Findings on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject Code: L10

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT6
L10aaResidential career1
L10aa01Earlier residence8
L10aa02Change in residence1
L10aa02aChange in residence characteristics1
L10aa02cChange in satisfaction with residence2
L10aa03Later residence1
L10abCurrent residence context16
L10ab01Community size75
L10ab01aOpen country vs village11
L10ab01bRural vs urban dwelling59
L10ab01cSub-urban vs urban5
L10ab01dSize of urban setting11
L10ab02Modernity of community5
L10ab03Planned community1
L10acLocal economic prosperity9
L10ac01Economic growth\decline in community7
L10ac03Local costs of living2
L10ac04Local quality of housing2
L10adLocal facilities1
L10ad01Actual local facilities29
L10ad02Satisfaction with local facilities25
L10ad02aSatisfaction with medical services8
L10ad02bSatisfaction with local police4
L10ad02cSatisfaction with local recreation16
L10ad02dSatisfaction with local schools10
L10ad02eSatisfaction with local shops6
L10ad02fSatisfaction with neatness of local streets3
L10ad02gSatisfaction with local transport facilities20
L10aeLocal safety5
L10ae01Actual safety in community4
L10ae02Perceived safety in community32
L10ae03Satisfaction with safety in community28
L10afLocal social cohesion3
L10af01Local social homogeneity8
L10af02Local social contacts28
L10af03Perceived cohesion in community17
L10agLocal politics0
L10ag01Attitudes to local political issues5
L10ag02Attitudes to local government3
L10anJoint local characteristics2
L10ajAttitudes to local environment20
L10aj01Attitude to region13
L10aj02Attitude to community25
L10aj03Attitude to neighborhood33
L10aj04Attitude to urban life4
L10ai02Attitude to local natural environment12
L10aj05Attitude to local climate5
L10aj06Attitude to local costs of living2
L10ahRemoteness4
L10aa01aEarlier satisfaction with residence1
L10aa03aLater attitudes to residence1
L10aiLocal nature1
L10ai01Actual local nature6
L10alLocal cultural climate6
L10al01Local educational level2
L10ac05Local income level10
L10ab01eChange of city size2
L10akLocal environmental quality8
L10af04Trust in local society4
L10ad01cLocal health care3
L10ac07Local unemployment3
L10ad01aLocal schools0
L10ad01bLocal cultural facilities1
L10ad01dLocal welfare2
L10ak01Actual quality of local environment7
L10ak02Attitudes to quality of local environment10
L10ac09Satisfaction with local standard of living2
L10ad03Attitudes to local facilities1
L10af05Satisfaction with local social contacts3
L10ac06Local income difference2
L10al02local education differences0
L10aoLocal demographics0
L10ao01Marital status in neighbourhood1
L10ao02Local ethnic diversity3
L10ac08Local house ownership1
L10ao03Local age1
L10ao04Local job characteristics1
L10ac10Local socio-economic status2
L10amLocal inflow/outflow of residents2
L10aa02bChange of residence (moving)1
L10apLocal social probems2
L10ao05Local population density2
L10ac02Local consumption level3
L10ak01aLocal pollution3
L10ak01bLocal trafic density1
L10aqLocal physical climate1
L10aq01Humidity2
L10aq02Temperature1
L10aq03Wind1
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=L10
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyShyy et al. (2007): study AU Queensland 2003
TitleMapping Quality of Life in the South East Queensland Region with a Web-Based Application.
SourceJournal of Spatial Science, 2007, Vol. 52, 13 - 22
DOIDOI:10.1080/14498596.2007.9635110
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, Brisbane-South East Queensland (SEQ), 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =1612

Correlate
Author's labellocal area
Page in Source 20
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Respondents street adress was given a geo-code. Next 
responses were plotted on a map using GIS software

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-5-aDM=
Map shows differences in average happiness across 
areas
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged general public, Germany, followed 7 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27249

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood status
Page in Source 510
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Socio-economic status of the neighbourhood is a 
nine-scale index based, inter alia, on the 
neighbourhood characteristics:
a) level of occupation
b) rate of self-employment
c) purchasing power
d) registered car

1: lowest status
2: considerably below the average
3: below the average
4: slightly below the average
5: average status (reference)
6: slightly above the average
7: above the average
8: considerably above the average
9: highest status
Remarks
2006-data of the Micromarketing-Systeme and Consult 
GmbH (microm) are used to determine neighbourhood 
status.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
IN WEST-GERMANY
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
IN EAST-GERMANY

B's controlled for:
- status relative to others in neighbourhood
- rate of people moving out the neighbourhood
- nationality
- age and age squared
- income
- education
- marital status
- having children
- health
- city size
- survey year

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /1
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Bhopalpani, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response108
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelDrinking water
Page in Source 263
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,89; !: 9,2; 2: 24,8; 3: 33,9; M: 32,1
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.04 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /1
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Bhopalpani, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response108
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelBridge
Page in Source 263
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,60; 1: 10,1; 2: 36,7; 3: 36,7; M: 16,5
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.06 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.12 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /1
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Bhopalpani, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response108
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelIrrigation
Page in Source 263
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,74; 1: 11,0; 2: 27,5; 3: 37,6; M: 23,9.
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=-.05 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.18 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
Subject code: L10

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of accomodation and neighbourhood variables
Page in Source 40
Our classificationLOCAL ENVIRONMENT, code L10
Operationalization
Anwer on the question referring to quality of 
accomodation and neighbourhood: Does your accommodation 
have any of the following problems? 
0 No
1 Yes

a Shortage of space
b Noise from neighbours
c Street noise
d Not enough lights
e Lack of adequate heating
f Condensation
g Leaky roof
h Damp walls, floor, etc.
i Rot in windows, floor etc.
j Pollution/environmental problems
k Vandalism or crime
Remarks
T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-02 ns
Shortage of space

B (-.019)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
b Noise from neighbours

B (+.007)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
c Street noise

B (+.006)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.07 p < .00
d Not enough lights

B (-.066)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.03 ns
e Lack of adequate heating

B (+.025)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.01 ns
f Condensation

B (-.013)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
g Leaky roof

B (-.017)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.06 p < .01
h Damp walls, floor, etc.

B (-.059)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
i Rot in windows, floor etc.

B (-.018)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
j Pollution/environmental problems

B (-.021)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=-.02 ns
k Vandalism or crime

B (-.023)

B's controled for
- Frequency of meeting friends and relatives
- Talk to neighbours
- Socioeconomic variables
- Other indicators of quality of accomation and 
neighbourhood variables
- Average district income

B's calculated by fixed effects estimations: 
Change in answers from T1 to T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Residential career
Subject code: L10aa

StudyLai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991
TitleLife Satisfaction of Chinese Elderly Immigrants in Calgary
SourceCanadian Journal of Aging,1995, Vol.14, 536 - 552
DOIDOI:10.1017/SO714980800009107
PublicChinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response14.7%
Respondents N =100

Correlate
Author's labelLength of residency in Canada
Page in Source 543, 545, 546
Our classificationResidential career, code L10aa
Operationalization
Self report on the length of residency in Canada:
1: Less than three years
0: Three years or more
Observed distributionThree years or more: 98.8%, less than three years: 1.2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.17 ns
All
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.10 ns
Male (N=23)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-ar=+.23 p < .05
Female (N=58)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelHukou location
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Question not reported.
a) Hukou in local urban area (reference)
b) Hukou in local suburban rural
c) Hukou in outside urban
d) Hukou in outside rural (rural-urban migrants)
Observed distributiona) 98%, b) 1%, c) .4%, d) .3%
Remarks
A hukou is a record in the system of household 
registration required by law in China. A household 
registration record officially identifies a person as a 
resident of an area and includes identifying 
information such as name, parents, spouse, residency 
status, and date of birth.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.17 ns
LOCAL SUBURBAN RURAL (vs hukou in local urban 
area)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.30 ns
OUTSIDE URBAN        (vs hukou in local urban 
area)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.54 p < .01
OUTSIDE RURAL        (vs hukou in local urban 
area)

OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Sociability
- Marital status
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Dependent relatives
- Health
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Political factors
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyWinkelmann (2006): study DE 2000
TitleParental Separation and Well-Being of Youths. Evidence from Germany.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 197 - 208
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.008
Public16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelRegion of childhood
Page in Source 6,17,18
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
whether the childhood was mostly spent in a:
A Big ciy (reference group)
B mid-sized city
C small city 
D rura area
Observed distribution Mean SD A No data? B 0.190(19%) 0.393 C 0.257(26%) 0.437 D 0.337(34%) 0.473

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
B Mid sized city
probit result= 0,013
CI95=[-0,24 0,27]

C Small city
probit result= 0,003
CI95=[-0,23  0,24]

D rural area
probit result= 0,082
CI95=[-0,15   0,31]

also controlled for:
- non-intact family
- household income 
- having an own room
- being a single child
- gender
- German nationality
- Territory of West Germany
- Being in school
- Engaged in vocational training
- work
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for
-type of school(hauptschule, realschule, 
gymnasium)
-good student
-repeat a grade
-education of parents(father gymnasium, mother 
gymnasium)
-log number of books in the household

B Mid sized city
probit result= 0,007
CI95=[0,25  0,26]

C Small city
probit result= 0,022
CI95=[-0,22   0,26]

D rural area
probit result= 0,051
CI95=[-0,18  0,28]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelArea of origin
Page in Source 158
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Childhood residence before age 18:
1.rural farm
2.small town
3.small city
4.metropolis
Observed distribution1: Males 29% Female: 27%, 1+2: Males 56% Females 52%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyBrinkerhoff & Jacob (1986): study ZZ Anglo-America 1983
TitleQuality of Life in an Alternative Lifestyle: The Smallholding Movement.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1986, Vol. 18, 153 - 173
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00317546
Public'Back to the land' mini-farmers, West USA and Canada,198?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response44 %
Respondents N =510

Correlate
Author's labelYears in urban area
Page in Source 158
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Selfreport of years lived in urban area
Observed distributionMales: ranges: 0-86 M=13.1, Females: range: 0-70 M=12.1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelEarlier community size
Page in Source 350
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
T1 (1970) inhabitants in place of residence:
1: below   10,000
2: 10,000-100,000
3: over   100,000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.02 ns
T2 happiness by T1 community size
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.01 ns
T3 happiness by T1 community size


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyStillman et al. (2014): study NZ 2005
TitleMiserable migrants? Natural experiment evidence on international migration and objective and subjective well-being
SourceForthcoming in World Development
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.07.003
Public18-45 aged immigrants from Tonga, followed 3 years after migrattion, New-Zealand, 2005-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response66%
Respondents N =101

Correlate
Author's labelBorn Tongatapu
Page in Source 5, 10
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Born in Tongatapu (largest Tongan Island)
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution1: 75%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ab=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
- marital status
- age
- years of education
- gender
- religion
- visited New Zealand before 2000
- employment status 
- personal income
- relative income
- survey wave
- time period of the year


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyStillman et al. (2014): study TO 2005
TitleMiserable migrants? Natural experiment evidence on international migration and objective and subjective well-being
SourceForthcoming in World Development
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.07.003
Public18-45 aged, aspirant migrants who stayed, Tonga, followed 3 years, 2005-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response66%
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelBorn Tongatapu
Page in Source 5, 9
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Born in Tongatapu (largest Tongan Island)
1: Yes
0: No
Observed distribution1: 78%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-5-ab=-.05 ns
B controlled for:
- gender
- age
- years of education
- marital status
- religion
- visited New Zealand before 2000
- employment status 
- personal income 
- relative income 
- survey wave
- time period of the year


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier residence
Subject code: L10aa01

StudyDanzer & Danzer (2014): study UA 2003 /1
TitleThe Long-Run Consequences of Chernobyl: Evidence on Subjective Well-Being, Mental Health and Welfare.
SourceMunich Discussion Paper, 2014, No. 2014-25, Munich, Germany
URLhttp://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20969/
Public15-75 aged, Ukraine, followed 4 years, 2003-2007,
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =7985

Correlate
Author's labelExposure to radiation
Page in Source 16,36
Our classificationEarlier residence, code L10aa01
Operationalization
Radiation in place of residence after the 1986 nuclear 
disaster.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-rbBeta=-.20 p < .01
Beta controled for 
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - marital status
- socio-economic status
  - education
  - income
  - employement
- physical condition
  - chronic illness
  - height
  - drinking
  - smoking
- region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier satisfaction with residence
Subject code: L10aa01a

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community
Page in Source 132,134
Our classificationEarlier satisfaction with residence, code L10aa01a
Operationalization
Index of:
Satisfaction with friendships and social bonds:
- the number of good ,close friends you have
- the people you see socially
- the religious fulfillment in your life
- how much you help people or groups in this community
Satisfaction with where you live, :
- your house/ apartment
- the neighborhood you live in
- the community you live in.

Assessed on a 1-7 scale: 1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=119 M=2,53 SD=,96
Error Estimatesalpha=.87
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.43 p < .05
T1 life satisfaction and T1 satisfaction with 
community
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.34 p < .05
T1 satisfaction with community and T3 life 
satisfaction
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.36 p < .05
T1 life satisfaction and T3 satisfaction with 
community
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.41 p < .05
T3 life satisfaction and T3 satisfaction with 
community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in residence
Subject code: L10aa02

StudyAppleton & Song (2008): study CN 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction in Urban China: Components and Determinants.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 2325 - 2340
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.04.009
PublicAdults, general public, urban areas, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6977

Correlate
Author's labelHukou location
Page in Source 2335
Our classificationChange in residence, code L10aa02
Operationalization
Question not reported.
a) Hukou in local urban area (reference)
b) Hukou in local suburban rural
c) Hukou in outside urban
d) Hukou in outside rural (rural-urban migrants)
Observed distributiona) 98%, b) 1%, c) .4%, d) .3%
Remarks
A hukou is a record in the system of household 
registration required by law in China. A household 
registration record officially identifies a person as a 
resident of an area and includes identifying 
information such as name, parents, spouse, residency 
status, and date of birth.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.17 ns
LOCAL SUBURBAN RURAL (vs hukou in local urban 
area)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=+.30 ns
OUTSIDE URBAN        (vs hukou in local urban 
area)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-nOPRC=-.54 p < .01
OUTSIDE RURAL        (vs hukou in local urban 
area)

OPRC's controlled for:
- Fall in household income
- Household income
- Age (squared)
- Gender
- Unemployed
- Sociability
- Marital status
- Belief in religious tolerance
- Dependent relatives
- Health
- Political factors
- Occupation type
- Political factors
- Province


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in residence characteristics
Subject code: L10aa02a

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000 /1
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, followed 7 years 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood status
Page in Source 503,504, 508
Our classificationChange in residence characteristics, code L10aa02a
Operationalization
9 item index involving:
a: average occupation level
b: rate of self-employment
c: average purchasing power
d: registered cars
other 5 items not reported
Remarks
Neighbourhood data taken from MOSAIC datasystem

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .01
LEVEL of local socio-economic status by LEVEL of 
happiness in 2004
- in West Germany.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.05 p < .05
- in East Germany.

b's controlled for:
- other neighborhood characteristics
  - living conditions
  - social comparison
  - visits to/from neighbors
  - close contacts with neighbors
  - urbanization
  - rate of removals
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - non-German nationality
  - age
  - age squared
  - income
  - education 
  - marital status
  - health (subj.)

b's unaffected by additional control for 
personality traits.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
CHANGE in local socio-economic status by CHANGE in 
happiness 2000-2006

- in West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
- in East Germany

b's controled for:
- Other neighbourhood characteristics
  - removal rate
  - city size
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - education (years)
  - marital status
  - health (subjective)
- relative status in neigbourhood
- year (wave in panel)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change of residence (moving)
Subject code: L10aa02b

StudyKopmann & Rehdanz (2014): study DE 2004
TitleUnderestimated Benefits from Periphery: Internal Migration and Subjective Well-being.
SourceEconstor Working Paper, 2014, No. B14-V1, Kiel, Germany
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/100382
PublicWorking age people, Germany, followed 5 years 2004-2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10123

Correlate
Author's labelMoving within/across municipalities
Page in Source 11,16-18,29-31
Our classificationChange of residence (moving), code L10aa02b
Operationalization
1: Moved in 2006
    a: across municipalities
    b: within municipalities
0 did not move
Observed distributionN = 1a: 874, 1b: ?, 0: 9.249
Remarks
T1: 2004-2005, T2: 2006, T3: 2007-2008

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=
T1-T3 CHANGE happiness
- moved at T2     DM = +0,22 (N:874)
- did not move    DM = +0,02 (N:10249)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix=+.33 p < .01
Moved ACROSS municipalities
- similar among males and females
Set Image size:   

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db-fix= ns
Moved WITHIN municipality

b-fix's controlled for:
- socio-economic chharacteristics
  - gender 
  - household size
  - number of children
  - disabled or not
  - health
  - income
  - spouse in foreign country
  - marital status
  - education
  - german citizen or not
  - employment status
- regional characteristics
  - year fixed effects
  - labor market in region


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with residence
Subject code: L10aa02c

StudyHeadey & Wearing (1981): study AU AU Victoria 1978 /1
TitleAustralians' Priorities, Satisfaction and Well-Being.
SourceMonograph in Public Policy Studies, nr. 4, University of Melbourne, 1981, Australia
PublicAdults, general public, Melbourne, Australia, followed 25 months 1978-1981
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response0
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelChange in satisfaction with suburb
Page in Source 53
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with residence, code L10aa02c
Operationalization
Single question on satisfaction with this suburb and 
community as a place to live in, scored on a 1-9 D-T 
rating scale
Remarks
Both Happiness (ABS) and satisfaction with suburb were 
assessed at T1 and T2 (25 month interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in 
satisfaction with suburb


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in satisfaction with residence
Subject code: L10aa02c

StudyHeadey et al. (1984a): study AU 1978
TitleThe Impact of Life Events and Changes in Domain Satisfactions on Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 15, 203 - 227
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00668671
Public18-65 aged, general public, followed 3 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1979-80
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with suburb
Page in Source 211
Our classificationChange in satisfaction with residence, code L10aa02c
Operationalization
Closed question rated on a 9- point scale (delighted 
...  terrible) Assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aBeta=+.05 ns
Happiness T2 by satisfaction T2, controlling for 
happiness T1 and satisfaction T1.

ß can be interpreted as regression between CHANGE 
OF HAPPINESS and CHANGE OF SATISFACTION in time.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later residence
Subject code: L10aa03

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966 /1
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =2213

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanicity of later dwelling
Our classificationLater residence, code L10aa03
Operationalization
Urbanicity of dwelling at T5
1 = rural communinity or sall town or
    city of fewer than 50,000;
2 = medium sized city (50,000-100,000)
    or suburb of medium sized city;
3 = fairly large city (100,000-500,000)
    or suburb of fairly large city;
4 = very large city (over 500,000) or
    suburb of a very large city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- ns
T1 happiness:        tau = -.03  (ns)
T2 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T3 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T4 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Later attitudes to residence
Subject code: L10aa03a

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community
Page in Source 132,134
Our classificationLater attitudes to residence, code L10aa03a
Operationalization
Index of:
Satisfaction with friendships and social bonds:
- the number of good ,close friends you have
- the people you see socially
- the religious fulfillment in your life
- how much you help people or groups in this community
Satisfaction with where you live, :
- your house/ apartment
- the neighborhood you live in
- the community you live in.

Assessed on a 1-7 scale: 1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=119 M=2,53 SD=,96
Error Estimatesalpha=.87
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.43 p < .05
T1 life satisfaction and T1 satisfaction with 
community
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.34 p < .05
T1 satisfaction with community and T3 life 
satisfaction
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.36 p < .05
T1 life satisfaction and T3 satisfaction with 
community
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.41 p < .05
T3 life satisfaction and T3 satisfaction with 
community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyCummins et al. (2005): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Report 12.1. Special report on City and Country Living.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community
Page in Source 45+46+47
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
community

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.35
in highly accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.06
controlled for satisfaction with:
standard of living
health
acievements
personal relationships
safety and 
future security
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.35
In accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.08
controlled for satisfaction with:
standard of living
health
acievements
personal relationships
safety and 
future security
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.35
In moderately cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.05
controlled for satisfaction with:
standard of living
health
acievements
personal relationships
safety and 
future security
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.32
In remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.09
controlled for satisfaction with:
standard of living
health
acievements
personal relationships
safety and 
future security
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.34
In very remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.09
controlled for satisfaction with:
standard of living
health
acievements
personal relationships
safety and 
future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelUrban resident
Page in Source 215,210
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
1 urban  (reference group)
0 not urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.17 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.2 ns
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.12 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.04 ns
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
OR and B are versus reference group.

OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- domain satisfaction
- value priorities
- lifestyle

For a subgroup of 87% of respondents with at least 
one positive experience of happiness, enjoyment 
and accomplishment, OR and B values are LOWER.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelResidence
Page in Source 352
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
a: City
b: Town
c: Rural Area
Observed distributionN: a = 2653, b = 2584, c = 5938

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM= p < .001
a. M = 3,82
b. M = 3,69
c. M = 3,59
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 61,67


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyChan & Lee (2006): study CN 2000
TitleNetwork Size, Social Support and Happiness in Later Life: A Comparative Study of Beijing and Hong Kong.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 87 - 112
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-005-1915-1
Public60+aged, China, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2125

Correlate
Author's labelCity of residence
Page in Source 96
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
a: Beijng
b: Hong Kong
Observed distributionN = a; 1004, b: 1121

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-hbDM=+ p < .001
Beijng     M = 4.01
Hong Kong  M = 3.51
- difference  +0.50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelRestless neighbourhood
Page in Source 261
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Have you experienced restless neighbourhood
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
answers:  No(=0)  or Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 1995 Ever in your life: N = 444

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.09
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.10
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.90
ever in your life:       M = 3.69
95% CI for difference:   [0.12 ; 0.30]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelKind of residental area
Page in Source 792
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Self report of the kind of residental area the 
respondent lives:
a Mostly old houses (built before the war)
b Mostly newer houses
c Residential and commercial area with flats, houses, 
shops and businesses
d Commercial area (shops, banks, offices)
e Industrial area with few flats
f Else (Reference category)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Mostly old houses (vs else) (+.06)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Mostly newer houses (vs else) (+.06)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Residential and commercial area with flats, 
houses, shops and businesses (vs else) (+.07)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
Commercial area (shops, banks, offices) (vs else) 
(+.10)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- ns
Industrial area with few flats (vs else) (-.18)

OPRC's controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristic
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelDistance to centre nearest city
Page in Source 792
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Self report of distance to the centre of the nearest 
city from where the respondent lives:
1 Property is in the city
2 Less than 10 km.
3 10-25 km.
4 25-40 km.
5 40-60 km.
6 60 km. or more

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+ ns
OPRC (+.000173) controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood features
Page in Source 125,127
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Sum score of a total of 10 desirable neighbourhood 
features
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=7,5 ; SD=1,8; East Germany: M=6,3; SD=2,0; p<0,001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyMollenkopf (2002): study DE 1995
TitleMobilität und Lebensqualität im Alter. Objektive Voraussetzungen und subjektive Bedeutung in der mobilen Gesellschaft. (Mobility and Quality of Life in Old Age).
SourceGlatzer,W.; et al; Eds.: "Sozialen Wandel und gesellschaftliche Dauerbeobachtung", Leske & Budrich, 2002, Germany, 255 - 271
Public55+ aged, East and West Germany, 1995 and 1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1216

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with local environment
Page in Source 268
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question 
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionA: N=400; B:N=404; C: N=205; D:N=207

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.05 ns
Mannheim (big city West Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.03 ns
Chemnitz (big city East Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.01 ns
Hunsrück (rural area West Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.07 ns
Lausitz (rural area East Germany)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- financial situation
- housing
- health
- living area
- leisure possibilities
- travelling possibilities
- mobility possibilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyDiGiacinto et al. (2007): study IT 2004
TitleCreativity and Happiness.
SourcePaper presented at teh International Conference ''Policy for Happiness'', June 2007, Siena, Italy
URLhttp://www.unisi.it/eventi/happiness/curriculum/ferrante.pdf
PublicEmployees, Italy, 2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =1240

Correlate
Author's labelArea
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
a: Centre
b: North
c: South and Islands
Observed distributionNot reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.22 p < .019
Centre (versus South and Islands)
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-ab=+.30 p < .035
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.08 p < .035
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.23 p < .004
North (versus South and Islands)
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-ab=+.33 p < ..006
O-QOL-?-sq-n-10-aBeta=+.10 p < .006
Regressions control for:
-age
-income
-schooling*creativity index
-marital status
-gender
-educational level
-province level unemployment rate
-province level per capita disposable income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with residential environment
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Question not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab=+.04 p < .01
B controlled for satisfaction with:
-Health
-Home
-Friends and acquaintances
-Social position
-Education
-Financial resources
-Dutch society
-Government


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelEnvironmental health sumscore
Page in Source 937.939, 940
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 7 questions about environmental health : 
A  Safety
B  Environment
C  Finance
D  Information
E  Leisure
F  Home
G  Transportation

Each rated on 1-5 scale, both for degree and for 
perceived 
importance

Summartion: (A+B+C+D+E+F+G)/7
Error EstimatesCronbach: raw score: .70, weighted score: .74

