Findings on Happiness and INTIMACY

World Database of Happiness

Correlational Findings on Happiness and INTIMACY
Subject Code: I06

© on data collection: Ruut Veenhoven, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Classification of Findings
Subject Code Description Nr of Studies
on this Subject
I06INTIMACY0
I06aaIntimate career0
I06aa01Earlier intimacy2
I06aa02Change in intimacy1
I06aa03Later intimacy0
I06abCurrent intimate relationships14
I06ab01Having a confident or not6
I06ab02Total number of intimate ties5
I06ab03Frequency of intimate contacts7
I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate ties15
I06ab05Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts10
I06acCharacteristics of intimate-network2
I06ac01Opportunities for self-disclosure2
I06ac02Similarity with intimates0
I06ac02aPerceived value-similarity with intimates1
I06ac02bAge similarity of intimates1
I06ac03Size of intimate network9
I06adCurrent chances for intimacy7
I06ad01Ability to maintain intimate contacts8
I06ad02Perceived opportunities for contacts8
I06afAttitudes to intimates7
I06af01Concern about intimates7
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacy30
I06af03Need for privacy1
I06aeCharacteristics of intimates0
 
Appendices
Appendix 1Happiness measures used 
Appendix 2Statistics used 
Appendix 3About the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 4Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness 
Appendix 5Related Subjects 

Cite as:    Veenhoven, R.: Findings on Happiness and INTIMACY
World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings
Internet: http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_cor/top_sub.php?code=I06
Erasmus University Rotterdam, 2017, Netherlands

Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier intimacy
Subject code: I06aa01

StudyBahr & Harvey (1980): study US 1972
TitleCorrelates of Morale Among the Newly Widowed.
SourceThe Journal of Social Psychology, 1980, Vol. 110, 219 - 233
PublicRecently widowed miner`s wives and controls,USA, 1972
Sample
Non-ResponseWidows 39% ,survivor wives 19% ,other miners wives 48%
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelHaving close friendsprior to the fire
Page in Source 225
Our classificationEarlier intimacy, code I06aa01
Operationalization
Direct question: "Did you have close friends in the 
community prior to the fire?".Scores ranged from 2 low 
friendship(reflecting a"yes"answer) to 4 high 
friendship.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr=- s
-Widows(husband died six months ago in mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Survivor wives (husband survived mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr= ns
-Survivors' wives (husband survived mine fire)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-br= ns
-Other miners' wives (husband was not involved in  
mine fire)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acr= ns
-Other miners' wives (husband was not involved  in 
mine fire)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Earlier intimacy
Subject code: I06aa01

StudyPalmore (1981): study US 1968
TitleSocial Patterns in Normal Aging: Findings From the Duke Longitudinal Study.
SourceDuke University Press, 1981, Durham, USA
Public46+ aged whites, North Carolina, USA, followed from 1968 to 1976.
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =375

Correlate
Author's labelT1 having a confident
Page in Source 104
Our classificationEarlier intimacy, code I06aa01
Operationalization
"Is there one person in particular you confide in or 
talk to about yourself or your problems?"
0= no
1= yes
Assessed at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+ ns
T1 having a confident by T2 happiness
Males  : r = +.08 (ns) 
Females: r =      (ns)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-cab=+ p < .05
Males  : B = +.36 (ns)
Females: B =      (ns)
Control variables not reported


Correlational finding on Happiness and Change in intimacy
Subject code: I06aa02

StudyKainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
TitleElämäntapahtumat ja Elämään Tyytyväisyys eri Sosiaaliluokissa. (Life Events and Satisfaction with Life in Different Social Classes; Summary).
SourceKuopio University Publications, 1998, Finland
Public18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot rep
Respondents N =2682

Correlate
Author's labelBreaking off an important relationship
Page in Source 261
Our classificationChange in intimacy, code I06aa02
Operationalization
Have you experienced breaking off an important 
relationship
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).
Observed distributionNever: N = 1317 Ever in your life: N = 1145

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.12
during the last year
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gr=-.11
ever in your life
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gDM=-
never:                   M = 3.94
ever in your life:       M = 3.76
95% CI for difference:   [0.10 ; 0.25]


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of intimate attachment
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on Henderson's index of intimate attachments

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.29 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyMichalos et al. (2007): study CA British Columbia 2005
TitleHealth and Quality of Life of Older People: A Replication after Six Years.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 84, 127 - 158
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-006-9080-4
PublicElderly, British Columbia, Canada, 2005
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =656

Correlate
Author's labelSocial SupportIndex
Page in Source 143, 144, 146
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self report on 4 questions
a. Do you have someone you can confide in or talk to 
about your private feelings or concerns
b. Do you have someone you can really count on to help 
you out in a crisis situation
c. Do you have someone you can really count on to give 
you advice when you are making important peronal 
decisions
d. Do you have someone who makes you feel loved and 
cared for

Rated: 
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta= ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.06 p < .05
Beta's controlled for:
- mental health
- crime-relatred worries
- difficulty meeting housing costs
- % of income spent on housing cost
- satisfaction with:
  - family
  - living partner
  - friendships
  - romantic relationships
  - feeling part of community
  - housing
  - neighbourhood
  - health
  - financial security
  - recreation
  - self-esteem
  - government officials
  - sense of meaning of life
  - achievements in life
  - future society


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyMichalos et al. (2001): study CA British Columbia 1999
TitleHealth and Other Aspects of the Quality of Life of Older People.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2001, Vol. 54, 239 - 274
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1011045307643
Public55-95 aged, Northern Interior Health Region, British Columbia, Canada, 1999
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =875

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Support Index
Page in Source 258, 262, 264
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self report on 4 questions
a. Do you have someone you can confide in or talk to 
about your private feelings or concerns
b. Do you have someone you can really count on to help 
you out in a crisis situation
c. Do you have someone you can really count on to give 
you advice when you are making important peronal 
decisions
d. Do you have someone who makes you feel loved and 
cared for

Rated: 
0: no
1: yes
Observed distributionMean 3.6

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gBeta=+.33
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fBeta=+.34
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bBeta=+.27
Beta's controlled for:
 - Fair Treatment
 - Crime-Related worries


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyMollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000
TitleAgeing in Rural Areas of East and West Germany: Increasing Similarities and Remaining Differences.
SourceEuropean Journal of Aging, 2005, Vol. 2, 120 - 130
DOIdoi:10.1007/s10433-005-0029-2
Public55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response41,6%
Respondents N =762

Correlate
Author's labelNetwork variety
Page in Source 124, 127
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Questions:
- Do you have children, how much?
- How many children live in your house, in your part of 
the city, in your city or further away?
- Please tell me which persons are important to you
Observed distributionWest Germany: M=3,4; SD=3,0; East Germany: M=3,5; SD=2,6; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baBeta=-.02 ns
Beta controlled for:
- Socio-demographic: 
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
- Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - affect balance score
   - satisfaction with health
- Social network:
   - household type
- Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
- Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
- Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyRafanelli et al. (2000): study IT 1995
TitleRating Well-Being and Distress.
SourceStress Medicine, 2000, Vol. 16, 55 - 61
PublicRemitted mental out-patients and controls, Italy, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =40

Correlate
Author's labelPositive relations
Page in Source 58, 59
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 9 questions:
a: I dont't have many people who want to listen when I 
need to talk
b: I enjoy personal and mutual conversations with 
family members and friends
c: I often feel lonely because I have few close friends 
with whom to share my concerns
d: It seems to me that most other people have more 
friends than I do
e: People would describe me as a giving person, willing 
to share my time with others
f: Most people see me as loving and affectionate
g: I know I can trust my friends, and the know they can 
trust me
h: Maintaining close relationships has been difficult 
and frustrating for me
i: I have not experienced many warm and trusting 
relationships with others.

Rated on a 6-point numerical scale: (1= strongly 
disagree to 6= strongly agree)
Observed distributionPatients: M= 7,6; SD=3,5 Controls: M=11,7; SD=2,2
Remarks
Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB), 
subscale Positive Relations

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.43 ns
remitted mental out-patients
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-ar=+.28 ns
healthy control group


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyBergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
DOIDOI:10.1080/17439760.2011.577086
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response30%
Respondents N =1138

Correlate
Author's labelLiving with partner
Page in Source 15
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
1: with partner
0: without partner
Observed distribution1: 54,8%; 0: 45,2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-ab=+.49 p < .05
CI95 [+.33- +.64]

B controlled for:
-gender
-age
-education
-employment
-urbanicity
-kind of disorder
-number of disorders
-role functioning


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelRelationship
Page in Source 262
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on the following questions:
-I have several close friends
-I feel loved and accepted by those who live with me
-I ame called by my first name by those who live with 
me
-Some peopple address me formally
-I am married or steady partner
-I have friends to stay with me at home at least once a 
year
-When I ame sad ther are people who listen to me and 
help me
-There are both men and women living in my home
-I stay overnight with friends at least once a year
-I get on well with my family
Remarks
Subscale of Life Experience Checklist(LEC) [Ager 1990]

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.23 p < .223
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.17 p < .075
rpc controled for depression an measured with Beck 
Depression Investertory


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelRomantic relationship
Page in Source 83
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self-rating of romantic relationship. Rating from 1 to 
7 as compared to the average University of Illinois 
student.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aE²=.38 p < .01
            Mean romantic relationship         
a 10% least happy         2.3      
b 27% close to average    4.8      
c 10% most happy          6.0
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aMCT= p < .05
a < b < c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelRelationship rated by peers
Page in Source 83
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Peer rating of subject's relationship. Rating from 1 to 
7 as compared to the average University of Illinois 
student.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aE²=.44 p < .01
      Mean relationship rated by peers         
a 10% least happy         4.2     
b 27% close to average    5.3      
c 10% most happy          6.1
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aMCT= p < .05
a > b > c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyDiener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997
TitleVery Happy People.
SourcePsychological Science, 2002, Vol. 13, 81 - 84
DOIDOI::10.1111/1467-9280.00415
PublicUndergraduate students, US, 199?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =222

Correlate
Author's labelTime spent with family, friends, and romantic partner
Page in Source 83
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self report of mean time spent with family, friends, 
and romantic partner. 
Rating scale from 1 'no time' to 10 '8 hours per day'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aE²=.12 p < .05
              Mean time spent with family,
              friends, and parttner        
a 10% least happy         3.6     
b 27% close to average    4.5      
c 10% most happy          5.1
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aMCT= p < .05
a < b < c


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyRyff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 719 - 727
Public25+ aged, USA, 199?
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1108

Correlate
Author's labelPositive relations with others
Page in Source 724
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging 
from completely disagree to completely agree.
-High scorers: have warm, satisfying, trusting 
relationships with others; are concerned about the 
welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, 
affection, and intimacy; understandings give and take 
of human relationships.
-Low scorers: have few close, trusting relationships 
with others; find it difficult to be warm, open and 
concerned about others; are isolated and frustrated in 
interpersonal relationships; not willing to make 
compromises to sustain importunities with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-br=+.38 p < .00
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.40 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyRosenfield (1992): study US 1988
TitleFactors Contributing to the Subjective Quality of Life of the Chronic Mentally Ill.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1992, Vol. 33, 299 - 315
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2137310?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Public20-70 aged, chronic mental patients, USA, 1989
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response7%
Respondents N =157

Correlate
Author's labelSocial skills
Page in Source 305, 312
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Selfreport on 6 questions related to e.g.
- help in relationships
- communicating
- developing trust
- increasing friends
- self-confidence in relating
Rated on a 3-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=1,82

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aBeta=-.18 ns
Beta controlled for:
- demographic characteristics:
  - age
  - sex
  - education
  - race
- number of negative events in the last year
- functioning in het area of:
  - daily living skills
  - vocational skills
- need for structure
- need for supervision
- social contacts
- positive symptoms
- negative symptoms


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelPositive relations with others
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
High scorers have warm, satisfying, trusting 
relationships with others; are concerned about the 
welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, 
affection, and intimacy; understandings give and take 
of human relationships.
Low scorers have few close, trusting relationships with 
others; find it difficult to be warm, open and 
concerned about others; are isolated and frustrated in 
interpersonal relationships; not willing to make 
compromises to sustain importunities with others
Observed distributionYoung adults: women (m=101.01, sd=13.03), men (m=89.92, sd=12.31) Middle aged adults: women (m=96.07, sd=15.40), men (m=89.99, sd=17.04) Older adults: women (m=95.03, sd=16.80), men (m=94.39, sd=13.81)
Error Estimatesalpha=.91, Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.83

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current intimate relationships
Subject code: I06ab

StudyRutledge (1990): study US Illinois 1981
TitleBlack Parent-Child Relations: Some Correlates.
SourceJournal of Comparative Family Studies, 1990, Vol. 21, 369 - 378
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/41602092?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
PublicFemale black students, Illinois, United States of America, 1981
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =219

Correlate
Author's labelParental relationship
Page in Source 374
Our classificationCurrent intimate relationships, code I06ab
Operationalization
Single questions. Self report on "What kind of 
relationship did you have with your mother/father now"
Rated:
1. not close at all
2. moderately close
3. cosiderably close
Observed distribution1 = 91 %, 2 = 8 %, 3 = 1 %
Remarks
Distribution in 210 women with valid data available on 
both question on maternal relationship and question on 
happiness.
Reported phrasing of respons options in text differs 
from wording in table.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bG=+.30 p < .20
Maternal
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bG=+.32 p < .01
Paternal


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyBartram (2013): study ZZ Europe 2008
TitleHappiness and 'economic migration': a comparison of Eastern European migrants and stayers
SourceMigration Studies, 1(2), 156-175
DOIdoi:10.1093/migration/mnt006
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2008-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =42380

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 163, 165, 167
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
Do you have anyone with whom you can discuss intimate 
and personal matters?
1: yes
0: no
Observed distribution84.6% answered yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aBeta=+.10 p < .000
Beta controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Religion
- Gender
- Partner
- Employment
- Health
- Income
- Education
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyBartram (2013b): study ZZ Europe 2002
TitleHappiness among North-to-South Migrants in Europe.
SourceWorking Paper, 16-12-2013, University of Leicester, Department of Sociology, UK
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290154
DOIDOI:10.2139/ssrn.2290154
Public15+ aged general public, Europe, 2002-2011
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =56395

Correlate
Author's labelFriends
Page in Source 22-24
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Do you have anyone with whom you can dicuss intimate 
and personal matters?
1: yes
0: no
Observed distribution 92.5% answers yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-ab=+.64 p < .000
B controlled for:
- Income
- Age
- Age^2/100
- Gender
- Religiosity
- Partner
- Unemployed
- Retired
- Education
- Health
- Immigrant status
- Survey round


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyMakarczyk (1962): study PL 1960
TitleFactors affecting Life Satisfaction among People in Poland.
SourcePolish Sociological Bulletin, 1962, Vol. 1, 105 - 116
PublicAdults, general public, students and peasants excluded, Poland, 1960
Sample
Non-Response5%
Respondents N =2387

