SES                G=+.22    G=+.45
- middle SES              G=+.25    G=+.35
- low SES                 G=+.31    G=+.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDMr=+
CHANGE in marital status is paralelled by CHANGE 
in positive and negative affect between T1-T3. 
Relation with change in summed ABS not computed.
More strongly related to negative affect.
Stronger among females than males.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyOrden & Bradburn (1968): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1968, Vol. 73, 715 - 731
URLhttp://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/home.html
PublicMarried people,USA, metropolitan areas, 1963-1965
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1738

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage companionship
Page in Source 719, 721, 723, 730
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
A.Self-report on following single questions about 
things married couples do together; which of the 
following activities have you done together in the past 
few weeks:
- had a good laugh together or shared a joke
- been affectionate toward each other
- been affectionate toward each other
- spent an evening just chatting with each other
- did something the other particularly appreciated

B.The constructed Marriage Adjustment Balance Scale 
ratings(MABS) i.e.a 5 item index of questions on shared 
activities in the past few weeks 
- spent evening chatting
- good laugh
- drove or walked for pleasure
- did something other appreciated
- affectionate
Each question rated yes/no

Classified on a 0-5 scale
Observed distributionN= 0:1%; 1:2%; 2:4%; 3:13%; 4:30%; 5:49%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+
females       +.20
males         +.28
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+
females       +.29
males         +.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyOrden & Bradburn (1968): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1968, Vol. 73, 715 - 731
URLhttp://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/home.html
PublicMarried people,USA, metropolitan areas, 1963-1965
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1738

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage sociability
Page in Source 730
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
A.Self-report on following single questions about 
things married couples do together; which of the 
following activities have you done together in the past 
few weeks:
- visited friends together
- entertained friends in your home
- gone out together- movie, bowling, sporting, or other 
entertainment
- ate out in a restaurant together

B.The constructed Marriage Adjustment Balance Scale 
ratings(MABS) i.e.a 4 item index of questions on shared 
activities in the past few weeks 
- visited friends together
- gone out together to movie etc.
- entertained friends
- ate out in restaurants
Each question rated yes/no

Classified on a 0-4 scale
Observed distributionN= 0:8%; 1:15%; 2:24%; 3:28%; 4:26%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+
females       +.18
males         +.14
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aG=+
females       +.16
males         +.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyOrden & Bradburn (1968): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness.
SourceAmerican Journal of Sociology, 1968, Vol. 73, 715 - 731
URLhttp://www.journals.uchicago.edu/AJS/home.html
PublicMarried people,USA, metropolitan areas, 1963-1965
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1738

Correlate
Author's labelMarriage happiness rating
Page in Source 716, 728
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Taking all things together, would you say your marriage 
is 
3: very happy        
2: pretty happy      
1: not too happy
Observed distributionN= 3:60%; 2:36%; 1:3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aG=+
males           +.68
females         +.86


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyMarini (1976): study US 1963
TitleDimensions of Marriage Happiness: A research note
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1976, Vol. 38, 443 - 447
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicMarried persons, metropolitan areas, USA, 1963
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3934

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 444
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Direct question: "Taken all together, would you say 
that your marriage was
very happy, pretty happy or not too happy?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.75


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 60
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Closed question: not too happy / just about average / a 
little happier than average / very happy.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.68 p < . 01
Married Ss only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyVeroff et al. (1962): study US 1957
TitleDimensions of subjective adjustment.
SourceJournal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1962, Vol. 64, 192 - 205
DOIdoi: 10.1037/h0043247
Public21+ aged, married, with childeren, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =797

Correlate
Author's labelMarital happiness
Page in Source 196
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question: never / sometimes / all the time.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-atb= + p < . 01
Males   : _b = +.38 (01)
Females : _b = +.44 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyBray & Howard (1983): study US 1956
TitleThe AT & T Longitudinal Studies of Managers.
SourceSchaie, K.W.; Ed.: "Longitudinal Studies of Adult Psychological Development", Guilford Press, 1983, New York, USA, 266 - 312
Public40+ aged male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1980
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-ResponsePanel loss at T5 37%
Respondents N =422

Correlate
Author's labelMarital satisfaction
Page in Source 302
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method 
assessments during stays in assessment-center.

Rater instruction "To what extent does this person have 
positive feelings about his or her present marriage?".

Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-ar=
T5 feelings about marriage by T5 happiness.