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.41 p < .01
raw sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.41 p < .01
weighted sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.23 p < .01
raw sumscore
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.28 p < .01
weighed sum score

b's controled for
- physical health
- mental health
- social relationshops


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelCity district
Page in Source 143
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
District in city of Kyev
a: Borshegovka
b: Perchersk
Observed distributionN= a: 86, b: 50

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aDM=
a: Borshegovka M = 2.76 SD = 0.49
b: Perchersk   M = 2.92 SD = 0.72
- difference       0.16
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aLRCD=
Happiness remains higher in Prerchrsk after 
control for
- age
- gender
- perceived health
- material welfare

Perceived health explains most of


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudySubramanian et al. (2003): study US 2000
TitleHealth and Happiness in US Communities: A Multivariate Multilevel Analysis.
SourceJournal of Epidemiology Community Health, 2005, Vol. 59, 664 - 669
DOIDOI:10.1136/jech.2004.025742
Public18-85 aged, general public, United States, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =21572

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity
Page in Source 10,15
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
34 communities across the USA, representative for the 
nation.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-eAoV=+.06 p < .01
Community variation in unhappiness.
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-eAoV=+.04 p < .01
AoV controlling for: 
- age
- sex
- race 
- marital status.
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-eAoV=+.02 ns
AoV additionally controlled for:
- education level 
- income

So differences in happiness across the 34 
communities disappear when individual 
characyteristics are controlled.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyCsikszentmihalyi & Hunter (2003): study US 1998
TitleHappiness in Everyday Life: the Uses of Experience Sampling.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2003, Vol. 4, 185 - 199
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1024409732742
PublicTeenagers, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =828

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class of community
Page in Source 192,195
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
1 Poor
2 Working class
3 Middle class
4 Upper-middle class
5 Upper class

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aF=+8.1 p < .0001
Participants were beeped at random moments eight 
times a day from 7:30 am to 10:0 pm for one week. 
At each beep they answered questions about:
a: what activity they where doing on the moment
b: whom they were with 
c: how they felt at that moment (various feelings, 
one of which happiness)
A-ARE-mi-sqr-n-7-aAoV=-.08 p < .002
ANOVA controlling for: 
- age 
- gender
- SES
- % time in flow


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current residence context
Subject code: L10ab

StudyRent & Rent (1978): study US SouthCarolina 1973
TitleLow-Income Housing: Factors Related to Residential Satisfaction.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1978, Vol.10, 459 - 488
URLhttp://eab.sagepub.com/content/10/4/459.abstract
PublicLow-income households, South Carolina, USA 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response50%
Respondents N =257

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood Satisfaction
Page in Source 483
Our classificationCurrent residence context, code L10ab
Operationalization
Question not reported
3: very good
2: fairly good
1: Not very good
Observed distributionN: 1=94; 2=134; 3=21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bDM=+
3: very good          M=2,22; SD=0,69
2: fairly good        M=1,58; SD=0,63
1: Not very good      M=1,76; SD=0,70
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bBMCT=+
3<2<1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCummins et al. (2004d): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index. Special Report on Cities.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2004, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelCities
Page in Source 10
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
a: Metropolitan(Capital City)
b: Non-Metropolitan(Non-Capital City)
Observed distributionN = a: 5014; b: 4853

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caDMt=+ p < .242
a Mt = 7,00; SD = 1,64
b Mt = 7,80; SD = 1,75


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyGehmacher (1989): study AT 1989
TitleUngleichheit in Wien. (Inequality in Vienna).
SourceBauforum, Fachzeitschrift für Architektur, 1989, Vol. 22, 88 - 94
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelRegion
Page in Source 90
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
a. metropolis (Vienna)
b. big cities (>50.000)
c. middle sized cities (50.000-10.000)
d. small cities (10.000-5.000)
e. surrounding country
f. country
g. Average Austria

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aD%=
% deviation from nation average
a. +04
b. -13
c. +15
d. -09
e. +10
f. -06
g.  00
  
A-AOL-c-sq-v-5-cD%=
% feeling well
a. 56
b. 48
c. 62
d. 51
e. 54
f. 55
g. 55
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-aD%=
% satisfied
a. 67
b. 66
c. 78
d. 65
e. 69
f. 65
g. 67
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aD%=
% happy
a. 63
b. 58
c. 68
d. 59
e. 66
f. 58
g. 61
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aDMs=
Deviations from nation average (100 = 1SD):
* N=<50
          age                education
     <30 30-60 60>     basic vocational higher
a.   +55  -04  -30      -29    +06       +25
b.   +11*  00* -42*     -23*   -34*      +40*
c.   +65* +09  -15*     -05*   +16       +45*
d.   +35* -03  -47*     -44    +07       +76*
e.   +53* +03  -10      -28    +33       +18*
f.   +42  -04  -51      -25    +14       +33*
g.   +46  -01  -37      -26    +11       +36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyGehmacher (1992b): study AT 1989
TitleCoping, Happiness and Ideology. Some Suggestions for the Application of Happiness Research in Politicological Research.
SourcePaper Presented at the International Conference "Towards the Good Society: Applying the Social Sciences", 1992, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1989
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 11
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.01 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=-.02 ns
M-FH-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.06 ns
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta=-.03 ns
Betas controled for:
- education
- age
- cultural participation (attendance and amateur 
activity)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFessel (1985): study AT 1985
TitleSoziologische und Psychologische Ursachen des Wertwandel Phänomens. (Sociological and Psychological Determinants of Value Change).
SourceResearch Report, Institut für Empirische Sozialforschung, IFES, 1985, Vienna, Austria
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/fessel_wd_1985.pdf
Public14+ aged, general public, Austria, 1985
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =1027

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 111
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Number of inhabitants about or above
1.     2.000
2.    50.000
3. 1.000.000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dG=+.14 p < .01
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-dtc=+.07 p < .01
% often happy
1.  44
2.  45
3.  59


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 18,30,T21
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 Village
2 Small city or suburb
3 Large city
Remarks
Inhabitants of small cities and suburbs report slightly 
more 'high' happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aG=+.02 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aG=+.01 ns
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-atc=+.01 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-atc=+.01 ns
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=-.01
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: gender, age, marital status, 
education, professional status, and income
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-aBeta= ns
ß controlled for: gender, age, marital status, 
education, professional status, and income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study BR 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 1960-1961
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 365
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural / 2,000-10,000 / 10,000-500,000 / 500,000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= +
Rural            : Mt = 4.3
2,000  - 50,000  : Mt = 4.9
50,000 -500,000  : Mt = 5.6
500,000+         : Mt = 5.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1977
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1977
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response33%
Respondents N =3289

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-br=-.05 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-brpc=-.09 p < .01
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1974
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1974
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1234

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-dr=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-drpc=-.01 ns
rpc controlled for: Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyAtkinson (1979): study CA 1968
TitleTrends in Life Satisfaction among Canadians, 1968-1977.
SourceInstitute for Research on Public Policy, 1979, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/atkinson_th_1979.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Canada, 1968
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-ar=.00 ns
O-SLW-h-sq-v-4-arpc=-.05 ns
rpc controled for : Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study CU 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =992

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 366
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
-5,000 / 5,000-10,000 / 10,000-20,000 /
20,000-50,000 / 50,000+ / Havana

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=
-5,000          : Mt = 5.3
 5,000 - 10,000 : Mt = 6.3
10,000 - 20,000 : Mt = 6.0
20,000 - 50,000 : Mt = 7.6
50,000+         : Mt = 6.3
Havana          : Mt = 6.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelresidence (country/town)
Page in Source 74
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
Where do you live ?
1: In the country
2: In a small town
3: In a large town or suburb
4: In Copenhagen
Observed distributionN: all:4538, 1:323 2:565, 3:1919, 4:1731,

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.03 p < .09
1: Mt=7.91
2: Mt=7.73
3: Mt=7.79
4: Mt=7.68
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.05 p < .00
1: Mt=7.68
2: Mt=7.51
3: Mt=7.48
4: Mt=7.29
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.05 p < .00
1: Mt=7.26
2: Mt=7.08
3: Mt=7.08
4: Mt=6.91


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelresidence(country/town)
Page in Source 70
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Single question:
"Where do you live?"
1:In the country
2:In a small town 
3:In a large town or suburb         
4:In Copenhagen
Observed distributionN: 1:260, 2:703, 3:330, 4:173

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aDMt=-
 1: Mt=7.98
 2: Mt=7.81
 3: Mt=7.79
 4: Mt=7.48
All Mt=7.76
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=-.06 p < .02
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eDMt=-
  1:Ms=7.59
  2:Ms=7.48
  3:Ms=7.55
  4:Ms=6.99
All Mt:7.44
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=-.07 p < .01
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haDMt=-
  a:Ms=7.13
  b:Ms=6.94
  c:Ms=7.01 
  d:Ms=6.61
All Mt=6.94
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.06 p < .03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyRehdanz & Maddison (2009): study XZ Germany West 1994
TitleLocal Environmental Quality and Life-Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceEcological Economics, Vol. 64, 787 - 797
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.016
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1994-2004
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsena
Respondents N =23014

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 792
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Self report of the community size where the respondent 
lives: 
1 Less than 2000
2 2000-20.000
3 20.000-100.000
4 100.000-500.000
5 More than 500.000 (reference group)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- p < .05
Less than 2000 (vs >500.000) (-.09)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- p < .10
2000-20.000 (vs >500.000) (-.06)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- ns
20.000-100.000 (vs >500.000) (-.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=- ns
100.000-500.000 (vs >500.000) (-.01)

OPRC's controled for:
- affected by noise and air pollution 
- socio-economic characteristics
- demographic characteristics
- housing characteristics
- residential characteristics

OPRC's cannot be interpreted as absolute effect 
sizes. Relative values denote that living in a 
smaller city goes with less happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanity
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
 1. country house
 2. rural village
 3. village near city
 4. small rural town 
 5. small industrial town 
 6. medium-size town, little industry
 7. medium-size town, much industry
 8. city suburb
 9. big city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bDM=+
    1978  1980  1984  1988  1993

1.  1.92  1.78  1.91  2.00  1.88
2.  1.92  1.81  1.84  1.80  1.79
3.  1.86  1.78  1.93  1.78  1.82
4.  1.86  1.85  1.82  1.84  1.88
5.  1.80  1.83  1.88  1.87  1.89
6.  1.86  1.82  1.91  1.78  1.80
7.  1.83  1.86  1.98  1.83  1.83
8.  1.93  1.84  1.96  1.85  1.82
9.  1.85  1.87  1.92  1.90  1.90

O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baDM=-
1.  7.83  7.39  7.75  7.50  7.88
2.  7.98  7.75  7.97  8.04  8.02
3.  7.69  7.71  7.77  7.98  8.09
4.  7.90  7.69  8.11  8.06  7.94
5.  7.59  7.82  7.74  7.88  7.88
6.  7.80  7.75  7.55  7.99  7.94
7.  7.94  7.58  7.46  7.62  7.93
8.  7.91  7.67  7.52  7.97  7.78
9.  7.71  7.41  7.81  7.44  7.56
  
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baE²=-
    -.06  -.06  -.1-  -.14  -.12
  
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bE²=+
    +.07  +.05  +.09  +.09  +.08
 
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+
    +.10  +.04  +.07  +.06  +.06
     
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-
    -.06  -.05  -.09  -.12  -.10
ß's controled for: live alone or not, education, 
subjective class.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyNoelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1976 /2
TitlePolitik und Glück. (Politics and Happiness).
SourceBaier, H.;Ed.: "Freiheit und Sachzwang", West Deutscher Verlag, 1977, Opladen, Germany, 208 - 262
Public14+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1976
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7965

Correlate
Author's labelSize of town
Page in Source 221
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 villages
2 small town
3 medium town
4 big town

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-bG=-.02 p < .01
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-btc=-.01 p < .01
% happy face:
1. 70
2. 67
3. 68
4. 65


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study XZ Germany West 1957
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1957
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =480

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 376
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
-2,000 / 2,000 - 10,000 / 10,000 - 100,000 / 100,000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= +
 <2,000              : Mt = 5.2
  2,000 -  10,000    : Mt = 5,3
 10,000 - 100,000    : Mt = 5.4
100,000 >            : Mt = 5.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFischer (1973): study FR 1967
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, France, 1967
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2175

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 227
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural
2. under 20,000
3. 20,000-100,000
4. over 100,000
5. metropolitan Paris

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLC-c-sq-l-21-atb=-.01 ns
1. M'=12.6
2. M'=12.5
3. M'=12.4
4. M'=12.8
5. M'=12.7 (M' 0-20)

Negative relationship among the well-to-do (05).
O-SLC-c-sq-l-21-atb=+.03 ns
Controlling income and religiosity of region
O-SLC-c-sq-l-21-aBeta=-.07 p < .01
Control variables not enumerated


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyWinkelmann (2006): study DE 2000
TitleParental Separation and Well-Being of Youths. Evidence from Germany.
SourceThe Journal of Socio-Economics, 2006, Vol. 35, 197 - 208
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.socec.2005.11.008
Public16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelRegion of childhood
Page in Source 6,17,18
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
whether the childhood was mostly spent in a:
A Big ciy (reference group)
B mid-sized city
C small city 
D rura area
Observed distribution Mean SD A No data? B 0.190(19%) 0.393 C 0.257(26%) 0.437 D 0.337(34%) 0.473

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
B Mid sized city
probit result= 0,013
CI95=[-0,24 0,27]

C Small city
probit result= 0,003
CI95=[-0,23  0,24]

D rural area
probit result= 0,082
CI95=[-0,15   0,31]

also controlled for:
- non-intact family
- household income 
- having an own room
- being a single child
- gender
- German nationality
- Territory of West Germany
- Being in school
- Engaged in vocational training
- work
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a
additionally controlled for
-type of school(hauptschule, realschule, 
gymnasium)
-good student
-repeat a grade
-education of parents(father gymnasium, mother 
gymnasium)
-log number of books in the household

B Mid sized city
probit result= 0,007
CI95=[0,25  0,26]

C Small city
probit result= 0,022
CI95=[-0,22   0,26]

D rural area
probit result= 0,051
CI95=[-0,18  0,28]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyBerger (2009): study DE 1994
TitleMaternal Employment and Happiness: The Effect of Non-Particpation and Part-time Employment on Mothers' Life Satisfaction.
SourceSOEP paper No. 178, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98011.de/diw_sp0178.pdf
PublicMothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5706

Correlate
Author's labelSize of municipality where the household lives
Page in Source 7,8,21
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 Rural area
2 Between rural and urban area
3 Urban area (reference category)
Observed distribution1: M = 0,51, 2: M = 0,35, 3: M = 0,14

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.00 ns
BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN AREA (vs urban area)
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Person in need of care in househild
- Disabled
- Self rated health
- East Germany
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.12 ns
Fixed effects.
B same controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 ns
RURAL AREA (vs urban area)
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Person in need of care in househild
- Disabled
- Self rated health
- East Germany
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.21 p < .05
Fixed effects.
B same  controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 368
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural / 5,000 - 99,999 / 100,000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= +
Rural       : Mt = 3.6
5,000-99,999: Mt = 4.1
100,000     : Mt = 4.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyHealy (2005): study IE 2002
TitleIn Each Other's Shadow. What Has Been the Impact of Human and Social Capital on Life Satisfaction in Ireland?
SourceThesis, National University of Ireland, 2005, Dublin, Ireland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/healy_t_2005.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2002
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelresidential location
Page in Source 164
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
a: Dublin/large town (10,000 inhabitants+); b: all 
other areas

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ebDM=-
large town:      M = 7.72
all other areas: M = 7.75
- difference        -0,03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study IL 1961
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, Israel, 1961-62
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1170

Correlate
Author's labelRegion
Page in Source 369
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Coop. settlement / new urban / long settled urban / Tel 
Aviv, Haifa / Jerusalem

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=
Coop. settlement    : Mt = 5.3
New urban           : Mt = 4.5
Long settled urban  : Mt = 5.5
Tel-Aviv, Haifa     : Mt = 5.5
Jerusalem           : Mt = 5.5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyNuvolati (2004): study IT 1996
TitleCommuting and Quality of Life. The Italian Case.
SourcePaper 6the Congress ISQOLS, 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/nuvolati_g_2004.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response1,7%
Respondents N =3561

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity
Page in Source 7
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: rural commune
2: small town
3: medium city
4: large city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-u-sq-v-4-aD%=-
% Satisfied
rural commune: 84,6
small town   : 82,2
medium city  : 81,4
large city   : 79,9


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyInoguchi & Fujii (2009): study JP 2009
TitleCountry Profile of Japan: Citizens' Perception of Quality of Life, Social Capital, and Governance
SourceInoguchi, T.; Ed.: "Human Beliefs and Values in East and Southeast Asia in Transition", Akashi Shoten, 2009, Japan, 129 - 151
Public20-69 aged, general public, Japan, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 134
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: towns and rurals
2: less then 100.000
3: over 100.000
4: over 700.000
Observed distribution% 1: 20, 2: 18, 3: 38, 4: 24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mDM=
1: M = 2,75 [CI95 2,35 3,15]
2: M = 2,53 [CI95 2,03 3,02]
3: M = 2,76 [CI95 2,52 3,00]
4: M = 2,60 [CI95 2,26 2,94]
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mtc=-.02 p < .79
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bDM=
1: M = 2,00 [CI95 1,70 2,30]
2: M = 2,00 [CI95 1,69 2,31]
3: M = 2,03 [CI95 1,82 2,24]
4: M = 2,00 [CI95 1,72 2,28]
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-btc=+.00 p < .97
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cDM=
1: M = 1,60 [CI95 1,28 1,92]
2: M = 1,59 [CI95 1,27 1,91]
3: M = 1,76 [CI95 1,55 1,97]
4: M = 1,70 [CI95 1,39 2,00]
C-W-u-sq-v-4-ctc=+.05 p < .49


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyShin (1986): study KR 1980
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1215

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 367
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural area
   (isolated villages, rural towns)
2. Middle size cities
   (25.000 to 500.000)
3. Largest cities
   (>500.000)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.04 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=-.04 ns
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=+.15 p < .05
ß controled for education, income, age, gender, 
married status and own house.

Signs reversed in original. Probably wrong.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyLee et al. (1982): study KR 1980
TitlePerceptions of Quality of Life in an Industrializing Country: The Case of the Republic of Korea.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 10, 297 - 317
DOIdoi:10.1007/BF00301097
PublicParents with unmarried children at home, South Korea, 1980
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 311
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural area
2. Middle size cities
3. Largest cities

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-u-mq-*-11-bDM=+
1. M slightly lower than average  (DM = -0.67)
2. M about average                (DM = +0.14)
3. M slightly higher than average (DM = +0.67)

Same study reported inSHINN 1986/1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyBecchetti et al. (2016): study ZZ Europe 2006
TitleInside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox.
SourceWorld Happiness Report, 2016, Vol.2, 1 - 36
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2198303
Public50+ aged, general public, Europe, 2006,2007
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =30325000

Correlate
Author's labelUrban area
Page in Source 19, 14
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
5. big city
5. suburbs
3. large town
2. small town
1. rural area (reference)
Observed distributionn.a.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.11 p < .05
big city (vs rural area)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.02 ns
Suburbs (vs rural area)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.12 p < .05
Large town (vs rural area)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-eb=-.12 p < .10
Small town (vs rural area)

b's controlled for:
- gender
- years of education
- household size
- number of children
- number of grandchildren
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~BCS (2010): study ZZ World samples 2005
TitleThe Information Dividend: Can IT Make you ''Happier''.
SourceResearch Report by Trajectory Partnership i.o.o. BCS the Chartered Institute for IT, 2010, London, UK
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~BCS_2010.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, World, 2005
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =35000

Correlate
Author's labelSize of town
Page in Source 13, 15
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.01 ns
B controlled for:
- sense of freedom and control
- media use:
  - accessed internet
  - watched TV
- demographics:
  - gender
  - age, age squared
  - education
  - income
-employment:
  - work part time
  - self-employed 
  - retired
  - housewife
  - student
  - unemloyed


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFerreira et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceIZA DP No. 6732, 2012, Georgia, USA
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913000050
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81326

Correlate
Author's labelSize of settlement
Page in Source 22.23.25
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
5 categories:
0 farm/country side (reference)
1 village
2 town/small city
3 suburbs
4 big city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.25 p < .001
big city (vs farm/country side)
	b(-.254) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.15 p < .01
	b(-.147) controlled for 
- without health status 
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.26 p < .001
b(-.263) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
- unemployment rate
- average income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.24 p < .001
suburbs (vs farm/country side)
b(-.244) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.13 p < .01
	b(-.133) controlled for 
- without health status 
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.26 p < .001
	b(-.259) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
- unemployment rate
- average income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.23 p < .001
town/small city (vs farm/country side)
b(-.230) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.15 p < .01
	b(-.153) controlled for 
- without health status 
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.24 p < .001
	b(-.235) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
- unemployment rate
- average income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.11 p < .001
village (vs farm/country side)
	b(-.114) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.03 ns
	b(-.0348) controlled for 
- without health status  
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.12 p < .001
	b(-.120) controlled for 
- without health status
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- GDP per capita
- population density
- unemployment rate
- average income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyRuprah (2010): study ZZ Latin America 1997
TitleDoes Owning Your Home Make You Happier? Impact Evidence from Latin America.
SourceWorking Paper OVE/WP-02-10, Inter-American Development Bank, 2010, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://ideas.repec.org/p/idb/ovewps/0210.html
Public18+ aged, general public, Latin America, 1997-2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =147446

Correlate
Author's labelSize of the city
Page in Source 8
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
A: 100001 or more (reference)
B: 20001-100000
C: 20000 or less

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=+.08 p < .01
20000 habs. or less  (vs 100001 or more)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-cOLRC=+.05 p < .01
20001 habs. - 100000 (vs 100001 or more)

OLRCs controlled for:
- GDP per capita
- country 
- year
- socio-demographic characteristics
  - gender
  - education
  - age
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - economic situation
- homeownership


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyHayo (2007): study ZZ Eastern Europe 1991
TitleHappiness in Transition: An Emprical Study on Eastern Europe.
SourceEconomic Sytsems, 2007, Vol. 31, 204 - 222
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecosys.2006.08.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Eastern European Countries, 1991
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5592

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 207,210
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 <5000 inhabitants
2 5001-20000 inhabitants
3 20001-100000 inhabitants
4 >100000 inhabitants
Observed distribution1: M=0,36; SD=0,48; 2: M=0,17, SD=0,37; 3: M=0,18, SD= 0,38; 4: M=0,29; SD=0,46

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-br=
1 <5000 inhabitants          r=+0,05
2 5001-20000 inhabitants     r=-0,02
3 20001-100000 inhabitants   r=+0,01
4 >100000 inhabitants        r=-0,04
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.22 p < .01
5001-20000 inhabitants (vs<5000) SE =.08
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.26 p < .01
20001-100000 inhabitants(vs <5000) SE =.08
O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-bOLRC=-.30 p < .01
>100000 inhabitants (vs <5000) SE =.07

lgt's controlled for:
- country
- age
- gender
- marital status
- education
- type of employment
- income
- church attendance
- religion

No substantial changes in reduced logit model


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyLuechinger (2010): study ZZ Europe 1979
TitleLife Satisfaction and Transboundary Air Pollution.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2010, Vol.107, 4 - 6
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165176509002390
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2009.07.007
Public14+ aged, general public EU nations 1979-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =223982

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 5
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: Living in rural area (reference)
2: Living in small town
3: Living in a big town

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=-.04 p < .001
Living in small town (vs Living in rural area)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=-.10 p < .001
Living in a big town(vs Living in rural area)

b's controlled for:
- household income
- household size
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - children
  - employment status
  - education
- Country characteristics
  - real GDP
  - unemployment rate
  - % GDP agrarian
  - % GDP industrial
  - % GDP FDI flows
  - urbanization
- Climate
  - % cloudy per month
  - rain
  - temperature
  - vapor pressure
- Country effects
- Year effects

Stronger among:
- green voters
- elderly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyDiTella & MacCulloch (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1975
TitleGross National Happiness as an Answer to the Easterlin Paradox?
SourceJournal of Development Economics, 2008, Vol. 86, 22 - 42
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2007.06.2008
Public15+ aged, general public, OECD Nations, 1975-1997
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =371149

Correlate
Author's labelSize of community
Page in Source 29
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
dummy variables:
a)rural area or village (reference)
b)small/middle sized town
c)large city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.04 p < .05
INDIVIDUAL happiness by idividual's size of 
community
Middle size community (vs rural): OPRC (-0.038)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-cOPRC=-.14 p < .05
Large size community  (vs rural): OPRC (-0.139)

OPRC's controlled for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -GDP growth
  -life expectancy
  -Sox emissions
  -hours worked
  -crime rate
  -divorce rate
  -inflation rate
  -unemployment rate
  -openness
  -unemployment benefits
-Personal characteristics:
  -personal income position
  -employment state
  -male
  -age
  -age squared
  -education
  -marital status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~Eurobarometer (1975a): study ZZ EU 9 1975
TitleEurobarometer, European Men and Women. A Comparison of their Attitudes to Some of the Problems Facing Society.
SourceEuropean Commission,1975, Brussels, Belgium
URLhttp://aei.pitt.edu/10640/
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =9605

Correlate
Author's labelSize of locality
Page in Source 139/153
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1:village 
2:small town 
3:big town
Observed distribution1: N= 3827; 2: N=3112; 3: N= 2633