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of people one can count on
Page in Source 108
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
Single question: 'Can you count on 
other people in a crisis?'
0 no
1 yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aT=.18 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyMoller (1988a): study ZA 1983
TitleQuality of Life in Retirement: A Case Study of Zulu Return Migrants.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1988, Vol. 20, 621 - 658
PublicEx-migrant workers, returned to rural KwaZulu, South Africa, 1983
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =253

Correlate
Author's labelAccess to a confidant
Page in Source 631
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
'Is there anyone in particular that you can confide in 
and talk about yourself or your problems?'
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ar=+.27 p < .01
All
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dr=+.23 p < .01
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=-.13 p < .01
All
ß controlled for: 
- Satisfied with health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- Keeps goats
- Higher monthly income
- More active person
- Worked for many years in jobs
- Retired for many years
- No desire to return to work
- Agrees: Modern community leader
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.15 p < .01
All
ß controlled for:
- Satisfied with health
- Voluntary retirement
- More active person
- No pension income
- Higher standard income
- Community elder
- Satisfied with job while working
- Enjoys aspects of retirement
- Retired suddenly
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Agrees:planning is key to success
- Preference for entrepreneurship in retirement
- Higher modernity score
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aBeta=+.16 p < .01
65+ years old
ß controlled for:
- Seldom restricted by poor health
- Higher affluence rating
- Need to purchase maize
- Grows cash crop
- Religious traditionalist
- More active person
- Keeps chicken
- Higher standard house
- Keeps goats  
- Larger size field 
- Higher monthly income
- No desire to return to work
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dBeta=+.08 ns
-65 years old
ß controlled for:
- Satisfaction with health
- Perceived financial adequacy
- No pension income
- Community elder
- Looked forward to retirement
- Is happy as grandparents were
- Aged gradually


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyBennett (1970): study US 1969
TitleAvowed Happiness in Communities of Religious Women.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Utah, 1970, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bennett_fa_1970.pdf
PublicNuns, Catholic congregations, USA, 1969
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response11,5%
Respondents N =963

Correlate
Author's labelPresence of confident
Page in Source 39
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
Question on the number of people she could discuss 
their deepest feelings: Does not have someone in the 
convent with whom she feels free to discuss her deepest 
feelings, has someone in the convent with whom she 
feels free to discuss her deepest feelings.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fr=-.20 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Having a confident or not
Subject code: I06ab01

StudyPalmore & Luikart (1972): study US 1968
TitleHealth and Social Factors Related to Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1972, Vol. 13, 68 -80
Public46+ aged, whites, North Carolina, USA, 1968-70
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =502

Correlate
Author's labelHaving a confident.
Page in Source 7072
Our classificationHaving a confident or not, code I06ab01
Operationalization
'Is there one person in particular you confide in or 
talk to about yourself or your problems?' 
0  no 
1  yes.
Observed distributionM= 0.6 SD=0.5

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.04 ns
All.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-car=+.15 p < .05
Men.
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caBeta=+.33 p < .05
Men. Step wise multiple regression:
selfrated health     R= +.44
org. activity        B1=+.46
confident            B2=+.48
performance status   B3=+.49
employment           B4=+.50
social activity      B5=+.51   

All variables p<.05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Total number of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab02

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of intimates,friends and aquaintances
Page in Source 203
Our classificationTotal number of intimate ties, code I06ab02
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on number of people 
one can talk with about personal things, number of 
people one cares about, and number of acquaintances.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+ ns
Never married males  : r = +.09 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.12 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.21 (ns)
Married females      : r = +.17 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Total number of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab02

StudyDuckitt (1982): study ZA 1980
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelScope of interaction
Page in Source 125/126
Our classificationTotal number of intimate ties, code I06ab02
Operationalization
Number of contacts mentioned. The subject was asked to 
list all persons with whom he had face-to-face contact: 
however infrequent, in the following categories:        
                  
1. Immediate family (i.e. spouse, 
   children, grandchildren). 
2. Siblings and other relatives. 
3. Intimate friends (described as 
   extremely close friends whom the 
   subject confided in and could could 
   depend on for emotional support. 
4. Other friends, neighbors and
   acquaintences. 
5. Total network. 
6. Total network, intimate friends
   excluded.
Remarks
Controlled for household income and expert rated 
physical health. Controls reduced zero-order 
correlarions only slightly.
                    
                

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.04 ns
1. Immediate family.
       
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.03 ns
1. Immediate family.
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.03 ns
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.01 ns
2. Siblings and other relatives.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 ns
2. Siblings and other relatives.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.14 ns
3. Intimate friends.
                         
                  
                 
                    
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.32 p < .01
3. Intimate friends.
        
        

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 ns
4. Other friends, neighbours and relatives.
         
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.09 ns
4. Other friends, neighbors and acquaintences.
                        
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.05 ns
5. Total network.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 ns
5. Total network.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.12 ns
6. Total network, intimate friends excluded.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.01 ns
6. Total network, intimate friends excluded.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Total number of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab02

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980 /1
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
PublicMarrieds with children, Michigan, USA, 1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelNumer of contacts
Page in Source 381, table 2
Our classificationTotal number of intimate ties, code I06ab02
Operationalization
Single direct question on self-perceived number of:
A Close relations.
B Middle circle contacts.
C Outer circle contacts.
Observed distributionA: M = 3.65 (age>=50)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.08 ns
A:CLOSE RELATION
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.01 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.14 ns
Females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.06 ns
B:MIDDLE CIRCLE
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.09 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.06 ns
Females
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.07 ns
C:OUTER CIRCLE
All
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.05 ns
Males
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.08 ns
Females


Correlational finding on Happiness and Total number of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab02

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationTotal number of intimate ties, code I06ab02
Operationalization
Closed question on number of adults seen at least once 
a month and considered as important persons in life.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+ ns
Married females   : r = +.12 (ns)
Unmarried females : r = -.06 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Total number of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab02

StudyMoriwaki (1973): study US 1971
TitleSelf-Disclosure, Significant Others and Psychological Well-Being in Old Age.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1973, Vol. 14, 226 -232
Public60+ aged, retirees, Los Angeles County, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71

Correlate
Author's labelNumber of signifi- cant others.
Page in Source 229
Our classificationTotal number of intimate ties, code I06ab02
Operationalization
Question on number of people who one considers to be 
close and with whom one can feel free and talk about 
personal things.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.45 p < .01
When controlled for role loss: rpc = +.47 (01)
When controlled for age      : rpc = +.45 (01)
When controlled for supported
self-disclosure              : rpc = +.45 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labeldaily contacts_A
Page in Source 350
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Single question:
"On an average day, how many people who mean something 
to you personally do you interact with ?"
1: not one every day
2: 1 a day
3: 2 a day
4: 3 a day
5: 4 or more
Observed distributionN: all: 1443, 1:193, 2:263, 3:304, 4:244, 5:439

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.93
 2: Mt=7.58
 3: Mt=7.70
 4: Mt=7.91
 5: Mt=8.23
All Mt=7.78
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.18
 2: Mt=6.89
 3: Mt=6.76
 4: Mt=7.61
 5: Mt=7.89
All Mt=7.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.19 p < .00
 1: Mt=6.18
 2: Mt=6.69
 3: Mt=6.76
 4: Mt=7.23
 5: Mt=7.39
All Mt=6.94


Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of social contacts (face to face)
Page in Source 70
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Self report on multiple questions. Full texts not 
reported. 
A: Parents-in-law
B: Parents
C: Child
D: Partner
E: Friends
F: Relatives
G: Siblings-in-law
H: Siblings

Rated as:
0: Have no appropriate person
1: Missing/out of touch
2: Less than few times a year
3: A few times a year
4: Once or twice a month
5: At least once a week
6: Every couple of days
7: Everyday
8: Living together

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

Study~Well-Being Study Unit (2012a): study JP 2012
TitleInitial investigation on the data from the Quality of Life Survey FY2011.
SourceEconomic and Social Research Institute Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, 2012, Japan
URLhttp://www.esri.go.jp/en/prj/current_research/koufukudo/abstract/tentative_report.pdf
Public15-69 aged, general population, Japan, 2012
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response
Respondents N =10469

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of social contacts (by telephone etc)
Page in Source 76
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Self report on multiple questions. Full texts not 
reported. 
A: Parents-in-law
B: Parents
C: Child
D: Partner
E: Friends
F: Relatives
G: Siblings-in-law
H: Siblings

Rated as:
0: Have no appropriate person
1: Missing/out of touch
2: Less than few times a year
3: A few times a year
4: Once or twice a month
5: At least once a week
6: Every couple of days
7: Everyday
8: Living together

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eDM=+
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyPalisi (1985): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /2
TitleFormal and Informal Participation in Urban Areas.
SourceJournal of Social Psychology, 1985, Vol. 125, 429 - 477
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67%
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelCombined intimacy scale
Page in Source 440
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Summed scores of four variables: joined
companionship,and intimate discussions
with kin, friends and householdmembers.
Each variable was rated on a sixpoint
scale ranging from daily to never.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.15 p < .05
Los Angeles: rpc=+.18  (01)
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.27 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc=+.24  (01)

Partial correlations controlled for: occupation,
education, and age.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyPalisi (1985a): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1
TitleInteraction with Kin, Social-Status and Well-Being.
SourceInternational Journal of Comparative Sociology, 1985, Vol. 24, 14 - 34
DOIDOI: 10.1163/156854285X00141
PublicMales, metropolitan areas: London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response67 %
Respondents N =752

Correlate
Author's labelInteraction with household members
Page in Source 25
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Single closed question on how often the
respondent has discussed intimate matters with 
household members including the spouse, rated from 
'daily' to 'never'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.15 p < .01
Los Angeles: rpc = +.12   (05)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.18 p < .01
Los Angeles: rpc = +.20   (001)
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-ar=+.21 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.20   (01)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 p < .001
Sydney:      rpc = +.17   (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyDuckitt (1982): study ZA 1980
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelFrequency of interaction
Page in Source 125/126
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Frequency of contacts (yearly,
monthly, weekly or daily) with:

1. immediate family (i.e. spouse,
   children, grand children),
2. siblings and other relatives,
3. intimate friends (described as
   extremely close friends whom the
   subject confided in and could depend
   on for emotional support,
4. other friends, neighbours and
   acquaintences,
5. total network,
6. total network, intimate friends
   excluded.
Remarks
Controlled for household income and expert rated 
physical health. Controls reduced zero-order 
correlations only slightly.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 ns
1. Immediate family.
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.09 ns
1. Immediate family.
                 
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.19 ns
2. Siblings and other relatives
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
2. Siblings and other relatives.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.13 ns
3. Intimate friends.
        
        


             
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.28 p < .001
3. Intimate friends.
       
        
      
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.11 ns
4. Other friends, neighbours and acquintances.
              
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.01 ns
4. Other friends, neighbours and acquaintances.
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.19 ns
5. Total network.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 ns
5. Total network.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.14 ns
6. Total network, intimate friends excluded.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 ns
6. Total network, intimate friends excluded.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Frequency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab03

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelContacts with social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationFrequency of intimate contacts, code I06ab03
Operationalization
Closed question on how often one sees each network 
member: about once a month / once every week or two / 
several times a week / almost every day

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar= ns
Adults one sees at least once a month and who are 
'important persons' in one's life were considered 
as social network members.

Married females   : r = +.04 (ns)
Unmarried females : r = -.01 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyHolder et al. (2010): study CA 2005
TitleSpiritualilty, Religiousness, and Happiness in Children aged 8-12 Years.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol.11, 131 - 150
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-008-9126-1
Public8-12 aged children, 2 schools, Canada, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response11
Respondents N =320

Correlate
Author's labelCommunal Spirituality
Page in Source 136,139
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Self report on single question on Quality and depth of 
inter-personal relationships.
Remarks
Item from the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-ar=+.45 p < .05
Child's rating of own happiness
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aBeta=+.32 ns
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-ar=+.19 p < .05
Parents rating of child's happiness
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aBeta=+.10 ns
Beta's controlled for child's :
- gender
- school
- temperament
  - shyness
  - emotionality
  - sociability
  - activity
- spirituality
  - personal
  - environmental  
  - transcendental 
  - spiritual practice/belief


Additional variance explained by communal 
spirituality after gender, school and temperament:
- 4,7% of child's rating of own happiness (05)
- 0,3% of parents rating of childs happiness (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyVentegodt (1995): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet I Danmark. (Quality of Life in Denmark. Results from a Population Survey).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1995, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public18-88 aged, general public, Denmark, 1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =1494

Correlate
Author's labelprevious partner relation
Page in Source 290
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Single question:
"How are your current relations with your previous 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither good nor bad
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN: 1:53, 2:128, 3:200, 4:212, 5:72

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.07 ns
 1: Mt=7.74
 2: Mt=7.25
 3: Mt=7.73
 4: Mt=7.74
 5: Mt=7.95
All Mt=7.66
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.09 p < .02
 1: Mt=6.98
 2: Mt=7.01
 3: Mt=7.25
 4: Mt=7.34
 5: Mt=7.71
All Mt=7.26
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=-.01 ns
 1: Mt=7.26
 2: Mt=6.81
 3: Mt=7.11
 4: Mt=6.93
 5: Mt=7.05
All Mt=7.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelrelations with one's partner
Page in Source 306
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Single question:
How are your current relations with your present 
partner ?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: neither/nor
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionN All:3848; %:1:1,2; 2:4,5; 3:8,9; 4:32,3; 5:53,1

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+,44 p < .00
1: Mt=4.94
2: Mt=5.66
3: Mt=6.58
4: Mt=7.54
5: Mt=8.63
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.50 p < .00
1: Mt=4.04
2: Mt=5.04
3: Mt=6.00
4: Mt=7.25
5: Mt=8.45
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.54 p < .00
1: Mt=4.09
2: Mt=4.93
3: Mt=5.54
4: Mt=6.73
5: Mt=8.20


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labelsatisfaction with one's relationship situation
Page in Source 310
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Single question:
"How satisfied are you with your present relationship 
situation?"
1: very dissatisfied
2: dissatisfied
3: neither/nor
4: satisfied
5: very satisfied
Observed distributionN: All:4559; %:1:5,6; 2:9,8; 3:13,4; 4:32,4; 5:38,8

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.46 p < .00
1: Mt=5.50
2: Mt=6.31
3: Mt=6.83
4: Mt=7.74
5: Mt=8.76
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.53 p < .00
1: Mt=4.71
2: Mt=5.70
3: Mt=6.45
4: Mt=7.41
5: Mt=8.61
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.61 p < .00
1: Mt=4.36
2: Mt=5.26
3: Mt=5.81
4: Mt=6.89
5: Mt=8.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudySheldon & Hoon (2006): study ZZ East-West pairs 2001
TitleThe Multiple Determination of Well-Being: Independent Effects of Positive Traits, Needs, Goals, Selves, Social Support, and Cultural Contexts.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 565 - 592
DOIDOI:10.1007/210902-006-9031-4
PublicUniversity students, USA and Singapore, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response6%
Respondents N =533

Correlate
Author's labelrelatedness need satisfaction
Page in Source 574, 581, 582
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions about their feeling of 
relatedness in general, f.e.
- people in my life care about me
- a sense of contact with people who care for me, and 
whom I care for
- close and connected with other people who are 
important to me
- a strong sense of intimacy with the people I spent 
time with

Aggregate measures were computed by standardizing and 
averaging the twom measures
Observed distributionM = 3.97, SD = .64
Error Estimatesrelatedness ?=.74
Remarks
subscale of the Basic Psychological Needs scale (BPNS; 
Deci et al., 2001) with 7 items
subscale of the need-satisfaction scale (Sheldon et 
al., 2001) with 3 items

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO---mq-*-124-aBeta=+.15 p < .01
Beta's controlled for
- autonomy need satisfaction
- competence need satisfaction


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of contacts with family members
Page in Source 26
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Score based on number of family members mentioned among 
4 most important social contacts, frequency of contacts 
with these family members, and appreciation of these 
contacts.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+
Computed for married Ss only.