Analysis showed a significantly positive 
correlation (value indicated as in the 50.).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelDissatisfaction withage of marriage
Page in Source 16
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Wish to have been a little older or younger when got 
married

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= - p < . 05
48 % of the dissatisfied women and only 14 % of
the satisfied women wish to have got married 
younger or older (sign.)
Among males 15 % of the dissatisfied and 9 % of
the satisfied wish they had been a little older
when they got married (sign.) No difference
in the proportion of males saying they wish
they had married at a younger age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 192
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Question whether one was happier when single: 
0: No 
1: Yes
Remarks
Computed for marrieds only

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.39 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with marriage
Subject code: M03ac03

StudySears & Barbee (1977): study US 1921
TitleCareer and Life Satisfactions among Terman Gifted Women.
SourceStanley, J.C.;George, W.C.;Eds.:"The Gifted and the Creative", J.Hopkins University Press, 1977, Baltimore, USA, 28 - 72
PublicGifted women (IQ >135), followed 50 years, California, USA, 1921-72
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-ResponseAttrition in 1972: 25%
Respondents N =671

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier satisfaction with marriage
Page in Source 40-62/4
Our classificationSatisfaction with marriage, code M03ac03
Operationalization
Marriage mentioned on an open question on satisfying 
aspects of life.
a. in 1950
b. in 1960
Remarks
Earlier satisfaction with marriage (1960) by present 
happiness (1972).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV=+ p < .00
1950 marriage mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= ns
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aAoV= p < .00
1960 marriage mentioned by 1972 happiness
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bChi²= p < .00


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B Proud, because someone had complimented you
C Very lonely or remote from people?
D Pleased about having accomplished something
E Bored
F On top of the world?
G Depressed
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?
J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes = 1
- no = 0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-bSelfreport on 8 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"
A Particularly interested in or excited about something
B Pleased about having accomplished something
C On top of the world
D Pity for some people you know
E Helpless, with no control over situations
F Bored
G Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
H Angry about something that usually wouldn't bother you

Rating options:
0 never
1 once
2 several times
3 often



Summation: Factorially derived clusters:
A+B+C+D (Enhancement)
E+F+G+H (Discomfort)
Affect Balance Score: Enhancement minus Discomfort.

Possible range: + 16 to - 16

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance scale' (modified version)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cSelfreport on 8 questions:

" In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?"
A Pleased about having accomplished something
B Upset because someone critized you
C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done
D That things are going your way
E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
F Unhappy or depressed
G Particularly interested in something
H Lonely and remote from other people

Response options:
0 not at all
1 sometimes
2 often
3 very often

Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eSelfreport on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A On the top of the world
B Very lonely or remote from other people
C Particularly excited or interested in something
D Depressed or very unhappy
E Pleased about having accomplished something
F Bored
G Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done
H So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 once
2 several times
3 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range: -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
A-BB-u-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 8 questions:

"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A Very lonely or remote from other people
B Depressed or very unhappy
C Bored
D So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F On top of the world
G Particularly excited or interested in something
H Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0 never
1 sometimes
2 often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range -10 to +6 (transformed to ridits (0 - 1))

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (Berkman modified variation)
A-BK-cm-mq-v-5-cSelfreport on 96 questions:

SENTENCES
Each of the sentences below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A Nothing goes right with me
B I feel close to people around me
C I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D I feel my life is on the right track
E I feel loved and trusted
F My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G I don't like myself
H I feel very tense
I I feel life isn't worth living
J I am content with myself
K My past life is filled with failure
L Everything I do seems worthwhile
M I can't be bothered doing anything
N I feel I can do whatever I want to
O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about
them
P Everything is going right for me
Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
people
R I'm easy going
S I seem to bee left alone when I don't want to be
T I wish I could change some parts of my life
U I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V The future looks good
W I become very lonely
X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y I feel out of place
Z I think clearly and creatively
AA I feel alone
AB I feel free and easy
AC I smile and laugh a lot
AD I feel things are going my way
AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG I feel like hiding away
AH I feel confident about decisions I make
AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ I feel other people like me
AK I feel like a failure
AL I feel I'm a complete person
AM I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN My future looks good
AO I'm making the most out of my life
AP Everything is going right for me
AQ I feel unimportant
AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

ADJECTIVES
Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A Confident
B Hopeless
C Pleasant
D Insignificant
E Discontented
F Healthy
G Dejected
H Annoyed
I Down
J Glad
K Glowing
L Relaxed
M Comfortable
N Moody
O Understood
P Blue
Q Miserable
R Joyful
S Tense
T Insecure
U Shaky
V Satisfied
W Safe
X Successful
Y Free
Z Sad
AA Good-natured
AB Impatient
AC Rejected
AD Lively
AE Frustrated
AF Fearful
AG Lonely
AH Warm
AI Contented
AJ Good
AK Secure
AL Disappointed
AM Understanding
AN Depressed
AO Low
AP Calm
AQ Unhappy
AR Upset
AS Empty
AT Enthusiastic
AU Happy
AV Vibrant