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.02 ns
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.04 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyKromhout (2004): study NL 2004
TitleHet Verdriet van Den Haag. (The Sorrow of The Hague).
SourceHaags Straatnieuws, 2004, December, 3
PublicHomeless in cities, The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =66

Correlate
Author's labelDwelling
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
A: Arnhem
B: Apeldoorn
C: Nijmegen
D: Tilburg
E: Utrecht
F: Den Haag
Remarks
Ordered by size of the population (from low to high)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-aDM=-
Small: A Arnhem          M=6,1
       B Apeldoorn       M=6,3
       C Nijmegen        M=6,1
       D Tilburg         M=5,2
       E Utrecht         M=6,0
Big:   F Den Haag        M=5,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~CBS (2004): study NL 2002
TitleWaardering Leefsituatie, 2002 . (Appreciation Living Condition 2002.)
SourceCentral Bureau for Statistics, 2004, The Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://statline.cbs.nl
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =37482

Correlate
Author's labelurbanisation
Page in Source 1
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: not urbanized
2: not much
3: moderately
4: strongly
5: very strongly urbanized

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aDM=-
not urbanized   M = 4,11 CI95 [4,09-4,11]
not much        M = 4,10 CI95 [4,08-4,12]
moderately      M = 4,09 CI95 [4,07-4,11]
strongly        M = 4,04 CI95 [4,02-4,06]
very strongly   M = 3,96 CI95 [3,93-3,99]
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aBMCT= p < .05
5 < 4 < 1,2,3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bDM=+
not urbanized   M = 3,23 CI95 [3,19-3,27]
not much        M = 3,32 CI95 [3,30-3,34]
moderately      M = 3,37 CI95 [3,34-3,39]
strongly        M = 3,42 CI95 [3,39-3,44]
very strongly   M = 3,46 CI95 [3,37-3,43]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-5-bBMCT= p < .05
5 < 4,3 < 1,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~Algemeen Dagblad (1988): study NL 1988
TitleActualiteitsmeting Geluk in Nederland. (Actual Measurement of Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished Research Report i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1988, Centrum voor Marketing Analyse & Sociaal Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~AlgemeenDagblad_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source t28
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. country
2. small towns
3. medium cities
4. metropolitan areas   

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bG=-.13 p < .01
% happy
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-btc=-.03 p < .01
1.  88.0    Mt'=9.5
2.  92.2    Mt'=9.5
3.  88.8    Mt'=9.5
4.  85.8    Mt'=9.0


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~Algemeen Dagblad (1982): study NL 1982
TitleGeluk in Nederland. (Happiness in the Netherlands).
SourceUnpublished report nr 3810 i.o.o. Algemeen Dagblad, 1982, Centrum BV, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLhttp://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/~AlgemeenDagblad_1982.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1982
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =300

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source t62
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. country
2. small town
3. medium cities
4. metropolitan areas

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bD%=
% happy
1. 89.8   Mt'=9.5
2. 82.4   Mt'=9.0
3. 86.0   Mt'=9.0
4. 85.0   Mt'=9.0
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-btc=-.02 ns
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-bG=-.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 350
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
T1 (1970) inhabitants in place of residence:
1: below   10,000
2: 10,000-100,000
3: over   100,000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.02 ns
T2 happiness by T1 community size 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.01 ns
T3 happiness by T1 community size 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyStapel (1970): study NL 1969
TitleHet Gelukkige Nederland: Een Staat van Welvaart. (Happy Netherlands: A State of Welfare).
SourceNIPO, "Zo zijn Wij: De Eerste 25 jaar NIPO Onderzoek", Agon/Elsevier, 1970, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 56 - 63
Public21+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1969
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =1003

Correlate
Author's labelCity Size
Page in Source 59
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 Less than 20000 inhabitants
2 20000-100000 inhabitants
3 100000-500000 inhabitants
4 Big cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-3-aDM=-
1: M = 2.87 
2: M = 2.73 
3: M = 2.78 
4: M = 2.71


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 27
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Less than 5000 / 5000-20,000 / 
20,000-50,000 / 50,000-100,000 / more than 100,000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

Study~Philips Nederland (1966): study NL 1964
TitleDe Nederlandse Huisvrouw. (The Dutch Houswife.)
SourceNIPO assigned by Philips Nederland, 1966, Eindhoven, Netherlands
PublicHousewives, The Netherlands, 1964
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =450

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 66
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
0 Less than 500,000 inhabitants
1 More

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-5-ar=-.11


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study NG 1963
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1962-63
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 371
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural / 5,000 -  20,000 / 20,000 - 100,000 / 100,000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= 0.0
Rural           : Mt = 4.7
5,000  -  20,000: Mt = 4.7
20,000 - 100,000: Mt = 4.6
100,000+        : Mt = 4.7


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelDegree of urbanization
Page in Source 412
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Five-point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=+.05
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.02
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.01 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=+.03 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status.

Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelDegree of urbanization
Page in Source 411
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
5-point scale ranging from 1 for rural areas to 5 for 
the larger cities.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.13
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.05 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, number of friends, occupationally 
active, marital status.                      
Unaffected by both traditionalism and economic 
level of the county. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril (1965): study PL 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Poland, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1464

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 374
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
-2,000 / 2,000 - 10,000 / 10,000 - 100,000 / 100,000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt= +
Village             : Mt = 4.3
<10,000             : Mt = 4.3
 10,000 -  20,000   : Mt = 4.5
 20,000 - 100,000   : Mt = 4.7
100,000 >           : Mt = 4.6


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyBatista-Foguet et al. (1996): study ES Cataluna 1989
TitleSatisfaction in Catalonia, Spain.
SourceSaris, W.E.;et al;Eds.: "A Comparative Study of Satisfaction with Life in Europe", Eötvös University Press, 1996, Hungary, 155 - 174
Public16+ aged, general public, Catalonia, Spain, 1989
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =406

Correlate
Author's labelTown size
Page in Source 165
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. <10 000    
2.  10 000 - 50 000  
3.  50 000>
Observed distribution1. 14.5% 2. 59.4% 3. 26.1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-eaBeta=-.19 p < .05
1. <10 000          Ma =   3.84
2. 10 000 - 50 000  Ma =   3.87 
3. 50 000>          Ma =   3.47

beta and Ma controlled for
-gender
-age
-education
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-ea


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyChambers (2000): study US 2000
TitleAmericans are Overwhelmingly Happy and Optimistic about the Future of the United States.
SourceGallup Poll News Service, 13 October 2000, The Gallup Organization, Washington DC, USA
URLhttp://www.gallup.com/poll/2434/americans-overwhelmingly-happy-optimistic-about-future.aspx
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1052

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanisation
Page in Source 3
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: rural
2: suburban
3: city dwellers/urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-cD%=
% very happy
1: rural                    48%
2: suburban                 45%
3: city dwellers/urban      50%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudySander (2011): study US 2000
TitleLocation and Happiness in the United States.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2011, Vol. 112, 277 - 279
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.econlet.2011.05.015
Public25+ aged general public, United States, 2000-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8500

Correlate
Author's labelLocation
Page in Source 278
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Location of residence:
a) Rural
b) Suburbs of one of 13-100 largest metropolitan areas
c) Suburbs of one of 12 largest metropolitan areas
d)Central city of one of 13-100 largest metropolitan 
areas
e) Central city of one of 12 largest metropolitan areas
f) Other urban 

Happiness-measure rescaled to:
1: happy (when answering very happy or pretty happy)
0: not happy  (when answering not too happy)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaD%=
PERCENTAGE HAPPY

Rural:                                 91%
Suburbs of 13-100 largest cities:      88%
Suburbs of 1-12 largest cities:        87%
Central city of 13-100 largest cities: 85%
Central city of 1-12 largest cities:   82%
Other urban areas:                     89%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 358
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=-.10 ns
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=-.10 ns
Beta controlled for:
- age
- work status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989
TitleValues, Performance and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: An Elaboration of Multiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 171 - 204
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006858618686
Public'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response43,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity Size
Page in Source 192
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-?-sq-v-4-ar=-
Ss, who value technical self reliance high, 
irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.07 ns
-high Homestead Production   r=-.14 p,.05
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.08 ns

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, 
irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.07 ns
-high Homestead Production   r=-.14 p<.05
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyShin (1986): study US 1986
TitleEducation and the quality of life in Korea and the United States: A cross-cultural perspective.
SourcePublic Opinion Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 50, 360 - 370
URLhttp://poq.oxfordjournals.org/content/50/3/360.full.pdf+html
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1978
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3642

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 367
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural area
   (isolated villages, rural towns)
2. Middle size cities
   (25.000 to 500.000)
3. Largest cities
   (>500.000)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=-.09 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-ar=+.09 p < .05
M-AO-c-mq-*-0-aBeta=-.06 p < .05
ß controled for education, income, age, gender, 
married status and own house.

Signs reversed in original. Probably wrong.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyMookherjee (1997): study US 1986
TitleAssessment of Happiness among the Elderly Population in the United States.
SourceChrakravarty, I.;Ed.: "Life in Twilight Years", Kwality Book, 1997, Calcutta, India, 327 - 343
Public60+ aged, general public, USA 1982-91
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =3049

Correlate
Author's labelPlace of residence
Page in Source 335
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Based on US "Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area" 
(SMSA)
1.non-Metropolitan 
2.metropolitan
Observed distribution N: 1= 945 2=2104

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaDM=- ns
1. M= 2.25 SD= .64
2. M= 2.22 SD= .67
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.03 ns
Beta controlled for socio-demographic variables:
   - Gender
   - Race
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Financial status
   - Religious membership
   - Religious attendance
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for 
- socio-demographic variables:
   - Gender
   - Race
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Financial status
   - Religious membership
   - Religious attendance
- satisfaction with:
   - Neighbours
   - Non-working activities
   - Family
   - Friends
   - Health
   - Finance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyVeroff et al. (1981): study US 1976
TitleThe Inner American: A Self-Portrait from 1957 to 1976.
SourceBasic Books, 1981, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1976
Sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =2264

Correlate
Author's labelPopulation density
Page in Source 427
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural
2. Town
3. Small city
4. Suburb
5. Metro

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.04 p < .01
1957
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=-.03 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.05 p < .01
1976
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aatc=-.03 p < .05
% very happy:      1957       1976

- Metro             29         22
- Suburb            38         32
- Small City        34         30
- Town              36         32
- Rural             35         32

Effect persists after control for age, sex and 
education. Interaction effects exist.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelStratum
Page in Source 253
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 Rural               
2 Urban
3 Suburban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.03 p < .01
Explained variance in ANOVA.
More favorable for respondents living in suburban 
areas than for respondents residing in either 
urban or rural areas


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =534

Correlate
Author's labelLiving environment
Page in Source 229
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
A rural living
  1 unincorporated and open country
  0 other
B medium city
  1 10.000 - 50.000 inhabitants
  0 other
C large urban area
  1 urban area > 50.000
  0 other
D metropolis
  1 metropolis
  0 other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.03 ns
A: rural
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.00 ns
B: medium city
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.02 ns
C: large urban area
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.12 p < .05
D: metropolis

Betas controlled for:
- education
- occupation
- income
- marital status
- living alone
- contact with relatives
- contact with friends
- church attendance
- organization membership
- gender
- age


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelPlace of residence
Page in Source 362
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural / under 2500 / 2500-10000 / 10000-50000 / 
50000-100000 / 100000+

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-CO-u-mq-v-7-ar=-.10 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyPalisi & Canning (1986): study US 1974
TitleUrbanism and Psychological Well-Being: A Test of Three Theories.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1986, Vol. 6, 361 - 378
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1986.9981797
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1982
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =7542

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanism
Page in Source 369-370
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1.Rural (with no town of 10000 or more)
2.Other urban counties with towns of   10000 or more
3.Suburbs of the remaining 100 largest   Standard 
Metropolitan Statistical
  Areas (SMSA's)
4.Suburbs of the 12 largest SMSA's
5.Central city of the remaining 100 
  largest SMSA's
6.Central city of the largest SMSA's

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.09 p < .01
1974   r = -.07
1975   r = -.16
1977   r = -.05
1978   r = -.09
1982   r = -.05
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaE²= .10
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aarpc=-.06 p < .01
rpc controlled for income, occupation, educational 
degree, children, age, marital status, race, sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyHynson (1975): study US 1973
TitleRural-Urban Differences in Satisfaction among the Elderly.
SourceRural Sociology, 1975, Vol. 40, 64 - 66
Public60+ aged, general public, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =319

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 65
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Number of inhabitants in place of
residence:
1 Less then 2.500                      
2 Between 2.500 and 250.000            
3 Over 250.000 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.25 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973
TitleA Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =5916

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 845-847
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Interviewer rating of residence: 1: rural area or farm
2: town
3: suburb
4: city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cr=-.07
Disattenuated r = -.10 
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for family size, sex, age, education, 
race, health, marital status, family income, and 
neighbourhood characteristics (relative income, 
income inequality, cost of living, relative age, 
and percentage white). Disattenuated ß = -.06 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyPalisi & Ransford (1987): study US 1972
TitleEffects of Urbanism, Race and Class on Happiness and Physical Health.
SourceSociological Spectrum, 1987, Vol. 7, 271 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1080/02732173.1987.9981822
Public18+ aged, general public, USA 1972-1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =15320

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanism
Page in Source 278
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1.Counties with towns of 10.000 or more   and rural 
counties
2.Suburbs of either the 12 largest
  Standard Metropolitan Statistical
  Areas (SMSA's) or of the remaining
  100 largest SMSA's
3.Central city of the remaining 100 
  largest SMSA's
4.Central city of the largest SMSA's 


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.07 p < .001
Whites, less than high school
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.06 p < .05
Blacks, less than high school
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 p < .001
Whites, high school graduate
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 ns
Blacks, high school graduate
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.07 p < .01
Whites, college
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.05 ns
Blacks, college

Linear relationships



Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFerree (1984): study US 1971
TitleClass, Housework and Happiness: Women's Work and Life Satisfaction.
SourceSex Roles, 1984, Vol. 11, 1057 - 1074
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00288134
PublicWhite married women, USA, 1971-76
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2541

Correlate
Author's labelSize of place
Page in Source 1070
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ab=+.05 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aab=+.07 ns
B's controlled for:
- Age
- N of children
- Having child < 6
- Employment
- Education
- Family income
- Husband's job status
- respondents present or last job status
- social desirability
- time pressure

Reversed coding in paper : 1 = completely 
satisfied, 7 = completely dissatisfied
1= very happy, 3 = not too happy


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyMcNamara & St.George (1978): study US 1971
TitleBlessed are the Downtrodden? An Empirical Test.
SourceSociological Analysis, 1978, Vol. 39, 303 - 320
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =2164

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 310
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
  
1. Rural places, outlying,
   not in Metropolitan Area
2. Rural places, Not in SMSA,
   adjacent to SMSA
3. Rural places, <2.500
   in SMSA
4. Places 2.500 to 10.000
5. Cities 10.000 to 100.000
   suburbs excluded
6. Cities over 100.000
   12 largerst SMSA's excluded
7. Suburbs in 12 largests SMSA's
8. Central cities of 12 largest SMSA's  


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.13 p < .01
% very happy:
1. 33
2. 30
3. 33
4. 34
5. 30
6. 23
7. 30
8. 15


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyTweeten & Lu (1976): study US 1970
TitleAttitudes as a Measure of Optimal Place of Residence.
SourceThe Social Science Journal, 1976, Vol. 13, 9 - 26
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1970
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1580

Correlate
Author's labelPlace of residence
Page in Source 22
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. Rural Non-SMSA
2. Rural SMSA
3. Urban 2500-9999
4. Urban 10000-49999
5. Metropolitan Other
6. Metropolitan Central City
Observed distributionn = 1:409, 2:107, 3:310, 4:263, 5:320, 6:171 (all) n = 1:384, 2:100, 3:290, 4:257, 5:252, 6:115 (whites only)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=+-
All (N = 1580)
1. M = 2,06
2. M = 2,12
3. M = 2,14
4. M = 2,07
5. M = 2,06
6. M = 1,93
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBMCT= p < .05
6<5,4,3,2,1
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aDM=+-
Whites only (N = 1398)
1. M = 2,07
2. M = 2,15
3. M = 2,16
4. M = 2,06
5. M = 2,11
6. M = 1,99
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBMCT= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1968
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1968
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1440

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1 Out of SMSA
  a. rural
  b. town
2 In SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center
3 Large SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center

(SMSA short for Standard Metropolitan Statisical Area)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-atb=-.07 p < .01
1a. M'=2.19
1b. M'=2.12
2a. M'=2.18
2b. M'=2.06
3a. M'=2.14
3b. M'=2.00  (M' 1-3)

Stronger among migrants and among the well-to-do. 
U-shaped curve among those who lived in communi- 
ties of the same size as they were raised in: 
Those living in a SMSA being least happy.

When those living in a SMSA were compared with 
those living in a large SMSA; _ = -.06 (ns).
Those living in the center of towns and cities 
were less happy than those living in the 
outskirts: _ = -.07 (001).
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.06 p < .05
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controling: income, education, occupation, race, 
age, religion, stage in life-cycle, region of 
birth, fathers occupational status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyHeeren (1969): study US 1967
TitleEntrepreneurial vs. Bureaucratic Fathers as Related to Family Structure, Happiness, and Two Measures of Independence.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Kansas, 1969, USA
PublicMale undergraduates, University of Kansas, USA, 1967
Sample
Non-Response5% incomplete information.
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelSize of home town
Page in Source 28
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Less than 1000 / 1000-5000 / 5000-10,000 / 
10,000-50,000 / 50,000-100,000 / over 100,000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-br= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyHeeren (1969): study US 1967
TitleEntrepreneurial vs. Bureaucratic Fathers as Related to Family Structure, Happiness, and Two Measures of Independence.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Kansas, 1969, USA
PublicMale undergraduates, University of Kansas, USA, 1967
Sample
Non-Response5% incomplete information.
Respondents N =103

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in an urban area
Page in Source 28
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural / suburban / urban.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-br= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyCantril & Roll (1971): study US 1964
TitleHopes and Fears of the American People.
SourceUniverse Books, 1971, New York, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1964-1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1588

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 66
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
under 2500 / 2500 - 49,999 / 50,000 - 499,999 / over 
500,000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDMt=
Under 2500        Mt = 6.1 (1964)  5.6 (1971)
2500 - 49,999     Mt = 6.3 (1964)  5.8 (1971)
50,000 - 499,999  Mt = 5.8 (1964)  6.0 (1971)
500,000+          Mt = 5.8 (1964)  5.7 (1971)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1963
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges general public, USA, 1963
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1555

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. country
2. < 25.000
3. 25.000 - 500.000
4. > 500.000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-htb=-.01 ns
1. M'=2.42
2. M'=2.42
3. M'=2.49
4. M'=2.40 (M' 1-3)

Strongest among the well-to-do.
Reversed among blacks and low-income whites.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1957
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1957
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1605

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. country
2. < 25.000
3. 25.000 - 500.000
4. > 500.000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-htb=-.01 p < . 05
1. M'=2.47
2. M'=2.60
3. M'=2.51
4. M'=2.47 (M' 1-3)

Strongest among the well-to-do.
Reversed among blacks and low-income whites.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyGurin et al. (1960): study US 1957
TitleAmericans View their Mental Health. A Nationwide Interview Survey.
SourceBasic Books, 1960, New York, USA ( Reprint in 1980, Arno Press, New York, USA)
Public21+ aged, general public, USA,1957
Sample
Non-Response13%; 5% not at home, 8% refusals
Respondents N =2460

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 229
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Rural, small town, small city / suburb / metropole.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.06 ns
U-shaped curve: Those living in suburbs being most 
happy.
No difference between those living in a rural 
dwelling, a small town, or a small city was found.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1952
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1952
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2970

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1. country
2. < 25.000
3. 25.000 - 500.000
4. > 500.000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-htb=-.03 p < . 01
1. M'=2.40
2. M'=2.40
3. M'=2.41
4. M'=2.29  (M' 1-3)

Strongest among the well-to-do.
Reversed among blacks and low-income whites.



Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyWillits et al. (1978): study US 1946
TitleMigrant Status and Success: A Panel Study.
SourceRural Sociology, 1978, Vol. 43, 386 - 402
PublicHighschool pupils, rural area, followed 25 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1946-71
Sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =2081

Correlate
Author's labelMiles to metropolis
Page in Source 394/395
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Linear distance from subject's residence at T2 (1971) 
to the nearest population center of 100,000 
inhabitants. Converted to logarithm for analysis.
Remarks
Happiness assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.03 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.06 ns
Females
ß controlled for father's occupation, highschool 
grade point average and education.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyWillits et al. (1978): study US 1946
TitleMigrant Status and Success: A Panel Study.
SourceRural Sociology, 1978, Vol. 43, 386 - 402
PublicHighschool pupils, rural area, followed 25 years, Pennsylvania, USA, 1946-71
Sample
Non-Response26%
Respondents N =2081

Correlate
Author's labelPopulation size
Page in Source 394/395
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
Population size of subject's residence at T2 (1971). 
Obtained from 1970 Census. Converted to logarithm for 
analysis.
Remarks
Happiness assessed at T2.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=+.07 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaBeta=-.01 ns
Females
ß controlled for father's occupation, highschool 
grade point average and education.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Community size
Subject code: L10ab01

StudyManning-Gibbs (1972): study US 1946
TitleRelative Deprivation and Self-Reported Happiness of Blacks: 1946-1966.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Texas, 1972, Austin, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/manning-gibbs_ba_1972.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 1946-1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25617

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 56
Our classificationCommunity size, code L10ab01
Operationalization
1: farm
2: rural nonfarm and under 2500
3: 2500-9999
4: 10,000 - 99,999
5: 100,000 - 499,999
6: 500,000 and over

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-cG=±
G' based on proportion very happy.
Response formats of happiness question very 
slightly over the years.

1946: blacks: G' = -.07 (ns)
      whites: G' = -.02 (ns)
1956: blacks: G' = -.13 (05)
      whites: G' = +.02 (ns)
1966: blacks: G' = -.30 (01)
      whites: G' = +.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study BE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1145

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.11 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.08 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study FR 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, France, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.03 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study DE West Germany 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1305

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.02 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IE 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Ireland, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1217

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.05 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study IT 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Italy, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1348

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.01
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.03
EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaDMt=-
Rural             Mt' = 6.78
Small town        Mt' = 6.78
City              Mt' = 6.56
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aDMt=-
EC (stratified sample)
Rural              Mt' = 6.89
Small town         Mt' = 7.00
City               Mt' = 6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=
In none of the european countries, ß weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
life satisfaction (HAPP 2.1), affect (AFF 2.3);
satisfaction with income, health and family life;
age, income, male sex, marital status, having 
children, work; type of dwelling, own home, 
religiousness, social participation; uncertainty 
about future, expected negative changes in income; 
satisfaction 5 years in past and future; 
tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about 
life and sense of control.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=
In none of the european countries, ß weights of 
this variable reached .10 level in multiple 
regression analysis, when controlling for:
life satisfaction (HAPP 2.1), affect (AFF 2.3);
satisfaction with income, health and family life;
age, income, male sex, marital status, having 
children, work; type of dwelling, own home, 
religiousness, social participation; uncertainty 
about future, expected negative changes in income; 
satisfaction 5 years in past and future; 
tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about 
life and sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study NL 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1221

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.10
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ES 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Spain, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2303

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study GB 1981
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1231

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.08 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.05 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study GB Northern Ireland 1981 /1
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, Northern Ireland, 1981
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =312

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 369
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
Direct question: What would you say:"Do you live in a 
......?"(Order reversed)
1 Rural region
2 Small town/village
3 City

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Open country vs village
Subject code: L10ab01a

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelRural living
Page in Source 225
Our classificationOpen country vs village, code L10ab01a
Operationalization
1: open country
0: village ( less than 10.000
   inhabitants)


Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=+.01 ns
ß controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: live alone, married, children, contact with
   relatives, contact with friends, church 
   attendance, organizational  membership. 
3: health problems, recent move, separated/ 
   divorced, unemployed.
4: retired,widowed.
5: urban living, female.