Females: r = +.36
Males  : r = +.00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of intimate relationships
Page in Source 203
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Score based on number of people one can talk with about 
personal things and people oone cares about, frequency 
of contacts with these persons, and appreciation of 
thes contacts.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-ar=+ ns
Never married males  : r = +.15 (ns)
Married males        : r = +.08 (ns)
Never married females: r = +.30 (025)
Married females      : r = +.04 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelGets sufficient attention
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels he gets sufficient 
attention. 4-point scale ranging from "wholly agree" to 
"not important"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.20
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, feeling of chance to suceed, 
gets sufficient attention, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyAbbey et al. (1983): study US Chicago 1990
TitleHandling the Stress of Looking for a Job in Law School: The Relationships between Intrinsic Motivation, Internal Attributions,Relations with Others and Happiness.
SourceBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 1983, Vol. 4, 263 - 278
PublicLaw school students, Chicago, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =85

Correlate
Author's labelRelation with others
Page in Source 273
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Respondents were asked if they talked with their fellow 
students about their job situation, and with family and 
friends. 
Observed distributionDistribution skewed (92% of the students talked about their job situation to fellow students, 88% to family and friends).

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aDM=+ ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyLevitt et al. (1986): study US 1984
TitleSocial Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
SourceDevelopmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316
PublicMothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =43

Correlate
Author's labelRelationship satisfaction
Page in Source 314
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Kahn and Antonucci (1984) Network 
Questionnaire.
The mother was asked to rate on a 5-point scale, the 
quality of the relationships with her, 
-husband
-mother 
-father 
Responses ranged from (5)"very close and warm" to 
(1)"very cool and distant" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-ar=+
Perceived relationship satisfaction from:        
Husband       +.54 (01)
Mother        +.18 (ns) 
Father        -.29 (05)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+
Perceived quality of relationships with:
Husband       +.47  (05)
Mother        +.18  (ns) 
Father        -.04  (ns) 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyRichards et al. (1984): study US 1981
TitleThe Influence of Serious Personal Losses or Misfortunes on Life Satisfaction.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1984, Vol. 12, 67 - 73
DOIDOI: 10.1002/1520-6629(198401)12:1<67::AID-JCOP2290120109>3.0.CO;2-B
Public25-59 aged, general public, USA, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =375

Correlate
Author's labelSocial Integration
Page in Source 69
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Single direct question: "In general how strong are your 
social ties with your family and friends?" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-br=+.27 p < .01
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-br=+.27 p < .01
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-bBeta=+.22 p < .01
ß controled for physical activity, self-perceived 
health, marital status and report of serious 
personal loss or misfortune in the past year. Same 
for Blackes and Whites. 


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelTrust in social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions: 1. Would trust 
him/her with important    information.                 
2. Discuss with him/her psychological    problems.      
                 3. Tell him/her about a 'put down'    
some-one had given her.
   The questions were answered for each    social 
network member.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+.10 ns
Unaffected by marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyHenley & Davis (1967): study US 1959
TitleSatisfaction and Dissatisfaction: A Study of the Chronically-Ill Aged Patient.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1967, Vol. 8, 65 - 75
Public60+ aged chronically-ill, followed three years, USA, 1959-62
Sample
Non-Response24% not available because of death, mental deterioration, unknown address or r
Respondents N =167

Correlate
Author's labelQuality of contacts with household members
Page in Source 71
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Question: generally troubled / sometimes one, sometimes 
the other / generally pleasant.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aG=+.42 p < .01
Computed for Ss who ar living with others only.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyRose (1955): study US 1952
TitleFactors Associated with the Life Satisfaction of Middle-Class, Middle-Aged Persons.
SourceMarriage and Family Living, 1955, Vol. 17, 15 - 19
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/346773.pdf
PublicMarried couples, middle aged, middle-class, USA, 1952-53
Sample
Non-Response50 %
Respondents N =416

Correlate
Author's labelCloseness of total family life
Page in Source 16
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Rating by child (sociology student) who
participated in the study.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aD%= + p < . 05
Positive among females only.
Among very satisfied women in 48% of the cases 
the college student offspring descibed total
family life as being very close; among satisfied
women this percentage was 28 %, and among the
relatively dissatisfied mothers it was only 20 %


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived quality of intimate ties
Subject code: I06ab04

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelState of family relationships
Page in Source 194
Our classificationPerceived quality of intimate ties, code I06ab04
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you and your family get 
along?"
1 Only so-so 
2 Fairly well 
3 Very well.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.64 p < . 01
Stronger among those who are dissatisfied with job 
and/or friends.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelGets sufficient attention
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels he gets sufficient 
attention. 4-point scale ranging from "wholly agree" to 
"not important"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.25
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelGets sufficient attention
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels he gets sufficient 
attention. 4-point scale ranging from "wholly agree" to 
"not important"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.18
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, lonelyness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, satisfaction with 
income, age, gender, no. of communities in which 
lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyHalman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12464

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 370
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Direct question: "Do you happen to feel lonely 
sometimes? Does that happen...?" (Order reversed)
1 Often          
2 Regularly
3 Seldom
4 Never

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.29 p < .01
France
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.25 p < .01
France
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.30 p < .01
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.40 p < .01
West Germany
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.33 p < .01
Great-Britain
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.29 p < .01
Italy
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.11
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.26
Netherlands
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.44 p < .01
West Germany
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.30 p < .01
Denmark
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.16
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.33 p < .01
Italy
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.36 p < .01
Belgium
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.32 p < .01
Spain
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.32 p < .01
Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.28
Netherlands
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.34 p < .01
Northern Ireland
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.33
EC

Lineair relation

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.32 p < .01
Denmark
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaBeta=<.10
In none of the european countries, ß's reached .10 
level in multiple regression analysis, when 
controlled for:satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 
2.3), satisfaction with health, income and family 
life; age, income, education, marital status, 
having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, 
type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social 
participation; uncertainty about future, expected 
negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years 
in past and future; tolerance, misantropy, 
hopeless about life and sense of control.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.39 p < .01
Belgium
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.12
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.34 p < .01
Spain
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.13
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.33 p < .01
Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.11
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.33 p < .01
Northern Ireland
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=<.10
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.37
EC
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aBeta=-.11
Lineair relation
 
ß's controlled for: satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), 
affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, income 
and family life; age, income, education, marital 
status, having children, work, male sex; 
urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, 
religiousness, social participation; uncertainty 
about future, expected negative changes in income; 
satisfaction 5 years in past and future; 
tolerance, misantropy, hopeless about life and 
sense of control.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyStapel (1988): study NL 1988
TitleDe Gelukkige Nederlanders. (The Happy Dutchman).
SourceUnpublished Paper, N.I.P.O.(Gallup Affiliate), 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/stapel_j_1988.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1988
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =952

Correlate
Author's labelSelf-perceived loneliness
Page in Source 5
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Single closed question:"Do you feel ever lonely? Often, 
sometimes or seldom?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aG=-.83 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyWoldringh & Knapen (1980): study NL 1978
TitleVrij en Alleen. (Free and Alone).
SourceInstitute of Applied Sociology, University of Nijmegen, 1980, Netherlands
PublicUnmarried adults, big cities, the Netherlands, 1978
Sample
Non-Response62% of which 28% refusals
Respondents N =160

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 113
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Factor derived from six items such as:
"I'm lacking people around me" and
"I'm lacking sociability".

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-ar=-.42
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-ar=-.42


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyDeJong-Gierveld (1969): study NL 1965
TitleDe Ongehuwden. (The Unmarried).
SourceSamson, 1969, Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands
Public30-55 aged, general public, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1965
Sample
Non-Response31%;
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Page in Source 197
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
6-item index of statements on feeling lonely, nobody 
cares for you, difficulty in making lasting contacts, 
coping with things alone, hard to find real friends, 
alone in the world.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aG=-.48 p < .01
Unaffected by sex.
Marrieds      : G' = -.36 (01)
Never marrieds: G' = -.50 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelLoneliness
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels his life is 
lonesome.3-point scale ranging from "very lonely" to 
"not lonely at all" 

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=-.29
Controlled for: Income, housing density, 
education, social status, chronic illness, freq. 
of meetings with relatives, anxiety, no. of 
friends, opportunities to make personal contacts, 
possibilities to decide on mattters concerning 
one's own personal life, interesting life, 
easyness of life, no. of memberships in clubs and 
associations, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, gets sufficient attention, 
satisfaction with income, age, gender, no. of 
communities in which lived, feeling of chance to 
succeed, feeling of being liked.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelGets sufficient attention
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Question if the respondent feels he gets sufficient 
attention. 4-point scale ranging from "wholly agree" to 
"not important"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.18
Controlled for: Income, housing density, 
education, social status, anxiety, chronic 
illness, no. of friends, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, no. of memberships in clubs and 
associations, possibilities to decide on matters 
concerning one's own personal life, interesting 
life, easyness of life, loneliness, feeling of 
being liked, feeling of being able to use 
knowledge and skills, age, gender, satisfaction 
with income, no. of communities in which lived, 
freq. of meetings with relatives, feeling of 
chance to succeed.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyPerneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998
TitleHealth and Happines in Young Swiss Adults.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2004, Vol. 13, 171 - 178
DOIDOI:10.1023/B:QURE.0000015314.97546.60
PublicUniversity students, Switzerland, 1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response36%
Respondents N =1257

Correlate
Author's labelI get love and affection
Page in Source 174
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Self report on single item (Broadhead & Gehlback, 
et.al, 1988)
'I get love and affection'
5 As much as I want
4
3
2
1 Much less than I want

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aD%=+ p < .001
% happy (all or most of the time)
Score 5 or 4: 69,4
Score 1:      40,9
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aOR=+
                          OR     CI 95
Gets love and affection   1,9    1,4-2,7
(4-5 vs. 1-3)

Odds Ratio controlled for:
-mental health
-physical health
-self-esteem
-sex (women vs. men)
-nationality (Swiss vs. Other)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived sufficiency of intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ab05

StudyBrenner (1970): study US 1960
TitleSocial Factors in Mental Well-Being at Adolescence.
SourcePhD Dissertation, The American University, 1970, Washington DC, USA
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/brenner_b_1970.pdf
PublicHighschool pupils, New York State, USA, 1960
Sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =5204

Correlate
Author's labelTending to be a lonely person
Page in Source 71/75/87/.
Our classificationPerceived sufficiency of intimate contacts, code I06ab05
Operationalization
Closed question: not lonely / fairly lonely / very 
lonely.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=-.31
Males       : G = -.55
Females     : G = -.49
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aG=-.31
Males       : G = -.55
Females     : G = -.49
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bG=-.68
Unaffected by sex

After control for:
- usual mood                        : Gs = -.56
- having fun in life                : Gs = -.50
- frequency of low mood             : Gs = -.62
- tending to be a discouraged person: Gs = -.60
- anxiety symptoms                  : Gs = -.66
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bV= .32 p < . 01
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aV= .23 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of intimate-network
Subject code: I06ac

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2005): study ZZ Europe 2000
TitleMobility and the Quality of Life.
SourceMollenkopf, H; et al; Eds.: "Enhanching Mobility in Later Life", IOS Press, 2005, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 279 - 288
Public55+ aged, 6 European Countries, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =3950

Correlate
Author's labelVariety of social network
Page in Source 284
Our classificationCharacteristics of intimate-network, code I06ac
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aBeta= ns
Beta's controlled for:
- Age 
- Gender
- SES
- Vision
- Physical mobility
- Visumotoric coordination
- External control belief
- Urban vs rural
- residential area
- Outdoor motivation
- Outdoor mobility
- Quality of life
Set Image size:   



Correlational finding on Happiness and Characteristics of intimate-network
Subject code: I06ac

StudyZautra et al. (1977): study US Salt Lake County, Utah 1975
TitleThe Dimension of Life Quality in a Community.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1977, Vol. 5, 85 - 97
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00884787
Public18+ aged, general public, Salt Lake County, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response15%
Respondents N =454

Correlate
Author's labelInterest during interview
Page in Source 87/93
Our classificationCharacteristics of intimate-network, code I06ac
Operationalization
Interviewer rating on a 5 point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-ar= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Opportunities for self-disclosure
Subject code: I06ac01

StudyKammann & Flett (1983a): study NZ 1980 /1
TitleSourcebook for Measuring Well-Being with Affectometer 2.
Source'Why not?'Foundation, 1983, Dunedin, New Zealand
Public18+ aged, general public, Dunedin, New Zealand, 198?
Sample
Non-Response52%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelFelt understood
Our classificationOpportunities for self-disclosure, code I06ac01
Operationalization
Single direct question how one felt during the 
instructed time period (or otherwise in the past few 
weeks):
"How often have you felt understood?"
Rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all' to 
'all the time'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-ar=+.40 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Opportunities for self-disclosure
Subject code: I06ac01

StudyMoriwaki (1973): study US 1971
TitleSelf-Disclosure, Significant Others and Psychological Well-Being in Old Age.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1973, Vol. 14, 226 -232
Public60+ aged, retirees, Los Angeles County, USA, 1971
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =71

Correlate
Author's labelSupported self- disclosure
Page in Source 229
Our classificationOpportunities for self-disclosure, code I06ac01
Operationalization
Number of important life areas for which support for 
self-disclosure from significant others is perceived. 
Those persons one considers to be close and with whom 
one can feel free and talk about personal things were 
considered as 'significant others'.

Measurement by means of Supported Self-
Disclosure Index (see Jourard & Lasakow, 1958), 
modified to include 38 content areas of concern to the 
elderly, including changes in social relations with 
age, status and role changes, bodily changes, 
self-feelings, financial and material problems, and 
health problems.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.17 ns
L-shaped curve: Stronger positive among those 
reporting lower self-disclosure.

When controlled for age       : rpc = +.08 (ns)
When controlled for role loss : rpc = +.17
- Low role loss               : r   = +.36 (01)
- Very high role loss         : r   = -.23 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived value-similarity with intimates
Subject code: I06ac02a

StudyDuckitt (1982): study ZA 1980
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelAge grading in interaction
Page in Source 125/126
Our classificationPerceived value-similarity with intimates, code I06ac02a
Operationalization
1. All contacts with age peers (aged
   60+), belonging to immediate family,
   siblings and relatives, intimate
   friends (described as extremely
   close friends whom the subject
   confided in and could depend on for
   emotional support) or friends
   neighbours and acquaintences:
   a. Absolute number of contacts
   b. Percentage of total number of
      contacts
   c. Absolute frequency of contacts
   d. Percentage of total frequency of
      contacts
                                     2. Intimate 
friends excluded:
   a. Absolute number of contacts
   b. Percentage of total number of
      contacts
   c. Absolute frequency of contacts
   d. Percentage of total frequency of
      contacts.
Remarks
Controlled for household income and expert rated 
physical health. Controls reduced zero-order 
correlation only slightly.
                     
                     
                      
                       
            
                              

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.18 ns
a. Absolute number of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.31 p < .01
1 a. Absolute number of contacts.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.28 p < .01
b. Percentage of total number of contacts.
                       W
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.19 ns
  b. Percentage of total number of contacts.
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.23 p < .05
c. Absolute frquency of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.21 ns
  c. Absolute frequency of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.11 ns
  d. Percentage of total frequency of contacts.
        
             


C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.23 p < .05
d. Percentage of total frequency of contacts.
                 
                      
              
                         
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.20 p < .05
a. Absolute number of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.22 p < .05
2 a. Absolute number of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.16 p < .05
  b. Percentage of total number of contacts.
            
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.32 ns
b. Percentage of total number of contacts.
            
                    
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.25 p < .01
c. Absolute frequency of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 p < .05
  c. Absolute frequency of contacts.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.24 ns
d. Percentage of total frequency of contacts.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.07 p < .05
  d. Percentage of total frequency of contacts.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Age similarity of intimates
Subject code: I06ac02b

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelValue similarity with social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationAge similarity of intimates, code I06ac02b
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on whether the 
respondent feels that: 1. His/her ideals  approximate 
most her    ideals of the 'right way'.     2. Feels she 
has a great many interests    in common with him/her.   
 3. Generally shares the same philosophy    of life 
with him/her.
The questions were answered for each social network 
member.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+
Married females   : r = +.34 (002)
Unmarried females : r = -.19 (ns)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity social network
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Single questions:
Please tell me which persons are important to you 
(relatives friends, colleagues, professional helper)?
AUTHOR, verify question (question not found)
Observed distributionUrban: M=6,0; SD=2,6; Rural: M= 6,4; SD=2,8; p<.05

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity social network
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Single questions:
Please tell me which persons are important to you 
(relatives friends, colleagues, professional helper)?
AUTHOR, verify question (question not found)
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban: M=2.8; SD=2.6; Rural: M= 3.4; SD=2.9; p<.01 Germany East: Urban: M=3.3; SD=2.9; Rural: M= 3.5; SD=2.6; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity social network
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Single questions:
Please tell me which persons are important to you 
(relatives friends, colleagues, professional helper)?
AUTHOR, verify question (question not found)
Observed distributionUrban: M = 7,2; SD = 3,0; Rural M = 7,7; SD = 3,6; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.21 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity social network
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Single questions:
Please tell me which persons are important to you 
(relatives friends, colleagues, professional helper)?
AUTHOR, verify question (question not found)
Observed distributionUrban: M=5,8; SD=2,1; Rural: M= 3,5; SD=1,9; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.13 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelDiversity social network
Page in Source 18,29
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Categories of potentially important persons not living 
in the same household as the respondents
Single questions:
Please tell me which persons are important to you 
(relatives friends, colleagues, professional helper)?
AUTHOR, verify question (question not found)
Observed distributionUrban: M = 4,1; SD = 3,2; Rural: M = 3,8; SD = 3,5; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - friends/kin nearby
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyDuckitt (1982): study ZA 1980
TitleSocial Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
SourceHumanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129
Public65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample
Non-Response20%
Respondents N =80

Correlate
Author's labelExclusivity in interaction
Page in Source 125
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
1. Scope: The degree to which the
   number of persons contacted is
   concentrated into:
   a. The immediate family (i.e.
      spouse, children, grandchildren).
   b. Siblings and other relatives.
   c. Intimate friends (described as
      extremely close friends whom the
      subject confided in and could
      depend on for emotional support).
   d. Other friends, neighbours and
      acquaintances.
2. Frequency: the degree to which the 
   frequency of contacts is
   concentrated into:
   a. The immediate family (i.e.spouse,
      children, grandchildren).
   b. Siblings and other relatives.
   c. Intimate friends (described as
      extremely close friends whom the
      subject confided in and could          depend on 
for emotional support).
   d. Other friends, neighbours and
      acquaintances.
Remarks
Controlled for household income and expert rated 
health. Controls reduced zero-order correlations only 
slightly.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.13 ns
1a. The immediate family.
      
                
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.09 ns
1 a. Immediate family.
      
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.09 ns
  b. Siblings and other relatives.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.09 ns
 b. Siblings and other relatives.
                        
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.18 ns
  c. Intimate friends.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.25 p < .05
 c. Intimate friends.
         
       
       
                               
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.11 ns
 d. Other friends, neighbours and acquaintances.
         
             
           
            

                        
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.10 ns
  d. Other friends, neighbours and acquaintances.
           
              
                
                     

                 
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.20 ns
2 a. The immediate family.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.10 ns
2a. The immediate family.
        
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.08 ns
 b. Siblings and other relatives.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.15 ns
  b. Siblings and other relatives.
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=+.12 ns
  c. Intimate friends.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.26 p < .05
 c. Intimate friends.
             
                 
               
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-ar=-.03 ns
  d. Other friends, neighbours and acquiantances.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.15 ns
 d. Other friends, neighbours and acquaintances.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelSize of inner circle
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
Any person or persons that you feel so close to that it 
is hard to imagine life without them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.01 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.14 p < .10
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.01 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.18 p < .05
women

Beta's controled for personal characteristics:
- age
- education
- health compared to others
and network sturcture:
- size of middle circle
- size of outer circle
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.01 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.18 p < .05
women

Beta's additionally controled for negative social 
support:
- network doesn't understand
- network gets on nerve
- want more dependable network
- network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelSize of middle circle
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
are there people to whom you may not feel that close, 
but who are still very important to you.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.09 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.06 ns
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.08 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.10 ns
women

Beta's controled for personal characteristics:
- age
- education
- health compared to others
and network sturcture:
- size of inner circle
- size of outer circle
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.08 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.11 ns
women

Beta's additionally controled for negative social 
support:
- network doesn't understand
- network gets on nerve
- want more dependable network
- network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Size of intimate network
Subject code: I06ac03

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelSize of outer circle
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSize of intimate network, code I06ac03
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
Are there people whom you have not already mentioned 
who are close enough and important enough in your life 
that they should be placed in your network.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.05 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=+.08 ns
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.03 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.06 ns
women

Beta's controled for personal characteristics:
- age
- education
- health compared to others
and network sturcture:
- size of inner cicrle
- size of middle circle
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.05 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.06 ns
women

Beta's additionally controled for negative social 
support:
- network doesn't understand
- network gets on nerve
- want more dependable network
- network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyHeadey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981
TitleDimensions of Mental Health: Life Satisfaction, Positive Affect, Anxiety and Depression.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 29, 63 - 82
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF01136197
Public18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =419

Correlate
Author's labelAvailability of intimate attachment
Page in Source 76
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Selfreport on Henderson's index of intimate attachments

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-Sum---mq-*-0-ar=+.29 p < .05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study FI 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Finland, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response45%
Respondents N =610

Correlate
Author's labelFriends/kin nearby
Page in Source 19,28
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Most important confidants and kinship living in close 
proximity i.e. can be reached within 15 minutes, 
regardless the means of transportation used.
0: no
1: yes
Question not found
AUTHOR, please give question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=63,3%; Rural= 68,3%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.14 p < .05
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta=+.11 p < .05
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - homeownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study DE 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Germany, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1

Correlate
Author's labelFriends/kin nearby
Page in Source 19,28
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Most important confidants and kinship living in close 
proximity i.e. can be reached within 15 minutes, 
regardless the means of transportation used.
0: no
1: yes
Question not found
AUTHOR, please give question!
Observed distributionGermany West: Urban:=71.9%; Rural= 95.0%; p<.001 Germany East: Urban:=73.6%; Rural= 86.9%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany West
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Germany East
-urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
-rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study HU 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Hungary, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =605

Correlate
Author's labelFriends/kin nearby
Page in Source 19,28
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Most important confidants and kinship living in close 
proximity i.e. can be reached within 15 minutes, 
regardless the means of transportation used.
0: no
1: yes
Question not found
AUTHOR, please give question!
Observed distributionUrban = 73,3%; Rural = 73,4%; ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban area
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study IT 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Italy, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =600

Correlate
Author's labelFriends/kin nearby
Page in Source 19,28
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Most important confidants and kinship living in close 
proximity i.e. can be reached within 15 minutes, 
regardless the means of transportation used.
0: no
1: yes
Question not found
AUTHOR, please give question!
Observed distribution1: Urban:=63,9%; Rural= 84,7%; p<.001

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
Rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health

Only standardized regression coefficient 
significant at a maximum error rate of alpha=.05 
are shown.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyMollenkopf et al. (2004): study NL 2000
TitleQuality of Life in Urban and Rural Areas of Five European Countries: Similarities and Differences.
SourceHallym International Journal of Aging, 2004, Vol. 6, 1 - 36
Public55+ aged, Netherlands, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =616

Correlate
Author's labelFriends/kin nearby
Page in Source 19,28
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
Most important confidants and kinship living in close 
proximity i.e. can be reached within 15 minutes, 
regardless the means of transportation used.
0: no
1: yes
Question not found
AUTHOR, please give question!
Observed distributionUrban = 46.7%; Rural = 53.2%, ns

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
urban areas
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dBeta= ns
rural areas

Beta's controlled for:
- Age
- Gender
- Environment:Housing:
  - housing amenities
  - home ownership
  - satisfaction with housing
  - satisfaction with living area
- Mobility:
  - car in household
  - satisfaction with public transportation
  - satisfaction with mobility
- Services:
  - medical services
  - services and shops
  - satisfaction with services
- Culture:
  - Cultural amenities
  - natural environment
  - satisfaction with leisure
- Security:
  - security
- Social Environment:
  - living together
  - division social network
- Economic situation:
  - Income per person
  - satisfaction with finances
- Health:
  - ADL
  - satisfaction with health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Current chances for intimacy
Subject code: I06ad

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelNetwork does not understand
Page in Source 381
Our classificationCurrent chances for intimacy, code I06ad
Operationalization
How many people in your network don't understand you?
0: none
1: a few
2: most
3: all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.06 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.04 ns
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.03 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=+.05 ns
women

Beta's controled for:
- personal characteristics:
  - age
  - education
  - health compared to others
- network sturcture:
  - size of inner cicrle
  - size of middle circle
  - size of outer circle
- negative social support:
  - network gets on nerve
  - want more dependable network
  - network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyBeiser (1974): study CA 1963
TitleComponents and Correlates of Mental Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1974, Vol. 15, 320 - 327
Public18+ aged, general public, Stirling County, Canada, 1963-1968
Sample
Non-Response10%
Respondents N =112

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal reactivity
Page in Source 325
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Rating by psychiatrists on the basis of observation 
during 6 years.
High scores indicate emotional open- ness to others and 
ability to secure emotional support from them.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-ar=+ p < .01
Index of Positive Affects: r = +.25 (01)
Index of Negative Affects: r = -.26 (01)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyLevy & Guttman (1975): study IL 1973 /1
TitleOn the Multivariate Structure of Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1975, Vol. 2, 361 - 388
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00293253
Public18+ aged, general public, urban areas, Israel, 1973
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1830

Correlate
Author's labelSuccess in acquiringfriends
Page in Source 373
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Direct closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-amc=+.36
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bmc=+.40


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelGetting on well withother people
Page in Source 27
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Direct question rated on a graphic scale ranging from 
'very bad' to 'very good'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.42 p < .05
Slightly lower among age 41-45
Lower among those of low S.E.S.
Stronger among lower education.
Stronger among males than among females.
Stronger among the unmarried.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyBakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/bakker_p_1974.pdf
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Sample
Non-Response34% refusal and unattainable.
Respondents N =1552

Correlate
Author's labelGiving oneself easily
Page in Source 27
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Direct question rated on a graphic scale, ranging from 
'very difficult' to 'very easily'.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aG=+.07 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyAnand et al. (2005): study GB 2000
TitleCapabilties and Well-Being: Evidence based on the Sen-Nussbaum Approach to Welfare.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 74, 9 - 55
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-005-6518-z
Public16+ aged, general public, UK, 2000
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =12040

Correlate
Author's labelMeal or drink with friends/family
Page in Source 26-29
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on  question:
Would you like to be able to have friends or family for 
a drink or meal at least once a month, but must do 
without because you cannot afford it?
1: No
0: Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.29 p < .05
Females
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bb=+.25 p < .01
Males

B's controled for other aspects of capability:
- Opportunities for:
  - adequate nourishment
  - health limits
  - move to another house
  - car available
  - no vandalism or crime in the area
  - high education
- Mental problems: no more than usual
  - able to concentrate
  - sleep lost over worrying
  - feeling unhappy or depressed
  - strain
  - lose selfconfidence
- Control over life: no less than usual
  - capable of making decisions
  - able to overcome difficulties
  - able to face up to problems
- Can afford
  - holiday
  - new clothes
- Being respected, no less than usual
  - think of yourself as worthless
  - played a usefull part in things
- Enjoy; no less tha usual
  - felt happy
  - enjoyed day-to-day activities
- Participate in society
  - vote in last general election
  - able to work
- Satisfaction with life domains
  (residual variation: proxi for personality)
  - job
  - partner
  - health
  - house
  - household income
  - social life
  - leisure


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyWebb (1915): study GB 1912
TitleCharacter and Intelligence. An Attempt at an Exact Study of Character.
SourceCambridge University Press, 1915, London, UK
URLhttps://archive.org/details/characterandint00webbgoog
PublicMale college students, England, 1912
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =194

Correlate
Author's label'Tact' in getting onwith people
Page in Source 26
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Trained peer rating on a 7-point scale on the basis of 
observation during 6 months.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-ar=+.21


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelEase of making friends
Page in Source 202
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "Do you make friends 
easily?" 
0 not very easy 
1 make friends easily

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.37 p < . 01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Subject code: I06ad01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelHaving problems with getting along with others
Page in Source 292
Our classificationAbility to maintain intimate contacts, code I06ad01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= -
College students only: L-shaped curve: significant 
among happier students only
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM=-
College students only: L-shaped curve: significant 
among happier students only


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyVentegodt (1996): study DK 1993
TitleLiskvalitet hos 4500 31-33-arige. (The Quality of Life of 4500 31-33-Years-Olds).
SourceForskningscentrets Forlag, 1996, Copenhagen, Denmark
Public31-33 aged, Denmark 1993, born in University Hospital in Copenhagen
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response39%
Respondents N =4611

Correlate
Author's labeldaily personal contacts
Page in Source 370,372
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
" On a average day, how many people who mean somthing 
to you personally, do you interact with ?"
1: not one every day
2: 1 a day
3: 2 a day
4: 3 a day
5: 4 or more
Observed distributionN women: All:2447; %: 1:12,1; 2:19,8; 3:24,0; 4:17,8; 5:26,2

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.20
women:
1: Mt=6.91
2: Mt=7.43
3: Mt=7.64
4: Mt=7.98
5: Mt=8.20
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .00
men:
1: Mt=7.06
2: Mt=7.41
3: Mt=7.74
4: Mt=8.06
5: Mt=8.20
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.22 p < .00
women:
1: Mt=6.53
2: Mt=7.01
3: Mt=7.39
4: Mt=7.78
5: Mt=8.03
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-er=+.22 p < .00
men:
1: Mt=6.56
2: Mt=6.90
3: Mt=7.35
4: Mt=7.74
5: Mt=7.93
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.19
women:
1: Mt=6.26
2: Mt=6.86
3: Mt=6.96
4: Mt=7.38
5: Mt=7.51
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-har=+.19 p < .00
men:
1: Mt=6.23
2: Mt=6.71
3: Mt=6.90
4: Mt=7.20
5: Mt=7.36


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyAllardt (1973): study DK 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Denmark, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOpportunities to make personal contacts
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Answer categories: great, small, no
Remarks
                                                        
                                                       

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.16
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, age, gender, 
no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyAllardt (1973): study FI 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Finland, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOpportunities to make personal contacts
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Answer categories:great, small, no

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.21
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, frequency 
of meetings with relatives, number of friends, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, number of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feelings of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, age, gender, 
no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

Study~CocaCola (2012): study DE 2011
TitleStudie zur Lebensfreude. (Study on Enjoyment of Life).
SourceFORZA, Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, 2012 Berlin, Germany
Public14-69 aged, Germany, 2011
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2153

Correlate
Author's labelEasyness to find good friends
Page in Source 438
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How easy do you think it 
is for a person to find good friends?
Rated
0
.
10
Observed distributionN= 0:4%, 1:5%, 2:9%, 3:8%, 4:9%, 5:12%, 6:11%, 7:14%, 8:13%, 9:6%, 10:5%,DKNA:2%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bDM=+
Most happy       Less happy others   Difference
top 2:  M = 6.6  M = 5.1             +1.5
top 3:  M = 6.1  M = 4.6             +1.5 
top 5:  M = 5.8  M = 4.0             +1.8
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-b
Top 2: 10-9 N= 499, Others: 8-0 N=1654
Top 3: 10-8 N=1087, Others: 7-0 N=1066
Top 5: 10-6 N=1691, Others: 5-0 N= 462


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyMitchell (1972): study HK 1967
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 1967
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response21%
Respondents N =3966

Correlate
Author's labelBe a good family person
Page in Source 233
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Single direct question: "Being a good family person 
compared with most other people, would you say that you 
:
exceed others/about the same as others/
fall short of others ?"

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aG=-.07 ns
Figures based on half of the sample.

N-shaped curve


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyAllardt (1973): study NO 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Norway, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOpportunities to make personal contacts
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Answer categories: great, small, no                     
      

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.20
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
social status, chronic illness, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, no. of friends, 
possibilities to decide on matters concerning 
one's own personal life, no. of memberships in 
clubs and associations, interesting life, easyness 
of life, loneliness, feeling of being liked, 
feeling of being able to use knowledge and skills, 
feeling of chance to succeed, gets sufficient 
attention, satisfaction with income, age, gender, 
no. of communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyAllardt (1973): study SE 1972
TitleAbout Dimensions of Welfare: An Explanatory Analysis of a Comperative Scandinavian Survey.
SourceResearch Reports, Nr.1, Research Group for Comparative Sociology, University of Helsinki, 1973, Finland
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/allardt_e_1973.pdf
Public15-64 aged, general public, Sweden, 1972
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1000

Correlate
Author's labelOpportunities to make personal contacts
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Single question:
1: no
2: small
3: great

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-arpc=+.20
Controlled for:Income, housing density, education, 
chronic illness, social status, anxiety, freq. of 
meetings with relatives, opportunities to make 
personal contacts, possibilities to decide on 
matters concerning one's own personal life, no. of 
memberships in clubs and associations, no. of 
friends, interesting life, easyness of life, 
loneliness, feeling of being liked, feeling of 
being able to use knowledge and skills, feeling of 
chance to succeed, satisfaction with income, gets 
sufficient attention, age, gender, no. of 
communities in which lived.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Perceived opportunities for contacts
Subject code: I06ad02

StudyAndrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /1
TitleSocial Indicators of Well-Being. Americans Perceptions of Life Quality.
SourcePlenum Press, 1976, New York, USA
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, May 1972
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response24%
Respondents N =1297

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with chance to know people
Page in Source 112
Our classificationPerceived opportunities for contacts, code I06ad02
Operationalization
Closed question: "How do you feel about the chance you 
have to know people with whom you can really feel 
comfortable?" Rated on a 7-point scale: terrible/ 
unhappy/ mostly dissatisfied/ mixed/ mostly satisfied/ 
pleased/ delighted

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aE²=+.31
Unaffected by sexe


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyNaidu (1978): study IN Mumbai 1973
TitleSocial Agents in Destitute Children's Personal Happiness.
SourceThe Indian Journal of Social Work, 1978, Vol. 34, 325 -333
Public7-11 aged boys living in institution, Bombay, India, 197?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =36

Correlate
Author's labelSocial agents
Page in Source 328
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Boys were asked how much their happiness is influenced 
by:
a: house mother
b: school teacher
c: peers at the institutional home
d: peers at school
e: government
f: visitors

Rated on visual scale with boxes ranging from small (1) 
to big (9)

This question was preceded by a rating of their own 
happiness, rated on the same visual scale
Remarks
Releveant social agents were selected in a pilot study 
in which boys mentioned the names of 'significant 
others' in their life

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-a
                     7 aged  9 aged  11 aged
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+ ns
house mother          r=+.62  r=+.35  r=+.25
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
school teacher        r=+.21  r=-.06  r=+.37
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar= ns
peers at the              -        -      -
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/-
institutional home    r=-.17   r=-.06  r=+.13
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
peers at school       r=+.41   r=-.17  r=+.35
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
government            r=+.33   r=+.20  r=-.03
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-ar=+/- ns
visitors              r=+.28   r=+.14  r=-.08


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2007
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicExercisers and non-exercisers, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =205

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution to happiness of love and loving/beingloved
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "loving and being loved"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionExercisers: M: 8,36 SD: 1,73, Non-exercisers: M: 7,73 SD: 2,54
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=+.15 p < .16
Exercisers only (N=94)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyGodoy-Izquierdo et al. (2009): study ES 2005
TitleBalance Afectivo en Hombres y Mujeres: Implicaciones de la Edad y el Sexo. (Affect Balance amon Men and Women: Implications of Age and Sex).
SourceBehavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, 2009, Vol. 17, 299 - 319
URLhttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Balance+afectivo+en+hombres+y+mujeres%3A+implicaciones+de+la+edad+y+el...-a0314254938
PublicPregnant women, Spain, 200?
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =196

Correlate
Author's labelPerceived contribution to happiness of love and being loved
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Self-rating in response to question: "Please, indicate 
the degree in which you think the following conditions 
contribute to your general happiness..."
.
. "love and being loved"
.
Rated on scale 0 (no influence) to 10 (complete 
influence)
Observed distributionM: 8,21 SD: 1,71
Remarks
Item in list of 20 conditions for happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cr=-.05 p < .47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyNoble (2009): study UA Kharkiv oblast 2007
TitleSubjective Well-Being: A Ukrainian Case Study.
SourceThesis, 2009, University College London, UK
Public18-85 aged, general public, 2 districts in city Kyiv, Ukraine, 2007
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelHousehold relations
Page in Source 123, 134, 136, 139, 263
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
"Please use this card to tell me, in general, how your 
relationship with the other people in your household 
is?"
1: very bad
2: bad
3: ok
4: good
5: very good
Observed distributionM=1.94; Borshegovka M=2.02 sd=0.85; Pechersk M=1.82 sd=0.94; p-value of difference= 0.19
Remarks
This code is a reversed code. In the beginning, Noble 
worked with 1=best and 5=worst. Later she reversed the 
order.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-ar=+.34 p < .01
city district Borshegovka r=+.43 (01)  N=86
city district Pechersk    r=-.14 (ns)  N=50


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyRyff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990
TitleThe Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 719 - 727
Public25+ aged, USA, 199?
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1108

Correlate
Author's labelPositive relations with others
Page in Source 724
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging 
from completely disagree to completely agree.
-High scorers: have warm, satisfying, trusting 
relationships with others; are concerned about the 
welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, 
affection, and intimacy; understandings give and take 
of human relationships.
-Low scorers: have few close, trusting relationships 
with others; find it difficult to be warm, open and 
concerned about others; are isolated and frustrated in 
interpersonal relationships; not willing to make 
compromises to sustain importunities with others

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-br=+.38 p < .00
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-ar=+.40 p < .00


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyRyff (1989): study US 1984
TitleHappiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, Vol. 57, 1069 - 1081
PublicAdults, USA, 198?
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =321

Correlate
Author's labelPositive relations with others
Page in Source 1073
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Self report on 16 positive and 16 negative statements. 
Each rated on a 6-point scale ranging from strongly 
agree to disagree. 
High scorers have warm, satisfying, trusting 
relationships with others; are concerned about the 
welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, 
affection, and intimacy; understandings give and take 
of human relationships.
Low scorers have few close, trusting relationships with 
others; find it difficult to be warm, open and 
concerned about others; are isolated and frustrated in 
interpersonal relationships; not willing to make 
compromises to sustain importunities with others
Observed distributionYoung adults: women (m=101.01, sd=13.03), men (m=89.92, sd=12.31) Middle aged adults: women (m=96.07, sd=15.40), men (m=89.99, sd=17.04) Older adults: women (m=95.03, sd=16.80), men (m=94.39, sd=13.81)
Error Estimatesalpha=.91, Test-retest reliability between 6 week period (n=117)=.83

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.30 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Attitudes to intimates
Subject code: I06af

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelNetwork gets on nerves
Page in Source 381
Our classificationAttitudes to intimates, code I06af
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
how many people in your network get on your nerves?
0: none
1: a few
2: most
3 :all

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.12 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.29 p < .00
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.09 ns
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.19 p < .05
women

Beta's controled for:
- personal characteristics:
  - age
  - education
  - health compared to others
- network sturcture:
  - size of inner cicrle
  - size of middle circle
  - size of outer circle
- negative social support:
  - network doesn't inderstand
  - want more dependable network
  - network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyTambyah et al. (2009): study SG 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life in Singapore.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 337 - 376
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-08-9347-z
Public20+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006
SampleProbability systematic sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1038

Correlate
Author's labelValue priorities, Relating
Page in Source 353,354,370,371
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Needs for relating:
a: spending time with family
b: being in good terms with others
c: raising children

Specification of needs not reported.
Observed distributionall: 0:32,9%, 1: 45,9%, 2:20,4%, 3: 0,8% married subjects only: 0:27,2%, 1:46,3%, 2:25,4%, 3:1,1%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.04 ns
all
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mBeta=+.08 ns
married subjects only
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.04 ns
all
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bBeta=+.06 ns
married subjects only
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.07 ns
all
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cBeta=+.14 p < .01
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.07 ns
all
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aBeta=-.09 p < .05
married subjects only
M-ACO---mq-v-7-a
Betas controlled for
Demographic variables:
- gender
- age
- education
- income
Lifestyle
- digital
- global
- spirituality
Value priorities:
- having
- being


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyCrandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975
TitleRelations between Measures of Social Interest and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Individual Psychology, 1980, Vol. 20, 156 - 168
PublicNon-teaching employees, university, Idaho, USA, 197?
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =82

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal relations
Page in Source 161
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Self report on 11 questions about friendship and 
personal contacts.
'How do you feel about 
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k'
Text not reported.

Rated:
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhapppy
1 terrible

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.41
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.44


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelConcern for social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Closed question on whether the respondent always tries 
to remember his/her birthday: scored for each social 
network member.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=
Adults one sees at least once a month and who are 
'important persons' in one's life were considered 
as social network members.

Married females   : r = -.10 (ns)
Unmarried females : r = +.40 (02)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyBrim (1974): study US 1972
TitleSocial Network Correlates of Avowed Happiness.
SourceJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1974, Vol. 158, 432 - 439
PublicFemales Feminists and controls. Seatle, USA, 197?
Sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =153

Correlate
Author's labelDesired interaction with social network members
Page in Source 437
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
3-item index of closed questions on whether the 
respondent would enjoy: 1. Seeing him/her every day.    
  2. Would spend most of her free time    with him/her 
if possible.           3. Would like to see him/her 
more    often.
The questions were answered for each social network 
member.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-ar=+.17 ns
Adults one sees at least once a month and who are 
'important persons' in one's life were considered 
as social network members.

Unaffected by marital status.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelDesire: better social relationships
Page in Source 211
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Open-ended question on desired personal changes
1: social relationships mentioned
0: other changes mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those who desire to change only (N = 1591)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=-.01 ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudyWessman (1956): study US 1946
TitleA Psychological Inquiry into Satisfaction and Happiness.
SourceUnpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University, 1956, USA
Public21+ aged, general public, USA, 1946
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =2377

Correlate
Author's labelMost important worry: health (personal and family
Page in Source 213
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Open-ended question: "What one thing do you worry about 
most?
1: health of self and family mentioned
0: other worries mentioned
Remarks
Computed for those having worries only (N = 2040)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bG=+.10 p < . 05


Correlational finding on Happiness and Concern about intimates
Subject code: I06af01

StudySymonds (1937): study US 1935
TitleHappiness as related to problems and interest.
SourceJournal of Educational Psychology, 1937, Vol. 28, 290 -294.
DOIdoi:10.1037/h0061067
PublicHigh school pupils and college students, USA, 193?
Sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =1651

Correlate
Author's labelBeing interested in family relationships
Page in Source 292
Our classificationConcern about intimates, code I06af01
Operationalization
Closed question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSNR= ns
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aDM= ns


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2004
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2004
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =268

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal ralationships
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.31
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.11 p < .10
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
- safety
- community
- future security
- standard of living
- health
- achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =189

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.40
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=-.01 p < .-01
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
- safety
- community
- future security
- standard of living
- health
- achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins (2005): study AR 2002
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Argentina, 2002
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =492

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.28
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.01 p < .03
Beta controled for satisfaction with:  
- safety
- community
- future security
- standard of living
- health
- achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =1979

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 117+121
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal 
relationships?Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 8,06; SD = 1,96

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.48
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.17 p < .001
ß controled for satisfaction with:
- Safety
- Community
- Future Security
- Standard
- Health
- Achieve
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caR²=+.04
Aditional variance explained above satisfaction 
with the domains of:
- Safety
- Community
- Future Security
- Standard
- Health
- Achieve


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins et al. (2002b): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 4, Report 4.0. The Wellbeing of Australians. 1. Work and Leisure 2. The Impact of 11 September, One Year Later.
SourceAustralian Centre on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response88%
Respondents N =2003

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships
Page in Source 91
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.22 p < .000
ß controled for satisfaction with.. 
- safety
- community
- security
- standard of living
- health
- achievement in life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response75%
Respondents N =1999

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relationships
Page in Source 126
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are with your personal relationships? 
Rated on 0-10 scale.
Observed distributionM = 7.87; SD = 2.16

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.47


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyLau et al. (2004): study AU 2002
TitleAn Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-0561-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =180

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Relationship
Page in Source 411, 413, 418
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationship?

Rated on a 10-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM= 81,1; SD= 15,1
Remarks
Item in Personal Wellbeing Scale (PWI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.14 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- health
- achievement
- safety
- community
- security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins et al. (2002a): study AU 2002
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 3, Report 3.2. The Impact of Personal Relationships and Household Structure on the Wellbeing of Australians.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2002, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response70%
Respondents N =2110

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Relationships
Page in Source 107
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.21 p < .000
ß controled for satisfaction with:
- safety
- community
- standard of living
- health
- achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins et al. (2005): study AU 2001
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Report 12.1. Special report on City and Country Living.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/reports/index.php
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2004
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =24000

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 45+46+47
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.47
In highly accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.21
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.46
In accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.23
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.51
In moderately accessible cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.25
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.56
In remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.21
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.42
In very remote cities
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.19


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyShu & Zhu (2009): study CN 2006
TitleThe Quality of Life iin China.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 92, 191 - 225
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11205-008-9350-4
Public20-69 aged, general public, China, 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =2000

Correlate
Author's labelInterpersonal life sphere
Page in Source 215
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report on four questions: How satisfied are you 
with ...
a your marriage
b your friendship
c your family life
d your neighbours.
Rated:
-2 very dissatisfied
-1 somewhat dissatisfied
 0 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
+1 somewhat satisfied
+2 very satisfied
Observed distributiona: M=1.08, 73.2% satisfied, 3.4% dissatisfied b: M=0.80, 60.5% satisfied, 2.5% dissatisfied c: M=0.61, 51.7% satisfied, 7.9% dissatisfied d: M=0.58, 48.7% satisfied, 6.0% dissatisfied Average M=0.77

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mOR=1.68 p < .00
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bOR=1.18 p < .00
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cOR=1.18 p < .00
M-ACO---mq-v-7-ab=+.26 p < .00
OR and B controled for
- gender
- age cohort
- educational attainment
- marital status
- household income
- unemployed
- rural residency
- value priorities
- lifestyle


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyWills (2006): study CO Bogotá 2006
TitlePersonal Well Being Index-Adults for Bogotá- Colombia, March 2006.
SourcePaper Management School, University de los Andes, 2006, Bogotá, Colombia
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/wills_e_2006.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, City of Bogotá, Colombia, 2006
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response-
Respondents N =830

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with relationships
Page in Source 4
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?

Rated 10 very satisfied to 0 very dissatisfied
Observed distributionM=8,05; SD=1,63

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.34
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.14 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- health
- achieving in life
- standard of living
- safety
- community
- future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins (2005): study HK 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
PublicAdults, general public, Hong Kong, China, 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =78

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
Rated on 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.64
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.38 p < .000
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
-  safety
-  community
-  future security
-  standard of living
-  health
-  achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyLau et al. (2004): study HK 2002
TitleAn Investigation into the Cross-Cultural Equivalence of the Personal Well-Being Index.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2005, Vol. 72, 403 - 430
DOIdoi:10.1007/s11205-004-0561-z
Public18+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2002
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =180

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Relationship
Page in Source 411, 413, 418
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationship?

Rated on a 10-point numerical scale
Observed distributionM=72,0; SD=14,4
Remarks
Item in Personal Wellbeing Scale (PWI)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.19 p < .001
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living
- health
- achievement
- safety
- community
- security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudySingh et al. (2014): study IN 2014
TitleEffects of the demographic Variables and psychometric Properties of the personal Well-being Index for School Children in India.
SourceChild Indicators Research, 2015, Vol. 3, 571 - 585
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-014-9264-4#/page-1
DOIDOI:101007/s12187-014-9264-4
Public8-13 aged,school children, India, 2014
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =1301

Correlate
Author's labelPersonal relationships
Page in Source Table 2-3
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question 'How happy are you about 
getting on with the people you know?'
11-point Likert-type rating('0' very sad to '10' very 
happy)

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbr=+.30 p < .01
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.05 p < .05
Beta controlled for satisfaction with:
-standard of living
-personal health
-achievement in life
-personal safety
-feeling part of community
-future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyRojas (2008): study MX 2001
TitleExperienced Poverty and Income Poverty in Mexico: A Subjective Well-Being Approach.
SourceWorld Development, 2008, Vol. 36, 1078 - 1093
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X08000442
DOIDOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.10.005
PublicGeneral public, five states, Mexico, 2001
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response4
Respondents N =1536

Correlate
Author's labelFamily satisfaction
Page in Source table 5 & 6
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport of satisfaction with 
  a.spouse or stable partner relationship
  b.children relationship
  c. rest-of-family relationship
Full questions not reported

Each question is rated:
1  extremely unsatisfied
2  very unsatisfied
3  unsatisfied
4  neither satisfied nor unsatisfied
5  satisfied
6  very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
(same response scale as life satisfaction)
Observed distributionM = 68.6 on range 0-100
Remarks
cluster derived using factor analysis. Rescaled to 
range 0-100

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cOPRC=0,03 p < .00
OPRC = 0,0255


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyGanglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
SampleProbability stratified sample
Non-Response63,4%
Respondents N =3556

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with Personal Relationships
Page in Source 59, 64, 66
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?

Rated on a 0-10 numerical scale
Observed distributionEuropean descent: N=2769; M=73,6; SD=24,8 Maori descent: N=289; M=68,2; SD=26,9
Remarks
Item in 'Personal Wellbeing Scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.21 p < .001
European descent(78%)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbBeta=+.20 p < .001
Maori descent(8%)

Beta's controlled for satisfaction with:
- standard of living 
- health
- achieving in life
- safety
- feeling part of community
- future security


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyBaltatescu & Cummins (2004): study RO Bihor county 2003
TitleSubjective Wellbeing in a Post-Communist Country: Romania's International Wellbeing Index.
SourcePowerpoint presentation at 6th Conference ISQOLS, November 2004, Philadelphia, USA
URLhttp://slideplayer.com/slide/4801500/
Public18+ aged, general public, Bihor County, North-West Romania, 2003
SampleProbability area sample
Non-Response38%
Respondents N =368

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships
Page in Source 11
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.11 p < .01
Beta controlled for satisfaction with
- safety
- community
- security
- standard of living
- health
- achievement in life


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyUglanova (2006): study RU 1993
TitleAnalysis of Happiness Variable in Monitoring of Social and Economic Change in Russia. 1993 - 2.
SourceData Independent Institute for Social Policy, 2006, Russia No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness.
URLhttp://sofist.socpol.ru
Public16+ aged, general public, Russia, 1993
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Non-Response?
Respondents N =2018

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with social network
Page in Source question 12
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
How satisfied are you with your social network? 
1 completely dissatisfied
2 rather dissatisfied
3 rather satisfied
4 quite satisfied
- DK/NA
Observed distribution1: 2,8% 2: 12,2% 3: 45,9% 4: 34.1% DK/NA: 5%

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hDM=+
1:M = 1,91
2:M = 2,21
3:M = 2,44
4:M = 2,84
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hrs=+0.3 p < .000


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyCummins (2005): study SK 2003
TitlePersonal Well-Being Index (PWI) Manual 29-4-05. Version 3.
SourceDeakin University, Australian Center on Quality of Life, 2005, Melbourne, Australia
URLhttp://www.acqol.com.au/iwbg/wellbeing-index/pwi-a-english.pdf
Public18+ aged, general public, Slovakia 2003
SampleSampling not reported
Non-Response0
Respondents N =133

Correlate
Author's labelSatisfaction with personal relationships
Page in Source 13
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
Rated 0n 0-10 numerical scale

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-car=+.31
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caBeta=+.11 p < .10
Beta controled for satisfaction with:
-  safety
-  community
-  future security
-  standard of living-  health
-  achievements


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelRelations
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: 
How satisfied are you with your personal relationships?
1  Very dissatisfied
2  Dissatisfied
3  Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4  Satisfied
5  Very satisfied
Observed distributionMean: 3.52: SD=.84
Remarks
Question on relations taken from WHOQOL-Bref. Question 
on importance figured in the full 
WHOQOL questionnaire.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.43 p < .01
raw score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.38 p < .01
score weighted by perceived importance


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyWu et al. (2014): study TW 2009
TitleOn the Predictive Effect of Multidimensional Importance-Weighted Quality of Life Scores on Overall Subjective Well-Being.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2014, 115, 933 - 943
URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-013-0242-x
DOIDOI: 10.1007/s11205-013-0242-x
PublicStudents, Taiwn, 200?
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =146

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relationships sumscore
Page in Source 937.939
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about social relationships : 
A  Relations
B  Sex
C  Social support

Each rated on 1-5 scale, both for degree and for 
perceived 
importance

Summartion: (A+B+C)/3
Error EstimatesCronbach: raw score: .54, weighted score: .54

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.39 p < .01
raw sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-br=+.40 p < .01
weighted sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.06 ns
raw sum score
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bb=+.18 ns
weighed sum score

b's controled for
- physical health
- environmental health
- mental health


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyLai et al. (2005): study TW 2000
TitleHealth Related Quality of Life and Health Utility for the Institutional Elderly in Taiwan.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1169 - 1180
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-004-3061-3
PublicElderly living in long-term care settings, Taiwan 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relationships domain
Page in Source 1173-1178
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 4 questions about social relationships in 
the last four weeks:
a. How satisfied are you with your
   personal relationships?
b. How satisfied are you with your
   sex life?
c. How satisfied are you with the
   support you get from your friends?
d. Being respected and accepted.
   (text of question ot reported)

Social relationships (TW) Domain
Subscale of Taiwan's abbreviated version of the 
WHOQOL-BREF
Observed distributionRange =4-20 : Mean=12,70; SD=2,04; Median=12; Mode=12.
Error EstimatesCronbach's alfa : 0,80
Remarks
Subscale of Taiwan's abbreviated version of the 
WHOQOL-BREF, questions 20, 21, 22, 27

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-cw-sq-v-5-ar=+.38 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyLai et al. (2005): study TW 2000
TitleHealth Related Quality of Life and Health Utility for the Institutional Elderly in Taiwan.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2005, Vol. 14, 1169 - 1180
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-004-3061-3
PublicElderly living in long-term care settings, Taiwan 2000
SampleProbability simple random sample
Non-Response9%
Respondents N =465

Correlate
Author's labelSocial relationships domain
Page in Source 1173-1176
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions about social relationships in 
the last four weeks:
a. How satisfied are you with your personal 
relationships?
b.How satisfied are you with your sex life?
c. How satisfied are you with the support you get from 
your friends?
Observed distributionRange=4-20 : Mean=12,45; SD=2,37; Median=12; Mode=12.
Error EstimatesCronbach;'s alfa: 0,78; >0,70
Remarks
Social re;lationsjips domain subscale of Taiwan's 
abbreviated version of the WHOQOL-BREF: questions 20, 
21, 22

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SQL-cw-sq-v-5-ar=+.19 p < .001


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyFang et al. (2002): study TW 1999
TitleValidation of the World Health Organizaton Quality of Life Instrument in Patients with HIV Infection.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2002, Vol. 11, 753 - 762
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1020870402019
PublicHIV-infected patients, Taipei, Taiwan, 1999-2000
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Non-Response1%
Respondents N =136

Correlate
Author's labelSocial domain
Page in Source 758
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Self report of satisfaction with:
- personal relationships
- supporet from friends
- sex life
- being accepted
ll rated on 5-points scales, ranging from "not at all" 
to "an extreme amount" with a higher score indicating a 
higher quality of life.
Error EstimatesCronbach alpha .85
Remarks
Social subscale of WHOQOL-BREF

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-ir=+.59 p < .01


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelFamily
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on the follwing questions:
How satisfied are you with:
-your family in general?
-the amount of contact you have with your relatives?
-your marriage? (if applicable)
Remarks
Satisfaction Subscale of Lancashire Quality of Life 
Profile (LQOLP) [Oliver 1991].

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.45
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.44 p < .001
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventory(BDI)


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyHolloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990
TitleSubjective Quality of Life, Psychopathology, Satisfacton with Care and Insight: An Exploratory Study.
SourceInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1999, Vol. 45, 259 - 267
PublicMental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response0
Respondents N =70

Correlate
Author's labelSocial life
Page in Source 262
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on the follwing questions:
How satisfied are you with:
-the way that you get on with other people?
-the number of friends you have?
Remarks
Satisfaction Subscale of Lancashire Quality of Life 
Profile (LQOLP) [Oliver 1991].

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.38 p < .002
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-arpc=+.46
rpc controled for depression as measured with Beck 
Depression Inventory


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyJacob & Brinkerhoff (1999): study US 1998
TitleMindfulness and Subjective Well-Being in the Sustainability Movement: A Further Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 46, 341 - 368
DOIDOI: 10.1023/A:1006941403481
Public'Back to the landers', USA 1998
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response41,8
Respondents N =565

Correlate
Author's labelRelationships
Page in Source 358
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Selfreport on satisfaction with:
- relationship with partner
- family life
- neighbors
Observed distributionMean 10,88; SD 1,60; N=525

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-br=+.32 p < .005
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.18 p < .01
Beta controlled for:
- mindfulness
- time for self
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bBeta=+.18 p < .01
Beta additionally controlled for:
- mindfulness
- discrepancy between selfrated importance of 
ecological sensitivity and the actual use of 
technology
- discrepancy between the selfrated importance of 
homestead food production and actual percentage of 
homestead food production
- time for self
- age
- homestead food production


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyLehman (1988): study US 1981
TitleA Quality of Life Interview for the Chronically Mentally Ill.
SourceEvaluation and Program Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 51 - 62
PublicChronic mental patients, USA,1981
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =469

Correlate
Author's labelsatifaction with family
Page in Source 57
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Satisfaction with family
question not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.37 p < .0001
Los Angeles: mentally ill residents of 30 large 
board-and-care homes
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .0001
Rochester: chronically mentally ill inpatients at 
the Rochester(N.Y.) Psychiatric Center
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-ar=+.46 p < .0001
Rochester:chronically mentaly ill residents of 
various supervised community residences


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelWant more dependable network
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
about changing your network, would you want it to have 
more people you cuold depend on?
0: no
1: yes.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.16 p < .05
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.17 p < .05
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.14 p < .05
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.11 ns
women

Beta's controled for:
- personal characteristics:
  - age
  - education
  - health compared to others
- network sturcture:
  - size of inner cicrle
  - size of middle circle
  - size of outer circle
- negative social support:
  - network doen'st understand
  - network gets on nerve
  - network too demanding.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Satisfaction with intimacy
Subject code: I06af02

StudyAntonucci et al. (1998): study US 1980
TitleNegative Effects of Close Social Relations.
SourceFamily Relations, 1998, Vol. 47, 379 - 384
URLhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/585268
Public50-95 aged, married, with children, USA,1980
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Response
Respondents N =366

Correlate
Author's labelNetwork too demanding
Page in Source 381
Our classificationSatisfaction with intimacy, code I06af02
Operationalization
Respondents were asked:
about how often do you feel that people in your network 
make to many demonds on you?
0: never
1: seldom
2: sometimes
3: often.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.19 p < .01
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ar=-.15 p < .10
women
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.19 p < .05
men
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aBeta=-.11 ns
women

Beta's controled for:
- personal characteristics:
  - age
  - education
  - health compared to others
- network sturcture:
  - size of inner cicrle
  - size of middle circle
  - size of outer circle
- negative social support:
  - network doesn't understand
  - network gets on nerve
  - want more dependable network.


Correlational finding on Happiness and Need for privacy
Subject code: I06af03

StudyHeadey (1981): study AU 1978
TitleThe Quality of Life in Australia.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1981, Vol. 9, 155 - 181
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00286195
PublicAdults, general public, Australia, 1978
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Non-Responsenot reported
Respondents N =679

Correlate
Author's labelPrivacy index
Page in Source 166
Our classificationNeed for privacy, code I06af03
Operationalization
Index of 3 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The extent to which you are in touch with your own 
feelings
b: Your independence or freedom: the chance you have to 
do what you want
c: The privacy you have: being alone when you  want to
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.
Observed distributionM = 6.6 SD = 1.2
Remarks
All items scored on the same rating scale as the 
question on happiness.

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-ar=+.40 p < .001


Appendices

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

CodeFull Text
A-AB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 18 questions:

How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below:
A Have you been anoyed with someone?
B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people?
C Have you ever felt that things were going your way?
D Have you ever felt very worried
E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends?
F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen?
G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something?
H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy?
I Have you ever been full of energy?
J Have you ever felt really tired?
K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair?
L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself?
M Have you ever felt really cheerfull?
N Have you ever felt like crying?
O Have you ever felt at the top of the world?
P Have you ever felt confident about the future?
Q Have you ever felt bored?
R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something?

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q)

Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
A-AOL-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single closed question:

"How is your mood these days....?"
4 very good all the time
3
2
1 not good almost all the time
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-aRating by parents in response to single question:

Overall how does your child usually feel?
1 sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-aSelfreport on single question:

Overall how do you usually feel?
1 sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7 happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
A-AOL-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how would you say you feel most of the time - in good spirits or in low spirits....?"
5 very good spirits
4 fairly good spirits
3 neither good spirits nor low spirits
2 fairly low spirits
1 very low spirits.
A-AOL-m-sq-v-5-aSingle direct question:

How are you feeling now....?
5 very good
4 good
3 neither good nor poor
2 poor
1 very poor
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-BB-cq-mq-v-3-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few months, have you ever felt.....
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G Depressed or very unhappy?
H That things were going your way?
I Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
3 often
2 sometimes
1 never

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -15 to +12
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
A-CP-g-rdp-ro-7-aPeer rating on single question (based on contact during 6 months):

Rater instruction: "personal qualities are named and briefly annotated in this schedule. If you have any doubt as to the meaning of any of them, please ask me (investigator)
2. In the columns under each subject's name, place one of the marks for each of the qualities specified (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3) To avoid errors, please put the + sign as well as the -

'General tendency to be 'cheerful' (as opposed to being depressed and low spirited)
+3 very high compared to average
+2 distinctly above average
+1 slightly above average
0 average
-1 slightly below average
-2 distinctly below average
-3 lowest as compared to average
A-CP-g-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Check one of the following groups of adjectives which best describes you."
7 full of deep joy, excitedly happy, enthusiastic, thrilled
6 cheerful, successful, optimistic, lighthearted
5 satisfied, comfortable, life goes smoothly, peaceful
4 contented at times and at other times discontented, life has
both favorable and unfavorable features
3 restless, impatient, uncertain, dull, cross, confined
2 anxious, irritated, discouraged, disappointed, discontented
1 gloomy, miserable, a failure, no pleasure in anything
C-BW-?-sq-?-11-aSelfreport on single question:

…how things are going in your life.. (full item not reported)
0 the worst possible life you could imagine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 the best possible life you could imagine
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-aSelf report on single question:

Lead item not reported
[ 9 ] best imaginable
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst imaginable

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-bSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (10) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (1) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 10 ] best possible life for you
[ 9 ]
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-BW-c-sq-l-10-caSelfreport on single question:

Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder (9) represents the best possible life for you and the bottom (0) represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel personally stand at the present time?
[ 9 ] best possible life for you
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]
[ 4 ]
[ 3 ]
[ 2 ]
[ 1 ]
[ 0 ] worst possible life for you

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (adapted version)
C-W-u-sq-v-4-cSelfreport on single question:

How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want out of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none
- don't know
M-ACO---mq-v-7-aSelfreport on 3 questions:

A All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy

B How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never

C How much do you feel you are accomplishing what you want ou of life?
4 a great deal
3 some
2 very little
1 none

Computation not reported: 0 to 6
M-AO---mq-*-124-aSelfreport on 25 questions:

A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7 strongly agree
6 agree
5 slightly agree
4 neither agree nor disagree
3 slightly disagree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree
Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS)

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way in general in your life:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS

Computation: A+B
M-AO---mqr-*-0-aVarious self reports and informant rating

A Selfreport on five questions repeated three times during semester:
a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree ...1 strongly disagree
(Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale, SWLS)

B Selfreport on 24 questions:
How much of each mood did you experience in the last month?
BA LOVE
a Affection
b love
c caring
d fondness
BB JOY
a joy
b happiness
c contentment
d pride
BC FEAR
a fear
b worry
c anxiety
d nervous
BD ANGER
a anger
b irritation
c disgust
d rage
BE SHAME
a shame
b guilt
c regret
d embarrassment
BF SADNES
a sadness
b loneliness
c unhappiness
d depression
Rated: 0 = not at all ….6 extremely much
Summation: balance score (BA+BB)/2 - (BC+BD+BE+BF)/4

C Rating of B by five informants

D Selfreport of daily affect on B

Summation: z-scores
M-AO-c-mq-*-110-aSelf report on 21 questions:

A Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days?
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied

B Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks:
a nervous
b distressed
c afraid
d jittery
e irritable
f upset
g scared
h exiled
i ashamed
j guilty
k hostile
l active
m determined
n inspired
o enthusiastic
p alert
q attentive
r proud
s strong
t interested
Answer options:
1 very slightly or not at all
2 a little
3 moderately
4 quite a bit
5 extremely
Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-t) Name: Watson's PANAS
M-FH-c-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

How often do you feel that you are really enjoying life these days?
4 often
3 sometimes
2 rarely
1 never
- don't know
M-FH-c-sq-v-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Taking all things together, how would you say you have been this period? Check the phrase that best describes how you have felt."
7 very happy
6 happy
5 somewhat happy
4 mixed (about equally happy and unhappy)
3 somewhat unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

"......happiness during past few weeks....."
(Full lead not reported)
4 very happy
3
2
1 not too happy
M-FH-cw-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 6 questions

Please describe how you have felt during THE PAST WEEK and make a small check mark. For example, the word nervous is on the first line. If you have felt nervous, check YES, if you have not felt nervous check NO
A Cheerfull
B Happy
C Feeling well
D Contented
E Enjoying yourself
F Looking forward to the future

Rating:
1 yes
0 no

Name: Contentment subscale in Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ).
Version: Past Week.
M-FH-cy-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"How do you feel in general, during the last year, happy or not so happy......?"
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 not happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 unhappy
Don't know
M-FH-g-sq-n-11-cSelf-reported single question:

How happy do you usually feel, along your life?
0 very unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very happy

This question is preceeded by the following question: How happy do you feel currently, in the last few days or weeks?
M-FH-u-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel.....?
3 happy
2 not very happy
1 unhappy
M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question

Felt happy during the past month.. (full item not reported)
3 all of the time
2 most of the time
2 some of the time
0 none of the time
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
5 all of the time
4 most of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form) version 2 (5-step rating scale)
M-TH-cm-sq-v-6-aSelfreport on single question:

During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person?
6 all of the time
5 most of the time
4 a good bit of the time
3 some of the time
2 a little of the time
1 none of the time

Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

How do you feel about your life as a whole......?
7 delighted
6 pleased
5 mostly satisfied
4 mixed
3 mostly dissatisfied
2 unhappy
1 terrible

Summation: arithmetic mean

Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version)
Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-aSelfreport on single question asked twice

'How do you feel about your life as a whole?'
1 terrible
2 very unhappy
3 unhappy
4 mostly dissatisfied
5 mixed feelings
6 mostly satisfied
7 pleased
8 very pleased
9 delighted
O-H?-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

Lead item not reported.
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neutral
2. unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-?-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on sibgle question

.. General happiness.. (full text not reported)
1 unhappy
2 moderately happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-?-6-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking, are you happy these days......?"
6 very happy
5
4
3
2
1 very unhappy
(Response options not fully reported)
O-HL-c-sq-c-9-aSelfreport on single questions:

… presonal happiness with present state of affairs..
(full text not reported)
1 liitle happiness
2
3
4
5 moderate happiness
6
7
8
9 maximum happiness

Response options indicated with squares, ranging from small (1) to big (9)
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-eSelfreport on single question:

Overall, how happy would you say you are currently?
10 very happy
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how would you say things are these days? Please put a circle around the appropriate number to indicate how happy you are these days.....?
9 very happy
8
7
6
5 pretty happy
4
3
2
1 not too happy

(originally rated on a horizontal scale)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-acSelfreport on single question:

Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are....?
1 not too happy
2 relatively happy
3 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering everything that has happened to you recently, how would you say things are with you - would you say you are.....?
3 very happy
2 pretty happy
1 not too happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Do you feel your life at present is.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 quite unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together in your life, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are ....?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-haSelfreport on single question

How happy are you now?
5 very happy
4 happy
3 neither happy nor unhappy
2 unhappy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-iSelfreport on single question:

In general, how do you feel in terms of happiness in your current life?
1 very unhappy
2 unhappy
3 moderate
4 happy
5 very happy
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-mSelfreport on single question

All things considered, would you say you are happy these days?
5 very happy
4 pretty happy
3 neither happy, not unhappy
2 not too happy
1 very unhappy
- Don't know
O-HL-g-sq-n-9-aSelfreport on single question:

Generally, how happy are you.....?
1 not at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 completely

(Originally presented on a horizontal line scale)
O-HL-g-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

In general, how happy would you say you are..?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
- NA/DK
O-HL-m-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all into account, right now would you say that you are:
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are?
0 extremely unhappy
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 extremely happy
- don't know
- no answer
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-bSelfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 fairly happy
2 not very happy
1 very unhappy
O-HL-u-sq-v-7-fSelfreport on single question:

Considering your life as a whole, how happy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
2 somewhat unhappy
3 a little unhappy
4 evenly balanced
5 a little happy
6 somewhat happy
7 very happy
O-HP-g-sq-ol-7-aSelfreport on single question:

"Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?"

Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories:
1 very unhappy
2
3
4
5
6
7 very happy.
O-HP-u-sq-n-11-bSelfreport on single question:

To what extent would you describe yourself as cheerful person?
0 not at all
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 completely
O-QLS-c-sq-v-7-bSelfreport on single question:

Here are some features of people’s lives affecting them today. Please indicate how satisfied you are with each of them....
How satisfied are you with your overall quality of life?
1 very dissatisfied
2 somewhat dissatisfied
3 a little dissatisfied
4 about evenly balanced
5 a little satisfied
6 somewhat satisfied
7 very satisfied
O-QOL-c-sq-v-5-bSelfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life just now?
5 excellent
4 good
3 neither good nor bad
2 bad
1 very bad
O-SL?-?-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

"....... satisfaction with life ....."
(full question not reported)
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 don't know/satisfied
2 don't know/not satisfied
1 disappointed in life
O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your way of life.......?
4 quite satisfied
3 fairly satisfied
2 sometimes dissatisfied
1 usually dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-eSelfreport on single question:

'How satisfied are you with your life now?'
5 very satisfied
2 satisfied
3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2 dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-gSelf report on single question:

How satisfying do you find your life at the moment.....?
1 very dissatisfying
2 quite dissatisfying
3 not satisfying not dissatisfying
4 quite satisfying
5 very satisfying
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-bSelfreport on single question:

"In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?"
3 mostly satisfied
2 partly satisfied
1 mostly disappointed
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....?
5 very satisfied
4 satisfied
3 average
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
O-SLu-u-sq-n-5-aSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life in general?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 very satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-baSelfreport on single question;
What do you think, how satisfied are you at this moment- all in all - with your life ?' 'If for instance you are totally satisfied with your life, please mark a '10'.If you are totally unsatisfied with your life, mark a '0'.If you are not completely unsatisfied nor totally satisfied range yourself somewhere between '1' and '9"
10 completely satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 totally unsatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-aSelfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4 neutral
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-bSelfreport on single question

Here are some questions about how you feel about your life. Please tick the number which you feel best describes how dissatisfied or satisfied you are with the following aspects of your current situation…
Your life as a whole.
1 not satisfied at all
2
3
4
5
6
7 completely satisfied

Last item in a list of domain satisfactions
O-SLW-c-sq-v-4-hSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
4 quite satisfied
3 rather satisfied
2 rather unsatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
- not applicable
- hard to say
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-gSelfreport on single question:

How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
7 completely satisfied
6 quite satisfied
5 somewhat satisfied
4 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
3 somewhat dissatisfied
2 quite dissatisfied
1 completely dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-caSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
1 very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5 neutral
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cbSelfreport on single question:

Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
0 completely unsatisfied
1
2
3
4
5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied
6
7
8
9
10 completely satisfied

First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-dSelfreport on single question:

Taking your life as a whole, are you .......?
5 very satisfied
4 quite satisfied
3 more satisfied than discontented
2 more discontented than satisfied
1 quite dissatisfied
O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-cSelfreport on single question:

Taking everything in your life into consideration, how satisfied with your life are you?
1 extremely unsatisfied
2 very unsatisfied
3 unsatisfied
4 satisfied nor unsatisfied
5 satisfied
6 very satisfied
7 extremely satisfied
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-aSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview:

Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole........?
7 completely satisfied
6
5
4
3
2
1 completely dissatisfied

Summation: both scores added
Possible range: 2 to 14
O-SQL-cw-sq-v-5-aSelfreport on single question:

We ask you to think about your life in the last two weeks…..

How would you rate your quality of life?
1 very poor
2 poor
3 neither poor nor good
4 good
5 very good

Item 1 in WHOQOL-Bref
O-Sum---mq-*-0-aSelf report on 8 items

A How do you feel about your life as a whole?
Rated on a 9-step Delighted-Terrible scale
Asked twice in the interview with 15 minutes interval

B a In most ways my life is close to ideal
b The conditions of my life are excellent
c I am satisfied with my life
d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'
Answers rated: 7 strongly agree to 1 strongly disagree

C How do you feel usually?
0 extremely unhappy
.
.
10 extremely happy

Computation: factor


Appendix 2: Statistics used

SymbolExplanation
bREGRESSION COEFFICIENT (non-standardized) by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Theoretical range: unlimited

Meaning:
b > 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating on average.
B < 0 A higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating on average.
B = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.
Beta STANDARDIZED REGRESSION COEFFICIENT by LEAST SQUARES (OLS)
Type: test statistic.

Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric.
Range: [-1 ; +1]

Meaning:
beta > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds to a higher happiness rating on average.
beta = 0 « no correlation.
beta = + 1 or -1 « perfect correlation.
D%DIFFERENCE in PERCENTAGES
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate level: dichotomous, but nominal or ordinal theoretically possible as well. Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: [-100; +100]

Meaning: the difference of the percentages happy people at two correlate levels.
DMDIFFERENCE of MEANS
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness: metric
Range: depending on the happiness rating scale of the author; range symmetric about zero.

Meaning: the difference of the mean happiness, as measured on the author's rating scale, between the two correlate levels.
CORRELATION RATIO (Elsewhere sometimes called h² or ETA)
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal or ordinal, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning: correlate is accountable for E² x 100 % of the variation in happiness.
E² = 0 « knowledge of the correlate value does not improve the prediction quality of the happiness rating.
E² = 1 « knowledge of the correlate value enables an exact prediction of the happiness rating
GGOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
G = 0 « no rank correlation
G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings.
G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings.
mcGuttman's monotonicy coefficient.
Range: [-1, +1].
Measurement level: Both correlate and happiness ordinal or interval
Based on the multiplication of signed differences within one variable with the corresponding difference in the second variable and summation over all possible differences.
Seldom used in happiness research. See excerpted report.
MCTMultiple Comparison Test, variant not specified
Possible variants: Scheffe, Tukey, Student/Newman/Keuls, Bonferoni (BMCT)
Type: statistical procedure
Measurement level Correlate nominal, Happiness: metric
OPRCORDERED PROBIT REGRESSION COEFFICIENT
Statistic: Ordered probit regression coefficient
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: ordered responses
Theoretical range: unlimited

OPRC > 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a higher happiness rating.
OPRC< 0 A higher level corresponds with the probability of a lower happiness rating.
OPRC = 0 Not any correlation with the relevant correlate.

Remarks:
Signs and significance of coefficients estimated by ordered probit estimates are comparable to REGRESSION COEFFICIENTS estimated by LEAST SQUARES (OLS). Relative magnitudes of the regressor to those of other regressors are also comparable to Ordinary Least squares Estimations. Absolute magnitudes of coefficients are not interpretable.
ORODDS RATIO
Type: descriptive statistic only.
Measurement level: Correlate: dichotomous, Happiness level: dichotomous
Range: nonnegative unlimited

Meaning:
OR = 1 « no association at all;
OR = 0 or infinite « at least one level of the correlate allows an error-free prediction of the happiness.
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
rpcPARTIAL CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning: a partial correlation between happiness and one of the correlates is that correlation, which remains after accounting for the contribution of the other influences, or some of them, to the total variability in the happiness scores.
Under that conditions
rpc > 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a higher happiness rating,
rpc < 0 « a higher correlate level corresponds with a lower happiness rating,
rsSPEARMAN'S RANK CORRELATION COEFFICIENT
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal.
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
rs = 0 « no rank correlation
rs = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with high happiness ratings
rs =-1 « perfect rank correlation, where high correlate values are associated with low happiness ratings
COEFFICIENT of DETERMINATION
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlates: all metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
R² = 0 « no influence of any correlate in this study has been established.
R² = 1 « the correlates determine the happiness completely.
SNRStatistic Not Reported
TTSCHUPROW'S T
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0 ; SQRT[[min(r,c)-1]/[max(r,c) -1]]], c and r being the numbers of colums resp. rows in a cross tabulation.

Meaning:
T = 0 « no association
T -> 1 « strongest possible association.

NOTE: sometimes the square value is reported instead !
VCRAMéR's V
Type: test statistic
Measurement level: Correlate: nominal, Happiness: ordinal
Range: [0; 1]

Meaning:
V = 0 « no association
V = 1 « strongest possible association


Appendix 3: About the World Database of Happiness

Structure of the collections

The World Database of Happiness is an archive of research findings on subjective enjoyment of life .
It brings together findings that are scattered throughout many studies and provides a basis for synthetic work.

World literature on subjective wellbeing


Selection on fit with definition of happiness

Bibliography    and     Directory    

Selection of empirical studies and within these on valid measurement: Happiness measures
Abstracting and classification of findings

How happy people are, distributional findings What goes together with happiness

Happiness in nations
Happiness in regions
Happiness in publics
Correlational findings

  Listing of comparable findings in nations  
States of nations   ,   Trends in nations


Size of the collections
11848 publications in Bibliography of happiness, of which 6189 report an empirical study that is eligible for inclusion in the findings archive.
1137 measures of happiness, mostly single survey questions varying in wording and response scale.
12252 distributional findings in the general public, of which 8495 in 172 nations (former nations and de facto nations included) and 3757 findings in 2454 regions and cities in nations.
2106 studies with findings in 160 specific publics.
15522 correlational findings observed in 2051 studies, excerpted from 1565 publications.

Appendix 4 Further Findings in the World Database of Happiness

Main Subjects Subject Description Number of Studies
A01ACTIVITY (how much one does)72
A02ACTIVITY: PATTERN (what one does)114
A03AFFECTIVE LIFE82
A04AGE668
A05AGGRESSION14
A06ANOMY33
A07APPEARANCE (good looks)24
A08ATTITUDES12
A09AUTHORITARIANISM4
B01BIRTH CONTROL0
B02BIRTH HISTORY (own birth)205
B03BODY99
C01CHILDREN12
C02CHILDREN: WANT FOR (Parental aspirations)13
C03CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status)314
C04CHILDREN: CHARACTERISTICS OF ONE'S CHILDREN34
C05CHILDREN: RELATION WITH ONE'S CHILDREN17
C06CHILDREN: REARING OF ONE'S CHILDREN (parental behavior)35
C07COMMUNAL LIVING16
C08CONCERNS46
C09CONSUMPTION114
C10COPING64
C11CREATIVENESS7
C12CRIME2
C13CULTURE (Arts and Sciences)49
D01DAILY JOYS & HASSLES7
D02DISASTER1
E01EDUCATION527
E02EMPLOYMENT 793
E03ETHNICITY171
E04EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR12
F01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)320
F02FAMILY OF PROCREATION102
F03FAMILY OF RELATIVES192
F04FARMING66
F05FREEDOM56
F06FRIENDSHIP238
G01GENDER633
G02GRIEF1
H01HABITS2
H02HANDICAP47
H03HAPPINESS: VIEWS ON HAPPINESS120
H04HAPPINESS: DISPERSION OF HAPPINESS18
H05HAPPINESS: CAREER226
H06HAPINNESS: EFFECT OF CONDITIONS FOR HAPPINESS1
H07HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES342
H08HAPPINESS OF OTHERS6
H09HAPPINESS: REPUTATION OF HAPPINESS26
H10HEALTH-BEHAVIOR33
H11HELPING16
H12HOPE35
H13HOUSEHOLD: COMPOSITION243
H14HOUSEHOLD: WORK41
H15HOUSING264
I01INCOME1054
I02INSTITUTIONAL LIVING44
I03INTELLIGENCE86
I04INTERESTS17
I05INTERVIEW 87
I06INTIMACY143
L01LANGUAGE18
L02LEADERSHIP14
L03LEISURE328
L04LIFE APPRAISALS: OTHER THAN HAPPINESS462
L05LIFE CHANGE70
L06LIFE EVENTS107
L07LIFE GOALS119
L08LIFE HISTORY11
L09LIFE STYLE 39
L10LOCAL ENVIRONMENT705
L11LOTTERY14
L12LOVE-LIFE44
M01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER108
M02MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS874
M03MARRIAGE: RELATIONSHIP155
M04MARRIAGE: PARTNER78
M05MEANING31
M06MEDICAL TREATMENT107
M07MENTAL HEALTH306
M08MIGRATION: TO OTHER COUNTRY97
M09MIGRATION: MOVING WITHIN COUNTRY (residential mobility)49
M10MIGRATION: MIGRANT WORK5
M11MILITARY LIFE13
M12MODERNITY5
M13MOOD338
M14MOTIVATION21
M15MOBILITY21
N01NATION: NATIONALITY70
N02NATION: ERA (temporal period)124
N03NATION: NATIONAL CHARACTER (modal personality)75
N04NATION: CONDITION IN ONE'S NATION1005
N05NATION: POSITION OF ONE'S NATION16
N06NATION: ATTITUDES TO ONES NATION199
N07NATION: LIVABILITY OF ONE'S NATION53
N08NATION: ATTITUDINAL CLIMATE14
N09NATION: REGION133
N10NUTRITION37
N11NATION: AREA2
O01OCCUPATION224
O02ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION17
P01PERSONALITY: HISTORY55
P02PERSONALITY: CHANGE11
P03PERSONALITY: CURRENT ORGANIZATION10
P04PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS722
P05PERSONALITY: LATER21
P06PHYSICAL HEALTH 819
P07PLANNING11
P08POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR285
P09POPULARITY30
P10POSSESSIONS152
P11PRISON3
P12PROBLEMS30
P13PSYCHO-SOMATIC COMPLAINTS63
P14PETS4
R01RELIGION425
R02RESOURCES29
R03RETIREMENT152
R04ROLES31
S01SCHOOL205
S02SELF-IMAGE313
S03SEX-LIFE77
S04SLEEP17
S05SOCIAL MOBILITY25
S06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS98
S07SOCIAL PARTICIPATION : VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS152
S08SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: TOTAL (personal + associations)54
S09SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS189
S10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED115
S11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED24
S12SPORTS62
S13STIMULANTS85
S14SUICIDE10
S15SUMMED DETERMINANTS166
T01TIME 104
T02THERAPY56
T03TOLERANCE39
T05TRUST47
V01VALUES: CAREER6
V02VALUES: CURRENT PREFERENCES (own)163
V03VALUES: CLIMATE (current values in environment)13
V04VALUES: SIMILARITY (current fit with others)13
V05VALUES: LIVING UP TO18
V06VICTIM 31
W01WAR7
W02WISDOM1
W03WORK: CAREER1
W04WORK: CONDITIONS120
W05WORK: ATTITUDES412
W06WORK: PERFORMANCE (current)37
W07WORRIES57
X01UNCLASSIFIED34


Appendix 5: Related Subjects

SubjectRelated Subject(s)
I06INTIMACYF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
I06INTIMACYF02FAMILY OF PROCREATION
I06INTIMACYF06FRIENDSHIP
I06INTIMACYL12LOVE-LIFE
I06INTIMACYS06SOCIAL PARTICIPATION: PERSONAL CONTACTS
I06INTIMACYS10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
I06INTIMACYS11SOCIAL SUPPORT: PROVIDED
I06aa01Earlier intimacyP01ab25Earlier self-disclosing
I06aa01Earlier intimacyM01aaEarlier marital states
I06aa01Earlier intimacyF06aa01Earlier friendships
I06aa01Earlier intimacyC03aaParental career
I06aa03Later intimacyP05ab08Later self-disclosure
I06abCurrent intimate relationshipsC03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
I06abCurrent intimate relationshipsS06abCurrent contacts
I06ab01Having a confident or notS10SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
I06ab03Frequency of intimate contactsI06ac03Size of intimate network
I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate tiesM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate tiesM03abCurrent characteristics of marriage-relationship
I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate tiesF02acFamily climate
I06ab04Perceived quality of intimate tiesF01adFamily climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
I06acCharacteristics of intimate-networkF06adCurrent friendship network
I06acCharacteristics of intimate-networkF03FAMILY OF RELATIVES
I06acCharacteristics of intimate-networkF02FAMILY OF PROCREATION
I06acCharacteristics of intimate-networkF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
I06ac01Opportunities for self-disclosureP04ctSelf-disclosing
I06ac01Opportunities for self-disclosureP14PETS
I06ac02aPerceived value-similarity with intimatesV04abSimilarity of own values with others
I06ac03Size of intimate networkI06ab02Total number of intimate ties
I06ad02Perceived opportunities for contactsS06ac03aSatisfaction with opportunities for contact
I06aeCharacteristics of intimatesF01FAMILY OF ORIGIN (earlier family for adults, current for young)
I06aeCharacteristics of intimatesF06aeCurrent characteristics of friends
I06aeCharacteristics of intimatesM04MARRIAGE: PARTNER
I06aeCharacteristics of intimatesV06acVictimization of intimates
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyL12ad02Satisfaction with love-life
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyF06ag02Satisfaction with friends
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyF02ag02Satisfaction with family
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyF01alAttitudes to family of origin
I06af02Satisfaction with intimacyM13ad06Mood in intimacy

A report of the World Database of Happiness, Correlational Findings