Answer options:
0 not at all
1 occasionally
2 some of the time
3 often
4 all of the time

Summation:
- Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
- Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
- Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4 to +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version lst few weeks
C-A-h-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about what you have accomplished in life...?
3 well satisfied
2 reasonable satisfied
1 dissatisfied:
C-ASG-h-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 2 questions:

A. "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?"
- occupational success
- family life
- friendships
- richness of cultural life
- total service to society.
1 less important to me than to most people
2
3
4
5 of prime importance to me

B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?"
1 little satisfaction in this area
2
3
4
5 had excellent fortune in this respect

Computation: General Satisfaction 5 is the quotient obtained by multiplying the planned goal (early adulthood) by the reported success in attaining that goal, adding the five of these multiplied areas and dividing them by the sum of the planned goals for each of the areas.

Pa.Sa + Pb.Sb + Pc.Sc + Pd.Sd + Pe.Se
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Pa + Pb + Pc + Pd + Pe
Pa = planned goal a (1-5)
Sa = success goal a (1-5)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life


Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now.

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-dSelfreport on single question

Here is a picture of a ladder. The '10' at the top of the ladder means the best possible life you can imagine. The '0' at the bottom of the ladder means the worst possible life you can imagine. On which place of the ladder is your life as a whole?
Please mark the number that best corresponds with how you feel about your life now.
10 the best life I can imagine
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 the worst life I can imagine
C-BW-cy-sq-l-9-aSelfreport on single question:

"Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?"
[ 9 ] best life you might expect to have
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have


Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-aSelfreport on 6 questions:

A On the whole, life gives me a lot of pleasure
B On the whole, I am very satisfied with my life today
C Things are getting just worse for me as I get older
D All in all, I find a great deal of happiness today
E I have a lot to be sad about
F Nothing ever turn out for me the way I want it

Scoring
4 strongly agree
3
2
1 strongly disagree

Computation: simple addition. Possible range 6-24
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aSelfreport on 4 questions:

A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life?
1 completely failed
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely accomplished
B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days?
1 completely dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
C How much do you enjoy your life these days?
3 a great deal
2 a fair amount
1 not very much
D How happy have you been for the past five years?
1 completely unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely happy

Summation: % positive answers

Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
M-AO-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which (of the faces) best described how you feel about your life as a whole?
7 completely happy
6
5
4 neither happy nor unhappy
3
2
1 completely unhappy
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-bSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-PL-c-rc-v-5-aClinical rating by 4 experts on the basis of multi-method assessments during periodical stays in assessment center.

Rater instruction:
"To what extend does this person find pleasure in life at the present time..........?"
1 low
2
3 average
4
5 high
M-PL-h-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living'

" How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?"
(joy in living)
5 had excellent fortune in this respect
4
3
2
1 found little satisfaction in this area
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aSelf report on single question:

Taking everything into acount about what has happened in ther last year and what you expect in the near future, how do you feel about your life in general?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 equally satisfied as dissatisfied
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
- no feelings at all
- never thought about it
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-aaSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
7 delightfull
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
No opinion

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
O-DT-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....?
1 terrible
2 unhappy
3 mostly dissatisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
5 mostly satisfied
6 pleased
7 delighted
- neutral (neither satisfied nor dissatisfied)
- I never thought about it
- does not apply to me



Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (modified version by Michalos)
O-DT-u-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Which face comes closest to expressing feeling about life as a whole?
7 delighted
6 very satisfying
5 satisfying
4 mixed
3 dissatisfying
2 very dissatisfying
1 terrible
- No opinion



Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (modified
version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
O-DT-u-sq-v-8-bSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied do you feel about your life as a whole...?"
8 delighted
7 very pleased
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed feelings
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-aSelfreport on single question asked twice in interview,

"How do you feel about your life as a whole......?"
10 delightful
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1 terrible

Summation: mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delightful-Terrible Scale' (modified version)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-H?-?-sq-?-0-aSelfreport on single question:

".......happiness....."
(Full text not reported)
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days? Please put a circle around the appropriate number to indicate how happy you are these days.....?
9 very happy
8
7
6
5 pretty happy
4
3
2
1 not too happy

(originally rated on a horizontal scale)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-adSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-eSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how happy are you these days.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything that has happened to you recently, how would you say things are with you - would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-hSelfreport on single question:

How happy are you currently.....?
1 very happy
2 pretty happy
3 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

Is your life at this moment ....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days.....?
5 extremely happy
4 very happy
3 happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything into consideration: do you consider yourself happy or unhappy?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Verbal labels not reported
O-HL-u-sq-v-2-aSelfreport on single question:

Are you happy with your life?
2 yes
1 no
- don't know
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-cSelfreport on single question:

Would you say you are:......?
1 unhappy?
2 reasonably happy?
3 happy ?
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-hSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how happy would you say you are? Are you......?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not so happy
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How happy or unhappy do you think you are.....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 moderately happy
2 fairly unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:?
1 very unhappy
2
| unhappy
3
4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness
5
| happy
6
7 very happy
no opinion
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel how happy you are.....?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed (about equally satisfied and dissatisfied)
3 mostly
2 unhappy
1 terrible
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you think of yourself as.......?
3 happy
2 fairly happy
1 unhappy?
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question

To what extent do you consider yourself a happy person....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLS-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"Taking all things together ( the work you do, where you live, your way of life, the things you do for enjoyment, your health ) how would you say things are these days ...?"
1 very good
2 pretty good
3 so-so
4 not too good
5 not good at all
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
4 very satisfied
3 satisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied.
O-SLu-u-sq-v-4-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life, all things considered?
1 not satisfied at all
2 not particularly satisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 very satisfied
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

".....satisfaction with overall life....."
(Full questions not reported)
3 very satisfied
2 fairly satisfied
1 not satisfied
- NA
O-SLW-c-sq-l-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfied are you with your life-as-a-whole these days.....?"
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Are you generally satisfied with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
4 rather satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-g-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
4 somewhat satisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eSelfreport onsingle question:

How dissatisfied or satisfied are you with.. Your life overall?
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-iSelfreport on single question:

All in all, how satisfied would you say you are with your life as a whole?
1 not at all satisfied
2 not too satisfied
3 very satisfied
4 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

Considering the whole situation: how satisfied are you about your daily life?
1 very unsatisfied
2 unsatisfied
3 neither unsatisfied, nor satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original (very unsatisfied '5', very satisfied '1')
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-ISelfreport on single question:

Now please think about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with it? Are you..
5 completely satisfied
4 very satisfied
3 somewhat satisfied
2 not very satisfied
1 not at all satisfied
- don't know
- no answer
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nSelfreport on single question

Considering all aspects of your life, how satisfied are you?
1 very dissatisfied
2 not satisfied
3 not so satisfied
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"How satisfying are these different aspects of your life? Indicate the number which best suits your situation. Life as a whole is....."
1 very dissatisfying
2 dissatisfying
3 rather dissatisfying
4 rather satisfying
5 satisfying
6 very satisfying

This item was followed by eight questions on life domain satisfactions.
O-SQL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you the quality of your life these days?
1 very dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
3 neither nor
4 satisfied
5 very satisfied

Numbering reversed in original rating scale
O-Sum-?-mq-v-8-bSelfreport on 2 questions:

A .. 'satisfaction with life as a whole' (full item not reported)
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

B … happiness… (full item not reported)
1
2
3
Response options not reported

Summation: not reported
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....?
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 rather happy than unhappy
2 rather unhappy than happy
1 very unhappy
- DK/NA

B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....?
5 very satisfied
4 fairly satisfied
3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied
1 fairly dissatisfied
- DK/NA

C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....?
5 very high
4 high
3 moderate
2 rather low
1 very low
- DK/NA

Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
O-Sum-cy-mq-v-7-aSelfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate how much each of the following statements applies for you in the last 18 months.
A In most ways my life is close to ideal
B The conditions of my life are excellent
C I am satisfied with my life
D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
7 applies completely
6 apllies
5 apllies slightly
4 neither applies nor does not apply
3 slightly not applicable
2 not applicable
1 applies not at all

Computation: A+B+C+D divided by 4

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), last years version
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
AoVANALYSIS of VARIANCE (ANOVA)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level: Correlate(s): nominal, Happiness: metric.
In an ANOVA, the total happiness variability, expressed as the sum of squares, is split into two or more parts, each of which is assigned to a source of variability. At least one of those sources is the variability of the correlate, in case there is only one, and always one other is the residual variability, which includes all unspecified influences on the happiness variable. Each sum of squares has its own number of degrees of freedom (df), which sum up to Ne -1 for the total variability. If a sum of squares (SS) is divided by its own number of df, a mean square (MS) is obtained. The ratio of two correctly selected mean squares has an F-distribution under the hypothesis that the corresponding association has a zero-value.