ß in different age groups:
under 30: +.17 (05)    30-49   : +.04 (ns)
50-64   : -.13 (05)    over 64 : -.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyPaul & Guilbert (2013): study AU 2001
TitleIncome-Happiness Paradox in Australia: Testing the Theories of Adaptation and Social Comparison.
SourceEconomic Modeling, 2013, Vol. 30, 900 - 910
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2012.08.034
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 4 years 2001-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8530

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in city
Page in Source 905
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0) living outside city
1) living in city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.12 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- Household income
- Past household income
- Reference group income
- Age
- Education level
- Gender
- Employment status
- Health
- Indiginous
- Marital status
- Parents together
- Volunteering
- Care performed
- Working hours
- Commuting


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study BR 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, Brazil, 1960-1961
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2168

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural                                1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.30 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCheng et al. (2013): study CN 2011
TitleHousing and Subjective Wellbeing in Urban China.
SourceMonash University, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper, 2013, No. 39, Melbourne, Australia.
PublicAdult, general public, China, 2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5229

Correlate
Author's labelRural hukou
Page in Source Table 3
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: rural hukou
0: urban hukou (reference)
Observed distribution1. 29.96%; 0. 70.04%
Remarks
Hukou: household registration

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.02 ns
B controlled for:
-Socioeconomic characteristics
 -gender
 -age
 -schooling
 -marital status
 -household size
 -Party member
 -social insurance
 -income
-Homeownership
 -homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.03 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -homeownership property status
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.02 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -property tenure
 -property size
 -number of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.03 ns
B additionally controlled for:
 -source of homeownership
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.03 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Loan
 -home loan
 -type of home loan
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-ib=+.04 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Perceive better local public safety
-Express lower risk aversion
-Expect
 -better economy
 -higher house price
 -higher commodity price
 -higher interest rate


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyWang et al. (2015): study CN 2010
TitleDoes Consuming More Make You Happier? Evidence from Chinese Panel Data.
SourceMonash DOE Working Paper, 2015, No. 29, 1 - 26
URLhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/277004500_Does_Consuming_More_Make_You_Happier_Evidence_from_Chinese_Panel_Data
Public18+ aged, general public, China, 2010-2012
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =61009

Correlate
Author's labelUrban/rural
Page in Source 18
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1 Rural
0 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-jDM=-
2012
              M       SD
Rural       3.29    1.07
Urban       3.34    1.04

Difference= -.05
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-jDM=+
2010
              M       SD
Rural       3.49     1.04
Urban       3.46     1.04

Difference= +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyChen (2013): study CN 2009
TitlePerceived Discrimination and Subjective Well-Being among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China.
SourceJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 2013, Vol. 40, 131- 156
Public18+ aged general public, China, 2009
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response1413
Respondents N =2733

Correlate
Author's labelRural/urban living
Page in Source 142
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: Rural (Rural non-migrants)
0: Urban (Urban non-migrants and rural-to-urban 
migrants)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-aDM=+
Rural:      M= 4.35
Urban:      M= 4.30
- Difference:  +.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyLi et al. (2008): study CN 2002
TitleAn Exploration of the Subjective Well-Being of the Chinese Oldest-Old.
SourceHealthy Longevity in China, Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, 2008, Vol. 20, 347 - 356
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-6752-5_21
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6752-5_21
Public80+ aged, China, 2002
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response1285
Respondents N =11175

Correlate
Author's labelResidence
Page in Source 352
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
a: City
b: Town
c: Rural Area
Observed distributionN: a = 2653, b = 2584, c = 5938

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aDM= p < .001
a. M = 3,82
b. M = 3,69
c. M = 3,59
O-QOL-u-sq-v-5-aAoV= p < .001
F-ratio = 61,67


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyZhang & Liu (2007): study CN 2002
TitleChildlessness, Psychlogical Well-being and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly in China
SourceJournal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 2007, 22:185-203
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10823-007-9037-3
Public65+ aged, China, 2002
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =13447

Correlate
Author's labelCurrent residence
Page in Source 193
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: City
2: Town
3: Rural (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=+.16 p < .01
City (vs rural) 
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- living arrangements
- access to pension 
- access to medical services
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bb=+.29 ns
Town (vs rural) 
B controlled for 
- age
- gender
- education 
- living arrangements
- access to pension 
- access to medical services


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyGao & Meng (2015): study CN 1998
TitleThe Impact of Government Size on Chinese Elders' Life Satisfaction: 1998-2008
SourceFilomena Maggino, Ed.: "Social Indicators Research Series 57, A New Research Agenda for Impovements in Quality of Life", Springer International Publishing AG Switzerland, Swiss, 2015, 135 - 161
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15904-1_7
Public65+ aged, China, followed 10 years, 1998-2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =50674

Correlate
Author's labelUrban (residence)
Page in Source 139,147
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bDM=+
Individual happiness by place of residence

1 Urban:     M = 2,85 
0 Rural:     M = 2,69 
-difference     +0,16



1998-2008; respondents are 65 or older.
O-QOL-c-sq-v-4-bOPRC=+.16 p < .01
Individual happiness by place of residence

OPRC (+0,155)) controlled for:

-provincial characteristics:
 -Real GDP per capita
 -Government medical expenses
 -Government Size
 -Capital Formation Rate

-individual characteristics:
 -Gender
 -Living arrangement
 -Age (groups)
 -Etnicity (Han = 1)
 -Education
 -White Collar (= 1)
 -Frequency visits by child or sibling
 -Chronic conditions score
 -ADL-score (Physical limitations)

Similar results if addionally controlled for:
-Household income (quartiles)
-Feeling rich or fair


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study CU 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged, general public, urban areas, Cuba, 1960
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =992

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.20 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study DO 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 1962
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response-
Respondents N =814

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.56 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study EG 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 1960
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =499

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.22 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban
Observed distributionRural N=301, Urban N=309

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+ ns
 - rural:    M= 8,4
 - urban:    M= 8,5 
 Difference:   +0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyEk et al. (2008): study FI Northern Finland 1997
TitlePsychosocial Factors as Mediators between Migration and Subjective Well-Being among Young Finnish Adults.
SourceSocial Science & Medicine, 2008, Vol. 66, 1545 -1556
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.12.018
Public31-aged general public, Finland, 1997-1998
Sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =5696

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in Rural vs. Urban area
Page in Source 1552
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Based on place of residence
1: Rural
0: Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=.79 ns
WOMEN

No controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=.69 p < .05
OR when controlled for:
- recent migration
- education
- employment history

Similar findings when additionally controlled for:
- social support
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=1.36 p < .05
MEN

No controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-dOR=.97 ns
OR controlled for:
- recent migration
- education
- employment history

Similar findings when additionally controlled for:
- social support
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future

Odds ratio of 1 means equal happiness, a higher 
odds ratio than 1 means less happiness, a lower 
odds ratio than 1 means higher happiness.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyHaavio-Mannila (1971): study FI 1966
TitleSatisfaction with Family, Work, Leisure and Life among Men and Women.
SourceHuman Relations, 1971, Vol. 24, 585 - 601
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1966
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =948

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in an urban setting
Page in Source 587
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural communes       1 Big city (Helsinki)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-3-bG=+.18 p < .01
O. M' = 2.12
1. M' = 2.44

Males  : G' = +.12 (ns)
Females: G' = +.25 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study XZ Germany West 1957
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
PublicAdults, general public, West-Germany, 1957
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =480

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban
Observed distributionGermany West: Rural N=383, Urban N=368 Germany East: Rural N=379, Urban N=389

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=- ns
Germany West
-rural:  M = 7.7
-urban:  M = 7.4
Difference: -0.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+ p < ..05
Germany East
-rural:  M = 7.0
-urban:  M = 7.3
Difference: +0.3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBerger (2009): study DE 1994
TitleMaternal Employment and Happiness: The Effect of Non-Particpation and Part-time Employment on Mothers' Life Satisfaction.
SourceSOEP paper No. 178, 2009, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.98011.de/diw_sp0178.pdf
PublicMothers aged 20-65, Germany, followed 14 years, 1994-2007
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5706

Correlate
Author's labelSize of municipality where the household lives
Page in Source 7,8,21
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1 Rural area
2 Between rural and urban area
3 Urban area (reference category)
Observed distribution1: M = 0,51, 2: M = 0,35, 3: M = 0,14

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.00 ns
BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN AREA (vs urban area)
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Person in need of care in househild
- Disabled
- Self rated health
- East Germany
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.12 ns
Fixed effects.
B same controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 ns
RURAL AREA (vs urban area)
B controlled for:
- Employment status
- Age
- Migration background
- Residual Household Income
- Education
- Person in need of care in househild
- Disabled
- Self rated health
- East Germany
- Self-employed
- Have a child in the coming year
- Partner status
- Number of children
- Age of the youngest child
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.21 p < .05
Fixed effects.
B same  controls as OLS except for age and 
migration background.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban
Observed distributionRural N = 300, Urban N = 305

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+ p < .05
  - rural     M = 6,0
  - urban     M = 6,5 
  Difference     +0,5


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study IN 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, India, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.28 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban
Observed distributionRural N = 300; Urban N = 300

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+ ns
- rural     M = 7,4
- urban     M = 7,7
Difference     +0,3


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelurban/rural
Page in Source 893
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: Urban
2: Rural
Observed distributionN: 1 = 1439, 2 = 9833

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eDM=-
Urban      M=2,68
Rural      M=2,39
difference  -0,29
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+,04 ns
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area

B similar for males and females
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+,11 p < .05
B additionally controlled for:
- neighbours subjective wealth
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+,17 p < .01
B additionally controlled for:
- personal aasets


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyKnauder (2000): study MZ 1991
TitleGlobalization, Urban Progress, Urban Problems, Rural Disadvantages. Evidence from Mozambique.
SourceAshgate, 2000, USA
PublicHouseholds, 18 areas, Mozambique, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response8,3%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 195-197
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
a: rural
b: peri-urban
c: urban
Observed distributiona: N=39; b: N=325; c: N=56
Remarks
Overall

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gD%=+
          (very)happy   D%   (very)unhappy  D%
a: rural         5                 69       
b: peri-urban   14      +9         48      -21 
c: urban        41     +27         23      -25
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gDM=+
a: rural         M=2,1      
b: peri-urban    M=2,4 
c: urban         M=3,1
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gt.=+
a
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bD%=+
            almost every D%  not cheerful   D%
            day cheerful     for a long time
a: rural          8               39       
b: peri-urban    19     +11       15       -24
c: urban         28      +7        4       -11
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bDM=+
a: rural         M=2,1
b: peri-urban    M=2,7; 
c: urban         M=3,6;
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bt.=+ p < .000
a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyGaymu & Springer (2010): study ZZ Europe 2004
TitleLiving Conditions and Life Satisfaction of Older Europeans Living Alone: A Gender and Cross-country Analysis
SourceAgeing and Society 30, 2010, 1153-1175
DOIdoi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231
Public60+ aged living alone, 10 European Nations, 2004
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3501

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood
Page in Source 1164
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1:  Urban (reference)
0:  Rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.30 p < .05
OR controlled for: 
-age
-gender
-marital status
-limitations in daily activities
-education
-income
-house ownership
-infrastructure
-children
-provides help
-leisure
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-eOR=1.15 ns
OR additionally controlled for country 
 
OR's computed for 'very satisfied or satisfied' 
(vs not satisfied)
Similar results when computed for 'very satisfied' 
(vs satisfied and not satisfied)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBöhnke & Kohler (2008): study ZZ EU 27 2003
TitleWell-Being and Inequality.
SourceWZB Discussion Paper no. SP I 2008-201, 2008, Berlin, Germany
URLhttps://bibliothek.wzb.eu/pdf/2008/i08-201.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 27 and Turkey, 2003
SampleMixed samples
Non-Response
Respondents N =18600

Correlate
Author's labelType of community
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 = rural (reference)
1 = urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=-.01 ns
No controls
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.21 p < .05
B controlled for
-gender
-age
-income
-employment
-class/occupation
-education
-housing
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.13 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-marital status
-contacts with friends/neighbours
-voluntary work
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.13 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-church attendance
-internet use
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bb=+.11 p < .05
B additionally controlled for
-long term illness and health satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyRose & Ozcan (2007): study ZZ EU 15 2003
TitleFirst European Quality of Life Survey: Quality of Life in Turkey.
SourceEuropean Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2007, Dublin, Ireland
URLhttp://eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef0719.htm
Public18+aged, general public, EU 15 member states and Turkey, 2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelUrban area
Page in Source 50
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Self-report on single question
Would you consider the area in which you life to be...:
1. the open country side
2. a village/small town
3. a medium to large town
4. a city or city suburb

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.03 ns
Turkey
O-SLu-c-sq-n-10-bBeta=-.01 p < .10
EU15 (EU Member States before 2004)

Beta's controlled for:
- Socio-economic position
  - age
  - gender
  - income level (quartile)
  - sufficiency of income (out of money, debts)
  - education
  - health
  - occupational level (manual worker or not)
- Social participation
  - employed
  - church attendance
- Attitudes
  - satisfaction with public services
  - trust in people
  - perceived tensions in society
  - perceived safety in neigbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

Study~Unicef (2001): study ZZ East Asia 2001
TitleSpeaking Out! Voices of Children and Adolescents in East Asia and the Pacific: Regional Opinion Survey.
SourceUnicef, 2001, Bangkok, Thailand
Public9-17 aged children, 17 countries/regions East Asia and Pacific 2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =10073

Correlate
Author's labelRural/urban
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: rural
2: urban
Observed distributionN= rural: 3858, Urban: 6215.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-g-sq-v-4-eDM=+ ns
Rural       M=3,4   SD=0,56
Urban       M=3,5   SD=0,53
-difference  +0,1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyWahl et al. (2007): study ZZ Various nation sets 2000
TitleEnvironmental Aspects of Quality of life in Old Age.
SourceMollenkopf, H.;Walker, A.;Eds: '''Quality of Life and Old Age", Springer, 2007, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 101 - 122
Public55+aged, urban and rural regions in 5 EU nations 2000-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-ResponseExcept for Eastern Germany rural areas 32%, urban areas 48%, rural Italy 18.6%, urban The Netherlands 65.8%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelRegion
Page in Source 116
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1:urban
2:rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta=+.12 p < .01
Italy
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Finland
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Netherlands
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Germany
O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-bBeta= ns
Hungary

Control variables are not reported.

The publication presents only significant Beta's 
(05. Not mentioned Beta's are added to this 
excerpt by WDH-team and assumed to be 
insignificant (ns).


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European Countries, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelUrban (vs rural)
Page in Source 284
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Urban vs rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- Age 
- Gender
- SES
- Vision
- Physical mobility
- Visumotoric coordination
- External control belief
- Residential area
- variety of social network
- Outdoor motivation
- Outdoor mobility
- Quality of life
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyRodriguez-Pose & Maslauskaite (2011): study ZZ 1999
TitleCan Policy make us Happier? Individual Characteristics,Socioeconomic Factors and Life Satisfaction in Central and Eastern Europe.
SourceImedea Working Paper Series 2011.19, 2011, Madrid, Spain
URLhttps://cjres.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/12/16/cjres.rsr038
DOIdoi: 10.1093/cjres/rsr038
Public15+ aged, general public, 10 Central and Eastern European Nations, 1999, 2008
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =25000

Correlate
Author's labelSize of city
Page in Source 8, 9
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Type of living environment:
1)big city
  1: yes
  0: no
2)remote area
  1: yes
  0: no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.21 p < .05
1999, big city
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=-.32 p < .001
2008,big city
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.01 ns
1999, remote area
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ab=+.12 p < .01
2008, remote area

B’s controlled for:
-Individual characteristics:
  -Health
  -Income
  -Gender
  -Age
  -Married
  -No. Of children
  -Unemployed
  -Retired
  -Student
  -Self-employed
  -LT unemployment
  -Secondary education
  -Tertiary education

No significant change when additionally controlled 
for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -Interpersonal inequality 
  -Inflation
  -Unemployment 
  -Government expenditure
  -Corruption WB
  -Corruption TI
  -Health benefits	
  -Pension benefits
  -Unemployment benefits


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBohn (1972): study ZZ Various nation sets 1960
TitleThe Effect of Children upon Life Satisfaction. A Thesis in Child Development and Family Relationships.
SourceUnpublished Master Thesis, Pennsylvania State University, 1972, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bohn_cj_1972.pdf
Public21+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, Panama and Yugoslavia, ± 1960
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5228

Correlate
Author's labelUrban residence
Page in Source 31
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural dwelling
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aDM=+ p < .01
Dominican Republic:
- Lower among those who have children (01)
- Stronger among those who have no children (01)

Panama:
- Stronger among those who have children (01)
- Lower among those who have no children (ns)

Yugoslavia:
- Stronger among those who have children (01)
- Lower among those who have no children (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study ZZ 1960
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
SampleVaried Probability
Non-Response-
Respondents N =18653

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 259
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.14 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyVanBeuningen & Kloosterman (2011): study NL 2009
TitleSubjectief Welzijn: Welke Factoren spelen een Rol? (Subjective Well-Being, Which Factores are Important?)
SourceBevolkingstrends, 4e kwartaal 2011, Central Bureau for Statistics (CBS), Netherlands
URLhttps://www.cbs.nl/NR/rdonlyres/50FF24EA-D783-40E4-B13C-9D7CAF89E8E7/0/2011k4p85b15art.pdf
Publicaged 18+, Netherlands, 2009
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =6878

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanity
Page in Source 92.89
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
What is the urbanity of the locality?
1 very strong urban
2. strong urban
3. average urban
4. little urban
5. not urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-dD%=+
1. 85%
2. 88%
3. 90%
4. 90%
5. 91%
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-dD%=+/-
1. 84%
2. 86%
3. 87%
4. 91%
5. 90%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-db=+.02
O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-db=-.05
B's controled for:
- household income per year
- holiday
- financial independancy
- health
- scholing
- socio-economic category
- trust in parliament
- participation in societies
- contact with family
- contact with friends
- social trust
- having partner
- children in household
- feelings in unsafety
- community feeling
- age
- sex


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudySimon et al. (2007): study NL 2006
TitleIn de Stad moet je Googelen om Groen te zien. (Why People are Happier in the Country than in Cities).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in 2007", SCP, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 66 - 71
Public21+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =140

Correlate
Author's labelrural versus urban dwelling
Page in Source 66
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Population density
1: rural 
2: urban
(original: 1,2,3 = urban, 4,5 = rural)
Remarks
Source: Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=-.6
         %happy:
rural       86%
urban       80%
-difference -6%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyOosterhof (2008): study NL 2005
TitleMaakt Vrije Tijd Gelukkig? De Invloed van Vrije Tijd op Geluksbeleving van Nederlanders. (Does Leisure Time make You Happy? The Influence of Leisure Time on the Happiness Experience of the Dutch).
SourceMaster Thesis, Faculty Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/oosterhof_sf_2008.pdf
Public12+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response11%
Respondents N =2204

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living environment
Page in Source 33
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Urbanization of living environment
1 Little/ not
2 Moderate (reference category) 
3 Strong/ very strong
Observed distributionN = 1: 658 2: 360 3: 946

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aD%=
            Strong   Moderate   Little 
Very happy    22%       30%       25%
Happy         69%       63%       67%
Not happy     9%        7%        8%
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-aOR=
      UNHAPPY (vs happy)  VERY HAPPY (vs happy)
      observed controlled  observed  controlled
Strong   1,10   1,04       0,74*      0,75*
Moderate 1      1          1          1 
Little   1,02   1,11       0,82       0,82

Control variables are:
- gender
- education 
- family stage 
- situation 
- self reported health
- self reported stress
* = p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCornelisse-Vermaat (2005): study NL 2001
TitleHousehold Production, Health and Happiness. A Comparison of the Native Dutch and Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands.
SourcePhD Thesis, University of Wageningen, 2005, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response76,6%
Respondents N =2551

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in urban area
Page in Source 27 + 147
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: not living in one of the four big cities
1: living in one of the four big cities
Observed distribution0: 69,2%; 1: 30,8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aBeta=+.03 ns
Beta controlled for
-gender
-ethnic groups
-education
-age
-smoking
-overweight
-self-reported health
-marital status
-having children
-working hours
-household income
-total outsourcing expenditures
-total household and caretime
-homeownership
-unemployment
-religious affiliation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0: rural
1: urban
Observed distributionRural N = 314, Urban N = 302

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=- p < ..05
  - rural:     M = 8,0
  - urban:     M = 7,8
  Difference:     -0,2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
DOIDOI:10.1080/17439760.2011.577086
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =1138

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanicity of place of residence
Page in Source 15
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: Very low
2: Low
3: Middle
4: High
5: Very high
Observed distribution1: 12,8%; 2: 19,9%; 3: 21,4%; 4: 21,8; 5: 24,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ab=± ns
Very low      B = -.11; CI95 [-.35- +.13]
Low           B = +.05; CI95 [-.16- +.26]
Middle        B = +.08; CI95 [-.13- +.29]
High          B = +.03; CI95 [-.17- +.22]
Very High     (reference category)

B controlled for:
-gender
-age
-education
-living with partner
-employment
-kind of disorder
-number of disorders
-role functioning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBakker & Landsmeer (1985): study NL 1985
TitleDe Nederlander: een Individualistisch Kuddedier. (The Dutch: Individualistic in the Herd).
SourceUnpublished Research Report, Interview B.V., 1985, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_s_1985.pdf
Public15+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1985
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1500

Correlate
Author's labelMetropolitan living
Page in Source Table 1.2
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rest of the Netherlands.
1 The large city agglomerations in the
   western part of the country.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-PL-u-sq-n-5-aG=-.14 p < .02


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyOrmel (1980): study NL 1970
TitleMoeite met Leven of een Moeilijk Leven. (Difficulties with Living or a Difficult Life).
SourceKonstapel, 1980, Groningen, Netherlands
URLhttp://www2.eur.nl/fsw/research/veenhoven/Pub1980s/84c-ch3-fulln.pdf
Public15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
Sample
Non-Response18%
Respondents N =296

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 350
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Assessed at T2(1976)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=-.03 ns
T2 happiness by T2 urban living 
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-cr=+.03 ns
T3 happiness by T2 urban living 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study NG 1963
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 1962-63
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1200

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study PA 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Panama, 1962
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =642

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.29 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyGuillen-Royo & Velazco (2012): study PE 2005
TitleHappy Villages and Unhappy Slums? Understanding Happiness Determinants in Peru.
SourceSelin, H.; Davey, G; Eds.: "Happiness Across Cultures. Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures Across Cultures. The History of Non-Westeren Science 6.", Springer, 2012, New York, USA, 253 - 270
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2700-7_18
PublicGeneral public, Peruvian corridor region, Peru, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =251

Correlate
Author's labelRural-urban living
Page in Source Table 2 & Table 9
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Urban
1 Non-urban
Observed distributionN = 1: 65; 0: 176

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abDM=+ p < .05
Urban:     M = 1.75 [CI95 1.68-1.82]
Non-urban: M = 2.05 [CI95 1.93-2.18]
-difference:  +0.30
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=+.99 p < .01
B controlled for: 
-View on happiness
 -satisfaction
 -satisfaction * non-urban
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=+.72 p < .01
B controlled for: 
-View on happiness
 -virtue
 -virtue * non-urban
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=+.51 p < .05
B controlled for: 
-View on happiness
 -stoicism
 -stoicism * non-urban

All B's also controlled for:
 -age
 -marital status
 -gender
 -chronic illness
 -household expenditure
 -average expenditure
 -relative in official position


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyGuillen-Royo (2008): study PE 2004
TitleConsumption and Subjective Wellbeing: Exploring Basic Needs, Social Comparison, Social Integration and Hedonism in Peru.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 89, 535 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9248-1
PublicGeneral public, 7 poor communities, Peru, 2005
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =399

Correlate
Author's labelLocation
Page in Source 544-545
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
urban = 0

Full question was not reported.
Observed distributionM = 1.722; SD = 0.727

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.56 p < .01
Peri-urban dummy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab=+.60 p < .01
Rural dummy

B'S controlled for:
-Socio-demographic characteristic
 -age squared
 -male dummy
 -religion dummy
 -cohabiting dummy
 -chronic illness dummy
 -age
 -self-employed dummy
 -homemaker
-Basic needs
 -intermediate needs
-Consumption
 -log total expenditure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study PH 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Philipines, 1959
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =500

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 373/78-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.20 p < . 01
Rural       : Mt = 4.8
Semi-urban  : Mt = 5.3
Urban       : Mt = 5.2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyHuffman & Rizov (2016): study RU 1994
TitleLife Satisfaction and Diet: Evidence from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.
SourceSelected Paper prepared for presentation at the 2016 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, 2016, 1 - 25, Boston, Massachusetts.
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/aaea16/235148.html
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1994-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =4000

Correlate
Author's labelResidence
Page in Source 18,24
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1 = urban
0 = rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aDM=+
Set Image size:   

O-SLu-u-sq-v-5-aOLRC=-.14 p < .05
OLRC controled for:
- age
- education
- household size
- children in household
- calories consumed per day in logarithm
- fat share in % of daily calories in logarithm
- protein % of daily calories in logarithm
- food diversity (Transformed Berry Index)
- gender (male = 1)
- married (married =1)
- is smoker
- is drinker
- health (having problems last month = 1)
- region
- year of observation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study CS 1962
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, Yugoslavia, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1523

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=+.26 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelUrban background
Page in Source info extra
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1. village
2. town
3. city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aDMt=-
Happiness level in Mt' (0-10):
- villlage          males: 7.0   females: 6.9
- town                     6.9            7.3
- city                     7.5            7.6
- mix rural/urban          7.7            7.6
- mix town/city            7.3             -


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMoller & Schlemmer (1989): study ZA 1983
TitleSouth African Quality of Life: A Research Note.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 279 - 291
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00303787
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5587

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 282
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 rural blacks
1 urban blacks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-*-0-bDM=+
Median happiness, range 1-100:
- rural: median 61.0  (range 0-10: 5.1)
- urban: median 64.7  (range 0-10: 5.5)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyMoller (1989): study ZA 1983
TitleCan't get no Satisfaction. Quality of Life in the 1980's.
SourceIndicator South Africa, 1989, Vol. 7, 43 - 46
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/moller_v_1989.pdf
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, South African, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =5587

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 22 (Rep.)
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 rural areas 
  - rural fringe blacks
  - homeland rural blacks
  - "white farm" blacks
1 urban areas
  - township blacks
  - hostel blacks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dG=+.10 p < .01
"satisfied" or "very satisfied" :
0: 41%
1: 46%
Computed for blacks only.
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dtau=+.04 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyChang & Nayga Jr. (2010): study TW 2001
TitleChildhood Obesity and Unhappiness: the Influence of Soft Drinks and Fast Food Consumption.
SourceJournal of Happines Studies, 2010, Vol. 11, 261 - 275
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-009-9139-4
PublicUnder 12 aged, children, Taiwan, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2366

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source Table 2 & Table 3
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Interviewers coding:
a. city; 
b. county
c. small town (reference)

1: yes
0: no
Observed distributiona: M = .56; SD = .50; b: M = .23; SD = .42
Remarks
Order reversed by WDH team

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-ar=-.25 p < .1
City   (vs small town)
A-TH-g-rdf-v-3-ar=-.20 p < .1
County (vs small town)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyTaylor et al. (2006): study US 2005
TitleAre We Happy Yet?
SourcePEW Research Center, A Social Trends Report, 2006, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://pewresearch.org/pubs/301/are-we-happy-yet
PublicAdults, general public, USA, 2005
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3014

Correlate
Author's labelLocation
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
a. Urban
b. Suburban
c. Rural

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caD%=0
% Very Happy
-Urban     31%
-Suburban  36%
-Rural     34%


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyWalters & McKenry (1985): study US 1983
TitlePredictors of Life Satisfaction Among Rural and Urban Employed Mothers: A Research Note.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1985, Vol. 47, 1067 - 1071
URLhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2445
PublicEmployed mothers, rural and urban areas USA,1983
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response29%
Respondents N =237

Correlate
Author's labelRural vs Urban
Page in Source 1069
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0:Rural
1:Urban
Observed distributionN= Rural: 165, Urban: 72
Remarks
Rural= Farm and nonfarm

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-n-7-aDM=- ns
Rural    M = 5,36
Urban    M = 5,37
difference = -.01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyLevin & Taylor (1998): study US 1979
TitlePanel Analyses of Religious Involvement and Well-Being in African Americans: Contemporaneous vs. Longitudinal Effects.
SourceJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1998, Vol. 37, 695 - 709
Public18+ aged Blacks, USA, followed 1979 to 1992
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response32%
Respondents N =1988

Correlate
Author's labelUrban
Page in Source 701
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 = rural
1 = urban
Observed distributionT1: M = 0,79, SD = 0,41 T2: M = 0,79, SD = 0,41
Remarks
Assessed at T1: 1979 and T2: 1992

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aar=-.10 p < .00
T1
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-aar=-.07 ns
T2
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.11 p < .00
T1
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aar=-.08 ns
T2


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyAmos et al. (1982): study US Oklahoma 1978
TitleLife Satisfaction and Regional Development: A Case Study of Oklahoma.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 319 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351840
Public18+ aged, general public, Oklahoma, USA, 1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization of area were S grew up
Page in Source 325
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Five county groups with different pro-
portion of urbanized population:
1:   <30% 
2: 30-50%
3: 50-70%
4: 70-90%
5:   >90%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-101-aAoV= - p < .05
1: M = 87.6 (Ms' = 8.8)
2: M = 89.7 (Ms' = 8.9)
3: M = 87.1 (Ms' = 8.7)
4: M = 96.7 (Ms' = 9.7)
5: M = 86.7 (Ms' = 8.7)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyWilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00352930
Public18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response12%
Respondents N =1423

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 225
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1: 10.000 inhabitants and over
2: less than 10.000(village)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.01 ns
ß controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: live alone, married, children, contact with
   relatives, contact with friends, church 
   attendance, organizational  membership. 
3: health problems, recent move, separated/ 
   divorced, unemployed.
4: retired,widowed.
5: rural living, female.

ß in different age groups:
under 30: +.16 (05)    30-49   : -.03 (ns)
50-64   : -.04 (ns)    over 64 : -.03 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyKivett (1976): study US 1970
TitleThe Aged in North Carolina: Physical, Social and Environmental Characteristics and Sources of Assistance. (The Guilford Study)
SourceTechnical Bullletin No.237, North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, 1976, USA
Public65+ aged, North Carolina, USA, 1970-71
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelUrban living
Page in Source 37
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 -Rural areas including small towns
1 -2 Cities of 63.000 and l44.000
   inhabitants.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-baBeta=+04 ns
ß controlled for 
- sex
- race
- marital status
- social position
- age
- education
- occupation at age 50.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bab= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1968
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1968
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1440

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
1 Out of SMSA
  a. rural
  b. town
2 In SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center
3 Large SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center

(SMSA short for Standard Metropolitan Statisical Area)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-atb=-.07 p < .01
1a. M'=2.19
1b. M'=2.12
2a. M'=2.18
2b. M'=2.06
3a. M'=2.14
3b. M'=2.00  (M' 1-3)

Stronger among migrants and among the well-to-do. 
U-shaped curve among those who lived in communi- 
ties of the same size as they were raised in: 
Those living in a SMSA being least happy.

When those living in a SMSA were compared with 
those living in a large SMSA; _ = -.06 (ns).
Those living in the center of towns and cities 
were less happy than those living in the 
outskirts: _ = -.07 (001).
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.06 p < .05
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controling: income, education, occupation, race, 
age, religion, stage in life-cycle, region of 
birth, fathers occupational status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyBachman et al. (1978): study US 1966
TitleYouth in Transition, Vol. VI. Adolescence to Adulthood. Change and Stability in the Lives of Young Men.
SourceInstitute for Social Research, 1978, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
PublicPublic highschool boys followed 8 years from grade 10, USA, 1966-74
Sample
Non-Response2.8% at T1, 17.2% at T2, 21.0% at T3, 28.9% at T4, 28.5% at T5
Respondents N =1628

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanicity of later dwelling
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
Urbanicity of dwelling at T5
1 = rural community or small town or     city of fewer 
than 50,000;
2 = medium sized city (50,000-100,000)     or suburb of 
medium sized city;
3 = fairly large city (100,000-500,000)
    or suburb of fairly large city;
4 = very large city (over 500,000) or     suburb of a 
very large city

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-mq-v-5-atau=- ns
T1 happiness:        tau = -.03  (ns)
T2 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T3 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T4 happiness:        tau = -.02  (ns)
T1:1966, T2:1968, T3:1969, T4:1970, T5:1974


Correlational finding on Happiness and Rural vs urban dwelling
Subject code: L10ab01b

StudyCantril (1965): study US 1959
TitleThe Pattern of Human Concern.
SourceRutgers University Press, 1965, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1959
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1549

Correlate
Author's labelUrban dwelling
Page in Source 378-380
Our classificationRural vs urban dwelling, code L10ab01b
Operationalization
0 Rural 
1 Urban dwelling 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-aG=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sub-urban vs urban
Subject code: L10ab01c

StudyGlatzer (1984): study XZ Germany West 1978
TitleDeterminanten der Zufriedenheit.(Determinants of Satisfaction.)
SourceGlatzer, W.;Zapf. W.;Eds.:"Lebensqualität in der Bundesrepublik", Campus verlag, 1984 Frankfurt, Germany, 234 - 245
Public18+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1978-1988
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2100

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Our classificationSub-urban vs urban, code L10ab01c
Operationalization
0   outskirts of city  100 - 500.000
1   centre of city     100 - 500.000
2   outskirts of city  > 500.000
3   centre of city     > 500.000
    

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-bSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978
1980
1984      -.08       -.06       -.02
1988      -.09       -.06       -.03
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSNR=
           eta         G          r          ß

1978
1980
1984      -.10       -.03       -.02       +.09
1988      -.10       -.06       -.06       +.09

ß's controlled for age, gender, perceived class
and marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sub-urban vs urban
Subject code: L10ab01c

StudyKnauder (2000): study MZ 1991
TitleGlobalization, Urban Progress, Urban Problems, Rural Disadvantages. Evidence from Mozambique.
SourceAshgate, 2000, USA
PublicHouseholds, 18 areas, Mozambique, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response8,3%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelMaputo vs Beira
Page in Source 201
Our classificationSub-urban vs urban, code L10ab01c
Operationalization
a: City of Maputo
b: City of Beira
Observed distributionN:unknown

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gD%=
          (very) happy  D% (very)unhappy D%    
URBAN
Maputo          44             28       
Beira           39      -6     20       -8

PERI-URBAN
Maputo          14             47
Beira           16      +2     51       +4
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bD%=
          frequently  D% not or rarely   D%    
           cheerful       cheerful
URBAN
Maputo        48              12
Beira         56      +8      12         0

PERI-URBAN
Maputo        25              50     
Beira         22      -3      49        -1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sub-urban vs urban
Subject code: L10ab01c

StudyKnauder (2000): study MZ 1991
TitleGlobalization, Urban Progress, Urban Problems, Rural Disadvantages. Evidence from Mozambique.
SourceAshgate, 2000, USA
PublicHouseholds, 18 areas, Mozambique, 1991
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response8,3%
Respondents N =420

Correlate
Author's labelUrbanization
Page in Source 195-197
Our classificationSub-urban vs urban, code L10ab01c
Operationalization
a: rural
b: peri-urban
c: urban
Observed distributiona: N=39; b: N=325; c: N=56
Remarks
Overall

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gD%=+
          (very)happy   D%   (very)unhappy  D%
a: rural         5                 69       
b: peri-urban   14      +9         48      -21 
c: urban        41     +27         23      -25
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gDM=+
a: rural         M=2,1      
b: peri-urban    M=2,4 
c: urban         M=3,1
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-gt.=+
a
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bD%=+
            almost every D%  not cheerful   D%
            day cheerful     for a long time
a: rural          8               39       
b: peri-urban    19     +11       15       -24
c: urban         28      +7        4       -11
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bDM=+
a: rural         M=2,1
b: peri-urban    M=2,7; 
c: urban         M=3,6;
M-TH-u-sq-v-5-bt.=+ p < .000
a


Correlational finding on Happiness and Sub-urban vs urban
Subject code: L10ab01c

StudyPalisi & Canning (1983): study ZZ Western nations 1977
TitleUrbanism and Social Psychological Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Test of Three Theories.
SourceThe Sociological Quarterly, 1983, Vol. 24, 527 - 543
PublicMales, metropolitan areas, England, USA, Australia, 1977-1980
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in city center
Page in Source 537
Our classificationSub-urban vs urban, code L10ab01c
Operationalization
0 Suburban
1 City centre

 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=-.16 ns
London
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=-.15
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=-.06 ns
Los Angeles
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=-.03
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-ar=-.03 ns
Sydney
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-arpc=-.02
rpc controled for: Age, frequency of visits to 
friends, frequency of visits to kin and perceived 
crowding



Correlational finding on Happiness and Sub-urban vs urban
Subject code: L10ab01c

StudyFischer (1973): study US 1968
TitleUrban Malaise.
SourceSocial Forces, 1973, Vol. 52, 221 - 235
PublicAdults, varying age ranges, general public, USA, 1968
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1440

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 226
Our classificationSub-urban vs urban, code L10ab01c
Operationalization
1 Out of SMSA
  a. rural
  b. town
2 In SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center
3 Large SMSA
  a. ring
  b. center

(SMSA short for Standard Metropolitan Statisical Area)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-atb=-.07 p < .01
1a. M'=2.19
1b. M'=2.12
2a. M'=2.18
2b. M'=2.06
3a. M'=2.14
3b. M'=2.00  (M' 1-3)

Stronger among migrants and among the well-to-do. 
U-shaped curve among those who lived in communi- 
ties of the same size as they were raised in: 
Those living in a SMSA being least happy.

When those living in a SMSA were compared with 
those living in a large SMSA; _ = -.06 (ns).
Those living in the center of towns and cities 
were less happy than those living in the 
outskirts: _ = -.07 (001).
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.06 p < .05
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.05 p < .05
ß controling: income, education, occupation, race, 
age, religion, stage in life-cycle, region of 
birth, fathers occupational status


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelMajor city
Page in Source 18.20
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
Respondent is considered to reside in a major city 
region as defined by the Australian   Bureau of 
Statistics’ Accessibility/ Remoteness Index  of 
Australia
Observed distributionMajor city 74.8%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=+1.0 ns
OPRC controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Gender
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Living years
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Local status
-Environment
 - SEIFA index
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelLiving in big city
Page in Source 1193, 1195
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
City is defined as big when:
1: Big: More than 1.5 million residents in 1990.
0: Small: Less than 1.5 million residents in 1990.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.10 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Marital status
  l) Housing area
- City characteristics
  m) Population growth
  n) GDP per capita
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Between-group inequality
  r) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyDelken (2008): study DE 2004
TitleHappiness in Shrinking Cities in Germany.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 213 - 218
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9046-5
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelcity size, size of the region ("Kreis")
Page in Source 32, 33
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
a:      0-   2000 inhabitants
b:   2000-   5000 inhabitants
c:   5000-  20000 inhabitants
d:  20000-  50000 inhabitants
e:  50000- 100000 inhabitants
f: 100000- 500000 inhabitants
g:       > 500000 inhabitants
Observed distributionN = a: 0.3%, b: 13.5%, c: 20.9%, d: 17.8%, e: 7.8%, f: 17.4%, g: 12.3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
a:      0-   2000 M = 6.7 CI95[6.64-6.79]
b:   2000-   5000 M = 6.7 CI95[6.64-6.76]
c:   5000-  20000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.08-7.18]
d:  20000-  50000 M = 7.0 CI95[6.94-7.05]
e:  50000- 100000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.02-7.18]
f: 100000- 500000 M = 7.0 CI95[6.93-7.04]
g:       > 500000 M = 7.1 CI95[7.01-7.14]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged general public, Germany, followed 7 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27249

Correlate
Author's labelCity size
Page in Source 510
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
City size:
a) <100.000 inhabitants (reference)
b) 100.000 to 200.000 inhabitants
c) 200.000 to 300.000 inhabitants
d) >300.000 inhabitants
Remarks
Based on Microcom-data.

East-Germany is the former communist German Democratic 
Republic, which was reunited in 1990 with West-Germany.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.04 ns
>100.000 TO ?200.000 INHABITANTS (vs <100.000)
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.02 ns
In East-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.22 p < .05
>200.000 TO ?300.000 INHABITANTS (vs <100.000)
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.52 p < .01
In East-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.05 ns
>300.000 INHABITANTS              (vs <100.000)
In West-Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.03 ns
In East-Germany


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyD'Ambrosio & Frick (2012): study DE 1992
TitleIndividual Wellbeing in a Dynamic Perspective.
SourceEconomica, 2012, Vol. 79, 284 - 302
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2011.00896.x/full
DOIdoi:10.1111/j.1468-0335.2011.00896.x
Public18+ aged general public, followed 15 years, 1992-2007, Germany
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =184000

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity size
Page in Source 295/296
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
a) <20.000 (reference)
b) 20.000-100.000
c) 100.000-500.000
d) >500.000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
b) 20.000-100.000  (vs <20.000)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.11 p < .01
c) 100.000-500.000 (vs <20.000)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.04 ns
d) >500.000        (vs <20.000)

b's controlled for:
- age
- dummy east germany
- years of education
- number of children in household
- homeownership
- unemployment index
- marital status
- disablity
- unemployment status
- household member in need of care
- dummy for learning effect
- household income
- past household income
- social reference income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyBoelhouwer (2010): study NL 1977
TitleWellbeing in the Netherlands.The SCP Life Situation Index since 1974.
SourceSocial Cultural Planning Office (SCP), 2010, the Hague, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.scp.nl/english/Publications/Publications_by_year/Publications_2010/Wellbeing_in_the_Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1977-2006
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =54299

Correlate
Author's labelSize of city
Page in Source 134
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
1: four largest cities 
2: 21 smaller towns/ cities 
3: other

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-ab= ns
B controlled for:
-Life situation:
 -Housing
 -Health
 -Purchasing power/ consumer durables
 -Leisure activities
 -Mobility
 -Social participation
 -Sport activity
 -Vacation
-Background features:
 -Gender
 -Education
 -Employment
 -Age
 -Household composition
 -Ethnicity
 -Income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyPeil (1984): study SL 1981
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00692990
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
Sample
Non-Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
Respondents N =640

Correlate
Author's labelSize of town
Page in Source 366
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
Freetown (capital: 274.000 inhabitants)
Bo       (second town: 40.000 inh.)
Kenema   (provincial town: 30.000 inh.)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-l-7-aDMt=
Happiness level in Mt' (0-10):
Freetown    males: 7.0   females: 6.7
Bo                 7.2            7.5
Kenema             7.8            7.8


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudySander (2011): study US 2000 /1
TitleLocation and Happiness in the United States.
SourceEconomics Letters, 2011, Vol. 112, 277 - 279
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.econlet.2011.05.015
Public25+ aged general public, United States, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =6563

Correlate
Author's labelLess urban
Page in Source 278
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
Based on zip-code:
1: Less urban (not in one of the 100 largest 
metropolitan areas in the US)
0: In one of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in the 
US

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaOPRC=+.06 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- health
- income
- age and age squared
- race
- gender
- country of birth
- religion
- working full-time
- marital status
- region in US
- former education


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelnonmetropolian area
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
1 lives in a nonmetropolitan area;
0 lives in a metropolitan area

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.04 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Value of home
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelmetropolian area population
Page in Source Table 1
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
Metropolitan area population

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.01 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Income relative to neighborhood
- Household income
- Value of home
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of urban setting
Subject code: L10ab01d

StudyBamundo & Kopelman (1980): study US 1977
TitleThe Moderating Effects of Occupation, Age, and Urbanization on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Vocational Behavior, 1980, Vol. 17, 106 - 123
DOIdoi:10.1016/0001-8791(80)90020-2
PublicHeads of households, USA, 1977
Sample
Non-Response59 %:overrepresentation of high income, high aducated metro-politans
Respondents N =911

Correlate
Author's labelResidential City Size
Page in Source 112
Our classificationSize of urban setting, code L10ab01d
Operationalization
<   50.000
    50.000 to   250.000
   250.000 to   500.000
   500.000 to 1.000.000
 1.000.000 to 2.000.000
 2.000.000 >

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-cr=-.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change of city size
Subject code: L10ab01e

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelPopulation growth
Page in Source 1193, 1195
Our classificationChange of city size, code L10ab01e
Operationalization
Growth of the non-agricultural population of each city 
from 1998 to 2002.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-3.9 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Marital status
  l) Housing area
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Between-group inequality
  r) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change of city size
Subject code: L10ab01e

StudyDelken (2008): study DE 2004
TitleHappiness in Shrinking Cities in Germany.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2008, Vol. 9, 213 - 218
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-007-9046-5
Public18+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelpopulation development
Page in Source 31, 33, 35, 36
Our classificationChange of city size, code L10ab01e
Operationalization
a: fast growing > +8%
b: growing city > +2,0%
c: stable city -1,99% to +1,99%
d: shrinking city < -2,0%
e: fast shrinking < -8%
Observed distributionN= a:35.9%, b:20.5%, c:12.9%, d:13.0%, e:13.9%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
All Germany
b: growing city     M = 7.1 CI95[7.06-7.12]
c: stable city      M = 7.0 CI95[6.92-7.05]
d: shrinking city   M = 6.8 CI95[6.72-6.81]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
former East Germany

a: fast growing city  M = 6.4 CI95[6.31-6.54]
b: growing city       M = 6.4 CI95[6.31-6.53]
c: stable city        M = 6.5 CI95[6.27-6.68]
d: shrinking city     M = 6.5 CI95[6.42-6.53]
e: fast shrinking     M = 6.5 CI95[6.40-6.52]
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+/-
former West-Germany

a: fast growing city  M = 7.1 CI95[7.10-7.18]
b: growing city       M = 7.1 CI95[7.12-7.18]
c: stable city        M = 7.0 CI95[6.97-7.10]
d: shrinking city     M = 7.2 CI95[7.10-7.24]
e: fast shrinking     M = 7.1 CI95[7.05-7.28]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of community
Subject code: L10ab02

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelLiving years
Page in Source 18.20
Our classificationModernity of community, code L10ab02
Operationalization
Number of  years the respondent has resided at their 
current address
Observed distributionMean=7.8111; SD=9.7892

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.00 ns
OPRC) controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Gender
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - SEIFA index
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of community
Subject code: L10ab02

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelEducation ratio
Page in Source 1193, 1195
Our classificationModernity of community, code L10ab02
Operationalization
Ratio of the average years of schooling of urban 
residents to that of migrants

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.26 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Marital status
  l) Housing area
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita  
  n) Population growth
  o) City size
  p) Region in country
  q) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of community
Subject code: L10ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelTraditionalism of the county
Page in Source 412
Our classificationModernity of community, code L10ab02
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- divorce rate
- alcohol consumption per capita
- electoral support for Christian
  People's Party
- emigration per 1000 inhabitants
- immigration per 1000 inhabitants
- percentage with no religious
  denomination
 
The counties of southern and western Norway are most 
traditionalistic in this respect.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.04
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=-.04
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status, degree of 
urbanization.
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.04 p < .05
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status, degree of 
urbanization.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of community
Subject code: L10ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelTraditionalism of the county
Page in Source 411
Our classificationModernity of community, code L10ab02
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- divorce rate
- alcohol consumption per capita
- electoral support for Christian
  People's Party
- emigration per 1000 inhabitants
- immigration per 1000 inhabitants
- percentage with no religious
  denomination
The counties of southern and western Norway are most 
traditionalistic in this respect.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=+.00
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12 p < .05
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, number of friends, occupationally 
active, marital status, degree of urbanization.  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Modernity of community
Subject code: L10ab02

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelTraditionalism of the county
Page in Source 411
Our classificationModernity of community, code L10ab02
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- divorce rate
- alcohol consumption per capita
- electoral support for Christian
  People's Party
- emigration per 1000 inhabitants
- immigration per 1000 inhabitants
- percentage with no religious  
  denomination 
The counties of southern and western Norway are most 
traditionalistic in this respect.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.04 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, number of 
friends, occupationally active, marital status.  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Planned community
Subject code: L10ab03

StudyZehner (1977): study US 1973
TitleIndicators of the Quality of Life in New Communities.
SourceBallinger, 1977, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
PublicResidents communities,planned and unplanned, USA, 1973
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =3894

Correlate
Author's labelPlanned community
Page in Source 15,103
Our classificationPlanned community, code L10ab03
Operationalization
0. Unplanned community 
1. Planned community
Remarks

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aG=+.01 ns
Planned; Comprehensively planned
Unplanned; Conventionally developed community

For each planned community a conventionally 
developed one was selected nearby that provided 
singular housing. Inhabitants of the communities 
are alike in socio-demographic characteristics.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudySmyth et al. (2008): study CN 2003
TitleThe Environment and Well-being in Urban China.
SourceEcological Economics, 2008, Vol.68, 547 - 555
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.eclecon.2008.05.017
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, China, 2003
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =8890

Correlate
Author's labelCongestion
Page in Source 550.552
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Total passenger traffic (vehicles) per capita in 2003 
in the city where the respondent lives.
Observed distributionMean=2.08; SD=1.85 Min. = .05; Max. =11.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eb=-.05 p < .001
b(-.0547) controled for:
- Environmental surroundings
  - pollution
  - disaster
  - parks
- Personal characteristics
  - gender
  - age
  - marital status
  - education
  - occupation
  - unemployed
  - income
- Environment attitudes
  - environment awareness
- Attitudes on other socio-economic and political 
issues
  - pro-market
  - income inequality
  - social protection
  - national reunification
  - SARS


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelGDP per capita/10^4
Page in Source 1193, 1195
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
GDP per capita/10^4 on city-level in 2002.
Remarks
Data are derived from 'China City Statistical Yearbook 
(National Bureau of Statistics, 1991-2003)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+.04 ns
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Age
  d) Gender
  e) Education
  f) Health
  g) Communist Party Member
  h) Unemployed
  i) Household income
  j) Future income expectations
  k) Marital status
  l) Housing area
- City characteristics
  m) Population growth
  n) City size
  o) Region in country
  p) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Between-group inequality
  r) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyGalatzer-Levy et al. (2010): study DE 1984
TitleFrom Marianthal to Latent Growth Mixture Modeling: A Return to the Exploration of Individual Differences in Response to Unemployment.
SourceJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 2010, Vol. 3, 116 - 125
DOIDOI: 10.1037/a0020077
Public21-60 aged unemployed, before and after jobloss, Germany, 1984-2003
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response30-40%
Respondents N =774

Correlate
Author's labelNational unemployment rate
Page in Source 121
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Unemployment rate around jobloss in:
a: nation (Germany)
b: region (Land in Germany)
Error EstimatesSame year: national s.e.= .05; regional s.e.= .03 Unemployment rate year before unemployment: national: s.e.=.02; regional s.e.=.02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.05 p < .05
NATIONAL unemployment rate
- in year before jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.05 ns
- in year of jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.06 p < .05
REGIONAL umemployment rate
- in year before jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.03 ns
REGIONAL umemployment rate
-in year of jobloss


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with job opportunities
Page in Source 272
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.10 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.08 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyFerreira et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceIZA DP No. 6732, 2012, Georgia, USA
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913000050
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81326

Correlate
Author's labelGDP per capita
Page in Source 22.23.26
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Regional gross domestic product (PPP per inhabitant) by 
NUTS 2 regions
Observed distributionMin=6900; Max=57100 Mean=23117.26; SD=10036.04

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=+5.4 ns
	b(5.43) controlled for 
- without health status 
- the size of settlement 
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- unemployment rate
- population density


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyDekker & DeHart (2007): study NL 2006
TitleNiet zo Gelukkig in de Dapperstraat. (Not so Happy in the Dapperstraat).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 106 - 113
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159439

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold Income
Page in Source 110
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Household income (question/scale?)
Observed distribution?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.24 p < .05
Individual happiness by individual 
householdincome.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.32 p < .05
Average happiness in zipcode areas by average 
household income in zipcode areas.

Figure 1 shows relationship between average 
happiness (vertically) and average wealth 
(horizontally) in 25% rich zipcode areas; 25% poor 
zipcode areas and all zipcode areas.
Set Image size:   

O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.40 p < .05
Average happiness in communities by average 
household income in communities.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.28 p < .05
Average happiness in provinces by average 
household income in provinces.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyDekker & DeHart (2007): study NL 2006
TitleNiet zo Gelukkig in de Dapperstraat. (Not so Happy in the Dapperstraat).
SourceSchnabel,P.; Ed.: "Veel Geluk in Nederland", Social Cultural Planning Office, 2007, The Hague, Netherlands, 106 - 113
Public16+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 2006
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =159439

Correlate
Author's labelAverage wealth in neighbourhood
Page in Source 109
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Average wealth in neighbourhood.
(source/scale?)
Observed distribution?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.09 ns
Individual happiness by average wealth in zipcode 
areas.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.27 p < .05
Average happiness in zipcode area by average 
wealth in zipcode area.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.32 p < .05
Average happiness in communities by average wealth 
in zipcode areas in communities.
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.41 p < .05
Average happiness in provinces by average wealth 
in zipcode areas in provinces.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyPowdthavee (2008): study GB 1997
TitlePutting a Price Tag on Friends, Relatives, and Neighbours: Using Surveys of Life Satisfaction to Value Social Relationships.
SourceJournal of Socio-Economics, 2008, Vol. 39, 1459 -1480
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.socec.2007.04.004
Public16-65 aged, followed 6 years, Great-Britain, 1997-2003
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =54424

Correlate
Author's labelAverage district income
Page in Source 40
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
In £ 1000
Remarks
T1=average 1997-2000, T2=2002

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-eb=+.01 ns
Controled for
- Frequency of meeting friends and relatives
- Talk to neighbours
- Socioeconomic variables
- Indicators of quality of accomodation and 
neighbourhood

B estimated by fixed effects estimation


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local economic prosperity
Subject code: L10ac

StudyAmos et al. (1982): study US Oklahoma 1978
TitleLife Satisfaction and Regional Development: A Case Study of Oklahoma.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1982, Vol. 11, 319 - 331
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00351840
Public18+ aged, general public, Oklahoma, USA, 1978
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2734

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic prosperity of region
Page in Source 322
Our classificationLocal economic prosperity, code L10ac
Operationalization
Per capita income:
1:southeastern Oklahoma: $ 5263
2:remainder of Oklahoma: $ 7376
3:USA (1978)           : $ 7854

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-101-aDMt=-
1:Oklahoma, Southeastern: Mt = 8.83
2:Oklahoma, remainder:    Mt = 8.72
3:USA:                    Mt = 7.90
1-2 difference ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1982
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public18-79 aged, general public, Norway, 1982
Sample
Non-Response22%
Respondents N =972

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic level of the county
Page in Source 412
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- mean taxable income
- inequality of taxable income
- electoral support for Conservative
  Party
- electoral support for Progress Party

The capital and the area surrounding it (Oslo and 
Akershus) and some of the western counties have 
relatively high scores. The county with the highest 
score on this dimension, Rogaland, has by far the 
greatest income inequality in Norway and it comes third 
in terms of average income.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.02
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.05
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.02 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status, degree of 
urbanization.
O-SL?-?-sq-l-10-aBeta=+.05 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, 
occupationally active, marital status, degree of 
urbanization.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1981
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
PublicAdults, general public, Norway, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1521

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic level of the county
Page in Source 411
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- mean taxable income
- inequality of taxable income
- electoral support for Conservative
  Party
- electoral support for Progress Party 
The capital and the area surrounding it (Oslo and 
akershus) and some of the western counties have 
relatively high scores. The county with the highest 
score on this dimension, Rogaland, has by far the 
greatest income inequality in Norway, and it comes 
thirds in terms of average income.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12
O-SLW-?-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.03 ns
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, number of friends, occupationally 
active, marital status, degree of urbanization.  


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyMastekaasa & Moum (1984): study NO 1971
TitleThe Perceived Quality of Life in Norway: Regional Variations and Contextual Effects.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 385 - 419
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00300450
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1971
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =854

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic level of the county
Page in Source 411
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Factor loading highly on:
- mean taxable income
- inequality of taxable income
- electoral support for Conservative  
  Party
- electoral support for Progress Party
The capital and the area surrounding it (Oslo and 
Akershus) and some of the western counties have 
relatively high scores. The county with the highest 
score on this dimension, Rogaland, has by far the 
greatest income inequality in Norway, and it comes 
thirds in terms of average income.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-dBeta=-.07 p < .05
ß controlled for education, income, age, sex, 
household size, occupational prestige, number of 
friends, occupationally active, marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelEconomic depression of local environment
Page in Source 62-65
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Comparison of 4 communities:
- two economically depressed
- one improving from a depression
- one economically well-off
Reversed among <50 aged and high S.E.S.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-eG= -
Index of Positive Affects: G' = -.12 (01)
- Stronger among <50 aged
- Positive among low S.E.S.
- Not among high S.E.S.
Index of Negative Affects: G' = +.02 (ns)
- Negative among 50+ aged and lower S.E.S. only.
- Reversed among <50 aged and higher S.E.S.
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=-.17 p < . 01
Negative among low S.E.S. only.
Strongest among age 50+ and low S.E.S.
Slightly reversed among age 50+ and high S.E.S.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyBradburn & Caplovitz (1965): study US Illinois 1962
TitleReports on Happiness. A Pilot Study of Behavior Related to Mental Health.
SourceAldine Publishing Company, 1965, Chicago, USA
PublicAdult, general public, 4 towns, varying in economic prosperity, Illinois, USA, 1962
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2006

Correlate
Author's labelImproving economic climate of local environment
Page in Source 62
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Properious and improving community compared. (Both 
depressed community left out   N = 1005)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aaG=+.10 ns
Positive among those of lower S.E.S. only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyHochstim et al. (1968): study US Oakland County, Michigan 1960
TitlePoverty Area under the Microscope.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 1968, Vol. 58, 1015 -1027
PublicAdults, general public, Oakland California, USA, 1960-1965
SampleProbability cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2580

Correlate
Author's labelLives in poverty area
Page in Source 1020
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
0 Non-poverty area
1 Poverty area (census treats with male
  unemployment rates of 9 % or higher
  in 1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-caG=-.26 p < .05
Poverty area:     16 % "not too happy"
Non poverty area: 10 % "not too happy"


Correlational finding on Happiness and Economic growth\decline in community
Subject code: L10ac01

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelHigh-medium and high stratum area
Page in Source 5,7,48
Our classificationEconomic growth\decline in community, code L10ac01
Operationalization
Based on household income and unemployment rate every 
neighborhood was socio-economically classified in in 1 
of 4 categories: low, medium-low, medium-high and high. 
Assignment based on survey data.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.03 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- satisfaction with public sports infrastructure
- other areas

Workers: B= +.02
Nonworkers: B= +.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local consumption level
Subject code: L10ac02

StudyLinssen et al. (2011): study IN Orrisa 2008
TitleSubjective Well Being in Rural India: The Curse of Conspicuous Consumption.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2011, Vol. 101, 57-72
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-010-9635-2
PublicPoor household, rural areas, India, 2008
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =697

Correlate
Author's labelAverage village level consumption
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationLocal consumption level, code L10ac02
Operationalization
Natural logarithm of all items bought during last week, 
all homegrown consumption during last 12 months, 
durable goods bought last year and replacement value of 
durables, per capita, aggregated average per village.
Observed distributionM = 7.3; SD = 0.53

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ab=+24 ns
B controlled for:
-Consumption
 -conspicuous consumption
 -absolute consumption
-Relative consumption
 (difference absolute consumption of respondent 
with average in village)
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-ab=+33 ns
B additionally controlled for:
-Individual level characteristic
 -caste
 -missed days due to health
 -age
 -education
 -marital status
 -religion
 -employed/unemployed
 -sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local consumption level
Subject code: L10ac02

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelmean community consumption
Page in Source 902
Our classificationLocal consumption level, code L10ac02
Operationalization
Measurement not reported.
Average consumption=arithmetic mean of all households' 
consumptions

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=-,19 p < .01
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local consumption level
Subject code: L10ac02

StudyGuillen-Royo & Velazco (2012): study PE 2005
TitleHappy Villages and Unhappy Slums? Understanding Happiness Determinants in Peru.
SourceSelin, H.; Davey, G; Eds.: "Happiness Across Cultures. Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures Across Cultures. The History of Non-Westeren Science 6.", Springer, 2012, New York, USA, 253 - 270
DOIDOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2700-7_18
PublicGeneral public, Peruvian corridor region, Peru, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =251

Correlate
Author's labelAverage expenditure in community
Page in Source Table 5
Our classificationLocal consumption level, code L10ac02
Operationalization
Average expenditure was calculated at the community 
level to represent the consumption of the reference 
group (the group they usually compare with). And 
because of the particularities of the WeD 
communities—where values and aspirations change between 
settings according to their cultural, geographical and 
socio-economic differences—deemed comparison within 
localities more relevant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=-3.7 p < .05
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=-1.6 ns
Non-urban
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-abb=-10. p < .01
Urban

B's controlled for: 
 -age
 -marital status
 -gender
 -Years of education
 -migrant
 -household expenditure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local costs of living
Subject code: L10ac03

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with taxes
Page in Source 164
Our classificationLocal costs of living, code L10ac03
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your taxes paid?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.26 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.02 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local costs of living
Subject code: L10ac03

StudyFernandez & Kulik (1981): study US 1973
TitleA Multilevel Model of Life Satisfaction: Effects of Individual Characteristics and Neighborhood Composition.
SourceAmerican Sociological Review, 1981, Vol. 46, 840 - 850
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973-1974
Sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =5916

Correlate
Author's labelCost of living in neighborhood
Page in Source 845-847
Our classificationLocal costs of living, code L10ac03
Operationalization
Logarithm of real costs of living as observed in 
cities/counties of compa-
rable socio-demographic composition.  

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cr=-.09
Disattenuated r = -.14
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-cBeta=-.08 p < .05
ß controlled for family size, sex, age, education, 
race, health, marital status, family income and 
further neighborhood characteristics (income 
inequality, racial composition, age composition). 
Disattenuated ß = -.13


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local quality of housing
Subject code: L10ac04

StudyHomel & Burns (1989): study AU 1987
TitleEnvironmental Quality and the Well-Being of Children.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1989, Vol. 21, 133 - 158
DOIDOI: 10.1007/BF00300500
PublicBasic school children, Sydney, Australia ,1987
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response29,6%
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelStreet-type
Page in Source 137,146,148
Our classificationLocal quality of housing, code L10ac04
Operationalization
a  Poor-neighborhood streets
b  Higher quality neighborhoods

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Mix---sq-*-11-aR²=.03 p < .05
R2(0.027) represents the additional variance 
explained after :
- Child's age and sexe
- Family variables
- Housing
- Neighborhood social problems
- Neighborhood x Street-type

R2 raised to .04 (p<.01)when street-type was 
fitted last in the model.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local quality of housing
Subject code: L10ac04

StudyNear et al. (1978): study US NewYork 1975
TitleWork and Extra-Work Correlates of Life and Job Satisfaction.
SourceAcademy of Management Journal, 1978, Vol. 21, 248 - 264
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/255758
PublicAdults, general public, Western New York State, USA, 1975
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =384

Correlate
Author's labelInterviewer's ratingof neighborhood
Page in Source 253
Our classificationLocal quality of housing, code L10ac04
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-dR²=.00 p < .01
Explained variance in ANOVA
In neighborhoods receiving ratings of 'very well 
maintained' Ss we happier


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyKnies (2012): study DE 2004
TitleIncome Comparisons among Neighbours and Satisfaction in East and West Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 471 - 489
URLhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID1611632_code940076.pdf?abstractid=1611632&mirid=1
DOIDoi: 10.1007/s11205-011-9818-5
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004+2005
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood income
Page in Source 8,14
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Average purchasing power expressed as income per 
household in euro' s, measured at street section level.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=
NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE NEIGHBORHOODS HARDLY KNOW EACH 
OTHER
East Germany: B=+.30 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.42 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dR²=
NEIGHBORHOODS W. NO CLOSE TIES BETWEEN NEIGHBORS
East Germany: B= -3.3 (ns)
West Germany: B= -.16 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dR²=
NON-RESIDENTIAL STREETS
East Germany: B=-.32 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.16 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE NEIGHBORS AT LEAST KNOW EACH 
OTHER
East Germany: B=+.57 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.50 (p<.05)
East Germany: R2=.02 (ns)
West Germany: R2=.03 (p<.05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dR²=
NEIGHBORHOODS W. CLOSE TIES BETWEEN NEIGHBORS East 
West Germany: B=+.50 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.70 (ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dR²=
RESIDENTIAL STREETS
East Germany: B=+.70 (ns)
West Germany: B=-.76 (p<.05)

B's controlled for:
- Annual neighborhood income (log)
- Satisfaction w. local services 
- Satisfaction w. local services (log)
- Number of years of education
- Household size
- Marital status
- Subjective health
- Annual household income (log)
- Not employed
- Not employed female


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2004
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, 2004
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22012

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood status
Page in Source 506, 508, 511
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Socio-economic status of the neighbourhood is a 
nine-scale index based, inter alia, on the 
neighbourhood characteristics:
a) level of occupation
b) rate of self-employment
c) purchasing power
d) registered car

1: lowest status
2: considerably below the average
3: below the average
4: slightly below the average
5: average status (reference)
6: slightly above the average
7: above the average
8: considerably above the average
9: highest status
Remarks
2006-data of the Micromarketing-Systeme and Consult 
GmbH (microm) are used to determine neighbourhood 
status. Life satisfaction measure are derived from SOEP 
2004.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
Lowest status:               M=6.5
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  -.3
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=-
Considerable below average:  M=6.7
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  -.1
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=0
Below average:               M=6.8
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  0.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=0
Slightly below average:      M=6.8
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  0.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Slightly above average:      M=7.0
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  +.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Above average:               M=7.0
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  +.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Considerably above average:  M=7.0
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  +.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Considerably above average:  M=7.0
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  +.2
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dDM=+
Highest status:              M=7.2
Average status:              M=6.8
- difference:                  +.4
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .01
IN WEST-GERMANY
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.02 ns
IN EAST-GERMANY

B's controlled for:
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) perceived local safety
  b) urbanization
  c) social contact with neighbours
  d) rate of removal
- personal characteristics
  a) openness
  b) conscientiousness
  c) extraversion
  d) agreeableness
  e) neuroticism
  f) external locus of control
  g) internal locus of control
  h) status compared to others in neighbourhood
  i) gender
  j) nationality
  k) age and age squared
  l) household income
  m) education
  n) marital status
  o) mental health
  p) physical health
  q) having children

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged general public, Germany, followed 7 years, 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =27249

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood status
Page in Source 510
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Socio-economic status of the neighbourhood is a 
nine-scale index based, inter alia, on the 
neighbourhood characteristics:
a) level of occupation
b) rate of self-employment
c) purchasing power
d) registered car

1: lowest status
2: considerably below the average
3: below the average
4: slightly below the average
5: average status (reference)
6: slightly above the average
7: above the average
8: considerably above the average
9: highest status
Remarks
2006-data of the Micromarketing-Systeme and Consult 
GmbH (microm) are used to determine neighbourhood 
status.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
IN WEST-GERMANY
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
IN EAST-GERMANY

B's controlled for:
- status relative to others in neighbourhood
- rate of people moving out the neighbourhood
- nationality
- age and age squared
- income
- education
- marital status
- having children
- health
- city size
- survey year

East-Germany is the former communist German 
Democratic Republic, which was reunited in 1990 
with West-Germany.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyHinks & Davies (2008): study MW 2004
TitleLife Satisfaction in Malawi and the Importance of Relative Consumption, Polygamy and Religion.
SourceJournal of International Development, 2008, Vol. 20, 888 - 904
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.1470/abstract
DOIDOI:10.1002/jid.1470
PublicHousehold heads, Malawai 2004-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =11272

Correlate
Author's labelneighbours' subjective wealth
Page in Source 902
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-eb=+,11 p < .01
B controlled for:
- individual characteristics
  - age
  - education
  - employment
  - marriage
    - status (married,divorced, wiwow)
    - polygamous (vs not)
  - religion
  - interaction religion-polygamous marriage
- household situation
  - size
  - consumption per capita
  - sick member
- local environmnent
  - consumption level
  - safety
    - atacked in the last year
    - feeling unsafe
  - rural (vs not)
  - hunger season
  - member of parliament lives in area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyOkulicz-Kozaryn (2012): study ZZ EU 25 1996
TitleIncome and Well-Being Across European Provinces.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 371 - 392
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-011-9812-y
Public15+ aged, general public, 188 West European provinces, 1996
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =65178

Correlate
Author's labelregional income AND regional disposable income
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
A: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at current market 
prices, Purchasing Power Standard, euro per inhabitant.

B: Disposable income based on final consumption, 
Purchasing Power Standard based on final consumption 
per inhabitant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=+.01 p < .05
A, B: controlled for:
-person-level:
 -personal income
 -community size
 -unemployment
 -finished education at 15 or earlier
 -married
 -age
 -income
-national level:
 -national income
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=+.03


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyOkulicz-Kozaryn (2012): study ZZ EU 25 1996
TitleIncome and Well-Being Across European Provinces.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 371 - 392
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-011-9812-y
Public15+ aged, general public, 188 West European provinces, 1996
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =65178

Correlate
Author's labelregional disposable income
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Disposable income based on final consumption, 
Purchasing Power Standard based on final consumption 
per inhabitant

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-bb=+.03 p < .01
controlled for:
-person-level:
 -personal income
 -community size
 -unemployment
 -finished education at 15 or earlier
 -married
 -age
 -income
-national level:
 -national income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyFrijters et al. (2006): study RU 1994
TitleCan the Large Swings in Russian Life Satisfaction be Explained by Ups and Downs in Real Incomes?
SourceScandinavion Journal of Economics, 2006, Vol. 108, 433 - 458
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1467-9442.2006.00459
Public18-65 aged general public, Russia, followed yearly, 1994-2001
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =38000

Correlate
Author's labelRegional income
Page in Source 450
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Average real area income/1000

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=+.02
Men only
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nBeta-f=+.03
Women only

All beta's controlled for:
- marital status
- children
- health
- age
- employment status
- household income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyStutzer (2004): study CH 1992
TitleThe Role of Income Aspirations in Individual Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2004, Vol. 54, 89 - 109
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.04.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 1992-94
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =4462

Correlate
Author's labelRelative income
Page in Source 33
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Relative income measured by:
a average income in region
b proportion of rich people in region
c average income and proportion of rich people 
interacted with 'contact with neighbours'.
Observed distributionAverage income= M: 54307,56 SD: 11901,31 Proportion of rich people= M: 17,35 % SD: 6,77 % Proportion of people with contact to neighbours= M: 60,53 % SD: 48,88 %
Remarks
Natural logaritm is used in the regression analysis

Financial regional data: Federal Tax Administration

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-Ib=-1.7 ns
Relative income measured by
- average income 
- proportion of rich people
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-Ib=-1.2 ns
Relative income additonaly measured by  'contact 
with neighbours'. 

B's controled for:
- household income 
- household size
- household composition
- socio-demographic characteristics
- language differences

B means less happiness the higher is the 
- the average income
- proportion of rich people
- social contacts with rich people


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyStutzer (2004): study CH 1992
TitleThe Role of Income Aspirations in Individual Happiness.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2004, Vol. 54, 89 - 109
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jebo.2003.04.003
Public18+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 1992-94
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Responsen.a.
Respondents N =4462

Correlate
Author's labelDiscrepancy between relative income and current income
Page in Source 33
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Difference in: 
- Relative income level
- Household income

Relative income level is measured by:
- average income in region
- proportion of rich people in region
- average income and proportion of rich people 
interacted with contact with neighbours

Household income is measured by self report on a 
question about household income in SFr. per month on a 
scale of 13 categories
Remarks
Natural logarithms of the two measures were subtracted

Financial regional data: Federal Tax Administration

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-Ib=-.46 p < .00
Relative income measured by
- average income 
- proportion of rich people
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-Ib=-.46 p < .00
Relative income additonaly measured by 'contact 
with neighbours'

B's controled for:
- household size
- household composition
- socio-demographic characteristics
- language differences

B means less happiness the higher is the 
difference between current income and:
- the average income
- proportion of rich people
- social contacts with rich people


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income level
Subject code: L10ac05

StudyLuttmer (2005): study US 1987
TitleNeighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being.
SourceQuarterly Journal of Economics, 2005, 963-1002
URLhttp://www.nber.org/~luttmer/relative.pdf
Public19+ aged couples, United States, followed 6 years, 1987-1994
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =8944

Correlate
Author's labelLn puma earnings
Page in Source Table 1+7+8
Our classificationLocal income level, code L10ac05
Operationalization
Log everage income in region/neighbourhood as predicted 
on the basis of period industry and occupation of 
residence
Observed distributionM:9.824 USD; SD:0.27 USD
Remarks
Region/neighbourhood about 100000 individuals

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.21 p < .05
Couples 

Similar results obtaioned in several fixed effects 
analyssis and in several robustness checks.

Beta controlled for:
- Household income
- Value of home
- Renter
- Usual working hours
- Employment status
- Gender
- Age
- Race
- Years of education
- Household size
- Religion
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.21 p < .05
Males only
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.28 p < .05
Females only
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.09 ns
Age <30
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.23 p < .05
Age 30-40
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.25 p < .05
Age 40-60
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.23 ns
Age >60
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.54 ns
Education level: No education
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.20 ns
Education level: High school dropout
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.25 p < .05
Education level: High school degree
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.10 ns
Education level: some college
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.20 p < .05
Education level: college degree or more
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.20 p < .05
Marital status: married/cohabiting
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.39 p < .05
Marital status: divorced/seperated
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.16 ns
Marital status: widowed
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.12 ns
Marital status: never married
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.02 ns
Marital status: changed during last year
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.19 p < .10
Home ownership: rents
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.24 p < .05
Home ownership: owns
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.21 p < .05
Presence of children <18: None
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.21 p < .05
Presence of children <18: >1 child
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.21 p < .05
Lives in current home: <7 years
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.16 p < .05
Lives in current home: 7 year of more
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.41 p < .05
Lives in current home: duration unknown
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.12 p < .10
Socialize with neighbor: Less than once a 
month/missing
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.31 p < .05
Socialize with neighbor: Once a month or more
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.14 p < .10
Socialize with relatives: Less than once a month 
or missing
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.24 p < .05
Socialize with relatives: Once a month or more 
frequently
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.23 p < .05
Socialize with friends who live outside the 
neighborhood: Less than once a month or missing
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.19 p < .05
Socialize with friends who live outside the 
neighborhood: Once a month or more frequently
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.19 p < .05
Socialize with people one works with: less than 
once a month or missing
O-HL-c-sq-n-7-bBeta=-.25 p < .05
Socialize with people one works with: once a month 
or more


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income difference
Subject code: L10ac06

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelBetween-Group (urban hukou vs rural hokou) income inequality
Page in Source 1192, 1194, 1195, 1197, 1198
Our classificationLocal income difference, code L10ac06
Operationalization
Ratio of income difference:
Mean income urbans/income rural migrants within the 
same city

For urban residents: Income includes wages, bonuses, 
allowances, subsidies for minimum living standards, 
living hardship subsidies
from the work unit, second-job and sideline income, and 
the monetary value of income in kind.
For rural-urban migrants: Income includes wages, 
revenues from family production, income from assets, 
cash gifts, and other income.
Observed distributionM=1.91 SD= 0.53 Range= 1.12-3.48

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=-.14 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Gender
  d) Age
  e) Marital status
  f) Education
  g) Health
  h) Communist Party Member
  i) Unemployed
  j) Household income
  k) Future income expectations
  l) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita  
  n) Population growth
  o) City size
  p) Region in country
  q) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  r) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants

Effect is more negative for:
- Rural-urban  migrants
- Communist party members
- Elderly


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local income difference
Subject code: L10ac06

StudyJiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002
TitleIdentity, Inequality, and Happiness: Evidence from Urban China.
SourceWorld Development, 2012, Vol. 40, 1190 - 1200
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.002
Public16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =5630

Correlate
Author's labelGini-coefficient
Page in Source 1192, 1194, 1195
Our classificationLocal income difference, code L10ac06
Operationalization
Overall income inequality as distinct from 
identity-related inequality (hukou status) in the city 
is calculated:
1 indicates perfect inequality;
0 indicates perfect equality

For urban residents: Income includes wages, bonuses, 
allowances, subsidies for minimum living standards, 
living hardship subsidies
from the work unit, second-job and sideline income, and 
the monetary value of income in kind.
For rural-urban migrants: Income includes wages, 
revenues from family production,
income from assets, cash gifts, and other income.
Observed distributionM=0.35 SD=0.03 Range= 0.29-0.41
Remarks
Difference between income inequality in current city of 
residence and place of registration (hukou), which is 
typically a rural area for migrants

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-v-5-dab=+2.8 p < .01
B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status* 
  c) Gender
  d) Age
  e) Marital status
  f) Education
  g) Health
  h) Communist Party Member
  i) Unemployed
  j) Household income
  k) Future income expectations
  l) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita  
  n) Population growth
  o) City size
  p) Region in country
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and 
     migrants
  r) Between-group inequality


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local unemployment
Subject code: L10ac07

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood characteristic: % unemployed
Page in Source 427, 436, 438, 441
Our classificationLocal unemployment, code L10ac07
Operationalization
% unemployed:
  1. <5%
  2. ?20%
Observed distributionMales: M=9.9% SD=5.9; Females: M=9.8% SD=5.9
Remarks
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 
households on average who live in close proximity to 
each other.

Data derived  from Australian population census.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=-
                 Males    Females   
<5% unemployed   8.03    8.13
?20% unemployed  7.95    7.90     
- difference      .08     .23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- duration of residence in neighbourhood
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) rate of immigrants from non-English 
     speaking countries
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of employees working in a 
     professional occupation
  e) aged 65 years and over
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) local disamenity
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.00 ns
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 p < .1
FEMALES

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- relative income
instead of:
- duration of living in residence


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local unemployment
Subject code: L10ac07

StudyGalatzer-Levy et al. (2010): study DE 1984
TitleFrom Marianthal to Latent Growth Mixture Modeling: A Return to the Exploration of Individual Differences in Response to Unemployment.
SourceJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 2010, Vol. 3, 116 - 125
DOIDOI: 10.1037/a0020077
Public21-60 aged unemployed, before and after jobloss, Germany, 1984-2003
SampleSelection from probability samples
Non-Response30-40%
Respondents N =774

Correlate
Author's labelNational unemployment rate
Page in Source 121
Our classificationLocal unemployment, code L10ac07
Operationalization
Unemployment rate around jobloss in:
a: nation (Germany)
b: region (Land in Germany)
Error EstimatesSame year: national s.e.= .05; regional s.e.= .03 Unemployment rate year before unemployment: national: s.e.=.02; regional s.e.=.02

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.05 p < .05
NATIONAL unemployment rate
- in year before jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=+.05 ns
- in year of jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.06 p < .05
REGIONAL umemployment rate
- in year before jobloss
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dr=-.03 ns
REGIONAL umemployment rate
-in year of jobloss


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local unemployment
Subject code: L10ac07

StudyFerreira et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleLife Satisfaction and Air Quality in Europe.
SourceIZA DP No. 6732, 2012, Georgia, USA
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913000050
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.12.027
Public14+ aged, general public, 23 EU nations 2002-2007
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =81326

Correlate
Author's labelUnemployment rate
Page in Source 22.23.26
Our classificationLocal unemployment, code L10ac07
Operationalization
Unemployment rate by NUTS 2 region
Observed distributionMin=1.3; Max=26.7 Mean=8.30; SD=5.24

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cdb=-.04 p < .001
	b(-.0404) controlled for 
- without health status 
- the size of settlement 
- regional differences in climate (July max 
temperature. Jan min temperature. Mean annual 
precipitation)
- GDP per capita
- population density


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local house ownership
Subject code: L10ac08

StudyShields et al. (2009): study AU 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and the Economic and Social Characteristics of Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Population Economics, 2009, Vol. 22, 421 - 443
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s00148-007-0146-7
Public15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response34%
Respondents N =13903

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood characteristic: % home owners
Page in Source 427, 436, 438, 441
Our classificationLocal house ownership, code L10ac08
Operationalization
Percentage of people owning their own home in the 
neighbourhood.
Observed distributionMales: M=67.7% SD=16.4; Females: M=67.6% SD=16.2
Remarks
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 
households on average who live in close proximity to 
each other.

Data derived  from Australian population census

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dDM=+
                    Males   Females   
<40% home ownership 7.62    7.76
?80% home ownership 7.98    8.12     
- difference         .36    .36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.00 p < .1
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.00 p < .1
FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- duration of living in neighbourhood
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate 
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of employees working in a 
     professional occupation
  e) aged 65 years and over
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) local disamenity
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.00 ns
MALES
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.00 ns
FEMALES

When OPRC's are controlled for:
- relative income 
instead of:
- duration of living in neighbourhood


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local standard of living
Subject code: L10ac09

StudyRohe & Stegman (1994): study 1992
TitleThe Effects of Homeownership: on the Self-Esteem, Perceived Control and Life Satisfaction of Low-Income People.
SourceJournal of the American Planning Association,1994, Vol. 60, 173 - 184
URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01944369408975571#.U-ipnIccTDA
DOIDOI:10.1080/01944369408975571
PublicHome buyers and controls, Baltimore, USA, followed 18 months 1992-93
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =283

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood satisfaction
Page in Source 178,181
Our classificationSatisfaction with local standard of living, code L10ac09
Operationalization
Self perceived rating of neighborhood:
4: excellent
3: good
2: fair
1: poor
Remarks
T1-T2 interval= 18 months

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-faBeta=+.01 ns
T2 happiness by T2 neighbourhood satisfaction
Beta controlled for:
- T1 happiness (to capture change in happiness 
after purchase of house)
- Personal characteristics:
  - Age
  - Sex 
  - Marital status 
  - Education
  - Income
  - Occupational status
 Housing situation:
  - Owner of the house 
  - Housing type


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local standard of living
Subject code: L10ac09

StudyCrandall (1976): study US Ohio 1973
TitleValidation of Self-Report Measures Using Ratings by Others.
SourceSociological Methods and Measures, 1976, Vol. 4, 380 -400
URLhttp://smr.sagepub.com/content/4/3/380.full.pdf+html
PublicAdults, Toledo, USA, 1973
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =771

Correlate
Author's labelStandard of living
Page in Source 388
Our classificationSatisfaction with local standard of living, code L10ac09
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How do you feel about your standard of living?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible
Remarks
Correlation (+.33) with peer rating of the participants 
satisfaction with his/her standard of living.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.25 ns
Own happiness by own satisfaction with standard of 
living.

Similar correlation (+.17) between ratings of 
participants happiness and satisfaction with 
standard of living.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local socio-economic status
Subject code: L10ac10

StudyAmbrey et al. (2013): study AU Queensland 2000
TitleEstimating the Cost of Air Pollution in South East Queensland: An Application of the Life Satisfaction Non-Market Valuation Approach.
SourceAARES Paper, 2013, Sydney, Australia
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800913003479
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.11.007
Public+45 aged general public, South East Queensland, Australia, 2000-2001
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =923

Correlate
Author's labelSEFIA index
Page in Source 18.20
Our classificationLocal socio-economic status, code L10ac10
Operationalization
The Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS) 
Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of 
Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage for the CD in 
which the respondent resides
Observed distributionMean= 5.4193; SD=2.8186

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-aOPRC=-.15 p < .001
OPRC controlled for
- Personal characteristics
 - Age
 - Gender
 - Aboriginal identity
 - Immigrant
 - English ability
 - Marital status
 - Parent status
 - Number of children
 - Health condition
 - Education levels
 - Employment status
 - Household income (ln)
 - Importance of religion
 - Living years
 - Others present
 - Personality
 - Major city
 - Local status
-Environment
 - PM10 (?g/m3)
 - Humidity (%)
 - Rainfall (mm)
 - Temperature (°C)
 - Wind speed (meters/second)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local socio-economic status
Subject code: L10ac10

StudyDittmann & Goebel (2010): study DE 2000 /1
TitleYour House, Your Car, Your Education: The Socioeconomic Situation of the Neighborhood and its Impact on Life Satisfaction in Germany.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2010, Vol. 96, 497 - 513
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-009-9489-7
Public17+ aged, general public, Germany, followed 7 years 2000-2006
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =22000

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood status
Page in Source 503,504, 508
Our classificationLocal socio-economic status, code L10ac10
Operationalization
9 item index involving:
a: average occupation level
b: rate of self-employment
c: average purchasing power
d: registered cars
other 5 items not reported
Remarks
Neighbourhood data taken from MOSAIC datasystem

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.04 p < .01
LEVEL of local socio-economic status by LEVEL of 
happiness in 2004
- in West Germany.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.05 p < .05
- in East Germany.

b's controlled for:
- other neighborhood characteristics
  - living conditions
  - social comparison
  - visits to/from neighbors
  - close contacts with neighbors
  - urbanization
  - rate of removals
- personal characteristics
  - gender
  - non-German nationality
  - age
  - age squared
  - income
  - education 
  - marital status
  - health (subj.)

b's unaffected by additional control for 
personality traits.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
CHANGE in local socio-economic status by CHANGE in 
happiness 2000-2006

- in West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.03 p < .01
- in East Germany

b's controled for:
- Other neighbourhood characteristics
  - removal rate
  - city size
- personal characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - education (years)
  - marital status
  - health (subjective)
- relative status in neigbourhood
- year (wave in panel)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local facilities
Subject code: L10ad

StudyLeonardi et al. (1999): study IT 1995
TitleThe Top-Down/Bottom-Up Controvercy from a Constructionist Approach: A Method for Measuring Top-Down Effects Applied to Sample of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 48, 187 - 216
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006977717925
Public55+aged, Italy, followed 5 years 1995-200
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response50.5%
Respondents N =297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 63, 65
Our classificationLocal facilities, code L10ad
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported
0  very unsatisfied
.
.
10 very satisfied
Observed distributionM =7.10, SD= 2,27
Remarks
Assessed at T1 (1995) and T2: (2000)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-er=+.25 p < .05
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-erpc=+.26 p < .05
rpc controled for objective living conditions with 
which they are significantly correlated.
This partial correlation is seen to indicate a 
'top-down' effect of overall satisfaction with 
life on satisfaction with this life domain


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudySchulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Non-Response
Respondents N =1776

Correlate
Author's labelAccesibility of leisure time activities
Page in Source 114,T41
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Eight item index of direct questions
on accessibility of leisure time activities (cinema, 
theatre, cafe, clubs, etc.). Answer categories yes/no.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum-c-mq-v-5-ar=+.17


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelMedical services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
0: no medical amenities available
1: medical amenities available
Question not found. 
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=72,4%; Rural= 49,7%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelServices and shops
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you have access to fundamental services and shops 
access in your  neighborhood?
0: no
1: yes  
Question not found
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=70,4%; Rural= 49,7%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelMedical services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
0: no medical amenities available
1: medical amenities available
Question not found. 
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban:=95.5%; Rural= 83.5%; p<.001 Germany East: Urban:=86.5%; Rural= 61.5%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelServices and shops
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you have access to fundamental services and shops 
access in your  neighborhood?
0: no
1: yes  
Question not found
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban:=90.0%; Rural= 77.3%; p<.001 Germany West: Urban:=80.8%; Rural= 54.7%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelAvailable services
Page in Source 125,127
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Sum score of a total of 21 service facilities
Single question: I'll name a series of shops and 
institutions (cultural institutions etc.). Please tell 
me if these institutions are available in your 
neighbourhood (within 15 minutes distance)?
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=15,1; SD=5,0; East Germany: M=11,3; SD=6,1; p<0,001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.19 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelMedical services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
0: no medical amenities available
1: medical amenities available
Question not found. 
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionUrban = 93,0%; Rural = 84,3%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelServices and shops
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you have access to fundamental services and shops 
access in your  neighborhood?
0: no
1: yes  
Question not found
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionUrban = 92,8%; Rural = 86,4%; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=-.15 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelMedical services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
0: no medical amenities available
1: medical amenities available
Question not found. 
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=60,9%; Rural= 48,2%; p<.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+20 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelServices and shops
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you have access to fundamental services and shops 
access in your  neighborhood?
0: no
1: yes  
Question not found
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=62,5%; Rural= 50,8%; p<.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyZhang (2012a): study JP 2010
TitleHouseholds' Multidimensional Mobilities Over Life Course and QOL: A case Study in Japan
SourceISQOLS: 43, 2012, Japan
URLhttps://sites.google.com/site/junyizhangcho/home/research-topics/citi_qol/d-publications
Public18+ aged, general public, major cities, Japan, 2010
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response5.7%
Respondents N =943

Correlate
Author's labelResidential environment
Page in Source 16
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Distance to daily facilities. 
Full question was not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.02 ns
DISTANCE TO RAILWAY STATION
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.05 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.09 p < .05
DISTANCE TO BUS STOP
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.04 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
DISTANCE TO PRIMARY SCHOOL
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.02 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.01 ns
DISTANCE TO JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.07 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=-.08 p < .01
DISTANCE TO HIGH SCHOOL
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.01 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.05 ns
DISTANCE TO HOSPITAL
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.09 p < .01
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.03 ns
DISTANCE TO PARK
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=-.01 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.01 ns
DISTANCE TO SUPERMARKET
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.00 ns
M-FH-c-sq-n-11-dOPRC=+.07 ns
DISTANCE TO CITY HALL
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-rOPRC=+.07 ns
OPRC’s controlled for:
-Times change in
 -Residential mobility
 -Household structure mobility
 -Employment mobility 
 -Car ownership mobility 
-Objective living standard
 -House property
 -Household annual income
 -Car number
-Household attributes
 -Household size
 -Single/Couple
 -Number of children
 -Number of elders
 -Worker


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of facilities
Page in Source 26, 27, 30, 31, 86
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of facilities per district; range 16-99.
Remarks
Included were facilities for sport, culture, nature, 
children, and community work.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.26 ns
ALL (N=4420)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.02 ns
rpc ontrolled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ab
SPLIT-UP BY INCOME LEVEL
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.09 ns
Income level 1 (N=409)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.04 ns
Income level 2 (N=672)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.05 ns
Income level 3 (N= 993)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Income level 4 (N=1165)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Income level 5 (N=384)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.02 ns
Income level 6 (N= 631)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ab
SPLIT-UP BY INCOME SOURCE
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.05 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.06 ns
No income of own (N=585)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.02 ns
Employee, own business (N= 2318)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.02 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Retired pay (N= 944)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.01 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.04 ns
Unfit for work pay (N= 177)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.04 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Unemployment benefit (N=220)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.00 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.07 ns
Scholarship (N=172)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.07 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of sportfacilities
Page in Source 28,29,86
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of sportfacilities per district; range 1-41.
Remarks
Included were sportcentra,tenniscourts, swimmingpools 
etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
All (N=4420)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.01 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.07 p < .05
Active sporters only (N= 809)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.01 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelfacilities for children
Page in Source 30
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of facilities for children per district, only 
for parents with inliving children.
Remarks
It concerned after school care, playgrounds.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.06 p < .05
Parents only (N=1811)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.04 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.07 p < .01
Two-parent families only (N=1529)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.06 p < .05
rpc controlled for income.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.02 ns
One-parent families only (N=282)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.01 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of cultural facilities
Page in Source 36,86,97
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of cultural facilities per district; range 0-37.
Remarks
It concerned cinemas, musea, music and art lending, 
language and culture clubs, theaters and concert halls

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.02 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.00 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelnumber of nature facilities
Page in Source 26,86,89,91
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of nature facilities per district; range 2-28.
Remarks
Included were centra for nature and milieu education, 
allotment gardens, marinas, child farms, scouting 
grounds, recreation grounds etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=.01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.01 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelparticipation in local facilities in general
Page in Source 36,37, 86,97
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Frequency of participation a year
1: 1-50
2: 51-100
3: 101-150
4: 151-200
5: 201-250
6: 251-300
7: 301-365
Remarks
Included were facilities for sport, culture, nature, 
children, and community work.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.05 p < .05
N= 3938
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.04 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelother facilities
Page in Source 26,86
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Number of other facilities; range 0-44.
Remarks
It concerned community centers etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.05 p < .01
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.03 p < .05
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelparticipation in nature facilities
Page in Source 89,98
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Frequency of participation in nature facilities a year
1: 1-50
2: 51-100
3: 101-150
4: 151-200
5: 201-250
6: 251-300
7: 301-365
Remarks
Included were centra for nature and milieu education, 
allotment gardens, marinas, child farms, scouting 
grounds, recreation grounds etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=+.01 ns
All (N=3938)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=+.01 ns
rpc controlled for income
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.01 ns
Participation only in neigbourhood
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.00 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyAussen et al. (2008): study NL Rotterdam 2007
TitleGeluk in Rotterdam. Het Effect van Vrijetijds Voorzieningen op het Geluk in Wijken. (Happiness in Rotterdam. The Effect of Leisure Time Facilities on the Happiness in Neighbourhoods).
SourceBachelor Thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2008, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/aussen_s_2008.pdf
Public16-75 aged, general public, City of Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2007
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4420

Correlate
Author's labelparticipation in other facilities
Page in Source 36, 86, 98
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Frequency of participation a year
1: 1-50
2: 51-100
3: 101-150
4: 151-200
5: 201-250
6: 251-300
7: 301-365
Remarks
It concerned community centers etc.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abr=-.06 p < .05
N=3873
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-abrpc=-.03 ns
rpc controlled for income


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelServices and shops
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
Do you have access to fundamental services and shops 
access in your  neighborhood?
0: no
1: yes  
Question not found
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionUrban = 58.8%; Rural = 62,4%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelUsage of drinking water
Page in Source 402
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
a: Uses unsafe drinking water
b: Water is cut off due to non-payment
c: Long delays in restoring piped water
Observed distributiona: 12%, b:0.5%, c:0.5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=-
                     %happy  %neutral  %unhappy
Unsafe drinking water   49      10         41
Cut off due to non-pay  49       5         46
Delay in restoring      38      11         41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelRemoval of rubbish
Page in Source 402
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
No Rubbish removal vs rubbish removal
Observed distribution7 %

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   49  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 39  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with rubbish removal not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelMain electricity supply
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
Main electricity supply (vs not)
Observed distribution71%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
% happy   54  (sample mean 52%)
% unhappy 34  (sample mean 36%)

Happiness of Ss with no main electricity not 
reported.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet in dwelling 1
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
a.Flush toilet in dwelling
b.Pit/bucket latrine
Observed distribution% Sample a:21, b:34

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                    %happy %Neutral  %unhappy 
Flush Toilet dwelling  59      12        29
Pit/bucket latrine     49      12        39
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.22 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelToilet in dwelling 2
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
a.Flush toilet in dwelling
b.Toilet off-site
Observed distribution%Sample a:21, b:4

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                  % happy % Neutral  % unhappy 
Toilet in dwelling    59      12         29
Toilet off-site       41      15         44
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.36 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelInterrupted/Uninterrupted water supply
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
1.Daily interruption of piped water
2.Uninterrupted piped water supply
Observed distributiona :5%, b: 3%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                 % happy % neutral  % unhappy 
Interrupted         46       11           43
Uninterrupted       55       12           33
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.21 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelMail delivery
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
a.Mail delivered to neighbour/school
b.Mail delivery to dwelling
Observed distributiona: 60%, b: 16%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                 % happy % Neutral  % unhappy 
Mail to neighbour  46        11           43
Mail to dwelling   55        12           33
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=+.21 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual local facilities
Subject code: L10ad01

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelWater supply
Page in Source 400-2
Our classificationActual local facilities, code L10ad01
Operationalization
a: Piped water in dwelling
b: Water from neighbourhood tap
c: Water from public tap
Observed distributiona: 25%, b: 3%, c: 17%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                 % happy  %neutral  % unhappy
water in dwelling    57      12         31
neighbourhood tap    40      11         49
public tap           47      12         41
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local cultural facilities
Subject code: L10ad01b

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelCultural supply
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationLocal cultural facilities, code L10ad01b
Operationalization
Number of cinemas per 1,000 residents.
Remarks
Data: Istat, 2008b

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.01 p < .01
B controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
 -Work status
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Social assistance
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local health care
Subject code: L10ad01c

StudyKotakorpi & Laamanen (2010): study FI 2000
TitleWelfare State and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Public Health Care.
SourceEconomica, 2010, Vol. 77, 565 - 583
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1468-0335,2008,00769,x
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelExcess expenditure on primary public healthcare in community
Page in Source 9
Our classificationLocal health care, code L10ad01c
Operationalization
More expenses for primary public health care than 
expected on the basis of visits to public health 
centres and treatment days in public health care 
(residue variance in regression with expenses as 
dependent variable and visits and treatment days as 
independent variables)
Observed distributionNot reported.
Remarks
Approximately 2/3 of all health care services in 
Finland are provided by the public sector.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.42 p < .05
OPRC controlled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - income
  - age
  - gender
  - employment
  - education
  - marital status
  - children
  - religiousness
  - time spend with friends
  - unfit for work
- Municipality level variables: 
  - log of average income
  - unemployement rate
  - log of houseprices
  - log of net expenditures in soc. services & 
administration
  - log of net expenditures in education & culture
  - net expenditures in other sectors
  - excess exenditures in special private 
healthcare


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local health care
Subject code: L10ad01c

StudyKotakorpi & Laamanen (2010): study FI 2000
TitleWelfare State and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Public Health Care.
SourceEconomica, 2010, Vol. 77, 565 - 583
DOIDOI:10.1111/j.1468-0335,2008,00769,x
Public18+ aged, general public, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelExcess expenditures on special private healthcare in community
Page in Source 9
Our classificationLocal health care, code L10ad01c
Operationalization
More expenses than expected on the basis of treatment 
days in special private health care (residue variance 
in regression with expenses as dependent variable and 
visits and treatment days as independent variables).
Observed distributionNot reported
Remarks
Approximately 1/3 of all health care services in 
Finland are provided in special private health care.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aOPRC=+.12 ns
OPRC controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  - income
  - age
  - gender
  - employment
  - education
  - marital status
  - children
  - religiousness
  - time spend with friends
  - unfit for work
- Municipality level variables: 
  - log of average income
  - unemployement rate
  - log of houseprices
  - log of net expenditures in soc. services & 
administration
  - log of net expenditures in education & culture
  - net expenditures in other sectors
  - excess exenditures in primary public 
healthcare


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local health care
Subject code: L10ad01c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelMedical services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationLocal health care, code L10ad01c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
0: no medical amenities available
1: medical amenities available
Question not found. 
AUTHOR, Please verify question!
Observed distributionUrban = 53,2%; Rural = 60,8%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local welfare
Subject code: L10ad01d

StudyKrause (2013): study DE 2007
TitleDon't Worry, be Happy? Happiness and Reemployment.
SourceJournal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2013, Vol. 96, 1 - 20
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2013.09.002
Public16+ aged, recently fallen unemployed, Germany, 2007-2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2542

Correlate
Author's labelSocial class of neighbours
Page in Source 12
Our classificationLocal welfare, code L10ad01d
Operationalization
Question and reference group not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 p < .01
UPPER SOCIAL CLASS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.00 p < .01
UPPER MIDDLE CLASS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
MIDDLE SOCIAL CLASS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=+.00 ns
LOWER-MIDDLE SOCIAL CLASS
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-db=-.00 ns
LOWER SOCIAL CLASS

B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) age and age squared
  b) disabled
  c) gender
  d) having a partner
  e) employment status spouse
  f) employment status partner
  g) (number of) children in household
  h) education
  i) migrant status
  j) wage in last job
  k) duration of last job
  l) unemployment benefits
  m) reason of termination of last job
  n) marital status
- Environmental characteristics:
  o) national unemployment rate
  p) region/state in Germany
- Interview-specific characteristics:
  q) interview cohort
  r) time between unemployment entry and 
     interview


Correlational finding on Happiness and Local welfare
Subject code: L10ad01d

StudySabatini (2011): study IT 2008
TitleCan a Click buy a Little Happiness? The Impact of Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce on Subjective Well-Being.
SourceMPRA Paper no. 32393, 2011, München, Germany
URLhttps://ideas.repec.org/p/eei/rpaper/eeri_rp_2011_12.html
PublicGeneral public, Italy, 2008
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =4130

Correlate
Author's labelSocial assistance
Page in Source Table 1 & Table 2
Our classificationLocal welfare, code L10ad01d
Operationalization
Number of public health and assistance centres per 
1,000 residents.
Remarks
Data: Sbilanciamoci, 2008

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-10-bb=+.00 p < .05
B (+.002) controlled for:
-E-shopping
-Social background
 -Gender
 -Marital status
 -Age
 -Health condition
 -Education 
-Income position
 -Ownership of the house of residence
 -Household income
 -Mortgage loan 
 -Work status
-Neighbourhood 
 -CO2 emissions
 -Public parks and gardens
 -Environmental crimes
 -Cultural supply
 -Micro-criminality
 -Dirtiness of the local area
 -Regional poverty
 -Noise in the local area


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyChow (2012): study CA Calgary, Alberta 2007
TitleHealth Care Service Needs and Correlates of Quality of Life: A Case Study of Elderly Chinese Immigrants in Canada
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 347 - 358
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9810-0
Public65+aged Chinese migrants, Calgary, Canada, 2007
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =127

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood quality
Page in Source 352-353
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Self report on the question "How good do you think your 
neighbourhood is for the old people to live"
Rated:
1: poor
2:
3:
4:
5: excellent

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-?-sq-v-5-aBeta=.50 p < .001
Beta controled for:
- Socio-economic status
  - age
  - gender
  - marital status
  - financial need
- migration history
  - country of origin 
  - length of residence in Canada
- Health
  - physical mobility
  - medication use
  - perceived needs for services
- Social network
- Psychological well-being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelRetaill store access
Page in Source 262, 264
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Agreement with 3 statements:
a. There are enough stores in my area so that shopping 
is convenient
b. There are stores in my area but they are difficult 
to access
c. The stores in my area do not carry supplies that fit 
my needs

Rated: 
1: strongly disagree
.
.
5: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=-.12
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Personal worries
 - Living area
 - Ideal age preference
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.12
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Personal worries
 - Living area
 - Social age identity
 - Government planning
 - Worries getting around


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelWorries/getting around
Page in Source 264
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Agreement with 4 statements:
a.I worry about losing contact with people who are 
replaced by machines
b. I worry about stray dogs harming me when I go out in 
town or in local parks
c. I would like to see specific courses at post 
secondary institutions for older people
d. In winter I try to avoid going out because there is 
too much ice on walkways in my area

Rated: 
1: strongly disagree
.
.
5: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=-.09
Beta controlled for:
 - Physical age identity
 - Difficulties with housing costs
 - Personal worries
 - Retail store access
 - Living area
 - Social age identity
 - Government planning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelNeighbourhood
Page in Source 258, 264
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.07
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Accomplishing in life now
 - Health
 - Family relations
 - Religion/spiritual fulfillment
 - Friendships
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.10
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Local government officials
 - Health
 - Recreational opportunities
 - Financial security
 - Accomplishing in life now


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with mobility
Page in Source 13,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your possibilities to go where 
you want - by feet, bicycle or by car?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=8,5; SD=1,7; Rural: M= 8,1; SD=2,0; p<.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your actual local facilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Question not found!
AUTHOR, please give question.
Observed distributionUrban: M=7,4; SD=2,2; Rural: M= 7,1; SD=2,7; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with mobility
Page in Source 13,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your possibilities to go where 
you want - by feet, bicycle or by car?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=7.8; SD=2.3; Rural: M= 7.6; SD=2.5; ns Germany East: Urban: M=7.6; SD=2.4; Rural: M= 7.7; SD=2.3; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.14 p < .05
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your actual local facilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Question not found!
AUTHOR, please give question.
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=7.7; SD=7.1; Rural: M= 7.2; SD=2.4;p<.001 Germany West: Urban: M=7.3; SD=2.1; Rural: M= 5.7; SD=2.7;p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.16 p < .05
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with living area
Page in Source 125, 127
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Self report on an 11-point scale
Single question: All in all, how satisfied are you with 
the your living area?
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=9,0; SD=1,5; East Germany: M=8,1; SD=2,2; p<0,001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.16 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf (2002): study DE 1995
TitleMobilität und Lebensqualität im Alter. Objektive Voraussetzungen und subjektive Bedeutung in der mobilen Gesellschaft. (Mobility and Quality of Life in Old Age).
SourceGlatzer,W.; et al; Eds.: "Sozialen Wandel und gesellschaftliche Dauerbeobachtung", Leske & Budrich, 2002, Germany, 255 - 271
Public55+ aged, East and West Germany, 1995 and 1999
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1216

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with living area
Page in Source 268
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your local environment?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionA: N=400; B:N=404; C: N=205; D:N=207

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.07 ns
Mannheim (big city West Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.01 ns
Chemnitz (big city East Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.06
Hunsrück (rural region West Germany)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=+.03
Lausitz (rural area East Germany)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- financial situation
- health
- local environment
- housing
- leisure possibilities
- travelling possibilities
- mobility possibilities


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with mobility
Page in Source 13,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your possibilities to go where 
you want - by feet, bicycle or by car?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,9; SD = 2,3; Rural: M = 6,0; SD = 2,9; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.23 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your actual local facilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Question not found!
AUTHOR, please give question.
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,9; SD = 2,4; Rural: M = 7,3; SD = 2,3; p<.01

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.24 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with health facilities
Page in Source 273
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with mobility
Page in Source 13,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your possibilities to go where 
you want - by feet, bicycle or by car?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=8,1; SD=2,4; Rural: M= 7,0; SD=2,4; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.17 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your actual local facilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Question not found!
AUTHOR, please give question.
Observed distributionUrban: M=6,7; SD=2,7; Rural: M= 6,2; SD=2,8; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyGuardiola et al. (2013): study MX Yucatán 2008
TitleThe Influence of Water Access in Subjective Well-Being: Some Evidence in Yucatan, Mexico
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 110, 207 - 218
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-011-9925-3
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9925-3
Public373 heads of household, town in rural area, Mexico, Yucatan, 2008
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =373

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with water
Page in Source 8
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction on:
a. color
b. smell
c. taste

Rated:
1 very good
2
3 normal
4
5 very poor

Rescaled to
0 lowest
…
12 highest.
Observed distributionRange 0 - 12. M = 8,15, SD = 2,12

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-gb=+.08 p < .02
B controled for satisfaction with:
- health
- work
- money
- house
- nurture
- leisure
- community


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyRojas (2006): study MX Multiple regions 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and Satisfaction in Domains of Life: Is It a Simple Relationship?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 467 - 497
DOIDOI:10,1007/s/10902-006-9009-2
PublicGeneral public, Regions, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response62,1%
Respondents N =1535

Correlate
Author's labelCommunity satisfactions
Page in Source 481, 483
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport with satisfaction with community services 
such as:
a: trash collection 
b: public transport
c: road conditions
d: public lights
e: neighbourhood safety
f: trust in local autorities
g: neighbours
Rated on a 7-point numerical scale(1= extremely 
dissatisfied to 9=extremely satisfied)

Questions not reported.
Observed distributionN=579

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cr=+.12


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with mobility
Page in Source 13,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your possibilities to go where 
you want - by feet, bicycle or by car?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,5; SD = 2,0; Rural: M = 7,8; SD = 1,6; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 16,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your actual local facilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Question not found!
AUTHOR, please give question.
Observed distributionUrban: M = 6,7; SD = 1,9: Rural: M = 7,2: SD = 1,2; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyMoller (2007a): study ZA 2002
TitleSatisfied and Dissatisfied South Africans: Results From The General Household Survey in the International Comparison.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 81, 389 - 415
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9004-3
PublicAdults, general public, South Africa, 2002
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =26000

Correlate
Author's labelSocial welfare services
Page in Source 403
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
1: Dissatisfied with with social welfare services 
received
2: Satisfied with social welfare services received
Observed distributiona:1%, b:6%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cD%=+
                      %happy %Neutral %unhappy 
diss. with social serv.  38       9         53
sat.  with social serv.  53       9         38
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-cgH=-0,3 p < .0,00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelInformation
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How available to you is the information that you need 
in your day-to-day life?
1  Not at all
2  A little
3  Moderately
4  Mostly
5  Completely
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Full questions not reported in this paper. 
Question on information taken from WHOQOL-Bref. 
Question on importance figured in the full 
WHOQOL questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.19 p < .05
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.24 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyFang et al. (2002): study TW 1999
TitleValidation of the World Health Organizaton Quality of Life Instrument in Patients with HIV Infection.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2002, Vol. 11, 753 - 762
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020870402019
PublicHIV-infected patients, Taipei, Taiwan, 1999-2000
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelenvironmental domain
Page in Source 758
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Self report of satisfaction with:
- physical safety and security
- home environment
- financial resources
- opportinities for schooling
- recration 
- physical environment (pollution, noise)
- transport
- eating out
ll rated on 5-points scales, ranging from "not at all" 
to "an extreme amount" with a higher score indicating a 
higher quality of life.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha . 92
Remarks
Environmeent subscale of WHOQOL-BREF

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ir=+.55 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with repair-services
Page in Source 164,166
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 9 questions:

Please indicate how satisfied or dissatisfied you are 
with the repair services available to you. Examples of 
repair organizations include car garages, plumbing 
services, electricians, appliance and shoe repair 
shops, and so on. How do you feel about the following 
aspects of repair services available to you?

a. Quality of the service provided by most repair 
organizations
b. The skill of the people who do the repairs.
c. The availability of services when you need them
d. The price the repair organizations usually charges 
for their services
e. The speed of service or promptness of most repair 
organizations
f. The honesty of the people who do the repairs
g. The range of choices available when picking a repair 
service
h. The level of appropriateness to your questions or 
complaints
i. The accuracy of price estimates given before the 
service is provided

Rated:
1=awful
2=bad
3=unsatisfactory
4=neutral
5=satisfactory
6=good
7=wonderful
0=no opinion, missing value

Composite index is average of 9 formative single 
indicators.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.19 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.07 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyAckerman et al. (1989): study US 1986
TitleFarm Work and Family: Major Sources of Satisfaction for Farm Families.
SourceUtah Science, 1989, Vol. 50, 134 - 142
PublicDairy farm couples, Utah, USA,1986
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response28%
Respondents N =116

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with goods and services in local area
Page in Source 139, 140, 141
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How do you feel about the goods and services in your 
local area?
7: delighted
6: happy
5: mostly satisfied
4: mixed
3: mostly dissatisfied
2: unhappy
1: terrible
Observed distributionM = wives: 5,08; husbands 5,26; difference not significant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.00 ns
Wives
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.06 ns
Husbands

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
-farm work
-family activities
-oneself
-leisure: amount of fun
-leisure: time (available)
-off-farm job (only if husband and wife have 
off-farm-jobs)
-family income
-housing
-national government

Beta's very similar if satisfaction with farm work 
is removed from regression-equation.
(wives: -0,03, husbands: +0,14)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local facilities
Subject code: L10ad02

StudyRent & Rent (1978): study US SouthCarolina 1973
TitleLow-Income Housing: Factors Related to Residential Satisfaction.
SourceEnvironment and Behavior, 1978, Vol.10, 459 - 488
URLhttp://eab.sagepub.com/content/10/4/459.abstract
PublicLow-income households, South Carolina, USA 197?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response50%
Respondents N =257

Correlate
Author's labelNeighborhood Satisfaction
Page in Source 483
Our classificationSatisfaction with local facilities, code L10ad02
Operationalization
Question not reported
3: very good
2: fairly good
1: Not very good
Observed distributionN: 1=94; 2=134; 3=21

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bDM=+
3: very good          M=2,22; SD=0,69
2: fairly good        M=1,58; SD=0,63
1: Not very good      M=1,76; SD=0,70
O-SL?-?-sq-v-3-bBMCT=+
3<2<1


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with availability of docters in the community
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+.13 p < .05
Males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with availability of dentists in the community
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+.13 p < .05
Males only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community's medical facilities
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+ ns
Males  : r = +.09 (ns)
Females: r = +.05 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Barasi, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelHealth
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,40%; 1: 19,7%; 2: 35,0%; 3: 30,8% M: 14,5%
Remarks
Items for pairwise coparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.11 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.00 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with medical services
Page in Source 373
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.15
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyRojas (2006): study MX Multiple regions 2001
TitleLife Satisfaction and Satisfaction in Domains of Life: Is It a Simple Relationship?
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol. 7, 467 - 497
DOIDOI:10,1007/s/10902-006-9009-2
PublicGeneral public, Regions, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response62,1%
Respondents N =1535

Correlate
Author's labelHealth satisfaction
Page in Source 480, 483
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with:  
a: current health
b: the availability and
c: the quality of medical services
Rated on a 7-point numerical scale(1= extremely 
dissatisfied to 9=extremely satisfied)

Questions not reported.
Observed distributionN=579

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cr=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of medical services
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: How 
good are the medical services, including doctors, 
hospitals, for people around here: very good / fairly 
good / both good and bad / not very good / not good at 
all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.15 p < .05
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.14 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.11 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with medical services
Subject code: L10ad02a

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with goods and services available in area
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with medical services, code L10ad02a
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the goods and 
services you can get when you buy in this area - things 
like food, applicances, clothes?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local police
Subject code: L10ad02b

StudyMichalos (2003): study CA Prince George 2001
TitlePolicing Services and The Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2003, Vol. 61, 1 - 18
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1021259917948
PublicAdults, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 2001
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response72%
Respondents N =687

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with local policing services
Page in Source 13-14
Our classificationSatisfaction with local police, code L10ad02b
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them 
today.  Please indicate how satisfied you are with each 
of them.... 
How satisfied are you with your local policing 
services?
1  very dissatisfied
2  somewhat dissatisfied
3  a little dissatisfied
4  about evenly balanced
5  a little satisfied
6  somewhat satisfied
7  very satisfied
Observed distributionM = 4.8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.18 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta= ns
Beta'controlled for satisfaction with 
- your house
- your family relations
- your living partner
- your job
- your friendships
- your health
- your spiritusl fulfilment
- your financial security
- your recreational activities
- your self-esteem


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local police
Subject code: L10ad02b

StudyMichalos & Zumbo (2000): study CA Prince George 1997
TitleCriminal Victimization and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 50, 245 - 295
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006930019814
PublicAdult general population, City of Prince George, British Columbia, Canada, 1997
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response63%
Respondents N =737

Correlate
Author's labelIndex of police performance
Page in Source 273
Our classificationSatisfaction with local police, code L10ad02b
Operationalization
Answer to question on police performance on
a. Being approachable
b. Supply information to prevent crime
c. Treating minorities fairly
d. Enforcing traffic laws
e. Dealing with family violence
f. Enforcing laws for personal safety
g. Making neighbourhood safe
h. Promptly responding to calls
rated poor (1) to good (4)
Observed distributionMean scores: a: 2.6, b: 2.6, c: 2.5, d: 2.4, e: 2.3, f: 2.2, g: 2.2, h: 2.2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-br=+.18 p < .05
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-er=+.14 p < .05
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-fr=+.17 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local police
Subject code: L10ad02b

StudyAbrams & Hall (1972): study GB 1971
TitleThe Condition of the British People: Report on a Pilot Survey using Self-Rating Scales.
SourceUnpublished Paper, Social Science Research Council, 1972, London, UK
Public15+ aged, middle class, Britain, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =213

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with the way the police and the courts work
Page in Source 21
Our classificationSatisfaction with local police, code L10ad02b
Operationalization
Closed question rated on an 11-point
self-anchoring scale, based on Cantril
(1965)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-l-11-br=+.04


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local police
Subject code: L10ad02b

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of crime prevention & control
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with local police, code L10ad02b
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: How 
goodis the crime prevention and conrol around here: 
very good / fairly good / both good and bad / not very 
good / not good at all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.21 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.19 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.18 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelRecreational opportunities
Page in Source 264
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.09
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
 - Present age
 - Self-esteem
 - Local government officials
 - Health
 - Neighbourhood
 - Financial security
 - Accomplishing in life now


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSat. with adult re- creational facili- ties in the commun
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.22 (01)
Females: r = +.20 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSat.with recreatio- nal facil. for chil-dren in the commun
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+ p < .05
Males  : r = +.27 (05)
Females: r = +.12 (05)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure possibilities
Page in Source 17,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your leisure possibilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=8,4; SD=1,8; Rural: M= 7,8; SD=2,3; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.16 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure possibilities
Page in Source 17,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your leisure possibilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=7.3; SD=2.6; Rural: M= 7.5; SD=2.4; ns Germany East: Urban: M=7.0; SD=2.5; Rural: M= 6.1; SD=2.8; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.20 p < .05
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.29 p < .05
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.25 p < .05
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure possibilities
Page in Source 17,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your leisure possibilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,8; SD = 2,5; Rural: M = 5,9; SD = 2,8; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Barasi, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived family needs: leisure
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Family needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 0,94%; 1: 37,2%; 2: 36,8%; 3: 21,4% M: 4,7%
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.20 p < .001
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure possibilities
Page in Source 17,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your leisure possibilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M=7.8; SD=2.0; Rural: M= 6,8; SD=2,2; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.30 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.15 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with leisure possibilities
Page in Source 17,28
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: All in all, how 
satisfied are you with your leisure possibilities?
Rated on 11-point numerical scale
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,5; SD = 1,8; Rural: M = 7,5; SD = 1,8; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyHoopes & Lounsbury (1989): study US 1985
TitleAn Investigation of Life Satisfaction Following a Vacation: A Domain Specific Approach.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1989, Vol. 17, 129 - 140
URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/1520-6629(198904)17:2%3C129::AID-JCOP2290170205%3E3.0.CO;2-5/pdf
PublicWorking adults, USA, before and after vacation, 198?,
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response23
Respondents N =129

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with nature
Page in Source 132, 134
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Self report on satisfaction with:
- outdoor places you can go in your spare time round 
here
- nearby places you can go in your spare time around 
here
- the condition of the natural environment around here 
- the air, land, and water in this area
Assessed on a 1-7 scale:1 delighted...7 terrible
Observed distributionN=121 M=2,27 SD=.86
Error Estimatesalpha =.84
Remarks
Assessed for three periods:
T1: 1 or 2 weeks before vacation
T2: during vacation (retrospectively at T3)
T3: the week after vacation

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.19 ns
T1 Life satisfaction by T1 satisfaction with  with 
nature
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.28 p < .05
T3 Life satisfaction by T3 Satisfaction with 
nature
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.11 ns
T1 Satisfaction with nature by T3 Life 
satisfaction
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.26 p < .05
T1 Life satisfaction by T3 Satisfaction with 
nature


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of indoor recreation
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: How 
good is the indoor recreation, such as movies, dancing, 
and bowling, around here: very good / fairly good / 
both good and bad / not very good / not good at all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.03 ns
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.02 ns
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.05 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of outdoor recreation
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: In 
general, how good are the opportunities for 
outdoorrecreation around here: very good / fairly good 
/ both good and bad / not very good / not good at all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.15 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.20 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.11 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with sport and recreation facilities
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
3-item index of quetions "How do you feel about....?" 
a  outdoor places you can go in to your spare time
b nearby places you can use for recreation or sports
c the sport or recreation facilities
   you use or would like to use
   (parks, bowling alleys, beaches)
Rated on a 7-point scale:terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =1072

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with nearby places of recreation and sports
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about nearby places 
you can use for recreation or sports?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with recreation facilities
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Index of questions:"How do you feel about....?'
1. outdoor places and sport
2. recreation facilities.
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.22
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local recreation
Subject code: L10ad02c

StudyFerre (2008): study UY 2007
TitleQuality of Life in Montevideo.
SourceWorking Paper: #R-561, i.o.o. Inter American Development Bank, 2008, Washington D.C., USA
URLhttp://www.iadb.org/research/pub_desc.cfm?language=English&PUB_ID=R-561
Public18+ aged, general public, Montevideo, Uruguay, 2007
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response35.1 %
Respondents N =801

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with public sports infrastructure
Page in Source 48
Our classificationSatisfaction with local recreation, code L10ad02c
Operationalization
Selfreport: single question on satisfaction with public 
sports infrastructure.
Full text not reported.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-fb=+.09 ns
B controlled for:
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- age
- gender
- partner
- family size
- years education
- body mass index
- access to private health care
- sociable
- workaholic
- practice sports
- hours of leisure
- work hours (workers only)
- work hours quadratic (workers only)
- monthly home income
NEIGHBORHOOD
- distance to Promenade
- rooms
- bathrooms
- walls not in good condition
- roof not in good condition
- floor not in good condition
- kitchen exclusive for household
- access to running water system
- access to sewerage
- access to draining pipe
- sidewalks in OK concdition
- public street lighting
- many trees in block
- vandalism in neighborhood
- gangs in  neighborhood
- garbage problems in neighborhood
- pollution in neighborhood
SATISFACTION WITH LOCAL FACILITIES
- satisfaction with public parks and green areas
- satisfaction with public transportation
- high medium and high stratum area
- other areas

Workers: B= +.09
Nonworkers: B= +.09


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with community's school facilities
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.12 (05)
Females: r = +.08 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with school teachers in the community
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.15 (01)
Females: r = +.07 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with educational facilities
Page in Source 273
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.01 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.03 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996 /2
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, two poor rural villages, Garhwal area, Northern India, 1996
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response341
Respondents N =0

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with ability to educate
Page in Source 273
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.24 p < .001
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.28 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Barasi, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived village needs: school for boys
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Village needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,96%; 1: 9,9%; 2: 20,9%; 3: 35,0% M: 35,0%
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=_.13 p < .05
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=-.06 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyBrinkerhoff et al. (1997): study IN Other place in India 1996
TitleBasic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1997, Vol. 42, 245 - 281
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1006834830518
PublicAdult, general public, poor rural village, Barasi, India 1991
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =234

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived village needs: school for girls
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Village needs prioritized by Paired Comparisons.Out of 
four basic needs
ss were asked to compare two at a time and to select, 
which they sought 'their family needs most'
Items were:
 -food
 -health
 -employment
 -leisure
This leads to six pairs of comparisons.
Score pro need can be:
0. not mentioned
1. once
2. twice
3. three times
Needs index is the mean number of times an item is 
chosen.
Observed distribution0: 1,64% 1: 8,5%; 2: 34,2% 3: 41,5%; M: 15,8%
Remarks
Items for pairwise comparison were selected by 
participant observation and open interviews

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-?-sq-f-7-ar=+.1 ns
O-SLu-?-sq-l-5-ar=+.13 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyCasas et al. (2003): study ES Cataluna 1999
TitleStrategies to Achieve Goals Related to TV or Computer Activities: Their Correlates with Adolescents' Well-Being.
SourcePaper, 5th Conference of the International Society for Quality - of - Life Studies, July 2003, Frankfurt, Germany
URLhttp://www.childresearch.net/RESOURCE/RESEARCH/2005/CASAS.PDF
Public12-16 aged, secondary schools pupils, Catalunya, Spain, 1999
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =968

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with school
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Self report on single question. Full text not reported.
Rated
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-?-5-ar=+.38


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of public schools
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: How do 
you feel about the quality of public schools in this 
school district, do you think they are: very good / 
fairly good / both good and bad / not very good / not 
good at all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.19 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.19 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with school facilities in the area
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the schools in 
this area?"
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.41


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local schools
Subject code: L10ad02d

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with school facilities in the area
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local schools, code L10ad02d
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the schools in 
this area?" 
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.17
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyHulin (1969): study CA 1967
TitleSource of Variation in Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Community and Job-Related Variables.
SourceJournal of Applied Psychology, 1969, Vol. 53, 279 - 291
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0027853
PublicWhite collar workers, living in company towns, Columbia Canada, 196?
Sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =470

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with shopping facilities in the community
Page in Source 285
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
Question rated on a graphic rating scale very 
dissatisfied / somewhat dissatisfied / neither 
dissatisfied nor satisfied / somewhat satisfied / very 
satisfied.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-g-sq-f-7-ar=+
Males  : r = +.22 (01)
Females: r = +.10 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with acquisition
Page in Source 164,166
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
Selfreport on 7 questions: 

Please indicate how satisfied or dissatisfied you are 
with the shopping in our community. Respond to each of 
the following aspects of the shopping environment in 
your community:

a. Quality of goods available in local stores
b. Prices charged in local stores
c. Attractiveness or ambiance of local stores
d. Courtesy or helpfulness of store personnel
e. Hours that the stores are open
f. Store refund/replacement policies for defective 
goods
g. Availablity of goods you want in local stores

Rated:
1=awful
2=bad
3=unsatisfactory
4=neutral
5=satisfactory
6=good
7=wonderful 
0=no opinion, missing value

Composite index is average of 7 formative single 
indicators.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.60 p < .01
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=+.13 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- do-it-yourself repairs
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyLee et al. (2002): study US 1997
TitleDeveloping a Subjective Measure of Consumers Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Macromarketing, 2002, Vol. 22, 158 - 169
DOIDOI:10.1177/0276146702238219
Public18+ aged, students, USA, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =298

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with do-it-yourself repairs
Page in Source 164,166
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions:

People who do their own repair work often require 
materials and services that help them get the job done. 
Please indicate how you feel about the materials and 
services available in your community.

a. Price of replacement parts and tools
b. Quality of advice or assistance provided by 
retailers, friends, and others in the community
c. The completeness and intelligibility of 
owners'manuals or assembly instructions
d. Availability of necessary replacement parts and 
tools
e. The technical support provided by manufacturers
f. Quailty of replacement parts and tools
g. Availability of "how-to-repair" workshops
h. The availability of stores specializing in parts and 
tools, that is, places such as auto parts, building 
supplies, and hardware stores.

Rated:
1=awful
2=bad
3=unsatisfactory
4=neutral
5=satisfactory
6=good
7=wonderful
0=no opinion, missing value

Composite index is average of 8 formative single 
indicators.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.21 p < .05
O-DT-u-sq-v-7-aBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- job
- family
- finance
- health
- education
- friendships
- leisure
- neighbors
- community
- spiritual
- taxes
- environment
- political situation
- housing
- cultural life
- social life

Unaffected by additional control for satisfaction 
with:
- acquisitions
- possessions
- consumption
- repair services
- disposition
(consumer well-being)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyButtel et al. (1977): study US Wisconsin 1974
TitleIdeology and Social Indicators of the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1977, Vol. 4, 353 - 369
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00353138
Public18+ aged, general public, Winconsin, USA, 1974
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =548

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with quality of stores & retail services
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
Single closed question rated on a 5-point scale: How 
would you rate thestores and retail services in this 
area, would you say they are: very good / fairly good / 
both good and bad / not very good / not good at all.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-A-u-sq-v-7-ar=+.15 p < .05
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-br=+.14 p < .05
O-HL-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1973 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1973/7
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with services
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
2-item index of questions "How do you feel about....?"
a  the services you get when you have
   someone come in to fix things around
   the home (like painting, repaires)
b  the goods and services you can 
   get when you buy in this area
   (things like applicances , food,
   clothes)                  
Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ unhappy/ mostly 
dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ pleased/ 
delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.27


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with local shops
Subject code: L10ad02e

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with consumer facilities
Page in Source 113
Our classificationSatisfaction with local shops, code L10ad02e
Operationalization
Index of questions: "How do you feel about the way you