NOTE: A significantly high F-value only indicates that, in case of a single correlate, the largest of the c mean values is systematically larger than the smallest one. Conclusions about the other pairs of means require the application of a Multiple Comparisons Procedure (see e.g. BONFERRONI's MULTIPLE COMPARISON TEST, DUNCAN's MULTIPLE RANGE TEST or STUDENT-NEWMAN-KEULS)
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
Chi²CHI-SQUARE
Type: test statistic
Range: [0; Ne*(min(c,r)-1)], where c and r are the number of columns and rows respectively in a cross tabulation of Ne sample elements.

Meaning:
Chi² <= (c-1) * (r-1) means: no or minor association
Chi² >> (c-1) * (r-1) means: strong association
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
DMaDIFFERENCE IN ADJUSTED MEANS, See also Ma
Type: test statistic
Computed in Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) or in multiple classification analysis (MCA)
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report for further reference.
DMrDIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Happiness ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population
Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population
Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population

'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution")

Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population.
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mrMean correlation coefficient (r).
For r, see PRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION
OLRCORDERED LOGIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered logit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OLRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OLRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OLRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered logit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absoulute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ra²ADJUSTED COEFFICIENT OF MULTIPLE CORRELATION
Type: descriptive statistic only
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0 ; 1]

Meaning:
Ra = 0 « not any association
Ra = 1 « strongest possible association
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 « no association
T -> 1 « strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !
tauGOODMAN & Kruskal's TAU
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; +1]

Meaning:
tau = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
tau = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables a perfect (error-free) prediction of the happiness rating.
tbKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.
ZZZZZKENDALL'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT TAU-B
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
tb = 0 « no rank correlation
tb = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings.
tb = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings.


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11627 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6066 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1124 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12236 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8479 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2072 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15337 correlational findings observed in 2016 studies, excerpted from 1541 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)112
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE661
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES11
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)306
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN32
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS40
C09CONSUMPTION113
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)41
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION516
E02EMPLOYMENT 739
E03ETHNICITY169
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)311
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES189
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP236
G01GENDER622
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS119
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER225
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR32
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION238
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING261
I01INCOME1042
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY141
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP13
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS457
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS106
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT701
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS862
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER76
M05MEANING29
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH302
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY20
N01NATION: NATIONALITY68
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)121
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION996
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION190
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION132
N10NUTRITION36
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION222
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION16
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 814
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR279
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION414
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT151
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL201
S02SELF-IMAGE311
S03SEX-LIFE76
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS150
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS79
S14SUICIDE9
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS165
T01TIME 105
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE37
T04TRUST43
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)158
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS111
W05WORK: ATTITUDES409
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES51
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIPI06INTIMACY
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIPL11LOTTERY
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIPS03SEX-LIFE
M03aaRelationship careerM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
M03aa01Earlier marriage relationship(s)M01aa02cEver remarried
M03aa01bSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)M03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
M03aa02Change in marriage relationshipT02ab03Effects of family-marriage therapy
M03aa02bChange in satisfaction with marriageM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
M03aa03bEarlier satisfaction with current marriage-relationshipM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
M03aa04bSatisfaction with later marriage-relationship(s)M03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
M03ab02Intimacy with spouseI06INTIMACY
M03ab03aPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous)M03ab07Position in polygamous marriage
M03ab03bConjugal fidelityS03ab03Sexual promiscuity
M03ab04Mutual supportS11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED
M03ab04Mutual supportS10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
M03ab04Mutual supportM04ad01Support by spouse
M03ab05Shared activitiesL03ac02Specific leisure activities
M03ab06Tensions in relationshipM03aa03aEarlier characteristics of current marriage-relationship
M03ab07Position in polygamous marriageH13ab05Own position in household
M03ab07Position in polygamous marriageM03ab03aPolygamous marriage (vs monogamous)
M03ab08Community of propertyP10POSSESSIONS
M03ab09Living with spouseH13abCurrent household-composition
M03ac01Concern about marriage relationshipP12ab02bProblems with family\marriage
M03ac01Concern about marriage relationshipW07ab02Specific worries
M03ac02Self-perceived adequacy in marriageS02ab01Self-perceived ability
M03ac03Satisfaction with marriageM03aa01bSatisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s)
M03ac03Satisfaction with marriageM03aa04bSatisfaction with later marriage-relationship(s)
M03ac03aSatisfaction with joint activitiesD01acCurrent joys

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings